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Greetings and Questions | English Language Pro

teacher avatar For Your English, English Made Easy

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (34m)
    • 1. English greetings | Part 1

    • 2. English greetings | Part 2

    • 3. Live: informal greeting practice

    • 4. Greetings homework!

    • 5. Ending a conversation

    • 6. How to say goodbye

    • 7. Goodbye homework

    • 8. Escape a conversation

    • 9. Conversation questions

    • 10. Question structure

    • 11. Question homework

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About This Class

Stop feeling like a different person talking to people in English

With English Greetings, be fluent, be you and never be confused!

  • No time wasting, only the best English greetings and question structure

  • English language fluency for any situation

  • Be comfortable in the English language

  • Understand American culture

  • And more...! 

Can't wait to see you in the course!

Meet Your Teacher

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For Your English

English Made Easy



I'm Kallan from For Your English 

and I'm here to help you get fluent in English!


Improve your English grammar, speaking and conversation, listening, pronunciation, vocabulary, business English, American slang, idioms, phrasal verbs +  any other English language skills you need!


Talk to you soon and message me with any English questions!


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1. English greetings | Part 1: you are a conversational genius in English, you're just missing a few important things. One of them is the many ways we say hello. Ask questions and the conversation, say goodbye and sometimes escape a conversation because the other person just won't shut up as well. Learned the basic structure for asking questions that you can use in any situation so you can start to find the answers by yourself when speaking English in formal greetings in English. How to say hello in English. We love idioms, and we love to use them when greeting people. So get ready to start any spoken conversation with the most important idiomatic ways to say hello. What's up? What's up is the most common English greeting its informal. So we don't use it at work with teachers or with elders. Use it with friends and people you know well, for pronunciation. You will either. Here, what's up said in a very clear way or something like What's up or sup? But they all mean the same thing. Repeat after me as I go from what's up. Tow us up to sup. What's up? What's up notice with what's up? The T sound disappeared completely wassup sub notice with sup we just have the proposition up with an s in front of it sub It's up. What's up usually means how are you? How are things or what have you been doing lately or What are you doing now? We say it in person in text messages on the phone everywhere. But there's generally two parts to your response. First you respond with one of these. Not much, not a lot Nada or nothing. Let's call that the not much part. Then you respond with your actual response describing how you've been or what you have been doing. You can use any tense in your response. So a full response will look something like this. What's up? Not much. I've been busy with work less up. Nothing. I'm flying to India tomorrow. Sub not. Ah, I just feel really sick. Now. Let me ask you remember There's two parts to this greeting the not much part. And then you're really response. What's up? Did you respond? All right. Good work. Your response should have started with not much. Not a lot of data or nothing. And then immediately after that you tell me what you are actually doing or how you actually feel. So even if you're super busy or have something very important happening, we still generally start with the first part. The not much. And then you say what has actually been is or will be happening. 2. English greetings | Part 2: returning the question After someone asks you what's up and you respond, it's most common toe. Ask them the exact same question. So someone will say What's up first and the other person responds and then returns the question by saying one of these. And you, What's up with you? What about you or just what's up? Hey, what's up? Not much. Going to the store and you? Nothing. Have toe work later, eh? What's up, dude? Not a lot. What's up with you? Well, there's a party tonight If you want to come, the what's up greeting can have two purposes. First, to quickly say hello to someone and then say goodbye. Second, it can act as a type of small talk to allow you to start a real conversation. The choice is yours, and it depends if you actually want to talk to the other person in that moment. Sometimes we even just say what's up and nothing else because it could mean Hello, Nice to see you and see you later. All in one. Greeting A What's up? A. What's up? What are you up to? What are you up to? Is another greeting that we used to ask, What are you doing right now? What's up was a more general question that could be talking about the past, present or future. What are you up to? Is specifically asking about now what the person is doing the moment you greet them. You can also use it to talk about the future. To do that. You some time adverbs like tonight, tomorrow and next week. And when this question is asked by itself without anything after it, we still use our two part response with not much. And then our riel response. What are you up to? Nada. I'm just relaxing at home. The pronunciation off. What are you up to? Really changes as you talk faster. It starts as what are you up to then what you're up to? And finally what she's up to? Pause and repeat thes three after me. What are you up to? What you up to? What you up to? If you ever hear what Sha and then another verb is asking what you are doing right now or if in the present simple asking about something you regularly do like for work as well. You can use time adverbs to ask about the future. What you do means what do you do? What do you do for work? Because it's asking about a hobby or habit in your life. We won't respond with the not much part, so you can respond. I'm an engineer, and you, what you're watching means what are you watching and is followed by a verb watching. So we answer their question and don't put the not much part. What she eating for lunch tomorrow means What are you eating tomorrow and again, it's asking about an action so we don't use the not much part in our response. Often times and spoken English. The G sound disappears. So eaten, watching, playing, asking still right. The G, though, because it looks strange without it. What's happening? What's happening is very similar to what are you up to or what are you doing? And when used by itself, it's asking about right now. But if you add a time adverb, it could be now or any time in the future. What's happening? Nothing. I'm just eaten lunch right now. You what's happened in this weekend? I'm going to the Art museum on Sunday. What's happening with you? What's good. This is our last. What's greeting? What's good? It just means, How are you? What have you been up to? What's up? So when someone asks what's a good, just say what you have been doing, what you're doing now or what you're going to do in the near future. Here it's very common to use the two part response from before. It was a good man. Nothing. Getting some coffee and heading back toe work. Carol, What's good? Not a lot. We're going to look at a new house tomorrow. How are you? The other most popular greetings and spoken English are How are you and how have you been? These are less informal, so perfect in any conversation, formal or informal. That means you can use these at work with teachers and anyone else. It's a more direct question because it's asking how someone is. This is usually also a two part response. But instead of the not much part, most commonly we will say good or I'm good. And then our riel full response. Hey, how are you? I'm good. How about you, Halen? How have you been? I've been good. And you? We usually want to repeat the tents that the original question is it? The last one was asked in the present. Perfect. How have you been? So Lynn responds. I've been good. Listen, you just completed the most important part of English conversation. Starting a conversation. You should feel good about yourself. The most important thing is being able to respond to these different yet very similar greetings and repeating them. If you want to continue talking to the person I use what's up the most? I sometimes use the other greetings, but not as much. You should also pick your favorite and keep using that one. You become more comfortable with it. Now that we can start conversations, let's look at saying goodbye and how to exit a conversation in the next lecture. 3. Live: informal greeting practice: conversation, starting with the most informal toe slightly more formal. Nothing really formal. But just how to start a conversation and kind of what you need to do and how some of these expressions change, especially the sound in spoken English. So first we have okay now you should never just say Hey is not enough. Hey is basically an attention getter is to get someone's attention, to notice you and to really use a real greeting after that because especially with pretty much every informal greeting we use, Hey, and then our riel riel greeting that sets us up, prepares us or invites the other person toe, have a conversation with us. So, for example, will say, Hey, what's up? What's up is our first informal greeting that we're going to look at is the most popular, the one I use the most by far when someone says What's up? We also hear this as sup who us up. So we hear us. A slight would sound. Sometimes we also hear this as just so So I guess this is always informal. But if becoming even more informal, we start with what's up. That's how I usually say we also have What's up Wes up and then sup sup is even more informal than what's up in that order. So what's up? Probably the most common. And then what's up? What's up? So we don't get the tea and what's anymore. Just Wes up and then finally sup something good to see you. So how do you respond to these? First of all, how do you respond to these? Just say not much, actually. Have a choice. Basically, we're saying nothing. Not much. We can say nothing. Not alive. Nata. We used some Spanish, especially in American English. Those are the most common. Not much. Not a lot, not a nothing. If you want to return the greeting, return the question, then you say, and you or just you. And if you want, you can also repeat the question itself. What's up or what's up with you? So what's up? Tell me what's up. So first we respond, of course, with our kind of nothing expression. Nothing. Not a lot, not a Not much after that, give you really response, but start with nothing for us. It's just it's just how we do it. This is how we exchange greetings with any What greeting? Because we have a couple more we're going to look at. So if I say Hey, what's up? You will say not much. And you? Not much. And then if you really want to, then you you explain how you really are. What's up is really kind of asking, how are you or what's new? Um, we first. For some reason, we just start within that much, and then you can immediately follow with how you actually are. So what's up? Not much. I'm, you know, going class, or I'm visiting friends or I'm about to drive to a different city. Block will blot whatever. All right, then we have the next one. What are you up to? What are you up to? We don't usually say it like that, though. Usually this is going to sound like what? Show what you're up to. So what are you up to? Nobody says that you would have to be speaking very slow. Maybe someone asked you to repeat. Maybe an English learner. What did you say? I said, what are you up to? We don't speak that slow. Natural? Not in spoken English. What we say is what she, uh what shut up to? All right, that's it's the more informal. Of course, most of these greetings are but what she's up to. You hear that, Aton? And how do you respond? Pretty much the same exact way. Give your nothing response. You know nothing. Not a lot. Not up. And then you can give your real response to return the question you can just say, and you or you or what you up to? And you? What you up to? So, for example, what shops, too? No, not much. Uh, have class right now. So I have to go. Well, not much. I'm not up to much. I'm not up to much. You can also say that some other ones we have are also what's happening and what's good. So again, just respond the same way. What's happening? Oh, I forgot to mention with what's up? Um, not with what's up. What are you up to? We can also use time adverbs here. I can ask what are you up to tomorrow So we can be talking about the present. But we can also add time adverbs like tomorrow, next week later to ask about a specific time later in the future. So that's really helpful to but what's happening and what's good. These are the same as What's up? You just respond with your nothing first and then what you are actually doing. So what's happening now? Not much. I'm just going to class. What's good? Nothing. Not much, Nata, But to take in that I don't know. Uh, now going, let's go a little bit more formal. Not really form a kind of right in the middle of informal and formal we have. How are you? This could be used in very formal situations. It can also be used in very informal situations. This is a greeting you can use in any situation. All right, So how are you? How are you? How are you now? You noticed too? It kind of gets mushed together. Not as Marshall. How are you? How are you? How are you doing? That's basically what we say, but with how are you? You will You will almost always respond with good. I'm good. How are you? I'm good. Don't say fine. When some people say fine, it means like something. Something might be wrong. If you say I'm fine, especially depending on the tone of your voice. You're kind of saying I could be better. And what it's inviting the other person to ask is What's wrong? Why are you just fine? So even even if you're not feeling so good or if you're feeling really good, if you really could say I'm great, I'm great. But if you're feeling good, just say I'm good. If you want people to ask, you know what's wrong. Or is there a problem? Say I'm fine because that's often what you're inviting the person to ask What's wrong, where you just fine, why aren't you good? So whenever someone asks you, how are you? Just say I'm good. That's by far the most popular response. And to return the question, just say, and you or how are you? All right, so practices if you have any questions about what's up or what do you doing or what's happening? Remember, don't ever just say Hey, hey, goes at the beginning. We use that as our attention getter. Hey, what's up? Hey, what are you doing? Hey, what's happening? Hey, what's good? Hey, how are you? But never hate by itself. And that's foreign text and in person 4. Greetings homework!: But first, it's time for assignment number one if you want homework. Here it is in formal greetings are very idiomatic, meaning they don't make sense the first time you see them or hear them. So using your favorite informal greeting that we looked at, tell me why you're taking this course and tell me your biggest interests, hobbies and topics you want to learn about. So I can continue to add more of the topics you actually want and need to be able to discuss. Here. We can only interact by doing written homework. But remember, for every assignment, you can also practice with native speakers on free language, exchange APS and by yourself, open the downloadable resource is toe. Look at my favorite APS and tools to do that. 5. Ending a conversation: ending a conversation. The previous lectures showed you the best, most common ways to start talking to someone. Now you're going to learn how to show that you are ending a conversation, then say goodbye. And if you need to how to politely escape from a conversation, Let's start with how English speakers demonstrate that they're trying to end a conversation because it's rude. Just to say goodbye without transitioning, these could be gestures like looking at your watch. But filler words like Okay, all right, and well are the most important. You see, There comes a point in every conversation where you are getting ready for it to end. Maybe you're busy. Maybe the person is boring. Or for whatever reason, someone is ready toe. End it when that time arrives. Okay? All right. And well are super helpful. Let's start with Okay. Okay. Has two main uses in a conversation. The 1st 1 I think you already know. It's used to show you understand something or agree with something, but when a chat is finishing, we use okay. Ah, lot as a sign that the person is trying toe exit. This is common in person on the phone and online. If the person notices it, they will probably say something similar. And you will soon be saying goodbye. However, if you need to be more direct after you say OK, given excuse to end the conversation like that, you need to do something else or are busy. We often put, but before or after. Okay. When we do this, here are some examples. Oh, and another thing. Did you hear what that politician did? No, I didn't, but OK. I really need to go now. Tell me later. Look, Sarah's here. Let's go talk to her. OK, But I'm supposed to get back to work. Just say hi to her for me. I'll see you later. All right? All right. Is used. Just like okay. And you might also here. All right then. And okay, then, to mean the same thing. Often a conversation will slow down after a while. And you don't have anything left to talk about when this happens. Often times one speaker will say all right to show that they are finished and the other speaker will repeat, all right, to show that they basically agree. And then we say goodbye. We can do the exact same thing with okay. Yeah, and that's what happened. All right. All right. Well, talk to you tomorrow. Yeah, Talk to you tomorrow, but that's pretty much all I did. Okay. Okay. Well, let's talk later. Well, well has a specific pronunciation. When used toe end a conversation when we use well as a filler word to show that we are thinking it sounds like this. Well, that means we're searching for a response and has, ah, falling intonation. But when we use well to show that we are done talking, we use rising intonation like this. Well, this is my favorite for showing that I'm done or I would like to end a conversation. You can use this in person, on the phone or online. Don't be afraid to interrupt someone to stop them. If you really want to or need to end the talk, we just say well or okay and then given excuse or say directly that you have to go. Here are a few examples with Well, pause and tell me if I'm using falling or rising intonation. Remember, falling intonation means I'm thinking are showing interest and still committed to the conversation rising intonation means I'm done finished and trying to end the talk. What do you think? Well, that's a good question. This is falling. Means I am interested. Anyways. What do you think? Well, I'm a bit busy right now. Maybe later. This is rising. Means I'm finished. I have to tell you what happened. Well, I'd love to, but not now. This is rising. I can't talk. I have to tell you what happened. Well, let's talk about it then. This is falling. Means I'm ready to talk. If you're with someone else. We also say, Well, we should get going and well, shall we? To show that were preparing to leave on the phone, you can say, Well, I gotta go or Well, I should get going. 6. How to say goodbye: saying goodbye Now that you are capable of ending a conversation and can notice when someone else is trying to end the conversation, we are ready to say goodbye. There are a lot of ways to say goodbye, some formal and some informal. Let's start with the most informal peace. Peace is basically slang, so I only use it with friends and people you know really well, but not at work or with teachers or elders. Some people also say peace out. Often people will hold up their hand like this as they say it. Peace or peace? Out. You can respond back with peace or any other way to say goodbye. I rarely say peace because it's too informal for me, but a lot of people do use it. Catch you later. I actually really like this. One piece is too informal for me. I use catch you later with my friends and close relatives all the time. It means See you later. If you say catch you later to someone you are also saying See you again in the future. So don't use this with people you don't know or don't plan on seeing again to make this even Maurin formal. You can also just say later if someone says catch you later. You can also respond with catch you later or any other goodbye or say you too. But if someone says later, you can Onley respond by also saying later or saying any other goodbye Catch you later You to buy. I'm out. I'm out basically means I'm leaving physically leaving this location. It can also be a way to leave a conversation because you're saying I have to go somewhere. So if you use I'm out, the other person assumes you are going somewhere This is still pretty informal. So with people you know Well well it was nice talking to but I'm out now. Yeah, great to see you. Where you heading? To school. But I'll call you later. See you. Bye and good bye bye isn't informal. You can use it with anyone. Really? Goodbye is slightly more formal Especially when you pronounce the whole word Good bye. Most of the time we just pronounce the letter g and by goodbye goodbye. That's the most common way in spoken English. But if you say goodbye, that's too formal for me. That's how a robot says it for Google translate as well. I often say bye bye. It's more playful and a bit more informal than the other ones. This is also how little kids will say goodbye so adults will use it when talking to Children. But kids tend to pronounce the word very correctly. Toe over. Pronounce it like bye bye for adults. For it to sound natural Onley pronounce the B in the first by so bye bye bye bye bye bye. Take care. Take care can just mean goodbye. But you usually use it when you won't see the other person for at least a few days or are not planning to see them any time soon. So I don't say take care to someone if I'm planning to see them later that day as well. Take care is a nice goodbye to use when you don't plan toe. Ever see someone again? For example, you have a date with someone, but at the end of the date, you know that you don't want to see them again. Personally, I would say take care because it already means I don't plan to see you any time soon and can demonstrate that I'm not interested when someone says Take care, you can respond with you to also say Take care or say any other Goodbye. It was really nice meeting you. You too. Well, take care. Have a good one. Have a good one. Is a more casual way of saying Have a good day for bulls. We can say them from starting in the morning. Basically meaning Have a good morning and in the afternoon to mean have a good afternoon. But if it's evening time, it can sound strange to continue saying have a good one or have a good day because the day is basically finished. So instead say, Have a good night when you say goodbye in the evening with a goodbye that starts with have , uh, it's polite to first respond with Thanks and then you too. But you often hear all right instead of thanks in informal situations, I'm going toe work. Have a good one. Alright. You to hear your grocery, sir. Have a good day. Thanks you to foreign language goodbyes in English. We also say goodbye in other languages. For Americans, Spanish is an important part of our language. So a very common way to say goodbye is audio's. You hear it? Ah lot. If someone says audios to you, you can say adios or any other Goodbye. Chow is also very common, But for some people, chow is not too formal but to sophisticated. Adios just sounds natural because Spanish is so common in American English. But some people don't like chow because they think it sounds arrogant or like you think you're better than them. So for chow, it really depends on who you're talking to. Some other but less common foreign goodbyes are or avoir and sayonara. If someone does use or bar or Cynara, it should be for a longer goodbye. You won't be seeing the other person any time soon, but these two are not so common in spoken English. You'll mostly see it in film and TV was or voir and Cynara. You can repeat them or say any other good bye. I'm going to say goodbye to you. Using some of these expressions, you respond with an appropriate goodbye. Okay, take care. You should also have said Take care or you to I have to leave now. Peace. You could also have said peace or peace out or another informal goodbye. Well, I should get going Audio's. You could repeat audios or give a different goodbye. My ride's here. Catch you later. You could have repeated catch you later or any other Goodbye. You might also have noticed that the U in catch you later becomes yeah, catch you later. Catch you later. You now have the skills to start. Begin to finish and end a conversation. Go to the next lecture if you want a quick and easy way to get out of any conversation, especially with someone who doesn't want to stop talking basically a way to escape. 7. Goodbye homework: But before we continue, let's do some practice. Remembering the correct a goodbye to use can be a challenge. So to make sure you're ready for any situation, I want you to write at least two examples. First right, an informal dialog between two friends greeting each other second, right, a more formal dialogue between you and someone at work or with the teacher. I'm excited to see what you write and remember. Even native speakers sometimes use the wrong greeting, and it does sound a little awkward, but it's common. If someone says to me What's up? And I respond. I'm good. It's obviously not the right greeting, but you just laugh at yourself and pay closer attention to what someone is saying next time . 8. Escape a conversation: quickly end any conversation. Now that you're able to start any conversation with any reading, you will probably find that some people just don't want to shut up My favorite. My method is to say I'm sorry and then But and then either tell them I must go or given excuse and tell them goodbye. It's polite because you apologize and then give a reason so it prevents people from becoming upset. Ah, good adverb to use when doing this is really put it before your excuse because it shows that you are serious and completely finished talking to them. After doing that, if the conversation is in person, that is an appropriate time to simply start toe walk away. If it's on the phone, it's now appropriate for you to end the call. Here are some examples, you know. So I'm not sure about what? I'm sorry. I really have to go now, but catch you later. And I was just so confused about the whole thing. And okay, I'm sorry, but really I'm going to be late. Talk to you later. Hey, let me tell you what happened before. Listen, I'm sorry, but I have to get some work done and that's it. You are on your way to becoming the conversation Master 9. Conversation questions: asking questions. If you can't ask questions, you can't learn anything new in your own language. You ask questions all the time when you don't understand something, or at least you know that you should. It's the same in English. If you ask a question, you will get an answer. Native speakers ask questions all the time when they didn't understand or are confused. What we're focusing on right now, our little expressions we use in a conversation to show we didn't understand or hear something correctly. Let's get to it. What's that we use? What's that? Sorry, what was that? And I didn't catch that when we didn't understand what someone said in a conversation or to show. We don't understand the thing concept or idea they are talking about. Here are some examples The said he's going to be late. What's that? I said. The plumber said he's going to be late. In that example, I couldn't understand one of the words, and it confused me. So I asked, What's that? And to the prison industrial complex is contributing to incremental rise off the problem, right? Huh? I didn't catch that in this example. I understood all the words, but what the person was saying still didn't make any sense to me. So I said, I didn't catch that to show my confusion. Your total today comes $2.50. Sorry, your total is $45.50 and in this example, I couldn't understand how much I was being charged. So I said, Sorry to show that I didn't hear them properly in a polite way. What? You can also just say what, but I don't recommend it when people just ask what it can appear very root. So if you want to avoid any nasty situations in English, use any of the other expressions I told you about. What does blank mean? If you hear a specific word that you don't understand or think you might be confused about , use this structure what plus does than the word and then mean here are some examples. What does turbulence mean? Oh, it's that rough air that shakes the plane when you're flying. What does hang gree mean? Angry means someone who is angry because they're hungry. You can also ask what's a and then the now the thing you're asking about? I didn't understand what's in a glue. It's Ah, house made of ice. Did he say caboose? What's a caboose? Well, in this situation, it's Ah, but 10. Question structure: basic questions structure. In my opinion, being able to ask a question with proper grammar will make you appear fluent. It can be very confusing and challenging for a native speaker to explain something when the question they're being asked doesn't make sense. So let's look at the basic question forms to turn you into a question master with regular verbs like eat, travel and walk. We form a question by putting the helping verb do in the front. In the present. It's either do or does, depending on your subject. Do I? Do we? Do you do they does. He does. She does it in the past. It's did did I Did he did. She did it, did we? Did you? Did they? After that, we put our main verb, but it stays in the infinitive, also called the base form. That means we don't change it at all. Turn the following statements into questions statement. He travels a lot. Question. Does he travel a lot? Statement. He ate the kick. Question. Did he eat the cake statement? I walk three miles every day. Question. Do I walk three miles every day, but we don't put a helping verb in front of motile verbs like can, could, Will shall may. And might we also don't put a helping verb in front of questions with the verb to be or to have with all of these we use inversion inversion just means that we change the order of the subject and verb in a question. Here are some examples statement. I am going to the store question. Am I going to the store? The subject is I in the verb am comes next to form the question. I just change the order of the subject and verb statement. You will see me tonight at the party. Question. Will you see me tonight at the party statement? We've been busy all day. Question. Have we been busy all day? Statements. You could win the competition. Question. Could you win the competition statement? He may do it tomorrow. Question. May he do it tomorrow. You now have the fundamentals of asking questions in English. Don't be afraid to ask questions. It's a normal process of learning, and native speakers are often confused because they didn't understand or hear someone clearly just like you. So keep going. You're doing a great job 11. Question homework: you're doing awesome, but slow down. Let's do some question practice before you continue on your awesome English learning journey. We just discussed two types of questions, the first for use in a conversation when you need to ask for clarification. The second is the basic question asking format you can use in any situation. Give me some examples with both right, some dialogues, and I will respond with any corrections or comments. Extra points. If you use a variety off tenses, can't wait to see what you write.