Getting Started with Arduino Hardware Step by Step | RAMLI DZ | Skillshare

Getting Started with Arduino Hardware Step by Step


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7 Lessons (38m)
    • 1. Introduction To The Arduino

    • 2. Arduino boards entry level Trim

    • 3. The extended family

    • 4. Arduino family part1 Trim

    • 5. Arduino family part2 Trim

    • 6. Arduino uno part1 Trim

    • 7. Arduino uno part2 Trim Trim


About This Class

VERY SIMPLE explanation of Arduino hardware ,we are going to start learning Arduino from start  so I aim through this course to explain Arduino from the concept of hardware

Arduino board It is an electronic card on which there is a microcontroller and it is the spirit of this card, and through, this control is programmed and interacts with the sensors which are connected, programmed and obtained from them on different values ​​and outline everything and define specific terms of your Design.

        you must learn Arduino Hardware well if you want to create program controlled projects.

note -this course is for beginner level so you must not  expect  so much .it is just an entry to the field to know the terms

you will see =

    • Arduino-Uno-components for absolute beginners

    • Introduction about Arduino 

    •  -The extended Family

      -Arduino family part1

      -Arduino family part2

    • The Arduino-Uno- Components part 01

    • The Arduino-Uno-Components part2

      What will students learn in your course?
    • what is Arduino
    • The components of  the Arduino Uno board


1. Introduction To The Arduino : Hello my friends. And this video are going to see what is arduino. So let's begin with an introduction. Arduino is an open source platform used for building electronics projects. Arduino consists of both a physical programmable circuit board, often referred to as a microcontroller, which is the black piece here in the center. Ok, told black piece. And a piece of software, or IDE. Ide is a short phone of an integrated development environment that runs on your computer, used to write and upload computer code to the physical board. Okay, the Arduino platform has become quite popular with people. Just starting out with electronics and for good reason, unlike most previous program bubble circuit boards, the Arduino doesn't need a separate piece of hardware. It doesn't need a separate piece of hardware called a programmer in order to load. So it doesn't need a separate piece of hardware in order to load new code onto the board, you can simply use a USB-C cable. Additionally, the Arduino IDE uses a simplified version of Cs plus plus k, simplified version of C plus plus, which is a programming language making it easier to learn to program. Finally, Arduino provides a standard form factor that breaks out the functions of microcontroller into more accessible package. Arduino boards are able to read inputs, light on a sensor, a finger on a button, or a Twitter message, and turn it into an output, activating a mater ten and on an LED, publishing something online, you can tell your board what to do by sending a set of instructions to the microcontroller on the board. To do so, you use the Arduino programming language based on wiring. Use wires, and the Arduino software IDE, as we have said, Integrated Development Environment. The Arduino software IDE based on processing. So in the next videos, we are going to see the components of the Arduino Uno, which is the best board. To start. An Arduino. The owner is one of the more popular boards in the Arduino family and a great choice for beginners. We'll talk about and what's on it and what, and what it can do later. And that territorial. Okay. We have talked about the Arduino software IDE. And this is the interface of it. Believe it or not, those ten lines of code are all. You need to blink the on board LED on your Arduino. The code might not make perfect sense right now. Okay, so we are going to focus on the hardware. And I may make other courses about the software. So the most important thing for me is to learn you the terms of Arduino, okay? So in this period of time, you need to know what are the components. And you need to know that the board, the board is controller control using a software to create codes. And this software is under the name of our Do we know IDE. Okay. And IDE is a short form, is a short form of Integrated Development Environment. Ok, so we are going to see all of that in the next videos. I hope cause would be helpful for you guys. See you soon. 2. Arduino boards entry level Trim: Hello my friends. And this video are going to talk about Arduino boards. So get started with arduino. Using entry-level products is easy to use and ready to have power to power your first creative projects. Okay? Your first creative projects. These boards on modules, are the best to start learning and thank Karen When electronics and coding. The starter kit includes a book within 15 tutorials that will walk you through the basics up to complex projects. And you can find this sketch and the arduino dot cc website, which is the official website of the Arduino company. Ok. We have boards like Arduino Uno, which is the most famous and sample one. Ok, we have Arduino Leonardo of small bows like Arduino nano, Arduino micro, Arduino nano every. And we have the m, k, r to o, no adapter. And there is another boards for complex projects, okay, but these are the best for beginner lever level. And I recommend to start with the Arduino Uno, which is the board that we are going to talk about a lot. And we are going to explain ads and show the components of it and talk about them one by one. Not all but the most necessary. 3. The extended family: Hello my friends. And this video are going to talk about the extended family while your Arduino board, Sure, it's pretty it can't do a whole lot on its own. You've got to Hickey, TAP, sampling. Ok. You've got to hook it up to something. In this section, we will introduce basic sensors as well as Arduino shields. Two of the most handy tools to use in bringing your project's life. So this is the first lecture of sensors. So we are going to start with sensors definition with some simple code. The Arduino can control and interact with a wide variety of sensors. And sensors are things that can measure. Light. Temperature, degree of flex, pressure, proximity, acceleration, carbon monoxide, radioactivity, humidity, barometric pressure. Okay. Let's jump to an to the shields. And this is the second picture of shields. So it's go to the deficient nation. Additionally, there are these things called shields. Basically, they are pre-build circuit boards that fed on Top of your arduino. And provide additional capabilities like controlling motors, connecting to the internet, providing cellular or other wireless communication. Controlling an LCD screen. And much more. 4. Arduino family part1 Trim: Hello my friends. And this video are going to talk about the Arduino family. So are we know makes several different boards, each with different capabilities. In addition, part of being open source hardware means that others can modify and produce derivatives of Arduino boards that provide even more, more form factors and functionality. If you are not sure which one is right for your project. It can check a guide that is exist on our website that, that is called spark fun, that's come. Okay. So shape this guide for somehow fall. Hence. Here, a few options that are well suited to someone new to the Word, to the world of Arduino. Okay, first of all, we have the Arduino Uno R3. In the picture you can recognize a tall black piece, which is the micro controller. Okay? The owner, the Arduino Uno, so we call it the Uno. The owner is a great choice for your first Arduino project. It, it's got everything you need to get started and nothing you don't. It has 14 digital input, output pins, of which six can be used as a P, W, M. Outputs. Sex, analog inputs, a USB connection, a power jack, a reset button. And the more it contains everything needed to support the microcontroller simply connected to a computer with a USB cable or power it with an, with an AC to DC adapter or battery to get started. 5. Arduino family part2 Trim: Now my friends, this video, we are going to continue the family of the Arduino, Arduino Mega R3. The Arduino MIGA is like the owner's Big Brother. It has lots of digital inputs and input output pins, 54, okay? 14 can be used as a PWM. Outputs. 16 analog inputs, a USB connection, a power jack, and a reset button. It contains everything needed to support the microcontroller simply connected to a computer with a USB cable or power at, with AC to DC adapter or battery to get started. The large number of pins make this board very handy for projects that require a bunch of digital inputs or outputs, like lots of LEDs or buttons. We have also the Arduino Leonardo with a simple shape. Okay? The Arduino Leonardo is Arduino's first development board to use one microcontroller with built in USB. This means that can be cheaper and simpler. Also because the board is handling USB directly, code libraries are available which allow the board to emulate a computer keyboard, mouse. And more. 6. Arduino uno part1 Trim: Hello my friends and this video are going to talk about Arduino Uno. So what's on the board? What's the price of the Arduino? We are going to talk about these topics and in this video. So let's jump into the first topic. The price. While that, while I am recording this video, the price is $20.20 euros dollars. Okay, it's €20.30, September 20-20. And go and also to talk about the Arduino components one by one. But before that, you need to know this symbol which is tile down, okay? Which is timed. And I am going to verify it for you in Google. Let's see, okay. Till the sound are not tiled, it's $10. Okay? You need to know this symbol before we jump into the components. So first of all, what is on the board? There are many varieties of the arduino boards that can be used for different purposes. Some boards look a bit different from the one below, but most Arduino's half the majority of these components in common. Well, first of all, we have, we are, we are going to talk about the power. How can we give the power to our bought? Okay? Every Arduino board needs a way to be connected to a power source. The Arduino Uno can be powered from a USB cable coming from your computer or laptop, or a wall power supply that is terminated. And about Jack. In the picture, the USB connection is labeled one and the bond Jack is leveled to. The USB connection is also how you will load code onto your Arduino board. More on how to program with. Arduino can be found in. And styling and program in Arduino tutorials that I am, I would make it only if you give me a notification in the reviews part. Okay. Note the not use a power supply greater than 20 volts as you will overpower your Arduino. Okay? The recommended voltage for most Arduino models as between 612 faults, okay, it's between 612 volts. So this is for the power. Second. We are going to talk about the bands. We have pains named, or cold, five volt, 3.3 volt. Then ground, which is G, AND have also analog, digital PWM and a r, f. And we are going to talk about them. All. The pains in on your arduino. The places where you connect wires to construct a circuit. Probably in conjunction with a bread board and some wire. They usually have black, black plastic headers that allow you to just plug a wire right on into the board. The Arduino has several different kinds of pens. It, each of which is labeled on the board and used for different functions. So first of all, we have the ground. Show the GND short of ground. Okay. It is labeled on the picture. Number three. There are several GND bands on the Arduino and each of which can be used for to ground your circuit. Okay, so there's Zhe AND labeled number three on the picture. It is a short form of ground. There are several GND pins on the Arduino, any, of, any of which can be use to ground your circuit. Okay? And we have five volt, which is labeled number four on the picture, and 3.3 volt leveled number five on the picture. As you might guess, the five volt pen supplies, five volts of power, and the 3.3 volt pen supplies 3.3 volts of power. Most of the simple components used with the Arduino around happily of, of five or 3.3 volts. 7. Arduino uno part2 Trim Trim: Hello my friends and welcome to part two of the Arduino Uno components. So we have also analog, which is labeled six. It is labeled number six on the picture. The idea of bends under the analog in level. From a five on the ONO log n pins. These bins can lead the signal from an analog sensor, like a temperature sensor, and converted into a digital value that we can read. Easy. If you don't understand, you can beat watching the video because it is yours and it is made for you. Okay? We have also Digital, which is net, which is labeled number seven. Across from the analog pins are the digital pins fall on Z0, so 13 on the ONO, these bins can be used for, for both digital inputs, like telling if a button is pushed, and digital output like power and power and LPD. So from 0 to 13 on the owner, we have also p w, m, which is labeled number eight. But here you should focus. You may have noticed the tilda symbol. That's, I gave it to you in this slide. So you may have noticed that tilda next to some of the aversion of to some of the digital pins, 35691011 on the ONO. Gate. V spans act as normal digital pins, but can also be used for something called pulse width modulation. Ok. That BW M, Bob's width modulation. We have. So we have to focus here. These spans act as normal digital pins, but can also be used for something called the PWM or pulse width modulation. Okay? So think of the spins as being able to stimulate an analog outputs like fade in an LED and out. We have also the, the a, e, f, f, a f, which is leveled number, which is labeled number nine on the picture, stands for analog. At if friends. Most of the time you can leave the spin alone. It is some times used to set an external reference falls between 05 volts as the upper limit for the analog input, Ben. So it's sometimes used to set an external reference voltage as the upper limit for the analog input fans. Okay, and go into talk about a set button. Just like the original Nintendo. The Arduino as a reset button labeled number ten on the picture. Bullshit portion. Pushing it too well. Tom delay, Connect there is set pen. There is set pen to the ground, to ground and restart any code that is loaded. Only Arduino, I am going to be that pushing it when Tom quietly connect there may set pen to ground and start any code that is loaded on the Arduino. This can be very useful if your code doesn't repeat. But wanted to test it multiple times. Like the elision and maintain though, however, blowing on the Arduino doesn't usually effects any problems. Okay? And we have also the power added, ED AND dictator. Just just beneath. And to the right. Just be Neff. And to the right of the word uno. On your circuit board. There is tidy L E D next to the word on level number 11. Okay. I've you see it. These LED should light up whenever you plug your Arduino into a power source. Okay? This LED should light up whenever you plug your Arduino into a power source. If this line doesn't turn on their theories. I'd good chance some phi1 is wrong. Time to really check yourself. Quit. You have another thing to talk about, which is TX and RX. And TX is short of tones MIT, OK. And x is short of a C-F. These markings, these markings appear quite a bit in electronics to indicate the bins and responsible for serial communication. In our case, the there are two places on the Arduino Uno where TX and x appear once by digital pins, 01 second time next to that TX and x and indicator LEDs labled. Number 12 on the board or on the picture. These LEDs will give us some nice visual indications. Whenever our ad we know is receiving or transmitting data, like when we are loading unused program onto the board. We have also another time to talk about which is main IC. The black thing with all the metal legs as an IC or integrated sec. What labeled number 13, which is the big boss. Think of it as the brains of our Arduino. The main IC on the Arduino is slightly different from board type two or type, but is usually from the omega line of ICs from the at Mao company. This can be important as you may need to know, that I see type along before loading up a new film, the Arduino software. This information can usually be found and Blyton on the top side of the IC. If you want to know more about the difference between values ICs, you need just to Google. To Google it. Okay. It's that easy. You can also check the official websites. Arduino dot cc. And then we should talk about is voltage regulator. The voltage regulator, labile number 14 is not actually something you can or should interact with on the Arduino, but it is potentially useful to know what is there and what is for the voltage regulator doesn't exactly sorry. The voltage regulator does exactly what it says. It controls the amount of fall dish that is led into the Arduino board. Think of it as a kind of gatekeeper. It well ten away, an extra voltage. That's my time. The circuit. Of course, it has its limits. So don't hook down to cap your Arduino to anything greater than to any 20 voltage volts. Ok, don't hook up your Arduino to anything greater than 20 volts.