German grammar - word order #2 conjunctions | Angelika Davey | Skillshare
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14 Lessons (1h 3m)
    • 1. Introduction to intermediate German word order - the conjunctions

      1:59
    • 2. Conjunctions that don't change the word order

      4:57
    • 3. Conjunction that don't change, your turn

      4:11
    • 4. 'Weil' sentences

      3:18
    • 5. 'Weil' - your turn

      4:39
    • 6. More conjunctions that change the word order

      7:05
    • 7. Subject and verb reversed

      7:20
    • 8. 'Wenn' sentences

      5:19
    • 9. Wenn wann als - a little extra, taken from my blog

      3:22
    • 10. 'Dass' sentences

      5:03
    • 11. 'Dass' sentences - your turn

      4:00
    • 12. More connection words to list things

      4:39
    • 13. Imperative intro

      2:41
    • 14. The imperative

      3:58
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About This Class

Welcome to the second of my German word order classes!

In this class you will learn how to combine short sentences with conjunctions (and, or etc... but in German ☺)

This class requires some knowledge of German and is the perfect addition to learning German with a textbook or tutor.

If you have only just started to learn German, you may not have learned enough vocabulary for this grammar class, but save it for later. You may wish to complete the first word order class German grammar - word order #1 the basics before moving on to this one, unless you don't need the basics anymore.

If you are an intermediate student, then this class is for you.

Advanced German learners might also find it useful just to go back to the conjunctions, as in textbooks they are often explained in bits and pieces, rather than all together.

In this class you will learn how to combine short sentences by using conjunctions. You will learn which ones change the word order and which don't. You will get to practise for yourself either together with me in the videos or by completing your project.

At the end of the class you will have a better understanding of how German conjunctions work, which will equip you for another class about even more advanced word order.

Some free coupons are available: https://skl.sh/2JxUa4C

If you like this course, could you please give it the 'thumbs up'? 
Leaving a comment or even just the thumbs up will help other students decide whether this course is good for them.

Danke! 

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Angelika Davey

Here to help people "learning German with a smile"

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Welcome to my Skillshare page!

I am Angelika of Angelika's German Tuition & Translation and I'm here to help you learn German, especially if you are teaching yourself. 

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Transcripts

1. Introduction to intermediate German word order - the conjunctions: Welcome to Part two off my word. Order videos on. We're going back to the washing. How do you hang your washing now? In part one, we looked at basic sentences on the most important and basic rules, like verb in second place. Time on a place, Remember, should do. If not, go back and check because if you don't know the basic rules, you won't find the next lot off rules. Too easy to understand. But going back to the washing line example, We had one washing line where we were hanging are washing either in a model or neatly. But now we have to washing lines and we want to combine things. How do we do that? Well, that's what you learn in this part. So we will look at conjunctions without any word order change. So we put in two sentences together as one. But the word order doesn't change. And then we look at conjunctions. Whether word order does change, the most known one is violent. So we look at violet sentences. We look at the other conjunctions which work like violence that also includes then on Gus Andi, we're looking at the Imperative and the command form on finishing it off again with some worksheets with some extra work for you. Enjoy 2. Conjunctions that don't change the word order: in this video, we're going to have a look at conjunctions adjoining words These ones don't change the word order. They're also called coordinating conjunctions as an example in English. I play the guitar. I go hiking now. There's nothing wrong with us. Two sentences absolutely, perfectly correct. Except after a while, it would get pretty boring if we spoke in short sentences like this. So we may add words conjunctions joining words like on and I play the guitar on I go hiking The other one could be all I play the guitar or I go hiking How we do the same in German I'll give you the same sentences in German again, each meal a guitar for his give on them. So if you wanted to add ons, all we need to do is at the word Don't it's really guitar. What is give on them? The word for all is order is being a good talker. Order give under. If you noticed, nothing has changed to the too small sentences. It is still ish. Being a guitar anti distant gave under. Nothing has changed. She put the word owned in between. You do not change anything same applies to order on a few more. Now it's really guitar. It's kittenish to on them. Play the guitar. I don't go hiking. What would be a good word to act there that Arbour H Billy get other armor? Sk initiative under play the term, But I don't go hiking. How about this one? It's been a knish. Get other give under giving you a different word. Zonda Zonda in sort of means also batch, but it's more the case off instead. Now, if your first sentences something positive, then you always use armor. If the first part starts with something negative, you can use Zonda here. We've got it again. It's pretty good time are getting finished London Plaything term, But I don't go hiking. Spielen ish guitar Zonda SK Vonda Now Zanten means, but instead, so the second sentence actually means I don't play the guitar. Instead, I go hiking. That is sort of the meaning of this afternoon. I was going to play the guitar, but actually I won't know, because instead I go hiking so I could have also said it's Billy Nikita Arbor. Give on them. That would be, for example, in a conversation where somebody else says that they play the guitar and they go hiking and I want to say, Well, I don't play the guitar But I do go hiking so are broken Used be used there. Butt's undone cannot be used in the first sentence, so someone is a little bit tricky. That really depends on what you want to say. That's one more speedily guitarra. It's been Muzi card ish. What could be put in here? How about because I play the guitar because I'm musical Dan speedily guitar, then being music. So to recap them all again if you combining your first close with the second clues on you using orange, Wouda, abba za London, or then you do not need to change the world order Piece of cake is that Try it yourself in the next video 3. Conjunction that don't change, your turn: you turn. Let's have a look at these two sentences. Morgan's College. Not really. It's vetted a spun booger towards in. So tomorrow I'm going to believe my will. See the Brandenburg Age, which off those words owned Order arbors on them, then make a good fit. Give some time to think. And I reveal the answer. I won't. That's the easiest one. Tomorrow I'm going to 1,000,000,000. Andi, I will see the Brandenburg Gate. Martin. Sorry. Capitoline. Want is very despond Booger towards the What if we swap those two around shredded US one Burger tours in modern fathers. Napoli in what would be a good choice? Now, do you think I reveal the answer now? Done. I will see the Brandenburg Gate because tomorrow I'm going to build in. How about those two sentences? Should be. You didn't talk under strong Niki Taylor, Munch McGee, A huge London. So I've taken the sentences from the last video. I made them a bit longer. So every day I play the guitar for an hour. Sometimes I go hiking. What would be a good one to put in there? And there may be more than one choice I gave you the 1st 1 won't off course. I play the guitar for an hour every day and sometimes I go hiking. Can you think of another one number? 1,000,000,000 talk, understanding each other Arbor Munch Mortgage London So I play the guitar every day for a Knauer. But sometimes I go hiking. She had me kind of the murder shipped. She had me undergo often What would be a good choice? She didn't send me an email she found me on. The first answer would be Alba. She didn't send me an email that she found me. There's another choice. Can you guess what it might be? Could be Zonda. Meaning? She didn't send me an email. Instead, she phoned me. Almost no difference to, but she found me. But just like we have the choice in English as well To say both of them. Of course, it's 1/3 1 What could it be? This times he had me kindly emailed a shit dens. He had me young girls. She didn't send me an email because she phoned me just to recap again. Owned order. Are Bazan done? Then if you need them or she used them, you do not change the word order 4. 'Weil' sentences: Now we're looking at conjunctions which do change the word order Subordinating conjunctions . There are several off them. We will cover them all. But in this video, we're just looking at one. Probably the most common one. Certainly in textbooks, usually the 1st 1 You come across Vier meaning because But hang on them because already in the last video And we say then because Morgan Fashion Belene, Israel respond Burger tossing Didn't we say then Mang five pelline then Israel respond burger towards ing more. I'm going to Berlin because I want to see the Brembo. Kate, you're absolutely right. But viol also means because Andi, I just told you that violence is a conjunction that changes the world order. So what happens? Well, nothing happens to the first bitch. That's still the same moral fabric. Moline. We need a calmer there now, before viall, Just like we did it before then. But Via does something to the second word order It pushes the to the end. Morgan Farage Napa lean, vile HTA Spartanburg towards in vivo. So nothing changes to the verb. It is still ville. In this case, it just gets pushed to the end off the sentence off the end of the clothes. We had really complicated sentences. There may be something else, but then that would be a comma. Still, rather than a full stop is to another example. Remember, she didn't send me an email because she phoned me. Is he happy? Kind of America shipped violent. Now it pushes. Divert to the end. Z Mick, Ang, Google Wilson What So as a reminder, there are two closes. The second closes a subordinate clause, and the verb gets pushed to the end off that close. And that's it. I got one more little bit. If Labour the daughter squash her tensy is to look, I love the German language because it is so logical. And if we wanted to use violence, it would be leaving the Deutsches Parker vile Zizou log dishes. That's logic, isn't it? Let's try it out 5. 'Weil' - your turn: your turn. Connect the following sentences with violence. Sheila's again full spire is been sparkly. So how would you say I very much like playing for four? Because I'm sporty. So we're adding the word violent street. Is there again, forced by violence? It's on. We need to push the verb to the end spotless. Now you're doing it all on your own. If therefore, to nish to our by gain it's been crunk. How would you say I'm not allowed to go to work today? Because I'm ill and I give you a little bit of time. If you want to write it down, post a video on I will reveal the answer Now the staff for tunic so are by again vile ish hunk. They gain more dish, But see your undies on a shined. How would you say we're going for a walk today? Because the sun is shining on again. I give you a little bit of time, but feel free to post the video if you want it. And he is the answer. Uh, take a Norge. But soon Violet is only shined. What happened to the verb or what didn't happen to the verb is a little tricky one because the verb was already at the end of the sentence because it's only a very short sentence, in which case it just stays there, Viad it, push it to the end. So if we'd had a longer sentence, then the would have gone to the end. But as it's already there receptive, it'll work. The king dash feeling and gardens. They have a kind of Schuler. So how would you say the Children are playing in the garden? Because they don't have school? I'm about to reveal the answer. He Kinder's feeling him garden violence. He kind of shoulder hum. He shot by noise out Agha coughed have been lotto Gavanon. I wish How would I say I've bought in you can because I won the lottery and I'm about to reveal the answer. So pours if you're not ready. Yeah, but a noise out to get coughed Vile ish in lotto Ravana Harbor on the last one to leave a deduction Autobot Inman conduction a 51 How would you say I love the German motorways? Because you could drive fast there. Andi, I'm about to reveal the answer to that one. Leave any Dajun autobahn environment. Dodge Nay, father and can now another bit of a tricky one, because the first sentence Montcalm Dodge No fire in already had a verb at the end. But it did have a verb in second place, which has come the mode over. And that's the one that gets pushed to the end off the sentence, even if there is already one, so it would be violent. Dodge name Far in everything stays, come goes to the end. In the next video, we'll look at some other conjunctions which do exactly the same aspire. 6. More conjunctions that change the word order: Let's look at some more subordinating conjunctions. They do exactly the same thing as Vita. They're pushed the verb to the end in the second close, the ones we're covering in this video before this duh it's another one that could be translated us. Because meaning is Astle sins funds off their hunt. Let's look at them as some sentences before. If team he only stay in the sh touch. How would you say I get changed before I go into town before? Yes, in dished up gear. Your turn. How would you say he's reading the newspaper before he goes to bed? Give you a bit of time? And the answer is At least it's Xitong. Before air inspected this nobody doctrinal carbon comes a schreibman. How would you saying I practice a German voke up until I can write it? Or them? Actually, more carbon is plural because there are individual words in German. You big deduction carbon comma This Z Shibergan Coming your turn. Atlantic aromatic effort. Shtee dzi We want to say is learning Brahma until he understands it. Andi, I show you the sentence now and land chromatic this as the fresh meat. Uh, we have that sentence already. I get changed as since Because I go into town. You see me down Indicia that Guia your turn. How do you say we're driving to Germany as we having holidays as we're on holiday And the answer is the fab enough Deutschland Dove, you willow fuss in case Never mind and Reagan Shame it, asshole! Ignat, take my umbrella with May in case it rains named monitoring Shame it silence! And you know what's going to happen now because we got a very short sentence? IHS pregnant gets to be pushed to the end and it actually stays where it is Science as you'll turn How would you say were driving to Germany in case we have two weeks holidays may not goes Only got one on the sentence would be a foreigner Deutschland fights with my own will Ah, food! Get in a classicist concert in my kind of classism musique So we want to say she goes to a classical concert Although she doesn't like classical music eight and nine Classic Jazz concert Ah wound Z kind of classical music Mock you Trump How would you say we're going to Germany? Although we only have one week's holiday. And here's the answer. The silent torch, land of or even know. I know Holub have in the last one village, the S and popcorns is in an infirm. We want to say they're eat popcorn. Wild there, Watch a film the S and popcorn Vaillant Zien. I consumed Z and on u turn. How would you say I listen to music while I'll do my homework on that sentence would be like this. Your music there's and it's minor house off Come. So to recap those again once which do change the world order before best our fights or full veil And not to forget vile which we had in the last video These are the ones we've covered these other ones I haven't covered But they do exactly the same thing That's up, which is as if damn it so that Indian Wang or buy up whether zeit since so by wild as soon as and so longer as long US probably don't use those quite asses much as you would with the other ones. But the idea is exactly the same If you use them than in the second clause, the verb gets pushed to the end 7. Subject and verb reversed: I want to come back to all the subordinating conjunctions again. So we have the sentence earlier on. I'm getting changed before I go into town and that would have been TME before is in dish that gear. What happens if I wanted to say Before I go into town, I get changed. Now we know what before does before pushes divert to the end So the sentence starts with before it in dished up gear. But what happens then? How does the sentence finish? Well, everything before the comma before he dished up gear now becomes the first idea on We do know what the second idea has got to be the verb before in dished up gear. See, it is so the verb in this subject Or should I say the subject and the verb get reversed. So before hinder Stop G It's the first idea, then verb in second place see a me and you end up with something like verb comma verb which sometimes look strange if it happens to be the same verb in both cases but it doesn't here . So we were right now the sentence I gave you earlier room. How would you know saying before he goes to bed, he reads the newspaper and the answer is before inspected, least did. Citing this. So how do we now say, until I can ride? Um, I practice a German woke up on the answer Is this easy? Shrine Come Hoover HD Deutschen Low Carbon How about the sentence I gave you earlier? Wrong. Now we want to say until he understands it, he's learning the grammar and the answer this time is this is a fresh deed Land air Dramatic. So now we want to saying as I'm going into town, I get changed. And that would be, uh Can you stop here? See me on the sentences I gave you earlier? Run. We now want to say as we having all the days or as we're on holidays, we're going to Germany and that sentence now reads as Dar Viola Palm found here not Deutschland. So now we want to saying it casings rains. I'll take my umbrella with me And that would be sentence coming up now. Science is pregnant. Name is mining Reagan, She, um it and the sentences I gave you earlier on we now want to saying in case we're having two weeks holidays. We're going to Germany. Council is coming up now. Fights with its five or Manolo Palm Found v Enough Deutschland. So now we want to say Although she doesn't like classical music, she's going to a classical concert. And that sentence should look like avoid the kind of classical music mark get to see in an classes concept. Although we only have one week's holiday, we're going to Germany. And how would you say that? Here's the answer. Wolverine or I never Hola, Palm Foundry. Enough Deutschland on the last one. Vaillant. So while they are watching a film, they're eating popcorn. And that sentence now would be they're on theon infirm Z and SNC popcorn and the sentence I gave you. How do you now say, while I do my homework, I listen to music and that sentence would be They haven't is minor house off grandma, huh? Hula music. So to remind you again, if the subordinate close begins the sentence, it becomes the first idea and the main close then starts with a verb. The verb in the subject in the main clothes are reversed, which then gives us verb comma verb. And to go back to this wonderful logical sense I had earlier on violence is a log. Dishes leave 80. I'm sure you all agree with me, don't you? 8. 'Wenn' sentences: in this video, we just cover one conjunction which changes the word order. And that conjunction is then which means if or when or whenever. And we have two sentences found. Abilene, It's hobble up. I'm traveling to Berlin. I'm on holidays. How do you think? Could we put those two together with then on your quite right? It's firing up Eline. We replace the full stop with a comma. We active in Onda. We already know that. Then pushes divert to the end. So it would be then fish wallow, have the So I'm traveling to Berlin when I'm on holidays. Now we can put this to the beginning as well. The whole claws, the whole phrase on because it starts with. Then the verb store gets pushed to the end, not to the end of the whole sentence, but to the end off the claws. So it's in front of the Kama, Then issue all our harbor. So when I'm on holidays, But what happens now? Now this whole clause is classed as the first idea and we know what has to be in second place. The verb so then, if you'll know popover far now baleen so the father and the issue get switched around. That means the verb is now still in second place. A boy image Mind Zune Bizarre me How can we say I'm happy when my son visits me on the answer to that one is before you. Me then mind zone Mish resort. And if you want to start with that part, then mind zone Mish resort How does it carry on then, for your mission? It's make it a bit more difficult. I've just given you the words but in a bit of a random order What do you think? The sentences cause the video If you feel like you're nature because I'm about to give you the answer So we could 40 a an issue gear. Now we know we need to start really with a pro, known or a noun. And we've got issue in there on then the verb in second place. So it would be ish gears. But see, even then dust Vetter Xun east. And if we swap this around, they wanted to start with the vendors with her xun ist. How does it carry on them? Yep. In that sweater soonest GH But CIA do you think that was too easy? It's got one more, but that's quite hard. So you really want to pause the video for a minute and have a look? So the first part has the words sparse and Landen and Must and Deutsche give you one hint. It starts with deutsche. Then we've got then Well, then we have quite a few words Venz that we've got Landen Mitt each online and Gillick er Daph, have a go right? If you're not done, then definitely pulls it now because I'm about to give you the answer Deutschland in much pass. Then issue mid Angelica Online Vins. It's a land and 1/2. So learning German is fun. When I'm allowed to learn then sentences with Angelica online. And if we wanted to start with, then the sentence looks like this finish Mitt Angelica, Online Venz. It's allowing enough Ma Deutschland INGE pass. You do agree with this, don't you? I'll see you in the next video 9. Wenn wann als - a little extra, taken from my blog: Do you know when to use one, then? Or Eilts? If you want to translate when into German in this video, I'll show you which of those words you'll need. Fun Fanis, used in questions on the meaning, is when or at what time. For example, Valentine from Bones. When will we meet, or at what time will we meet one factor next to Abilene. When does the next train go to Berlin? Or at what time does the next train go to a 1,000,000,000? One has to go board stock. When is your birthday? Then we used then if the meaning is when or if, and if it's used in the present or future tense. When it's promised it, see him garden. When it's warm, I sit in the garden, or, if it's warm, I'll sit in the garden minutes. Vom V. It is. It's him garden. When it gets warm, I'll sit in the garden. Or, if it gets warm, I sit in the garden. Many few gate Herbert coffee annoys old tour when I have a lot of money or buy a new car. And if you get for Dina, coffee, I know is out all when I own a lot of money or buy a new car. Or if I earn a lot of money or buy a new car, then you lost. Just couldn't behind between. If you'd like, we can drink a beer. It's We use nuts when we mean when in the past tense at its climber habit, mid put English beard. When I was little, I played with golds, or that's there for him to end of arms of in a house with a gun. When the film finished, we went home. But that was a very basic explanation off one vin on guts. There's a little exception to this, because sometimes we can also use then in the past tens. That happens if the meaning is whenever, For example, that's a mood of wood Guinean spent. This is talking about a one off situation. In the past, when I got tired, I went to bed, so we use nuts immer vintage mood of order shall if it ofttimes or fine. This talks about a recurring situation that happened in the past. Whenever I got tired, I fell asleep on the sofa. He reuse. Then that's recovered all again. We use fun when we're asking a question and mean when or at what time we used, then if we mean when or if in the present or future tens, or if we're talking about a recurring event that happened in the past, and we mean whenever we use adults, if we want to say when something happened in the past, hopefully you will now find it easier to work out when to use one then or nuts. 10. 'Dass' sentences: another conjunction that changes the word order. Andi gets a whole video. Yes, with a double lists. In old books, you might find its belt with the s set letter. But nowadays it's spelt with a double ISS, meaning that but not that thing. More like. I know that something going to happen. So dust pushes the verb to the end off the sentence. All the clause as before it's used after an introduction. Like an opinion. I believe that as an example. Andi, it isn't always necessary. Mm. Okay, let's find out. Sentence starters could be. It's globe that started today. Today I believe that whatever it is is Denker. I think you offer, I hope. Hey, guys, I know. For motor, I assume esteemed dust something. It's true. Andi, have a have Oscar food dust. There are more, but it gives you the idea anyway. Okay. What do I believe? Still over? I believe the sun is shining tomorrow. You should have no problem putting those two together and it should be global. Dusty's owner Morgan shined so the dust pushed the verb to the end. When we have these only shine among So now the verb goes to the end. Global justice on a modern shynd. What do I know? Ah, German grammar is sometimes difficult. No, but you wholeheartedly agree with me. So what do you say? Each rise, the storage become attic Much, much fear east. On what did I find out? German cake tastes nice. And that sentence would be he have a have Oscar funding. Dust, torture, corn liquor picked? No, I said it's not always needed if it's not needed. And we're not using another conjunction. How do you put those two sentences together? The answer is this. It's Glover is on a shine. Mom, she actually just put those two together as one sentence. Get rid of the full stop and put the calmer in there. And the verb piston and second place after the comma. Okay, if you've eyes. What was it? The German grammar vise Deutscher. Dramatic this much marsh rare. Actually, you should really say that with a sigh. Shouldn't we Ah, advise Sawchuk a magic? It's much much have a hostile fun. Larger cool hunch. My clicker. I've actually got a whole video with exercises for you in a minute. But I thought we finished this one with a really weird sense staffed with a fender. Then we've got the dust. What comes next? The sentences. Dust assisting Call Moshe swat. Putting all that together. It's It's fin du dust, just us and commercials. Water ist some of my favorite German sentences because when you look at it or in when you hear it, you think, Ah, they've put too many words in there. Somebody got carried away and we need to release something. No, those three dusters in there absolutely correct. I find that the that as in the word that is a funny word. Don't you agree over to you in the next video? 11. 'Dass' sentences - your turn: Are you ready for some work? I'll give you a couple of sentences, and you put them together once without us on. Once with us, there are the 1st 2 sentences scrimped. It's true on we have a now to fetch zealots and fart car travels faster than a bike. How would you put those two together once using thus and once without now, I'm giving you the answer. If you're not ready, please pause on. The first answer you get is without a shrimp on out of factional. That's unthought on with dust. The shipment. Thus I know to Schneller, it's unthought feared. Now you're probably wondering why we actually have sentences with dust if we can do it without Onda. Although it might seem more difficult for you to do it with dust in Germany, we tend to use either off those onda. We don't think about it, and we just used him. So if somebody was telling you that a car goes quicker than a bike, they may use either off those sentences it stemmed and auto fictional lots and farm at work . Which team doesn't out, nationalise and farm at Fitch? There's really no choice. Well, there is a choice. Which one you want to use? Anyone. Except when it's an exercise like this one. Then you need to do both. It's minor. That's my opinion. So I think it is time for hard. She needs it now. I'm sure any Chinese people are listening to this will disagree with me. But this is my opinion. And you do the sentence even if you don't agree, or that you could swap it around them. So put those two together. I believe German is easier than Chinese without us. And then with dust, Andi comes to answer you mind and Deutsches time for hard. She needs it. Mm, It minded dust storage. I'm for hard genies dishes and the last one should be music here. I'm sure this tie is climates. Deutschland, Austria, smaller than Germany. How to make sure Took two countries where I was absolutely sure. So how'd you put those two together? Without dust and with dust? And here comes the answer. He's been missing here. History is turnouts. Dodge Land. It's been missing. Hair does astonished Kleiner. I'll start dentist and finally for you three open ended sentences. I've only put question marks there because I do not know what you think or believe or find . Make three sentences. One with a fender won with his global one with Denker used us and also use them without us on. Do you just do them for yourself? Although she would like some feedback, you can put them in the question and answer section, or if that's a bit too public for you, sent me a message. 12. More connection words to list things: in this video, we're going to use some conjunctions to list some activities rather than putting two sentences together on reusing Zoo V, which is on also. But it might even be on bond something and also won't Zo V. We're also looking at zoo bullets. How? Which means as well as nish Nora's under now? Not only but also on the negative one Veda. No, neither. No. And I'm going to do that with my chickens because my chickens are. Fleiss is just hard working cause they're laying an egg nearly every day. There are Luke, clever on their pointless friendly, so minor who knows and fly See won't crook. That's just basically putting this two adjectives together. My chickens are hard working and clever. Now, if I wanted to put all three in their my new owners and fly see on pointless owned clue that sounds a little bit clumsy. So of course, we're better off getting rid of one comma, getting rid of one wound and replacing it with a comma minor Who knows and fly. See? Fortunately, one crook. What about owned Zoo V minor? Who nerds and fly see Tariq Luke. My chickens are hard working and also clever. And if we have all three, my new nose and flies is on point Lee. So we cook. Or I could have said My new who knows in Fly See so week, Luke on fluently My noon Hasn't Savoy fly? See, that's all cook. So my chickens hard working as well as cover. It's just another way of saying it or mine. Who knows? And Jovel fly. See, that's a clue gone, frankly, another rupture my known hasn't Mitch nor fly sixes on off Luke. So not only are my chickens hardworking, but also clever My noon as a national fly section definetely sundown o clock. Or I could have said to my new Nas International Fly sees under a cloak on fluently. They don't know, neither knew Now this is not true. This sentence. But I needed to put something in there and I wanted to stick to the same Voelker My new Nisan Vida fly signal crook. My chickens are neither hardworking nor clever. Sorry. Chickens are light All my new who knows? Invaded Vienna Fly See Foreign Clich? No cook don't need to use any off these phrases, but it just gives you a different, a different way off, listing some things now we just have that sentence on. We've just practiced dust earlier. Room now make it a little bit harder because I said Miner, who hasn't read a fly seeking a fluke on you, going to complete Angelica's at us? You want to hear the answer and Gary Kazakh Dusk here Who know? Course Because there are her chickens. That's L a una vida fly session off Luke isn't because remember, dust pushes the verb to the end. 13. Imperative intro: before I let you go and print out some sheets to do some extra practice. I like to act the command form now. Do you remember from part one when I mentioned questions in particularly? Yes, no questions. Remember this Zin see him? Mullah and I said to you that the purpose always in second place unless there are particular rules and that was one of the first exception you learned the rule Waas. If it's a yes, no question on the verb is in first place. And that also applies to the command form or the imperative that also has the verb in first place. Do you think about it? It makes sense. Yes. No question. You can only answer with yes or no. If somebody is telling you to do something union of two choices you are they do it or you don't. So maybe that's a way to remember Zet. Sins is a him. So sit down. Or as we sometimes say, sit yourself down on the verb is in first place and not in second place zits. In another example, shtee else get up, so the rule still stands. The verb is always in second place unless there are some exceptions and some other rules which replace it. So if it's a yes, no question or a command than the verb is in first place. And, of course, as we've now learned, if it comes after conjunctions like via dusts off full, he goes to the end off the claws. Now I have added one more video, but actually that one is from my present ends cause, and it's just a reminder off how to form the command. Now, if you know how to use a command form, then ignore it if you've seen it in my present tense course than ignore it or use it again as a reminder. If you haven't and you don't know how to form it, then it's not a bad video to have a look at anyway. And that concludes part two off word Order, where everything was a little bit more complicated than in part one. Enjoy the worksheets 14. The imperative: now for something different. The imperative imperative is also called the command for because, normally commanding people to do something well, there's not always a command, really. Therefore, it's only use indirect speech in English. Sit down, be quiet or even giving directions. Go straight on, take the second on the left or whatever it is. So only use indirect speech. That's easy, isn't it? Except in German off course, we have three Fuld's when you're talking to somebody singular and you using doom because you know them really well. So the informer, you singular the informal you chloral You remember on the former U which is plural, singular when you're talking to people and you see imperative is different or three of us the do for basically you take away the S t. So if you remember, we had the who comes. But if I'm telling you to come get rid of the S t and it's just come Giusti styles. If I'm telling you to get up, stay else. Does that stick in windows, etc? The imperative is zits. Blacks here a life here a few exceptions. Youth in dist Cinder div Artist Varta Psych NIST site Do you know to something There are those which were exceptions in the regular verbs as well. Pronunciation Reason. We've added an extra e. Are we keeping that so Cinder Varta psyche. The other exception is if we have and irregular over with the a changes to enable Mewelde we now getting rid of the only out again. So do Shlaes. On as almost could be expected because to be is so irregular Best were saying Xai So basically you are quiet I wanted to tell you to be quiet Xai the ear form she talking to a group of Children. Then it's really easy because it just stays as it is you get So I'm telling you to go. You come home isn't story Let's look you love is I'd zeit So it's straightforward. You just used to the as it is. The Z four was also fairly easy. But this is the one where you do need to keep the Z now with a do. And here we just used the verb just like we do in English as well Go straight on, sit down. Do this, do that. But in Germany for using the polite you, you need to keep the Z But you need to swap those two around So zg in would have been you go if we wanted to use that as an instruction was saying gainsay z common. I want to instruct somebody to come common z is it Cincy? I'm telling somebody to sit down, ZZ citing mere You're showing me something signs in you Show me. The only exception here is to be seasoned now turns into Zion. So if I wanted to ask somebody politely, please be quiet. I would say Zion, zip it, ELISA. So once you remember those three falls, the imperative is really easy. And that's it for this video.