German grammar - present tense #5 - reflexive, impersonal and new verbs | Angelika Davey | Skillshare

German grammar - present tense #5 - reflexive, impersonal and new verbs

Angelika Davey, Here to help people "learning German with a smile"

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7 Lessons (23m)
    • 1. Present tense #5

      0:49
    • 2. Reflexive verbs 1

      2:42
    • 3. Reflexive verbs 2

      1:47
    • 4. Impersonal verbs

      4:18
    • 5. New verbs

      5:45
    • 6. New separable verbs in the present tense

      5:47
    • 7. New inseparable verbs in the present tense

      2:19

About This Class

Are you a German learner and struggling to conjugate German verbs?
Do you keep forgetting what verb endings you need? 

Then this series of German grammar lessons is going to help you!

In this class we will only look at relexive and impersonal German verbs in the present tense! We also look at what happens to new verbs.

So join me and in a short time you'll be conjugating German relexive and impersonal verbs like a pro! You will also have a better feel for new verbs.

Want free entry to this course? Try this link: Free German grammar

If you liked this class, could you please give it the 'thumbs up'?
Leaving a comment or even just the thumbs up will help other students decide whether this class is good for them.

Danke!
Angelika

Interested in more present tense verb classes?
German grammar - present tense #1 regular verbs
German grammar - present tense #2 - irregular verbs
German grammar - present tense #3 - separable & inseparable verbs
German grammar - present tense #4 - modal verbs & the imperative

Transcripts

1. Present tense #5: Hi. I'm Angelica, a native German speaker and qualified teacher, and I have a question for you. Do you find German grammar overwhelming? It doesn't have to be my German grammar. Siri's will help you learn German grammar in small bite size classes, and we're starting with a different tenses. To narrow it down even more. We're starting with the present tense. This video covers reflexive, impersonal and new verbs. Oh, and a few exceptions. Just two videos on the project. Interested. Just click the Blue Enroll button and get started. 2. Reflexive verbs 1: in this video, we have a look at reflexive verbs in the present tense. It's a verb that reflects us back to the person doing the action. There aren't that many examples in English, but they are some. Like I asked myself, I enjoyed myself. Sit yourself down. Sometimes we just say, Sit down, of course. So they're not used that much in English. But there are used a lot in Jim Andi in respect to conjugation. They come irregular, irregular, separable or inseparable. But the difference is in the instant infinitive. They have Szish before the so, for example, the conversions of Anti NZ. For you, literally, it means to wash yourself to dress yourself. You can see in English. We wouldn't say that. You imagine if you said I washed myself? People would saying What we do, You're a grown up person. Well done. I dress myself well. Maybe a child would say it, but we don't normally say so in the infinitive. They have Szish in front of it. But of course, when you come to conjure great it, it changes and it's for each tour. If I talk about myself, it will be me. If you talk about yourselves singular in for its dish. We do have sick in the third form and we have owns acquittal if we are talking about ourselves always if you talk about yourselves and that's informer. Flolo and said she began for C example sentences. He rushed me year Morgan So technically speaking, that would be I wash myself every morning. But as I said before, we don't say that in English. I have a wash every morning Do These days you get dressed, do Z. He's having a shower. The only ones house we're having a rest literally were resting ourselves. You're in a toys you are remembering Lindsay Florenzi They are happy. So in none of these sentences, we've actually used to reflects if the in the English. But these are very common German sentences. In the next video, we have a look at a few changes. I'll see you there 3. Reflexive verbs 2: In the last video, we looked at the reflexive verbs with accuse it of pronounce We have the MC d Z etcetera. Sometimes we need the date if pronouns, but it just like the other ones, are regular, irregular, separable or inseparable. They have sick before the verb in the infinitive, but they don't reflect back to the person doing the action, because now there is an object to the good news. Is the change between the accuser. Different dated ones are only in the key and do form. So now, instead, off may we say mere instead off dish, we would need dear. The rest stays the same ones z And to show you some example sentences, access. The easiest way to see why there was a change in the last video we had is Russian mission. As I said, I have a wash. I just wash myself. Now we're saying, if Russia Amir d'hara because I'm washing my hair, I'm washing their hair belonging to me. If I wanted to say I wash your hair yes, I would say, Russia, dear, do you have to see studios on? Earlier on, we said, You get dressed now we're talking about the particular item that you're putting on and you're putting it on yourself. So did seize dear the halls on and put 60 to dinner. He's brushing his teeth because he's brushing the taste that belonged to him. So it puts dish. Did Sener? Oh, that makes sense. 4. Impersonal verbs: in personal Virts. Impersonal verbs are not personal. Otherwise, they wouldn't be called impersonal. Pretty obviously, isn't it? And because they're not personal, you can't Houston, with the usual pronounce is to they usually only used with S. I'll give you some example. Sentences s Kate. This is usually one of the first sentences you learn when you start learning German gate to steer or vacated seeing and how are you? And often I get asked, Shouldn't it just be vacated? Group over, You get to see? No, Unfortunately, it doesn't. That's one of those impersonal Verve's. It's a bit literally translated a bit like, How's it going to you? Spectacles? We don't say that, and the answer would be escaped. New coat. That's if you're answering in a whole sentence. Normally, people just say good Duncan. But if you wanted to answer with a whole sentence escape, meaning I'm well or it's good to me. For me. Another example is keep very useful phrase to remember. It means there is. It also means there are. It's used in singular folklore. I skipped on occasion models. It was a church in the village, escaped. It was to, in essence, yes, food. Always use whether phrases as pregnant as schneid assist windy. It's raining, snowing or windy? No, Sometimes the S has been omitted. Mere discard. People should have said or could say S is to me a card. But usually we just say me is called me. Its ties me. It's chilly. These are very important because if you translate, I'm cold literally. And you would saying Issue being called You're actually giving it a different meaning. Mia is courage means I'm cold. Can I go and put a jacket on? Or when people turn the heating up ish been coat means I'm frigid. Mia is ties is I'm hot. Let's open the window. Ich bin highs means I got the hot You I mean, it is fleshed. I feel sick. It's been flay. I'm a bad person and the same goes to earlier on When we said me get to school. I'm well, it's been good. Would have meant I'm a good person. Slight difference in the meaning there, isn't it? So do remember balls. Some other ones. It's took me light often just used without the s people Just say to me light I'm sorry, Esca fella. Jameer saved me. If you like something, you're looking at it especially like in the shops. You're looking at an item and you like it. You're saying that that item looks good for you? So s or looks pleasing to you literally translate Excuse eight Magoo instead of the s. You could also use the item. So talking about clothes Deadpool Lucas sent me. De holds the cassette. That's him. Oska's admonition. Of course, if you don't like it. If you already talked about the items and you just wanted to saying it, then you need to use a Z s depending on what the gender Waas rules against me. He holds a good third near Zico. Saved me. Does him to save me. Esca saved. And in plural. It's Gosselin year. He sure Gosselin. Then again, I may not like them. Ziegel Silent vanished, so there was a little bit about impersonal verbs. I hope you might there make a bit more sense to, you know, 5. New verbs: in this video, we'll have a look at new German verbs in the present tense because so far you have learned the rules off how to conjure gauge regular verbs and irregular verbs in the present ends. And then the question comes. What about new verbs, especially those English ones have been German ized. How do they get conjugated to those rule? Applies to them as well. Yes, they do. If there are any doubts, or if there might be some doubts, the doom, which is Germany's equivalent to the Oxford English Dictionary, would give you the rules. So in this video, we're going to have a look at some of those verbs, which are common in Loughner's do English, because there actually is a good German word already. But the German version off the English word is cool or even cooler in many people's eyes on , people came to use them more and more. Let's get started to bookmark should be in German McKiernan. But bookmark in is better, and if you noticed a pattern, it follows straight away. The regular ver pattern, a book marker, the bookmarks a bookmarked via bookmark, you bookmarked see bookmark Wharton to vote or Vaillant, which is the proper word for it. Voter do noticed. Remember the extra E because it can't be pronounced otherwise. Air voted View of Orton Devoted Zeev Wharton If you want to check something, Huber proof this now Checker checkered checks to a check to your check in your checked Z. Check in a lot easier, isn't it? Adan used a lot of on social media. It added. A key on Facebook allowed you on Facebook. So he added, Do add ist air added via atten Here, added the Adan Twitter to treat Twitterer Do Twitter's twittered it written it retouched z Twitter. I'm actually surprised the verb is Triton. If you won't with Twitter off course, it's recognisable, but I would have thought it would have bean tweeting. To me, that makes more sense. Tweeted to treat ist etcetera. Who knows? It may come up one day if it does. Remember, you heard it first. Here. I think Google to Google is Google to Google's Regan etcetera Z Cougar. I think you got the idea now, so it's over to you. What about to chat or Chatterton post a video? Have a think. Write it down If you want to and then come back and check. Were you right? It's chatter. Do Chartist and chatted via Chatinier Chattered z Chataan Another one chillin to chill Teenager, Speak. How did you do this? One Pulls it again and then come back. I'm sure you were right as well. If chiller do chills Children, your Children your chilled Z chillin. So another one relaxing to relax. What about this one? Then where You right again? It relaxes. Do relaxed air relaxed, Very lax. Une relaxed Z, Relax in. I have even heard the word chill axon. And that would be the same than chillax Ado chillax. But my favorite one is the last one I'm going to show you. Uh, it's not in the Dordogne dictionary yet. There is still talk about how toe actually spell it. But so far, the spelling looks really weird because the verb is liken now that's not your normal to like, because we have got some really good words for that. This is purely if you want to like something on Facebook. Because if you click on the like button in German that like button since Cafe Jameah so people would say dusk a fella, Jameer. But if you want to say, Oh, I like that article or anything, then people have started to use, like in on. That would be like a do like, stare like to be like and your light Z liken whether this will end up in the dictionary as well. I don't know yet. It's a case off. Watch this space. 6. New separable verbs in the present tense: Let's have a look at some more new verbs. Especially new separable verbs. How do they get conjugated off course? We use the same rules on just as a quick reminder again. So here we have. I'm chicken, which is to check in, aunt. You would conjugated as checker Ein do chicks tiene as the s on one checked in via check and nine checked NZ. Check a nine. So does he concede e The verb endings are the same as we've had before, so let's make some sentences. Does check in, which means to check through. Now I check through my homework. Of course. I could say Huber poor for minor house off because there is a really good German word for check through that people like to use. Do it chicken as well. So that would be Check a minor house off carbon. Do it now. What about if you use a motive up? I have to check through my homework. What would you say is moose minor house off garden Do is check on if I'm commanding you to check through your homework, find those mistakes. What would I say? And the answer checker or check? Diner house off garden. Do it. I didn't put the former U in there because it's well, maybe we would use it. That of course, would be chickens e your house off garden house. Check in. We had I'm checking. No, we've got else checker. How would you say we check out at 10 o'clock and then for the second sentence, we have to check out a 10 o'clock, Have a think I'll give you the sentence. But if you want some more time, please pause the video. So we check out a 10 o'clock is We're checking on scene War House and we have to check out . Now we're using a motive. They're Muslim, old seen were house checking. Careful with the pronunciation there because house ends with an S and check in starts with a C h. That doesn't make it in sch. So it's not a show, so it's not. Our shaken is else. Check in. I'm Scallon. How do you think you would say I can't scan the document and that sentence? Is it kind of to comment? Nicht eine Scanlon, please scan the document on this time I'm giving you both forms. The former and the informal because this is a sentence you could well, here at work. The informant first bitches scan or scan. Did us document line on the former bitter scan in Z just document outsourcing. Can I outsource the contract and the contract? Is there off talk? So that question would be coming. Each dean off, talk outsourcing, Outsourced the contract, please. Bitches. Source it in. ALF, talk out. It's really hard to say, but a source then ALF, talk out. I sometimes wish they would just keep the nice German words better Sources in an elf talk out on one final one elf Pepin to pep up. How would you say I'm peeping up my website and the answer wrists each pepper minor website off Are you picking up your block on? That was informal question because I'm asking, um, age on the question is pep stood dining block off. Great, isn't it because all these new verbs, to an extent make it easier for you German learners because you already know them from English. But on the other hand, it makes it difficult because they just sound weird. Who knows how that change again in the future? Anyway, that's the end off this video 7. New inseparable verbs in the present tense: on would have a few more new verbs, this time inseparable ones. And again as an example for Lincoln, which is to link its felling do feelings as he s or months selling beef Ellington. If felling Z for Lincoln, I'm linking my block to my website or in German. We would say with my website, What would you say that does it look like this? It's for Hlinka Mining Block Mid Minor website three Lord Really unction. Are you re launching your block? And that would be real ounce to dining block. He's certain to recent he's resetting his password a re setted design passport. Remember when we had our beytin on our by took we needed the extra e we need that here is well otherwise we'll end up with three teas updating to update I'm updating my website Each update on my new website upgrading to upgrade She's upgrading a smartphone. See upgraded your smart phone on the last one for you. How would you say that you're up loading pictures to Facebook and the answer is is uploaded Baylor off Facebook And that's the end of this video