German grammar - present tense #1 regular verbs | Angelika Davey | Skillshare

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German grammar - present tense #1 regular verbs

teacher avatar Angelika Davey, Here to help people "learning German with a smile"

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

5 Lessons (25m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Introduction to verb conjugations

    • 3. Regular verbs

    • 4. Regular verbs exceptions

    • 5. Exceptions to the exceptions, a little exercise for you

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About This Class

Are you a German learner and struggling to conjugate German verbs?
Do you keep forgetting what verb endings you need? 

Then this series of German grammar lessons is going to help you!

In this class we will only look at regular German verbs in the present tense!

So join me and in a short time you'll be conjugating German regular verbs like a pro!

If you liked this class, could you please give it the 'thumbs up'?  
Leaving a comment or even just the thumbs up will help other students decide whether this class is good for them.


For part 2 of this series, follow this link German grammar - present tense #2 - irregular verbs
Part 3: German grammar - present tense #3 - separable & inseparable verbs
Part 4: German grammar - present tense #4 - modal verbs & the imperative
Part 5: German grammar - present tense #5 - reflexive, impersonal and new verbs

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Angelika Davey

Here to help people "learning German with a smile"


Welcome to my Skillshare page!

I am Angelika of Angelika's German Tuition & Translation and I'm here to help you learn German, especially if you are teaching yourself. 

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1. Introduction: Hi. I'm Angelica, a native German speaker and qualified teacher, and I have a question for you. Do you find German grammar overwhelming? It doesn't have to be my German grammar. Siri's will help you learn German grammar in small bite size classes, and we're starting with the different tenses. To narrow it down even more. We're starting with a present tense. This class covers the regular verbs only nice and easy. Oh, and a few exceptions. Just two videos on the project. Interested. Just click the Blue Enroll button and get started. 2. Introduction to verb conjugations: When we talk about verb conjugation, we always talking how verbs are used with the personal pro nails and in English, these personal Kronos Are I you he she it travel three singular one. So that's you. Is you singular on the three rural ones, will you on they on? These are the ones that we use throughout this video. Except we're not using them an image, of course, the use of in German and in German most of you will know this anyway, like a set. I is No you. Oh, here we come to the first bit of problems. You convene all sorts of things you singular in this case is due. And that's the inform you again. If you're completely new to German, this may not make much sense to you, but most of you would have come across the three forms for you on do means informal, singular. It's a bit like you're talking to a mate or a member of the family or a child. He see it us air zine this I've also added man here. I haven't done it with the rest of the videos. Money is a funny one. In so far that literally translated. It means one. But of course, in English, we very rarely say one. Unless one is the queen and 1 may not be abused in German, it actually means. But in German, the meaning is more like you or we. But it is used a lot. So you need to remember that month is the third form singular. Then we have via for we on the ear. Now that's you, blue Informal ease. I like to call it you lot. You wouldn't say you looked for business clients, would you? So that's informally. And then for they I haven't made a spelling mistake there. There are twosies. One is the one of the lower S is the So you're talking about a group of people, The one with the capitalists. You see, you former when you're talking to people, don't you don't know business clients, people in authority or generally just people that you don't know And that one is singular and clue. I've noticed in a lot of new books where they put the Z in the singular one as well. But I find that confusing. So I've kept it as it was always done. We've got the three singular forms ish door as es and then the three plural ones via ear and see. And that's really what you need to know. If you're stuck with this one, you will be struggling with the rest. But I do always right down again. Each do as yes, Viet Years E. So it shouldn't be too difficult. And with that, we can then move on to the first video. See you there. 3. Regular verbs : right. Let's start. Start with the easiest with you in the present ends regular verbs because they are the easiest months to do. Before we go, you need to know a few things. First of all, they called regular verbs because they follow the same pattern. Once you know that packing, you could use it for them and it will be really easy. So in English, it would be I play for used her play. I play you play. But then we have he she it place, we play, you play, they play so in English It's nice and easy. The verb just stays the same. Apart from bird form singular, he she it will be adding an S. One more thing you need to know. You will hear a lot about the verb in the infinitive. Now that's the bitch that you would find in addiction of you. So although I said, I play, you play the verb actually in the dictionary would say to you, sometimes it doesn't even say that to people, but that's the verb in the infinitive. We need to know that for the German verbs, because in German, the verb in the infinitive usually ends in E N. So we stick to play to play. Is she feeling that's what you would find in the dictionary? So if you needed to look up to play, you find stealing. But when you're talking about I play, you play. We need tohave, different endings, and they are different for each one of them. How do we find them? We get rid of the end, we end up with you, and that's the stem off the word better save the I mean, that's the stem off the And then we're adding appropriate endings. Unlike the English words all the same, This time they're all different. If you're talking about yourself ish, then you need the stem plus unease so sticking with speeding again, it's from talking about you, singular, and it would be an esti added to the stem. So don't we're talking about he see it, or the one which I didn't add any more air. Just the T ending rural is a bit easier, because when we're talking about ourselves, we're actually putting the end back on there. So here, stealing year, remember you lot is a T ending again dispute, and they all you in you formal. Sorry, not informer is t E and against the Spielen. So to recap that again for issue the verb ending is any do also stem as honest and honesty as yes, stem on your team. The the stem with the in year with tea on. See the end. Now, based on that, what do you do about my son? Which means to do? Or it could also mean to make. So, Mom, Mr Verb in the infinite jizz, what is the yen? And then watch if you wish, pulls a video for minutes and half of things through before you move on. Is that what you made? Her only actually recorded. So it's a Maha with the must. The esteem as he is. Team the man in Yuma. Zima. Let's try another one who won to listen. The in you end up with who? Also Stine. Course the video on how everything through. All right, it even down. How do you conjugated? Who did you get it? Who do hers as the expert view? Berlin. You heard zero. Let's have another one. Guion to go get rid of the e n. And you've got D and again calls the video conjugated the G and then see if you are right. And there we are. We just found out the regular pattern again. It's care duties as he s teach via G. And you gave ZG nice. Straightforward Isn't one more morning to live again? You dizzy and the end up with Sten room. Close the video again. Try and work it out then check. I'm nasty. Answer the only new ones as he s wound the warning Evil is evil. Nice and easy, isn't it? May have different endings for each verb, but they're very regular on the pattern is exactly as it is, Onda. We finished with the first video because now people have been learning Germans well while know what comes now, the next video comes up with some exceptions. Yes, if you learn German. You know, there are always some exceptions somewhere and here we get some of them. I'll see you then 4. Regular verbs exceptions : Okay. We've looked at the regular verbs, and I told you that they follow the pattern along the time. And now I tell you, there are some exceptions. They're not quite so bad. Let's have a look. A month. Now. The verb is our vital, which is to burn. Andi, Actually, you learned that quite early. I work in and then you do the town. So it's the verb you'll find pretty early in the textbooks. We follow the pattern, we get rid of the end. We have to stem are right. No, in a minute. Pulls a video and trying congregate are See what? You come up. Okay, So where is the exception is our writer? We've got our by the stem on the and now we have an exception. If you have added the S T, it would have been very difficult to say you are. But it's not really easy to say. And that's why we're adding any again. That's purely for pronunciation. Cause you are by test, is so much easier to say than do our rights even more when you come to the He she it. How are you going to say our bike? No are by touch is a lot easier via Arbeitman is the same again year are bite it exactly the same as with the he she it We can pronounce it with the X without the extra a. So it's here are by church and ZR, right? It's the same again. Try another one finned in to find with the yen You've got finned what you do next course the video again Write it down and then come and check And there we have We've got exactly the same thing as with our biting So it's each fender viewfin, Jonesy Sinden but then do thin just as he has offended, offended And that applies to any verb Where the stem once you got rid of the end ends in a t. D. M or n As I said before, it's purely for pronunciation. You need toe at the E in the do as the s and here form so that you can pronounce it professional Another example because this time, once you got rid of the end, we've got the end ending. Now you should be able to do this without any problems. If you like, post the video again. If no, have a look. You know, do you have missed as the a succession of innovation and you're passionate, right? Another exception. Eisen Travel. Get rid of the N Onda. We end up with the stem eyes. What do you think the endings will be? And where do you think the exceptions? Maybe you want to have a look at what you want to try first, then pulls the video and give it a go. If not, just carry on looking. There we are. The stem off ends in tennis and it's such next. Or is it? The only exception there is that we do not act on Ste. In the form we're just adding the tea, so it looks the same as the Zs. So it's it Rise, as you can see, all the others are, as before your eyes er as the size of your highs and your Christ realizing. And then it's new ice and no double. This just the oneness. So that's the one exception. Another exception. Now there are a couple of words. If you remember the last video I said the majority of herbs and in e n a few of them, don't they haven't any in there? No e end. So this time we're only catching Ridge of the end. But there is still another slight change again, if you like course a video, write down what you think it could be and then have a look I actually know about difficult . We got rid of the end instead of the e n Andi. Apart from the each form, we're adding just the normal ending. Do Google's BST as yes, Googled to your burger in the and year Boogerd, the TD Brugger Indian differences. There's no e end because there wasn't really any in the first place. The slight exception is in the first home. Technically speaking, it should have been a Google cause you've got the Stemberger and then you at the but thus seems to have disappeared. So we just saying it could Brugler We don't have the in the stem, but still adding, being at the end similar thunder just to hike again. We don't have any end at the end, just the end. So we're getting rid of the end. What are the exceptions now again, If you like, pulls it, we'll carry on now. The only difference here we have is in the singular home issue fund ever. It's what you will find written down. But when people speak, they never pronounce that first. And they're always saying Eve Under And then it carries on Dove under seven that we have under and even that Steve undone. So the pattern is there again the S T, T and T. And except it's not a e N because there wasn't any. And in the first place, so slightly different to Boone, we're adding, we're getting rid of the e. Sorry, we don't added, We're getting rid of the only in the spoken German tune to do. It's a bit of a strange verb. It looks strange. It's really only used in spoken German. You very rarely would find it in Britain. German in written German. We normally use Mom, but it just looks strange. So I've added it here as well. His tour. There's the to toast as he s tool the attuned ear to see to. So to re couple this. The exceptions are if the stem ends in d T M or N Agony in the door. Air Zs didn't write that and hear form. If the stem ends in an S s set X or is it you lose the S in the drawer form. And if the stem ends in n like Bruggen, you lose thes e off the stem off the each form and in spoken German. You also do that with the R. And so actually the exceptions weren't that bad, I hope. Well, at least I hope that's what you're saying now it's still very regular. 5. Exceptions to the exceptions, a little exercise for you: In the last video, I spoke to you about some exceptions. Now we have some exceptions to the exceptions because I forgot to mention something. Remember this slide or this is the beginning of the slide. When I said to you that if the stem ends in a, T, D, m, n, you add an extra e as the S and uniform. And not just purely for pronunciation, because you may not be able to pronounce the verb without the extra ie. For gotten to mention that if the stem ensign and it isn't always the case, because there are stems which end in an area where you can very easily at the appropriate ST or t without any problems. But before I tell you which ones they are, I sold unless you have a gun. There are other verbs. How would you conjugate that in the third person? Do you need an extra ie before you think that disappeared? I will give you the answers now. So if you haven't finished looking at the verbs on one some more time, please pause the video before moving on because I'm about to show you the answers. So in the third phone ads. But gay connect the vast. But it's Govind, Kent, land. Like net, net, net, net, net, talk, knit. Knit. Those with the extra 0s are the ones which you couldn't pronounce, the gate and the VOC and like that authentic or imagined even when the second full professions, the vacant space, it's really, really hot to say, whereas covenant is no problem, can land. So what is the rule? You need the extra E if the stem ends in a consonant plus the in nearly every consonant. But the ones we've got here. So we've got the G and the n. We've got an F n and n, another G and an another f n and n, a d and an n, CH, and an n. And really we need to look up the sound to the air rather than the h. So CH2, none. G and an end again, k or CK, again the k sound and an end, and another CH and an n. And we don't need it if the end follows a vowel, the letter, or another. And so the first one we have was given there's 2n stare, therefore no problem. Lambda1, which got RN. 2nds again, vinyl, We've got a vowel. The actually you've got two vowels there. We've got the vowel plus the h, but the age really helps the make it into a long sound and abandon again with Dublin. But the rule I didn't mention in the last video, stoke counts. If you not sure, see if you can pronounce it. And if you can pronounce it, it most likely needs the extra.