German grammar - future tense #2 - talking about future intentions | Angelika Davey | Skillshare

German grammar - future tense #2 - talking about future intentions

Angelika Davey, Here to help people "learning German with a smile"

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5 Lessons (20m)
    • 1. Introduction to future tense #2

    • 2. Modal verbs

    • 3. Verbs governing the infinitive

    • 4. The conditional

    • 5. If I were a rich man


About This Class

Welcome to my second German future tense class.

Talking about the future tense by using the present tense and time phrases or by using the 'real' future tense of 'werden' plus the infinitive (covered in future tense #1) is easy, but sometimes we would like to use different ways to talk about the future.

So this class covers some of the modal verbs which are perfect for future intentions - I want to ...
We also look at verbs governing the infinitive - I intend to ...
The we'll look at the conditional (only for future intentions) - I would ....
And finally we decide what to do if we were rich - If ... I would ...

Ready? Start watching and soon you will be able to say what you will soon do in German!

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Part 3 is here: German grammar - future tense #3 - the future perfect & 'New Year's resolutions'

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1. Introduction to future tense #2: Hello. I'm Angelica, and I have a question for you. Do you find German grammar overwhelming? If you do, it doesn't have to be. I've got for you serious off German grammar classes. They're all small bite size classes and was starting with the tenses. More precise, the future tense. This class will cover different ways to talk about future intentions. It will just be a few videos on the project. And then you know how to use the future tense. And that's it. Interested. Click the blue and roll button and get started. See you then. 2. Modal verbs: so far we've covered how you form the future tense. But either using the rial future, tens or present ends with a time phrase. But there are other ways to talk about things in the future. To talk about your intentions off you want to do on one of them is motive lips Quick reminder Which ones are they do often? Kernan Mugen mushed in Listen Xylan, Volen Andi, they all need a second verb, which is in the infinitive and goes to the end of the sentence or clause so very similar to what we've just done in the future tense. There we have Virdon, plus a second verb in the infinitive at the end of the sentence or clause. This time we don't have their own. We have a motive, Herb. And three of them are very useful to talk about the future. Hollande, you want to do something? And as motive herbs don't congregate quite the same as normal verbs. Um, quickly go through the gum. It will duvets as he s will volunteer boiled Z volunteer on possible sentences. You're a coffee drinker. I want to drink coffee now. That means I haven't got one yet. but I want more. So that's future tense. Zelinski. No gin. Look, I'm clearly no there yet. Otherwise I wouldn't say I want to go to the cinema de Villa Noise. Clyde Calcium. She wants to buy a new dress. She hasn't done it yet, but it's our intention to do in the future. People, enough Deutschland found we're not there yet. Don't. Maybe we don't even know when we're going, but we want to go. So again, it's future tense Liston on the conjugation again. It must do much just as Yes, much of you must in your mustards in Western question, of course, is a bit more polite than Volen. Yeah, we don't really want to say I want to. Better to say I would like. So you recognize the sentences? They're identical to what we had earlier wrong, But now I'm saying it must be coffee trying. It must in ski no gains in mustard and noise. Clyde Calcium, You must not AJ lengthen all things we would like to do in the either new future or a bit later on. But we're being slightly more polite by saying Mushin instead of Morland and the last one Muslim. Yeah, we've got to do something conjugation again. Most two most gaseous most the Emerson You missed Z meson possible sentences. You must minor house off Gamma. I haven't done my homework yet, but I'm well aware I've got to do it. He must sort of linger are vital. Now again, that's the future. I would like to go home now, but I've got to work longer so I can't go yet. She was seeking for now Shula a Poland. She's got to collect her charge from school. Has child is still at school at the moment? So this is a future action when she's picking up a child you miss in that Deutschland found For whatever reason, we have to go again. We haven't gone yet. Lindsay, That's Volen rushed in order a missile Z tune. Can you think off some things that you I would like to want to or have to do to get you thinking capsule on? Have a think vast volen must in a missing C two 3. Verbs governing the infinitive: verbs governing the infinitive that sounds worse than it is. So far, we've learned to use verbs and the infinitive. We've looked at the proper future, tense, like you've added, not cordial, and farm will be used to form off Madden in the second place where the verb needs to be. And then we needed another verb, which needed to be at the end of the sentence in the infinitive. We also looked at motive herbs, the same system except we didn't use a form of. Then the modal verb came in second place on the second verb. What's at the end in the infinitive? Now there are some verbs which also have the second verb in the infinitive at the end of the sentence, but they require the little work to do in front of it. Not all of those are useful to talk about the future, but we're looking at those which are very useful to talk about any ambitions or future plans. De Foix, in To look forward to before you make him Xoma in Gardens is it's so before you, me and then we have these. It's in because I'm looking forward to set at the end in the infinitive, but we do need the tool in front of it. And actually, if you look at the English bit to look forward to its got the two in there as well. I look forward to sit in the garden in the summer and if you live in England, you know why I'm saying this. Because summer is not necessarily guarantee that you can sit in the gun. You can only hope and that's the 2nd 1 Huffine. But it's to hope to do something. What is that? I'm hoping to do a coffer nexus, Yamanoi Zealand. TOEFL Egan. So I hope to fly to New Zealand next year. I don't necessarily need the nexus here. I could have just said offer no Zeeland to free. Both of those mean that I'm not there at the moment, but I'm hoping to do so sometime in the future, either next year or any other time. But I'm sick. Keegan again to intend to do something up. Six. Tigger Morgan Mine appointed to toughen or again if it upset eager mind afforded to toughen . I'm not meeting them at the moment, but I intend to to meet them tomorrow or another time sometime in the future planning plan . The next moon Dawkins keynote again. What plan to go to the cinema next month? No, next Monday. But again, I plan to go to the Senate my next Monday. Careful here. Which plan? Among in Polo? That's a present. Henson's. I planned my holidays. Or actually, I'm planning my holidays. I'm sitting at the table with my brochures or with my computer. So the Sioux plus the other verb, whatever action it is I'm planning to do that makes it future tens. Fresh brush in to promise attend to promise to do something. It's fresh right here. Next to walk a defense that supports in. I promised to clean the windows next week or any time official here defense that two puts. And now when I promise that I clean the windows, I'm not doing them right now that I will do sometime in the future for harm to intend. Yeah, before Nexus. Yeah, she musician to Len. I intend to learn Chinese next year or again the car before she news is to learn. Either way, I'm not doing it yet. Fazul In to try If Azura Montag made George to Urban. I try to practice more German from monuments or any other time. At the moment. I'm not doing too much. I know I'm not. I haven't got enough time. But I will try to doom or from a certain time moments. And this is where it's your turn now. Maybe imagine these are New Year's resolutions. What are you looking forward to do? What do you intend to do? What are you hoping to do? What are you planning to do? What are you promising to do? What do you intend to do? What are you trying to do? Post a video here on try and make up your own sentences. Something that you intend to do in the future? 4. The conditional: the conditional. So far, we've spoken about things that we will do in the future or that we intend to do our hope to do. But sometimes there are situations when we actually don't know what exactly will happen in the future. On we speculate about what could happen, What might happen if only on the UC conditional. And that gets formed with the verb virgin on the infinitive. I think you notice a pattern here, isn't it? It's always a helping word like Verden or the motive, Herb or the other verbs. And now it's Ruden Onda. At the end, we have the infinitive. Verdin is the conditional off their done. So we conjugated as such is murder delivered ist as he s verte via Virdon. You voted. See Virdon? So what would you do if you were to win a lot of money? Now, this is not what do you do when you win a lot of money? This is if and the chances probably pretty slim. But let's speculate it is still in the future because although the chances may be very slim , maybe we who will win the lottery or something like this So what would you do this verdant Zima, It's Werder Annoys house calcium. So there's your form off Putin, and then whatever verb I need, it goes to the end. In the infinitive, she would innovate highs among When you go on a trip around the world, it's worth reminding. Kingdom get given. So my question to you must burden Zima. Can't you answer it? Sometimes we also use Verger with the addition off Gan. Now it's rude again that is often used instead off muster. It sounds a bit more polite, although probably doesn't really matter which one you use. So it's rude again. Or Gan uh, that doesn't really matter what you use, so I've used Gannon or those it would again, not Deutschland Farm. I would like to travel to Germany again. It's saying that I'm not going at the moment, but I would love to. Maybe one day I can. But again, it's concept gain would like to go to the concert. It would again, Matt side some deutschland and harm How many off you are thinking that sentence because you haven't got enough time at the moment, but you'd love to have some more time. So again, my question to you fast Verdens Egana 5. If I were a rich man: if I were a rich man. Do you recognize that phrase? I won't sing it to you, but hopefully you will have recognised its from the fiddler on the roof in German. It's called Vanished. I'm all high here. If you're going to YouTube and just type in Venice, I my life dear. Several videos come up if you want to listen to it, that would be a lot better than if I started singing it now. But what would you do if you Ah, a rich man or a rich woman or just if you were rich. So in this lecture, we're looking at some slightly more advanced sentences because in the last one we just said I would do this. I would do that, which is a little bit boring. So now we adding, If I were this or if I had this, then I would do something else. But for that we need two more verve's you need very blond Hatton. Their own comes from Zain to be and hittin from having to have and they're almost like the imperfecta tense. If you are so vast as he s won't remember now we just adding a normal out if you've ever Although in the song he just said there and in spoken German we often don't bother with the do vest Or do they arrest again to vest? It's a lot easier as he s veil of Via Vera and Yvette Z. Even we've got the same with Harbin or header actually in perfect tens was Hatter. Now we just added theon loud. So it had to do had just as he s hitter via hidden, you're headed on the hidden. So if I were or if I had what would I do? Right, Many to write gorilla Rudisha annoys auto cough to got several things here to watch out for they may be new to you You may be aware of them or that just may be a good bit of revision then sentences Now the ven bit when you try veil then pushes the verb to the end and we do need a calmer there. So finish device you ve ever We put the calmer there on because of the Kama. That whole phrase is now classed as the first idea, which means the verb has to come in second place, which is good and then we carry on. I know you're out health When you're I swear Laverty annoys out. Took off many stool there. First idea. Comma Verger. 15 0 you Stella unnamed. So were you. I would take that new joke for a rich. I would buy a new car and with hedger and it may gate hitter again. That's the first idea. So we put the calmer there and then pushed the verb to the end. Then comes the verb again, Rudy A mere feel a hand trashing call from clearly not written by a man. But I know you got one or two people. Actually, if I had a lot of money are probably would buy some humpbacks as well. Maybe not many, many me outside hitter. So the head to goes to the end of the clause because then pushed Is there comma? That makes it the first idea Verte herb in second place Hmm Deutschland in learn. And at the end, if I had more time, I would learn more German. Sometimes people talk about this as the verb comma over per sentence as well, because you got head to calmer verte and sometimes you may even have the same verdes there . Um, thinking often example. Not the best. But if vanish mitigate Harvard er verdict midfielder on trashing calcium sounds a bit clumsy and it is. And that's why we rather say Header. But there's nothing wrong with it. And you do come across lots of sentences where you do actually have love. Kama verb on the verb just happens to be the same. But Hector and voter sounds better than voter and Buddha. Which leaves the question thus verdant Zima Benzema engage would excite him. What? I ran. I started you off many nice, Very good ISS did it? Did it did it to do when it site Hatter Verte is student? Did it? Did it? Did it have a think of unending?