German grammar - future tense #1 - present tense with time phrases & werden with infinitive | Angelika Davey | Skillshare

German grammar - future tense #1 - present tense with time phrases & werden with infinitive

Angelika Davey, Here to help people "learning German with a smile"

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7 Lessons (17m)
    • 1. Introduction

      0:55
    • 2. Useful time phrases for future tense

      3:33
    • 3. The present tense with time phrases

      2:25
    • 4. Present tense without time phrases

      1:58
    • 5. Over to you

      1:54
    • 6. The future tense with werden

      3:40
    • 7. Over to you 2

      2:35

About This Class

Learn how to use the German future tense and find other ways of talking about the future in German

Are you a German learner and not sure how to use the future tense in German?

Do you get the future tense mixed up with the past tense because you get confused about whether to use a past participle or the infinitive? 

This class covers the basics you need for the future tense in German. We will look at useful time phrases and how to use them with the present tense to talk about the future. You will also learn about the real future tense, which is actually really easy. 

Ready? Start watching and soon you will be able to say what you will soon do in German!

A few free coupons are available: http://skl.sh/2gZx6h9

If you liked this class, could you please give it the 'thumbs up'?
Leaving a comment or even just the thumbs up will help other students decide whether this class is good for them.

Danke!
Angelika

PS This course covers the future tense and assumes that you feel comfortable with using the present tense. If you would like to revise it a bit, please check out my present tense classes:
German grammar - present tense #1 - regular verbs
German grammar - present tense #2 - irregular verbs
German grammar - present tense #3 - separable & inseparable verbs
German grammar - present tense #4 - modal verbs & the imperative
German grammar - present tense #5 - reflexive, impersonal and new verbs

For part 2 and 3 of the future tense classes, look here
German grammar - future tense #2 - talking about future intentions
German grammar - future tense #3 - the future perfect & 'New Year's resolutions'

Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hello. I'm Angelica, and I have a question for you. Do you find German grammar overwhelming? If you do, it doesn't have to be. I've got for you serious off German grammar classes. They're all small bite size classes and was starting with the tenses. More precise, the future tense. This class covers the rial future tense, but also the present ends with time phrases. It will just be a few videos on the project. And then you know how to use the future tense. And that's it. Interested? Pick the blue and roll button and get started. See you then. 2. Useful time phrases for future tense: okay. Before we look at any sentences with the present hens and time phrases, let's have a look at some possible time phrases. These are all very useful when you talk about in the future tense. All these got something to do with tomorrow. Like Morgan, which is tomorrow, Morgan Flute. Tomorrow morning. That sort of early in the morning. Roughly after 10 o'clock. Maybe Morgan form attack. Now they're still tomorrow morning in English. But it's more to lunchtime. Sort of from 10 o'clock to lunchtime. Mitt Tax lunchtime four is before. So the time before lunch. Really? Morgan, after attack the time after lunch tomorrow afternoon. Long. I haven't. Tomorrow evening, no more. Now that's the day after tomorrow. So you could even say uber uber Morgan people rarely do, but it is possible. But then you already talking about the day after the day after tomorrow and then it gets a bit tricky. So don't even worry about saying about you. But you got more than because by then nobody knows anymore which day you actually talking about. It would be better to use next. Now, if you look at the words off court on the slide next isn aced plus an appropriate ending. If the noun that follows it is masculine than its next turn, the days of the week are masculine, and the month are masculine. Sewn, aced in wound talk next Monday, based on Dean Stark. Next in Donna Stark, based In Some Stuck Whichever day of the week you want Nice Moon at next month. Feminine Next, a next of ah ha a neuter. Next us next Istvan end. Nay STIs. Yeah, in. We may want to talk about something I will be doing in whatever time, like in 10 minutes time and seeing me Newton in Aina Schundler in an Alice Time. But I definitely do it then in a nascent part, Arden in the next few days in Einem. More nut in a month's time and you've noticed it's all in the date. If so, in my national under in the next part are in einem or not. Some other phrases budge soon. If I do something soon, I'm not doing it yet, so it's in the future, dumb or maybe doing something afterwards. Done. Then now here later, I'll do it later. Not doing it now they're now afterwards. Could be telling you about. Lots of things are maybe doing later on or unpleasant. Both means afterwards. Life the fort immediately. But I haven't done it yet, so I could say that we will immediately go look at the next video, which will be the time phrases with the president's. 3. The present tense with time phrases: So now that we've got the time phrases, it's at the present and sentence to make a future. Tencent's it scared sums Obama. I'm going to the supermarket present Incidence because I could be on my way to the supermarket. You're phoning me. What you doing? I'm going to the supermarket. It's get some soup. Irma at the Wood Morgan, It's the moment some supermarche. Now that means I'm going tomorrow. Just like we do in English as well. I'm going to the supermarket tomorrow. Not today. We're not saying I will be going. We could do. But most of the times we just saying I'm going. But a word order reminder verb in second place. Pull it back. Time, manner, place gear the weapon. Second place Time, Morgan. We haven't got a manner here. Some supermarket is the place. If I wanted to start with the time phrase, we have Morgan and then the verb in second place Gauged sums Obama dig lifetime supermarche not go in a minute. Still future tenants Because I haven't done it yet. If you're not handsome, super marked, I'll go later on again. Future tense. Your father Enough Deutschland travelling to Germany. I could be telling you this while you're phoning me. Or maybe I'm emailing you. Nice to Boca Fund winner Deutschland. Present in sentence, But clearly it's next weekend. Sorry, next week when we're going. Hey, Maher mining Fuller Shine. Now that means I'm learning to drive, and I'm still doing that at the moment. But if I know when the testes, which could be on Wednesday amid ful ma, is mine and food a shine now that's your future tense sentence, because on Wednesday I'm taking my driving test. Until then, I'm still learning. So it's very basic, very easy, because most of the time that's how we do the future tens by just using present ends under time phrase. 4. Present tense without time phrases: question. Do you always need a time phrase If you want to use the present ends, But you're talking about the future? No. When you get asked a question about what you will do sometime in the future, you do not need to add a time phrase in your answer. It has already been mentioned in the question, or it may have been part of the conversation already. For example, a question like that's mustard. Next, this woman India. What are you doing next weekend? Now if somebody said to you in English, what are you doing next weekend? You wouldn't reply by saying next weekend I will do this and that. And the other? No, you just answer with whatever it issue will be doing That's must of Indy's video to end days as a good question, isn't it? What are you doing when this video finishes? Hopefully the answer will be, he said. You meet us next to video on there's you present ends. Answer. I look at the next video in the last video. We have the sentence. We're far enough Deutschland, I said to you that could be the future tense. You would know from the context. If I'm sitting in the car talking to you on the phone while I'm driving to Germany, then that's clearly present ends, but chances that it's most likely a future 10 sentence on that. I'm telling you about the time when I will be going to Germany. Usually it's pretty obvious whether you mean present ends your future tints. Which leaves me for the question again. Vast must have in Jesus video to enlist. I hope you will watch the next one because there it's over to you see in a minute. 5. Over to you: OK, now it's time for you to do some work. I have got six questions for you. Question number one That's the essence. Hoyda armed. What are you eating tonight? I've also added the informal question for us Is to Heitor armed? Of course, the answer is still ish and then it carries on. But I thought it would be nice to have both questions. Question number two plus my hands glide All of us must job like What are you doing in a bitch? Question number three going gainsay. I'm gonna stock throwing gays do I'm gonna stock Where you going? To one thirsty Question number four That's Mackenzie involved in India. Well, this must go on. Go on in. What are you doing at the weekend? Question number size wasn't imam or will be stew. Martin, where are you tomorrow On the last question Last moms even Z doesn't cost but ended Home office must do of in duties and course. Brenda Test. What are you doing when you finish this course 6. The future tense with werden: so far. We looked at the future tens by using the prison tens and time phrases. And now we're looking at the real future tints the real future tens or I like to call it the proper you to future tense in German is used less than the present tense and time phrase, but it is used. It is used when you want to use more formal German rather than spoken German. Well, when you're talking about events in the distant future, or when the present ends isn't really enough to make it clear that it's the future, even with the time phrase, sometimes so how do we form it? It consists of the verb vanden, plus the infinitive off the verb that describes your action. It's rather a noise book off Got form of that, plus what we'll be doing. I will be. I will buy So Colson the form of ever Nevada grooviest as the SV It via Yverdon evaded Z yverdon. So that's the first. But you need on. Then you need the second verb, whatever it is that you will do in this case by But that goes to the end off the sentence or the clothes so that comes before the full stop or the comma between Verdi and Kalfin. In this case, or whichever other verb you want to use will be at least the item that you are buying possibly a time manner, phrase as well. That all depends on the sentence, of course, but you could end up with a long sentence like this. Well, it is rare to Morgan Naka are bite English. That does know you both from James Patterson. So you've got value in second place like we always have to the verb the infinitive at the end, off the phrase and in between whatever else in this case, I've got to time phrases Morgan matter our boat We've got the place in their shut and of course, the what? That's Neue ball from James Patterson. If Vladimir and annoying jobs over, I will look for a new job. I've had enough of my job on I will look for a new one, but I don't actually know when could be starting tomorrow or maybe next year. So we don't know. So there was no time phrase on. We need the vata. Varied. Um, you're an annoying jobs. Not me. It's not true. Next this year of envy. Nano Zealand, fleeting now here was actually got both. We've got the time phrases well plus Soviet. It's almost a bit like next year we will go to New Zealand. I've been saying this was such a long time, but next year we will do it. Just one little reminder. You do need the second verb because Van on its own just means become and that would make all those senators a little bit silly. So remember, you need the second verb. 7. Over to you 2: Okay, this is your lecture? No, my because I've prepared a couple of questions that I would like you to answer. So you may want to pause before you start on. Get yourself pen and paper so that you can write down the question, maybe definitely the answer. Or if you don't want to, you don't have to, but it might be a nice idea. So let's imagine you've won the lottery, and as soon as you have received the money, you will be very rich. But as you don't know how long that will take, you can't use the present tense with the time phrase. Instead, you need to use then on devote in the infinitive. And here is the first question Varane's Avorn or, if I know you really well, movies to hold him. Where will you live now? Whether I used the former you were informal. You doesn't make any difference to your answer because that's still would be issue or the year so Wolverhampton's evil woman. Next question. Investor Einem House Veterans of Woman or invest Findem House via stool born And what type of house will you live in? Next question. Fancy a noise out of coffee. Well, this to a noise out A calcium Will you buy a new car? The NZ Vita fightin obvious troll fighter are biting when you continue to work on the next 10 The most important question Very busy. Angelica, It was funny Home gate up game And if I know you really well, I probably wouldn't even say I'm Gillick are saying me first Premier at first fund Einem get up game Probably know the answer to that one. And finally, can you think of any other questions announces?