German for Beginners. Part 3: Personal Information | Kamil Pakula | Skillshare

German for Beginners. Part 3: Personal Information

Kamil Pakula, Python developer, linguist

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3 Lessons (20m)
    • 1. German for Beginners Class 3 Video 1

      4:03
    • 2. German for Beginners Class 3 Video 2

      10:01
    • 3. German for Beginners Class 3 Video 3

      5:28

About This Class

This is the third part of a series of German for Beginners classes. We’ll talk about personal stuff. How to introduce yourself and other people, how to ask about occupation? We’ll get familiar with personal pronouns, too.

Transcripts

1. German for Beginners Class 3 Video 1: Hi. In this lecture, we're going to learn some basic greetings and expressions. We learn how to say Hello. Goodbye. Who are you? Thank you. I'm sorry and so on. These are expressions that are very basic and very important in annual language. We also learn how to introduce yourself. You already know how to introduce other people. What about yourself? So you learn how to say I am etcetera. Well, let's go for it. That's have a look at some common greetings. First you can say hello. Which means hello. But it can also say good Morgan wouldn't talk, Wouldn't almond. Good. Morgan is used in the morning. Wouldn't talk is used during the day. Good. Arvind is used in the evening Now. Repeat, please. Hello. Hello. Wouldn't Morgan wouldn't? Morning Wouldn't talk. Wouldn't talk. Wouldn't have happened. Wouldn't have happened to say goodbye. You can use one of these fours. Truth is used in informal contexts. In a more formal context, you can use Alveda, Zane or Arvida Ham. When on the telephone. You can also say this piled this beta or this Morgan. They all mean something like. See you soon. Later. Tomorrow, etcetera. Now repeat, please. Truth, truth Al Vidas Sane Vida Sane Arvida Home Ovid. A home. This part this piled this Shater this page this Morgan, this is Morgan. And here are some other expressions that are quite commonly used. You say Danker, if you want to thank someone, If you want to ask someone for something, you can say bitter, which means please. You can also use bitter. When you are handing something to someone in English. It would say you are humanity's or something like that. Now one of the most common questions is the gates, Which means how are you? And the answer can be It's Give me a good I'm flying. If you're sorry, you can say to me Light Now is your turn to repeat all these expressions. Danker, Danker. Bitter better the gates. The gate escape. No good s gave me a good to me. Light to me light. Now let's see how you can introduce yourself. You can say I am so if Ben it's been Mike, It's been Jennifer. Hello, It's been marks. You can also say my number is my name is my number is Unabom. Got no. Now repeat these expressions. It's been Mike it's been Mike. It's been Jennifer. It's been Jennifer. Hello. It's been marks. Hello? A spin marks. My number is Unabom Got no. My number is gonna Baumgartner. 2. German for Beginners Class 3 Video 2: Hi. In this lecture we talk about verbs and actually about one, but very important and basic verb. The verb to be We learn how to say I am. We are they are etcetera. In order to do that in order to congregate over, we need personal pronounce. And this is what this lecture is also about. Personal pronouns. I you he she ate. We they etcetera. Apart from that, we have a look at three special pronounce which are quite frequently used as Munn and Z Z being capitalized. We also see what the differences between formal and informal forms in German. In English you have just one you which is used in singular and plural. In German, you have actually three types of you. You have the singular You you have the pool, you and you also have the formal you which is used when you refer to a person. You are not on first name terms. We took a bite in the lecture. So let's go. Well, you can say who you are. You can say I am a spin. What about the other personal forms of the verb? To be revert to be is one of the most important verbs in any language. I think so. You have to know it for sure. And here it is. It's been do based Anthee s based. The ascent airside sees end. Now you can repeat a thing. A Spain do based do best a Z as based a Z s aced the ascend. He s end Yeah Zeit Yeah, Zeit Z's End Z's end In English, you is used in singular and plural. So you may mean one person or you all a lot of people, actually in German There's a difference you may use do to refer to you as one person And you can use EEA when speaking to more than one person. So now here's a short exercise. Have a look at these examples situations and try to decide whether you would use do singular or eea plural in German. So you have a mother speaking to a child. Teachers picking to class generals picking two soldiers addressing God in the prayer, talking to a friend on the phone, Boss speaking to a group of em, please. And here are the answers. Mother speaking to a child we used to because it's one person talking to one person. Teachers picking to class class consists of more than one person, so use EEA generals Picking two soldiers soldiers is plural so eea must be used addressing God in a prayer you say do because there is one God Talking to Fran on the phone again is one friend. So do and boss speaking to a group of employees is a group of amply so more than one person . And this is why should use EEA Okay, here's some more examples Do best shown assist in Kent The US in tomb is I'd hope isn't Kingda So these are examples of the verb to be conjugated so it can repeat now do best shown Toby strewn assist in Ckent s s tank in the s entomb the as in doom? Yes, I'd hope A as I'd hoped Seasoned Kingda Z's and Kingda. Sometimes this object is indeterminant in English. Use it in German use s so sentences like is raining. It's snowing. It's Helling, etcetera. Well bay as pregnant as she night is haggled. It is true. S is called assist! Wunderbar! Here are the examples and now you can repeat and so pregnant it's pregnant. Is she night, It's night as humbled as huddled, as is true, as is true, as it's called, is this called assist wunderbar as this wunderbar and that the interesting pronoun is mine . It is used. If you do not want to say, particularly, who is doing something, we just say what people generally do. So it's something like one. They in English, one A's. When ones when goes, they say in German, it is used in the third person, singular, just like in English. So you can say Manet's what is mind? Think Vasa on drinks, water, they drink water. It's address now. You can repeat when aced my taste. Maintain Fassa my pain. Fassa and I know that do. It's used in singular only in German. So it refers to one person. And there's one more thing to know that there is formal and informal language in German. So do is and inform one. For example. You say do to young people to people your age, Children to members of the family, to your friends, etcetera. But you do not use this to people that you would normally address with Mr Mrs Etcetera. Here are some examples of do carrying dubious shown. This is someone you are on first name terms. So you can say to to Mr Klein. Now we can use these when talking to a child. Fattah, to this out He was talking to your father. So he's a memory of family. You can use the informal form the best student. You are talking to someone of your age. Now you can repeat these examples carving. Do this churn kind to be strewn? Do this decline to this Klein Fatah to based out fatto Do this out to best today and do based stew dand. Now, if you're talking to someone older than you someone who belongs to the older generation or someone who is respected someone who is in ah in a high position in the hierarchy of the society, for example like the president, the king etcetera or it's someone that you would normally address with flower hair, Mr Mrs Then you should not use the pronoun do do is reserved only for informal use. But in situations like this, you should use the formal pronoun which is Z Z has the same form as the two hours e forms like she and they As you could see before they all look the same. But this time Z is capitalized and is used with a plural form of the verb. So for example, we have flour Farber season. Should Buz capitalized, See? Because we say foul Father, this is someone Order or someone living do not know so well. And this is when we should use Z instead of door. Now the other example is isn't out have president here We are addressing the president someone important. So we also should use Do we should use Z now you can repeat these examples Foul Farber isn't soon foul Farber is insure isn't out. Her president isn't out, president. 3. German for Beginners Class 3 Video 3: personal data. We'll learn how to ask about personal information about someone's name. Someone's occupation will learn how to ask and answer the questions. Who are you? Was your job? What's your name? And we also have an opportunity to learn. Some jobs will also have and opportunity to see that in German. There is a special ending, which may be attached to masculine forms to make feminine forms, and we'll see how it works. So let's go. If you want to ask about someone, you would use the pronoun affair. Who so we would say there is Does Who is this? That this do? Who are you? And remember that do is used in informal context, only informal context. You would say that, as in Ze, who are you in order to ask someone's name? You can ask the high stool or the high, since the informal context and the answer should be a high, said mocks. My name is marks a high Surdulica. My name is Orica. Now you can repeat the questions the highest, too. The high stool, the high Cincy, the high Cincy and the answers it, Hi, said mocks. A high ST marks a high set Will America a high set Ludovica. Now, if you want to ask about someone's occupation, you save us instead of they're just like an English, you say What would are you? So the question could be fast paced, too, or by since informal context. You can also ask past space to form the hoof. So what are you by occupation? By since it from the roof and some answers could be, it's been Layer two based architect season burgermeister. There is boost. Father, this is Charles Pioline. Now it's your turn to repeat. It's been later. It's been late, huh? Do based architect Do based architect isn't burgermeister isn't burgermeister. There is a boost, Father. There is boost Far is Charles Pillar in is charged qwilleran and now repeat the questions fast paced, too, but space to fast paced to from the roof last place to from the Roof by Cincy by Cincy. But since it from the roof. But since it from the roof in Germany, we have a special Annie to make the feminine forms of the names of the occupations the ending is in. So, for example, we have Daschle's Pilla, an actor de shall be 11. Actress Death Echo fa Man Defect. Coughing woman Deco man. The cooking woman The ads Doctor Man The ad sting woman Delia, A male teacher Delay having female teacher. As you can see in south examples there are also lots which appear in the family. Inform like coke. Cookin odds, Alston and many, many more. But what is important should remember that the ending in is added to the masculine A four. And this is how we create the feminine form. Now you can repeat the names of the occupations there. Shall Spiller discharge Pellerin there. Shall Spiller this house p 11 death a quota D fac worth having death. I quote far defied court having deck or d cooking. Dackell, the cushion. Their ads. The ad Stine. They're asked de at Stine. Della, Delia, Hein, Delia Delay have in