German Grammar - Quick Guide - Verbs 1 | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

German Grammar - Quick Guide - Verbs 1

Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Play Speed
  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x
65 Lessons (3h 38m) View My Notes
    • 1. German Verbs 1 Introduction

      2:05
    • 2. German Verbs 1 Lesson 1a

      3:28
    • 3. German Verbs 1 Lesson 1b

      3:47
    • 4. German Verbs 1 Lesson 1c

      5:47
    • 5. German Verbs 1 Lesson 1d

      3:16
    • 6. German Verbs 1 Lesson 2a

      2:21
    • 7. German Verbs 1 Lesson 2b

      2:58
    • 8. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3a

      3:10
    • 9. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3b

      1:38
    • 10. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3c

      4:30
    • 11. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3d

      4:17
    • 12. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3e

      4:15
    • 13. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3f

      3:44
    • 14. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3g

      3:27
    • 15. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3h

      2:47
    • 16. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3i

      3:45
    • 17. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3j

      3:04
    • 18. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3k

      3:13
    • 19. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3l

      2:56
    • 20. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3m

      3:09
    • 21. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3n

      3:25
    • 22. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3o

      3:16
    • 23. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3p

      4:01
    • 24. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4a

      2:47
    • 25. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4b

      3:25
    • 26. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4c

      8:57
    • 27. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4d

      4:27
    • 28. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4e

      3:22
    • 29. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4f

      1:58
    • 30. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4g

      3:09
    • 31. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4h

      3:06
    • 32. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4i

      3:10
    • 33. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4j

      3:14
    • 34. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4k

      2:39
    • 35. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4l

      1:57
    • 36. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4m

      3:15
    • 37. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4n

      3:12
    • 38. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4o

      3:20
    • 39. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4p

      1:22
    • 40. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4q

      3:19
    • 41. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4r

      3:27
    • 42. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4s

      3:28
    • 43. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4t

      2:39
    • 44. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5a

      3:54
    • 45. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5b

      4:45
    • 46. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5c

      3:22
    • 47. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5d

      2:55
    • 48. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5e

      3:10
    • 49. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5f

      3:23
    • 50. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5g

      3:12
    • 51. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5h

      4:45
    • 52. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5i

      3:48
    • 53. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5j

      3:08
    • 54. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5k

      2:07
    • 55. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5l

      3:39
    • 56. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5m

      3:48
    • 57. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5n

      3:11
    • 58. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5o

      2:42
    • 59. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5p

      3:00
    • 60. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6a

      3:10
    • 61. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6b

      3:56
    • 62. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6c

      3:41
    • 63. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6d

      3:20
    • 64. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6e

      3:20
    • 65. The Happy Linguist

      1:30

About This Class

This guide is perfect for students who need help learning about German verbs. You'll get an introduction to using and recognising German verbs in the following areas:

  • infinitives
  • the special verb "man kann"
  • the future tense
  • the present perfect tense
  • the present tense

"German Grammar - Quick Guide - Verbs 1" is particularly useful for complete beginners in German grammar as everything is explained assuming no prior knowledge. The vocabulary used is limited so as to avoid over-complication. Each tense is explained, showing how to form the tense, how to negate it, and how to translate it to and from English.

Transcripts

1. German Verbs 1 Introduction: hello onto common. Hello and welcome to Jim and Gramma. Quick Guide Verbs one. This course is designed to get you familiar with German grammar in quick, easy to understand lessons in any language. Verbs are the backbone. Two sentences without verbs, there will be no sentences. The good thing about verbs is that you can manipulate them and use them to express anything you like. Look at the sentences. For example. I learned German. I'm learning German. I'm going to the in German. I have learned German. I would like to learn German. All these sentences contain pretty much the same words I learnt on German. But they mean different things because we have manipulated the verb learn into different tenses. In this course, I'll be introducing you to Jim and verbs. Looking at infinitives. The future tense the present perfect tents on the present tense. To help you become familiar with the verb tenses, you'll find lots of exercises to enable you to build proficiency in German grammar. With each tents, we'll be looking at how to form it, how to turn it negative. Andi will also be looking at the various ways you can translate the different tenses into English. The quick guide courses are grateful, ending the specifics of Jim and Grandma without any prerequisites. I won't be using any vocabulary without introducing at first, meaning you can focus purely on grammar acquisition rather than worrying about not understanding the verbs. I'll give you a list of verbs at the start of this course on will use these vest around. You'll also gain a small collection of vocabulary that we were using to build sentences in German. These quick guide courses can also be used as reference guides to use as a revision should you ever need to brush up on your game and Granna? 2. German Verbs 1 Lesson 1a: verbs in German. All verbs always end in letter end. In fact, it's usually letters e n. So let's look at 20 useful verbs in German S and Essen means to eat uncommon, uncommon means to arrive Spielen spielen means to play means To visit Eisen Eisen means to travel our beytin Arbeitman means to work sprechen sprechen means to speak. Lezin Lezin means to read Skydive in chi Vinh means to write Helen Heaven means to listen. Sh women Schmemann means to swim Macken Macken means to do or to make. I was skin. Our skin means to go out Kalfin Kalfin means to buy poor beyond poor beyond means to try finned in finned in means to find studio on studio on means to study belive in bly been means to stay but ending but ended means to finish and unfunded unf Angan means to start. All the verbs in this list are called infinitives and in English infinitives very often have the word to in front of them. But not always. And that's why I put the two in brackets in this list in German infinitives. End in the letter n and you'll notice that all of these infinitives in this list and in the letters E N. So we'll be using these 20 verbs throughout this course, So a good idea to learn them is to get a cue card on right down the English on one side in factual need. Probably three or four Q cars. For this list, put five words on each cue cards. So get four cue cards. Put five verbs in English down the center of one side of the cue card, then turn the cue card over on right, the German on the other side to lend them. Look at the English only and see if you remember what the German worked with. Now, don't worry if you find it hard to learn or 20 because we'll be using them throughout the whole course. So by the time you finish the course, you'll be very familiar with these verbs. 3. German Verbs 1 Lesson 1b: I'm going to give you three little phrases and then we'll try and make some sentences in German with these phrases. So the first phrase is it Mirta Ik Makdah. Which means I would like the next raises each Vanda Vanda. Meaning I will. And then finally we have can be candy. Meaning? Can I Camarota If Nevada and Comey The good thing about these three phrases is that you comport any infinitives on the end of them and make a sentence. So how would you say in German? I will eat ik Avada Essen If Nevada s in, I would like to go out. It marked out skin it marked out skin Can I play? Can it speeding? Can spielen? I will try Nevada Po be on it Had a poor beyond. Can I finish? Can it? Brendan, Can I abandon? I will swim Nevada Screamin Nevada Schmemann I would like to travel it Connector highs in you, Muktar Eisen. Can I start? Can be Unfriending can be Unfriending. I will go out. You combat out, Stan It Kveta out skin. Can I read cannibalism? Chemical ism. I will work. You had a I beytin. If Nevada are biting I would like to travel. It marked a Heisman connector highs in. So we've had it. Meta meaning I would like Nevada, meaning I will. And Comey meaning can I connector, Advanta and canny. 4. German Verbs 1 Lesson 1c: Let me give you five more words here. Here means here Daut Dordt means there death. Death means that Alice Alice means everything. And Morgan Morgan means tomorrow. So far, we've only had simple sentences like this. I would like to eat Murtagh s and however, if you want to make them a little longer in German, there is one more thing to remember that is a tiny bit tricky in German. The phrases icmec tha it Valda and Comey are actually all verbs in a sentence in gym. And if you have two bibs, the second verb has to go to the very end off the sentence. Let's look at an example Sentence. I would like to eat that Well, I would like is the first Web and to eat is the second VEB. And so in English they just go next Reacher that I would like to eat and then the word that goes on the end in German. You would have to say I would like that to eat because Essene, which means to eat, is the second verb Andi in German, if you have two verbs in a sentence, the second verb has to go to the end. So you would say Ika Murtagh. Thus s and literally I would like that to eat. This happens whenever you have two verbs in a sentence. The first verb goes at the start on the second of goes to the very end and everything else goes in the middle. So, for example, I will work tomorrow in German. Is it Valda? Morgan are beytin. It's a very Morgan are biting, which literally means I will tomorrow work. So let's try and make a few more complex sentences now armed with those five new words and with this new bit of Jim and knowledge, let's have a quick recap of what those five words were here is here. Daut was there. Death means that Alice means everything and Morgan means tomorrow. So how would you say in German? I will eat that It prevented us. Essen. Vera Dust s in so little. That means I will that eat it, Vera! Dust Essen. I will do everything tomorrow. Echeverria! Morgan! Alice Martin. It had a Morgan Alice Markon. Now I've put the word Morgan, which means tomorrow in front, off Alice, which means everything so literally. The sentence in German means I will tomorrow. Everything do. I'll talk about the order off the bits in the middle in a minute. But for now, just noticed that I've put the time, which is tomorrow, before the word of everything. So I will tomorrow everything. Do it better. Morgan. Alice Martin. How would you say I would like to work here? It connected. Here are beytin. It marked a Here are Beytin. I will try everything. It's very Alice. Poor beyond it. Better at this pub eon. Which means I will everything try Nevada, Alice. Poor beyond. Can I stay here? Can he hear belive in kind of here beleive in so literally? That means can I hear Stay? Can I do that tomorrow? Can it does Morgan back in candy dust Morgan back in. I would like to buy that. It marked the death coffin. It Mirta Diaz Kalfin. So let me I would like that to buy 5. German Verbs 1 Lesson 1d: How would you say in German? I would like to start tomorrow. It makes the Morgan and funding the connector. Morgan on Yangon. I will finish everything tomorrow. It's very Morgan. Alice. Brendan. It's very Morgan. Alice! Brendan! So literally. You're saying I will. Tomorrow. Everything finished? I will eat everything. It better. Alice s in it better. Alice s. I would like to work there. It makes her daughter are biting. It makes the daughter are biting. I will go out tomorrow. It had a morgan. Our skin If you had a morgan, our skin so literally It means I will tomorrow go out. How would you say I will stay here? It compared to hear Live in Echeverria here. Live in. And how would you say? Can I read that? Can it dust? Lezin? Can it pass? Lezin? So just to recap so far, the words that we've had our America meaning? I would like Nevada. Meaning I will. And Comey Meaning can I And then we water had here. Which means here, Daut meaning there death. Which means that Alice, which means everything. And Morgan, which means tomorrow. I've also seen that if you have two verbs in a sentence. So if you have one of the phrases icmec tha it Nevada or canny plus another VEB, the second vote goes to the very end of the sentence. So if you have any extra information that goes in the middle so it goes first verb extra information and then second verb. 6. German Verbs 1 Lesson 2a: special phrase man can, man can. There's a full little phrase that you comport verbs on the end off man can literally means one can or you can. It isn't referring to anybody in particular, but you or one in general. For example, if you say man can hear broken man can hear how often it means you can smoke here or one can smoke here. It isn't talking about you specifically. It means everybody can smoke here. So the haugen as well just means to smoke Just one extra thing in the negative you get man can need. Which means you can't or one con so a man can means you can on man can eked means you can't . So how would you say in German you can buy everything here and just keep in mind That man can is a verb, so that would be the first verb in the sentence. And so the second verb has to go to the very end. So if you want to say you can buy everything here, you would literally say you can everything here by man. Can Alice here? Kalfin Man, Can Alice here? Kalfin, How would you say you can swim here, man can. He s human. Man can hear. Sherman. You can try everything, man. Can Alice. Poor beyond man can, Alice. Poor beyond So a man can means you can or one can. Andi man can eke means you can't or one can't. And in a sentence that has man can the second verb has to go to the very end of a sentence . 7. German Verbs 1 Lesson 2b: How would you say in German? You can't try? That man can nicht das Poor beyond man Kann nicht das po Be on You can also put the death in front of the neck. And so you can get man can death Nick Pope John. And so you can choose When you have the word dust in a sentence, the dust can go in front of the nicked or after the lift. Usually it goes in front of the neck. So you're normally here, man. Candace Nikpour beyond. But you can also say man can meet dust Po beyond. So how would you say you can't do that here, man. Candace nicked here, Martine man can does Nick here, Martin or man Kann nicht das here. Martin man can eked out here. Malcolm, you can eat here. Man can hear Essen. Man can hear Essen. You can't eat here. Man can eat us in, man can. Next year s in. You can wait here on the VEB toe. Weight in German is Vartan Barton Monken here. Barton man can hear baton. You can't smoke here on the web to smoke in German is a Falcon of Alkhan Man can et Alkhan man. Connect here. Halcon. You can't smoke here. Man can hear how often man can hear Falcon. So we've had a man can, which means one can or you can. And then man can meet, which means one Kant or you can't. And it's talking about you in general, not you specifically. 8. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3a: the future. 10th. One of the easiest tenses to tackle in German is the future. It's a good way to talk about what you will do or what you're going to do. In fact, we've already seen it. The phrase it Vander means I will. Andi, you can put infinitives on the end of this to talk about the future. Just remember that the infinitive will be the second verb, so it will have to go to the very end of the sentence. Any little extra words will go in the middle. Let me give you five new phrases that we can use to make even better sentences. The first is not Balin or not Deutschland, which means to Berlin or to Germany. So nothing means to nuff Bellen. Two billion or not does land to Germany, in Berlin or in Deutschland mean in Berlin or in Germany. And so the word in is the same in German. But belt means soon ballot next of Oka, next to vodka, means next week next to Boca. Next issue er, next to Shia means next year. So we've had knocked Baylin or knock Toseland two billion or to Germany in Bellion or indoors land in 1,000,000,000 or in Germany, but soon next to vodka, next week and next to Shia next year. So how would you say in German? I will stay in Germany? It's very indulge. Land live in Vera in Deutschland Bligh. Been. I will do everything next week. He compared the next Lavaka Alice Marken. It Vanda next to Boca. Alice Marken. How would you say I will visit Paul soon? It had about power Bazooka. It had about power. Bouzouki. So if Nevada is the verb, the first Web and then was organ is the second verb, so I will soon pull visit. 9. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3b: How would you say in German? I will travel to Berlin next year. It there the next day. She are enough bedding highs in the very next to see our knock Palin Hyson. I will eat that tomorrow. It had a Morgan daughter son. It had a Morgan bought Essen. I will travel to Jimmy next year. He compared the next issue are knock Toseland highs in it better. Next this yard Nach Deutschland Eisen. I will finish everything next week. He compared an extra Volker, Alice! Brendan. It had an extra vocal Alice Brendan. 10. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3c: time, manner, place. We've seen that when you have two verbs in German, the first very becomes at beginning on. The second verb goes to the very end of the sentence. Everything else goes in the middle. Well, let's look up the everything else in the middle for a minute because there's a little ruled . Remember in German, if you have lots of things in the middle, the order you put these things in is quite important. It should always go time, manner, place. What this means is that words telling you when something happened time come first then was telling you how something happened. The manner come next and then words telling you where something happened. The place come last. So time, manner, place or when? How? Where, For example, In this sentence, Vera Morgan missed em. Boost nine billion farm. It means I will go to Berlin tomorrow by boss. But literally the first verb is it vowed Er which means I will. On the second verb is Farhan which means to go where the second vote goes to the end. And in the middle we have Morgan midem boss knock Bellen Morgan means tomorrow. That's the time Mr M boosts means by boss. That's the manner and nothing Bellion means to Berlin. That's the place. And so literally What you're saying in German is I will tomorrow by boss to Berlin. Go. So the time goes first, then the manner and then the place. So let's have a quick practice by translating some sentences, keeping in mind the time manner, place room. Not every sentence will contain all three types of word. Sometimes you'll get just one or two of them, but they still go in that same order. So how would you say in German? Can I travel to Germany tomorrow? Can it? Morgan, knock Toseland highs in Mechanic Morgan Nuff, Toseland Highs in. I will do everything soon it had about Alice Market. It read about Alice Marken. I would like to visit Berlin next week. America, next of our rebellion biz open. It marked the next of aka Bellion broken. Can I eat here tomorrow? Can it, Morgan? Here s and can it. Morgan here s in. I would like to eat there tomorrow. It marked a Morgan daughter. It connector Morgan daughter s in. I will eat quickly tomorrow on the word for quickly in German is Schmidt. He compared the Morgan sh Nellessen. It had a Morgan sh Nellessen. Can I travel to Jimmy next year? Can it? Next to see our knock, Toseland Hyson Canada. Next issue on AC Toseland. Highs in 11. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3d: putting things at the beginning. If you put any of the extra words at the front off a sentence in German, you have to do something else. If you say a sentence like this, I will travel to Berlin tomorrow, which is Vata Morgan. Knock bedding, Hyson. You could if you like, put the word tomorrow at the start of the sentence. So instead of saying I will travel to Berlin tomorrow, you could say tomorrow I will travel two billion well, in German. If you put any word in front of the first VEB, you have to flip the next two words around. So, for example, tomorrow I will travel two billion in German. You say Morgan? Very e not bed in high season. So the Valda turned into vanity. This happens whenever you put any word in front of the first verb in a sentence in German. So basically it Murtagh becomes murky. If Nevada, as we've seen, becomes very and man can becomes conman, so see if you can work out how to say in German tomorrow I will stay in Germany. Morgan very ik in Deutschland live in Morgan, very endorse land live in. And so the body becomes very ik because you place Morgan at the start. How would you say next week? I will do everything next. Lavaka. Very callous. Marken. Next the Volcker Bad Ik Alice Markham. Soon I will visit Paul about very IQ power but broken belt. Very Powerball. Jokin. Next year I will travel. Two billion. Next to see are very enough. Bellion Eisen Next to see are very ik Mac Bellen Eisen. Tomorrow I will be there. Morgan Very extort. Essen Morgan. Very daughter s in next year, I will travel to Germany. Next issue are very economic. Toseland Highs in next to see are very eking. Nach Deutschland Highs in here. You can smoke here can money. Haakan here can man Alkhan. So if you say a sentence where you placed something in front of the first bed? Well, then the first verb phrase needs to switch round. So you convert to becomes multi combative becomes batty and man can becomes can man 12. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3e: the future tense or the people. You don't have to stick with it, Vanda, which means I will. You can also talk about other people doing things in the future. So if Nevada is, I will do. V est means you will air Viet O Z via means he will or she will v a valid in means we will e about it means you will Z Velden means you will aan zee Vardon means they will. Now you might have noticed that there are three different you wills on their do V est he about it. And Zeev Adan Well, do V ist is used with one person. But you know very well it's the singular informal way off saying you will he about it is the plural in form a way. So it's used with a group of people you know very well Z Bowden is used when you're talking to somebody you don't know very well whether it's one person or two people and so is the baton. Is the former way off saying you will? You'll also notice that the wood is used three times Z with a lower case s can mean she as in is a Viet. She will also with a lower case, as it could mean they, Izzy vowed in they will they have to listen out for what the verb sounds like to work out, whether it's she or they with a capital s z means you. And obviously, in speaking, you can't hear the difference between a capital on a lower case s so z Vardan meaning you will and see thou and meaning they will sound exactly the same. Usually you'll know which one they're talking about because the context of the conversation will make it clear. But there is one more thing you can do that they will form Z Vardhan You can change to devalue. And so instead, of s i e. You can change its d i e. That's only if it's unclear. So it Valda do v est a rosy Viet v Abaddon ive add it is even and the baton. Or you can change that last one to devour hidden. If it's unclear as to who you're speaking about. So let's have a look at the verb. Are beytin in the future tense? You had ah beytin means I will work do via start biting You will work air or the VLT are beytin He or she will work via Vaden are beytin We will work You've added are beytin You will work is even Arbeitman you will work and Zivadin are beytin. They will work on the screen Now you can see the VEB bazooka in the future. Tense in German. Pause the video to see if you can work out how to translate those future tenants Verbs into English Then press place. See if you got it right So it valuables woken means I will visit Do V s broken. You will visit A or Z Viet was broken. He or she will visit V Abaddon Broken. We will visit. You have added a bazooka. You will visit. Is he bad? Absorption? You will visit and even broken They will visit 13. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3f: the web spilling means to play Andi. I put it into the future tense on the screen for you. Now if you pause the video work out how to say it in English And then press plate said you got it right it vanished Feeling means I will play do V s Spielen You will play air or CVR Spielen He or she will play V of adding Spielen We will play. You have added Spielen you will play is even spielen you will play and even spielen They will play the verb Brendan means to finish. And so again I've put on the screen the future congregations off the very end in German pause the video, work out what they mean in English. And then press place TV going right it valuable Endon, I will finish Do V s to end in you will finish air or Z Viet Brendan he or she will finish via Vaden. Brendan, we will finish. You have added Brendan, you will finish Zeev adding Brendan, you will finish. Is he bad in Brendan? They will finish now let's do it the other way around the web blazin blazin means to read on the screen. Now you've got the English congregations off the verb to read in the future tense. Pull the video. See if you can work out how to say it in German and then press play. Stevie going right I will read. The battle is in. You will read. Do just lazy He or she will read air Cozy vet Lezin, We will read via vaginal, isn't you? Will read. You have at it. Listen, you will read. Is he bad in Lezin? And they will read. Is he bad? In Lezin the Web Kalfin coffin means to buy. So pause the video. Work out how to say it in German and then press plate. So I will buy it. Very Kalfin, you will buy do V est Kalfin. He or she will buy air Was Yvette Coffin. We will buy V abandon Kalfin, you will buy. You have added coffin you will buy. Is he bad in coffin and they will buy. Is he bad in coffin? 14. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3g: the Web end down means to change and down. So you've got the English conjugation of the verb change in the future Tense on the screen Pause the video work out how to say it in German And then press played. Steve, you got it right. So I will change is if Vata and Dan you will change. Do v est and Dan he or she will change air Ozy, Veldt And down we will change v Abaddon and down you will change. You have added. And down you go change. Is he bad in and down and they will change. Is he bad? In and down Finned in finned in means to find finned in So pause the video workouts a finned in in the future tense in German And then press played. Steve, you got it right. I will find if I had a friend in you will find do V est finned in he or she will find air. Was Yvette finned in? We will find the Abaddon finned in You will find you have added fending you will find Is he bad in finned in and they will find Zivadin finned in the very essence. Essen means to eat, Essen. So pause the video. Work out how to say s and in the future, tense in German. And then press play and see if you got it right. I will eat Van Essen. You will eat grooviest Essen. He or she will eat a cozy Via Essen. We will eat via bad. In essence, you will eat. You've added Essen. You will eat. Is he bad in Essen? And they will eat. Is he bad? In essence, And then the VEB Vartan Vartan means toe weight in German. So pause the video. Work out how to save Barton in the future tense. And then press played. Steve, you got it right. Vanda Vartan means I will wait. You were weight is due VSD Barton. He or she will wait air or the Viet Vartan. We will wait via Baden Baden. You were weight. You have added Barton, You will wait. Is he bad in Vartan? And they were weight. Is he bad in Baton 15. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3h: How would you say in German? He will stay here every adhere belive in have yet here beleive in. They will visit Berlin tomorrow. Zivadin Morgan Bellen was working. Is he bad in Morgan Bellen? But broken You will finish soon using the do form of you dubious about Brendan Do V est about Brendan? I want to say next year we will travel to Germany next to see our Vienna Deutschland. Hyson next to CIA via an activist and rising. You will eat everything using the EEA form off. You will. You've added Alice Essen. You've added Alice s in. She'll start here next week. Is it yet next to Boca? Here, unfunded is the Viet next Evoke a here on funding. I will go out soon. You had about it out. Skin it, Vanda. About our skin. They were by everything. Next week is even next. Lavaka Alice Coffin Zivadin. Next. Lavaka Alice Kalfin 16. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3i: How would you say in German? I'll wait here. Excavated here Barton it better here button. They will start tomorrow. Zivadin Morgan Unfunded! Is he bad in Morgan unfunded? She'll start in start cart and finish in 1,000,000,000 on the word for and in German is Won't Xavi it in Stuttgart on Fungal On in Bellen Brendan Xavi it in Stuttgart and Franken in Berlin. Brendan, we'll do everything tomorrow. V Abedin Morgan Alice Martin v. Abedin Morgan Alice Martin. He'll find Maria in Germany. Every at Mallia in Deutschland Lyndon Every art Maria in Deutschland Finda They'll find everything in Germany. Is Yverdon Alice in Deutschland? Finned in is Yverdon Alice in Deutschland. Finnan should work here next year. Did you get next to see our Here are Beytin ive yet next issue here are biting is able to time next to see our first and then here, which is the place in the sentence. So she will next year he at work And if you want to play around with sentences than try import different things at the start And so in this sentence she'll work here next year. Well, port next this year at the start and you'll get next. This Yeah, Viet Z Here are Beytin So you just have to remember that when you put something at the start you switch round the verb with the pro Nasa's The Viet becomes Betsy next to CRV, etc. Here are beytin or you can even what they hear other start instead and say here obviously in ecstasy out i bison And it means the same thing She will work here next year. 17. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3j: the future Tense names and pronouns If you look at me, he will and she will phrases you'll see The Viet part is the same. So Evie, it means he will And Zeevi it. She will well, you can change the air and sea, Tow any name or any noun for example. Power of it. Pull Will Now he have yet Maria Will, Alice. Viet. Everything will. So how would you say in German? Paul will visit 1,000,000,000 soon. Power Viet Belt Belling was open power Viet Belt Bellen Bazooka Maria will stay there next week. Mallia of yet next to vodka daughter live in Maria Verza. Next Lavaka daughter live in everything will start tomorrow. Alice Viet Morgan on finding Alice yet Morgan and funding. Next year, Paul will visit Germany next This Yar Viet Power Deutschland was broken. Next is yeah yet Power Deutschland, Bazooka. And so even when you put names or announce with the word for will. If you put something at the start of the sentence then you have to switch those two words round. And so in German Next year Paul will visit Germany becomes next year, will pull Germany visit next to CIA Viet Power Deutschland Buzz open on. That happens no matter what. Name one about what? Now? And you put in front of the will. You have to switch the will round with the pronoun or the name or the noun. So Power V, it means poor will. But if you put something at the start of the sentence, then it becomes Viet power. Will Paul next to see our Soviet Power Deutschland broken? 18. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3k: How would you say in German, Maria will travel to stood guard Maria Viet Next. Carter Eisen. Maria Viet next to God. Here are a few more words that we can use to make some more adventure sentences. Meet Mitt in German means with Meet Mia. Mia means me so you can get Mitt Mia means with me. So Mitt is with Mia Is me goot Good. Could mean good. Well, well, fine Goat and Zain design is another live in German. It means to be design. So we've got Mitt Meaning with Mia. Meaning me goot? Meaning good. Well Oh, fine And Zain Meaning to be so. How would you say in German? Everything will be fine. Alice! Viet! Good sign, Alice Viet. Good sign. Well, how would you say Paul will be in Germany with me next year? And so you've got three little bits of extra information that will go in the middle of this sentence you've got in Germany with me on next year. And so the time is next year The manor is with me and the place is in Germany because I don't forget you would have to put it time man up place So how would you say poor will be in Germany with me next year? Power Viet Next issue. Er MIT Mir in Deutschland Sign Powell Viet Next this year. MIT Mir in Deutschland Zain So Paul will next year with me in Germany. Beef. And how would you say Maria will be in Berlin soon? Maria Viet belt in Berlin Zain Maria Viet Belt in Berlin Zain And so the word soon is the times that goes first and then in Berlin is the place that goes after. So Maria will soon in Berlin be Maria Viet belt in bell in design. 19. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3l: the future tense Negative. To make the future tense negative in German or you have to do is put need after the will part. For example it's very neat. Means I won't. Or literary. I will not grooviest meat means you won't or you will not air Ozy vet Neat. He or she went or he or she will not via bad meat. We won't. You have added nicked. You won't. Zeev. Adam. Meat. You won't. And the bad meat? They won't. This is the same with names. Power via sneaked Pull wound Maria via sneaked Maria went And then on the end of any of those you can place an infinitive. So how would you say in German? I won't be here tomorrow. It had a next Morgan here, Zain. He had a Nick Morgan here, Zain. Or how to say we won't work next week via bad Nick. Next vocal are biting. We have had nicked next to vodka are beytin And so you have it bad in eat meaning I won't dubious meat Meaning you won't air or sea Viet nicked he or she won't via bad nicked. We won't. You have added nicked. You won't Z bad and nicked. You won't was even nicked, meaning they weren't and again, just like before. That they won't is is even and neat because that looks like you won't if it's unclear. So you're speaking about you can change the C to a D D I e. D very meat and is even nicked mean the same thing. And then you can place any inventive onto the end of any of those to make a sentence on, just like before this Vanik dubious next, etcetera. They are classed as the first verb. So the infinitive that you put in the end will be the second verb, which means if you have any extra information, the second vote has to go to the end of all that something goes First Web, extra information and then second bib. 20. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3m: How would you say in German? They won't stay with me. They will stay with Paul. David mixed with me. A blyden? Is it bad? Mid powered Liben is it? Hadn't next Meet me A Bible is it? Hadn't met power. Blyden. You won't finish everything using the do form off you grooviest Next. Alice. Brendan do V ist nicht Alice. Brendan Paul won't go out tomorrow. Power! It's next, Morgan. Our skin power That next move in our skin. She won't be here. Is Yvette Nifty design Xavi Ethnic design. We won't try that via bad nicked. That's poor beyond Via Hadn't nicked dust phobia on Or you can say Vardan does nikpour 1,000,000,000. So the dust Congar o in front of the nicked or after the next ikan Jews. So v Abedin does next problem or via their nicked? That's Pope John. How would you say you won't read that? Using the Z form of you? Zivadin does meet Lezin or Zivadin Nick dust. Listen again. You can put the dust in front of the nicked or after the next. So Zivadin does nickel isn't or the valiant nicked dust lesson 21. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3n: the future 10th double meaning now in English There are two ways to talk about the future. For example, you can either say I will eat or I'm going to eat in English. One way uses will and the other way use is going to in German. However, there is only one way valve s and so see if you can work out the two meanings off each of the following future Tense phrases it vanish. Women! I will swim. I'm going to swim a veritable ending. I will finish. I'm going to finish Echeverria Unfunded, I will start. I'm going to start. If Nevada for Kalfin on fake often means to sell, I will sell. I'm going to sell. If you had a Arbeitman, I will work. I'm going to work. It had a poor be on. I will try. I'm going to try Valin invaded Means to choose. I will choose. I'm going to choose if Nevada and Dan I will change. I'm going to change it vanished Quicken. I will speak or I'm going to speak. It had a drink in and thinking means to drink. I will drink. I'm going to drink. It's very essence. I will eat. I'm going to eat. It's very spielen. I will play. I'm going to play it. Vata Hyson. I will travel or I'm going to travel. It's bad again and gained means to go. I will go. I'm going to go. 22. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3o: Let's look at a side by side comparison off the very essence in all the different people in the future tense with its two English meanings. If Nevada s could mean either I will eat or I'm going to eat, do V EST s in, you will eat or you're going to eat a cozy Viet Essen. He or she will eat or he or she is going to eat via Vaden Essen. We will eat or we're going to eat. You have added Essen, you will eat or you're going to eat. Is he bad? In essence, can also mean you're you will eat or you're going to eat. And is it bad? Messan? They will eat or they're going to eat. So what would be the two ways in English to translate via Vaden Essen? We will eat or we're going to eat every it Brendan he will finish or he's going to finish Z V. It's beckon. She will speak or she's going to speak. It's a very unfunded. I will start or I'm going to start is even Arbeitman They will work or they're going toe work all this close. I mean, you will work or you're going to work because the Z isn't clear as to whether you're speaking about you in the formal or they if it means they. And it's unclear. You can also change the Z Toe de So is Yverdon are beytin or deviating. Arbeitman would be able work or they're going to work, whereas Z Vietnam bison can also mean you will work or you're going to work do V s studio. You will study or you're going to study. Ive added. Coffin, you will buy or you're going to buy is the Viets women? She will swim or she's going to swim is the Viet and Dan she will change or she's going to change. 23. German Verbs 1 Lesson 3p: How would you say in German? I'm going to eat everything if Nevada Alice s in. You had a Alice s in. They're going to visit 1,000,000,000. Zivadin Bellen! Bazooka! It's Yverdon! Bellen was broken. You're going to finish using the do form of you grooviest for ending. Grooviest. Brendan, they're going to buy that Zivadin desk. How often, Zivadin? That's Kalfin. We're going to finish everything via Vaden. Alice, Brendan via Vaden. Alice! Brendan! He's going to start a Viet unfunded have yet unfunded. She's going to work in Germany. Zeevi It endorsed land are beytin is the Viet in Deutschland are beytin. I'm going to find everything tomorrow. It had a Morgan Alice venden it. Greta Morgan Alice Venden they're going to choose is Eve Adam Baylin. Is he bad in Valin? You're going to eat everything using the ear form off you You vetted palaces You've added Alice s in. They're going to wait there. Zivadin Daughter Barton is Yverdon daughter Barton. We're going to visit Germany via Verdi. Endorse land was open v Abedin Deutschland but broken. He's going to start, have yet unfound him. Every yet unfunded she's going to travel to Germany Is the Viet Snack Deutschland. Hyson is the Viet Nach Deutschland horizon. I'm going to listen. Advanta Helen Vata Hillen 24. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4a: the present perfect tense. Despite its name being the present perfect tense, it is actually used to talk about the past. Here are a few examples off the present Perfect tense in English. I have eaten too much food. I have seen this film already. I have spoken to Maria in English. The present tense is made up of two parts. An auxiliary vert on the past participle. I can already hear you shouting What is an auxiliary verb and what is the past participle? Well, calm down. I'll tell you the word Auxiliary just means helper. So an auxiliary verb is a help of IB in English. The auxiliary verb is Have Andi. You'll see it in the three examples that I gave you. I have eaten too much food. I have seen this film already. I have spoken to Maria in German. It harbor means I have a harbor I have the past participle in English is the very best comes after the auxiliary verb. It tends to end in the letters E n or E d. But not always. You'll see the past participles in the examples I gave you all end in the letters E n I have eaten too much food. I have seen this film already. I have spoken to Maria now in German the past participles are easy to recognize because they usually start with the letters G e and they usually end in the letter T. You can turn any infinitive into the past participle by putting a G E in front of it on replacing the E n on the end with a T. For example, Mackin Mackin means to do and gum act means dune gum act. So we put a G e at the start and changed the E end to a T gum act so he harbor gum act means I have done it. Habiger, Matt. Another example is the verb langdon Lebanon, which means to learn in the past it becomes gallant garland, which means learned and then you put a G e at the start and then change the e n at the end to a T so it harbor Galland means I have learned it harbor gland 25. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4b: Let's see if you can change the following verbs into past participles on dwork out their meanings in English. So just remember, report a G e at the start, and you change the e N to a T so Mackin Gum act, which means Don't or made gum act. Leven means to love Glebe. Glebe means loved spielen means to play in good spirit. Gosh, built means played Kalfin Coffin means to buy good coughed Good health. I mean, is bought flagon. Haagen means to ask. Give fog. Give fog means asked Hyland. Heaven means to listen. Go ahead. Go ahead, means listened. Zaken Zaken. This could mean to say or to tell Zargham exact gives. Oct Means said or told guys act. Xueqin is open reserved, so Zolkin means to look for goofed means looked for Gaza looked Zet. Sin zits in means to sit down sets in Descents. Gazette's means sat down because it's Harbin. Harbin means tohave. Harbin go hard hopped means had grabbed, and so you put a G e at the start of a bib and change the E n on the end to a T, and you get the past participle in German, and then you can place that after the phrase harbor, and you get the present perfect tense 26. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4c: present perfect, tense irregulars. Now, in the last lesson, I said that the normal rules to create a past participle in German is to place a G E in front of the Web and then change the e n on the end to a T. Now this is the normal way of doing things. But sometimes you'll get verbs that don't follow this rule. What I'm going to give you now is a list off all the verbs that we've learned since the very start of this course, and I'll put them in their past participles to. And then I'll show you which ones are irregular. That means they don't follow the same rules. So we've got Essen. Essen means to eat well in the past. This is an irregular verb. It becomes good. Gessen Good guest means eaten. And so you still put a G e at the start. Then you want to put another G, and you don't change the end to a T so good guessing with the irregular verbs, it's best just to learn them as they are not worried about how it come about so good. Gessen means eaten uncommon. I'm comin means to arrive and this one is another irregular. It becomes under common anger. Common means arrived. And so the G E appears after the a n. I'm good common spielen spilling means to play on This is a regular verb Until this one, you put the g e a start and you change the e n charity and you get gosh build Gosh build, which means played. And so I'm putting the irregular verbs in orange the past participles in orange On the regular verbs are put their past participles in gray bazooka silken means to visit. Well, this one is another irregular result resort. And actually, you'll start to notice as you learn German, that verbs which start with B e like broken in the past. You don't put a g e at the start, so the B E verbs doesn't leave a Be a starting Don't put an extra GSR resort, but you can see how the E n turns into a T. So bizarre means visited. Ah, highs in ah, highs in means to travel. And this is a normal web. So it becomes Geist, Geist means traveled our beytin, our beytin means to work. And this is an irregular verb because you change the e n on the end to an E. T rather than just a T. And the reason for this is because if you change the end to a T, you would have a double t on the end and you wouldn't get the extra syllable sounds. So it becomes our bite It there are bite. It means worked. Spoken sprechen means to speak. But in the past, this one becomes gosh park in Guess Pocket, which means spoken, and you'll notice that there are a lot of irregular verbs in German. And in fact, out of all the votes that we've learned so far, there are more irregulars than regulars. But this is the same in English, too. If you think about the rule in English is to add e. D to the end of the verb like walk becomes walked, talk becomes talked. Work becomes worked. But then the number off irregular verbs in English is enormous. Eat isn't eat, it becomes eight, or speak isn't speak. It becomes spoke or C isn't. Seed is becomes sore. And so in English there are loads and loads of irregular verbs. Andi, it just happens that it's the same in German too. So I was playing becomes Gosh Lezin. Lezin means to read when this one becomes girl. Isn't girlies in meaning? Read some another irregular verb. Sheikh Ivan Skydive in means to write. And in the past, in English and German, they're both irregular. It becomes gosh, Taliban. So the e I in the middle of sky been changes to an i e. But it's pronounced gosh Kleban, which means written or wrote Helen Herman means to listen and it's a regular verb. It becomes go hurt got hurt, which means listened. Sh women swimmin means to swim In the past, this one becomes Englishwoman Gosh, woman which means swam or swim. Marken Marken is a regular verb. It means to do or to make, and it becomes gum aft. So you put the g l start on you change the e n on the end to a T gum act that means don or made good left our skin. How scan means to go out our skin. And in the past this one becomes oust Gungan. So it's very irregular. Oust Gungan means gone out or went out our ski Gungan Kalfin Kalfin means to buy and this is a regular verb. It becomes good. Helft The coughed meaning board Good coughed, poor beyond poor beyond means to try And in the past you don't put Aguilera started this one. It becomes pope yet so be it means tried. So be it finned in finned in means to find And this one becomes Go fund in go fund in, Which means found studio on studio on means to study studio on and this becomes stood yet studio meaning studied bly been bly been means to stay. And this one is similar to the VEB scribe. Remember, Skiving becomes gosh crib in well, blinding becomes global even. And so the EI in the middle in Bly been turned into e which had pronounced Google even. And this happens a lot with verbs that haven't e i in the middle If you've ever has an e i in the middle in the normal infinitive than a lot of the time. Not always, but a lot of the time it'll change into an i e so belive in means to stay on Google even means stayed Brendan Brendan means to finish the ending again. This one starts with a B so you don't put a g e and start you just change it to end it but ended, which means finished but ended and unfunded on finding means to start on funding. This becomes anger, Fongern and Gaffigan. And so another thing you'll notice is that verbs which haven't a n at the start like unfunded or we had earlier on Uncommon. Well, these verbs, the G E appears after the a n in the past, so anger, Fongern means started. And then finally, Vartan Vartan means to wait, and this one becomes Govert it. And so it's almost regular. But instead of changing the E n on the end to a t, you change it to a new E t like our beytin became about our bite it while Vartan becomes converted on that so that you don't just get a double t On the end, we get the ET Govert. It means waited. Is that all the irregular verbs? If you write them down on a card, what you can do is write the infinitives down the center of one side of the card. You probably need four or five cards, right? The infinitives down the side of one side and then turn over and write the past participles on the other side and put a little star by the irregular verbs that you can learn how to form them. So I put the irregular verbs in orange on the regular verbs in Great, and you'll notice that unfortunately, there are farm or irregular verbs than regular verbs in this list. 27. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4d: the president. Perfect tense, double meaning Now in English. There are two ways to talk about the past. For example, you can either say I have eaten or I ate in English. One way uses the auxiliary verb. Have Andi the other way, doesn't in German. However, there is only one way to talk about the past. And that would be a harbor. Gessen. So it harbor. Gessen can be translated into English as either I have eaten or I ate. So what I'm going to do is give you a phrase in German on going to work out how to say it in English in both ways. And so are we to translations in English. And so how would you say in English it Harbert Gum aft. Ha Bergama. Now this one will have four transition because mark in the world that it comes from convene , make or do. So you can translate it either, as I have done. I did or I have made or I made a harbor ended it harbor ended. I have finished. Oh, I finished it. Harbor anger, Flanagan. It harbor anger. Fongern. I have started or I started. They noticed in English. There's always one form in the past that has the word have in it on another form that doesn't have the would have in it. On a lot of the time, the second verb will look the same. So I have started or just I started. But sometimes it can change completely. For example, I have eaten and I ate. But most the time in English. The two ways one with those have having it and the other will be the exact same just without the word have. So what would be the two ways to say in English? It harvested yet it happened. Studio it. I have studied or I studied a heart. Bigger are bite it. It harbor Got a bite it I have worked or I worked. We have a pope yet a hobbit po be it I have tried. Oh, I tried it Having a hilt. Haba, Go ahead It I have listened or I listened Acaba bizarre. It harbored dissolved I have looked for or I looked for a ha biggish parking acaba gosh park in I have spoken or I spoke a car Bigger spirit acaba spilled. I have played or I played And a harbor be guessing a copy guessing I have eaten. So I ate 28. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4e: the president perfect tense or the people You don't have to stick with it. Harbor Meaning I have. You can also talk about other people doing things in the past. So it harbor means I have. But do hast du hast means you have air hat or Z hat Means he has all she has via Harbin via ha been means we have. You have? Yeah, but means you have Z Harbin. Is he? Harbin means you have and z Harbin again means they have. And so it harbor du hast air hat or the hat via Harbin? Yeah, happed. Is he harping already? Having you can place in front of the past participle to change Who's doing the action in the past? That's looking example with the verb are beytin which means to work We have Ekkehard bigger are bite. It means I worked du hast are bite it. You worked air or the had car? Bite it. He or she worked via Harbin. Got a bite It we worked year happed ghar bite. It means you worked the Harbin gar Bite it. You worked. And is he hiding that? I bite? It can also mean they worked so There are all the different people that you can talk about in the present Perfect tense in German we have to do is change the auxiliary verb from a harbor to any of the others. Du hast air hat the hat via Harvin here happed z Harbin or is he having so on the screen? Now let's look at the very base organ which means to visit in the present. Perfect tense in German You've got the German congregations. What should try and do is pause the video work out what the English equivalent All of these congregations would be on then. Press plates. Ive got it right So it harbor resort means I visited. Do has to resort. You visited air. Was he had preserved he or she visited via Harbin bazaar. We visited here. Have preserved you visited? Is he having resort you visited and the Harbin Resort they visited and just like before. If they're they form is confused in speaking with the U form because they both sound like the Harbin resort. You can change the way form to d Harbin resort to make it a bit clearer. But this is optional. Only if it's unclear so D Harbin resort can also mean they visited. That's d i e instead of S I d harbingers walked. 29. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4f: the verb spielen means to play Onda on the screen. Now you can see the VEB spielen in the present perfect tense in German What should try and do is pause the video, work out how to say the congregation in English and then press played See if you got it right So it har biggish built means I played du hast cash build You played air Ozy had cash built He or she played via have English built means we played Yeah, British built You played the hard English build you played and z have English built means they played Let's do one more with the verb Brendan So the end in means to finish and you've got on the screen the present perfect tense conjugation in German Off the verb endon , Pause the video See if you can work out how to say it in English and then press plate to see if you got it right So it harbor ended Means I finished. Do has ended. You finished air was he had ended. He or she finished. They're having the ended. We finished here have ended. You finished? Is he having ended? You finished and z Harbin but ended means they finished 30. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4g: Now let's have a go at doing it the other way around. So the finned in means to find Onda on the story. Now you've got the English conjugation of the defendant in the present Perfect tense Pause the video and that if you work out how to say in German and then press play Steve, you got it right? So I found is a carbuncle funding you found du hast refund in he or she has found is air or sea hatco funding we found via Harbin Got funded. You found ear haptik unfunded, you found Is he Harbin? Go fund in and they found Is he having a go fund in and say letters have the word refund in Doesn't change it all. It's just the auxiliary verb changes from Yc Harbor to du hast or as a hat via Harbin happed z Harbin. Was he having the old reverb changes to change the person? The past participle stays the same. So good funding is the same throughout. Let's do the same with the verb Kalfin. So Kalfin means to buy. You've got the English on the screen, pause the video to see if you can work out how to say the verb Kalfin in the president. Perfect. Tense, then Press plates. See if you got it right. So I bought Is a Harvard coughed you bought? Do has to be coughed He or she bought air or Z hat You coughed We bought via havin get helft you bought Yeah haptik you coughed, you bought Is he having get coughed and they bought Is he having good coughed? The VEB end damn means to change and down So you've got the English on the screen Pause the video and see if you can work out how to say it in German And then press play and see if you're right I changed Is it Kabuga? In debt you changed Do has to end out He or she changed a cozy hot and that we changed via haven get in debt You changed? Yeah I have to get in debt You changed z Habana end out and they changed z ha Been getting down 31. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4h: the web valin means to choose Vaillant. So you have the English conjugation of the verb valin in the present Perfect tense on the screen. See if you can pull the video, work out how to say it in German and then press played. See if you got it right. So I have chosen Ihab prevailed. You have chosen. Do has prevailed. He or she has chosen air or the had prevailed. We have chosen Via have in Covent you have chosen here have built you have chosen is the harbinger Veldt And they have Jason. Is he having lived then the verb s? And remember that the s and was an irregular verb in the past participle it becomes good guessing. And so you've got the very essence which means to eat in English on the screen now in the present. Perfect tense Pause the video. See if you can work out how to say it in German and then press plates. See if you got it Correct. So I have eaten is a comma Gessen, you have eaten Du hast against he or she has eaten air. Rosie had Gessen. We have eaten via Harbin. Gessen, you have eaten? Yeah. Have to guess you have eaten. Is he Harbin Gessen? And they have eaten. Is he Harbin Guessing then the VEB Barton Vartan means toe weight on this one. Remember? Was slightly irregular in the past participle because it ends in a t e n. And so you change the e n to an E t rather than just a t. And so you get Gavardo. And so you've got the English on the screen. Pause the video. See if you can work out how states in German And then press played Stevie. Got it? Correct. So I waited Ihab a gavotte It you waited do have to convert it. He or she waited air. Ozy had converted. We waited via Harbin. Givati, you waited. You have to go about it. You waited. Is he hiding? Diverted And they waited. Is he hiding Gavotte? It 32. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4i: the present perfect tense double meaning just like we saw before. The present perfect tense can be translated in two ways in English. So here's a side by side comparison of the verb Essen in all the different people in the present Perfect tense with its two meanings in English. It harbored guessing can mean either I ate. No, I have eaten. Do I ask a guessing you ate or you have eaten air Or Z had Gessen he or she ate or he and she has eaten v a harbinger Gessen. We ate or we have eaten. You have to guess in you ate or you have eaten Z Harbin Gessen can mean Either you ate or you have eaten. And the Harbin Gessen can also mean they ate or they have season. So try and work out what? The two meanings of each of the following phrase would be in English via Harbin. Guessing we ate or we have eaten a hat. Bended. He has finished or he finished. Does he hat Gosh park in? She has spoken or she spoke it Harbor anger. Fongern. I have started or I started. Is he having got a bite? It you have worked or you worked. In fact, this one could also be they have worked or they worked Because the sea is unclear as to who it's speaking about. Du hast study it. You have studied or used to lead here. Have to get coughed. You have bought or you bought hat get endowed. He has changed or he changed. Is he had a good belt She has chosen or she chose. 33. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4j: the present perfect tense extra information. So far, we have only looked at simple sentences using this 10th. However, if you want to add any extra bits two sentences using the present perfect tense, you have to be aware off where you place the past participle. Let's compare a simple sentence with a slightly more complicated one. So I have eaten in German. Is it harbor? Gessen? Carbon Gessen. That sentence is simply enough. But if you want to add one more word to it, then we get this. I have eaten everything becomes it. Harbor Alice Gessen Notice that the word gay Gessen, which means eaten, goes to the end of the sentence. This is because it's the second verb in German. Whenever you use the present perfect tense. The past participle, the bit that usually has g e at the start goes to the very end of the sentence. So instead of saying I have eaten everything you would say, I have everything eaten. It harbor Alice Gessen. This happens no matter how many things you have in the sentence, the auxiliary verb it harbor is the first web. Andi, the past participle. Gethin is the second verb So that goes to the very end of the sentence. If you want to say something a bit longer, I visited Helen today in 1,000,000,000. Well, you'd say in gym. And it harbor waiter Helen in Berlin resolved, which literally means I have today Helen in Berlin visited. So the first Web Harbor is at the start. The second VEB Resort goes to the very end and everything else goes in the middle. In this sentence, we've got a time word, a man, a word and a place word. And don't forget the order is always time manner, plates that the time is today, pointer. The manner or the person you're seeing is Helen on the place is in 1,000,000,000 it harbor waiter Helen in valley in preserved. Also, don't forget that when you put something in front of the first bed, you flip the next two words around. So if you said today I visited Helen and 1,000,000,000 you would literally say today, have I Helen in Berlin visited the harbour becomes harbor. So today I visited Helen M 1,000,000,000 would be whiter Harbor Helen in Berlin result literally. It means today. Have I Helen in Berlin visited. Don't panic. If you get any of these rules wrong, though, you will still be understood. Always trying to get things right, but don't lose sleep over little rules is better to say something that's slightly wrong. Then, to say nothing at all, you'll still be understood, even if you make a tiny era. 34. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4k: How would you say in German? I have eaten everything. It harbor Alice Gessen. It harbor Alice Gessen. They visited Berlin. Is he having Bannon dissolved? Is the Harbin bell in Beirut. You have finished using the Z form of you. Is he having but ended? Is he having but ended? They have bought that Z ha! Been Daskal coughed. Is he Harvin? Basket health. We finished everything. We have analysis but ended. There have been Alice but ended. He has started a hat. Anger finding a hat. Anger funding. She worked in Germany. The hat indulge land. Gar bite. It is He had indulge land. Gar, Bite it. I found everything here. A harbor. Alice here. Go fund in it. Harbor Alice here. Go Fund in. They have chosen. Is he having give ELT? Is he Harbin event? 35. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4l: How would you say in German using the do form of you, you have eaten everything. Do have Alice guessing du hast Alice Gessen. They worked there. If they have indoor car, bite it. The Harbin daughter car. Bite it. We visited Germany. We have endorsed land dissolved. We have endorsed land reserved. He started. They had anger, funding a hat. Anger funding. She visited Germany. Is he had deutschland preserved? Is he had Deutschland provoked? I listened. A hamburger hit the harbour goat. 36. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4m: let me just recap the new verbs that we've learned in this tents. Vartan Vartan means to wait. Valin Valin means to choose and n dam and down means to change Barton, Valin and and Dan. And here are a few words that we can use to make our past tense. Sentence is a bit more wonderful. Guess down. Guess damn means yesterday. Whiter Morgan Waiter Morgan means this morning literally. It means today morning quitter means today on Morgan Means Morning. So, Peter Morgan today morning. The word Morgan can mean morning or tomorrow when it's got a capital M. It means morning on when it's got a lower case. M. It means tomorrow. So Peter Morgan with a Capital M is this morning. Let's dive Oka Let's the vodka means last week. Let's stir vodka. Let's the CR Let's this yeah means last year. Let's This year, Andi. To feel to feel means too much to feel so guess down quite a morgan. Let's dive, aka less this yar and still feel. So how would you say in German? I ate too much this morning. And don't forget the time manner, place, rule it harbor Twitter, Morgan, Sophia Gessen, a carbohydrate Morgan Sofield Gessen. We visited Germany last year via Harbin. Less discharge Iceland reserved. There have been less this year Deutschland result because they have to put the time phrase first last year. Or let's this. Yeah, And then you put the place second. So Deutschland via Harbin less DCR Deutschland resort. It's a resort goes on the end because it's the second verb. How would you say you've finished everything this morning using the ear form off you Here have Twitter, Morgan Alice, but ended. You have Twitter. Morgan Alice ended. 37. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4n: How would you say in German they bought too much in Berlin. Is he having to feel in Bellenger? Coughed? Is he haven't so feel in Bellenger coughed. He worked in Berlin last year It had Let's this year in Bellenger are bite it A hat less this year in Berlin. Gar bite It is They have to put in Bellion second unless to see our first. Whereas in English we say he worked in Berlin last year in gym Half say he worked last year in Berlin because of the time manner Place rule had lessons. Yeah, in Berlin. Got a bite It She worked here with me yesterday. They had a guest on Mitt Mia. Here there are bite it Has he had guessed an MIT Mir here. Got a bite it. And so you've got three things in this sentence in the middle here with me and yesterday And according to the time Man A place room. We have to say yesterday with me here because yesterday is the time with me is the manner. And here is the place. And he had guessed an MIT Mir here are biting. I tried everything last week. It have a list of Oka Alice pub yet it harbor. Let's do Boca. Alice Po, be it They ate here last week. Is he harping Lester vocal here guessing. Is he Harbin Lester vodka here guessing I finished. The Kaaba ended Kaaba ended. 38. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4o: the president Perfect tense names and other gnomes. Just like with the going future. You comport names and now owns with the present. Perfect tense too. If you look at that he has on she has phrases you'll see the hat part is the same in both he has is air hat and she has is Z had instead off the air and z you can use a name or any noun. For example, Powell hat means Paul has, uh, Maria hat Maria has or even things like Alice hat Meaning everything has. And then on the end of these, you comport any past participle to form the present. Perfect tense or the past tense. So how would you say in German? Paul visited building last year. Powell had less to see our 1,000,000,000 resolved. Powell had less to see our bell in business. More how you say Maria eight. Here yesterday Maria had guessed down here. Gessen Maria had guessed on here. Gessen so guessed that gash down is the time that goes first. And then here is the place sees a literally Maria. Yesterday here, eight. Malia had guessed down here. Go guessing. How would you say in German. Everything has started. Alice had anger funding. Alice had anger funding. Or how would you say last week Maria worked with me in Germany. So just be careful this one. Because we start the sentence with last week which means that the next two words have to switch round. Let's this Yar had Maria mit Mir indoors longer Bite it. Let's this Yeah. At Mallia mit Mir in Deutschland Gar Bite it So Maria hat turned into hat Mallya Because you've placed something at the start off the sentence in front of the first reverb last year Has Maria with me and Germany worked How would you say Maria visited? Stood guard Maria had stood guard preserved Maria had stood guard resort. 39. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4p: Here's a nice word that you could easily use in the present. Perfect, tense shown, Sean. It means already shown you start it in between the auxiliary verb. Andi, The past participle, just like in English. So how would you say in German? I have already finished a harbor shown by Ended it Have a show NBA ended or how would you say pool has already eaten? Powell had a show N'Guessan Powell had shown Gessen. Or how would you say in German? They have already visited 1,000,000,000. Is he having shown bellen resolved? Is he having shown belling dissolved? So Sean means already and you put it in the same place as you put it in English. 40. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4q: the president. Perfect. Tense. Negative. To make the president perfect. Tense. Negative. All you have to do is put neat after the auxiliary verb. The word neat means not. So it harbor neat means I haven't all literally. I have not. eHarmony du hast neat means you haven't or you have not air or the had sneaked means he or she hasn't via Harbin. Neat means we haven't. Yeah, hard. Neat means you haven't Z ha Been neat. Also means you haven't Z Harbin. Neat Can mean they haven't even things like Powell had neat meaning. Paul hasn't report. Has not Andi Maria had sneaked, meaning Maria hasn't. So the harbor or hast or hat part is the same as the normal present. Perfect tense or you have to do is put neat on the end. Then you can place any past participle onto the end off this. And so it having eked, I haven't. And then he can put on the end something like spark in meaning Spoken it Ha Been nicked. Cash park in means I haven't spoken. So how would you say in German? I haven't eaten it. Harbor Nick Gessen It Harbin Nick Gessen. So that's what it means. I have not eaten it. Haven't nicked Gessen. Or how would you say I didn't work here last year And in German Didn't and haven't are the same. Remember how we had two different meanings off the present Perfect tense before we had I have eaten or I ate well in the negative. There are also two different meetings. You could say I haven't eaten or I didn't eat. And so in English one way has haven't on one way has didn't we'll talk some more about this in a later lesson. But for now, I just know that didn't and haven't are the same in German. So how would you say I didn't work here last year? So little You say I haven't worked here Last year it had been nicked less. This year he got a bite. It you haven't nicked less. This yard here got a bite it. And so again you've got the time, manner, place rule here. So you've got it. Harbor neat is the first verb Got our bite? It is the second bourbon that goes to the very end. And then in the middle you've got a time word and a place. So you've got last year. And here in English is I didn't work here last year in Germany would have to say I didn't work last year. Here you have a nicked lessons. Yar here are bite it. 41. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4r: How would you say in German? They haven't visited Germany. Is he having nicked Deutschland Pursuit? Is they have a next door slammed busy Or how would you say, using the do form off the word you You haven't finished everything. Du hast nicht Alice, but ended Du hast nicht Alice. Bend it. How would you say in German? Paul hasn't started. Powell had nicked anger. Fungal Powell had sneaked anger. Fungal. Or how would you say she didn't play on? Don't forget that. Didn't? Andi hasn't are the same in German. So whenever you see the word Didn't think well, what else could it be? So she didn't play what you could. You could also say she hasn't played. And so in German. That's what you would say. She has not played. Is he had nicked her spirit. They had nicked cash build. How would you say in German? We haven't tried that. Now you can translate this in two ways. You can either say via ha been nicked Desk Pope yet we have a nick. That's probably it. Or you could also say via Harbin Does nicked phobia be having dust? Nikpour be it. So when you have the wood dust, meaning that the where dust can go in front, off the need or after the next. In fact, it's more common to port death in front of the neck. And so it's more common to hear we are having dust Nick's pub. Yet is that a via having next? That's appropriate, but they're both grammatically correct, so you can use both of them. But the dust in front of the next is more common. So if you're having does need appropriate or they have been nicked as pope yet, how would you say in German using the deform off you you didn't visit Berlin with me? Does he have a nicht mit Mir bell in revolt? Is he having nicht mit me a bell in Bizerte? And so the word didn't well, that doesn't exist in Germany or say instead, you haven't You have not visited Berlin with me because you've got Berlin, and with me you've got a place and a manner. Andi, remember in the time and a place the manna comes first, and then the place comes after where the manner is with me on the places building. So you would say literally, you have not with me Berlin visited. They have a nicht mit Mir Bellion result 42. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4s: the president. Perfect, tense. Negative. Double meaning. So, as I've been mentioning with some of the example sentences in the previous lesson, there are two ways to talk about the negative past tense in English. One way with haven't and the other way with didn't. Well, just like before. There is only one way in German that haven't wait. So both phrases I haven't eaten Andi, I didn't eat our carbon. Nick Gessen. So they have a need. It can either mean I haven't or I didn't. So let's have a look at a side by side comparison off the two meanings in English, off the negative present. Perfect tense in German with the very essence. So it haven't nicked Gessen means either I haven't eaten or I didn't eat Du hast nicht Gessen can mean Either you haven't eaten or you didn't eat and was the had mixed guessing He or she hasn't eaten or he or she didn't eat. We're having nick guessing Can mean Either we haven't eaten or we didn't eat. Yeah, I have to make a guess. You haven't eaten or you didn't eat Z Harbin. Nick Gessen, You haven't eaten or you didn't eat on. Does he have a nick getting with a lover? Case s? They haven't eaten or they didn't eat. And so, in English there's always two ways. Is a one with a haven't on one with the didn't. Whereas in Germany always use the haven't way. So what would be the two meanings off we are having Nick guessing. We haven't eaten or we didn't. Heat air had nicked ended. They had nicked ended. He hasn't finished or he didn't finish. Is he had next cash park in Is he had nicked gosh parking. She hasn't spoken or she didn't speak it. Harbor nicked anger. Fongern. It haven't nicked anger funding. I haven't started or I didn't start. Does he have a nicked car? Bite it. Is he having Nick Carr bite it on this one? The Z will take his meaning. They they haven't worked or they didn't work. And you asked next to. Yet you haven't studied or you didn't study 43. German Verbs 1 Lesson 4t: What would be the two ways to translate this sentence into English? Yeah, happed Next. Get coughed here. Perhaps nicked, coughed You haven't bought or you didn't buy. What about air had nicked Veldt air had nicked built He hasn't chosen or he didn't choose. And how would you translate this into English? Is he had Nique go fund in? Is he had a nickel fund in she hasn't found or she didn't find. When you're hearing German spoken and you hear the Z while there are three things that could mean it could mean she you or they it's easy to work out when it means she because the next word usually ends in a t SOS e hat means she has when it means they or you. However, it will be easy, Harvin for both of them and in writing. You can tell because they will have a lower case s fuzzy. Whereas you will have another case s Unless, of course, is at the start of a sentence. In which case they will both have a capital s usually from context. You will be able to tell whether it means you all day so somebody won't suddenly change from talking about two other people talking about you in one sentence. It would it would be they if they refer to they beforehand, and so usually the context will help you. But sometimes you will make mistakes and you will get it wrong. And don't worry about this. But when you're speaking, you can always use the D on your sometimes here the D used instead of a z esos d when it's followed by hat means she. But Z, when it's followed by Harbin, can mean either they or you. And if it's not clear, don't forget you can use D instead of the two mean they So Z hat she has is the Harbin Come in you have or they have and d Harbin means just they have 44. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5a: the president tens. The president. Tennis is one of the tricky attempts is in German only because there's a lot to remember. As you already know, Verbs in German end in the letter n. Usually it's E n well to form the present tense. There are two things you have to do. Step one is removed. The last two letters and Step two is at the appropriate endings, so Step one is quite simple. All you have to do is take off the e n from the end of the verb. If it doesn't end in an e n, then just remove the end. So if you were using the verb Macken, which means to do or to make, then you take off the E n and you would get muff. Once you've done this, Step two says, you have to add the appropriate endings. But what are the appropriate endings? What this means is you have to add an ending to the end of the verb, depending on who is doing the action. For example, if you want to say he or air is doing the action, you add the letter T to the end off the verb that you just taken the enough? For example, bouzouki in means to visit. Well, airbag suit means he visits because you've taken the e n off the end off the web Vulcan and you get busy and then you put a t on the end and you get air resort. He visits. This is similar to in English. In English, you have the web to visit, and if you put an s on the end, then you can get he visits. So you wouldn't say in English he visit. You have to say he visits. And in German instead of the s, you put a T onions at a resort Macken is to make or to do. If you take off the e n, you get Mark. And if you add a T, then you can say he makes so heaters em. Mm. And again in English, he he makes ends in an s. U wouldn't say he make, but he makes Kalfin. Kalfin means to buy, toughen. And so you take off the n on port A. T on the end and you get aircraft and coughed, which means he buys. And so in English to buy is the verb on in English. You won't say he then important s on the end of the verb he buys. You wouldn't say he by, but he buys. And in Germany, at T instead aircraft. So a result he visits a muffed he does all he makes and aircraft he buys. That's with he. When you want to say he does something, you add a t on the end. However, if you want to say that we or via are doing the action, you other that his e n But to the end of the verve instead and so via broken means we visit V a muffin means we make or we do via Kalfin we buy. And so can you see the difference between the three verbs with the air form? They will end in a T on the three verbs with the V a form they all end in an ian. And if you think back to the present perfect tents, the tents that have been before that's the same with the verb have you say via Harbin means we have and that ends in an e n. But if you want to say he has you say air hat and that ends in a T. And so when everyone say he does something available and the tea and whenever you want to say that we do something, the verb will end in an e n in German. 45. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5b: So you remove the last two letters and then you add a T for he and you add an e n for we. And so how would you say in German, he sings on the Web to sing Is Zinkhan as inked as inked? How would you say he works on the verb to work is our beytin are invited air are bite it And so this one gets an e t rather than just a t. And it's the same as when we were forming the past participle When you use the web are beytin if you have a very the ends in t e n then for he added et rather just a t is there air are bite it, he works. How would you say we work via Arbeitman via Arbeitman? I would say he plays Asheville. It ash built and we play via spielen vsp Lynn How would you say he comes on the web to come is common a comped air comped and weak um V a common V a common. He listens on the web to listen. Is Helland a hoot? Air help. We listen via Helen via hill. And how would you say he tries and the Web to try is poor beyond a pope, yet appropriate. We try via poor beyond, Via Po Beyond. He stays on the Web. To stay is blinding. Abe liked AARP. Liked We stay. The oblige been via belive in histories on the Web to study Is Studio on Ashdod yet? Ashton yet and we study VSD Dion via studio on. 46. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5c: the present tense or the people Well, we've had there he and we forms off the verb. We said that when you won't say he do something, then you take off the e n and you add a T. If you want to say that we do some think you put e n on the end instead. But what about the rest of the people you and I and she and they Well, just remember that you start by taking the e n off the end of the verb and then you add these endings for I or E. You add an e for do you Adam S t for air or the you add a t for via you add an e n For here you add a T for Z you Adam E n And for the meaning they you also add in e n So let me show you with the verb spielen which means to play. So we take off the e n from the end of the web spielen And then we add the appropriate endings. So we get X bela I place that we hadn t to the end do speediest you play so you add the S t air or Szish built, he or she plays and say at the T to the end Vsp Lynn means we play So you add the e n Yes. Built. Yes, build means you play and so you add the t to the end. Szish villain means you play having the e n unto the end and then dish villain with a leather case s means they play again You at the end. So Expedia do spills air or dish built via spielen. Yes, built is it spielen spielen? So let's try and do the verb are beytin So pause the video, see if you can congregate the verb are beytin into the present tense and then press play on and see if you got it right on. Just be aware that with the web are beytin because it ends in t e n Whenever you have a Berber ends in tea. And I've already said that instead of adding just a t for he or she you add an e t. And also is it of adding an S T for the do form you Adam E S t. So our biter means I work do our brightest means you work or the are Bite it. He or she works via Arbeitman. We work. Yeah, I bite it. You work ZR beytin you work and ZR biting with a lover Case s means they work. 47. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5d: So let's have a practice conjugating some of these verbs. So the biz organ means to visit on on the screen. You can see that I've conjugated the verb is organ into the present tense in German view cause the video work out what these congregations mean in English And then press played Steve, you got it right. So it brazuca means I visit. Do Bezos's means you visit air or the pursuit he or she visits be a bazooka means we visit here. Bazoft, you visit Z bazooka means you visit and zebras open with a leather case s means they visit . It's a bazooka. Do produced air was the result. We have a broken it resolved zebras, Okun, Andi, bazooka. And so if you look at the endings you'll notice how they end in e s, t, t e n t e n and Ian. And they're the endings for all verbs in German in the present tense, let's do the same with the verb spielen. So spielen means to play Andi have conjugated spielen into the present tense view in German on the screen, pause the video, see if you can work out how to say the congregations in English and then press place, even though it right so Expedia means I play do shabbiest means you play air or Szish built means he or she plays via spielen Means we play ESPN. Yes, built means you play. Is it spielen means you play and Szish dealing with a lower case s means they play Expedia disposed Elvish built via spielen es built Is this spilling on dish 1,000,000,000 So you can see the endings again E s t t e n t e n and Ian for i you he and she we you you And they know they're the congregations off verbs in the present tense in German. 48. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5e: Now let's have a go at doing it the other way around. And so I've put the verb fish stay in, which means to understand in English in the present tense on the screen pause the video If you can work out how to say it in German and then press play Steve, you got it right. So I understand is ik fish stare? So you take the e n off the end of your stay in and you put an e for I think first air when you put an S t for you do for staged Then you put a t for he and she a rosy for state means he or she understands For we understand you put e n on the end via fish Stay in for you understand? For the e f orm you put a t on the end yeffet ST for you understand? In the Z form you put e n on the end Z for Stan and then they form is the same. They understand Z for Stan. It first air Do fish taste lz for state via for Stan? Yes, estate is he for staying on the for Stan studio on means to study. So I put the VEB study on in English in the present tense. See if you can pull the video, work out hard, say in German and then press plates. Did you got it? Right? So I study is each to DEA. You study do study est, he or she studies air or the studio we study v s true. Dion used to be yesterday. Yet you study in the Z phone is Easter Dion and based a T disease to Dion. And so you've got the same endings. E s t t e n T e N e N extra DEA do study est air the study it yesterday on yesterday it the studio on and Z study on the web Bligh been means to stay. So pause the video conjugated verb Liben into the present tense in German. And then press played Stevie. Great. Right. So I stay is Klaiber. You stay do bribes. He or she stays. Air was e biped. We stay via Bligh. Been You stay. You have liked. You stay in the Z form Zieba Liben and they stay. We live in 49. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5f: the vat. Pillon means to listen in German, Helen. So pause the video. See if you can work out how to conjugate the verb Ireland into the present tense in German and then press plate and see if you got it right. So I listen here. You listen. Do host he or she listens Air or the hurt We listen via Helen. You listen in the er form. Hear, Hear You listen in the Z form is he Helen? And they listen z Helen Karen do house as he held via Helen here. Heldt is here on the ground. They're ends again in e s t t e N t e n Here now finned in means to find this one is a little bit trickier because for the u the do form on the he and she forms and also the ear form because the very ends in a d. If you were to just add a tea or an S t on the end, then you would have a funny sound. Finned is there instead, just like with the web, are beytin you add an e t or an E S t instead of having a t Orrin esty to this is for all verbs that end in a d e n. You do the same as when they end in a t e n c at E s t whereas nobody would add an S t and you add an e t Whereas Norman, you would add just a team and so see if you compose the video, work out how to congregate finned in into the present tense and German then press paid Stevie got right. So I find if Inder you find do kindest says the e s t defend ist rather convinced he or she finds air or the defend it air always defended to say at the e t here rather just a t because you would get something like fended. It's hot, quite hard to say so instead they put in e t. So you get offended. We find the offending you find in the EEA foam he offend it say Adam E. T again rather just a t you find the defendant and they find a defendant and then we have the web Kalfin Kalfin means to buy Kalfin. So pause the video work out how to put Kalfin into the present tense in German and then press played. See if you got it right. So I buy Is Ik Alfa you by Duke oust he or she buys air or z coughed? Do you buy? You coughed you by Is he Kalfin and they buy? Is he Kalfin? 50. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5g: she women sh women means to swim. And so it pause the video to see if you can congregate the verb sh women into the present tense in German and then first played See the great right? So you remove the e n and then you add the e s, t t e n t Ian and Ian and you get I swim, which is Schwimmer. You swim do shims. He or she swims air or the shrimp. We swim via Schmemann. You swim e a shrimp. You swim in the sea, form this woman Andi, they swim. Is this women extreme? Do shrimps as the shrimp, The ash Women? Yes, wimped Is this women and is each women? Now? The next Web S and Essen is quite a an irregular verb. And that's because the do on the air and Z forms off this verb our east I S S t. And so they don't follow the normal rule. So other than the duel on the air and deforms, the rest of the forms are quite regular. And so pause the video to see if I can work out how to say this verb Essene, which means to eat in the present tense. Then pris place. See if you got it right. So I eat Esa You eat due east. He or she eats air or the east We eat via Essen. You eat? Yes. You eat with Z is he s in and they eat is the essence. And so the air NZ on the do form are irregular And they're both east to east L A. The east then tank in means to drink. So pause. The video workout had to say Tink in in the present tense in German And then press played to see if you got it right. So I drink a thinker. You drink, do thanks to he or she drinks air. Was he tanked? We drink via Tink in you drink. He had linked you drink Is it thinking? And they drink? Is the tank in a tanker do? Thanks. As he tanked via tanking here tanked the tank NZ Tankan. So that's the present tense in German. You, Adam E S, T T E N T e n and Ian 51. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5h: So you've seen how to form the present tense. Now you take off the last two letters and then you add e s t t e n t e n and e n If they just ends in an end, however you remove just the end And don't forget that with verbs that end in t e n like our beytin or d e n like finned in you add an e s d rather just s t and an e t rather just a t andi. Finally, the Web Essene, which means to eat, was irregular for the do and the air and sea forms you had due east and air on the east. Now let me give you a few new words yet in tog. Yet in tag means every day Jaden tog every day oft oft means often my stones, my stones means usually in German my stones literate means mostly flu flu means early fruit . Suzanne in Zaman means together Suzanne in and there Zehr means very so. Yet in tag off, my sins flew to examine and there. So how would you say in German? She eats here every day is the east Yet in time here. The east yet in tag here And so in English, we say she eats here every day in German. You have say she eats every day here because the time manner, place rule. So is the east yet and tag here? How would you say we traveled to Germany often? And the verb to travel is ah, highs in via Heise and off naff deutschland via Heise, an oft nach deutschland. So again, the time which is often has to come first. So we travel often to Germany, the eyes and off Snack Deutschland. How would you say? Usually they go early. And so because you put the word usually at the start, the next two words have to switch around on the web. To go is gain my stones, Ganzi food, my stones, Gandhi food. You travel early tomorrow. Using the Z phone off you is the highs, and Morgan food is the highs and Morgan fruit. And so Morgan food is just a set phrase Morgan flew means tomorrow morning or early tomorrow. And so in English. You guys say early tomorrow or tomorrow morning in gym, and you always say, Morgan flu, how would you say he chooses everything on the web to choose. Is Valin event? Others event Alice. Usually I wait here. My stones vita a here. My sins Varty here. 52. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5i: How would you say in German using the do form of you, you do everything. Usually do maxed. Alice, my stones do maxed, Alice, my stones. So don't forget that Use do when you're speaking to one person whom you know quite well you can use here when you're speaking to more than one person that you know quite well. So a group of people, or even just two people. But you have to know them both quite well. But then you can use Z when you are speaking to one person or two people on Do you don't know them very well or a group of people. And so I always use Z with a capital s just in case because do is the friendly form and the ear is a friendly form. Whereas Z is a bit more polite a bit and it's a bit more formal. How would you say in German we work together. V a r beytin zaman v a r beytin Zaman. I write every day ex Skiba yet in tag. Excuse I, but you didn't tag. If you were to say every day I write with an injury would say yet and tag Skiba e that they have to switch around the next two words. When you start a sentence without the VIP so yet and tired should I ve How would you say they visit? Building together very often on to visit is broken zebras Okun bell in their oft to zaman. Zebras open bell in their oft zaman. And so these their oft is the time on the Zaman is the manner and so in in English can say they visit Berlin together very often. Whereas in Germany would say they visit Berlin very often together. The bazaar from bell in their off to examine. How would you say I eat too much every day? It s a yet in types to feel it s a yet in tax To feel so again Every day is the time and to too much is the manner and say it's for the time. First essay, yet in tired. I eat every day, Sophia. Too much. How would you say he swims with Paul very often. On the web to swim is Sherman s shrimp. There often it power a shrimp. They're off to MIT. Pound 53. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5j: the present tense names and other now arms. Just like with the other tenses. You comport names and mounds with the present tense, too. All you do is change the air or Z versions of the present tends to a name or a noun. For example. Ashman means he swims Andi. The shrimp means she swims. We could say Powell shipped, meaning Paul swims or marry ashamed, meaning Maria swims or even their hoon shrimp. The dog swims So you just change the air or the Z toe, Any name or any known and so the very will always end in the letter T. So air shrimp, Szish, Wind power, shrimp marry ashamed don shrimp. So how would you say in German? Paul visits Berlin often power preserved off Bellion Power Bazoft off Bellen or Maria eats here every day. Maria is yet in tired here. Maria East. Yet in tag here How would you say the dog swims? There? Won't. Shrimp? They're whom Shrimp? Usually Maria travels with me. My stones. Ah, Heist! Marium it. Mia, My stones! Ba highest Maria met Mia Paul comes early tomorrow. Powered comped. Morgan flu power Come to Morgan Flew to remember that Morgan flew means early tomorrow or tomorrow morning. So, Morgan flu, Everything comes tomorrow. Alice comped. Morgan. Alice comped, Morgan. And so Alice is used instead of air Ozy. And so the variable enmity so comped. Alice comped. Morgan, everything comes tomorrow. 54. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5k: How would you say in German? Paul swims every day. Power shrimp Thiessen Talk Powell shrimp yet and talk. How would say Maria tries. Everything usually is. There usually is the time, and everything is the manner. So in Germany you have to say Maria tries usually everything. Maria Pope. Yet my stones. Alice Maria Pope. Yet my stones, Alice. Or how would you say everything is going well on the Web? To go is again. Alice Gate Koot, Alice Gate. Good. So Boots means good or well or fine. Analys. Gate Court is a good phrase to learn, because if somebody says to you, How are you or how are things in German? You can say Alice, get court means everything is going well in a question. You can also ask this just by raising your voice at me, and you could save someone at his gate wort. And that means Is everything going well? Alice, get cold. How would you say in German? Paul dances every day on the verb to dance in German? Is Thompson power tensed yet in tag power tensed. You didn't tag 55. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5l: the present tense double meaning in English. There are two ways to talk about the present 10th for example, You can either say I eat or I'm eating in English. One way uses I'm ing and near the way doesn't In German However, there is only one way It s a There is no way to say ing in German on this means that when you want to say things such as I am speaking or I am eating you don't have to say I am. You just say I speak or I eat. And so you just say ex player or Essar. So see if you can work out the two meanings off each of the following phrases in German. So, E Schwimmer What would be the two ways to say X Rimmer in English? I am swimming Oh, I swim, Ekspor Ender, I am finishing or I finish Ik Alfa ik alfa I am buying well, I buy e Zynga ik Zynga I am singing or I think e r biter ik Abita I am working or I work Ekpo bia e phobia. I'm trying. Oh, I try ik endeavor. And, uh, I am changing or I change each breaker. I am speaking or I speak. Kara, you hear her? I am listening. Oh, I listen, Vella Bela. I am choosing or I choose. And so you've always got two ways in English to use the present tense raise in Germany. Then you got the one way. And so whether you want to say I am choosing or I choose in gym and you can only say Veda 56. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5m: This is the same for any person in the present tense. You can translate it into two ways in English one way with thing on day, one way without being. For example, Let's look at the two translations in English off the present tense conjugation of the verb Essen in German. So it s, er essa means I eat while I'm eating due east due east can mean either you eat or your eating air east or the east could mean Either he or she eats or he or she is eating via Essen via Essen. You mean we eat or were eating? Here s Yeah, est can mean Either you eat or your eating is he s in Zs and means either you eat or your eating and Zs and with a leather case s could mean Either they eat or they're eating. Even with names announced. Their two meanings so power least can mean poor eats. Or Paul is eating Maria. East can mean either Maria eats or Maria is eating Dare hoond east. The dog eats while the dog is eating. So what would be the two ways to translate into English This sentence that suk comped Det. SUPT. Comment on the word souk means train. The train comes or the train is coming. What would be the two ways to say Power East Powell East Paul Eats or Paul is eating. Do maxed, Alice. Do maxed, Alice, You do everything or you're doing everything. Maria are Bite it here, Maria are bite it here. Maria works here. Maria is working here. The Horizon Knock 1,000,000,000 via Heise. Unmarked 1,000,000,000. We traveled to Berlin or were traveling to Berlin. Zebras open Maria in Deutschland Zebras. Okemah here in Deutschland. They visit Maria in Germany. Oh, they're visiting Maria in Germany. 57. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5n: what will be the two ways to say in English? The story on the study on they study or vast Erding Is he blacked here? Is he liked here? She stays here or she's staying here. So again, you can tell that the Z here means she because the verb ends in a T. If it ended in an e n, then it could mean they or you. So actually, the last sentence which we had was his Easter Dion and I said it could mean either basically or they're studying. But it could also mean you study for your studying if you're if you're using Z as the former way off you. So when Z is followed by over that ends in T, it means she, like Deb, liked. She stays or she's staying. If it is followed by a bear that ends in e N, then it could be they or you will be the two ways toe translate Offended Alice offended Aliceville and she hike means difficult. He finds everything difficult or he's finding everything difficult. Vish packing deutsche via sprechen Deutsch We speak German or were speaking German Z Pope. Yet Alice Z Sobiech Alice. She tries everything or she's trying everything. And so we can tell It means she because Pope yet and isn't a t. If I had said instead however, Zippo billon Alice What? That would either mean They try everything or you try everything because the very ends in an e n. So here, Zippo, Beit Alice, the very end in the letter t. And so it must mean she And that's the same for he as well. So air Pope yet Alice on with any name or any noun so power pop yet Alice Marie appropriate . Alice the rebel always end in letter t. 58. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5o: the present tense Negative to make the present 10th negative. All you have to do is put Nique after the verb. They're nicked means not. For example, it s a neat means. I don't eat or I'm not eating literally. It means I eat not do ist nicht means you don't eat or you're not heating air or sea ist nicht. He doesn't eat or he isn't eating or she doesn't eat. And she isn't eating literally he or she eats not via s, And meat means we don't eat or were not. Eating us to meet means you don't eat or you're not eating the s and meek. You don't eat all your not eating again. And the S and me, they don't eat or they're not eating. You can even do it with names. Powell East neat means Paul doesn't eat or Paul isn't eating. Maria is meat. Maria doesn't eat or Maria isn't eating. So all you have to do is Port Nique after the verb to make it negative. Andi, In English, it can mean two things. Either I don't eat or I'm not eating. So how would you say in German? I don't eat too much. It has a need to feel it as the next to feel. And that could mean I don't eat too much or I'm not eating too much. And so it has two different meanings. How would you say he doesn't work here? A bite it next year are blighted, nicked here. And that could mean he doesn't work here or he isn't working here literally. It means he works, not here. And so the negative present tense in German can be translated in two ways. In English, one way, with a don't or doesn't and one way with the thing on the end. So we're not eating or not drinking exactly. In German, however, you always just put the word Nique after the verb to make it negative. 59. German Verbs 1 Lesson 5p: How would you say in German? They aren't visiting Germany this year on the word for this year in German is De Jesus. Yeah, de Jesus. Yeah. And also, just be aware that you've got a time phrase this year. Onda a place Germany. So don't forget the time, man. A place zebras, Okun nicht thesis yard Toseland. Is it broken? Nicked thesis yard deutschland? Or how do you say you aren't doing that? Using the do form off? You do maxed nicht us. Do maxed, Nick Death. How would you say Paul isn't coming tomorrow? Power comes next. Morgan Powell. Nick Morgan. She isn't working here. Tomorrow the are bite. It nicked Morgan here. The are righted Nick Morgan here, the important Morgan in front of here. Because Morgan is a time phrase. And here is a place of yours at ST Time. Manat place. So she isn't working tomorrow. Here. Is that really what you'll say? Is he I invited Nicked Morgan here. How would you say we don't swim very often via Sherman needs their oft via Schmemann nicked soft. So literally we swim not very often. The excrement needs that often. And how would you say I don't visit building very often. And so very often is a time freeze on Berlin is the place. If brazuca nichts their oft Bellion, it was organic soft building So literally I don't visit very often building. So you put very often. First on Berlin Second Bazooka, Nick Soft Balin. 60. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6a: Let's have a recap off all the words and phrases and all the verbs that we've learned in this course. How would you say in German? I would like it Meta I will. Havana, Can I can you? Here, Here, there. Dordt! That death everything. Alice. Tomorrow, Morgan, you can, man, can you can't man can me In Berlin, in Bellion to Germany Nath Toys Land Soon belt next week next to Boca next year. Next to see our with Meet with me Mitt Mia. Well, goot yesterday Guess Dan this morning. Quitter. Morgan last week. Let's do vodka. Last year, Let's this year too much to feel already shown every day yet And tog often oft, usually my stones Early flu together Zaman very, is there. 61. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6b: Now let's recap all the verbs that we've learned in this course. So how would you say in German to eat s and to arrive uncommon to play Spielen to visit Brazil often to travel highs in to work our beytin to speak shipwreck in to read Lezin to right Cai Binh to listen Helen tohave ha been to understand Fished in to dance Thompson to swim Schmemann To do or to make Macken to go out our skin To buy Kalfin to try poor beyond To find Finton To study studio on to stay Bleiberg to finish but end in to stop and Franken to sing Zinkhan to travel highs in to be design to wait Barton to go again to choose Valin to change in damn to love even toe ask wagon to say or to tell is argon to look for Xueqin to sit down Gazette's, um to come coming and to drink I think in 62. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6c: How would you say in German? I'm going to go out early tomorrow. It Vanda Morgan flew out. Skin it. Nevada Morgan flew out. Scan salutary. It means I will tomorrow morning. Go out. Can I start later? Kandic Beta Unfunded can ish beta unfunded. I would like to stay here today and to say today in Germany. Say Wiktor Waiter, We connect a waiter. He have Liben. We connect a waiter he have live in. We're going to be in Germany soon via bad involved in Deutschland Zain v Abedin Belt in Deutschland Zain Can I go out? Can it out? Skin can it out Skin. He isn't going to be there. Every ethnic door sign every it nicked, taught sign. She is going to stay here with pool Is the Viet Minh Powell he obliged in Is the Viet Minh Powell he of live in? I have already eaten it. Harper shown Gessen a harbor. Sean, go get. They have found everything. Is he having Alice co funding? Is he having Alice co funding? We haven't visited. Stood guard We're having next Got preserved there. Have a neck. Stood guard preserved. They finished everything. Is he having Alice bend? It is the Harbin Alice ended 63. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6d: How would you say in German? I'm staying here if you fly over here. A Kleiber here. I'm not staying here. We live in it here. Bleiberg next year we're eating here together tomorrow V s and Morgan to examine here. The S and Morgan was I'm in here. I am studying German with Maria on The word for German is Deutsch Deutsch Hdr Deutsche Mitt Maria each to the are Deutsche. Meet Maria. They're not going to listen. Is he bad? Nicked Helen is he hadn't nicked Helen. You're going to have everything. Zivadin. Alice Harbin is even Alice Harbin. Can I speak with pool? Can we commit powers? Play him. Can we commit powers? Platkin. We found Maria via Harbin, Morocco. Funding via Harbin. My ago funding. He's tried everything. They had Alice probe yet. Air had Alice probe yet. I visit Germany very often. Brazuca their oft Iceland bazookas. Thereafter, Iceland 64. German Verbs 1 Lesson 6e: How would you say in German? We don't eat here very often via s and nicked that off here. He s next off here. I would like to travel to Jimmy next year. It marked in ecstasy are knocked Iceland highs in it Met the next is er enoughto slam horizon. Next year I'm going to travel. Two billion Next issue are very ik knock patronizing Next issue are very economic villainizing. You're going to eat everything using the form off you. It's even Alice s in. Zivadin Alice s in. I found that yesterday. It Harvard ask extend funding it harbored Ask est and De Funding. He found that this morning it had That's Waiter Morgan got funding. It had dusk. Quite a Morgan go funding. The film is going to start on and the film in German is definite. Their feelings yet unfunded. Dare filling yet unfunded. He's coming tomorrow Eircom! Morgan Air. Come to Morgan. I hear everything. And in German Herman, we learned means Listen, big nose. I mean to hear. So I hear everything. It care for Alice. You hear her? Alice 65. The Happy Linguist: If you would like some hints and tips on how to make the most out of these courses on how to accelerate your language learning, you can read through my articles on my blawg called The Happy Linguist. I have written almost 400 articles on their full of ideas to keep learning a language fresh and exciting, and I'm constantly updating it with new articles. For example, you can listen to some foreign language songs that I have translated into English. For you, this is always a great way of learning new vocabulary. You can find lots of foreign language films and books that I recommend, or you can find extra language and grammar points that reinforce the content you've been learning in my three minute languages courses. So if you want to read all my articles for free, just head to my blawg at www 0.3 minute dot club forward slash bloke. As well as being able to read hundreds of articles on my block, you can sign up to my mailing list. Andi. You'll get a message sent straight to your inbox to let you know whenever I publish new articles or publish new courses so w w w 0.3 minute dot club forward slash blawg is where you can find the happy linguist. I hope you enjoy unhappy learning.