Generating and Working with Major Scales | Andrew Booth | Skillshare

Generating and Working with Major Scales

Andrew Booth

Generating and Working with Major Scales

Andrew Booth

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12 Lessons (32m)
    • 1. Creating Major Scales Intro

    • 2. Using and Working with the Keyboard

    • 3. Using Intervals to Generate a Major Scale

    • 4. Major Scale Generating Exercise Introduction

    • 5. Major Scale Generating Exercise Walk Through A Major

    • 6. Major Scale Generating Exercise Walk Through Db Major

    • 7. Major Scale Walk Through Exercise Summary

    • 8. Identifying Major Scales from Random Notes Walkthrough

    • 9. Identifying Major Scales from Random Notes Exercise

    • 10. What You Have Learnt

    • 11. Index of Terms

    • 12. Final Thoughts on Method and Music

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About This Class

You will understand how one of the fundamental aspects of music works - the major scale, and have the understanding and practice to create these building blocks and manipulate them in your chosen area as you see fit?  This is not a video about production, or how to produce a particular style; This isn’t necessarily about playing an instrument either? Nor is this video going to teach you how to ‘read’ music?  Although there will be frequent exercises throughout the course that are practical in nature - There are also tasks that don’t require an instrument!

Meet Your Teacher

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Andrew Booth


I have been involved in music for nearly twenty five years. I have pursued interests in live performance, concert organisation, recording, mixing, production, label management, and directing. My ability to conceptualise clearly and communicate concisely both musically and socially, allow me to work alone, or in concert with others very effectively. I have worked on recording and live music projects with Kenwyn House (Reef) Mitch Glover (Kosheen) and Gary Shaw (Sherman Robertson + Jimmy Witherspoon) and Jim Shaw and Ben Baxter (Cranes)

I have been playing live and recording for the past twenty three years. I have playing experience with lots of different styles of music - rock, pop, folk, country, musical theatre, r+b, prog, metal, disco, punk, world, acoustic, blues, reggae, jaz... See full profile

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1. Creating Major Scales Intro: I woke. Music theory is an intimidating subject, but really shouldn't. This course will appeal to buy the person with the casual interest in music theory he wants to expand the night. It would also provide an approach for those who want to pursue their ends in music writing , composing. Maybe you're a producer. You can put a beat again, but you don't know how to draw a cool progression that form the basis of assault. This course will give you a framework, controls it to begin or continue your journey to better understand how music works. The intimidation felt regarding music theory stems largely from our own self down the feeling that this subject is insurmountable. Yet you also know in your heart you need to understand Khaled these musical elements interact with so that you could become the best musician, composer or director. You can, however, take although these courses not just for people who are already musicians. If you do already play you but many students on me every day, then you already know how to do this. You just don't know how to describe what it is you're doing. Technically, you're halfway there already. This sounds like you then compare arable position would be having an extremely basic grasp of a foreign language You can get by. You can find ways around knowing the actual words you would probably civil. Is that what you want in your music just to get by just to survive? Or you could learn all about language of music, become fluent in you wouldn't be surviving and you would be flourishing. In fact, biggest obstacle you will find on your journey through this music parents is yourself direct mental blocks where you have already convinced yourself that you cannot do this. Then, unsurprisingly, you will. You need to open yourself to the experience and embrace it. The onus is on the teacher to make sure the lessons of fun and engaging, of course, but always remember your part of the deal in the suit teacher relationship and you will succeed. This is no a video about production or how to produce a particular star. This isn't necessarily about playing an instrument either, nor is this video going to teach you how to read music. Rather, you will understand how it works and have the building blocks to manipulate you see fit well there. There will be frequent exercises throughout the course that are practical in nature. There were also tasks that don't requiring it. The important thing here is to help you understand almost thing to achieve this through the use of different learning styles. Visual kinesthetic where appropriate verbal and our this should help you is a learning process. The concepts in the most appropriate setting for you at your own pace. My background is in post 16 education. I've been electro music for 20 years. I hold a certificate in education and have a B A owners and music. I've worked many different institutions, of which summer recognized as among the best in the country. I have. So I level and I love music technology with various cinemas. Level two, rock school B Tech and University Arts, London, as well as level three beating first year. I also teach Coach Andy Level Formed five, which were equivalent to the 1st 2 years of a BSC, will be 2. Using and Working with the Keyboard: notes on the piano, run from left to right and go from low to high. There were 12 individuals, but our musical pinched as a particular frequency. For example, a is regarded generally is for in Western music, which is everything from Apatow's Up. We use notes, mostly in groups of seven easy cooled scale. They're coming to predominant flavors, major a more Let's deal with Major. First, you've probably heard a major scale being used. If you have ever heard church bells ring, we're washing machine finishes its program or there is an announcement at a train station. These all involved notes from the major scope in a major scale. The notes are always the same. Distance apart, they create a tune that many people will be familiar. These are don't right, no done. So you can start from any note on the piano and actually made from left to right. We can recreate the door Amy or major scale sound. The scale of C major is handy. It is the only major scour that you can play using a white nose. Now we will play a major scale, starting from C and ending on the next see along you will have noticed that the C scale includes the notes, see okay being and ends with another. See, you may also have noticed that between the notes you see, there are no black. This is why you can play only one major scale. We're using All B two c eat. Illustrate what's called a semi type. Any other major scale requires you to add one or more black notes to keep scale with the door Amy Element consisting we could describe the distance between any two notes as an intern. The purpose of a major scale. This is either a ton, just one semi tones could be easy to remember. Think of the theme tune to the movie tours that's a semi. 3. Using Intervals to Generate a Major Scale : so we can describe the distance between the notes of a major scale as a Siris of intervals . These are turn, turn, semi's are turn, turn, turn cemetery. As long as the distance between the notes has maintained, that scale you generate would be a major scale dependent on which note you start on. Your chosen major scale will include a number of black nose. Next, we will look at all 12 notes in music now just a. There are 12 months in the year there were 12 different notes has mentioned above. There are their full 12 different major scales because you can start from any one of those 12 notes on As long as you preserve the correct intervals, you can create the door amy major scale sound. The notes, written above the Black Keys are called accidental. Accidental Could need to be flat or sharp. Accidental is have two different names for the same note. Now this kind of pay confusing, although you refer to them as one or the other, depending on which gale you're using at the time. Generally speaking, if you were talking about a flat scale, so say B flat major or E flat major, then you would refer to any other accidental within that scale. Also has a flat. Always use either sharps or flats, never a combination of the two. Now, to find your major scale, simply apply the interval system method to the note rope. But we've already got about in this example. We're going to continue using C. So from C Weaver tone today from Day Movietone Teoh from a move a semi tone to F from F Movietone to G G Movietone toe a on from a every time to be, Then use your final semi tone from B back to see. So this next exercise will allow you to have some practice going through the process. We just went through to develop your skills and being able to draw out a major scale from our row of notes in music. Remember, it's a really simple process. All you need to do is remember you 12 notes of music and remember the interval system on. Then the interval system pulls out the scowl you want from your row of 12 notes 4. Major Scale Generating Exercise Introduction: Okay, Welcome. So in this section, I'm gonna walk you through another two examples off generating major scales In the last example we just used to see, which only uses white nose I've often found with my students at college. It's a really good idea. Thio Thio Give them a little lead through on a scale that uses shop was accidental on a scale that uses flats as accidental. Now there's some terminology here that we haven't discussed yet. Scale degrees. This is just the number of the note because they come out in the scale. Okay, so a being is a major. So a is the first degree, then will slowly pull out these other degrees. As we move along, you'll notice that the tone row here off colored the white notes, if you like on the piano as bold and in between we've got the accidental in both versions of the way you can spell them. So a sharp B flat C sharp d flat d sharp e flat. Now they're one note. Remember, they're just two different ways expressing that one note depending on what scale you are using at the time. So we've got a so we know where we're going to start on the tone row. So this is we start here a now as we go along. It's really good all day tohave your your tone road written out and also your semi tones and tones in order so that you can just show you're working as you're going along. And plus, if you get distracted, as we all do sometimes, then you and you've marked where you are, then you can easily come back to it and just continue from where you left off. 5. Major Scale Generating Exercise Walk Through A Major: So let's start with a major. We've got our A We're going across a tone off and we're gonna move a tone, right? So we know that a tone is two notes along So on our little tone row, that's one to a case. So we're gonna put B in the second degree. B is the second degree oven a major school. Okay, so let's move to our next stone on we've got So we're going to move from B to C sharp this time. As I said earlier where we are, in fact, using sharps to express our accidental in the scale of a major. Now, we approach offer semi tone. So we're gonna move from C sharp what we currently are, and that's just one note along. So we're gonna move from C sharp to D. It's not forget to mark off where we are. Okay, so we've got four notes so far. A B C sharp d. Now we're gonna move on to our third tone to a cross that off now a tone from D two notes alongs We're gonna miss d sharpening flat on. We're going to go to E Tate and then we're gonna move another tone from a over toe. F Sharps were missed the F and go to B f sharp. There's another tone here. So from F sharp gonna move to G shot, okay. And that then brings us to our phone. That brings us to our final semi tone. And this is another way you can use to find out if you've completed the task correctly is your final semi tone should bring you back to where you started. So a semi tone from G sharp you fall off the end here and come back to the beginning is a Okay, So you can you can use your phone or semi tone to know that you've certainly done and performed the task in the correct way. Okay, because you've got back to a star. 6. Major Scale Generating Exercise Walk Through Db Major: Now, let's have a little look a D flat, mate. So we've got D Flat is going to be our first note. So we're starting Mawr in the middle here. Okay, so we're going to start with a black note d flat. So do flat, and we're gonna move a tone, so let's cross that off. So a tone from D Flat means we miss d and go to E flat. Look, we're going to be using flats in this key, as we've already to find. It is D flat, so we've got to continue using the same accidental. Okay, so we've crossed off our first tone and then e flat, we're gonna move e flat, gonna miss a and go to air flutes a tone toe, Okay. And then good. And in our first semi tone in the scale. So from F two next note along G flat. Okay, let's cross that off on. Got another tone from G flat this time. Just off to miss G and goes a flat. And then we will. Another tone is cross that off. So from a flat, we're gonna fall off the end, come back to the beginning. We're going to Miss A. And we're going to go to B flat because that's a tone. So B flat a flat, miss a go to b flat. And then our final tone from B flat will bring us to see and check my tone off. Don't forget to check them off, and then your foreign or semi tone, we'll bring you back to C to D for that. Okay, so you know, again, you've done it correctly. 7. Major Scale Walk Through Exercise Summary: now, Um, this is perhaps a good point to say. If you've misspell any of these, you can kind of tell. So by that, I mean, if you've used the wrong accidental, you've missed a no. Then it it will become obvious somewhat because see if I can use this Azan example here. So if we go from D Flat where we started on and then we call our notes so we move a tone, we're gonna move of a time from deflect lot. We did write the beginning deflect, but we're gonna misspell it. Okay, so we're not going to call the E flat. We're going to call it. Okay, So first error there is the fact that we've we've mixed up are accidental. So we've got flats, but we've accidentally had to do sharpen their okay. That's your first clue to the fact that it is wrong. Secondly, we've now got two days now. The problem with that is you need to really represent each note of the Alfa. Now, one of the reasons for this is if you happen to be a music reader on your reading, some music from a piece of state from some sheet music, then you're what you've done here is added in unnecessary pain for yourself because it's hard enough to read music. It is a great skill, and you don't want to make it any harder than it already is. And if you're adding in accidental and notes, this essentially de lives on the same lawn on the stage. So I'm essentially using two days and then I've completely missed any. There's no it'll on. I go straight to F. That looks odd and it's hard to read on the state. So don't upset your music Reading musicians by misspelling your scales hope it never happens to you. So you've got to be really careful just to represent each note of the alphabet, Aunt, to make sure that you always use either flats or sharps, and then you should be fun. So hopefully this has been useful and you can now crack on with the other non tasks and and then submit. And I can be really proud of you that you've done it all correctly and you've got all 12 scales under about well done 8. Identifying Major Scales from Random Notes Walkthrough : Now that you've completed that task, you're really making big strides towards better understanding the basis of our musical system. Now that is the traditional way to prescribe learning, performing the same task in many times, and this is fine. Another way to digest this is to look in a different way. In the real world. You might need to know what scale a song uses because your base blow and you're learning about Salon. You would want to know what other notes were available to you so that when you're playing with your new baseline, you can add some variation in the notes without playing the role ones. Maybe you're a singer, and in the same situation is the bass player. It's useful to be able to embellish songs this way as it can often help you stamp your own identity on track. Maybe you're a jazz musician, a new study in the chop for a gig and thinking about what scales are available to you to improvise with to help you get some experience of doing this, we will endeavour toe, have some practice with another exercise to start. I will reveal a single note. Now this note could be any of the 12 notes that we use in music. I want you to begin to narrow down which scales you think this note belongs to. Now. Depending on what you see, you can eliminate certain scales that don't contain that out straight away. For example, if you see in a sharp, then you can effectively ruling out a major A major D major G major C major f major B flat , major e flat major a flat major deflect major, a G flat major, which is every other scale because they shop in particular, only appears in B major, whereas if we start with a note, see shop, then that cannot be narrowed down very much unless we have more notes to help us do our detective work. C Sharp appears in the scales d major, a major e major and be major. So if I then reveal to you a g sharp, then we can narrow that down further because there is no G sharp in D major, which just leaves us with a major e major and be major. If I then revealed the rest of the notes as f sharp, I Bay Day and a. Then we can see that the scale that this matches with this a major, it is really useful to be able to start to think about possible scale relations. When notes appear to you out of a piece of music, you see a C shop, you start thinking about D or a or E major. You learn to home them very quickly. 9. Identifying Major Scales from Random Notes Exercise : have a look at these notes as they reveal you compose a video to give yourself time to work on it. It also helps if you have a printed version of the scales from the last exercise to work with exercise one. I, uh, okay. Day. Okay. See, G uh, and f shop exercise too. See, G uh, de beef. Let e flat a flat exercise three if shop, uh, be I, uh okay. See shop, G shop and d shop. If you can identify a g sharp in a song, but you cannot identify any other accidental, then you must assume, at the very least, that you were working from the scale where G sharp appears. This could be a major e major the major. Even though there may not be an f sharp in a c sharp to confirm your hypothesis, the fact that there is a g sharp precludes a scale from being C major, g major or D major. Remember as well that any song you are analyzing may change scale from moment to moment. Never assume that the scowl will remain the same. Always. If you previously have established disco elsewhere in the song, then use that as a jumping off point to help you identify the next scale along. If you are using the scale of a major, for example, then look to this girls that have a similar amount of the same accidental. Using a major is an example. Both E Major and D Major have one MAWR on one less accidental, respectively, always worth looking here first. 10. What You Have Learnt : Hello. So I want you to just, uh, find the leaders wrap up with a summary in a plenary. Always found this is useful with the students at college to have a have a little summarize of what we've done in the lesson and hopefully what you've learned. So this begins with now you can identify all 12 notes that we use in music. Okay. Might not sound like a big thing, but this is a This is a huge step. You've got ah, basis there. You're now, you know a way you've met them all or 12 never going to change. Those are the ones were used in those ones were always going to use so really good that you start getting to know them. Secondly, you could now refer to accidental or black notes on the piano by both of their names so sharp and flat. Thirdly, you can recall the correct interval order to create a major scale from the 12 lot's. Okay, So you now know tone, tone, semi tone, tone, tone, tone, semi tone will create a major scale again. Massive movement forward, no even record in any understanding. Really. You just need to remember those, and they will always come through for you. Always get that major scare of sound with those intervals. And finally, you can create a major scale from any of the 12 notes of music now so you can apply that tone tone cemetery system, any of the notes, enough in music. I use any of the 12 notes in the tone road that we use, and you can create comfortably confidently creating major scale from any of those that's great. 11. Index of Terms: so I wanted to run her. An index here is well so that we could just quantum for and clarify some of the terms we've used over this video. So I referred to door systems earlier on in the video, and this is just just dance for digital audio workstation. So this is an electronic device or application software used for recording, editing and producing audio. Far so it could be logic. It could be able to fruity loops or any of those anything that takes you writing music on the computer. I've used the word pitch just to clarify this picture music. Each of a note means how high or low the note is. No, now, this might seem pedantic, but it's always worth discussing. These things cause, so interchangeable. Sometimes these terms, a music note is the minimum element of musical sound. When a string vibrates, it moves more molecules in the surrounding air. This molecule agitation occurs at the same frequency is the string vibration the human ear captures and processes of this vibration in the brain, attributing a different sound moment. Teach different vibration. Western music of used the term western music few times now, really just means very loosely music from Europe, North American tradition so predominantly using melodies and harmonies generated from, amongst others, major scales. Now that's that's just a term. Western music is the term to mean That doesn't always happen that way elsewhere in musical systems in the world. Predominantly, we have a system where we have scales, and they then, as you'll see in future videos, we can make cause out of these scales. And that presents us with a lot of harmony that is actually quite distinct from some other musical traditions in the world. So when we when we speak of Western music, we're speaking of stuff from your and North Americans or traditions. Major scale serve users turn many times. One of the most important of it is in Western Muse. This group of notes makes everything that we hear in music possible. The major scout forms the basis of most our music, a series of seven notes, these notes of varying distances apart, which we describe as tones moved to. We have been doing and semi tones, moving one no and intervals, of course, tone semi tone. A semi tone is an interval between two adjacent notes in the chromatic. Now all that means chromatic is all the notes one after another. Okay, so it's like the jewels interval all the way up the piano. Accidental finally is a musical symbol that indicates a modification of a pitch implicit in . That is also the fact that if you're flattening with an accidental, then you're lowering. And if you were sharply feel raising with a shop, you are heightening the picture of raising it one so many times. 12. Final Thoughts on Method and Music: now. Earlier on in the video, I referred to a major as being the first scale on where G. Sharp appears. Now. When I learned about music many years ago, I was privy to this system. So we usedto generate scales in order of how many accidental is they had. Okay, so G Major has one D Major has to a major three etcetera, and they get on now. This is in relation to this chart. He may have seen this before. This is called the Circle of Fifths, and it's based around the fact that you take a note, and then as you move clockwise round the circle, you're moving in degrees of five or fifths. That's what's called the Circle of Fifth. So, for example, c. D. E f g. Number five. Our move around one. Now The reason that it moves around in fifths is because it's generates a very similar key to the one previous, so they're very related. This is war. This is good, eventually to get to know this because it can denote relationships between key. So, for example, see Major there it's got G to its right enough to its left and out this. This is denote some similarity between them because G has one accident, a one shot F has one flat and CIA's none. So they between them they're very similar scales because of any go one note difference. So Aziz will come to learn in later videos. This is important for several reasons now, just a few phone or thoughts to mop up. So why we're using scales? Well, everyone uses scales if they know it or no, because they're the basic building books for everything else in music. But it's fundamental that you understand where these things come from, how you can use them to develop things like cords late, which we will be looking at in future videos. Um, and it's really fundamental. 12 different scales. These are the harmonic environments that songs live in. So any song we're at any one time could be using any one of those 12 scales. Sometimes the song left just one scale, perhaps, and it's a Nasri bone. Very simple only needs one scout, and so one the harmonic environment for its authority. Generally, though, in certainly in sort of Western pop, it is several scales on. Look, I said above It's just identifying when these things are happening. No, I didn't. After practice, I learned that the Salafist Looking Thing and that's no one's psyche. Your understanding, your something to Western standards. Times you just bring it. Today you can start to see other Pakistan practice using these guys to create money for something. I didn't think anything like that. I don't think they were kind of right. And if you got any chemical something, I have to say that I did everything I could.