Garden trees and how to care for them - the complete guide for beginners | Mark Shorter | Skillshare

Garden trees and how to care for them - the complete guide for beginners

Mark Shorter, DIY expert!

Garden trees and how to care for them - the complete guide for beginners

Mark Shorter, DIY expert!

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7 Lessons (28m)
    • 1. Introduction

    • 2. Part 1 - Bay tree

    • 3. Part 2 - Acer (Japanese maple)

    • 4. Part 3 - Flamingo willow

    • 5. Part 4 - Monkey puzzle tree

    • 6. Part 5 - Conifers

    • 7. Conclusion

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About This Class

There’s no denying that trees are magnificent additions to any garden. Whilst some plants give flowers or ground cover, trees provide the height and structure that really finish off a garden. I always think a garden without a tree is sort of like a living room without a sofa. Trees frame and finish off a garden.

But which tree do you choose?

In this course, I’m going to go through various easy-to-care-for tree species that you can grow in your own gardens without too much fuss. This guide is perfect for the complete beginner and I’ll be going through the characteristics of each tree, how to care for them, how to prune them and how to deal with any problems that might arise.

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Mark Shorter

DIY expert!


Hello, I’m Mark and I love DIY!

For the past 15 years, I have been developing houses,  and in that time I have become an expert in everything DIY. I started out as complete beginner and found out that with a little bit of time and patience, nothing is impossible. If you scroll down through my profile, you’ll find plenty of courses that cover topics not only in DIY, but also in baking and gardening encompassing all my passions.


If you click any of the links below, you will have full access to all my courses plus every other course on Skillshare completely free for two months.


Here are the courses I have at the moment:

All about British birds:

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1. Introduction: There's no denying the trees are a magnificent edition. 20 garden. Well, some plans give you flowers or grand cover trees, provide the height and struck to the really finish off a garden. I always think a garden without a tree. He sort of like a living room with that sofa trees frame and finish off a garden. But which tree do you choose in this course? I'm going to go through various easy, careful tree species that you can grow in your own garden without too much force. This God is perfect for the complete beginner on. I'll be going through the characteristics of each tree. How to care for them have to proven them on how to deal with any problems that might arise . 2. Part 1 - Bay tree: bank trees by trees are very popular evergreen. They're often grown in containers, but that can just as easily be growing straight in the ground as well as looking beautiful , especially when kept neatly flipped. That leaves can also be used for cooking throughout a fragrant flavor. The Lati name for bay trees is Lloris Nobelist, which tells us that they belong to the same family is laurels as a set, you can grow by trees, in containers or in the ground. They are a tree that really thrives in containers, especially if they're watered regularly on position in a shelter spot in the garden bank trees can grow. Either is a large bushy shrub or is a small tree, and they can reach a height of up to 23 feet. Either way, you should make sure you plan your bay tree in a well drained soul and in a shelter, Sunni or partly shaved his position. You'll also see bay trees commonly turned into topiary specimens, and they usually shaped into a pyramid or a ball. But you can also see very elaborate trained specimens. If you're going to use a container for you, Cherie, then a good tip is to our plenty of great to the compost, as this will help to improve the stability of the plant as well as the drainage of the soil . You should water them regularly, but not too much water, as this can cause root damage. During the spring and summer, bank trees will thrive from having fertilized added to the water every few weeks or so. As a tree grows, you want to consider reporting it to allow the roots to expand. I would say two or three years is a good frequency to report a battery and to do so in the spring. If you don't feel like you're tree has grown enough to warrant reporting, I would still recommend you change the compost. Over a few years, compost can break down, so you really want to replace it with fresh store. To replace the compost, lift the plant eight of the soil and tees off about 1/3 of the roots. Then throw away the old compost on. Add fresh stuff to the part, including plenty of great for drainage. Then place the plant back in the pot. You might need to scrape away the top layer of the compost if it is compacted and replace it with fresh compost to bay trees. A quite hardy plans and they were happily withstand low temperatures down to about minus five degrees Celsius. However, frost and cold winter winds can damage the foliage, so I always like to pretend plants with either fleece or burlap, or if you can take them into a green hose or a cool room in your house. You don't want to put them into a warm room in the winter as it may kill the plant. So if the temperature is so it gets below minus five Celsius, put the trees into a room where the temperature will stay below 10 degrees as well as the foliage. If you go, you're by training container. Be aware the roots are at risk of freezing through the post, so another thing that I like to do he's place bubble wrap around the outside of the part to protect the roots. Additionally, you can raise the pot off the ground by using some pop feet or just some breaks. It would let excess water drain away and stop frost from cracking the pot. If you grow in your bay tree in the ground, you might find that the new foliage gets damaged from the cold or the wind, but I wouldn't worry too much as this can simply be pruned. A. The following spring bay trees come in male and female versions. It's hard to sell agenda you have until the spring. Firstly, you will get a small greenish. Yellow flowers grow on the plant. On the female plans, flowers will turn into little blackberries, pruning dependent on how you decide to let your bay tree grow. You may or may not need to prove your bay tree. If you've trained the bay tree of the toe preplant, then you can trim it in the summer with secretaries to encourage a dense growth of leaves, proven any new shoots, then tow a boat in the direction of the desired growth. If you're leaving your bay tree just to grow the shrub, then you can likely trim it to keep it looking neat and tidy, just cook back to a lower leaf or a boot in the spring or summer. Additionally, in the spring, you can remove any leaf tips that were damaged by the winter weather as your bay tree matures, it will be able to tolerate a harder pruning. But just be aware that they are very slow to recover and regrow. So a good typist carrier too hard pruning over by the three year period, tackling a section of time in the light spring problems. If you spot any spots on the leaves of your bay tree, it is most probably an indication that the routes have been waterlogged. This can happen if you over water or is the weather Conditions are particularly wet? Usually is container grown plants that are prone to these, and you can tackle it by replacing the compost with fresh, well drained sore containing plenty of grit. As the leaves get older, they start to turn yellow, and they will naturally shed. However, if you have a particularly high number of yellow leaves, it could mean that there is some sort of nutrient deficiency. This tends to happen in container plans, and you're gonna help the plan by adding some first Lloyds or a few times a month. Alternatively, it could mean that the compasses waterlogged or it could even be due to cold weather damage if the winter is being particularly harsh. You might start to notice that your bay tree develops cracking or peeling bark, especially on the lower stems. The good news is that even though it might look alarming, it is rarely fatal and the plant will recover by the following summer. If the rest of plant is growing normally, then you don't need to do anything. But if the growth above the damaged area is dead, you should remove the dead parts back to healthier would if you could, the bark and you reveal a brand color. It means the area is dead. But if the wood is green, then it's health in alive underneath. 3. Part 2 - Acer (Japanese maple): Isis or Japanese maples, just like with bay trees, the Japanese maple or racer is, it's also known is an easy tree to grow in a container or in the ground. Either way, they usually prefer a sheltered, shady spot. Ice is a generally smaller, slow growing with beautiful, almost graceful foliage. They're a great choice even for the smallest garden. Japanese maple trees come in a huge variety of shapes, sizes and leaf color, depending on the species. Newly emerged leaves can be yellow, green or even pink. But then, in the autumn, the colors will normally changed toe, orange or red. They can grow to 26 feet in height, but they're very slow growing and take up to 50 years to get to that sort of size. If you're planting in a container, then pure compost with grits for drainage is fine. But if you're planting in the ground, you should prepare the sore world by adding plenty of organic matter or compost. First, the best time of year to plant a nicer is in the autumn or winter, so any time from October to march is fine. Make sure you plant them in this sheltered area, so that the plant doesn't get damaged by the wind. You can't plant in force on awful shade, but it does depend on the icy. How so? Always check the instructions. If you have red or purple leave trees, you should put them in an area that receives some sort so that their dark hues can fully develop. If you have a very gated leaf, meaning it has multiple callers on one leaf, you need partial shade so the sun doesn't scorch the foliage. Greenlee daters can tolerate Force one, but again they prefer dappled shade, since very bright song can scores the leaves when you plant the trees, keep in mind that they don't like their roots to be too deep, so plant them with no more than about an inch of soil over the main routes. In the first year, you should water the newly planted tree a lot to settle the sore and get it through the drawers. Summer in a container. You should keep this almost but not soaking wet in the spring and summer at a slow release , first riser or liquid feed. If you are growing your Japanese maple in the container, you should think about reporting every two or three years, his best to report mid spring or just before the autumn. So April in September, up her for months. For this, when you report, you should also trim the roots. To do this, place the plant on its side, remove the tree and it's a simple is getting sore or trimmers and putting about five centimeters off the bottom of the root ball and then three or four slivers down the side teas at the roots on the surface of the compost and then re pot with fresh compost. Put plenty of compass in Greece on the bottom of the new container so that the trees planted no deeper than he was before. Just like with any tree Caronia container, the roots of Japanese maples are vulnerable to frost over the winter. Therefore, you should wrap your containers with a sheet of bubble wrap, and you can hold it in place with some garden twine. As I said in the first year, you should regularly water your eyes A to help you establish in the ground twice a week is fine, but in containers when it's really hot once a day is probably necessary to stop the roots from drying out over the winter. You don't need to move your racer as they generally fully hardy. However, if you can lift the pot onto some pot feet or bricks, it will stop access water from freezing or damaging the path. Pruning the natural shape of a nature is very elegant, so they usually require very little pruning whether than removing anyone to die back at the end of the chutes. If young trees produce a strong vertical chute, you can prove this back to a soy branch in the light autumn, pruning his best dome when the plant is dormant so November and December are ideal mons. This is because Isis are prone to bleeding supper. If you prune it all the times of the year and this coming week in the tree, I personally wouldn't bother pretty much it. Although, as most gardeners said, that the most graceful shape come from a tree that has been allowed to develop naturally problems. If you plant them in the shade or in a shelter place, then Japanese maples are generally easy to grow. However, they can be prone to least scorch if they're in a windy or excessively sunny position. If you have purple leaved trees, the cooler Margaret Pale or the lease, my even turn green if they don't get enough sunlight, so just be aware of these. 4. Part 3 - Flamingo willow: Flamingo Willow, The Flamingo willow is actually known by quite a few different names. You'll hear dappled willow corona shiki, or is Latin name Silas Integra. However, I think the Flamingo willow is a noises and most up name for this tree. Throughout the spring and summer, the flamingo Willer has eye catching pink tips, more leaves that set against the backdrop of mottled green and white variegated foliage. This little trees, also very popular because of its small size, the Flamingo Willis days quite compact, and it will reach a maximum of 8 2.5 meters tall in 20 years. The flamingo Will it just get flowers? But they're not really the most striking feature of this tree. They produced little khaki in flowers similar to those of other willow trees. But it's the pretty leaves that are the biggest appeal of this tree. The flamingo with Al Aqsa moist but well drained soil in a sunny position for the best striking color. This will in these plenty of sunlight. It will tolerate some shade, but you won't get his vibrant colors before you plant the tree. Dig a hole about twice as wide as the party was in and about the same death is a part and also loosened some soil around the whole with a fork, said the root bowling of the tree in a bucket of water and then loosen it slightly to increase the roots to great into the soil. When you place a tree in the hole, you want to make sure that their point where the roots meet the trunk is level with the surface of the soil. Once the trees in place and you're happy with the positioning, we filled the hole with some soul and plenty of organic matter around the roots of fairy. Dance of the tree remains a pride, a layer of mortar and the base of the tree is also really handy for keeping the sore most. This training is watering quite a lot to make sure the soul remains moist, especially enjoy periods of the An ideal spot for these trees is by a river or water sores . If you do want to grow the trees in a container, though, you will need to water it very frequently. The good thing about this tree is that is very easy. To get coatings and grow new plants. All you have to do is take some length of stems about eight inches long in the spring before the leaves arrive, then fill a pot with some sore and place the stems in it. Routes will start to appear after about eight weeks, but the best thing to do is just wait until you see the roots coming out of the drainage holes in the bottom of the pot, and then they're ready for planting in the garden pruning. If you leave this trio improved, it will start to form the recognizable but very attractive arching shape of a typical willow. However, if you want to take full advantage of the troika lit leaves and red stems, you will need to print them several times per year, likely than not huge trees. So this isn't a mighty test that will take you all day. It was like half a narrow. So just to get the trees shape, the best thing to do is to prune heavily in the early spring while the tree still dormant, as this will give you the best leave cause when this starts command, then you can prove again in the light spring, a couple of times in the summer and then once or twice more towards the end of August to prune in the early spring, you should could back about 1/3 of the older branches and trim back the top growth. By doing this, you will stimulate new growth on midyear. Pruning will encourage the tree to produce a second florist of light pink leaves. As winter arrives, you noticed that the stems of new growth turn right problems. This tree can get the same diseases that affect other willows, such as powdery mildew, leaf spots or scalps. They can also fall prey to a feeds and scale beetles. However, it is very uncommon, so you shouldn't be overly concerned with deploying any preventative measures. If they do become issues, you can find solutions to cure them in most garden centres. 5. Part 4 - Monkey puzzle tree: Monkey puzzle tree. The Monkey Puzzle Trees one of the most recognizable garden trees with its long structural green arms company. Thick triangular scale like leaves. It's letting name is Arrow, Korea Herald, Khanna. But its common name reportedly comes from the 19th century. Apparently a specimen was planted ceremoniously at a country estate in Cornwall on when a guest which the tree, they jokes. Climbing this tree will be a puzzle. Freddie Monkey, the monkey puzzle Trees and evergreen tree that comes from South America, mainly Chile, which a cast for its other name, the Chilean Point Cherie. It has long branch is completely covered in leaves that leaves are thick and triangular in shape on each leaf has a life span of about 24 years. Thestreet bring unmatched drama Hoyt and fun to a garden landscape. With their bizarre tearing and arching stems, this tree is often described as a living fossil, since it has remained unchanged from when he first appeared over 200 million years ago. If you look at them, you can imagine them being a home amongst the dinosaurs. They can live for up to 1000 years and grow to 50 meters home with a trunk diameter around about three meters. Even the seeds of this tree take two years to mature. Given the eventual height of this tree, can get to just make sure you don't planted anywhere near any power lines. The Monkey Depository prefers an area of Fallston with well drained soul. It's quite a resilient tree, as you can tell, given that it's hardly changed in over 200 million years. So it leads up to most tops of soul. Even clay, um, plants just needs to be given plenty of water. I'm not. A good thing about growing a living fossil is that it appears that there are hardly any pest that can bother the street. It almost seems that they have a natural pest resistance, and they aren't even bothered by the sort of boring insects they can kill many other trees . The monkey puzzle tree doesn't like to be moved or transplanted, so choose your song carefully before planting it. Once you've planted it, it doesn't really require any other care, not even pruning, so they're pretty hassle free trees, I said. That can reach enormous Hoyt's. But it also said that they can live up to 1000 years, so they're very slow growing trees. As I mentioned, you don't need to do anything to among depository. Just let it grow. However, you can't prune certain branches if you want to shape it in a certain way. If you notice any new shoots that you think might cause congestion, or if you spot any branches that might be damaged, you can simply cut them off with some strong secretaries and the best time to do any proving he's in early spring. 6. Part 5 - Conifers: Conifers, Conifers of one of the most diverse tree families, but their ball easily recognizable. They're mostly evergreen and quick growing, but there are dwarf varieties as well as grand cover plants to. Unfortunately, they have a bit of a bad reputation, having bean very widely planted in gardens as a way of blocking out neighbors and then becoming unruly, towering hedges that can cause disputes. However, there far from just being enormous hedges, you can find a colorful for every situation in many different colors and many different textures. The secret is choosing the right Conifer for the right setting Conifers are ever agree on can provide a beautiful backbone of any garden that lasts all year Round the colors range from silvers and blues to gold, yellows and greens. So before you boy, you Conifer, you should think about what you want to achieve from it. You can have huge tearing Conifers, such as their huge redwood, sequoia or swamp cypress. Then, at the other end of the spectrum, you can have the tiny dwarf Conifers such as the White Peak me Conifer that forms a little mound, and you can get every size in between. So in choosing your Conifers, make sure you read the description of the path to see how big it will grow. You'll also notice is quite a variety of textures available? Some kind of us have long dangling needles, and others have short spikey leaves. Some kind of is even have a feathery texture. Another way. Some people use Conifers is a topiary. One of the best known Conifers for topiary is the yew tree. You'll see them clipped into all sorts of Heggie's my disease and shaped like balls, spirals or even intricate animal shapes. When you're selecting you Conifer, you shouldn't pin all your hopes on the color. Conifers leaf color do change right the year, often changing from lush green or golden yellow to reddish brown. In the winter. When you get your kind of for home, you may notice that his root bound. This means all the routes have formed into a mass. Inside the part. It isn't the worst thing in the world, but you'll need to loosen them up before you plan to train its new home. There are two waster by Conifers, either by Conifers that have been grown in container, or you can buy Conifers that were grown in a field. Whilst the container trees are often route boned, it's actually refer to buy them like this rather than getting them from the field. Conifers don't really like to be moved, so digging them open a field and then transplanting them into your garden could cause a lot of trauma and stress for the plant, which can then might be hard to get them settled again. Different Conifers like different conditions. For example, if a Conifer has dark green foliage, it usually means that they are from areas with plenty of sun lies, so you want to plant them in the full sun. On the other hand, golden Conifers usually do better in partial shade. Very Gezi Conifers, those with multiple colors, preferred deep shade. The speed at which Conifers grow also depends on the species. The dwarf Conifers grow very slowly, just two or three centimetres a year. But there are some species, which is lay land I that can grow three feet in a year. Just like with any tree, you should make sure that when you plant them, you dig a hole that's about twice is what is the root ball on this deep is the party was in . You can plant Conifers imposed or in the ground, and they tend to do well in either situation. Before you cover the roots with soil, I'm actually you had plenty of organic matter, especially if the soil is poor. I also like to have a handful of bone meal to give them a boost, kind of his light, well drained saw. So if you're worried, the sore might become waterlogged at some Gretel gravel to the salt to improve drainage. Additionally, don't forget to loosen the roots when you take it to the party's being grown gin to encourage them to grow it into the soil. Finally, once you've covered the route in sore and compacted it down, water it thoroughly. And don't let this or dry out by water in the soil thoroughly. You help to push down the soul and remove any air pockets that might prevent the routes from getting to moisture. It's important to water Connor for a lot in its first year, even if it's been raining, because the foliage is so dense that it can act as a canopy that stops water from getting to the roots. After about 12 months, the tree and the roots should be established enough. They don't have to worry so much about watering it. When you first plant the tree, it's a good idea to place a thick layer of mulch around the base to event wars from evaporating too quickly after watering crooning. Pruning a con a fact is something that is rarely required unless you're growing them into a hedge or some sort of topiary. If you do want to pro new Conifers to maintain a certain shape, just be careful not to go too crazy. It can be hard for Conifers to recover from a hard pruning, especially if you prune, Downing told Would lots of people usually Landau when they want to grow a hedge. But let Landau is not greater be improved, which is something that is required for hedge growing a better Conifer for hedge growing. His theory. Eppler Carter, which could be pruned hard on right down to the old wood and it was still have new growth. Coming at a growth on your hand is fine problems. The most common problem that Conifers suffer is from brand patches. They could, because by I feet or a fungal disease. But the most common causes at first growing conditions water locks all overly draws so can cause the browning as cam, prolonged periods of frost or cold winds. If you do spot a brown patch, don't put it back to the old wood as he won't be able to regenerate new growth. Instead, just try it lightly in April, June or August and give it a couple of years. If he's just a small patch, you could try tying a healthy branch over it to cover the brown area. Alternatively, you could try growing a climbing plant through the brown areas in a hedge over. It's usually best just to pull out the whole tree on, replace it with a new specimen. It will take a few years to grow and fill the gap, but it's still faster than waiting for a Conifer to regenerate the dead patch. 7. Conclusion: so that was a variety of trees that you can grow in your own garden. Just be careful that you know the full details of the tree, your boy before you put it in your garden. There's nothing worse than having to dig up a tree a few years later because it's grown too big. An unruly. This is especially true with Conifer trees, so I recommend your research a specific species fully before buying good luck and happy planting.