GarageBand Masterclass: Learn GarageBand Today | Jeremy Deighan | Skillshare

GarageBand Masterclass: Learn GarageBand Today

Jeremy Deighan, Online Instructor | www.jeremydeighan.com

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60 Lessons (4h 49m)
    • 1. Welcome to The GarageBand Masterclass

      2:03
    • 2. Introduction

      2:14
    • 3. Create a Rock Song in GarageBand in 15 Minutes

      15:30
    • 4. GarageBand Interface Overview

      2:20
    • 5. Installing GarageBand

      3:32
    • 6. The Project Window

      3:13
    • 7. The GarageBand Window

      4:33
    • 8. The Control Bar

      4:47
    • 9. The Tracks Area

      2:46
    • 10. The Menu Bar

      5:48
    • 11. GarageBand Library

      1:49
    • 12. Smart Controls

      4:25
    • 13. The Audio Editor

      3:22
    • 14. The Piano Roll Editor

      2:08
    • 15. The Score Editor

      2:29
    • 16. The Drummer Editor

      1:50
    • 17. The Note Pad

      2:41
    • 18. The Loop Browser

      2:51
    • 19. The Media Browser

      1:19
    • 20. The Keyboard Collection

      2:57
    • 21. The Amp Collection

      4:23
    • 22. The Voice Collection

      2:56
    • 23. The Ringtone Template

      1:16
    • 24. The Hip Hop Template

      2:29
    • 25. The Electronic Template

      2:23
    • 26. The Songwriter Template

      2:08
    • 27. Empty Project

      2:09
    • 28. Introduction to Guitar

      2:48
    • 29. The Chord Trainer

      1:33
    • 30. Introduction to Piano

      2:44
    • 31. The Lesson Store

      2:15
    • 32. GarageBand Recording Overview

      2:05
    • 33. Connecting A Microphone

      4:42
    • 34. Connecting A Guitar

      3:37
    • 35. Connecting A Keyboard

      3:40
    • 36. Keyboard And Musical Typing

      6:25
    • 37. Start A New Project

      4:19
    • 38. Record A Sound

      3:20
    • 39. Record Multiple Takes

      2:56
    • 40. Record An Instrument

      4:29
    • 41. Record A Drum Track

      3:02
    • 42. Apple Loops

      7:25
    • 43. Importing Audio

      1:48
    • 44. GarageBand Editing Overview

      2:15
    • 45. Audio File Options

      9:12
    • 46. Editing In The Piano Roll Editor

      8:14
    • 47. MIDI Options

      8:47
    • 48. Editing In The Score Editor

      7:11
    • 49. Score Options

      11:18
    • 50. Editing In The Drummer Editor

      10:55
    • 51. GarageBand Mixing Overview

      2:22
    • 52. Automation

      8:52
    • 53. Effects

      9:37
    • 54. Equalizer

      13:05
    • 55. Amp Designer

      12:33
    • 56. Bass Amp Designer

      9:49
    • 57. Pedalboard

      8:44
    • 58. Changing The Project

      10:07
    • 59. Sharing And Exporting

      6:16
    • 60. Thank You for Taking This GarageBand Masterclass

      2:03
23 students are watching this class

About This Class

GarageBand Masterclass

Do you want to create awesome music for your band, killer audio for your videos or courses, and professional quality voice overs? Have you ever tried recording and producing your own audio projects to find it difficult and time consuming?

What this course is about:

This GarageBand Masterclass is aimed to help you understand the fundamentals of using GarageBand for the Mac. This amazing piece of software can help you create a multitude of audio projects, and this is just the course to help you get started!

GarageBand is very easy-to-use software for creating beats, music, voice overs, sound effects, and even ringtones. GarageBand has an extensive resource of libraries and presets to get you up and running in no time. It lets you have complete control over audio adjustments so you can get the right sound you're looking for.

Don't wait to enroll in this premium course today!

When you enroll in this course, you will have the benefit of getting quality instruction on how to use GarageBand, direct contact with the instructor, discussion forums with other students, and evergreen content upgrades. Don't hesitate, enroll today!

Jeremy Deighan

ps - I am here for my students and I always welcome any feedback, questions, discussions, or reviews on my courses. Please visit my profile to see how you can contact me in the most convenient way for you!

Transcripts

1. Welcome to The GarageBand Masterclass: Hi, My name's Jeremy diggin and thank you for taking this course and this course you're going to learn how to use GarageBand for Mac to create awesome audio projects. It is a beginner's course on using everything that there is to know in Garage Graduation is an excellent piece of software that will let you do everything from song writing to creating ring tones, audio beats, voiceover work and even sound effects for movies. I've been playing music my whole life, and I have been working in the audio video industry for a very long time. I've done everything from concerts, live events, corporate events, divorce over work. So I have an extensive knowledge and audio quality and production, and I want to teach you how to do that. In this program, you're going to learn how to install, set up and use interface of GarageBand. It's an overview of its editors, it's mixers, its effects racks and all the things that is involved in using the software later on and the other parts. We will really die deep into the knowledge of the software, and you will learn how to record, edit, mix and export your projects for whatever it is, you're using them forth and the future. I will have other courses to show you. Maura, about music, composition, music theory and different things about audio. So if you're ready to get started, let's go ahead and die right into the course. 2. Introduction: Hey, everyone, welcome to this garage band course. My name is Jeremy diggin, and I'm throw to be your instructor. I have an extensive background and music and audio video production, and I want to show you how to use some of that in this course. Now, Garage Man is an awesome piece of software that comes with a lot of max. Or you can download it for 4 99 from the APP store if it's not loaded on your Mac Already. This software is mainly used for creating music. So has a lot of pre made instruments, templates and effects that will help you make beats, rhythms and all types of things music related. But music isn't the only thing that you can do with this software. You can also create podcast. You can do voice over work, and you can even create soundtracks for videos or movies. So it is very intensive and extensive and has a lot of things that you can use. And I want to show you how this program works, so we'll begin by taking a look at the interface and how to get around that interface. I'll show you how to install GarageBand. Use the basic templates and collections, and then even how to access the lesson store. If you like to learn how to play guitar or piano, then we'll go into the recording section, where I'll show you the basics of recording and using some of garage bands built in features. Four instruments. After that, we'll take a look at editing and how you can chop up your audio projects. Then we'll learn how to mix him. And finally, I'll show you how to export and share those audio projects. Now, I just want you to know that I'm here for the students, and you can always contact me directly through a private message. Or you can start a discussion in the course I get to these immediately because I really want to help you and provide the best information for you possible. So if you have any questions at all, don't hesitate to ask. I really look forward to get started. So before we begin, let's go ahead and take the basics of how we would create a rock song that was, You can get an overview of how this program works. All right, let's get started 3. Create a Rock Song in GarageBand in 15 Minutes: in this video, I'm going to show you how to create a rock n roll song with garage band. This is a beginner's video to really just show garage ban and the functionality to those who have not seen it before. So I'm not going to create a whole song or any type of advanced song writing or features. So let's go ahead and take a look. Now, if we click Empty Project in the main GarageBand window and click choose, you will see when GarageBand pops up that it's going to ask me for the type of audio that I want to use. I can use a drummer track. I can use a guitar, a microphone or even one of garage bands built in software instruments. Toe lay down this rock n roll song. Let's just go ahead and select drummer and click create. Once that opens, you can see a drummer. Trek has been added, and at the bottom we see the drummer editor and to the left, the library and the drum kit that we're using. If you do not see these hit one of the buttons at the top. The 1st 1 is library and the last one is for the editor. Let's go ahead and maximize GarageBand so we can use the full screen and we can hear how this sounds. All right, so that sounds good. Now the first thing we want to do is check our tempo, our key signature in our time signature. The tempo is fine will stick with 120 beats per minute, but we do want to change this key signature to E. Major. That is the key that we're going to be playing in, and we're going to use a 44 time signature, which is pretty basic with rock n roll songs. I also want to loop just a section of this drum track and lay our parts over that. So I'm going to click the cycle button here and you'll see a yellow bar pop up. Now I can stretch or squashes to however long I wanted to be, but four bars is good, so we're just gonna hit play and will play this four bars over and over again. So as you can see when it gets to the and it's gonna cycle back to the beginning and I can lay my parts over that now, if I want to change the drum style, I can go to the drummer editor at the bottom and I can change it to rock alternative, songwriter R and B electronica and hip hop. We're going to stick with Rock, and we're going to keep using Logan, and we'll just use the drums that they have. Let's go ahead and play this and mess around with some of the settings, and you could see the X Y pad here. And based on where I move this, you can hear changes within the drums. I can make it more complex. You can make it simple and loud. I can make it soft and complex. Let's go ahead and move it to about the middle, maybe a little more complex. And I can even change what types of drums he's playing on so I can slide symbols Tom's. But we'll stick with the high hat for now. I can also change the styles that they're playing for the Phils in a swing beat. If I would like to add that, but I think this is good, so we'll go ahead. Stop that now we want to add in a bass part to do that. We need a new track, so we're going to click the new track button, and this time we're going to select software instrument and click create. When it first comes up, we're going to have a classic electric piano, but we want this to be a base. First, we need to hear how it sounds. So go to the top menu bar, Select Window show musical typing, and this is going to bring up a keyboard that I can use based on the keys of my computer. So if I hit notes on the computer, you can hear it actually playback on the keys. And, of course, these are the letters of the keyboard on the computer, not the actual notes of a real keyboard. So if I hit the a button on my computer is going to play a C note. Let's go ahead and get a bass sound so we'll go to the library, will click base and select Liverpool Base. Now when I play, you can hear a basis. Um, all right, that sounds good and we want to record with this bass sound, and we're just going to use some basic chords that you hear and most common rock n roll songs. That's going to be an E B a c sharp and then in a so we're going to record. But first we want to count in a couple beats so that we actually know when to start. Right now, the count in timer is selected, and it's going to give us one bar. Let's go ahead and change it to two bars by going to the menu bar clicking, record countin and two bars. This will give us two full bars of clicks before we start playing, so that we can just kind of get our hands set up on this keyboard. All right, we'll stop that rewind and we'll listen to it all right. That sounds really good now when we are using a software instrument where we are creating MIDI notes essentially and that's what these bars are, and we can see that it's a midi region because it's green. If we look down at the bottom or editor has changed the piano roll editor where we can actually edit these notes so I can select and grab them, and I can move them up and down for different notes and I can move him left and right based on their timing. Move it back down to where it was, Um, and let's say that we were off a little bit on one of these notes, so we're just gonna shift that toe where it's not landing up on the beat. As you can see by this line right here, it's coming in a little bit before. Garage Man has an awesome feature where we can actually quantifies the notes, which means we're going to ally them up to the beat automatically. So Gore to time Kwan ties, and we're going to select eighth note, and it's going to push all the notes to its closest eighth minute. And when I do that, you can see that these notes line up on the beat, and every note in here has adjusted to its closest eighth note counterpart. So let's hear how that sounds now. All right, that sounds really good. So now that we have the bass part, we need to have a guitar part, so we're going to add another track now. We could plug in a guitar or NAM at this time, but I do not have any instruments hooked up because I just want to show you the basics of this software. So we'll go ahead and click software instrument again and hit create. And this time we're going to go over to guitar and choose a hard rock sound, and we can hear how that sounds Now if we want to change the sound later, we can very easily within GarageBand. Lets go ahead and record so that we can see how it sounds and we're just going to use the same notes this time. We'll add the fifth of every cords so they we can have a little more of a power chord sound . Let's go ahead record. Yeah, all right, we're going back up and we'll listen to that. Okay, so we want a quantities is again because, as you can see, I came in a little early based on the beat. So we'll click time quant ties and will select eighth note, and we've moved everything to the closest eight. Note. Let's listen one more time Now these notes and the piano roll editor are able to be edited may longer shorter, moved around, cut up however you want if, say these are a little short. I can select them, click this option and then just move them out a little bit. So makes his notes longer. As you can see, these two aren't lining up. But sometimes I like to keep them a little off, so it sounds a little more natural. You don't want it to sound too mechanical by always being right on the beat. But now we have our guitar sound. Let's close a musical typing, and we're going toe mess around with the actual audio quality of that guitar instrument. So we're going to go to the top and then we're going to close the library. As you can see at the bottom, we have controls for this actual guitar sound. Let's play and listen and we will just see sounds as we go to trying to get the equality that we're looking for. Turn up the drive here. You can hear change at a little river too much. All right, well, stop that. And that's a really cool sound for what we're looking for. Now say I want to adjust it a little more. I'm going to click on this show Inspector button in the bottom left, and you can see some plug ins being used on this guitar. If I drop that menu down, you can see that we have a pedal board an amp designer. If I click and designer, you can see the AM being used for this guitar sound and even the Mike and Mike placement of that guitar cabinet. We can change all these settings to get exactly the sound and tone were looking for, and Garage Band has a lot of presets that you can look through. So this is a great way to get different kinds of sounds and even experiment. If you don't have these amps with maybe some sounds that you want to play life, let's go ahead and close this and we're going to click on the pedal board and let's add a pedal to this guitar track. Now we don't want the flames, or so I'm gonna just click on it and hit delete, and you can see that the smart controls changed based on what kind of pedals and amps amusing will go back up to the pedal designer, and we'll just bring in a distortion and will play in here. How that sounds all right. Very cool. I like that. So now we got the sound that we're looking for. And from here you could basically add another track. And I could record a vocal track with the microphone at this time if I wanted to. Let's take a look at some other things that you can do with garage me. Um, there's also an e que setting so I can go ahead and adjust the EQ you of this track if I want to. And I can also go up to the editors. And when I go up, you can see that we have the piano roll editor and we also have this score editor. The score editor is going to let you see music an actual written form. So let's click on it now. We played these notes with our keys, but it actually wrote out the notes musically so we could print this out if we wanted to share this with others. You can see that we have the class, the key signature, the time signature and the notes we play. If you click on notes, you can actually in sort notes, so you could even write music based on the score, and it would show in the media regions and playback with the software, instrument and effects that you're using. Let's play it so you can look at it real quick. And if I click on the base, you can see the bass part and there you have it. Let's look at a couple other things. Of course, we've got our playback controls at the top that we've been using our LCD screen showing this the beats and divisions and ticks and key signatures and time signatures. You see the cycle button that we're using, the tuner we have account in and a click track. If we want to use that. This is our master volume. We also have a note pad if we want to write down some lyrics or notes for the song, Let's look at the last one, which is a media browser. And this is if I actually have my own audio files that I want to drag in, whether they be loops or audio that I've recorded in the past. In the middle one is the Apple Loops browser, and these are a bunch of repeatable loops that Apple provides for you to use within your projects, and they're based on scale, on type of sound genre or even the instrument. Let's click on Tam Marine, and if we click one time, we can listen to this 1st 1 All right, so we like that. Let's go ahead and click and drag that into the tracks area. Now you can see that it's highlighted in blue showing That's audio way form. And whenever we look at the editor at the bottom of this track, it's the audio editor, not the P in a row editor. Now, of course, this isn't long enough to fill the four bars, so we need to copy this over. Well, just hold the on key and click and drag that over and add another section of tambourines. Let's hear how that sounds all right. And there you have it, the very basics of a rock and roll song within garage band. Here. I could keep adding instruments. I could play live instruments through the computer. I can cut in pay, So if this was, say the verse, I could easily copy and paste all this into another verse later on. After I've written the course, and you can just keep adding from here. So garage being is a very awesome, versatile piece of software that you can use to quickly get in here and make some awesome cool arrangements. Now, whenever I'm done, I can go to the top click share, and I can share this with iTunes, soundcloud, or even export this song into an audio file for later use. So I hope you found this very valuable. If you have any questions, feel free to contact me, and I look forward to seeing you more and other videos. Thanks. 4. GarageBand Interface Overview: all right, so let's go ahead and get started with this course. The first saying that we're going to need to do is take a look at the garage band interface so that you can learn how to use the program. First of all, we will install GarageBand, so if you don't already have it on your Mac, this will be a quick overview of how to get it there. Then we'll look at the project window. The project window is a place where you can either create a new project or you can select from some pre made templates or instrument collections to begin working right away. After that, we'll look at the garage band window, the garage, been window, basically houses all of the editors, the menu bar, the control bar, the library and those types of things. So I'll give you a brief explanation of how to get around that interface and select the various tools and editors that you will use within garage band. After that, we will have a brief overview of the individual editors such as the piano Roll editor, the audio editor, the score editor and so on. These are the different types of editors that you will use to create your audio projects, and we'll give you some great functionality and tools and using them. After that, we'll take a look at some pre made templates in collections. These are pre made and set up for you to immediately begin working in Garage Man without having to start from scratch. The templates have things such as a hip hop template that is already pre made, with a lot of instruments for hip hop styles of music and so on the collections or a collection of instruments such as pianos or keyboards. And these are all set up so you can quickly get in and find the type of piano or keyboard that you might want to use. After that, we'll take a look at the lessons store, and the lesson stores a place that will allow you to learn how to play the piano or the guitar. It's a really cool tool that will allow you to watch videos, learn how to play and even play back through your own instrument to see if you're getting it right. So let's go ahead and take a look at the garage band interface 5. Installing GarageBand: So let's begin. By installing GarageBand 10. We can go to the APP store, and once it loads, you can click at the top charts at the top of the page. Here you can see GarageBand is listed as number one, but it might not show up on your in. So go to the search bar and typing GarageBand and you'll see a pop up. Go ahead and click on it. And here is the information page for GarageBand. You can see at the time of this recording that the newest version is 10.1, but Version 10 will work for this course. GarageBand used to be a free app that came with all Macs, but the newest version is 4 99 So we'll go ahead and click that to make a purchase and click by app, and it's going to ask for the APP store information. I sign in to make the purchase, and it's going to ask to approve my billing information. If we click on purchased at the top, you can see the installation taking place so we'll resume this video once the insulation is complete. Okay, It looks like our installation of GarageBand 10 is complete, so we will go ahead and exit out of the APP store, and then I can go up here and click on Go Applications and you will see there is our newly installed garage band. Now for easy access. We're going to go ahead and click this and drag it to the bottom, and we will stick it right here at the end of the APP store. We'll go ahead and close out the applications windows, since we don't need that any longer and we'll click on GarageBand and it is going to download a little bit of information here. So a message popped up saying that GarageBand did not install the new sounds and we will need to close and reopen GarageBand to download and install them again. So we'll go ahead and re click on GarageBand, and here you can see the welcome screen so it's been installed. I'll click the continue button. You can see all of the new things that are in GarageBand new design, new drummers, smart controls, amps and stomp boxes and access to the iCloud. So we'll hit, get started and there you have it. So when we look at the sound library will go ahead and download those at that time. But that is how you install GarageBand. We have it all set up, ready to go. So look forward to seeing you in the next section. 6. The Project Window: When you open garage band, you will be presented with the project window at the beginning. Here you can create a new project and see that there are a lot of pre made templates and different things that you can use. The first is the keyboard collection, and it says it's a diverse collection of keyboards and synthesizers. So if you have an idea for a keyboard that you would like to have, maybe in your song or for some type of intro video, you can quickly go in here and have a whole list of different types of he boards to play on and kind of get that sound that you're immediately going for. The AM collection is the same thing. Onley with amps for guitars and bass, is says. It's a collection of legendary guitar and bass amps. Voice is for recording, podcast and voice overs. It says. Record your voice with modern, classic and experimental vocal tracks, Ring Tone lets you create your own custom ring tones for your phone. Hip hop is like a beat machine or drum maker. It's a gritty mix of drums and analog sense for making hip hop tracks. Elektronik is for making electronic tracks. It's a solid blend of drunk. It's and pulsating since, and Songwriter is an ideal writing studio with drum guitar amps and vocal tracks. So it already has everything set up. If you were in a band setting with a bass guitar, regular guitar lead, guitar, drum track, vocal track and so on. Empty project is a clean slate, and you will have to choose if you're using a live instrument, a microphone loop or a drum kit when creating these. If you look below, you will see under the detail section some options for creating music like Tempo, Key Signature and Time Signature. And there's also options for your audio input and audio output settings. Below that is a button for opening an existing projects. So if you already have a product on file, you can open that right here. Now, if you look to the left, there's learn to play. And these are lessons that GarageBand provides for you to learn how to play the guitar and the piano. And there's also artists lessons from actual artists teaching you how to do these things. The lesson store is where you purchase these lessons, so if I click on guitar lessons, you can see the different guitar lessons here and then piano lessons. And if I click on artist, you can see some of the artists that they feature teaching you how to play these instruments Finally, is the recent for recent projects. So if you have been working on a project, you can quickly come here and choose that project. So that is an introduction to the program. GarageBand. This comes up and lets you easily start creating whatever it is you're working on. 7. The GarageBand Window: let us take a look at garage bands interface. To do that, I'm going to click on the songwriter button and then click Choose. Since this is the first time that I've installed GarageBand, it's going to ask to download some additional content. So let's go ahead and do that now. Okay, now we have the additional content downloaded into GarageBand for use. Now to show you the interface. I'm going to go ahead and turn off a couple of these options, which I'll show you in just a minute. But we'll make this as easy to see is possible. So at the top, you have the regular menu bar with file edit, track record, mix, share, view, window and help. Below that, you have garage bands Control bar, which has different buttons and options for you to use when using GarageBand Below. That is the track window, and this is where you will record and use loops and edit your tracks for your music or podcasts or voice overs. Now, if I go over here and I select this option, the 1st 1 is library, and the library has a bunch of different patches that you can use for each instrument when you're recording, so I can get different sounds on the guitars, hard rock sound, a classic sound and acoustic sound. And there's a wide variety of patches that you can use to change the actual sounding of your instruments. Next to that is the quick help guide, and this is great. You can actually make this a little bigger by clicking, dragging so you can see what's going on. But when I use this, I can hover over a different part of GarageBand, and it will tell me exactly what I'm looking at. So if you ever get stuck in GarageBand, pull the quick help menu open, and you can easily identify what the button is or what it is that you're working on. Next to that is the smart controls and the smart controls are an easy way to adjust the sound of an instrument, and you can change its mixed compression and effects here on this particular kit. If I change instruments, say to the guitar, you can see that the smart control being used is different here. There is also an e que setting so you can adjust the EQ you levels of your instruments. Next to that is the editor button, and there are different kinds of editors based on what type of instrument or track that you're using. So this is a audio editor when I have instruments such as a guitar open. If I close that in a click on the drum tracks and then opened the editor again, you can see there's a drum kit editor. If I close that and I go to the piano, we get two different types of editors. A piano roll, which allows you to see the notes in forms of little boxes and squares or a score. You don't see the musical notation here right now, but the score allows you to actually write out music or play music and see how it is written in actual music type literature. Now we'll look at some other options at the top real quick, but we'll get more into the control bar later on. On the far right. We have the note pad so you can take notes or write lyrics to a song. If you would like or maybe have your voice over information there. So while you're recording, you can just read it right here. There's also a Apple Loops button so that you can input different apple loops that are pre made of beats and effects and different sounds. And then finally, there's the media browser. So if you have a way files or audio files that you're working on, you can have them and find them easily within the media browser. So that is the basics of garage bands interface. We will go into more depth in each section later on within this course. 8. The Control Bar: the control bar provides a lot of options and commonly used buttons within GarageBand. So let's take a look at it now. In the top left, you can see that the first button is a library button, and when I select that, you can see that it pulls up commonly used instruments and effects within garage band. The next button is a quick help button, and when I select that there's a pop up that shows you the different tools, buttons and functions within GarageBand. So it gives you a little guide of if you get lost. And I strongly recommend pulling this open. If you do get lost at any point and need some quick help after that, is this smart controls button. This is an area where you're going to find different kinds of controls, e cues and effects that you can use within the tracks of your garage band project. Next is the editors button and the editors button. You can have different kind of editors for different types of instruments within garage band. So when I click on it and I have the drum track selected, you can see that the drum editor is open. If I close that and then reopen it under, say, the guitar track. We're going to see a different type of editor. Same thing with the piano. So if we close that click on the piano track and then open it up, you can see that there is a piano roll. Editor and score editor will go deep into more of this later on within the course Siri's. So let's close that next we have the playback controls that you might be familiar with already. First, we have the rewind button to go backwards in the track. Then we have the Ford button to go forwards within the track. They stopped button, and if you actually move, the play had forward. You will see that the stop button becomes a go to beginning button to go to the beginning of the track. Then we have our play button, and our record button after that is LCD or liquid crystal display. So the first button and the LCD is the display mode. Right now we're displaying beats and project, so the project is in bars, beats divisions and ticks. If we select time, you will see that it changes to hours, minutes and seconds after that you have the beats per minute or the tempo of the track. So in a song, this would basically be how fast that song is. Then you have the key signature of that song and the time signature that the song is it. After that we have the cycle button. When we select the cycle button, you'll see a yellow bar appears here. Whatever this yellow bar represents is what is going to be played over and over again when you select the play button. So if we have eight bars here, it will keep playing those eight bars continuously. Next we have the tuner button, so if you have an instrument such as a guitar, you can actually tune it within garage band. After that, we have the count in button when we select that it will actually count four beats before the track starts playing whenever you're recording. So this is kind of like a drummer hitting. It sticks before he starts the song toe. Let everyone know that it's about to begin and give you the timing of that song. There's also a metre known button or click track, and when that is selected. It will actually click within GarageBand toe, let you know the speed or tempo that the song is in so you can hear it within your headphones. Over to the right. You'll see the master volume slider to control the master volume within garage band, and then we have three more buttons. The first button is a note pad. When selected, it brings up a basic note pad where you can take notes, right song lyrics, or maybe have the information for the voiceover recording that you're doing. Next is the Apple Loops, which is a bunch of repeatable loops that comes with garage band that you can use within your songs and tracks. And it makes creating a song very, very easy and simple. And then, finally, the media browser. So if you already have audio or movie files within GarageBand, this is where you could quickly access those and use them in your project. 9. The Tracks Area: the tracks area of GarageBand is the main workspace of the program, so let's take a look at that Now. At the top, you're going to see the play head, which is the vertical line that you can move and scrub through the project. There's also a ruler that shows you different types of beats or time signatures and vertical lines horizontally and vertically to help you line things up. Next is the Track Area menu bar. Here you can see you can add new tracks, show hide automation and a button to catch play head. What that button does is when it selected and you hit Play your screen will actually follow the play head. If you d select this button and you hit play, the play head can just run off of the screen, and you will just keep looking at the section that you were looking at on the far right is a zoom slider so you can actually zoom in and see the instruments and tracks, or zoom out and see the whole project. On the left. We have the track headers, and they have Trek names that you can double, click and change the name track icons, which you can right click and actually change, so you can give different icons to different instruments that you're using to help. Categorise is better. Then there is a mute button, which will silence the track while you're working on it, or a solo button, and this will make it the only track that you hear. There's an input monitoring button, and this button basically sends the track back into your head funds so that you can listen to it while you're recording. You want to keep this off at most times, because if you're using maybe external speakers, it can cause feedback into the microphone. There's a volume slider for that particular track so that each track can have different amounts of volume and then a pan up for separating that track to the left side or right side. When recording stereo, the tracks can come in two forms. They can be away form, which is recorded, usually with a microphone or instrument or in piano roll form. And though it says piano roll, it is really an amidi type of form, so you can see that it's shown by dots based on their height and length of value. So that is the tracks area. This is where you will be spending most of your time, so definitely get familiar with it. 10. The Menu Bar: Now let's take a look at the main menu bar of GarageBand so that you can see some other places to find some settings that you're looking for or hot keys for shortcuts. So if we click on GarageBand, you can see there's an about GarageBand selection to tell you more about the program preferences to change the basic preferences within garage band. A place to restore a sound library. If you had it previously set up, made any changes in, you need to revert back to that if you like to give GarageBand feedback on their software. An option to download logic remote if you're using GarageBand with your iPad. More information about Logic Pro, which is the high end recording studio software main stage, which is, if you're doing audio production for live events, a services option and your basic options that come with the Mac to hide and show and quick garage band under file. You can see your basic settings. New, open, open recent I Cloud. If you're importing GarageBand Teoh iCloud close save as page and print set up, you can actually print out your scores, so if you're doing sheet music, that's a great way to print out the sheet music that you have and adding movies into GarageBand. It's also a button down here to add region to the loop of library so that you can actually make your own loops. Then there's the edit button, and you can undo and redo actions. Now pay attention to the shortcut keys here because these will definitely help you get faster at using GarageBand. If you use those, you can cut copy paste elite Ah, lot of things within garage band, such as regions and notes and tracks. Delete moves and select all split regions at play head so you can actually break up regions and use different sections and you conjoined regions together a snap to grid option so that you could easily snap your regions to the grid and make it easy to line up your notes and arrangements. Alignment guides, which actually help you. Ah, line up your tracks not necessarily to snapping it to the grid but aligning it to other different tracks or regions within garage band in dictation and special characters. Next is the track option, where you can create a new track, a new track with duplicate settings So if you want to duplicate a track and then just edit it independently, rename your track. Delete track, then buttons. To show the arrangement track showed the movie track. Show the transposition track, show the Tempo track and show the master track. We will get MAWR into all of these later on when we begin to edit and mix are recordings and then the track header where you can show a groove track. Show the track lock should the record enable button and hide or show the input monitoring button it already has shown when you start GarageBand. So it's showing to hide it at this time and, of course, any of these others. Once you show them, the option will turn toe, hide them next, then under record you can see account in. So if you want the track to count in one bar, two bars or not counted all before begins recording. Next is mix where we can show automation. Making automatic fade out of your track just makes it really easy to do a quick fade out. Delete all automation on selected track, move track automation with regions and open the apology control panel. Now we'll get more into automation later on. But automation is basically an easy way for you to edit your tracks and regions within garage band. Next is a share option. This is where you will be sharing or exporting your projects so you can send them toe iTunes. Send them to the media browser or SOUNDCLOUD. You can throw him in the air drop, and you can burn the song to CD or export song to disk. Next. His view. And this is just the menu options of the buttons that you see in the control bar. But show library show Smart Control show editor show the note pad, Apple Loops and Media browser an exit full screen. We're at full screen right now. Finally, the window button, which will show you basic, um, Mac window options such as Minimize zoom. And then there's show keyboard to show an actual keyboard or show musical typing. So when you're recording, you can bring up a keyboard or musical typing to record your sessions, and then, finally, the the actual project that you're working on, lastly is the help option, where you can search for information within the garage band program. Quick help GarageBand help Apple training centers and create a support profile if you're doing a lot of GarageBand support, so that gives you the basic menu bar of garage man. If you get lost or you don't understand some buttons and or you can't find them and you need to have those options available, you can easily use the menu bar at the top here. 11. GarageBand Library: Okay, let's take a look at the library. So when we click on the library, you can see that it brings up the first thing that you notice is going to be a track icon. And this is just for you to easily identify what the instrument it is that you're using, and this could be changed. Next is a search field. So if you know a particular type of sound that you're looking for or an instrument, you can type that here and easily find it below. That is a category list, and you can see all the different types of categories within garage man. Now, some of these are not highlighted because we still need to finish downloading some more instruments for the library. So if we click on this, you will see that it has download content. And there's been some new sounds and drummers and kits and different things added for a total size of 14 gigabytes. Let's go ahead and download that now, so we have it to use for later in the projects. Okay, so now it's done downloading all the files. So now we have every file that we can possibly think of in here. Finally, we have a delete button if you would like to delete a patch in the save button in case you want to create your own patch and say that file out. So this is the library where you can select patches to change the different sounds that you get from the instruments. It's a very useful tool, and I know you'll love it. 12. Smart Controls: Now let's take a look at the smart controls. If you click on the smart controls button, you will see the smart controls open up at the bottom of the screen, and each instrument is going to have different smart controls. If we click on the show Inspector Button or the Smart Control Inspector button at the bottom of the screen, you can see that the drum kit has keyboard sensitivity as one of its options for less or more sensitivity with the velocity level, a note you play. If we click on another type of track, you will see that it is showing recording settings along with the recording level automatic level control input of the device that you're using. Right now, I'm showing an aggregate device, which is really a device for the Mac that allows me to play the audio and the microphone through screen cast recording. You may see something else, such as your built in microphone of your computer or maybe a microphone that you've input it. They could also be like a guitar input monitoring so that you can hear it playing back as you record in your headphones and feedback protection. If you're playing through speakers. It's highly recommended that you use headphones to try to keep feedback from occurring. And then there's a noise gate option at the bottom below. That is a plug ins drop down where you can add plug ins to the different types of tracks, and you can see a plug in list over here, the different plug ins being used. And there's also master echo and master reverb. For the master tracks, you can click to edit those here. If we click on the master button, you will see the master controls for the master track. And this is the smart controls that will allow you to edit everything within the project, the main track of the project. And you can also see that there are the plug ins being used for that master track. The compare button is going to allow you to compare the edits that you're making with what has been recorded so that you can compare them and see if what you're doing is something that you like or not. Next, you will see that whenever we change instruments, we're gonna have different settings here, and these are to show you the different types of controls that's were using for each track . So this control is for this tracking vocal. Next to it is an e que button so that you can move the e que within the track to your desire. You can also turn on the analyzer button of the EQ you so that you can see the actual track as it's playing. It's frequencies being played back to you. If we click on the drum track, you can see there drum track controls along with the e que setting. Also, if we click on a AMP or guitar track, you're going to see the controls with the plug ins being used in the e que button, and then we have a couple other options over here to the right. The first is the AMP. Button, and when we click that it brings up a pop up for us to edit the actual AMP that this track is using and we will go more and death into all of these settings and controls later on. There is also going to be a pedal button so that you can use different pedals that GarageBand offers, and it's got a whole bunch of different kinds, and you can move them around and and set them up. However you want again, we'll go more into this later. If we click on the grand piano, you're going to see that there is actually an r pe she ater button so that when you play a note, it's going toe play arpeggios and it brings up a drop down and the different types of arpeggios that you can actually play. So that is the smart controls, and we will definitely look into this more later when we begin mixing. 13. The Audio Editor: we're now going to look at the audio editor. The audio editor will allow you to edit audio way forms that you record into GarageBand. Since we're not going to look at the drum editor at this time, go ahead and click on tracking Vocal and then click the editors button and you will see the audio editor open up at the bottom. The first option we have is the show and hide flex button. When this is chosen, you can see the enabled flexes also checked, and you are able to edit audio way forms as if they were many files. You can cut them up, paste and reuse them, just as if you were using the piano roll editor like a MIDI file. There's the catch play head button, which will allow you to follow the play head as it plays through the track. If you turn this off, the play head will keep moving off of the screen and you will stay on the track that you're looking at to the far right is a zoom slider so that you can zoom in and out of the file that you're working on. Next we have the track in region button, depending on what you're editing. Right now, we have track selected and you can see that there is a pitch correction slider to adjust the pitch limit key to limit to the key that you're working on inside of that composition. And, of course, he enable flex check box, which we looked at earlier. If we click on region, you will see the region of the track that we're working on. And there's a region name so that you can actually give this track region a title in a reverse playback check box. There are more options, and if they're not all showing up on your screen, just go ahead and grab and pull up so that you can see all the options in the region section. Next, we have time, quanta eyes, and this basically allows you an easy way to adjust your audio tracks to the timing of the song. So if you're playing the piano and maybe a couple of notes don't hit right where you want them to or say right on the beat, this will allow you to easily put those notes straight to the beat. There are options for them based on what type of note you want to move and how strong you want them to move to that beat. There's also a transposed slider down here so that you can transpose this region two different keys of the song or arrangement and a follow tempo and pitch so that when this is selected, it's actually following the tempo and pitch of that song. Over. Here is the way form display when you record. This is where your way form will actually show and where you will be doing all the edits. There's a cycle range at the top, and if you click this, you will be able to cycle based on how maney beats or seconds or minutes that you would like. Then there is the play head and the ruler, as we see in the normal garage band window. 14. The Piano Roll Editor: The piano roll editor is an editor that will allow you to adjust MIDI notes based on a keyboard that you either plug into your computer or the notes that you play on your computer through the keys provided so to edit. Let's go in select piano and then click on the editors button and you will see the piano roll editor appear at the bottom. The first is a MIDI draw button that will allow you to actually draw the notes on this piano roll editor. It's a real cool, fun way to just kind of make beats and notes based on the way that you kind of draw across the screen. And it's a new way of thinking about music, which is kind of neat. Then we have the catch. Play had button that will allow you to either follow the play head as it goes through the editor, or you can turn it off and the play had will keep moving off screen, and you will keep looking at the section that you're working on. Next we have the region and notes button. Under the region, we have the region title so that you can give this region its own specific title. Then we have Time Kwan ties, which will allow you to line up the notes that you create to the song that you're playing based on the beach or what have you. This is really great if you're using the MIDI draw because you can draw the notes and then use time quant ties to match those notes up to the beat. So it's sounds a lot better. Then we have a notes button, which allow you to do Tom quantities on the notes and a velocity to show that when you strike the keys at what the velocity those notes are played. There's the display area for the Midi regions that shows a keyboard so that you can actually line up the notes that your plane to the specific keys on the keyboard. There is the play head, and you can scrub this just like all the other play heads in Garage Man and a ruler just like the rest of GarageBand, so that you can easily align those many notes 15. The Score Editor: next, we're going to look at the score editor, which is really useful for those that are used to reading and writing sheet music. So to get to the score editor, we're going to click on the piano and then click on the editor button. Then we're going to go over to score and click on it. Now. Nothing is being shown here, but in this Midi region you will actually see sheet music appear as notes are played through the piano. We will go more deep into this when we start editing music. But for now, let's just take a look at the buttons. There's a catch. Play had button so that you can follow the play head as it goes through the score editor. Or you can turn this off and the play head will move off the screen, and you will keep looking at the section that you're working on. There's also a grid based on the note tight so you can make this bigger or smaller, based on whatever nurture working on and a zoom slider, so that you can zoom in and out of your project. On the left is a region and notes button in the region section. There's a region title so that you can give this region its own name. Time quanta eyes so that you can actually some up those notes to the beats that you're working on, which makes it really useful when you're just playing live. But you want to make sure that you hit the notes on the beat and a strength slider of how accurately those notes get to the beat. Then there's a transposed slider so you can transpose this region to other parts of the arrangement that you're working on over in the notes button. You can see that there is an insert note button, so this will actually allow you to write or insert notes onto the sheet music. So you can either play it and it will appear on this score editor. Or you can go directly into the score editor and create your own notes. There's time quant ties for the notes in a velocity slider, so that whenever you are playing notes on the keyboard, it will actually give more or less velocity based on how hard it struck. There's the play head over in the Midi region, a cycle bun to cycle, and a ruler, just like the rest of garage bands, said that you can begin lining up your music. 16. The Drummer Editor: The Drummer editor is a newer type feature within garage band that makes adding drum tracks easy and fun. So let's take a look at it. Make sure that you have the drum track selected and click on the editors button at the bottom. You will see the drum editor appear to the left. You have a genre selection based on what type of music you're playing, and you can select a different type of drummer. When you highlight over them, it will tell you a little bit about their style. To the right of that is the actual drum editor. On the left of that screen is a presets list so that you can get different types of drum styles added and immediately. Next to that is the X Y pad, and if you go up and down, you can make that drum track softer or louder and left and right to make it simple or more complex. Next to that is the instruments, so that you can add instruments based on whatever type of drum sound you're looking for and how complex you want those instruments to be. Next to that is a fills knob, which will add in a lot more fills as it's playing or no feels at all. If you turn it off a swing knob so that you can add a more swing style to your drum track and then eighth and 16th notes that will be based on the swing style that you're playing, whether they or more of the eighth or 16th notes swing style. That's the drummer editor, and we'll look more into it as we be again to record and edit music, but definitely play around with it cause it's a really fun tool. 17. The Note Pad: the no pad is a very useful tool in GarageBand for a variety of reasons. If you're creating a song, you could have your lyrics mapped out right next to you so that you can easily read them while you're recording. If you're doing voice over work or maybe a podcast, you could have your notes or your information written out has something to look at as you're going through and recording. So let's take a look at it Over on the right hand side, we click on the note pad button and you will see a very generic note pad pop up. If we click on this button here, it will show the options for the note pad. First, you can see the text underlying button, which will allow you to underline the text and all. This is pretty basic stuff that you would find in any no editor, but we'll go over it anyways. Then we have a strike through. So maybe if you written something and then you wanted to take that out, that might be kind of useful toe. Keep it there, but show that you're not using it text color so you can change the color of the texts and document color so you can change the color of the document. Next, we have the front collections based on different types and then the font family, which is your actual fonts. And then you have tight faces next to that, based on if it's italic, bold, bold, italic or regular, and you can change the font size at the bottom. There's a add collection button so that you can actually make your own collections of fonts and elite collection, and then the font panel actions drop down menu When you click that you have easier range of adding things, selecting things and editing things you can manage. Your font at its size is changing color characters and typography here show a preview or add the fonts to your favorites. And then finally, there's a search field so that if there is a certain foreign you know you're looking for, you can easily select that font, so definitely pull the note pad. Whenever you're working on a project, it will make it easy to take notes or write down any thoughts that you have about that particular track. Or maybe you may have notes for a movie that you're working on and you want to write in the time so that, you know, you're supposed to put in a sound at a certain time, so it's a very useful tool. Definitely check it out. 18. The Loop Browser: the loo browser is where you will find actual apple loops for your project, and these are a lot of fun. You'll probably spend a lot of time here, so let's take a look at these. If we go to the right hand side and we click on the loop button, you will see the Loop browser appear at the top is a drop down for different types of loops to easily select a genre or type of loop that you're looking for. Next, we have the search field. So if you know the name of a loop or certain sound that you're looking for, you can easily search it. Here. We're able to categorize the loops based on buttons or on a list style. Next to that is a scale dropped down button, where we can actually change the scale. Two loops that have minor notes or major notes, and so on below. That is a results list. So as you search or change genres or the scales, these options will gray out or become highlighted based on if it's something that you can actually use. So if we select minor, you'll see that a bunch of instruments that don't have minor notes have been great out and are not selected below that you can sort the list and the favorites. So this is the area where you actually select the loops that you're looking for and drag those over to your project. They show you the kind of beats that they have, and they have a favorite check box if you like to favorite them and put them in their own category for easily searching later down at the bottom. You can change the volume so you can listen to these as your tracks are playing, so you can see if it's a loop that you want to use, and you can make that louder or softer. And then finally, the items amount showing how many loops are in the list based on the criteria that you searched for earlier so will definitely take a lot more. Look into using loops when we start recording and editing. It's very powerful. Um, probably one of the most powerful things of garage man. I hate to say that because there's a lot of great things about this software, but the loop section you can easily throw in a loop start adjusting the audio quality and making your own sounds. And the great thing about GarageBand is that you can use loops for your project commercial free. Now that is based on the timing of this recording, it may change. I always suggest that you go and look at their licensing to keep up to date with how you can use these loops. But at the time of this recording, they don't mind if you take him and use him for your projects. 19. The Media Browser: next, we'll take a look at the media browser. The media browser is where you will find files on your hard drive to use within GarageBand . So let's take a look at it now. If we go to the right and we click on the media browser button, you will see the media box of pull up on the right hand side versus the audio button for any audio files that you have on your hard drive in the movies button for any movies that you have on your hard drive below, that is the actual directories, so that you can actually select where these files are located below. That is a results list, so this actually shows those files whenever you're going through the directories. At the bottom is a play button so that you can play these files and listen to them before you throw him into your tracks or your project. A search field so you can easily search for the audio or movie files that you're looking for. And finally, the items amount showing how many results there are in the list of the directory that you're looking at. So if you're using your own types of files, this is where you go to easily throw those over into a project 20. The Keyboard Collection: The keyboard collection is a collection of keyboards that allows you to get in and really start listening to different types of keys. This could be anything from pianos to electronic keyboards, so let's go ahead, select keyboard collection and then click the choose button. When it opens up, you'll see a bunch of different keys in the tracks area, and they all have different tracks and effects and smart controls. So if I click through them, you can see that change at the bottom. They're Icon also changes in the library along with the patch name, so there's a lot more patches than the ones that you just see right here. Now let's go ahead and maximize this window so we have a little more room to work with, and I'm going to go to a window show musical typing. This will allow me to play music on my computer keyboard. As you can see here, the keys correspond with my computer, not with actual notes on a keyboard. So if I have the Steinway grand piano selected, I can press these keys and hear what it sounds like. Now, if I select classic electric piano, you can hear a different sound. We can go through each one of these and hear the different types of keys that can be played within GarageBand. Classic D 6 80 sink lead. Arctic Noise Dream Voice, Titanic Ways Torrid Moonbase Colossal synth bass squiffy synth bass. I double clicked and that allows you change the name of him. Ah, droplets Stardust, AARP in Groove Pulse. As you can see, there's a lot of different cool features within this program. So get in here, mess around with these different keys, and you could start getting inspiration and ideas just by playing around with this. So if you have an idea of something you're going for, or if you don't just come in here and start playing around and you'll start getting ideas immediately, the keyboard collection is awesome. Tool within garage man to dive right in and start here and sounds that you're going for 21. The Amp Collection: the AM collection is a collection of amps used for guitars, bass guitars and electric guitars. So let's go ahead and click on an collection and click the choose button. And when GarageBand opens, you'll see a whole list of different types of amps and patches being used. Now, As you go through and change each one of these amps, you will see that they're smart. Controls change along with their icon in the library and their patch, so there's a lot more amps than just these. But this will give you a good chance to come in here and quickly figure out your guitar sound. Now, if you're a musician and you play guitar or play bass, even if you don't have these amps, GarageBand makes it easy for you to come in here, hook your guitar up and try out different, and to maybe find the sound that you're looking for for your live guitar playing. So let's go ahead and take a look at it, and the best way to show you this is to open up the Apple Loops browser. I'm gonna go ahead and maximize the screen so that we have, you know, a little more room to work with, But I'm gonna click on the Apple Loops browser. I'm just gonna pick a very basic type of guitar strum and drop it in on the first beat. Now, I'm just going to take this and go through each of the different aunt sounds. And to do this, I'm gonna click the cycle button and match it so that it'll just keep playing that same thing over and over again. And as I go through the different amps, you'll be able to hear the different types of sounds, something I could play button. And you will hear the acoustic Strom the basic filed that we've dropped in here, and I'm gonna move it down to the Amazing Tweet. It takes a minute to buffer and actually get the sound to come through. But now you can hear that different catch and how it makes a different sound on that control. Let's move it down in the clean studio stack. When it changes over, you hear a very different sound. Based on its controls. You can adjust these consoles and save your own patches. Mystery courses Next, surfing in stereo royal, you can hear how some of these are loud or or less loud reverb. Echo. Based on FX, it's a double Britain fazer. Raise your face fully active now strum wide, wide walk, reversal of fortune, Modern stack, sixties combo and finally, crunch Can Charges can see the AM collection as easy way for you to get a quick guitar sound. You can come in here and start trying these different aunts and patches and effects out to get, ah, the sound that you're looking for. It's also great to just plug in and start playing and maybe get some ideas or inspiration from the different sounds that you'll hear. So that is the AMP. Collection. 22. The Voice Collection: The voice collection is a collection of different vocal tracks and patches that you can use to make different things, such as voice overs, sound effects, commercials and so on. So let's take a look at them now, select voice and then click the choose button, as you can see when it opens that there are a bunch of different types of vocal tracks and patches set up for you, and just by looking at the names, you can guess what most of them do already. I'm going to go ahead and expand this window so we have a little more room, and for this to work, I'm going to go ahead and record me saying something, and then we'll play it back and move it down each track so that you can hear what the changes sounds make. So let's go and do this. Thank you for joining this garage band course, so I'm going to go ahead and cycle this so that it just keeps playing the same thing over and over, and I'll move it down the track so we can hear them. This is what it sounds like. Thank you for joining this garage band course and that's what The narration. Vocal track. Thank you for joining us. Moving. Thank you for joining this garage band. Cool. It'll take a minute to change. Thank you for joining this garage band court. You can hear the different types of changes they have made joining this garage band course Do Classic vocal. Thank you for joining this garage band course. Thank you for joining this garage band. Course Fuzz vocal. Thank you for joining this garage band course. Thank you for joining this garage band Course Dance Vocal. Thank you for joining this garage band course. Thank you for joining this garage band course. Thank you for joining this garage band Course Megaphone Vocal. Thank you for joining this garage band course. Thank you for joining this garage. Main Course Telephone vocal. Thank you for joining this garage band course. Thank you for joining this garage Band Court Helium vocal. Thank you for joining this monster vocal. Do you think robot vocal? Of course. Thank you for joining this garage being course. So if you're creating any type of voice over work or podcast, this is an easy way to get in here and try toe here different types of vocal tracks that you're going for, So check it out. Try out the different ones. There's a lot more patches within garage bands library. So go in, dive deep into there and look around. 23. The Ringtone Template: next, we're going to look at the ring tones. Ring tones are basically the sounds and songs that you hear on your phone, especially when someone is calling in. You can make those really easy and GarageBand with loops or things that you record and then save it out. They're usually about 30 to 40 seconds long. That belief, 40 seconds is the limit as the time of this recording. But let's click on it and click the choose button as you can see that it's already set up for you to make that ring tone with a 32nd ringtone. So, um, all I would need to do in here is just coming here and pop in my loops. It already opened up. The Loop browser causes guessing that's what you want to use it for, so I can throw in a couple of loops, make my ring tone and export it out. It's just a really simple way. If if it's if that's what you know that you want to do. You want to come in here and make that ring tone. It's just pre set up for you to do that easily. Instead of having to open up a new project and go and change the settings around manually. But just really fast way to make ring tones and ah, make some awesome ones And definitely let me hear my love to hear the project shall make 24. The Hip Hop Template: the hip hop collection is an easy way for you to get in there and start making awesome hip hop beats. It provides you with some tracks and different instruments that are commonly used in hip hop songs. So let's take a look if I select hip hop and click the choose button. Here we have the hip hop collection where you can see the drum track and different types of keyboards and instruments. Let's go ahead and maximize our screen here, and I can put a cycle on and I'll go ahead hit place so that you can hear the drumbeat. Now, of course, we will get into the drummer editor later on as we begin recording and editing our songs. But basically I can kind of move some stuff around here in your CEO. Give me different types of beats. All right, so let's go ahead and pick the keyboard. The sweeping art will goto window show musical typing so I can use the keyboard on my computer to demonstrate. So that was a sweeping Archies. Let's look at the deep sub base. All right, let's look at the fizzy late base. Alright, Arctic noise, Lee local box lead thing. And then, of course, there's a string ensemble in Steinway grand piano peon so that you can add in a string mix and opinion or roll if you wanted to. But it's just a nisi way for you to get up and rolling with the hip hop track. It's very awesome to come in here. If you've got maybe some lyrics, you can use a note pad. You can put your lyrics in the note pad and easily start trying to come up with some hip hop beats for your song. 25. The Electronic Template: the Elektronik collection allows you to easily create electron music, whether B dub step or trance or techno or any kind of those electronic sounds. Let's take a look at it now, so we'll select it and we'll click choose. And when it opens up, you can see that's going to start you off with the beat. And it's also going to give you a couple of different keyboard variations for you to start tryingto make some different types of electronic sounds. So go ahead and will maximize this window so we have a little more room to look at. I'm gonna hit the play button so you can kind of see what's going on. Before I do that, though, I'm going to select the cycle button so that we can cycle just a little piece and go through these different instruments. I'm going to go up to window and select show musical typing so that I can use my keyboard on my computer. I'm gonna hit play on the drum track so you can hear it. That's like tor not wobble base and make sure my musical typing is selected here. Alright, let's try shifting patterns. Try based patterns all right. Classic house organ. All right. Group pattern pad. Chicago cords. Yeah, buzzing metallic lead and Titanic ways. So, as you can see, that just basically set you up for an easy Elektronik track. You can come in here and change the effects and changed a different type of keys to get the sound that you're looking for. 26. The Songwriter Template: next, we're going to take a look at the songwriter now, if you've been following along this whole time, you've noticed that I use Songwriter earlier on in these courses because it's just the easy way to kind of show you, Ah, general way to create a song that shows you all the instruments. It's kind of a default for me to just go and play around in it, so let's take a look at it. It's usually already selected whenever you start garage man, but if it's not, go ahead. Select songwriter and click choose. And when it opens up, you're going to see that there's all your basic instruments for a basic type of band. You have your drum kit you're tracking vocal your your acoustic guitar basic Guitar and AMP . A stack for base in a piano. So there's not much to show you here, as you've already seen in the other collections. Except you can come in here and easily start recording a song you can lay down your drum beat in the Drummer editor. You can go ahead and take your guitar, plug it in and record through the natural strom or the break clean which are basically just amps that can be changed out different patches. You can go ahead and plug in a base and record your bass sound. You can hook up a keyboard and play the piano. Or you can use the musical typing as I've shown you in other lectures off how to do. And you can start recording vocal tracks. So it's just an easy way to come in and start creating something. And if you get to the screen and maybe you just ah, you know you've got Writer's Block, you don't know what to do. Just start throwing things in here. What I like to do is just grab some apple loops, throwing them in there and see what works. You might come up with something new. You might hear something, and then it inspires you to create something else that you have in your mind. So don't be afraid to get in here and start playing around with these things. Change these settings. Move the drummer editor settings around, change out different patches, try different guitar sounds and you'll really be surprised at the functionality that you will have when using GarageBand 27. Empty Project: Let's take a look now at the empty project. The empty project is exactly what it states. It's just empty, and there's nothing much to it. But let's go ahead and click on it and select Choose. Now, when it opens up, you're going to see a dialog box here, and this is asking you how you're going to be recording. So you might be doing a software instrument, which means you're going to be recording from your Mac. Maybe you have a keyboard plugged in or you're using the keyboard typing on the actual computer. Then there's going to be audio, and this is whether you're plugging in a guitar bass or you're using a microphone. Now, since I'm talking through this mic, I could use this audio input of a microphone to start recording. Or I could hook up a mixer to the computer and plug in my guitar bass. And then, finally, is the drums. If you are going to have the drummer editor play, therefore, you can go ahead and select that, so I will go ahead and select the software instrument at the details. You're going to see that mine is a multi output device here from. See, when I select these other ones, you're going to see different options for inputs. And what type of input and output you're hearing the computer from your settings will probably be different, because I'm using an aggregate device so that I can record audio and the sound out of my computer at the same time. While screen casting this lecture for you, we'll go ahead and select software instrument and click create and, as you can see when it pops up, it went ahead and opened up the keyboard typing because we're using the the keyboard. So it assumes that since we have nothing plugged in, maybe what we want to start typing on the computer. It gave us a classic electric piano that I can go ahead and here right away well, and I can start recording. I can keep adding tracks, editing tracks, changing the patches and trying different things at this point. So an empty project is just that. It's a basic beginning for you to come in here and start fresh 28. Introduction to Guitar: one of the cool features of GarageBand is actually learning how to play an instrument within garage band. They have a cool feature that allows you to learn how to play guitar and then play it back and be judge kind of on how well you play. You can also learn how to play from top artists from the lesson store, which will get into a little bit later. Let's go ahead and click on Learn to Play and you can see there's guitar lessons, piano lessons and artists lessons, and there's an intro to Guitar Section, so we're gonna go ahead and choose that now. When it opens up, you're going to see the intro to Guitar Lesson, which is basically going to teach you how to play guitar at the top. You have the title, and then there is a glossary, a guitar tuner, a mixer and set up options. There's also a display mode so you can display cords and tabs below. That is a viewing area where you can either learn and watch him teach you how to play, or you can play back and see how well you did. Underneath that is a fretboard so that when he's actually placing his fingers on the guitar , it will show you where to place your fingers on the front board. Also, the playback section is at the bottom, and, as you can see as I scroll through this, you can see the movie moving. And this is basically the different lessons that he's teaching you. So there's learning acoustic guitar, electric guitar, holding the guitar, tuning, picking and strumming and strumming an e chord below. That is an input, and since I have a microphone in, it is actually lighting up, showing you that there is an input active a metre newme for keeping time, a speed slider so that if he's going too fast or you need to re practice something, you can slow it down playback controls so that you can rewind, play record in cycle and then, finally, a volume slider. Now we won't go too deep into using this within this actual course, Siri's, but I recommend you come and check it out, especially if you're a guitar player and interested in learning how to play. I'll go ahead and rewind this and let you hear the first part of it now high on Tim. This is the first in a series of lessons that will help you learn how to play the guitar in this one. I'll give you a short introduction to the instrument and help you get started quickly with some music that's really easy to play. All right, so there you have it. He's going to teach you how to play, and then you can play back and see what you learn. It's a really great way for beginners, so definitely check it out when you get a chance. 29. The Chord Trainer: along with the guitar and piano lessons, there's actually an option to learn how to play chords of a guitar, So let's take a look at that. Now we'll click on, Learn to Play, and you will see court trainer under guitar lessons. So we'll select that and we'll click choose. When it opens up, you will see the court trainer at the top is a title. Then you have a glossary, a tuner. If you would like to tune your guitar and a set of button for setting up the lessons below , that is a display area where you're going to see the cords being shown. There's the fretboard showing you where the actual fingers would lie on the front of the guitar below. That is a different courts. So when I choose these, you can see that it shows me how to play them both in tablets reform or right on the front board, where I would place my fingers below. That is your input button showing that you have an input. And since the mic is on that input light of slashing a button to go back to the beginning and a volume slider at the variant So GarageBand once again does a great job of making it simple and showing you right here how to make the different types of chords that you would like to play. 30. Introduction to Piano: another feature of Garage Man is teaching you how to play piano. Just like the introduction to Guitar. The introduction to piano is a lesson that will teach you how to play the keys, and then you can actually play back and see how well you did again. We won't go too far into this during this course, Siri. So I recommend you play around with it and check it out. But we'll take a look at it now real quick. So if I click on learn to play and I go to piano lessons, make sure intro to Piano is selected in case you have anything else and then click choose now ah, pop ups going to show that there is no musical keyboard attached. That's just saying, I don't have anything plugged in right now because we can't use the typing on the actual keyboard of the computer, since this is teaching you how to play riel keys. So we'll just disregard that for now and then the lesson plan opens up now, as you can see the titles at the beginning piano and charge a piano, there's a glossary, a mixer and a set up, and then there's a display mode to show cords left hand, right hand or both hands, depending on what you're working on, then the view area, where you can learn or playback the keyboard. And whenever something is played in the video, the keys will actually light up to show you which keys were being played, so that you can learn your play PAC position. Here you can scrub through and see different parts of the lesson so we see learning black and white keys playing position. Sustain pedal cords, court progressions, rhythm and next steps below. That is a metre newme, a speed slider in case you want to slow the lesson down and try to play along playback controls to go to the beginning, play record or cycle and a volume slider. So let's go ahead and roll wine, and we'll take a look at the beginning of this lesson. Hi, I'm Tim. This is the first in a series of lessons that will help you learn how to play the piano in this one. I'll give you a short introduction to the instrument and help you get started quickly with some music that's really easy to play. All right, So that is the piano lesson guide, which will basically teach you how to play. And like I said, Come in here, mess around with it, take some lessons and then go check out the lesson store because they have a bunch more lessons in there that you can learn from. 31. The Lesson Store: GarageBand offers a wide range of lessons for you to learn the guitar and keyboard on what's great about it is. It also includes artists highlights where an actual artist will teach you how to play a song. So let's take a look real quick. If we go to a lesson store, you can see this Papa with guitar lessons, piano lessons and artists. Less is by slide guitar lessons. Here you can see different types of guitar lessons. Basic guitar, blues, guitar, rock, guitar. Some items in the lesson store are free and other items you have to pay for. If I select one of these, you can see the information about it and that I can go ahead and download all these different lessons things on minor chords, power chords lose lead, and it will teach me how to play those lessons. I can also click on piano and learn how to play the piano, basic piano, classical piano or pop piano. Finally, I can click on artists, and you will see artists highlights of actual songs that artists will teach you how to play . For instance, we have John legend. Ordinary people stings Roxanne or Nor Jones thinking about you. So let's go ahead and say Click on stings. Roxanne, this is a lesson that Sting will actually teach you how to teach you my song. Roxanne Rocks. You don't have to put on red. We're still on the top. Three strings of the guitar on the refrain goes like this. The first chord is a C minor seventh, like so over. So, as you can see, this one costs for 99 you download it and then you immediately have access into the learn to play section on how to play this song. They also show you difficulties so you can have easy intermediate or advanced type lessons . 32. GarageBand Recording Overview: in this section, we're going to take a look at how we record in garage band. First of all, I'll show you how you connect. Connect different things to Garage Man, such as a microphone, a guitar or keyboard. Then I will show you garage bands built in keyboard and musical typing. This is basically a keyboard instrument inside of the software that you can use, and musical typing is what allows you to use your computer keyboard that corresponds with an instrument keyboard within the program. This is great if you're on the go and you just have your laptop. But you want to go ahead and lay down some beats or tracks. Or maybe you have a quick idea in your head and you don't have time to set up your keyboard or instruments and want to get it down really quickly. I'll be using the musical typing mostly within this program, so that I can keep it as simple as possible for everyone out there to learn. After that, I'll show you how to record the sounds within Garage Band also show you how to record software instruments so that you can actually record a sound or instrument from your keyboard or your actual instrument, but use different types of effects and settings of different types of instruments, such as saxophones, violins or different types of guitars. Then I'll show you how you can record drumbeats with the drummer editor within Garage Band and then finally will take a look at the Apple Loops. Aval loops are basically files that you can repeat over and over again without any type of break. It makes a seamless audio sound, and they're really great for just kind of getting the basic feel of how you might want something to go later on. In the course, I'll show you how to edit all of these in case you want to break it up. So it's not so monotonous, but in this section will go ahead and take a look at the basics of recording. So let's get started 33. Connecting A Microphone: you can use a microphone to record directly into GarageBand, and there are various kinds are from microphones that you can use for different types of applications. This course won't go really deep into the different types of microphones and their components, but I suggest that you actually study these so that you know, to choose the right microphone for whatever project it is that you're working on. A microphone will let you record a voice, an instrument or any other sound that you can make directly into your computer. You can use your computers built in microphone, but it's normally suggested that you use a little higher quality microphone. When recording, you can connect your microphone via an audio input, a USB connection or an audio interface such as a mixer. You would plug your microphone into the mixer, and then the mixer would plug directly into your computer. Now, to adjust the microphone inputs for GarageBand, we're going to go up to the top and click on GarageBand and Preferences. If this screen is not up, click on Audio Midi and you will see output device, an input device. Here, you can select the device that you're using so if you're just using a microphone, you can select that as your input device. If you're using an audio interface such as mixer, you would select that here. There's some other options for ah, using audio units, and you can also see the mini status if I had any type of many. Input is selected here also, so go ahead and select the microphone type that you're using now, since I'm just using a microphone plugged into the computer, I haven't set the system settings, so that's just reading that automatically. You can also change the microphone for each track within garage band so that you can have multiple microphones set up recording multiple instruments. For instance, if you were recording a live drum kit, you might have 456 microphones around the drum kit to record the different types of drums within that drum kit. So to select the input for each track, click on the track and then go up to the smart controls. Then click on the inspector button at the bottom on the left hand side and under the recording settings, you can see here the input for this track. Now, right now, you're going to see an aggregate device. That is because I am actually using a piece of software to record both GarageBand audio and my microphone at the same time, so it's kind of mixing them down automatically for me. But you might see something such as your computers built in microphone or an external microphone that you're using here. You can also change the recording level in select monitoring. Monitoring will allow you to hear yourself back in your headphones or back in your speakers . Now it's suggested that if you're using monitoring, you should use headphones because if you're playing back through your speakers, the microphone can actually pick up the sound from the speakers and create feedback. You can select feedback protection to try to help it, but the best recommended practice is to use headphones whenever you're recording a track. So I'm going to go ahead and close these smart controls and just show you real quick of recording. Now I don't want to do the drum kit at this point so well, mute. The drum kit will make sure that we have tracking vocal selected here, and I will go ahead and record. It'll count off Hello, everyone. Thanks for taking this course. I just want to do an example of recording a vocal track through a microphone. And if we rewind that, we can play it back. Hello, everyone. Thanks for taking this course. I just want to do an example of recording a vocal track through a microphone. Now you could hear echoey sound, some reverb going on that is based on the type of patch and effects that are selected for this tracking vocal. Of course, that could be changed, but that is the basics of recording with the microphone. 34. Connecting A Guitar: there are multiple ways to record the sound of a guitar within garage band. You could, of course, take a microphone in recording acoustic guitar. With that, you could also record an electric guitar, bass, guitar or acoustic guitar with an output through a cable into your computer, you can use an audio interface, such as a mixer to connect USB into the computer. Or you may have a computer with audio jacks built into it or the sound card. High end sound cards have inputs for both quarter inch and stereo mini plugs so that you can record directly into your computer via the cables. Provide it. Once you have plugged in your guitar, you will need to select the input so you will go to the top. Select GarageBand in preferences. If this screen has not open already, go ahead and click audio Midi. Here you can see output and input devices for GarageBand, an input device. You would select the input that you're using for the guitar at the time of this recording. I am just using a microphone to record this for you, so I haven't set the system settings. You can also see some other options here, such as using audio units and down at the bottom if we were using a MIDI device, so we'll close that. And when recording a guitar, you can change the input per track. So if we click on this track and then go to smart controls at the top and then click on the inspector button at the bottom, you can see the input for this track. Now the time of this recording, I'm using an aggregate device to mix down both my microphone and garage bands audio input so that I can record the screen cast for you, but you would select whatever you're using for your guitar. You can also set the recording levels here and turn on monitoring so that you can hear yourself playing the guitar back in your speakers or headphones. It is suggested that you use headphones when monitoring, so that you can reduce the amount of feedback. There is a feedback protection option that you can use here, but I suggest using the headphones to mitigate the feedback. Now with guitars, you also have the options of using effects and pedal boards. If we click on the stop box button over at the bottom right, you will see the pedal board appear. This gives you a bunch of different types of pedals that you can use with your guitar win recording or even after you're done recording to change the sound. We'll get more into the pedal board later on within this core Siri's. But I wanted to go ahead and show you it now. So when you begin recording, you can mess around with ease. Let's go ahead and close the pedal board at the time of this recording. I'm just trying to show you the basics and currently do not have any audio device is hooked up to the computer. But as you can see, the audio levels are bouncing within the Guitar Trek because it's using my microphone for that track so you could grab an acoustic guitar and just use your microphone to record a track. But I wanted to go ahead and show you the basics of hooking up a guitar. In case you have that set up, you can go ahead and begin playing 35. Connecting A Keyboard: you can connect a keyboard to your computer for use within garage band. The keyboard can either be connected through USB or through MIDI, and the great thing about MIDI is it is very easy to edit and manipulate. Once you have it recorded, they're showing his little types of notes within the software that can be moved around, selected copied paste and just all sorts of other things that you can do with them that makes recording and creating new compositions just really interesting. Now, whenever you hook up your keyboard to GarageBand, you want to go to the top, click on GarageBand and go to Preferences. If this screen is not showing, click on Audio Midi here you can see the output and input devices GarageBand is using. Currently, it's set to system settings. Since I am just using a microphone plugged into the computer and GarageBand is reading those settings, you would select an input device here if you were using a USB keyboard. There's also selections for effects such as audio units. Down here is your midi inputs. It will show you if a midi input is detected at this screen. Once you plug in your keyboard v. Amidi. Once you have your keyboard, input it into GarageBand. You can change the sensitivity of the keys while you're playing to match the style that you would like to play. So if we select smart controls and click on the inspector button at the bottom, you can see here keyboard sensitivity and adjusting this slider will change the velocity level of notes that you play on the keyboard. There is also in our pay. She ater within garage band. If you select this button on the far bottom right hand side, you can see the are pay she ator pop up here with different types that you can choose from so that when you're playing single notes on your keyboard, it is actually playing arpeggios for you and just makes it really fun for playing keys within garage band. I'm gonna go ahead and close the smart controls at the top now. Currently, I do not have any type of keyboard hooked up to the computer to show you it, but I believe you now understand how easy it is to hook up a keyboard into GarageBand. If you are a keys player, you will really enjoy the functionality in the effects that you get within GarageBand to give you all types a different key and piano sounds. You can also use garage bands and software, keyboard and musical typing. I'll go and show you that real quick. If we go to the top and click window, you can see there's two options. Show Keyboard, which presents a keyboard for you to actually play on within Garage band. It will also show you the notes being played if you have a keyboard hooked up at this point , and if we go back to the top and click window, you can see show musical typing. When I click on that, the keys of a keyboard are represented by the buttons on my computer. So the A S D F buttons on my computer related to the C, D, E and F notes of the keyboard. There were also some other options here, which we will go into later within the Siri's. But that is another way to play keys within GarageBand. If you don't have access to a keyboard to hook up to your computer, 36. Keyboard And Musical Typing: Let's take a look now at garage bands, keyboard and musical typing features so that you can begin playing keys with Inside of Garage Band. I'm going to go ahead and select the piano at the bottom, so we know that were on that track. And then I'm going to go to the top Select window show keyboard. Here you can see an on screen keyboard that you can play within GarageBand so I can hit the notes here. And it becomes an easy way for me to select and play music if I don't have an actual keyboard hooked up to my computer. Now, this is great if you're playing sound effects, using their page aviator or just doing maybe some basic note or chord progressions. But for more technical things, it could be a little cumbersome trying to click on these notes to play so you can use garage bands. Musical typing feature. If I select the button next to the Keys will bring up the musical typing keyboard. Here you can see a bunch of different options. The main thing to note is the keys down here. These keys of the keyboard are represented by the buttons on the computer so I can click them with the mouse. Or I can hit the button on the keyboard to play the note. Eso here I'm hitting the A to play the C note of the keyboard the S to play the D note of the keyboard, the D button to play the e note of the keyboard in the F to play the F note of the keyboard . This makes it a lot easier for me to play and create courts. I can be a little more technical as long as I know where the buns of the computer or corresponding to the keyboard notes. Of course, if you've been playing keys, just become a little more natural to you. Might be a little harder if you've never played keys before. If you're learning to play the keyboard or using garage bands lessons, I strongly urge and suggest you to get an actual keyboard and hook it up through USB or maybe within garage band. But this will give you some very basic functionality to get some key and midi sounds. Within garage band. You can also do things like change the pitch bend modulation, octave velocity and sustained of notes while plane. So let's take a look at that now. If I played the A and then hit the pitch been plus Sign, which is the number two on the keyboard, you can hear me actually bending the pitch of those notes. Same thing with the one which is the minus. I can go down to change a modulation. We will use numbers 4567 and eight. On the computer, you can turn modulation off with number three. Now a piano isn't really going to do anything with modulation, so let's go ahead and changes to a synthesizer. I'm going to click on this Steinway grand piano track. Then I'm going to go up and click the library button to open up my library. I'm going to go to Synthesizer and just click base, and I'll pick the 1st 1 agile synth bass. I'll go ahead and click on the musical typing scream, make sure it's selected and play the notes so you can hear what sounds like with modulation off. Now I'm going to cycle through these and play a note each time that I click a new modulation and you can hear the sound differences. Yeah. Uh uh uh Oh, So that's your modulation sustained. Works like a sustained pedal on a keyboard or piano, so it will hold out the notes for as long as you hold it down and allow you to hold this indefinitely until you want to. The active will actually allow you to choose the active that you're working on within the piano. So if you look up here, we can see the part of the keyboard that is highlighted that we're playing on, which is about mid range of the keys. If I choose the Z and X, I can go up and down the octaves of these keys. So at the very top, the C note that I have been playing with the A key is going to sound a lot higher. And if I moved down, you can hear the octaves changing. It sounds like when we got down to the lower third parts of the keys here that it kind of stayed the same, so there wasn't much difference. It's going to be dependent on what type of keys or piano you're using. Finally, you have the velocity, which is the attack of the notes when you're playing. So if you barely touched the keys and you have a high velocity, it's gonna hit really hard. If you have a low velocity and you just barely touched the keys, the sounds hardly going to come out. So that is garage bands, keyboard and musical typing feature. It's a great way to get in here and start playing music immediately, and you can do all kinds of things with keys. It can be sound effects, synthesizers, bases. You can have a wide range of sounds and different styles going on a one time with the keys , and this will actually help you get in here and start making music immediately, even if you don't have a keyboard at your disposal. 37. Start A New Project: in this lesson, we're going to look at starting a new project from scratch, So let's go ahead and click on Empty Project at the beginning screen of Garage Band. We're gonna choose an empty project, so we have a clean slate to begin with. I'm also going to click on the details button at the bottom and expand that so that you can see some of the options for our new project. The first option is a Tempus slider, so that we can actually change the speed of this song or arrangement. There's a tap tempo button so that you can actually tap this and get the speed that you want for your arrangement. Next is going to be the key signature. What key that the song is in here. It's going to be and see Major in a time signature so that you know what the time of that song is. It also shows us our audio input and output, which is selected at system settings right now, So go ahead and click the choose button. The first thing that's going to show us is a different type of instruments that we can use when creating a new Project, a software instrument for creating sounds from your neck, a microphone or line input, a guitar or base or the drummer editor. Now we're going to go ahead and choose a microphone, since that's what I'm currently using and you can see the input here. It's selected to input one, which is what we want. I can select. I want to hear my instrument as I play and record if I would like to use monitoring and hear myself coming back through my headphones. And at the bottom is our input and output devices. I'm using aggregate devices so that I can automatically mix down the microphone and the sound from GarageBand. But you will see some basic input or output settings here. Go ahead and click Create and GarageBand creates a new project for you with audio. One is a label on the first track, and you can see that it's actually moving because it's picking up me talking as a record. This lesson. Let's go ahead and maximize garage pain so we have a little more room. So once we are inside of garage band, you want to go ahead and look at the LCD at the top just to verify that we are using the correct beats per minute key signature and time signature that we selected. You also want to see if there's any other options that you want to be using that we went over earlier, such as account in or the Metrodome. And you also want to set the project in point. This is telling GarageBand where you want the arrangement to actually stop so that when you're exporting it picks this up and records it out. Go ahead and zoom out. If I click this, I can move it around and tell when the project will INGE and you can see the start and end times as I scroll this through. Whenever I create a new file, I like to go ahead and save it out so that as I'm recording and doing different things, I'm constantly saving, and I just go ahead and make that file so that I don't forget later on and lose my work to go up to the top select file save as, and then you can give the project the name tags and where you want to save it, so we'll just call this my project and we'll put it on the desktop. It's safe now. I have a say version of this file. So as I move along and record, make edits and mix, I can constantly be hitting the save button automatically with the shortcut key and make sure that my project gets saved. So that is how you create a basic project within garage Band. Further along in this series will begin recording, editing and mixing these projects. But this is the basic understanding that you need to know of how to get started within garage band. 38. Record A Sound: Now that we have a new project, let's go ahead and learn how to record a sound within garage band. You want to make sure that you select the track, go to the smart controls, click on the show Inspector button and make sure that you have an input selected for this track. Currently, I'm using an aggregate device to record both the mike and the audio output of the computer . But you will see the input that you have, whether be here, built in microphone or if you're using a guitar at this point, you can have that selected or so forth. Go ahead and close this out and you can see as I talk the levels going up and down here. So we know that are the input is working and that we're getting the proper levels. I can go ahead and set this to pain left to right. If I wanted to adjust the audio and I want to go ahead and look up here to see if I want to count in or use a metre, newme throughout the track also clawed a click track to help keep you in time. We won't use either of these one right now. So go ahead and de select this That weighs. When I hit the record button, it'll start recording automatically. If I wanted to, I could come over here in the library and selective voice to use while I'm talking. I won't hear this unless I'm using the monitoring button, but when I play back, it'll automatically have this track. So let's go ahead and slight telephone vocal gives a telephone effect to the track and sounds really cool. I like it a lot, so we're just going to go ahead and click the record button. Hey, everyone, thanks for taking this course. We're listening to a telephone vocal track that we're currently recording later on. We'll edit this track, mix it down and export it so that we can share with the world. I hit the stop button. I'll rewind it. The stop button becomes a rewind automatically so I can just head it again. And let's listen to how that went. Hey, everyone, Thanks for taking this course. We're listening to a telephone vocal track that we're currently recorded Later on, we'll edit this track, mix it down and export it so that we can share it with the world. All right, so now if we decided we didn't like how that sounded, we can rewind this. Make sure we have that track selected and change it to a different type of vocal. Let's do a dance hall. Tight vocal just very ambient and has a lot of reverb on it. I don't have to record anything. I can just go ahead and hit the play button, and we can hear how that sounds. Hey, everyone, thanks for taking this course. We're listening to a telephone vocal track that we're currently recording later on. We'll edit this track, mix it down and export it so that we can share it with the world. That is how we record a basic sound through a microphone within garage band. We'll get more into the editing and using the library and those things later on. But this is the basics of recording within the software 39. Record Multiple Takes: a cool feature of garage being is the ability Teoh record multiple takes so that if you have something that you're trying to say, you don't have to stop, rewind and keep recording over and over again to get the take that you want. You can just start recording and do as many takes as you want. This is also great for, say, lead guitar parts where your are trying to get a solo nailed within a song, and it might take you 5678 10 20 times before you get that solo, right? So let's take a look at that. We're going to go ahead and use a dance vocal that we used in the last section, and I'm going to turn on this cycle button here. You can see the amount of time that it is cycling, which is four bars based on this yellow indicator at the top. I could take this and stretch it out or make it shorter, but we'll just leave it here right now. I'm going to hit the record button, and I'm just going to keep talking every time that it cycles through. As I'm recording and goes back to the beginning, it's gonna make another take. When I'm done recording, I'll be able to choose the take that I like and keep it. So let's take a look at that now. Hello, everyone. This is take one of the GarageBand multi takes lecture. I hope him as you can see there, folks, I just messed up. So let's do another 20 no. Okay, I messed up again. So the strike. Okay, this is take three of the multi takes within GarageBand to show you how to create awesome multi takes for your vocal or guitar. I think I missed that last one. So let's go ahead and out of four, taking just so that we can see how this one sounds. Okay, I hit the stop button and I'm going to room one and you can see here There's a four dance vocal. Take four. If I click on this first number, you can see the different takes that we have here so I can select Take one and you'll see the audio way Form change. I can play that back. Hello, everyone. This is take one of the garage band Multi takes lecture. I hope I can select, Take Two. And here it, as you can see there, folks, I just messed up. So let's do another 20 no. Okay, I messed up again. So that strike There you go. I've created multiple takes within garage band, and I could do that as many times as I wanted to. So, like I said, if you're playing that awesome lead part and you just keep missing a couple of notes and you need to redo it again, there's no sense of having to stop rewind, reset the play head and so forth. Just go ahead and click that cycle button, hit the record button and keep playing until you get it, exactly how you want it. 40. Record An Instrument: Now we're going to record a software instrument within garage band, so click Empty Project and then click on details at the bottom to expand these. Here. You can see some things that we can set up before we begin the project, such as the speed, the key or the time signature. Since we're going to be using software instruments, we will not need to select audio input or audio output at this time. So click the choose button, and when GarageBand opens, you can see that their software instrument at the top left hand corner. Let's select it and click the create button. When it opens, you can see that a classic electric piano trek has been placed along with the musical typing keyboard. First easily begin playing music. We're going to go ahead and expand GarageBand so we have a little more room and we can play to hear what the classic electric piano sounds like. So if that's not the sound we're looking for, we can go over to the library and find something else. There's actually even guitar software instruments, so I can pick an acoustic guitar and you will see a change in the icons and on the track. And when I do the musical typing, you can see that software instruments don't just have to be keyboards and pianos. We're using the keyboard to make the sounds, but the patches and the effects that we use create different instruments that we can play. So let's take a look at some other ones. Here's a drum kit. Pretty cool Elektronik drum kit, mallets, Workers trust so you can even have strings and woodwinds. Let's do a saxophone here. Ah, so we can select the software instrument that we want to play and create multiple tracks. You could create a whole arrangement just with software instruments. So once we have the instrument chosen that we'd like to play, we'll go and make sure that our play head is at the beginning. And if we want to record anywhere else within this arrangement, we could move that play head. Since this is going to be a musical track, we can leave the count, and here said they accounts four beats before we start playing. It will help us know when the music's about to start, but we won't use the click track, since we don't really care so much about timing at this point. So let's go ahead and hit the record button and start playing. You hear account in ah, and we'll hit the stop button. We will remind it, and we will play so you can hear. Ah, as you can see with software instruments instead of away form, we see these bars. These bars represent the notes of the instrument Weatherby keys, the mallets, the saxophone strings, whatever have you software instruments used Midi style notes that you can easily adjust, rearrange, copy, paste and do all kinds of cool things with. We'll look more into this later within this course Siri's. But just know when you see this you're using a software instrument. When you see away form, you're using an instrument or track that has been recorded as an audio file and brought into GarageBand. This is a key point to note so that you always know what kind of instrument you're dealing with and that will help you know how to edit and mix it down 41. Record A Drum Track: The drummer editor is a newer type of future that GarageBand presented that allows making drumbeats really easy, simple and fun. Let's take a look at how we would record a drum track, So if we click on Empty Project and we expand the details, you could see some options for recording. In your arrangement, you can change the tempo or speed of the arrangement, the key signature and the time signature. Since we're going to be using the drum editor right now, we won't worry about our audio input or output settings, so select choose, And when GarageBand opens, you will see some selections here that you can make. We're going to take a look at the drummer, so we'll click that and hit create. When it pops up, you will see the garage band has already added a drum track to the garage band window. Let's go ahead and expand this for a moment so that you can have a little more room to work with. And with the drummer editor, you're not going to be really recording per se. You're just going to be selecting and making objects that will change the sound of the drum editor to hear how this sounds. Let's go ahead and hit the cycle button. I'm going to play this drumbeat so that you can hear what they have set up for the Detroit garage in Drummer Zak. Now we're going to go more into the drummer editor later on, but this will give you a basic understanding of getting a drum track in your song or arrangement. So that is the basic beat that they have set up. Now I can change things down here with the drummer editor at the bottom notice that when I make changes, it actually is changing the way form of the drummer track at the top. Also, as I'm making changes, you can see in the Drummer editor the changes that are being made based on the X and Y pad and the different types of drums and feels that they're using. So you don't really come in and start recording. You just make the proper selections and arrangements that you would like. Of course, with everything else in Garage band. You could also record an actual drum set by hooking up multiple microphones and recording those into an audio device and then, using a line input to record that sounds, you could record separate drum tracks or you could have it all Is one track depending on what you're looking for? But the drummer editor is a quick, easy way for you to get in here and start recording some awesome sounds and drumbeats immediately. 42. Apple Loops: Now we're going to take a look at using Apple Loops within our project to create some awesome great songs and arrangements to go ahead and click empty project and then slight details to expand it. And you will see some options to change the arrangement. The tempo. The key signature in the time signature. Since we're using Apple Loops, we won't be adjusting any of the audio input or output settings. So select Choose. It's going to pop up a dialogue to choose some instruments within Garage Band. Now we are not going to be using any of these at this time, so let's just select software instrument and hit create for right now. Let's close this musical typing keyboard and we'll close the library and we'll expand GarageBand so we have a little more room. Now I'm going to click the Apple Loops button and you can see all of our loops on the right hand side. Now what exactly is an apple loop? GarageBand says. Apple loops are pre recorded musical phrases or riffs in the Loop browser that you can use to easily add drumbeats, rhythm parts and other sounds to a project the's loops contain musical patterns that can be repeated over and over and can be extended to fill any amount of time. So these loops are great for creating songs and musical arrangements because you can put them on the track and they will forever repeat themselves over and over again. Another great thing about Apple Loops is that they will actually follow the tempo and the key signature of the project. So based on how fast or what key the project is, it in the Apple Loop will actually change. To match that there are two types of apple loops, audio loops and blue, which are audio recordings and can be edited within the audio editor or software instrument loops shown in green that could be added like omitted region. Apple Loops can also be grouped into families that have similar sounds and riffs. So, for instance, we see seventies ballot piano 1234 and five. Here. These five loops can be used together in different ways, but they will have the same kind of musicality about them. You can search the apple loops by clicking in the search box of any type of loop that you would like if you know the type of genre or instrument that you're looking for. You can also choose loops based on their categories and select them down here in the list at the bottom. Once you find the loop that you're looking for, it's a simple is clicking and dragging it over into a new track area. When this track appears, you can see that it is green for the software instrument loop, and you can see the midi regions shown in the boxes here. If I drag over a blue audio loop, we'll stick that right underneath it. For comparison, you can see that it is recorded an audio way form. Now. Both of these are loops that can be played over and over again and repetition. But one is MIDI, and one is audio way form. Apple loops can be found here in the top search area. If I know the name, style or genre of type of instrument that I'm looking for, you can sort these either by button or buy list for you and enlist view. You can see that you can sort them by all loops, your favorites, genres, instruments and moods. You can also sort them by scale, whether B minor scale, major scale neither or good for both. Some instruments, such as percussion, could be good for both. Below. That is a loop name, and you can see the blue for the audio file. The grain for the many regions. The name of the loop, the time that it in this is eight beats. This is 39 seconds in a favorite option. If you find some that you like him want to save for later, so listen to them. I can just click on them. Yeah, and click again to stop. When you're ready to move them to the tracks area, you can just click and drag into a new track. You can see that this is an audio loop, so it's blue and you see the way for. And if I select a green one, you can see this is a software instrument loop, and it's green with many regions show so you don't record loops. You just drag them over into the tracks area. You can copy and paste them, and they've will forever make the sounds that you're looking for. Now I'm going to delete these tracks just by right clicking and selecting delete track, and I'm going to show you a family. So we have seventies ballot piano. I'm going to put that right here. And then after that, I'm going to do seventies ballot piano, too, and seventies ballot piano. Three. Now, if you wanted to adjust these individually, you could put them on separate tracks and adjust their patch and their sounds and effects and volumes and what have you. But as you can see, when I play this, it's going to play these loops and they will seamlessly fit into one another into the song , and I can edit those, repeat them, move them around, copy and paste different sections, but they will continuously play into a nice, cohesive song. So let's take a listen. So as you can hear, the first and second sound identical as far as the cords go. But the way that they're playing the piano is a little bit different, and you can kind of see that if you look closely these air some longer bars here, and if we go across, you can see that they're shorter bars here. So there, pressing the keys a little more often, little faster. This third section was kind of like a lead into another section, and you can hear that the key changes were a little bit different. So those are apple loops. They're very, very useful. I suggest that you play around with, um, just listen to different ones, select some favorites that you would really be interested in, and you'll find them very beneficial as you create compositions within Garage Band. You can also add third party loops just by dragging them straight from the finder into the Loop browser, and it will add it for your library later on. 43. Importing Audio: You can also import audio straight into GarageBand the same way that you would import your own loop into the loop browser. So let's take a look at that real fast. We'll go ahead and click Empty Project. We always check our details to make sure that we have the great tempo, key signature and time signature selected. And we're not going to worry about the audio input or output at this time. So we'll click the choose button, and we will need to select one of the instrument types so we'll just leave it on software instrument and click create. We'll go ahead and Hyde the musical typing at the moment and expand GarageBand so we have a little more room. Also, go ahead and close the library, since we don't need it at this time. Now, if we click media browser, you can see this is where we have media on our computer that we can use both audio and movie formats. Garage Man makes it easy for you to bring in a movie and match audio to that movie. We'll look at that later on within the course. Siri's right now. I don't have any audio or movies loaded, but I could take an audio war movie and drag it from the finder directly into the media browser. Once it loads, it will be there for me to use throughout the project as much as I want. I can take audio files and drag them from the finder directly into an audio track. Or I can take MIDI files and drag them from the finer straight into a software instrument track. So any time that you need to add audio from your computer, just go to the finder within the operating system and drag it directly into this media browser or straight onto one of the tracks here. 44. GarageBand Editing Overview: all right in this section, we're going to learn how to edit your audio Now that we've recorded our sounds or have recorded our instruments will want to adjust them appropriately. This will allow us to cut them up, move them around and create different types of effects and sounds. So first thing we need to learn how to do is understand what regions are and how we can edit those different types of regions. Once you have a grasp on that, we can look at the different types of editors the first editor will look at is the audio editor, and this is basically to edit basic wave forms within GarageBand. So if you're singing, talking or playing a live instrument, it will create away form, and that is what will edit. After that, we'll take a look at the piano editor. The piano editor uses many notes and software instruments to create the recordings. Now this is a really cool feature because it's easy to change these instrument types out and edit them. So if you play something that is very fast or very slow, you can move these notes around because they're midi and edit herbal instead of it being away form or audio form. After that, we'll take a look at the score editor, and this is for people who are used to composing or reading or writing music. This is the actual notes that you would see on paper, and we can either play an instrument and have it written out on our score. Or we can go in the score editor and actually write music. Finally, we'll look at the drummer editor. The drummer editor is one of the newer and most awesome features within garage band that makes you that allows you to create really cool drumbeats quickly and efficiently. And I'm talking. This thing has all kinds of different things that you can do with it. You can have different types of percussive sounds, different types of drumbeats, and it really allows you to edit all of these and a very cool and unique way, and I think you'll really enjoy it. So let's go ahead and take a look at the editing section 45. Audio File Options: Now we're going to look at some audio options in the audio editor. As you can see, I have a microphone track set up here so that we can do a little bit of recording here in a second and see how some of these options work. Let's go ahead and close the library and click on the editors. Button said that you could see the audio editor appear at the bottom. We'll click and drag this up so we have a little more room to work with. And on the left hand side, you can see the audio editor options. The first is a show and hide flextime button, which will let you manipulate the timing of your arrangement. Well, look a little more into that here in a second and the catch play had button, which basically follows the play head if it moves off screen so we'll leave that selected. There are two buttons track in region. If you have track selected, it's working on the whole track. If you have region selected, it's working on the region that you're working on. Let's go ahead and make a basic recording. Now. I'm no perfect singer, so I'm just going to do something simple and beat to each bar so that you can hear some options as we go through these be be be babe. All right, let's hear how that sounds be be be, babe. Okay, now we'll go ahead and click on the track button And the first thing that we see here is pitch correction, And what this is going to do is it's going to try to match the notes that I saying to the closest actual real note. So if I'm a little sharp or flat as I say those notes, it will try to line them up to the closest semi tone possible. So zero means there's no pitch correction going on in 100 is 100% trying to get it to the closest note possible. So let's listen to that and see if we can hear a difference. We'll go ahead and turn on the cycle button so this will just keep repeating for us. Be be be they be be he they Okay, so with pitch correction all the way at 100 you can hear kind of a mechanical sound because GarageBand is trying to figure out what? The closest notice that is being son. You can also select limit to key to try to keep the notes within the key that you're working in. So here we're in the C major key, so we'll try to line up these notes toe actual, see major notes in that scale. Let's hear how that sounds be be be, babe. So those were mawr closer to actual notes within the C major scale. And that is how you do pitch correction. And when you hear about auto tuning and things like that within the pop and hip hop music genre, this is what they're talking about. They're using this as kind of a stylized effect on their voice to create this certain aspect of that musical sound that they're going for. Go ahead and turn this down and turn off limit to keep, and the next option is enable flex. When I click this button, you can see that it is still highlighted, but it becomes dark and I have a different type of cursor with these three squares, and what happens is when I click, it divides this up into three segments and wherever the middle is, If I click and move it. It's going to squash or stretch the audio way forms around it to kind of change the timing and tempo of this audio way form so that I can line this up or create a different effect by making the way form longer or shorter. This is also used when we begin dealing with time Kwan ties, which were about to look at here in a minute. So let's go ahead and de select, enable flex and let's click on Region and this is working on this specific region. The first thing we have here is the name of the region that we can change and you can see that name here and at the top in the tracks area. And you might want to have different regions have different names within the track, so you could have verse one verse to verse three and what have you. We can also reverse playback, which is always fun. Be meet me. Okay, now let's look at time. Kwan ties first. We'll zoom in and you can see that not all of these lined up exactly on the beat. So too, was pretty good. Threes off fours off, and we want to automatically adjust these notes to land on the beat. And we use that with time. Quanta eyes. So if I select this drop down menu, you're going to see where I want to match up the closest note to whether it be the whole note. The half notes quarter note. Eight note and what have you We want to land these on the beat, so we're going to use the home. And what happens is the program tries to find out where the audio is starting. So as you can see, it's made these lines right where it believes the audio begins and it's going to move. These based on that line to the closest note that we select within the time quant ties and the strength is going to tell us how closely we want to get how much we want to adjust the audio away form to make it lay in there. So let's go ahead and pull that all the way up, and when I do, you can see everything adjust forward, and it actually matches up that line, which is a start of the each note to the beat. So now it's landing directly on the three directly on the four, directly on the two, directly on the one. Let's listen to that, because now it's actually more in time. Be be be babe. So this is a great way of, say, a playing a musical instrument. And maybe you hit all the right notes, but they weren't in the right time. You could come in here and easily adjust those notes to the closest note that you would like and that could be triplets. It can be half notes, 16th notes. You can just adjust audio to that closest timing. Another thing that you can do is you can transpose this. So if you maybe need to transpose the music or the instrument that you're playing, you can do that with this slider at the bottom and these air based on semi tones. So each one is a semi tone. So let's listen to that. And if we keep follow tempo and pitch selected, it will try to keep the tempo and the pitch of what you have. The arrangements set to at the top. So we're going to hit, play be and well adjusted. He be babe, be be be, babe, be babe. As you can see as I eat us to transpose up, it's moving the key up. Beat eight. Okay, let's stop that. And you can also adjust it down. Also, if you want to make the transposition lower Uh um ah ah. So that is how you adjust audio way forms within the audio editor and some of the cool tools that GarageBand offers to do that these auctions give you the ability to change. The transposition changed the key, the pitch, the timing of your audio files. And this is really great, especially if you're working with music, because you are able to, you know, play a part. And if you really like the part but maybe some notes were off beat or off tempo or key, you can go in and change those very easily within the audio Editor 46. Editing In The Piano Roll Editor: The piano Roll editor is a fun and intuitive way to create awesome compositions, music and audio tracks within garage band. You can use this to edit any type of MIDI audio or software instruments within GarageBand, and I think you're really gonna like this. So let's go ahead and take a look at it now to get started. We're going to just record a basic scale with this classic electric piano, and it's going to create a MIDI region because this is a software instrument within garage band. If you were playing on a keyboard and you had MIDI hooked up going through your computer when you played, it would also come out as a mini region, and you could edit it at that time. So let's go ahead and make a quick recording and just see how this sounds. Now, if the musical typing is not open for your screen, just go up to the top click on Window and this will say show musical typing. So just click on that and this will pop up for you and will allow you to hear the notes by playing keys on your computer. All right, so let's just go ahead and record. All right, this is what sounds like. Uh, okay. Now let's go ahead and close the musical typing since we won't need it anymore, and we'll go ahead and close the library because we won't use that either. And click on the editors button to bring up the piano roll editor. I'll also click and drag this up so that we can see it a little easier. Now. This is a piano roll editor, and you have the Punaro editor options on your left and the workspace on your right. We will get more into the options and another video, so let's just take a look at the workspace for now. As you can see, you have your basic grid and ruler so you can see your beats and bars up here. You have more of a grid and the funeral editor, because this is really about making these notes longer and shorter. You have your play head, which you can slide left and right. You have your zoom slider on the top right hand side so you can zoom in and out. You can see the region, and we can actually adjust this region and make it smaller or longer, and you can also see it changing up in the tracks area at the top as I make adjustments here. And then there's also a keyboard, and this keyboard actually corresponds to the musical typing that we were using. And this is the note that we played, and you can see the different notes that we played in that scale on this keyboard. Now, on this grid, the vertical lines going up and down is going to be the pitch or the notes of the keyboard . The horizontal lines are going to represent time, so this bar means that it's at this certain pitch or no, and it's for this length of time. And that's for each one of these. You can see somewhere overlapping summer shorter. Some are longer, but we have full range to edit these anyway, we want to. So let me show you how to edit them. To select them, you can just left click. You can click and drag him or key selection to select multiple. And of course, you will hear them playing as their selected. We can also shift click way, want to select multiples. So that is how you select him now to move them, you just click on them and you can click and drag on when I move in. You can hear the pitch change on based on where I move them left and right will be when they are actually played on their time. And this goes with moving multiples. Aiken pick up multiple ones and eyes is a great and easy way to get the song arrangement that you're looking for very easily, quickly and right away. Now you can copy and paste these just like you would do any other type of file within a computer so I can click on this. I can go to the top and click Edit Cut, and it will actually cut it to the clipboard. And now I can move my play head wherever I would like. For that note to land, I just cut out of there and go to the top and click Edit Paste, and it will pace that note where the play had waas. I can make a copy of it by going to edit copy, moving the play head and hitting edit paste now to delete. I can just click on this on hit the delete button on the computer next weekend, resized notes, so I can click on any one of these notes. And by going to either side of this midi note, I can click and drag with these double arrows and make this as long or short as I need it to be. So this is a quick and easy way for me to come in here and just square these notes to exactly where I want them to be. Ah, I can make them short if I want to. Uh, and I can make him really long if I want, so we'll see how that sounds now, all right. And that's basically how you select and move them around and resize him. This is just a very easy way to really make some really cool stuff within GarageBand because I can take these notes and say, I can make a copy of them And this is just a quick workflow of how you could do something like this in Garage Band, and I will go over here and I paste it. I'm just going to move this back down here, and that's that C note and let's say I do another one. Ah, and now when I play that and I could actually copy knees and resize them altogether if I wanted to delete this one, I'm just resize is taken here for a second, all right, and as you can see, I've made accord within seconds and just having a little bit of music theory or knowing a little bit about cords, you could easily make cords, even if you didn't know how to play them on an instrument such as a piano or guitar. Another great thing about MIDI is that you can use this for software instruments within GarageBand. So if you go over to the library any of these different types of effects and library patches you can use on these many regions to change the sound so it doesn't have to be a piano or keyboard. It can be guitars. It could be drunk. It's it can be things such a string instruments or wind instruments, which I think is really cool. If you're in a band or writing music and say you don't know how to play a violin or cello or you don't know anyone that does that, but you hear it in your song. Well, you could easily come in and write it out on a keyboard and then change this to, say, a string instrument so that you can actually hear the strings in your arrangement. Just having that alone opens a whole world of possibilities when using GarageBand. So that is the piano roll editor. Definitely get familiar with it, and in the following video will go over some more options that you can do with the piano roll editor. 47. MIDI Options: Let's take a look now at some options that you can use when using the piano roll editor. So to do this, we're just going to record something real quick and give you a basic rundown of some of the options that are available to you. If the musical typing isn't showing, go ahead to the top and click on window show Musical typing. Which mind says Hide, because it's open right now, but years would say show musical typing. Click on that and you'll have the musical typing keyboard, which will let us hit notes on the computer and play actual keyboard. All right, let's go ahead and do a quick little recording here, okay? And we'll go ahead and Hyde the musical typing now, since we won't be using it anymore, and we can close the library since we won't be looking at that right now. So go ahead and click on the editors button. And when it pops up, I'm just going to drag this to the top so that you have a little more room to look at here and on the left hand side, you can see options afford the piano roll editor, The workspace is on the right hand side and you have the options on the left. Now at the top, you're going to see a couple buttons. The 1st 1 is a midi draw button. When we select this, you can see that a bottom screen opens up for the mini draw section. Now what we're controlling here is the note velocity. So this is basically how hard that you're hitting the keys when you play, so at 100 you're just playing it at a moderate rate. If I drop these down, it's actually going to be hitting the key softer. And if I go higher, it's going to be like you're hammering your fists down onto the keys and you can change what you want to adjust. Here can be the pitch, the volume modulation, sustained pedal and so forth. Let me go ahead and show you how that looks. And if I just click and drag, I'm going to edit these based on the way that I'm clicking. So it's easier if I just show you. So I'm just going to click in the top left and dragged to the bottom right and what this does. Is it it changes these notes, and what it's changing is the note velocity, because that's what we have selected here. So when I did that because of where I actually selected and and dragged it to, you can see that the first note is where we normally would hit the keyboard. And then it's like impressing a little harder on the second note and then back to the normal on the third note and in the rest of the notes. It's like I'm hitting the keyboard a lot softer and softer. So let's look at how that sounds. Ah, uh, so as you can see, the velocity is kind of how you're playing. If you were playing a real piano, if you mash down real hard, you would have a higher velocity than if you were barely touching the keys and having a lower velocity. I'm just going to undo that, and that's one way of using the MIDI draw to adjust the many regions. Let's go hang clothes that now when we're in the workspace, you can actually draw extra notes also, by holding the awlaki and you get a little pencil, and wherever I draw and drag, I can create notes. So if I want a high C right here, I can click that and based on how far I drag it out, left and right, as how fast or short that notes going to be. Now when I draw again, it's going to remember the last note I made in its length, and it's going to keep creating that same length until I change it so you can hear that Sounds is not going to sound good, but you can get an idea of what you can do with the MIDI drawl functionality. So, like some Space age stuff going on there. All right, let's take a look at some more options. We'll go back to the region button here, and the first thing that you're going to see is a region name, so you can give each region a name in the MIDI in the piano roll editor. So this is classic electric piano. You can see that name here, and you can also see it up here in the tracks area. The next option is to Kwan ties the time, and that basically means that it is going to align each note to the closest note that you select here, and the easiest way to do this is to show you this. So I'm going to go ahead and turn down the strength for a minute so you can see this now. This is affecting the whole region, and right now you can see that a lot of these notes are in different times and areas of the music. Let's try to get those all fitted up a little better. So what we're going to do is we're going to click on time quant ties, and we're going to select either whole half quarter Note. Eighth notes, 16 note and etcetera and our many notes are going to line up to that closest counterpart. So if we select quarter note, it's going to select the whole region. As long as we don't have any other mini notes selected and weaken dragged the strength up, and it's going to move those notes to the closest quarter. Note. So now you can see everything is aligning to the quarter net. Same thing. If I were to go toe hold note. It wouldn't knock everything to the closest wholeness. So time quanta eyes is an easy way for you to align to the timing of the music or arrangement that you're working with. This works really great if you played all the right notes, but maybe they're off by a little bit of timing and you need to adjust. Set. Let's go ahead and undo this a couple times, and I'm going to just, um, select all this and delete it. Okay, Next, we're going to look at the transpose, and the transpose is going to allow us to adjust the pitch or the keys of these notes. So this is if you played all the right notes. But maybe you're off. Or maybe your arrangement is in a different key than the piece that you're working in, and you need to change that key, so this is going to adjust it by semi tones. So if I move these, you don't see any changes there. But when I play it back, you can hear Let's go ahead and go back to zero so you can hear the original compared to that, and you can also transpose downward to if you want to. Ah, so that will allow you to easily change the key or the pitches of the notes that you're actually playing. If we go to the note option, you can see that you basically have the same time. Kwan ties before, But this is on a note basis. If I'm in region and I select a note, it's going to change the tab over to the notes. And then the time Kwan ties is going to be just to this note. So if I wanted to say Just move this one note to the closest whole note, I could do that. And then finally is the velocity. So this is also what we looked at earlier. This is how hard you're actually hitting the keys, and this is on a per note basis. So if I want to hit this key very softly, I could bring that down. Listen to the fourth note that plays here. Oh, you didn't even hardly hear it. I turned it down so much. Let's move it up a little more strife 40. Ah, uh, still pretty low. So let's try a strike 60. I think we're at 98 95 originally, so it's like you're barely hitting the keys. And of course, if I turn the velocity all the way up this is going to be is if you were mashing the keys very hard and this is an electric piano, so grand piano or one of the pianos that are used in the library, it actually might sound a little better. But those are some of the options within the piano roll editor that you can use, and this is a very powerful tool, so I hope you enjoy it. 48. Editing In The Score Editor: GarageBand has a score editor built inside of it, which will actually let you create sheet music. If you're used to doing that, if you know how to read or write sheet music or even want to learn how to read cheap music , GarageBand gives you a great way of doing this. Another powerful feature is that it works hand in hand with the piano roll editor and creating midi notes and instruments. So if you have a keyboard hooked out with MIDI or you're using one of these software instruments within garage band, whatever you do in the piano roll editor, you can see in the sheet music of the score editor. And whatever you write in this score editor will change within the Midi regions. So let's go ahead and take a look at that real quick. Let's go ahead and close the library and we'll go to the top and we'll click on window show musical typing if this isn't being shown already, and this will just allow us to play some notes on our computer and we'll go ahead and click the editors button, drag this up so we have a little more room, and this is the piano row editor, and we want to click on this score button to seethe score editor. Now, nothing is going to be shown here until I actually have something recorded. So let's go ahead and record something real quick. Uh uh uh uh, Okay. Now, as you can see, I was trying to create some whole notes like this one, and I was off a little bit. I waited too long on this one and this one, so I'll show you how toe adjust and move those around here in just a moment. But first, let's take a look at the workspace. You have the options on the left hand side, which we will talk more about in a later video. And you have the score editor work space on your right hand side. You have your basic cycle bar at the top, and then you also have your ruler and your grit. There's the play head and you can see the green Midi region that's going around our music. Now. If we wanted more staff here, we could go to the top and click on the bottom of the Smitty region and stretch it out and give some more time. And when I do that, you can see it added. Here, over in the right hand corner is the zoom option so we can use that zoom slider, Teoh. See a little more here and then the grid option. This is going to tell the score editor what grid size we want to be in. If I change this to quarter notes, it's going to change it to the closest quarter note or, in this case, the whole note. But this is just the grid. This is not actually the notes being played. This is just a tool to kind of help you build upon your arrangements and make it a little easier to compose. Change that back. Okay, so let's talk about how we can edit these notes. The easiest way is to just click. You can left click to select them, and you can also click and drag a marquee selection around multiple notes to move them. I can click on them and drag them, and you can see the information showing the position and the pitch of the snow. So this is a D three. I can also make them shorter or longer, and When I make this shorter to 1/2 note, you can see 1/2 rest automatically added by garage band. You can also see in the tracks area that as I make these edits, the Midi region is being adjusted also. Okay on. You really want to make sure that as you are making music in the score editor that you're looking at the piano roll editor to, they don't always line up perfectly. So you want to make sure that whatever at it you do here are matching what you're doing in the score. Editor also now for this one. It didn't start at the right time, so we'll select and we'll just drag it back to the beginning. And now we have that whole note. Now we'll go back to the piano roll editor and you can see that it's actually starting a little soon and dragging a little late so we can just trim that up nice and easily right here. See, this one is showing a whole note, but the piano roll editor, it's just a hair off. So we want to make sure that we always are double checking our work going back and forth between the piano roll editor and score editor. I can adjust this one now. Later on. When we look at the options, I'll show you an easier way to doing this and having them time quantities so they automatically line up for us. But let's listen to that. Uh, okay, I can also just click and delete a note. If I want to buy hitting the delete key on the keyboard, I can also add notes. We'll look at that when we look at the options in another video. But this is basically the score editor and how it works. And it's a really great tool because you can come in here and just start composing and arranging music. And no matter what you write here, it'll correspond to what shows in the midi regions, and whatever you play up here will actually be shown in the score music. You can print this out if you want to, and you can actually change it to trouble traveling base or bass clef. You can change the time signature by changing the time signature and LCD display at the top , and you can actually change the key. So we see you here in the trouble class. We have a, C, D and E. If I click on the C major and say I change that to a minor, you can see that it actually changes, so I can transpose music very easily this way. And if I pick something that actually has some sharps or flats in the key, you can she see those over here also. So this is a great way also to learn music and scales and notes and transposing things, because you might have a perfect song but may be your only used to playing in the Seiki. But you know, you want to be a B flat, minor or E or something of that nature. You can easily change that up here, and those changes will have effect on that music. So check out the score editor. I think you'll like it a lot. And like I said in a later video, we'll take a look at some of the options that we can also use to add in notes and also quantities the time in transpose it in other ways 49. Score Options: Now we're going to take a look at some options in this score editor that will make reading and writing sheet music a lot easier for you to begin. Let's go ahead and close a library by clicking on the library button in the top left hand corner. And if you're not showing the musical typing, go ahead to the top click on window show musical typing right now, minus showing hide because it's already open. And this will just allow us to play some notes on the computer that corresponded keys to a keyboard. All right, and let's go ahead and open up the editor. So I'm going to click on the editors button and we'll drag this up so we have some more room to do that so we can see everything here nice and easily, Okay. And the piano roll editor is what is opened up at the beginning. And you actually want to use the piano roll editor in the score editor together because sometimes not everything lines up in the score editor perfectly, and you can adjust those in the piano rule editor very easily and I'll show you how to do that. So go ahead. Click on this score. And there's not gonna be anything here until we actually record. So let's go ahead and click the record button and just make something basic. Uh uh uh uh, Now we were going for four whole minutes here, And as you can see, I came in a little late on the second and third measure. Now I'm not going to go deep into music theory. I have courses on that later on that will go into a composition arrangement, how to read and write music and so on. So I'm not going to get real deep into it, but I'll just give you some basics as we go through to kind of explain some things. But I I'm off here, and this is a true whole note, and this is not a whole notes. So let's go ahead and zoom in so we can see this a little easier. And we have ways of being able to fix this in the score editor options. But first, let's go ahead and take a look at some other options. First at the top left is a catch play head button. So as this play had moves across the screen. No, I turned on the cycle, but in there, as this play had moves across the screen, we will actually follow it off the screen. You'll see it actually go off the screen. But if you turn this off, the play head will move off the screen when it's playing and we'll just sit here looking at this. It depends on how you're working. If you're watching your music and want to see how it is, you'll probably want to have that turned on. If you're just paying attention to one part that you're working on, you probably want to have that turned off so that you can just keep watching that one area . Now we have two buttons below that region and notes in the region section. We have a region name, and you can see that name here in the region of the score editor and in the region of the tracks area, and you can change. Each region can have its own name, so you can call it verse one verse two, even if they're duplicate parts below, that is time Kwan ties, and the time quant ties in the region area is going to affect every note. So if we want to line up all of these and you can see the second and third measure were often we want to line them up, we can time quantifies them so that we can move them to the closest note that we want them to be. Yet in this case, we want them to be at the closest whole note. So at the beginning, and we want to move these and shift them forward. So we're going to do that now. And the first thing you want to do is make sure you don't have any notes selected. Otherwise, oh, put the notes tab and you want. Make sure that you select this region and it's highlighted. Then we're going toe go. I'm gonna turn the strength down to zero for now and go to time Kwan ties and we have whole note half note, quarter note. So on triplets swing and what have you. So let's click on the whole note and nothing happens with the strength at zero. But as we pull the strength up, you will see those notes move to the closest home now and now we have them lining up exactly how we want them. Four consecutive whole Nets. Now, as I said before, you want to go on the piano roll editor and actually make sure that you're getting a true home? Because, as you can see, this is showing a whole nut, but it's actually extending into the next measure a little bit. So I always just make it a habit to come in here when I'm doing anything in this score editor and make sure that what I have written is kind of matching what I have in the many region. So now you can see four hornets taken up, you know, one whole bar here. Okay, so let's listen to that. Uh uh, all right. Now, below that, we have transposed, and this is going to transpose the notes up or down within the key that you're in. So if I click and drive this, you can see the notes moving up or moving down. And I really like this transposing the score editor a little more than the audio editor imperial editor, cause I can visually see what's happening here. I can see these notes moving up. So if I go up two semi tones or whole note. You see that jump from there to there, and it's a great way to see that. And if you want to listen to it, just me, these appear. Uh huh, OK, and I can also transposed down Ah Kant's. But there's back to where they were. Now we'll click on notes, and this is on an individual note basis. So the first thing we have is insert, and this is going to allow us to actually insert notes into the score editor. Now, whenever there's absence of notes, you have rest so you can see there's no notes here, so we have a big rest there. If I put in 1/2 note because it's 44 time, it will add that half rest automatically so we can't add rest. It's just depended on what the length of the note is and where you put that in the measure . So to show this, let's go and we'll just add 1/4 note here and to actually draw in this. First of all, let's go to the tracks area and in this region, click on the bottom. You'll have double arrows, click and drag that, and we're just going to make this a little longer in this region. And as you can see, it adds some more staff to our region, and we're going to add 1/4 note here now. To do that, you hold the command button down on the Mac, and you will have this pencil tool. And based on where you click here, and as you can see, you have to look up here at the grid to kind of line it up. But depending on where you click is where it's going to play. Set note, and it's OK if you miss it, because we can always move these very easily. So let's just put one in the middle here. And, as you can see, it adds that note in. But it also added the rest before and after. So it out of the half rest quarter note and then the quarter rest. And then if I need to move this, say I I wanted it to be in the back here. I can just click and drag that over. Oh, and then it adds the rest there and so forth. Now you can also just keep clicking and making multiple notes so I can just easily right out my music here. And I can also click multiple notes in the same beat to create courts. So this is a very easy way to create some chords. So let's just listen to that. It's not anything musical, but you can hear how this sounds just by doing a quick little sample. Uh huh. All right. And that is how you can basically write music within garage band. Let's look at the last couple options. We have time, quant ties, and this is just like quanta izing the region. Except this is going to be on a per note basis. So say we wanted to move this quarter note to the beginning, while the easiest way to do that is to just Kwan ties it to the closest home that no line up there so I can click that one note, go over here and click whole note, and it actually moved it to the closest whole note, which is actually in the last measure. So it actually moved it behind, so it's going to be where the closest hone it would in And since this was on the fourth beat, it went to this measure, we can just click and drag it to the beginning. Oh, too far. There, there again. And then if I want this to be a whole note, of course I can click and drag it out to the whole measure and fill that in. And then finally, we have velocity. This is going to be basically the attack. So how hard you're hitting the piano with your hand? If this is low, it's going to be nice and soft. If it is higher, it's going to be like you're hitting the piano really hard with your hands. So let's take a look at that. Will do, uh, soft. Oh, in here go a little harder here. So each each, um, beat here. We're actually hitting the piano harder. And you can do this on an individual basis. So even with an accord, you could have, you know, one no hitting hard and the other notes heading very soft. Okay, let's go ahead and listen to this. Uh huh. So that is the velocity of the notes. And those are the options in the score editor again, I use the score editor and piano roll editor hand in hand so that you make sure that you are checking everything. It's a lot easier sometimes tow line up the notes within the piano roll editor versus a score editor. So I usually come in here. And maybe if I want to change the length of this note, I can do that easily. And here go to the score editor and you will see that that's reflected. So use those together. And also this is a great way to write music. If you're good at reading and writing music and even if you don't know how to read music, this is a good way to learn, because you can come in here and play around with this by recording. Ah, note. That's four beats long. And then you played this note and you can come in here and see where that falls on the staff, and you can begin learning what these notes mean. You know how long they are in where they're where they at are on the staff, um, and what kind of notes that are actually being played. So definitely check out the score editor. Even if you've never seen written or red sheet music in your life, I definitely recommend checking this out 50. Editing In The Drummer Editor: Let's take a look at one of the more newer and one of my favorite features within GarageBand. And that is the drummer editor. The drummer editor is a very easy way for you to lay down awesome cool drumbeats and change them up very easily and quickly and just really get some really cool, unique sound. So we're going to take a look at that now. What I did is I opened an empty project and I made a new JUM track. And if you don't have one showing, you can just click on this new track button and select drummer Create, and it will create a new drummer track for you automatically. We know it's a drummer track because of the yellow region. This isn't green, and it's not blue the orange. It's just the yellow for the drummer track, and we're gonna have the library on the left hand side in the drummer editor at the bottom . Now, before we close the library, I will show you that based on the drummer that you choose, they're going to play on a different type of kit. But you can always change that sound by changing it in the library here so we can still have Ander style of playing. But we can change the actual drum kit sound if we wanted to. So this gives you a big range of variety for you to choose and get the right sound that you're looking for. Let's go ahead and close the library, so we have a little more room to work with. And as you can see at the bottom, we have the drummer editor. Now we can't drag it up because GarageBand and this is just the screen that it fits. So it's nice and compact and easy here. The first thing that you're going to see on the left hand side is the genre and drummer that you want. So right now we have rock selected. If we click this, you can see that there are different types of genres to choose from and within the genres air going to be different types of drummers. Some will have more or less than others, and each genre is going to have these different artists and these drummers or artists, um, have a little saying about them if you hover over them and we'll tell you what type of drumming style that they play so you can see that here, Jesse is inspired by hard rock bands and funk pioneers. Jesse plays in your face beats on a tight sounding kit so you can have a selection of genres and different styles of actual drummers playing different ways, playing in the style that they would have played in now to the right of that is the actual drummer editor. And when I clicked on this, you can see that it changed up in the regions at the top because different notes are being played in this area. You are going to see the actual length of time, um, shown by beats in the bars and subdivisions at the Yellow Line here. This is the whole region, so it's eight bars, so we have the full length of this. If we were to move this down, you can see that that changes there. Below that, we have presets now. These are also different ways that this drummer would play. So though, um, Anton plays in a certain fashion with this description, he also has different types of presets of ways. It are played here, so let's go ahead and just listen to a couple of these first, we'll do ambition. Okay, now, to go through these, let's go ahead and click on the cycle button. Ah, bar here or you can click the cycle, but in the top, right, This will just play over and over again, and we can go through these now. I'm just going to show you all the settings as we go along here and show you the different things that we can do. So So that's one style, the ambition style that's tried bouncing. And, of course, whenever you're creating germ tracks, you're probably going to want to get the tempo down first. So if you want to speed up or slow this down, you would come up here and change this. So this gives you a bunch of different styles and ways to play and make different types of drumbeats. Now, to the right of the presets, you're going to see the X Y pad, and this just is an easy way for you to get loud, soft, simple or complex drum tracks. So if I have it here in the center, it's not simple or complex, but it is loud if I have it over here. It's loud and simple. If I have it over here, it's loud and complex. This is soft and simple, soft and in the middle, soft and complex. And this is just a little medium of everything. So let's listen to that. So that's loud and complex. You can hear, is playing a lot more instruments, soft and simple. Okay. And then to the right of that is the instruments that this actual artist is playing. And you can turn these on and off, mute them and get different sounds by doing that, okay. And then these air going to be the sliders for the complexity of these. So we could turn percussion and have different sounds come through strong. These offer message in your that. So those were gonna have different variations on the different instruments that are being played. So you can really get a variety of all kinds of different styles, instruments and different things going on between the genre artists, the presets, the simple or complexity, and the different instruments that you choose here. Now the Phils button is going to give you mawr or less, Phil. So if we turn that all the way off. Um, I'm not sure if you're really gonna notice this. Let me stop this for a second. And let's go over to the rock because rock is usually a pretty straight Ford beat and then has a bunch of Phil's. So we're going to choose Logan here. Just change drummer, and you can see that his instruments air different. He has different presets and different instruments because he's, you know, playing a different genre music. So let's listen to hiss. So he has a very small fill that he does at the end there. But if we turn this up, you can hear a lot more Phil's going on in between the bars and beats, which again is another way of just adding a lot more complexity to year drumbeats. Or I can have no fills below. That is a swing Nam so that we can actually have a more swing style be and what type of swing style beat we're working with eight notes or 16. - All right, so that's basically the drummer editor and another way to really go about this as you can, you know, make these regions longer or shorter, and you can keep changing each region. So you can have, you know, one region start off simple and soft, and the next one build upon that a little bit, and then the next region build upon that. And that is a way to really develop a song. So it's not just the same. Boring will beat over and over again. You could have one region start off with maybe not the tampering. And then in the next region, add the tampering and then make it a little more complex and then add a little more Phil so that you were actually adding on to that drum track. And this is just a really fun editor. I suggest coming in here, maybe putting on some headphones and just go into town with it. You know, drumming is usually one of the foundations of most songs. So when I start writing songs, I generally come in here and get the tempo and kind of the drum rhythm first. Even if drums don't start in the song, it will kind of lay the backbone and then I can build upon that, so have fun with it. 51. GarageBand Mixing Overview: in this final section, we're going to learn how to mix our audio projects. Mixing is basically what you do when you have everything edited, and you want to get the right sound that you're looking for. There are a lot of cool things within garage band that will allow us to do that. First of all, we have things such as the effects rack. The effects rack is a basically tons and tons of different types of effects that you can add to your audio sounds. This could be reverb, echoes, distortion and ah, whole slew of other things. We'll also take a look at automation. Automation is a very cool way of editing audio differently than what you would normally think. It allows you to use a graph and different types of lines and points to adjust the audio, and it makes it very useful when you want to make quick changes or different types or styles of changes within your audio. For instance, if you want the audio to go from very quiet to very loud slowly and then drop off very quietly again. Automation makes it really easy to do that, and I'll show you how to do these types of things, then we'll take a look at the different and designers and pedal boards these air great for guitar players or bass players because they give you a whole range of different types of ants, cabinets and heads that you can select. And the cool thing about these features is that you can select them after you've recorded your audio so you can record a nice clean guitar sound. And then you can go in and check out the different types of amps and pedal boards that you can use within garage band. So it also has pedals that you normally see guitar players playing with. They have things like distortion and reverb and so on. Finally, I'll show you how to export your audio project and then also how you can share that project in various types of different ways. So this will basically wrap up the course and show you what you can do. Once you have recorded your audio, you've edited your audio, and now you want to get that perfect sound that you're looking for. So let's go ahead and take a look at the mixing section 52. Automation: automation is an easy way for you to edit tracks inside of GarageBand, including the master track. And it allows you to edit things such as the volume panning, echo, reverb effects and smart controls and a whole list of other things. Now, each track, depending on what type of audio file were working with, whether it be a keyboard track, a drum track, an audio file or MIDI file is going to have different settings. And I encourage you to come in and play with each of these settings. But we're just going to go ahead and show you the basics today. So before we begin, let's go ahead and just record. Ah, basic track here. Ah, Uh huh. All right. That's just a little something toe have in there so that we can go ahead and mess around with this. Once we have that recorded will go ahead and close the musical typing keyboard so that we have a little more room to work with here, and we'll play back just so you can see how how it sounds. Okay, Now, the first thing we're going to want to do is turn on the automation. So we're going to go to the top, and we're going to click on mix show automation. And as you can see here, you can also hit the A key on your keyboard. If you're using a lot of automation, remember that shortcut because it will come in handy now on the grid and the rulers. That pulls up a different type of view here with the line going across and this is your baseline for your automation. This this great line and you can see that the automation button is turned on at the top, and we also have in an enable automation button here, too. So if you're editing multiple tracks, you can turn this on and off for each track, depending on what you're editing. And below that, we have the parameters. So the 1st 1 selected his volume, and if I click on this, you can see it gives me different parameters. Toe edit. I can edit the volume, the panning echo reverb, smart controls such as the bell, the trouble, ultra mellow ambiance and so on. And like I said, each track is going to have a different set of parameters that you can add it. But for ease of sake, we'll just edit the volume. So to add a point inside of the automation track, all we're going to do is we're just going to click one time and you see that line becomes yellow and there is a yellow dot where I added a point. So I'll just move the play head out of the way so you can see this. So there's a yellow dot there. Now I can take this and Aiken drag it down. And when I do since we're editing the volume, you will see the DB of the volume change as long as well as the volume slider is actually moving because the automation is letting us adjust the volume here. So I condone. Drop this all the way out. So it's completely silent. And then maybe when we get to the top of our scale, I can add another point by just clicking on that line. Now just click and drag, and I can move that up, and what this is going to do is it's going to go from very silent or soft and gradually get louder and louder until it gets to the top, where it gets the loudest. And let's just go ahead and we'll add another point here. And then we'll add one at the end and we'll just click and drag that down so you can see what's happening here. It's silent. It gets very loud. It stays loud for a little while and then get silent again. So now let's listen to how that sounds. Um uh, and if you notice the volume slider was actually moving along with this. So as you go through, you can see that volume slider, and it's the same thing. If we were, say, editing the pan, you would see the pan knob adjusting also. So this is a very quick way to come in here and adjust these different types of parameters . You can do effects echo like, Say, you had a part of a song where you know none of the song has any echo, but this one little section you wanted to add in a quick burst of eco you could do this very easily and very visually with automation. Now to edit the points, just like editing anything else in garage band, you can left click to select the point. Now, if you select beside it, of course, is going to add a point, so make sure you're clicking on the actual point to get it, and then you can just click and drag to move it around. You can also Marquis Select points so I can select these two, and I can move them together. I can click and hit the delete key on the keyboard to delete a point if I don't want it. So maybe I, you know, delete this key out here. And you can also copy and paste points. So say, I wanted to, um, let's just add that point back in here. We'll move it back up, Say, I wanted to copy this and later on in the track and, you know, have the same thing happened again so I could just Marquis select these two points. I can go the top and select, edit, copy or use your shortcut keys, and then it's I'm going to paste. It's going to be dependent on where the play head is. So if I move the play head, let's say I had more track. And at 10 Well, listen, I'm gonna work. Let me put it. Ah, here. Seven say I wanted the same thing to happen again. I'm gonna put a point right here so you can see this. Now I'm just going to go back up to the top and hit edit paste, and you can see that it pasted the same points with the same timing in that area. So you can copy and paste points and do all kinds of cool things, and then finally, you can actually draw points. This is kind of a fun, cool way of creating some interesting arrangements with your automation. Let me show you how this works. I'm just going to go ahead and select all these and hit the delete key, and we'll just move this back up for now. And if I hold down the command key on the Mac, you see that turns into this pencil, and I can just click anywhere I want with this pencil selected, and it's going to make those points for me automatically. So this is a fun way to kind of draw, and you can also click and hold down. And as you move, it's gonna keep creating points, how you're drawing, which is really cool, really fun. And it's a quick way to edit these automation curves, and you can get some really cool, interesting effects by doing this. So just for fun sake, let's go ahead and listen to how this sounds. Uh, and you can do that. Like I said, with any type of parameter or effect that you want to choose here, and each track is going to have a different set of parameters based on what type of audio file you're using. You can also adjust automation for the master track so you know you can edit the individual attracts, but you can also add it the master track of the whole audio project and create any type effects that you want. So maybe you had done this really great project. A ton of tracks. You have different automation Zand volumes going throughout the whole track. But at the very in of the whole song, you wanted to do a nice slow fade out. Well, you could do that instead of going in and editing every audio track to have a fade out at the end. You would just put that on the master track. So we just go up to the top and we click on track show Master track. It shows us our master track here, and we'll need to select a parameter so I can just say do volume here and then I could, you know, Like I said, maybe Ah, click here and here and then just do a fade out at the end and that would fade out every track and the whole project. So that's automation. It's a lot of fun getting here. Mess around with these parameters, and it's something I think you'll really enjoy and find useful the more you use it. 53. Effects: GarageBand offers a bunch of plug ins and effects for you to use on your audio tracks whenever you are making any type of audio project. And the great thing about these effects controls is not only can you use them as you are recording, but you can actually apply them after you've recorded and when you begin editing, this is very powerful because if you were, say, playing live music and you wanted to to use a distortion, you would have to have the distortion pedal plugged in while you played the guitar and record that. But with garage band, you can just record the guitar track without the distortion and then add that distortion in later. And that applies with all of their effects. So let's go ahead and take a look at some of the effects that they have well. First, go ahead and close the library button. Since we don't need that at this time. And if you're not showing this keyboard, just go ahead to the top and click on window show musical typing, and that will just allow us to play some notes on the keyboard of our computer. And you can hear how that sounds without any effects at it on. And of course, it is using some controls for this classic electric piano. But this will be just a good starting point to show some things that we can use. So click on the smart controls button in the top left and you will see the controls open up the bottom. I'm just going to click and drag this up so we have some more room to work with. And when I click on the show Inspector Button and there is the Plug INS tab here, I'm going to click on that and you will see audio effects. And when I hover over that, she will see some drop down boxes. Now, when I click on this, you will see all the plug ins and effects that we can add in. And to add one. It's a simple is just finding the one you want and clicking on it. Once it's added, you will see that it has actually added it over here and are smart control so we can adjust it over here with knobs. Or we can use the little display that pops up here, which gives you a little more control because it has some defaults. You can click on this and save defaults and pick different defaults. If you make one that you like, you can actually say that and call it up later. So that's really great. If you don't want to look at that, you can come down here and you click on this middle button. It will hide there. But I still have some of the basic controls over on the right of our smart controls editor . To turn these on and off, we can just click on the power button and you see it graded out over there so I can hide those we can add in multiple one. So say I wanted to add in a distortion. I'm sorry. I would click down here on this next one and then add in multiple ones as we see fit. And I can reorder these by clicking and dragging. So I find one. Move that compressor to the top. I can just click and drag that, and it will reorder for me to get rid of it. We don't delete it. Actually, what we need to do is we need to click on it and a hit, no plug in and that will erase it out of there. So click on that there and we'll just get rid of these. And I can't go through every single one of these because there were just so many options and different types of effects and plug ins that garage band has. I will talk about some of the more popular ones that you might use. And so let's go ahead and go through a couple of those now. So the first thing that we have is the amps and pedals and work on to talk about these a little more in a later lesson, because they're pretty important to use whenever you're recording things such as guitars. But we have an aunt, designer and obey Sam designer, and this is actually going to let you recreate amps within side of GarageBand. And this includes the type of AMP the controls you can use and even the placement of a microphone. Whenever you're doing live recordings, you can use microphones to get the sound out of the AMP into your consul or program, and based on where you place that Mike is going to give you different sounds, Like I said, we'll go over this a little more later. There's also a pedal board to recreate pedals that you would use within, say, Ah, guitar. If you're playing guitar and you have a bunch of different pedals, you can actually recreate a pedal board with different effects and move those around how you see fit. We have delays, delays going to add like an echo to your audio track distortion to distort the sound. Coming in dynamics to change like things such as the volume with compressors and noise Gates compressor will kind of help keep your audio levels around the same two. If you have loud and soft parts of your audio, this helps kind of keep it uniform. Noise Gate is great to use if you have a bunch of ambient noise and things that you need to get read off. But before you start adding these effects, that's usually one of the first ones you might want to use toe. Kill some of that noise coming in. You can add an E que to adjust frequencies. There's different filters, such as a fuzz wall in a spectral gate, imaging for things like editing, stereo modulation which will kind of works like an echo or a delay, but it actually modulates a sound when it comes back in eso. You see a lot of these used in guitar plain and keep were playing course. Find your phaser things like that. You can adjust the Pitch River. This kind of gives it like an ambient sound. Um, you know, it's used a lot in vocal tracks, especially when singing. It creates this nice ambient sound. So the vocal tract doesn't sound just dry specialized. Such a Z excited with sub base utility for adjusting the gain. And if we go to the bottom, I have the audio units installed, and if we click on Apple, you can see audio units effects just different effects, you know, by different type of ah, manufacturer to create those here, you can see a lot of the same ones and then some extra one here so we'll go ahead and take a look at some of these. So let's go ahead and listen one more time. How this, um, classic electric piano sounds without any effects? Okay, this is our basic sound. They're coming in, so let's go ahead and add something in we'll just to say a simple delay. We'll click on the echo and it's added it here and now. When I play, you can hear that echo at it well, and I can adjust the settings over here if I want to put this at 100% continually echo. I can come over here and adjusting knobs if I want to. Uh, okay, And they've also got presets so I can come in here and I can pick a preset. So that's Ah, easy way to create some cool effects and different sounds for your audio tracks. As you begin to both record in edit like it said, you can add these after you've done the recording, which is very powerful because you can tweet these and get them exactly how you want them to sound. After you've done your recording So very, very powerful tool, we'll take a look at some other ones like, say, a distortion. We'll do over dry and might want to turn this down. You are usually pretty loud when they come in, start low, and I'll move it up as need. Be away. Let's pick one here. Let's do ah, heavy drive and let's turn this down because it's probably gonna be loud. So these are the plug ins and effects within garage band. You could do so much with them. Definitely come in here and play around. Like I said, I can't go through every single one of these and explain what every single thing means in here. It would just probably need to be a course within itself. I definitely encourage you to play around with the settings, see what they do. If you're unsure of something, definitely go online and learn what modulation is. Learn what phasers do in Flanders, and E Cues and DS er's and noise gates do it. The more you learn this stuff, the more you know, the better your audio projects are going to be. And, you know, Ah, a lot of people look at this stuff and they think that it might be too complicated, but this stuff's really not that complicated. You can normally just use your year. If you come in here and start moving knobs around, you will hear what they do, like the phaser. You know, you might not know what a phaser does, but just by clicking on it, you can immediately hear the effects and hopefully that get you started on using these effects within garage band. Like I said, you can put him at the end of the track. I can coming here with the clean guitar sound, play my record, my guitar and then start adding in my pedals, my distortion, my phasers in those different things and get the sound exactly how I want it to be. So I hope that helps you out and definitely have fun with ease. 54. Equalizer: the e que inside of GarageBand is a tool that will allow you to adjust the frequencies of anyway form. Whether be an audio way. Form a recording from a microphone, a guitar, bass, drums what have you. So let's go ahead and take a look at that. Now we'll go ahead and close the library so that we don't need that at this time. And I'm just going to record a basic vocal track. So we have something to play along with. Hey, everyone, thank you for watching this garage band tutorial on using the equalizer. This is a great tool that you need to know when mixing to get the right type of sound quality that you're looking for. Okay? And we'll just play that back so we can hear how it sounds. Hey, everyone, thank you for watching this garage band tutorial on using the equalizer. This is a great tool that you need to know when mixing to get the right type of sound quality that you're looking for. Okay, so that just gives us a base recording to kind of play around with the settings and hear how it sounds as we adjust this tool So go ahead and click on the smart controllers button in the top left hand corner and we can go ahead and hit the show Inspector button so that we can see some of the settings. And I'm just gonna make this bigger. So we have more room to work with, and I'm going to click on the e que button in the middle here. And this is our equaliser graph and it is made up of different cells and a grid formation, and you can see that going horizontally is our frequencies. So these air, the different hertz frequencies that we can select, and then the vertically is going to be the decibel level or the gain now at the top is different frequency buttons that you can click on and off to adjust the patterns. And we will look a little more about this in a minute. But as you can see, as I scroll through these, they're choosing different frequencies on the graph, and I can turn them on and off, depending on what I want to edit. So say I only want to edit this middle frequency. Aiken, turn everything off and just work on this one frequency where I can have them all selected and adjust them together on the right hand side is gain control, so I can actually use this to gain up and down the frequencies. And basically, every audio way form is frequencies and a decibel level. The frequencies would be, say, the pitch and the decibel levels is the volume. So every sound you hear is made up of those two things. A frequency and the gain or the decibel level, how loud it is and where it is based on. You know, a low sound has a low frequency, and higher sounds have higher frequencies of bass. Guitar would have low frequencies, and a trumpet is going to have higher frequencies on the left hand side, or some preset options that you can choose from, and you can actually save your graph. So if you have a certain setting that you like and want to keep, you can actually save that and recall it later. And then there are also some settings to change different types of frequencies. So if I am, say, recording any types of these instruments, I can pick presets to actually help go ahead and change the sound and kind of get what we're looking for. So let's go ahead and just pick some of these and just hear how they sound. So I'm just going to go to voice, and I'll just pick the 1st 1 backing vocals. And as you can see, it's changing the equalizer graph based on its frequencies and its gain. So these lower sounds it has completely dropped off its pulled the decibels into the negative range. So you're not getting a lot of low end, and then the middle and higher frequencies. It has boosted up a little bit, so you actually pick up a little more of the voice. So let's just see how that sounds. Hey, everyone, thank you for watching this garage band tutorial on using the equalizer. This is a great tool that you need to know when mixing to get the right type of sound quality that you're looking for. So as you can hear, it sounds a little more high pitched, and when you're doing, you know, backing vocals, maybe you have a choir. You might want to bring up the higher frequencies a little bit so that they cut through the audio track a little more. Uh, let's just pick another one. See if we can find something to see here. Um, I'm just gonna pick another one, maybe scroll through these and see, So as you can see here, it's not taking out as much low end, and it's kind of leaving the mid frequencies. It's actually boosting up the two K just a little bit more to pick up that. So let's hear how that sounds. Hey, everyone, thank you for watching this garage band tutorial on using the equalizer so you can hear the difference there. And let's just go ahead and maybe pick do a bass boost from a guitar and you can see it hasn't dropped out that lower in it. It actually boosted it up a little bit because for bass guitar, you're gonna want those frequencies to come through a little bit more. Um, let's hear how that sounds. Hey, everyone, thank you for watching this garage band tutorial on using the equalizer so you can hear that it doesn't sound as high antennae. There's actually a little more bass in the vocals of the of the tracks there now, also a common thing when playing, say live music is you can get you know, feedback or distortion from the guitars or the microphones when someone is singing or playing and whenever people are adjusting audio. This is one thing that they're adjusting. They're trying to get rid of the feedback by finding what frequency that feedback is coming through in and taking it out. Now, if I go down to the bottom, there's an analyzer button, and this button, when selected and played back, is actually going to show you the real frequencies of what my voice is doing. And that can allow me to pick out frequencies that I want to adjust and move them around. So let's just see how that looks for a quick Hey, everyone, thank you for watching this garage band tutorial on using the equalizer. This is a great tool that you need to know when mixing to get the right type of sound quality that you're looking for. So as you can see most of my vocal is between the 100 the five K range, and you're going to find this with, you know, most people talking and singing. Of course, if I'm singing higher pitch things. It might go a little past the five K if I'm singing a bass vocal and might be a little bit lower. But the vocal range for me is between 105 K And a lot of it was between the 205 100 range. Let me show you again Pay pay attention to this range right here because this is mostly where my vocal is landing. Hey, everyone, thank you for watching this garage band tutorial on using the equalizer. Okay, So if I wanted to a justice and say I wanted to bring out my vocal but I didn't want to Ah , have my voice sounds so high pitched. I can adjust that with the equalizer here. And so what we can do is we can select thes and you can see some of these have already been changed based on the ah, the bass boost that we got here. Let's go back and just pick a basic one here. So we're gonna take out the low in because, of course, we don't want any kind of low and noise or hum coming through, which is why this is usually taken out. It might be picking up some some of the room home. But let's say instead of boosting these higher frequencies, I actually want to drop these higher frequencies out so that I my voice doesn't sound so high pitch, so I could just select them and I could just move them around like this. And, as you can see, because I have all the frequencies selected up here, it's going to adjust everything in the graph. But say, I just wanted to adjust this one frequency. I can turn everything off, and then when I make the adjustment, it's on Lee affecting that one. It's not pulling everything else since, so I can come and I can pull these out. And, ah, let's say maybe I come in here and drop this down a little more and we'll just exaggerate it. So you can really get a feeling of what this sounds like. We'll just pull these way down like this. Okay, let's hear how that sounds now. Hey, everyone. Thank you for watching this garage band tutorial on using the equalizer. This is a great tool that you need to know when mixing to get the right type of sound quality that you're looking for. So as you can hear, it's pulled out all of those high frequencies. And, ah, it sounds muffled because we've taken out all of those high frequencies from the recording . If you watch us with the analyzer, you can see what's going on. Hey, everyone, I pulled out everything here. Overrule on using the equalizer. This is a great tool that you need to know when mixing Aiken. Boost them if I want type of sound quality that you're looking for. Hey, everyone, thank you for watching this garage band tutorial on using the equalizer. This is a great tool that you need to know when mixing to get the right type of sound quality that you're looking for. So that's the equalizer. And, ah, how you can adjust frequencies and the actual audio way forms within your projects to get exactly what you're looking for. There's a couple more things that we can look at real quick. If I select these frequencies, I'm just turn these off so we can just deal with one right here. If I select this frequency, you see some things at the bottom. The first is the actual frequency that we're working at. And like I said, I can click this and drag this around and you'll see that frequency change. And I can also click in Double click this and type in the number, or I can click and drag it. Oops, looks like that again. I start, uh, not showing in real time, but basically I can click and drag this with my mouse. I think because I'm recording, it's It's going kind of slow, So probably not best ashamed, but mess around with that. You can actually click that and drag that around. Ah, the next is the gain. And of course, that's how loud it is. So you know, as I move this up and down, you can see the decibel levels get higher and lower, and then the last is the residence, and the residence is basically the slope of the curve. So, as you can see, this is a pretty moderate slope, which means, um, it doesn't have Ah, it's not very sharp. I'm not pulling out just this 1 500 hertz frequency, but I'm also grabbing some three and 400 some six and 700 around it now, if I change the resonance, I'm just gonna double click on this and type it in. And, uh, I think I'll go 2.1. If I type in zero, you can see that the slope is a lot greater. Um, it's picking up a lot more things. So as I move this around, we're picking up a lot more other frequencies within this graph. If I make this a higher number, put in a two here, uh, I don't see how high this goes, Okay, so you can see what's happening. It's making it, um, you know, it's picking up just a very small portion of those frequencies. So now it's that picking up the three and 400 the seven and 800 I'm staying close within 500. This is one of the tools used for, like I said, feedback. If if you're getting some bad feedback and say the two K range, I can come in here and find that feedback and drop it out like this with a very sharp slope graph and pull the decibel all the way down, and that will remove the feedback from me. If you ever hear feedback in a concert, and then it goes away. All the son. This is what the audio guys actually doing. He's trying to find these frequencies with an analyzer, seeing where that speaking and then pulling those frequencies out. So this is a tool to help you get the audio exactly how you want it to sound. Um, if you're uncomfortable with using this, definitely come over to the presets and mess around with ease and try different ones to kind of see what sounds best for your mix. 55. Amp Designer: If you're a guitar player, you are really going to like this next tool. The ant designer I am designer is a software and within side of garage been that lets you choose from ah, whole variety of ants, cabinets, heads, microphones and all kinds of different things. And I really suggests that if you are a guitar player, this is a great tool just to come in here and try out different types of amps and cabinets . And what have you to see what you like before you purchase one. This is, ah, great tip that if you want to buy, you know some new equipment, but you're unsure of what you want or what to get. This is a quick, easy and free way to come in here kind of mess around with some of these things and see exactly what it is that you're looking for because a lot of the equipment that is inside of garage band, though its name differently, is really mimicking real life equipment. So let's go ahead and take a look at that. Now. We'll go ahead and close the library and will close out the musical typing keyboard, and we're just gonna use some loops for this so we could just repeat this over and over again. And, uh, here how these amp sound. So when you click on guitars, let's do rock and blues and we'll just do a basic electric. Strom will click on that and drag it over here. We can delete this Ah, electric piano track since we don't need it. And let's loop this so we can just play it in the background as we mess around with some of these settings. So we'll close the Loop browser since we don't need that and click on Smart Controls, and then we're going to go ahead and click on the inspector button and then click on Master . And I could just change any one of these out if I want to. Um, if you record with a guitar and you're using the library, there will be buttons on the side to choose amps and pedals. But you can do it this way. This is just that easy way for me to set this up so we'll just sound. Let's see. Let's turn these off. Ah, actually, let's just get rid of these for the moments, okay? E the e que in there. Let's play this in here. Hat sounds. So this is gonna be a repeating guitar strum that we're going to hear over and over again, and we'll mess around with the settings so you can hear the changes made to that one pattern. I'm going to come down here, and I can select from the plug ins, menu amps and Pedals and AMP. Designer, and it's gonna plug that in here. That's gonna give me some basic settings in the output tab, and you're going to see the and designer pop up right here. Now the first thing we can do is we can change the view if we want to make this a little bigger, we can, so we can see a little more. Okay, and you can turn the amp on and off right here with this power button. And then there's also some factory defaults. You can also save these defaults, so if you find something that you really like, you can save it and call it later for other projects. But there are presets for clean crunch and distorted guitar sounds I strongly recommend. Just come in here and click on these and go through him. But for the time being, we'll just go ahead and mess around with some of the factory default settings so you can see what some of the things do. So let's go ahead. Just play this in the background and I'm gonna try to talk over it. Hopefully you can hear me. OK, um but we'll go over everything real quick so that you can so I can talk to you without playing it, and then we'll turn it on and I'll be quiet and just kind of mess around with the knob so you can see what they're doing. The first thing is a basic and e que So you're gonna have you know you're gay knob your bass mids in trouble. And keep in mind that, you know, some of these knobs and settings will change based on what types of amps and cabinets that you are selecting. Um then you have your reverb on and off switch in some level, then you have some effects If you wanna have Ah, you know, some echoes and Carmelo's, uh, your presence and then your master not then the bottom left hand corner. You can select the ant model, Um, or the type of AMP that you want to use in the Cabinet separately. So you can pick a model together, or you can do a custom, Um, and then cabinet. Then over here, you have a master button. If you click on this, it's just going to show you the master track effects that you can adjust here. But we're not going to use that at this time. And then the mike. Now, when you hover over the mike, you're going to see this pop up here, and what this does is it allows us to actually move the mic around based on where we're getting the sound from. And if you know anything about audio, you're going to get a different sound at the MIC. Its place, say closer to the center benefits to the outside of the speaker, and same thing is if it's closer to the speaker versus further away so you can actually adjust the mic position, and then you have a setting to pick what kind of mike that you would actually like to choose so you can see the different types of Mike's here, like dynamic 57 would be, you know, close to a ah Shure 57. And then you have your amp output. Um, are your Mike output down here in the bottom right hand corner? So those are some of the settings. If you want to see some of the models, we can just click on one of these and change it. It's a blues blaster combo. So when I click on that, you see, the amp and the cabinet have been changed and you can see the different settings, the look of style, and you can see that these are similar to other types of real life amps that are out there in the world. So we can just go through and, you know, pick some of these. You know, this looks like an orange, of course. So, um, they call it the sunshine. Of course, they can't use the name, so they're gonna have different names. But you can pretty much guess what they are. If you know anything about Hampton equipment, Um, and then you could do customized. So maybe I want this amp head, but I want to pick a different type of cabinet. So as you can see it changed it over here in the right hand corner. So let's just go ahead. And, uh, we'll pick one of these will just say, Do a small tweet. Com by the 1st 1 here. And I'm just gonna play this. You're going to hear change already because we've already selected a different type of amping cabinet and I'll mess around with some of the settings so you can hear what it sounds like and I'll pick a couple of different amps. Move around the mikes in the mic position and you can just get an idea of the different things you can do with the APP designer. But basically, it's just mimicking a real life AMP. If your guitar player, you probably know out of this already, if you're not guitar player, mess around with the settings, get used to them on your own. And like I said, if you're ever in the need of looking for equipment, you know, if you, uh, you know, it's it's not going to be perfect, but it's gonna be really close. If you wanted to know what an orange cabinet sounded like, you could come in here and pick this mess around with some settings and see if it's something that you might be interested in. And then you can go to your music store and actually play in orange Cabinet and see how it sounds. But this will give you kind of a good idea of how these different cabinets and stacks and heads and what have you, how they sound. So let's go ahead and play this on that a little bit. So you got your game coming in its base minutes. There's reverb on, so it's turn that off way. Can't just a river turned back on. You can hear some feedback coming through as I bumped that up. Some effects over radio turn that off our presence and, of course, our master volume up over there. So let's pick a couple different types. I apologize if these get a little loud in your ear, because different camps are gonna have different setting, so it might get louder, softer. But let's just pick a couple and seat here how they sound so we could do a large tweet. So here you see, the black face is definitely a different type of sound quality, and just by looking at these, you can pretty much guess what types of companies that they're actually going for here. - Then you can always like I said, make a combination so we can actually keep the head and change out the cabinet if we wanted to, And then we could change out the microphone and different Maicer gonna pick up different sounds. So that's why you would change these out, Okay, And then you can move the micro around, so let's go to the center. You hear one sound if we take it to the edge again Here. Different. All right, so that is the ant designer again. Come in here, Play around with it, move around some of the knobs. I think you'll really enjoy it. If you got a guitar, you can hook up to your computer. You can play and move around the settings while you actually play, which is its so called such a great feature. Just another one of garage bands, many tools that they have within the software that you can use to make perfect audio projects 56. Bass Amp Designer: So GarageBand has an aunt designer for guitar players, and it also has a bass AMP designer for bass guitar players. It's very similar to the AMP. Designer, but let's go ahead and take a look at it. We'll close the library and we'll close the musical typing, and we're going to use Ah, loop for this. So we'll click on the loops and we'll click base since we're using Ah, base and designer and let's find one here. That's good. Go ahead, just drag that in. Well, cycle it that ways that will just keep playing the same thing over and over while we listen to it. And we can close the loop designer or the, uh, Apple Loops. Since we're not using that at this time, we got the one we want. And go ahead and click at the smart controls in the top left hand corner and we'll click on the show Inspector button in the master controls. We're going to go ahead and just get rid of these were not going to use them at this time. I am just going to click on this empty spot. I'm going to go toe ants and pedals and I'm going to click on the base and designer. And if you looked at the camp designer, you're going to see a lot of this stuff is pretty much the same. We can zoom in here so we have a little more room to work with, okay? And just says before I'll just show you some of the settings and then we'll go through and check out the different things that we have here. Of course, you can turn the amp on and off with this power button on the top left hand side. We have factory defaults of some of the more common bass AMP. Setups, and you can also save these. So if you find something that you like, you can actually say that out. You have your view in the top right hand corner so you can actually change the view here. And then you have your bass amp view, and you've got some e que settings so you can have the different type pre or post gain that you're different frequency levels. You can have it, um, the your bright switch if you want it, you know, bright or not. Then you have your different switches for your lows in your highs and then soft and hard. If you'd like those, you can hide the EQ, you hear. If you don't want to use that at all, then in the left hand you have your Channel one, and to switch your gain knob and your EQ use knobs. Here you're e que settings, your compressor knobs and switch for on and off, and then your master, now same thing as the guitar. Ah, and designer, you can see you have different models of, um, Anson Cabinet combos. Or you can do a custom. If you want to have one type of ambient, different type of Cabinet, then you have if you want to use an AMP or direct box or D I box, and you can actually choose how much level you want to use on either one of those. So you could actually passes through an AMP. Or you could pass it directly through a D. I box, which is kind of cool, too, and then same as before. You have your mikes. You're my position if you hover over the mike and then the output. So let's go ahead and turn this on and play with this. Um, again, if you are already a bass guitar player, you'll know what a lot of this stuff does already. If you are unsure of these types of things, I, you know, strongly suggests looking it up. If you're into learning more about this or interested in bass playing, you might want to read up on these different switches and exactly the mechanics of what they're doing. This being kind of a basics course, we're not gonna go too deep into it, but I just mess around with some of the saying so you can actually see what they're doing. Okay, so this is gonna change the type of the EQ you so we can do it by knobs or by sliders on a pre or Post is gonna leave it on pre for now. And let's mess around with some of the key things here. So we drop it out courses basis, can use some of those lower frequencies. We could just get our highs. Say we want real Basie weaken, boost these up way. Don't want that Slappy sound that much and we just want comma more plucky. Sound. Okay, way got her bright switch turn this up so it appeared a little better. Okay, let's switch. Hi. Switch soft and hard. You can see the compressor settings changed there. Waken hide this. Like I said, if you want to use the Q r channel funds are gay Nam e que knobs that we can actually turn on and off. Get a little more fine control if we want compressor. I apologize if those were popping on you, there is probably the best way to do this. But e, I want to show you some of this stuff. Your master knob strong the compressor off. Okay, so then let's look at some models of these. Get a little loud on your I apologize again. Like I said, different types are gonna have different settings and different sounds. So you're gonna might get a little loud or a little soft again. I apologize ahead of time. If you ever speakers cranked up right now, you might want term down a little bit is a modern and this is classic. See, it's a lot quieter Flip top and a d I box. I don't want to turn that on right now, cause it'll definitely feedback a little bit, so we'll leave that off for a minute. Let's go ahead and pick. Modern way can make a difference. Stack, and you can see the mike's picking different speakers over there based on what were used in the six inches 10 inch of the 15 inch. Just run this down a little bit and hit the D I box here. Way to boost the tone, your high frequency cut and tone on and off. You want change toes? D I Booth. Otherwise I'd be blasting. All right now we can switch out the mic way and the open. All right, so that's the base and designer great for bass guitar players. Like I said in the guitar AMP designer section that if you want to purchase equipment and you don't know what to buy, it's a good way to come in here. Hook this up to your computer and you can mess around with some of these settings and kind of get an idea of what you want before you go to the store. So definitely coming here mess around with ease settings. With this and the effects and the plug ins and the different cabinets, I mean garage ranges offers a lot of functionality that a lot of people just aren't aware of. So get in here and mess around. I think you'll have a lot of fun with it. 57. Pedalboard: If you're a guitar player, you're really going to enjoy the next feature of Garage Band, which is it's built in pedal board. So garage Band has a bunch of different pedals that you can use and rearrange them like an actual pedal board four guitar players. So let's go ahead and take a look at that now. The first thing we'll do is we'll close the library, since we won't be using it at this time. And we can close a musical typing keyboard and we'll just go up to the loops and plug in basic Loop just to hear it playing while we mess around with some of the settings. So I just grabbed the basic Strom Dragon in here. Go ahead and close this, since we won't use it and I'll delete this track and let's go ahead and turn on this cycle so that we can ah, see it's cycling so we'll just listen to this real quick sake and hear how it sounds. So it's just going to keep playing that over and over again, and that will allow us to make changes and just hear that as we're making the changes so that you can see some of the things that we can do with the pedal board. So let's go to the smart controls area, and I'm going to drag this up so that we have as much room. It's possible we'll click on the show Inspector Button and we'll go to the Master and I'm going to turn off all of these plug ins that's using at the time we'll leave the EU que there, Let's hear what sounds Okay, so now we're going to go ahead and add in the pedal board. So in the plug ins area, I'm just going to click on this drop down menu, goto amps and pedals and select pedal board. And here you can see that we have a pedal board layout and you can add the different pedals here on the right hand side. Of course, there's the power button at the top, just like the designer base and designer, so you can turn this on and off their factory defaults so you can go ahead and just find some of these that you already like and throw them in their mess around with ease. And you'll have ah, already a big selection of different types of pedal setups. If you create a pedal board set up that you enjoy, you can also save it and recall it later in your other projects. There's a view at the top, so we could make this bigger or smaller if we need it to. If we wanted more room to work with the pedal board area, which will be working with in just a moment and then all of our different pedals, and right now we have all of them selected. But you can also click on the show all and just choose the types that you want. So if you just want to deal with distortion or just with pitch pedals, you can do that and see those easily down. At the bottom is utility, and there's a splitter and a mixer, and this says, you know the splitter route signals equally to bus am Busby or divides them at a specified frequency, and the mixer balances levels between Buss and Buss. Be signals controls panning in stereo instances so the splitter will split your signal to route it. Two different types of effects and the mixer will mix it down. However, you would like You can also see our output levels at the bottom. And as we add in pedals, you'll you'll see this change at so we can control the output levels and turn them on and off down here a to bottom. So let's go ahead, and we will just start at the top. We'll just pick a basic distortion and start showing you how this works. So to add a pedal, you can just click and drag and move it in the pedal board area, and you can see that's been added here and at the bottom. Here is that level that we talked about. Then you can turn it on and off, just like a normal switch on a pedal board. You can also click the button and you see the green light go on and off, showing you that it's on or off. Now all these pedal, all these pedals are gonna have different settings, so we can't go through all of them. But basically you just want to come in and mess around. You know, you've got your drive, your overdrive knob, hear your tone, knob your level and if it's flat or not, and then on and off switch. So let's turn it off and we'll play our track on. Then we'll turn it on so you can hear how that sentence. Now, while this is playing, I can control these knobs and move them around. And you can hear the differences with this actual pedal this distortion pedal. Okay, now, the thing about having a pedal board is that you sometimes want to have two or more pedals going on at the same time to give you different types of effects. So, for instance, we might want to have distortion playing. But maybe we also want to have a echo or reverb going on at the same time so we can click up here and we'll do a delay, and we'll just pick this blue echo pedal here. And when you drop that him, it's going to be running both of these at the same time. It zee it's off so we can turn it on and off, and you can see the different settings for this. So let's play and mess around with ease. They can hear how it sounds. - Okay , so you can hear, um, the different pedals of distortion and the echo going on. If you can't hear the echo, let's just play that by itself. Requip. - Okay , so you can see you can get different types effects with all these different types of pedals . And if you're already a guitar player, you can probably know what a lot of these different things do just by looking at him and seeing the different knobs and what have you and settings now. Sometimes what you're going to want is you are going to want to mix seats so you might want a little less distortion and a little more eco, or vice versa. And you do that by going into the utility tab and you can select a mixer pedal and you drop that in and you can see a new pop up appear at the top, and this is going to let us mix between the bus A and bus be. So right now they're both running down the same bus. But if we select, say the delay, weaken, click and drag it to the top, and now we can mix thes. However we see fit so I can have more bus a or more bus B, and you can control the pant so we could put, say, the distortion in the Left Channel and we could put the delay in the right channel, and this is a great way to get a lot of mixing done within your project. So as you can see, there's a lot of different options that you can have here. If you're a guitar player and you're already familiar with this, this will come pretty easy to you. But if you're not a guitar player, just come in and mess around with the settings, and I'm sure you'll find a lot of views with using the pedal board. It's just another one of those things that GarageBand offers to give you a ton of extra options and effects. 58. Changing The Project: When editing and mixing your project, there are some track options that you can use to actually add it all of the project within garage band. So let's go ahead. Look at that will close out the library, since we won't be needing that at this time, and we'll close the musical typing and we'll just go through these one by one. So if we go to the top and we go to the track tab and click on it, you can see that there are five types of tracks within garage ban that we can edit the whole project for, So the first is going to be the arrangement track. When we click on that, you will see a little pop up in the area and it will say arrangement with a plus sign. When we click that plus sign, it's going to give you a little gray bar with a title. And right now it's called Intro, and if we click on the arrow next to that, you can change the different names or rename it to whatever you want. Now, basically, this is just a way for you to create arrangements and give them names, so you know what part of the project you're working on. If it's a song, you can call it Verse, Chorus Bridge and then first course first course. However, the song is arranged. If it's Ah, movie or something like that, you could actually give it a name by the section of the movie that you're talking about. So we'll just do intro for the first part. And so you go ahead and you create a little piano intro, and then you go into the verse so you would just click on the plus sign again, and it's going to add the verse, and you can change us, say maybe it starts out at the course or goes into a bridge, and you can just add these. And it's just easy labelling a way for you to know what part of the song that you're working on and you can resize ease to any size that you want. And, um, when you resize them in the middle, they're going to drag together. So ah, there's not going to be any empty space. You would just need to rename it something blank if you don't have a name for it or try to call every part of the arrangement something, at least so we'll go ahead and hide that. That's the arrangement track. Next. We have the movie Trek, and the movie track is a great feature that allows you to actually edit Audio four movies within garage Band. We won't go real deep into this at this time, since this is more of a beginner type course. But basically you can bring a movie within into GarageBand and create sound effects. Or you could have an audio track or a music composition going on in the background. Ah, woke ahead. Just load one up real quick so you can see what it looks like. So I'm just going to click on the Arrows over here and click on Open Movie What we'll do. I'll just grab one that for this, um, that I recently recorded Ah, we'll just open up the and Designer Project. This is a another lecture that I recorded previously, and you can see it's goingto bring up a big movie screen. So let's go ahead. Just resize this down so we can see what's going on here. Okay, so here is our movie and we can play and scrub down here at the bottom or we complain. Scrub at the top. Now you can see that it has created the audio way form and you can see little thumbnails. I don't believe that you can actually resize this at this time, but, um, you can see the audio way forms and some thumbnails to help you along. Now, when you scrub the play head, you can see the movies actually changing at the bottom. You can see the way form of where we're at in the project and so on so I can go and find a part of this movie I can scrub down here and you can see it's going to change it at the top two. So, you know, just say this was a movie where we wanted some sound effects right here. I can come in here, find this part, add in a new track and add my composition. I could also create an arrangement track which we just looked at and name this, uh, this, uh, marker right here so that I know that I want to add sound effects on might put a little note in your add sound effects or call it. Whatever part of the movie is, so that is the movie track. It's a great way for you to add audio to your movies. And like I said, it could be a music video. It can be voiceover work if you're doing voiceover work for a commercial or something of that nature, and you want to have different parts of ah, your voice in different parts of the actual commercial, you could do that easily here with the movie track, it's ah, great feature of Garage Man to make at. It's an audio quick and easily, so I'm just gonna go ahead and hide that. Me, I will accept this will delete this track. Do not use it. Okay, Next we have is the transposition track, and this is just kind of like we looked at before when we were dealing with audio and midi way forms and transposing audio. Basically, it's going to let us adjust the audio up or down, but this is going to be across the whole project. So if you had a song, say it's in the key of C, and you wanted to make another version in the key of D or E you could just easily transpose it in. Export that out nice and quickly without having to adjust every single audiophile within the project. If you want to see how that sounds will just bring in a loop real quick. See, you. Just pick one of these noodles here. So now I can take this and move it up, say two semi tones and play it back. Okay, Where I can go down. So let's go down. Four semi tones seeking your big difference. So this is a quick and easy way for you to transpose the whole composition of your audio project nice and easily that ways it it changes everything. And you can just If you've created a song, you could actually ah, have it transposing all the different keys and send it out that way. And whoever is using it could use whatever key that they would like. So we'll close. That could have let that unless we'll have to bring that beckoned for the tempo. But the next one is the tempo track, and this is basically going to let us change the tempo so that we can actually speed up and slow down. Um, our projects within the project itself very easily. Sums is going to take this and I'm gonna make some copies of it. Got a select Don't. Did you like the track? There we go. OK, back up. OK, so you can see that we have 120 beats per minute. And that is what is at this blue line right here at 100 20 beats. And I can select in a justice however I want. And when I change it here, you can see it change up here also in the LCD display. So now let's say, um, we have that going on for four measures, But then we want to speed this up so I can hold the command button and we have our pencil which were used to using in the past lectures. And I'm just going to click on this measure here, and it's gonna add a point now where at this point I can move this upper down, which is going to speed up or slow down this track. So let's just crank it up a lot here. Oh, let's go. And you can see as I keep adjusting it it keeps readjusting for me for the beats 1 50 is gonna be pretty quick, so you should hear good difference here. So let's play that and hear how that sounds way can keep doing that as much or as little as we would like. Um, and just keep adding, you know, faster and faster tempos throughout this project, which is just a really cool way to adjust the whole project's tempo as we see fit. Okay. And finally will hide that one. We have the Master Trek at the end, and this is just going to allow us to adjust the volume and the panning throughout the whole project or composition so we could pan this whole project to the left or right or just the volume, um, upper down. Based on the master track, you can also use automation within any of these tracks, but within the master track also. So if we turned on the automation button, we could actually adjust the volume, the pan effects output, and so on in automation with the master track, and it's going to affect everything within that composition. So that is some ways that you can actually adjust the project as a whole with ease. Different types of tracks. The arrangement track the movie track Transposition tempo and the Master Trek 59. Sharing And Exporting: So what? You have your project completed, you're going to want to save this and export it out into an audio file for use within your movie Voiceover song, banned CD or What have you. So, of course, the first thing you want to do is you want to go up to the file options and save the actual project that ways. If there's any problems, or you need to come back and change it at any time, you make sure that you are saving this project out so you can come back and make those edits down here in the movie section. You can, um, of course, this is where you can open up and remove movies, but this is also where you can export the audio to a moving so any audio that you've created you can add this into a movie at this section right here. But once you have the audio file created and you want to save it out separately, we're going to go to the share options. So the first option we have is song toe iTunes. So when we click on this, it's going to automatically throw this into our iTunes library and we can give it a title artist, composer, album, playlist, what kind of quality we want it to be, or if we want it to be un compressed. And if we want to export just the cycle area on Lee or length of selected regions. So when we share this, it's going to drop it into our iTunes. And then if we share that file from our iTunes to anyone else, it's going to retain all of this information. So it's strongly recommended that you go ahead and fill all of this out. So someone else gets the file, they will know exactly who made it, who composed it and so forth. Next on our sharing options is ring to ring tone toe iTunes, and this is basically when you're creating ring tones and you want to add them to your phone easily. You would just export the ring tone out, toe iTunes and plug in your phone and then drop them into your phone. Now, if we select this, it's going to say that the ring tone needs to be a repeating section of your song that has 40 seconds or less. So to change the length, click on the cycle button or click adjust to have garage meant adjusted automatically. Once a ringtone length is set to share ringtone so we can click a just and I'll drop it down to 40 seconds. Or we can create a cycle that is 40 seconds long. So it's changed this to time, and we can make this 40 seconds, 40 seconds or less. So you know, I can do, say, 30 seconds and then export that out and it will say that project. Next. We have song to Media browser, so we can immediately send that to a media browser for playback, which is just a nisi way. Teoh here that playing back for you, we can send it the soundcloud. Of course, if you click on Soundcloud, it's going to ask for Log in. So you'll need to make sure that you either sign in with Facebook or Google, create account with soundcloud, or, if you already have one set up, you can just go ahead, Click connect, and you can send that straight to your soundcloud account for easy sharing. After that, we have airdrop. Airdrop is Apple's way for you to easily exchange files wirelessly back and forth. So when we click on that, we can do the whole project, just a song. We can give it a title again, the quality. And if we want this cycle area or selected regions and then when we click on share, it's going to put that out into the air drop. Of course, there's nothing here. This might actually kick it back, but basically it's going to set it up so that anyone who has air dropped, turned on their device can grab this file. So if I want to send this to my phone nice and easily, I could do that. If I have a laptop and I'm sitting with someone else, they have a laptop more both on the network. I can set it up in the air, drop in immediately, just send it straight to their computer nice and easily. So that's ah, really cool feature. After that, we have burned song to CD. So if I put a blank CD and I could go ahead, just record the straight to a CD to play back in a car or CD player, or I could do export song to dis, and this is what's going to create an actual audio file for you. Someone would click on that. We can save it where we would like to save it, and then we can make it in a C file, an MP three file or in a I f f. We can choose the quality. And again we can choose whether we do the cycle area or length of selected regions. If cycles turned off, we hit export, and it will say that file out to whatever folder that we put it in, and then we can bring that end to iTunes. Weaken. Burn that to a CD on our own. If we want to share that file, email it or what have you. One thing. You also want to get in the habit of doing whenever you're exporting your files out. This will just make it a little easier for you if you're not using the cycle button. If we zoom out here, you're going to see the region of the project. Wrong way. The region of the project with this black line and this arrow right here. If we go to the very top where it turns into this icon with the double arrows, we have in marker. Um, whenever you're done with your project, it's a good practice to come in here and change the N marker to the end of your project. So if your project is only, is this 10 minutes? If this is only 10 men song, then you should come in here and make your end marker 10 minutes long so that when you're saving, exporting and what have you, it's not trying to capture ah, whole bunch of extra time that is being unused. So it's It's just a good practice to come in here and change that in marker to your actual project settings or turn on the cycle button and have it the length of your project, and that's what will be exported. So that is how you can actually create your files and share them what you have them made. And I look forward to hearing your project. So if you would like to share those ah, in any of the discussion or comments area, definitely send me a link, because I would love to hear what you're working on 60. Thank You for Taking This GarageBand Masterclass: all right, so that wraps up this course I want again. Thank you for joining this course and taking your time to go through the whole thing. It's a lot of information, but hopefully I broke it down in a way that's easily understandable and that you can start using immediately. So I really hope that you like it and you get a lot of useful information on how to use GarageBand and all of its features. We've taken a look at its interface and how to get around it. We've taken a look at how you can record your audio into garage man, whether that be through the software itself or some live instruments that you have. We've taken a look at how you can edit that audio and split it up and move it around and do all kinds of cool things with it. We've taken a look at how you can mix the audio so we can choose different effects and try out different types of pedal boards and amps and things of that nature. And then finally, I showed you how you can get those audio files out of your computer and into the hands of other people. So I'm really glad that you went through this course. Thank you again. I really appreciate it. And I really hope that you liked it. If you have any questions at all, feel free to send me a message directly. Or you can start a discussion in the course and I will get to that as soon as possible. The great thing about discussions is you can also get input from other students who might have a different take on things or might know some other tips or tricks that I didn't cover in this course. Finally, I would be ever so grateful if you could leave a review and let me know what you think about the course, good or bad, this house, me understand what the course does really well or what it's lacking in. And it also helps new students coming into the course kind of get to know what to expect from this course. So if you could leave a review, I would really appreciate it. Thank you again. My name is Jeremy Deegan. I was your instructor through this course, and I really appreciate it. So take care