Fundamentals of English Grammar | Beginner to Intermediate | Keehwan Kim | Skillshare

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Fundamentals of English Grammar | Beginner to Intermediate

teacher avatar Keehwan Kim, Language teaching professional

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Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

136 Lessons (7h 13m)
    • 1. Course Introduction

      2:10
    • 2. Syllabus Guide

      2:00
    • 3. 1.1 Pronouns

      3:23
    • 4. 1.1 Be-verb (Basics)

      3:22
    • 5. 1.1 Be-verb (Contractions)

      2:49
    • 6. 1.1 Be-verb (Negative statement)

      2:36
    • 7. 1.2 Be-verb (Yes or no questions)

      3:02
    • 8. 1.2 Be-verb (Wh-word questions)

      2:38
    • 9. 1.3 Adjectives (Overview)

      3:11
    • 10. 1.3 Adjectives (Suffixes)

      3:12
    • 11. 1.3 Adjectives (ed and ing)

      2:25
    • 12. 1.4 Prepositional phrase (Overview)

      2:48
    • 13. 1.4 Prepositional phrase (Adjectival)

      3:15
    • 14. 1.4 Prepositional phrase (Adverbial)

      2:18
    • 15. 1.4 Linking verbs

      2:48
    • 16. 2.1 Possessive adjectives & pronouns

      3:05
    • 17. 2.1 Possessive nouns New

      3:50
    • 18. 2.2 Countable nouns

      2:37
    • 19. 2.2 Uncountable nouns

      3:05
    • 20. 2.2 Counting uncountable nouns

      2:10
    • 21. 3.1 Verbs

      5:15
    • 22. 3.1 Present simple (Changing verbs)

      2:49
    • 23. 3.1 Present simple (Usage 1)

      2:33
    • 24. 3.1 Present simple (Usage 2)

      3:03
    • 25. 3.1 Present simple (Usage 3)

      2:03
    • 26. 3.2 Present simple (Frequency advbers)

      2:54
    • 27. 3.2 Present simple (every and time)

      3:56
    • 28. 3.2 Present simple (Negative sentence)

      2:55
    • 29. 3.3 Present simple (Yes or no questions)

      2:17
    • 30. 3.3 Present simple (wh-word questions)

      2:55
    • 31. 4.1 Indefinite articles

      3:22
    • 32. 4.1 Definite articles

      3:20
    • 33. 4.2 Definite articles 1

      2:41
    • 34. 4.2 Definite articles 2

      4:11
    • 35. 5.1 Quantifiers (some and any)

      3:48
    • 36. 5.1 Quantifiers (no and a lot of))

      3:12
    • 37. 5.1 Quantifiers (enough and plenty of)

      3:16
    • 38. 5.2 Quantifiers (Countable nouns)

      2:52
    • 39. 5.2 Quantifiers (Unountable nouns)

      3:16
    • 40. 5.3 Quantifiers (both, either, neither)

      5:24
    • 41. 5.3 Quantifiers (all and every)

      4:13
    • 42. 5.3 Quantifiers (of the)

      3:12
    • 43. 5.4 Determiners (more, less, fewer)

      3:24
    • 44. 5.4 Demonstratives (this, that, these, those)

      2:39
    • 45. 6.1 Adverbs of Manner

      3:11
    • 46. 6.1 Adverbs of Manner (Adjectives)

      3:25
    • 47. 6.1 Adverbs of Manner (Verbs)

      3:33
    • 48. 6.1 Adverbs of Manner (Adverbs)

      1:44
    • 49. 6.2 Comparatives (single-syllable)

      3:31
    • 50. 6.2 Comparatives (two-syllable)

      3:01
    • 51. 6.2 Comparatives (three-syllable)

      2:57
    • 52. 6.3 Comparatives (adverbs 1)

      2:54
    • 53. 6.3 Comparatives (adverbs 2)

      3:13
    • 54. 6.3 Comparatives (adverbs 3)

      3:22
    • 55. 6.4 Superlatives (single-syllable)

      3:02
    • 56. 6.4 Superlatives (two-syllable)

      2:49
    • 57. 6.4 Superlatives (three-syllable)

      2:30
    • 58. 7.1 Object complements

      1:58
    • 59. 7.1 Direct and indirect objects (for)

      3:05
    • 60. 7.1 Direct and indirect objects (to)

      2:39
    • 61. 7.2 Gerunds

      3:23
    • 62. 7.2 Infinitive phrase (noun)

      2:50
    • 63. 7.2 Infinitive phrase (adjectives and adverbs)

      3:08
    • 64. 7.3 Verb patterns (Infinitive and Gerund)

      3:40
    • 65. 7.3 Verb patterns (Infinitive or Gerund)

      2:39
    • 66. 7.3 Verb patterns (Object + Infinitive)

      2:46
    • 67. 7.4 Causative Verbs 1

      3:18
    • 68. 7.4 Causative Verbs 2

      1:59
    • 69. 8.1 Present continuous (Positive sentence)

      3:57
    • 70. 8.1 Present continuous (Negative sentence)

      1:56
    • 71. 8.1 Present continuous (Questions)

      2:51
    • 72. 8.2 Present continuous (Usage 1)

      3:01
    • 73. 8.2 Present continuous (Usage 2)

      3:29
    • 74. 8.2 Dynamic and stative verbs

      3:44
    • 75. 9.1 Past simple (Be-verb)

      3:17
    • 76. 9.1 Past simple (Positive statements & regular verbs)

      2:56
    • 77. 9.2 Past simple (ed pronunciation)

      5:11
    • 78. 9.2 Past simple (Negative statements & irregular verbs)

      3:18
    • 79. 9.2 Past simple (Questions)

      2:44
    • 80. 9.3 Past habits (Used to)

      3:56
    • 81. 9.3 Be used to & Get used to

      3:36
    • 82. 9.4 There is & are

      3:18
    • 83. 9.4 There was & were

      3:13
    • 84. 10.1 Present perfect (Positive & negative sentences)

      2:58
    • 85. 10.1 Present perfect (Questions)

      2:59
    • 86. 10.2 Present perfect (Use 1)

      2:04
    • 87. 10.2 Present perfect (Use 2)

      4:41
    • 88. 10.2 Present perfect (Use 3)

      3:17
    • 89. 10.3 Present perfect (Use 4)

      3:34
    • 90. 10.3 Have been & gone

      2:53
    • 91. 10.3 Present perfect continuous

      4:02
    • 92. 11.1 Past continuous 1

      2:46
    • 93. 11.1 Past continuous 2

      2:08
    • 94. 11.2 Past perfect

      3:04
    • 95. 11.2 Past perfect continuous

      2:56
    • 96. 11.3 Will vs be going to

      3:00
    • 97. 11.3 Future continuous (Form)

      2:26
    • 98. 11.3 Future continuous (Use)

      3:06
    • 99. 11.4 Future perfect

      4:01
    • 100. 11.4 Future perfect continuous

      3:17
    • 101. 12.1 Modals (Overview)

      4:45
    • 102. 12.1 Modals of ability (can & could)

      2:33
    • 103. 12.1 Modals of ability (be able to)

      2:16
    • 104. 12.2 Modals of probability

      3:08
    • 105. 12.2 Modals of request

      3:00
    • 106. 12.3 Modals of permission

      3:05
    • 107. 12.3 Modals of prohibition

      2:36
    • 108. 12.4 Modals of deduction (present)

      3:21
    • 109. 12.4 Modals of deduction (past)

      4:03
    • 110. 12.5 Modals of obligation

      3:13
    • 111. 12.5 Modals of no obligation

      2:30
    • 112. 12.5 Modals of moral obligation

      2:27
    • 113. 12.6 Modals of advice and suggestion

      4:30
    • 114. 12.6 Modals of prediction

      3:24
    • 115. 12.7 Modal verbs (would)

      3:52
    • 116. 12.7 Modal verbs of past

      4:07
    • 117. 13.1 Active vs Passive 1

      4:27
    • 118. 13.1 Active vs Passive 2

      3:26
    • 119. 13.2 Simple sentences

      3:12
    • 120. 13.2 Compound sentences

      3:43
    • 121. 13.3 Adverbial clause 1

      3:46
    • 122. 13.3 Adverbial clause 2

      3:17
    • 123. 13.4 Adverbial clause 3

      3:45
    • 124. 13.4 Adverbial clause 4

      3:15
    • 125. 13.5 Adverbial clause 5

      5:10
    • 126. 14.1 Relative clause 1

      5:07
    • 127. 14.1 Relative clause 2

      3:09
    • 128. 14.2 Relative clause 3

      2:05
    • 129. 14.2 Relative clause 4

      2:29
    • 130. 14.3 Noun clause

      3:03
    • 131. 15.1 Zero conditional

      3:09
    • 132. 15.2 First conditional

      3:09
    • 133. 15.2 Second conditional

      2:44
    • 134. 15.2 Third conditional

      2:32
    • 135. 15.3 Mixed conditional

      4:07
    • 136. 15.3 Other conditionals

      3:55
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About This Class

Hi, welcome to my course on 'Fundamentals of English Grammar'!

The aim of this course is to help you develop your English grammar knowledge so that you're able to use the language accurately and appropriately.

The range of grammar concepts covered in this course begin from beginner to intermediate. There are 15 units in this course and each units covers a particular aspect of English grammar.

Our course is designed to make learning grammar easy, and as fun as possible, and to do that, we aim to do the following.

  1. Create lessons that are easily digestible. Our lessons range from 2 to 5 minutes and we stick to a very narrow range of topic so that we keep a simple focus, which makes learning grammar simple.

  2. Worksheet to check your understanding. There are 54 exercise worksheet which you can use to check your understanding of each grammar concept you learn.

Please feel free to take a look at some of the sample lessons to find our what our course is like.

Meet Your Teacher

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Keehwan Kim

Language teaching professional

Teacher

Hi everyone!

My name's Keehwan Kim and welcome to my teacher profile page.

I have been a language teaching professional since 2005, and I have been working as a language learning content producer, working for the likes of BBC Learning English as a content producer.

I love everything about teaching and learning languages. I think best analogy of language learning is of trying to go up an escalator that's coming down. You have to work hard to make forward progress, and if you stop trying, it's easy to lose all that progress you have made.

Many of us live in environments where interacting with the language you're learning is extremely difficult, but I hope my courses help you to engage with the language you're trying to learn and help yo... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Course Introduction: Hi there. My name's key and I'm new instructor on this grammar course to tell you a little bit about myself. I've been a language teaching professional for over 10 years. I am cell to qualify and have an M A in applied linguistics. But enough about me. Let me tell you what this course is about. This course is purely about developing your grammatical knowledge, and it's ideal for someone between a beginner and intermediate level. If you're someone who conform basic English sentences but struggle to express your ideas clearly or find it hard to form long sentences with multiple phrases, then you're in the right place. Well, first, focus on the building blocks off the English language and help you understand how we use these words together. To form basic sentences would help you understand how words like adverbs of degree are used so that you can be more expressive when you use English. Once we've covered the basic building blocks will then move on and focus more on learning the sentence structure. We'll take a deep dive into learning about all the different tenses. We'll learn about verb patterns and focus on learning all the different ways off using modal verbs and at the end will help you to expand the sentences you create by learning about different types of clauses. Our lessons are designed to make learning from a easy on average. Our lessons are about three minutes long, and we've taken great care in designing our lessons so that you can maintain your focus and learn difficult concepts in a simple way. And accompanying our lessons are over 50 worksheets, which you can use to take your understanding off difficult concept learning in the courts. So I hope that's giving you a good idea as to what you can expect from this course, and I look forward to seeing the lesson by now. 2. Syllabus Guide: hi there. So before we get into the actual lessons, let's have a look at the syllabus. Together, this syllabus is available to download in the resource of section. So please take a look as you watch the video. Or if you like, you can take a look at the syllabus after watching this video, you don't really need a syllabus right now. Now, this course is divided into 15 units and each unit has various numbers off sub Eunice. The sub units are categorized so that what you learn in each sub unit is related. For example, in Unit One sub unit one which we can just call 1.1, we cover the basic sentence structure using the Beav up so you will learn how to form both positive and negative statements and also the contraction off the beef up. Then, in Unit 1.2, you will learn how to form questions using the B verb. So this way off grouping related lessons continues throughout the syllabus. Each video lesson is labelled so that you know which unit and sub unit the video belongs to . And at the end off each sub unit, you can download a practice worksheet so that you can check your understanding off what you learned within that sub unit at the end off the last video for each sub unit, you'll be instructed. Download a worksheet for further practice, so please download the worksheets from the Resources section for more. Practice off what you're learning. The work. She's contained simple exercises so that you can put into practice what you learned in each sub unit. And please use the answer key to check your own work. Okay, so that's it for this video, and the next video is the first lesson in our course. So I'll Susan again in that lesson, but by 3. 1.1 Pronouns: hello and welcome to the lecture on English pronouns. So first things first. What is a pronoun? A pronoun is a word we use instead off other now owns. So instead of saying my name, I would say I we can use you instead of saying the name of the person we're talking to. We use he or she to refer to a man or a woman. We use it to refer to objects and ideas. We use they to refer to a group of people in third person and we use we to refer to a group of people we belong in Now. These pronounce are what we call subjects pronouns. So they take up the position off the subject in a sentence to use pronouns as the object. We have another set of pronouns called object pronouns. So I is me. You is still you. He is him and she is hot. It is also still it. We is us and they becomes them. And as you can probably guess, the object pronouns are used as objects in the sentence. So we can say I like them And here we use I because it's the subject off the sentence and then because it is the object of the verb like we can also say they are with me and here we use they because it's the subject of the sentence. And here we use the pronoun me because it's the object off the proposition with and lastly we have we meet her, and here we use we because it's the subject off the sentence and heart instead of she because it is the object off the verb meat. So, as you can see in these examples, we use the subject pronouns as sentence subjects and object pronoun as the objects off verbs as well as propositions. An important aspect of pronouns we need to know is whether they are singular or plural and which person they refer to. So these are singular pronouns, and these are plural pro nails and the pronoun you can be both depending on the context that is used in. And these two pronouns I and we are the first person pronouns you is a second person pronoun, and the rest he she it and they are third person pronouns. Knowing these differences is important as we have to change verbs depending on the kind of pronoun there used with. So for third person singular pronouns And these are he she and it. We have to add an extra s at the end of verbs in the present tense so that there is a subject verb agreement and we will go into subject verb agreements in more detail later in the course. Okay, so that's it for this lecture on pronouns. But because these pronouns are so important will use them again and again in this course. So this won't be the last time we talk about pronouns in this course. Okay, so, Suzanne again in the next listen, but why? 4. 1.1 Be-verb (Basics): hello again. So this lesson is on the B verb, and we'll look at three different forms off the be verb and how they're used in sentences. The Beaver is may be the single most important verb in English and is because it's the most useful in the English language. We used to be verb to introduce ourselves, to say, our age, to talk about our jobs, to say where something is and the list goes on and on and on. The Beaver is not an action verb, but it functions as a link between the subject and its complement, often called the subject complement and a subject complement is basically something that tells us more information about the subject. Before we look at what complements our let's look at the three forms off the be verb and is an R we use, um, with the pronoun I we use is with third person singular pronouns. He she and it and we use our with plural pronouns we, they and you, which can be both singular and plural. So let's now form sentences using the pronouns and the B verb, but also with subject compliments so we can say I am a teacher. She is pretty and we are at school now. After the beaver, the subject complement can be in the form off a noun, an adjective or a proposition. All phrase In this first sentence, the subject complement is a noun, a teacher. But we can also say we are students. He is a mother, and in each sentence, the noun function as subject compliments, giving us more information about the subject. Secondly, we can have an adjective functioning as a subject complement, and the adjective in this sentence is pretty. But we can also say I am hot. We are tired, and the adjectives in these sentences function has subject compliments, giving us more information about the subject. Finally, the beaver can be followed by a prep positional phrase, and we're going to what a prep additional phrase is in another lecture. But it's a structure made up off a proposition and usually a noun, which in this case is at school to give you two more examples off sentences with proposition of phrases, we can say I am in the car. It is on the desk. So again, the proposition of phrases function as subject compliments so sentences using the BVA has a subject a B verb, that we have to use the correct form depending on the subject and the subject complement, which can be now owns adjectives and prep additional phrases. Okay, that's it for this lesson on the structure off sentences that use the P verbs in the present tense. And in the next lesson, we look at the contract ID forms off the be verb house using again bye for now. 5. 1.1 Be-verb (Contractions): Hello there. So in this lesson, we're going to focus on learning about the contract it form off the beef UB. In the previous lesson, we saw these three sentences. I am a teacher. She is pretty. We are at school now. Of course, these sentences are grammatically correct. But when we speak in everyday situations, we generally contract the subject and the B verb. So I am becomes I'm She is becomes she's, and we are becomes were we can follow the same pattern with other pronounce so we can say his is They're and you're as mentioned already in everyday speech. We use these contracted forms much more often, and the uncontracted form is more seen in formal settings and in writing. In terms of pronunciation. The contractions off is is pronounced differently for different pronouns, and you may have noticed this already. When is is contracted with he or she it produces a zed sound. So it's his his she's. She's, However, when it contracts with the pronoun, it is producers and s sound. So we say it's it's let's listen to all three forms together. His his she's she's it is is let's hear them in sentences. He's a teacher. He's a teacher. She's a friend. She's a friend. It's a bag. It's a bag. So as you could hear is the sound with the pronouns he and she and sound where the pronoun it. So be aware off this sound difference when you speak. Okay, so this was a short lesson. And today we learned how the be verb is contract ID with the subject. And we also looked at how the contract ID is is pronounced differently with different third person singular subjects. He she and it. Okay, so that's it for today. And I'll see you soon again in the next lesson. But why? 6. 1.1 Be-verb (Negative statement): Hello there and welcome back in this lesson, we're going to learn about the negative sentences using the beaver in the present tense and two ways to be verbs can contract in these sentences. So let's start by looking at three negative sentences using the beef up. I am not a teacher. She is not pretty. We are not at school. Making negative sentences is really easy in sentences with the B verb, as we simply add the word not after the be verb. So it's I am not. He is not, and we are not. That's it. To give you a few other example sentences. We can also say you are not tired. She is not in the office. They are not my friends. Okay, so that should be fairly easy to understand. In these sentences, we can still contract the subject and the B verb, just like in the previous lesson. So we can say I'm not a teacher. She's not pretty. We're not at school. However, there is another way we can contract the beef up in negative sentences instead of the beav up contracting with the subject it can contract with. Not so we can say she isn't pretty. We aren't at school now. The be verb am is an exception, as it cannot contract with not so we cannot say I armed a teacher that's not grammatically possible. However, as you can see is not, can become, isn't and are not can become aunt. There is no difference, meaning to the sentences where we contract the be verb and the subject in terms of pronunciation. With aren't it's pronounced with a long vowel sound. So it's aren't aunt. We aren't at school, we aren't at school. Okay, so today we learned to form negative sentences using the B verb, and we also looked at how the beaver up contracts in negative statements in two different ways. That's it for this lesson. And in the next lesson, we'll learn to form. Yes, no questions using the beef up. But why 7. 1.2 Be-verb (Yes or no questions): hello again. So in this lesson, we're going to learn how to form yes or no questions using the beaver in the present tense . Let's first revisit these statements from an earlier lesson. I am a teacher. She is pretty. We are at school. When we make positive or negative statements, we begin with the subject. Then we use the beef up, and then we have the subject compliments, but to form yes or no questions. We simply switch the position off the subject and the B verb. So I am a teacher. Becomes a my A teacher. She is pretty becomes issue pretty, and we are at school becomes Are we at school? Remember to say these questions with a rising tone at the end. Now these questions are called yes or no questions, because to answer these questions, we can simply say yes or no. However, we often answer these questions by including the subject and the beaver. So rather than just saying yes, we can say yes, you are No, she isn't. And yes, we are a few important points to note. First in terms off Yes, answers. We cannot contract the Beav up with the subject so we can't say yes. Your or yes, were we have to use the uncontracted form. Yes, you are. And yes, we are. However, in terms of no answers, we can use the contract it form so we can say no, she isn't. And we can also say No, she's not. There is no difference in meaning. We can, of course, also used the uncontracted form So we can say no. She is not, though, as mentioned before, it's more common to use the contract it form in everyday speech. Okay, so let's look at few other examples off. Yes or no questions as well as their responses. Are you a student? Yes, I am. Is he in the room? No, he's not. Are they hungry? No, they aren't. So, as you can see, we can use these questions to ask who someone is where someone is and how someone is so this yes or no question form Using the beaver is very, very useful. Okay, so in this lesson, we learn to form yes or no questions using the B verb. And we also learned different ways off answering these questions. In the next lesson, we'll learn to form wh word questions using the beef up. So I was Susan again in the next lesson. But by 8. 1.2 Be-verb (Wh-word questions): Hello again. So in this lesson, we're going to learn how to form wh word questions using the B verb to help us along. Let's bring back the yes or no questions from the previous lesson. Um, I a teacher. Is she pretty? Are we at school? Okay, So to form wh word questions, we simply add any one of these wh was in front of these questions. But because we use wh words to ask for information, we would need to remove the subject compliments as they clash with the wh words. So we can ask who are my how we see and where are we. However, with the wh word why we can leave the subject complement as the wh word Why asks for a reason which is different from the subject. Complement. So all these questions contain a wh word a b verb and a subject. Let's look at a few other examples. What is your name? How old are you? When is your birthday? So as you can see, each question contains a wh word a beaver and a subject And the questions reform Using this structure are some of the most common questions we ask when we meet people for the first time. One point to note is that we often contract the wh word in the singular be verb is so we can say What's your name? When's your birthday? And although we can contract how and is and say house, we would need more than one syllable after house because of rules of pronunciation. So although we wouldn't say how she it is common to ask questions like How's your job? Or how's everything? Because in these question