Friendship Keychains, Bookmarks, and Bracelets: Working with Multi-Color Patterns | Daniela Klausner | Skillshare

Friendship Keychains, Bookmarks, and Bracelets: Working with Multi-Color Patterns

Daniela Klausner, Student, Crafter, Recreator

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21 Lessons (1h 8m)
    • 1. Intro

      1:37
    • 2. Finding a Pattern

      1:08
    • 3. Understanding the Pattern

      3:21
    • 4. Supplies

      2:15
    • 5. Forward and Backward Knots

      2:16
    • 6. Undoing a Mistake

      1:50
    • 7. Measuring for a Bookmark - Easy

      2:38
    • 8. Measuring for a Keychain - Moderate

      5:16
    • 9. Measuring for a Bracelet - Hard

      7:55
    • 10. Starting a Bookmark

      2:22
    • 11. Starting a Keychain

      2:57
    • 12. Starting a Bracelet

      4:05
    • 13. Creating a Bookmark/Keychain

      2:34
    • 14. Creating a Bracelet

      1:35
    • 15. Following the Pattern

      16:29
    • 16. Following a Pattern with Edge Images

      3:24
    • 17. Ending the Project, Step 1 & 2 For All Projects

      1:27
    • 18. Ending a Bookmark

      1:48
    • 19. Ending a Keychain

      0:49
    • 20. Ending a Bracelet

      1:31
    • 21. Thank You!

      0:35

About This Class

In this class you will learn how to work with multi-color friendship bracelet patterns. You will receive the skills necessary to work with any pattern that involves forward and backward knots. You will learn how to be creative with the pattern, turning it into a keychain, bookmark, and/or bracelet. To get the best experience, think of it more as a tutorial. After you watch "Finding a Pattern", find a pattern you want to work with and then decide if you want to make a bookmark, keychain, or bracelet with it. Then move on to "Understanding the Pattern".

Skills students will learn:

  1. How to read and work with a pattern
  2. How to use one pattern to create three different projects
  3. How to precisely measure the length of sting required for each project
  4. How to weave in new colors into a project

This class is for anyone wishing to learn how to work with these intricate patterns. It doesn’t matter if you are a beginner or someone who has friendship braceleted before and wishes to broaden their skills. If you have experience with friendship bracelets and macrame, feel free to skip around. 

Transcripts

1. Intro: Hi, everyone. My name is Daniela Klausner and welcome to my class friendship, key chains, bookmarks and bracelets working with multicolor patterns. I've been friendship bracelet ing for like over 10 years, and it's something I really like to dio. I've been making a lot of friendship key chains because they are excellent gifts for friends and family and co workers. Here are a few examples of some of my past work thes two key chains I made for my brother, who is currently obsessed with Shrek. This'll is a bookmark I made for my friend. And then this is a bracelet that I made for another friend of mine who likes adventure time . In this class, you will be learning how to work with multicolor friendship bracelet patterns. By the end of the class, you will gain the skills necessary to create your own bookmark key chain and bracelet. You can do all three, or you can do just one. It doesn't matter. I'll teach you how to read a pattern. Make sure you understand how which what everything means. Um, I'll teach you how to start a bracelet, a bookmark and a key chain. All three have different ways of starting, and I'll teach you how to end each one for the class project. I want you to be able to create your own key chain bookmark or bracelet. In the next video, I will teach you how to find the right pattern for you. 2. Finding a Pattern: lesson number one. Finding a pattern. First step. Think of what symbol or image you want, and now you can either go on Google or you can go on bracelet book dot com slash patterns. As you start searching, you will notice that there are three different kinds of patterns. There's ones that look like a grid. There's ones that have arrows pointing left and right, and there's one that has been arrows. We will be working with the ones with the grid and the arrows pointing right and left. These mean that we will be using forward and backward knots. The bent arrows mean that you will be using a forward, backward and backward for were not in this class. We're only doing forward backward. If you don't know what I'm talking about, then, um, watch my video Now that you found a pattern, let's move on toe, understanding how it works 3. Understanding the Pattern: understanding the pattern. Regular patterns. All right, so this is what a regular pattern looks like. It has arrows pointing right and arrows pointing. Left thes patterns are also very helpful in telling you. What's up, For example, you can tell what the with is. Um, on this pattern, it is 18 strings long. The way you can tell is because of the white strings here, and these represent your bass strings. You're going to need 18 based drinks for this pattern, and the length is going down, and this pattern is 19 strings alone. So there's gonna be 19 rose and every single one of these dots here that you see those air All one single. Not all right. Moving on to grid patterns. This is how a grid pattern is normally presented with the short ends vertical and the longest edges horizontal. So when you find one like this, just flip it over. It will be a lot easier to read. I've shrunk it so you can actually see the boxes now, So the short edge is gonna be our with, and our with is 16 bass strings wide, and this is gonna be our length. And this pattern altogether is 80 strings long. So there's 80 rose and every single one of these little grits those air all one single, not how long it will typically take you. In general patterns that are less than 20 bass strings wide and over 50 Rose Long takes approximately 2 to 4 hours, depending on how fast you eve the's air common dimensions for a pattern. Patterns that are over 25 bass strings wide and 30 rose long will take anywhere from 6 to 8 hours to make these air. Usually specialized patterns, for example, the stark pattern usually takes me about 6.5 hours to complete, and I only use the wolf, not the text, and that all together is 32 bass strings wide by 42 rows long. No, the Pac Man pattern takes me about three hours to complete, and it is 16 by 80 Background activity. Having music in the background or the TV slash Netflix on can make the time pass a lot quicker. I usually watch my Netflix shows while I work on a project, so I don't really count how long it takes me. Now that you understand how the pattern works, you're ready to move on to collecting your supplies 4. Supplies: here are all the supplies that you will need to create your project number one. A clipboard. The clipboard is what you will be using to keep your project in place. It's easy to move the strings around this way. Number two scissors. They're pretty much self explanatory. Three. Some take. You will need tape to hold down new colors of thread. When you add them to your project, you'll see what I mean in creating the project Number four a ruler. You'll need a ruler to measure out the string lengths number five embroidery thread. Pick out the colors of embroidery threat that you will need for your project that includes the colors for the design as well as the background. For this type of friendship bracelet, you will also need based threads. These threads are what you will be weaving your design into. White and black are good base colors, but you can use whatever color you like. I like using this type of thread for the base. It's double woven and makes for a stronger base. The stronger thread costs around $2 while a regular embroidery thread is around a dollar. Additional materials. If you are working on a key chain, you're going to need key rings or key clasps, depending on what kind of accessory want something else that's really handy. Are these embroidery thread holders? You can put the additional colors and your background color on them Later on, I will go into the reason why. Now that you've got your supplies, you are ready to move on to measuring for a bookmark key chain or bracelet. Each type of project has a different length for bass strings. If you've never macro Mater Friendship president before, it might be a good idea to move on to forward and backward knots, as well as undoing a mistake and then move on to measuring. 5. Forward and Backward Knots: forward and backward knots. Lesson one forward. Not for a forward. Not first thing you do is take the first string and cross it over the second string. It'll look like a four. Then the first string goes under the second string through the hoop and out. Then you pull. Each forward not consists of two knots. So one more time. Make a four first string under the second through the hoop and pull. Now you can see that the first string is in second position. Let's do a forward, not one more time. First string over the second, then under through the hoop and pull. And now one more time to complete the Not there we go. Now you have the basics of the foreword, not let's move on to the backward. Not the backward. Not is just a mirror image of the forward not to make a backward, Not you. Take the second string and cross it over the first. Then the second string goes under the first through the loop out and pull again. We need to do this twice. Second string over the first under through the hoop and pull. Let's try it one more time make it backwards for second string under the first through the loop and pull now one more time to complete the not. 6. Undoing a Mistake: undoing a mistake. In order to undo a mistake, you're gonna need some tools. You can either use a clothes pin or a pushpin. Either one will work or really anything that has a small pointy end. Let's see how it works, but you want to do is lift up the bass string that you made the mistake on. Now stick your clothes pin or safety pin between the two knots that you made and pull one of them up gently. Eventually, you could just pull the base during out. Now get the 2nd 1 out gently pull at the Not it might take a couple of tries. Best way is to just pull on the base. During that, the mistake was made on just like that. Now let's see it done one more time. We pick up the bass string that the mistake was made on and stick the safety pin or pushpin between the two nuts and then just pull out the bass string from the background color or additional color. And then for the 2nd 1 you can hold the background color or additional color and get at the base string and just pull it out 7. Measuring for a Bookmark - Easy: measuring for a bookmark. When making a bookmark, you need to account for the actual length of the pattern and the length of braids at either end. Step one. Figuring out how many bass strings to cut book markers Super easy. You will cut as many bass strings as there are columns along the width of your pattern. For example, the Pac Man pattern is 16 columns wide. That means that I will cut 16 based drinks. Step two measuring actual length of pattern one single not is usually 0.625 inches long. Multiply the length of your project by 0.625 rounded to the nearest whole number. For example, the Pac Man pattern is 80 rose long, 80 times 0.6 to 5 Just so happens to be exactly five, so I don't need to round. But for in most cases you'll have to round to the nearest whole number. Step three. Adding length for braids, generally 2.5 inches, is plenty to make a nice braid. We will break both sides, so add five inches to your length. 2.5 was 2.5. If you want longer braids at as much as you want, just make sure the length is even on both sides. For example, I'm making 2.5 inch braid, so I'm adding five inches to my length. Five plus five is 10. My 16 bass strings will be 10 inches long if you want three inch braids at six inches, if you want four inch braids at eight inches, and I think you know what I'm doing with this, so just have fun with it and as much as you want. Step four. Cut your strings the length of the background color because it is too hard to figure out how much background color you will need. It's easier not to cut any. I use the little embroidery floss holders pictured above, so the strings don't get tangled. If you don't have thes, they're really easy to make out of cardboard I attached to Pattern in the Class Project section of my class. In the creating the Project video, you will see how easy they are to work with. Set aside the additional colors and move on to starting a bookmark 8. Measuring for a Keychain - Moderate: measuring for a key chain. When making a key chain, you need to account for the actual length of the pattern and spare thread to not the end. Swift Step one. Figuring out how many bass strings to cut because he will fold the strings in half to attach them to a clip or key ring. You only need to cut half the amount of bass strings required. For example, the house dark, dire wolf pattern is 32 bass strings wide, so that means that I only need to cut 16 strings. In total. 16 is half of 32. If you have an odd number of strings, say 23 you will cut 12 strings 22 divided by two plus one. I'll let you know how much to cut of each in a moment. Step two. Measuring actual length of pattern one single not is usually 0.625 inches long, so you have to multiply the length of your project by 0.6 to 5. Rounded to the nearest whole number. For example, the dire wolf pattern is 42 rows long. I tampered with the pattern a little bit. I removed some of the roast from the top, and I removed the writing that's normally on the pattern. So 42 times 0.6 to 5 equals 2.6 to 5, and I rounded that up to three Step three, adding spare string for comfort. You are going to need extra string in order to comfortably create the project. This extra string will then be used to tie up the end at four inches to every string. This is a constant for every pattern you make a key chain with. For example, so far all of my 16 strings are three inches long. I need to add four inches to them now. My strings air seven inches long. Step four multiplied by two. So far, you have added the actual length of the pattern to the four inches for comfort. Now multiply that number by two. We will be folding the strings over so you will end up with the original number of bass strings required. If you have an odd number of bass strings, one string will not be multiplied. It should be the length of the pattern plus four. For example, my strings or seven inches long. Now all 16 need to be 14 inches long. If by has started off with an odd number like 23 I would have 11 strings that are 14 inches long and one string that is seven inches long. The final formula. This is what the formula looks like. You can pause the video to copy it down. For example, my project was 42 bass strings long, and I multiply that by 0.6 to 5 to get 2.6 to 5. Then I rounded that 2.625 to the nearest whole number, which is three. Then I added four inches to that to get seven, and then I had to multiply seven by two to get 14 Step eight, cut your strings the length of the background color. Because it is too hard to figure out how much background color you will need, it's easier not to cut any. I use the little embroidery floss holders pictured above, so the strings don't get tangled. If you don't have thes, they're really easy to make out of cardboard. I attached to Pattern in the Class Project section of my class. If you have an even number of strings. Set the background color to the side and move on to start in a key chain if you have an odd number of strings. If you had an odd number of strings, one of your strings is going to be shorter than the rest. You want to tie to your background color to it. Take the bass string and cross the background color over it. Holding that firmly, take the background color and loop it around the base string. Once, as shown now, make it not just this. I am in the video. This is the most secure type of not feel free to tie it once more. Now cut off the excess move on to start in a key chain. 9. Measuring for a Bracelet - Hard: measuring for a bracelet when making a bracelet, need to account for one the size of the loop to the actual length of the pattern and three the length of braids at the end. Step one. Figuring out how many bass strings to cut because you will fold the strings in half to make the loops, you only need to cut half the amount of bass strings needed. For example, the pokey ball pattern is 12 strings wide, so I only need to cut six strings in total. If you have an odd number of strings, say, 23 you will cut 12 strings 22 divided by two plus one. I'll tell you how much to cut a beach in a moment. Step two. Measuring actual length of pattern one single not is usually 0.625 inches long. Multiply the length of your project by 0.6 to 5, round it to the nearest whole number. For example, the pokey ball pattern is 60 rose long. I added a pokey ball to the end of it. 60 times 0.6 to 5 equals 3.75 and that rounds up to four. Step three, Adding length for braids. You're going to need long braids for a bracelet because you need to be able to tie the bracelet on at five inches, tow every string. This is a constant for every pattern you make a bracelet with. For example, so far, my six strings are four inches long. I need to add five inches for the Braves. Now my strings are 12 inches long. Next, we need to add length for the loot. Step for figuring out how many loops you need. If you're project is less than 16 bass strings wide. Make one group. If it is between 16 and 24 bass strings wide. Make two groups. If it is wider than 24 bass strings make three groups. These groups will turn into loops. There won't always be an even number of strings in each group. Just make them a Z even as possible. For example, the pokey ball pattern is 12 bass strings wide. I separated them into two groups and will end up with two loops. I made two loops, so I can later demonstrate how to start a bracelet with more than one loop, one loop would have sufficed for this pattern. Step five. Adding length for the loot. Add one inch toe all strings to make a one inch loot. Add two inches. Tow all strings to make a two inch loop. One inch loops are rather small, so for some people it might be more beneficial to make two inch loops. Two inch loops are easier toe work with, but you can decide how large of a loop you want. For example, I'm making one inch loops, so I added one inch to all six drinks. Now my strings are four plus five. Plus one equals 10 inches long. Again, the one inch loop is just a personal preference. If you wanted to do to, then you would act two inches to your total step six. Multiply by two. So far, you have added the actual length of the pattern to the five inches for the brains and one or two inches for the loop. Now multiply that number by two. We will be folding the strings over so you won't end up with the original number of bass strings required. If you have an odd number of bass strings, one string will not be multiplied. Go ahead and cut that string. It should be the length of the pattern, plus five plus one or two, depending on how large of a loopy want. And put that aside once he cut it. For example, my strings are 10 inches long now. All six strings need to be 20 inches long. If I had started off with an odd number like 23 I would have 11 strings 20 inches long and one string 10 inches long. I would cut the 10 inch one and set aside Step seven, adding inches to select strings. Now you should know how many groups you need. One bass string from each group. We'll need additional inches to make the loop. Add seven inches to those strings to make a one inch loot. Add 14 inches to those strings. If you decided to make a two inch loop, for example, I have two groups and I decided to make a one inch salute. So I had seven inches to two of the bass strings. Those two bass strings are now 27 inches long. To recap. I now have four strings that are 20 inches long and two strings that are 27 inches long. The final formula, the final formula looks like this. Go ahead and pause the video so you can copy it down. For example, my pattern is 60 rose. Long time 0.6 to 5 equals 3.75 around that to the nearest whole number, which is four. Four plus five is nine. Nine plus one is 10. 10 times two is 20 so four of my strings are now 20 inches long. Two of my strings. We'll get added seven inches, so now they're 27 inches long. Step eight. Cut your strings the length of the background color. Because it is too hard to figure out how much background color you will need, It's easier not to cut any. I use the little embroidery floss holders pictured above, so the strings don't get tangled together. If you don't have any of these, they're easy to make out of cardboard. I attached a pattern in the class project section of my class. In the creating the Project video, you will see how easy they are to work with if you haven't even number of strings, said the background color to the side and move on to starting a bracelet if you have an odd number of strings. If you had an odd number of strings, one of your strings is going to be shorter than the rest. You want to tie to your background color to it. Take the bass string and cross the background color over it. Holding that firmly, take the background color and loop it around the base string. Once, as shown now, make it not just us. I am in the video. This is the most secure type of not feel free to tie it once more. Now cut off the excess. Move on to starting a bracelet. 10. Starting a Bookmark: starting a bookmark. Step one. Separate your strings into groups of 3 to 6, depending on how wide the pattern ISS. If your pattern is under 10 to 19 bass strings wide, separate them into three nearly even groups. If your pattern is 22 40 based drinks wide, separate them into five or four groups based on your preference. If your pattern is over 40 bass strings wide, separate them into six groups. Make the groups as even as possible. Step two. Securing the groups. Add the background color to the group on the left. Make a very loose, not take the group to the ruler and tie the knot at the 2.5 inch mark. Don't make the not too tight because we will be undoing it at the end of the project. Just make it tight enough so it won't fall apart. Now do the same with the rest of the groups. Step three. Attaching to the clipboard. Now we have the group's tied together, pushed them close together and stick them under the clipboard. Make sure that the knots are directly behind the clip, pulling the strings to make sure nothing is loose and that the knots air tight behind the clipboard. Make sure the background string is all the way on the left. We will come back to this once the project is complete. Now you are ready to move on to creating the bookmark slash key chain. 11. Starting a Keychain: starting a key chain. This lesson will teach. You have to start a key chain, be it on a curing or a class. You should have your bass strings in your background string. If you have an odd number of strings, you already attached your background string to one of the bass strings, so just sit back for a moment. First, we'll we do is take one of the bass strings and fold it in half. Then take the background string and tie it to the middle of the bass string Big two knots to make sure to secure, then cut off the excess Step two. Attaching strings to the key chain slash class first. What we want to do is make sure that the background color string is on the left side. Since we did not cut the background string, we need space to get it through the loop and around the clasp. Put the loop through the space and make a large enough gap on the other side. Take the ends of the base and background string and send them under and then through the loop. Make sure the ends of the base colors air. Still, even then pull, make sure it is tight. This first during is always the hardest to attached because the background color is attached to it. The rest of the bass strings are really easy to attach. Fold them in half, make a loop in front of the class, then take the ends and send them around and then through the loop, then pull. And there you go. Easy as pie. Now we had to do is spin the key. Ring her class to the clipboard, Make sure the background color is all the way on the left side. Now you are ready to move on to creating the bookmark slash key chain. 12. Starting a Bracelet: starting a bracelet. Step one. Separate your strings in tow. 123 parts. Depending on how wide your pattern is, the group's won't always be even. Just make them as even as possible. Make sure that one string each group is longer than the rest. If you have an odd number of strings, you already attached your background string to one of the bass strings, so just sit back for a moment. This is what you do if you have an even number of strings first, what want to do is take one of the bass strings and fold it in half. Then take the background string and tie it to the middle of the bass string. Make two knots to make it secure. After you cut off the excess, return it to the group. Step two. Making a bracelet loop. Fold the group in half to find the center point. I'm going to be making a one inch loop, so the half way point is half a niche right here. Attach it to the clipboard where you need it. If you cut enough string to make a two inch loop, stick it to the clipboard where the center is at the one inch point. Now take the longest string, and all you will do is make forward and backward knots across the group. Start off with a foreword. Not and then a backward not unlike regular Nazi. Only need one of each. Continue to the one or two inch mark, or until the string you are nodding with shrinks to meet the ends of the others. Now just repeat the same process with the other groups. Step three. Attaching the loops to the clipboard. Flip the groups in half. Make sure that the background string is all the way on the left side. Stick it so part of the bottom of the loop is still visible. Stick the rest underneath. Now you are ready to move on to creating a bracelet. 13. Creating a Bookmark/Keychain: creating the project. Bookmark slash key chain. Whether you were working on a book marker key chain, your project is going to look like this. The background string is on the left, and the bass strings are close together in a row like this. What you want to do first is make one full throw of forward nods across the bass strings with your background color. This will secure the disconnected groups of a bookmark. Sometimes the bass strings tried to get tangled together, so just make sure you work with one at a time. You can also see how easy it is to work with the embroidery floss holder. Now you've made your first complete row of all forward knots. From here, you can choose to jump right into the pattern or make one full row of backward knots. I'll make one row of backward knots just to show you you can see the bass strings. Cooperate better now that you've made one full row. Now you can move on to following a pattern. If you're pattern has colors like it added at the edge of it, then move on to following a pattern with EJ imagery. After you watch following a pattern 14. Creating a Bracelet: creating a bracelet. This is what your project should look like right now. The loops placed close together on the clipboard with the background color to the left. What you want to do first is make a full row of forward knots just like this. You can see how easy the embroidery floss holder is to work with when you get one section done, you want to connect the next section securely when you make the forward, not make sure it is tight. Do this every time you come to a new section. When you've made your full first row of forward knots, make one full row of backward knots to make sure the loops are secure. Now you can move on to following a pattern. If your pattern has colors like it added at the edge of it, then move on to following a pattern with EJ imagery. After you watch following a pattern 15. Following the Pattern: following the pattern. Now you will learn how toe adding new colors because I already have two rows of background color. I'm going to jump right into where the first color is added in the stark pattern I'm working with. Black is the first new color, and it is on the 19th bass string from the left. What I do is count out 18 bass strings from the left toe we've my background color into. I have to make 18 forward knots with my background color before I can weave in the black on the 19 to weave in a new color, take the end of it and tape it to the side of the clipboard where you were weaving towards . If you are making forward knots, tape it to the right. If you are making backward knots, tape it to the left. Make sure you tape it above the weaving area. Now take the bass string that you are weaving. The new color into the new color goes under all the bass strings not yet woven into this row. It should end up underneath the background color and the bass string. You need to weave it into drop the background color, but make sure it is still enveloped by the new color. Make a forward or backward, not depending on the direction you were going before. Sometimes you need to keep the background color in place closed the not in some patterns. The new color continues, but in my case, the rest of the row is blue. Here is how you can switch back to the base string. Make sure the background color is underneath the bass strings that have already been woven into. But in front of the added color and new based ring, take the bass string and make a knot over the added color. Again, you might need to hold the added color and then make another not to close it. The rest of my pattern is just background color. Working with three or more colors, I skipped down to Row five so I can show you how to add in 1/3 color and switch colors multiple times in one row. I already made 14 rows of blue, so now we just need to jump into the black. The black ended up in the middle from the previous row. We need to move it under all the bass strings that have not yet been woven into, including the background color. The pattern calls for three black forward knots before we reach the gray. Because we're weaving to the right, we need to attach the great on the right. Send the new color under all the bass strings that have not yet been woven into this row. It needs to be under the previous color as well. Take the base during you need to weave the new color into and make the not the last color should be woven in a swell. In this pattern, we only need one gray. Not before we switched the black. Sometimes when two new colors air introduced one color will try to swallow up the other. So make sure that knots air tight but not too tight. Now I need the background color again. Make sure the background color is under all previous woven strings and before the newest color and based ring now just make a forward. Not, and now we need to switch between black and blue once more, - one full row. Now I'll make one complete row of backward knots with frequent switching of colors. It's best to just watch instead of having me explain. Yeah, yeah, 16. Following a Pattern with Edge Images: following a pattern with images that go off the edge. Example. One switching colors at the start of a row. My example is gonna be from the Po cable pattern, in this case, the first color that goes off the edges. Fred. I set the first row of the pattern as the second row because I made two rows of white to secure the pattern. In my case, the red on the edge is on row four. I'll start off by completing Row three with white background color to show you how this switch happens. To switch over to a new color on the edge of the pattern, make sure it is all the way on the right to make a backward row and all the way on the left . To make a foreword row, Make sure the previous color is between the new color and the bass string about to be woven into and make a snug not make sure the new not doesnt swallow up the one made previous. Now just continue. The pattern is normal. Example. Two. How to add a new color on the last base string of a row in my pokey ball pattern, a black string needs to be added on the edge of the pattern it is in row seven. Add the new color on the right if you are making forward knots and left. If you are making a row of backward knots, send it under the last base string as well as the previously used color. Then make a Not now. You can continue with the pattern. In my case with white background color, make sure the background color is underneath all strings. Make a not over the last color used, then make regular switches that you would make with an enclosed image. Example. Three. How to add a new color on the first base drink of a row. This isn't on my pattern. I'm adding it to show you how it would be done in case you have a pattern that needs it. If the first string of a row is on the left, add the new color on the right, since you will need to make a forward row. If the first string of the row is on the right, add the new color on the left. Since you'll be making a backward row, make sure the added string is underneath all other strings, including this string that had just been used. Make it not over it, making sure to secure, then continue the pattern like normal. 17. Ending the Project, Step 1 & 2 For All Projects: ending the project. Step one for all projects. Cut off the extra strings that made it to the bottom. If some of the additional colors ended in the middle of the project, cut them off at about two inches. Step two for all projects. Peel the added colors off the board and flip the project over for colors that are not near anything else. Tie them down all the way. Make sure the knots air tight. When there are two or three strings close together, tie them together. Make sure the knots air tight and at the very base cut off the excess. 18. Ending a Bookmark: ending a bookmark Step one. Undo the knots that we made at the start of the project. They might be a little tough to get undone. You can always use tools to undo the knot. If you can't get the knot undone, that's fine. To just move on to the next step, ending a bookmark Step two at each end. Separate the strings into however many groups you had to start with. Braid each group when you braid to the end, making not make sure that it is secure. Do that for the rest of the groups do that on both sides. 19. Ending a Keychain: ending a teaching step. One separate bass strings into a zoo. Many groups as you need. I'll make five, since I'm working with a large pattern, then tie the groups all the way to the base of the key chain. And then it's a chain Step two cut off access string. You can decide what that means for you. 20. Ending a Bracelet: ending a bracelet for a bracelet. You want to have twice as many groups as loops. For example, I had two loops, so I need four groups. Once you know how many groups you need, start braiding when you braid to the end, making not make sure that it is secure. Do that for the rest of the groups. - Here's what it looks like when you put it on. 21. Thank You!: way. Welcome to the end of the class. I hope that by now you've been able to at least get a decent start on your project. I highly encourage you to post your progress up until the very end of the project. It's been a real pleasure being able to teach you and share my skills. And I hope that I get to see you again in my next class, which will focus on making projects with forward, backward and backward forward.