Friendship Keychains, Bookmarks and Bracelets: Classic Patterns | Daniela Klausner | Skillshare

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Friendship Keychains, Bookmarks and Bracelets: Classic Patterns

teacher avatar Daniela Klausner, Student, Crafter, Recreator

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

21 Lessons (59m)
    • 1. Class Intro

      2:15
    • 2. Finding a Pattern

      1:13
    • 3. Understandinding the Pattern

      3:02
    • 4. Supplies

      2:18
    • 5. The 4 Types of Knots

      4:10
    • 6. Undoing a Mistake

      1:44
    • 7. Measuring For Your Projct - Disclaimer

      1:44
    • 8. Measuring For a Bracelet - Easy

      3:36
    • 9. Measuring For a Bookmark - Medium

      5:16
    • 10. Measuring For a Keychain - Hard

      6:24
    • 11. Starting a Bracelet

      1:46
    • 12. Creating a Bracelet

      3:23
    • 13. Ending a Bracelet

      1:13
    • 14. Helpful Tips While Working On Your Pattern

      3:12
    • 15. Starting a Bookmark

      1:48
    • 16. Creating a Bookmark

      3:56
    • 17. Ending a Bookmark

      1:38
    • 18. Starting a Keychain

      4:58
    • 19. Creating a Keychain

      3:12
    • 20. Ending a Keychain

      1:27
    • 21. Thank You!

      0:46
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About This Class

In this class you will learn how to work with classic friendship bracelet patterns. You will receive the skills necessary to work with any pattern that involves forward-backward and backward-forward knots. You will learn how to be creative with the pattern, turning it into a keychain, bookmark, and/or bracelet. To get the best experience, think of it more as a tutorial. After you watch "Finding a Pattern", find a pattern you want to work with and then decide if you want to make a bookmark, keychain, or bracelet with it. Then move on to "Understanding the Pattern".

Skills students will learn:

  1. How to make the 4 types knots of friendship braceleting
  2. How to read and work with a pattern
  3. How to use one pattern to create three different projects
  4. How to precisely measure the length of sting required for each project

This class is for anyone wishing to learn how to work with classic friendship bracelet patterns to create any projects you wish. It doesn’t matter if you are a beginner or someone who has friendship braceleted before and wishes to broaden their skills.If you have experience with friendship bracelets and macrame, feel free to skip around.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Daniela Klausner

Student, Crafter, Recreator

Teacher

Hi there! My name is Daniela and I am a graduate of San Diego State University. I joined Skillshare to help improve some of my skills to use in my current internship. When I discovered that teaching was an option, I knew exactly what I wanted to do.

I've been friendship braceleting for over 10 years and I've always wanted to share my skill. I love creating macrame key-chains as gifts for friends/family/coworkers. It is a bit of a process and I had to figure some things out on my own. 

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Transcripts

1. Class Intro: Hi, everyone. My name is Daniela Klausner and welcome to my class. Friendship, key chains, bookmarks and bracelets, classic patterns. This is actually my second class on skill share right now. If you haven't seen my first class friendship bracelets, book months and key chains working with multicolor patterns, then I suggest doing so. It is not a slightly easier level, and then you'll be able to move on with this class. If you've already seen that class, then welcome back. And I hope that you can gain a lot more skills in this class. The patterns that we will be working with in this class will cover all four types of knots . This means forward, backward, backward, forward and forward backward. So the way it organized my class is by first teaching, you have to find a pattern and how to understand how it works. Thin. You can go ahead and collect your supplies. If you haven't friendship bracelet ID or a macro made four, then I've included the four types of Knots video as well as undoing a mistake. After that, you can jump right into have measuring for your project. The wig organized this class is by difficulty making bracelets is the easiest and then bookmarks and then key chains. So depending on how you feel how you're comfortable with working with these patterns, you can either start easy with a bracelet that move onto a bookmark it into a key chain. It's all up to you in your level for the class project. I want you to be able to create your own bookmark bracelet or teaching. I like to think of this class is more predatory away so you can work along with me. Or you can watch the videos and then move on to creating your project. It's entirely up to you and the way you learn. Now, with the intro Out of the way, I hope that you have a lot of fun. Learn new skills, and now you are ready to find a pattern of your own. 2. Finding a Pattern: finding a pattern to start off with. Think of what symbol or image you want. Now you can either start a Google image search or go on bracelet book dot com slash patterns where most of the patterns come from anyway. If you don't have a specific, similar image in mind, then you can go on bracelet book dot com. They have plenty to choose from, or you can just simply google friendship bracelet patterns. As you start searching, you will notice that there are three different types of patterns. There's ones that look like a grid. There's ones with arrows pointing only left and right. And then there are patterns with slanted and bent arrows. We will be working with 1/3 1 The 1st 2 types of patterns on lee use forward and backward knots, while the third kind uses forward, backward and backward forward knots. If you are not familiar with these type of knots, then you can watch my video the four types of knots. If you want to learn how to work with the 1st 2 types of patterns, then you can watch my class friendship, key chains, bookmarks and bracelets working with multicolor patterns. Now that you found a pattern, let's move on to understanding how it works 3. Understandinding the Pattern: understanding the pattern. Number one. The Arrows. This is a classic friendship bracelet pattern. It has slanted arrows pointing right, slanted arrows, pointing left and bent arrows. It is very important to understand what all of these arrows mean, especially if you are new to this. A slanted arrow pointing right is a standard forward, not a slanted arrow. Pointing to the left is a standard backward, not a bent arrow. Pointing to the right is a backward forward, not a bent arrow. Pointing to the left is a forward backward. Not if you don't know one or more of these knots. Please watch the video the four types of knots before starting your project. Number two. The width and length. The width of a pattern is described by knots, while the length of a pattern is described by rose. Pattern makers make finding the number of the rose very easy by labeling to row number on both sides of the pattern. This watermelon pattern, for example, is 20 rows long with is sometimes slightly more complicated because people sometimes confuse the number of knots for a number of strands. This pattern is five knots wide, which is how you would describe it, but it is made up of 10 strands. This is because it takes two strands to make one. Not it is also important to note that in every other row, the first and last strings aren't used. This is represented by either a jagged edge or, in some cases, wind e edges. The wind E edges are more representative of the final outcome, but the jagged edges are easier to read for first timers. The first and last strings can also take turns being put aside. They're not always left out at the same time. Number four repeating the pattern you have most likely noticed by now that the pattern on Lee covers one image that must be done repeated on order to create a bracelet or bookmark. The patterns are set up so you can simply go from the last row to the first to continue the pattern. The number of times a pattern must be repeated depends on the project you're working on. Having music on in the background or working on your project while watching TV or Netflix or some other streaming service can make time pass even quicker. I like watching shows like parks and rec and friends because they have short episodes and there isn't really too much of a story line to pay attention to. Now that you understand how the pattern works, you are ready to move on to collecting your supplies. 4. Supplies: supplies. Here are all the supplies you will need to create your project number one embroidery floss . This is what your project is made out of. Pick out the colors you will need for your project. They don't necessarily have to be the ones pictured in the pattern. Feel free to be creative and shoes any colors that pleases your eyes. Number two. A clipboard. A clipboard is what you will be using to secure your project in place. It's easy to move around the strings this way. Number three scissors. You'll need them to cut the embroidery lost. Number four A ruler. You can use a ruler to measure the length of the embroidery floss if you wish, but I will also show you a less precise method of getting the desired length of loss. Number five. A string separator. This something I highly recommend for certain projects, as you will be working with a lot of very long strings. Luckily, it is very easy to make at home. All you need is some cardboard. Cut out a rectangle from it. The link isn't too important as long as it exceeds five inches. Mark. The edge is about 1/4 of an inch apart, then make a small cut along the marks. The cut doesn't have to be to lead 1/4 of an inch of spine. It doesn't need to be precise. Now you can have a very useful tool that will keep your strings organized while you Makram a your project. I will show you how to work with this in creating the project. Additional materials. If you choose to make a key chain, you will need hearings or key clasps, depending on what kind of accessory you want, something that is very handy to help you organize your embroidery. Floss is this embroidery floss holder. You can buy them at a craft store, or you could make them yourself out of cardboard. I attached a template as a resource under projects, and resource is now that you have your supplies, you are ready to skip to the measurement for your specific project. If you have never Makram Ayed or a friendship bracelet, it before go to the next to videos First. There I will teach you the four types of 5. The 4 Types of Knots: all right again. This video is for people who haven't Makram ayed or friendship bracelet it before. First, I'm going to start off by showing you a basic forward, not for a forward. Not first thing you do is take the first string and cross it over the second string. It looked like a four. Then the first string goes under the second string through the hoop and out. Then you pull. Each forward not consists of two knots. So one more time. Make a four first string under the second through the hoop and pull. Now you can see that the first string is in second position. Let's do a forward, not one more time. First string over the second, then under through the hoop and pull. And now one more time to complete the Not there we go. Now you have the basics of the forward. That let's move on to the backward, not the backward, not is just a mirror image of the forward not to make a backward, Not you take the second string and cross it over the first. Then the second string goes under the first through the loop out and pull again. We need to do this twice. Second string over the first under through the hoop and pull. Let's try it one more time. Make it backwards for second string under the first through the loop and pull now one more time to complete the Not now that you know the backwards, not let's move forward to the forward backward, not the forward backward. Not. It's pretty much exactly what it sounds like to make a forward backward. Not start by making a forward not first string over the second under through and pull. Now the first string is in second position. Make a backward, not with it. The original first string backward across the second under through and pull. Now you can see the first and second strings keep their original positions. If that was a little bit confusing, let's try it again. Take the first string and make a forward not across the second. Now make a backward. Not with the first string over the second. It takes a little practice, but I promise you'll get used to it. Now Let's move on to the backward forward not to make a backward forward, not start by making a backward not second string over the first under through and pull now with the second string in first position. Make a forward, not with it. The original second string forward across the first under through and pull again. The strings maintained their original positions. Let's try it one more time. Take the second string and make a backward not across the first. Now make a forward not with the second string across the first. With all four knots mastered, you can make practically anything you want. Now you can move on to undoing a mistake or measuring for your project. 6. Undoing a Mistake: undoing a mistake. In order to undo a mistake, you are going to need some tools. You can use a close pin, pushpin or really anything that is small, easy to grasp with a pointy end. How it works. First, find where you made the mistake and take the two strings the mistake was made on. Then lift up the string that you made the not on and set it back. Take your pin and stick it between the two knots that you made. Scrape upto. Loosen the top. Not when there is enough room. You can pull the second string through between the knots, then just scrape out the second. Not until it is loose enough to pull the two strings apart. Let's see that done one more time. Find where you made the mistake and take the two strings. The mistake was made on lift up the strand that not was made on. Stick your pin between the two knocks that were made and scrape up to loosen the one on the top. Once there is enough room, hook the second string and pull it out between the knots, then scrape out second. Not until you can pull the two strings apart. Now you're ready to move on to measuring for your project. 7. Measuring For Your Projct - Disclaimer: measuring for your project disclaimer. Due to the nature of these patterns, it can be difficult to measure precisely how much floss you need. This is caused by several factors. The type of loss and the type of pattern you used has an impact on how much of the flossed you use up, as well as the type of weaver you are. There are single woven and double woven embroidery. Floss is available for purchase. Double boof loss is thicker and a single not takes up more room than one from a single move . And embroidery. Floss, meaning double woven flaws, makes a thicker and longer pattern than single woven floss. It also depends on the type of pattern. Some pattern is just take up more floss than others. You never know how much until you start working on it. Some people make tighter knots, while others prefer slightly looser ones. If you made tight knots like myself, you will use up slightly less loss. Certain strings also use up at a different rate. For mothers, the ones on the edges are used less frequently. In general, the ones on the edges are used less frequently. While some of the ones in the middle get used up more frequently than the rest. I will teach you the best ways to approximate how much Flossie will need for each project. Measuring for a bracelet is the simplest, as it doesn't require a formula. I developed a formula for measuring string length for a bookmark and key chain based off of my calculations for making bracelets. 8. Measuring For a Bracelet - Easy: measuring for a bracelet. The rule of thumb and friendship bracelet ing is that each string should be about 65 to 70 inches long that you then need to fold in half, making 2 32 to 35 inch Stranz. This is enough for the entire bracelet, including the loop, the body and the brains that you used to tie your bracelet with. If you have a smaller wrist, cut each string at 65 inches. If you have a larger wrist or want to make longer braids, cut each string at 70 inches. For a child, 45 to 50 inches should be plenty, but you don't need to be precise. Something that also works for a lot of people is simply cutting each strand the length of their arm span. Take the start of the floss in one hand and the rest of the flaws in the other Now extend both hands. Pinch the string where your hands air fully extended and cut at that point or at a couple of inches to it. If you wish, it's always better toe. Have too much string than too little. How much string to cut for a bracelet we will be making a loop. This means you will cut 65 to 70 inches or your arm span of one color for two strands on the pattern. As long as there is an even number. The best way I can explain this is through examples in this pop print pattern. Each color, it's used an even number of times. There are 12 pink strands, so you will need to cut six strands at the length of your choice. There are four brown strands, so you need to cut two strings at the length of your choice. When there is an uneven number of colors, there are two different amounts you can cut, depending on the type of pattern. Here is an example of both types. When there is an uneven number of the same color, you will cut one of the strings at half the length of the rest of the strings or 35 inches if you want to be on the safer side. For example, in this pattern there are six blue strands, so we will cut three strings at the length of your choice. There are five black strands. This means you will cut to black strings at the length of your choice and one strand at 35 inches. When there is an uneven number of single colors that cross the pattern multiple times, it is necessary to add to the 35 inches we would normally cut the strings. That 20 inches is sufficient enough, meaning we will now cut the strings at 55 inches. The reason for this is that they're used up about twice as frequently as the rest of the strings. In this watermelon pattern, the light and dark green crosses the pattern twice. Here's how much we cut for the whole pattern. There are six pink strands, so cut the three strings at the length of your choice. There are two brown strands, so cut one string at the length of your choice. There is only one light green and one dark green strand, but both of thes crossed the pattern twice. That means you will need 55 inches for each 9. Measuring For a Bookmark - Medium: measuring for a bookmark. I created a formula for the length of string. You need to make a bookmark based off of my calculations from creating bracelets. What I calculated is that one inch of your project takes up approximately 4.2 inches of string. One inch of project is about 21 rose on the pattern. Of course, this is just an average. Every pattern is different, and every string is used up at a different rate. This formula finds the length of the majority of those strings in the pattern. Some strings will be used up faster, and you'll just have to add to them in the video helpful tips. While working on your project, I will show you how to add extra length two strands that need to be extended. It is way easier to just add extra flaws than to figure out which strains need to be extended and exactly by how much. Here's the formula in the formula reads number up. There is ironed roads divided by 21 and then that quotient is then multiplied by 4.2. That product is added to six, and then that some is added to five the some of that equation is the length of each string . Let me walk you through my thinking. Dividing the number of desired rose by 21 which is the average amount of rose in an inch, gets you the approximate length of the final project in inches. Multiplying the length of the final project by 4.2, which is the amount of floss used by making an inch of the project gets you a length of los needed to create your project. You then to add six inches to this number to have enough loss for the braids on either side of the bookmark. You should then also add an additional five inches to make it easier to weep the knots. Once you get closer to the end of your project, let's look at some examples. When you have a pattern with one definite image. Make the entire length of it. In this case, that would be 58 rows, so that's our first number. 58. Divided by 21 is 2.7. We're going around that to the nearest whole number, and that is three. So then we multiply three by 4.2, which is 12.6, and we can go ahead and round that to the nearest whole number as well, and that would be 13. So we had six to that 13 to get 19 and the 19 plus five is 24. This means that each of your strands should be 24 inches long. When you find a pattern that has two or more images like this Griffin Door one, you have two options. You can either a use the length of the pattern given or be continue from the top again. So let's see what it would look like if we just simply used it once. This entire pattern is 74 rows long, so 74 divided by 21 is 3.5, which rounds up to four, and that multiplied by 4.2 is 16.8. Then we round that up to 17 added to six, and that makes 23. 23 plus five is 28 so each of your strand should be 28 inches long. If you have more experience or want a challenge, you can add an additional 28 rose by repeating the checkerboard pattern on the bottom. That means it would now be 100 and two rows, so that's her first number. 102. Divided by 21 is 4.8, and we can just round that up to five and five times 4.2 equals 21 21 6 make 27 27 plus five this 32 so each strand is cut at 32 inches. This will take up about 1.5 rolls of floss for this project. Now that we figured out the length of string necessary, let's figure out how many strings we need to cut. Luckily for bookmarks, it's really simple because you just cut one string for each strand on the pattern. For example, if a pattern had 20 strands, then you would cut 20 strings. If a pattern had 35 strands, you would cut 35 strengths. It's that simple. Now that you have your strings cut, you are ready to move on. Just starting a bookmark 10. Measuring For a Keychain - Hard: measuring for a key chain. I created a formula for the length of string. You need to make a key chain based off of my calculations from creating bracelets. What I calculated is that one inch of your project takes up about 4.2 inches of string. One inch of project is approximately 21 rose on the pattern. Of course, this is just an average. Every pattern is different, and every string is used up at a different rate. This formula finds the length of the majority of the strings in the pattern. Some strings will be used up faster, and you'll just need to add to them in my video helpful tips. While working on your project, I will show you how to add extra length strands that need to be extended. It is way easier to just add extra flaws than to figure out which strands need the extra length and exactly how much of it here's her formula in the formula reads the number of desired rose divided by 21 and in that quotient is multiplied by 4.2. That product is then added to three, and then some of those two numbers is added to another three and then that some is the length of each string. But we need to multiply that then by two, because we will be making a loop. Let me walk you through my thinking. Dividing the number of desire rose by 21 which is the average amount of rose in an inch, gets you the approximate length of the final project in inches, multiplying the length of the final project by 4.2, which is the amount of loss used up. Making an inch of the project gets you the length of one strand you need to then, at three inches to this number to have enough loss for the braids or tassels on the end of the key chain. You should also add an additional three inches to make it easier toe. We've the knots. Once you get closer to the end of your project, this is enough for one strand on the pattern. Since we will need to fold the streets in half, we need to multiply this number by two unless there is an odd number of strings of one color. Let's take a look at some examples to see how much string we need and exactly how many strings we need to cut when you have a pattern where each of the colors has an even number of strings, follow the entire formula through. If it is a shorter pattern repeated at least once. What this pop print pattern, for example, You can repeat it twice, and then you will end up with 36 rows. So 36 will be the first number in the Formula 36. Divided by 21 is 1.7 1.7, multiplied by 4.2 is 7.14 and we can around this to the nearest number, which would be seven. Go ahead and round down, then we add 7 to 3, which is 10 and 10. Plus three is 13 which is then multiplied by two to get 26 so each of your strings should be 26 inches long. Now that we know the length of string we need, we need to figure out how many strings to cut in this pattern. It is relatively easy to figure out. Just count the number of strings of each color. There are 12 pink Stranz, So we need to cut six pink strings at 26 inches. There are four strands of brown. This means we need to cut to brown strings at 26 inches. When you have a pattern with an odd number of strings, some of strings will not be multiplied by two, while a majority of them will be. If you have a shorter pattern, you can repeat it. But as long as it is 30 rose or longer, it makes for a cute little key chain. This minion pattern is exactly 30 rose long, so I chose just keep it short. So if you follow my example, 30 is the first number in the Formula 30. Divided by 21 is 1.4 1.4 times 4.2 is 5.88 and we're going around this to the nearest whole number, which six six plus three is nine, then nine plus. Another three is 12 12 multiplied by two is 24. Some strings will be 12 inches long, while others will be 24 inches long. So how many strings do we need to cut and what length will we be cutting them at in this In this pattern, there are 15 yellow strands. This means that we need to divide 14 by two and have one left over. We will need to cut seven yellow strings at 24 inches and one yellow string at 12. There are two black strands close to each other. This means that we need to cut one black string at 24 inches. Sometimes there is an even number of a color, but the individual strands of it are far apart from each other on the pattern. If there are two or more colors between the two strands, you will need to cut two individuals strings of it. You will see why this is in creating a key chain. We have to grey strands, but they are on opposite sides of the pattern. This means we need to cut to gray strings at 12 inches. Lastly, there is one white strand. It needs to be cut at 12 inches. Now that you have all of your strings cut, you are ready to move on to starting a key chain 11. Starting a Bracelet: Now that we have our strings, we're ready to start our bracelet. If you are following the same pattern as me, you should have 55 inches of did light and dark green and 70 inches of the rest. The first step is to bend all the long strings in half, excluding any shorter strands. If you have one short strand, tie it onto one of the loop strings. Here is an example of how to do that from the minion pattern. Take one end of the short strand and tie it onto the center of one of the loops. Make sure that not is exactly in the center. Then security. If you have too short strands, tie them together. In this pattern, we have to shorter green strands. Take the ends of the greens and tie them together. Make sure they are tight. It can take a couple of tries to get it right. Even I have trouble. Sometimes. Cut off any excess from the not and pick up your strings at the center. Now make a one inch loot. This is about two fingers, so just take two fingers and tie the strings around them. Now we're ready to create the project by following pattern 12. Creating a Bracelet: to start the bracelet, we need to first arrange the colors as they appear on the pattern. Some of the strings will try to fight you, but they will eventually relent once you have them lined up the way they appear on the pattern, put the strings into a string separator. If you choose to use one now, clipped the loop and not to keep it in place. Let's start the project by following the pattern. Our first not is a backward not dark green over the light green. Make sure that Nazi make are very tight. Since we will not be used in the dark green in the next row, you can set it aside so you don't accidentally use it. Return the light green strand to the separator. The next not is a forward not pink over the pink. Then return the strands. Now we have another forward, not brown over the pink. Make sure you are still making tight knots. Next, there is another forward. Not lastly. We have a backward not the start of the project will look a little bit funky, but it'll sort itself out quickly, since we will not be using the pink strand in the next row, we can just set it aside and return the brown. The second row will lock this bracelet into place. Let's follow the pattern again. First we have a forward, not with the light green going over the paint. Since we will be using the dark green again in the next row, let's return it to the separator so we don't accidentally skip it. Next we have another forward pink, overpaid. Next we have our first backward forward. Not do. Keep making sure that the knots air tight our last not of the row is a forward, not returned those two strands to the separator and then add back the pink strand we set aside earlier so we don't forget to use it in the next row. Now you can follow the rest of the pattern until you reach the last room. Here is how you continued the pattern once you reach the last room, as I've mentioned before in understanding the pattern, these patterns are designed for you to go straight from the last row to the first, so let's do the first row once more, then just rinse and repeat until you get to the desired. Like in my case, I need to repeat the pattern six times. Now would be a good idea. Toe Watch my video. Helpful tips While working on your project, I'll teach you such things as ways to make reading the pattern easier. How to remember where you left off after taking a break and how to add strings in case one or two gets too short. After that, keep working until you reach your desired length, then watch ending a bracelet. 13. Ending a Bracelet: Now you have made it to the end of your bracelet. I've repeated the pattern six times and that is about five inches. This is long enough for my brisk You can stop when the loop meets the end of the bracelet. To end the bracelet, we need to separate the strands into two mostly even groups. In this case, we have five strands in each group. Now we make a braid. Once you get to the end of your braid, make a not toe lock it now Repeat with the other braid, then cut the exist ring. Congratulations. Now you have a complete Makram a bracelet. 14. Helpful Tips While Working On Your Pattern: helpful tips while working on your project. Taking a break, you will need to take a break at some point while working on these projects. If you can finish a row before taking a break that way, all you have to do is write down the number of row you need to make next. With some of the wider patterns, you might have to end in the middle of a row. In this case, a good way of remembering where you are is by not returning the two strands you just work with back to the string separator. Then write down the number of road that you are currently working on, adding string when working with certain patterns. By the time you get through part of it, you'll notice certain strands that are significantly shorter than the rest. When this happens, you'll need to add more string to it. What you do first is grab the leftover color and tie it to the short strand. When you make the not pull on it to make sure that it is tight, then cut off the excess. Now match the length of the longest drink in the pattern. The longest strings are usually the ones on the edges. When you match the length at several inches more to it, you want to make sure you have enough for the rest of the pattern. Then cut it, knotting and not. When you add life to your strand, you are most likely going to need to use it in the pattern. This can make the not a little thicker, but I'll show you how to hide it as well as possible. Start by making the first part or not. When the not is about to close, make sure that not in the string made it through the loop. Don't pull hard on it because it might cause them not to fall apart. Now we need to make the other part of the not in the pattern. When the not is about to close, make sure that not in the string does not make it through and stays behind the visible pattern it might want to come through. But don't let it. Saving flaws when you have to make a knot with two strands that are the same color, it doesn't actually matter what type of not you make with them. If you notice that one of the strands is getting short, making not with the longer strand. This makes the shorter strand last longer. 15. Starting a Bookmark : starting a bookmark. Step one. Divide your strings into groups. Here is a help. A little chart to help you decide how many groups displayed your strands into. If your project is made up of less than 10 to 19 strands, make three nearly even groups. If your project contains 20 to 40 strands, make 4 to 5. Nearly even groups. If your project is made up of over 40 strands, makes six or more nearly even groups thes air. Just my suggestions, of course, you can make us many groups is you like Be creative with it. The pattern I am using is made up of 33 strands. I made four groups three groups of eight and one group of nine Step two, making not two inches down the group. Take your group and make a large loop. Place it on a ruler and slowly tightened the knot. Make a loose not at the two inch mark. If you make it too tight, it will be hard to undo it at the end of your project when you have to do a break at the end. Repeat this for each group. Step three. Place under the clipboard. Take your bunch of groups and pin them to the clipboard. Make sure the nods are behind the clip. Adjust the groups as needed, place them as close to each other as possible and pull on them gently to make sure that not hit the back of the clip. Now you're ready to move on to creating the bookmark. 16. Creating a Bookmark: creating a bookmark. Our first step in creating the bookmark is toe organize our strands, arranger strands by color in the order they appear on the pattern. In this case, it's red, yellow, red, yellow continuing on it on. Then place them in your strand separator. You don't have to use a strand separator if you don't want to. But with this amount and length of strands, it becomes almost impossible to work without one. The reason I created a string separator in the first place is because I was working on a 40 plus strand pattern and it got really hard, really fast. All the strings started missing in tow one. So I got creative and created this little handy thing. During this process, some of groups may have gotten moved around a bit, so just pushed them back into place. Now let's start creating the project. By following the pattern. I'll go through parts of the first and second rose in the first row. The very last Strand is not going to be used, so what we can do is just set it aside so we don't accidentally use it in this pattern. The first row is really easy because it is made up entirely of forward knots. Once you make your first, not you can set aside the yellow strand as it won't be used in the next room. Now, as you make your knots, make sure they're tight but not too tight. If you feel movement underneath the clip, it means that you are making them too tight. When you make them too tight, it actually tightens the knots we tied the groups with, which would make it harder for you to undo them later on. At first, the knots will look a little disjointed. This is only natural. Once you make the second row, everything will be locked into place and a couple rows. After that, the pattern will really become visible. The first several rows are always the hardest because the strings are being moved into place and the strains are very long and hard to work with. That's why the strand separator is so helpful. After you make the last knot in the rope, bring the Red Strand we set aside back down so we don't forget to use it in the next room. In this pattern, the second row is actually more representative of the rest of the pattern because it is entirely made up of forward, backward and backward forward. Not the 1st 3 knots are backward forward after you make the first not bring the yellow strand we set aside earlier back down, so we don't forget to use it in the next row. As we make the knots in the second row, we want to make sure that we make them really tight. We couldn't make them too tight in the first row, so this road will be your chance to close up any gaps we might still have. Once you make the third backward forward, not the pattern switches to forward backward for another three knots. This is the pattern for the rest of the road. Once you get comfortable with the pattern, you will be able to work on it faster. If you haven't yet now would be a good timeto Watch my video helpful tips While working on your project. I'll teach you such things as ways to make reading the pattern easier. How to remember where you left off after taking a break and how toe add string in case one . Or to get too short after that, keep working until you reach your desired length, then watch ending a bookmark 17. Ending a Bookmark: and dinghy bookmark. Step one. Create the same number of groups as you did at the start of your project. In my case, that was four groups, one with nine strands and three with eight strands. Step two. Cut all the strands in one group to the length of the shortest strand. Now split the group into three. Nearly even parts and braid Make it not at the end of your brave to seal it. Do this for the rest of the groups. Then cut the tassel ends that need to be adjusted to match the length of the shortest braid . Step three, flip over your project. Step four, undo the first knocked, as you can see there, three inches long. Now separate the group into three. Nearly even parts and start braiding. Make it not at the end of your brave to seal it. Do this for the rest of the groups. Then cut the tassel ends that need to be adjusted to match the length of the shortest braid . Congratulations. Now you have a complete Makary, A bookmark 18. Starting a Keychain: starting a key chain. Now that we have our strings, we are ready to start our key chain. If you are using the same pattern. Ismea. You should have 7 24 inch yellow strings 2 12 inch gray strings 1 24 inch black string 1 12 inch white string and 1 12 inch yellow strength Step one. Spend the long strings in half and order them by how the colors appear on the pattern. The reason it is important to order the colors by how they appear on the pattern is because the first row will look clunky. If even one strand is out of place. Here is an example. The Grey Strand is supposed to be the first strand in this group. We need to make a backward not on it with the now first yellow strand. As you can see, there is now a middle strand where there shouldn't be. Then you would need to take that yellow strand and do a forward not over the first yellow strand. In the next group, you can see that this small mistake creates a big, clunky mess that won't make your project look clean. Now what we want to do is put it on a key ring. You can also use a key class if you wish, but I'm going to use a key ring because it's a small pattern. Step two. Adding strings to the key Accessory what you want to do. Its place the loop in front of the key ring and extend it so it's wide. Then take the ends of string and feed them through the loop. Now, making sure that the ends are even pull them all the way through. This is what it looks like on a Q class. It's the same process, except there won't be as much room to feed the strings through. If you're pattern has short strings in between or in the middle of looped strands, you'll need to tie them onto the center of the closest loop. For example, this great strand needs to be tied onto a loop yellow string. This is how you do that. Take one end of the short string and tie and not onto the center of the loop. Sometimes the loops can move around, so make sure that the loop is even on both sides before making the not too tight If it is uneven, pull on the shorter side until it means the longer side. Then finalize the not Ben make another. Not to make it strong. Now you can cut off the excess. After that, you can finally added onto the key ring. Place the strand you just added on in the correct position based off of the pattern. In my case, the gray strand is before the two yellow strands. If I placed it on the opposite end, it would be locked into place when added to the key ring and would create a clunky not in the first row, as you have already seen. Once it's in the current position, make a loop over the key ring and feed all of the strands through it, then pull them completely through. Sometimes your pattern can have a loop string within a lute string. This is caused by two strands of the same color being separated by another two strands of the same color on the pattern. In my case to Gilo, strands are being separated by two black strands. When this happens, tie the inner loop string to the outer one. Make sure that not is at the very center, and that strand you are making the not with is also centered. This is how you accomplish that. Then make another not to make it tighter. When you are ready to add it to the curing, make sure the colors are in the correct order. Then make a loop over the key ring. Take all of the ends and feed them through the loop. Then just pull if the colors end up on the wrong. If the colors end up in the wrong order, just simply pull it back off the key ring and try again. When you're pattern has too short strands next to each other, just tie them on together at one end. Make sure doesn't slide when you tuck the two colors away from each other, then make another. Not then cut off strands. Now that you're hearing is prepped, you are ready to move on to creating a key chain. 19. Creating a Keychain: creating a key chain. Now that we have our strands ordered, the way they appear on the pattern, secure them on a strand separator. At first, the strands will be bunched together. Start by taking out a few strands, untangle them and add them to the separator in the proper order. It is essential to have all the colors in the proper order. If you place them in the proper order while securing them to the hearing, they will naturally want to stay in that position. The strength separator adds a second layer of security to ensure we don't accidentally make a mistake. Keep looking at your pattern to make sure that you are placing the strands in the correct order. When you start pulling the strands toward you, you will be able to tell the placement. One will be pulled to the left and one to the right, and you can tell which one is supposed to be before the other. If you accidentally tied the loop onto the key chain in the wrong way, Justin, do it. Take it out, create a space so we remember where it goes, adjusted to the correct position, and then just add it back to the key chain, then continue adding the strands to the separator. Once we have all the strands safely secured to the separator weaken, start following the pattern. The minion pattern starts with a forward backward. Not then we have a forward, not they're not after. That is a backward. Not then we have four forward knots in a row. Make sure these knots are pretty tight. We want to start locking the pattern into place after the four forward. Not we have to backward knots. The last knot is a backward forward. Not since we're not using the first and last string in the next row, we can set them aside so we don't accidentally use thumb. Now we can start the second row. When you make the knots in the second row, make sure you pull on them very tightly. This way, you won't have a lot of very big holes between your knots. It's more necessary to pull hard when you are working with a key ring because of the bent nature. The nice thing about key clasps is that they keep the pattern straight. When you were done with the rope, bring the first and last brands back down, so you don't forget to use them in the next row. Once you get far enough down the pattern about fiber more rose stick part of the project under the clipboard. This makes it easier to work with without your key ring or key clasp constantly moving around while you are making knots. When you get to the end of your key chain, you were ready to move on to ending a teaching. 20. Ending a Keychain: ending a key chain to end your key chain. You can either make tassels or breaks. Either way, you will need to separate your strands into groups. The number of groups is completely up to you for smaller patterns like this 12 or three groups works. If you are working with a thicker pattern, you can make 4 to 5 groups, even up to six. For this key chain, I will make three groups. Once you have your groups, take a pair of scissors and cut all the strings in the group to the lake of shortest strand in the group. If you want to make tassels, just make him not in each group. Then cut the tassels to the link that you like. I will be making breaks for this pattern. If you want to make braids and separate the strings within your group into three, nearly even parts and make a braid when you get to the end of your braid, making not to secure it. Do this for every group. Some of the groups will have longer ends. Got those too the length of the shortest group. Congratulations. Now you have a complete Makram, a key chain 21. Thank You!: way. Welcome to the end of the class. I hope that by this point you have police been able to make a decent star on your project. I highly encourage you to post your progress up until the end of the project. This way, I can give you tips to answer any questions you have. And this also helps other students in the class who may come across the same issues or have the same questions. I'm really excited to see all of your wonderful projects in your heart work. Thank you so much for taking this class. It's been a real pleasure to teach you new skills or expand upon your new ones. I hope I see all of you in my next class creating your own friendship bracelet pattern.