French for Beginners : Build a strong Foundation in a Month | Benoit Kuhler | Skillshare

French for Beginners : Build a strong Foundation in a Month

Benoit Kuhler

French for Beginners : Build a strong Foundation in a Month

Benoit Kuhler

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87 Lessons (5h 49m)
    • 1. Introduction Video

      1:43
    • 2. First Words : the Basics

      5:55
    • 3. Greeting and Saying Goodbye

      4:39
    • 4. Pronunciation of the nasal vowel [ ɔ̃ ]

      4:09
    • 5. Subject Pronouns

      4:16
    • 6. Difference between "Tu" and "Vous"

      5:22
    • 7. Saying your name

      3:56
    • 8. Pronunciation of the vowel [ y ]

      3:44
    • 9. Practice and Repetition 1

      3:01
    • 10. Dictation Unit 1

      4:38
    • 11. The French Alphabet

      6:16
    • 12. Pronunciation of final letters

      4:04
    • 13. Audio and Oral Exercise with the Letters of the Alphabet

      1:29
    • 14. What's the use of the accents ?

      3:23
    • 15. Accents and Cedilla (1)

      2:32
    • 16. What do we use the cedilla for ?

      3:19
    • 17. Listening Exercise : Spelling words

      3:55
    • 18. Speaking Exercise : Spelling words

      5:16
    • 19. Dictation Unit 2

      2:58
    • 20. Indefinite Articles

      4:46
    • 21. Pronunciation of the nasal vowel [ ɛ̃ ]

      4:17
    • 22. Identifying : What is this ?

      4:10
    • 23. Expressions with "C'est"

      3:01
    • 24. There is / There are ...

      4:48
    • 25. Practice and Repetition 2

      3:04
    • 26. Dictation Unit 3

      4:00
    • 27. Auxiliary Verb "to be"

      2:57
    • 28. Nationality adjectives 1

      3:06
    • 29. Nationality adjectives 2

      2:23
    • 30. Nationality adjectives 3

      4:23
    • 31. Audio Exercises : Nationality Adjectives

      3:53
    • 32. Pronunciation of the nasal vowel [ ɑ̃ ]

      3:49
    • 33. Audio Exercises : Nasal Vowels

      4:12
    • 34. Definite Articles

      4:36
    • 35. Listening and Pronunciation Exercise

      3:10
    • 36. Names of Countries

      5:24
    • 37. Exercise Name of Countries

      3:27
    • 38. Dictation Unit 4

      2:44
    • 39. Counting from 0 to 16

      2:47
    • 40. Counting from 17 to 39

      3:23
    • 41. Counting from 40 to 69

      3:25
    • 42. Counting from 70 to 99

      4:23
    • 43. Listening Exercises : Numbers 0 to 99

      6:31
    • 44. Reading and Pronunciation Exercise : Numbers 0 to 99

      3:22
    • 45. Big numbers

      3:10
    • 46. Listening Exercises : Big Numbers

      5:56
    • 47. Reading and Pronunciation Exercise : Big Numbers

      2:37
    • 48. Signs and Ponctuation

      7:14
    • 49. Days and Months

      5:02
    • 50. Saying the date

      7:48
    • 51. Practice and Repetition 3

      3:22
    • 52. Dictation Unit 5

      4:10
    • 53. Auxiliary Verb "to have"

      1:08
    • 54. Giving Personal Information

      5:08
    • 55. Practical Exercices : Giving Personal Information

      4:59
    • 56. Practice and Repetition 4

      3:21
    • 57. Dictation Unit 6

      4:38
    • 58. The Negative Form

      4:09
    • 59. "Oui, non, si" answers

      3:14
    • 60. Asking for Personal Information

      6:17
    • 61. Conjugation of Regular Verbs

      6:40
    • 62. Exercises with Regular Verbs

      5:45
    • 63. Practice and Repetition 5

      3:29
    • 64. Irregular Verb "to go"

      1:10
    • 65. Prepositions with Cities, Countries

      4:01
    • 66. Irregular Verb "to do" and Activities

      3:44
    • 67. Dictation Unit 7

      5:38
    • 68. Practice and Repetition 6

      3:10
    • 69. Place Prepositions 1

      3:31
    • 70. Practice and Repetition 7

      3:08
    • 71. Place Prepositions 2

      3:46
    • 72. Place Adverbs : Ici, Là, Là-bas

      0:59
    • 73. Place Prepositions : Exercises

      5:08
    • 74. Practice and Repetition 8

      3:11
    • 75. Irregular Verb "Prendre" (to take) and Means of Transport

      1:51
    • 76. Places in Town 1

      4:18
    • 77. Places in Town 2

      4:20
    • 78. Practice and Repetition 9

      3:43
    • 79. Irregular Verb "Venir" (to come)

      3:20
    • 80. Audio Exercises : Singular or Plural

      3:49
    • 81. Indicate a Route

      4:05
    • 82. Indicate a Route : Audio Exercises

      4:55
    • 83. Demonstrative Adjectives

      4:43
    • 84. Audio Exercise : Ce / Ces

      1:53
    • 85. Giving your Impressions (1)

      3:52
    • 86. Giving your Impressions (2)

      4:50
    • 87. Dictation Unit 8

      6:50
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About This Class

The class is for complete beginners who want to learn the very basics in French. You will learn how to greet and say goodbye, how to introduce yourself, the alphabet, to spell a word, ask simple questions, basic vocabulary like days, months, activities, conjugate regular verbs, etc...

It is very visual so you don't need translations (although some videos contain subtitles).
Everything is taught in French.

Complete Course in one PDF File available in the attached documents. Great to review the lessons without logging in and to practice the grammar (blanks are left with answers in the following slide).

Meet Your Teacher

Hello! My name is Benoit, I am 43 and I was born in France. I have been teaching French for almost 15 years now. I taught French in the European Institutions in Brussels, in universities and "Alliance Française" in Mexico, where I have lived for the past ten years.


I have always wanted to teach in a pleasant way and give interesting classes, so I started to use a lot of game in my courses (some I bought and turned into pedagogical tools, others I built myself). Students love to play and learn. I enjoy it too.

Although it is not really possible to use games in an online class with videos, I tried to conceive attractive lessons with varied supports like cartoon animations, powerpoint slides, talking-head videos and audio exercises.

I hope they will help you... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction Video: You want to start learning French with an efficient and pleasant method. Learned pronunciation, vocabulary, how the language works. This is exactly what my course is about. In my French coast. For complete beginners, you're going to learn all the basics of the level A1, 0.1 of the CAFR, the Common European Framework reference for language's grammar, vocabulary, phonetics, conjugation lesson. Practice, Translation, listening exercises, dictations to work your writing skills. But also all the lessons in PDF files, songs to discover and study, etc. As you can see, it's a very complete course. At the end of my course, you will be able to introduce yourself in French to give and ask for personal information, to talk about your activities, to talk about your city, to indicate directions and much more. Who is the teacher? I will be your teacher for this course. My name is Juan. I'm French and I've been teaching French for the last 15 years. So I'm really looking forward to teaching you your first words in French. Join me on the other side. 2. First Words : the Basics: In this first lesson, let's discover your very first words in French. And let's start with learning some of the essential basic words and short sentences. And first-off bones. Boardroom moral rule. Which is, as you may have guessed, Hello or Good morning. Balls. Balls rule. Then we continue with Sally. Sally, Sally, sally. A bit less formal than Born rule. We have here high. We go on with messy, messy. Messy, messy. What's your guess here? Thank you, of course. So let's add beaucoup to mercy, to have Massey bu qu, which is thanks a lot. Have you noticed how I pronounced the second word Bu Qu? So in French, the combination E, a is pronounced 0, 0. And the other combination, or u is always pronounced buh, buh, buh, buh. The final P is not pronounced like the majority of final consonants in French. Bu, Qu, Massey. Massey beaucoup, silver, silver plea, please. So this form is when you address someone with V02, which is the former polite way of talking to someone you don't know. Cl2 play, on the other hand, is when you are addressing a friend, a family member, or someone you know. Zoonoses, HIPPA. A very useful short sentence here. Soon as HIPAA have you guessed. I don't know. When we talk, we tend to say dropping the nerve from the negative form. Like we would say nano in English. Dropping the, i. Just say. In a colloquial way we say ship. Because the sound of the J, together with the sound of the S, kind of transforms in, say shade. So ship up. Something like the noun in English. Ship up. Sorry. The question, Are you okay? How is it going? Sabah. Sabah. The answer. I'm fine. It's okay. So you noticed a difference of intonation between the two sub sub I? We we we we. I think you understood yes. And the contrary. Null. Null. Null. No. With a nasal sound that we are going to study very soon. If you add Massey that we saw two minutes ago, do you remember what it means? It means thank you. Then we have no tanks. No thank you. No mercy. Or Beauvoir overview of why. Goodbye. Or less former salary that we can also use to take leave. Sally. Okay, So let's sum up and repeat all of these. So you repeat after me. Maxi, silver play Cl2, Xun as HIPAA sabah. Sabah. Week. No. 3. Greeting and Saying Goodbye: Greeting and saying goodbye. Let's see how we can say hello and goodbye in French. Cell walls rule. Ciao. Hello. Bonjour, ni. Madame. Normally been Swahili. Add the man. By the mom. Okay, so let's recap. To greet someone, we can simply say salary, which is hi, hello. We often say Savoir as well. So Lusaka, like, hey, how's it going to be more formal? We use Basel ballroom that we can use from moaning to until the night falls. So it can be good morning or good afternoon. We can add Monsieur, which is Sir, boardroom issue. Madam. Madam or Mademoiselle. Mademoiselle, miss, or a young lady. More rural Mademoiselle. From 78 o'clock in the evening, we use more sois. Good evening. Both while monsieur both law Madame. To say goodbye. We can also use Saturday or even more informal is chow or revoir more formal, like goodbye. That we can also combine with Monsieur, Madame or Mademoiselle of warmers. Sure, of why Madame of well-made muscle. I'll see you tomorrow. Been journey. Have a nice day. So when you leave someone in the morning, for example, and been Swahili, Have a nice evening. If you leave someone at the end of the afternoon. And a useful word that we often use is Baha'i more, Baha'i mol. Likewise, instead of repeating Bourgeois, for example. Good. In the next lesson, we will do a little bit of phonetics with the first nasal sound. We're going to study. 4. Pronunciation of the nasal vowel [ ɔ̃ ]: So in this first phonetics lesson, we're going to study how to pronounce one nasal sound of French. We have three nasal sounds. And in this lesson we are going to study how to pronounce, which is this phonetic symbol. So to pronounce this vowel, first, you need to round the lips like this. Dislike and 0, 0, 0. As you can see, the lips are in the same position. Then the tongue is in a low position and in the back of the mouth. So you need to lower your town and put it in the back of your mouth. And one very important thing is that you need to let air go through your nose. It's a nasal sound. So it's almost the same as an O, but with the air going out of your nose. So you can try to pronounce and 0, 0, It's the same position of the lips, same position of the tongue. And at the same time, you try to let some air through your nose. So you have all, as you can see, we're getting close to the sound. So it's an all with air going out through your nose or all. So it is generally spelled O, n. But be careful, you should not pronounce the end. You should not pronounce on. No. It's just one vowel sound. So Don pronounced on. For example, in words such as Bohr. Bohr sois, you have this spinning or you will also find it in the ending of the conjugation with the subject new, which is weak. It always ends with o and it can also be spelled two or m, like in Toby, which is to form a shadow and Homepage, a trumpet. So let's try to pronounce the vowel in a few words. So let's start with bold rule. So try to repeat after me with the sound. Bowl. Bowl sois. Boom, boom. Which is good. Bull, null, null, ball, ball, bull bone, which is a sweet candy. And Leon, Leon. Good. So be careful with one particular exception, which is this word. And the pronounciation of this word is very special. So it means sir. The pronunciation is so the ON is not pronounced all. It's pronounced Merck, merck, Sue, Sue. So we don't pronounce the final R and we have the sound in the final syllable, merge. So this one is a very special case, monsieur. Good, That's it for this lesson. I'll see you in the next video. 5. Subject Pronouns: Suzy, subject pronounce. Let's discover what the subject pronounce are in French. First, we have can you repeat it? This is how it is spelled with the sound. So obviously, this is i 2, 2. Here we have another unknown sound in English, which is ooh. Ooh. We will study the sound in a few lessons. This is how it is spelled and it means you. But designating only one person. In the e sound in French is a bit different from the English ones. In English, we have two sounds, the one in bit and the one in beat. The French e sound is in between E. So that was key. Then we have n. Can you imagine the spelling? This is how it is spelled. Surprised. We're going to see that in French. We don't pronounce all the letters of words. So that's our first example. We only pronounce the E and the first error. And she knew knew. Another example of a final letter not pronounced, the final S, nu. Nu. Remember what I said in the first lesson about the combination or you? The pronunciation is, so we have new. It means we. So how would you pronounce this one? Ooh. Ooh. This is you. But for more than one person, E. E. Does it sound similar to the other? It is actually, even if it is spelled with an S, a mute S, the final S in a word is almost always silent in French. So that's day, masculine. And how would you pronounce this one as like the singular one? The same defined on S is mute. Well, we have all the subject pronounce. Do you remember them? How is I? Use singular? True? How is he? She? We knew you plural. Rule. They masculine and they feminine. As good. In the following lesson, I will explain a little more about the differences and the use of 2 and rule. 6. Difference between "Tu" and "Vous": In this lesson, we're going to see the difference between the subject pronoun and the subject pronoun WGU. So in English, they both mean you. But in French we have a few distinctions. So the first difference is that if you address one person, you're going to use two. So two is the singular form. If you're addressing several people, then you're going to use servo is used for the plural. The second difference, which is a very important one in French, is that when we use vote to address one person, because you can also use KVL to address one person. In this case, we express formality, politeness, respect, and distance. So you would use V02 with someone you don't know. In the streets. For example, if you are asking something to someone you don't know, you're going to use rule. In a store, for example, if you talk to a seller, a cashier, we're going to use voom. You don't know the person. You keep that formality. When you go to your everyday Baker, you're going to use voom because is not your friend. You don't know him or her well. So to keep that distance, that formality, that politeness, you're going to use Vim. You're going to use the subject pronoun to with friends, family members, and to talk to children and teenagers. Children and teenagers between them. They used to. They don't have to show any kind of formality when they talk to each other. So they use choose between young adults. Sometimes you can decide to use to when you are in an informal context. Or if you see that the person won't be offended if you use too. So there are cases like that when you can use true. But if you are in a formal context at work, you're going to use soft costs to talk to a superior at work. You're going to use rule. It shows respect to a now older person. You're going to use full to show politeness, respect as well. There are some situations where you're going to use Vu at first because you don't know the person. But then you're probably going to switch to choose. For example, at work, if you have a new colleagues, you know that you're going to see them every day. So maybe it's better to use two. But at first, you use Wu for the first time. And then you can ask something like for 22, 22 IEA to ask for permission to use two. And generally it's okay. And then you switch to, to kind of early because if you use Vu for long time, then it's a bit weird, strange to switch to two because first you have a formal relation, and then when you switch to two, It's like a more close relation. So sometimes the change is a bit weird. So it's better to do it early in the relation. Or if you have a new neighbor sought first, you're going to use Wu. And if you see that probably is going to become a friend or someone you talk to every day, then it's better to switch to, to kind of early as well. But if you don't want the relation to become closer, let's say, then you can keep using because Vu shows a kind of dispense formality. So the use of two of o in some situations can also determine the relation if it is going to be a former distant relation or professional relation. Or if you're going to be a bit more friendly, a bit closer. In some aristocratic or noble families, they use to talk to each other. For example, the father to his son. It's a way to remain very formal even in the family. So that's an extreme case. But just to show that the use of two of vu is very important and it can determine the relation you have with the other person. And that's it for this lesson. I'll see you in the next video. 7. Saying your name: Saying your name. Luca. We Luca De Luca. Null, which I'll come on to tap in there, zoom up and to go much into this is diverge separately in French, which could be translated as to call yourself. This verb doesn't exist in English. We simply say, My name is. Here in French, we use this verb, which is a reflexive verb. That is why we have an m apostrophe and a t apostrophe before the verb. The M stands for myself and the T for yourself. But let's not worry too much about that for now. So to ask someone is name, we say Kumar. Kumar guitar pedal. What's your name? Note that we use to, in this question, which is the informal way to address someone. Let's go on as an idea amongst up in ANOVA. So we had, come on to that. We can transform the question in Como e. What's his name? Or Gamal ends up in what's her name? Okay. So can you answer this questions? Combined SAP in it's happy Luca and sub-L. No, no. No, it's good. This is how to ask someone's name with the subject pronoun that we use for someone we don't know. Kumar who's up early. Comb-over was happily. What's your name? Who's happily Luca. Who's happily Luca, your name is Lucas. In the following lesson, we will see how to pronounce the vowel in French. 8. Pronunciation of the vowel [ y ]: In this second phonetics lesson, we are going to study how to produce the vowel with this phonetic symbol. So first the lips, ooh. Ooh. As you can see, it's the same or almost the same as the previous vowel that we studied, a vowel. So what's the difference? All? All. It's almost the same. The tongue and the position of the tongue is different. In this case with the vowel. The tip of the tongue is touching the front teeth, the lower front teeth. So you have the tongue touching the front teeth. The jaw, the mouth is slightly more closed than with the vowel, or a little bit more close. All the previous one. All the position of the draw and the tongue is almost the same as in the vowel e. E. The difference is the position of the lips. So you can try to start with an e and try to round the lips little by little. And you will get to the sound. So you start with an e, e, and then we're going to round the lips. E. There's the sound. So let's try to pronounce the sound in a few words. First, the pronounce object to, which is you. So you can repeat after me too. Salary, which is hello, salary. Minute, minute. As you can see, we don't pronounce the final E. We're going to study about this in the next lesson. So minute, minute music, music, the same. We don't pronounce the final each music. Lucy. Lucy. So the name R2, R2, another name. And use this like an English bus. Good. So most of the time the sound is spelled with a U. You can also find a u with an accent like this one. And you can find it as well spelled. Ie, you, It's the past participle of to have Ofwat. You will see the alert as an ending of some past participles like which is red or the hipbone do answered. Well that's it for this lesson. I'll see you in the next lesson. 9. Practice and Repetition 1 : So how would you say in French? Good morning. My name is John Boo Jum Apple John Baru Jamma Belgian How would you say hello? What's your name salute? Come out to topple Salute. Come on, top. How would you say good morning, sir? My name is Mark Mortal Monsieur Jean Marc Mortal Monsieur Jim Abele Mark Then how would you say hi, Steve, How is going? Sarah? Steve Silva. Sorry, Steve. How would you say my name is? Tom? What is your name? In a former way from a pelt. Um come over was a plea, Jim. A belt. Um come over play. How would you say goodbye, sir? Have a nice day off while Monsieur Benjani while Monsieur Benjani How would you say by John , Have a nice evening surgeon Bunch. Why Solution? Bonsoir! How would you say thank you? Goodbye, Sir Maxie! Overall, Monsieur Messi. How would you say thank you, madam? See you tomorrow. Maxim! Adam, a Duma maxim Adam Adama. How would you say thank you, Mr Johnson? Likewise Massive Mr Jensen Massey, Mr Johnson, by a more 10. Dictation Unit 1: Dq D. This is a dictation exercise and it's going to be very useful to work you orthography, but it will also help you to memorize the vocabulary. So I suggest you use a pen and a paper. And we will start. So I'm going to read sentences and you're going to write them. We'll read once the complete sentence. Then I will repeat it slowly by bids. And I will read it the last time when it appears on the screen to correct it. You're ready. First sentence. Luca. Luca Kumar. Luca commodity. Second sentence. We messy beaucoup. We messy Bukavu. Remixable Qu. Third sentence. No, no, no, no. Next. Come off of whose upper limit? Up early modern was a comb-over whose upper limit mosaic. Next, I demand will have wellness. Sure. I do math. And last one. Good. Now we're going to start the next unit with the alphabet and how to spend words. 11. The French Alphabet: um uh, Have you be big, baby, See? See, Can do de de Dapple. Uh uh Italy for if if Fouzi z z Greep us off a look up there it he grew Jaguar. Ah, come, Curie a little and unit m en mayor and and new nausea. Oh! Oh, all of the net P p boat cu Okay, Good. Emma, Ever have a s s scooter? T t tabla? Yeah, using V the valleys W v do Blue Ivy Vogel, Eakes geeks zero fun Igric ego like you, You zed, zed zebra. 12. Pronunciation of final letters: In this lesson, we're going to talk about the pronunciation of final letters in words in French. So first, let's start with consonants. The general rule is that we don't pronounce the final consonants in words in French. Except if the word ends with a C, like in chic, or an F, like in chef. Or an L, liking Cl, or an R in Jaguar. Basel. Of course, you're going to find exceptions. For example, the word TBA, which is Tobacco, ends with a C that we don't pronounce. Or the word belongs, which is white, also ends with a C that we don't pronounce. And most of the time, the other consonants are not going to be pronounced at the end of words. For example, a, b is not pronounced at the end of a word, like in pre-law, which is lead. The metal Letter D is not pronounced at the end of a word like in garage, which is tall, big. The letter p is not pronounced like in r2, which is wolf. Or the letter T, like in shock, a cat. Concerning the letter S, that is most of the time the mark of the pleura. It's not pronounced at the end of a word. The same for the letter x, which is sometimes also the mark of the plural. In most of the cases, it's not pronounced at the end of a word. Let's see now about vowels at the end of words. And first, let's start with the vowel e. So the vowel e is not pronounced at the end of a word. It's called the mute, each in French. So a few examples, like in part, we don't pronounce the tablet, the ZAB, so the E is not pronounced. What we do is we pronounce the previous letter. So for example, in part two, we're going to pronounce the T, which is the previous letter. In tab. We're going to pronounce up to the edge. And in ZAB, we're going to pronounce up to the R. The other vowels are pronounced at the end of words. For example, with the letter a. Like in Zhuan Dao, we pronounce the final a with the letter I. Like in taxi. The I is pronounced, the letter O, like in football, the OH is pronounced. And with the letter you like kinda pronoun subject to. To sum up, we don't pronounce final consonants in words except C, F, L, and R. We don't pronounce final ease, but we do pronounce the other vowels. So remember that heats the majority of cases, but in French too will always find exceptions, special cases, et cetera. So that's the majority of cases. Well, that's it for this lesson. I'll see you in the next video. 13. Audio and Oral Exercise with the Letters of the Alphabet: porno. Silly letters. Revolt G and who g see? Come be V. L s. 14. What's the use of the accents ?: In this lesson, we're going to see the use of the accents in French. So first thing you need to know is that the accents in French are not used to stress a syllable of a word. They are not tonic accent. Most of the time they change the pronunciation of a letter. They are mainly used with the letter E. So let's see an example. The letter E alone is pronounced oo, like in the or in x2, which is i. If we put an acute accent on the letter E, like in the word elif fall. It changes the pronunciation into a, a elif fall. And if we put a grave accent on the letter E, like in ZAB, we have the pronounciation. Now they're circumflex accent has three uses. First, it can also modify the sound of a letter. Case. It's going to be the same sound that we saw in zebra when it's used on the letter each. But for example, in the verb to be, we have the circumflex accent at air. It's like in Zap. Zap at a. So it's the same pronounciation as a grave accent. Second use of the circumflex accent. It can be used to make the difference between two words which are spelled the same, but which have different meanings. Like for example, do and do. The first one is an article like sum. And the second one is a past participle of the verb d'Ivoire. So to make that difference, when we write, we put the accent. And the third use of the circumflex accent is to show that in ancient French, the words used to be spelled with an S and the S disappeared. For example, in the word OPT, we have a circumflex accent on the o, because before it used to be spelled or spit. And we can see the dissimilarities with the, some English words. The same with ill, which is an ion before it used to be spelled East LA. So the S disappeared. And to show that the S disappeared, we put the circumflex accent. Well that's it for this lesson. I'll see you in the next lesson. 15. Accents and Cedilla (1): Accents and said the law. In this lesson, we're going to see how to name the different accents and the dealer to be able to spell a word. So we have first the acute accent, which is in French, axon. Axon. So for example, to spell a word, you say, ooh, axon. The second accent is the grave accent. Axon, axon. For example. Ooh, axon, axon to have or UX axon. And the third one is the circumflex accent, axon, conflicts. Axon. See how conflicts are. Axon circumflex, axon conflicts. Then what would it be? E axon circumflex, and then all axons, conflicts and conflicts. And then we have the medulla CD. Cd. It's only used with the letter C in French. Soul, say, say d. So to spell a word, for example, a lifo, axon, a goo, goo, axon a goo. Be harsh. Our p.sit, Farsi, F. C, C, D, E, S. Lunate. And do blood T S 16. What do we use the cedilla for ?: In this lesson, we're going to see why we use the Sadia in French. So the sedia in French is only used with one letter. It's the letter C. And it's going to modify the pronounciation of the letter C in three cases. So when we have C and a, C and O, and C and U. So if we don't have the sedia, C and a is pronounced like in catastrophe. The same with C and O, like in CPU cores. And the same with C and you like him cube. Cube. If we want to have the pronounciation like an S, we put the sedia, and in this case C and a sedia with a o and u is going to be pronounced like an S. For example, facade. So see sedia and a facade. Francois, which is a name for foie or less shoe, which is the past participle of the verb to receive. So received with the letters E and I. We don't need the sedia because the sound is already going to be sir. So C and the E, S, Sur, and C with an eye will be C. We don't need the sedia. So how would you pronounce these words? First one, Farsi was fancy. Then this word, come here, come here. Then this one. See tall, sit home. Next. Fossil. Fossil. Then this word col. Col, which is balcony. Then this one, Gardasil, Gardasil a boy. Then next chromosome, chromosome. Then following word. Cannot be kinda pay. And last one. Messy. Messy. Which is Thank you. That's it for this lesson. I'll see you in the next video. 17. Listening Exercise : Spelling words: Accents and city le, let's practice a little bit spelling words. So first exercise, listen to the word spelled and write down what you hear. So you will need a pen and a piece of paper. So press pause if you need to find one, and we will start. Our f m e. Do blue, thumbs be E V E C D B S D N u0 v0 S E T O XI Gu. University boo, boo axon conflicts. P f n or m J M E S, or N, msn, or e t. What you have. E psi axon to have V, G, S, CCD or loosen. See? All E-coli. And last one, L, P and S. Hip bones. 18. Speaking Exercise : Spelling words: Accents and steady law. Second exercise. So this time you're going to try to spell the words. And after a few seconds, I will spell it so that you will be able to hear if you're correct. First word. So you go first. So now I'm going to spend it be E B, E T O axon. Ooh, ooh. Bibliotheque. Second word, you go u0, v0 and leave. Next word, you go S, T, E, N, kits Joe. Next, f, m, which is woman. What child with the pronunciation of this word in this word is pronounced like a sore. Thumb. Thumb. Next word. C, B, C, Next, C, m, n, p next. So in French, we don't pronounce the H just next. Ooh. Ooh, ooh, ooh, ooh. They live fun. Next one. S D N D. Next. En t en. More time near. Next one. Axon, axon. The data. And last one, D, E, B, all exhausted, all flex M. 19. Dictation Unit 2: Dictate. Second dictation exercise. In this exercise, I will dictate only words, not sentences. I will repeat the word twice. You're ready. Do I do? Kudu. Kudu sees valleys. Valleys, valleys. New Azure. We know f, z, z, z, DC. Good. Next we're going to start the following unit with the indefinite articles and how to identify objects. 20. Indefinite Articles: Indefinite articles. We're going to study here the indefinite articles in French. So in English, it's when you say a cat, a dog. And in the plural, there is no article, cats, dogs. In French we have genders, masculine and feminine. So first the masculine article. So that's another nasal sound that we are going to study in another lesson. So we have, for example, a baby, a baby jaguars, a jaguar. Kiwi. Vagal. Saw in French, we use genders, and these four words are masculine. That's why we're using the masculine article. There is not trick or rule to know if the noun is masculine or feminine in French, you just need to learn them. But don't worry too much about that for now. You're going to learn them little by little. Now, the feminine article in with the sound oo. And be careful not to pronounce the final E. For example, fuzzy. Ku valleys. The plural article, the day. We don't pronounce the final S. So the plural article and French doesn't have a gender. It's always going to be D. For example, the lunette glasses, the new Edge Clouds, did the ZAB. So you notice that we don't pronounce the final S in the plural. Watch out. When we have the masculine article followed by a vowel or an H. We're going to do a liaison, which is, we are going to link the article with its noun by adding an n sound at the beginning of the noun. For example, nav, your nearly phone. Nearly could not deny. So first, we pronounce the article alone, and then we start the noun with the sound nav. Your nearly fall, nearly knocked the Netter. With the feminine article. It's not a liaison. But we also going to link the two without pausing between them. Ooh, new Xin, Bu new Xin. So we have news in new xin, Fu news gene. And with the pleura or article day, the liaison here consists in adding sound at the beginning of the noun. For example, the Zangxiang planes, the xylophone, elephants, the helicopters, these ordinary computers, day dissolved in water. 21. Pronunciation of the nasal vowel [ ɛ̃ ]: In this lesson, we're going to study the second nasal sound of French, which is with this phonetic symbol. So first how to produce the sound? So watch the position of the ellipse of the mouth. As you can see, the mouth is open. It's not wide open, but it's open. The tongue is in a neutral position, which means that it's in the same position as when you don't speak. And it's a nasal sound. So you need to let air go through your nostrils. The sound can be spelled in many ways. It usually is spelled ai, and it can also be spelled I M U N E N a N a i m u m. So many ways to spell the sound. Usually you will find it with AI. And so we used to have two very similar sounds, but one of them is kind of disappearing. It's still a bit used in the south of France. But in the majority of the country, people don't make the distinction anymore. That's why we teach only the first one, the one we're studying right now. And we consider now that there are three nasal sounds in French. So we only studying the first one sound. But just to let you know that before we used to have two. And maybe sometimes you will see a phonetic signs which is different. And it's going to be the other one, but it's not almost not used anymore. So let's practice with a short exercise. We're going to try to produce the sound in words and first in one syllable words. So you're ready, you repeat after me. Var. Var, which is why the second word, which is bread, Xiang. Xiang, which is dog, ma, ma, which is hand. And beyond. Beyond which is good. Okay, let's try to produce the sound in words with more than one syllable. First, motto. Motto, which is morning. Then sat down, sat down, which is certain. And then learn the learn dish, which is Monday. Then cuz cuz which is causing coppa. Coppa, which is friend. I perceived impossible. And newsy CIA musician. Good, That's it for this lesson. I'll see you in the next video. 22. Identifying : What is this ?: Guess QCD. It means, what is it? What is this? So the question to ask about something. So be careful with the pronunciation. Guess. See, caskets, see the letters QU combined are always pronounced. Guess QC. To answer, we're going to use C, which means it's a. And we're going to add the indefinite article which corresponds to the noun. So C with the masculine noun. See with a feminine noun, and c with a plural noun. We should normally say Sassoon be with a plural noun, which is the correct grammar form to use here. But when we speak, we tend to use more, say, in this case, we have an optional years on here between C and the article. So you can also say Sit, sit, tune, which is going to be a little bit more formal than C. C, I'm going to use the second one without the liaison. So can you answer? Guess can see I'm codon Tesco say see I guess QC. Seeing fuzzy guess QC, seen valleys, gets QC, Sedol unit. Guess QC. See this ordinate. Okay. So let's change the question. In San Bernardino. Is it a computer or is this a computer? So to answer, first, we confirm with yes. We see an originator. The same here, San Adina. Know it's an alarm clock. Null. Say. Okay, Can you answer these questions? Ready? C On TOPO. We say an apple, single unit. Norm. Sidney New Azure, seen valleys, same tablet, same puffed. We say normal sailing. Seen fuzzy. And discuss telephone. 23. Expressions with "C'est": Express your Avik. See, in this lesson, we're going to see a few useful expressions with say, which you can use to give your opinion on something. And first, see bowl, see bone, which is, it tastes good. So you're going to use it with food or a drink. For example, two-column say bone, CBR. It's good. So to express a moral appreciation, Likud, the fancy CBR. See SAMHSA. It's nice to give an appreciation on an ambiance or to thank someone. Rebar law says sample. Or let's say your colleague at work is offering you his pen because you don't have one. You can say ceases upon. Something similar here, say shot. It's nice from you. So only to thank someone for his help. Note that we don't pronounce the final l. See Jati. See petiole bla. It's not very good. It's not great. It's a familiar expression to express a negative appreciation about something of bad quality. For example, about a movie. Lithium battery, will the movie not great? It's possible to drop, say, see fascia. It's easy. The Francais, It's a fossil. And the contrary, say difficile. So it's difficult. Like Yamaha says, C difficile. C complicated. It's complicated. Lab 10 CSR denizen, say complicated. And the contrary, we dress add from the negative form, super complicated. So that's also a familiar way to say it, because we dropped the nerve from the negation. Darcy, super complicated. Dancing is not complicated. And say Newton, It's Lizzie exam I say noodle examines. The opposite. Seasons are some Levaquin OS SIGINT and vacation is awesome. 24. There is / There are ...: Ilia, meaning there is or there are. Ilia. There is a masculine noun, Ilia. There is a and a feminine noun, Ilia, day, there are and a plural noun. So as you can see, we use Ilia with a noun to mention the existence of something. For example, donors, Ilia in the sky, there is ilya enough fuel in the sky. There is a plane. Douglas Yale, Iliana helicopter, dollar's shell, LEN, fuzzy, darkness, Iliad in new Azure. Okay, let's see if you can make three sentences here. Darla Zhang, Ilia. So in the jungle there is. Can you complete the sentences with what appears on the screen? Don Azure, Ilia and nearly iPhone. And now Don Azure, Iliana jaguar. And Don I shined Iliadic Zappa. For the negative form, we use Eni, do and the noun. So there is no and a noun. For example, India, Paducah, do, ilya. Watch out. If the noun begins with a vowel or an H. We're going to contract due in D apostrophe. For example, in the APA D-glucose in New Delhi cocktail. Okay, let's practice the affirmative and negative forms with a short exercise. Donna Sean bond. So in the bedroom. So we have here a bedroom. And your going to make sentences with the vocabulary which appears on the side and say, if it's in the bedroom. First object, do you remember its name? It's called heavy. You make the complete sentence starting with Donna. Donna sham, Ilia. Next object, what is it called? In valleys? So the sentence, Donna Sharma, India padding values. Third object. Do you remember the name and nor denied the sentence? Darla Shambhala, bad ordinate with the contraction of the next, What's the name? And BB? So you go dollar Sean, but Ilia, BB then gets Cassie. See, you go. Donna, Shambhala, EMEA. And last one, caspase-1. See the lunate. So Donna, Sean, but 25. Practice and Repetition 2: So how would you say in French? What is this gift kiss, Cassie. Guess Cassie Cadeau. How would you say there's a computer in the room? You're not in a total are strong, Yulia. Not in a total shambles. How could you say there's no alarm clock in the room in your father? Have a delicious in your brother. Have a Donna Sharmba. How could you say a factory? What is this musing? Guess Cassie, your new zine gets Cassie. How would you say? I don't know. What is this? Masipa, Genesis epa? Cassie, How can you say yes? It's a suitcase. We sit in values, we sit in values. How can you say no? There's no table in the room. No, no, In your tablet. Donna! Sean, how would you say what are these? These are glasses because Cassie City Unit Scaasi said unit. How would you say no? There's no helicopter in the sky? No. In your pathetic cocktail dollars? No, in your pathetic cocktail donors shell. And how can you say there's no baby on the plane in your body? Baby, do love you. Yeah, baby, Don't love you 26. Dictation Unit 3: Dictate, dictation exercise. You have your pen and your sheet of paper. Let's start. None. None. Do. Guess QC. Madu. Gu Si. Si had to guess QC Seneca do the new Azure. Dong De. New Azure. San of young. No, seem fuzzy. See fuzzy. Cnv young. No, same fuzzy. Ilia, the xylophone. La de xylophone. Xylophone. Say's Law. Dr. Dawna sharp but good. In the next unit, we're going to study nationality adjectives, definite articles, and the names of countries. 27. Auxiliary Verb "to be": Ok, cilia. This is the auxiliary to be in the present tense that we're going to start using in the next lessons. To mention the nationality for example. So first we have just three IM. We don't pronounce the final S. Tui, tui. So you are singular. That's to say to address one person only. We don't pronounce the final either, like 99 percent of the time with the final S. E Lee keys. La, She is the same pronunciation as with two to eight. Eally a, without pausing between the two, as if it was one single word. Ellie. Ellie. Newsome knew some. We are. So we only pronounce the first three letters. Some, some rosettes. Rosettes. So you are plural. Several people, or the use of the politeness when addressing one person. Be careful with the compulsorily is or here, W2s visit is small. L saw they are masculine and feminine. Okay. Can you repeat the whole one-by-one? So first I am you say it, and then listen to me to check. If you say it correctly, you go. Then you are he is she is. Ellie. We are new. Some you are 2-SAT. Day are masculine, is solid. They are feminine. As some. Good, tried to memorize it. And in the following lessons, we're going to use it in sentences. 28. Nationality adjectives 1: Lilly's adjective, the nationality. We're going to see in these three following lessons, nationality adjectives. So there are a few categories according to the ending of the adjective. We will start with the ending A IS like in Farsi, French or English, Japanese, Japanese. To gain Portuguese. So first thing, maybe you noticed that we don't capitalize and nationality adjectives in French, unlike in English, and the pronunciation of the ending is a. Farsi. All glee Japanese. To transform to the feminine, we're going to add an e and the pronunciation will change in as. So masculine, feminine as a, as you hear the difference of the sound a. So we have FAA says all glaze is up. One is the question to ask about nationality, is Kalita nationality? What is your nationality? So can you answer? Pilus or nationality? E. Lee Farsi. And what about him? Hey Lisa, nationality. E Lee Japanese. Let's go on a little bit. Kelly's a nationality and Kelley's National detail, watch out feminine form. A lesion upon is pilus or nationality. Nationality. And can listen, nationality. I live horses. Okay, in the following lesson, we will see a second category of nationality adjectives. 29. Nationality adjectives 2: It is adjective, the nationality second part. So second category is the ending. A, AN like in America, American, Mexican. I think you guessed Mexican. My Hawkeye, Moroccan or Cuba. Cuban. So very similar in English, we just drop the I. And so the pronunciation of the ending is the nasal sound that we saw in a previous lesson. So are merely makes him ma ho Chi. For the feminine form, we will add an e and the pronunciation will change in N. And so Amharic can mix, he can mao, Hawken, Corbyn. So masculine, feminine, and okay, let's do a short exercise. You transforming to the opposite gender. Ylim Mexica. What would be the feminine form of the sentence? A Olympics, he can. Icu ban, soda. Masculine would be E Lee Cuba. Umar, Romanian for the feminine. Ellie. Ellie American, the masculine Ilia, America. Good. In the following lesson, we will see the other possibilities of endings for the nationality adjectives. 30. Nationality adjectives 3: Let's adjective nationality. Third part. We're going to see the other categories of nationality adjectives here. First, the ending, i, e, n. Yeah. Yeah. Like Italia, almost like in English, Italian. But crazy. Leah, Brazilian. Host, highly Australian, or Canada? Canadian. For the feminine form, we add an extra n first and an e. And we have the ending yen, yen. So Italian. But his Elian most highly in Canadian. So masculine, feminine yen, yen. Yen. The first three categories that we studied are the most common, but there are a few others. So let's see, some of them. Chinois with the ending or I guess we add an e and we have Shin was. There are a few nationality adjectives which end with OIS. If you want to have a more complete least check the PDF document I put in this lesson. Reus Russian. The feminine form is the same since the masculine ends with an e. A Spaniard, we add an e in the feminine, but the pronunciation remains the same. Or Allah mall. And being with another consonant. In this case, we can hear the difference in the feminine, masculine or feminine aisle amount. Let's practice a little bit with a reading exercise. You're just going to read one by one the sentences. And then I read it so you can check your pronunciation. Be careful with the pronunciation of the adjectives. First sentence, so you go Just three Angelie. Just a quick command here. We have an optional liaison here between the verb to be and the adjective. So when the verb ends with an S, we can begin the following word with a z sound. So here it would be just switches on Glee. And if the verb ends with a T, then we begin the following word with a t sound. In this case as well, the Liaison makes it a little bit more former. Okay, Let's go on. Today. American or two is Emily can then Eliade Japanese. No possibility of layers or here, since the adjective doesn't begin with a vowel. So next, Elysian was next to me, Italian, or to a Z Italian. Then Sweet espanol. Espanol. Next, illiberal Brasilia. And a leaf horses. 31. Audio Exercises : Nationality Adjectives: Liz, adjective, nationality. Nationality, adjectives, audio exercises we're going to do to audio exercises to help you recognize the gender of a nationality adjective. In the first exercise, you're going to hear one of the two adjectives on the screen. Listen closely to the pronunciation of the ending and you decide which one it is. Canadian. Canadian. Feminine. So we have Canadian, canadian. Do all glaze. On glaze. All glee, glaze, plot. Chinois. She NWA. Masculine. We have Chinois. Xin was cut. Amelie can I merely can feminine America. I met he can sound Farsi. Farsi. Masculine. Farsi. Process. Cease. Alamo, the ALU more feminine. Unmanned. Sent M60 car. Mexica. Masculine, Mexican, Mexican. Wheat, Australian. Australian. Feminine, Australia, australian. Second exercise. I'm going to say your nationality adjective. You say if it's masculine or feminine. Bach. Bach is feminine. Do masculine. Gua, Gua, gua. Masculine. Pigouvian, Peruvian. Feminine. Sac. Cuba. Cuba. Masculine. Sees proline. Proline. Masculine. Set. A woman who men feminine. And he says, equal says feminine. 32. Pronunciation of the nasal vowel [ ɑ̃ ]: In this lesson, we are going to study the third nasal vowel of French, which is ah, ah, with this phonetic symbol. So first, how to produce the sound? All. All. As you can see, the mouth is open. It's a little bit more open than with the previous vowel we saw, which was now we have all o, so a little bit more open. The position of the tongue is low, and in the back of the mouth, It's almost the same position as the vowel a in French, which is ah, ah. So you can start with an O and then move a little bit to the lips because the position of the ellipse is not exactly the same. So watch. And then, ah, ah, ah, ah, ah, you'll see the small difference. So you can start with the position of the tongue in position, then move in an ellipse. And remember it's a nasal sound, so do need to let air go through your nostrils. On. The sound are in French, is generally spelled a N or E, N or M. E M. Okay, so let's practice with the first exercise. We're going to repeat two words with only one syllable. So you repeat after me. Dong, dong, which is tooth. B, can also be in Von. Von, which is wind, which is slow. Sean, Sean, which is sung. And belong, Belong. White. Another words with more than one syllable. Now, elif. Elif, shadows, shadows, which is luck. Bosh, behalf a branch or harsh or the color. Call pioneer carbine campaign. Called the candidate. And this song, the song December. Good, That's it for this lesson. I'll see you in the next video. 33. Audio Exercises : Nasal Vowels: Linezolid, nasal vowels, audio exercises. So we have studied the three nasal vowels or French. Maybe they sound quite similar to you. This is normal. They probably don't exist in your language, so it's more difficult to hear and produce them. We're going to do two exercises to try to distinguish them. In the first exercise, you're going to hear twice one of the three words that appear on the screen. Listen closely and try to guess which one it is. In the first column, we will have words with the first nasal sound we studied, all like in bone. In the second column. The sound like in BIA. And in the third, the sound all alike in ball. So for example, I'm going to say bomb. Which one do you think it is? It's the third one. It doesn't really matter what the word means. We're just trying to recognize the sounds. Ready? Long, long. The first one, the three would be the three words, vol, vol. Pom, pom, pom, pom dom, dom. We have here dawn, dong. Sound. Ma, ma. The three words. Cease. Tom. Tom. We had Tom. In the second exercise, I'm going to say your word. You try to recognize which nasal vowel it is. Ready. The first names and valor. Do. The third one. Twa, Poisson, Poisson, Poisson. Duma. Duma. Duma. Sound. That's Xiang. Xiang on. Cease. Ms. MS. Ms. Wrong. Sit the same one. And the second one. 34. Definite Articles: Articulate definition definite articles. In English, the definite articles are the masculine, feminine, and plural. In French, we have four of them. So let's start with the masculine article. Lu. Lu Bu. Luchador, the gift, the Harpo, the Flag, Low, heavy, the alarm clock. Then we have the feminine article, la, la, love Fuzi law. That now we have a contracted article, l apostrophe, which can be masculine or feminine. We use it if the noun starts with a vowel, RNA. For example, love young. Lily, found Lily. And the fourth one is the plural article, masculine and feminine. No distinction. Lei. Lei. We don't pronounce the final S. So be careful to distinguish the masculine article and the plural. Li. Li. For example. Lei, lei, Fuzi, lay. So remember, we don't pronounce the final S of the pleura. And watch out here. Compulsory liaison between an article and it's noun. So with the plural, if the noun begins with a vowel or an age, liaison. Least Saviour, lives xylophone, leisurely cocktail. Okay, Let's do two exercises to practice. First, you're going to transform the indefinite article in a definite article. So and BB would be Luby be logged in at Hoon Valley is Love Elise. Who knew Xin, Zhao Gua. Gua. And the glue. Glue. As Lucy. And second exercise, you use the plural article to name the images. Ready. The BB. Then next unit, which is always plural, like in English, glasses. Next, quick note here. Nouns which end with E. You have the plural in x, which we don't pronounce. So Leica do. Next. Lead the so same ending with an x. Next. The z coordinate. And the z glue liaison. 35. Listening and Pronunciation Exercise: Exact sees the discriminant shown. In this exercise, you're going to hear one of the two forms that appear on the screen. The singular form with low, or the plural form with delay. Let's see if you hear the correct one. Little BB, BB, BB. Lee Kudu. Kudu. See Linda Apple, De Lu, jaguar. Jaguar. F, leaky. Leaky. We g i, sh, E, Lee vagal. Vagal. Now can you repeat them one by one and try to make the difference between love and Lee. I will read it right after you. So you go first one, little BB. Next. The pedal. Next, next, next, next, next. Next. 36. Names of Countries: Nor the page name of countries. In French, when we name a country, we use a definite article. You cannot just say the name of the country. We need an article. Which article you're going to use with which country. This is what we are going to see here. So first, if the name of the country begins with a vowel, we're going to use the contraction and apostrophe. For example, with alumina is Germany, Espana, Spain are, and India. We have landmine knew less pine new learned. The names of countries are capitalized in French, unlike the nationality adjectives. Then we consider a country to be feminine. If it ends with an e, like a risky shin. In that case, we use the feminine article, la, la, la, la Russi, lashing. If the name of the country doesn't end with an e, then it's masculine. We use the article, look like with Portugal, Brazil, loop octagon, Lucia, Ball, Brazil. And we also have a few plural countrys, like a Zuni, United States pay, but it's actually Holland, Philippine. So we will use LEA lease it as you need lay pay Bough Leaf Philippine. Of course, as always, we have a few exceptions to the rules. The three most common are limbic seek, look on budge, and alleles. They all end with an e, but are masculine, SO LA. Okay, to discover some countries, let's do a simple exercise. The name of a country will appear. You completed with the article. You will surely recognize the name of the country. They are very similar in English. So remember, first, if it begins with a vowel contracted article. If not, check the final letter. If it ends with an e, it's feminine, otherwise masculine. So Canada, Canada, Italy, Italy, Tunisia. Tunisia. Sinegal is cheap. This is Switzerland. Coulombic law, Colombia, Nigeria. Nigeria. Last. This is Sweden. Islam. Follow near La Jolla. And E Lee Hall. If you want to have a more exhaustive list, check the PDF document I put at the end of this lesson. And I'll see you in the following lesson with another exercise to practice the countries and the articles. 37. Exercise Name of Countries: Exercise. We're going to do an exercise with the name of countries and their article. So you will need to have memorized them are to have list with the countries. You will see a flag appear. And you're going to say, for example, this is France. So in French to name the country, we are going to need, say, then the article and the name of the account tree. So sale of hands. So you're ready. Let's start cinema. Mixing. Syllabi bar sin, sin. 38. Dictation Unit 4: Dictate, dictation exercise. You have your pen and paper. Let's begin. And self-harm says, song. And South America. America, America. Wgu, Italia. Visit Italian. Song is somebody's ilia sees. Tuition was to Xin was good. In the following unit, we're going to see the numbers, how to set the date and much more. 39. Counting from 0 to 16: salutes Emwazi Felix, does it loosen news? Allah part our county tree pay. Uh, good pouvoir cut suck! Ah, do you're God suck. We'll continue. Cease Sit reit nifx dif cease sit wheat Nef this sabot rule Ali, I'll continue. Does praise cattles, Carraz says, Does Perez cattles? Carraz says 40. Counting from 17 to 39: D set at hotness. So you have memorized how to count from one to 16. So the rest is going to be easy. Well, I pleased up to 69. So to continue up to 20, we have the set, the set D to D, D snuff these North. Don't forget the dash when you write them. Then we go on with 20. In standard French, we say var, but in many parts of France, we also pronounce it a vat with the t sound at the end. So you pick up the one you want. Then with one unit, we're going to use a Van de without dash, and it's pronounced Van vantage. Only with one unit. After that, we continue with the dash and the digit we add. So van to do. And you continue that a trois. And that cut. Then SAC. Next. Then sees that sit treat. That 30 is called tall. And then exactly the same pattern, 31 with a copy. And then you continue to do taught to TWA, taught to cut, taught aside, taught to cease. To set the hall to read. And taught enough. Good. If it's not too much information, you can go on with the following lesson, up to 69. 41. Counting from 40 to 69: The US was hot enough. Okay. So it's going to be the same pattern up to 69. So 40 is not the same again with one unit cohort. You go on to do counter clock, CA haul to cut, cow hall to sack, cohort, cohort, to read. Then we have so-called sand call. So what would be 51? Remember the particularity with one unit? Sac copy. Then? Sacco to do socle. Socle. Socle. Socle. Socle. Socle. Socle 60 is Switzerland. Swiss on. So I'll let you continue onto Du Bois. Got to cease. Swiss all to sit. Sweat salty and sweet, salty enough. In the following lesson, we will see how to count up to a 100. The pattern is going to be different. Now. It's going to look more like math adding and multiplying. We will see that in the next video. 42. Counting from 70 to 99: Lyn all but the Swiss onto this song. Maybe you have heard in the way I pronounced the title, how to say 70 sweat SATA disk. So we add 10 to 60 and we're going to add one to ten so that we have 71 still with a for one unit. So SRP, we're going to keep on like this, sweat, salt dues. So what do you think comes next? Then? And croissant says, Santa. Santa, these, you eat these nineth. Good. And now you arrive at a t. This is where the math begin. It's going to be cutover. So 4 times 20 cutover. Note that we add an S to Van only if no digit follows. Then 81, we have cutover. So without this time and no S to V, since there is something coming after. Then we follow the same logic. We're going to raise the last unit. So cutover, do can you continue? Got caught. Caught. Caught. Caught. Hava set cat, cat Havana. And for 90, same pattern. We raised the last unit. So from nine to 10 and we have cutover. Careful with 91 without a this time again. So cutover. Then you go says the set and snuff. 43. Listening Exercises : Numbers 0 to 99: Exit C is normal enough. In these two listening exercises, I suggest you use a pen and a piece of paper to write down your answers. First exercise, I will read once one of the three numbers of each series. So you can write the one you recognize. Then we will discover the answer, and I will read the three numbers so that you can hear the distinction. Press pause if you need to get a pen and a paper. And we'll begin in five seconds. Says so we had sees, says sweats on. B. We had sweat soft ghettos. See, we had D, sweat, salt. We had us all Do. We had dues, so-called treat. We had these so-called treat that North. We had enough enough. Tsh. We had sought pairs. So ESOP ghettos, e sound. We had to do cohort sac, sac called treat G that we had. In this second exercise. I will say a number between 0 to 99. You just write down the number you here. I will repeat it twice. Treat, treat, treat. B. Ketose. Ketose. See that? La Verne, la la Di Salvo. Sarcopenia. Sarcopenia. If that Nerf. That enough. She says says says E Tadoussac taught sank, outset, upset, Swiss offset. Good. In the next exercises, are we going to pronounce and repeat the numbers? 44. Reading and Pronunciation Exercise : Numbers 0 to 99: In this exercise, you're going to read the numbers which appear. So you read it once and then the word will appear below in letters. And I will read it so that you can check if you say it correctly. Says C, D, F. Our second sound, ie, je suis onto descent. Egn. 45. Big numbers: Gone all bond. Now I think you understood the principle on how to count. We're going to see how to say bigger numbers. So first, we haven't seen how to say this digit, 0, 0. Next we have some song. So when it's 100, we just say Psalm without one before. Then we put the number before, like do, SAW or Taha song. Note that saw is like van't. It takes an S If nothing follows like here. But if we had 301, for example, it would be without S because the digit one is following. Next we have like a 100 without one. If it's only 10000. Then with the number before the meal, the Hua middle. And meal is invariable. It never takes the pleura. So always this form singular. Next we have Emilio. This time with million. Do Emilio, Emilio. We always put the plural on the noun million, followed or not by something. The same 4 million, Emilia. Do Emilia. Emilia. Same thing for the plural. Regarding the dash between the numbers. The rule was to put a dash between a 10 and a unit. But since 1990 and the new orthography reform, It's also possible to put a dash between every single word when you write the number. So you can write it both ways now. Okay, let's see a few examples of big numbers. This would be song, sang. Enough. Capitalists saw sweat, sought nothing. Plus song, psychopathy. Why SARSA, cotton, Earth, me. See Sonka halt. See milliohm, do SaaS who assaulted the middle CSR van set. Okay, so let's practice a little bit the numbers with the following lessons with listening and pronounciation exercises. 46. Listening Exercises : Big Numbers: Exact seas at gone all bar. We're going to do the same exercises now, but with bigger numbers. So grab a pen and a paper and we'll begin. First exist size like the previous one, you will hear one of the three numbers. You write, the one you recognize. Why saw psychoanalysis? Psycho cease to be Saskia. Sassen. See what's aka halt. Sonka, halt. Due solvency. Do Sullivan said ooh. Set SaaS licensees. Set SaaS licensees. Sonka haunted, do saga, how to do SASAC? Sasac. She see Sonka halt. See Sonka halt. Saskia, Sassen, death. Zhe set some photos, set song catalogs back at those. Second exercise. Also the same as the previous one. You write down the number you here. I will repeat it twice. Solvent, solvent sunk. Be Sasso cycle halt, SASAC, halt. See, NEF, socket. Socket. Mean enough Sam, Sam, Sam, Solvency. F. C, song, song, song. Harsh, sweat Psalm says sweat some says amine. Salt. Han sank immediately. Saxophone, palm sank, meeting that Sassen. Sasac com sank middle, sought SAS ASA concept, salt. Good. In the next video, we will practice the reading and pronunciation of a big numbers. 47. Reading and Pronunciation Exercise : Big Numbers : Exact seas gone all bond and laughed exercise with big numbers. You're going to say the number that appears. And after a few seconds, I will say it. And it will also appear below in letters. Saw sac, sac be Sauce was sought to distribute. C, D, F. She, Emilio. In the following lessons, we will see the names of the days and the month, and also how to say a date. So see you in the next lesson. 48. Signs and Ponctuation: Sr, a punctuation, signs and punctuation. We are going to seem this lesson how to name the different signs that we can use in an e-mail address, for example, so to be able to read it, and also a few punctuation signs. First we have TA, TA, which is dash, tv, Alba, TA, or Bob. Underscore. Slash, like in English. Slash, poor, poor. Via, via good. Karma. Point of view. Semi-colon, do blue, poor, do blue. Then we have our whole buzz, the app, sign, our whole boss. So when you read an email address, you're going to say our bars, Gmail, for example. But Hotez, almost like in English. Bounties. Pointer tail gets shown point that they all guess shown. The exclamation point, exclamation, opposed, oppose, TAF and majuscule, capital, minuscule, lowercase, minuscule, minuscule. Okay, let's do a listening exercise. I'm going to read some email addresses with letters, numbers, and signs. And you tried to write it down. So I suggest you use a pen and a paper. You're ready. And majuscule, D and E, TA on bomb, Swiss on our whole bars, gmail.com and majuscule, the TLB croissant because our whole Buzz and Gmail point com. So this is the way we say Gmail in French. Gmail, since the letter G is pronounced in French. Do. Pms is Q, R, S, E, N, and R and D E N, E cutover because our whole bars, oatmeal point come PMOS is L, E, N plus M, a, D, E, and E. Catalog aka our whole bars automated point come. This is how we pronounce Hotmail in French. We don't have the H sound in French, so we never pronounce the H plus G majuscule. All I, N, T. The t measures are egoic, L, O, S, T and L bar. Do meal VAT, skewed O, N T lay. The measures are exec or air, teleology, dummy Laval, our whole body. Gut. Es measure, scooter, e, m, o. And vance set our whole bars. Hotmail affair. S E M O, N. That said our whole buzz. Hotmail. Sac as the E C T and L bar. C, L E, N, D T of ARB. Do meal these NRF, our whole bars Gmail point come as V E C T bar, C L E N, D, T-helper. Do Meli's NRF. Our whole bars. Gmail.com, CSUN, F, L, E, E, and F. Are HE Greg? T-helper, socket set. Our whole bars are 0 com f, f, e, f egoic, Teasdale bar, socket set. How whole buzz. 49. Days and Months: salute. Is this backward? Your baby? Who's really was a little pond leisure Odula, Saman anymore. Hey Ali Landi Totti. Simone Who? Super rare. Landy, Jean via Mahdi. Cutoffs for every year. Still a fed Zamel Sava, Lotte Mahdi. 50 years sell it will mourn or ordinary Selima Cody van Mars said it did. Macready muss newsome on Avril Sylar. Do it, you phantom money. Fiqh. Should he, Avril or your dream to someone already putting in May? Iraq's special Still a Who Vote for you? Many whose orders in Fair Scottie's and some of the 70 Deb utility Okay, some of do it was one still affect National Newsome DEMAR Katagiri City of our calls de Marsh jury Both watch no. Some Landy, Vietnam Foot Sylhet day. You be sure? Boot AP Saletan Newsome Ramadi even set Sept If the bulls Audrey, sit down Goten you someone October. In fact, if hey, who showed Resell Ahmadi Cat October October More true. We know someone. Makati Casanova, you fam no vom both watch No el no! Some relevance and Issam say that measure disarmed. No El 50. Saying the date: De la Vega saying the day. The common question to ask about the date is PLL at that, although DV, what is today's date? A dot au. This means today. So we have the combination a, you all, then the combination 0, you all do. We're going to see a formal way of saying the date with the use of the subject pronoun new, and a less formal way with the subject pronoun, which is the equivalent of new but less former. Do grammatical difference, is that all is conjugated as a third person singular. So it has the same conjugation as ill. But it means we. Usually, we tend to use new when writing, since it's more formal and all when speaking. So to ask about the day of the week, we can say no, some casual or only casual. So here we expect an answer like Monday, Tuesday. To ask about the day of the month. We say Newsome Lacombe are only Lacombe. Here we expect an answer like the third, the tenth, etc. Here are the different ways to say the date. First we have, Overall, Dewey knew some vodka. Today is Friday, or also do eat or neve. Also Dewey Usama descent mass or mass. Today is Wednesday, 17th of March, or aujourd'hui on a cloudy day, reset marks, Lou MACLA, DDI set marks. Also do he knew some Lovasz schwa. Today is the 20th of June or overall DV O'Neill, eventually. Be careful with the use of the article. If you only mentioned the day of the week, you don't need it. But if you mentioned a precise date, then yes. And we use Pachomius to say the thirst in French. For example. Also, Dewey knew some lipoamide Psalm. Although do we own it up homie dissolve. For the second and the third. We use the regular numbers. Ha so can you answer these questions with the dates mentioned? Have you memorize the names of demands because you will need them to answer. Kayla data's Audrey. Also do he knew some blue quadrant VA also do eat or Nala quadrant. Kelly law, that was Audrey New, some Louvain sensitivity to some mass. Mass. Me, me. Kayla. Kayla. Good. Capitals, October, October, November. Also do vino some Levant. And ASAM. Was Audrey O'Neill vata dissolvable. Good. In the following lessons, we're going to study the auxiliary to have and how to give personal information. 51. Practice and Repetition 3: So how would you say it's hot today? In for sure if a sure how would you say Today is Monday, but in an informal way. The weather is nice. Oh, Chaudhry only landed. You see Bull or Rhodri? Only land. It's a bull. How could you say we are in autumn day? Informal way. It's a bit chilly only on Newton Fair buffet only, or Newton you fam buffet. How do you say it's a beautiful day today? You felt on Magnifico. It felt on many difficult. How can you say we are in winter again? In an informal way? It's snowing on the only there in Asia only only their finish now. How would you say today is the 10th off May Informer Way Rhodri only led me. Also. Do we need a Jimmy? How can you say it's the beginning of the vacation? Sallade Beauty Vacanze Silly. Be difficult, since it's the beginning off summer Silly Deb utility psyllid ib utility. How would you say it's Saturday? 23rd the informal way on a seven day event on this end event, and how would you say it's the beginning off? Winter said a beauty there sell individually there 52. Dictation Unit 5: Dictate dictation sentences. Prepare your pen and your sheet of paper. Ready? I've yawned. Have you do some cars mass some mass. Muscle, mass. Saw enough. Why socket haven't isn't enough. Kayla. Kayla data. C, C, C, C, C. Csu sees something. Sank. Salt, salt, a day. All good. In the following lesson, we are going to see how to give a person on information with end of life. 53. Auxiliary Verb "to have": Ok, cilia Ofwat, the auxiliary to have. So we're going to see how to conjugate the verb to have in the present tense. Zhe, Zhi. I have 20. Without pause between the two words to 2. You have ELA, ELA, the same. Without pausing. He has, she has news. Mozart compulsory is on here. We have x2 savvy, vis-a-vis liaison as well. You have a zone L zone liaison as well. They have. 54. Giving Personal Information: Do need the Zafar motto, pass on. Giving personal information. In this lesson, we're going to see that we can give a lot of personal information simply by using the auxiliary verbs to be and to have, and with a little bit of vocabulary. So let's start with TBI. So this is the complete conjugation in the present tense. And first, we can use medea, married. For the feminine, we add an E, same pronunciation, since we don't pronounce the final ease. And for the plural, we add an s the same. We don't pronounce it. So for example, just three. Marya, eally Murray, a silly but sadly but Single. The masculine and feminine forms are the same as for the plural. To easily, better illicitly, but they're divorced. Divorced, divorced. The same pronunciation for the Thevenin and the plural is so DeVos, DeVos it. And thus, thus masculine or feminine. Widow. Let's see a few written examples. Just fema, meaning I am married. Just fema, the feminine form. Eels, soma. They are married illicitly, but he is single. Ellie, Marie. And so DeVos, they are divorced, feminine. And the verb, she is a widow. If solvers, they are widows. Okay, Let's see what we have with the auxiliary to have. Here is the conjugation. And first, and often, a child and our Fock, twice the nasal sound on all form. The plural is regular in French, this often liaison. Jds are far too. Does our fall? Feasts Assange? Be careful with the pronunciation, fees. We don't pronounce the L, But we do pronounce the final S here. Phis. In FY, a daughter in FY. Shot, shot, shot a dog, a sham. And to tell your age in French, unlike in English, we use the verb to have. So we say the number and we add on, which is years that all talked on cow Tom, J. Ela, Tata, Ella vata. A few examples. Jds are fond of fees AMP, meaning I have two children, a son and a daughter. Jiddu Xia. Release a homeo, meaning I have two dogs. Their names are useless and Romeo as sub-L kaolin. I have a daughter. Her name is Caroline Jeevan psi com. I'm 25 years old. Ela CO2 dissolve. He's 32 years old. Geographies. Danielle Eli says, I have a son. His name is Daniel, is 16 years old. Vis-a-vis, Russia. And do you have a dog? To aka how tall? You're 40 years old? Good. In the following video, we're going to practice with an exercise to build complete sentences. 55. Practical Exercices : Giving Personal Information: Do need this ethyl my stroke fascinated. We're going to do an exercise to build sentences using to be and to have with a person on information. For example, to dissolve. Does alpha. You tried to connect all this information to make sentences, to Topeka hellos, to talk, to dissolve. You add those all fall. So you can use a e, which is to connect the sentences. Stephen, concept call DeVos, see, I shot Steve Thompson, call it New Mexico City better. Mixing some silly but I'm a shy Ashok is, so I'm adding a zone, a shy Ashok. Jane on glaze. Event C zone and not fall was all done. And separated. Jane Elliott. And events Huizong law, no-fault divorce. He does all fall Mach eight hands-on. A chasm. Giovanni was at Italia, vis-a-vis topped all evil. Giovanni to Sydney but vents Huizong, dues on to a Canadian. Too silly, but to avenge his zone and adolescence. Michelle, Paul to dissolve, dissolve, fall. Sag call it wasn't a leaf. To dissolve a law. Does alpha socket croissant? 56. Practice and Repetition 4: So how would you say in French? I have two dogs do here. Lucia, How would you say I have a computer? J A Noted Netto. Geno Tonetto. How could you say I am married? I have two Children. Just email. Hey, do is awful. Just humor. He does. He does all fall. And how could you say I am 20 years old? I am single. Gee, event on just re city. But there, Joey Votto. Just recently. But there. How could you say he's 40 years old? Is divorced. You can't. Oh, really? Divorcee. How could you say I have a daughter? Her name is Mary June. Fear L Sapele Murray Jane Fee and Sapele Marie. How would you say I have a son east? 10 years old. FIS Diesel J office. And how could you say good morning? I am American. The feminine form. I am 30 years old. More true justice! American Cotto. Boo is American. How could you say hi? My name is John. I am Canadian and I am 20 years old. Salute John. A pigeon. Just we can idea Joe Votto. Salut. Je m'appelle John. Just we can ideology of Anto. And how would you say? I am married and I have three Children. Just three. My is It was awful. Just you might years. It was awful. 57. Dictation Unit 6: Dictate dictation sentences. You have your pen and paper. You already is this facility, but the J value. Silly, but Jeevan, do. Michelle Michelle ELA dues are for Michelle. If a law does alpha a DeVos fees fees. Last season? As a law, season, season. Cs. Louis XVI was all phone call. It was good. In the following unit, we will start with the negative form and how to conjugate irregular verbs. 58. The Negative Form: Lenny gaseon, the negative form. The structure of the negative form in French is as follows. The subject of the sentence. Then we have the first part of the negative system, which is new, then follows the verb and the second part of the negative system. But the negative form has two parts and French, and we surround the verb with each part. Before the verb is no, and after the verb is bought. For example, just with how say I am French, the verb is three. So we put before and after, and we have June history buff Jose, I am not French to depend my genotype and Pac-Man is Salma, illness or watch out. If nu is followed by a vowel or an H, it contracts in an apostrophe, like in J. Junipers. Junipers. Okay. So what would be the negative form of Newsome? Bom, bom, bom. Bom. Okay. Now, can you try to transform a whole sentence into the negative foam? America hopped on is SPECT. Paul is in the facility but there is a separate those all fall in a fun new some new vanilla D, D, J1. Newness on Levant ODD. J1 was a Japanese, was a VCA hometown whose ability hall. If we net badge happening when Navi PPACA hometown, whose applet? Good. In the following lesson, we're going to see how to ask someone for personal information. 59. "Oui, non, si" answers: We know C. In this lesson, we're going to see that there are three possible answers for a closed question. A closed question is a question you answer with a yes or no. Let's see some examples. To Emma, Hey, are you married? You can answer. We just swim RIA or simply, we are the contrary. Norm genres RIP Ahmad or just no. Okay. The same question now, but negative 2, Nipah Yay. Are you not married? In this case? To answer positively, we're going to use C. So C is used after a negative question or statement to answer positively instead of week. To answer negatively, we use null norms. Ministry Obama, Yay, or no. Let's do a short exercise. You're going to answer positively to the following questions. So if you see two MRA, you answer, we just Sumaria. If you see two Nipah, Hey, you answer C. Okay? We see sediba. See, see. C. And C is a Belgian. 60. Asking for Personal Information: Dumas did is I form as you're asking for personal information, we're going to study here how to build a simple question to ask for information. First, we need to see a little bit of vocabulary that we're going to use for the questions. Loop of Henle. Loop of Henle, which is the firstName, lastName, London. Lead that to Dennis solves the date of birth. Glad that the Nissan's address. Do you address the Apophis shown? The profession, the occupation, less Situ as shoulder for me, the family status. Likud, Dani. Cool. This is the contact information like your name, address, phone number, which appear on a business card for example. Okay, let's see now how to build the questions. We're going to use the interrogative, which can be translated as what? There are four forms of the adjective, but they are pronounced the same way, which is Kelly. Kelly. The first is the masculine singular. The second is the feminine singular. The same. Then we have the two plural forms, the masculine and feminine care. So we have one. Next we need to say what is, which is a, the verb to be Kelly. Kelly, without pausing Kelly. So first, we're going to use the possessive adjectives that correspond to two. You informer. We have tone that we're going to use with the masculine noun and tau for a feminine noun. For example, with the noun, which is masculine, we have a tall, thin on David Top Ramen. What is your FirstName? The same with the following noun, since it's masculine. A tall, know, what's your last name? Then we have that Dennis homes. It's feminine. Saw. A dao that to dinosaurs. Kalita that dinosaurs. What's your date of birth? Then we have a dress. So here we have a particular case, because the noun is feminine, but it begins with a vowel, which makes it complicated to say. Yes. So we use the masculine adjective to have tone address, and we do the liaison care lead tone address. So cal, a tall nonetheless, K leap on address. With Office shown feminine. No problem. Kalita, professorial, Situ as Shonda family care leave that teach us shoulder family E. Okay? Now, if we want to use the polite form, which is you as well in English, the possessive adjective is going to be without distinction between masculine and feminine. So to ask about the firstname, canon a penal. What about the last name? Can you make the question? Kelly VOT Han known K level tunnel. What about the date of birth? Care live or product dinosaurs. The address? Can live. What headdress, the occupation. Care live with her profession. And the family status. Can live with her situation. Endothermy. Okay, let's have a quick look at the plural forms as well. So first the verb is going to be plural. So song, what are the plural possessive for two ys? T. So we have Kelly's song, and we need a plural noun. We have coordinate, which is feminine and plural. Song. T coordinate, canceled, they call Dani. The possessive adjective for V02 is volt. So we have canceled vocal donate. What are you content details. Good. In the following lessons, we're going to start studying irregular verbs and how to conjugate them. 61. Conjugation of Regular Verbs: Conjugate gaze onto their Hubbard irregularly has on the legislative conjugation of irregular verbs. Present tense. What we call a regular verb in French is a verb who's infinitive form. And with ER. They are also called first group verbs. They are three groups of verbs in French. According to the conjugation pattern they have. Okay, back to the first group verbs, the regular verbs. Some examples. Cava, yea, to work, partly to speak, To talk. We use the same verb in French. Ability to live, to eat. As you can hear, the pronunciation of the final E are, of the infinitive is a, cava Yay. I BET. The combination ER is pronounced a. Don't pronounce it. Air. All the verbs which have their infinity form ending in ER are irregular verbs except one. The verb Alley to go, which is completely irregular, and which we will study in a few lessons. Conjugation, it determinism, conjugation and endings. So a verb is composed of its stem, logical, and the mark of the infinitive here, e, r. So we have our example for the verb to work the stem and ER. For the verb to speak, to talk, the stem. And ER. For arbitrary, the stem, a beat, and ER. So to conjugate the verb in the present tense, we will use the stem of the verb, and we will add the endings of the present tense. The endings are with the subject pronoun. We will add an e. For example, Hawaii here. With two. We will add e, S two to Hawaii with the third person E l and E. Like with ger, E L, L, a year. With new, we will add the ending o, n es, not hava your. With V02. The ending e, z would have a yea. With the third person plural, E, N, T, E, L, L, a, yeah. Panos, yes, your pronunciation. They are actually three different pronunciations for the endings. First pronunciation with the subject pronounced Zhou to l, L, l, L plural. Can you see a similarity here? The first three, and with the mute and unmute S to. The fourth one has a mute, E as well, and the n t are not pronounced. So we actually have a mute ending, which means that we are going to pronounce the letter previews to the ending. So here with parlay, the previous letter is an L. So the pronunciation will be with the verb to work. We're going to pronounce the previous group of letters, which is the double l, cowboy year. And with the live, we are going to pronounce the T, which comes before the ending, so abit. The second pronounciation is the one of the new ending, which is the nasal sound. So we have power law, whereby your ABI tone. And a third pronunciation is the one of the subject pronoun vu, e, z, which is pronounced like the infinity form. So we have partly how By yea, I BET. Particularity. Particularities. If the verb begins with a vowel or an H, the subject pronoun contracts in J apostrophe. Like in G2D. I study Jabir, I live. And with the subject pronounced Mu Vu. We're going to have a compulsory liaison. New z2 Jiang. We study rule ZAB. You live in Zara, leave, they arrive. And last thing. In French, the present tense can be used for a repetitive action, like with the simple present in English, or an action which is taking place like with the present continuous. So if I say G2D, it can be I study or I'm studying the context of the situation tails which one it is. We do have a way to express an action which is taking place at the time we're speaking. It's not a tense, It's just an expression which shows it's happening now. We're not going to study it now. But like I said, the present tense can be used to translate the present continuous. Good. In the following video, we are going to practice the conjugation and the pronunciation with a few exercises. 62. Exercises with Regular Verbs: Variable, AUD, x-axis, regular verbs, exercises. Let's practice the conjugation and pronunciation of regular verbs, and at the same time, learn a few verbs to be able to use them. First, exercise, a reading and pronunciation exercise. Can you read the subject and the verb? Be careful with the pronunciation of the ending. I will read it after a few seconds. He watches or is watching, like I explained in the previous lesson. So the verb to be, I visit. See, Mozart evolved with the liaison. We arrive. D they have dinner. You listen. Liaison. You study. Edition. I have lunch. Harsh. Day work. Ee, oo. You play. Gee, I speak. Good. So we have 10 regular verbs here. Let us do a second exercise. Can you conjugate the verb with the subject pronoun suggested? G2d. I study. Be. Rosario. Lee is on. You arrive. See new. We, we have dinner. They watch. You live. Liaison. They listen. Harsh. Visit the visit. E, Zhu, I play. G. They speak. Okay, let's do a third exercise now. Listen to me and repeat the sentence. Try to repeat the pronunciation and the rhythm of the sentence. In the parallel. Meaning. They don't speak French. Be Volga della, tell. You, watch TV. You hear the difference of intonation in the sentence between a statement and a question? I repeat it in a parallel path. Jose Vergara. The intonation is rising for a question. Okay, let's go on. C, D know histo Hall. I'm having dinner at the restaurant. Di tri dilemmas. Are you listening to music? We live in Paris. F. I arrived today. You don't play volleyball. Hash. Is it to deal with one day study law? Ie, Movietone, of course. We visit friends. G to D. You don't work on Monday. Good. In the following lessons, we're going to study two important irregular verbs, to go and to do. 63. Practice and Repetition 5: So let's translate sentences. So first, how would you say I am not American? I am Canadian Junior sweeper America Streak an idea Censorship America shows we can idea. Oh Femina Jean Stripper American juice We can imagine. How would you say I am not married? I am single Genesis Obama Just recently But regions with Obama, he just the city. But there How can you say I am not 30? I am 29 Jenny Pat Harto She Vantaa Movil Jenny But hottle Juve at Nouveau How can you say I am not going to Paris? Jenna? Generally, Pop Poppy, How would you say I don't speak Spanish? June Apollo para Espanol Jean Paolo di spaniel. How would you say I don't study law? Geneti DeParle Junichiro People Edouard, how would you say I don't live in Paris? Genevieve should not be Papa. How can you say I don't play football? Jenna's borrow football Central power footboard. How would you say I don't work Saturday? June It hyper somebody bypass MD? And how would you say I don't watch TV? Geno, who got the palate? Really? You know you got pal Italy 64. Irregular Verb "to go": That'll be irregularly, irregular verb to go. So this is the only verb which ends with ER, but has an irregular conjugations. So I go or I'm going to choose var, var, evolve. And he goes, she goes, or easygoing. She's going. New Zealand. Lee is on Mozart. Rosalie, Lee is on Rosalie Von. Von. So try to memorize the conjugation. And in the following lesson, we will see how to use it with cities and countries. 65. Prepositions with Cities, Countries: Repose is your police, NANDA P, V, prepositions with names of countries or cities. In this lesson, we're going to see what preposition to use. When we mentioned a CT or account tree with the verb to go. I vacuum. So first with the city. This is the conjugation of the verb. And we will use the preposition are with the grave accent to distinguish it from the verb to have, and the name of a city. Paris, for example. Gervais, apart, ongoing to Paris, to LA and New York. News along our Madrid with account tree. It's a bit different because it will depend on the gender of the country with the masculine count tree. So with the name of country that doesn't end with an e, we're going to use 0, 0. Remember the combination a UX is pronounced all in French. So for example, Japan is a masculine countering Gervais or Japan. Brazil is masculine as well. Who's LEA or Brazil? With a feminine country we will use are the nasal sound. For example, France is a feminine country. Tuvalu off Haas. Shin is feminine as well. News along our shin. If the country begins with a vowel, feminine or not, we will also use R. And we will do the liaison. For example, with Spain, Hispania, which is feminine. In Laval, honest Patagonia, liaison. Iraq, which is masculine, but begins with a vowel, evil on Iraq. And with plural count trees, we use the plural form of all, which is all with an X that we don't pronounce. With eta Zuni, for example, Gervais OZ it as you need with the liaison as well, between all and it has unique or zeta is unique. These rules apply to other verbs as well. So let's put the name of a city, Rome, a masculine country, Portugal, a feminine one on-grid tear, which is England. And a plural one, pay back. The Netherlands. We have our four ACT, or with the masculine country are feminine and plural. So we use the verb to go. Ahem. The verb to live, jab, beat, Oh puff together. I live in Portugal. Be just three on our military. I am in England. To work recovery. Obey Bar to study G2D, hmm. I study in Rome to arrive GRE IV or Portugal. Good. In the following lesson, we will study another important verb to do and how to use it to mention an activity. 66. Irregular Verb "to do" and Activities: Partly this is activity. Talking about one's activities available for the verb to do. The second irregular verb that we're going to study. Two phi to phi, the same e, l, l phi. Same pronunciation as well. The ending is different. New fossil. New fossil. So what shout hear. The pronunciation of the first syllable is particular. Foo, foo, foo. And then Zhong. Fu. Zhong. New foods on WGU fat, fat. Eli, phone, full nasal sound. Oh, okay, let's see a few activities that we can use with the verb to do. First, sport activities. Football, football, love tennis, glutinous, Louisville, which is also the object, the bike, Louisville plus c0 plus Q0. So far, they are all masculine and feminine. Now, Lummus, coolest shoe. Here's our Natasha. Natasha. And luckily teaspoon with the contraction led platysma. The same with some cultural activities. And the piano, the piano, la, la, la photo or La Photographie lutea. That dogs, the dogs. And law to pan, to Bantu. They're easy to remember. They almost the same in English. Okay, so let's recap now and see what article we're going to use here. The verb to do. And first with the masculine activity. We're going to use Do. Do. For example, is a fake do football duty. With the feminine activity, we use the law of full-fat doula Natasha, and feed doula dos. And with an activity which begins with a vowel or an H. The contraction in for the lab platysma. Be careful with one common mistake. Do learn, doesn't exist. It transforms in. So you can never use the lawyer in a sentence in French, it's always wrong. Good. In the following unit, we are going to study the place prepositions. 67. Dictation Unit 7: Dictate, dictation exercise. You have your pen, a new sheet of paper. Let's start doing the sauce. Sauce. No, no, no. A G2D. Somebody can solve. We can solve. Sees. Japanese mutinies. No. No. Cutaneous. Not on Italy. No. No. I took on Italy. No. Good. In the following unit, we will start with the place prepositions. 68. Practice and Repetition 6: So let's practice some vocabulary we've learned in this section. So, first, how would you say, What is your date of birth? In a formal way? Can live with that. Do missiles delivered with that Denison's How would you say? What is your occupation? In a former way as well can live. What? Hope Office? You, Kelly? What profits you? How would you say? What is your address? Still in a formal way can live. What address? Kelly. But cadres How would you say What is your last name can live? What? No delivered her? No. How would you say? What is your family status Can live up to the situation in the family caliber to a situation in the family. And how would you say now, do you swim? But in an informer way to feed a land that assume to fit in That that's wrong. And how would you answer? No, I play football. No football, no football. How would you ask? You play tennis in former way to figure Tiny's to feed detainees. How would you ask? Do you do theater to feed you? They at Do you feed your dad? And how would you ask? Do you do painting to feed a Lapan? True. Do you feel about true 69. Place Prepositions 1: he proposes John W. Premiere Party. You canopy Lucia, Lucia issue Lou Canopy Su tabla Leffler Leffler So shoe tab lever, leave a super double Soon Lee flow luv IES the flow. So, darling, Uva's dull look at, uh, the meal. Look at a court hollow. New called for for a year. Lucia a Duval a for you. Duval Lucia a There? Yeah, There. Yeah. Look clean. Thus the floor so articulately Let us only legally. So back there Back day perfectly proposes Sean Hsu Su don't want Duvan There. Here a art. Whole new chilies is articulate. Defeat me love L A post office. Hey, Liv proposes jump actor utilities. 70. Practice and Repetition 7: Let's practice the place proposition here with a few sentences to translate. So let's start with the cat is on the table. Lucia Lucious Shula tub The armchair is behind the table foot a their year The photo you Daria, the keys are on the ground likley so bad. Look, listen. The computer is on the table lording it er a Sula tab. Lord Uniter is surely tablet. The cat is under the table, Lucia A. The keys are on the table. Likley so sure. Double likley since your double the chair is against the wall lashes a court. Holum lashes a whole new. The computer is in the suitcase. Lord Uniter, it don't level ease. LodgeNet er Donna valleys. The chair is in front of the table. Lashes, Duvan lashes do on a tablet. The cat is on the chair. Lucia. A super Lashes. No, She's sure lashes 71. Place Prepositions 2: Lee proposes John W. Dusan party Look for a blue canopy The photo So a coated you canopy cobbler the photo so I could do La Moi the photo so I could do Lamar it a devotee. What a day for I could do. I don't soon do it. You never It's a toss firm A meme chose a vague duke, Lee said. Instead, it was form on The lashes lashes, it goes, You cannot be the shares it goes. Do a double lashes. It goes Do Lamar lashes it ago She day foot Goche do lashes it. And what do Foot A and what do Lobato lashes it on fast? Do apart off us Do look at a toe, Do shoot you for you Or do you do epically people's show? How could they do a ghost? Do on what do our fast this you do on utilities is article do Paula Muscular doula Polar Femina doesn't have Akinwale wash a the pullup rail 72. Place Adverbs : Ici, Là, Là-bas: is available. E C la Loba, Will you? Do you? You see e c? We reliever a Leela Law. We leave Healy Laba lover. 73. Place Prepositions : Exercises: The purpose is sort of your exas ease. Hey, party! Okay. Stool, will you Sha? Really? Sure. Tabla. Really a coded, you vase. Really good. Devise. Well, you for her. Ely Shula. Tabla Uli back there more sonically and so suitable. A tablet. And so I want to live as a lever. Will you shop Ely? Their yearly photo? You really a good did you? Cannot be. Well, im wild Ellie court for a new Ellie. At what? Geeta blue. Who? Someone says and so on. Truly for day as soon do have only canopy will Russia You live back there? Healy Duval. A tablet artfully for you. You go sonically and so, Laba, surely for the year you go with Russia, Laila Shula. Tabla. We go with Russia Alaba back there on fast dial apart. 74. Practice and Repetition 8: So let's keep on practicing the place Propositions. So first, how would you say the table is? And next to the sofa laptop A cookie? You cannot be let tablet a good did you canopy? So how would you say now the armchair is opposite the door left foot A fast, dull apart. The photo You're not fast del apart. How would you say the keys are there on the table Weekly sauna Shola Tabla. The computer is on the table right of the keys. Lord Senator is surely a tablet at what? Declared LodgeNet. There is surely a tablet. At what decl? E The cat is left off the chair. Lucia It Goucher Delish! Louche Taguchi rashes. The book is here on the chair. Leave a sec. Sure lashes liberated seashore lashes. The frame is on the wall above the sofa. Look at a surely mu or do shoot canopy. Look at a showroom. You or distribute canopy. The computer is there on the sofa. Lord Annettor a lot surely cannot be Lord Annettor A lot. Shrivel canopy. The keys are over there on the table. Likley so Laba Shula. Tab likley So Laba? Sure. And the sofa is next to the armchairs look an a p a a co TD for a year. Can a paid a coded iPhoto year? 75. Irregular Verb "Prendre" (to take) and Means of Transport: live Elbert Palm Joe Paul to Paul U. N Paul No personal do punny you l pen pen Don't bet your Paul to call you l Paul Don't On the pawn off Spar Day, Neil s a Communism end in situ Nazal Sopranos Paul New panel Hoop, honey l pen pen for new chilies. Livello powered electrically Costco. But it is open Japon to Polymetal it, Paul New Popenoe Khan. Who? Come way Rupeni Taxi. U Penn, Love you. 76. Places in Town 1: Leleu Doraville Dhamma Veal Ilia A cinema Dhamma Vili Delia Cinema A cinema Unical Dhamma Village Really are nickel Unical in God Dhamma Village. Feel younger in God. Anejo Po, Dhamma Vili, Leah. And now I hope oh, unnameable in Bibliotheque. No, my villian! Bibliotheque In Bibliotheque you need Please! Dhamma. Guiliani Glee's unique. Please, Homosassa. Been a cinema you got in Bibliotheque Unical. And I hope oh, you need Glee's in cattle. Doma Vilela Young captain in cattle Salt Commission. Dhamma Jillian Sort of connection. Salt hook A Mexican. A new Pittle Dhamma Vili on? Nope. It'll and no people shoot better Mushy. Really a super mushy. Im u z Dhamma Vili Ilia and Muzzi on Muzzi in boulangerie Dhamma view Delia in boulangerie in boulangerie Homosassa pin. I saw it took a Mexican in boulangerie Anoop. It'll a supermarket. She been Cut it all, um, U z 77. Places in Town 2: Leleu Doraville Dhamma Veal Ilia in boutique Drumaville er de boutique in boutique human eyes The movie Liliane Jim Nas Jim Nas A coffee Dhamma Vidalia Calfee Coffee A mushy Dhamma video machine A marshy a No. Tell Dhamma Vilela the hotel a no tell back Dhamma Veal really are back a Buck Hermosa Sapele on No! Tell Jim Nas in boutique A mushy back coffee stud Dhamma. Really? Delia OSI stud. I stud in the scene. Dhamma. Vili Leo. See in piscine in pissing, you know behavior Dhamma. Really, Leo, See behavior when you behave. Yeah, a book. Dhamma Ville A book in Plus Dhamma, Villa Italia, asean plus in plus I'm Magassa Dhamma V Lelio. See the magazine on my Gaza. Come on in behavior pull. I'm, I guess, huh? In plus stud in pissing. 78. Practice and Repetition 9: All right, so let's practice the vocabulary we've just learned. So how would you say in my city there is a park Dhamma Ville Delia back Dhamma. Really? Ilya back. How would you say in Leo, there is a stadium? I really Oh, yeah, stud. Leo Ileana stud. In my city, there are schools Dhamma, Ville Ilia physical Dhamma Village Elliott Physical. In Bodo, there are markets Abu Elias Abbado. In my city there is also a river Dhamma Ville docu behavior Dhamma, Veal Helio scenery via in Marseilles. There is also a bridge. Um a se Delia. Oh, see, um, a say in the sample. In my city, there are also hotels Dhamma, Ville, Elio. See the total Dhamma Ville video CDs hotel in Paris. They are also museums. Elio, see the Muzzi Aparri. You see the museum In my city there is a cinema train station on an airport. Dhamma Ville Ilia Cinema in God and I Apo Dhamma, Veal Ilia cinema you got and I hope Oh, in Paris there are also shops, boutiques and supermarkets. A party Elio see in the magazines on the boutique supermarche. We see the magazine Day boutique Superman 79. Irregular Verb "Venir" (to come): live every venue. Joviane Tuvia! Hell L via new Vernal Verne A l v in viene July Pet Elvia Porno Social Similar. No vernal vernie. Il L V in V in on a chili's livable Verney Poets cremate Lujan lap over nose of a campaign muscular on the chilies. Do Sylvia do Brasil Elvia Drew Canada The levian Duje Po have a camp au fait Meena only. Please do Joviane de Haas Trivia Do Lucy Verney. Duchin. They can pay Yukiko most Pominville yell only chilies Their post off trivia deal owned Miguel via DAB Argentine L V in Dad affected people Oriel on Italy's Day, John via days it Elvia de PBA Veuve in a day, Philip in a McConville on your chillies. Good trivia. Do party, Julia. Do matter Lead a court action on their post Hoff Seville Calm aspirin. Well, Elvia them stardom alcove has beauty Levick available venue Geniuses Waas Juvie Ocular Valvano Cinema Venero Visto Hall Yapping off. What you In what? You Novello A video yamamoto in moto l avion Skuta Escada 80. Audio Exercises : Singular or Plural: Executives or Joe sanguine, the a priori, singular or plural. Audio exercises. As you may have noticed, sometimes the difference of pronunciation is small between a verb conjugated with singular and plural. So let's do two short audio exercises to work on this. First exercise, you're going to hear one of the two conjugations. You choose, the one you hear. Ready? Elizabeth. Elizabeth, we had ILA is a bit do illiterate. Illiterate D. We had elite you d is it You De la la la la viva? And z. As z. And z. A Likud, a Sam Hill pen. The pen in Paul II pen sees and VR and AR and VR, LVN sent as the 2D and z 2D. Hud. Hud. Read illiquid. Illiquid. Second exercise is an closely to the verb conjugated in the sentence. And say if the subject is singular or plural. As HUD apart as plural. Do. Ela, hips, a schwa, ELA, singular, plot, and Vn obvious, LVN plural. It has to do with the liaison pleural sac, exhibit of horse. Plural as well. Elizabeth says E, parliament, whole, hill Paul, singular. Set. Zadie LavAzza. Plural with the liaison. And wheat plural. Il pen. 81. Indicate a Route: and Ikea and eating there No secular song was alone were really there. But Lavaka Blair keeper met de ngk Anything chromium? Oh, live ever a late to the war Point follow started visually to the wall on street Available part of At what? Who? Pound boosh A post Utilities Intervale. But Tony Tony In what? Tony Bush back. What? Who told that what it was? A little while? Magic A lot Who? Uphold or only cheese? Liver of a pound of a adjective off denial Premier does m. And what a goche Mahalia loop it'll Volponi ladenism And what it was a little war. Lupita is sure that Hood What? Caught on tea party will up your fee. This objective numero off the gnocchi is what duties a presses a on order. Some countries showed a haji culture chief. Okay, little correspond Do is yet another. She foot do Okay. Donahue to strip fix Yem. That was him, like at three AM solar panel. Let's thank him. Have a Can you shoot him out there? What? Paluku e less easy. Um it's that there are live there long. Georgy kiss Any fee? A little long sleeve or caricatures? You know who am or no ma while you packing luge back. It's packing a show. That hood. What? But civil. Continue it show You can know. Femina, Noah Giske Allah, for example. Driscoll. A pharmacy. He ever Cano muscular school. Zesco park point Probably allocated a hall. Pass it develop. It'll continue. Juice can handle a little. But who? Boosh blue Vera, But have a CSI Oh, polio cinema. Complex it back. It will continue it to the war. The cinema is sure about her. Goche Whole poor food fools Quads Mall Who? I got full A food. Small, full voto. Ned, What? 82. Indicate a Route : Audio Exercises: and Ikea and ET Never execs is the compound. So on legs Axis Common Equity Pharma Show say that to put on street Hey, cotillions. And because shown Avik loco extra exists is, uh, excuse him Mom, who said you should have low tell OPR We set a seal so still a parking a pony boosh easily to you are a quasi what All sweet, visually gyroscope Juan love upon a goulash. I usually just co Cosmo Lou tells you what would what. Villa distintas citizen. Hello. From your home. I would have accepted parking a on street apartment, a goulash, usually to the wall a oak Wiseman vote on and what I usually just go on on street to the O . R J School. Quasi little issue. What would what exact sees. Do Komen's excuse Moi Portfolio music This Jones How we know usually to the washer school. Poor lot of Rupeni What the continuities juice cook up full. Even Tony a goose sweet, usually to the war. Just go on a group. What salute? At 3 a.m. The but the most overt hood what to a movie? Citi Z Dubow, Alito are just Volponi and what continue is just coca full. If Tony Goche, Rosalie to watch a all poor Rupeni at what sill got Reem Batty moments. You what would what execs is twat trip? Excuse him or just sexual listo r cism. I wish you could name Boosh who are poor. But what? Continue it wa a plasma. Our streets are so LeDoux Z m at what? No esto all a loaded Uzi and Betty Moore. Sure. What hood? What do to move said to see? I know. Gee, school Buddha. Who? A goose p had wept off street A goulash to the wall. A lead Newseum At what? It's a doozy. Um Vattimo Sure that what exactly Step both. Almost your whole apiece. In a reasonable one. I usually just go back. Love would hover. Continuity at what? Duval. A cinema? Hey, Salute Doozy. Ambati, mop up. Hello, Cinema gentlemen said to see visually to the wall Just go back Prov exit of bark If we continue at what? Vu? Pacy Duval A cinema, A cell A doozy Ambati mo up Hiroshima 83. Demonstrative Adjectives: these objective The most heart if you exist capped Objective The most chief off horses Jahmal Suit Soon key to tease a abacan. No muscular but example sir Cinema So stud, sir. Back on street adjective Femina set havoc and no femina by his arm. Set your laundry set ical Set the scene. Ledgett If parochial, muscular a femina See See Season Emma Sable Artery at a show Cyrano Comus Pominville Fulfill A liaison is see Zika will a exist country inform Latiker Set. Don't remember. No says Sheikh Khalifa. Meena Set kiss utilities that we can know Muscular key commas Bob Invaluable ash but example I apo Sema Skoula on a hobo You commerce Paul of where you are. If I don't utilize a set said they oppo hotel muscular comas Barra rush only Jesus c set said hotel A hope it'll lemon shores set up It'll for his own pathetic axis Devoted physiologic Tiv The most Qatif you know Exoplanet, sir Stud set Bibliotheque set of year I said get it All said they abo Sir Cinema set boutique So Santa Connection set Got said hotel set Bigley's 84. Audio Exercise : Ce / Ces: exact sees Discriminates room So soon. See? See, it could remove. This was the objective, Coach Otto. Example. Service to all Service Door Super Pac. Super Pac. Seema She Seema She see my Gaza. See my Gaza, Serge, Even as surgeon eyes Super Bowl suitable for Muzzi. So Muzzi say cinema se See? Never so she sir. Snapple marshy se stud See stud su Calfee su coffee. 85. Giving your Impressions (1): do Mrs Up his show Premiere party for donates is a preshow opportunities, a logic Tiv the most Qatif look Syria at a adjective by example. Seba a Go, Femina said, God a gold go go on, look on hair But it so back a pretty said God a Put it boo Bill Sabah Cable said. God, a Bell Nouveau nouvelle said Back in the Oval said God in Neuville view, Yeah view, yeah, Sabbah, give you said God, if yea yeah exact sees utilities with prolific Atif. Propose a example. So study go, said Bibliotheque. Avia said, Here put it set Iacopo interval Really possible that Aasif he'll adjective avic system a Tegal said Bbo Take a behavior said here a trip It it said, Cut it all a tremble. So Santa commercial it, Rygel. So cinema it Have you said hotel it hippity? 86. Giving your Impressions (2): doing? This is a place you do them part ish money. Fiqh. So museum magnifique, said Gigli's Inman. If IQ Paula Perriello on a shoot us same uses for money, Fiqh says, it leaves so magnifique. XT Howdy name Susie it takes. How do you know? See museums so extraordinaire E malls said Gigli's 80 malls Physically Santi Malls Sheikh Logic tiff Sheikh al mm firmo muscular ao Femina said. Boutique chic se boutique so chic over his united So my Gaza it to regional, said Boutique eight. Original Atash own Imperial. Muscular it irregularly or his. You know, Femina Orangina. See my guys and some to his, you know, see boutiques on provisional That'll show Okay, the capacity is a of a clear objective swivel money if IQ extraordinaire e malls cream and fic physics hardening crazy malls say correct exorcise utilities like Pacific Atif Hope Jose. But example said boutique chic Secret did also money. Fiqh, Sir, back 80 malls. Suppose a his original C plus for money, Fiqh said. Tickle. It takes hard, you know, Cigar face from Tochigi. No and rest a whole. So arrest all chic on T r. Sedat 80 miles in university, said Geneva Today 87. Dictation Unit 8: Dictate. The last dictation exercise. You have your pen and your sheet of paper to you. You're ready. La, la, la, la, la. La. Cannot be. Moi, I quoted you cannot be, cannot be. Due to a university. University. University. In many fields. Many feet. Sulla photo, you don't want to do leave. Song. Su, do lever. Sulla foot. I don't want to do leave. Sooner foot. I don't want to do leave. Sack was added to the pool. Two, a Rosalie to draw a 2D law. And sees Iliana salt, the boutique chic, DOD she Dhamma, the boutique chic. The boutique chic.