Fly Through English - Verb Tenses | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

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Fly Through English - Verb Tenses

teacher avatar Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

90 Lessons (5h 42m)
    • 1. Fly Through English Verb Tenses

      1:25
    • 2. Lesson 1a Simple vs Perfect

      3:05
    • 3. Lesson 1b Continuous tenses

      2:55
    • 4. Lesson 1c Practice with WALK

      2:25
    • 5. Lesson 2a Non continuous simple future

      3:04
    • 6. Lesson 2b Non continuous simple future contracted

      3:23
    • 7. Lesson 2c Non continuous simple future negative

      3:27
    • 8. Lesson 2d Non continuous simple future practice

      3:06
    • 9. Lesson 2e Non continuous simple future practice 2

      1:34
    • 10. Lesson 3a Non continuous simple conditional

      2:52
    • 11. Lesson 3b Non continuous simple conditional contracted

      2:56
    • 12. Lesson 3c Non continuous simple conditional negative

      2:59
    • 13. Lesson 3d Non continuous simple conditional practice

      3:04
    • 14. Lesson 4a Non continuous simple present

      3:30
    • 15. Lesson 4b Non continuous simple present negative

      3:07
    • 16. Lesson 4c Non continuous simple present practice

      3:37
    • 17. Lesson 4d Non continuous simple present irregular

      4:53
    • 18. Lesson 4e Non continuous simple present BE

      4:53
    • 19. Lesson 4f Non continuous simple present regular verb list

      2:50
    • 20. Lesson 5a Non continuous simple past

      3:05
    • 21. Lesson 5b Non continuous simple past negative

      3:02
    • 22. Lesson 5c Non continuous simple past practice

      3:05
    • 23. Lesson 5d Non continuous simple past irregular

      3:55
    • 24. Lesson 5e Non continuous simple past very irregular

      5:13
    • 25. Lesson 5f Non continuous simple past BE

      3:57
    • 26. Lesson 6a Non continuous perfect tenses

      4:25
    • 27. Lesson 6b Non continuous perfect tenses past participle

      9:06
    • 28. Lesson 7a Non continuous present perfect

      3:03
    • 29. Lesson 7b Non continuous present perfect contracting

      3:25
    • 30. Lesson 7c Non continuous present perfect negative

      2:50
    • 31. Lesson 7d Non continuous present perfect practice

      3:06
    • 32. Lesson 8a Non continuous past perfect

      3:50
    • 33. Lesson 8b Non continuous past perfect negative

      3:30
    • 34. Lesson 8c Non continuous past perfect practice

      3:56
    • 35. Lesson 9a Non continuous future perfect

      4:05
    • 36. Lesson 9b Non continuous future perfect negative

      3:02
    • 37. Lesson 9c Non continuous future perfect practice

      2:57
    • 38. Lesson 10a Non continuous conditional perfect

      2:03
    • 39. Lesson 10b Non continuous conditional perfect contracted

      2:56
    • 40. Lesson 10c Non continuous conditional perfect negative

      3:01
    • 41. Lesson 10d Non continuous conditional perfect practice

      3:37
    • 42. Lesson 11a Simple continuous tenses

      2:47
    • 43. Lesson 11b Simple continuous tenses present participle

      3:10
    • 44. Lesson 11c Simple continuous tenses present participle irregulars

      3:02
    • 45. Lesson 12a Simple present continuous tense

      3:52
    • 46. Lesson 12b Simple present continuous negative

      3:35
    • 47. Lesson 12c Simple present continuous tense negative practice

      3:03
    • 48. Lesson 12d Simple present continuous practice

      3:21
    • 49. Lesson 13a Simple past continuous tense

      3:32
    • 50. Lesson 13b Simple past continuous tense negative

      3:50
    • 51. Lesson 13c Simple past continuous tense practice

      3:09
    • 52. Lesson 14a Simple future continuous tense

      3:28
    • 53. Lesson 14b Simple future continuous negative

      4:05
    • 54. Lesson 14c Simple future continuous practice

      4:16
    • 55. Lesson 15a Simple conditional continuous tense

      3:32
    • 56. Lesson 15b Simple conditional continuous negative

      4:13
    • 57. Lesson 15c Simple conditional continuous practice

      4:13
    • 58. Lesson 16a Perfect continuous tenses

      3:44
    • 59. Lesson 17a Present perfect continuous tense

      3:42
    • 60. Lesson 17b Present perfect continuous negative

      4:07
    • 61. Lesson 17c Present perfect continuous practice

      4:00
    • 62. Lesson 18a Past perfect continuous tense

      3:20
    • 63. Lesson 18b Past perfect continuous negative

      4:10
    • 64. Lesson 18c Past perfect continuous practice

      4:05
    • 65. Lesson 19a Future perfect continuous tense

      4:00
    • 66. Lesson 19b Future perfect continuous negative

      4:35
    • 67. Lesson 19c Future perfect continuous practice

      4:32
    • 68. Lesson 20a Conditional perfect continuous tense

      3:19
    • 69. Lesson 20b Conditional perfect continuous contractions

      3:30
    • 70. Lesson 20c Conditional perfect continuous negative

      3:03
    • 71. Lesson 20d Conditional perfect continuous practice

      4:50
    • 72. Lesson 20e Table of all the tenses

      1:02
    • 73. Lesson 21a Simple present tense questions

      3:40
    • 74. Lesson 21b Simple present tense negative questions

      3:30
    • 75. Lesson 22a Simple past tense questions

      3:36
    • 76. Lesson 22b Simple past tense negative questions

      3:25
    • 77. Lesson 23a Simple future tense questions

      4:38
    • 78. Lesson 24a Simple conditional tense questions

      4:46
    • 79. Lesson 25a Present perfect tense questions

      5:06
    • 80. Lesson 26a Past perfect tense questions

      4:45
    • 81. Lesson 27a Future perfect tense questions

      5:09
    • 82. Lesson 28a Conditional perfect tense questions

      5:20
    • 83. Lesson 29a Present continuous tense questions

      6:05
    • 84. Lesson 30a Past continuous tense questions

      5:20
    • 85. Lesson 31a Future continuous tense questions

      5:28
    • 86. Lesson 32a Conditional continuous tense questions

      5:24
    • 87. Lesson 33a Present perfect continuous tense questions

      5:25
    • 88. Lesson 34a Past perfect continuous tense questions

      5:44
    • 89. Lesson 35a Future perfect continuous tense questions

      5:50
    • 90. Lesson 36a Conditional perfect continuous tense questions

      5:49
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About This Class

Hello and welcome to "Fly Through English - Verb Tenses". The aim of this course is to help you to understand and master the sixteen different tenses in English.

Every sentence must contain a verb and you can change the meaning of a simple sentence by changing the tense of the verb. For example:

I speak to George.

I spoke to George.

I will speak to George.

I am speaking to George.

I would have spoken to George.

Each sentence above is the same except for the tense of the verb. In this course you will learn about each tense in depth, have ample opportunity for practising what you've learnt and you'll also look at the irregular verbs in each tense.

I've split the course into videos of just three minutes in length. This allows even the busiest student to watch a video at least once a day without having to make a huge commitment.

Meet Your Teacher

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Kieran Ball

Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

Teacher

Hello, I’m Kieran and I’m a language tutor based in the UK. I have created a series of online courses that you can use to learn to speak French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. (I also have some English and math courses)

Have a look below to see all the courses I currently have available. I try to add a new course at least once every other week, so check back regularly to see if the next one is ready.

I hope you enjoy :-)

Happy learning!

Kieran

See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Fly Through English Verb Tenses: Hello. I'm Karen along Wished you to based in the UK Andi. I wrote this cause to help me to learn and understand the English language. This cause could be used as a reference course to learn how to manipulate verbs in English . In this cause, I explain how verbs can be conjugated into 16 different tenses. How to negate them. Onda House turned them into questions. Every sentence in English has to contain a verb. You can learn an entire dictionary, but if you don't know how to use the verbs, you won't be able to build a sentence properly. Verbs are quite remarkable things because they can change the meaning of a whole sentence. For example, in this sentence, simply by changing the tense of the verb, you can change the meaning. I speak French. I'm speaking French. I will speak French. I would speak French. I spoke French. The verb in the sentence is is speak. But they're all in different tenses on this changes the meaning off the sentence. So, as I said in this course, we're going to learn the 16 English tenses 2. Lesson 1a Simple vs Perfect: every verb in English can be split up into four different tenses. The present, the past, the future on the conditional. Then each of these tenses can be split up into two categories called simple and perfect. These two categories can also be split up into two further categories called continuous and non continuous. This might seem very confusing, so let's have a look at it with a common verb speak to start with. Let's only look at the person I That means I will be doing all the actions in this example just to make things a little simpler to see. So let's begin by splitting up the verb speak into the four different tenses, the present tense. I speak the past tense. I spoke the future tense. I will speak on the conditional temps I would speak. The tenses in those four examples are simple tenses, so we can really add the word simple to the name of each tense. Just for this explanation, it's become clear in a moment. So we had. The simple present was I speak. The simple past was I spoke. The simple future I will speak and the simple conditional I would see we can then put those four tenses into the second category called the Perfect Category. The word perfect when talking about very forms means that the verb will contain some form off have. So let's have a look at the same tenses again but in the perfect form instead of in the simple phone. So the simple present was I speak the present. Perfect is I have spoken. The simple past was I spoke the past. Perfect is I had spoken. The simple future was I will speak and the future perfect is I will have spoken. The simple conditional is I would speak and the conditional perfect is I would have spoken . So that's the main two categories off the four tenses. Simple on perfect. Let's put them together So you've got the simple on the left and then the perfect on the right and you've got the present past future unconditional. I speak. I have spoken. I spoke. I have spoken. I will speak. I will have spoken and I would speak Andi. I would have spoken 3. Lesson 1b Continuous tenses: We'll have a look at the tenses individually, a bit more later. But for now, just notice how the perfect category all contain some form off the verb have on the past participle which is spoken. So I have spoken. I had spoken. I will have spoken, Andi, I would have spoken. The simple and perfect tenses can be split up into two further categories. Continuous Andi Non continuous. The continuous category adds to extra things to the verb. The would be in some form on the suffix ing to the end of the main verb. So let's have a look at the simple continuous Andi. The perfect continuous forms off the So we've got the present Simple continuous is I am speaking the past simple, continuous. I was speaking the future simple, continuous. I will be speaking on the conditional simple, continuous I would be speaking and then in the perfect tenses. We've got the present perfect continuous. I have bean speaking the past perfect continuous. I had been speaking the future perfect continuous. I will have been speaking Onda the conditional perfect continuous. I would have bean speaking. All the continuous forms contain the word speaking and some form off B. The perfect continuous forms have have bean or had bean. So in total there are 16 different forms that you can congregate in English verb into. Let's practice by conjugating some different verbs into all the tenses. So the verb speak can be conjugated into 16 different ways. I speak. I spoke. I will speak. I would speak are the simple tenses I have spoken. I had spoken. I will have spoken and I would have spoken Are the perfect tenses I am speaking. I was speaking. I will be speaking on day. I would be speaking of a simple, continuous tenses. Andi, I have been speaking. I had been speaking. I will have been speaking on day. I would have been speaking are the perfect continuous tenses. 4. Lesson 1c Practice with WALK: see if you can have a go at doing the same with the verb walk. So pause the video and try and fill in the gaps in the table on the screen, the same as we did with speak. But this time with the Web walk. So just with the I forms off the verb, then press play and Steve, you've gotten correct. So in the non continuous table you should have got for the simple tenses I walk for the present. Simple. I walked for the past. Simple. I will walk for the future simple and I would walk for the conditional simple then in the perfect tenses, you should have got. I have walked for the present perfect. I had walked for the past. Perfect. I will have walked for the future Perfect and I would have walked for the conditional Perfect. In the continuous table, you should have put for the simple, continuous verbs in the present tense. I am walking for the past simple, continuous. I was walking for the future, simple, continuous. I will be walking and, for the conditional, simple, continuous I would be walking and then, in the perfect continuous tenses for the present perfect continuous. I have bean walking the past perfect continuous. I had bean walking the future perfect continuous. I will have bean walking and the conditional perfect continuous I would have been working. Now let's have a look at all of these forms individually on learn how to use them in English. So I split them up into four categories to explore the simple, non continuous tenses, the simple, continuous tenses, the perfect non continuous tenses on the perfect continuous tenses. 5. Lesson 2a Non continuous simple future: the simple, non continuous tenses. The four simple, non continuous tenses are the present tense, the past tense, the future tense on the conditional tense. The two of these tenses that are easiest to form are the future on the conditional. So let's start with them. The future tense in English to form the future tense or you have to do is put the phrase I will in front of event. You can do this with every single English live in existence. Speak becomes. I will speak. Jump becomes, I will jump, eat becomes I will eat. B becomes, I will be, have becomes. I will have. You can also change the word I to any of the English persons. The persons in English tell you who's doing the action there. Six persons. We have a singular and plural versions off the 1st 2nd and third person in English. The first person singular is I the first person plural. If we, the second person singular, is you on the second person, plural is also you. The third person singular. Is he she or it? And the third person plural is they? So you can change the word I into any of those persons on the word will stays the same. I will speak. You will speak He she or it will speak. We will speak and they will speak. So let's have a practice With the future tense, I'll give you a verb and a person and you put it into the future tense. So the verb is B and the person is I I will be The verb is jump on. The person is you You will jump speak and they they will speak Eat And we we will eat See And he he will see leave and she she will leave. 6. Lesson 2b Non continuous simple future contracted: Here's some example Sentences in the future. Tense in English. I will call George tomorrow. It will be fine. They will tell the teacher he will send me the documents by email. She will stay here until next year. We will eat there another time. One thing you conduce Andi. Well, here quite often is the future tense Contracted. What this means is the phrases I will you will. He will, etcetera become shortened slightly. In actual fact, it's the word Will that become shortened? It turns into apostrophe double L. It hooks onto the I you he or she was Just so you know, those words are called subject programs. So I you he she it we and they are the subject pronouns. So here's a comparison off the future tense with the verb Speak in both the full form on the contracted form. I will speak becomes I'll speak. You will speak. You'll speak. He will speak. He will speak. She will speak. She'll speak. It will speak. It will speak. We will speak, will speak. They will speak. They'll speak. See if you can say these example sentences in the contracted form. So what would be the contracted form off. I will call George tomorrow. Are called yours tomorrow. It will be fine. It would be fine. They will tell the teacher they'll tell the teacher he will send me the documents by email . He'll send me the documents by email. She will stay here until next year. She will stay here until next year. We will eat that under the time will eat there another time. So to contract the future tense in English. You change the word will into apostrophe double l and you hook it onto the pronouns I you, he she it we and they to become ill. You're he'll if you it'll wheel and bail and you put a very when the end of that. 7. Lesson 2c Non continuous simple future negative: making it negative to make this tense. Negative. It's quite easy. All you have to do is put the word no After the word will. So you'll get I will not and you will not accept. Here is a comparison off the positive and negative future tense with the verb speak. I will speak. I will not speak. You will speak. You will not speak. He will speak. He will not speak. She will speak. She will not speak. It will speak. It will not speak. We will speak. We will not speak. They will speak. They will not speak. However, in common practice the negative form off The future tense is used in its contracted form. And the non contracted form is saved mainly for more emphatic use To contract the negative future tense. The phrase will not shortens to become Won't. I will not speak. I won't speak. You will not speak. You won't speak. He will not speak. He won't speak. She will not speak. She won't speak. It will not speak. It won't speak. We will not speak. We won't speak. They will not speak. They won't speak. As I said, The contracted form is used a lot more then the non contracted form, which is generally reserved for sounding more forceful. I will not go sounds much more forceful than I won't go. For instance, there is also a second contracted form off the negative future tenants in English. This form uses the contracted form off the positive future tense, the ill and your forms, and you put the word not after these. Instead, I will not speak. You'll not speak. He'll not speak. Shall not speak. If you're not speak, I will not speak. They will not speak. This form can be considered a little more formal than the won't form, but I use it just as much in formal and informal situations. So let's have a quick recap off the future tense and then we'll practice it. The key to the future tense in English is Will. We've got the positive. I will speak the positive, contracted. I'll speak the negative. I will not speak the negative contracted first version. I won't speak and the negative contracted second version. I'll not speak 8. Lesson 2d Non continuous simple future practice: I'll give you a very on the person and see if you can put them into the five forms be And it it will be. It will be. It will not be. It won't be. It will not be eat and we we will eat. We'll eat. We will not eat. We won't eat, will not eat. Come And they they will come. Welcome. They will not come. They won't come. They will not come now Let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form off the future tense on. I want you to try and save the sentences in the other four forms. They will send it by post. They'll send it by post. They will not send it by post. They won't send it by post. They will not send it by post. He won't listen to me. He will listen to me and listen to me. He will not listen to me. He'll not listen to me. A useful thing to note is that you can change he she and it to any name or any now. And you can also do this with they. So instead of saying he will leave, You can say Michael will leave. Instead of saying she will call you, you can say thunder will call you instead of saying it will be delicious, You can say the food will be delicious. Instead of saying they will be late, you can say Harry impact will be late. Or instead of saying they will finish early on Friday, you can say the Children will finish early on Friday so you can change he she or it or they to any name or any now. 9. Lesson 2e Non continuous simple future practice 2: let's do a few more practice sentences. I'll say the sentence in one form, and then you can try and say them in the other four firms. Oliver will not be happy now before you do this one. Just note that when you use a name or a noun instead of a subject pronoun, you can't contract the will to the apostrophe double L. So you can't attach anything to the name in English, but you can with the subject programs, so Oliver will not be happy. The positive contracted form and the second negative contracted form are not possible to do with this sentence. Oliver will be happy. Oliver won't be happy. Well, not book it today. We will book it today. We'll book it today. We will not book it today. We won't book it today. So that's the simple future. Tense in English. Just remember, will 10. Lesson 3a Non continuous simple conditional: the conditional tense in English to form the conditional tense. All you have to do is put the phrase I would in front of a VEB. You can do this with every single English in existence. Speak becomes, I would speak. Jump becomes, I would jump, eat becomes I would eat. B becomes I would be and have becomes, I would have just like with the future tense, you can also change the word I to any of the English persons. The person is in English tell you who's doing the action on. Remember, there are six persons. I we you is the same in the singular on the parole. So it's you again, he she or it and they you can change the word I into any of those persons and the word would stays the same. I would speak. You would speak. He she or it would speak. We would speak and they would speak. So let's have a practice with the conditional tense. I'll give you a very about a person, and you put it into the conditional tense Be and I I would be jump and you you would jump speak and they they would speak eat and we we would eat, see? And he he would see leave and she she would leave. Here's some example sentences in the conditional tense in English. I would call George tomorrow. It would be fine. They would tell the teacher he would send me the documents by email. She would stay here until next year. We would eat there another time, save you put would in front of a Web. In English, you get the conditional tense. 11. Lesson 3b Non continuous simple conditional contracted: contractions. Just like with the future tense, you can contract the conditional tense and make it shorter. What this means is the phrases I would you would and he would etcetera become shortened slightly. It's only actually the word. Would that become shortened? And it becomes shortened quite drastically. It tends into apostrophe D, and it hooks onto the I you, he or she Woods or the subject pronouns. So here's a comparison off the conditional tense with the verb speed in both the full form on the contracted form. I would speak ID, speak. You would speak. You're to speak. He would speak. He'd speak. She would speak. She'd speak. It would speak. It should speak. We would speak. We'd speak. They would speak, they'd speak. So you see, if you can say these sentences in the contracted form, how would you contract in English? I would call George tomorrow. I'd call George tomorrow. It would be fine. It would be fine. They would tell the teacher they did tell the teacher he would send me the documents by email. He'd send me the documents by email. She would stay here until next year. She'd stay here until next year we would eat there again. We d Berrigan. So to contract the conditional tense, all you have to do is instead of saying, would you hook apostrophe d onto the subject programs So I would becomes I'd you would becomes you'd, he would becomes heat. She would becomes shed, it would becomes it'd, we would becomes weed and they would becomes Vaid and then you can put a verb onto the end off any of those. 12. Lesson 3c Non continuous simple conditional negative: making it negative to make this tense negative is quite easy. All you have to do is put the word not after the word would. So you'll get. I would not and you would not, etcetera hit a comparison off the positive and negative conditional tense with the web. Speak. I would speak. I would not speak. You would speak. You would not speak. He would speak. He would not speak. She would speak. She would not speak. It would speak. It would not speak. He would speak. We would not speak. They would speak. They would not speak The negative form off. The conditional tense is used in its contracted form more than its full form to contract the negative conditional tense. The phrase would not shortens to become wouldn't. I would not speak. I wouldn't speak. You would not speak. You wouldn't speak. He would not speak. He wouldn't speak. She would not speak. She wouldn't speak. It would not speak. It wouldn't speak. We would not speak. We wouldn't speak. They would not speak and they wouldn't speak just like there was. With the future tense, there is also a second contracted form off the negative conditional tense in English. This form uses the contracted form off the positive conditional tense the ID and you'd forms. And you put the word not after these instead. This isn't used as much though, so it's probably best to stick with the wouldn't negative form. But you can. You can say I did not speak. You'd not speak. He did not speak. She did not speak. It did not speak. We'd not speak. They did not speak. Let's have a quick recap off the conditional tense and then we'll practice it. The key to the conditional tense in English is would so in the positive you have, I would speak. The positive contracted form is I'd speak. The negative is I would not speak. The first negative contracted form is I wouldn't speak on the second negative contracted form which isn't users. March is I'd not speak 13. Lesson 3d Non continuous simple conditional practice: So I'll give you a verb and a person and see if you can put it into the five forms off the simple, conditional tense B And it it would be it would be It would not be. It wouldn't be and it would not be eat. And we we would eat. We'd eat, We would not eat, We wouldn't eat and we'd not eat. Come and they they would come. They come. They would not come. They wouldn't come and they did not come. Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of the conditional tense and I want you to try and save the sentences in the other four forms. They would send it by post. They'd send it by post. They would not send it by post. They wouldn't send it by post. They not send it by post. He wouldn't listen to me. He would listen to me. He listened to me. He would not listen to me. He had not listened to me. She would not be happy. She would be happy. She'd be happy. She wouldn't be happy. Should not be happy. We've not book it today. We would book it today. We'd book it today. We would not book it today. We wouldn't be hit today. So that's the conditional tense in English. Just remember the word would 14. Lesson 4a Non continuous simple present: the present tense in English to form the present tense. All you have to do is put the word I in front of of it. This works for most verbs, so speak becomes I speak, jump becomes, I jump, eat becomes I eat sleep becomes I sleep and have becomes I have You can also change the would I to any off the English persons. So remember the persons in English tell you who's doing the action on there are six persons i we, you, you, he she or it And they you can change the word I into any of those persons And the verb always stays the same except for one occasion. So I speak can become you speak or we speak all they speak the occasion whether very doesn't stay the same is when the person is the third person singular So he she or it when the subject is he she or it you have to add the letter s to the end of the bed. He speaks, she speaks and it speaks. So usually you just put the subject pronoun in front of the web. But if the subject pronoun is he she or it You have to remember to put s on the end of the verb as well. So I dance, you dunce. He dances, she dances, it dances, we dance and they dance. So let's have a practice with the present tense I'll give you a verb and a person and you put it into the present tense Run and I I would jump And you you jump, speak And they they speak eat And we we eat, see And he he sees So don't forget you have to put an s on the end, I believe And she she leaves again You have to put the s and the end off He she or it ribs in the present tense Here's some example Sentences in the present tense in English. I called George every day. It takes two hours by train. They tell the teacher everything. He sends me the documents by email. She stays here most weekends. We eat there a few times a month 15. Lesson 4b Non continuous simple present negative: making it negative to make this tense Negative. It's quite easy we have to do is put the phrase do not in front of the bed I speak becomes I do not speak You speak becomes you Do not speak, We speak We do not speak. They speak they do not speak If we use the third person Singular However you have to put the phrase does not in front of the verb instead and you don't have to put the extra s on the end of the village. A good way to remember this is to think that the phrase does not already has an s in it. So you don't need to add another one to the end of the village. So he speaks becomes he does not speak. She speaks. She does not speak. It speaks it does not speak. Here is a comparison off the positive and negative present tense with the verb work I work . I do not work. You work. You do not work. He works. He does not work. She works. She does not work. It works. It does not work. We work. We do not work. They work. They do not work However, in common practice, the negative form off the present tense is used in its contracted form, and the non contracted form is mainly saved for more emphatic use to contract the negative present tense. The phrase do not shortens to become don't and the phrase does not becomes doesn't. And again, you don't put the S on the end of third person singular verb. If you put doesn't in front of it. I do not play. I don't play. You do not play. You don't play. He does not play. He doesn't play. She does not play. She doesn't play. It does not play. It doesn't play. We do not play. We don't play. They do not play. They don't play. As I said, the contracted form is used a lot more than the non contracted form, which is generally reserved for sounding more forceful. I do not have sounds more more forceful than I don't have. For instance, 16. Lesson 4c Non continuous simple present practice: The key to the present tense in English is just the very of itself. And we only have a positive and negative on one contracting negative form. So the positive is I speak. Don't forget when you have 1/3 person singular subject pronoun you have to put it s on the end. So he speaks. The negative is I do not speak. But for the third person singular pronouns we say instead he does not speak. You don't have to put the s on the end on the contracted negative form off the present tense is either I don't speak. Oh, he doesn't speak. So I'll give you some verbs on a person and see if you can put them into the positive and negative present tense arrive and it it arrives. It does not arrive, It doesn't arrive. Eat And we we eat. We do not eat, We don't eat. Come and they they come. They do not come. They don't come Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of the present tense. Andi, I want you to try and save the sentences in near the forms they send it by post. They do not send it by post. They don't send it by post. He doesn't listen to me. He listens to me. He does not listen to me. Oliver works very hard. Oliver does not work very hard. Oliver doesn't work very hard. We hire a car. Usually we do not hire a car. Usually we don't hire a car. Usually. So the present tense. All you have to do is use the verb and put a subject pronoun in front of it. If the subject is 1/3 person singular form, then you have to remember to put an s on the end of the verb to make it negative. You put the phrase do not or does not. In front of the bed, if you use does not. With 1/3 person singular form of the subject program, you don't add the letter s to the end of the verb. Similarly, this is true with the contracted forms. Don't and doesn't 17. Lesson 4d Non continuous simple present irregular: no. With the future on DCA additional tenses, I said that you can add Will on would toe any verb in the English language and it will always work. However, there are some verbs that do funny things in the present tense. We call these verbs irregulars. Most of the irregular verbs in the present tense are only irregular for the third person singular form of the verb so that he, she or it form and most of the time they're only slightly irregular. What makes this next list of verbs irregular is the fact that you have to add e s instead of just a s when you use them in the present tense in the third person Singular. So there are 16 off these verbs and we'll go through them now Go. He goes catch. He captures kiss, he kisses teach. He teaches fix. He fixes push. He pushes finish, he finishes reach, he reaches pass, he passes mix, he mixes hist. He hisses, torch he touches echoed. He echoes rush. He rushes watch he watches So they're 16 verbs in the present tense have to have an e s on the end in celebrates and s when you put them in the he she or it form off the web. These next verbs there are five of them. All end in the letter y. When you put these verbs in the present tense in the he she or it form the why changes to an i. E s. So, as ever is adding an s. You have to change the why to an i e and then put the s and the end. So I worry becomes he worries. Hurry, he hurries. Try. He tries dry, he dries fly he flies the web have isn't a group by itself have changes to has When you put it with he she or it so have becomes he has So those are the three groups off irregular verbs we have in English The first group of 16 verbs that you put on E s on the end off instead of just s The second group of verbs is just a list of five which end in the letter y and you have to change the why to an i e. S if you put them with the he she or it form of the present tense and then the third group is just one verb have which becomes has when you put it with he she or it in the present tense. So just 22 irregular verbs. Now it's important to note also that when you put these verbs in the negative present tense well, then they don't change it all. So you don't have to add the S or the es, or you don't have to change the y two a ni es and so in the negative you just put doesn't in front of them and use the verb as it comes normally. So go in the present tense goes, he goes. But in the negative, you say he doesn't go or worry. He worries he doesn't worry, have tens until he has. But then in the negative, he doesn't have so in the negative. They will go back to the form that they originally come in 18. Lesson 4e Non continuous simple present BE: So you've seen those three groups off irregular verbs that are irregular just in the third person singular form off the Tencent's of the he she and it forms. But finally we have one more verb that's irregular, and that is be the verb. B is the most irregular verb you'll find on D. It's the only verb that changes for every person in the present tense. So be becomes I am. You are. He is. She is. It is. We are and they are so it's very irregular And there are three different forms all together , Um which is just used with I Ah, which you use with you, we and they and is which is used with he she or it I am. You are. He is. She is. It is. We are and they are. You can contract the verb be in the present tense to have a look at these. I, um, becomes I'm you are becomes your he is becomes. He's she is becomes, she's it is becomes its we are becomes were and they are becomes there. So what you do to contract is take off the first letter and putting apostrophe instead and hook it to the subject. Pran, the very B is sorry regular that it doesn't does its own thing in the negative too. Normally you add don't or doesn't in front off of able to make it negative in the present tense. However, with the veb be, you have to put not after it instead. So I am becomes I am not. You are becomes you are not. He is becomes. He is not. She is she is not. It is it is not. We are. We are not. They are they are not. You can also contract the negative present tense for the B. In two ways, you can either put the word not after the contracted positive present tense form. Or you can put n apostrophe t after the verb itself. And so you hook it onto the form of B. You can't do this Second form off the negative contracted present tense for I am. So here's the two contracted negative forms off the present tense off the baby. I'm not so remember that I am only has one form of the negative contraction you're not or you aren't, he's not. Oh, he isn't. She's not or she isn't. It's not or it isn't. We're not and we aren't. They're not or they aren't. That's the verb to be. It's extremely irregular in the present tense and even in the negative forms. It's a regular, too. So I am. You are. He is. She is. It is. We are, and they are can contract in the positive form to become I'm your he's She's It's were And there you make them negative by putting not on the end of them. I am not. You are not. He is not. She is not. It is not. We are not and they are not. And you can contract them in the negative in two ways to except for the I from I'm not, you're not or you on. He's not or he isn't she's not. She isn't It's not. It isn't. We're not. We aren't. They're not, and they aren't 19. Lesson 4f Non continuous simple present regular verb list: Now here's a list off regular verbs that you can use to play around with the present tense in English. I have given you 65 off the more commonly used ribs become Begin. Bend, bite, break. Bring by choose close come cost cooked. Draw, drink dr Eat Full feed. Feel fight. Forget get give grow. Hang here. Hide hit, homed, hurt. Keep no leave. Lend lose make meet open pay put read. Ride, run se see sale. Send shake, shoot thing. Sit, sleep, speak. Spend stunned. Swim, Take, tell, think, throw. I understand way, win work and right so all 65 of those ribs are not irregular and you can play around with them. Try and build some sentences in the present tense, the future tense and the conditional tense, and you don't have to worry about them being irregular. These are just a few of the more commonly used ribs in everyday English, but there are many more, such as listen, for example, but you've got 65 to be getting on with 20. Lesson 5a Non continuous simple past: the past tense. The last of the four simple tenses in English is the past tense. It's a bit trickier than the other tenses, but not too difficult. Most of the time you conform the past tense in English by putting I in front of the Web and the letters e. D. On the end of the verb, for example, jump in the past becomes I jumped. Walk. I walked Cool. I called paint. I painted Cook, I cooked play I played. If the verb already end in the letter E, you simply add a D to the end of it rather than an e d. So dance already ends in the letter e So you just put it due In the end I danced, decorate, I decorated prepare, I prepared type. I typed Squeeze I squeezed. You can also change the word I to any of the English persons. As I've said three times now the persons in English tell you who's doing the action and there are six persons altogether. I we you and you, he she and it and they you can change the world I into any of those persons and the verb state the same I jumped. You jumped. He jumped, She jumped. It jumped. We jumped. And Agent. So let's have a practice with the past tense, I'll give you a verb under person and you put in the past tense. Don't forget, you just have the letters e g to the end of the verb. But if the verb already ended in their t e, you just add a d to the end. So finish and I I finished stroke and you you stroked clean and they they cleaned wash and we we washed white and he he wiped play and she she played search for the past tense in English You put e d on the end of the verb or if they have already ends in an E, then you just put the letter d on the end instead. 21. Lesson 5b Non continuous simple past negative: Here are some example Sentences in the past tense in English. I called George yesterday. It turned very cold. All of a sudden they played football in the garden. He prepared some sandwiches for lunch. She stayed here until last week. We worked very hard on the project. Now, to make this tense negative, you have to put the phrase did not in front of the bed and then you don't put the e d on the end of it. So what did? Not in front of the verb and then don't put the e. D on the end. So here's a comparison off the positive and negative past tense with the verb call. I called. I did not call you called. You did not call. He called. He did not call. She called. She did not call it called it did not call. We called. We did not call. They called. They did not call. However, in common practice, the negative form of the past tense is used in its contracted form on the non contracted form is saved mainly for more emphatic use to come to contract the negative past tense, the phrase did not shortens to become didn't. I did not. Call becomes I didn't call you did not call. You didn't call. He did not call. He didn't call. She did not call. She didn't call it. Did not call It didn't cool. We did not call. We didn't call. They did not call. They didn't call. As I said, the contracted form is used a lot more than the non contracted form which is generally reserved for sounding more forceful. I did not go. Sounds much more forceful than I didn't go, for instance. So let's have a quick recap off the past tense and then will practice it. The key to the past tense in English is e d. So in the positive we have I called in the negative. We have I did not call and then you can contract the negative and get I didn't call. I called. I did not call and I didn't call. So when you put the did not or that didn't in front of the verb, you don't at the e. D to the end of it 22. Lesson 5c Non continuous simple past practice: Now I'll give you a verb and a person and see if you can put them into the three forms off the past tense. So jump and it it jumped. It did not jump. It didn't jump kiss and we we kissed. We did not kiss. We didn't kiss arrive and they they arrived. They did not arrive. They didn't arrive. Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of the past tense, and I want you to try and save the sentences in the other two forms. They boarded the plane. They did not board the plane. They didn't board the plane. He didn't listen to me. He listened to me. He did not listen to me. Oliver played football at school. Oliver did not play football at school. Oliver didn't play football at school. We didn't boil it. In the end, we booked it. In the end. We did not book it in the end, so that's the simple past tense in English. Just remember to add E. D. Here are 16 verbs that you can use to play around with this Tents help visit. Want 10 watch, push, greet no work, play hate hope a shuhn ty free and enjoy. So if the verb already ends in there to e to make it into the past tense, you just put a deal in the end. If not, you put E d. So have a play by with these Web. See if you can put them into different persons and into the negative forms. So, for example, help. You can say I helped you helped. He helped. She helped. It helped. We helped and they helped. Or I did not help and then put it into the contracted form. I didn't help and see if you can make some sentences. I helped Maria yesterday, or I didn't help the Children with their homework. 23. Lesson 5d Non continuous simple past irregular: irregular verbs. Now with the past tense. Just like with the present tense, there are a few verbs that do funny things. We call these verbs irregulars to form the past tense in English. You generally add e. D to the end of the verb. There's a group of verbs where, before adding E D, however, you have to double the constant on the end. For example, regret to make this verb into the past tense, you have to double the tea before adding any D. So regret in the past tense is I regretted. Let me give you a list of five verbs that do this. So regret becomes regretted. Beg becomes begged. Plan becomes planned. Okay, becomes occurred. Permit becomes permitted. So those five ribs you double the constant on the end and then at E. D. Then there's a group of verbs that end in a constant on the left. Why, when this happens, you change the why to an i e. D. In the past tense, I'll give you two examples of this group. Cry CR Why, when you change the why to an i e d. And then you get cried. So I cried or you cried. Secondly, try t all. Why again? You change the why to an i e d. And you get tried. I tried. I tried very hard. So cry becomes cried and try becomes tried. The exception to this rule is the fly fly. In the past tense is flu, which doesn't have a needy at all. So fly becomes flu. The bird flew away. Finally, there is a group of extremely irregular verbs that just do their own thing. It's best just to learn these rather than try and find a pattern. Unfortunately, there are quite a few of them. What I shall do is give you a list off the more commonly used verbs that are irregular in the past tense in English, and then you can learn them a few of the time. I don't think you have to learn all of them at once. Go through the list, learn one or two each day, try and make a few centers out of them and start to get used to the irregular verbs. If you make a mistake with these webs, though, the good thing is that you'll still be understood. For example, one irregular verb is catch in the past, Catch becomes court. So you say I caught the ball. For example, if you, by accident, said, I catch the ball with an e. D. On the end, you wouldn't be misunderstood. It's wrong and the person you're speaking to, you would know that you made a mistake, but they would understand what you meant. So don't worry too much about these irregular verbs. Try and learn them as best as you can. But if you do make a mistake now and again, don't worry. I'll put the list of irregular verbs on the next lesson, and then it hit a whole video to it. And then, with all the lists of verbs that I'm giving you, you'll find at the very end of this course a downloadable pdf that you can download and print off for keeping your computer to read through to remind you of the irregular verbs that where you haven't got to keep watching the videos over and over. 24. Lesson 5e Non continuous simple past very irregular: here is a list off some of the more commonly used, very irregular verbs in the past tense in English, I'll say the verb in its normal form first and then the past tense of the verb become became begin begun bend bent bite bit blow blue break broke Bring brought build built by bought catch court Come came cost cost so that it doesn't change it all. Quote cooked That's an example of another Very that doesn't change it all in the past tense Do did draw Drew drink drank Dr Drove eat eight full failed I feel I felt fight fault Find found fly flu Forget I forgot Frieze froze Get got give gave go went, grow, grew have had here Heard hide hid, hold held Keep kept no new leave left make made meet mitt Pay paid put put so that it doesn't change Told in the past Quit Quit Is another there? That doesn't change at all in the past. Now this next verb read in the past it's spelt exactly the same as the normal ebb. But you pronounce it read. This is a tricky VEB. So read read. So in the past, you say red even though it's spelt r e a d you pronounce it in the past tense as read. I read a book, for example. Run, Run SE said See Soar sell sold Send sent sing sang, sit sent sleep Slept, speak spoke Spend spent swim, swim, take took teach talked tail told, Think, thought throw. It's the room, understand? Understood where Win one and Right wrote. 25. Lesson 5f Non continuous simple past BE: then finally we have the verb be. This verb is the most irregular verb you'll find. And it's the only web that has more than one form off the past tense depending on what person is being used. So in the past tense be becomes I waas you wear he waas she was it waas we were and they were just like we saw in the negative present temps The verb B is so irregular that it did his own thing in the negative past two. Normally, you can add didn't in front of a web to make it negative in the past tense. However, with a B, you have to put not after it instead I was I was not you wear You were not he waas He was not She was she was not it waas It was not We were We were not. They were and they were not. You can contract the negative past tense for the baby by hooking n apostrophe t onto the end of it. I was not becomes. I wasn't you were not becomes You went. He was not becomes. He wasn't she was not becomes. She wasn't it was not it wasn't. We were not. We weren't and they were not becomes. They went. So that's the past tense in English. Normally you add e d to the end off the web. If the verb already ends in the letter E, you simply add a D to the end of it. Then we have the group of verbs where you have to double the last constant before adding the e d. For example, beg becomes I baked. Secondly, there are the verbs that end in a continent on the letter y. For these webs, you change the y into an i e d. Such as with cry, which becomes I cried. And thirdly, there is that long list off irregular verbs that doesn't seem to follow any pattern. Finally, there is the b which becomes waas for I and he she and it or where for you, we and they to make any verb in English negative in the past tense, you just put, did not or didn't in front of it and then put the normal very well in the end, without putting any e d on that. This works even with the really irregular verbs, for example, by in the past tense becomes I bought. But in the negative, it becomes I didn't buy. So it goes back to being by the only way that has its own rule is be You have to put the word not after it in the past to make it negative. For example, I was becomes I was not. Or you could contract it too. I wasn't. 26. Lesson 6a Non continuous perfect tenses: the perfect non continuous tenses before simple, non continuous tenses are the present tense, the past tense, the future tense on the conditional temps. Each of these senses can be converted into what's called a perfect tense. All perfect tenses contain two things. Some form off the have and a past participle. Well, look at the past participle in a minute, but let's start with the easy bit have There are four perfect tenses, just like there are four simple tenses. The present perfect, the past perfect. The future perfect on the conditional Perfect. The first part of all of these tenses is the have. It's quite easy to work out. What form of have you need to use the present perfect uses have in the present tense the past perfect uses have in the past tense the future perfect uses have in the future tense on the conditional perfect uses have in the conditional tense. Seeing as we've already learned these four tenses, it makes life a lot easier for us. So here's have in the four tenses in the present. I have you have he has, she has. It has we have, and they have in the past I had you had he had, she had it had we had and they had in the future I will have. You will have. He will have. She will have. It will have. We will have and they will have in the conditional I would have. You would have he would have. She would have. It would have. We would have and they would have. So that's the first part of the perfect tenses. Done. But what about the second part? The second part of the perfect tennis's is called the past participle Onda. I think it's the thing that causes the most problems, both people learning English and also for people who speak English as their native language . The past participle of most verbs is identical to the past tense. Say, just put an e d on the end of it. Then you put the past participle after whatever form of have you have used. Here are some examples in the present perfect temps. I have finished. They have played football. We have worked very hard. Today he has prepared a huge meal. She has visited many different countries. It has opened finally, in the past perfect. I had finished everything. They have played football already. We had worked very hard all year. He had prepared a huge meal for everybody she had visited in many different countries. It had opened very quickly. The future perfect. I would have finished by next Tuesday. They will have played for poor every day. We would have worked 17 hours. He would have prepared everything by five oclock. She will have visited 20 countries soon. It would have opened by then. The conditional Perfect. I would have finished it by now. They would have played football with you. We would have worked harder. He would have prepared everything by himself. She would have visited many more countries. It would have closed. 27. Lesson 6b Non continuous perfect tenses past participle: So most past participles look the same as the past tense. Generally, those words that you add e d or d two in the past tense are the same in the past participle . The only exceptions to this room are the verbs so and show with these two verbs. The past tense is I showed and I sewed. But the past participles are a little different shown and sewn. This means you would say I showed Put I have shown I sewed But I have sown every other verb that you add e d to the end off to form the past tense is the same in the past. Participle, I finished. I have finished. We started. We have started. They watched. They have watched he visited. He has visited. She stayed. She has stayed it closed. It has closed, you shouted. You have shouted. The difficulty arises when we look at those verbs that are irregular. In the past, tense verbs that are irregular in the past tense have different past participles. Let's look at the verb eat as an example of this In the past, we say I ate, but the past participle off eat is eaten so in the present. Perfect. You would say I have eaten. Here are all the common irregular verbs that we looked at in the past. Tense lesson. And we look at their past participles. So I'll say the verb in its normal form first, then the past tense and then the past participle become became become So you would say I became president. But then you were say, I have become president. That's a comparison. Off the past tense on the present, perfect INTs begin began. Begone! The film began an hour ago. Then you would say the film has begun Bend bent bent So the past participle is the same as the past tense Even though it's irregular with this verb bite bit bitten blow blue blown break broke, broken bring brought, brought So again these two are the same in the past and the past Participle build built, built by bought bought catch Court, court Come, came, Come. So you would say the post came early where you could say the post has come early cost, cost, cost. So this visit is the same in the normal form the past tense and the past participle. It doesn't change it all cooked court court do did doing so You could say I did it yesterday or you could say I have done it. Draw Drew drawn drink Drank drunk Dr Drove driven, Eat eight Eaten, full fail fulling I feel felt I felt fight Fault fault Find found found Fly flu flown Forget forgot Forgotten frieze froze frozen Get, got gotten Give gave given So you could say Paul gave me some advice or Paul has given me some advice. Go went going Grow grew, grown. So for example, you could say Last year I grew tomatoes But then you would say This year I have grown potatoes I have had had here Heard, heard hide hid Hidden hold held held Keep kept Kept no new known leave left left, Make made made meet Met Mitt Pay paid, paid put Put port Quit, Quit Quit, Read, read, read run, run, Run se said said See so seen sell Sold sold Send sent sent Sing Sang, Sung sit Sent sat sleep Slept, slept, Speak spoke spoken So you could say I spoke to Richard this morning or I have spoken to Richard Spend spent spent swim, swim, swim, take took, taken teach Taught, talked, Tell told, told I think thought store throw through thrown, understand, understood, Understood where war worn Win one one, right? Wrote and written. So there's 62 irregular verbs and out of those 62 30 off them are different in the past. Participle to the past tense and so less than half of them really. And then there was that last irregular verbs be in the past we had I waas and you were well , the past participle off b is bean se would say I have bean and you have bean. 28. Lesson 7a Non continuous present perfect: Let's have a little bit of a deeper delve into the perfect tenses. The present perfect. So the present perfect tense is made up off the present tense off the would have and then a passport. Izabal. So we have I have you have he has, she has. It has we have and they have that's practice with the present perfect tense. I'll give you a verb and a person, and you put it into the present perfect, tense finish. And I I have finished stroke and you you have stroked clean and they they have cleaned wash and we we have washed white and he he has wiped play and she she has played. Here's some example sentences in the past tense in English. I have called George. It has turned very cold. All of a sudden, they have played football in the garden. He has prepared some sandwiches for lunch. She has stayed here all week. We have worked very hard on the project. You can place the past participle on the end off any of the forms of have, or you can contract the Web, have in the present tense and then put the past participle on that to contract any form off the would have. What you do is replace the hate a on all the half forms with an apostrophe and bring it so it joins the subject pronoun. So I have. It comes, I've you have becomes you've he has becomes he's she has becomes. She's it has becomes its We have becomes we've and they have becomes they've. And again you can put a past participle onto any one of those contracted forms to make the present perfect tense in English. 29. Lesson 7b Non continuous present perfect contracting: So let's see if you can contract these sentences. How much contract? I have finished all my work. I finished all my work. We have left everything at the airport. We've left everything at the airport. He has spoken with Peter about the situation. He's spoken with Peter about the situation. She has eaten lots of sweets today she's eating lots of sweets. Today it has bean a very good day. It's being a very good day. They have replied to my message. They've replied to my message. Both the full versions and the contracted versions are commonly used in English so you can use whichever takes your fancy the most. You can also make the present perfect tense. Negative. We've already seen that if you want to make the present tense negative, you simply put the word Don't in front of the verb I eat becomes I don't eat. I speak French becomes I don't speak French or I have a car becomes I don't have a car. So you've seen with that last example that you can even put don't in front of the verb have to make it negative. However, let me tell you something very important to remember when you're using the present perfect tense you make have negative in a different way to what you normally do instead of saying I don't have. If you want to put a past participle on the end to form the present perfect tents, you have to say I have not instead. So I have seen the Eiffel Tower becomes I have not seen the Eiffel Tower. See if you can make these sentences negative. Don't forget you just put. Not after the would have We have eaten too much. We have not eaten too much. They have spent a lot of money. They have not spent a lot of money. He has forgotten his passport. He has not forgotten his passport. She has worked very hard today. She has not worked very hard today it has arrived. It has not arrived. You have told me you have not told me 30. Lesson 7c Non continuous present perfect negative: So remember you use. I don't have if you're using the present tense in the negative. But if you're using the present perfect tense, you say I have not instead and then put a past participle on the end of it. The have, when it is used in the perfect tenses is a help of herb. That you can put the passport is of all done too when you see have in the perfect tenses. It's called an auxiliary verb, which basically means help a verb. You can contract the negative auxiliary verb have by changing the word not into a little n apostrophe t that hooks onto the end off we have in any form I have not becomes. I haven't. You have no becomes you. Haven't he have note becomes he hasn't she has not She hasn't. It has not. It hasn't. We have not. We haven't. They have not. They haven't. Finally, there is a second negative contracted form of the present perfect tense. And that is where you use the contracted form off the positive present Perfect tense and put the word not after the auxiliary verb. So, for example, instead of saying I haven't spoken you could say I have not spoken. You haven't spoken. You've not spoken. He hasn't spoken or he's not spoken. She hasn't spoken. She's not spoken. It hasn't spoken. It's not spoken. We haven't spoken. We've not spoken. They haven't spoken. They have not spoken. This second contraction sounds a little more informal, but it is used just as much as the first contraction in everyday conversation. So let's recap the present perfect tense. You have the positive form, which is I have spoken or he has spoken. The contracted positive form is I've spoken or he's spoken the negative form. I have not spoken or he has not spoken the contracted negative form. I haven't spoken or he hasn't spoken and the second contracted negative form. I have not spoken or he's not spoken 31. Lesson 7d Non continuous present perfect practice: our give you a verb, onda person and see if you can put it into the five different forms of the present. Perfect tense arrive. And it it has arrived. It's arrived. It has not arrived. It hasn't arrived. It's not arrived. Eat. And we We have eaten. We've eaten. We have not eaten. We haven't eaten and we've not eaten. Come. And they they have come. They've come. They have not come. They haven't come. They have not come Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of the present. Perfect tense. Andi, I want you to try and save the sentences in the other four firms. They have sent it by post. They've sent it by Post. They have not sent it by Post. They haven't sent it by Post. They have not sent it by Post. He hasn't listened to me. He has listened to me. He's listened to me. He has not listened to me. He's not listening to me. Oliver has worked very hard. Oliver's worked very hard. Oliver has not worked very hard. Oliver hasn't worked very hard. Olive has not worked very hard. We've hired a car. We have hired a car. We have not hired a car. We haven't tired a car. We've not hired a car. So that's the present perfect tense. You need the present tense off have and then a past participle on the end. 32. Lesson 8a Non continuous past perfect: the past perfect tense. The past perfect tense is made up of the past tense of the would have and then a past participle. You often see it called the Blue Perfect Tents in grammar books. I had you Had he had she had it had we had and they had, and then you can put a past participle on the end off any of those. Let's have a practice with the past perfect tense. I'll give you a verb and a person and you put it into the past perfect, tense finish. And I I had finished stroke and you you had stroked clean and they they had cleaned wash and we we had washed Wipe and he he had wiped play and she she had played. Here's some example sentences in the past. Perfect tense in English. I had called George already. It had turned very cold. All of a sudden, they had played football in the garden. They had prepared some somebody's for lunch. She had stayed here a week. We had worked very hard on that project. You can contract the verb had in the past tense and then put the past participle on that. What you do is replace the had with an apostrophe d and bring it so it joins the subject pronoun. So I had becomes I'd you had becomes you'd he had becomes he'd she had becomes shed. It had becomes it'd we had becomes weed and they had becomes They'd so see if you can contract the sentences I had finished all my work I had finished all my work We have left everything at the airport. We left everything at the airport. He had spoken to Peter about the situation. He'd spoken to Peter about the situation. She had eaten lots of sweets today. She didn't lots of sweets today. It had bean a very good day. It had bean a very good day. They had replied to my message, they'd reply to my message. Both the full versions on the contracted versions are commonly used in English, so you can use which everyone you like 33. Lesson 8b Non continuous past perfect negative: You can also make the past perfect tense. Negative. We've already seen that. If you want to make the past tense Negative, you simply put the word Didn't in front of the verb I ate. I didn't eat. I spoke French. I didn't speak French. I had a car. I didn't have a car. So you've seen that with the last example you can even put Didn't in front of the verb have to make it negative. However, let me just tell you something very important to remember when you're using the past perfect tense you make had negative in a different way. To what you know, media, instead of saying I didn't have If you want to put a past participle on the end to form the past perfect tense, you have to say I had not instead. So for example, you would say I had seen the Eiffel Tower and then in the negative, I had not seen the Eiffel Tower to see if you can make these sentences negative. We had eaten too much. We had not eaten too much. They had spent a lot of money. They had not spent a lot of money. He had forgotten his passport. He had not forgotten his passport. She had worked very hard that day. She had not worked very hard. That day it had arrived. It had not arrived. You had told me you had not told me so remember you use. I didn't have. If you're using the past tense But if you're using the past perfect tense you use I had not . Instead, you can contract the negative auxiliary verb by changing. Had not do you hadn't. So I had not becomes. I hadn't. You had Not you hadn't. He had not He hadn't. She had not She hadn't. It had not It hadn't. We had not. We hadn't. They had not and they hadn't. Finally, there's a second negative contracted form off the past perfect sentence. And that is where you use the contracted form off the positive past. Perfect tense. And put the word Not after the auxiliary verb I hadn't spoken. Can be I'd not spoken. You hadn't spoken. You've not spoken. He hadn't spoken. He had not spoken. She hadn't spoken or she had not spoken. It hadn't spoken. It had not spoken. We hadn't spoken. We've not spoken. They hadn't spoken or they had not spoken 34. Lesson 8c Non continuous past perfect practice: So let's recap the past perfect tense in the positive. I had spoken. You can then contract the positive. I had spoken in the negative. I had not spoken the first way you can contract. This is I hadn't spoken on the second way you can contract. It is I had not spoken. Now I'll give you a VEB onder person and see if you can put it into the five different forms off the past. Perfect tense. So arrive And it It had arrived. It arrived. It had not arrived. It hadn't arrived and it had not arrived. Eat. And we we had eaten. We'd eaten. We had not eaten. We hadn't eaten and we've not eaten. Come. And they they had come. Bayt com They had not come. They hadn't gone and they had not come. Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form off the past. Perfect tense. Andi, I want you to try and say the sentences in the other four firms. They had sent it by post. They sent it by post. They had not sent it by post. They hadn't sent it by post. They'd not sent it by Post. He hadn't listened to me. He had listened to me. He'd listen to me. He had not listened to me. He'd not listen to me. Oliver had worked very hard. Now, if you use a name, you can't attach the contracted form to the web to it. So the positive contracted form Andi the second negative contracted form aren't used when a name is used instead of the subject pronoun Oliver had not worked very hard. Oliver hadn't worked very hard. We'd hired a car we had high to call. We had not hired a car. We hadn't tied a car. We'd not hired a car. 35. Lesson 9a Non continuous future perfect: the future perfect. So the future perfect tense is made up off the future tense off the would have a minute past participle. So here's the future tense of the verb have I will have you will have. He will have. She will have. It will have. We will have and they will have. Let's have a practice with the future. Perfect tense. I'll give you a verb Onda a person and you put it into the future. Perfect temps finish and I I would have finished stroke. And you, you will have stroked clean and they they will have cleaned wash And we we will have washed white And he he would have wiped play and she she will have played. Here's some example Sentences in the future. Perfect tense in English. I would have called George by tomorrow. It will have turned very cold. Without the fire, they will have played football in the garden. He would have prepared some sandwiches for lunch. She will have stayed here all week. We will have worked very hard on the project. You can contract the phrase will have in the future tense and then put the passport Izabal on that what you do. Just like the normal future tense is put apostrophe l l on the end off the subject pronoun So I will have becomes. I'll have You will have becomes You'll have. He will have. He'll have She will have. She'll have it will have it will have We will have will have they will have They'll have so see if you can contract these sentences. How do you contract? I will have finished all my work. I'll have finished all my work. We will have returned by then. We'll have returned by then. He will have spoken to Peter about the situation here. Have spoken to Peter about the situation. She will have eaten most of the cake bite at a time. She'll have eaten most of the cape by dinner time. It will have bean a very long day. It will have bean a very long day. Hopefully they will have replied to my message. Hopefully they'll have replied to my message. Both the full versions and the contracted versions are commonly used in English, so choose whichever one you like most 36. Lesson 9b Non continuous future perfect negative: you can make the future perfect tense, negative by saying will not have instead of will have. And then by putting in the past participle on the end, I will have eaten becomes I will not have eaten. So how would you put? I will have spoken French into the negative. I will not have spoken French. I will have left by then. I will not have left By then I will have seen the Eiffel Tower. I will not have seen the Eiffel Tower. We will have eaten too much. We will not have eaten too much. They will have spent a lot of money. They will not have spent a lot of money. He will have forgotten his passport. He will not have forgotten his passport. She will have worked very hard today. She will not have worked very hard today. It will have arrived. It will not have arrived. You would have told me. You will not have told me. You can contract the negative auxiliary verb I will not have by changing it to I wouldn't have. So you change Will not too won't in any of the persons. So I will not have becomes. I won't have You will not have becomes. You won't have. He will not have becomes. He won't have. She will not have becomes, she wrote. Have it will not have becomes. It won't have. We will not have becomes. We won't have and they will not have. They won't have. And then you put the past participle onto the end of any of those forms. So let's recap the future Perfect. Tense In the positive we have I will have spoken. We can then contract the positive to become ill, have spoken. The negative is I will not have spoken and we can contract the negative to become. I won't have spoken. 37. Lesson 9c Non continuous future perfect practice: Now I'll give you some verbs and the person and see if you can put them into the four different forms off the future. Perfect. Tense. Arrive on. Do it. It will have arrived. It'll have arrived. It will not have arrived. It won't have arrived. Eat! And we We will have eaten. I will have eaten. We will not have eaten. We won't have eaten. Come. And they They will have come. They'll have come. They will not have come. They won't have come Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of the future. Perfect. Tense. Andi, I want you to try and save the sentences in the other three forms. They will have sent it by post. They'll have sent it by post. They will not have sent it by post. They won't have sent it by post. He won't have listened to me. He will have listened to me. He'll have listened to me. He will not have listened to me. Hannah will have worked very hard. Now if you use a name, you can't attach the contracted forms off the verb to it. So the positive contracted form isn't used when a name is used instead of the subject pronoun Hannah will not have worked very hard. Hannah won't have worked very hard. We will have sold the car. We'll have sold the car. We will not have sold the car. We won't sell the car. 38. Lesson 10a Non continuous conditional perfect: the conditional perfect tense. The last off the non continuous perfect tenses is the conditional perfect tense. The conditional perfect tense is made up off the conditional tense off the would have and then a past participle. I would have you would have, he would have. She would have. It would have. We would have, and they would have. Then you can place a past participle onto the end of any of these. Let's have a practice with the conditional perfect tense. I'll give you a lab and a person a new pushed into the conditional perfect, tense finish. And I I would have finished stroke and you, you would have stroked clean and they they would have cleaned wash, and we we would have washed white. And he he would have wiped play and she she would have played. Here are some example sentences in the conditional perfect tense in English. I would have called George yesterday. It would have turned very cold. Without the fire. They would have played football in the garden. He would have prepared some sandwiches for lunch. She would have stayed here all week. We would have worked very hard on that project, 39. Lesson 10b Non continuous conditional perfect contracted: you can contract. The phrase would have in two different ways in the conditional perfect tense. What you do is replace the phrase I would have either with I would have or I'd have. And then you comport a past participle on the end off. Either of these, I would have becomes. Either I would have or I'd have You would have can become me that you would have or you'd have He would have. He would have. He'd have She would have. She would have. She'd have it would have. It would have. It would have. We would have. We would have. We'd have And they would have chemical me that they would have where they'd have so See if you can contract these sentences, I would have finished all my work. Either you can say I would have finished all my work or I'd have finished on my work. We would have returned yesterday. We would have returned yesterday or we'd have returned yesterday. He would have spoken to Peter about the situation. He would have spoken to Peter about the situation. Or he'd have spoken to Pete Peter about the situation. She would have eaten most of the cake by dinner time, she would have eaten most of the cake bite in the time, or she'd have eaten most of the cape by dinner time. It would have bean a very long day. It would have bean a very long day. Oh, it would have bean a very long day. They would have replied to my message sooner. They would have replied to my message sooner. Oh, they'd have replied to my measures sooner again. Both the full versions on the contracted versions are commonly used in English, so just choose which ever one you prefer. 40. Lesson 10c Non continuous conditional perfect negative: you can make the conditional perfect negative by saying would not have instead of would have. And then by putting the past participle on the end as usual. So for example, I would have eaten becomes I would not have eaten. So try and turn these positive sentences. Negative. I would have spoken French. I would not have speaking French. I would have left by then. I would not have left. By then I would have seen the Eiffel Tower. I would not have seen the Ifo talent. We would have eaten too much. We would not have eating too much. They would have spent a lot of money. They would not have spent a lot of money. He would have forgotten his passport. He would not have forgotten his passport. She would have worked very hard today. She would not have worked very hard today. It would have arrived. It would not have arrived. You would have told me you would not have told me You can contract the negative auxiliary phrase I would not have by changing it to I wouldn't have. So you changed the would note. Two wouldn't in any of the persons, so I would not have becomes. I wouldn't have. You would not have becomes. You wouldn't have. He would not have becomes. He wouldn't have. She would not have becomes. She wouldn't have. It would not have becomes. It wouldn't have. We would not have. Would become We wouldn't have. They would not have becomes they wouldn't have. So let's recap the conditional perfect 10th. In the positive we have, I would have spoken the first way you can contract. It is, I would have spoken on the second way from contracted is I'd have spoken in the negative you get. I would not have spoken, and then you can contract the phrase in the negative and you'll get I wouldn't have spoken . 41. Lesson 10d Non continuous conditional perfect practice: I'll give you a very on the person and see if you can put them into the five different forms of the conditional Perfect 10 arrive. And it it would have arrived. It would have arrived. It would have arrived. It would not have arrived. It wouldn't have arrived. Eat and weak. We would have eaten. We would have eaten. We'd have eaten. We would not have eaten. We wouldn't have eaten. Come. And they They would have come. They would have come. They'd have come. They would not have come. They wouldn't have come. Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of the conditional. Perfect tense. Andi, I want you to try and save the sentences in the other four forms. They would have sent it by post. They would have sent it by post. They'd have sent it by Post. They would not have sent it by post. They wouldn't have sent it by post. He wouldn't have listened to me. He would have listened to me. He would have listened to me. He'd have listened to me. He would not have listening to me. Hannah would have worked very hard. Now, if you use a name, you can't attach the contracted forms of the verb to it. So the positive contracted form where you attach the apostrophe D to the subject pronoun isn't used when a name is used instead of a subject pronoun. Hannah would have worked very hard. Hannah would not have worked very hard, and I wouldn't have worked very hard. So you can't use the positive contracted form where the apostrophe d attached to the subject pronoun. So you can't say in English. Hanner would have worked very hard. We would have sold the car, We would have sold the car, We'd have sold the car. We would not have said with the car, we wouldn't have sold the car, and that's all the perfect tenses done. 42. Lesson 11a Simple continuous tenses: the simple, continuous tenses. The four simple, non continuous tenses were the present tense, the past tense, the future tense on the conditional tense. Each of these tenses can be converted into what's called a continuous tense. All continuous tenses contained two things some form off the web be and a present participle. Well, look at the present participle in a minute, but let's start with the easy bit be. There are four simple, continuous tenses, just like there are four simple, non continuous senses. The President continuous the past, continuous the future continuous on the conditional continuous. The first part of all of these tenses is the verb be. It's quite easy to work out what form of B you need to use the present continuous uses be in the present tense. The past continuous uses be in the past tense. The future continuous uses be in the future tense on the conditional continuous use it be in the conditional tense. Seeing as we would learn these four tenses, it makes life a little easier for us. So to be in the present tense is I am you, uh he is, She is. It is. We are, and they are in the past tense I was you were He Was she Was it Waas We were They were in the future tense I will be You will be He will be She will be It will be We will be And they will be in the conditional tense I would be You would be. He would be. She would be. It would be We would be and they would be So that's the first part off the continuous tenses done the vab be But what about the second part? The present participle? 43. Lesson 11b Simple continuous tenses present participle: the second part off the continuous tenses is called the present participle, and it's quite easy to recognize because it always ends in the letters I, n. G or Ng the president participle of most ribs, is formed simply by adding i n g to the end of it. Then you put the present participle after what have a form of B you used. Here are some examples the present continuous. I'm finishing. They are playing football. We're working very hard today. He is preparing a huge meal. She is visiting many different countries. It is opening finally, the past continuous. I was finishing everything. They were playing football already. We were working very hard. He was preparing a huge meal for everybody. She was visiting many different countries. It was opening very quickly. The future continuous. I will be finishing next week. They will be playing football student. We will be working for 17 hours. Tomorrow he will be preparing the meal at five o'clock. She will be visiting front soon. It will be opening soon and the conditional continuous. I would be finishing it now. They would be playing football in the park. We would be working harder he would be preparing everything by himself. She would be visiting Spain next week. It would be closing about now. So all present participles in English end in the letters I n g even the irregular Lem's. Most of the time you can simply take a burb on Hawk I N g onto the end and you have the president participle. Try and make the present participle off these verbs. Finish finishing open opening. Start starting. Eat, eating, drink, drinking be being speak speaking. 44. Lesson 11c Simple continuous tenses present participle irregulars: There is one thing to note about the present participle. However, if a verb ends in the letter E, you should remove the E before adding i n g to the end. This isn't true all of the time you've already seen that be becomes being. Another exception is the verb see which becomes seeing. But most of the time, if a verb ends in E, you take off the E before you put the I N G on the end, so see if you conform the present participle off these verbs become becoming bite biting. Come coming arrive arriving Leave leaving dive diving Dr Driving Frieze Freezing blues losing Give giving hate hating love Living like liking Believe believing, shine shining Take taking, make making right writing, shake, shaking, shave shaving, wave waving Wake waking. So that's just a few verbs that end in the letter e. So you take the E off before adding the I N G. But two exceptions to this rule R B, which becomes being and see which becomes seeing now. Let's have a deeper delve into the simple, continuous tenses 45. Lesson 12a Simple present continuous tense: the simple present continuous. The simple present continuous tense is made up off the present tense off the would be I met a past participle. So we have I, um You are he Is she in? It is we, uh And they are. Let's have a practice with the simple present Continuous tense. I'll give you a verb and a person and you have to put it into the simple present, continuous tense finish. And I I am finishing stroke and you u s trucking clean And they they are cleaning wash And we we are washing wipe And he he is wiping play and she she is playing There were some example sentences in the simple present continuous tense in English. I am calling George later. It is turning very cold without the fire. They're playing football in the garden. He is preparing some somebody's for lunch. She is staying here all week. We're working very hard on the project. You can contract the be in the present tense and then put the president participle On the end of that. What you do is replace the first vow on all the beef forms with an apostrophe and bring it so it joins the subject pronoun. So I am becomes I'm you, Ah, becomes your he is becomes. He's She is becomes she's it is becomes its We, uh, becomes were and they are becomes there. So see if you can contract these sentences. I am finishing all my work. I'm finishing all my work. We are leaving everything at the hotel. We're leaving everything at the hotel. He is speaking to Peter about the situation. He's speaking to Peter about the situation. She is eating lots of sweets today. She's eating lots of sweets Today it is closing very soon. It's closing very soon. They're replying to my message. They're replying to my message. 46. Lesson 12b Simple present continuous negative: you can make the present continuous tense Negative. All you have to do is make the Web be negative by putting, not after it. And then you put the present participle on the end of that as usual. So for example, I am eating becomes I am not eating. I am speaking French becomes I am not speaking French. I am driving. My car becomes I am not driving my car to see if he could make these sentences negative. I am visiting the Eiffel Tower. I am not visiting the Eiffel Tower. We are eating at the restaurant tonight. We're not eating at the restaurant tonight. They are spending a lot of money. They are not spending a lot of money. He is looking for his passport. He is not looking vase passport. She is working very hard today. She is not working very hard today. It is arriving by post. It is not arriving by post. You are telling me the truth. You are not telling me the truth. You can contract the negative president continuous tents in two ways. Either you can contract the be part to the subject pronoun and get I'm your he's She's etcetera on port, not on the end off those. Or you can contract the word not onto the end off the B word. So you will get something like you are not that will become you're not. If you want to contract the B and then you aren't if you want to contract the not so you can choose any of those three. The only exception is I I am not becomes I'm not. But that's the only contraction that that person has. So I am not becomes. I'm not and that's it. You are not becomes your not or you can say you armed. He is not chemical me that he's not. Oh, he isn't she is not can become. She's not all she isn't. It is not can become me that it's not or it isn't. We are not can become were not or beyond. They are not can become they're not or they aren't. Then we have to do is put a present participle on the end of those 47. Lesson 12c Simple present continuous tense negative practice: see if you can contract these negative sentences in the two different ways. She is not sending a present to hurry. She's not sending a present toe, Harry. She isn't sending a present to Harry. We are not going to Paris. We're not going to Paris. Oh, we aren't going to Paris. They are not telling the truth. They're not telling the truth. And they aren't telling the truth. It is not going very well. It's not going very well. Oh, it isn't going very well. I am not speaking to Marie. I'm not speaking to Marie. Remember that There is only one way to contract the negative present continuous in English . He is not eating dinner with us tonight. He's not eating dinner with us tonight. Oh, he isn't eating dinner with us tonight, so let's recap the present Continuous tense in the positive you can have. I am speaking or you are speaking. You can contract this too. I'm speaking or your speaking in the negative. You just put the word. Not after the B. I am not speaking or you are not speaking. And you can contract it in two ways. So the first way to contract it is to contract the B word. I'm not speaking or you're not speaking. The second way to contract it is to contract the not to the B word. There's no version of this for I. But for you, you would have. You aren't speaking. So an overview for the present continuous is that you use the present tense of the verb e and then put a present participle. So the word that ending on the end of this to make it negative you put the word not after whatever form of B you use. 48. Lesson 12d Simple present continuous practice: I'll give you a verb and a person and see if you can put them into the five different forms off the simple present. Continuous tense arrive and it it is arriving. It's arriving. It is not arriving. It's not arriving. It isn't arriving. Eat And we we are eating. We're eating. We are not eating. We're not eating, We aren't eating. Come And they they are coming. They're coming. They are not coming. They're not coming. They aren't coming. Go And I I am going. I'm going. I am not going. I'm not going now Let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of a simple present, continuous, tense. Andi, I want you to try and save the sentences in the other four firms. They are sending it by post. They're sending it by post. They are not sending it by post. They're not sending it by post. They aren't sending it by post. He isn't listening to me. He is listening to me. He's listening to me. He is not listening to me. He's not listening to me. Hannah is working very hard. Hannah is working very hard. Hannah is not working very hard. Han is not working very hard. Hannah isn't working very hard. We are not setting the car. We are selling the car. We're setting the car. We're not setting the car. We aren't setting the car. 49. Lesson 13a Simple past continuous tense: the simple past continuous. The simple past continuous tense is made up off the past tense of the verb be and then a present participle. So we have I waas you were he was she waas it waas we were and they were Let's have a practice with the simple past continuous tense. I'll give you a very about a person and you have to put into the simple past continuous, tense finish. And I I was finishing stroke and you you were stroking clean and they they were cleaning wash and we we were washing wipe and he he was wiping play and she she was playing. Here are some example sentences in the simple past. Continuous tense. I was calling George yesterday. It was turning very cold without the fire. They were playing football in the garden. He was preparing some sandwiches. Village She was staying here until the end of the week. We were working very hard on the project, So see if you can congregate the verbs into the past continuous in these next sentences I've put the verb in brackets or you have to do is change the verb to the past continuous tense. So I finished all my work. I was finishing all my work. We leave everything at the hotel. We were leaving everything at the hotel. He speak to Peter about the situation. He was speaking to Peter about the situation. She eat lots of sweets. Yesterday she was eating lots of sweet yesterday. It close very soon. It was closing. Very soon they reply to my message. They were replying to my message. 50. Lesson 13b Simple past continuous tense negative: You can also make the past continuous tense. Negative. All you have to do is make the verb be negative by putting not after it and then put the present participle on the end. As usual, I was eating becomes I was not eating. I was speaking French becomes I was not speaking French. I was driving. My car becomes I was not driving my car. See if you can make these sentences negative. I was visiting the Eiffel Tower. I was not visiting the Eiffel Tower. We were eating at the restaurant last night. We were not eating at the restaurant last night. They were spending a lot of money. They were not spending a lot of money. He was looking for his passport. He was not looking for his passport. She was working very hard today. She was not working very hard today. It was arriving by post. It was not arriving by Post. You were telling me the truth. You're not telling me the truth. You can contract the past continuous tense by hooking the word not on to the end off the B word. Using n apostrophe t, for example, I was not becomes. I wasn't you were not becomes. You weren't. He was not becomes. He wasn't. She was not becomes. She wasn't. It was not becomes. It wasn't. We were not becomes. We went and they were not becomes. They weren't. So try and make these sentences negative. And then contract them. She was standing a present toe, Harry. She was not sending present toe, Harry. She wasn't sending a present to Harry. We were going to Paris. We were not going to Paris. We weren't going to Paris. They were telling the truth. They were not telling the truth. They weren't telling the truth. It was going very well. It was not going very well. It wasn't going very well. I was speaking to Marie. I was not speaking to Marie. I wasn't speaking to Marie. She was eating dinner with us. She was not eating dinner with us. She wasn't eating dinner with us. 51. Lesson 13c Simple past continuous tense practice: So let's recap the past continuous tense in the positive we have, I was speaking. You can make it negative by putting not after the Web be. I was not speaking, and you can contract the negative form by hooking the not onto the B word. I wasn't speaking, so I'll give you a verb and a person and see if you can put them into the three different forms of the simple past. Continuous, tense arrive. And it it was arriving. It was not arriving. It wasn't arriving. Eat and we we were eating. We were not eating, We weren't eating. Come and they they were coming. They were not coming, They weren't coming. Go and I I was going. I was not going. I wasn't going. Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form off the simple past continuous tense. Andi, I want you to try and say the sentences in near the two forms. They were sending it by post. They were not sending it by post. They weren't sending it by post. He wasn't listening to me. He was listening to me. He was not listening to me Hannah was working very hard. Hannah was not working very hard. Hannah wasn't working very hard. We were not selling the car. We were setting the car. We weren't sending the car. Says the past continuous tense used the past tense of the verb. Be so I was You were He was. She was. It was We were and they were. And then put the present participle on the end of that. That's the word that ends in I N G. 52. Lesson 14a Simple future continuous tense: the simple future continuous the simple future. Continuous tenses made off the future tense of the would be I'm in a present participle. So we have I will be You will be he will be. She will be. It will be We will be and they will be. Let's have a practice with the simple future Continuous tense. I'll give you a word on the person and you put it into the future. Continuous, tense finish and I I will be finishing stroke. And you, you will be stroking clean and they they will be cleaning wash and we we will be washing. Why? And he he will be wiping play and she she will be playing. Here are some examples off the simple future continuous tense in English. I will be calling George tomorrow. It will be turning very cold soon. Without the fire, they will be playing football in the garden. He will be preparing some sandwiches for lunch. She will be staying here until the end of the week. She will be working very hard on this project. You can contract the Web will in the future tenants by hooking apostrophe double L onto the end of the subject pronoun This means I will be can become I'll be you will be can become You'll be he will be will become He'll be She will be She'll be It will be It Will be We Will be, Will be They will be They'll be so see if you can contract these sentences I will be finishing all my work I'll be finishing on my way We will be leaving everything at the hotel. We'll be leaving everything at the hotel. He will be speaking to Peter about the situation. He will be speaking to Peter about situation. She will be eating lots of sweets. She'll be eating lots of sweets. It will be closing very soon. It would be closing very soon. They will be replying to my message. They'll be replying to my message. 53. Lesson 14b Simple future continuous negative: You can also make the future continuous negative. All you have to do is put not on the end of the will and then put the present participle on the end. As usual, I will be eating becomes I will not be eating. I will be speaking. French becomes I will not be speaking French. I will be driving my car. I will not be driving my car. So see if you can make these sentences negative. I will be visiting the Eiffel Tower. I will not be visiting the Eiffel Tower. We will be eating at the restaurant tonight. We will not be eating at the restaurant tonight. They will be spending a lot of money. They will not be spending a lot of money. He will be heading to the airport. He will not be heading to the airport. She will be working very hard today. She will not be working very hard today. It will be arriving by post. It will not be arriving by post. You will be finishing early tomorrow. You will not be finishing early tomorrow. You can contract the negative future continuous tents in two ways. Either you can put the word not after the ill or your or he'll part or you can change the phrase will not and make It won't instead. So you can contract. I will not be into either. I'll not be or I won't be. You will not be. You will not be or you won't be. He will not be. He'll not be or he won't be. She will not be. Shall not be. She won't be. It will not be. It will not be. It won't be. We will not be. Will not be or we won't be. They will not be. They will not be or they won't be so. See if you can contract these sentences in two different ways. She will not be sending a present to hurry. She will not be sending a present toe, Harry. She won't be sending a present to Harry. We will not be going to Paris will not be going to Paris. We won't be going to Paris. They will not be taking my car. They will not be taking my car. They won't be taking my car. It will not be happening tomorrow. It will not be happening tomorrow. It would be happening tomorrow. I will not be speaking to Marie. I'll not be speaking to Marie. I won't be speaking to Marie. He will not be eating dinner with us tonight. He'll not be eating dinner with us tonight. He won't be eating universe tonight. 54. Lesson 14c Simple future continuous practice: So let's recap the future continuous tense in the positive you get, I will be speaking. You can contract this to get. I'll be speaking in the negative we have. I will not be speaking and he can contract it in two ways. Either I'll not be speaking or I won't be speaking. So if I give you a verb and a person, you see if you can put them into the five different forms off the simple future. Continuous tense arrive and it it will be arriving. It will be arriving. It will not be arriving. It will not be arriving. It won't be arriving. Eat and we we will be eating, will be eating. We will not be eating will not be eating. We won't be eating. Come and they they will be coming. They'll be coming. They will not becoming. They're not becoming. They won't be coming. Go and I I will be going. I'll be going. I will not be going. I'll not be going and I won't be going Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of the simple future continuous tense, and I want you to try and save the sentences in the other four forms. They will be sending it by post. They will be sending it by post. They will not be sending it by post. They will not be sending it by post. They won't be sending it by post. He won't be listening to me. He will be listening to me. He'll be listening to me. He will not be listening to me. He'll not be listening to me. Hannah will be working very hard now. You can't hook the will onto a name in English so you can't say Hannah RL. This means the positive contracted form and the first negative contracted form can't be used. If the subject is a name instead of a subject pronoun, Hannah will not be working very hard. And I won't be working very hard. We will not be selling the car. We will be setting the car. We'll be setting the car will not be sending the car. We won't be selling the car 55. Lesson 15a Simple conditional continuous tense: the simple, conditional continuous. The simple, conditional continuous tense is made up of the conditional tense of the verb be and then the present participle. So would have I would be you would be. He would be. She would be. It would be we would be, and they would be. Let's have a practice with the simple, conditional continuous tense I'll give you a wave and a person, and you put it into the simple, conditional, continuous tense finish. And I I would be finishing stroke and you you would be stroking clean and they they would be cleaning wash and we we would be washing white and he he would be wiping play and she she would be playing. Here's some example sentences in the simple, conditional continuous tense in English. I would be calling George tomorrow. It would be turning very cold soon. Without the fire, they will be playing football in the garden. He would be preparing some sandwiches for lunch. She would be staying here until the end of the week. We would be working very hard on this project. You can contract the very would in the conditional tense by hooking apostrophe D on to the end of the subject pronoun so I would be becomes I'd be you would be becomes your be He would be becomes he'd be she would be becomes she'd be it would be becomes it would be we would be becomes we'd be they would be becomes They'd be so see if he can contract these sentences I would be traveling to Rome by car. I'd be traveling to write my car. We would be leaving the hotel by now. We'd be leaving the hotel by now. He would be speaking to Peter about the situation. He'd be speaking to Peter about the situation. She would be eating lots of sweets. She'd be eating lots of sweets. It would be closing now. It would be closing now. They would be sitting on the beach right now. They'd be sitting on the beach right now, 56. Lesson 15b Simple conditional continuous negative: you can make the conditional continuous tense Negative. All you have to do is put not on the end of the wood and then put the present participle on the end of that. As usual, I would be eating becomes I would not be easing in the negative. I would be speaking French. I would not be speaking French. I would be driving my car. I would not be driving my car to see if you can make the sentences negative. I would be visiting the Eiffel Tower. I would not be visiting the Eiffel Tower. We would be eating at the restaurant tonight. We would not be eating at the restaurant tonight. They would be spending a lot of money. They would not be spending a lot of money. He would be heading to the airport. He would not be heading to the airport. She would be working very hard today. She would not be working very hard today. It would be arriving by post. It would not be arriving by post. You will be finishing early tomorrow. You would not be finishing Getty tomorrow. You can contract the negative conditional continuous tense in two ways. Either you can put the word Not after the Eid You'd he'd part Or you can change the phrase would not on make It wouldn't so I would not be You can contract in two ways to become I'd not be Oh, I wouldn't be You would not be can become you'd not be or you wouldn't be He would not be can become He'd not be or he wouldn't be She would not be Should not be She wouldn't be It would not be It would not be It wouldn't be We would not be We'd not be We wouldn't be They would not be They would not be They wouldn't be so See if you can contract these sentences in two different ways She would not be sending a present to hurry. Should not be sending a present toe, Harry. She wouldn't be sending a president, Terry. We would not be going to Paris. We'd not be going to Paris. We wouldn't be going to Paris. They would not be taking my car. They would not be taking my car. They wouldn't be taking my car. It would not be happening tomorrow. It would not be happening tomorrow. It wouldn't be happening tomorrow. I would not be speaking to Marie. I would not be speaking to Marie. I wouldn't be speaking to Marie. He would not be eating dinner with us tonight. He did not be eating dinner with us tonight. He wouldn't be eating universe tonight. 57. Lesson 15c Simple conditional continuous practice: So let's recap the conditional continuous tense. In the positive we have, I would be speaking. And you can contract that too. I'd be speaking in the negative. We have. I would not be speaking. And you can contract that in two ways to become I'd not be speaking or I wouldn't be speaking. Now I'll give you a VEB Onda a person. Andi, see if you can put them into the five different forms off the simple, conditional, continuous tense arrive on it. It would be arriving. It would be arriving. It would not be arriving. It would not be arriving. It wouldn't be arriving. Eat And we we would be eating, we'd be eating. We would not be eating. We'd not be eating, We wouldn't be eating. Come and they they would be coming. They'd becoming they would not becoming. They'd not becoming. They wouldn't be coming. Go And I I would be going I'd be going I would not be going. I'd not be going. I wouldn't be going now Let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form off the simple, conditional continuous tents and I want you to try and save the sentences in the other four forms. They would be sending it by post maybe sending it by post. They would not be sending it by post. They would not be sending it by post. They wouldn't be sending it by post. He wouldn't be listening to me. He would be listening to me. He'd be listening to me. He would not be listening to me. He'd not be listening to me. Hannah would be working very hard now, just like with Will. You can't hawk the word would onto a name in English either. So you can't say handed. This means the positive contracted form and the first negative contracted form can't be used in the conditional continuous. If the subject is a name instead of a subject pronoun, Hannah would not be working very hard. Hannah wouldn't be working very hard. We would not be sending the car. We would be sending the car. We'd be sending the car. We'd not be selling the car. We wouldn't be sending the car 58. Lesson 16a Perfect continuous tenses: the perfect continuous tenses. The four perfect non continuous tenses are the present perfect tense, the past perfect tense, the future perfect tense on the conditional perfect tense just like we did with its importance is each of the perfect tenses can be converted into a continuous tense. As we've seen, all continuous tenses contain two things some form of the web be and a present participle, while the perfect continuous senses contain one more thing to the web have There are four perfect continuous tenses just like there are four perfect non continuous stances the present perfect continuous, the past perfect, continuous The future perfect continuous Onda the conditional perfect continuous. The first part of all of these tenses is the verb be because all of these tenses are perfect tenses They will contain the past participle off the verb e which is bean and the word have Is there anything that changes the president? Perfect. Continuous tense uses have in the present tense the past perfect continuous tense uses have in the past tense and set one So in the present would have I have bean you have bean. He has bean, she has bean, it has bean we have bean and they have bean on the end of all of those You can put a present participle So the word that ends in ing In the past we have I had bean you had bean He had bean, she had bean it had bean we had bean And they have bean In the future we have I will have bean You will have bean He will have bean She would have bean it would have bean We will have bean and they will have bean And in the conditional we get I would have bean You would have bean He would have bean she would have bean it would have bean we would have bean and they would have bean So all you have to do is put a present participle on the end of all these Here's some example sentences in the present Perfect continuous I have bean finishing my homework They have been playing football We have been working very hard Today he has been preparing a huge meal She has been visiting many different countries It has been getting warmer in the past Perfect continuous I had been finishing everything they had been playing football. We have been working very hard. He had been preparing a huge meal for everybody. She had been visiting many different countries. It has been getting warmer in the future, perfect, continuous. I will have been working here for 20 years. Next week they would have complained football for three hours. We will been working nonstop. He would have been preparing the meal all day. She would have Bean visiting France. 59. Lesson 17a Present perfect continuous tense: Let's have a little bit of a deeper delve into the perfect continuous tenses the present perfect continuous. So the present perfect continuous tenses made about the president Perfect tense off the would be and then a present participle. So we have I have bean, you have bean, He has bean, she has bean, it has bean, we have bean and they have seen let's have a practice with the present perfect continuous tense I'll give you a verb and a person and you put it into the present perfect continuous tense. So finish and I I have bean finishing stroke and you you have bean stroking clean And they they have been cleaning wash And we we have been washing wipe And he he has been wiping play and she she has been playing. There was some example sentences in the present perfect, continuous tense in English. I have been calling George all day. It has been getting very cold without the fire. They have been playing football in the garden. He has been preparing some somebody's for lunch. She has been staying here all week. We have been working very hard on this project. You can contract the have with the subject pronoun in this tense. So I have bean will become. I've bean you have Bean will become youth being He has bean. He's bean. She has bean. She's bean, It has bean, It's bean, We have bean, We've seen they have bean, they've bean So see if you can contract these sentences I have bean finishing all my work. I've been finishing all my work. We have bean staying at the hotel. We've been staying at the hotel. He has been speaking to Peter about the situation. He's been speaking to Peter about the situation. She has been eating lots of sweets today. She's been eating lots of sweets today It has been happening a lot recently. It's been happening a lot recently They have been calling me every day. They've been calling me every day 60. Lesson 17b Present perfect continuous negative: You can also make the present perfect, continuous tense negative. Only have to do is put the word. No. After the word have I have bean eating becomes? I have not been eating. I have been speaking French. I have not been speaking French. I have been driving my car. I have not been driving my car so see if you can make these sentences negative. I have bean visiting the Eiffel Tower. I have not been visiting the Eiffel Tower. We have been eating at this restaurant a week. We have not been eating at this restaurant all week. They have been spending a lot of money. They have not been spending a lot of money. He has been driving to work. He has not been driving to work. She has been working very hard today. She has not been working very hard today it has been going well. It has not been going well. You have bean finishing early. You have not been finishing early. You can contract the negative present continuous tense in two ways. Either you can contract the have part two the subject pronoun and get I've you've He's She's etcetera And then port not after it. Or you can contract the word not onto the end off the have and get Haven't and hasn't. So I have not. Bean can be contracted as either I've not bean or I haven't Bean. You have not. Bean can be contracted either As you've not bean or you haven't Bean. He has not Bean. He's not bean. He hasn't bean. She has not Bean. She's not bean. She hasn't bean. It has not bean. It's not being it hasn't bean. We have not bean. We've not bean. We haven't bean. They have not bean. They've not bean they haven't seen. So See if you can contract the sentences in two different ways. She has not been speaking toe Harry. She's not been speaking toe. Harry. She hasn't been speaking toe. Harry, we have not been doing anything today. We've not been doing anything today. We haven't been doing anything today. They have not been telling the truth. They've not been telling the truth. They haven't been telling the truth. It has not been going very well. It's not being going very well. It hasn't been going very well. I have not been speaking to Marie. I've not been speaking to Marie. I haven't been speaking to Marie. He has not been eating very much. He's not been eating very much. He hasn't been eating very much. 61. Lesson 17c Present perfect continuous practice: So that's recap the present perfect, continuous tense. In the positive we have I have been speaking and we can contract that to become I've been speaking then in the negative we get I have not been speaking which we can contract in two ways either. I have not been speaking. Oh, I haven't been speaking, so I'll give you a verb and a person and see if you can put them into the five different forms off the present Perfect, continuous tense close And it it has been closing. It's being closing. It has not been closing. It's not being closing it, Haven't bean clothing eat? And we We have been eating. We've been eating. We have not been eating. We've not been eating, We haven't been eating. Come and they they have bean coming. They've been coming. They have not been coming. They have not been coming. They haven't been coming. Go And I I have bean going. I've been going, I have not been going. I have not been going. I haven't been going. Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form off the present perfect, continuous tense and I want you to try and say the sentences in the other four forms, they have been leading to speak French. They've been learning to speak French. They have not been learning to speak French. They have not been learning to speak French. They haven't been learning to speak French. He's been listening to music. He has been listening to music. He has not been listening to music. He's not being listening to music. He hasn't been listening to music. Hannah hasn't been working very hard. Hannah has been working very hard, has been working very hard. Hannah has not been working very hard. Hand is not being working very hard. We have bean buying a new car. We've been buying a new car. We have not been buying a new car. We've not been buying a new car. We haven't been buying a new car. 62. Lesson 18a Past perfect continuous tense: the past perfect, continuous. The past perfect, continuous tense is made up off the past. Perfect tense off the would be and then a present participle. I had bean you had bean. He had bean, she had bean, It had bean, we had bean and they had bean. Let's have a practice with the past perfect, continuous tents. I'll give you a verb and a person, and you pushed into the past perfect, continuous tents finish and I I had bean finishing stroke. And you you have bean stroking clean and they they have been cleaning wash. And we we have been washing white and he he had bean wiping play and she she had been playing. Here's some example sentences in the past. Perfect, continuous tents. I had been calling George all day. It had been getting very cold without the fire. They had been playing football in the garden. He had been preparing some sandwiches for lunch. She had been staying there a week. We had been working very hard on that project. You can contract the had with the subject pronoun in this tense by hooking on apostrophe d unto the end. So I had bean becomes I'd being You had Bean becomes you'd bean He had bean becomes he'd bean She had bean becomes she'd bean it had bean becomes it had bean We had bean becomes we'd bean And they had Beene becomes they'd bean So see if you can contract these sentences I had bean finishing all my work. I've been finishing all my work. We have been staying at the hotel. We've been staying at the hotel. He had been speaking to Peter about the situation. He'd been speaking to Peter about the situation. She had been eating lots of sweets that day. She had been eating lots of sweets that day. It had been happening a lot recently. It had been happening a lot recently they had been calling me every day. They've been calling me every day. 63. Lesson 18b Past perfect continuous negative: You can also make the past perfect, continuous tense. Negative we have to do is put the word. Not after the word had I had been eating becomes I had not been eating. I had been speaking. French becomes I had not been speaking French. I had been driving my car. I had not been driving my car. So see if you can make these sentences negative. I had been visiting the Eiffel Tower. I had not been visiting the Eiffel Tower. We have been eating at this restaurant a week. We had not be eating at this restaurant or weak. They have been spending a lot of money. They had not been spending. Ultimately, he had been driving to work. He had not been driving to work. She had been working very hard that day. She had not been working very hard that day. It had been going very well. It had not been going very well. You have been finishing early. You have not been finishing early. You can contract the negative present continuous tense in two ways. Either you can contract the had part to a subject pronoun and you'll get I'd you'd he'd shed etcetera and Then you put not after it. Or you can contract the word not onto the end off the head and get hadn't. So I had not. Bean can either become had not bean or I hadn't bean. You had not Bean can become. You'd not bean or you hadn't Bean. He had not. Bean becomes He'd not bean or he hadn't Bean. She had not. Bean can become. She'd not bean or she hadn't bean. It had not Bean. It did not bean or it hadn't bean. We had not Bean. We've not bean. We hadn't Bean. They had not Bean. They had not Bean. They hadn't Bean. So see if you can contract be sentences in two different ways. She had not been speaking to Harry. She's not been speaking to hurry or she hadn't been speaking to Harry. We have not been doing anything that day. We've not been doing anything that day or we hadn't been doing anything that day. They had not been telling the truth. They had not been telling the truth. They hadn't been telling the truth. It had not been going very well. It had not been going very well. It hadn't been going very well. I had not been speaking to Marie. I had not been speaking to Marie. I hadn't been speaking to Murray. He had not been eating very much. He'd not been eating very much. He hadn't been eating very much. 64. Lesson 18c Past perfect continuous practice: So let's recap the past perfect, continuous tense In the positive we have I had been speaking. We can contract that. I've been speaking. You can make it negative. I had not been speaking and you can contract the negative in two ways. I had not been speaking or I hadn't been speaking. So I'll give you a verb and a person and see if you can put them into the five different forms off the past. Perfect, continuous tense. Close on it. It had been closing. It had bean closing. It had not been closing. It did not being closing, It hadn't been closing. Eat And we We have been eating. We'd been eating. We had not been eating. We've not been eating. We hadn't bean eating come and they they had been coming. They'd be in coming. They had not been coming. They had not been coming. They hadn't been coming. Go And I I had been going. I'd be in going. I had not been going. I have not been going. I hadn't been going. Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form off the past perfect, continuous tense and I want you to try and save the sentences. In the other four films, they had been learning to speak French. They've been learning to speak French. They had not been learning to speak French. They had not been learning to speak French. They hadn't been learning to speak French. He'd been listening to music. He had been listening to music. He had not been listening to music. He had not been listening to music. He hadn't been listening to music. Hannah hadn't been working very hard. Now you can't contract. The word had to a name in English, so the positive contracted on the first off the negative contracted forms can be used with the name Hannah had been working very hard. Hannah had not been working very hard. We had been buying a new car. We've been buying a new car. We had not been buying a new car. We've not been buying a new car. We hadn't bean buying a new car 65. Lesson 19a Future perfect continuous tense: the future Perfect, Continuous. The future perfect continuous tense is made up off the future. Perfect tense of the word B and then a present participle. So I will have bean. You will have bean. He will have bean. She will have bean. It will have bean We will have bean and they will have bean And then you put the present participle on the end of any of those That's the I N g word. So let's have a practice with the future. Perfect, Continuous tense. I'll give you a very been a person and you put it into the future. Perfect, continuous tense finish and I I will have bean finishing stroke. And you you will have bean stroking clean And they they will have been cleaning wash And we we will have been washing Wipe And he he will have bean wiping play Andi She she will have been playing. Here are some example sentences in the future Perfect, continuous tense in English. I will have been speaking to George. It will have been turning very cold. Without the fire, they would have been playing football in the gun. He will have been preparing some sandwiches for lunch. She will have been staying with her friends. We will have been working very hard on this project. You can contract the will with the subject pronoun in this tense by turning it into an apostrophe. L l So I will have Bean will become ill. Have bean. You will have bean becomes. You'll have bean. He will have Bean becomes here. Have bean. She will have bean. She'll have bean. It will have bean. It will have bean. We will have Bean will have bean. They will have bean. They'll have bean. So see if you can contract these sentences I will have Bean finishing all my work. I love being finishing all my work. We will have been staying at the hotel. We'll have been staying at the hotel. He will have been speaking to Peter about the situation. He'll have been speaking to Peter about the situation. She will have bean eating her dinner. She'll have been eating her dinner. It would have been happening a lot recently. It will have been happening a lot recently. They will have been talking to me on the phone that have been talking to me on the phone 66. Lesson 19b Future perfect continuous negative: you can make the future perfect. Continuous tense. Negative. By putting the word not after the word will. So I will have bean eating becomes I will not have been eating. I will have me speaking French becomes I will not have bean speaking French. I will have bean driving. My car will become. I will not have been driving my car. So see if you can make the sentences negative. I will have bean visiting the Eiffel Tower. I will not have been visiting the Eiffel Tower. We will have bean eating at this restaurant all week. We will not have been eating at this restaurant all week. They will have been spending a lot of money. They will not have been spending a lot of money. He will have been driving to work. He will not have bean drying toe work. She will have been working very hard today. She will not have been working very hard today. It will have been going well. It will not have been going well. You will have bean finishing your homework. You will not have being finishing your homework. You can contract the negative future. Continuous tense in two ways. Either You can contract the will part to the subject pronoun by adding an apostrophe l l So you'll get ill your heel. She'll etcetera and then put not after it Or you can contract the phrase will not to get wound So I will not have bean becomes either. I'll not have bean or I won't have bean. You will not have bean becomes either You will not have bean or you won't have bean He will not have bean He'll not have bean He won't have bean She will not have bean She will not have bean She won't have bean It will not have bean It will not have bean It won't have bean We will not have Bean will not have bean We won't have bean They will not have bean They're not have bean They won't have bean So see if you can contract these sentences in two different ways She will not have been speaking to Harry She will not have been speaking to hurry She won't have been speaking to hurry We will not have bean doing anything important Will not have been doing anything important We won't have been doing anything important They will not have been telling the truth. They're not have been telling the truth. They won't have been telling the truth. It will not have been going very well. It will not have been going very well. It won't have been going very well. I will not have Bean speaking to Marie. I would not have been speaking to Marie. I won't have been speaking to Marie. He will not have been eating very much. He'll not have been eating very much. He won't have been eating very much. 67. Lesson 19c Future perfect continuous practice: So let's recap the future perfect. Continuous tense. In the positive we have I will have bean speaking. And we couldn't contract that to become ill. Have been speaking. We can make it negative by saying I will not have bean speaking. And you can contract the negative in two ways either. I'll not have been speaking. Oh, I won't have bean speaking. I'll give you a verb under person and see if you can put them into the five different forms of the future. Perfect. Continuous tense clothes on. Do it! It would have been closing. It'll have bean closing. It will not have bean closing. If not have been closing, it won't have been closing. Eat And we we will have been eating Will have bean eating. We will not have been eating Will not have bean eating. We won't have bean eating. Come And they they will have bean coming. They'll have bean coming. They will not have been coming They will not have been coming. They won't have been coming. Go And I I will have been going I'll have been going. I will not have been going. I would not have been going. I won't of been going. Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of the future. Perfect, continuous tense. Andi, I want you to try and save the sentences in the other four firms. They will have been speaking French. There have been speaking French. They will not have been speaking French. They will not have been speaking fringe. They won't have been speaking French. He'll have been listening to music. He will have been listening to music. He will not have been listening to music. He will not have been listening to music. He won't have been listening to music. Hannah words have been working very hard. Now you can't contract the word will with a name so you can't use the positive contracted form or the first negative contracted form off this tents. If you use a name, is that of a subject program. Hannah will have been working very hard. Hannah will not have been working very hard. We will have been buying a new car. We'll have been buying a new car. We will not have bean buying. A new car will not have been buying a new car. We won't have been buying a new car 68. Lesson 20a Conditional perfect continuous tense: the conditional perfect Continuous. So the conditional perfect continuous tenses made off the conditional perfect tense off the word be and then a present participle. So we have I would have bean you would have bean. He would have bean. She would have bean. It would have bean, we would have bean and they would have bean. And then you put a present participle on the end off any of those. That's the word that ends in ing i n g. Let's have a practice with conditional perfect, continuous tense. I'll give you a verb Onda a person on Do you put it into the conditional, perfect, continuous tense finish? And I I would have bean finishing stroke and you, you would have been stroking clean and they they would have been cleaning wash and we we would have been washing white and he he would have been wiping play, and she she would have been playing. Here's some example sentences in the conditional perfect, continuous tense in English. I would have been speaking to George. It would have been turning very cold. Without the fire, they would have bean playing football in the garden. He would have been preparing some sandwiches for lunch. She would have been staying with her friends. We would have been working very hard on this project. You can contract the conditional perfect, continuous tense in two ways. Firstly, you can contract the word would with subject pronoun by hooking and apostrophe D on the end . Secondly, you can contract, would have and get would have. I would have. Bean can become either I'd have bean or I would have bean. You would have Bean can become either you'd have bean or you would have bean. He would have Bean can become either he'd have bean or he would have bean. She would have Bean will become either she'd have bean or she would have bean. It would have bean can become either it would have bean or it would have bean. We would have bean chemical me that we'd have bean or we would have bean. They would have bean would become either they'd have bean or they would have bean 69. Lesson 20b Conditional perfect continuous contractions: so see if you can contract these sentences in both different ways, I would have Bean finishing all my work. I'd have been finishing all my work. I would have bean finishing all my work. We would have bean staying at the hotel. We have been staying at the hotel. We would have been staying at the hotel. He would have been speaking to Peter about the situation. He'd have been speaking to Peter about the situation. He would have been speaking to Peter about the situation. She would have bean eating her dinner. She'd have bean eating her dinner. She would have bean eating her dinner. It would have been happening a lot more. It would have been happening a lot more. It would have been happening a lot more. They would have been talking to me on the phone. They'd have been talking to me on the phone. They would have been talking to me on the phone. You can make the conditional perfect, continuous tense. Negative. All you have to do is put the word Not after the word would. So I would have bean eating becomes I would not have bean eating. I would have been speaking. French becomes. I would not have been speaking French. I would have bean driving. My car would become. I would not have been driving my car. See if you can make the sentences negative. I would have being visiting the Eiffel Tower. I would not have been visiting the Eiffel Tower. We would have bean eating at this restaurant all week. We would not have been eating at this restaurant a week. They would have been spending a lot of money. They would not have been spending a lot of money. He would have been driving to work. He would not have been driving to work. She would have been working very hard today. She would not have been working very hard today. It would have been going well. It would not have been going well. You would have bean finishing your homework. You would not have Bean finishing your homework. 70. Lesson 20c Conditional perfect continuous negative: you can contract the negative conditional, perfect, continuous tense in two ways, you can either contract the wood part to the subject pronoun by putting an apostrophe d after it. Siegel get I'd, you'd, he'd and she'd etcetera and then put Not on the end of that. Or you can contract the phrase would not to get wouldn't so I would not have Bean can either become I would not have bean or I wouldn't have bean You would not have Bean can either become you not have Bean or you wouldn't have Bean. He would not have Bean can either become he did not have Bean or he wouldn't have bean. She would not have Bean can either become she'd not have Bean or she wouldn't have bean It would not have Bean can either become it did not have Bean or it wouldn't have bean. We would not have bean can become we'd not have bean or we wouldn't have bean and they would not have bean can either become they'd not have bean or they wouldn't have bean. So see if you can contract the sentences in the two different ways She would not have been speaking to Harry should not have been speaking to Harry or she wouldn't have been speaking to Harry. We would not have been doing anything important. We'd not have been doing anything important or we wouldn't have been doing anything important. They would not have been telling the truth. They'd not have means telling the truth, or they wouldn't have been telling the truth. It would not have been going very well. It did not have been going very well. Oh, it wouldn't have been going very well. I would not have been speaking to Marie. I would not have been speaking to Marie or I wouldn't have been speaking to Marie. He would not have been eating very much. He'd not have been eating very much or he wouldn't have been eating very much. 71. Lesson 20d Conditional perfect continuous practice: So let's recap the conditional perfect, continuous tense. In the positive we have, I would have been speaking. And we can contract that in two ways. Either I'd have been speaking. Oh, I would have been speaking. We can make it negative by saying I would not have been speaking and we can contract the negative in two ways as well. I would not have been speaking or I wouldn't have been speaking. So I'll give you a verb and a person and see if you can put them into the six different forms off the conditional perfect, continuous tense close. And it it would have been closing. It would have been closing. It would have been closing. It would not have been closing. It did not have bean clothing. It wouldn't have bean praising eat. And we we would have been eating. We'd have been eating. We would have been eating. We would not have been eating. We'd not have been eating. We wouldn't have bean eating come and they they would have been coming. They'd have been coming. They would have bean communed. They would not have been coming. They would not have been coming. They wouldn't have been coming, Go and I I would have bean going. I'd have been going. I would have been going. I would not have been going. I would not have been going. I wouldn't have been going. Now let's try and make them into sentences. I'll give you a sentence in one form of the conditional, perfect, continuous tense. Andi, I want you to try and save the sentences in the other five forms. They would have been speaking French. They'd have been speaking French. They would have been speaking French. They would not have been speaking French. They would not have been speaking French. They wouldn't have been speaking French. He'd have been listening to music. He would have been listening to music. He would have been listening to music. He would not have been listening to music. He'd not have been listening to music. He wouldn't have been listening to music. Hannah wouldn't have been working very hard. Now you can't contract the word would with a name. So this means you can't use the first positive contracted form or the first negative contracted form of this tense. If you use a name instead of a subject program, Hannah would have been working very hard. Hannah would have been working very hard. Hannah would not have been working very hard. We would have been buying a new car. We'd have been buying a new car. We would have been buying a new car. We would not have been buying a new car. We'd not have bean buying a new car. We wouldn't have been buying a new car. 72. Lesson 20e Table of all the tenses: So that's all the tenses. All 16 of them in the positive negative Andi contracted forms. I've put all 16 tenses into a table that you can download in pdf format. You can see it on the screen now how to show you what it looks like? You have the positive, the contracted positive, the contracted positive second version for some of them, the negative, the first negative contracted version on the second negative contracted version all the way along the top. And then the different tenses are done. The left hand side, not all of the tennis is have contracted versions. And so there are some gaps, so you can use this table as a reference to help you to remember how to form these different tenses. 73. Lesson 21a Simple present tense questions: asking questions. We've looked at all 60. Intense is now on how to make them negative. There's one more thing you can do with these Tennessee's and that's make them into questions. The simple present tense The key to making the simple present tense into a question is the word Du. If you place one of the forms off do in front of reverb in English, you have yourself a question in the simple present tense. So do I. Do you? Does he does she does it. Do we on, Do they? All you have to do is place a verb on the end of those. Just remember that you don't add the extra s to the end of the verb in the he she or it forms like you normally do. This is because the word doors already contains the s. So try and turn these sentences into questions. You speak French? Do you speak French? He travels to Australia soon. Does he travel to Australia soon? She eats here most days. Does she eat here? Most days They opened at seven o'clock. Do they opened at seven o'clock? We have some wine in the fridge. Do we have someone in the fridge. It seems colder today. Does it seem colder today? I spend too much money on clothes. Do I spend to much more young clothes? There is anyone verb that you can't do this myth be. If you want to turn any form of the verb, be into a question. In the simple present tense, you simply flip the verb on the subject permanent around. So I am becomes Am I You, uh, becomes are you? He is becomes. Is he? She is becomes Is she? It is becomes is it? We are becomes our way and they are becomes are they so again, try and turn these sentences into questions. Mary is here tomorrow. Is Mary here? Tomorrow? They are too busy of a too busy. I am allowed to go in. I'm a allowed to go in. He is free later. Is he free later? She is Alice. Is she Alice? We are safe here. Are we safe here? It is warm outside. Is it warm outside? U S Spanish? Are you Spanish? 74. Lesson 21b Simple present tense negative questions: now the simple present tense can absolutely made negative on this means you can also make negative questions. The simple present tense has made negative by putting do not or does not in front of a VEB . Or you can contract those phrases to don't and doesn't well, to make the negative simple present tense into a question You put the subject pronoun after the word do or doors or don't or doesn't. So look at these. I do not belong here becomes Do I not belong here or I don't belong here becomes don't I belong here so really the 1st 2 words you flip around I do not becomes, do I not? You do not becomes, do you not? He does not becomes, does he not? She does not becomes machine out. It does not becomes, does it not? We do not becomes, do we not? They do not becomes, do they not? And you can put a veil on the end of those or in the contracted forms that looked like this . I don't, don't I? You don't, don't you? He doesn't, doesn't he? She doesn't, doesn't she? It doesn't, doesn't it? We don't, don't we? They don't. Don't they have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form on the contracted form? You speak French? Do you not speak French? Don't you speak French? He travels to Australia soon. Does he not travel to Australia soon? Doesn't he traveled to Australia soon? She eats here most days. Does she not eat here most days? Doesn't she eat here? Most days they opened at seven o'clock. Do not open at seven o'clock. Don't they open at seven o'clock? We have some wine in the fridge. Do we not have some wine in the fridge? Don't we have some wine in the fridge? It seems colder today. Does it not seem colder today? Doesn't it seem colder today? I spend too much money on clothes. Do not spend too much money on clothes. Don't have spent too much money on clothes. 75. Lesson 22a Simple past tense questions: the simple past. The key to making the simple past tense into a question is the word did If you place the word did in front of a verb in English, you have yourself a question in the simple past tense. So we have did I did you did he did. She did it. Did we on Did they? We have to do is place available on the end of those. And just remember that you don't add the extra e d to the end of the Web as you normally do . This is because the word did is already in the past. So try and turn these sentences into questions. You spoke French. Did you speak French? He traveled to Australia. Did he travel to Australia? She ate here most days. Did she eat here? Most days They opened at seven o'clock. Did they open at seven o'clock? We had some wine in the fridge. Did we have some wine in the fridge? It seemed Cody yesterday. Did it seem cold? Yesterday I spent too much money on clothes. Did I spend too much money on clothes? There is only one verb that you can't do this move and it is the same Veba's we had in the simple present tense questions be if you want to 10 any form of the VEB be into a question In the simple past tense you simply flip the verb on the subject clowning around. So I was becomes Was I you wear becomes where you he waas becomes Was he she was becomes what she it was becomes was it We were becomes where we they were becomes where they so again try and turn these sentences into questions Mary was here yesterday. Was Mary here yesterday? They were too busy. Were they too busy? I was allowed to go in. Was I allowed to go in? He was free area. Was he free? Alia? She was Addis. Well, she had this. We were safe there. We'll be safe there. It was warm outside. Was it warm outside? You were in Spain. Were you in Spain? 76. Lesson 22b Simple past tense negative questions: Now the simple past tense can be made negative by putting Did not in front of the VEB or you can contract it too. Didn't. Well, to make the negative, simple present tense into a question you can put the subject pronoun after they did not or after they didn't. So look at these. I did not go there in a question becomes, Did I not go there? I didn't go there in a question becomes, didn't I go there so again, you really just flip the 1st 2 words in the sentence around to make it into a question I did not becomes, did I not? You did not becomes, did you not? He did not becomes, did he not? She did not becomes, did she not? It did not becomes, did it not? We did not becomes, did we not? And they did not becomes, did they? Not you. Then just put a web on the end of those. The contracted forms will look like this. I didn't, didn't I? You didn't, didn't you? He didn't, didn't he? She didn't, didn't she? It didn't, didn't it? We didn't, didn't we? They didn't. Didn't they have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form on the contracted form. You spoke French? Did you not speak French? Didn't you speak French? He traveled to Australia. Did he not travel to Australia? Didn't he travel to Australia? Look, she ate here most days. Did she not eat here most days? Didn't she eat here? Most days? They opened at seven o'clock. Did they not open at seven o'clock? Didn't they open at seven o'clock? We have some wine in the fridge. Did we not have some wine in the fridge? Didn't we have some wine in the fridge? It seemed cold yesterday. Did it not seem cold yesterday? Didn't it seem cold yesterday? I didn't know for it this morning. Do not not do enough. Where? This morning. Didn't I do enough work this morning? 77. Lesson 23a Simple future tense questions: the simple future tense. The key to making the simple fugitives into a question is flipping around the word will with the subject pronoun. You can then put the veil on the end of this and you have a future question. So we get will, I will. You will. He will she will it will we and will they we have to do is place a verb on the end of those . So try and turn these sentences into questions. You will speak French. Will you speak French? He will travel to Australia soon. Where he traveled to Australia soon. She will eat here tonight. Well, she in here tonight. They will open at seven o'clock. Will they open at seven o'clock? We will have some wine in the fridge. Well, we have some wine in the fridge. It will be warmer tomorrow. Will it be warmer tomorrow? I will be safe at home. Will I be safe at home now? The simple future tens can be made negative by putting not after the word will or you can contract it and change will not toe won't to make the negative future tense into a question . You switch the will or the world around with the subject pronoun So you will not stay here becomes will you not stay here? You won't stay here becomes when you stay here. So really, you switch the 1st 2 words around. I will not becomes will I not? You will not becomes will You know he will not becomes, will he not? She will not becomes, will she not? It will not becomes, will it not? We will not becomes, Will we not? And they will not becomes will A No. You can then put a verb on the end of those or in the contracted form. They look like this. I won't, won't I? You won't, won't you? He won't. 20. She won't, Won't she? We won't, Won't we? They won't. Won't they have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form on the contracted form. You will be in Australia tomorrow. Will you not be in Australia tomorrow? Won't you be in Australia tomorrow? He will go by car. Will you not give my car? Won't he go by car? She will help me later. Well, if you know help me later. When she helped me later. They will do it wrong. Were they not do it wrong? What? They do it wrong. We will have some wine in the fridge. We would not have someone in the fridge. When we have some wine in the fridge, it will seem quieter over there. We do not seem quiet over there, which it seemed quieter over there. I will get in your way. We don't get in your way once I get in your way. 78. Lesson 24a Simple conditional tense questions: the simple conditional. The key to making the simple, conditional tense into a question is flipping around the word would with the subject pronoun you can then put the verb on the end of this and you have a conditional question. So you would have, would I Would you? Would he? Would she? Would it? Would we? And would they? Well, you have to do with place of verb on the end of those. So try and turn these sentences into questions. You would say something. Would you say something? He would travel to Australia. Malone. Would he travel to Australia alone? She would help you normally. What? She helped you. Normally they would open earlier. Would they open area? We would have some wine in the fridge. Would we have some wine in the fridge? It would be easier like that. Would it be easier like that? I would save a bit of money. Would I save a bit of money? Now, the simple, conditional tense can be made negative by putting not after the word would or you can contracted and change would not too. Wouldn't to make the negative conditional tense into a question. You just switch the wood or the wouldn't around with the subject pronoun. So, for example, you would not stay here becomes would you not stay here or you wouldn't stay here? Becomes Wouldn't you stay here? So basically, you switch the 1st 2 words around to make it into a question. So I would not becomes, would I not? You would not becomes, would you not? He would not becomes what he note she would not becomes what she note it would not becomes , would it not? We would not becomes, would we know they would not becomes, would they know? And you can put a verb on the end of those or in the contracted forms there look like this . I wouldn't becomes, wouldn't I? You wouldn't becomes, wouldn't you? He wouldn't becomes, wouldn't he? She wouldn't becomes, wouldn't she? It wouldn't becomes, wouldn't it? We wouldn't becomes, wouldn't we? And they wouldn't becomes, wouldn't they? So have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form and the contracted form. You would be in Australia tomorrow. Would you not be in Australia tomorrow? Wouldn't you be in Australia tomorrow? He would go by car, would you not go by car? Wouldn't he go by car? She would help me later. Would, you know? Help me later. Wouldn't she have me later? They would do it wrong. Would they not do it wrong? Wouldn't they do it wrong? We would have some wine in the fridge. Would we not have some wine in the fridge? Wouldn't we have some wine in the fridge? It would seem quieter over there. What? Do not seem quiet River there. Wouldn't it seem quieter over there? I would get in your way. Would I not get in your way, wouldn't I? Get in your way? 79. Lesson 25a Present perfect tense questions: the president Perfect. The key to making the present perfect tense into a question is to switch the have around with a subject pronoun. On the end of this, you simply put a past participle. So you would have have I have you? Has he has she has it? Have we? And have may so try and turn these questions in two sentences. You have spoken French. Have you spoken French? He has travelled to Australia. Has he traveled to Australia? She has eaten here most days. Has she eaten here? Most days they have opened the new shop. Have they opened a new shop? We have left some wine in the fridge. Have you left some wine in the fridge? It has been much colder today. Has it being much colder today? I have spent too much money on clothes. Have I spent too much money? Includes the present Perfect tense can be made negative by putting not after the word have and you can also contract. They have not into haven't. Well, you could make the questions negative too. You can either put the word Not after the subject pronoun want. You have flipped it around with the word have or you can flip the word haven't around with the subject pronoun. So look at these. I have not done enough. Would become have I'm not doing enough. I haven't do enough becomes Haven't had enough. So just like usual, you flip. The 1st 2 wears around and it becomes a question. So I have not becomes, have I not? You have not becomes, have you not? He has not becomes, has he not? She has not becomes. Has she note? It has not becomes, has it not? We have not becomes, have we not? And they have not becomes, have they not? And then you can put a past participle onto the end of those. The contracted forms will look like this. I haven't becomes, haven't I? You haven't becomes, haven't you? He hasn't becomes, hasn't he? She hasn't becomes, hasn't she? It hasn't becomes, hasn't it? We haven't becomes, haven't we? And they haven't becomes, haven't they? So have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form on the contracted form. You have spoken French. Have you not spoken French? Haven't you spoken French? He has travelled to Australia. Has he not traveled to Australia? Hasn't he traveled to Australia? She has eaten here most days as she not eaten here most days. Hasn't she eating here? Most days they have opened a new shop. Have they not open? The new job haven't made from the new shop. We have left some. Why in the fridge have you not left in wine in the fridge? I haven't left someone in the fridge. It has been much colder today. Has it not been much colder today? Hasn't it been? What's cold today? I have spent too much money on clothes. I have not spent too much money on clothes. Haven't I spent too much money on clothes? 80. Lesson 26a Past perfect tense questions: the past perfect. The key to making the past perfect tense into a question is to switch the head around with a subject pronoun on the end of this again New simply place a past participle. So you have had I had you had to He had she had it, had we and they to try and turn these sentences into questions You had spoken French. Have you spoken French? He had traveled to Australia Had he traveled to Australia, she had easing here most days. Has she eaten here? Most days they had opened a new shop and they opened a new shop. We have left some wine in the fridge. Had we left someone in the fridge, it had bean much colder that day. Had it been much colder that day, I had spent too much more young clothes Had I spent too much money on clothes. The past perfect tense can be made negative by putting Not after the word had you can also contract. He had not into hadn't you could make the questions negative to either by putting the word Not after the subject pronoun would you have flipped around with word had or you can flip the word hadn't around with the subject pronoun. So look at these. I had not done enough will become Had I not done enough. I hadn't done enough becomes hadn't had enough. So we get I had not turns into had I not So basically you flip the 1st 2 words around you have not becomes had you not he had not becomes had he not She had not becomes had she not It had not becomes had it not We had not becomes, had we not? And they had not becomes had they not? You can then put the past participle unto the end of any of those or in the contracted forms. They will look like this. I hadn't becomes, hadn't I? You hadn't becomes, hadn't you? He hadn't becomes, hadn't he? She hadn't becomes, hadn't she? It hadn't becomes, haven't it? We hadn't becomes, hadn't we? They hadn't becomes, hadn't they? So have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the four form on the contracted form. You had spoken French had you not spoken French? Haven't you spoken French? He had traveled to Australia had he not traveled to Australia hadn't he traveled to Australia. She had eaten here most days. Had, you know, eaten here most days. Hadn't she eating here most days We had left some wine in the fridge. Had we not left someone in the fridge, hadn't we left someone in the fridge? It had bean much colder that day. Had it not been much colder that day. Haven't it mean much Kobe that day I had spent too much money on clothes. Had I not spent too much money on clothes, Haven't I spent too much money on clothes? 81. Lesson 27a Future perfect tense questions: the future perfect. The key to making the future perfect tense into a question is to switch the will around with subject program. On the end of this again, you simply place the word how and a past participle. So you get will I have? Will you have? Will he have? Will she have? Will it have? Will we have? And will they have? So try and turn these sentences into questions. You will have spoken French. Will you have spoken French? He will have travelled to Australia. Will he have travelled to Australia? She will have eaten here most days. Will she have eaten here most days They will have opened a new shop. Will they have opened a new shop? We will have left some wine in the fridge. Well, we have left some wine in the fridge. It will have bean much colder that day. Would it have been much colder that day? I will have spent too much money on clothes. But I have spent too much money on clothes. The future perfect tense can be made negative by putting not after the word will. You can also contract the will not into Won't. You can make. The question is negative to either by putting the word not after the subject pronoun when she flipped it around with the word have Oh, you can flip The word won't around with subject pronoun so I will not have enough will become Will I not have been enough? I won't have learnt off becomes won't. I have doing off. So you're basically flip around the 1st 2 words So I will not have in the question form becomes will I not have? You will not have in the question form becomes will you not have? He will not have becomes, will he not have? She will not have becomes will she not have? It will not have becomes. Will it not have? We will not have becomes will we not have? And they will not have becomes really not Have you can then place a past participle onto the end of any of those or in the contracted forms they look like this I won't have becomes . Weren't I have You won't have becomes. Won't you have? He won't have becomes. Won't he have? She won't have becomes when she have it won't have becomes Won't it? Have we won't have becomes what we have and they won't have becomes. But they have so have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full Andi, the contracted forms. You will have spoken French. Will you not have spoken French? Won't you have spoken French? He will have travelled to Australia. Will he not have travelled to Australia? Won't he have travelled to Australia? She will have eaten here most days. Would you not have eaten here most days? Wouldn't she have eaten here? Most days they will have opened the new shop. Would they not have opened a new shop when they have opened a new shop? We will have left some wine in the fridge. We may not have left some wine in the fridge when we have left someone in the fridge. It would have been much colder that day. Would it not have bean much colder that day. Won't it have bean much colder that day I will have spent too much money on clothes. Will not have spent too much money on clothes. Won't I have spent too much money on clothes? 82. Lesson 28a Conditional perfect tense questions: the conditional Perfect. The key to making the conditional perfect tense into a question is to switch the word would around with subject pronoun. On the end of this you place the would have and then a past participle. So you would get, Would I have? Would you have? Would he have? Would she have? Would it have? Would we have? And would they have On the end of all of those, you can place a past participle, So try and turn these sentences into questions. You would have spoken French. Would you have spoken French? He would have traveled to Australia. Would he have travelled to Australia? She would have eaten here most days. Would she have eaten here most days? They would have opened the new shop. Would they have opened a new shop? We would have left some wine in the fridge. Would we have left some wine in the fridge? It would have been much better like that. Would it have been much better like that? I would have spent too much money on clothes. Would I have spent too much money on clothes? The conditional perfect tents can be made negative by putting not after the word would you can also contract the would not into Wouldn't you can make questions out of the negative conditional perfect tents by either putting the word not after the subject pronoun when she flipped it around with the word would or you conflict, the word wouldn't around with the subject pronoun. So look at these. I would not have doing off becomes would I not have green off? I wouldn't have been enough becomes wouldn't I have done enough. So you basically flipped the 1st 2 words around each of them And you get a question so I would not have becomes, would I not have? You would not have becomes. What do you not have? He would not have becomes, would he not have? She would not have becomes what she don't have. It would not have becomes, would it not have? We would not have becomes, would we not have And they would not have becomes, would they not have? And then you place a passport visible onto the end of any of those or in the contracted forms. They looked like this. I wouldn't have becomes. Wouldn't I have? You wouldn't have becomes. Wouldn't you have. He wouldn't have becomes. Wouldn't he have? She wouldn't have becomes. Wouldn't she have? It wouldn't have becomes. Wouldn't it have? We wouldn't have becomes. Wouldn't we have? And they wouldn't have becomes. Wouldn't they have have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form on the contracted form? You would have spoken fringe. Would you not have spoken French? Wouldn't you have spoken French? He would have traveled to Australia. Would he not have travelled to Australia? Wouldn't he have travelled to Australia? She would have reason here most days. Would she not have eaten here most days? Wouldn't she have eaten here most days? They would have opened the new shop. Were they not have opened a new shop? Wouldn't they have opened a new shop? We would have left some wine in the fridge. Would not have left some wine in the fridge. Wouldn't we have left some wine in the fridge? It would have been much colder that day. Would it not have bean much colder that day. Wouldn't it have been much colder that day? I would have spent too much money on clothes. Would I not have spent too much money on clothes? Wouldn't I have spent too much money on clothes? 83. Lesson 29a Present continuous tense questions: the present Continuous. The key to making the present continuous tense into a question is to switch the form off, be around with the subject pronoun On the end of this, you place a present participle. That's the word that ends in I N g. So we have a my are you Is he Is she Is it? Are we? And are they trying to end the sentences into questions? You are speaking French. Are you speaking French? He is traveling to Australia. Is he traveling to Australia? She is eating here tomorrow. Is she eating here? Tomorrow They are opening a new shop. Are they opening in the shop? We are leaving some wine in the fridge. I'll be leaving some wine in the fridge. It is getting colder now. Is it getting colder now? I am spending too much money on clothes. Um I spending too much money on clothes. The president Continuous tenants can be made negative by putting not after the form of B. You can also contract the be not form off the verb. Most of the time you simply poked n apostrophe t after the form of B and then the subject pronoun on the end of that. The only exception to this is with I. When you're talking about I in a negative question in the present continuous tense, you can contract. Am I not by saying anti? This doesn't sound logical. It isn't because it ought to be anti. In fact, I'm tie used to be used, but not very much in its place. People used to use the contraction untie because it was too awkward to put em next to an end. The phrase anti had quite a few plantations where the A was pronounced like the A in the word apple. Seven. The A in the word able seven a and the a in the word are So are so you the rope announced Aunt Ain't Aunt. The last pronunciation sounded a lot like aren't and eventually became felt that that that's why we have aren't I today? So look at these. I am not doing enough will become a my not doing enough. But if you contracted, you get I'm not doing enough and that becomes aren't I doing enough? So the uncontracted versions are I am not becomes a my not you are not becomes. Are you not he has not becomes, is he not? She is not becomes, is she not? Is it not becomes, is it not? We are not becomes, are we not? And they are not becomes, are they not? You can then put a present participle on the end of those or in the contracted forms that looked like this. I'm not becomes anti. You aren't becomes, aren't you? He isn't becomes, isn't he? She isn't becomes, isn't she? It isn't becomes, isn't it? We aren't becomes, aren't we? They aren't becomes, aren't they? So with the exception off, I'm not. We have to do is switch the two words around. But I'm not becomes on time. Have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the four form and the contracted form. You are speaking French. Are you not speaking French? Aren't you speaking French? He is traveling to Australia. Is he not traveling to Australia? Isn't he traveling Twist radio. She is eating here tomorrow. If you're not eating here tomorrow, isn't she eating here tomorrow? They are opening a new shop. Are they not opening a new shop? Aren't there being a new shop? We are leaving some wine in the fridge. We're not leaving someone in the fridge, aren't we? Leaving some wine in the fridge? It is getting colder today. Is it not getting colder today? Isn't it getting colder today? I'm spending too much money on clothes. I'm not spending too much money on clothes, aren't I spending too much money on clothes? 84. Lesson 30a Past continuous tense questions: the past continuous. The key to making the past continuous tense into a question is to switch the form of be around with a subject pronoun on the end of this replace the present participle the word that ends in I N g So we get was I were you? Was he Was she was it where we and where they And in the end you place the present participle. So try and turn these sentences into questions. You were speaking French. Were you speaking French? He was traveling to Australia. Was he travelling to Australia? She was eating here tomorrow. Was she eating here? Tomorrow? They were opening a new shop. Were they opening a new shop? We were leaving some wine in the fridge. We're leaving some wine in the fridge. It was getting colder now I wasn't getting colder. Now I was spending too much money on clothes. Was I spending too much money on clothes? The past continuous tense can be made negative by putting not after the form off B. You can also contract the be not form of the verb into Wasn't or weren't You can make the questions negative either by putting the word. Not after the subject pronoun when she flips around with the form of B. Or you can flip the word wasn't or weren't around with a subject pronoun. Look at these. I was not doing enough. Was I not doing enough? I wasn't doing enough. Wasn't I doing enough? So basically, you flip the 1st 2 words around to form a question. So I was not becomes was I know you were not becomes were you know he was not becomes, was he not? She was not becomes machine up. It was not becomes, was it not? We were not becomes where we not and they were not becomes, were they not? You can then put a present participle on the end of those or in the contracted forms. They look like this. I wasn't becomes, wasn't I? You went becomes, weren't you? He wasn't becomes, wasn't he? She wasn't becomes, wasn't she? It wasn't becomes, wasn't it? We went becomes, weren't we? And they weren't becomes, weren't they? So have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form on the contracted form. You were speaking French. Well, you're not speaking French When You're speaking French. He was traveling to Australia. Was he not travelling to Australia? Wasn't he traveling to Australia? She was eating here. Were she not eating here? Wasn't she eating here? They were opening a new shop. We're not opening a new shop where they opening a new shop. We were leaving some wine in the fridge. Will be not leaving some wine in the fridge. Went leaving some wine in the fridge. It was getting colder. Was it not getting colder? Wasn't it getting colder? I was spending too much money on clothes. Was I'm not spending too much money on clothes. Wasn't I spending too much money on clothes? 85. Lesson 31a Future continuous tense questions: the future continuous. The key to making the future continuous tense into a question is to switch. The word will around with the subject pronoun On the end of this you place the would be on the present participle. So we get Will I be Will you be? Will he be? Will she be? Will it be? Will we be? And will they be? So try and tend these sentences into questions. You will be speaking French. Will you be speaking French? He will be travelling to Australia. Will he be traveling to Australia? She will be eating here to monitor. Will she be eating here tomorrow? They will be opening a new shop. Will they be opening a new shop? We will be leaving some wine in the fridge. Well, we're leaving some wine in the fridge. It will be getting colder tomorrow. Will it be getting colder tomorrow? I will be spending too much money on clothes We'll be spending too much money on clothes. The future continuous tenants can be made negative by putting not after the word wheel You can also contract There will not form of the verb into Won't you can make the question is negative either by putting the word not after the subject pronoun Once you've flipped it around with the word will or you conflict the word won't around with subject pronoun. Look at these examples. I will not be eating there tomorrow. Well, I'm not beating there tomorrow. I won't be eating there tomorrow. Won't have eating that tomorrow So basically you flip the 1st 2 words around to form a question so I will not be becomes will I not be? You will not be becomes, will you not be? He will not be becomes will he not be? She will not be becomes will she not be? It will not be becomes would it not be? We will not be becomes will we not be? They will not be becomes will they not be? You can then put a present participle onto the end of any of those Or when the contracted forms it looked like this I won't be becomes Weren't I be you won't be becomes Won't you be He won't be becomes won't TV She won't be becomes Won't she be? It won't be becomes Won't it be? We won't be becomes Won't we ve and they won't be becomes won't. Maybe so Have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form . Andi, the contracted form. You will be speaking French. Will you not be speaking French? Won't you be speaking French? He will be travelling to Australia. Would he not be traveling to Australia? Won't he be travelling to Australia? She will be eating here. Will she not be eating here? Won't you be eating here? They will be opening a new shop. Will they not be opening a new shop? Won't they be opening a new shop? We will be leaving some wine in the fridge. Were we not believing someone in the fridge won't be believing some wine in the fridge? It will be getting colder. We do not be getting colder. Won't it be getting colder? I will be spending more money on clothes. We are not be spending more money on clothes. Won't have a spending more money on clothes 86. Lesson 32a Conditional continuous tense questions: the conditional Continuous. The key to making the conditional continuous tense into a question is to switch the word would around with subject pronoun. On the end of this, you place the word be under present participle. So we get Would I be Would you be? Would he be? Would she be? Would it be? Would we be? And would they be to try and turn these sentences into questions? You would be speaking French. Would you be speaking French? He would be traveling to Australia. Would he be traveling to Australia? She would be eating here tomorrow. Would she be eating here tomorrow? They would be opening a new shop. Would they be opening a new shop? We would be leaving some wine in the fridge. Would we be leaving some wine in the fridge? It would be getting colder. Would it be getting colder? I would be spending more money on clothes. Would I be spending more money on clothes? The conditional continuous tense can be made negative by putting not after the word would. You can also contract the would not form of the Web into. Wouldn't you can do this with a negative question to you? can either put the word not after the subject program. What? You flipped around with the word would or you conflict The word wouldn't around with a subject pronoun. So look at these. I would not be getting in your way. Would I not be getting in your way. I wouldn't be getting in your way, wouldn't I be getting in your way? So you flick the 1st 2 words around and you get a question so I would not be becomes what I not be you would not be becomes, would you not be? He would not be becomes, would he not be? She would not be becomes, would she not be? It would not be becomes would it not be? We would not be becomes would we not be? And they would not be becomes would they not be? You can put a present participle on the end of any of those or in the contracted forms that would look like this I wouldn't be becomes, wouldn't I be? You wouldn't be. Wouldn't you be? He wouldn't be. Wouldn't he be? She wouldn't be. Wouldn't she be? It wouldn't be. Wouldn't it be? We wouldn't be? Wouldn't we be They wouldn't be. Wouldn't Maybe so Have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form on the contracted form. You would be speaking French. Would you not be speaking French? Wouldn't you be speaking French? He would be traveling to Australia. Would he not be traveling to Australia? Wouldn't he be travelling to Australia? She would be eating here. Would you not be eating here? Wouldn't she be eating here? They would be opening a new shop. Would they not be opening a new shop? Wouldn't. Maybe opening a new shop. We will be leaving some wine in the fridge. Well, you not believing some wine in the fridge? Wouldn't be believing some wine in the fridge. It would be getting colder. Would it not be getting colder? Wouldn't it be getting colder? I would be getting in everybody's way. Would I not be getting in everybody's way? Wouldn't I be getting in everybody's way? 87. Lesson 33a Present perfect continuous tense questions: the president Perfect. Continuous. Now, the key to making the present perfect continuous tense into a question is to switch the verb have around with subject pronoun on the end of this Replace the word bean Onda A present participle. That's the word that ends in I n g So we'd have have I bean have you bean? Has he Bean Has she Bean has it bean have we mean have they bean So try and turn these sentences into questions. You have been speaking French. Have you been speaking French? He has been traveling around Australia. Has he been traveling around Australia? She has been eating here this week. Has she been eating here this week? They have been opening a new shop. Have they been happening in the shop? We have been drinking your wine. Have we been drinking your wine? It has been getting colder. Has it been getting colder? I have been spending too much money on clothes Have I been spending too much money on clothes? The president perfect continuous tense can be made negative by putting not after the form off Have you can also contracts the half note or has not to become haven't Or hasn't. You can make the questions negative in this tense either. By putting the word not after the subject pronoun wouldn't you flipped it around with the word have Or you can flip the wares haven't or hasn't around with the subject Pronoun for example I have not been doing enough will become Have I not been doing enough? I haven't been doing enough Will become having time in doing it off. So you get I have not Bean becomes, have I not? Bean? You have not. Bean becomes have you not bean? He has not Bean becomes has he not bean? She has not. Bean becomes, has she not bean? It has not Bean becomes, has it not bean? We have not Bean becomes have we not bean? And they have not Bean becomes have they not bean? You can then put a present participle into the end of any of those in the contracted forms . There looked like this. I haven't Bean becomes haven't I? Bean? You haven't. Bean becomes, haven't you bean he hasn't seen becomes, hasn't he Bean? She hasn't Bean becomes. Hasn't she mean it hasn't Bean becomes, hasn't it? Bean? We haven't bean becomes. Haven't we mean? And they haven't. Bean becomes haven't a bean. So have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form and the contracted form. You have been speaking French. Have you not been speaking French? Haven't you been speaking French? He has been traveling around Australia. Has he not been traveling around Australia? Hasn't he been traveling around Australia? She has been eating here this week. Has she not been eating here this week? Hasn't she been eating here this week? They have been opening a new shop. Have they not been opening a new shop? Haven't they been opening a new shop? We have been drinking your wine. Have we not been drinking your wine? Haven't we been drinking your wine? It has been getting colder. Has it not been getting colder? Hasn't it been getting colder? I have been spending too much money on clothes. Have I not been spending too much money on clothes? Haven't I been spending too much money on clothes? 88. Lesson 34a Past perfect continuous tense questions: the past Perfect Continuous. The key to making the past perfect continuous tense into a question is to switch the verb had around with subject pronoun On the end of this you place the word bean Onda a present participle. That's the word that ends in I N g So you get Had I bean had you bean had he bean had she bean had it bean had we bean and had they bean So try and turn these sentences into questions. You have been speaking French. Had you been speaking fringe? He had been traveling around Australia had he been traveling around Australia. She had been eating here this week. Had she been eating here this week, they had been opening a new shop. Had they been opening a new shop. We had been drinking your wine. Have you been drinking your wine? It had been getting colder. Had it been getting colder. I had been spending too much money on clothes had I mean, spending too much money on clothes. The past perfect continuous tense can be made negative by putting not after the Web had or you can contract that had not form to hadn't in the question form, you can either put the word not after the subject pronoun Once you flipped it around with the word had or you can flip the word hadn't around with the subject pronoun to make it negative. So I have not been doing enough will become Had I not been doing enough or I hadn't. Bean doing enough becomes hadn't I've been doing enough I had not. Bean becomes had I not bean you had not Bean becomes you had you not bean he had not. Bean becomes had he not bean She had not mean becomes had she not bean It had not bean becomes had it not bean we had not bean becomes had we not bean and they had not bean becomes had they not bean. You can then put a present participle onto the end of any of those in the contracted forms that looked like this I hadn't. Bean becomes hadn't I mean you hadn't Bean becomes, hadn't you bean? He hadn't. Bean becomes hadn t bean. She hadn't. Bean becomes Hadn't she mean it? Hadn't bean becomes hadn't it bean? We hadn't. Bean becomes, hadn't we, bean And they hadn't. Bean becomes hadn't they bean. So have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full firm on the contracted phone. You have been speaking French. Had you not been speaking French, hadn't you been speaking French? He had been traveling around Australia. Had he not been traveling around Australia. Hadn't he been traveling around Australia? She had been eating here this week. Had she not been eating here this week. Hadn't she been eating here this week? They had Beene opening a new shop. Have they not been opening a new shop? Haven't they been opening a new shop? We had been drinking your wine. Have you not been drinking your wine? Hadn't we been drinking your wine? It had been getting colder. Had it not been getting Holder, hadn't it being getting colder? I had been spending too much money on clothes. Had I not been spending too much money on clothes. Haven't I been spending too much money on clothes? 89. Lesson 35a Future perfect continuous tense questions: the future Perfect Continuous The key to making the future perfect continuous tense into a question is to switch the verb will around with the subject pronoun On the end of this you place the words have bean onda a present participle. So you get well. I have bean Will you have bean? Will he have bean where she have bean? Will it have bean? Will we have bean? And will they have bean to try and turn these sentences into questions? You will have been speaking French. Will you have been speaking French? He will have been traveling around Australia. Will he have been traveling around Australia? She will have been eating. Wouldn't you have been eating? They will have bean opening a new shop where they have bean opening a new shop. We will have been drinking your wine. Would we have been drinking your wine? It would have been getting colder. Will it have been getting colder? I would have been spending too much money on clothes. Well, I have been spending too much money on clothes. The future perfect continuous tense can be made negative by putting not after the word will or you can contract will not to get won't To make the questions negative, you can either put not after the subject pronoun Once you flipped it around with the word will or you can flip the word won't around with the subject pronoun. So look at these. I will not have been doing enough becomes will I not have been doing enough so the I will becomes Will I? I won't have been doing enough. Well change I won't to one time. And you get won't I have been doing enough So we have I will not have bean becomes Will I not have bean? You will not have bean becomes will you not have bean? He will not have bean becomes will he not bean? She will not have bean becomes Will she not have bean? It will not have bean We did not have bean We will not have bean Were we not have bean and they will not have bean Will they not have bean And then you can put a present participle onto the end of any of those Or if you want to contract them you'll get these I won't have bean becomes won't I have bean you won't have Bean becomes when you have bean. He won't have bean becomes. Won't he have bean? She won't have bean becomes when she have bean. It won't have bean becomes Won't it have bean? We won't have bean becomes won't we have bean and they won't have bean becomes Won't they have bean So have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form on the contracted form You will have been speaking French. Will you not have been speaking French? Won't you have been speaking French? He will have been traveling around Australia. Will he not have been traveling around Australia? Won't he have been traveling around Australia? She will have been eating. Will you not have been eating what you have been eating? They will have bean opening a new shop. Were they not have bean opening a new shop? Were they happy? Noting a new shop We will have been drinking your wine Were we not have been drinking your wine When we have been drinking your wine, it will have been getting colder. Will it not have been getting colder? Won't it have been getting colder? I will have been spending too much money on clothes. Well, I know have been spending too much money on clothes. Weren't I have been spending too much money on Cleary's. 90. Lesson 36a Conditional perfect continuous tense questions: the conditional perfect Continuous. The key to making the conditional perfect continuous tense into a question is to switch the wood around with a subject program. On the end of this you place the words have bean onda a present participle. So we get Would I have bean? Would you have bean? Would he have bean? Would she have bean? Would it have bean? Would we have bean? Would they have bean? So try and turn these sentences into questions. You would have been speaking French. Would you have been speaking French? He would have been traveling around Australia. Would he have been traveling around Australia? She would have been eating. Would she have anything? They would have been opening a new shop. Would they have been opening a new shop? We would have been drinking your wine. Would we have been drinking your wine? It would have been getting colder. Would it have been getting colder? I would have been spending too much money on clothes. Would I have been spending too much money on clothes. The conditional perfect continuous tense can be made negative by putting not after the word would and you can contract the would not to become Wouldn't You can also make the questions negative either by opposing the word not after the subject pronoun Once you flip it around with the word would or you can flip the word wouldn't around with the subject pronoun for example, I would not have been doing enough becomes would I not have been doing enough or the contracted form I wouldn't have been doing enough becomes wouldn't I have been doing enough so I would not have bean becomes Would I not have bean? You would not have bean becomes Would you not have bean? He would not have bean becomes would he not have bean? She would not have bean becomes what she not have bean It would not have bean becomes would it not have bean? We would not have bean becomes Would we not have bean And they would not have bean becomes Would they not have bean You then simply put a present participle onto the end of any of those And you get a question The contracted forms of the votes would look like this I wouldn't have bean becomes Wouldn't I have bean? You wouldn't have bean becomes Wouldn't you have bean. He wouldn't have Bean. Wouldn't he have bean? She wouldn't have Bean. Wouldn't she have bean? It wouldn't have Bean. Wouldn't it have, bean? We wouldn't have Bean. Wouldn't we have bean? They wouldn't have Bean. Wouldn't they have Bean? So have a go at making these sentences into negative questions in both the full form on the contracted form. You would have been speaking French. Would you not have been speaking French? Wouldn't you have been speaking French? He would have been traveling around Australia. Would would he not have been traveling around Australia? Wouldn't he have been traveling around Australia? She would have been eating. We should not have been eating. Wouldn't she have been eating? They would have been opening a new shop. Would they not have been opening a new shop? Wouldn't they have been opening a new shop? We would have been drinking your wine. Would we not have been drinking your wine? Wouldn't we have been drinking your wine? It would have been getting colder. Would you know, have been getting colder? Wouldn't it have been getting colder? I would have been spending too much money on clothes. Would I not have been spending too much money on clothes? Wouldn't I have been spending too much money on clothes?