Floristry 101 - Wiring & Taping Class No.5 | Deb Jasinski | Skillshare

Floristry 101 - Wiring & Taping Class No.5

Deb Jasinski, Floral Designer #flowerobsessed

Floristry 101 - Wiring & Taping Class No.5

Deb Jasinski, Floral Designer #flowerobsessed

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10 Lessons (45m)
    • 1. Welcome!

      3:10
    • 2. Essential Tools

      3:20
    • 3. How the tape works

      5:50
    • 4. Firm Stems

      4:08
    • 5. Hollow & Juicy Stems

      5:33
    • 6. Delicate & Skinny Stems

      7:14
    • 7. Heavy or Bulky Stems

      3:31
    • 8. Awkward Shapes or No Stems

      9:20
    • 9. Project

      2:15
    • 10. Final Thoughts

      0:56
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About This Class

Everyone has seen that weird roll of green tape in the craft stores, but what the heck is it for?  This class is going to teach you one of the most important florist skills out there.  Wiring and taping.

This class will discuss WHY we wire and tape, and will demonstrate the many different wiring and taping methods.  This class is a MUST for anyone considering a career in floral design.

Meet Your Teacher

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Deb Jasinski

Floral Designer #flowerobsessed

Teacher

Hello, I'm Deb.  I've worked in the floral design industry for nearly thirty years.  You could definitely say that I am flower obsessed!  I am most passionate about teaching floral design.  Sharing with students how to open their creative eyes to all that nature has to offer is an integral part of my teaching practice.  It's essential to get outdoors and really notice our natural surroundings on a more macro and intimate level in order to mimic nature in a floral composition.  Join me on this flower journey and become flower obsessed too!

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Transcripts

1. Welcome!: Hi and welcome to flourish tree 101. This is class number five, wiring and taping. My name is Deb just Minsky and I am a floral designer and I'll be taking you through today's class. So wiring and taping, does this look familiar to everybody? And this is something that you've probably seen in various craft stores, flour suppliers, even the dollar stores have it these days. But what the heck used form. So that's what we're going to be. That's what we're going to be discussing in this, in this class. The number one use of this tape is to cover up wires, hence the class called wiring and taping. When do we use wiring and taping? We use it mainly in courses, reboot near work or hair flowers. When we want to create a little cluster and attach it either to a head piece or to a piece of fabric. Now, we use this tape around wires for several reasons. First of all, we do the wiring and taping in order to give a flower stem more strength. You can't just take a bundle of flowers and tie them together and attach them to a lapel or put them in somebody's hair and expect them to stay in place because the stems are going to, they're going to shrink over time as they dehydrate. They can't break, they can mush. And your whole core sausage or boot near or hair piece is going to fall apart. So what we need to do is create artificial stems on all of the flowers that were going to be using in our design using wire. Now once we have used the wire through to create the stems and we've removed the stems. Then we have to create this new stem. We have to create a prettier look with the wire. By covering it with this tape. We don't just want to have bare wires showing. So that's why these tapes generally are in the various colors of flower stems so that you can mimic a stem without it being completely obvious that it's an artificial stem that you've created. So it's going to give your flowers strength. But the other reason why we do it as well is to give your flowers flexibility. Once the stem is created with wire, you have the freedom to move the flowers around and have them facing up, facing down, cluster them however it is that you want. So you have that ability to manipulate the flowers. Whereas if you were just to tie together flowers with their stems, as is, There's no manipulation possible there. If you try to angle a flower, you're just going to snap it and break it. So we're doing it to increase the strength of the stem so things don't fall apart. And as well to give it flexibility so that you can create this as a design that it is that you're looking for. And so without further ado, we will continue on to the next segment, which is the essential supplies. 2. Essential Tools: So it's pretty easy what you need to obtain in order to work on your wiring and taping skills, you can just go to a craft store or a floral supplier and the things that you need or very inexpensive. So first and foremost, you're going to need to purchase some of the floral tape. It comes in, rolls about this size, sometimes a little bit bigger. And it can be a little bit difficult sometimes to get them started. So more often than not when I end up doing is just grabbing a chunk of it and pulling it off and then finding the end. So you're going to need to get a rule of this. It really doesn't matter what color you try. I'm trying to get for the purpose of practicing, any color will do. But if you are going to be making courses and mutineers than I would recommend getting something in the general shade of the stems if you're planning on letting the artificial stems show. So I tend to gravitate more towards this lighter green color because I find that it tends to mimic the color of the majority of flower stems out there. There is also this darker green 12. Ok, so this is one thing that you need to purchase for sure. The next thing that you need to get his wire. Now, you can buy wire and a couple of different formats. You can get spools of wire, which I tend to purchase simply because a lot of the floral work that I do is on site. And so it's a lot easier for me to have this little role here as opposed to pre-cut long pieces of wire. Like these guys here. These are actually ones that I've cut in half because like I said, they're usually twice this length and it's difficult to have them in my in my portable, my portable toolkit. So these guys, I've cut in half and you can see they're a little bit on the wrinkly side because again, I've had them stuffed in my bag. But again, they come twice this length and you can purchase all of the different wires in various gauges. This wire here is around a 22 gauge. You can see that it's a little bit on the thicker, firmer side. This would be great for a flower that has a much beefier head on it. Because obviously you're gonna want to be able to hold the stem or the flower head up with the wire that you choose. This one here, the silver wire. And again, it doesn't matter that it's silver because you're going to be covering it up with the floral wire or the floral tape anyways, this guy here is actually a 26 gauge, so it's considerably thinner. And it's ideal for flowers that have really delicate, delicate stems. Okay, so the wire, whether it's school or stick totally up to you, but you wanna make sure that you get a few different gauges. I would suggest anywhere between 2022 for your thicker one and a twenty six, twenty eight for your thinner one. And then finally, you're gonna wanna use wire cutters to cut all this. I, I strongly advise you to, to avoid the temptation of using your floral cutters to cut wire because you will dial them in no time. So these are the supplies that you need. 3. How the tape works: Alright, so what do I do now that I've got my tape and I've got my wire, how do I actually use this tape to wrap it around my wire? And that is where practice comes into play. So what you want to make sure that you're doing when you're using this tape is you want to be pulling it as you're using it because right now it's just papery. There's no stick to it. It doesn't get sticky until it's actually stretched. And then it starts to become very tacky and it will stick to itself. So you can see here it's not sticky. And then when I pull it, you'll notice that it becomes a lighter shade of green and suddenly it becomes a lot tacky or so. What you're going to do is you're going to twist the wire or sorry, twist the tape around the wire, pulling it at the same time so that it will stick. Now. And the easiest way to do this is to hold the tape in one hand, the wire and the other. And you're going to create a little bit of a 45-degree angle like so. So that the wire criss crosses your tape. And then I'm just going to fold it over and pinch it a little bit. Okay. It's not super sticky but it will stick. Okay. And then you've got your piece of tape coming out again at a 45-degree angle. You don't want it at a 90 degree angle because then you're gonna use way too much tape. You want to be chancy with the tape because you don't want wires that are really, really fat. Ok, so again, we're going down to a 45-degree angle. Now if you're right-handed what you're gonna do, I'm going to hold the wire in your hand. At the top here where we pinched at all. And then on the left, you're going to use, so I'm gonna move this over here. You're going to use the tape in your left hand, okay? And you're going to be doing this motion over and over again. You're going to be spinning your wire. And as you're spinning your wire, you're going to be pulling your tape. And as you pull your tape, you're going to make it sticky. And then it's just going to naturally adhere. And as you go down the line with your hand, you'll be reinforcing everything that you've just done. So have a look and watch what I'm going to do. I'll slow it down so you can enjoy it in slow motion. And we'll do it several times. When you get to the end, the tape is very flexible. You can just peel it right off. And then you can see that this is nice and tight all the way down. I'll do it again. We're just going to pull off this end here so that I've got a nice fresh end to start with. Alright, so we've got our 45-degree angle. I'm going to fold it over and just kinda squish it into place. And then using my right hand, I'm going to spin. Using my left hand. I'm going to pull the tape and I'm also going to use the tips of my fingers to guide the wire a little bit just so that it doesn't go flopping all over the place. Spin and pull. Spin and pull. And again, I'm keeping it at a 45 degree angle. And then I get to the end and I pull it off. Now let's give it a try with a thin wire and you'll see what I mean when I say it's a little bit more complicated simply because it's thinner and so therefore, it doesn't have as much weight to it. So it tends to want to bend and flop around, but it's completely doable using exactly the same technique. So again, we're just going to lay it on the top like that. And I'm just going to squish that on the top so that my wire is ready to go. And I'm just gonna spin. And remember this hand here is helping to guide this because it's flopping all over the place, especially because this was a spool and it wasn't straight, so it's going to be turning around quite a bit. But as you can see, It's just as doable. It just requires a little bit more tension in your fingers to keep the wire from flopping all over the place. Now, if you didn't notice, as I was doing it, my fingers were really gripping, was really holding on. This is not something that you're going to do. Just kinda casually. Without any strength. You wanna make sure that you're doing it really, really tight. So you'll notice after you do this for quite a while, your hands are gonna start to fatigue because you really are gripping strong. So again, we're just going to fold that over. And here we go. If you notice the tendons and the muscles and all of my hands are completely engaged as I do this over and over again. And there we go, nice and covered. So this is the essential skill of covering the wire with the tape. So the next video, what we're going to do is we're going to see how we go about wiring and taping a firm flour like arose. 4. Firm Stems: Okay, so here we are with a couple of roses. I've chosen just the Sweetheart roses. They are a really great size for a boat near, and we don't generally use the really large headed roses simply because they stick out too much. So how do we go about creating a wired and tape stem on these guys? And why are we doing it? We're doing it because we can't just bundle flowers together and attach them onto somebody's lapel and hope that they don't just snap off. We want to create an artificial stem so that we know that the flower is good to go, no matter how aggressively the guys hug each other, nothing is going to pop off. So what we're going to do is we're going to remove the stem. And we're going to create an artificial stem with the wire. And we're gonna give it a cut just a little bit below the bulbous bit at the bottom. Just like that. Ok. You don't want to snap it right at the top because you need something that you can wire it width. Ok. So I've just taken off these little bits here. And now what I'm going to do using a thicker wire and I'm actually going to cut these wires and half because you don't need them to be that long. With this thicker wire. What I'm going to do is I'm going to insert the wire through the stem and out to the other side. And then I'm going to fold it down like so. So I've got these two pieces and they're folded. And I in fact can take a little bit more of this stem off. We don't really need all that much. Okay, so there we go. I've created an artificial stem with the wire, and now I need to tape it. I need to cover it all so that you don't see the wire at all. Which means I have to start at the top, wrapping it around and then continuously go to the bottom here. Okay? So we're gonna use the very same technique. Okay? I'm going to lay it on the top and I'm going to spin it around a little bit and just kind of secure it the same way that we did with the wire when we started it off. Okay, and now what I'm gonna do is using these fingers, I'm going to do the exact same thing except this time I've got a wire and a bit of stem happening underneath. And I'm going to be spinning that and all the while at my 45-degree angle, I'm going to be using this hand to pull so that the stem wrap becomes sticky and we'll stick nicely. So I'm just going to start spinning and pulling and spinning and pulling. And voila, there's my artificial stem. So now if I wanted to create a boot near, but I really wanted to showcase the beautiful spiral on top of this flower. I could put it in the boot near and I can bend it like so. Because I can you couldn't do that with a regular rigid flower. So that's exactly how you do it. And I'll show you one more time with this other little rows but here. Okay, so this guy here, his stem is a little bit smaller, but it is still quite woody. So I'm going to continue on using this 22 gauge wire. And I'm just going to poke it right through the base, like so. And then I'm going to bring it down like so. And then I'm gonna get my tape and I'm going to fold it over the top like that. It's nice and sticky together. And then bringing it to a 45-degree angle, I'm going to start spinning it around, spinning it with my right hand and pulling it with my left. And there we go. So now I've got this really great flexible stem. If I wanted to make my rows face that direction or that direction. Okay. So this is how you would go about wiring and taping a firm flower with a single wire like arose. 5. Hollow & Juicy Stems: All right, how do we go about wiring and taping hollow and juicy stems? So a perfect example of a hall and juicy stem is actually the renowned Oculus. And when I say hollow like I literally mean, if you are to cut open the stem of this flower, you will see that there is a hole all the way down the middle. So there really isn't much to the stem, it's just the outer circumference of the stem and is a juicy, you bet it is. If I squeeze it, there's all sorts of liquid in there and it just breaks apart. So it's very, very fragile. So you have to be careful when you wire and teeth these guys. Because and I will show you what the problem is when it comes to a hollow or juicy flower. Just going to grab some of my, you guessed it. I'm going to use the really thin wire here. And I'm gonna use my 26 gauge because again, we have a very, very light, very thin stem. If I were to put this through the stem, like so. There is nothing stopping this flower from just ripping write out because it's so delicate and fleshy. Okay. There's no chance of that happening with a rose. You can put that through the hip of the rows and Paul, and it is not going to come out. But when you're dealing with something that's hollow or super fleshy. So other examples would be an anemone, very, very fleshy and hollow, or a callow allele. They aren't hollow, but they are basically just a big giant Jews pocket. So you can't just put a wire through it and tape it and expect for it to remain secure. So there's a special technique that I like to call the tape, wire and tape method. All right, so let's just cut this guy off. And you're going to require two, sorry, you're going to require one piece of wire, but you're going to have to tape it twice, okay? So this is where it becomes a little bit tricky and you have to be a little bit more delicate. You don't want to squeeze your peace. Okay? So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to show you on the stem here simply because the stem is a little bit easier to see for the first time round. So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to and maybe I'll use the darker tape just because you'll be able to see a better. I'm going to put a very small piece of the tape around the stem and you can see I've got it on there very, very loose. It doesn't need to be tight and OK. We just want to put it around there and have it like so. Okay. Again, it's very loose. I could pull it off if I wanted to. But what it's acting for us is it's giving a little bit of extracellular structure around the outside of the stem. So when I stick my wire through it, now I don't have to worry about it pulling and tearing because the tape is going to prevent that from happening. Ok. So it's just giving it an extra thick layer for the wire to go through. Okay. So once I've gone ahead and pierce through that tape, then I'm gonna get my tape again. And I'm going to cover up the tape so that you can't see it. And I'm gonna do the same thing. I'm going to twist and pull. And so now you can see that that is on there, really, really strong. It's not going to tear out. So let me show you that process one more time using the actual flower. So I've got my wire and I've got my tape. And again, I'll use the darker tape just so you can see better. I'm going to put a small little layer around the flower. Okay, it's just nice and loose. I don't want to squash the flour too much. It's on there, nice and loose. Also cut a little bit more of the stem off if you want to. Okay. And now that I've got that ring of tape around there, I'm going to very carefully Pierce from one side to the other. And then I'm going to fold the wire and half, like so. And then from here I'm gonna tape it again just as though I was taping arose or any other flower where I've used just a single piece of wire. Okay. So again, I I pass it by around the back and I squish it together a little bit the way I did with my wire. And then I start twisting, keeping my wire. Number 45 degree angle. If you missed a little spot, Z I missed a little spot when I was twisting it and I was doing that, I was being extra cautious because I didn't want to squish the flour. All you have to do is just go back to the spot that you missed and twist around it a second time. And there we go. So this is a nicely wired and taped for Buton IR. And you don't have to worry about the wire pulling off of the stem. It's good and secure. 6. Delicate & Skinny Stems: Okay, let's talk about delicate and skinny flowers. Probably the best method that I would use for anything from the chrysanthemum or Daisy family is something that I like to call the hook method. So here are a couple of days I'm going to show you what I would do. And in order to wire and tape these guys, these guys are tricky because the stem is very, very tiny. And if you were to use even the smallest gauge of wire going through, it is really risky because there's not going to be very much on either side of the flower to hold this together. So what do I do? What I would do in this case because they are so skinny, is I would actually, I'm going to cut this down just a little bit more. What I would do is get, again, a thin wire because this is a thin flour and I'm going to poke my wire through the stem. And right up the center of the Daisy, See how it's come right up the middle like that. And then what I'm going to do is I'm going to make a little hook, like so little hook. And then I'm going to pull this slowly down, down, down, down to the point where it disappears amongst all of the little stamen in the middle, but not far enough that it comes out completely the other side. All I've got is just a little bit of it. You can see it right there and it's poking through. So because it's hooked higher up inside the flower, it's going to be good, unsteady. So now I'm just going to get my tape. And again, just going to wrap it around the top there, squeeze it just a little bit. And then I'm going to start twisting at a 45-degree angle. And there we go. And that is perfectly wired so that it's not going to come and done. Let's do that again. I missed it. They're going to have to go back up to the top there. And there we go. You've got to Wired and taped daisies. Now here's an example of some skinny flowers I'm talking about with the with going out through the metal as well. So these are funds from the lyse and this, and I love using buds from Louisiana this because they just give a little bit of extra movement and dimension to the course on Zhu Bu near. But as you can see, how on earth am I going to be able to pierce through this little guy? He's so skinny. And It's not like I can use the hook method because I don't have anything to hook it to and then bring it back down. So what I'm going to do is instead of putting it up Through the Flower and then doing a hook, I'm just going to put it up through the flower, okay. And I'll show you what I mean. So these guys are very, very fragile. You can't really count on them. You could do the tape, wire tape method, or you could just stick that up through the middle a little bit, not too high that it's kinda come out the other side. And then you can secure it with some tape. Sometimes you need to go over it a couple of times just to make sure that you've got it good and secure because you certainly don't want that to pop off. But basically what's happening is you've got the wire up through there to about there. And then we've taped it and we've taped it really good and secure to that little bit of stem at the base. So therefore, it can't come off. Ok. Now this guy here is even trickier because he's even that much smaller if I wanted to use this little button here. So I'm just going to pop him off this little guy here. And I'm going to get myself a piece of wire. And I'm just going to stick this right up through the stem the same way I did the daisies, but I'm gonna make sure that it doesn't pop out the other side. You can go up as far as you can. And then if you see it pop up the middle like I did there, pull it back a little bit so that you don't see it that way. You know that it's up as high as it possibly can go. Ok. And then you're going to just get your tape. And again, you're going to do that thing where you fold it over the top, swish it around so that it's got a nice and secure top to it. And you're just gonna spin. Okay. And there we go. So these little guys are all wired and taped. So if you wanted this cute little guy popping up the top like that, just to give it a little bit of an extra sense of of whimsy. You can do that. Then you don't have to worry about it falling off. So this is for delicate and skinny flowers. This is the hook method or just the up the middle method. 7. Heavy or Bulky Stems: Alright, so now we're looking at heavy and bulky flowers or greenery. So in this case, I actually have a nice beautiful chunk of a jade plant. I had to do a wedding not too long ago for somebody whose name actually was jade. And so this needed to be incorporated into their mutineers or into their bouquets. Actually, I should say, these guys would be a little bit too fragile to go into a boot near. But the concept is exactly the same thing if we're going to put this into a bowl, okay, we need to create a stem of sum of some kind in order for it to stay put in. Okay, so how do I go about doing this? Because this is a lot of weight to it. Succulents tend to be very weighty because they're full of water. So I obviously wouldn't use a hook method. I wouldn't need to use the tape wire tape method because this stem is nice and solid and hard, a single wire probably wouldn't do it. It probably would just continue to flop all over the place. So what I'm actually going to do is very similar to the single wire technique with the roses that we use for firmer flowers. But this one, we're actually going to use two wires. I call this the crisscross method. So it's exactly how it sounds because I've got so much stem space, it will allow me to go across right through it the way I would if I was doing a rose. But then I'm going to go to the opposite side. And I'm going to go through the other way now. So you can see I've created a criss cross. And that way when I bend all of the flower's up, or sorry, but when I bend all of the wires up, I have this really strong holdings set of wires that have created my artificial stem. And so this is exactly how you do it. And then you just go ahead and you take the same way as always, bended over like so and pinch them so they're together. And then just start spinning on that 45-degree angle all the way down. And this is how we would insert something like this into a book. Hey, we could make the stem as long as we wanted, but now we've got this really firm stem on this really heavy flower. So this is what I call the crisscross method. Some other flowers that do really well with the crisscross method are orchids, particularly the CMB idiom orchids that can be as big as this. They have a lot of weight to them and their stem is really fat. So during the crisscross method works really well with them. If you have some of the big, huge, bulky oversize roses, you wouldn't necessarily use those inner core sounds reboot near. But you would put something like that into the hair, for example. For hair flowers again, the crisscross method is perfect for that. So if you're flower has a lot of weight to it, it has a thick bulky stem. Then go ahead and use the crisscross method. And that way you know that your artificial stem is going to be heavy enough to accommodate your flower. 8. Awkward Shapes or No Stems: Okay, and so the last category of wiring and taping that we're going to deal with is one that I call awkward shapes, or sometimes when there's no stem. And so this is where your creativity really has to come into play. We always joke around as florists that we're really good at monitoring things. And that's a reference to a TV program from the seventies and eighties. So if you're not familiar with what that means, basically just means rigging things up so that they work because there's always a way to do something, but there's not always just one way. There's often multiple methods. So I've got a few really random objects here on my table that I have had to incorporate into boot nears over the years. And I want to show you how I would approach wiring and taping some of these things. Okay? And now, just because this is how I am doing, it doesn't mean that the way you come up with isn't amazing to I just want to give you a little bit of an insight into how these things can go about. So let's look, for example, at this pine cone. Pine cones are pretty common to use in boot nears, particularly around the holiday season. But you can see there's no stamp. And it's really rigid so you can't really poke a stem up into it. That's not going to work either. So how the heck are you going to do it? So this is the approach I would take guy, Okay. I would get a piece of wire, move these guys up. And I would use the fact that they have all these layers to my advantage. And I would pretty much just create a loop around like that and then twist it together. And there we go. So it's coming off the side. And then of course we would just go ahead and tape it as per usual. So there is my pine cone. Mushrooms and different types of fungus have become very popular in the last couple of years. And I love using them. But the only problem is when they dry the dry really hard. So it's very difficult for me to pass a wire through here. So I like to make sure that they are good and secure. What do I do? So in this case, I'm just going to get some wire here. And I'm going to, actually, because this guy hears kinda got a wonky stem, I'm going to fold him in half like so. And just kind of spin it around, loop it around several times, and then pass it down because it's quite nobody at the bottom. So I feel like this wire doesn't have a chance of slipping down. Now if that nub wasn't there, I probably would still use this method. I would just make sure that as I'm wrapping it around that I'm doing it really, really tight. And then I'm just gonna go ahead and of course I'm going to tape it. And this is where Brown tape would come in handy if there's a chance that you might see some of this mechanical stuff. Because of course it's going to blend in nicely with the mushroom. What I need to make sure that I do when I am designing with this is I wanna make sure, of course, that this base here that's in the green is disguised somehow, maybe by putting a flower in front of it or something along those lines. But anyways, so this guy here, I did the twist around. So here I looked at this guy, twisted it. And then I've got these beautiful pieces of fungus. This is actually turkey tail. It's the name of a fungus that grows on logs here in Ontario in the late fall and it's quite medicinal. So it's really gaining in popularity. So as you can see, it's very, it's very, I don't want to say rock hard and it is it is pretty maneuverable, but it's very fibrous, so it doesn't want to come apart. For me to put a stem through here. I might be able to do that. I'm a little bit afraid that if I do because it is brittle, it might break off. But if you notice there's kind of a adjoining part in there where the two pieces come together. I think what I'm going to try and again, this is completely trial and error. I am going to take my wire and I'm going to fold it like this in half. And I'm going to put it on either side of that little connection piece. They're like so. And I'm going to push my wire down deep enough that hopefully you won't see it. So I've got it like that a few times. And then I'm going to wire and tape it. Now, what you wanna make sure is that none of your mechanics are going to show. So the fact that I've got a little piece of wire showing there is very important in the design process. So when you place this in your course SIJ, what you want to make sure happens Is that something covers up that mechanical piece. Whether it's just a little piece of greenery or if it's a bug, or if it's simply facing backwards so that you're not going to see it. Okay, so very, very important. We could also just get a little piece of a leaf going in there. Or maybe once your design is complete, you'll feel like it's actually not that noticeable. So that guy, I kinda took advantage of the fact that there was an area where I can create a hook. And then finally there is the beloved succulent, very popular the last few years, I often get people bringing them into me from their gardens. And this is ideal. This one is ideal because there's this nice little, little bulbous piece of root at the base and it's quite stiff. It reminds me of the base of a rose. And so if the bride, if a bride was to bring these in or I was to purchase them, I would just use the single technique that I did with the wire a putting a wire through the base here and then folding it down in wiring it. That's easy. But what happens if somebody brings us to me? And there's no stem at all? That's when it gets a little bit tricky because there's nothing for me to attach it to write. And it's not like I can do the method with the pine cone where I can twist it around because the pedals on this are so much more delicate. So this is when I would use the method that we talked about with the delicate or skinny stems, where we shoved the flower or the wire up the flower and we created a hook, or we just stuck the, the wire up the plant or the flower itself with no hook. So what I'm gonna do is I'm going to stick some wires up here. But instead of using really fine wire, like we did with the delicate and skinny guys, I'm going to use a couple of fatter ones. And then that way I can feel a little bit more confident that this guy is going to stay in place. So I'm going to and they're quite fibrous. So pushing that up there is sometimes not a bad thing. She can get away with creating a little hook. Let's see if we can create a little hook on this guy. Again, it's trial and error. I have gone through many, many versions of wiring and taping of succulents and it depends completely on the succulent itself. When succulent might be a little bit smaller than the others and you can get away with doing one thing versus another within the same arrangements. And so there I was able to actually create a little hook. So I'm going to keep this guy straight and I've got one that's a hook. And they're both going right up the middle of the succulent. And then I'm just going to wire. I'm just going to take my wire like so. And that way I know it's not going to fall out because it's really tight and I've got that one going rate up, but I've also got the hook, which gives it even more of a security with the wire. Alright, so these are all offered ones. There's lots of awkward guys out there. So you'll have to use your creativity when it comes to those guys. 9. Project: So now that you have a better sense of how you go about wiring and taping the project for today's class is really just a practice, practice, practice. There's no way of getting around it. It's something that you just need to practice over and over again. It's a skill that you will become better and better at, is probably going to feel really awkward in the beginning. And so therefore you just have to move forward. Now. I have the, I have the project structured in a way so that you're going to gradually build up to a more and more complex task. What we're gonna do is we're going to start off with that wire, a fatter gage, and this is all listed in the project. Fatter gauges that are short, maybe around four or five inches. And you're gonna practice wiring and taping that. Once you have a handle on that, you're going to move to a wire, again, a short one, but you're going to move to a wire that's a little bit thinner. The thinner the wire. It is actually two wire and tape because you don't have the rigidity. So the second part of the project then is to move just a little bit thinner, but we're still going to remain with a shorter piece of wire because you guessed it the longer the wire, the more complex it is. So then part number three, we are going to graduate to a longer wire, but we'll return back to the original fatter thickness of the wire that you did in stage number one. So you're gonna practice wiring and taping the fatter wire in about a twelv inch length. And once you feel like you've gotten it down and you wanted then go into the final project component, which is, you guessed it a twelv inch wire, 1012 inch wire using a thin gauge. Okay. So all of these gauges and length are all written out in the project, in the PDF that's attached. So good luck and I hope to see everybody's everybody's results. If you have any questions or concerns, please shout out. 10. Final Thoughts: Okay, so that finishes off our segment of wiring and taping all of the different techniques. And if you come across a technique that you think is something that's worthy of sharing. Please noted in the comments because like I said, there's more than one way to wire in tape is there is no hard and fast rule. What I showed you today was just some of the most common techniques use with some of the more common flowers. I hope everybody enjoyed today's class and we'll see you hopefully in the next class, which is boot nears. Once you've mastered the art of wiring and taping, you'll be good and ready to go with our boot near class, which is class number six. Thank you.