Floristry 101 - Flower Forms & Functions - Class No. 7 | Deb Jasinski | Skillshare

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Floristry 101 - Flower Forms & Functions - Class No. 7

teacher avatar Deb Jasinski, Floral Designer #flowerobsessed

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

6 Lessons (16m)
    • 1. Welcome!

    • 2. What are Flower Forms & Functions ?

    • 3. Mass and Secondary Flowers

    • 4. Linear, Filler & Form Flowers

    • 5. Putting it all together

    • 6. The Project

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About This Class

Have you ever wondered how to choose flowers for an arrangement?  How many of this? What style of that?  It can be a daunting task because what you decide upon could make or break your vision.  Once you understand the five important roles that flowers play in an floral arrangement, the selection process will become much easier. Join me now for a quick 15 minute lesson you won't regret!

Meet Your Teacher

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Deb Jasinski

Floral Designer #flowerobsessed


Hello, I'm Deb.  I've worked in the floral design industry for nearly thirty years.  You could definitely say that I am flower obsessed!  I am most passionate about teaching floral design.  Sharing with students how to open their creative eyes to all that nature has to offer is an integral part of my teaching practice.  It's essential to get outdoors and really notice our natural surroundings on a more macro and intimate level in order to mimic nature in a floral composition.  Join me on this flower journey and become flower obsessed too!

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1. Welcome!: Hi everyone, Welcome to floor History 101, class number 7, flower forms and functions. So designing is one thing, but selecting the elements is equally as important. In fact, it's half the battle really. If you choose your flowers appropriately, then the design will just fall into place a lot more easily. So today I'm going to help you to understand the different shapes or forms of the different flowers, as well as the roles or the functions that the different flower elements play. Once you become accustomed to the wave, floral elements work with each other within the design itself, your design skills will just continue to get better and better. So let's get started. 2. What are Flower Forms & Functions ?: So what exactly do we mean when we say flower forms and functions? Well, simply put, forum just means the shape of the flower element that's going into your design. So a peony, for example, is big and round and fluffy. And then when we're talking about the function, we're talking about the role that the peony is going to make in the flower design itself. So for example, a peony is very large, it's going to dominate the design. So therefore, we would put it into a special classification that would be considered a mass flower or a focal flower. There are five classifications of forms and functions. The first one we categorize as a mass or focal flower. Number 2 is a secondary or accent flower. Number 3 is a vertical or linear flower. Number four is a filler flower, and number 5 is a form flower. So let's take a closer look at each one of these classifications so that we can fully understand the role that each one of these flowers plays in the creation of a floral design. 3. Mass and Secondary Flowers: Focal or mass flowers, simply put, are really large blooms that draw the eye to the arrangement. Flowers like sunflowers or hydrangeas, P and E is the dahlias or even some of the really large roses. This is the kind of flower that you can expect to see as a focal flower. Focal flowers are typically located in the center of an arrangement or just slightly askew from the center. And more often than not, you'll see anywhere from one to maybe even three flowers all grouped together to create that focal look. Do keep in mind though that everything is relative with forestry. If you're making an arrangement in a tiny little teacup, then obviously you're not going to be putting giant flowers like sunflowers in there. Perhaps your focal flower will end up being a tiny little sweetheart rows or, or an aster of some kinds. So remember everything is relative to the size of the vessel. Secondary or accent flowers are smaller than the focal flower. They play a complimentary role to the focal flower by possessing a different color or texture or shape. When you're choosing your secondary flowers, it's really important to make sure that you don't choose anything that's going to take away or cause competition between that and the mosque flower. This is my favorite category of flowers because there are so many different, really unique varieties of flowers that you can use in the secondary role. My personal favorites are night Gela, cosmos or an ankylosis and an enemies. 4. Linear, Filler & Form Flowers: Linear or a line flowers are lengthy blooms used to create vertical, horizontal, or diagonal lines within a design aligned flower is typically a long flower that has little blooms going all the way down at like a Snapdragon, Adelphi, am I glad Ebola or stock? Linear flowers are a key element for height and width and for creating the overall shape of a floral arrangement. Keep in mind as well that greenery is a really key element in forestry, and it will often undertake the linear role in floral design. The purpose of a filler flower is exactly what it sounds like. It's meant to fill in any of the areas of your arrangement that just need a little bit of something extra. And filler flowers tend to be small, dainty flowers like babies breath or forget me not. Or lots of different types of greenery is that can fill this category as well. They're really helpful in providing texture and movement as well as softness within a design. When you're using filler flowers and an arrangement, it's really important to make sure that you don't overdo it. There is such a thing as texture overload where things can start to look messy. You also want to make sure that if you're using filler flowers, that you keep them away from any of the other flowers within the arrangement that have a really heavy texture so that they don't compete with one another. The final category are form flowers. Now this category is a really interesting one and it's reserved for flowers that just have a really outstanding shape to them. They tend to dominate the arrangement simply because of their uniqueness. And it doesn't have to necessarily be the uniqueness of the flower itself. It can also have a lot to do with the stem. The eye is really drawn to the unique lines that form flowers create. And so therefore, they tend to have a category on their own. Interestingly though form flowers can often take on the role of a line flower, because more often than not, they are quite vertical or horizontal and therefore can be used interchangeably. As you can see from some of the photos that have been featured here, the form category is not limited to flowers only branches can also serve a really big role in this. 5. Putting it all together: Now that we've gone ahead and alert the five different forms and functions of flowers in a floral design. Let's go ahead and take a look at some arrangements that have been made by some really prominent designers. We can have a look and see how they've positioned the different flowers in their pieces. So I'm going to grab this one here, which is by one of my favorite floral designers. The company that she is owner of is to a peanut, and her name is Kiana Underwood. She runs her store out of New York City. So here's her piece here. And let's just begin. So we'll start with mass flower. She's created this really beautiful collection of peach flowers right here in the center. And even though they're not the same type of flower, she has created a focal visionary piece by combining a bunch of different types of flowers to create that focal look with that beautiful peach shade. And then you can see that she's got all sorts of really beautiful secondary flowers that are all around here that helped to transition that peach color into some of these pinky or shades, as well as some of the yellow shades. We've got some really great line she's created here and here, and with the branches, some of them off to the side here. So these branches have really defined the shape of the piece, the height, and the width. These branches represent our linear flower, simply because you can see they're just like a flower where there's petals or a flower blooms going all the way up here. There's leaves going all the way up. There's definitely some filler flowers or filler foliage, I said should say in this case, some of these really pretty dainty leaves, some berries tucked in here. It looks to me like there might even be a little bit of possibly yellow sweet peas in there. So really nicely put together. And then for some interests, she's got some really incredible. It looks like these are poppies in terms of the form flowers. So they are beautiful. They've got this really unique shape going on here. Really adds some extra interests as well down here, these tulips are magnificent the way they're drooping down like that. And they're especially beautiful because you can see the stem. So that is a really fantastic example of all of the different forms and functions within a flower arrangement done by subpoena in New York. Another design I want to draw your attention to is this one here, which was completed by love and fresh flowers. Owner's name is Jenny love. Jenny is located in the state of Pennsylvania in the United States. This one is a really great example. It, it's very obvious all of the different flowers and the forums and functions that they are. We've got this fantastic dahlia right in the middle and it's an enormous flower, and it is indeed the focal flower that we have going on here. And then you can see we've got all sorts of really beautiful zinnias and smaller ball daily is to act as that beautiful transition into the secondary flowers. We've got some fantastic box gloves that are used, are being used for linear purposes, as well as these really great types of, I'm thinking that these are amaranth this, and it's hard for me to tell exactly. It looks like they're a little bit on the dry side. And the amaranth, this, we've got some beautiful filler, some of these little tiny buttons of some kind. I think we might be a feverfew. Jenny love has a beautiful organic cutting farm. So a lot of the flowers that she has are more of your typical garden flower as opposed to flowers that you may see. Just said, a typical supplier. So that's another thing that makes this piece so incredibly special. And then she's got some flowers playing some really fun roles. Like she's got the zinnias in the back, which are popping up really, really high and they're actually giving more of that farm flower rule as opposed to just that secondary flower. So she has all of the different rules represented in this piece. It is a lovely, lovely creation. Another fantastic example is this one here I'm going to enlarge this. And this one is, is the work of lack poetic, which is a flower house in South Korea. Scroll down until I get to it. Here we go. This piece here is fantastic, and it has everything that we could possibly want in terms of the forms and functions. And so because of that, the arrangement is just so pleasing to the eye. So let's start with the focal. Again. We've got this beautiful tulip. It doesn't really look like a tulip, but what she's done is actually repulse the pedals backwards. And then she's got all sorts of little. Other flowers mimicking the shape of that tulip that she's repulsed. She's gone ahead and done the same thing with a lot of the other flowers. You can see where she's turned the petals towards the back just to kinda have a continuity with that, with that backwards pet a look and just dancing around above as well as deeper inside. We've got some really great linear pieces here. She's gotten these branches, so that helps to define the width of her piece. And then of course we've got some amazing form flowers in these guys that are just popping right up. Roses are a really interesting thing to use as a forum flower. And you can see she's turned the pedals backwards on these guys and, and as well here. So this piece is a particularly good one if you want to look at the five different forms and functions of the flowers. And the final piece that I want to show you is probably one of my favorite from this board. And it is by a designer. She's actually Canadian, but her, she is now located in Sydney, Australia. Her name is Cara Fitch. And this piece is amazing. This piece, of course, in terms of focal, has this beautiful situation going on here. And I think when I liked the most about it is that she's carried all of the heavier, darker colors, almost situated right in the middle. So that becomes the focal centers simply because of the darkness that color. So you can see that it's not always about the flower and the size of the flower that plays a role in defining the form and function, but also the color shades. And then of course, as we move outwards, everything starts to get lighter and lighter and into the whites. So she has really done some fun things by creating a focal, two ways. Large flowers situated in the center, down deep and a bit on the darker shade. So this is a really great example of focal. And then you can see she's got all sorts of really pretty little secondary flowers tucked here and there to help with the transition into the white. We've got some beautiful filler flowers. It looks like there might be some little bits of Heather. She's definitely got some, I think that's really rest guest. There's some really beautiful dainty greenery in there that helps to give that extra little bit of texture. We have a few bits and pieces of greenery and flowers popping out to create some interesting lines that helps to define the size and shape of the piece. And then of course, some fun little form flowers where things are doing some really neat curlicues, or just these beautiful Bear stems that are popping right up the top. So this is an amazing piece, definitely one of my favorites. So you might want to consider having, having a look through some of these designers on Instagram and see what kind of pieces they produce. Every so often in their Instagram feed. 6. The Project: For the project, you'll notice that there is a file and below for you to download. And it's a great activity because it's not only going to force you to really think about the different forms and functions of the different flowers. But as well, it's going to help you to do a little bit of research into some of the different flowers that are out there. If you're new to the industry, it's going to be pretty mind-blowing when you consider how many flowers really are available to the masses these days, particularly with items being imported from all around the world. And so you're going to learn different types of flowers, but you're also going to learn the different categories and that they belong to. So I hope you have fun with this project. Feel free to reach out if you have any questions.