Find Your Style & Master Botanical Drawing With Ink Pens | ⋒ artsygio ⋒ | Skillshare

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Find Your Style & Master Botanical Drawing With Ink Pens

teacher avatar ⋒ artsygio ⋒, Visual Artist

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

14 Lessons (1h 18m)
    • 1. Welcome

    • 2. ✽ JANUARY 2022 ART CHALLENGE! ✽ Giveaway on Feb 2nd

    • 3. Class Project

    • 4. Art Supplies

    • 5. Inspiration & Reference Research

    • 6. Sketching

    • 7. Warm Up Exercises

    • 8. Outlining

    • 9. Style 1: Minimalist Lines

    • 10. Style 2: Textures With Lines

    • 11. Basic Shading Techniques

    • 12. Style 3: Realistic Line Art (Part 1)

    • 13. Style 3: Realistic Line Art (Part 2)

    • 14. Share Your Art With Us!

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About This Class


Do you want to become a botanical fine line illustrator? Would you like to create beautiful drawings with ink pens? Then join me on this relaxing and fun drawing class and learn how to use lines to boost your confidence in your art! 

Line is one of the basic elements of visual art. They are not just a path between point A and point B. They  contain an infinite universe of possibilities, that we can vary to create everything from simple and minimalistic drawings to the most complex, detailed, and realistic ones. We are here to tell stories through our art, and I will show you how lines can be the perfect tool for that - and so much fun to draw! 

In this class you will learn 3 styles of line art that will give you a foundation to develop your own unique style of line drawing. We’ll begin by learning how to sketch what we see, by studying a reference photo to understand a flower’s shapes and movements. And then we’ll jump into three different styles of drawing with ink: 

1) Minimalist Line Drawing: Where we will explore how to simplify your subject and use the fewest possible lines possible to draw a flower. 

2) Textured Line Drawing: Where we will focus on texture, using linework to create patterns that represent the textures in a your botanical reference, and then finally 

3) Realistic Line Drawing: where we will study light and how it helps us tell a story within our artwork. By using different fineline shading techniques, you will create a flower with depth, contrast and a clear focal point. 

This fun and relaxing class was designed for absolutely everyone. Whether you’re a self-taught artist who loves drawing flowers and nature, or an experienced illustrator looking to take your botanical designs to the next level, You’ll come away with a  beautiful botanical illustration and a lot more confidence in your linework that you can take with you on your creative journey. Let’s grab our pens and start drawing!

Check you these other classes I made just for you!

Intuitive Drawing: Illustrate Your Own Ink Fairy Tale

Abstract Drawing Adventure: A Creative Exploration For Mind And Soul

Masterclass: Creative Line Art Drawing With Ink Pens

Your Body In Abstract: Mixed Media Illustration As A Self Care Practice

Storytelling Through Portrait Drawing: Master Your Artistic Voice With Ink

Relax & Recharge: Create Mandalas With Intention On Photoshop (EASY!!)

Concept Illustration Practice: Turn Your Fears Into A Surreal Scary Creature!


To start the new year with lots of creative motivation, two lucky winners will be randomly picked to win a 1-year membership to Skillshare!!

To participate you have to:

  1. Follow me (⋒ artsygio ⋒) here on Skillshare.
  2. Watch a class and post a project in one of my classes between January 2nd and February 2nd 2022. (Head to my profile to see all the classes I offer.)

Good luck and happy creations!! Can't wait to see your beautiful projects!!

*Each project is one entry, so posting more than one project means more chances to win. Post as many as you want and share the challenge with your friends! (anyone can join Skillshare for free for 30 days and participate in the challenge through this link: )
*Results will be released on Feb 2nd, 2022. You will receive the results on your email if you follow me.
*If you win, I will need your contact info (email address, ig account, somewhere I can private message you), which will be requested in the project you posted, as a comment, on Feb 2nd. So know that if you win, you need to share your contact info with me so I can send you your prize. You will have 48h to respond with your contact info once the results are in.

Meet Your Teacher

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⋒ artsygio ⋒

Visual Artist

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Hi everyone! Welcome to my Skillshare page. I'm here to help you improve your artistic and creative skills! Come practice with me and learn how powerful you can be as a creative by getting in touch with your feelings, thoughts and emotions, and translating all of that into art. 

Making art is my lifelong passion. I like experimenting with different techniques, but my expertise is in creating complex and detailed line art with ink pens. I also have been using art and other practices as self-awareness and therapeu... See full profile

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1. Welcome: Hi, everyone. Welcome to Monday's Skillshare class. My name is Giovana. I'm a full-time artist based in Canada and today I'm going to share with you my process of drawing botanicals with ink pens. My expertise and my knowledge comes from in drawing very detailed and complex drawings with ink pens using many different line art techniques. It doesn't matter what level you're at, if you're a beginner, if you're advanced, we're going to do three different styles of art. The one that's very minimalist, that looks like a one-line drawing. A second one that's more elaborate but not too much, it's going to be simple, clean, and very aesthetic. The third one, it's going to be closer to realism. We're going to really understand the shadows and the depth and try to create something really beautiful. It doesn't really matter where you're at in your drawing career, understanding those three styles will help you develop your own style of drawing. I'm very passionate about this type of drawing, and I hope after this class you'll really love drawing as much as I do. 2. ✽ JANUARY 2022 ART CHALLENGE! ✽ Giveaway on Feb 2nd: Quick announcement before we start, if you are watching this video, it means you can still participate in the most amazing giveaway I am doing to begin this amazing year. I will be giving you guys two one-year memberships to Skillshare to two all of my amazing, wonderful students that are posting projects in my classes. All you have to do to participate is follow me here on Skillshare and post a project in any of my classes. Doesn't have to be this one. It could be any class made by me and you can find all my classes on my profile. Just click my name up here on another tab, like don't click out of this class, just go visit there, check out my other classes and then you can choose one to do a project, and then you post the project, any project session and yeah, you're already participating. Now, important thing, you have to post your project before February 2nd, which is when the results will come out. [NOISE] You might be asking yourself, why February 2nd? Why? Let me tell you. Because February 2nd is going to be 2/2/222, out of words for this day, it's going to be amazing. Only amazing things can happen on such a perfect day and that's it. That's the reason. [NOISE] Go ahead and follow me here on Skillshare. Post a project, sorry, my clapping and making noise, and you might win an amazing one year Skillshare membership you guys, one year. Can you imagine how much you can learn in one year in Skillshare? Like [NOISE]. I will send the results on your email on February 2nd, and that's it. Now, let's start this class. Good luck. 3. Class Project: In this class we're going to finish an artistic project together. What I want you to do is to create a botanical drawing using line art techniques. I will show you how to do the same drawing in three different styles and you can choose which one resonates more with you. Also, if you're feeling creative, you can even do a mix of them. You don't really need to follow exactly what I'm doing. Because line art is really an universe of endless possibilities. Let's get creative with me and join me on the next video where I'm going to talk art supplies. 4. Art Supplies: Let's talk art supplies. What you need for this class is pencils to sketch, a plastic eraser, paper to draw, ink pens, and optional, a white gel pen. Let me give you some pro tips when choosing your materials. First, pencils. There are a ton of different pencils out there, and they are used for different things. For this class, our goal for pencils is only to do a simple sketch before we start drawing with ink. What you want is a pencil on the harder side of the spectrum because they are easier to erase and they will keep your paper more clean and neat. When you finish your drawing, you only want to see the ink and you definitely don't want to see the sketch marks underneath it. To choose a pencil, check the number and the letter that appears on the side of it. You definitely want to see the letter H that stands for hardness. B pencils will be harder to clean from the paper. I'm using a 3H pencil, but any H pencil will work. The higher the number next to the letter H, the harder and lighter your pencil is going to be, which is exactly what you want for sketching. Let me give you an example. I'm going to do a line with my 3H pencil, which is the one I'm going to use for sketching. I'm also going to do a line with the 4B pencil, and another line with an 8B pencil. Mind you, I applied the same pressure using these three pencils. Now, using my plastic eraser, I'm going to erase the three lines. As you can see, there's basically nothing left of the first line, a tiny bit on the second line, and I can definitely still see the third line. You definitely want to choose H pencils for sketching. These are the erasers I use. They are soft plastic erasers and they are very good for not spreading dirt on your paper. These are the best for sketching as you want to keep your paper as clean as possible. Let's talk paper. I'm using a basic sketchbook for this class. Feel free to use any paper you have available. But if I was doing a piece for a client, I would choose a Bristol paper or a Mixed Media paper, as they have a smooth surface and will hold your ink well. In my opinion, choosing the right paper has a lot to do with your own personal touch, your style of art, and honestly, just what you feel better with when you're drawing. Just avoid watercolor papers as they have high absorbing feature, which means they will absorb a lot of ink from your pen and your pen might not last as long. Let's talk pens. I've tried different brands of ink pens and to be honest, I haven't seen much difference in quality. My safe choice is always the Pigma Micron pens. I'm not making any money by saying this. It's just my favorite pen, but I also have a few Staedtler pens and this other brand. Depending on the type of line you want to make, you want to choose the type and size of the tip. In this class, I suggest you use a basic fine line pen in two or three different sizes. The one I use the most and I will use in this class for like 95 percent of the time is a 01. Sometimes when I want a more delicate line, I can use a 005 which I'm out of, so I won't be using it in this class. If you're just starting out with ink pens, you might want to go for a 05 or a 04 first. When your pen has a thicker tip, you will feel you have better control of the drawing. It takes some practice. With time you'll be able to build more confidence and you will be able to be more precise with your fine line pens. Out of curiosity, I want to show you a few different tips that I have here. I actually have no idea what's the name of this tip in English. I looked it up and I couldn't find the right words. I'm sorry for that. If you know the name of this type of pen, please leave down in the comments. I really want to know, but either way, it's like a calligraphy pen and you can do some really fun stuff with it. This one is like a brush and it creates this beautiful movement. We're not going to use this during our class, but if you're interested in exploring your ink pens, this is a very fun one to try. Last, this is very optional. You don't need to have this, but this might be helpful, is a white gel pen. Now, this is not necessary at all, but it might help you to correct little mistakes or even add some light if you feel like your drawing ended up too dark in the end. During the class I will show how I use this pen and when it is useful. I hope you have your materials ready so we can start drawing really soon. Join me on the next video where we will get inspired and choose what flowers to draw. 5. Inspiration & Reference Research: Hi everyone. Welcome to this lesson where we're going to get inspired and find a beautiful picture to draw from reference. First, just observe this beautiful flowers. They represent spring and the rebirth of life after the winter. Whatever you're going through right now in your life, I hope these flowers can inspire you and remind you that things are always changing and so are you. So if you're living a winter in your life, just remember that spring is right around the corner. Now let's choose what type of flowers we want to draw. Drawing from reference means that we need a flower to observe and draw. This is important because it will challenge you to really take your time to observe your subject and understand it in order to draw it. When you draw from imagination, you're actually trying to remember what a flower looks like and when you're drawing from reference, you know what a flower looks like and you're trying to represent it in the best way possible. In order to improve your drawing skills, you definitely want to study your subject before drawing from imagination. This will definitely boost your confidence in drawing, and the more you get familiar with your subject, the better you're going to be able to draw from imagination later. You can use flowers you have in your home or you do some research online to find the perfect picture. I'll show you a few of my favorite flowers in the order of complexity and you can choose the ones you like. The most important thing to have in mind when drawing with ink is that you have a white paper and you're adding the black ink, which means you're not really going to draw a flower. You're going to draw the shadows of the flower. When you're choosing a good reference photo, make sure you have in mind what are the shadows looking like? If you find a picture that has a beautiful flower but it's too bright or has too much light, not too many shadows, it's going to be a little harder for you to draw. When you have a picture that has beautiful lighting and beautiful shadows, that's where you have a good reference photo. Also, when drawing flowers, specifically, it's important to understand the movement of the flower. I'll explain what this means. Flowers have this flowy characteristic to it that represents life. So even if you're doing a simple line drawing of a flower, if you understand the movement of the petals, where they're coming from, how are they moving, the whole movement of the shape of that flower, people will be able to see life in your drawing, and this means they're going to relate to it better. Now, I'm going to share a few of my favorite flowers to draw in order of complexity. Just have in mind that this is just my opinion, and I will explain how I organize this in a minute. Here we have tulips. They are simple and easy to draw. They don't have that much complexity and also they don't have that many shadows to play with. They can be a very, very simple drawing. If you want to challenge yourself a little more, we can try some daisies. Daisies and gerber daisies are also simple drawings, but they have a little bit more complexity to it. These flowers are simple to draw because they are flat and simple in the sense that the petals are moving outward from the center. They have like a circle in the center, and then the petals move outward, like sun rays. Speaking of the sun, we also have some that are similar to gerbera daisies and they have a little bit more complexity in the center. Lilies are also a great choice of flowers to draw. Here we start to get a bit more complex with the movement of the petals. As you can see, they're not flat anymore because the petals are moving diagonally from the center, creating all of these beautiful curves. Next we have orchids, which seems simple, but they have this little petals in the center that have a very unique movement to it. They can be a little tricky sometimes. Now, let's move to a beautiful classic, roses, beautiful round shapes and curves. Now notice the difference. These are peonies. They're like roses but more uneven. The movement of the petals are more unique and each flower looks very different from each other. It has different sizes of petals and they seem more delicate than roses, in my opinion. Then we have dahlias. They're so beautiful. These are simple in the sense that they are so symmetrical. The shapes are very evenly proportional. It sounds like a mandala, but it's also very detailed. I'm sure it will be a little more time-consuming. To finish our flower gallery, I want to show you chrysanthemum flowers. I'm obsessed with these flowers. I feel super inspired by Japanese art, and they are represented in so many pieces I love, but they're a little challenging to draw. As you can see, they're complex, very uneven. The petals are moving in many different directions. But again, it's super beautiful if you want a nice challenge. I'm going to draw peonies just because I think I can show you guys all the techniques you need to draw any of those flowers, and I love how delicate they are. But feel free to choose which one you feel more inspired to draw. If you're drawing from real flowers you have at home, you can just jump to the next lesson. Now, if you're looking for a reference online, do some research on Pinterest,,, or even Google to find a good picture as a reference. Remember, good picture has good lighting. You can see the movement of the flower well. After you find a good picture, come join me on the next lesson where we're finally going to start drawing. 6. Sketching: In this lesson, we're finally going to start drawing. The first thing you're going to do is grab your pencil and position your flowers on paper. So my reference photo has three flowers in a composition with a few leaves around it. So right now I'm just roughly positioning the three flowers. They have this round shape, so I'm just basically drawing three circles very lightly. You can barely see it, but I also can barely see it. This is because I'm just putting them on paper to see if they are proportional. Something that really helps me when I'm sketching is to observe my subject and understand the subject in terms of geometrical shapes. In this case, I'm basically drawing three circles. As we evolve in this sketch, we're going to do that with the petals too. We're going to see if a petal looks more like a triangle or a rectangle. All of this is going to help us position things on paper. Just look at your flower first and don't see it as a flower try to see it as a geometrical shape. Is it more circular? Is it rectangular? Is it like a triangle? What is it? What's the shape of it in general, the outside shape of your flower? That's what you want to draw at this stage of the sketch. So you basically just positioning it on paper, then you're going to add the details. At this point, you want to take a look at your sketch and see if it's balanced on paper. If your drawing is too much to the right or too much to the left or too up or too high on the paper, you maybe want to add some details, maybe you want to add some leaves to balance it out. Because you don't want your flowers to be positioned on one corner of your paper. You really want it to be balanced on the paper. Now after you're satisfied with the positioning of your flowers on paper, find the center of your flowers. Even if you can't see, like for example, in this flowers that I'm drawing, I can't really see the center. I can't see where the petals are coming from, but I can have a rough idea in my head where they would be. So I mark them with this little circle and then I start drawing the movement of the petals. As you can see, none of this is really there. It's just for me as a guideline for me to understand better and better the movement of this flower. So they are coming from the center going in what direction? Here, I'm just roughly marking the movements and the positions and the shapes of each flower without really making any big decisions yet. We're not deciding where the petals are or any details of the flower yet. If there are some specific petals or pieces of your flower that are very clear to you, you can already start marking them on the paper. So you have a good reference of where they are and you're going to start positioning the rest of the other elements, the other petals and other parts of your flower in relation to this most important petal. There's this big chubby petal that's right in the center of this composition. It's basically in the center of the drawing. I'm basically marking roughly where this petal is. Then from this petal, I'm going to start moving to the other ones. So if you're drawing a more simple flower like daisies or some flowers, you might not be having this issue. But if you're drawing a more complex flower like I am that has more of a round shape like roses, peonies, chrysanthemum flowers, dahlias, all of those, you might be having some trouble understanding what the petals are doing, where they're going, where they're coming from, and what's the movement of each petal. My tip for you is to start from where you can clearly see. Don't start from the petals you don't understand yet, start from the ones that are clear. So in this case, I am starting with the ones that are very visible where I can clearly see where they start and where they end, what is a petal, what is not a petal. I'm starting with the ones I can see clearly, then I'm going to start evolving to the whole flower until the ones that are confusing makes sense. Now since we're going to do a line arts drawing, we're not filling our shapes with color. We're going to really need to understand where these lines start and where they end. In a flower, specifically, when we understand that all petals are coming from the center, even though we can't see the center sometimes, knowing where each petal is going, will give us the direction of each line that we're going to add on paper. This is going to create the texture and the depth in the flowers. Even if we're doing a drawing that's completely 2D with no shadows, no lighting, the drawing is going to make a lot more sense and will be a lot more visibly appealing if you understand the right direction of the lines. At this point, just observe the shapes of the petals and start drawing what you can see. Leave the hard petals, the parts that are maybe a little hard to understand. Maybe you have some petals that you're like, ''What's going on in here? I'm not sure what this photo is doing, where is she going, what's she trying to do?" Leave those for last because they are going to become more clear the more you keep drawing. Also, if you draw really focused on the detail, you might start losing perception of the whole. After you draw a few petals, just always lift your head and take a look at the composition and see, is this making sense? Is this going on the right direction? If it's not, it's totally fine to raise and redo a few parts. Remember to always follow the guidelines that you already crossed on the paper. Those three circles I did in the beginning and those lines that are coming from the center of marking the position and the movement of the petals are there, so I don't lose track of my proportions. You will see that if you practice this, you will create drawings that are much more balanced. If you're interested in realism and you really want to draw realistic flowers or whatever subject you have, following the guidelines you create in the beginning is the most important thing you can do. One thing I noticed is that in my reference photo, it was really hard to see what was going on in the center of the flower. It was hard for me to understand, is this a petal? Is this the inside of the flower? What's going on in there? Because it's so dark. For me, it made sense to start from the outside because I could see clearly the beginning and the end of each petal. But in your case, you might have a different scenario. Maybe your center of your flower is more clear and if you're more comfortable starting from the center, which is also totally fine. Now as I'm finishing up, I'm adding some leaves around it to create some composition. Some of the leaves are in my reference photo, but I'm drawing them very loosely. I'm not trying to be exactly as it is on the picture. Also, I noticed that everyone has his own style style sketching. So I draw the same line 1,000 times as you can see. This is probably because this helps me understand the movement of each line. When I draw one line and I leave it, sometimes my hand, my body didn't really understand the movement of that line, so I have to redo it. I reflected on this a little and I think that's why I do it like this. In the past when I didn't understand about pencils, I would always sketch with a chewy pencil. As I would draw so many lines so many times, it became so messy. It was so hard to erase and my paper was a complete mess in the end. I noticed that for me since I have this heavier hand and I like to redo all the lines many times until I have the perfect shape, for me, I really need a harder pencil to sketch. That's why I use a three age. Maybe for you, you don't need to sketch in so much detail. So just follow your intuition and go with what feels good for you. Now, when you're ready, join me in the next lesson so we can finally start drawing with ink. 7. Warm Up Exercises: Grab a random piece of paper and select which pens you're going to use. I usually start with the finest line possible, and if I want to make one of my lines thicker later, I can. Ink pens require confidence, so that's why warming up really helps. I'm going to start with the 01 because this is the pen I'm going to use for the most part of my drawing. Let's get familiar with your pen. Notice that depending on the angle I put my pen on paper, I'm going to get more or less ink. Sometimes when you're drawing, if you want to do a very delicate thin line and suddenly a lot of ink comes out of your pen, that can be a little challenging and you don't want that to happen. So get familiar with your pen first. Before you draw, every time you should test it out on a piece of paper first. Notice that if I use my pen vertically like that, a lot of ink comes off from the pen and also the speed in which I move my hands change how the line turns out in the end. Now, look at this, if I tilt my pen like this, the lines are much thinner, much more delicate. This is good when you're shading or when you're doing a very detailed part of your drawing. Also, if you're trying to do a long line, notice that if you start a line and stop to continue, you can really see where you did that. You can really see the marks on the line. In order to do a long line, a good practice for you to do, is to move your line like this, finishing with your pen out of the paper and then picking it up from where you stopped. It's a very delicate and sudden movement. Also very essential tip for you. It's really hard to make a straight line if you're only moving your wrist like I was doing. If you keep your arm fixed and then you try to only move your wrist, that's really challenging. Now, my tip for you is move your whole arm, bring your arm back and try to keep your wrist still. Get familiar with your pen. Try different movements, different speeds, different angles of using your pen and see how the ink comes out. Even if you're not paying much attention, subconsciously you're going to get familiar with the pen and when you're drawing, you will have a better idea of what to do with it. Now, let me give you a tip that really helps me out. I really like to draw things with a lot of shading, a lot of shadows, and I don't throw my old pens away. This pen look at it, it's completely old and there's barely any ink coming out of it, but this is amazing because the softness of the lines and shadows that I can make with it, I could never make with a new pen with fresh ink. This pen is one of my favorites now because I can definitely use it for doing this kind of detail on a leaf, for example. Now, look, if I use a new pen, look at the difference of the lines even though I'm doing the same movement and I'm trying to be soft, there's a lot more ink coming out of the pen and I have a lot less control of it. You see the difference? Now, this is also a matter of taste. Some people really like line arts that's very neat and perfect, and in this case, you definitely want to use new pens, because then your lines will be full, complete, they will not be faded like you get with the node pen. But I personally like this rougher look on my drawings. Feel free to choose if this makes sense to you. My suggestion for you now, is to warm up, do some lines, try doing straight lines, curvy lines, get acquainted with your pen, and then we're finally going to start outlining our sketch. 8. Outlining: Now, that you're done warming up, bring your sketch back and we're going to start outlining our drawing. First, I'm going to erase some of the extra pencil marks that I have on my paper, as I want to make sure my paper is as clean as possible. Also, if your hands sweat while you're working, you might want to put a little piece of paper underneath your hand while you are outlining with your ink pen. This will make sure the warmth of your hand is not rubbing on the pencil marks and making your paper more dirty. In my case, I won't be needing to do this because I used a very hard pencil. If I was using a 2B pencil as I used to do when I was just starting out, my paper would definitely be very messy in the end of this step. If you used a soft pencil to do your sketch, I would put a piece of paper underneath my hand. Now, I'm just going to outline on top of my sketch. Notice that my sketch is very detailed, so I already drew all the petals, all the details in there. Now, I just have to make a few decisions here. Mind you, I am still looking at my reference photo and now if I want to make a few changes on my sketch, I still can with my ink pen. I'm moving in the same direction as I did with my sketch going from outside to inside for each flower, and starting with the petals that I can see more clearly and then moving on to the petals that are a little harder to see. After you're done outlining your whole flower, you can erase all the pencil as we don't need it anymore, and also depending on the paper you're using, your ink will dry faster or slower. Although it dries pretty fast in general, if you erase on top of your ink right after using your ink pen, you might create a little mess. Start erasing on top of the parts that you drew a while ago, wait for the ink to dry. To be honest, I actually like the way it looks already, but in our case, we're going to explore three different styles of line art, so in the next three lessons I will show you from this step three different ways in which you can finish your drawing. 9. Style 1: Minimalist Lines: Hi everyone. In this lesson, I'm going to show you one style of line art that is really popular right now and it looks like a one-line drawing. What you're going to do is really simple. You basically going to create a few more lines loosely around the lines that are already on the paper. You're basically connecting all the lines that are already there without really following any logic. The more random you are, the better. Notice how I connect one petal with another petal that has nothing to do with it. When you're adding this line you're emphasizing the lines that are already there and creating some new lines that add more movement to the drawing. Notice how, even though all the lines are random, I try to follow the movement of the petals. With this type of art, you can also do some experiments with different thickness of pens. I personally really like the delicate look of a very thin line, but this type of art is very minimalist so you can totally play with a thicker tip like a 03, for example, and get a delicate flower at the same time. When drawing the leaves, you're going to do the same thing, you follow along with the lines that are already there. Just keep adding lines and lines until you get something like this. I noticed that the more I was doing it, the more confident I was getting, and with time, I felt confident to add some different shapes and movements with my lines. I know we're not adding shadows or lighting or anything like that, but as you can see in my flowers, the center of the flower is darker, is where all of the shadows are. I have a little bit more freedom to add more lines in the petals of the center because when you see the whole picture afterwards, it creates a little bit of depth, even though it's just lines. You don't have to do this, you can do a very simple line drawing, but I personally really like the shadows, so I decided to add a few extra lines in the parts of the flower that are a bit darker. If you want to challenge yourself and do some mind experiments as well, you can actually try to make this exercise with a one line. Instead of outlining your drawing first, you can go from sketching with pencil to just trying to do a line drawing with one line only without even lifting your pen from the paper. This type of line art looks really cute as it is. You can even add some geometrical shapes in the background to add some color. If you want to bring it to digital, you can take a picture or a scan to this drawing and then play with it on Photoshop, but I really like it as it is. I hope you had fun doing this drawing. Now meet me on the next lesson where I'm going to show you a very different style of line arts. I think you're going to like it. 10. Style 2: Textures With Lines: In this lesson, we're going to learn a very different style of line art. It's a bit more elaborate than the last one, but also very simple and clean. We are basically creating the texture of the petals with a series of lines that run from the center of each flower to the end of the petals. Make sure to follow your reference photo, especially if you're working with a round flower like this, because the direction of the lines should follow the direction in which the petals grow. In my case, I can't see the center of my flower, there is some invisible lines coming from the center, and I'm only drawing the tip of the petal that is visible in my drawing. Remember that flowers are natural and they can be very uneven. The lines don't necessarily need to be perfect or super straight or anything like that. Some artists like to create this perfection of movement by drawing very even and perfect lines, but I personally think it looks more natural when the lines are not parallel, when some lines are further or closer to each other. The result is more authentic in my opinion. I like this uneven look and I draw my lines unevenly on purpose most of the time. I suggest you do some experiments to find what style of line patterns you like the most. Also, I suggest you create a separation between the front and back of each petal. In my case, I'm talking about the outside and the inside of the petals. When you're clear about the separation, you can choose if you want to fill only one side of the pedals or both sides. I'm choosing to fill only the backside of the petals, which in my case is the outside part of the flower, and leaving the inside empty. If you choose to fill both of them, you can even create a different pattern by making the lines further or closer apart. Remember that, when your lines are closer together, the end result who'll be a bit darker. If your lines are further apart, you're going to have a lighter result. Choose what pattern you want to make considering how you want your flowers to look in the end. I also decided to add a little bit of depth in my petals by adding some short extra lines on the sides of the petals that are on the darker side. You don't really need to add shadows, but again, I really like creating this depth in our drawing. But if you like that flat look, go for it. You don't really need to add the shading at all. You can also play with different thickness of lines here. I feel it would be nice to contour my drawing with a thicker line, so I used a 03 pen to do that. For the leaves, I wanted them to be different from the petals of the flowers, so I just drew very few lines to mark their movement. But you can choose to make more complex leaves if you want. If you want your leaves to be darker than your flower, you can make a pattern with a lot more lines than the petals and you would get a very different result, which would also be delicate and beautiful. Now that I'm done with my drawing, I can use the white gel pen to fix little mistakes. You see in some little places maybe I did a line that was a little bit too long, maybe one of the lines is too thick. With the white gel pen, I can fix these little things. Now, this is my finished drawing. I hope you enjoyed this style of line art. Make sure to share your creations in the project section of this class so we can appreciate your art and get inspired as well. I'll see you in the next lesson where we're going to learn a very different style of line arts that will be much closer to a realistic drawing with lights and shadows. See you there. 11. Basic Shading Techniques: Before I move on to the next style of line art drawing, I want to show you three different styles of shading that you can use in your flowers. There are many different ways you can use lines to create depth and perspective in your drawing, but these ones are some basic styles that are very useful no matter what level you're in. Remember that our white paper is the light and the ink is the shadow, so you're not adding any lights to your drawing, you're only adding the shadows. In more simple line art styles, we usually work with two dimensions and focus on contour and textures. This is what we did in the last two drawings. Now if you want to do a more realistic style of drawing, the shading in the right places is what will make your flower seem real. In this class, we're working with reference photo, which means that the first thing to do is to look at your picture and observe where's the light coming from and at what angle is it hitting your flower. When you understand how the light is moving across your picture, you know where the shadows would be. Just for the sake of this demonstration, let's suppose that the shadows are on this left side of these rectangles because the light is hitting them from right to left. When you start drawing your shadows, always move from shadow to light. You start adding more ink to the paper where the shadows are and then move your head softly in the direction of the light until the white paper creates the effect of the light. With practice, you'll get really good at this. This first style is very simple and can adapt without being too realistic. This is a more simple type of shading. You just have to use parallel lines like this. Some lines will be complete, the other lines can turn into shorter lines or even dots, so you create this effect of shadow coming to light. In this style, you don't change the pressure you apply the pen on paper. You're going to draw lines that have a beginning and an end using the same pressure, and you just change the length of the lines to create the shadow effect. It's going to make more sense when I show you the second style. The second one is the one I'm going to use for our realistic drawing in the next lesson. The difference from the first style and this one is that now you need to change the pressure of the pen on paper, so you're going to add more pressure to release more ink on the paper in the shadow parts and then move fast with your pen, decreasing the pressure until your pen is lifted from the paper. You can add layers of this type of line and you can make longer lines, shorter lines until you create the shadows you want. The third style is dot work. I love this style, I think it's super beautiful, this is one of my favorites and I love the way it looks in the end, but it's very time-consuming, so beware of this before you decide which one you're going to do. This one takes a lot longer than the other ones. You basically add a lot of dots moving from shadow to light to create the shadow effect you want. The more dots, the darker the results. I find that the most realistic drawings have high contrast, so you would have to add a lot of dots in the shadow parts to create realistic shadows. This step is really important and I suggest you try it out on a piece of paper first to see which one you feel more pleasure doing because this should be fun. I believe that if you have fun with it, your results will definitely be better. I hope you like these three styles of shading. If you have any questions or if you want to share which one is your favorite down in the comments, I would love to hear from you. I will see you in the next lesson where we will finally start drawing our last style of line art. 12. Style 3: Realistic Line Art (Part 1): Hi, everyone. Welcome to the last drawing we're making together in this class. This time we're going to use a simple line art technique to achieve a more realistic look to our flower. As you've seen in our last session, to create a depth in your drawing, you really need to get the shadows right. First, look at your reference photo. Don't rush it. Observe the lighting and understand how it hits your flower. Where the shadows are created, the movements of the petals. Just take a half minutes to observe and understand what's going on in your picture. When I was starting drawing from reference specifically, I would take a really quick look to my reference and just start drawing right away. I took a class with a really good teacher one time, and he would stare at his picture or his model for 10 minutes before he would start drawing. It was really amazing to see how he would connect to the subject before starting to draw. That really changed my ability to portray my designs on paper after I started doing that. I really suggest you take a good look at your picture. Just stare at it. Don't rush it. When you feel you understood it better, you understood the movements, what's going on in there, you can start adding some shadows. Tune into your flower, and try to ask yourself, how do I feel by looking at this picture? How is this flower feeling? Is she happy? Is she sad? Does she need water right now? Or is she asking for more light? Or maybe she is trying to give a feeling of peace or just try to understand what's the main feeling, what's the main message of your subject? That is useful for anything that you draw from reference. You could be drawing a face, you could be drawing animals. You always should connect with your subject first. Now, I personally usually start from the parts I'm more sure about. I noticed that in my flower, since they have this round shape, the inside of the petals always start darker in the bottom and get lighter once they're closer to the top. By creating some lines with this rapid movement like this, I will create the first shadows. Remember that if you want to use this same style I'm using, your lines should follow the direction in which the petals grow. In this case, is from center out and in my case specifically also from bottom-up because it's a round type of flower. I know the direction by knowing where the center of my flower is and of course, by looking at my reference photo. You should always move from shadow to light like this. I know this type of drawing is much more detailed and will take more time. After you're done watching this class, I suggest you put on some good music and a good podcast and just enjoy the piece of drawing. Honestly, I feel this is some meditation for me. I get to be really focused on something and that usually clears my mind from everything else, which feels really good. Of course, I'm speeding up the process here to show you guys what I feel is most important. But this whole piece took me about seven hours to finish from beginning to end. Just take your time and enjoy the process, and remember, I'm drawing three flowers with lots of leaves. If you're drawing just one flower, it might take a lot less time. I promise you the results are so rewarding. I noticed that when I look at a drawing that I'm proud of, in the end, that I'm like, I did that. That really feeds my soul and they're really empowers me. It builds my confidence, it builds my self-esteem. It really nurtures me and makes me feel I can accomplish anything I want in life. I hope I can offer you this opportunity to feel really proud of yourself by the end of this drawing. Now let me tell you a little bit about contrast. The lighting, just like in photography or in movies, will bring the focus to where you want your viewer to focus on. When you're creating a piece of art, you're actually trying to tell a story. Our goal as artists is just tell stories through our art. Through this stories, we want to make people feel things and relate to it and maybe feel they are less alone. Or whatever message they're trying to put across, and one very powerful way to tell a story that people are using for centuries, is by using lights. To tell your viewer what's important for them to see in your art. When you shed a light on your subject, you tell your viewer, focus here. Pay attention to this part. This is where you should look first and from there, they can create a whole story in their heads. Now, of course, here we're drawing from a reference, so this is a study guys. We're not telling a big story here right now, we're studying the shadows and we're learning how to use this style. From here on, you can really add this technique to your creations. I really promise you that if you practice this type of drawing from reference, you will have so much more control and power to tell your stories with your art. Another tip I have for you is to control your lines so you don't add too much shadow. We have a tendency to add more than less, in general. I don't know why. It's actually a psychology thing I learned a while ago, and it makes a lot of sense with drawing. We tend to add more lines than we usually need. We tend to add more shadows than you usually need, and with practice, you'll be able to control the amount of inky word on paper better and better. Sometimes you don't need as many lines or maybe you need shorter lines, so don't be sad if your flower ends up darker than you wanted. Just make sure you are leaving space for the light should be in your drawing. I know that when you get the hang of shading is so tempting to keep adding shadows. Could they look so beautiful? But remember that light is what creates contrast. If you add too much shadow or not enough shadow, your joint will look flat. This is amazing if you're trying to achieve a flat look. Flat art is very beautiful. I love it. But here we're trying to experiment with something different. We're trying to create something with a lot of depth, a lot of contrast, and trying to get as close as possible to realism. Which means we want to avoid the flat look here. I want you to be able to draw something with depth, so that next time you are creating an RPC from your imagination, you are free to choose what style you want to use. The reference photos help a lot in our study and you'll see how much better you'll be drawing after you practice drawing from reference. Now, notice that every petal that is behind another petal has a shadow and the more shadows you add to your drawing, the more dramatic the results will be. You can add less ink by doing shorter lines if you want a lighter, more delicate result. But I personally like this drama. I think the dark shadows creates some mystery, and I really strive for that when I'm drawing because that's my style now. But maybe you will like to add less shadows in me, which is also amazing. To make my shadows look very deep and dramatic, all I do is add some extra black ink in the parts that I want to be the darkest. I usually contour the petals where there is a lot of shadow to make them even darker. In the end, the important thing is that your general drawing follows a realistic shadow pattern. If you have two flowers and one of the flower has the shadows on the left and the other flower has the shadows on the right, is just going to look weird. It's just not going to look balanced. Its not going to look harmonic and it's going to be weird and people might not relate to it. You can have an amazing technique, but if you don't understand your shadows. Where to put them, how to portray it, you won't be able to draw realistically. In my reference photo, I noticed that the center of the flower is the darkest part. I'm making sure that I'm making it darker than the rest of the flower. The petals in the center of each flower are a bit darker, and inside of it I can barely see in a photo. I'm going to be really generous with my ink and add as much darkness as possible. I really like this dramatic center of this flower that I can really see. Now join me on the next lesson where we're going to continue adding shadows to our flowers and finally finish this beautiful drawing. 13. Style 3: Realistic Line Art (Part 2): Now we're going to continue our drawing by adding the rest of the shadows following our reference photo. Now, let me give you a suggestion for your future in your drawing career. Drawing from reference can give you a lot of power and understanding of your subject, even if your style is completely different from realistic drawing. By understanding the real natural movement of a flower, I guarantee you that you'll be able to draw better flowers in any style you want. But I don't want you to get stuck to this need of always having this one reference photo and basically copying from a reference because, that can be a little boring sometimes. For you to explore and challenge your creativity, you don't need to depend on only one reference. My suggestion for you for the future is to come up with an idea in your head and then find the references that help you create that specific idea. Let's say you have an idea of a composition of flowers, but there is no picture like that. You either buy flowers and take a picture, you can create your own reference photo, or you can use many reference photos of the flowers you like in different positions to create the idea you had. This can give you a lot of freedom and will empower you to create whatever you want with your art. The more you practice, the less you're going to need references. But keep in mind that you can have many references in front of you, like you can have five, six, seven pictures in front of you of different positions of the same subject so you can create your own. For the leaves, I do the same thing. I follow my reference photo and I'm really trying to portray the shadows as they are in the picture. Remember that the contrast is what's most important here. That's what's going to create the depth in your drawing and that's what you're trying to achieve with a realistic drawing. Both shadows and lights are important and make sure to leave room for both, so your leaves are not too flat, not too dark, not too bright, and you can really understand their movement through their shadows. Here, I'm also going to be using the white gel pen to help me mark the veins of the leaves and also add some extra light. Now, this is it, guys. This is my finished drawing, I hope you enjoyed it. Make sure to share your drawings with us in the project section down below. I can't wait to see your creations then. I'll meet you in our last lesson where we'll wrap up this class. I'll see you there. 14. Share Your Art With Us!: You guys, we finished it. Great job to us. Amazing. I appreciate you so much. Thank you for being here. Thank you for watching. I hope to see you next time. If you have any comments, questions, anything, please leave it down in the comments. Also, it really helps me if you show me what you guys are doing with my classes. There is a section down below-called projects, if I'm not wrong. Please leave your drawing there. It's a way to connect with the people in the platform. People will comment on your drawings, I'll be able to give feedback, and you're definitely going to inspire a lot of people. Because everyone is in different levels, everyone's doing something different and it's really interesting for me, and I imagine for you guys too, to see all the styles and levels that everyone is at in their art. Also, I really want to know which of the three styles that I showed you guys like the most. If there's a different specific style that you guys see around in the Internet or something and you would like a class on it, please let me know. I could definitely develop some content around it when it comes to line art, obviously. I would really like to know, what are you looking for in your art? What's your biggest challenge in your art? Let's connect. Let's create a community of line artists because line art is beautiful and I feel like I have so much to share with you guys on this subject, and so much to learn, of course. So much more to learn than to share, definitely. But lots to share. Yeah, thank you and I'll see you next time.