Final Cut Pro X: Cropping in Depth with Practical Examples | Benjamin Halsall | Skillshare

Final Cut Pro X: Cropping in Depth with Practical Examples

Benjamin Halsall, Final Cut Pro X & Adobe Courses

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8 Lessons (22m)
    • 1. Class Introduction

      0:31
    • 2. Cropping & Split Screens

      3:19
    • 3. Reframe a Shot, Animation & Ken Burns

      3:26
    • 4. Using Crop with Effects, Titles & Credit Rolls

      3:39
    • 5. Copy & Paste Crop Settings to Other Clips

      2:03
    • 6. Frame-in-Frame Effect Using Crop & Layers

      1:27
    • 7. Advanced Cropping & Intro to Compositing

      3:46
    • 8. Slideshow & Lesson Wrap Up

      4:08

About This Class

In this tutorial we look at practical examples where you can use Final Cut Pro X's different cropping tools. Whether you need to re-frame, crop, create a split screen or animate a slideshow using the Ken Burns effect this lesson has it covered.

We look at how to combine the use of the crop tool with effects and explore more advanced ways of cropping and compositing clips using the Draw Mask tool.

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Transcripts

1. Class Introduction: Hi. There has been household, and here we're gonna have a look at how we use the crop tool in final cut Pro 10. Now, there's a few different types of prop till in final cut pro on a few different ways of cropping your your clips with different tools as well. So we're going to run through all of those in this in depth tutorial. So the first thing we're gonna have a look at is the basic crop. It'll So we've got a Siris of a few clips on the timeline here, and we just gonna run through how we can use the basic crop till first of all. 2. Cropping & Split Screens: So that's just one more window here so that we can see what happens when we're cropping are clip. So if we go to window show inspector, you may already have it opened up. This shows us the crop options. Four. Final cut Pro. 10. Okay, However, the quickest, most intuitive way to work with the crop tool is toe. Look at the viewer in the middle here, just down to the bottom left. You'll see the crop tool or the transform or distort tools listed there. So where do you see this little arrow here? There's a couple of extra tools listed, so we're gonna grab the crop tool or grab the crop tool from the menu here and you'll see it will turn this blue and we'll get four handles that pop up A to the edge of the image that we're working on here. So we have a few different options as well that pop up over the top of our video so we can see Trim Crop and Ken Burns so trim and crop are static crops by default. On the Ken Burns crop is an animated crop where you're transitioning from one cropped version of your video or still image to another. Okay, so either zooming in, zooming out or panning across on image. So if we have a look at what else has popped up here as well, we've got this little button at the top left that will come to later, which allows us to key frame our crops so we can actually animate transitions without crop . Okay, so if we just grab one of these corners with trim selected, you can see we begin toe crop a clip. OK, so basically, we're now cropping the clip within the frame of the video. So what we see here, this black hair of video will be visible when we actually click. Done up here would be left with this crop version of the video and then this black area around the outside Wood exports. Well, okay, so this is great if you want to create a split screen. So if I drag its clip up on the timeline Andi, turn it into a connected clip. OK, so it's connected this other clip. You can see that I've got a clip within the clip here now, and I can quite quickly on select a couple of clips here and crop them. Okay, so that I end up with this split screen on style. Look, OK, so if you could done here now, so to come backing get these full clips back so we can have a look at the other different types of proper I'm going to use commanders said once, twice, to get this first clip back, I'm gonna drop this clip back down to the timeline, okay? And toe under the settings here, I'm just gonna come up to the inspector, okay? And if you look in the crop options here for every single effect or tool that you work with in the Inspector you have this little hooked research arrow which allows us toe click it and it resets it so it sets all those trim options back to zero. So if I just undo that, you'll see that the crop options that we set here are actually highlighted here in the inspector as well. So if we want toe crop more accurately, kind of by pixel, then we can drag these, and it will actually crop live in the viewer here. Okay. So we can use the crop toe. It's a crop a clip or we can use the tools up here. It's sliders, Teoh, actually crop a clip. Okay, so let's undo this. That's the first cropping option that the trim option that we have here 3. Reframe a Shot, Animation & Ken Burns: and then we have the crop option. Onda crop option if you click it here, is basically reframing the image. So if I look up here, my option my type of crop has changed to crop. Okay, I've still got four handles of the end, but without the dotted line at the edge. So if I drag this in now from the bottom, right and from the top left, rather than cropping it and leaving that black hair around the clip when I click done here , I'm actually cropping that clip on, effectively zooming in to my clip here. Okay, so that's the second way that you can crop. And this is where animation within cropping comes in handy. So if we come to the start of our clip here, I'm gonna turn the crop back on. Okay? You can see here. Aiken, turn on my animation key framing. Okay. So I can click here once, and it's turned on key framing. You can see up here in the Inspector for the left. The right, the top in the bottom. Okay. And if I come ahead in time, Okay, I can now drag out this and reframe it. Okay? Yeah, and you can see I can click inside here as well. Toe reframe. Okay, so click done there. And now I have an animation from this zoomed in rational video, and it's now gradually zooming out. Okay, a little jumpy there because not rendered yet. Weaken. You do that same effect with Ken Burns. Okay, so basically, the Ken Burns effect is this transition from one framed version of the image to another. So if I reset this crock version, the image come back up to crop on select Cam Burns, then you can see we have a start point on an endpoint here, okay? And essentially, what's happening here is we're starting with this wider shot. I'm off that clip, and then we can click in the middle so you can see now my center red end spot is highlighted, and I can reframe that shot. So we're getting this slight zoom into the image. Okay, So if you wanna create slideshow, that is a great way of doing that. I'm on your still images, or it can create a kind of subtle zoom. Now, one thing to be said about cropping your videos about zooming into them is that if you zoom in more than about 15 to 20% then you're going to really begin see a loss in quality. Okay, that depends on a lot of things. The camera using the output format that you're using. So, for instance, if you're going from HD or four K down to a standard definition DVD, then you can pretty much zoom in at will up. If you're zooming in or footage that's gonna be exported out at HD, then you're gonna need to kind of think about the quality. And what you see is what you get. What you will want to do is come up to the view options up here on the percentage here and just view things 100% okay. And this is where you can really see the quality of the edge of your image and the kind of feel of your image. You can see the noise. So it's the full quality image that we're viewing their 100% when you can just have a quick scan around and see that this looks ah lot. Gloria, this is, ah, camera phone video footage. So it's pretty blurry anyway, But you can see that as we zoom in. So here we start to lose a little more quality, and then we had to start. Okay, So it's going to be aware off when you're working with your footage is how much you're you're zooming in. Okay, let's go back to fit here, so 4. Using Crop with Effects, Titles & Credit Rolls: so we can work with Crop in a couple of nice, different ways. So if I grabbed this piece of footage, I'm just gonna turn off Ken Burns that okay? And I'm going to crop this. I'm going to use the trim options up here. I'm gonna crop this from the right. You can see it's going to crop it nicely from the right there. So it's type of layout or set up is great for adding titles or credits on the right hand side there. So if I set that up, grab my type tools, come to my credits and my standard credits, I dropped him on top here, you'll see with a little bit of repositioning here if I come to my transform options here in the viewer with a little bit of repositioning, working with that cropping with the font size on getting things to fit in that space on, we've got a nice space where we can place scrolling titles credits for our video on that type of thing. Okay, so working with the crop can give you space toe do things like that while still keeping the video and shot, or on some kind of out takes from your your project. Okay, We could take that a step further, so if we grab this clip, I'm gonna help down the hull KR the option key on. Pull this up. Okay, so now with this bomb, most clip, I'm just gonna turn there. So I've got two clips here with with crop One. You can see when they're both highlighted. They both have crop on. If I reset, the bottom clip highlights that you can see the yellow outlined there. And now if I go down to my my pastie and just drop that down somewhere between for 15% you can see Now, I've got this dropped back version of the video here which you can see works quite nicely with that type across on the right hand side. Okay, We couldn't take this another another step further. And if I just highlight these three clips, I'm gonna hold down the bulky again and just drag these across the right. It's gonna adjudicate all three of those selected clips at the same time. And instead of dropping back this clip in the background, I'm not only a pastor here, back up. It's 100% Okay, I'm gonna come to my effects and come to my color effects and colorize. Okay? And you can see now with that effect turned on on, we can remap different colors to that right hand side. So we're remapping the that black to these dr kind of greens or reds and then remapping the white. We can bring that right down as well on remap the white to this kind of darker color. And we can adjust the intensity as well there to kind of tweak that color on the right hand side. Okay, So we can We can create some nice effects here for placing titles over the top off and working with those titles with effects on the right hand side. So that's using the colorize effect and then adjusting the intensity toe, decide how much intensity we want there. So if you can see, if we get colors are nice and close to each other, we get this kind of Joe tone. Look, do that background there, but it's still matches perfectly with the video as we see that play through. Okay. So we could see the clouds moving there and everything, and it's working perfectly across there on the right hand side 5. Copy & Paste Crop Settings to Other Clips: Okay, So if we have a lot of different clips that we want to add the same effects to some great ways in final cut pro that we can do this. So, with cropping with effects that we've added, such as the colorized effect on we can copy and paste those effects in front of a pro. So I'm gonna grab this last clip. I'm here. And if I keep picking this up, Okay, I'm gonna copy the crop from this effect. This clip to this clip on the right hand side here. So I'm gonna use had it and copy. Okay, Come to this next clip and then use at it. Andi paste attributes or shift command V again. Commodity to copy. Shift in command shift Commander V to paste attributes. Okay. And you can see here that when we come in here, we have crop as one of those options. So now hit paste attributes and paste that we have the clip in low. So if I highlight this clip and just tap V, you'll see that crop has copied to this clip above Servi disables a clip. And then if I grab this next clip, the bomb clip their copy that So this is the one with the color effect on. Then go to head it and paste attributes or shift Commander V. And I'm gonna pace my colorized effect here in the paste attributes Comme pace that now and you can see we end up with that same effect on the right hand side. So we get this nice transition from one to the next we have. It's growing titles that are gonna come right across both these clips. Then we can copy and paste those attributes, and we can select multiple clips. A swell. So if we have 10 clips, 50 clips, weaken, select them all and pays the same attributes to those clips. Okay, so you see, we get that nice transition from one clips the next for the title still flowing nicely in there as well. 6. Frame-in-Frame Effect Using Crop & Layers: We can also use this toe. Do a kind of frame in frame, A swell. So, for instance, if we grab this clip here, Andi, create a crop on it, but I'm gonna crack crop on the layer above. So gonna pull this up to go to clips there? I'm gonna add to the lay behind this black and white effect, which is gonna be saturated. And then And then we can grab the crop tool and we use in the trim cropped off. So now we can pull this from the the bomb right on the top left. And we get this nice framing frame shot on with the middle of that frame colorized on, then the outside of that frame in black and white. Okay, so highlighting the subject there off this particular clip, OK? And you can see the cameras moving a little bit there. So we could, if we wanted to come in their turnout crop back home had our key framing. And then, just as our subject moves around a little bit, we can reframe that crop so that it tracks a little bit with the movement of the camera. Okay. Is it not true motion tracking. But if you only have a few frames or a second to deal with, then you can manage that, um, animation quite well or a nice pan on. We'll work while as well. So you got smooth emotion with the animation, so that's another example. 7. Advanced Cropping & Intro to Compositing: if we come to something more advanced here than you can see here we have, ah, kind of more advanced check. So if we wanted toe crop out So the middle of this arch that we have here, then these standard crop tools won't really begin to work. Well, with with something like this, So this is more advanced crop tools in the effects panel that we have here. So if we bring up the effects panel, okay? And we're going to come to masks down here, and we have a few different dropping tools that we can use that we have a shape mask on, which will mass things to a shape cropping away parts the edge of that on this vignette, which you can see on things like it's graduated mask as well. Okay, if we grab the drawer mask on, drag this onto our flip, we just need to come out of the original crop until here. So with the drawer mask turned on, you can see we get this message to click to add a control point. So here we can click, just like you do in Adobe Illustrator or something like that around the edge here. Okay? And I'm just clicking from doctor dot I'm gonna zoom out a little bit here to 25% so I could see the edge here. Onda, we can click around this shape here, okay? And that's gonna crop a more custom customized shape. And it's gonna come back, uh, by pressing command said a few times and come back to the beginning because we were clicking dr dot there. But we can also click on draw more accurate shape. So if I click and hold on, this is always tricky. When you first have a guard it on, we could draw these busier mast out so we could be some quite advanced compositing within final cut pro 10. Okay, I'm one Nice thing about this Mars, which we don't have with the other mask is that we have this feathering as well. So you can see here. If I turn the feathering right up, we're feathering it either outwards or inwards. Okay? So if I feather it in words here a little bit, Okay, I'm gonna duplicate this layer to snap into position here. If you're clips on snapping, just make sure you got snapping. Turned here on here on the right hand side. Okay, Andi, once you've crazy or your mask there, if we now remove its I'm clicking on this bottom clip. I'm going to remove this drawer Marceau to delete the drawer. Masters highlights it in the inspector on press backspace, and that will remove it. And now I'm going to come back to my color effects are actually my my looks here. I'm gonna go for fifties TV and drop that on the reverse clip here and you can see Now we've got it's nice feather between the color on this grayed out part of that. The image above now the cameras moving around a little bit here. So we'd probably need to work on some animation. But you can see we've got this nice transition this feather between the foreground in the background clip and weaken Switch that so that it blends into the arch rather that way round, I think work quite nicely. So here, you can see we've got this nice grayscale arch on, then a saturated sky and grass in the background. Okay, let's just zoom back to fit. Okay? So you can see this effect from work quite nicely in particular. Situation. Article. If you're working with a tripod shop, moving shots are a bit more more difficult. Composite. But is there some of the motion tools that are now beginning to be incorporated within final Cut Pro. 10. If you want to do UM, or advanced compositing with many layers, then motion is definitely a piece of software worth looking at. 8. Slideshow & Lesson Wrap Up: Okay. We're just gonna have a look at one last thing here. And that is how to create a slight show. So I'm just gonna come to my finder here, and I've got a few images here. I'm gonna drag straight into my timelines. I'm gonna highlight these images, drag him down to my timeline. Okay, so, uh, these clips at the moment, um I think I bit short. Okay, so I want to lengthen the duration off them. So I'm just gonna zoom in here a tiny bit, so I couldn't find one clip and hold down control and tap D, and that will let me lengthened the duration of one clips. I can change it from one second, 23 seconds. Okay. Or I can highlight a number of clips here, and they're controlling day and type in three. Well, stop. And it will let me lengthen the duration of all those clips. Okay, so here. Now, I'm just gonna highlight the first clip on. We're gonna add a crop, and we're gonna add a Ken Burns crop. Okay, so we're gonna go from this frame off the whole chicken coop on kind of zoom in on it. here. Okay. So you can see what I'm clicking between the start. In the end, it's framing the different shots here. So whatever is that lighter color is what you're actually moving around. Okay, so click done there. So here, with zooming in on that clip and if we copy that, so go to edit Andi. Copy. Okay. I can now highlight all of these other clips on Go to edit and paste attributes. Okay, I'm gonna pace the crop to all of those four clips. Could be more clips, and you can see now each of those has got the Ken Burns effect on them. Okay, so I'm just gonna jump in here. That's working, OK, But I want have a bit of variation so I can click on each clip. Highlight there, crop here. And I can use this little button up at the top left just to change it from a zoom in to a zoom out. So I'm gonna have these alternating and so will have this one zooming out. And then this 3rd 1 zooming out as well. And you can see the Ken Burns option here is state active. When I've switch from one click to the next. I can flip that as well. And Aiken perhaps change the framing of it a little bit. So by copying and pasting that came bones effect onto all the clips, we could now jump between them on dead. It the kind of different frame ings of all those clips within this slideshow. Okay, so if I click done there, we've now got Okay, So now let's play that back. So we've got this slide show with one clip to the next, and we can just add a cross dissolve transition, they're onto those clips, and that will allow us to them have a nice little transition between this clip. So I'm just going to select these three clips in the middle here, and I'm gonna go to edit, apply cross dissolve. So commodity it's set as the default transition. So you can either go to edit, add cross dissolves or use the command and T short cup, and that will add a cross dissolve between these three clips. Okay, so now if we play this back, we'll get a nice crossed is off between those three clips. Okay, so that's an in depth review off cropping And so it had a look at how we can use the trim crop option, how we can use the crop option, which reframes the clip, how we can use the Ken Burns option in a couple of different scenarios. Um, for slide shows order. Zoom into a video on your timeline. And we've also had a look at some more advanced cropping for creating composites using the drawer last tool on, which is a really great So I love it. Andi, I hope you found that useful. I look forward to more of your questions and I hope to see in the next tutorial.