Final Cut Pro X - 5 Essential Effects that Every Video Editor Needs to Know (2019) | Benjamin Halsall | Skillshare

Final Cut Pro X - 5 Essential Effects that Every Video Editor Needs to Know (2019)

Benjamin Halsall, Final Cut Pro X & Adobe Courses

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6 Lessons (34m)
    • 1. Class Overview - 5 Essential FCPX Effects

      0:53
    • 2. Type & Text

      7:26
    • 3. Colour Correction & Effects

      10:51
    • 4. Speed Changes & Speed Ramping

      4:27
    • 5. Transitions

      6:03
    • 6. Audio & Levels

      4:10

About This Class

In this class you will learn 5 essential effects that every video editor needs to know. If you are just starting out with Final Cut Pro X or if you are moving from another application like Adobe Premiere Pro or Avid then this video will get you started with some of FCPX's essential tools.

The following topics are covered:

Type - Adding & Modifying Custom Type on Your Timeline

Color - Working with the Colour Correction Tools in Final Cut Pro X

Speed - Making speed adjustments to entire clips or ramping parts of your clips

Transitions - Add transitions to your edits as well as changing their duration

Audio - Add a music track to your video, mute multiple tracks and dip audio levels selectively

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Transcripts

1. Class Overview - 5 Essential FCPX Effects: there has been household and here in this territory we're gonna have a look at five of the most essential effects you're gonna need to use when you're editing in final Cut pro. So first of all, we're gonna have a look at how you work with type, how you place type, how you work with tracking and line spacing, how you change the color and all the essential things you need to do it. Type will also have a look at how you work with Carla. So how you balance color, how you lighten images and also how you could modify that kind of look and feel of those images as well as looking at how you work with color when type is placed over the top of it will also have a look at how you work with speed changes. So how you speed up your edits and also how you ramp speed as well. So changing speed throughout a clip at different rates on then finally will have a look at transitions and also how we place audio on our timelines, how we take the audio out of the tracks in our video and then place a music track or audio track alongside our video. So this to trial is gonna give you a whole bunch of really useful information on I look forward to seeing you in the class. 2. Type & Text: how has been household here and here in this video, we're gonna have a look at five effects that every video editor working final cut pro should know. So we're gonna run through these step by step on. The first thing that everyone will need to do in their videos is to add titles. We're gonna have a look at how we add basic titles in final Cut Pro along with the editing tools. So if we open up final cut pro Andi, make sure that we're all looking the same window layouts. If we go to window workspaces on default, that will reset the default layout and make sure that we're all looking the same layout with our videos across on the left. How inspector? Across from the right, which will need with adding titles and then our timeline down below. That added a few videos to my timeline to work over the top off on the first thing we're diving and do is have a look at how we add a title. So I'm going to zoom in on my timeline a little bit just so we can see a bit more clearly. So we'll come across here on the right hand side and we'll zoom in and you can use control plus and miners. Or if you're using a mouse, you can use the touch pad, toe pinch and zoom in. Zoom out. But you do have the zoom controls over here to zoom in and also to resume the height as well. So we'll zoom in there on. We're gonna come up to the top here where we can see our library sidebar, our images and photos. Our audio of photos hand here is where we're looking for the titles. So if you don't see the titles listed as I do here, then you can drop down this menu and you'll open up the titles, and we're gonna jump into the bumper and opening titles where we'll find the basic title element here. Now I do a lot of my titles using the basic titles and then adding animation and effects in final Cut Pro. It's red. I actually use three animates titles, but they are there on the controls are very similar. So will select the basic title, and all we need to do is drag it down over the top of our video here on, it will pop a basic title right in the middle here and then up in our inspector on the right. We have a couple more options have been added because we're working with the titles. We've got the title inspector, which first basic title doesn't really have any options there. But you may get options if you added title plug ins. If you're working with more complex titles and then we have the title, inspector allows us to modify our tech. So here we can edit our text where we can also double click over the video here as well a modified A text. I will pick one of those and will type in. That's hydro here. And once you have that title, we can select that we can use one of the default to D stars. I often go for the block style. That's my kind of go to title, and we can also modify the options down below as well. So if you scroll down in the titles browser, then you can see we have all the options that have fun when we want to change the front. Whether we want to make a ultra light fund old funds on that kind of stuff. We can change size here. He's in the slider and it will change the size for the text that you have selected. So if you want to modify one word, then you could just select that word here, modify each of these individually so we select surf trip. We make that a little smaller and we can modify these independently of one another. And we could also add a medium or old effect to one part of our type. We also have importantly, if your interest in working with hyping, kind of modifying a type options for the tracking so it can spread things out or tighten things up on. Then we have lines facing, so if we have more than one line on our type, then we can select type and we can modify the lions facing so we can bring text closer together or further apart by using the line spacing. This will work for two or more lines of text. We can also terminal caps, which is turned on for the text option that I selected up here. If we set up type and we're happy with it, we're going to kind of keep reusing that set up that we've we've created. Then we can come up here and we can save the former attributes so we can actually save this as Acosta Basil. When we come back here, we'll see that listed as one of our own styles in there. So the type options in front of pro give you a lot of control over lots of different elements. You can see we also have options for rotating that type itself. On def, we scroll down, then one option you definitely need toe know how to use is to modify the color so we can show the face here and we can see we've got Phil Connor. We've got options for adding a Grady int throughout type. Well, we could have a texture in there. We can obviously changed the color in a couple different ways. Either might bring up the color box or by clicking the down error and selecting the color picker here and again. If we select the type independently, it will modify these separately so we can make text within the same basic title. Different colors we can modify the capacity on. We can also blur out type as well. You want an outline type you can, so we can add an outline and you can see again. We're adding independently off that first line of text so we can select our color. We can change the width of the outline, and we've got a few other different options there for blurring and so on and so forth. And then also some options for adding glow or useful option of drop shadow, which will allow you just to kind of pop the text out from the background of it. When you're adding in here so often times, if I'm working with white text ever white background, I'll add a bit of drop shadow onto it with quite a blur. And that will allow me Teoh just kind of pope the text out from the background, but more make it a little bit more visible. The other thing we could do with our type as well is we can work with transitions or basic movements to actually animate our type on. So, for instance, if we have this text and we come to our transitions across on the right hand side, we can add movements or basic dissolves to dissolve in and out our type. So essentially, once about a dissolve our type of fade in Andi, stay on screen for the duration we set it to and then fade out as we move to the next clip . So if you want to delete your dissolves or lengthen your clips, you can select those dissolves at the end of the clip on the timeline and also extend out your title here as well. That's the first effect that you'll definitely need toe be working with in final Cut Pro 10 . Now I'm gonna go back to the old basic bold type here. One other thing that you may need to do with your type. As you're adding it is adding some color correction in the background, and we'll have a look at some of the fundamentals off this now. 3. Colour Correction & Effects: so we'll move away from our titles that we've been working on here to a different video and I'm going to zoom in a little bit. Just come to the zoom options across here on the right hand side and zoom in and we consume in the timeline. And we can also assume the height, which is useful if you're working with your audio way forms. I wanted to edit audio in detail, too. There are some shortcuts for zooming in and zooming out so you can use command plus and minus to zoom in and zoom out as well on. That's normally what I will use when I'm moving around my timeline. We can also use the scroll bar down the bottom here to move along our timeline. So we have a video here that is a little bit dark. We're gonna have a look at one of the tools. It's pretty useful in measuring the color and luminosity throughout your image. So we're gonna come to the view menu up here. We're gonna show that video scopes before we do any color correction. We need to kind of see what we're correcting. So I'm gonna enlarge this a little bit so I could just come between my library and my weight, form there and slide to the left. And then we could see enough of the video to make the color adjustments that we're gonna work on here so we can see a lot of the color information here is in the 0 to 50% range. So it's a quite dark image on. We're gonna have a look at how we lighten up and how we control that, using some of the basic tools in final cut pro. So essentially, what we're seeing here in the way form. And if you don't see the way form and just come up to the little option here, the settings on we can move to the hissed a gram or the vector scope, which shows his color on then the way form, which shows us the luminosity here off our video. So essentially we want to move some of this color information up into the middle of this image, so it's a little bit brighter, has a little bit more vibrance to it on. We're also gonna make sure that we keep that kind of nice level of contrast that we don't wash out too much. Now we're looking at the weight form. We're reading the image from left to right so we can see this will be the tree on the left . This is the fight with the background Dark areas here and then on the right hand side, we have a slight doctor area, which would be this era of the image over here as well. So we can receive that kind of lighter areas the image in the way form, which really helped us to read the image and not just rely on our eyes What we see on screen so well, Kantar Inspector. And if you don't see your inspector, just goto window showing workspace on Inspector. Well, come on a full. You will come across the inspector. We're looking for the color inspector, which will click on here and by default in front of corporate 10 you'll be working with the color board on. We can add curves in final cut pro 10 as well. If you're used to working for a shopping curves will be a nice way of working, but will stick with color board for the moment because it is the default on. What you can see here is that we have options for the color, for the saturation on the exposure on these three dots that we see in the middle here. The dark rare is the image, the mid tones, and then the lighter is the image of the white. So the highlights. So essentially, if we lift up the midterms here, we're going to raise up this image in the middle on, and you'll see that some of the black lifts off the bottom there in our way form. So you might want to drag this back down to increase the contrast. That kind of keeps that the contrast, so we'll lift the mid tones up a little bit. I will also lift up for the whites and a couple things to watch out for here, as you're doing this one is to make sure that you do leave some contrast initially, leave some parts the image doctor, the bottom. Here, the real dark hair is the image on the other is that we don't go over this 100% mark on blow things out. So if we just make that happen now, you'll see that when we do that. Our image becomes very washed out and break on a gray looking, which is actually useful. If you want to place a darker text over the top of this image, we can actually use that to our advantage, so we'll just leave their somewhere back in the middle. And essentially what we've done here is we've lifted the color information. The luminosity of the image up on made that image a little bit brighter. That's one area of color correction that you probably use a lot. So as you get footage, it's been shot with the wrong setting. So it's darker or because they have been blown out a little bit, you'll need toe. Bring those whites down toe, try and get some the image back on the exposure. It's something you're working a lot on. Whether you work in that in the color board or in the curves is really up to you. So if we come to saturation here, well, now, switch to the vector scope and you can see here that what we have here is a measure of the saturation. So actually you can see everything in our video is very much located around the middle death. We have a little bit of color. The reds there greens in there. We can see the airlines shooting out towards the red and the green here, but we don't have ah very heavily saturated image, which would mean the color would be spreading out in this circle around here. We wanna watch out for going beyond thes square blocks around the outside. That means your image will be oversaturated. Onda. We can see this change if we increase the overall saturation image will see those colors kind of spreading out. And we get more green, more red on so on and so forth. And you can see we've got that kind of rich wine red here. So it's not pointing directly towards the red Here were pointing out towards the kind of magenta area here. Andi, if we drop down the saturation, then eventually once we get to the middle, you'll see how little dot in the middle will complete. Disappear on we end up with a completely grayscale image. Black and white image. Shovel. The RGB values here we're matching perfectly. Andi. It's only when we lift this backup that will get that color information back. So here we can saturate the midterms more. So we're leaving the dark areas image maybe a little bit more de saturated. And then we could do the same with the light trailers, the image so we can modify and play with these settings and really, just making sure that we changes with moderation. We don't want to come over cook Any color adjustments were doing here unless we're looking for a very specific effect. The last of these three taps The color tab allows us to actually color grade or change the color of the image, so this might be a correction, so he might be trying toe fix a add white balance. So, for instance, if you have too much blue in the image, we might be trying to increase the kind of oranges and reds. Or we might be trying to warm the images, image up a little bit and add a little bit more orange into our image to kind of give it up ever warmer. Look, all we might be trying to cool it down a bit more blue in there make it seem like a cooler day and so on and so forth so we can really kind of modify the look and feel of the image a little bit by just modifying the color on how it kind of rotates around that central point a little bit. And then, obviously we can moderate different parts. The image which will stretch and adjust that color board eso We can warm up some parts the image, but then offset it by modifying the Midtown's as well. If we've made adjustments and were not happy with them on, we can take this little hook Cara on that will bring us back to the default. So basically, in each of these options, we have this little hook para, which will reset the color balance or the saturation back to the default so we can always go back, were not kind of making the destructive changes. We can always turn off what we've done, turn it on or reset it if we need to. That's a brief overview off working with some color correction, which is really important effect, one color correction that I will do, and I'll just show you this back on our text is we talked about exposure and how we can kind of wash out an image a little bit, and sometimes I'll make this happen so that I can get texter kind of pop out a little bit. So if I increase the brightness of this on, then modify the blacks, bring the whites down, you can see we can actually make that text stand out just a little bit more from the background by actually modifying how the color is working in this image, that we can really kind of push this image almost, making the whites of it more gray and then pushing down the mid tones and pushing up the black. So we get this sort of washed out image that will allow the text to kind of fight a little less with the background image. So that's a nice effect. We can also use the colorize effect for the same reason. So if we bring colorize onto our video here, you can see we can add on effect there. If we jump back to the video options up here, we can tweak this a little bit, so we get some interesting effects, but also again, we're making the text stand out a little bit. Mawr from that background image and weaken goes to a kind of full color tint if we want to use in the colorize effect, which should give us this kind of effect. If we're working on things that the color board, we come back to our effects and we want to get back in there and editing or modify it, then we can come to, ah Inspector and click on this little triangle, and it will take us back into the color board where we can modify things we can also, if we want to add MAWR effects in here. So if we go to the color board, we can add in color curves as well. So we can kind of changed image with these curves as well as changing it without color board, which means we end up with multiple color corrections. And you might do this if you're actually going to try and modify different parts of the image. So we have some cool effects that we can do like this. So if we kind of modify the the curves here a little bit and we'll just add a little pepper tint to it, then if we take the apply shape or color mosque here and we out of shape here. We can actually color correct individual parts, the image in a certain way so we can add kind of like a color effect to one corner of the image auto part of the image if we want to as well. So you can see I can blend that in there on. That's by using more than one color correction layer on, then also using the shape Marcus. Well, if we decide we don't like this, we can always select thes and delete these. As I mentioned, nothing is destructive. We can always gonna go back to where we began. 4. Speed Changes & Speed Ramping: So now we're gonna move on to working with speed and Final Cut Pro 10. So we're gonna close up our vector scope so we'll come to view, had uncheck video scopes, and now we'll zoom out from our video a little, and we're going to move on to another clip which we're gonna work on. So we'll grab this clip on, have a look at speed. We're going to speed up and slow down some different parts off this clip. So the first thing we'll do is just go ahead hand trimmed down the clip so that we start right at the point where this guy let's off on the wife on will come to the end on, we'll just trim it a little at the end as well. So I'm just using the selection tool here to trim a clip here. So now if we select this clip, we've got a couple of different options now, depending on which windows you've got open on on how big your libraries on the left hand side, you elaborate browser. Then you may see the speed options in different locations. So first of all, let's duplicate this clip, so I'm gonna hold down the whole key and just drag this clip across on that allows adjudicated. We're going to save that one for a little bit later on. We'll keep this selected. So first of all will speed this up. So if we go too fast on select two times, you'll see Now we're playing this clip back twice the speed. Essentially, you can see how easy it is there to adjust the speed of your video. If one of slow things down, we can come to the same menu and go too slow or with the clip selected, you can see we've got drop down menu. Now that we've had, it has to be changed, allows to select slow. So if we slowed to 50% will be half the speed on. If we jump back to normal, that will reset the original speed. So the other thing we can do is speed up different sections of this video. So if we zoom in a little more and actually we're gonna trim down this video a lot more just so we've got the the bit before the camera starts, toe shake will calm and will finish it right around here. And now if we zoom in a little bit more and we grab the range selection tool, so we come to our selection tool here will grab the range selection on. We're gonna slow down the beginning of this clip to around about here so we'll use the range selection, talk to grab that selection, and then we'll go to slow on 50% on. Now you can see this opening part of clip. It's playing back. Super slow, back to normal, speed on. Then we'll select the range toe to the end of the clip on will speed that up to two times so you can see we've read a variable speed there where we've slowed down back to normal speed. And then we sped up again and we might just grab this very last bit here. Andi slow that right down to 25%. Now what you'll notice. With some video clips, this is shot. 63 seconds of the 50% slowdown will be quite smooth, but with some clips. When you slow down to 25% you'll notice a little bit of jumpiness on if you go down to 12% or 10% then you're ready. Notice the clip. Start to go crazy. Would you pick a this second clip earlier? But actually, we're gonna delete that because we have a trend version of that now. And what we're gonna do is grab this on Jupiter. Kate it. And if we can't do our speed options here on, we're going to reset our speed to normal. So that will allow you to reset the speed on. We're going to come and reverse the clip. So now you can see where plane is through, speeding up, going fast, slowing down, and then, well, reverse the whole thing right back to the beginning. So that's how to speed up clicks. Had to slow down also, how to reverse them. If you want to remove any other settings, then you just select it on. Go back to either reverse speed here or just reset speed, and that will reset you back to the original speed of that clip. So you can see now both of these are reset. And if we wanna bring the speed changes back, we can just do come on and said a couple times and we'll get those speed changes back. So that's how to speed up and slow down clips 5. Transitions: So now we're gonna move on, have a look at how we add transitions to our clips. So the transition browser is across the right hand side here. So we click here once we'll find our transitions, and I've got some extra transitions installed. But the basic ones that we working with our that dissolves and the movements will have a look at a few of these just to see how they work out so well crafted dissolves first on the kind of classic dissolve that you'll uses. The cross dissolve, which basically phase through two clips. So will come to between two clips here on one thing you really want Watch out for when you're transitioning clips together. Is this media limit. So basically, when I have my selection tool selected on Dragon to the right or to the left, I'm right. The media limits. There's no overlap between those two clips, so that means that when we add how a cross dissolve here, final cut pro will need toe change those clips so that it can actually overlap them a little bit. So when we hit create transition, we can see that error messages actually gonna shorten the timeline a little bit. So what that means is that when you're editing, if you want to avoid that or avoid things jumping out of sync, you need to actually trim your clips before you had a transition. And if you do that, then you have a bit more control over how the transition sits and falls in the edit. So if we come to cross, dissolve driver on now, you can see because I've short in those clips is already a little bit of extra beyond the clip that the transition can use so wants with added a transition. We zoom in a little bit here, you can see we've got these three buttons on the transition. One allows us toe move the transition left and right so we can change where the center point of that transition is on. The other allows us toe ripple the clips. He decided that transition so we can shorten or lengthen the eclipse that either side so we can still edit when we've had a transition there. So if we come to our movements on will grab the flip option here, more Dreyfus on, we'll see that same message pop up to you on a ripple trim, which means short on the clips on Were hit, create transition. So it's going to ripple train them. So there's that overlap on. Now we play this, we're going to get a flip off that video. So if we select this clip, you can see we've got some different options on we have for the cross is also for the crosses over. We have the look, which is the video. We can have it as it's attractive, which will change the way that it actually transitions so you can see right in the middle here. When we change these, we've got some different results for how that transition behaves so you can see with things like highlights on subtracted. Andi Oh or cold. It's actually changing the way that that cross dissolve is happening. We can also lengthen the transition as well. So if we click here and track out as long as we've got some video overlap, we can lengthen that transition for this clip. Because we use the automatic settings. We can't actually lengthen it because there's no extra footage toe overlap with, so we have toe shortened these to actually enable us toe lengthen that transition. So for the flip, you can see we've got options for the direction so right left up and down. So if I change this that it's gonna flip in a different direction, and I've also got options for the background color as well. So when this flips now, we're going to get a different color in the background. So we've also got some other options here as well. If I take a click on drag it over the top, another clip, it will replace it. Now I've got this earthquake transition, which kind of has a few more effects on there. So there's this little shake, and then the clip kind of disappears into a puff of smoke. And then if we come down, the timeline will have a look at one more click will have a look at some of these wipes, and we've got things like the circle Wipe create that transition. You'll see it transition. The clip afterwards is completely black, so let's not use that one so you can see it is a circle wife. It's kind of Star Wars esque on. We can change the center of that circle. So if we want to come ahead in time, we could make it circle wipe around the surfboard, and that means that it would open up from the left, where the action is all we might see that surfer in the background on Move this over here. So we kind of transition out, revealing a surfer before we reveal anything else. If you want to remove transitions, we can highlight them and press delete Andi. If we want to add transitions to multiple clips, we can select a few clips here. What's like three. And then, if we double click on a transition here, it will add transitions, toe all of those clips. So here now we've added transitions between all of those clips that we have selected. We can also highlight multiple transitions. So if I hope that command I can highlight multiple transitions of clips and delete them from the timeline, that's a brief intro into how to add transitions. Another useful effect. I'm not big transitions, user. I'll tend to use them when I need to, rather than a za rule all the time. But they can be a lot of fun and is a lot of nice transitions that you can install. So the trans oum transitions are quite popular, and we have other transitions that we can look out and install as plug ins into final cut Pro 10. 6. Audio & Levels: So the last thing will look at here for these five top effects that at your videos in Funchal Pro 10 is looking at how we add audio. So this involves a couple of steps. The first step is silencing the audio from the video, which will look at first and then we'll look at bringing down the audio track and talk about a couple of things that you'll want to watch out for in your head it. So first of all, we're gonna zoom to fit to our timeline. So if you hold down shift and tap said that will zoom to the timeline on, we're going to select all of our clips here, and we're gonna come up to the audio options on the top. Right? So I want to see our audio options. If you see nothing in your decibel value here than just type in a zero on that will reset the audio values on that will then allow you to drag to the left so we can come to minus infinity. So by selecting all those tracks are going to minus infinity were effectively silenced the audio. So the next step is to come to the beginning of our video and we'll scroll up in our library files here, and we have one audio file that we're gonna have to our track so will drag us down to the timeline on we're going to connect it to the first video, right? The beginning here. So one thing to keep in mind here is the audio track is only a certain duration. So if we our editing to a specific audio track, we want to make sure that audio finishes at the same time as our edit. So make sure that you got enough video to feel that audio track or if your head it is a little bit shorter, you may need to cut short the audio track on, then faded out a T end by using this option here on the audio track. You may also find that some audio tracks playback quite loud, so you might need to drop them down on if you're starting to mix in some spoken word or sound from the video into your ed it as well. And one of the things you might want to do is dip down the audio track when you've got the sound up. So, for instance, we have the sound up in this clip. Just bring it back up to zero. This isn't audio that we would use, but we'll just use this as an example. Then we've got our audio in here for this clip on. What I would do for my audio track is grab the range selection tool on drag across the bottom here and we can Then what? You've got that selection dragged down on. Just listen to your track. And if you don't see the audio levels on the right hand side here, just click this little button and make sure that you don't have anything peeking out 20 here. So essentially, we want to be able to hear the audio from our video track and a little bit of the music in the background so it doesn't complete disappear. I also find we just jump back to the selection tool here that sometimes I just need to modify the fade that final cut pro gives me at the beginning and end here so that it's not quite so abrupt. So you can modify that by dragon, these key frames, we can also, if we need to reset this drag down our audio levels here. Right click on delete Harkey friends. So if we right click on these key friends, weaken, delete them on, we'll go back to having that flat. Hold a truck. So now audio. We'll reset. Once we pause, we'll get the way form back to normal. So basically, those are a couple of things you need to know. When you're adding audio, try and work with audio that so while rather than P three tends to compress better. It'll sound better on and look out for the audio levels on the right hand side. We can also stretch these out as well, so that we can see them a bit more clearly and see when things are peeking out to zero so they are peeking out. Then you'll want to drop the audio levels either a specific point or throughout the whole track, just to make sure that you don't get that distortion. That will happen when the audio clips at the top. That's a brief overview of working with type, working with color, adding transitions, modifying speed or working with sound in your final cut. Pro edits. I have been useful If you have any questions about final cut pro attend, then please do leave a message in the comments below, and I look forward to seeing you in the next tutorial.