Fiber Arts 101: Spinning Yarn on a Drop Spindle | Abby Goodman | Skillshare

Fiber Arts 101: Spinning Yarn on a Drop Spindle

Abby Goodman, Fiber Artist

Play Speed
  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x
8 Lessons (45m)
    • 1. Welcome to the art of spinning!

      1:33
    • 2. What is a drop spindle?

      5:09
    • 3. Spinning Fibers 101

      8:51
    • 4. Preparing your fiber to spin

      4:08
    • 5. Basic Spinning Techniques: Draft and Twist

      7:58
    • 6. Tips, tricks & troubleshooting

      6:27
    • 7. Plying yarns: a world of infinite possibilities

      9:41
    • 8. You're a spinner!

      0:46

About This Class

85f021bd

Learn how to spin the yarns you want to knit, crochet and weave, or spin for the joy and meditative properties of this amazing craft. In this class we'll learn how to spin with a drop spindle, the perfect introduction to spin yarn, both economical and fun! 

In this class, here are the topics we'll cover: 

  • What is a drop spindle?
  • Spinning fibers 
  • Getting started on your spindle
  • Basic drafting techniques
  • Tips and tricks for spinning on a drop spindle
  • Plying to create new yarns

Let's get spinning!

Transcripts

1. Welcome to the art of spinning!: Hey, everyone. My name is Abby Goodman of Good Stitch Fibers, and I'm really excited today. Two years teaching the skill share class on fiber arts. Wanna one Spinning the armed with a drop spindle. I started spinning yarn a while ago and has become one my absolute favorite crafts. I came to spending my own yard as a hitter. I want to explore how my fibers remained to come up with my own unique yards and has really become just one of my absolute favorite things to dio. Whether you are already a fiber crafter and better or crew share or weaver, or whether you're just interested in learning how to spin, I'm just for the joy of spinning. I really hope you'll love this tutorial on just the most basic ways to spin. Spending on a drop spindle is a very inexpensive and a great entry level. Way to learn has been yard, if you're not sure yet, whether or not you want Teoh commit to buying a full spinning wheel, which can be kind of an investment of not spindle, is a really great way to Kenneth Get your feet wet. In the world of spinning, It's a really meditative and expressive craft, and I hope you'll love it as much as I do, so let's get started spinning. 2. What is a drop spindle?: So what is a drop spindle? What does that mean? What does it look like? And where can you get one? On this is an example of the type of drop spindle. This one is called a top world drop spindle. Because this part here, which is called the World, is situated at the top of this Bendel. There are also kinds of drop spindles where they're situated more like this there at the bottom. There are dozens of types of drop spindles that you can purchase, and I encourage you to go check out your local yarn shop to see if they carry any versions of it etc. Is an absolutely wonderful place to go to try to find some artistic drop spindles and one center of different sides and shape. But this is just a really basic one that I got from twin Birch, which is the company that is based in North Carolina, where I live. So I love supporting local makers and kind of the four basic parts they're gonna Tennessee in a lot of different types of drop spindles are represented here, so this is a pretty standard top world drop spindle. So you have a hook at the top where your yarn will catch. Then you have your world like I described on the world. Here is it may be kind of hard to see a notch. Were you Yarnall also catch to keep it kind of place as you're spinning, not all drop spindles have a notch. But if you're just starting out, it's something that I definitely recommend that you look into you just to keep things secure while you're spending at the beginning. Andan The rest of the spindle is called the shaft, and spindles can come in different sizes, too. So there's a couple of things that you're gonna want to consider as a beginner spinner in features of your drops. Mental, kind of like already mentioned on the hook, and the notch are gonna be really important for us beginner. And then depending on what kind of yarns you're wanting to spin, you may be looking for some different features, and I dropped spindle. This one is a pretty standard kind of medium weight drop Swindoll. So it's really good for kind of medium weight yards or even trunk yarns. There's a little bit of physics involved in on the science of spinning and in choosing a drop spindle on the lighter that the actual spindle is, Um, the easier it's gonna be, this been really, really fine fibres. So you're gonna look at a spindle that is an answer or less if you're looking at purchasing one online. If you're interested in spending really, really fine, I'm skinny fiber's. That's gonna kind of be what you're gonna look for. But those tend Teoh because they're lighter, not spin at long and one continuous movement. They were already to continue to spending more often because they're a little bit lighter that heavier drop spindles. You can't handle thief fine arts as well. The are intends to break when he spent on them, but they tend to stay in motion for a lot longer because there a lot heavier and they have more can inertia going for them. So really, it's just a matter of what types of yarns that you're gonna be waiting to spin. Like I said, there really fine ones. You're gonna want to look for a drop spindle that is an outs or less for medium weight spindles. It's about and outs Teoh. Two ounces and then you kind of get some heavier drops. Wendell's that are between, and that's and 1/2 in 2.5 ounces for your drop spindles for those really crazy chunky yarns . But play around with it, they're pretty inexpensive. This particular spindle that I purchased was about $15. A lot of shops, kind of like I mentioned on etc. Or if you go to a fiber festival or even your local yarn shop, will often have dropped spindle kids for beginners, which are really great. I'll come with some fiber in your drop spindle kind of in one package set, which is really nice. There's no really one drop spindle that's better than the others. Unless you're really interested in spending something really specific for this particular tutorial, we're gonna be focusing on wool fibers. But they're also drop spindles that are great for cutting fibers or silk fibers and especially suited for them. Those are typically called supported spindles. So if you're really interested in learning how to work with cotton or silk, it's almost like a bottom role spindle. That's it's supported and you spend it in the support and it has kind of a pointy end to it instead of kind of this blunt into it. So that's something a little bit different that we won't be covering to index today. But it is a different type of spindle for the different types of fibers that you'll be working with. Eso this spindles about an ounce and 1/2 and we're gonna be spending some wool fibers on it today. And that is kind of next step is figuring out what you have. Your drops, Mendel, What are you going to spend? 3. Spinning Fibers 101: in this video, we're gonna be talking about what kinds of fibers you're gonna be looking to span as a beginner spinner. Pretty much any natural fiber that is out there can essentially be spun into yarn. It's pretty amazing to see different blends. There are pretty much any animal you can think of that has natural fibres can be spun into yarn and from not just sheep in a Packers. But I've seen people spin goats, mohair were even cat and dog Piper's. I haven't ever tried that myself, but technically that is something that you could spin into yarn. But there's just so many varieties out there that as a beginner spinner, it can be kind of crazy to even within the world of wool. Decide what should I spend as my kind of first beginning projects. So we're going to kind of go through some basic categories of what I'm gonna call fiber. Prep the ways that fibers are made, four spinners and which ones might be a good fit for you. Ultimately, the most important thing to keep in mind is to think about what is going to make you happy to spin, because ultimately spending should be a really enjoyable experience. And so if you're not enjoying the fibers that you're working with, chances are you're probably not gonna enjoy the yard either. So keep that in mind and just kind of go with your gut on some level and deciding what is gonna be right for you. The three kind of basic categories that we're looking at today are combed top roving, and that's so we're gonna start with combed top. So this is a braid of what's called Comb to Top. What that basically means is that it is long strips of fiber that have all been processed so that they all pretty much a line really evenly. So you'll see, as I'm kind of pulling this apart. All of the fibers kind of are in alignment. If you pull off a chunk of this here, you'll kind of see that all the fibers were really smooth, really, you know, kind of all facing the same direction. This one is really pretty because it died and not kind of these crazy colors on. That's one reason why people love to work with Come Top because it's really fun and artistic way. Teoh play with color in your ER, it is one of my favorite fibers to work with, and it could be a really it can produce a really smooth, really silky, almost really consistent yard. So if that's something that you're going for, Comb Top is definitely something that you're gonna want to look at. Here is an example of semi arm that spun with some comb talk. This one is kind of a crazy color way, but you can kind of see how the colors shift and change, and this one had like five or six colors in the braid on. And then I applied to applies together, which we'll get to in a later video to create this year. And so that one was really beautiful, and you can kind of see how consistent the overall yarn is. The second type of fiber prep that you're going to see very commonly is something called Ruby, so roving is really similar to comb top in that often see it in these kind of a long strips . But the difference between roving and come top is kind of how the fibers were processed, so these fibers were carded instead of cones, so instead of being really smooth and kind of in alignment with each other. These are a little bit more kind of jumbled in these long strips, so they're not all totally facing the same direction. And that can make for kind of a lofty your more area a little bit fluffy yarn. This is some commercial roving, so it looks pretty consistent on. And then I also have here some roving that was processed at a really small mill. And this is from a Shetland sheep that was raised in North Carolina. Find the end of it. Here it is, and you can kind of get a feel for how these fibres are a little bit more Jim Billy on this one. This one's a little bit less processed, so you can still pull it apart really easily. You can kind of see the texture is a little bit different in the roving, which is kind of cool. Roving is what I recommend to a lot of beginners, because, ah, lot of times it's easy to work with, and it's pretty smooth, but it often has a little bit kind of grab to it, then comb top does, and so it's not quite a slippery. So when you're first getting the hang of spinning and trying to spend continuously for a long period of time, it can be a little bit easier to work with. Income Top ONDAS You can see it comes in a bunch of colors and even get these diet increase in telling ways to you. It just kind of depends on where you look. So that's kind of the second type and hear some here that spun with that exact same rubbing , actually, so it looks pretty similar. It's kind of hard to tell just in a video, but if you were to hold this yarn, it's just a lot lighter. And it's a little bit fluffy urine squishier than the come top is and, um, creates for a little bit of a warmer yarn kind of feeling to it. So there's the moving. This one was also what I call it to implied yarn structure, and we'll get a warrant what that means later as well. And then the final thing in this crazy thing that sitting over to my right here, it's something that's called a bat. Now, bats are usually they come in these kind of huge sheets. And this one in particular, is called an art backed because it kind of has a lot of crazy texture and a lot of different fibers, and that some of its fallen off right here, this one in particular me yesterday. And it has wool and silk and these really awesome mohair walks and some sparkle bits and a and this white stuff over here is called milk fiber, which is actually a plant fiber eso These usually come in long sheets like this. You might see them online, rolled up kind of into something like this might be how you would see them packaged online , maybe a little bit. And I serve on how I just rolled that one up. But that can the basic idea. And these are made the same way that ruling is made in that they are carded in a way that the fiber still all totally aligned. They're a little bit jumble e. On, and that really creates for a nice, lofty kind of airy yarn. Art bats are great if you really want Superfund crazy, chunky yarns. If you're Weaver and you just really want that little pop of texture and you're leaving. Art bats are really, really great for that. And they're fun. Way to just try out different pipers and and get a feel for what kind of crazy yarns look like. They're also really find you just kind of getting out spending because they don't need to be totally consistent in their spinning. They look really great when they're just kind of crazy least. But Teoh a single ply So those really fun. And here's some yarn spun from a back and you can see it's kind of this one was a lot of different colors, and some of the textures kind of blended as they got spun together. But you can kind of see there some a little bit more craziness going on in this particular Garin. So that was really fun on and then get. Really? Yes, you can really spend pretty much anything. I have some really fun mohair locks here so you can kind of see this is like straight from the animal washed and died. So it's kind of still, and it's like full structure. But even at spinners can really kind of fluff out the info knees and basically just been them, so they just keep their lock structure, which is really cool. That's called block spinning. But like I said, for beginners you want to serve. It's probably something a little bit, but he's thinking that I'm gonna be doing the demo today using some roving, because that could be really easy to be kind of your beginner starting place with your fibers. But again, choose what colors you happy, what textures make you happy, and if you're really committed to it, then you can spend pretty much the thing. So with that said, we have our fiber and we have our drop spindles, so let's get started on spinning. 4. Preparing your fiber to spin: so you've got your fiber and you got your spindle, and you're ready to start spinning. But the first thing that you really gonna want to do you with your fibre in order to be successful in your spending, especially when you're first starting out, is to figure out what is called the stable like of the fiber that you're working with. This is a little bit of technical knowledge, but essentially the way that wool fibers work is there. You know they can come in super different lengths, so there are, well, fibers that are six plus inches in length. The really fun fibers could be inter less in length on depending on how long the fibers are . The shoes that you're working with can really affect how you are working your fibre wire spinning on so spinning can actually basically be called. I feel like it could be called instead drafting. Drafting is the process of pulling fibers out of your kind of large chunk and then adding twist. That's all that spinning really is. So you can kind of see, hear and pulling some fibers out of here. And I have this kind of chunk, uh, and I can pull these apart to see kind of how long the fibers are, but I'm working with here. So they were about this far apart and something that was really helpful to me when I was first starting to spin Waas kind of testing out how far apart my hands need to be well on spinning based on how long that staple length of the fibers are. So though a really easy way that you could test that is to just start with your hands really close together and put on the fibers. And they're not pulling apart this close together said that I'll make my fingers a little bit further apart like that, and they go start to pull apart. So I'll do that just one more time. Seeing kind of seemed kind of try. It's like the steeple like there's a little longer than that. If I was pulling apart, but right about here they start pulling apart so I can kind of tell, you know, this is you know how far apart my hands are gonna need to be approximately as I'm spinning in order to be able to pull those fibers away from each other to form yard because if you're holding your fibers much closer than that, you're not really gonna have much success what you're spinning. So just a little bit of technical knowledge that will help you convert your getting started something that is helpful when you're first starting out is to do something called pre drafting. So, like I said, spinning is basically just the art of drafting, pulling fibers away from your braid and then twist to them. But you can kind of do that a little bit before you actually start working with your drop spindle and that kind of help the process be a little bit easier. So what you basically do to predraft is just kind of hold gently on the fibers, and you can see that they're just kind of loosening up there, pulling away from each other. If it breaks. If it comes apart, that's no big deal. You could spend this job keeping in that trunk. Whatever the case may be, you so just kind of go through on just kind of pull your fibers just a little bit spaced apart from how they come in the braid. And, like I said, that will just kind of make the process of spinning a little bit easier. Can you ask your started? And if it's helpful for you to, you can also go ahead and split your rooming kind of into pieces. Eso we can split this whole braid into kind of two pieces. That will be a little bit. Is you just been because it will be a little easier to draft this skinny apiece, and you can do this again are as many times as you need to you into fourths or eighths until it's really easy to spin. So this fiber is pretty much ready to go, kind of drafting out pieces of it here. Yeah, until longer pieces. And now we're gonna grab our drop spindle and attach a leader to get started on spinning. 5. Basic Spinning Techniques: Draft and Twist: So we have our predraft in fiber ready to go, and we have our drop spindle. And the first thing that we're gonna want to do when we have our spindle is to prepare the yard to be attached to the actual spindle. And the way that we do that is with something called leader threat. This is a leader is basically just any type of yarn that you have. This is about what's called a worsted weight. So it's kind of like a medium choking this yarn. I'll see this and a ton of crops stores. It's a really common type of yarn, but really even use anything that you have on hand that is strong and sturdy and kind of has a commercial feel to it. This is doubled in half. So it's probably about 45 feet of yarn that have already cut and I'm folded in half And when I'm basically gonna do is take my drop spindle and at the top of the shaft right under the world I'm gonna put my loop over my drop spindle. I'm just gonna pull the yarn through and pull it tent so that it attach is Teoh. My drop, swindled, and then I have my notch here, which I'm gonna put the armed, the leader yarn into you like that and it keeps it in place, and then I'm gonna put it onto the inside of my hook, like so I'm ready to start spinning. If you find that the arm is looking out from the hook, you can loop it around a second time and not only get a little bit more secure as you're spinning, just to kind of keep things in place while you're just starting out. So So we have our drops middle with our needle attached and we're gonna start spinning. So the way that we're gonna want to do this and there's a couple ways so we'll go over a couple different ways that you can get started. We just need to start with just a flick, Teoh the spindle. You're gonna want to pay attention to which direction you're spending in. So in this tutorial I'm gonna be spending clockwise and you can kind of see when I flicked the bottom of the spindle like this that the yarn is getting really, really twisty. And we're trapping a lot of energy between the spindle and between the two points and my fingers here and that twist that energy is what turns are moving into your So what we're gonna do, basically, is I'm gonna show you the first month it is called the Park and Draft Method of Spinning. So what we've essentially done is spun a bunch of energy into our drop spindle doing in a clockwise direction, and then we're gonna do is actually just put it under my arm pay essentially here, and this is called parking at parking. Spend also that it's staying kind of in place and then we'll grab our ruling and I'll take a chunk of roving and what I'm essentially gonna do you action Concede this is laying the fiber over the yarn like this and just kind of draft it out like so and then let this go so that the arm is now attached to the leader for it. I'm gonna do that a couple more times playing it over my leader thread holding the twist and then told I'm ready for it to go and then letting it kind of go into the arm. I can do that. A couple more times out because my so you can see now I have this yarn and I'll do the same thing. If it breaks, it's really no big deal. So I was fine. I spine parking and I'm drafting and you want to watch how my fiber is over my hand here, and it's kind of over to the side that will help it to keep from getting tangled into the arm that I'm spinning. So I'm just drafting. It's becoming part of the leaner just like that. And so that's kind of a long piece, until what I'm gonna do is unhook it for my hook and I took it from my notch and actually just been this around the very top, my spindle. So our leader threat is getting on here. This part has leader through and in the Army together overlapped. Get back into my hook, put it back around my hook, and I'm ready to start spinning, canceled to the same thing, but lots of twists, lots of energy in there clockwise. Park it and then pull young out the rooming out and then release the twist. Pull the out, release the trust, and that is a really begin a way to get started with it on. Then, as you run out of room, you just keep on twisting around your spindle, putting it into the notch and then hooking you back around. What is anything? Lots of twist draft out like so and you have my finger is releasing to let that twist go in , thus releasing as we get twist in here, you'll see there's plenty of twist in here. I pull on this, it doesn't break. You want to make sure that you're filling out your spend the little lots of twists putting lots of energy into that so that when you park it, you have more room to pull out and let your twist into your fiber. So that's called the parking draft method of spending Yard CNC. Here's my hair respond. I'm just gonna keep on rolling it on to my spindle and again with physics. Your weight distribution when you're spindle is gonna be kind of important in terms of how it's gonna spend when you have lots of yarn on here. So you're gonna want to keep the center of gravity of all the weight of the yarn you're spinning kind of at the top of the spindle and then kind of taper it down as you're spending so that there's less You're at the bottom than there is at the top. So that's one method called the parking draft. The second method that we're gonna do is once you've kind of gotten down drafting and gotten down the twisting is do them both at the same time. So you have my spindle, I'm gonna start spinning it and it's going And I'm just gonna drafted, drafted, drafted and you can see in my spindle started going in the opposite direction. That was when every now twist Essentially. So I'm just gonna keep on pulling, letting twist in pulling one twist in keeping it from spinning in the opposite direction In twist that arm around me into the match hook I twist, spin, going out, spin out, spinning going out there. Yeah, so that is kind of the basics of spinning your drop spindle 6. Tips, tricks & troubleshooting: in this video, we're going to talk through a couple of tips and tricks for some obstacles you might run be running into while you are kind of going to your first spinning project. And where there were some pretty common things that a lot of beginning spinners experience , we're going to talk through some of those we've been spinning a lot of times. It can be hard to coordinate both spinning of the spindle in the drafting at the same time . And while you are working through being able to do both of those things simultaneously Ah, lot of times your yarn will break. And the easiest way that this happens is if I kind of like I should on the last video you're spinning and your spindle starts going in the opposite direction of how you're originally spending it eventually in this for you. Eventually the iron is gonna break on. This is so not a big deal. My spittle dropped many, many, many times. What happens? First Ring has been in my heart broke all the time, so no worries. But basically what you're gonna want to do is do a very similar thing. So we have our your piece here we have our ruling here that has broken off. And essentially what we're gonna do is just the same thing that we did when we were first starting out with our leader thread and charge the yard that's on here. A lot of energy, A lot of twist. Hold on to that. It's a chance here. You're gonna hold on to it. And it might help to, you know, perk it by doing this and basically just lay some drafted fibers here on top of you're young like so And then I'm still holding all the twist with this hand here, and then I essentially just let it go. So now my arm, he's kind of re integrated on there. And you mean what did you got? A couple times you hold it with your yard now attached. Keep spinning in the same direction, look more twist on there just to solidify it and do a little bit more drafting with your big peas until it's reattached. And the more practice you with this, the fewer joins you'll have. So this is kind of an obvious join. You can kind of see where I reattached it But the better you get at this, the easier it'll be to make your joints look really seamless on. Then you'll just keep on spinning with your tache piece. Another thing that will happen, alarm chimes is it could be easy to let too much twist into the fibre before you're ready to start drafting it. So that will happen. They were spinning, and I just let you know Aton of draft into this, which makes this piece really fat and has a lot to twist in it now. But I don't want it to be that thickness. I wanted to be a little thinner, so there's a couple things you can needed. First is just kind of let it go, untwist it a little bit to make it easier to draft. It's still kind of like pulling on it, and it's not wanting to draft. So if that doesn't work, you can kind of untwist it by hand like this, or you can get just kind of accept it and accept that that's gonna be attractive part here . But you can see here I was able to kind of untwist it, and I'm gonna do the same thing. Rejoining drafted out. What's interesting there, Jeff two. Now there's a twist and keep on spinning very easy. The other thing that will happen a lot, especially if you are practicing with parking draft, is a lot of times your yard will end up to be super super kinky. And basically what that means is that there is too much twist in fiber now. Personally, I'm of the opinion that it's better to have too much than too little twist in your fiber when you were starting out. I have lots of strange kinky arms on def. That's something you're one for, then that's great. That's an ornamental effect. But a lot of times he went yard to be balanced, toe lay flat on, and if it's all kinked up, then it's not gonna do that. So basically, just trying that make it happen here when you have your yard on your spin bill, kind of like I indicated you wanted to lay really flat and you can kind of see how it's kind of all kicked up along that. So the easiest thing, it's just to kind of let it I'm King let it spin in the opposite direction, which is normally not what you want, but until it kind of starts to even out a little bit and becomes even now you do want enough twisting your fiber that the arm is gonna hold together so that when I'm holding it top like this, if I let it go, it's gonna kick up on itself some and that's totally okay. And that's actually good. That's maybe still a little bit too much. But you know, something like that is totally fine and normal, and it's gonna make sure that you have a good secure yarn. When you let your urine sit on your spindle for an extended period of time, it's gonna lose a little bit of that energy. Some of that will just kind of be lost as it sitting on your spindle. So you wanted to be a little bit more twisted, perhaps, and what you want to finally aren't to be just so you can kind of make up for that loss of twist that's gonna happen as it sitting on your spindle on. And if you are planning on applying your yarn, which will go over next, you know a little bit of energy is kind of get in, come out in the planning process and then also, if you wash your fiber and your yard after you're done, the water really helps to kind of set that twist and kind of even it out into a nice even yard. So those are a couple of tricks if you just let it soak for about 20 or 30 minutes and some cool water. And if you have a little bit of will wash that, doesn't he rents down. That is really great to you, but those were just some tricks for extra twist in your urine as well. 7. Plying yarns: a world of infinite possibilities: So the last of the basic scales that we're going to talk about today in our favor hurts 11 Beginning spinning on a drop spindle is something called a flying, implying as the process of taking two single strands of yarn that you just fun and twisting them together to create a young that has two applies to now there's a couple of reasons why you might want to consider applying your yard. The 1st 1 is that when you ply arm together, it becomes a lot stronger, so less easy to break. And, you know, if you are looking to do like a knitting project that has a lot of, you know, rubbing where friction like if you're spinning young for a pair of mittens and your hands be rubbing together a lot, it's gonna make the yarn sturdier, and it's not gonna pill as easily when you are wearing it, for example, it also really evens out a lot of inconsistencies in your urine, So if you're looking to create a really beautiful finished yarn, it can be a really easy way. Teoh, you know, kind of smooth out some of the inconsistencies, especially at the beginning when you're just starting out in learning how to spend. It's also a great way Teoh just playing around with structure of the yard and played of color and mixing color and different textures. And you comply really fat guards with really skinny arms and get a different effect than if you ply two years together that are pretty much the same thickness. And it's just another totally creative form of expression on as you were, they had a spin yarn. There's a couple ways to do this. If you have a yard wind, er, if you're better occur, share and you like to work from a center pole ball while you're needing. That is essentially a ball of yarn where the two ends are both accessible. So here is an example of a central pool ball that I've made on my yard. Wind. Er, The one end is coming out of the Centre one and is on the outside and what I can essentially do A's grand both and and cli these two strands of the same type of yarn together and then at the very end where they meet, I just kind of snip off the Captain Point and make it into a two strand yard if you don't have a yard wind. Er, you can also do this with something called a noster pin, which is basically just kind of in. This is actually not a traditional noster penned. This is actually a vintage mill spindle that kind of repurposed for one. So anything about this size, if you go on X, you are the Woolery or someplace like that. Confined that pretty easily. But essentially what that is is a tool for to allow you to create at center pull ball when you wind your yarn around a certain way. So that's a really easy way to plan your ER, and you can look up tutorials on how to do that very easily. The other thing that you can do for really easy to apply arm is if you are working with fiber and you have a specific amount of it that you're working with to go ahead and divide it up at the beginning into two pieces. You can weigh them into two equal parts or just kind of eyeball it on. And then, when you're done spinning, spin your yarn off of your spindle into two separate balls of yarn on, but you can do is actually take the yard from this one in the arm from this one and apply these two separate pieces together. You don't have to stop with the to apply if you're really feeling invaded and apply three positive three balls, man together or four balls or whatever the case, maybe this is just kind of a really basic plying taking good to falls of urine. So that's what we're going to start with right now. So I'll do a little bit of demonstration on how it would work with both of those. First with our center pull ball, kind of like I indicated you're gonna take. And this is your that I spoke to single from an art pat so you can see there's a little bit of texture and color to it. I've already attached my leader thread to my eye drops spindle here, and I'm gonna put that in the match and over the hook like we would just to spin Issing all and essentially, what you're doing here is spinning these two yards into a single strand together. You're not gonna be directing at all when you're flying, you're just putting two hearings that already exists together into one. And when you're doing this, the reason why it's so important to pay attention when you're spinning your single to the direction you're doing it is when you apply, you're gonna spin it. The two here together in the opposite direction of how they were originally spun. So for all the singles, I spun them originally in a clockwise direction. So when I apply the two singles together, I'm gonna spend them in a counter clockwise direction on. That's really important for the structure of the arm. So I'm gonna graham my two ends of my center pull ball here. You can see it's kind of kinky and twisting. I have my tea, strong hands, and I'm going to do the same thing I do when I start spinning. So I'm going to spend it out in the wrong direction. So is being in a counterclockwise direction, loading that with Twist, and then I'm just gonna do the same thing. I'm gonna lay the arm over the leader thread and allow that twist to move into it. You can see it twisting around like more leader grehn, Master, twisting this around my spindle here. So applying is really very easy compared to you. Um, drafting because all you're doing is just spending two pieces together a pack still have leader threat in it match and just keep on spinning. And the plan? We are undergoing the same. We're gonna want to keep the yarns over our hand to kind of keep them separate. And you can see how the two strong hands are now kind of becoming one finished strands and you're gonna want to do the same thing and just check the twist of it. You want to kind of kick up a little bit a little bit less than you do your singles when you let it can twist back on itself that back in and then just keep on spinning can see how easy that IHS just moving along the length my hair in here. Turn it into this to applying stronger studio more visually complex here. So that's that. And then I'm gonna show you also have to do it with two separate balls. The trick with the two separate balls of yarn is to keep them separate. So I've seen people do it where they'll put their two balls of yarn into flowerpots and threat. The aren't up through the bottom of the pot. That kind of keeps him contained. You can put them into two separate bags to keep them separate from each other or into cups , but the point is to keep them separate so that they don't get tangled as you are applying them. So do the same thing. Grab our two plies. I wanna start a little higher this time and then a counter clockwise direction because I spent my clockwise. You can see how it's already catching on, later threatened, and I'm working this time with some combed top. This is that same comb top that I was showing you guys a little earlier already spent on this up, and there goes so again, it's okay if it doesn't totally attach the first time you just wanted to twist on there. This one's really pretty because it's a pink stream. Any black string together create kind of a moral effect. What the finished year Tennessee. How that's twisting together and to me is really beautiful colors. So that is kind of two basic ways to ply yarn together into a finished young 8. You're a spinner!: Thank you so much for joining me in this class today for fiber arts, one of one spinning yarn on a drop spindle. I hope that you feel empowered to go and spend on the art of your dreams with your drops, Mendel and practice. And try creating new and beautiful things with this new scale. If you have any questions or I need clarification on any parts of this video, please feel free to leave me a comment or send you email, and I will be more than happy to answer those questions for you. Good luck and happy spinning.