Fashion Design - DRAPING -- Learn basic techniques (and some complex) to create new fashion ideas. | Nino Via | Skillshare

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Fashion Design - DRAPING -- Learn basic techniques (and some complex) to create new fashion ideas.

teacher avatar Nino Via, Fashion Design, Instructor & Consultant

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

9 Lessons (50m)
    • 1. Short PROMO - Draping

      1:31
    • 2. #1 - Intro to Draping and Class overview.

      4:53
    • 3. #2 - Draping the 2-Dart Bodice.

      8:30
    • 4. #3 - Transferring 2-Dart Bodice drape to Dotted Paper.

      3:15
    • 5. #4 - Draping the 1-Dart Bodice.

      5:01
    • 6. #5 - Draping the Back Bodice. Plus, pinning muslin the correct way.

      6:09
    • 7. #6 - Draping a Basic Skirt.

      6:19
    • 8. #7 - Draping the Circle Skirt.

      6:57
    • 9. #8 - Draping a Basic Dress (and variations of it...).

      7:52
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About This Class

A beginner Class with basic (and some advanced) techniques to create new fashion design ideas.  Learn draping skills to further develop and add to your Fashion Design process. 

Draping is used to develop basic Bodice, basic Skirt, basic Dress, a Circle Skirt, etc.  Students will learn how to manipulate muslin, create darts, how to mark muslin, which is then be used to draft a pattern.  Included in the curriculum is:

  • Working with a Dress Form

  • Working with muslin

  • Creating a Dart

  • Creating gathers/shirring

  • Draping a One-Dart Bodice

  • Draping a Two-Dart Bodice

  • Draping a Basic Skirt

  • Draping a Circle Skirt

  • Draping a Basic Dress

  • Tools needed for draping

The draping process is a very creative technique with inspires and empowersthe student to be more creative, innovative and have fun in the process. Learning how to Drape is an intuitive and spontaneous way to create new designs and come up with new ideas.

Learning how to be a great fashion designer includes the learning of the Draping process and technique.  The use of fabric as a way to "mold" it to a dress form is inspiring and creative when it comes to inventing new designs for that famous "Red Carpet Event" known as "The Oscars"-- those designs worn by those Celebrities were once Draped on a Dress Form.

Those beautiful evening gowns seen on the "Red Carpet" most likely were draped first, then through the process of fitting them on the actual body of the person wearing it, refined and perfected to fit correctly.

This Course starts with the basics: draping the basic bodice: One-Dart and Two-Dart Bodice, but then it moves into using more complex techniques such as draping the "Circle Skirt" which requires a little more practice to perfect.

This Course aims not only to teach, but also inspire students to use Draping techniques to be creative, innovative, and become a great Fashion Designer.

Meet Your Teacher

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Nino Via

Fashion Design, Instructor & Consultant

Teacher

From Sketching, to Draping, to Pattern making, to Marketing & Branding, etc. Design Your Own Future!

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Transcripts

1. Short PROMO - Draping: welcome to draping for fashion design, where you will be able to use fabric and start positioning and pinning fabric unto a dress form in order to develop the structure for new ideas and new designs using the draping process. My name is Nino Via, I was an instructor at FIDM, F.I. D. M.- Fashion Institute of Design and Merchandising in Los Angeles. After taking this course, you will feel confident in using fabric as a source of inspiration to create your ideas and bring them to life. Even though this is a basic course in draping where, yes, you will learn how to drape a one dart bodice and a 2- dart bodice and a basic skirt. You will also learn things. There are a little more advanced, like draping a circle skirt, and a basic dress. If you're pursuing your interests in fashion design, well, then this course will add a whole new dimension to your knowledge, of the fashion design process. If you've taken any of my other courses in pattern making and sketching and collection development, well, then this is a great addition to your learning experience of fashion design. So get some fabric. Let's start draping. I will see you in class 2. #1 - Intro to Draping and Class overview.: Hello everyone. Welcome to basic draping for fashion design. My name is Nino Via and I'm your instructor. If you have taken any of my other courses in fashion design like pattern making and sketching and collection development, then you know that I was an instructor at FIDM, F.I. D.M.- Fashion Institute of Design and Merchandising in Los Angeles. This is a basic draping course. What is draping? well draping for fashion design is the process of positioning and pinning fabric unto a dress form to develop the structure of a garment design. After draping, the fabric is removed from the dress form and used to create the pattern for the garment. Now that is the technical definition of draping. But I personally think that draping is a lot more than that. See, when you're draping, you are like a sculptor. You are like an artist. You are creating a new design. You can use draping as a source of inspiration. For example, go to your local fabric store buy two yards of fabric that you really like, take it home and use draping as a tool, as a technique to create new designs. Draping can be fun, and it should be fun. It should be playful and inspiring. Now you will need a dress form obviously, these. dress forms are not cheap. They cost anywhere from a few $1000 to 2000 dollars and maybe more. You can find a used one online. So do some research, and they come in different sizes. They come in a size four size, six, size eight. If you can find a four or six or eight size, that would be ideal. Also, you will need pains so you can pin the fabric into the form. You will need scissors and they pencil and a ruler thistles, a clear see through plastic ruler and muslin. What is muslin? muslin is a raw, unprocessed cotton fabric. It's very inexpensive. It is used to drape. And then once the pattern is completed, the drapes are thrown away. Uh, you also will need dotted paper. dotted paper looks like this, dotted paper is used to make patterns. If you want to learn about pattern making, watch my other course on basic pattern making. And in fact, I suggest you do so and enroll in a pattern making class because draping and pattern making they go hand in hand. They work together, as you will see. So, uh, for some of you, this is the first time that you are actually draping so as a way to get your feet wet, so to speak, take some fabric, put on some music and just have fun. But have fun, be creative and enjoy the process. Maybe something like this. Listen, before we get to the fancy stuff, we have to get some basic fundamental principles in draping. It's very important to get the foundation really solid, right? It's like building a house. You gotta get their foundations really solid before you can get into fancy stuff. So in this course we'll cover the basic bodice front and back, a basics skirt. A simple dress or variations of a dress, we'll do a circle skirt. So those are the basic ideas. I'll throw in a few extra things here and there. But this is a basic draping course that's important to solidify before you move on to the fancy stuff. Okay, I'll see you in class 3. #2 - Draping the 2-Dart Bodice.: Okay, so let's get right to it. In this class. I want to show you how to drape a bodice, and I'll do 2 variations, I will do a 2-Dart bodice And I would also give you a demo on 1-dart bodice. Then I will I will show you how to take all this information from the drape with all the cross markings and pencil marks and transfer the information to dotted paper so that you will have a real pattern that you can use to cut real fabric. Okay, before we get started with the draping part, let's get familiar with some of the terminology that we use while we're draping. This is the center front. This is the Princess Seam, Princess Line. This is the apex. The center of the bust is known as the apex, right there. Shoulder Seam, this is your side seam and as far as the. waistline is concerned. When we mark the waistline, we use the bottom of the tape. Also, let's do a quick recap on grain lines. If this is our role of fabric for muslin, the edge of the fabric is known as the selvage, selvage. Here and here. The grain line parallel, parallel to the selvage is known as the length grain. And also we have the cross grain, and we have bias. 45 degree angle. All right, we're gonna start with a piece of muslin 18 inches across and 24 inches in length and When I when I say length I mean, this is the selvage just the edge of the fabric of the muslin. And we always always want to drape where the edge of the fabric, salvage is parallel to center front. In other words, you want a drape like this Not like that. Okay, Next, we start by drawing a grain line one inch away from the edge, one inch away from the selvage we draw one inch grain line, and then we divide the muslin in half and draw a cross grain perpendicular to center front. Now, most students , not most But some students make the mistake of starting by draping like this. they placed the muslin like this. And then what happens that you have no fabric to complete this section That's why we have a cross. grain. Which tells us that this cross grain must come across the bus level the apex level. So the cross grain across the apex center front is pinned onto the centre front and you want to put the pin at a certain angle. You want to put the pin at this angle because watch what happens if you do it this way. Guess what, this comes undone. See that? So you don't want to do that You want to put your pin at a certain angle, and the angle is like that in this direction here. Now, this is a tricky part here. be careful how you cut this You don't want to go straight across this way. What you want to do is you go up about an inch from the neckline, go but in and kind of a little bit and then go upward like this. So only this piece gets cut off. See that and then slowly use clip these necklines so that the fabric falls nicely onto the bodice. We'll put a pin right there. Yeah, Okay, pin. And basically, now what happens is that all this fabric this becomes one dart the waistline dark and this excess fabric becomes the shoulder dart. So what you want to do is. You want a smoother muslin until you come to Princess Seam and you put a little pin and you put it a cross mark. Now I'm using a Sharpie, but you should use a pencil. Always use a sharp pencil, put it a cross mark right there and then smooth all this fabric. Right, So that watch this, all this excess fabric nice and smooth. use my own cross mark from the princess seam. You're gonna take all this fabric, your smooth it up like this, and then fold this under like that and you could see how we're creating our first dart. Here is our side seam. We'll put pins on the side seam okay. And now all this excess fabric here will become our dart. How do we do that again We smooth muslin on the waistline until we come to again the princess line of the princess . seam and put a little pin where that is right there. And little cross mark. And then all this excess fabric will be folded under to create the dart. So watch this. I'm gonna take this fabric for crease it here smooth and fold it under. Now what happens Notice, There's some tension. This, um, pulling here. So we want to eliminate that. So we take our scissors and we slash this tension right here. You want to eliminate that And by slashing to the waistline, this tension. It's gone. It's nice and smooth and flat on. You might want to do another one right next to it. Maybe even the third ones. Any excess fabric below the waist. You can go ahead and trim it off. trim it away. might as well mark using the bottom of the tape. The bottom of the tape is the waistline. We've got mark our waistline. You're gonna mark our side seam and feel it with your fingers again. Mark, you're side seam and the armhole and we're going to mark our neckline and where the neckline, meets the shoulder and where the shoulder meets the armhole. And also mark our apex ... mark where the two fabrics meet. Okay, so that's basically... you end up with these two cross marks Now, we're gonna mark where these two fabrics cross over where they meet, so that if you remove the pains, you will notice you have these markings right here. We can trim the extra fabric here... We don't need fabric. We could trim all this away. Okay, Next class. I'm gonna show you how to take all this information, all these cross marks and pencil marks and transfer them to dotted paper and make a nice clean pattern, okay? 4. #3 - Transferring 2-Dart Bodice drape to Dotted Paper.: Okay, So what you want to do next is to create the dart. These lines here are known as the legs, the legs of the dart. The end of the dart is known as the vanishing point. Here's the other dart, and this is the apex, the vanishing point. The end of the dart never goes to the apex. You want to back away from the apex anywhere between 1/2 inch and 3/4 of an inch. So from the apex you go 1/2 inch or 3/4 and then you draw the legs of the dart like that. Okay, next we fold. The dart closed like this, and we put the pins in a certain direction. So if this is the dart, we put the pin perpendicular to the dart. We closed the dart and we add seam allowance. Normally, we have 1/4 of an inch seam allowance at the neckline, half inch seam allowance at the shoulder, half inch of the armhole. If there's a sleeve, half inch at the side seam and half inch at the waistline. Next, you want to transfer all this information from the muslin from the drape onto dotted paper to create a pattern. So all these cross lines, all these... the legs of the dart, for example, all these cross marks, seam allowance, using a tracing wheel. Either it looks like this, or he's another variation. You take your muslin, your drape, and you either pin it to the dotted paper pin, a pin, a pin, a pin it or Scotch tape, Scotch tape, Scotch tape. And you trace all this information on to dotted paper so that you end up with a pattern that looks like that. Okay, and that's how you create a basic pattern. And so again, like I said earlier. It's a good idea to take a course in pattern making either mine or somebody's because pattern making and draping. As you can see, they go hand in hand. They work together in conjunction with each other, so it's good to know pattern making. The last final step is to paint dotted paper onto the form to make sure that it looks good and it's perfect and all that. So that's why pattern making and draping kind of work together... okay, so next class, I'm gonna show you how to do a 1-dart bodice. All right, 5. #4 - Draping the 1-Dart Bodice.: so I'm gonna show you how to drape. a 1-dart bodice... We'll start with the same size muslin as previously, 18 inches across by 24 in length, 18 by 24. And once again, we're going to start by drawing a one inch grain line away from the selvage from the salvage of the muslin And remember, don't start like this and what you have you'll be missing fabric here. So just go up a few inches, maybe 3, 4 inches of self and start pinning this grain line onto the centre front as before and you can pin. We'll put a few pins to center front like this. using the bottom of the tape and we'll start with the neckline area and again, do not cut straight across. Don't do that. You have to do is you go up about an inch from the neckline, go up but a nature self and cut for about one inch and then go upward. Just think up in the sky, Okay? You gonna go up and then with the scissors we're gonna slash the muslin to release tension so that it lays flat onto the form so again. We're gonna find our princess line or princess seam. here with your fingers. Feel where the seam is and we'll put a pin right there and we put it across mark then we're gonna take all this fabric here and fold it underneath just like this to create our dart. Now again, see all this excess. Here. This tension here, we're going to slash into it and release the tension. Wanna put a temporary pin right here But, uh, watch what happens As we start slashing towards the waistline. This tension goes away and you will have to readjust your dart a little bit. So it's nice and flat and smooth. Maybe a couple of times, All this extra fabric we don't really need. Just like earlier, we can trim all of this. See, that tension is gone. Well, one more slash. Right here. here we go. So, basically, that's pretty much it. I'm gonna mark my waistline. Bottom of the tape. There's my waistline. Mark where the fabrics, meet. Continue your waistline again. You want to make sure that when you release the pin you have this is your dart. You see that? I'm gonna be in the back. Continue marking your side seeming on and where the shoulder meets the armhole we'll mark the armhole, and the shoulder and the next line, just like we did earlier. Again. Little little dots just like this. Okay, lets mark the apex. We need to know where the apex is because we have to back away from the apex to create our dart, Remember? Okay, so there is the apex, right there will put a cross, and that's pretty much it. But you know the routine by now. Between this little bit of draping and some pattern making, you know that the next step is to transfer all these little cross marks to dotted paper add seam allowance, create a dart, "true" a dart, etcetera, and then go from there. Okay. Next, I'm gonna show you how to drape a back. Very simple basic back that we can now find with. Okay, 6. #5 - Draping the Back Bodice. Plus, pinning muslin the correct way.: Okay, we're ready for a basic bodies back. We have a lovely piece of muslin with our one inch grain line one inch away from the edge of the muslin. I'm gonna pin this one, each grain line onto centre back of the form. So start with a few inches up on top and pin your muslin in onto the form. Now again, watch what happens here pinning is important. Watch this. If I put my pain in this direction, right, watch what happens if I pull even slightly on the muslin The whole thing falls apart. So what you want to do is you want to pin. your muslin onto centre back in this direction so that it anchors the muslin onto the form so that even if I pull and you should not pulled by the way, But even if I do pull on it lightly see, it's not gonna go anywhere. It's solid in there. Okay, I've pinned my center back onto the form. I'm going to start with my neckline and just like we did in the front, go up. about an inch or so, clips and up we go and then we're gonna clip downward towards the neckline so that the muslin will lay flat onto the form. They put a few pins into the neckline on the neck line right there on his shoulder. Okay. The dart here in the back. Uh, line aligning with your princess. seam, princess line. See that? So this is standard measurement, which is about an inch to an inch and 1/4 is the with of the dart. So I'm gonna do a smooth my muslin find where the princess line is put a little pin right here and a little cross mark like so. And then I'm going to measure an inch on Incheon record. In this case, I'll do an inch. This is size four form. It's very small. So one inch dart. So from my cross mark coming measure one inch right there and that will become my dart. I'm going to take this cross mark, fold it over to the other one like that and eventually this will become my dart, which you'll see in a minute I'm gonna close and again all this pulling of this tension is to be released on. The way to do that is we slash always slash towards the waistline like so, and you'll see that as you get familiar and comfortable with draping, you've know that at some point, any extra fabric that might get in the way can easily be trimmed, including the side seam, well, not the side seam but part of the side seam and keep slashing if necessary. Maybe a few more slashes towards the waistline and okay, we'll put a pin where the waistline and the side seam meet, we'll put a pin we'll put a few pins onto the side seam again. If you see that this fabric gets in the way is go ahead and trim the fat. Here we go. OK, we're going to mark our waistline. And again, it's the bottom of the tape, going to mark where the side seam is and the armhole and our shoulder and neckline. At some point, I want to bring the two pieces the front in the back together at the side seam and at the shoulder to see if it fits correctly if the side seam match, so there's two ways you can do that. You can either take the two pieces of muslin together and pin. The two pieces together the front and the back put pins on the side seam or another way of matching is you take your one side and you fold it over to the other side. And you pin fabric to fabric. Not to the form, but fabric to fabric, fabric to fabric, not to the form. Okay, so there's space between the muslin and the form. Still, you want to make sure that the side seams are the same length and everything falls into into place. Now, one last thing about this dark here we haven't, we haven't done anything with start basically the dart. Use it. Here's the dark. The dart is usually seven inches in length. So from the waistline, you measure seven inches and that is the end of the dart is vanishing point of the dart. OK, next I'm gonna show you how to drape basic skirt... 7. #6 - Draping a Basic Skirt.: Okay, lets drape a skirt. I'm gonna show you how to drape a very basic simple skirt. We'll start with a piece of muslin 14 by 24 from the edge of the muslin from the selvage, gonna come in one inch and draw a length grain and from the top of the muslin, we're gonna measure two inches and put a little cross mark, which will be our waistline. So from the top two inches waistline and that's the waistline. Gonna measure seven inches, seven inches and we're gonna draw a cross grain perpendicular to center front. So top two inches. Waistline, seven inches cross grain. We're going to pin center, front of the muslin, onto the centre front of form. Next, we're going to put some pins on your cross. grain. Now, as you can see, these forms go up and down. And the reason is that when you're draping, for example, a skirt you want to be on eye level with the skirt so that you can see if your cross grain your grain line is off or not. For example, you don't want to drape if your cross grain, does that: you see what I'm saying, so you would have a cross grain that's parallel to the floor, parallel to the floor straight across. So we're gonna smooth the muslin. But if you smooth it too tight, then it would be that the skirt will be too tight and she can't even walk. So as you're smoothing, I want you to pinch a little bit of muslin just like a little pinch, so that you will have a little "ease". And so now, as you're doing that, here's my little pinch coming across to the side seam we're going to pin the muslin onto the side seam, okay, So again, here's my ease for a little comfort and then pin on the side seam Okay, I'm gonna get rid of the extra fabric here muslin that I don't really need. It's only gonna get in the way so I'm going to trim some of this off, Okay? And then whatever is left here will become my dart. And we're going to place the dart on the princess line on the princess. seam So I'm gonna smooth your muslin find where the princess. seam, is on the waistline little pin and cross mark. And then we're going to take this excess fabric and gonna fold it to create our dart like so Okay, going to slash from the top to the waistline so the muslin lays flat onto the form. Keep adjusting your muslin. That's nice and smooth. Any extra fabric that's gonna get in the way, you can go ahead and trim away, and once again with your pencil or marker, I'm going to mark the waistline mark where the two fabrics meet, just like we did in previous darts, so that when you open the dart there it is. That's your dart now in the front, the length of the dart, the length of the dart in the front is 3.5 inch, 3.5 inch is the length. So just to make a little note 3.5 is the length of the dart. Okay, let's continue marking our waistline mark. Your side seam okay, and basically, that's how you drape a very simple one dart skirt. Same thing happens for the back. The length of the back dark is 5.5 inch instead of 3.5... 3.5 of the front, 5.5 for the back. Sometimes you'll see a skirt where instead of one dart, we have two darts. So basically, you take this amount instead of having one dart you split it into two darts. This is a 2 dart skirt, very similar to the one dart. The only difference is that we have two darts instead of one; we have 1/2 inch seam allowance all around the length. The length really depends on how long you want to skirt. The next step is to take this drape onto dotted paper and then make a pattern from that . I'm not gonna do that. That's part of your pattern making course. So next class, I'm gonna show you how to do a circle skirt, which is pretty cool. 8. #7 - Draping the Circle Skirt.: Okay, I'm gonna show you how to drape a circle skirt. Piece of muslin 18 inches across by 24 inches in length. The length of a skirt Doesn't really matter up to you the length of the skirt, but let's start with a 18 by 24 Piece of muslin from the edge of the muslin from the selvage. Coming one inch grain line from the top of the muslin measure. Six inches, unlike two inches in the previous skirt. Let's come down six inches and put a little cross smark. And that will be our waistline. Okay, Next, I want you to measure on your waistline. Measure an inch and 1/2 about an inch and 1/2. So take your tape measure or your ruler and measure 1.5 inches is right there. Okay, 1.5, and we're going to put a pin. Put a pin right at that 1.5 mark. Now, watch this. The magic happens, is gonna release this pin here from the top of the muslin I'm going to slash the muslin down to that pin like this. Okay, This, we can get rid of this, So watch this, from the top slash down to that pin cross mark. And from that pin cross mark now watch I'm going to shift the muslin in this direction so that from that pin cross mark, I'm creating a flare. See that That's a flake right there. So slash and pivot, pin slash and pivot. And I'll do the same thing. One more time. I'm gonna measure an inch and 1/2 an inch and 1/2 right there. Okay, Put a pin at that one inch , 1.5 feet across mark. And once again from the top of the muslin slash. Down to that cross mark. Okay, let's get rid of this. And again, we're going to create another flare from that pin cross mark. Just like that. now we have two flares, so you get the idea again. Pin slash. Pivot your muslin to create a flare. So he's flare number one. Number two, will do it one more time. Slash your muslin from the top to that pin. Cross mark right there. Let's get rid of this and once again, shift your muslin to create another flare. So look what's happening here. We have 1,2,3 flares. Okay, until you get to the side seam. We're gonna keep that nice and flat, and we're gonna just mark your side seam and mark your waistline all the way across. The last thing we're gonna do is to create the hem line the length of the skirt. I'm gonna lift my four. And again the length is up to you. I'm gonna use the bottom of the form right here as the length of the skirt. So I'm going to take my pencil marker and come across and mark the length off the skirt, following the form all the way around. And if you want to just get rid of some of the extra fabric. Then it's a matter of connecting the dots literally to create a smooth circular shape and that becomes your circle. Skirt off this technique that I just demonstrated. This technique on how to create a circle skirt can be used in so many ways, not just on the skirt, Like for example, watch this. I'm going to destroy this skirt to show you other options. Watch this. I have just created a little peplum. Now you can add this to another skirt to a dress, and so on. I can also use this as and that life or a sleeve and so on. So that technique can be used to create other designs. Other motifs. Okay. Next, I'm gonna show you how to drape a dress. Now I'll do a very simple basic shape silhouette. But in the process of doing that, I'm gonna give you different options. I'm gonna show you how you can take a very simple basic shape and silhouette of a dress and transform it and evolve it into other variables as a variation by using tucks and pleats . So So I'll see you next class. 9. #8 - Draping a Basic Dress (and variations of it...).: Okay, let's drape. Address. I started with a piece of muslin 20 inches across, and the length is really up to you. How long you want your dress I'm going to start with the neckline. Obviously, I'm gonna bring my form down to my eye level so I can see better. And just like we did in the bodice, you want to have a few inches Maybe three inches. So and then the next line starts. So I'm gonna put a little cross mark a pin and across mark, and once again, I'm going to start by watch this across and going up, just like we didn't about us. And then we'll slash down towards the neck line and thus releasing the muslin so that it falls flat onto the form. In this case, I'm gonna keep it fairly. Rectangular. Very slim. So what happens is that what are we gonna do with all this fabric So I'm going to pin center front, as we always do. Put a few pins right here and here at the waistline and keeping this slim. And the question is, OK, well, if I'm gonna keep this slim, I'm smoothing my Muslim all around the hip area, and then I'm left with all this fabric. I'm gonna keep my shoulder clean. No, no dart on top. I'm gonna put the dart right into into the side seam I'm gonna temporarily put a pin to just to keep this in shape. I'm gonna come back to this. I wanted minimize all this extra fabric, so I'm just gonna go ahead and cut most of this. So here's my muslin My hip area. I'm gonna put a few pins on my muslin so it stays in place. I want some ease. You don't want a skin tight, so I'm gonna put some ease in the in the muslin as part of the draping process and smooth your muslin so that this becomes my dart. Gonna go back to this start here and create a dart that will go from the apex into the side seam seam So take any excess fabric and pin it right through and through, so that you have what will become a dart. Okay, maybe you want a little more ease So I'm just gonna give it more flair here like this. That's not so tight. Put a few pins back in place on my dress for on this take my pencil or marker and I'm gonna mark here and here so that I can remove this pin and full the dark so that one leg of the don't remember the legs of the dart, one leg falls on top of the other. I'm gonna pin my dart closed. If you really want to get creative and have fun with it, take a piece of elastic or a spaghetti strap something that you can tie around the waist like this. And then you can, uh, work your muslin and manipulate your muslin to create a different shape. So, uh, some belt loops or create sure ing like gathers. Or I can take all this excess fabric and turn it into pleats, or tucks or darts. Next is basically a matter of marking all your drapes using a pen or a pencil if you want to mark your waistline so that the seamstress knows where the elastic or belt loop where everyone put in there. This mark your shoulder and the arm hole and your side seam And so now do you remember that little circle skirt? That we did remember that. Now watch you can actually sew this onto a dress and and peplum to your dress and you can make several layers of this. You can have a short medium and long and every a layered look. Maybe you want a scoop neck like a V neck. Something like that. May you can do that. Then you decide what neckline you want. And again the sculptor that you are with your scissors in hand, you can shape your neckline something like this where you can eliminate some of this extra fabric he that see the possibilities are endless when it comes to draping. This is where the fun really happens because you can play around and create pleats and tucks and gathers and sharing shape necklines etc etc Ok, All right, well, this brings us to the completion. Our basic draping. Of course. I hope you've enjoyed the course. Draping can be It should be as a source of inspiration. Be creative. Have fun going to a fabric store near you. Get some really cool, beautiful great fabric and start draping. Start creating this wonderful ideas that are running in your head. And if you're not sure what to do don't worry about it. It'll talk to you. It'll tell you what it needs to do with fabric. Wants to trust you. Feel free to email me with questions. Let me know what you want to see next, and I hope to see you on the way.