Everyone Can Weave: Make A Loom! | Katherine Matos | Skillshare

Everyone Can Weave: Make A Loom!

Katherine Matos, Come Create With Me!

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8 Lessons (30m)
    • 1. Welcome Weavers

      1:55
    • 2. Vocabulary words

      2:11
    • 3. Materials

      3:04
    • 4. Cardboard loom: Warping

      4:32
    • 5. Cardboard Loom: Weaving Time!

      5:49
    • 6. Cardboard Loom: Finishing

      3:19
    • 7. Chair Loom

      7:35
    • 8. Show Me the Weavings!!

      1:17

About This Class

Learn how to bring weaving into your home with these easy to follow steps. Weaving is fun, creative and oh so relaxing! In this class you will learn how to weave on two types of homemade looms using the plain weave technique. These looms will be created using easy to find objects around your home. This is your opportunity to show your creative fiber side and practice a cool skill using few materials and spending very little money. 

Transcripts

1. Welcome Weavers: Hi, everyone, Thank you so much for choosing toe. Learn how to weave with me. My name is Catherine, and I'm an artist, teacher, student and a weaver. I've been weaving for about five years, and I pulled it on floor looms, rigid huddle rooms and back shop blooms. Currently, my favorite type of room is Ah, simple frame will. And on this frame room, I love to leave what I call woman collages. And if you see these little guys poking behind me thes little houses. I'm currently working on a textiles degree, and I also have a degree, our education. So you're in great hands. To me, weaving is more than just a craft. It's accessible, meditative, integrate form of personal expression. My goal for this class is for all you to make a living out of everyday household materials . I think weaving should be very accessible, and I think everyone could really do it with minimal materials. You also how to do one basic type of weaving technique is called plane leave. It's super simple, super easy to master and is a pretty strong weaving techniques. You could do a lot with it with just a variety of colored yarns and textured yarns and even using things like sticks leaves fabric So our corn and wires secretly do a lot with so little things you could have fun. House. By the end of this class will be able to make a beautiful hand woven fabric Hang on your wall. It could be given as a gift. It could be made into a bag of Paris, maybe even jewelry. I really want everybody just toe learn how to weave. And it could be really simple with things just like a chair, a piece of cardboard or even old picture frame you were gonna dump in the trash. I can't wait to see all your hard work and the progress you're gonna do throughout this video. So once again, thank you for choosing this class. I can't wait to see your pictures and let the weaving begin. 2. Vocabulary words: Now here's a little vocabulary lesson. We're gonna talk about four special words that I use a lot during weaving their super simple and easily learn, because there's only for them and you go follow along as I use them throughout the video. It's really cool just to learn a new Lingle as well. And I'll be teach you the words by showing you this nifty little frame loom. So get ready for a cavalry word. Number one vocabulary word Number one is war, and these were the yarns there, held vertically or open down honor Loom there, the white strings that are held under tension there super important to the weaving. Because you're like the skeleton. They keep everything in place and they're structurally sound. It's a stronger set off the two vocabulary. Word number two is left. Now the west are the blue sets of yarns. They're being held horizontally on alone. Now they're not really held under tension like the warp is. So does it really have to be that strong? Every yarn you can use quite a variety of yarns, different textures and science sizes. Yuki even use a variety of materials like sticks and leaves or wire, and I'm courting or even fabric scraps, so they're interwoven on the warp vocabulary. Word number three is loom, and the loom is what you're weaving on. Throughout this class, we're gonna learn how toe we've on two types of loom. That's a cardboard boom and a chair loom. So, basically, is a structure that keeps our warp nice and tight in place, which in turn holds our weft yarns in place. So it's really important to have a loom to be ableto we've last but not least is well, Cavalleri Word number four And that's weaving. Weaving is what you create when you have two sets of yarns. Intertwining. Interweaving in those sets of yarns is the warp and West. Now the graveyards I'm holding is the warp, and that's vertically on this fabric, and the horizontal sets of Iansa green yarns is the left. And without those two yards recruiting, we couldn't create a beautiful piece of fabric. So I'm really excited to teach you guys how we've to teach you guys how to create these looms so we can all make wonderful pieces of fabric. I hope you're ready cause I am 3. Materials: This is an image of the materials needed to create your two different types of looms. What you don't see is a chair, because I'm sitting on it, and what you see on the top right corner is a cardboard we're going to use for a carnivore looms. I recommend using the smaller size just because it's easier to handle for beginners. And as you get more experience, what we think to use a larger piece to the left of that are our tapes will be using the blue tape to mark our chair and a top clear tape to keep our warp steady on our carnivore looms on the left of the tape are are needles. I have a metal tapestry needle or a plastic one. Either one works. We also have a ruler and a pencil. You also see a fork and a comb, those two items they used for packing in your left while you're weaving. Or you can also choose to use your fingers and you see two different types of scissors. The one with the blue handle that's for cutting the cardboard is your everyday household scissors that can handle a little bit more of rougher materials. A cut above that is very pretty embroidery scissors that are only for cutting to yarns. You also see a variety of yarns. There's different thickness, textures and colors, and he could also do something similar. We just have a variety of urine, so work with they could be used for warp and weft, and I'll explain the difference of that next. Now you learn about warp and weft, and what they mean in the vocabulary were section. I'm going to show you how to choose your warps and west. Right now I have a sample of a warp yarn. This is like a basic knitting your and I found at a dollar store. It's really affordable but super strong. And that's why you want this for your warped since your warp yarns air held under tension, they have to be ableto handle the stress of being woven over and under. And as you help hold it between two fists, it really doesn't pop, and I'm exerting quite some force on this, So this is a good one. Now this is a pretty basic yarn, and I have something that's a little more decorative fun. It's like a novelty yarn. You see, it is a little tighter in certain parts, looser in certain parts, so it looks like it might be a little weak, but when I tug it, it really doesn't rip either. So it looks like it might be a sensitive, delicate yard. It was actually pretty strong, and it's really cool to use in a war if you want something funkier now. As for Wes, I had two bulls. They are going to show you. This is a basic very soft, almost like a synthetic wool kind of yarn. It's very weak. It cannot be held for a war PC just rips and pools. I could just lightly tug, and it's ripping. This isn't good for a what for a war, because is to is to soften delegates better kept for left. And now I have another one. It looks a little stronger. Is those justice then? And it has some give, but it really does pops. So you really want to just test forcefully. Maybe not to us forcefully, but this one he could probably use is a warp if you're a little more delicate with how you're weaving, but as a beginning, Weaver to start with something a lot more stronger so you won't risk any broken warp ends 4. Cardboard loom: Warping : Hi, everyone. I'm really excited to begin loom number one, and that's our cardboard boom. You can use a variety of cardboard, but I prefer using something stiffer that could hold up to the tension, the war prison and bring to our looms. So I'm using the back of a Bristol board pad, which is a really nice, thick and stiff cardboard. Now, when you're wondering about size, you want your cardboard to be more than five by five inches. I'm using, I believe, a six by eight inches. It just gives you more space to explore and experiment with your yarns. Now you want to begin just by cutting that bounces size and we're gonna move on to the steps. The steps are creating a carnivore, a loon, warping it and then weaving, using the plain weave technique. Now, in this video, the plane we've I want to show you a little differently. They're showing it on the chair moon, so please feel free to go back and forth because I'll be teaching it different ways now in front of me, I have the card board, and this is a smaller piece of carpet is very manageable in super easy to find, and as you can see on the bottom, I pre cut the necessary slots that will hold our reward now on the top are also pre ticked . The half an inch marker is that we're going to use to have our rewards spaced apart. Now to do that Scrabble very easy ruler and mark them every half an inch. Now I'm choosing to do 1/2 an inch spacing because it's a little easier to handle with the cardboard loom. Any more spaces and a core board slots like you see right here, they could pretty much fall apart with a terrorist, depending on your type of cardboard. And the less lots you have, the sort of loose to your weaving can be. So that's a different option. And you want to use your household scissors. You know something not too fancy because its carbon is pretty stiff. And if he using your embroidery scissors like I've here, I use these for yarns. It could really ruin the sharpness of the senses, So let's go with your everyday household scissors and we're just gonna cut right at 1/2 a niche. Now if you notice I'm not going all the way from one end to another because you don't want strips of cardboard. We want his little slots or slits of cardboard. Now, the longer you cut the slits, they also become a little weaker. So I believe these air just being caught about half a niche. And that's pretty manageable, especially with the thickness of this cardboard. So now I have my little slots on top. You see there, pull apart on the bottom. And now we're gonna move on to a warping, Get ready. Now we're moving on so warping our home and you need your warp yarn and your roll of tape. And I already have two pieces pre cut just waiting on the side. It's a little easier. And we're gonna start with are very happy, happily made car Barloon and I'm gonna have it facing This is the back of the room and we're gonna start by taking our work yard. We're gonna pop it into the first slot and our tape is very cool because its in the hold that and that maybe you don't get any shifting or annoying Yard is falling out of place. Now I'm gonna turn it back to the front. We're gonna take our warp yarn and continue warping my popping it and a bottom slot that's opposite of the one sold from top to bottom. Now, if you see when I pull at the warp yarn and has some give so you want to be careful, not toe war plea Not too tightly. Warp it too much because as you're weaving, the wife takes up space on the warp and it makes a little bulk here. So this too tight. It doesn't really give it space toe we've and to continue from the back of our loom, we're gonna go back to the top and towards the front and continue back and forth. Now you notice is just going around the cardboard from slots a slot from Top Tavana and it's really repetitive. It will probably take you 20 seconds to do this, and it'll be funny given change war colleges by adding a different piece of tape when you start installed at the back. So I'm going to continue header a war and the last one popped in. We're done. Take your embroidery, says there's even household scissors. Chop it in our final piece of tape is going toe. Hold this warp in place and you could put it right over the other working arms. So this is your card were loom. 5. Cardboard Loom: Weaving Time! : welcome back. So I finish warping. Here's the front of the loom. The yarns are pretty good. Not too tight, not too loose. And here's it back now. I started and ended in the same part of the loan, which is the back of it, and I just take both ends and now we're gonna move on to plain weave. Now what's clean leave? It's just what it sounds like. It's a very simple technical. Leaving. It's very basic, is a strong technique. The yarn goals. The left goes over and under the warp yarns, and it's 100% repetitive. So if you can't get it right, the first few tries you will after the fourth or fifth try even after the 100 practice, practice practice. So right now I just have ah plastic tap issue needle and I pre third it with a purple weft yarn. Just because I thought it will help contrast against this kind of orangey terra cotta one. And it's a pretty sizable piece. As you can see, it's continues and continues. Now, this is a good amount to start with, maybe about two arms links. That way you won't have to start and stop over and over now, since you're going to use plain weave through all the gloom techniques were going to be creating if you need help while you're making your other loans beauty of video, you could just always come back to this one into this particular part. And I'll just give Refreshers as I'm doing it. So let's begin now. We're gonna take our tap issue needle and go under our first warp end and and go over to continue under an over and under just like that. Now, if we need it was not long enough. You can just pull it out a bit and then we're gonna start again, over under, over, under, over and under and over. We're gonna pull the string through all the warp ends and there's our first row. I'm gonna use our comb or fork to pocket all the weight down and make it nice and tight. And now hopes I didn't see that we're going to start our second room. And now the second rule, you're basically gonna do the opposite of what you finish with. Send all the purple strings. The purple left is over the Oren's warp yarn. Not to make sure we have a connection. I wouldn't do the opposite by going underneath. No, my child was very quickly to show you what I mean by that. So I'm just gonna pull it out after going over and under several times you notice now our string is caught. It's hooked on you actually started a weaving, and now we're gonna comb it that I'm gonna come back with the next maybe half a minute video and show you a couple of more roles of this. Okay, good luck with your beginning of the weaving. So here goes a few rows of the weaving with the purple left on the sort of terra cotta warp . And I didn't packet and see Could be able to see how they look like when they're woven over and under and repetitive rose. So as you can see on this string right here, this work end, the yarn is going underneath. And then the second rule is going over and the third is going underneath again, and vice versa. Over under over the under. And it's just think of like a checkerboard. You have black, red, black and red. You know, we have over and under. And as you can also see, when we're turning the corner, you have these cool loops. So the 2nd 1 right here, the yarn is going underneath then is going over. And then as it turns the corner, it goes under the same warp yarn and in over the 2nd 1 And it continues. We're under this one. We're going over the last warp string, and now we're going underneath once return on the fourth row and then go back over. So that's what I mean. When I talk about turning the corner, you're gonna continue doing the opposites. So if it's easy, you could even sing over under over under. The little kids love it. So now I'm just pack it down and I'm also gonna show you what can happen if you leave a little tightly. So this is another little my Prepare it and it's showing you what happens when you turn the corner a little bit too tight. Now, have you see the end? The warp yarn starts over here, but then it gets squeezed over here towards the center, and this side is a little less extreme. So if you get something more like this when you're weaving. That's fine to keep it sort of consistent. But what you also might want to realize on this And it's a little more extreme here. The warp yarns almost squeezed together, which could make it kind of confusing to see where where it's gonna go. It was gonna go over under. So, um, it's also personal preference. Or maybe you wanted to have an extreme angle. But if you don't, let's try our best, and I'm gonna show you here to go very gently. Take your time weaving. It's a beautiful, meditative process. It's OK that takes you for a few hours just to do a couple of inches of weaving, because it's nice if you just take your time and you get to know the war, opening the weft and you see this taking sorry and taking my time to turn the corner. And without talking to talk enough, I do took its tug right back. I did another row, but I'm just gonna grab my comb and pack that down, and if you still think it's a little too loose, just pack it back in 6. Cardboard Loom: Finishing: Hi, everyone. I hope it's at the time to pause the last video and began weaving a little bit of your cardboard fabric right here. I finished one, and I'm gonna use this example to show you how to cut the weaving off the loan. Now you may notice the fringe on a side. That's just where I started and started and ended every new color a transition to you could see I went from my purple to the fluffy or pink and into the green. You could see all the ends on a side. So I started going over and under this way. And as I turned to call the corner up here, I just stopped. And once you take this off the loom and it's finished, you could just trim that right off. So it's really not too big of a bother right now. So this is the front of your weaving, and this is the back of your loom. Now, toe, take the warp yarns off this loan. You gonna grab? You're sharp scissors, and you gonna begin by cutting the warp urine straight across the middle. I like cutting it in the middle because it makes it. Even fringe on the top and the bottom. You can also just pop off tape. Stick it to your table Can do that. Now. They're all loose. And this is the front of your Loomis. Try to balance in here. You're gonna take off the 1st 2 ends of the first to war ends returns. You're going to do a simple slip. Not so. Theres a loop and it's gonna go behind and then through, and you're gonna make sure it goes all the way down because you want the not to seal your weaving in. So the next time I'm gonna do a little better and a little quicker so you're gonna do your slip knot, bring it away down two year fabric, and that the closer that not is see your fabric, the tighter it will stay. So you're gonna do this all to the top and I'll be right back to show you it on the bottom . Check it out, guys. These are all the little knots I create at the bottom. Or it could be the top of the weaving and you notice they're super close to the fabric. It's once again it seals everything in place. Nothing flows around. And with this type of not all the yarns go straight downwards. So it gives like a really nice flat tapestries when he put against your wall. You don't have anything bumping up. Now I'm just going to show you a different ah way of nodding your tapestry. If the slip knots a little difficult for you, you're getting a goal to the other side of your room. You gonna pop out another too, And this one's a little easier not. It's also visually different. You gonna just do it? Not just like there's cross it over. I'm not sure what this is called bits when this widely used and you want to seal that with another, Not so just not even to pieces together. Do it one more time. It's almost like you're tying of shoe lease, but without the bows and like that. Now, if you notice is different from the 1st 1 because it gives you almost like ah piggy tail Look, the warp yarns are in coming straight out of the Not there almost is coming out of the sides, so it gives for ah Wilder. Look, I'm going to finish this up and take a photo of the final weaving. Good luck, everyone 7. Chair Loom : is chair longtime guys, get your chairs ready. I have on this leg a piece of tape marked by half inch is similar to the card world room. And I didn't go on that side because you can also just easily eyeball. So if you want position and you're weaving, you could just have both sides taped off, so you could perfectly have them space or just eyeball it. So make sure you also have your very strong warp yarn. Just like you using a carnivore, loom, have a couple of pieces of Web string or even if you want to try some ever experiments who yarns have that ready with some scissors and your take the chair. We want to begin very soon now to begin warping. I just started with a very simple not I just doubled it for more security, and I also taped down so it won't shift as I'm warping the rest of it. You're gonna take your warp yarn right now I have is really nice hunter Green Yard. You're gonna go from one side of the chair to the other and you're gonna wrap around, so it's really similar to the steps of a card Barloon, Except this just on a larger studio. And I'm gonna continue wrapping around and it looks a little like optical illusion and so many roles of string. You don't know which one to weave, but we're only gonna We've on the strings that are facing the front. So they're facing you. You gonna continue warping just over and over and over Now with this loon, I'll just keep it a little short. Maybe if you just want a weave a belt or just a band that you keep a little skinnier Or if you wanted to be Super Lord and have a really nice tapestry, you can do the entire chair leg length. So I'm let us finish the warping right where I began. And I'm gonna use my nifty embroidery scissors Just a trim it and I'm going to Not it, Just by wrapping around and slipping in the room and please double. You always want to double knotted just so it could be a little bit secure on the cardboard boom. We have the pegs or the slots that keep everything in place and with the chair loans since the chair legs on a chair legs a nice and slick. It'll slip, and then you want to get a piece of tape and tape it right there will finalize everything, all right, I think we're ready to move on to plain weave. I hope you guys are ready to learn how to plain weave on a chair loom. What I have here is just scraps of T shirts that I died. I just cut them into strips there now all very long. But what I'll be showing you on this loom that you can. Also using your car boardroom is how to start and stop two different pieces of colored yarns or textured yarns. That way, you don't have many ends floating on the top or the bottom. It looks like a seamless continuation from color color. I'm really excited, so this scrap of yarn or fabric strip is a little too thick for my tapestry needle. But if you want thinner strips, you can do that and fit in a needle. Bugs going to use the lovely hands I was given just to leave my weaving, and they might be a little difficult to see through the camera. But once I put my hand in it. You'll see. This is these are the warp strings and we're only weaving on the ones that are closest to us. And that's the front eso. I'm just going to take the strip, go over at the bottom one and then under, then over again and then continue staying a little quickly. Now when we're turning the corner on this loom is a little different than the card. Borland, because of warp on a cardboard loom, is ah, vertical. And now this one is horizontal. So I think it's just a little bit more stable. If you leave the chair legs on their lead instead of flipping it to the side and you you also get to see that you're gonna turn the corner when you're strip is hanging down to make sure a turns the corner, we're gonna go over and then back under, and now it's hooked on. So we turned the corner, and I'm going to just quickly continue this the strip of fabric. We're gonna get the plain weave. And also don't forget to pack in. Everyone's along with your comb or your fork or even your fingers. Since this war pureness spaced apart enough that you could just use your hands. And I think this is just really cool house Crunchy it looks, has really touched her the pops of color from the die. Now, I finished my strip right here is a little too short to do a whole another role. So we're gonna have to start with a new strip of fabric. So to begin that when I'm gonna finish this one just by turning the corner and going over and under now it's gonna poke out in the front. And since when I think about tapestries, one side is just pressed up against the wall, the other side is facing you. I want the front to be the side that faces the viewer. So I'm gonna grab that little end, and it's gonna put it in the back of the weaving. So this is the part of the loom that's facing away from you, and we're gonna grab our second strip of fabric and start from the middle of the first to work ends. I'm gonna sneak it through and continue with The pattern isn't ago. Over the second year in under the third over the fourth under the fifth and continue that. And we're also gonna leave the end of our fabric strip the 2nd 1 in the back. And once you pack it in, it's a little difficult to see where it started and stopped. So I'll bring this little closest to you get to see There you go. And I'm just gonna continue weaving on this to give you a look of how it just flawless continuation of your leaving. Remember, you calls. They're saying the over and under song over under, over under until it just becomes part of like your movements is automatic and continue over under. What's really cool about using chunkier fabric like this is that you'll we've very quickly You could do something like this in about 20 minutes or even less once you master it so you can make a bunch of bracelets or just a bunch of strips of forever just to practice. So check that up. There goes our plane. We've on a chair loom. I will take a photo of my finished product and then also post that up. And I can't wait to hear and see about your chair. Loom weaving. I'm excited. Can't wait Now I will have a little bit more on the chair loom, and I finished it to my desire length. And I not want to teach you guys how to take your weaving off the chair loom. And what I first did was I removed the tape off the side. The protection tape that stop the war from shifting. Why're weaving the tape that halves the half inch marks is still there, and I just want to make sure you grab only the strings air in the back of your loom or the strings that you didn't. We've on a net's large bundle I have in my finger right now, you're gonna grab it from this center. You're just going to snip it off and hold on so it and then bring it around. You can see this is still tethered here. Sound's gonna snip that as well. And next I'm going to show you nodding the weaving and you will have a beautiful many tapestry to hang on your wall 8. Show Me the Weavings!!: Hello, everyone. I'm so happy to have taught this class. It's my first kill share class, and I'm really, really excited to have shared weaving with you. It's something that's been really important to me for the past few years. And like I continue with my leaving adventures, I hope you've begun and will continue with yours. So what I'm asking for now is what wounded you. Choose that you choose apart board or the chair little or even maybe, did I inspire you to use something else in your house you could leave on. Also, I want to see the images of your final weavings. I will love to see how to use a variety of yards like this in texture, color yarn and your one technique the plane. We've to make a beautiful, visually pleasing piece. Or maybe you just something funkier. Use what I've always been talking about. Twigs, wire, even more scraps of fabric. I just want to see the work you've done. I'm really excited to answer any questions. I'm really open to any critiques. And maybe I will be teaching you more videos and more weeding techniques or more different samples and stitches. Please show me your work. I'm really excited. Thank you once again from Katherine the Weaver and be away