Essential Gear Needed to Make Beats [Music Production] | Riley Weller | Skillshare

Essential Gear Needed to Make Beats [Music Production]

Riley Weller, FL Studio Teacher

Essential Gear Needed to Make Beats [Music Production]

Riley Weller, FL Studio Teacher

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21 Lessons (2h 12m)
    • 1. INTRO [Course Promo]

    • 2. How to Ask Questions + Leave Review

    • 3. Gear is Now Affordable

    • 4. My Story, Your Mindset

    • 5. What to Know About Your DAW

    • 6. All About Sounds and Instruments

    • 7. What's Important in a MIDI Keyboard

    • 8. The Juicy Details on Audio Interfaces

    • 9. Select the Right Speaker for Your Studio

    • 10. The Audio Cables Needed for a Home Studio

    • 11. Building a Custom Computer for Music Production [INTRO]

    • 12. [1/2] Building a Custom Computer for Music Production

    • 13. [2/2] Building a Custom Computer for Music Production

    • 14. Multiple Monitors, Exponential Workflow

    • 15. Are Headphones Necessary in Your Home Studio

    • 16. Very Useful Adapters and Connections to Have

    • 17. Basic Overview of Microphones

    • 18. Helpful Microphone Stand Tricks

    • 19. Organized Desktop Pullout Keyboard Tray

    • 20. Subwoofer Connections Overview

    • 21. Less Gear, Less Headaches [Course Outro]

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About This Class


Learn the Essential Gear Needed to Make Beats

I hope you found this course before you started to buy any music production gear.

Over my years of producing music, I’ve made some poor and good purchasing choices.

In this course I want to relay my knowledge onto you in regards to buying high quality gear, saving money, and choosing the products that suit you and your workflow.

We discuss all the essential gear for the home studio including:

  • MIDI Keyboard

  • Speakers

  • Audio Interface

  • DAW

  • Audio Cables

As a bonus, I also included extra videos where I share gear and tools that are nice to have to either improve your workflow or make your sessions more comfortable.


Thinks you'll learn:

  • Understand Audio Gear so you can Save Money and Get the Right Gear that Suits you
  • Save Money by Being Aware and Avoiding Industry Marketing Tactics
  • How to Set Up a Home Studio with the Gear That Suits You and Your Workflow
  • What to Look For in a MIDI Keyboard, Audio Interface, Speakers, and Microphones
  • Bonus Studio Tools which Make for a Comfortable and Efficient Work Environment


I guess you could consider this course an investment in your future because it may actually save you money from buying gear that doesn’t suit you, or paying for unnecessary features.

Let’s get started, shall we!

# GratuiTous

Meet Your Teacher

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Riley Weller

FL Studio Teacher


GratuiTous (Riley Weller) is an FL Studio teacher who has used FL Studio since 2009.

He has worked with a GRAMMY nominated artist, and runs the podcast 'Music Production Made Simple'.

He also writes music production books, and has over 25 FL Studio music production courses!

His students tell him that his approach to explaining topics is extremely easy to understand.

His music production courses are based on FL Studio, and can range from beginners to advanced.

Feel free to reach out to GratuiTous with any questions you have about FL Studio.


GratuiTous' Most Popular Courses on Skillshare:

Piano Lessons for Producers FL Studio 20 Beginners Course: Learn How to Make Beats in FL Studio FL Studio ... See full profile

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1. INTRO [Course Promo]: all right. So I'm gratuitous and welcome to my newest course, the essential gear needed to make beats. So currently, as a recording, this have been making beats for about 10 years now. And over that time, I've learned a lot in terms of, you know, wise purchasing decisions, poor purchasing decisions when it comes to purchasing the gear needed to make beats. Now, what's really, really cool is nowadays the equipment has gotten way more affordable than what it was before. However, by you taking this course, I want to cover, you know everything from, like, you know, a midi keyboard to your dog, to your speakers, to your audio interface, the speaker cables to microphones, you know, just kind of, You know what I've learned over the years as you see here. You know, I have, ah, notes. I've been writing notes and everything that just everything I've been thinking about over the years again. You know, I've made some really good purchases and really bad purchases, and I just want to relay all the information on to you for you to save money for you to purchase. You know, high quality products that you could you know, get up, get running and you know, make the most of your time. So if you've been trying to read online and you're always kind of struggling on certain information and stuff like that, I want to cover a lot of the fine details that I found tricky over my years trying to find all this information so you guys can sign up to this course and take it, and at any time throughout the course, you guys can always leave a comment. And if there is something in the video which I didn't describe very well, I can always create a new video to help clarify it for you and other students. So if you end up taking the course, I will see you inside, so let's get started. 2. How to Ask Questions + Leave Review: all right. Hey, I'm gratuitous. And thank you so much for taking the course. The reason why I'm making this video is that I just want you to be aware that I also have other music production courses. Currently, I have 16 music production courses. They're based on FL Studio. However, the information does apply to all music programs. There's the odd video, which is FL studio specific. But for the most part, I teach the fundamentals which relate. Oh, everything to do with music production. E que compression sampling. So I just want you to be aware that you guys could be leaving a question as well as leaving a review. Okay, so I want to show you how to set that up. Okay, so let's start with how to lead. Ah, question. Okay. Soto asked me a question on skill share. All you have to do is click the community tab and just click basket question. And that's that. You guys can ask me a question. Post it and I will receive an email from you. And then I will come and answer your question. I'm really active with this stuff, and I want you guys to learn Okay. In addition, to leave a review, all you do is click the reviews tab Now. Skill Share says that you have to watch a few lessons before leak. Leaving review, Which makes sense. So, you know, after you're done watching, of course, just click the button here, leave a review, and I would really, really appreciate it if you would leave a review. All right, Now you know where to leave a question as well as a review. Again, I really appreciate the review. You know, it's gonna help my courses get to number one, hopefully help grow my online course business here. So again, I'm gratuitous, and I hope you guys enjoy the course and learned a lot. 3. Gear is Now Affordable: All right. So welcome to the course. So I first want to start off this course with this video. Okay? It's about how times have changed with gear making music and everything like that. Because I really feel that I wish I would have known this when I first started up, you know, because it's so easy to fall into, you know, you wanting certain gear, you wanted the expensive gear because they in forums and all that stuff is your starting up . You read about all these, you know, high quality compressors and e cues and all the hardware. And I was so cool. But what you'll discover over your years is actually the hardware, even though it's expensive, even know it supposedly gives you that sound. The digital route inside your computer is actually the most simple and easiest approach. It's the most minimalistic. And so what I mean by that is your computer nowadays is equivalent to probably like a $1,000,000 studio, you know, maybe $100,000 studio back in the day. And that's because your Daw, which we get into your music program. It has all these e cues, all these compressors, all these sound effects, like reverb and delays, and it even comes with stock sounds of allowing you to make your beat rate from your computer. You don't even need a keyboard like this. You could be using, like a real typing keyboard. And so just a few things I want to touch on with this topic. OK, so the gear nowadays has become way more affordable than what it was a long time ago. For example, when a reverb came out of reverb is, it is in effect, it was very, very expensive. But nowadays you can easily load up just like one reverb 10 rive herbs. You know you can load up as many reserves as you want, and it's just a matter of two clicks, and that is amazing. However, there is also that saying out there, the more restrictions you have, the more creative sometimes you get now. Just because it's affordable gear doesn't mean that it's not quality. Okay, so a lot of this gear nowadays has actually turned into quite high quality gear. One thing I wanna touch on is with pretty much anything in life. There's always that threshold for you Pay for what you get as you keep paying mawr. You kind of hit like a threshold. And then once you get into the very, very high performance ends of products, not just music production, this is usually most things in life. You're only paying for a couple of percent better. So, for example, let's like that $100 keyboard. You know, maybe it has really cheap piano keys that, you know they don't like semi waited. And I think that when you start paying $300 for that keyboard and now you know the keys is starting to feel a little bit better to start to have a little bit more function, you start paying no. $600 that it has MAWR functions, maybe integrates better with your music program. Then you start pain. That's $1000 it's just like, you know, what else? Can you really add into this? You know, maybe the parts are built a little bit better. Maybe, like the warranty. What the customer service is promising to be better, So that's just a really important thing to always keep in the back of your mind. That keyboard that's $100 is still probably gonna perform quite well. You just wanna have a keyboard, just toe play to get it into your program. Like your MIDI notes. There are some functions and stuff which I do feel are necessary once we get into the midi keyboard video. But what I'm trying to get across to you is that $100 midi keyboard is probably going to do the job. Great. That $300.1 probably, you know, make your make your beat making process may be a little bit more enjoyable. However, you're probably gonna get the same results out of it. And then that that $600 midi keyword Ah, in my opinion, you're probably wasting your money. So the main point I'm really trying to get across to you in this video is not carrying what people think and really looking at the gear for what it is. We're at such an awesome time in the music industry world where the gear s so affordable that you know you can have a home studio for probably less than $2000. And I'm talking like quite a little decent little home studio. As we progress through these videos, you know, I want to reveal to you a lot of the things that I wish I knew what I was starting up. Like, for example, everyone is also so focused on the gear and stuff like that. But the room that you are in is actually more important than even like your speakers. So if you haven't purchased any gear yet, that's awesome. I want you to soak this information in so that you guys ca NBI very wise with your money and purchased quality gear that's gonna last you for, you know, hopefully pretty much like the rest of your producing career. And then as you advance, you know, make sure you can upgrade. But as you're starting up this gear that you see behind me, this is the gear I pretty much started with. And I am continuing with to date on one other really, really important thing, which I wish I knew when I was purchased in my gear is a lot of times these companies offer bundle deals. And I didn't know this. I started purchasing all my gear separately. But, you know, you could look at companies that focus right or m audio and stuff like that. And a lot of times you know the bundle like headphones with your audio interface with a microphone. Or sometimes you can buy, Ah, the speakers with speaker stands with the audio cables, you could be looking like Sweetwater and just look at, like the bundles and stuff like that. So that's a huge little pro tip that will save you quite a bit of money and still get, you know, the high quality gear to get you started making your beats. 4. My Story, Your Mindset: Okay, so this video is just about getting your mind set. So I'm just going to give you a little rundown of how I started making beats and it might kind of inspire you or kind of get you thinking when I started out making beats, How will I was introduced to making beats Waas one over to a friend's house and he had FL studio, and I was like, Well, this is pretty cool. I didn't even know the software. It really existed. Like sure, you know, you always listen to, like, hip hopper or beats and music, but you had really no idea how it was made. So anyway, I was at his house, and, you know, he's just making some beats, like, just for fun. And, um, obviously, this is pretty cool. So then I downloaded the trial virgin of FL Studio and I played with it for, you know, maybe about a month or two, and then I really decided I was just like, I'm gonna purchase this and I did, and I kept pursuing it, and, you know, here I am to date So a couple things in that process that I want you to think about okay, before you get into buying your gear and all that kind of stuff. So what I discovered was how you were introduced to making beats is going to kind of make you focus toe what gear you're gonna want to buy. So for example, when I went over to my buddy's house, he was just kind of making his own instrumentals, so I called those compositions. Okay, so it's his own piece of music. He's creating it. And then there's also the sampling side of creating beats where you take other people's music and you take snippets of that music and you create beats out of it. And typically, that is, with a sampler liken MPC nowadays machine. It's kind of a software hardware combo. So I really find that beginning factor in your production career kind of dictates, you know, really what style you're gonna want to create, like sure, that can always change as you progress. And I do highly encourage you to try. Oh, you know, the original compositions also try out the sampling because that's what makes you a very well rounded producer. But I just want to stress that across to you because that's what I found because he introduced me to making beats and original compositions I kind of more catered towards. You know, I want a midi keyboard so I can create my own tracks. You know, my own compositions. And there's also quite a few benefits to that, too, because when you create your own compositions, there are 100% yours royalty free so you can sell them. You know, licensing. You don't have to worry about any of that kind of stuff because you are the copyright owner . Once you start sampling other people's music, it starts getting a little bit sketchy because you are not the copyright owner. And if you get caught for sampling someone else's music, you may get sued. You might have to pay some you know, some money. However, there are ways around to make money by sampling other people's music, things such as like sample clearance and contacting the artist and working on a deal with them. You know that is going a little off topic, but I'm just talking about mawr of the gear. So if you haven't purchased any gear yet, how you were first introduced to making beats, I feel has a big part of what type of gear that you would want to buy to produce the type of beets that you're wanting to create. But that's just a little overview of how it started up again. I tried out the trial, I liked it. I ended up purchasing it, and then I started getting into my gear, which we are gonna go over in our future videos. 5. What to Know About Your DAW: Okay, So in this video, we're gonna be talking about your dog. So a dog is a digital audio workstation, and it's just pretty much a studio inside your computer. So, like I was saying earlier, back in the day and expensive studio, you know, $100,000.200 a $1,000,000 studio is accessible in, like your $1000.2000 dollar computer. And it's performing very well in comparison. You know, you're not needing all the audio cables that you would need for routing. If you're gonna patch in a compressor to an e que back to like the mixing board, it's all inside your computer. And it's a matter of clicks versus, you know, going over here, grabbing a cable, plugging into here, standing up, moving, you know, So even though that seems fun, there's a lot of downsides to the hardware. So I will tell you why I dog is so awesome. Okay, so a digital audio workstation, it allows you to save your song in its perfect state. Okay, so let's say today you're working on your song and you save it. And then a week later you come back, you open it up all of the settings in that song. So all the knobs, all the sliders, everything you've adjusted is re called exactly as it waas. But back in the day, a mixing console, they would actually get someone to write down all of the knowledge placements on the mixing console. Okay, so if you can imagine a huge mixing console with each channel and they all had different cue settings Gates, compressors, all that stuff and imagine you're in the studio and it was a good mix. Everyone is happy a day or two later, everyone's listening to it in their own personal listening environments, like their cars and stuff like that. And all this and someone here is something that they don't like. And now they have to do a remix so they have to actually go in the mixing console, set all of those knobs back up. And as you can see, where I'm getting at, it's like that is not a fun approach. Yes, that hands on approach seems fun. But at the end of the day, I have found that the most has been the most productive for me. And I'm telling you that from experience you know, For example, I bought like a mixing controller called the Mackie control. You guys could just google it. It was a motorized fader, So you turn it on and that the sliders would actually move. And it was really, really cool. Seeing that, however, for the workflow it restricted me. I found that the most was a lot easier. So what I'm trying to get across to you is you'll always hear this term called in the box or I t V mixing in the box and you'll hear that people say that it sounds dull or harsh or cold because the analog gear your hardware, you know it allowed you to drive it and you know you get like saturation, which is like distortion, which adds frequencies and warmth and body. However, in your doll, you have the same tools that allow you to do the same stuff. Except you don't have to re do those dials if you ever want to recall to redo like the mix or if you ever over process something and then you went, listen, toe on a different system, which is what you do as a mixer. You can also go back and dial back your effect if you felt that you kind of cooked it a little too hot. Now I'll just quickly cover what a dog is just to kind of get everyone up to speed. Okay, so it allows you to create your beat. You know, like your drum loops, your instruments, your melodies. It allows you to arrange that track to make, like, a full composition. It allows you to mix the beat, you know, to get all balanced, to make it sound professional to get like your vocal standing out. And it also allows you to master your music to get it, you know, finalized and ready to send out there to the world to listen. So as you can see, you have a studio all jam packed into your computer. Now, when it came to your mixing stage, you can open up as many accuse as you'd like. You can open up like seven e cues on that one sound, which is excessive. It's extreme, but I'm just trying to stress the point to you that you have the possibility to do that, and you don't have to pay any more for the program in order In order to do that, you can just load Oppa's many accuses you want and you can load up. Different styles of EQ used different brands, and another thing I mentioned is quickly is a lot of software developers, since they love the analog sound so much they make emulation ins of the analog gear. So, for example, as you'll go through your audio career, you always keep hearing about these certain pieces of gear. Ah, certain compressors, certain limiters, certain cues that are really sought after in terms of their sound. But like I'm saying, these software developers that create these V ST's, which is a piece of software that you bring into your music program, you can have the same sound as these hardware units in the software because they, you know, test over and over. You know, you keep trying to tweak their software to make it emulate that hardware like a T. So if that hardware you know, if you drive it a little bit hard and it gives you a certain sound, they're trying to achieve the same thing out of their software. So you know, at the end of the day it's like a music program. Your Daw is the way to go. It's way more efficient. It's faster. You're able to back up all your stuff. So if you ever want to recall, if you want to do, like a remix, for example that say you made a song and then if you want to remix that song, you know you have all of your vocals, you know, like the tempo, you know, like the cords. You know how like your midi notes available to you. It's just it really is such an amazing thing when you kind of look at it through those eyes . So another really awesome benefit of using your dog. Besides, it's saving you. Money is it also saves you space. Okay, because since the gear is expensive, it also takes space. You know, I'm talking if you had a synthesizer and if you had e cues and compressors and re verbs and you have to, you know, you always have to have it set up in your studio. Then you also have cables always around, and you can make your studio look really kind of messy, even though to you know, someone who's really interested in audio, they see that and they love it. They love like the look of this gear and all the cords and all that stuff. And yes, I do agree. It does look cool and it is cool, but it's expensive. Um, it can break on you and yet takes up space. You know, for me, I have a super, super little minimal set up here, and I'm able to produce very high quality beats. I'm able to mix very well as well. You know, that's all to do with the room that you're in and how you've set it up with acoustic treatment. But in comparing to hands on mixers, you know, the the analog world, I really feel that the digital world has way more benefits to offer, then how we used to make music. And at the end of the day, inside your dollar, your music program, it's way easier to create new ideas and try way easier things, because in order to row audio cables around inside your music program, it really is a matter of one click. You can click from this insert to this insert, and before you know it, like you're sending your piano toe, a reverb to a distortion to, ah, delay I And then you could sound effect that and that can go somewhere else. And I know that that's getting kind of intense, but I'm just trying to stress the point to you that you're capable of doing that inside your music program. But if you want to do that in the real world in the rial analog world, think about it. You'd have to be getting like, you know, at least three or four audio cables. You need the gear, you dial it. And then if you ever wanted to, uh, you know, readjusted at a later date because again you felt you went too heavy on the settings, you know, you're kind of stuck with with with the way it is. But in your music program, you can easily dial it back. So in this video, I want to stress one very, very important thing to you, and that is sticking toe one doll. So as you're trying to learn to make beats, I'm assuming that you have a riel job, okay? And you're doing this on the side as a hobby. And the biggest thing I learnt was your time is very, very valuable. It's very, very important. And you only have a certain amount of time each night in order to practice music. So if you're trying to learn all these different music programs, you know, like FL Studio are able to reason logic, you know, you're trying to learn how that program works, but you're not focusing on actually learning how to create music and create your beats. And when you're first starting up, I actually do encourage you to try different daws, but do it to the point where you find the one that is for you. When I first started up, I am FL Studio was the one I started with. But, um, when I got my audio interface, I believe it came with ah que based kind of, ah, light version of it. So I tried that. Oh, and you know, I wasn't too happy with it. And then I tryto also an able to kind of light version of able to as well. And I'm you know, I was starting to kind of get the hang of it, but it just wasn't like Ethel studio for me. So as you can tell, FL Studio has been my dog of choice. I love it so much. You know, the company is actually super, super amazing. Their forums are very, very good. The actual developers are on their communicating, talking as well. It's kind of joking around with the community a lot. They always ask for feedback, and through that feedback they actually do start improving their software and then they start handing. Oh, Betas! And they want your their users to test and they actually respond and create an amazing product. And this is the ultimate kicker with Ethel Studio. The offer. Lifetime free updates. And for me, I think I started on fl Studio nine. So I've been through efforts to 9 10 11 12 and then it jumped fl Studio 20. That's amazing. I haven't had to pay an extra dollar into fo studio Now. All these other doll cos you have to pay for the additional fee license upgrade, you know? So, for example, that say it went from 8 to 9 on like able 10 or whatever you're having to pay for the upgrade feet, which is what most software companies do. But that is such an amazing thing about fl studio. You purchase once and you are a customer for life. And they they actually really, really do look after you very, very well. I'm not trying to make this as a selling point. I'm just trying to tell you that over my years that is the doll I chose So again, from a purchasing standpoint, fo studio is such an awesome purchase for your music production dog to go back about sticking toe one dog. So, like I was saying in my beginnings, I actually did try are a couple Dawes, and I found that that was very, very important for me, you know, just to try them and see what what is out there because you watch one tutorial on the guys teaching you in this program, you watch another tutorial. He's teaching me a different program, and you're like, Well, maybe that programs better. And but then you might hear from this person will be pro tools. Is the industry standard or ah, you know, logic is the industry standard, But at the end of the day, these music programs, they're all becoming very, very good, and they're all competing against each other, right? So you know If one, uh releases a new kind of tool, the other company is going to start kind of creating their own style of it. So at the end of the day, I really do feel that you want to stick toe one dog to produce, to mix as well as master. The master rings a little bit tricky because if want to get into the real real mastering, there are actual programs which are like super super high quality. They allow you to get really, really precise, but they're also very, very expensive. But for myself, I actually create mix and master inside a fo studio. That not only saved me time because again, like I'm saying, when you're working a job and doing this, your times very, very valuable and lost me to be way more efficient, right, Because of morning learning one music program. I'm not having to learn this program in this programme. I know how to do what I want to do inside Ethel Studio, so it's just a matter of the time it takes to actually complete that task. It also saves the space and your computer because you're not meeting all these different programs and it saves you money because you only need to purchase the one program. And then again, FL Studio Lifetime Free updates. So that's my overview of a doll. My little rant on it. Hopefully, this really kind of opens up your eyes to the kind of like the digital versus analog world kind of caring what people think. I really like the digital world. It's very, very simple. It's very, very minimalistic. You can recall your projects. You can back them up. In my opinion, it is. It is the future. We are the This is it. This is your doll. That is what you want to do. I do encourage you to try out a couple different dollars, but at the end of the day, you do want to find one and stick with it just so you can use your time efficiently and wisely. Okay? 6. All About Sounds and Instruments: Okay, so I wanted to create these videos kind of in the order of how I started. So, for example, again, I started with the trial version of FL Studio. I ended up buying it, and then it got into purchasing high quality sounds. And I want to cover what sounds are what you know, obvious teas are in this video. The sound industry game has become very, very saturated. And for those of you who don't know me, I used to run a website called Sound Pack flier dot calm where I sold premium sound kits from popular producers in the industry. And I gave him always a discount. So if he purchased from my store, I always had a minimum 20% discount. That was just like the deal I had with the vendor. And from that time to now, it's like there are so many sound kits stores, and you could be purchasing an endless amount of sound. And it's kind of like, Well, where where does it stop? Okay. And what I want to get across to you in this video is you don't need a lot of sounds, OK? You need variety. Okay, So you want bongos when shakers tambourines, drums you want long tail drum, short tailed drums, tomato eighths, stuff like that. Okay, but you don't need to be purchasing hundreds of drum kids. But before we get into it, I'll just kind of give you a little overview of what sounds are for us as producers, what they mean to us and the different types of sounds. OK, so obviously sounds are what we use to make beats. OK, we have one hit samples, which are our drums, claps, high hat, snares, You know, these air just like the one hits. So, like a kick drum and it's hitting us like that. But then you also have your instruments, which are your V s teas. They're called the virtual instruments and is just a piece of software that you load into your dog, your music program. And it could be anywhere from a real acoustic piano. Or it could be ah, synthesizer, which you are creating. You know, those really big lead sounds or pads, which you here, in a lot of like electronica dance music, So as a producer you need both the one hit samples or sample packs is what people call them and you need your instruments. Okay, The one hits are like your drum loops. The instruments are is like your melodies, and you need them both to create a whole composition. Now, in terms of your one hit samples or your sample packs. Like I said, there's so many sound kit vendors out there nowadays. And it's like you know who's a trusted supplier who actually produces high quality sounds. You don't need a time that sounds in your beginnings. You do have to acquire sounds, but like I'm saying, you want variety because what you do is you could take thes sounds and you can manipulate them and create your own sounds out of them through e que effects. But what you're wanting is you're just you're just wanting a high quality base layer. Okay, so in other words, that snare drum, you want high quality snare. But if you want toe kind of mold it differently through like, let's say, harsh compression or e que and stuff like that, it's a lot easier when you have a high quality sound and tweak it versus a low quality sound and try to make it sound good Now, when you're dealing with premium, sound quality designers, these guys are actually very, very skilled at what they do. If you try and do sound design, you'll quickly discover that sound design is a way different job that making beats, you know. So, for example, go try making your beats and then go try doing some sound design two huge, different things. And as you progress, it is good to kind of start learning a little bit of both, because then you can start, you know, kind of creating your own sound. But what I'm trying to get across is, since they're so scaled, you could be using their skills by paying them. You let's say you know, 30 40 bucks a pack, and it allows you to quickly make your beets. Okay, so since you have high quality sounds, toe work off of your able to create these high quality beats a lot faster because they've kind of set a high quality foundation for you again, I don't have tons and tons of sounds. I just have variety of sounds, which allows me to create a very, very wide range of the type of music. Now, one thing I'll tell you is you got to be careful when you're buying sound packs because sometimes they're actually the one hit sample packs, which is what I've been describing this whole time to you. But sometimes there's what you call construction loops and these you want to avoid. If you want to be an original producer, construction kits are more for like, you know, maybe like a D J or someone who likes to kind of sample and chop things up. But what a construction kit is is someone kind of creates like a whole song, and then they kind of give you like the stems and, you know, so you get like, the loops of the track. But it's just like you've just gotten someone else's song that you can play with Realty free in your tracks. And it's like as as a producer, as an original producer, creating original compositions. You want the one hit samples, so just be careful of that when you're purchasing. I actually had a cousin who is really interested in music production, and he's like, OK, I'm buying a sound kit and it was $100 sound kit, and he ended up being a construction kit, and I really feel that kind of dampened his experience. And after that time, he kind of stopped producing music cause he was he was just new into it, right? He's kinda getting excited and he kind of just got, like, shut down in terms of like, you know, it wasn't exciting anymore, like the actual fire wasn't there to kind of keep pursuing it. Now all quickly touch on V ST's as well. Okay. And probably one of the most confusing things when you're starting up is just the different formats that they come in. Okay, so there's V S t that Is this a platform standard? So, for example, that I believe it works on the Windows and Mac, there's a you audio unit that's just for Mac. And then pro tools started to come out with their different, uh, I guess formats was the art as RTs and then a X. But if you're using something like fo studio, all you want is V S. T. And it's just a simple is that And for myself, I started to always put my v ST's and my sound kits organized in special folders that way. If I ever move computers or amusing multiple computers, I always have my sounds backed up that I can use from multiple places. That's something I kind of learned over the years. Now, one more thing I'll tell you about V S T is kind of a cool one. So there's VSD too. But then now there's V S, t three and this is more from a development standpoint, someone who'd actually develops these v ST's Soviet city to had certain features that it allowed in L V s t three is kind of like the upgrade of it. And it allows the developers to even kind of get deeper into the cold and kind of all that kind of stuff, and it kind of integrates better with your doll. So as you are progressing right now, anyways, V S T three is kind of just coming out. So with some Dawes, some music programs, V. S t three works good, and some of it doesn't. So it was kind of like that buggy stage. But as we progress as music producers, V. S t three is what is going to come out, and if you are interested, Steinberg who is the creator of Q base. Ah, and as well as V S t. I believe, like the format. They've released an sdk, a software development kit. And that's what these developers used to create the GST threes and stuff like that. OK, so just to kind of give you just a little overview of v ST's, um and what kind of expect in the future? Okay, so just a little quick overview of what we kind of covered in this video. Okay, so we have your sound kits again. This is only flight from my point of view. Um, I don't like to have tons of sounds because when have tons of sounds, I always have to have a bigger hard drive. You have to back up those sounds. You know, it kind of gets messy when you have manageable amount of sounds and like, don't get me wrong. I have sounds. But, you know, I might only have, like, 45 gigabytes of sounds, and that isn't that many. You look at some people and that they have hundreds of gigabytes, tons of sounds, and it's just, you know, you always have to bring that around with you, and it's like That's not what I want. So what I did over my years, I started to decide. I wanted premium high quality sounds. And the biggest thing again was that variety. As long as I have that variety, you know, for example, if I could anything from it, from a Tom to, ah, kick drum to a snare toe, a bongo to a tangerine toe, a shaker, that gives me the flexibility that it's like, I know I have those sounds and that is really easy to manipulate them. And then it's really important that you set up a really proper music folder for you to be organized for the long term. Because as you start producing, things can kind of get out of hand really, really fast. Like for example, you know, you just started up. He started making your beats. He started saving. You're not even thinking about backing up or anything like that. But as you move on further, you know, let's say all of a sudden you like, Well, I really like this track. I want to reopen it, and then that's like you move computers or you like reformatted your computer or something and make you brought your sounds in. If you open up old music files and stuff like that, you could be having missing sounds. If you're not backing up and kind of structuring your music folder in the right way, I actually have a course on this is called a specific music production folder. Ah, you guys could just look it up on my website. It's gratuitous dot com on that just kind of breaks it down because it's just really important when you're first starting up to set yourself up with a structured folder. Otherwise, you're going to get these missing files. Uh, and that takes time, and it also takes energy. And again, it can kind of like Dampen, like your experience of music, because for me making music, it's all about being really minimalistic, in a sense, like I know where my sounds are. I know how to back up my songs. It's all about like eliminating like certain steps as well as you know you want the speed because if it takes a long time, it makes you feel like like Oh, I don't want to do that because it's just so much effort or like unnecessary effort. But then, if you can eliminate a lot of that stuff, it frees your time and your effort so that you can actually just, like, sit down and start making your music and, you know, getting to the actual point of trying to do Okay, so hopefully this video helps you a lot in terms of your sounds, understanding the different types of sounds because producers use. And again, it's just really, really important to set yourself up with an organized music folder in the beginning. Otherwise, he kind of gets a little out of hand later on. 7. What's Important in a MIDI Keyboard: Okay, so our next piece of equipment is a midi keyboard. So when I was first starting up, I was actually using my computer keyboard like again my Quartey keyboard right here. You know, I would actually use Q, W, E, R, T and Y and stuff like that, and I would try and create little melodies as I was learning my music production program. But then it got to that point where it was like, I gotta learn the piano if I want to learn how to create really beautiful compositions. And that is where I got a MIDI keyboard. So there's a lot I want to tell you about a midi keyboard. So first of all, what confused me most about a midi keyboard was this meeting keyboard has no sounds in it. So you might be thinking It's like, Why would you purchase a $300 keyboard thought any sounds in it. So the whole purpose behind it is you. Plug it in us, beat your computer, and it's meant to be like a main hub for your music production program. So in other words, it controls your music program through like you know, your play your stop to record you have knobs, your sliders and stuff like that, some many keyboards, more jam packed than others. A lot of these companies start jam packing their features in which you pay for, so I'll cover that in a little bit of what I feel is at the core features of a MIDI keyboard. And then it's up to you if you want to pay more for certain features and stuff like that. But like I'm saying so since it has no sound in it the sound that we talked about in the previous video, the V S t IES your instruments, that's what this Midi keyboard place. So it actually plays the instruments inside your computer through many signals, which is sent through the U. S. B cable so you can see on the back here it has a MIDI in and a mini outright, but it also has the USB so the midi n and midi out those are old school connections for MIDI. Some old gear still uses it, but USB is actually midi, and that confused me for a little bit. So just keep that always in mind. USB is midi. It's way more simple. Okay, It's a simple USB connection right into your computer, and that is the power supply as well as it. Send the many messages to your computer so you can record your many notes, and then you just turn on with the power switch right there. You don't need to plug in power its power over US beef, and then you can see here has a sustained option. The sustain is just like a real piano that if you hold on the pedal, the notes after you play are kind of extended in length. So many keyword is really a simple is that, you know, you pick a keyboard, you plug in the USB cable, you turn it on, you can simply use it. However, the best practice is to download the drivers before you play it in. Turn it on. So in the case of this, I have an M audio keyboard, um, on his website download. The driver is just kind of the best practice when you're working with hardware and computers and the drivers and stuff like that. Now I just want to talk to you about the features of a midi keyboard. So a lot of these companies. The jam packed the features on midi keyboards like, for example, As you can see, I have a drum pads appear of knobs, sliders, and then sometimes they're also bundled with, like, software and stuff like that. And sometimes they even promise future things to come. And that's always a risk to take when you're dealing with anything, when a company wants to promise something when you're purchasing something. But anyway, so on a midi keyboard, I feel that there are a few core things which are essential for a fast workflow, the core features of a midi keyboard, which I feel are the transport buttons. So the stop the play, the record crucial. You want decent keys? Okay, so sometimes, like when you're only paying, like 100 bucks or maybe keyboard, you're going to get really, really cheap feeling keys. A T end of the day is still gonna work for you. You'll be able to record your notes and get him into your software and you'll be good to go . But when you're dealing with, you know, nicer feeling keys, these air semi waited. It just makes the playing a little bit more enjoyable than they play on really, really cheap keys. The next right here is a pitch bend and Ahmad real. Okay, uh, these were just really handy for creativity. If you're doing sound design stuff or even if you're it's kind of fiddling around. A lot of times, people use this for automation. If you hit record and hit play, you can kind of feel around with this. And it would record those effects for you if you set up knobs to be routed to your mod wheel and then a really, really important thing to mention is you for sure. Want an octave button? And what this does is because this is only 49 keys, this keyboard. It's not like a full 88 key piano, so you need to be able to go up and down the octaves, and that's like what this like transpose slash octave button does. But as you can see, you know, this mini keyboard has, like the drum has has the sliders have the knobs, and in my opinion, it's just like I never really use the drum pads. Some people love them, but for me, it's like, Well, if we're gonna be talking about samplers here for a second, like a real drum had where they have a 16 pads and you can kind of, you know, has a velocity sensitive. So you hit hard, like your drum too hard of you hit light. It's, you know it's late. It's velocity sensitive, your keys or velocity sensitive, too. But the reason why I like a Midi keyboard over like a drum had is because I actually have 49 slices. If I was going to be sampling, and that just allows for more creativity, where is when you're only stuck with 16 slices? You've got to kind of make that work. But a lot of times, you know, I've been playing way down here and then also you say way up here and you just find something cool within like your sample. So over my years, I've just found out that's been like a huge benefit to like. My workflow is just like I've just been used in using the committee keyboard for everything like I used to have Ah, cork pad control. That's like a little like drum pad. I actually even got like a machine studio, and I and you know, it just it just didn't suit my workflow. Um, and I actually even purchased in MPC one time off someone off eBay and all those things I've ended up like selling just because a midi keyboard It's like this laws me to play my piano keys. It allows me to use it as, like, a drum sampler if I want. And I'm only need, like, one piece of equipment. So again, when you're getting a MIDI keyboard that has, like, features like this, you are paying a little bit more for it whether you use it or not. Another thing a lot of these many keyboards come with is software. And for example, this keyboard actually bought it specifically because it hasn't called direct link and Direct Link worked really good with, like, a built in. And what direct linked was was like if you opened up a V S t all these knobs, they're all they were already routed to a lot of the knobs on the synthesizers and a lot of the plug ins. So it allows you to get like that, hands on feeling, and I was like, Oh, I want that hands on feeling and then, But since I use FL Studio, this direct link feature didn't really integrate very well with FL Studio. So that was me, in my beginnings, not doing very good product research because, you know, like when you're new, you buy stuff and you think is gonna work great, and you realize it doesn't but come to actually, you know, the transport buttons to record and play. This keyboard is awesome. So even though I paid a little bit more money for some of these features that I don't really use, the keys are a little bit better One midi keyboard, which I do recommend to a lot of people. That kind of like my blawg is actually the M audio. Oxygen has a lot of these features. I believe in terms of, like the pads, the knobs and sliders and stuff. But at the end of the day, it's up to you. Just make sure you do your research as long as it has these features. I was telling you the transport, nice keys, the pitch bend wheel, the mod wheel and the transport, um, slash octave button. You know, you're good to go with a pretty much any medical ward you choose now, quickly talk about the size of Midi keyboard that you would want to purchase. So some people, by like, the smaller ones, this one is a 49 key. I feel that this is a really, really good size to choose. It doesn't allow you to play like down, lower and higher and stuff like that as they come jamming. Um, if need be, I can go up in octaves or down an octave, and it still allows me to kind of, like, reach for my range even when I'm playing down low. The 61 key. You know, that's also something to think about, but it is a little bit bigger. Even this 49 key. It's a little bit big from my desk, and I even have a pretty big Peter desk here. So at the end of the day, I'd recommend a 49 key. However, you can look into a 61 as well, you know. But I just always think in terms of size and space and, you know, just workflow because we has beat makers. Typically, we are just working with, like, one sound at one time and a lot of times, it's just even, like, where is he like One note and I learned to notes or something like that. And if you need to go up and down an octave, you can always just hit the octave button. So that pretty much sums up everything I want to say about a Midi keyboard again. It has no sounds in it. You're using this to control your music program, and it plays the sounds inside your music program. Whether that be like your drums or your stairs again, you can play them up higher, down, lower, whatever it plays over midi. Okay, so you just plug it in USB. That's the That's the power as well as it sends the MIDI messages to your computer for you to record again when you're purchasing a MIDI keyboard. Just be cautious of these companies really trying to push. You know their marketing on you in terms of like their features, because you'll see like there's some really expensive midi keyboards out there, and it's like it's going to do the same thing as a cheap one. You know, why am I paying an extra two or $300 just for, you know, a few extra features which you may or may not use, so just really keep that in mind. And sorry, I don't think I mentioned, but this is actually an M audio axiom. 49. This is the second generation overall, this has been a really, really good keyboard for me. This has been my first midi keyboard purchase. I've owned this for almost seven or eight years, so I've definitely got my money out of it. Um, and I am happy. I paid a little bit more than let's say, like the oxygen, But again as you doing the cure of your researcher reviews. Um, just the core things I told you those are crucial. And if you want to pay a little bit more money to get better feeling keys as up to you when it comes to like, the other features that these companies are adding in just really weigh in, you know, Is it gonna work for you? Is it worth the extra money and stuff like that? 8. The Juicy Details on Audio Interfaces: Alright, guys. So in this video, we're going to talk about audio interfaces. OK, So as you can see, the fronts of these are pretty much identical. But if I look at if you look at like, the backs, you can see that this one's very simple. This one starting tohave mawr options on the back more ah, outputs or more options to plug things in. So in my beginnings, an audio interface was actually quite confusing for me, Like in terms of ah, what is to I too mean or too I four, for example. This is a focus, right? Scarlett to I two is the second generation and this is the first generation. The second generation just allows you to kind of get, um, lower latency times. Better performance and stuff like that will cover more of that as we go further into this video. So, first of all, what is an audio interface? So in audio interface is just a sound card. Okay, it allows you to plug in high end gear such as, like, you know, microphones. Uh, your speakers such as like these types of speakers. It also has a volume knob on here. Just for convenience. Like, Imagine, you know, this is on your desk and you're sitting here mixing. It's just a matter of just turning up or down your volume. So it's really, really handy that way, too. Also, once you start dealing with kind of headphones like like thes thes ah, have a 250 ohm impedance. When you start dealing with headphones like that, you need a little bit of, ah, powerful headphone amp. And so these audio interfaces come with headphone amps, so you know enough juice to drive headphones like that. Now, as you see on the back, the connections on this are super super simple. It's just a matter of playing and USB playing, plugging into your computer and you're good to go. If that's what Simples is Now, some audio interfaces have different connections instead of USB, somewhere like Thunderbolt Somewhere, FireWire and some I've seen are even USB three. Now, when we're using our music programs, something you'll come across is something called an ASIO driver A s i O. And it just allows your computer to perform a lot better when you're using that driver and a lot of times audio interfaces the driver that comes with them. The as your driver is typically well coated. It allows you to usually get better performance when you use their driver. However, my first audio interface, I ended up using my music programs, um, as yo driver. So in addition on audio interfaces, also ADAC. So in other words, ah, digital to analog converter as well as an A D. C. An analog to digital converter. So, in other words, when you recording with your microphone, it goes from analog. And then when it goes into our to interface USB digital into your computer, and then if you want to come out of your computer to this on your speakers, it goes from digital to analog. Now probably the most important thing to think about before buying an audio interface is figuring out how many connections you'll have to make and how often you're gonna be making them. And what I mean by that is, how many microphones do you want a plug in at once? Or how many speakers do you want to connect to at once? Or are you gonna be working with any outboard gear and when you're first starting up you're You're probably only going to keep it really, really simple. But the thing is, as you start to grow, you start to look at, like the interface he purchased. And you're like, Ah, maybe I should have went for the six i six, which is, you know, the next one out from the two I for I believe, which allows for, like, more inputs for recording and then also more outputs if you want to set up different speakers and stuff like that. So in the case of this audio interface, this is called the focus, right, Scarlett to I to the two I two means two inputs to opens says you can see here have two inputs right here. We're going to the back two opens, and this is a super super simple audio interface in terms of connections. The reason I got it is because I've just discovered over my years that this this is just how I work. I don't really work with much outboard gear. I have some of outboard gear, but it's just mostly for like, a microphone, which I'd plug in line with this, um, going a little off topic. But all I'm saying is, See, because I've been producing for almost 10 years now. It's like I'm starting to get to know my workflow and what I like and stuff like that. And so I opted in for the two I to it was a little more affordable than to a four. And again, this isn't this was the second generation. This one is the first generation. So, you know, it's a little more affordable. And I knew that this this is just how it worked. Okay, so now I'm going to show you the to I four. Okay, So the same thing. We have the two inputs that when I turn this around and we look at the back and this is where things start getting different in terms of the model that you purchase. So as you can see here, you know, you plug in USB. This has the MIDI connections to just like that many keyboard did. And on this one, I actually purchased this because, like I said, I had that Mackie control universal. It was that motorized fader, but I actually had to use many cables, and it was kind of cool because it was my first experience, actually working with the old style of MIDI again. USB is now Midi Way were simple, but you need a MIDI anonymity out cable, and the piece of hardware would have the same connections, like a Midian and Amidi. Oh, but as you can see here, this is the focus right to I four. So as you see here, it's one and two. That's two outputs already. Okay, and if we come here, we have a three and four. So that's the two other outputs. So in the two I four, you have four outputs. So in other words, you can plug one set of speakers into the one and two here. Then you can plug in another set of speakers on the three and the four, and why you'd want to do that is like, let's say, you know you wanted two different sets of speakers so that you can check your mix because as a mixing engineer you want your mix to translate over multiple sets of speakers. And if you have two sets of speakers in your set up, you can easily do that so as you can see, depending on what you're trying to achieve, you want to buy the right audio interface for what you're trying to do, and when you're just starting up, it's hard because you don't know your style. You don't know what you want to get into. Over my years, you know, I started to kind of dabble with a little bit of hardware stuff, and then I started to realize was just like I don't want to do with any of this hardware stuff. I don't want it taking space, you know? It costs extra money. That's why I opted for the two i two super, super simple, you know, connections on the back. It's just a matter of playing your speakers. Plug in USB have, like my volume knob right there. And then again if I zoom in on this here. So again, these are the inputs. Okay? He's what you call new trick connections. Okay, so it allows you to plug in XLR cables. It allows you to plug in ts cables as well. You know, you have your volume knob right here. And what makes focus right? Really, really cool company is they have had these halo rings, so it lets you know the volume level If it's good, it's green. And if you're distorting, it goes red. Other audio interfaces typically have something similar. They usually have a little led light, and it will turn on if you are clipping, which is distortion, which is bad. But these halo lights are really, really, really cool idea that focus right has invented. Now when you come down here to like the line and the instrument, So the instrument is when you are recording either like a microphone or an instrument. But if you are according a line signal and alliance signal is typically something that has already been amplified. These are you. Interfaces, as you can see, also has phantom power. So this is the 48 that's just to do with If you have a condenser microphone, they require phantom power to power them. Um, condenser microphones are typically quite more sensitive than, ah, dynamic microphone. Um, and then yes, So then you just have, like, a volume knob right here, and then you also have one for your headphones there as well. Now, one other cool thing I'll tell you. A bow on audio interface is you can't buying sound cars stick inside your computer. However, when you deal with, like electron ICS and and stuff like that, you could be getting Elektronik interference. And with your audio interface displaying in USB, this is outside your computer, so it's kind of getting away from that electrical interference. So the reason why I got the two I to the second generation over the to eight for first generation I had was the second generation said it allowed for lower late and see recording times. And, as you are recording with the microphone, Layton see is the time it takes for you to record. So, for example, if I see something into the microphone, the time it takes to go into your audio interface out into your computer, that's that analog to digital and then digital to analog, and that comes out of the computer out of the audio interface into Let's like your headphones as your recording. The time it takes to do that is called Leighton see, And if you agency is too high, it actually starts to create an echo, and it makes it really, really hard to record because as you're speaking, it's like an echo keeps coming back, and it makes it very, very hard to concentrate and you start just screw up in your recordings. So I got the two I, too, because they promised lower late and see timings. I just feel currently at the moment with an audio interface. Audio isn't quite at that point to be able to get like zero late and see because it requires a lot of computer performance power. I was even reading something on Image Lines website that audio production is actually mawr intensive, then even like creating video games and movies and video editing and stuff like that because music production is solely CPU based. Um, so you know, maybe eventually will be getting into lower late and see times as worse as we are seeing. Because again, this is quite a significant improvement of the second generation over the first generation . Another thing I learned to is, if you work in higher sample rates, you can get to lower late and sees that something I didn't know, which I learned. I was reading the manual for ah, the two I to second generation. Now I just want to tell you about my story of how I started with audio interfaces and stuff like that. Okay, so when I first started, I actually bought, like, everything m audio. Like it wasn't anything I had. Like, I didn't have a love for m audio. It was just I felt like the price was right and it kind of seemed that their products, um, you know, seemed decent for what I was paying. So in other words, I bought an MRT audio interface, the Midi keyboard. It's M audio. When I first started, I had em audio speakers and then I even bought an M audio sub. Now, I'm not sure if I just got like a lemon or if that was actually the quality of the fast track pro. But I do recall when I was reading online, a lot of people had the same problem as I had. So what was happening was when I was playing in a microphone and I would go to record to turn up and down the volume like this had no effect, like I couldn't hear my voice. And once I literally got to almost like full. It was a matter of having only like this much playroom to dial my microphone. And so the preempts were very, very pour on it. And I dealt with that for a boat, you know, one or two years, because I was just starting up. I was sold learning the music program, learning how to make beats, whatever. And then I started getting into recording a little bit more heavily, and I was just like a I'm sick of dealing with that poor audio interface. And then I ended up getting the focus right to I for the first generation and assumes that plugged it in and went to record. It was there was immediate. When I went to go use this for recording, I had full control over my microphone, and it was it was amazing. And the thing is, this this focused right to I four and I had a fast track pro. So it was the same amount of inputs and outputs. In other words, it was pretty much the same model from different companies. And again, this focus right model performed amazing versus the M audio one that didn't and that was my first audio interface. Because again, you know, he get this audio interface and like you don't think that he didn't really know how it worked. You plugging it in, You're not even sure if you should using phantom power on a condenser microphone and all that. You know your new you know you don't know. And so as soon as I got the focus, right, plugged it in, it was just like, Wow, OK, so this is what an audio interface should be. And ever since then, I started to buy focus, right? Audio interfaces, Um, and this performed really, really good. And then again, um, the late NC was a little bit high on it, but again, it was at that time of the auto industry, those were like the lowest late INSEE rates as they were released in the product. And then as the years passed, you know, more research computers, you more powerful, etcetera, etcetera. They came out with the second generation of the of the Scarlet Siri's. And that's one. I got this and again. So when I'm looking at, like, the backs and stuff like that, I didn't need the to I four. And the difference of these is only 50 bucks, and I was just like, Well, do you know what this is? How we work, you don't over my 10 years of making music, producing for myself, recording my own albums and stuff like that. I think this is how I produce I produce, You know, rarely. I used to. I only really use one. So that's for recording myself for recording my tutorials that you'll see and then for my rear connections. It's like I don't deal with any hardware and you think that I'm really an inside the computer kind of producer. So there you go. That's my little overview of an audio interface comparison between, you know, to audio interfaces and kind of like my story of how I got started with audio interfaces and how I had a poor experience with my M audio one again. I don't know if it was just a lemon I had, but when I got a different company was just it was like, Wow, it, like this actually works. And it was it was it was a great experience, but just some of this video and audio interface is just a sound card that allows you to plug in high and, you know, audio gear. Your microphones Speakers has a volume knob for convenience and it really, really is super, super convenient. I usually put this like, really, really close to me. You know, like the left side with the right side of my desk and you just turn up and down the volume again. It has, like a headphone app. And again, I just want to clarify the biggest thing before you purchase an audio interfaces. Just really think about your connections in terms of how many microphones are you always going to be recording or potentially be recording? Because nothing's worse than having, you know, people come over and also like, Oh, I don't have enough to record you all. Or if you want to start kind of experimenting with hardware and stuff like that, you know, you want to make sure that your audio interface can have outputs to go to different gear. And you kind of like, you know, have fun with it like that. So I hope the best with your audio interface company of choice. Over my years, focus right has been very, very good performer, and I would highly recommend this audio interface or, you know, other audio interfaces by them 9. Select the Right Speaker for Your Studio: Okay, So in this video, we're gonna be talking about speakers. Okay, so the whole point of these reference monitor speakers is to give you a flat response, okay. And so what that means is, when you purchased consumer gear, you know, certain headphones, certain speakers out there just for listening purposes. Ah, lot of times they boost certain frequencies to make the listening more enjoyable. You know, a lot of times like the boost, like the low end to help that kid kind of, you know, have more base, whatever. But that's not what you're wanting out of the speakers. You wanting a flat response so that as you're listening to the music through these, you're able to hear the music exactly as it is. You could make accurate mixing decisions, and then the whole point of these is translation. Okay, so when you're listening in your studio, you want the music to sound the exact same so that when you go in your car and you wouldn't listen on headphones earbuds it in different room, different speaker systems, you want that music to translate, and that's the whole point of mixing. Okay. Now, before we get into actually talking about a speaker. I want to bring up to you about acoustic treatment. And when I first started, you know, I kind of always thought was like, Whatever. You know, maybe I'll focus on that later, but your room is actually more important to your sound than your speakers. A lot of people think that the more expensive your speaker is, the more accurate you will be able to mix. But it's not true, OK, because your room, depending on how it's made and its shape and its size and everything, can either be adding frequencies or taking away free concedes through cancellation. Now, if your room is adding frequencies or taking away frequencies as you're mixing, you might be adding or reducing frequencies to help compensate what your room is doing. And now, when you take it out into the real world, you know your mix might not even be close to what you're listening to in your room. So I just want to bring to your attention about acoustic treatment. I'm not going to get too much into it in this course, but acoustic treatment. And, you know, I guess treating your room is more important than the price of your speakers. Okay, so you do want a decent set of speakers. Don't get me wrong, but there's kind of like that threshold, you know, if you have a set of speakers like these, but your room isn't it treated? And then if you think old won't go to buy a more expensive speaker, you're not going to really see better results because your room, the reflections, are actually skewing. You're mixing decisions because as you're listening to your music, what happens is the speaker sends its music. Oh, and it hits the back wall and then it comes back. And then So what's happening is when the new audio is coming forward, the late audio is coming back and they kind of hitting each other, and it could be skewing the frequency spectrum. And you know you won't be able to make accurate mixing decisions when you're rooms treated . You'll have way better insight to, you know, reverb decay time. You know you'll be able to hear very, very fine e que adjustments, and you'll really be able to sculpt and mold a song exactly as you'd like. So that's all to do with your room uh, acoustic treatment. Okay, so don't take that lightly. That is something that you will want to do research on. And one book that I would recommend to you is by Ethan Winer is called the audio expert. He actually runs a company called Real Traps. He's a very, very smart guy. If you look him up online, never think that. And pretty much what he got across with that is with acoustic treatment. You want base traps because, okay, because the low end is the hardest frequencies to tame the high frequencies in the mid frequencies. You know, you don't need much thickness in your acoustic treatment because it will absorb those quite easily. But you got to think it's like the low and frequencies, you know, like, have you ever hear, like, a host party, whatever. Its always the base that you hear right. So when you have based traps that absorbs the low end, which in return will allow you to hear your music more accurately and make wiser mixing decisions. So here on the speaker, we actually have two speakers on this speaker we have the one for which is the lowest in the mids and then we have a tweeter, which is the highs and then on the back here, just the connections. So, you know, it's pretty simple in terms of, you know, the connection that everything but again, like I was saying before, the more money you pay, the more features and stuff that you kind of get. So we have a volume adjustment on here. We have the connections, you know, to plug in the actual audio tour speaker, whether it's XLR or TRS on this speaker, we have switches to control e que. In case we want to, you know, either boost the high end or, you know, take out some mids again. That's also do with, like, uh, your acoustic treatment and stuff like that. For the most part, I just leave them pretty much flat. And then there's also a switch on here for what's called the room control. And that's just to do with if your rooms too small or if you're over, your speakers are too close to the wall. You can adjust this to help kind of compensate if your room isn't big enough and stuff like that in the U. S. Like a power switch and the power cord. Now, I just want to talk about the size of your speaker. Okay? So I'm just gonna talk about my story of how I first started. Um, and like, you know, the first set of speakers I bought and everything that So again, Like I was saying in a previous video, when I purchased all my equipment, it was all m audio again. I didn't have any favoritism towards that company. I just felt that, you know, their gear. And the price point was right for me when I was starting, you know, I bought, like, the Midi keyword argue interface speakers. And I also bought an M audio subwoofer for those speakers to which I'll talk about in a second. So when I first got the five inch M audio speakers, there be X 58 deluxe is you know, I was really, really excited that came in the box and like their big like, you know, again that this is this is an eight inch speaker and this is like a big speaker. It's very heavy, too. And so when I got it, you know, the five inch it was it was pretty big speaker, too, And I was just like, these are gonna sound so cool. And so I was able to actually fit them on my desk behind me. I was able to get the two speakers, plus my two computer monitors. And I remember when I listened to them. At first I was I was like, shocked. I was just like, Where's my base? And so for me, when I'm producing my music, I've just discovered over the years that, you know, making beats, you know, hip hop, e g. M. When you want to hear your low end, I am favored towards an eight inch speaker. Okay, because the five inch it didn't have enough base for me. So then what I ended up doing was I got a subwoofer, and that was actually a really good combination. I was able to hear, you know, my mids and highs and in the sub allowed me to hear the low end. So, in other words, I was able to hear my whole audio spectrum because when you're a music producer, it's crucial to hear everything that's going on in your tracks that you can mix it properly . And after owning that set up for about two or three years. I kind of got excited. And I was You know what? I want to try new speakers. You know, just because, you know, I was kind of still new in the industry, and, you know, I wanted to try out different gear. And so when I was looking for the next set of speakers, I was like, You know what? I'm gonna buy the eight inch speakers because how these types of speakers work is when you can allow a speaker to perform better within its frequency range. You know you'll be able to get better results, which is the reason why they do that with a tweeter and a wolf for right. So they allow the tweeter to do the highs because it performs better as a faster response because higher frequencies move faster, lower frequencies move slower. So when you have an eight inch here, this is able to get like you your mids and like you're kind of low mids. And then the sub is compensating for that low low end. Where is when I had the five inch? I had to adjust the crossover on the sub Teoh you know, Plame or highs, which is sub really isn't geared towards. You know, we still will sound fine, but what I'm getting at is if you use the specific speaker for its the specifics frequencies that is designed for you will be getting a better sound. OK, so that was how my story went. You know, I first heard with the five inch speaker cabinet and how is shocked at how lacking of base they had. So I got the sub. It was a pretty good set up. And then I end up getting these and this was an eight inch and the sub, and that's a really, really good set up. Even without the sub, these eight inch woofers they do hit the lowest quite well. But I do find with a sub it helps. It kind of, you know, you can hear the frequency spectrum a bit more balanced and again help each speaker perform where performs best. But if you are gonna be producing the e g. M and hip hop and stuff like that personally, I would suggest to you an eight inch will for over a five inch. Now, one thing I want to talk to you. A boat is for a while. I was doing some research. I was like, Well, what makes a speaker more expensive than another speaker? And from my understanding, it all came down to the research and testing that has gone into it as well as the parts that they use. Okay, so I'll be talking about two companies. Okay, so there's focal. And then there's Janet like, and they're both very, very unique companies that they're very, very different from each other and have different approaches on how they make speakers so focal. What I discovered with them was they for their tweeter, they use a material called beryllium, and if you look it up on Wikipedia, it's a very, very expensive material. And it's very, very sought after for high end frequency response, for, for music, for speakers, and I was just kind of cool. I just never knew that. So that's one thing that makes the speakers so expensive, and then they also have to speakers, so they have one for, like, the lower frequencies, and then they have one for your mids. However, something to talk about is the crossover point. So when you have this speaker up here, so you have to fill throughout the lower end, okay? And when you're filtering out the low end so some frequencies still start playing at, you know, when you're filtering it off, just like on your e que And then here you the rougher when on the lowest and the mids you'd have a high cut filter and you start filtering out the heist. So imagine that, um, this tweeter we're gonna cut at 2000 Hertz and the wolf for We also cut a 2000 hertz. And so what happens is imagine it's like a filter right in between There is this cut off point, so they adjusted it like this. You start to get a boost in certain frequencies, which is bad. If they adjust it too far, then you're actually losing frequencies. So in other words, you're not even gonna hear those frequencies because the cut off isn't adjusted properly. And when you're dealing with mawr than even two speakers like I was talking about the focal there, how has the brilliant tweeter and then it has a low speaker than a mid speaker you actually have to cross over is there now and you know, So they have to find tune those to get those those right. It's just kind of interesting. If you want to research that boats, crossovers and speakers, that's just something I want to bring to your attention. As I was doing research, I just kind of thought it was cool. And then another thing that those focal speakers have is they have a way to turn off the low end speaker so that it better replicates. You know, TV speakers, which don't have really any low end. And that gives you an idea of reference point of How does your mics sound with the full spectrum? And then if we take off the lows, how does it sound? Was just kind of like the myth the upper missed like the highs. And then just to mention about the other company, GenElec. So if you look at their speakers, they're very, very round. And as you start to read about speakers, there's all these different things that happened with audio. Like, audio is very intense in the science world as the audio comes off the edges, Um, you know that can either be enhancing or damaging the audio and GenElec their speakers air round to help avoid that and again, Celeste. It's just to do with the speaker cabinet and their design. And these are just things that I've just kind of discovered, as I've been reading and just again trying to figure out what makes like a $5000 speaker to a $350 speaker. And so one last thing I want to talk about with your speakers is it is good to have speaker stands or something that you can decouple your speaker from your desk because if your speakers are on your desk, what's happening is the vibrations air happening. But even though you can't hear them, the vibrations air there, and they're adding to your music, typically in a damaging way, which is why you'll see people have speaker stands and stuff like that. So just to sum up about the speakers again, I would highly suggest to you to get an eight inch will for again that will just allow you to hear the low end response of your music again. When I had the five inch I was really shocked at, there was no low end there. And I was like, How am I supposed to mix this again? That's why I got the sub. So in eight inch and a sub, that is the ultimate choice. In my opinion, with the sub, you just want to hear it so that you you just here and the making of a foot pedal switch. When you turn often on, that's all you should be hearing. You should just be hearing it kind of filling in the track. But you don't really want to be hearing the base. You just want to hear it, enhance your track, get it more balanced. Another thing I'll mention onto you is already mentioned to you. But like the bundle deals and stuff like that, when you buy speakers, especially online, a lot of times they'll throw in that the speaker stands and stuff like that for you as well as like the speaker cables. So that is just something to think about. So hopefully this one, um, you know, helps you in terms of you know what to look for in speakers and stuff like that Again, they are quite intimidating. You know when you're looking at him, however, when you do purchase them and friends come over. They look at them and they're like, Well, this is a cool little studio you got and it just gets people a little more excited. When they come over there a little bit more interested in your music, they want to check it out. They kind of want to hear you've been working on it, stuff like that. So pretty much any speaker, kind of like the entry level is honestly gonna be quite a decent speaker. Speakers have come quite a long way from over the years. You know, once you're starting to get into the maw Rex pensive speakers, you know, it's just all to do with, like, the research and the materials that have been put into them. You guys can do reviews and stuff like to find out what speaker is best for you. But as long as you're buying, you know, a decent brand name and again an eight inch will for I do believe you guys will be happy. But don't forget your room treatment is more important than the price of your speakers. Okay, 10. The Audio Cables Needed for a Home Studio: All right, So in this video is gonna break down some audio cables. And you know what cables you need for your gear. Okay, To so to start off. This is what you call an XLR cable. A lot of times these are used for microphones. However, you also saw that my speakers allowed for XLR. But my audio interface only has t R s, which is the quarter inch jack, which I'll show you in a second. So in that case, it would just be easier just to use a TRS cable for my speakers. So this one here is the mail and kisses what goes in. And then this is the female end. And what's really, really cool about an excellent cable is is what's called a balanced cable. So what it does is it actually sends to audio signals on the hot and the cold. It also has a ground, but on the hot and the cold, they send the same signal. Except what they do is they flip the phase of one. So what happens is is audio goes down. The cable noise could get introduced into the signal. And then, when the audio signal reaches the other end of the cable. What they do is they foot the phase back. And so what happens is the noise would actually be cancelling each other out. So you get a clean signal, so balanced cables can travel for quite long lengths without being susceptible to noise. Okay, It's a really, really cool way of how they've kind of overcome noise at length. So again, those are excellent cables again. Microphones. Sometimes your speakers and stuff like that. The next one, we're going to talk about our TRS cables again. This is balanced. So it does like that flip thing again to get, um, a cleaner signal and how this works that has a tip, a ring and asleep. Okay, the tip is your hot ring is your cold, and then your sleeve, I believe, is the ground. And yeah, so these are just the speaker cables that I use from a home studio. These air t r s. Okay, The last time we talk about is this a T s cable It just as a tip in a sleeve so it doesn't have the ring. So, in other words, is not balanced, is an unbalanced cable and it's really susceptible to noise, so you can really only be using over a certain length. Ah, and typically we use these for instruments, things that guitars so pretty much in your home studio. It's just XLR cables and TRS cables. Those are pretty much what you're going to be using in your home studio for connecting your speakers and connecting your microphone to your audio interface. Okay, you know, there are also other cables when it comes to like, you know, a midi cable like I talked about previously. But when you're just getting started up, these are the basic cable's that you need. And that's just kind of a little understanding as well of the balance cable when it sends the two signals and flips the Phase one, it's a really, really cool concept. People are. People are so smart Now. I just want to talk about what companies to buy your speaker cables from and stuff like that. Now the thing with audio is it's it's really easy to guess trick people to make people feel that, you know, if you buy a higher, expensive audio cable, you're going to be getting a better sound and the thing with audio. Is it so important to understand the basics? That way you can never really get fooled because it's like, Well, that goes against the principles of audio. I just want to talk to you. Vote. There was a test done about a monster cable versus a coat hanger, and in this test, people couldn't even tell the difference between the monster cable and the coat hanger. You could just look it up on Google. Just type in coat hanger, um, audio tests or something like that. And with me telling you that you just got to kind of think it's just like, you know, as long as you know the basic audio principles you're not going to get lured into these marketing schemes. Um, audio is pretty cut and dry in how it works. So you do want, like a decent cable in terms of, you know, good build quality. You want to make sure like the Sodders are good, good Sauder points as well as you know, you can be adding things in here to help reduce electrical interference and making it susceptible to noise and stuff like that. There are a lot of things like that, however, a company that I have found over the years, it's called Model Price and these cables are so affordable and there's there. Build quality is very, very good, you know, like super super high quality build again, it's just model praise dot calm. That's just one thing I want to pass on for me. To you is I highly recommend mono price from for your audio cables. If you're gonna be using a subwoofer, it's a little bit tricky. What happens is that lease your audio interface so your left and right channels and it goes to your subwoofer first. And then from your subwoofer, it goes to your speakers so you're gonna actually need four cables instead of two cables. Because if it was just your rto interface, it would leave on the left and right channels would go to your left speaker, she writes. Be here, however, when a subs there it has to go to the Left Channel and to the right channel in the sub into the input, and then it has to leave the left and right outputs of the sub to go to your left and right speaker. So that's just something you have to take into account. And one thing I want to talk to you also a boat with your speaker cables is, in my opinion, it's usually better to buy a little bit longer than to have it too short. Because what happens is you move or you start to move around your studio. And in my experience, over my years, it was it was frustrating. It was just like because you read a line. People are like, Oh, you wanna have your audio cable, the exact length so that you don't have more no noise in there and stuff like that. And in my opinion, I would rather have the length, uh, then care about those little minor details, Um, especially when you're dealing with a sub. Because if you have your audio interface a lot of times, your sub isn't right beside you. So you're gonna be putting your sub sometimes further away from your studio or wherever you're placing it. So you have to think that it has to go to your sub and then from your sub to your speakers . And a lot of times that's one sub might be closer toe one speaker than it is to the other speaker. So you know, you have to have enough length from their sub to get to your furthest speaker. And so, like, when it comes to that, you know, like maybe maybe I would make sure that have the same wire lengths that way, you know, the audio signal isn't coming before or anything like that. You know, it has become so fast anyways that you're probably not going to notice a difference. But, you know, just to play it safe, you know, I would be We just keep my audio cable is the same length. However, in my opinion, it's better to buy longer cables. And it is shorter because nothing sucks more than wanted to adjust your studio in a new way . And also you realize you like ah, like, you know, my connections don't work, which is the reason why I have one of these over the years. And it's just a coupling. It is lousy plug in the TRS cable and you can connect and continue on. All right, so that was just a little overview of audio cables again. XLR, tier s and T s cables are what you gonna be using in your home studio, hopefully build some confidence in you and makes you purchasing the right cables and not getting lured into expensive cables, which a lot of the sales guys will try to lure you into. And so let's move on to the next video. 11. Building a Custom Computer for Music Production [INTRO]: And so finally, the last thing that I want to talk about in the essentials for your music production gear that you need. I will be creating other videos which kind of helped your workflow and kind of nice things toe have but the essentials again. We're pretty much like your speakers, your audio interface or cables. Your sound packs your Daw and like a midi keyboard. That's my workflow. That's how I work. Everyone does work differently, but I feel personally that those like the essentials for you to get a really, really decent studio and get up and running. And you know, it's not super, super expensive. It will cost you some money, but it's nowhere close to what it would have cost it back in the day. Now, what I've done a while ago was I released a free video on YouTube. Off you know what computer do you need to, You know, for your doll, if you want to be like the best computer and as you can see this white computer it down here. I actually did a custom build and I did it on YouTube and I explained why I purchased all the parts I was focused on performance. I was focused on silence, Right, Because he want quietness with the computer. So what I've done is I've just added these videos into this course, but they're also on YouTube as well. I just thought that they would be really, really crucial to you. Um, and, you know, I kind of break down everything in terms of the unboxing of the parts, explaining why I bought them and putting them all together and then just kind of talking to you as I go. So this video will be about building your computer. Okay, so hope you enjoy this one. 12. [1/2] Building a Custom Computer for Music Production: Hey, guys, welcome to this video of building a computer for music production s. So this is the final finish, you know? So as you guys watch the video, you guys going to see how I put most of the stuff together. Also, I use FL studio from a music production, and they have a really, really helpful page for us producers. Kind of specifying what makes a good computer for music production because they're saying, actually, that music production eyes a lot harder on a CPU than even things like creating video games and stuff like that because they can offload a lot of their stuff to a video card, whereas music production is like pretty much all solely based off of the CPU. So you know, like they're saying, like, the single course speed is the most important for your CPU. But again, I'm just gonna leave all the links to all this stuff in the description below. So linked, like image line a link to the products as well as I'm doing on article right up. So if you want to kind of read my experience of building a computer again, it's like my first time building a computer and you see it turned on. It works. Check the list, the description. And let's get into this case. I'm just going to have a quick overview of the parts I bought and why I've bought them again. By no means that I explored on, like, the highest quality. But these are good, very good parts. And this would be like an amazing computer for release in the next five years. I'm gonna first start with the processor. So this is the I seven 7700 k The K means is unlocked. Eso If I ever wanted to over clock it and kind of get more speed out of it, I can. But this is a great processor. Okay, so this this is like the smallest piece of your whole computer, and it is like the most expensive. So you see, it's 4.2 gigahertz, um, and again, image Linus suggesting this for the single core speed. Even though it's a quad core processor, that's the first piece. Very, very important. Next, I will go over the heat sink just because those kind of go hand in hand. So, in order, Teoh, cool your CPU. You need a type of cooling. So whether that be, like water cooling or, you know, something like this. So since your CPU gets so hot, it needs a way to dissipate the heat. And this thing is huge, Like, this thing is so cool looking. So I have to be careful. The bottom part came off, but this comes pre applied with a thermal compound, and this just helps with, um, to get a better, I guess, connection on the CPU. And it's just a bigger surface area for it. Teoh. Cool. A lot of these parts I chose were just because I wanted a quiet CPU. As you can see, Be quiet, right? That's the brand name. And with this be quiet. There's three versions. There's like that the dark or some like that. And then there's a shadow and I got only got like, the pure and that's the bottom of the line for, like, there be quiet cooling again. I don't do any over clocking, and I'm not really pushing my computer that hard, so I know this is gonna be an awesome cooler. Teoh. Cool my CPU. Next, I'm going to go over this SSD so This is a new type of SST that you could be buying. It's the M dot to form factor, but you have to be careful. OK, because M dot to is a form factor. So what that means is just because it looks like this, there's two types. As you can see here, it's envy m E that stands for like the non volatile, volatile memory or whatever. This is what you want, but it also comes in Satya. But what happens is Satya is like the bottlenecks. So even if you buy this m dot to form factor SSDI, you're not getting the speeds at this M v m e gives you because what envy Emmy does? Is it plugs like directly into the PC? I, um, of your mother board or whatever? Therefore, you're able to get extremely like fast speeds compared to Satya. Okay, so I'm actually gonna open this up and show you how small this is, cause when I was reading online, that kept saying it was a bubble gum stick, but I never really realized how small it is. So it's like, here's my finger and that is hope big. This SSD is like that is so small, you know, compared to like your old hard drives that you'd have right, that is your new SSD, which is like, significantly faster even than the SST is that we're kind of used to. Now you want to make sure it's the envy M E Okay. And on the mother board, there's actually a spot for this now and this is gonna be really interesting. I've never built my own computer like I understand kind of like what all the parts of a computer do for the most part, but to actually build my own, it's gonna be an experience, you know, I did. I did some research. I read like the mother board manual and stuff last night as well as we watched the videos, but is going to be interesting. Okay, Now for your ram. So now this is an interesting thing to talk about, is so around, gives you like different speeds. So if you go like the product page of the I seven, I think it only supports 2133 as well as 2400 or something like that. But then you look at this ram, and it has 3000. It's just like, Well, that's not supported. So on the mother board, there is, um, a setting called ex MP profiling, and you can enable that. But then you're starting to get into the over clock and stuff like that. So you know, I will probably enable that just to get the extra speed out of it. But one thing I want to talk about is like so a new standard right now that people are doing is they're buying 32 Gigs of Ram. But it's like, Well, this is like, $200. So, you know, this is this is only 16 gigs, right? But if I would have bought 32 was like, that's $400 just in Ram. But I don't even think I'm using 16 gigabytes that for myself because, like, you know, I'm not doing like heavy video editing and my music production. I don't think I've really, ever maxed out my ram. I don't believe, and the thing is, if I ever need more ram than I could despite you know, another 16 gigabytes and then I can get 32. But for now, like just that the way how computers are 16 gigabytes, in my opinion, is going to get you by Fine, um, handle saving $200. I was hoping to the power supply. So, um, how this works is that has, like, this 80 plus rating and what that means is just like efficiency. So as, like, motors and stuff work, you know, they could be putting better parts in or certain parts ends like the power you're putting in is actually the power you're getting out, because that's the thing with, like, electricity and motors and stuff. Things aren't 100% efficient. So, for example, let's take you predict 1000 watts into something. You may only be getting, like 900 watts out of that. So which means that you're paying for 1000 watts, but you're only getting 900 watts output. So I think there's like the white, the bronze gold platinum, and I think there's even like a titanium or something right now. So this time around, I actually went with gold. Usually I would always choose bronzes because I was like whatever. But I don't know, like, you know, um, it wasn't that much more money. I think it was a connection $20 or something. And I went with gold. And another thing to talk about is, um, the wattage. So this one is a is a 550 watt power supply. And how I selected this wattage, you know, because you can get, like, 506 100,000 watt 1200 law. It's like it's what you need. So the thing is, is like, First of all, what are you putting into your computer like parts wise? Do you have two video cards? You know, what type of processor do do you have? All these things are factors, you know. How many fans are you running? And how you find out is you just go to a computer power calculator. You just type that into Google and asked you a bunch of questions and you fill it accordingly, and then it will give you, ah, kind of a general idea. Let's say it said you need a 450 watt power supply. You know, I'd probably just kind of bump it up a little bit, and then I went, like, 5 50 or something like that again, this video card like I don't need to be playing in and even off of here, this power directly by the mother board. Because it's not a super high end graphics card. Where is a lot of high end ones You need to plug in directly off the power supply. K would take this out there, show you this just quickly just because I opened it up before her just to look at it myself . This things like heavy and big and very, very cool looking. So another thing when you're buying, um, a power supply is you want to be making sure of, um, modular like you don't have to get modular, but it just it will allow the inside of your computer to look cleaner also allow for, like, better airflow and stuff like that. You know, you can buy probably cheaper power supply without modular, and all these cables would be coming out of your power supply, you know, instead of just choosing what you need and then from a video card. So, um, again, since I do my video editing in Sony Vegas, it takes advantage of something called open CL. Which is why I went for a m. The radio on and then, like the 5 60 like those are just different tears, you know? So I think there's like the four, like the 400 Siri's, the 500 Siri's, uh, and it kind of goes up. And people who use Vegas highly recommend radio on cards. And so that's why I got one. And then I'm not working in four K video or anything like that. So that's why I got like on the two gigabyte, uh, video card began. All this stuff I've just kind of researched as I was buying it, you know, I'd ask. Well, do I need a goodbye video card? I need a two gigabyte like I don't play video games and stuff like that. I just do music production and video editing, but I feel that four K video isn't going to become a standard intel at least like four or five years. In my opinion, I just kind of find that when these new technologies come out, they do take time to become a standard and become affordable for us rather than you know, pain, tons of money. And then even that YouTube Right now, yes, there is like the option to watch it in four K, I believe, but I'm not even for myself. Like I don't think my Internet is fast enough half the time, like the video takes forever to load. So it's like I'm not going to be working in four K. I'm working in 10 80 p. On then. I am also working with 60 FPs in this video I recorded in 30 FPs just because I wanted my memory card to last longer. But for like my vlogs and stuff like that, you know, I'm in 60 FPs just because I kind of think it looks cool for vlogs. That's kind of my little rant about, you know, in terms of what to buy and stuff like that. Because, you know, I could have for the four gigabyte could have, like, a gigabyte, and I could have paid an extra 100. Or it could've paid extra to 50 or like whatever. Right, So this is only $150 Canadian, and it's going to do the job I believe great with with video editing and stuff like that. So this is what it looks like. Another thing I want to mention is noise issues just in some areas, like because I when I bought my parts before I didn't read up enough. You know, I was still new and stuff like that. I'm still in the I still haven't built my own computer before, but I'm talking like my first computer. So my first computer, what happened was I had a blower fan is what it's called. You could just look this up video card blower fan and it's just a single fan. And I believe it's, you know, it just cools your video card really, really good or whatever, but it's just so loud, like it's extremely loud. So what I read was, the more fans you have, the quieter the graphics card is so you can get like the single one. Um, you know, I went for two fans just because if you have to, fans, they don't have to spin as fast, right, because you have to fans doing the job. Another thing, too, is with fans, is like the bigger they are, the quieter they are, too, because they don't have to, ah, spin as fast to get the same amount of airflow as like a smaller fan, right? A small family has been really, really fast. And you know, like when you have a smaller fan and a bigger fan, they also have different pitches, depending on their speed, right? Like a small family, really, really high pitched, I think. And then a bigger fan, it'd be like a lower pitch. I'm thinking all about quietness with my build because once a few tutorials and then for the connection ports on the back, that's important. Once you're starting to get into how many monitors set up you have. Like currently I have a four monitor set up, which is so amazing. I love it. It just allows me to be so efficient. So these are all just things to think about. You know, if you want, like that duel set up like that quad screen set up, you have to make sure is your screen HD My doesn't have display port on. And then what are the connections on here as well? And now my mother boards, This is like what I was waiting for for like, the longest now, like I had everything else and I had to wait two extra days for the mother board, so I didn't splurge Super Harmon motherboards. But it this is a decent mother board. So the biggest thing when you're buying your mother board is you have to make sure that the socket so the CPI use they all come in different sockets size, which is the LG a 11 51. So if you're going to buying this processor, you have to make sure that the mother board fits that socket. So you know, if there's different sockets, sizes like 2011 and stuff like that, you know LJ 2011 and then if you go like the AM, decide it will have a different number. And you have to make sure that that socket fitting the socket of the mother board, okay. And the last thing I'm gonna talk about it's just hard drives. So the only reason why I think we're doing this nowadays is just because s ST's are so expensive, you know, like like like this bubble gum stick one. So for 250 gigabytes, it was like $180 or something like that. Whereas this two terabyte hard drive is only like $80. All right, so that's why we're using an SSD as a boot drive as well as installing like software such as like, fl Studio v ST's. Um, you know, you're sounds could be going on here and stuff like that, but a lot of like the things that you want this speed out of, so that when you load your v s t that a little super quick, you know, we don't have to be waiting for all of the presets toe loader and think that so you know my V ST's windows, everything is gonna be installed on here and then for me. What I personally do is I actually installed Dropbox on here, and that would allow Dropbox to be in the cloud. You know, it's all every All of my files are all in sync, you know? So if I went with my laptop, everything is in sync. But then I can also be backing up my hard drive. So that's what I personally do. And then the last part here is my case. So this is a big case. Yeah, I gotta back up my camera a little bit. I wanted a silent computing experience, you know, especially when it comes to recording and this actually has sound dampening in it. So this is the fractal design. Define our five, I believe. And I got white this time just cause, like, White, I don't think it's like, super super cool. You know, there's a good family there, So this has, uh, sound dampening material on Guy was in between getting the window to kind of show off stuff because this mother board, it has, like, the new RGB stuff, so you can start working with, like, led lights and everything, but in my opinion, it's just like, I don't know, like, I'm not really into that stuff, you know, I'm more focused on performance. I'm not really focused on, like, the aesthetics. Like making it look all pretty and stuff like that. You know, once I install everything, Yeah, I'm gonna make sure, like my cables are go around all nice as well have good airflow. This does have, like, USB three point over there on the front. I was also looking at, like, a be quiet model, but it was like 250 ish dollars. Where is this? Is 150 again. So it kind of got down to the point where it was just like performance verse value in any industry, it always kind of plateaus at a certain number, you know what he means? So, for example, like you always get a certain value for a certain amount of money you pay. But once you start getting into the really, really expensive, you're only getting like a certain percent better. But where is that when you're way down low? It's just like, yeah, you're getting horrible performance because you're paying the cheapest. But it seems just paint is a little bit more your kind of in that nice balance in terms of yes, you had to pay a bit, but you're getting the quality. And then again, like I said, once you pay expensive, you're only paying just for a little bit higher percent out of you know what you're paying for. Most of the time, that's in most cases. But the cool thing with this is I can't be taking out these drive bay cages again. That would just allow for better airflow s so I could make some hot fire, you're saying and then like what these cables are. Start button your USB cables, your headphone That's just like what all these cables are, you know, And then on this, I want to put like the mother board in. That's where all these things would be playing into. 13. [2/2] Building a Custom Computer for Music Production: All right, so here we go. This is my very, very first computer bill. Hopefully, you know, all the information I was given me their kind of helps, you know, in terms of your music production set up extremely, extremely excited for this And like, yeah, I get like I'm since my first computer build. So So these are some standoffs Believe that these air for the s s d m dot to SST. So a lot of this stuff is pretty much plug and play nowadays are the most important thing when you're building computers to make sure that you install this old plate. So I'm just gonna pop that in quicksand for easy something that Asians has been coming out with its like this CPU installer. So you have to put your CPU in here first, and then you install it in the socket of the mother board plastic coating. I believe you can install it without it, but this is just made because I think a lot of like the army stops so like when you have to return a product is because you can bend the pins in your mother board or ever So this is the chip. And again, this doesn't come with a cooler. That's why I had to buy this. Be quiet One. Okay, so how you know where to install your CPU again? The only delicious. Because, like I was reading this triangle right here, there's a triangle right there. So again, that's where the triangle this What I'm gonna do is you push down and then out and this comes up, and now you're able to see your your socket for your see few, which is so crazy. Okay, so they give you these edges that you can put your finger and thumb in. So I have it in there. Now I'm gonna drop it in, And then from here, you know, just do a little wiggle. Make sure it's in there. Now, when you put this down, this will just pop off for you. Make sure it's underneath the screw. And what you do is your gonna push down and it has pressure. And then, as you can see, that just popped off, which is good. And then he just kind of swing it over and under. So now my CPU is installed, which is Oh, man, that's like the most intense part of it, right? Yeah. Big. Big problem is when the pins aerbin I'm going to start working on this ram here. Now It's really, really important to read the manual and stuff because they recommended in the manual to install these on a two and B two, so I'll show you so almost motherboards. You can see it has a dim A one, a two dim B one and B two. They actually suggested to plug it into Dim a two and B two. So I'll show you that in the manual just so that you can kind of see what it's saying. Here is this is the recommended memory configuration. So what it's saying is, if you only have one stick of ram, then you would put it in Dem A two. You have two sticks around, then put it into a two and then dim view to, and if you have all four, then just take advantage of all four slot. And then how it works is there's, like a little slot right here and in the same thing. We hear on like the actual round you can see there's a slot who's gonna open these up sometimes, you know, it might have both, but this one, I believe, only has one. And so I'm just gonna put it in this kind of pushed down. And when you do that, when you push, this should lock in for you. Okay? So you can hear it. Click both. So that's by Ram installed. Okay, so the next time I'm gonna stall is my SSD. So there's two spots. We complete this in here on this mother board. There's one right here as well as one right down here to the case was open this up. Very, very excited. Teoh, To see the speed of these new envy M e uh, sstc. Okay, so again in the manual. So it says that I have to put this little stand off in because as you installed the m dot to SSD, it kind of goes on angle and then you actually push it down. It's almost like a diving board kind of thing can have spring to it in the mother board. Packaging has the standoffs or two right here. Okay. And then, you know, you have your screw afterwards. Okay? So I'm plugging in right here and it's going out. And as you see, there's these two screws, so I'm not sure which which is which is which. And I can see that it's this one this far, one that I have to screw this into. And as you can see like, this is super weird. But it's like a diving board. What came with my case? Uh, define our five. Is this little box just a bunch of screws and stuff? These are gonna be like the motherboards, screws and stuff like that, you know, looking at all those screws. I'm just like, Oh, like, what am I doing here? A good way to tell is like, You know what? That has lots of squares. You just kind of compare like this is probably 32 skiers in here in case of like the mother board, the motherboards screws. It says his only eight of them, I think. Here now, on the mother board, you also have to put the standoff stand and then was looking his white thing. And this is a standoff tool. Okay, you put one of the EU's into this into here, and it makes it easier to secure it in the only thing at the moment. I don't know. It's like where to screw them. And as you can see that there's it was like these. Hold it here where my thumb is, and I can't really get to show up on the camera, but it shows like em here and then a and then they am and stuff like that. So I'm just going to the instructions to see where I have to put in these standoffs for the mother board again. So I don't only do it once on. The reason for that is because I think there's, like, different form factors you could fit, you know, like smaller motherboards of smaller cases and stuff like that. So that's just another thing you have to look out for when you're buying your parts, especially the mother board and the case. I believe it's like 80 X shows like the A M there, right? So again, you guys can't really see it on this mother board here. But, um, we're like these holes are and stuff. It's showing a M. And then there's also another one for M. And I was like, Okay, well, I'm probably gonna go with the am. I just want to confirm. After I was done, I went through a little light standoff tool. I put it on here, you know? And then I used a screwdriver because it has a little screwdriver, you know, in den there. And then it just tightened down just a little bit, you know, just just kind of a little extra snug just because that is where the mother board is gonna be mounting to. OK, so now what I have to do is I have to slide this in here just to go with that. I owe panel, which we installed earlier. When do you get your ports in? Make sure they're all lined up. Which we are looking good. Stephen has the type C USB Just really cool. Um, I don't know what I'll actually use it before. Put the mother board in. There was already an existing standoff and had a little nubby on it. And I was just, like, should ever be removing that are like, what is it? But I can see that it's this right here, and I guess that's probably just kind of destabilising it, you know, So it can't move around. Whatever Another cool thing is like, you know, like I say, I don't really work with computers, like building them tons. I'm actually electrician and like a lot of like, the stuff that we get as Electrician's to install is so cheap and a lot of times things don't line up. But it's just so nice to see, like all these screw holes, like the line that they actually lined up like perfectly everything was like precision. It was so nice. Okay, so now, in terms of mounting my power supply up or down like I don't know everything lion like it just like it's some of his personal preference. And it's kind of interesting because, like a lot of these power supplies that they don't even really turn on until they really need it, which is awesome for silence. I think I probably will melt this down, though, Um, and also this is pretty cool. In this case you have is a little like damp ners, no other kind of rubber. So again, just preventing noise, which is awesome, and their screws, which I'll have to screw in just to kind of secure the power supply to the case. I was just quickly looking through, um, power supply my manual. Just saying, Like to connect. Like the mother board and the CPU connectors, the awesome things, like power supplies nowadays. Stall module. So, as you see, it was like CPU one, uh, this one's foot, the mother board and be down here. You like your sadiq connectors, which would plug into your drive, baby year. Some working with the mother board one here first. So a big thing I found is he first want to find out which ended Goes where. So, like this CPU went at, she goes into the power supply. Okay, Now I'm going to install my heat sink. These here are what put, like the fan on to the actual heat. Sink these screws right here, which go in through here. And then you have to make sure uses little old rings. This little thing, as a says in the instructions warning. Please use the intel LG a 7 75 back plate cap, which is this thing. In my case, I have 3 11 51 which, if you go into the other instructions, you know. So this is what I was saying about the socket sizes before. So you know is that the 2011 is the LG a 775 And then, as you see, I'm on the 11. 51 which is what my processor was right. LG 11 51. So I'm thinking I want my heat sink to be like this and not like this. Um, so in order to do that, I'm gonna be having to mount these brackets this way. Because, as you can see right here, what's gonna happen later is that we have this piece and I believe that this was a cross looks really, really cool. And then here's the thermal compounds. All right, it is on that was so hard to get on case, and I'm just gonna install this fan onto the heat sink here. So one thing to keep in mind is that where it actually plugs in. So, for example, if you install it this way, it's like, you know, are you gonna have a super long cord or if I put it in this way, it's like, is your court even gonna reach? And then from what I was reading, a line where the bracket is, that's the way the air goes. So in this case, I'm gonna put on this side. And that means that the air is going to flow through and it's gonna cool uh, the heat sink. And then to mount this bracket, I had to look this up because I didn't know. I get it. You clip this on here and here, and then it goes over top on your seat under heat sink and just pull it, actually get pulled pretty hard, and then it'll go in. OK, so that's one side of it is going look under the bottom. Now, what I'm gonna do is honestly title not in this. And then I was gonna plug this right into this little weight connector. They call these chassis fans up here. We see how we have a four pin chassis fan one and two. So this number three So the front case I'm gonna put on this one, and in the back case I'll put on this. I'm not just gonna just drag it like this. I stuck it in behind one of these grommets that I pulled it to the other Gromit. Okay, so now moving onto this little Q connector, I think is what we call it. And that's where you start connecting all these little wires again, which is like the front, uh, led start button and that kind of stuff. Installment graphics card. Here. I want more fans just for a quieter video card, and then this is like, what the back of it looks like Devi I connection, uh, each team I and then display for I guess, and this actually mounts this way. So what I did was actually put this here. This is a template. And then I knew which back plate to remove. Have to actually take two of them off. And you also just want to make sure that the latch is open and then they have a little protector on the actual connection to just push it in. They're pushed in and that last down. Now, I'm just gonna put the screws back into these holes right here. Okay? So from a next step, I'm just gonna be installing an old SST I had from, like, a previous computer, and then I'm also gonna be installing this to terror by mechanical hard drive again. Just so affordable. This is gonna be more of like a backup drive where I store a lot of my dropbox files on. And then this will be in sync with Dropbox. Therefore, if I go on my laptop, whatever, everything still in sync across my computers, However, I'm still able to back this up on a real backup while still having everything backed up in the cloud and everything to And then with this case, I'm gonna be taking out thes two screws here so I could actually remove this, which is gonna be cool. And then what fractal design has provided is in here. They provided, like these, like rubber grommets. She actually kind of stick these in and then over. It helps for think the vibration and stuff like that. Yes. And it could pull this right out. And then now that fan will get a little better. Airflow. Okay, so I think I have everything plugged in. I have a monitor set up. I just got a plug in Most check this out. It's a ball. Most I've been using this lately. It's been great. That will just allow me toe access. Like the BIOS also have a USB drive to install windows off. I kind of prepared ahead of time because I already have a license for Windows and stuff like that. I just install it off the USB drive, then? Yeah, Like I was saying, once I get in, I'm going to be installing, um, all of the drivers for, like, the graphics card, the mother board, and you just go like the websites, and you just go. Usually it's, like, support or like, drivers or downloads or something. That and that will allow you just to get the most performance out of your system. Now is the time to turn it on. So this is the moment of truth. Okay, So power cord is en I have turned it on. Awesome. I'm starting to see lights back there. Those RGB lights again. This is the first time ever built a computer, so I'm hoping we're on good. Okay. Things are spinning. See the fans, um, gonna turn on the monitor. Hopefully that's all it is. So this is extremely quiet. And then again, I have, like, the sound dampening case. Okay. Nice has, like my mother board and has a processor in a new CPU installed. Please intercept. Reconfigure your system so press F one to run set up Now, I'm just gonna plug in my USB stick again just to install windows. I'm just gonna save and exit. All right, So there's a new computer build, No, super super thankful that hit on that. The power button It worked. First try. And also another thing I want to say is in terms of, like, keeping all of my stuff, I usually keep like, the mother board case and also keep Usually, it would be like the video card case. But this video card wasn't a super high end one, So it wasn't really big. So I kept also with the power supply box and inside of here is just where I keep calling the boxes. So, like, you know, like having processor box stuff like that. I just keep all that stuff in case I have toe warranty, anything. So if you guys want to see where I got any of these parts, you guys to check the links in the description, I got some off of Amazon as well as some off n c x N C X allows you to price match. And here in Canada, here's a little trick. What you could do is you go to a website called on the shot bought dot c a price bat dot c A. And you look at that product. You put it in the, you know, search description, and we'll show you all the prices from all the different stores here in Canada and NZX will price match for the most part, all those products. But I'm also gonna do like a little write up on, like the whole experience of building this computer. Guys could just check the link in the description, read the right up as well as see all of the products that I have purchased to put together this east. Hope for those videos helped you out. If you guys don't know me, I go by the artist named Gratuitous, Thanks to check out the video and I'll see you guys in the next one 14. Multiple Monitors, Exponential Workflow: So these future videos are just gonna be more about workflow in your studio, You know, just to help you speed up or to make things more enjoyable, more comfortable? Um, you know, stuff like that. So this video is gonna be about two computer monitors minimum. I used to actually have four computer monitors, and it was a really, really cool set up. And then I moved a little bit, and then, actually, it kind of got to the point where I started a music production computer and then it had a little business computer. I kind of keep them kind of separate. So I ended up using the two monitors for my business set up in my to Peter Martyrs for this . But why I'm telling you that is, as you can see, it's like when you have more than one monitor. It allows your workflow to be way more efficient, and you're able to kind of multi task a lot more. So nowadays, with CPUs and motherboards having the integrated video cards and the connections for your, you know, computer monitors, it's super super easy to be connecting more than one computer monitor. I wouldn't sleep on this, especially if you're trying to actually start to make a little career out of your music production. Because, you know, if you're starting to upload videos to YouTube for your video editing for research, if your research into products in the case of FL Studio with one window, you could be making your B and mixing the other window. It could be like the playlist, and you can always keep it ranging. Um, you know, So it's just gonna be a quick video here, but it's just one thing that is really want to pass on to you. I would highly suggest having a minimum of two computer screens just to help improve your workflow. 15. Are Headphones Necessary in Your Home Studio: Okay, So in this video, we're gonna be talking about headphones. OK, so when you're purchasing a headphone for music production, you have to think about why are you buying the headphone and what's the purpose of it? So, for example, are you buying the headphone to record? Are you buying it to make your beats and mix? So those are two different purposes when you're recording what you're wanting is like a closed back, so that sound isn't leaking. Okay, when you are mixing and producing what you want is unopened back. And what that's going to do for you is it allows you to hear your musical up more naturally , because when you have a close back, what happens is audio kind of gets, I guess, congested inside. And you know, it's really hard to mix your music accurately now for both 56 even maybe seven years into my productions. I never used headphones, and it was just one thing that I kind of got because I was going to start doing live streams. So I bought these closed back headphones because I didn't want the audio to leak into my microphone. But how a remedy that was I got a dynamic microphone which isn't as sensitive. So then, you know, thes close backs. You know, they were still fine, but what? I used these headphones and then I ended up getting these. These open backs were just night and day in terms of these were very, very scooped in the mid. But then when I tried the open back, it was just, you know, the music felt so naturally balanced. And I can really hear, you know, the mids, the highs and the lowest on these headphones A lot better. Now, just one thing I want to say is again. It's all about testing your music on different platforms. That way, when you're trying to get your music to translate, you know you're listening to it on all these different systems so that when you release it to the public that you can be confident knowing that no matter what system that listening on your music is generally going to sound exactly as you've mixed it. So, you know, headphones have a lot of benefits, you know, again, depending on your living situation, you might have to wear headphones because you're otherwise your music is too loud. But in that case, if you mix on your headphones, you know you will really start to get used to. Your headphones will start to learn how they sound and everything. That and then you can always, you know, do a test when if you have a car or, you know if you're somewhere else to listen to your music on a different system. So the biggest thing with these headphones is just knowing what is the purpose of getting the headphone? Is it for recording? If it is, you only want to close back. If you are going to be mixing and producing your music, I would highly suggest an open back headphones. Just make sure you do reviews. A big thing is, you know, comfort. Comfort is huge with headphones in this case, this one has in a coiled cable, which I'm not too happy about. Um, but then this one has a straight cable, which I like a lot more. You know. Everyone has their own preferences when it comes to this stuff. Um, but yeah, so hopeful. That helps you with headphones. If you do end up choosing to purchase some hopeful, that kind of gets you up and running 16. Very Useful Adapters and Connections to Have: Okay, So one thing I want to pass on to you that has been super helpful to me just over the years is eventually picking up a bunch of all these kind of different kind of connections and stuff like that. And so they allow you to go from, like, the eighth inch to the quarter inch. Or in my case, I bought, like, 1/4 inch to R C. A. And over your years, as you start to kind of try and be a little bit creative with your music in terms of, you know, let's say you bought a turntable and you want to try and put that turntable and just scratching or, you know, just want to try and do different things. Ah, lot of times you're going to need these types of connections. So I just want to kind of go over some of these connections like that. I have because eventually what I did was I wanted to make a site like Model Price, and I just bought a whole bunch of these different kind of connections. You know, these things are going to make a dollar dollar 25 maybe $2 each kind of thing, and once you have them, you haven't forever. And like I said, it's just one of those things. Like, even when you are trying to promote yourself with music as you progress. You know, if you start doing videos and stuff like that, a lot of times you need all these different types of connections. And when you just have, you know, a little baggie full of all these different connections and stuff like, for example, in this case, this is like eight inch Darcy A like the old school kind of, you know, red and white cables, right? So pretty much the most handy one for me has been the eighth inch to the quarter inch. Ah, lot of headphones come with this, but it is just handy to have around cause you could lose him and stuff like that. So this one is actually the other way around. This one is quarter inch, 28 inch. So in case you wanted to plug high quality headphones into an MP three player or something like that, if you know your headphones have the actual quarter inch for a while there, I was trying to do stuff with like the turntable and plugging in because, like a lot of times, there are ch This one's actually R c. A. You play Garcia and they're two TS because our C A is unbalanced. It's not the balance signal where it can kind of cancel out. So you traveled long distances, is more susceptible to noise, and then this one here is actually 1/4 inch toe R C a. So, like I'm saying, it's just really, really handy just to end up picking up a lot of these things. It wasn't something I didn't tall was about maybe six or seven years in. But eventually as I progressed, you know, it was like, Oh, I got this piece of new equipment or this or got a video camera. I have a recorder and it was just kind of like I need all these different connections and sometimes I had them. Sometimes I didn't, or sometimes I would have to plug in like four different cables, you know, with one connection just so I can get it. Because sometimes you know, like, for example, like I was saying, I think this one's like that eight inch R C. A. So you know, he convert this and yes, sometimes it just got to underhand. There was, like, a what could I use for just kind of quick connections To make it like from one cable to another cable is really, really quick. So this is just one thing I want to pass on to you. Um, you don't take it how you want, but it's just been something that has saved me. Ah, lot of time and effort just by quickly plugging in two cables instead of playing in, like, four cable configurations and trying to figure out it's like, Well, how do I get to this connection from this? And I have I have the two cables, but I need to figure out how to make the connection between them. 17. Basic Overview of Microphones: Okay, so in this video, we're just gonna be talking about microphones. Okay, Um, we're not gonna go too intense with it. I'm just gonna break it down. Just You kind of have a basic understanding of my phones and as well as make a little bit more educated. Purchase when you do purchases your first microphone. So the two most popular types of microphones are dynamic microphones and a condenser microphone. Okay, so, uh, dynamic microphone doesn't require phantom power. It's a matter of just plug it in, played into your audio interface. Turn up the pre EMP, and you don't get a nice recording level. You are gonna need toe power, a dynamic microphone with a bit more juice than a condenser microphone. Because, you know, they're a little bit less sensitive. They won't really pick up. Ah, the background hiss or ah, your computer fan as easily. So that's ah, really good pro of the dynamic microphone. And as you are, you know, trying to purchase a microphone. It is all about trying to find the microphone that suits your voice. And it is one of those things of this trial and air you do reviews and stuff like that. But for the most part, you have to try and figure out what suits your voice and condenser microphone. It uses phantom power. So on the audio interface, like I showed you, it had the 48 volt button. A condenser microphone records higher frequencies, and again, it's a little bit more susceptible because we're sensitive to like the background hiss and noise and stuff like that. So that's just something to think about. Also, the smaller the capsule, the higher frequency it can capture. So when you have like a small capsule condenser microphone, it will allow you to capture uh, instruments with mawr. Um, you know, articulation. Now microphones have what you call a polar pattern. So in other words, when I talk into this microphone, um, actually, I guess this condenser microphone would be a good example. So when I talk into this microphone like this, it records from the front. But it rejects noise from the back, and that's called a cardio holder pattern. And the reason why they call it that is because it looks like a heart. Um, but there's there's multiple different types of polar patterns was like the figure eight. So, for example, in the microphone, if you want to have a duet, so ah, male and a female singer and the boasting into it, it's not just for duets like it's also offer recording techniques if you're tryingto create like a stereo recording again, getting a little bit intense. But this video just want to make it really, really simple. So over my years I've kind of lean more towards the dynamic microphone, and the reason for that is just because if I'm recording a tutorial or song, I don't really want, like the background noise into my song, which is why I ended up getting this microphone. This is a Shure sm seven B. It's been my favorite microphone. It's expensive. It's the most expensive microphone. But I've absolutely loved it. I've really enjoyed, you know, ever since I first heard my voice on it. I've tried to record a few songs with it, and I just really like how it suits my voice. It makes it really easy to work with in terms of e que and terms of making it fit in the mix. And one of the biggest problems for me is my s is. So as soon as I'm recording with a condenser microphone, it's all about like your microphone technique and as your recording. So, for example, again, if I take this microphone out, um, you know, So if you're speaking directly into the microphone, you can either turn the microphone like this, so you're kind of speaking past it. So what I'm trying to get across to you is there's thoughts of different ways, um, for you to get good recordings all to do with your recording techniques, which is a whole different video and topic. But since we're talking about microphones, one thing I'll talk to you about is a pop filter. OK, so what happens is you clamp this on to your microphone stand and this just simply goes in front of the microphone. So, as you're talking into it, um, it avoids PLO sieves. So your peas, if you put your hand from your mouth the P right. So what can happen is as that air comes out of your mouth, it can hit the dire friend, and it could distort your audio signal. And in your recordings, you never want to distort your actual recording. You want your recording to be nice and clean. And if you ever want to add distortion, you can do that with your plug ins like we've previously discussed. This is like another condenser microphone. Also, a lot of these microphones come with different types of clips onto your microphone stand. So, you know, you just screwed on there. This is called a shock mount, and the whole point of it is as it goes in here. The microphones actually kind of like decoupled from, ah, the actual microphone stand and the vibrations. You know, if you hit the microphone status, stuff like that, they're significantly reduced. So they're kind of cool little things, you know, It kind of makes purchasing gear kind of fun stuff like that. So some of these microphones also come with little features. So, like a low cut will reduce the low end off of here on, then it also has a pad. So in case you're signals too hot, and no matter what, you adjust your recording settings that you can simply put that switch to the minus 10 db, and it will, um, just kind of dampen. The signal kind of reduced the signal little bit. Just so you have a bit more control with your gain on your audio interface. So it's pretty much all I want to talk about about microphones. You know you have a dynamic microphone. It doesn't require phantom power. You have to drive it a little bit harder. It's not as sensitive to higher frequencies as well as kind of the atmosphere. Sound makes them great for tutorials and stuff like that. Ah, condenser microphone requires phantom power. It allows you to capture higher frequencies a little more detail into the sound. Um, you know, it's all about trying to find the microphone that suits your voice, and then each microphone has a different pick up pattern. Again, like your most common one is the cardio I'd pick up Pattern. Looks like a heart allows you to record from the front, and it rejects audio from the rear. You can just google microphone polar patterns and then again, a really good thing to purchases. A pot filter. It just goes in front of the microphone. It prevents any distortion, and the close is any the peas and stuff like that, you actually can make a do it yourself one I did work with that for a long time. You just take a you know, Ty wire and some pantyhose, and you can just put it over. You can put like one layer but two layers. It kind of makes it thicker. So hopefully that's like enough details to kind of get you up and running with microphones , and I hope you find the microphone that suits your voice. 18. Helpful Microphone Stand Tricks: Okay, So in this video, I just want to show you some microphone stand tricks I've discovered over the years. Okay, so a lot of times when you're buying a microphone, this thread right here, so this threat actually fits on here, but some microphone stands have a smaller thread, and that's where these come into play. And a lot of times in certain microphones they actually come with it. And it's just a matter of, you know, screwing it into here. And then that would go on to your mike stand. But in this case, it goes on. But these are just really, really handy toe have. So if you purchase a microphone and you have keep keep these around that really, really handy it's happened to me a couple times where I have another microphone stand and it's the smaller one. Now, the next trick I want to show you here is these microphone stands have this little knob here. You can loosen it up. It allows you just slide it back. It also allows you to spin. Okay, now, where this is really handy, as you can simply but put it on here and after you loose in this, you can spin your broad into the shock mount rather than trying to spin the shock mount on . Because when you first start up, sometimes you do silly things and like, you know, I've done it where my microphones in the shock amount and you know, like your you're spinning this and it's just, you know, like, Why make it hard on yourself? You know, you can put it in here and the pipe you could just spin it in. And that's just a really, really quick way to, you know, tighten your pipe into your shock mount. Now the next trick I want to show you is no. If you're trying to record something like a piano or guitar, whatever and you have to try and position your microphone in such a way. Ah, lot of times it becomes top heavy and it starts falling. So, for example, right now, if it let go, it's fine, right? But if I undo this knob here again and start sliding it out, what's gonna happen is you know it's it's falling on me. Let go. Okay, it's falling on me. So what you can do is you can just simply move your feet. So as long as one of these feet are in line with your rod, watch this. If I let go, it holds. So that's just a little room. Handy trick. And sometimes you know it's hard to get the right position of your feet, depending on if you are recording a piano. Sometimes you know, with the pianos in the way, so you have to try and position in such a way. But it's all about trying to get the right placement. And with microphones, you know, you could be really, really creative in your placement because you can always slide the pipe up and then you can , you know, loosen this to go up and then you condone, uh, loosen the shock mount to go down, and you can. Also, instead of having it like this, you can also put in your microphone in the other way. Now, shock bounce usually usually only work one way. So, for example, if I try to put it in this way, like it's kind of fits, but it doesn't click in so again, you could just loosen, appear, flip it, and then just a just a shock mount and then now you can plug in your microphone upside down just like this. Okay? Now, I just quickly talk about your microphone cable. I usually have one or two wraps up here. You can take off this clip. It goes over the microphone cable. And then, ah, up here, I'll usually maybe just do one wrap, and it just looks like this. Just a microphone clip, OK? And you know, so when you have one rap on here, you would clip it in and I usually have about a loop. A loop would go into the microphone. You don't want any tension on there. You want to always be really, really gentle with the connections there. And the last one I want to talk about is just on the microphones feet. Okay, so usually these feet are rubberized, which again helps with decoupling it from vibration on the on the floor, stuff like that. It also makes it so doesn't slide, but usually on the feet. Thes microphone stands have, you know, a titan screw here, and it allows you to put your microphone down, you know, for storage. So as you fold away, you know, you put your feet down. But what I would suggest to you is not toe have this pipe touching the ground when you put the feet. Okay. So for example, you might think it's adding, like mawr support or whatever. But if this is touching the ground, it's actually, you know, kind of taking away from it. The rubberized feet for decoupling. Yes, you are. You have the shock mount, but this is just a little extra. So what I'm saying is, I wouldn't have it like this and then pushing it into the carpet or hardwood floor. You got to make sure all the way up, and then you could tighten that down and the no, you know, your feet are doing their job. All right, so those are just some kind of microphone tricks have discovered over the years which have helped me in my recording processes and getting my microphones sitting exactly where I want . Some microphones are heavier than others. So, you know, on the light ones, sometimes you don't have to do these little tricks and stuff like that. But when you're dealing with heavier microphones, sometimes you gotta work with that stuff you can even be using, like bean bags or sandbags or some type of weight on here. Well, when you're dealing with heavier microphones, 19. Organized Desktop Pullout Keyboard Tray: okay. And another piece of gear, which has been super helpful to me is this Kieber tray. So it just allows my desk to be a lot cleaner. So, for example, on my desk, I only have my MIDI keyboard, and I have an audio interface that, and I just leave my headphones on their, uh if I ever, you know, want to use them. But these keyboard Trey, it's just so awesome because you could move it in, You can pull it out, and then if I am sitting here in my chair, it's like I can actually sit back and you don't have better posture. Sit more comfortably, have longer sessions the most is just here on the side. You know, it's just a very comfy working environment, and this actually allows you to go, you know, position in all different ways. You can go down and stuff like this. Um, you know, if you wanted, you could say that this way you can go, like, almost all the way back, depending on, like your your desk set up. Now, what I would recommend to you, though, if you are gonna purchase one of these is I actually had a friend who had one of these two . But for me, I have to always, uh, on loose in this now back here. But are his He didn't. It was just you could you could just move it wherever you wanted. And after it was strong enough where it wouldn't just slide down on you so I would look towards something like that where you can simply just move it and you don't have to tighten and loosen and all. But regardless, even if you did have to get one with a knob, this thing has been so essential to my work flow, you know, you know, pushing your midi keyboard way back, you're not trying to cram your computer keyboard up there. That means that can also move my computer screens forward and again. It's just such a comfortable working environment. So there's just one thing I want to pass on to you. It's a keyboard tray. So this one's by a brand called Fellows. If you want to check it out so hopefully this one helps you 20. Subwoofer Connections Overview: Okay, so I just want to give you a little bonus video here just to show you the back of a subwoofer. Okay, So, like I'm saying so from the audio interface, you plug two cables into the inputs and you can see ever right and the left there and then you plug two kills into the outputs, and it's ah, the left tender right there. So these ones would going to be going to your speaker. I'll just unplug these slows my left, and that's fine, right? You want to make sure you keep track of that. Otherwise, sometimes you're listening to your left speaker on your right side and, you know, vice versa. So when you're panning its, it's being confusing. So this is the crossover I was talking about when, Ah, I had the five inch speakers versus the eight inch speakers, so I've adjusted it to a boat just a little under 80 hurts. When you look at speaker specifications, it kind of shows you where it tails off. But just from fine tuning, I've kind of adjusted it where it wanted. But again, all this is is just a cut off filter. So if I zoom in on that. You will see that right here. It's like these are the same things as a loca and a high cut filter. If this isn't adjusted properly, you can actually be applying too much at 80 Hertz because this subculture playing 80 hurts . But then your speaker can also be playing at 80 hertz. So that's where the cut off for the crossover is very, very important to adjust properly. This also has a face which so depending on your room the size of your room, you could have phase cancellation. But if you flip the phase, then your ah bass response can actually be be better. So that's something to try. And then over here, we just have the volume control story. It's a little dark back here. Had to sneak in behind my my studio bell here. Remember me behind the desk again? This one has ah ah, bypass. So it has a switch rechecking pushed down, which is that which is focused on. If I push that down, it turns the sub off and on. All right, so I just want to make this as a little bonus video just to kind of show you what the back of a sub looks like again. You're gonna need four audio cables if you have a sub. If you don't have a sub, you'll just need to audio cables. But if you have the money for a sub and your living space allows you to have a sub, I personally would highly recommend getting a sub. It's just been way better in understanding the whole frequency response of, you know, your whole track and being able to hear it as a whole composition. 21. Less Gear, Less Headaches [Course Outro]: All right. So the last video I want to make for this course is just talking about the less gear, the better. And what I'm trying to say behind that is, you know, is less money. You have to spend its less space. You have to store this stuff, and it just allows your your set up to be very, very simple. It allows you to sit down, make your music and, you know, create what you're wanting to create. But it really comes down to figuring out how you work and what you figure that out. Then you know the tools that you need. And then when you read on these forums reading all these places you're not so concerned with, Oh, I need this piece of gear or I need this piece of gear. You already have the knowledge and education. And now it's just a matter of being creative, applying what you know and going on creating awesome music. So I just want to say thank you so much for taking this course if you liked it. If you could please leave a review, really, really appreciate that it just helps it to grow in the ranking system. If you guys have any questions about these videos or want to see a future video, you guys can always leave comments and I can create an additional video. So I'm gratuitous. Thank you so much for taking the course, and hopefully I'll see you guys in future courses of mine.