Essential French Grammar - The Imperfect Tense | Kieran Ball | Skillshare

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Essential French Grammar - The Imperfect Tense

teacher avatar Kieran Ball, Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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Lessons in This Class

20 Lessons (1h 7m)
    • 1. Introduction to the imperfect tense

      1:04
    • 2. What is the imperfect tense?

      3:08
    • 3. What is the imperfect tense? - Some example verbs

      4:42
    • 4. What is the imperfect tense? - You have a go

      3:10
    • 5. "You were -ing" - The full conjugation list

      2:52
    • 6. "You were -ing" - tu vs vous

      3:32
    • 7. "You were -ing" - You have a go

      3:03
    • 8. "You were -ing" - Some more verbs

      3:08
    • 9. "You were -ing" - A bit more practice

      3:51
    • 10. Alternative meaning - Used to

      3:13
    • 11. Alternative meaning - You have a go

      2:57
    • 12. Alternative meaning - A few more examples

      2:02
    • 13. Negatives - How to form

      3:11
    • 14. Negatives - Practice

      3:32
    • 15. Irregulars - Finir

      2:17
    • 16. Irregulars - The OIR verbs

      2:44
    • 17. Very irregular verbs

      5:45
    • 18. Irregulars - Practice

      3:09
    • 19. Irregulars - More practice

      3:13
    • 20. Recap

      6:43
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About This Class

Bonjour et bienvenue (Hello and welcome) to Essential French Grammar – the imperfect tense!

The essential French grammar series is a series of courses that teach pure grammar in its simplest way. I tackle one grammar point in each course and focus on the essentials and nothing else. In this simple grammar guide, you will learn all about the imperfect tense in French. I’ve stripped the tense down into its essentials, so you don’t need any prerequisites in order to benefit from this course. All the verbs we use are explained throughout, so you can simply focus on learning the grammar.

We’re going to be looking at what the imperfect tense is and how to form it in French. We’ll also have a look at how to turn this tense negative, and we’ll learn some common irregular verbs in this tense.

You’ll have plenty of opportunity to practise what you’ve learnt with lots of exercises for you to do.

This course is aimed at any student who wants to brush up on their French grammar. You can take this course as a complete beginner since everything is fully explained as if you have no prior knowledge.

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Kieran Ball

Learn a language in 3-minute chunks

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Hello, I’m Kieran and I’m a language tutor based in the UK. I have created a series of online courses that you can use to learn to speak French, Spanish, German, Italian and Portuguese. (I also have some English and math courses)

Have a look below to see all the courses I currently have available. I try to add a new course at least once every other week, so check back regularly to see if the next one is ready.

I hope you enjoy :-)

Happy learning!

Kieran

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Transcripts

1. Introduction to the imperfect tense: Module Arabian renew. Hello, and welcome to Essential French grammar, the imperfect tense. The essential French Balmer series is a series of courses that teach pure grammar in its simplest form. I tackle one grammar point in each course and focus on the essentials and nothing else. In this simple grammar guide, you will learn all about the imperfect tense in French. I've stripped the tenths down into its essentials. So you don't need any prerequisites in order to benefit from this course. All the words we use are explained throughout. So you can simply focus on learning the grammar. We're going to be looking at what the imperfect tense is and how to form a French will also have a look at how to turn this tense negative, and we'll learn some common irregular verbs in this tense. You will have plenty of opportunity to practice what you've been learning with lots of exercises for you to go through. So let's begin. 2. What is the imperfect tense?: I was in. What is the imperfect tense? The imperfect tense in English is the was in tents. Once you put the word was or the world, we're in front of any verb. And you put ing i-n-g on the end of it, you get the imperfect tense. For example, I was eating, you will going. They were leaving. He was buying, she was staying. Those are all examples of the imperfect tense in English. The imperfect tense in French, however, is a little different, mainly because you don't use the word was and you don't use the ending ink. As I said, the imperfect tense in English is formed by putting the word was or were in front of any verb, and the letters I and G. But I also said that you use neither of them is in French. Well, in French, the imperfect tense is formed by adding some letters to the end of the verb. To begin with, it's important to know what a verb is. In English, the verb is anywhere. You can put two in front of. For example, to eat, to drink, to speak, to stay, to, right? They are all examples of verbs. And you can replace the word two with I was and put the letters I and g on the end. And you get the imperfect tense. To eat becomes I was eating, I was eating, to drink, becomes I was drinking to speak becomes I was speaking to stay. I was staying too, right? I was writing. In Fringe. Verbs can end in either the letters ER, IR or RE. For example, MSA, spelled MAN, GER means to eat. Parallelly. Par, ER means to speak. Common say means to start at n is in the letters E-R. Funny. Fi NIR means to finish party or PAR, TIGR means to leave. Schwas ear ends in the letters I. And it means to choose at tundra, ends in E. And a means to wait. Panera PR E N D E means to take. And Sandra. Vn, D E means to sell. Say I'll see verbs in French and in either lattices, ER, IR, or army. 3. What is the imperfect tense? - Some example verbs: So we've just seen that verbs in French can end in the letters ER, IR, or RE. Well, in French, you can say I was ink. So the imperfect tense by putting the word, which means I in front of the verb. Removing the last two letters of the verb, I'm putting the letters a, S on the end instead. For example, the verb panel a means to speak PAR, ER. If you put the words in front and replace the ER on the end with AIS. You get job ballet. Ballet, which means I was speaking. This works for a good portion of verbs in French. Will have a look at the ones it doesn't work for in a minute. The verb ALE means to go, or we have to do is take off the ER and replace it with an AIS and we get jelly. Which means I was going Janae at tundra, means to wait. If we remove the RA and add AIS, we get u2, don't they? Jet, don't they? Which means I was waiting. When you place the word Zhou in front of a verb that starts with a vowel, it shortens to J apostrophe. And that's why we have Jeff bone, the four, I was waiting and we had Johnny for I was giving. Here are five verbs in French. I want you to see if you can change them, is that you are saying I was with each one. So we have donee, meaning to give Apple Pay, to bring patio, to leave, dummy, to sleep. Viva, Live, the live. So pause the video, see if you can turn these five verbs into the imperfect tense to say I was in, and then press played C, right? So Dani means to give, we change the ER to an AIS and put the word in front. And we get e. You Dani means I was giving up of day means to bring Japan. Japan with an AIS on the end means I was bringing parties. Bacteria means to leave Japan Day. As you parte means I was leaving. A mere means to sleep. Is your domain. Your domain means I was sleeping. Vivre means to live. Your VBA. Vba means I was living. Let's do that again with five more verbs. So we have Oregon day to watch, ash day, TBI, common day to order, metta to support and don't say to dance. So pause the video, see if you can put those five verbs into the imperfect tense to say, I was doing something and then press played civically, right? Hogan day ending in e means to watch. If we change the ER to AIS, we get tau d tau, which means I was watching. Asd. Asd means to buy. The xiache means I was buying, I was buying the web common day. Ending an E-R means to order. If we change the ER to an AIS and put her in front, we get gioco Monday. You come Monday. Meaning I was ordering. Metta means to port and geometric. Geometric means I was putting. Don't say, don't say means to dance. And you don't save. Don't say means I was dancing. 4. What is the imperfect tense? - You have a go: The verb means to go out. So how would you say in French, I was giving out his use of day. Saute. The verb means to go. How would you say I was going in French? Jelly. Jelly. The verb veneer means to come. So how would you say I was coming? Zucchini. Vinny. The verb means to speak. So how would you say in French, I was speaking ballet. Ballet. The verb demand day means to ask. So how would you say in French, I was asking you do Monday due Monday. The web Sweave means to follow. How would you say I was following? You speak a three-day. The verb means to stay. So how would you say in French, I was staying. Zhuhai. Stay. Stay. Uvea means to open. How would you say I was opening? Is you foray? The verb means to look for. How would you say in French? I was looking for the verb means to work. So how would you say in French, I was working? Is your is your Tobii. 5. "You were -ing" - The full conjugation list: You were ink. We now have to say I was in in French. But what about if you want to say you were in all he was or she was a well, for I was doing something. You put in front of the verb. Remove last two letters and add AIS to the end of the verb. If you've learned about the conditional tense in French, you might actually recognize the ending AIS. The endings for the imperfect tense are actually the same as the endings for the conditional tense. In the conditional tense, you add the endings to the whole verb, but in the imperfect tense, you remove the last few lattice first and then add the endings. So if you want to say I was doing something, you put in front of the verb, remove US two letters from the web and add a GIS. You were doing something. You put two in front and then hook AIS onto the end of the verb. Wouldn't you remove the last two letters? For he was ink. You put it in front of the verb and the ending is AIT. The ending for she was. Ink is also AIT. And you put L in front of the verb. If you want to say one was doing something, you put on at the start, take off the last two lessons from the verb and put the letters AIT on the end. If you put nu in front of the verb, and then you put i, o, and S as the ending for the verb. You have we were in. So that's i, o, ns on the end. If you put V02, which means you in front of the verb. And then the ending is I said, then you're saying you were doing something ill. And then a II. Iii, and T means they were doing and L with an ending AI, E and T means they were doing. Just remember that before you add any of these endings, you have to remove the last two lessons from the end of the verb first. So to parlay, to parallelly means you were speaking or ballet. In parallelly means he was speaking. So you take the verb, remove the last two lectures, and you can add any of those things that we've just been through. 6. "You were -ing" - tu vs vous: So we've just seen the endings for the imperfect, hence, the same as the endings for the conditional tense. But in the conditional tense you have the ending to the whole verb. And in the imperfect tense you have to remove the last two letters first and then add the endings for I. You add AIS for you. You add AIS for he, she or one. You add AIT for we, you add ins for you. You add I-I said, and they do add AI, E and T. You may have noticed that there are two different ways to say you infringe. Two different ways to say they eat versus L. Both email spelled ILS and L spelled ELL ES mean they. You can use e-mail if you're talking about group of men or a group of masculine nouns. If you're talking about a group of women or a group of feminine nouns, you use the word L. If you're talking about a mixed group of men and women, or a group of masculine and feminine nouns, you use the word eel for the two, versus Woo. Both two. And I mean you, if you're talking to one person whom you know well, you can use the word to is considered a singular, informal way of saying you. It given to one person whom you don't know very well. You can use VPU. Or if you're talking to a group of people, you can also use the word Wu is considered a singular formal way or a plural way of saying you. Now there's endings might look a little strange, especially endings for the VA, AIE and t. So let's go through a verb conjugation to see how you pronounce them. Conjugate the verb, which means to speak. So we take off the ER and we add the endings and get x2 ballet. I was speaking to pad to ballet. You were speaking ill Pi Lei. He was speaking L Pele. She was speaking on Pali. One was speaking. So open till now, the AIS or the AIT is pronounced a. When we get to we and you sounds a little bit different. Lu, by Leon. Leon means we were speaking. Wgu Pali. A WGU palliation means you were speaking. But then when we go back to the VA, the sound a comes back again. Ill ballet means they were speaking. And L Pali is the feminine version of saying they were speaking. So even though it's an a, I, II, III and T, The E and T on the end is silent and you just pronounced the ending a, so ill Pali and L Pali. So you pilot to ballet, ballet, L ballet, ballet. Napoleon Hill ballet, ballet. 7. "You were -ing" - You have a go: The verb day Sandra means to go down. So how would you say in French, we were driving down. New decimal. Indian knew this on the, on the verb essay, Yea means to try. So how would you say we were trying? Lose as a young lose SAE on the verb means to leave. So how would you say in French she was leaving? Egn part d, l back Dave. The web DOM Mia means to sleep. So how would you say in French, you were sleeping? Too dark? Too dark. Or VCU, or VCU Dogme. The verb von Nidre means to sell. So how would you say in French he was selling 11 day. 11 day. The verb means to give. How would you say I was giving you Dani. Dani at tundra means to wait. How would you say in French? They were waiting? Is that on the is that on the LSAT on the when you have a word that ends in the letter S and the next word starts with a vowel. You can liaise amines, link the S onto the next word. Would. Normally, if the word doesn't start with a vowel, the S on the end of the first word is silent, but the vowel makes the S pronounced like a z. So rather than saying IHL, atan day, you can make the SRR is dead and you say eels that bond. Dave. The web app or day means to bring, how would you say in French? He was bringing up, up, up, up. 8. "You were -ing" - Some more verbs: The verb Vivre means to live in French. So how would you say I was living? You vv. Vv means to watch. So how would you say you were watching? To Gandhi? To her Gandhi, daga da, da. The verb ASD means to buy. So how would you say in French, you were buying T? State to ASD or the common day means to order. So how would you say they were ordering Sunday or Monday? The Meta means to put how would you say you were putting two met day to day? They met the Rometty. The verb, don't see means to dans. How would you say in French, he was dancing? Eldon, save in-laws, say. The verb means to find. So how would you say in French, she was finding n Kobe into the web. Passive means to spend as into spend time. So how would you say he was spending? In passing? In Pasi? The verb Sean. Sean de means testing. So how would you say in French, they were singing in front D or L, Sean tape. 9. "You were -ing" - A bit more practice: The verb to near 10-year means to hold. How would you say they were holding IL-2 name or L to name? Even though it's an AI ENT. Just remember that the endings for they were doing something or pronounced a. So yield to NEH and L2 need the verb Monterrey. Monterrey means to show. So how would you say in French, I was showing the verb, afraid of prayer means to offer. So how would you say she was offering l? N of a? Appellee means to call in French. So how would you say we were calling? News Apollyon. News Apollyon. The verb means to play. So how would you say he was playing? The verb, pair to parenthood means to lose. So how would you say she was losing? Any PLD entail day? The verb family means to close. So how would you say in French, I was closing? You found me. Is You found me. Pomc means to think. In English we have the word pensive and as someone who is thoughtful and that's where it comes from. So bonds say it means to think, how would you say in French, we were thinking new policy on the web. And kanye, kanye means to win. How would you say you were willing to Ghani, UAG and UGA. And finally, the webs of t means to go out. So how would you say in French, they were going out? Insert O L sub a. 10. Alternative meaning - Used to: Alternative meaning. In French, there is just one imperfect tense. However, there are two ways you can translate it into English. The first way is what we've been learning so far. The was in a way. But the second way is used to. If you want to say that you used to do something in French, you would use the imperfect tense. For example, Janae. Gla can mean I was going, but it can also mean I used to go to visit to visit a day. Can mean you were visiting or you used to visit. Pneumonia. Pneumonia can mean we were eating or we used to eat. So there are two different English translations for the French imperfect tense. The verbs here means to go out. So how would you say in French, she used to go out? The verb means to go. How would you say they used to go easily? The web? So how would you say in French, you use to speak? To parlay to 0, woo, woo, palliation. The verb veneer means to come. So how would you say you use to come? To Vinny tube in a woven yea. The verb due Monday means to ask. So how would you say in French? I used to ask. As you do Monday. Monday. The verb means to find is where we get the phrase treasure trove from an English. So how would you say I use to find two-way? 11. Alternative meaning - You have a go: The verb means to spend in French and then to spend time. So how would you say in French she used to spend en passe and passe. Last day means to stay. How would you say he used to stay? In a rest day? Ponce means to think. Means to think. How would you say we used to think? Lu Xun, new policy on the web, a tundra means to wait. So how would you say in French, we use this to weight. Lose out on the news that on the, on the verb appellee, appeal means to call. So how would you say, say they used to call? Is appellee or as appellee. The verb means to play. So how would you say I used to play? As usual way? The verb means to work. How would you say in French, you used to work? To me to have IgA or woo. Woo. The verb Danae. Danae means to give. So how would you say in French, he used to give Eldon a donee. So whenever you have an imperfect tense in French, you can translate it two ways in English. So for example, Eldon a could be he used to give, oh, he was good. 12. Alternative meaning - A few more examples: The web domain means to sleep. How would you say in French, he used to sleep? In Lome is domain. Vivre means to live in French. So how would you say they used to live in VBA or L? V they the verb means to watch. How would you say she used to watch? The verb means to buy. How would you say in French, we use to buy new dash d on. How would you say they used to dance? And the verb to dance in French is, don't see. In, don't say, Oh, l, don't say. The verb Sean day in French means to sing. So how they are used to seeing is you Sean? Sean day. 13. Negatives - How to form: Negatives. In English, you can turn any imperfect tense phrase negative by saying wasn't or weren't, instead of just was or were in fringe. Or you have to do to turn an imperfect tense phrase negative is put no. That's an E in front of the verb. And par PAS after the verb. For example, Japan lay means I was speaking. Well, if we put her in front of ballet and after it, we get your NOPAT. Which means I wasn't speaking. Vision parallel, EPA. Let's say if you can turn these five imperfect tense verbs, negative. We have Zoom entre. There's your Monterey, meaning I was showing allele. Allele, which means he was going. Etl, birthday is birthday, meaning they were leaving. New sweet young, new Smith Young means we were following. And SHA SHA is, you are trying. So pause this video, see if you can turn these five verbs negative and then press play difficult, right? So your Monterey meant I was going to make it negative. We get genome on trade Bao Xun one type bar, meaning I wasn't showing. When you have Azure together, you can read it as Juno Monterey, but you'll sound more fluent if you bring the two together. And rather than saying Journal USA, June, June month draper, I wasn't showing LA means he was going we can make it negative. And that means he wasn't going. When you put the word nerve spelled n, e in front of a word that starts with a vowel, it shortens to an apostrophe, like in this example. So rather than saying eel, Neil Alibaba, it's eternally bar. It means they were leaving. And even a birthday bar means they weren't leaving. Even above taper. Loose video. Lu 3D on means we were following. And in the negative, we get new newsfeed, your MPA, Lula's Viviane par, meaning we weren't following. And finally, to SAA means you will trying. We can put notes in front of the verb and after it, and we get to HIPAA. Hipaa, which means you weren't trying. 14. Negatives - Practice: The verb paired means to lose. How would you say in French, I wasn't losing? Is un bel neighbor. Eugene Bell data. The verb at tundra means to wait. So how would you say in French, you weren't waiting? Do you not want EPA? Do not want AICPA or whoo nap on the EPA. The EPA. The verb demand day means to ask. So how would you say she wasn't asking? L know Don Juan de Fuca, El Nino due Monday. And Kanye. Kanye means to win. So how would you say in French, they weren't winning? In again, EPA, Ian again EPA. Shaun T on a means to sing. So how would you say in French, I wasn't singing visions Sean. Sean taper. The Tonia means to hold. So how would you say in French he wasn't holding either to Nate bar. Latinate barn. Party means to leave. So how would you say in French you weren't leaving? Tonight? Bathsheba. Do you know Bathsheba? Who know Bakhtiar? Vulnerable? The AICPA. Don't see means to dance. So how would you say you weren't dancing to, you know, don't see BPA to Unidos EBITDA, CBA or wu, don't see AICPA. Una don't CBA. The web app off the means to bring, how would you say he wasn't bringing your Nepal? Nepal taper? And finally, Tobii means to work. So how would you say in French, we weren't working? New. Bianca. Bianca. 15. Irregulars - Finir: Irregulars. Now there are a few verbs that you can't just remove the last few lessons from an add-in perfect endings in French. If you are familiar with the present tense in French, there's a handy way to know which verbs are irregular. Don't worry if you don't know the present tense yet though. If you do, the next bit is for you. If you look at the waveform of the present tense, or you have to do to anywhere in French is removed the ONNX from the end and then add the imperfect ending. And you have the tents. And this works for every single verb in French. If you look at it in this way, there are no irregulars. For example, the verb funnier means to finish. If you look at we finish its new finish. Some new funny song means we finish. So all we do is remove the OS from the end of the verb and then add the imperfect endings, and you'll get the imperfect tense of the verb. Funnier. As you finish, say, means I was finishing to Finis say, you were finishing infinite. Say he was finishing L funny. Say she was finishing new, finished young. We were finishing Ruffini CA, you were finishing and ill fantasy. They were finishing. So if you look at the verbs in this way, you just take the waveform of the present tense ins and at the imperfect endings, then there are actually no irregular verbs to worry about. So the verb funnier. If you just took the IR off, you have the FIN. You can't say you're funny. You have to say as you finish say. So that's why the present tense helps with this. However, this is only works if you have learned the present tense. If not, don't worry, because I'm going to go over some of the more common verbs that are irregular in the imperfect tense. In the next lesson. 16. Irregulars - The OIR verbs: Now we're going to go through some irregular verbs in the imperfect tense. Let's start with a group of five verbs that all end in the letters O, IR. These verbs are easy to turn into the imperfect tense because all you have to do is remove the IR and then add the imperfect endings. The five verbs are halfway. Meaning to have poor, meaning to be able to DuBois, meaning to have to Savoir, to know and bourgeois to one. So we can, we can take off the OI are, and we have the imperfect stem. So Ofwat becomes PUFA, becomes poof, Dubois becomes the Savoir, becomes soft, and vulva becomes wool. And you can take any of these imperfect stems and put any of the imperfect endings on them. Now, with these particular five verbs, that meanings are a little more unique than any of the other verbs that we've been learning in this tense. The reason these verbs are unique is because they don't have the same was in meaning that other verbs do in this tense. So let's have a look at what their meanings are. Jaffe. Jaffe means I had. So JV is I had rather than I was having you can use it for hours having but usually it's used for I had your movie is purvey means I could, as in I was able to use your prove a dovey. You should delay means I had to just savvy. Your survey is used to mean I knew rather than I was knowing. So you just savvy. I knew. And finally, uvula. Uvula means I wanted rather than I was wanting. So Jiu Bu Lei I wanted. And the good thing is with the verbs, you put away, your dovey. And Julie is I can put verbs on the end of those three and make a sentence. For example, Chevrolet alley means I want it to go. So that's 50 of ABS. Or you have to do is take off the IR and you can add the imperfect endings. 17. Very irregular verbs: Let's have a look at five more irregular verbs in the imperfect tense. The first three of this list, and in ponder PR, DRE. For these three verbs, you just take off the DRE from the end before adding the imperfect endings are verbs that gain a double S in the middle before you add the endings. So we have ponder, which means to take. And all we have to do is we take off the D, e. So the imperfect stem is PEN. Compound means to understand 3'-end, and that's the same again, we take off the D e to get the imperfect stem, which is compound upon Nidre means to learn. And once again, we take off the DRE and we get the imperfect stem upon. And then we have the two verbs where blue verbs where we get a Douglas finished, which means to finish. And she was the meaning to choose. With funnier, the imperfect stem is FIN, I, double s finish. Similarly, the imperfect stem for schwas easier is see which IS I double s schwa. So you can take any of these imperfect stems and put any imperfect endings on them. For example, your Renee. Renee means I was taking in your company. Your company means he used to understand it up ONE upon a means. She was learning new Phoenician, new fantasy on means we were finishing. Yay in schwas ISI means they were choosing. Finally, we have nine very irregular verbs in the imperfect tense. And there are no rules for these ones. So the verbs are at fair, meaning to write. And the imperfect stem is C, I, V, with the accent on the ISS, still. Fair means to do automatic. And the imperfect stem is spelled FA, I guess. Dia means to say or to tell. And the imperfect stem, stem is DIS. Wow, means to see. And the imperfect stem of this verb is v. Y. Connector means to know. This one is another one that gets a double S in the middle. It's C O N, N, a, I, S, S, cornice. And you can put the imperfect ending onto the end of that. Quad, means to believe. And the imperfect stem is Cr. Oh, why? Lear means to read? And the stem for the imperfect tense of this verb is el es. Konnen wir means to drive. And the imperfect stem is Congreve, spout, CON, DUI. And you can put the imperfect endings, endings onto the end of that. An ETA means to be, and the stem is e, t, and the axon changes from a circumflex accent in ETA to an acute accent in the stem. If any of these infants in an S, when you add the endings, the S will be pronounced like a z. There anytime that an S in front of a vowel in French is pronounced like an S is when it's a double S in the middle of a word, it has a singular. S is pronounced like a zed. So you can take any of these imperfect stems and put any imperfect endings on them. For example, Jack Levy, jack the, they means I was writing. Too fuzzy to fuzzy means you were doing or you are making. If these a EDC, EDC means he was saying or he was telling l k. L k means she was seeing new connessione. New cognition. Means we use to know. Woo. Woo quite means you used to believe lazy. Elite zai means they were reading. And l can Vc. L Conversely means driving. Just note that in the imperfect tense, the verb, etc, can be translated as was, was being, or used to be. So yet they can be translated into English as I was, I was being, or I used to be. 18. Irregulars - Practice: The verb to have is F1. So how would you say in French, I had JV. Jv. The verb to take is ponder. How would you say in French you were taking 2 a to point a or woo? Woo plenty to choose is schwa z. So how would you say in French they were choosing zhuangzi say, or l schwa, he say. So in this way you can hear how the first S is pronounced like a z, because it's a single S and is followed by a vowel. And the second S is pronounced like an S because it's a double S. So schwa z, say bourgeois means to want. So how would you say in French, we wanted new boolean. Boolean to say in French is DEA. So how would you say, are saying you dizzy? Dizzy in French means to be able to. How would you say you could do? To prove a woo? Woo VA? The verb means to see. So how would you say you were seeing yea? Yea or woo? Woo yay to learn in French is upon her. So how would you say she was learning it up, Renee L. Aborigine. To read is Lior. How would you say we were reading new DZ on newly zone At means to be how would you say I was a DJ? 19. Irregulars - More practice: The verb fare means to do. So. How would you say in French they were doing? In fuzzy. Fuzzy. To understand in French is compound from how would you say he used to understand your company, your company? The verb to drive is how would you say in France they were driving? You can do easy. Ease to know is Savoir how would you say she knew? L savvy. Savvy. Qua means to believe. So how would you say in French, she used to believe yea. Yea. The verb to write is, how would you say in French, we were writing news equilibrium. Equilibrium. The verb connector means to know, how would you say in French in an essay. An essay. Funnier means to finish. How would you say in French, I was finishing? You finish. You finish. Say the word fair means to make. How would you say in French, I was making you fizzy, fuzzy. And vulvar means to want. So how would you say they wanted? Illegally? Illegally. 20. Recap: Recap. The imperfect tense in English is formed by putting the word was in front of the verb and the letters I and g on the end. In French, the imperfect tense is formed by removing the last two letters from the end of the verse, from the end of the verb and adding the imperfect endings. The endings are AIS for Azure, which means I was in AIS for two. Meaning you were in AIT for ill. Meaning he was in AIT for L, meaning she was in AIT for on, which means one was ink. I o ns for new, which means in IE, zed for ou, meaning you were in ai Ii and T for ill, meaning they were ink. And AI ENT for L, meaning they were in the feminine. So all you have to do is take the last letters of the end of the verb and you can put any of those imperfect endings to get the imperfect tense. However, if you have one of the irregular verbs, you have to use the imperfect stem and add the endings to that instead. So the irregular verbs that we have, Ofwat, meaning to have, and the IPv6 stem is Av. For example, Jaffe means I had While means to be able to. And that shortens to PO uv, so we take off the ER. And an example of that would be proved. A meaning I could do while is the same. When you have a verb that ends in IR, or you have to do to get the imperfect stem is removed. The IR. So DuBois becomes D, E, V. For example, your dovey means I had to do. Savoir means to know. The stem is S-A-V-E salve. For example, just survey, which means I knew. Another array ir verb is volume. Volume, meaning to one, and that shortens to V. Ou. For example, Julie. Julie means I wanted. Then the three verbs that end in DRE, we had ponder, meaning to take, or we have to do is take the DRE of the end and we get pun. For example, Japan a meaning I was taking. Similarly compounder meaning to understand shortens by taking the DRE off. And we get component. For example, your company, which means I was understanding or I used to understand. Upon means to learn is to learn. We can take the DRE off and we get upon which we can add the imperfect endings to. For example, Japanese. Japanese means I was learning or I used to learn. Funnier is one of the verbs that gets a double S in the middle. So, so funnier means to finish and the stem and the imperfect tense is FIN, ISS Finis. For example, you finish say, is you finish say means I was finishing, was easier, means to choose. And this is another one that gets the double S. And so that becomes schwa. And an example of that is just YZ, say just schwas the same, which means I was choosing a clear means to write. And the imperfect stem is ECRI IV. For example, Jack Levy means I was rising. Fair means to do automatic. And the stem and the impact is F, A IS, for example, is your fuzzy? A fuzzy means I was doing, I was making a king. Dia means to say or to tell. And that shortens to d Psi S in the imperfect stem. And you can add the endings to that. For example, you're dizzy. You dizzy means I was saying, or I was telling. Voir means to see. And the imperfect stem is V0. Why? For example, you have wildly, YOU meaning I was seeing Connector. Connector means to know. And this is where that gets a double Ls in the middle and it becomes CEO ANN AI ISS cornice. For example, you can see Tennessee means, I used to know, means to believe. And that becomes a C Y example. You quite a few quite yay means, I used to believe. Leah means to read. And that becomes LINCS in the imperfect stem. For example, Julie's aid. This aid means I was reading konnen, wir means to drive and that becomes CON, DU IS, for example, Yukon busy. You convey easy means. I was driving. And then finally, the verb means to be is ET, but the circumflex accent on the E and eta becomes an acute accent in the imperfect stem. An example is jet day, which means I was. And that's the imperfect tense infringe. Massey.