Enjoying Egypt, Travel Tribe Culture Series | Kelsey Betzelberger | Skillshare

Enjoying Egypt, Travel Tribe Culture Series

Kelsey Betzelberger, Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

Enjoying Egypt, Travel Tribe Culture Series

Kelsey Betzelberger, Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

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14 Lessons (42m)
    • 1. TTCS Egypt Intro

      2:19
    • 2. Travel Tribe Egypt Introduction

      1:11
    • 3. History of Egypt

      1:32
    • 4. Fun Facts of Egypt

      3:21
    • 5. Cairo and Arab Culture

      3:50
    • 6. Language & Standard of Living

      3:00
    • 7. Holidays & Food

      8:04
    • 8. Giza Introduction

      0:36
    • 9. History & Fun Facts Giza

      4:52
    • 10. Construction & Interior of Giza

      3:58
    • 11. Pharaoh

      3:20
    • 12. Conclusion of Giza

      0:55
    • 13. Travel Tips Egypt

      2:19
    • 14. Travel Tribe Egypt Conclusion

      2:21
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About This Class

Welcome to the Travel Tribe Culture Series course on Egypt!

In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, language, food, culture, traditions, celebrations, geography, animals and famous sites of Egypt. The course then dives into the construction, history and fun facts about the only remaining Ancient Wonder of the Modern World, the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Students explore local traditions and fun facts that shape this country into the exciting and dynamic place that it is today. Students discover the major cities, learn how to fit in like a local, and check out what to explore in each city (Cairo & Alexandria), and how to make the most of Egypt if you're only in town for a few days.

Whether you are planning for a post-Covid vacation, wanting a virtual adventure, or planning your next long-term-digital-nomad destination, this course is for you!


Some of the fun-fact topics we will explore:

  • When and where did people first settle in Egypt?
  • What are the official and unofficial languages of Egypt?
  • Why did men and women wear makeup in Ancient Egypt?
  • How would you want to spend a day in Cairo?
  • How would you describe Arab Culture? What are the two most important aspects of Arab Culture?
  • How do you greet someone in Egypt? 
  • How do you decline an offer in Egypt? What other interpretation does the word yes have in Egyptian society?
  • What are the major holidays of Egypt, and which ones might you enjoy?
  • How would you describe Egyptian cuisine, and which tasty Egyptian dishes might you want to try?

About The Author

My name is Kelsey Betzelberger, and I have been teaching for over 10 years. I was trained as an opera singer at Northwestern University in Chicago, and visited 45 countries around the world while performing at opera houses in Italy, Germany, England, Argentina, France, Croatia and the Netherlands. I also teach German, French, and music, and I have lived in seven different countries with my husband and our three well-traveled, geriatric cats.

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Kelsey Betzelberger

Opera singer / Teacher / Traveler

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Transcripts

1. TTCS Egypt Intro: Welcome to this Travel Tribe History and Culture course, exploring Egypt, the Travel Tribe culture series on the beautiful country of Egypt. Where we will explore a Cairo, Alexandria, the pyramids and more. I'm Kelsey buffalo burger, and I've traveled to 45 countries while singing opera all around the world. In this dynamic, fast-paced course, we will explore the history, culture, food traditions, animals and weirdest and most intriguing things of this spectacular country. Make sure to reference your Travel Tribe culture series travel planner to help you organize your thoughts and the coloring pages for your enjoyment. Discover all this and more in this travel Type History and Culture course. Make sure to bring your travel journal. As the saying goes. Traveling makes you speechless and then makes you a storyteller. What we're going to use, I'll play spiral way. We're going to have Bon, dance and play. Or getting on a plane, maybe eating food. Or let's see France, Let's see Spain, Let's see it too. Let's see, Great. Let's say come up be, let's see China, Let's see Russia, travel, trip. Let's go. Let's see France, Let's see Spain. Let's do it. Let's see Greece, Colombia. Yeah, let's see, Let's see Russia. Let's go. Let's get started. 2. Travel Tribe Egypt Introduction: Welcome to Egypt. A large bustling country in the northeast corner of Africa, are seeing with big families, delicious food and ancient history. Egypt is a Mediterranean country with thousands of historical gems. Most notably gazes massive pyramids and Great Sphinx. Your travel the world worksheet is available for your reference at all times during the course. A blank sheet is also provided for optional self-study. The Travel Tribe travel planner is used throughout the course as a way to note the food, clothing, holidays, must see sites, major cities and their attractions, and fun facts or pro tips that should be kept in mind when exploring. There are also some coloring pages provided for your enjoyment. Let's get started. 3. History of Egypt: Thank you so much. People first settled in Egypt along the Nile River, arguably the longest river in the world, around a thousand years ago. They were hunters and fishermen, people who traded with their neighbors and develop small communities. By the year 3000 BCE, they had developed a civilization and worshiped powerful kings, known as pharaohs, who ruled Upper and Lower Egypt. Pharaohs built colossal pyramids and important temples and rule the land for nearly 3 thousand years. Ancient Egypt, one of the most powerful societies in the world, came to an end in year 31 BCE, when Egypt was taken over by the Romans. The Byzantine Empire conquered the land and year 312. And then Muslim warriors 300 years later, who founded the modern Egyptian capitals. 4. Fun Facts of Egypt: Officially known as the Arab Republic of Egypt. This large so well during country has 104 million people with an official language of Arabic. That being said, English and French are widely understood, especially in the touristy cities. The Sahara and Libyan deserts make up most of the area of the country, hence, Egypt being very dry. The capital city is Cairo with a largest population. But other major cities include Alexandria, Giza, Luxor, the longest river in the world. The Nile runs through Egypt. Egypt is home to a wide variety of plants and animals, including gazelles, crocodiles, and Cobras. The Egyptian government is a presidential republic and 90 percent of the population is Muslim. There are very few minority religions, but around 10 percent of the population is Christian. The currency is the Egyptian pound, and they drive on the right side of the rib. Along with oil and gas. Egypt's tourism industry remains a key part of its economy. Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization. The ancient Egyptians. For nearly 3 thousand years, ancient Egypt was the leading civilization in the Mediterranean world from its unification and around 3100 BCE to its conquest by Alexander the Great. In your 332 BCE. Egyptian men and women wore makeup in order to protect their skin from the harsh sun. And for the healing powers. They were one of the first civilizations to also invented writing. They use ink and paper called papyrus. Ancient Egyptian writing is known as hieroglyphics or sacred carvings. And it was developed at some point prior to 2600 BCE. The ancient Egyptians were scientists and mathematicians. They had countless inventions, including architectural accomplishments, makeup instruments, the calendar, medicine, and toothpicks. Cats or considered sacred and often mummified and buried with their owners to preserve and protect them until their next of their nine lives. 5. Cairo and Arab Culture: Egypt's massive sprawling capital, Cairo, lines the banks of the Nile River. It is a fusion of ancient and modern with churches built on top of Roman ruins and skyscrapers that tower behind medieval monuments. Cairo is chaos At its most magnificent and beautiful. The distorted roar of the call to prayer. And it goes out from dueling minarets. Car horns bellow from the streets below a midtown dusty lanes full of donkey and a horse carts and secret monuments. Cairo is home to a vibrant and modern society striving to be the Paris of the Nile. At its heart, Tahrir Square and the vast Egyptian Museum, which houses and impressive collection of antiquities, royal mummies and King Tutankhamen artifacts or King Tut artifacts. Cairo currently has more than 21 million people. It is the 19th largest city in the world. And among the world's most densely populated areas. Close to 100% of Egypt's population lives in Cairo, or the nearby city of Alexandria, which is known for the great lighthouse, considered to be one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World, which stood until about 500 years ago. Following the Muslim, Byzantine and Ottoman conquest, an Arabic vernacular slowly but efficiently replace the Egyptian language. And both urban and rural societies began to include elements of Arab culture. For example, most Arabs believe that life's events are orchestrated by God and that we are dependent on fate as determined by God. Religious affiliation is essential in Arab society. Most Arabs believe that there should not be a separation between church and state, and that religion should be taught in schools. Besides their faith, family is the second most critical part of Arab culture. Children are considered jewels and both men and women have distinctly different roles in society and in the home. Children are everywhere. As a constant reminder of the country is a high birth rate and importance placed on family values. Older women can be seen in long black robes. And in some parts of the valley, women over the age of 16 don't leave their house at all. Women rarely appear in public, except with a black head dress, uncovering their heads and faces, known as the job. Hospitality, friendliness, and generosity towards strangers are expressions of sacred duties. In spite of the many ancient civilizations with which it came into contact, Egypt, without a doubt, belongs to an Arab and Islamic social and cultural tradition. 6. Language & Standard of Living: Egypt eventually became one of the intellectual and cultural centers of the Arab and Islamic world. The official language of Egypt is Arabic. And most Egyptians speak one of several vernacular dialects. Although phrases can be directly translated, many Arab words have multiple meanings and connotations. Even words as simple as yes and no, have ways of being stated as to not presume or insult. For example, it is not polite to simply say no. Instead, you will often hear as God wills it, which is perhaps a nicer way of declining. Also. It is customed to never refuse a request from a friend. You always say yes. Keep in mind though. Yes. Also means maybe when you wish to speak to someone in Egypt, the first and the best thing to say is the local variation of the Islamic greeting, us and Levallois Lego, which literally means peace be upon you. This is the most common form of saying, hello. In Muslim communities. Egypt has one of the richest cultural histories in the world, but the general standard of living remains somewhat low. Results of a 2018 United Nations study show the 32, 0.5% of people in Egypt, which totals around 32 million people, are living below the international poverty line, which is a $1.25 in US dollars per day. There has been in steady increase in poverty in Egypt over the last 30 years, mainly due to an increase in food prices and an alarmingly high rate of inflation. In relation to its population size is economical resources, mainly land, are rather limited. The amount of productive land is insufficient to adequately support Egypt's sizable population. As around 96 percent of Egypt's Middle area is a desert, dry and unbearably hot. 7. Holidays & Food: Egyptians celebrate a number of holidays. Secular holidays include revolution day, armed forces day, and the celebration of the Nile River. Revolution day refers to the anniversary of the Egyptian revolution on July 23rd, 1952, which ended the period of the Kingdom of Egypt and led to the declaration of them modern Republic. It is the biggest secular public holiday and considered to be the National Day of Egypt. In other words, Egyptians version of the US, July 4th or Croatia is October 8th. Armed Forces Day is always celebrated on the sixth of October. It marks the start of the October war against Israel in 1973. And it is one of Egypt's most significant annual events. Armed Forces Day is celebrated by cities hosting large and military parades and setting off these grand displays, a fireworks celebration of the Nile. Ancient Egyptians worshiped the Nile because of the yearly bounty at broad and gorgeous young women were sacrificed to appease the gods and encouraged the start of the yearly flooding. Modern Egyptians still celebrate the yearly rise of the river on June 17th. But instead of these sacrifices, modern Egyptians picnic and camp alongside the edges of the river and spend the night celebrating with family and friends. Much easier on the eyes, I would say. At sunset, women put out balls of dome representing the people in the house. And in the morning, the dough has cracked due to being out in the open air. And the cracks are examined to make predictions about each person's life and future prosperity. Religious holidays include the two feeds I eat and I eat out fitter. The profits birthday, Milan under B and Coptic Christmas. The four day Islamic celebration of IE, the island have, commemorates the willingness of Abraham to sacrifice his son. The ceremonial slaughter of a goat or a sheep by those who can afford it, is followed by days, stay and partying with family and friends. Ramadan is a month of fasting during daylight hours. Muslims refrained from eating, drinking, smoking, and intimate relations from sunrise to sunset for an entire month. Shops often reduce their business hours and allow time for spiritual contemplation. The first day after Ramadan. Begins this three or four day holiday called IEEE, either fit that. After the final fast, freaking. People often celebrate and Feasts all night long. The next day, locals dress up and take part in street festivities and outside markets. Families and friends get together to exchange gifts and sweets. Muslim holiday is Ramadan and I eat of it that are included are not on a fixed date because they are on the lunar calendar instead of the Gregorian calendar. So they move back by about 11 days each year. Melodic. And a B is a major Islamic festival that marks the birth of the prophet Muhammad. The streets filled with dancers, acrobats drew rivers and musicians, as most city is host parades and processions. Families gathered together and exchange gifts before exploring the city wide festivities. People indulge in traditional sweets and hummus, the traditional food of Milan and newbie. Coptic Christians. An estimated 10 to 15 percent of Egypt's population are Christian. And the vast majority of this percentage practices Coptic Orthodox Christianity. While it's still a celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ, Coptic Christmas follows the Julian calendar instead of the lunar calendar or the Gregorian calendar that place this Christmas in December. Coptic Christmas is therefore celebrated on or around January 7th. It's preceded by an epic 43 day fast, meaning people are primed for a feast. Food. Madonna's, the most popular street food and snack in Egypt is full. Madonna's, which is a paste of mashed follow the flavored with garlic and olive oil. It is served out of a large copper pots, often into pita bread, and typically sold as an inexpensive takeaway sandwich. Maya, another Egyptian street foods staple is known elsewhere as falafel. It is made with mashed Fava beans and parsley instead of chickpeas, which are used elsewhere around the Mediterranean. And it is made in the shape of flat disks rather than round balls. To Maya is typically eaten as a sandwich with a satellite. So Varma is an incredibly tasty Egyptian dish. It is a large cone of Pressed of lamb or chicken meat that is vertically rotated in front of the flame grill. The meat cooks, it is sliced off and mix on a grill with tomatoes, onions, parsley, before being rolled in a large flat bread and wrapped with foil. Flame growth chunks of lamb or Khabbab and spice to minced meat made into sausage and grow on a skewer called Kafka, our favorite Egyptian foods. They are typically eaten with a tomato and cucumber salad and flatbread. Egyptian deserts are quite light compared to the rest of the hearty meal options. Ma her labia is the delicate rose water flavored ground rice desert topped with toasted nuts. And sentiment. I'll Molly, is similar to the English bread and butter putting, but it's less soft and spongy. 8. Giza Introduction: Welcome to our section on The Great Pyramid of Giza, which is the oldest and the largest of the three pyramids in Cairo, Egypt. It is the oldest of the seven wonders of the ancient world and the only one to remain intact. The Great Pyramid of Giza is a defining symbol of Egypt and was built over a 20 year period during the reign of King Khufu. 9. History & Fun Facts Giza: During Egypt's third, fourth dynasties, the country reveled in tremendous economic prosperity and stability. Came this called Pharaohs ruled over the land. Pharaohs held a unique position and Egyptian society, they were viewed as somewhere between human and divine and believed to have been chosen specifically by the gods themselves. Therefore, everyone's best interest to keep the king's majesty intact even after death. When he was believed to turn into 0 Silas, god of the debt. The new Pharaoh became Horace, who served as protector of the sun god. The great pyramids were built as a burial ground to house and protect the remains of the pharaohs, their families, and other important officers. These monumental tombs are relics of Egypt's Old Kingdom era, and they were built around 4500 years ago. Egypt's pharaohs were expected to become gods in the afterlife. Ancient Egyptians also believed that when the pharaoh died, part of his spirits stayed with his body. In order to properly care for his spirit. The deceased king was mummified and buried with everything he would need in the afterlife, including goals, food, furniture, other offerings. And these buried treasures were irresistible to sticky fingered fees. Later known as grave robbers. The pyramids helped to protect the pharaoh's body and belongings after his death. The riches would provide not only for him, but also for the relatives who were buried near him. Built during a time when Egypt was one of the richest and most powerful civilizations in the world. The pyramids, especially the Great Pyramid of Giza, are some of the most magnificent man-made structures in the history of the world. The great pyramids are in Egypt, close to Cairo. The oldest and largest of the three pyramids of Giza, known as the Great Pyramid, is the only surviving building of the seven wonders of the ancient world. Pharaoh Khufu began the first Giza Pyramid project around the year 2550 BCE. He ruled for 23 years and built the biggest pyramid in history. His Great Pyramid was the largest of Jesus pyramids. Its original height sword at 481 feet or a 147 meters. The sides of the pyramid at its base, measured an average of around 755 feet or 230 meters. It was the tallest building in the world for almost 3800 years. It is believed that it took around 20 years to build and was completed around here, 2570 BCE. It was constructed with an estimated 2.3 million stone blocks. Each of these stone blocks ways an average of 2.5 to 15 tons. These massive stones that differ from one another in length by no more than two inches were cut using nothing more than copper tools. To give you an idea of how big this is. How does a person. Then Great Pyramid is a part of a group of buildings called the Giza Necropolis. 10. Construction & Interior of Giza: Although it has been rumored that the pyramids were built by slaves or foreigners forced into labor. Skeletons found on-site show that the worker is worth probably native Egyptian laborers who worked on the pyramids during the time of year when the Nile River flooded. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus wrote that it took 20 years to build and required a 100 thousand. Later evidence suggested that the workforce actually been closer to 20 thousand men, but still a massive undertaking. Nonetheless. Excavations beginning in the late 1800s revealed three chambers within the now 459 foot or a 140 meter high pyramid. An underground chamber at the base, the queen's chamber in the middle, and the king's chamber above the two lower compartments. The pyramid contains two distinct tunnel systems, one of which is unique to the Great Pyramid. The tunnel systems ascending passage leads up to a serious blocked off passageways in order to outwit to writers. In the descending passage where we find the pyramids official entrance. It is disguised with a limestone facing, identical to the surrounding stones. Beyond this hidden door lies the 26 foot high Grand Gallery, the queen's chamber above, and the king's chamber on top. Researchers have also recently discovered a fourth chamber that measures are a 164 feet or 50 meters long, but they are not sure as to whether it was built to mainly reduce the weight on the gallery. Or maybe it serves some other more important compass. We don't quite know yet. Three small pyramids built for Khufu is queen, are lined up next to the Great Pyramid. And a tomb was found nearby containing the empty sarcophagus of his mother. Queen head to Paris. Khufu's Great Pyramid is surrounded by rows of must've us or flat roofed rectangular tubes made from bricks of mud where relatives of the king were buried in order to accompany him in the afterlife. The Great Pyramid is here in the middle. For Pharaoh or King Khufu. The middle pyramid at Giza was built for Khufu and son Pharaoh Khafra, who died in year 25, 32 BCE. The pyramid of cafe is the second tallest pyramid at Giza and contains King Khafre's to. The southern most Pyramid at Giza was built for men cuda coffees, sun. It is the shortest of the three pyramids are 218 feet. And it is thought to have been built in the 26th century BCE. But the exact date still is not known. 11. Pharaoh: Pharaoh is the title now used for the head of state and highest authority of ancient Egypt. From the first dynasty, around here, 3150 BCE until the year 30 BCE, when Egypt was conquered by the Roman Empire. The Pharaohs of Egypt were often buried in giant pyramids or in secret tunes. They believed that they needed treasure to be buried with them in order to be assisted in the afterlife and prepared for the afterlives journey. As a result, archeologists have a lot of well-preserved artifacts and tools to examine in order to find out how the ancient Egyptians lived. In Ancient Egypt. Women rulers such as Cleopatra kept societies stable in times of potential term while ruling from 51 to 30. Cleopatra lead Egypt into a long awaited era of peace. Thriving arts and culture. A fearless and crafty leader, ambitious yet down to earth, and adored by her people. Cleopatra's spoke many languages and influenced the way western empires would be governed for centuries to come. Although she was the last ruler of the kingdom of Egypt before it was conquered by the Roman Empire. She influenced the politics of Rome, like no other woman of her era could do to her feminine strength, fearless determination. Cleopatra came to represent the prototype of the romantic femme fatale. In ancient Egyptian society, every day life was centered around religion. One of the roles of the Pharaoh was to be an intermediary between the gods and the people. The Pharaoh enacted laws, waged war as commander in chief of the Army, collected taxes, and oversaw all of the land in Egypt. The Pharaoh officiate and religious ceremonies and chose the sites of new religious temples. The Pharaoh was responsible for maintaining cosmic order, balance, and justice. The Farel kept his hair covered as this was not to be seen by the common people. Many scholars believe that the first pharaoh was Narmer, also called menace in the year 3000 BCE. 12. Conclusion of Giza: The Pyramid of Giza, one of the tallest man-made structures in the world, was a resting place for pharaohs, their families, and their possessions. Although experts have studied the Great Pyramid of Giza for decades, there is still a lot to discover about this sole remaining structure of the ancient wonders of the world. Feel free to write down in your travel journal what possessions and family members you might want to have buried with you as your version of buried treasure. As an Egyptian Pharaoh. 13. Travel Tips Egypt: Here are my top tips for traveling in this part of the world. Safety. Seeing guards with rifles and metal detectors everywhere you go can be alarming at first. But this is all done to keep people, especially tourists safe. Tourism is a huge industry in Egypt and it would be a massive loss to have tourism die down due to preventable violence. So the Egyptian government attributes a large number of funds each year to making sure that these areas are as safe as possible. Taking pictures, use your camera, on your phone, and leave the tripod at home. Unless you are a serious photographer. Most touristy spots require a photography pass which can run as high as nearly 20 US dollars per site, which can add up quickly when there are three spots at once. So make sure you've got space and battery on your cell phone and click away toilet paper, make sure to always have some toilet paper with you. As the majority of restrooms do not have any available money. Withdraw cash from ATMs in Egypt and always have cash with you. Small coins are especially useful as there are a lot of situations where a tip is expected from someone taking your picture to putting someone's animal like a camel, to handing you a towel and the restaurant. So make sure that you have some small chains with you at all times. Don't drink the water. Don't drink anything with ice or something that might have been washed with tap water, like lettuce or fresh vegetables. Definitely don't brush your teeth with tap water or open your mouth and the shower. Also, it's advisable to bring an extra tooth brush in case you accidentally rinse doors with tap water. And as with all travel, dry to learn a few key phrases before your trip. Speak slowly when using your native language. Smile and have fun. 14. Travel Tribe Egypt Conclusion: Egypt is a beautiful and delicious destination, full of exciting traditions, large family celebrations, and some of the world's oldest historical sites. Feel free to comment in your travel journal about the Egyptian traditions that you might enjoy and the foods that made you hungry. Now that you have filled out your travel planner, free to share with the class. You're welcome to also post your coloring pages. Thank you for traveling with the Travel Tribe for future research. Some of my favorite travel books are a year in Provence by Peter male under the Tuscan Sun by Francis maze, wild by cheryl strayed, CouchSurfing in Iran by Stephen North and the cat who went to Paris by Peter gathers. From future traveling and ventures, search, traveled, drive in this search bar. The next course in your travel journey is the history and culture of France and an exploration of Germany. I'd day in class. I look forward to seeing you at your next Travel Tribe adventure.