English Writing Class - Writing an Article and Writing a Report | Benjamin Weinberg | Skillshare

English Writing Class - Writing an Article and Writing a Report

Benjamin Weinberg, English as a Second Language Teacher

English Writing Class - Writing an Article and Writing a Report

Benjamin Weinberg, English as a Second Language Teacher

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2 Lessons (34m)
    • 1. Writing an Article

    • 2. Writing a Report

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About This Class

In this class, you will learn about how to understand the writing process for either creating a formal article or a formal report, which will help you to develop as an English writer by being able to handle this kind of assignment or task.

You'll understand how to improve your ability to construct an essay of these two types. 

These two videos will help you to develop your English writing skills in an effort to become more proficient in this part of the English language by mastering different types of essays such as an article or a report. 

Meet Your Teacher

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Benjamin Weinberg

English as a Second Language Teacher


Ben is the founder of English from A to Z. He has been an ESL teacher and instructor for the past four years. Ben earned his TEFL / TESOL certification from the International TEFL Academy back in December of 2013. He has a wide variety of experiences in teaching English as a second language to students from around the world. Ben has taught English for companies and organizations such as Berlitz Inc., the Washington English Center, and the Huntington Learning Center. 

In addition, Ben spent a year living in Istanbul, Turkey where he taught English to high school students and also gave private tutoring to Turkish adults.  Continuing his adventures overseas, Ben recently lived in Medellin, Colombia and volunteered at a public high school helping Colombian students to impro... See full profile

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1. Writing an Article: lo students and welcome back to a writing in English course. In this lesson, we're gonna cover writing an article. What is the process? How do we do it? And how do we make it a good article? My name has been with English from A to Z, and here we go. So what is an article? You may be asking that, and I've probably talked a little bit about this so far in this course. But an article is a specific type of writing that would appear in a publication so you would be published, such as in a newspaper, a magazine or even a brochure for travel purposes. So an article can be based around reporting from a journalist or from the columnists who can write based on their own opinions or beliefs. So an article doesn't always have to be factual. It can be. It should be, but sometimes it's based off of somebody's own opinions or experiences or beliefs, so articles air more some more subjective than object object. So articles can either be formal or informal in their language based on who the audience is and what subject matter is. For example, in the United States. We have tabloid magazines, and that's very informal, not the best kind of article writing. It's really informal language. The grammar and vocabulary structure is very basic. It's not. It's not based on fact, so they can write falsehoods and get away with it. Just cause it's not meant to be a serious publication. So that's the National Choir, which is informal. It's, uh, it's kind of like trashing a little bit, so it's not very mature. Whereas you have New York Times, which is a prestigious newspaper. It's very formal. Writing the vocabulary and grammar is very good. It's written for a certain type of audience. They have to be factual. You can't write falsehoods, and they have to do very good reporting from their journalists. They do have columnists to write their about their opinions or believes, but those upends those articles. Opinion articles are usually based on facts or always real experiences. So to sum up, an article is a type of essay that follows a similar structured other writing form but is unique in its own ways. So how do we write an article? Well, part one. You know, you have to know who your audience is. You want to know who you need to write for before proceeding with actually writing the article. So there are three wh questions you need to ask yourself, Where is the article going to appear? Is it going to be in a newspaper or a magazine? Or is it going to be in a tabloid, or is it gonna be a online as well? Who are the intended readers you're trying Teoh to reach? Who's your audience? Is a teenagers? Students? Adults? What kind of demographics you know who were kind of education level they may have as well is part of it or are you writing about a specific subject like new sports, politics, music? And what is the purpose of the article? Are you trying to advise people? Are you trying to give him advice? Are you trying to inform them about an issue where you're trying to suggest or give them recommendations? Are you comparing and contrasting two different sides of an issue or two different people or or items? Are you describing a situation or describing an event? There are many different types of articles, so it's hard to say exactly how the right one. But the main thing that you need to know is you need to know who your audience is. That's part one part two. You have to decide what's the way out of your article. What's the structure of it? Once the style of it need toe, No one advanced the style of the article. The language is a form or informal, and that that kind of formality. Those are the three deciding factors you need to know. What kind of vocabulary is it? More advanced than basic is an intermediate kind of vocabulary, and an article can be formal. Could be semiformal. Or it could be informal, depending on who your audience is. You know, if you're writing to your friends in the school newspaper, me more formal. But if you're writing Teoh to a group of adults on a specific issue like climate change or about about, let's see cats is or the economy has to be much for much more formal, and you have to use facts right and remember your vocabulary and your descriptive language like your objectives have to be appropriate for the article. You can't say, like climate change is fun, right? No, you can you have got to say climate change is a complex issue? Eso be careful with your vocabulary. Make sure it's appropriate for the subject matter, and then you also want to link words and expressions together that that are tied together with article and you want to. You want to avoid using the same words and phrases over and over again. A variety of vocabulary, especially formal writing, will make your work better. It will make it more interesting as well, so make sure you know the way out of your article in terms of its structure, its style. It's formality, Uh, before you begin to write. Here are some main donuts things you should not do in an article. It's important to do not use over personal or over emotional language or too simplistic vocabulary for your audience and in an article, unless it's maybe an opinion article or, uh, kind of a persuasive article. Do not talk about yourself. You're writing for the general public, usually and you not to a close circle, friends or family. Your opinions air interesting to other people. If you could make them amusing or justify them or explain them, and if it's relevant to the subject matter. If you have experience in traveling around the world, you could bring that up in your articles. If you're writing about travel or if you have experience in the sport in sports personally , it may contribute to the article as well. So your opinions are only interesting if it really relates directly to the subject matter, where if you could make a joke about it in an informal way. Also, be careful about run on sentences and careless grammar mistakes. Try not to use the first person to much like I my mind unless you're writing from a personal perspective in an op ed or opinion article. You should always be using the third person in these articles as well. So once again, no over personal or over emotional language and combed out, make sure the vocabulary is to the level of your audience. Don't talk about yourself unless absolutely necessary, in your opinion, contributes to the content and don't use run on sentences or used or half carolus grammar mistakes. Make sure you edit your articles and you don't want to use the first person unless you're really talking about your own perspective. and it's from a personal plates of understanding. So try to use the third person in your articles as much as possible. How to write an article. Here's another part. Aziz Well, right and storming and collecting the material. So remember I talked about this in the course, but think over the topic before you begin writing planning stage. Remember, planning it out is very important and decide on the topic sentence, which summarizes what you're going to write about for the rest of the article and jot down the main points that comes to your mind when you're brainstorming about the topic. And remember, try to select 345 key points that you jotted down and picked out which ones are maybe keep . You want to get rid of those points? I should say that are irrelevant or unimportant, but you want to keep those points that you will address by writing them down alongside the main idea of the article. So keep some of the points. Don't keep all of them, but I try to keep it 2345 points that you can write a couple of sentences about as part of the article and next part apart for arranged your material. When you have collected the material, outline your article and divide the information under separate headings in an article. You can use subheadings as well, and you want to arrange the points that you're making in a logical order based on your based on your outline. Um, and for each heading you wanted, collect different ideas together on the same type of heading and avoid repetition When it comes to writing out your ideas. Make sure each idea that you're proposing is unique in some way, so make sure you're using separate headings headings. You're arranging your points and logical order, and each idea you have is related to the proper heading. So this outline will serve as a guy to help you write. Entitle your article appropriately, so you need to understand what kind of information you can use. Where does it go? And remember, The main topic of the article should be stated in the title articles that have been different from other at types of essays, and that the main topic should be stated in the title. People should know what they're reading based on the title alone, and you're the topic is your title in this case, and then your article is explaining about the topic for everybody else. So the structure of an article, it's similar to other types of writing. So in the outline, you know you have your main and supporting ideas you want, or organize them into separate paragraphs. There, have your introduction where you introduce your main and supporting ideas as your first paragraph. Then you're gonna like we have 23 maybe four main body paragraphs, and it can be shorter in length with headings for each of them usually, and each supporting idea is a paragraph in an in and of itself. And then your conclusion, whether it's paragraph 56 or maybe seven. That's your final paragraph to some of and restate your ideas and convince the audience of necessary of your argument. So each paragraph should have a clear topic. Symptoms, usually a Mainer supporting idea and then back them up with additional ideas that give them credence or give them legitimacy. Okay, so you get similar other types of essays in English. You have your introduction. You have your main body, your body paragraphs, the heart of your essay and then your conclusion, that's that's essentially the structure of an article. Then last week, Part five, you need to write the article that's fenced. In the last step, eso assigned one paragraph to each main, heading in the body paragraphs. You can have a heading or subheadings is the title is the main heading, What one paragraph, at least for each heading. And remember, the paragraphs have to be related to the, uh, one another. The idea is no necessarily have to be the same, but a paragraph I should talk about one heading only Okay, your paragraph should be related to the subheading that it's related to, and the first sentence is the key sentence for the main sentence. All other ideas expressed in the paragraph should be related to the main idea, whether it's the introduction from the body paragraphs in particular. So that's the last step is writing the article. Remember, the title is the main heading, and then you have sub headings for each of the body paragraphs. Afterwards, here's some questions to consider before you write as well. We're before you begin writing. Where is the article going to appear? You need to know who your audience is going to be located. Is it for a magazine, newspaper or another source of information? And what kind of for the intended readers? You know, what is what is their age group? What's their demographics or background? Their gender? You know, it depends on the publication, but you need to consider Where are you going to be writing the article for, or where is it going to appear? Are they more formal or informal, or the factual or not so much factual on? And you need to know who the intended readers are within that publication as well, Then obviously, you need to know what is the aim of the art. What is the main bo? What are the topics being discussed? What are you trying to get across to the audience? Are you trying to persuade them where you're trying to advise them where you're trying to make a point to them or you're trying to just give them some background on a news event or a sporting event? And then why is this article in important? And I talked about this a little bit so far, but why should the audience care about the topic. Why should they keep reading after they read the headline? Why does it matter to them? How does it affect their lives? What are the broader consequences of writing about this particular topic? So where is the article but appear? Who are the intended readers? What is the aim of your article of the goal and why is the this article important? Why should people care where? Who, What? Why you gotta answer the wh questions before you even start putting pen to paper before you begin writing. Make sure you try to answer these questions as best as you can become a better writer. Let me give you a short article example here with an introduction Body paragraph number one about astronomy. That's our topic here, So astronomy is the study of the universe and everything in it. This includes stars, planets and Galaxies as well as other things. The word astronomy comes from the Greek words estan, which means star and normals, which means law, a person who studies astronomy. It's called an astronomer, so that's our introduction. That's an introduction to astronomy itself, and where does it come from? What does it mean and who are who is somebody who studies it, and then our body paragraph is number one here. Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences ancient people who used the positions of the stars to navigate and to find when was the best time to Quentin crops. Astronomy is very similar to astrophysics. Since the 20th century, there have been two main types of astronomy. Observational and theoretical astronomy, so that body paragraph talks. Its main idea, if you haven't caught a get is astronomy is one of the oldest sciences, and then you have the supporting that gives. And at the end of the introduction, you kind of introduce astronomers and you introduce astronomy, the people who study it. Let's continue with this short article Body Paragraph two. Observational astronomy Sorry uses telescopes and cameras to observe or look at stars, Galaxies and other astronaut struck astronomical sorry objects. Their theoretical astronomy uses math and computer models to predict what should happen that too often work together. The theoretical predicts what should happen, and the observational shows whether the prediction works. So this kind of body paragraph talks about observational astronomy. What is it like? And theoretical astronomy? What? How did they go together. And how are they? A little bit different from each other in a very complex but very well organized sentences . And then, lastly, we ever conclusion here astronomy is not the same as astrology. The belief that the pat that the patterns the stars and the planets, uh, have may affect human lives. Astronomy is an interesting field of study which captivates our imagination and mix us more likely to look to the stars looking for answers. Okay, so this conclusion is a little short, but it goes back to our introduction talking about what astronomy is. And then the conclusion. We talk about astrology and how are they different from each other? And this short article insured, I understand. But astronomy? It talks about who are astronomers. What do they do? What are the types of astronomy? And how is astronomy different from other fields of study? So it may not be the best article out there. It's a little short. It's a little, uh, it's little small for its subject, but it does a good job of having the main idea for each paragraph and then having supporting ideas for that same article. Remember the types of articles are huge. There are various types of articles. There's even these are just some of the types of articles you'll run into as an English writer. But we have reviews. We have portrait. It's we have blog's marketing articles. Wis. Tickles like list items, you know. Top 10 Top five. Those airless tickles. Essay essays, regular s age, short stories, academic papers, research papers, biographies. It's like complete in select encyclopaedia articles. Newspaper articles reports feature stories in scientific papers. So there are dozens of articles, and I've talked about other types of articles as well. But to talk about a general article, it's tough to do because there's so many variations. What article is from a short story toe essay to report to biography, the research paper newspaper article? But these 15 types of articles, the main ones that I mentioned, are likely to come up in your own English writing career if you choose to go down that path . So just be aware that new thes are the names of these articles, and I recommend you do more information. You find out more information about them, and in the future craps. I will focus on each of these specifically in a in a lesson myself. So keep your eye out for that. So I have an assignment for you at home. Here's an article topic for you. Write an article for a travel magazine describing the rules and regulations that all passengers have to follow when they travel by plane or airplanes. 405 100 words. So not that long. I want you to you know, you're writing an article, so that's remain main topic or your main audience is a travel magazine. People like to travel, So you say What happens if people break the rules and give your opinion on them on the rules, not the people. Give your opinion of these rules. Remember to follow the introduction, body paragraphs and conclusion structure for this article and use complete sentences and back up your ideas with examples. So remember you're describing the rules and regulations that all passion is have to fall when they traveled by plane. And then I need you to say or state what happens if people break the rules and give your opinion on the rules so it could be two or three body paragraphs. Short body paragraphs for this article topic. So feel free to pause the video. Write this down. But this is your assignment as well, and please do your best on it. Do do with the assignment. If you can. It will help you become a better writer. And it's not that long. 405 100 words. And I think it's a very interesting topic as well. So thanks for watching. I hope you like this lesson focusing on writing an article. Uh, why do we write articles? One of the types of articles. How do we do it? I gave you an example of a short article and I gave you with assignment that you could do to help you practice on topics such as writing for a travel magazine. So thanks again, I really appreciate you taking my writing in English courts, and I'll see you in the next video. But like 2. Writing a Report: Hello, students, and welcome back to our writing. An English course in this lesson will be discussing the process of writing a report writing a report. My name has been with English from A to Z, and here we go. So you may be asking. Well, Ben, what is a report and how does it write it? We'll report is a type of writing designed to inform the reader based on examining issues and topics that need to be investigated or research using correct fax and figures. Now, findings and conclusions can be drawn from either physical research being done out in the field to complement one studies or by studying research work that others have done and putting it into report. Now the purpose of a report is to inform the reader and your audience about the subject that you're writing about through unbiased research and or reporting. So that's what a report is. So you have to ask yourself, What is the question here? Well, every report should start out by addressing the question that you hope to answer. Answer through your previous research and for which you can give an answer to the audience by the end of the report, and every report will be slightly different from other reports. But what will make your stand out is your writing style, the credibility of her academic sources or otherwise, and your ability to present the facts based on your research. Now you have to understand a report is an advanced type of writing, but I find that it's extremely useful in an academic or professional setting to use as an English Werner. So let's look at an example question when it comes to report. So here's the question. Your local sports club wants to organize a number of adventure sports to encourage young people to join the club. The organizers of the club have asked you to write a report saying which adventure sports you think would interest young people and how they would benefit from doing the sports. So that's the question here about your local sports club, and you need to write a report saying which adventure sports you think, what interest young people who would join this club and how they would benefit from doing these sports. So the introduction of a report, how would an introduction look like? So I have given us a title here. Adventure Sports at Princeton Sports Club You know Princeton's just the name I use, but you could title your report as adventure sports because you're looking at What are the adventure sports here at Princeton Sports Club that I could use that that students could use or or club participants need, So an introduction would look like Here's an example here. The purpose of theirs of this report is to suggest what adventure sports young people in the area would enjoy doing and to outline the benefits of doing these sports. So a report a report always includes an introduction. In the introduction, you explain the purpose of the report, so it's not like other kinds of introductions for other types of writing. But in an introduction like this one, you want to suggest what adventure sports young people in area would enjoy doing and to outline the benefits of doing these sports and of getting exercise. So it's a very simple introduction, but a very effective one and getting your purpose across to the audience. So the sections of the report, which adventure sports so that section one kind of like a body paragraph one but in a report. We call up sections. So here's an example of how you would write Section one with a title which adventure sports , you would say. I asked my friends and a number of other young people living in this area which sports they would like to try if the sports club gave them the opportunity. The most popular suggestions were skiing in the winter and windsurfing and climbing. In the summer, a number of people suggested doing other sports such as paragliding and sailing. But in general, these were not popular. So remember reporters always organized into sections. Each section must come with the title. In this section, one were explaining which adventure sports do you think would interest young people. Now, obviously, a section would be longer than you know, three sentences. You would go into more detail about what windsurfing is. What climbing is, um, why winter sports maybe are different from summer sports. What paragliding is what sailing is. You go into more detail about what the's adventure sports are, but you want to tell your audience what do people prefer to dio? And you want to ask your friends and a number of other young young people about it, and you want to write that in the report about their opinion about this opportunity? Let's continue eso Section two would talk about the benefits of doing these sports, and here is kind of a sample. A paragraph or a sample section t take from the main benefits of these sports for young people are that they will have adventures and new experiences as well as enjoying themselves. At the same time, they will make new friends and learn responsibility and independence. By making friends, they will be able to develop themselves socially and gain better interpersonal skills. So in this section, again, with this Section two, you're explaining how young people will benefit from the sports. Usually, a second paragraph would be longer than this one, as I mentioned before with the other paragraph. But you want to state upfront What? What are the benefits exactly? And then how are the benefit? How are they benefits later on? In the paragraph, you know what are the benefits and how exactly are they benefits by giving details? So having adventurers, new experiences enjoying themselves, those air three reasons and you could write a couple sentence about each of them. And in addition, making new friends warning, responsibility, independence. You could make a couple more sentences, so this paragraph of this section could be a couple of paragraphs based on these reasons. You know, by making friends, you're you're developing yourself socially and gaining better interpersonal skills. So there are no multiple reasons here. You want pack, and you could have a couple paragraphs in this section. But you're talking about the benefits of doing sports for young people, you know, and there's four or five or six reasons why they benefit from doing these kind of sports. So that's the sections of the report. Now. The conclusion of report is pretty simple. Um, and here's an example for a current topic of sports for young people, I recommend that the sports club should provide skiing, windsurfing and climbing activities at weekends and during holiday pierre periods. Depending on the season, I am certain that providing the sports will attract large numbers of young people to the club. So we report always includes that conclusion in this form of writing in the conclusion, you should always summarize what you have stated in the report. In other words, restate what you have learned. So you want to summarize the report, and you want to restate what you learn from the body paragraphs and then given your findings and research that you've done on the ground or through other people, your conclusion should give the reader a sense of what you believe and what you would recommend to others. Based on what you've learned, a report can be go for more informal, depending on the subject matter or the topic. In this case, the this report would be informal because it involves family and friends. It's kind of a less serious topic. You were writing about sports for young people and not about politics or economics or business environments. So this report is informal in its nature. But in a conclusion, you want to give you a recommendation about what you've researched, and you want to state up up front what you have learned and how you would summarize your findings some some other key advice for a report to keep in mind, be able to write your own response to a similar question. OK, so our report is gonna pose a question. Make sure you have a good response for it. An outline it as well. Before you begin writing your report, remember to write a good title for your report. A title is very important for this type of writing in English. You need a good title so that people know what your report is about. Divide your writing into sections with good headings. This is another key aspect of writing. Is having good sections with for the report with good headings. Hope people know what they're reading or what the subject matter is within the report. Always have an introduction and a conclusion, of course, and use a semi formal for or formal style, depending on what subjects are issues you're addressing in a report. Remember for water, sports or sports for young people. It's an informal report, but a formal report could be done on climate change or income inequality or, um, you know, like, uh, health care, for example. And always, always, always do your research, scientific or otherwise, and state fax actual fax not fake facts. Actual facts to back up your answer. That's very important. So be able to write a good response. Remember? Right, a good title. Divide your writing into sections with good headings or an introduction and a conclusion. Semi formal informal. The formal style. Depending on the subject matter where the topic you're talking about or writing about, I should say and always do your research, scientific or otherwise, and state the facts to back up your answer. And here is a structure report. So you have your title here. You have your introduction. You could say the purpose of this report is and a couple sentence. As we mentioned in your introduction, you have your heading for section one, a small heading related to the purpose small heading for you know, section to section one section tune. You can have more than two sections 34 maybe five sections, depending on how lengthy the report is, how much in detail you want to go into. And then your conclusion, of course. So title introduction heading, heading in with the section Section one section to section three if there if need be and the conclusion so you now have a good sense of what the structure of a report is going forward. So now you know how to write a report with the structure in in its place and what kind of topics to address. So now it's your turn. I want you to practice using the assignment here and create your own report to write your own report. And here is the topic I want you to address at home. Many people today do not take enough exercise, write or type of a report for a health and fitness group, saying what you think will happen if this continues what people need to do to get fit or in good shape, and why it is important to take regular exercise. So on a separate piece of paper. Or maybe you type it up. You used the structure I mentioned in a previous slide. You can pause and go back a couple of minutes to look at the structure of the previous life , but on a separate piece of sheet of paper, answer this question about people not having enough exercise right up and you want to write to a fit health and fitness group, saying what you think will happen if this continues that people do not get enough exercise , what people need to do to get fit and why it is important to take regular exercise. Um, so follow the proper report format has given in the previous slide. Remember to use facts and figures from your research to back up your argument and then make a compelling argument for your answer as me being your audience or other teachers being your audience. Think of me actually reading this and giving you comments and suggestions. So this is for practice. But I consider assignment as a part of this course is well, so do your best. Tried to take it seriously, please. And give me your best report based on this topic. And, uh, I think it's a good topic about exercise. Very timely topic and write down. You could pause the video right down on the sly what the topic is, so you'll remember as well. Okay, very good. Thank you for participating in this. So everybody, Thanks for watching again. I hope you enjoyed this lesson on writing a report. One of the main types of writing in the English language writing a report is very important . And I hope you got a lot out of the structure reported how to write a report and the practice that I have given you so Thanks again for watching. Thanks again for taking my writing and English course, and I'll see you in the next video, but I