English Writing Class - Writing Structures, Techniques, and Writing after Reading and Listening | Benjamin Weinberg | Skillshare

English Writing Class - Writing Structures, Techniques, and Writing after Reading and Listening

Benjamin Weinberg, English as a Second Language Teacher

English Writing Class - Writing Structures, Techniques, and Writing after Reading and Listening

Benjamin Weinberg, English as a Second Language Teacher

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2 Lessons (43m)
    • 1. Writing Structure and Techniques

      25:15
    • 2. Writing after Reading and Listening

      17:43
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About This Class

In this class, you will learn about how to understand different writing structures, techniques and also on how to write answers based on reading and listening passages from videos and audio stories, which will help you to develop as an English writer by being able to handle this kind of information.

You'll understand how to improve your reading comprehension and your listening proficiency as a result. 

These two videos will help you to develop your English writing skills in an effort to become more proficient in this part of the English language by mastering different writing structures, techniques, and how to write well after reading and listening activities. 

Meet Your Teacher

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Benjamin Weinberg

English as a Second Language Teacher

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Ben is the founder of English from A to Z. He has been an ESL teacher and instructor for the past four years. Ben earned his TEFL / TESOL certification from the International TEFL Academy back in December of 2013. He has a wide variety of experiences in teaching English as a second language to students from around the world. Ben has taught English for companies and organizations such as Berlitz Inc., the Washington English Center, and the Huntington Learning Center. 

In addition, Ben spent a year living in Istanbul, Turkey where he taught English to high school students and also gave private tutoring to Turkish adults.  Continuing his adventures overseas, Ben recently lived in Medellin, Colombia and volunteered at a public high school helping Colombian students to impro... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Writing Structure and Techniques: below students and welcome back to our next lesson. Where will be focusing on writing structure and techniques in our writing? An English course. My name is Ben, with English from A to Z, and here we go. So what are rhetorical techniques? Well, they're used in English in writing to convey a meaning or sentiment that the Rita understands and is able to relate to emotionally. A technique such as a metaphor or simile is used to persuade the reader to consider the topic being addressed from different points of view. There are a lot of different rhetorical techniques out there in English, but I want to focus on the most important ones. Better to come up during your writing journey. So let's first breakdown logos, pathos and ethos and Cairo's. These are different ways to use these techniques to convey different ideas. When you use logos, your thing about logic or you think about ideas that are consistent pathos from the Greek origin means emotions or feelings, and then ethos is about credibility or plausibility. And how are you characterizing? How are you describing the person or persons involved? And then Cairo's focuses on the timeliness or the relevance of your argument in your writing. So it's kind of a triangle here. Whenever you're writing, you want to think about three things. You want to think about the emotions involved. You want to think about the logic, and you want to think about the credibility of your argument. You don't have to think about all of these different types of writing or these types of focus, but you want to focus at least one of them. So if you're writing about ah, a n'importe topic such as climate change, you want to focus on logic and consistent ideas. If you're reading about how your pet dog died and how it made you feel, you're gonna focus on pathos. Those emotions and feelings and then ethos is about whether something is truthful or plausible, such as going to the moon or, you know, building a bridge. What's the pollen plausibility of credibility? And also you want to characterize the people involved in those kind of efforts and then timeliness and relevance of your argument. Cairo's kind of relates to the facts of the matter. The information that you're using and is a timely and is irrelevant to your writing and these different techniques cover cover these four type of ideas, so I'll give a few examples. What are the rhetorical techniques in English? First we have a metaphor. It's a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action that is not literally act applicable. You can take a metaphor literally, but it's a figure of speech is something Ah that is applied to an object or action when it's not really applicability, for example, he is suffering from a broken heart. Well, you can't really break your own heart right physically or, you know you can't break your heart, but a broken heart means you're you're upset because the person you love maybe no longer loves you. So you're suffering from a broken heart. Your heart isn't actually physically breaking, but your heart is not full anymore. Heart is often a metaphor for feeling, love or feeling, um, happiness. So if you have a broken heart, it means they're suffering. And then that you're not happy. The cliche is not an original thought, but it is an opinion or sentence used many times before. So it's something that comes up over and over again. That's it, kind of, Ah, it's a thought or an opinion that's not original. That comes up a lot in the in the English language. For example, they really lost track of time when they were studying for the tests. Now you can't really lose track of time physically, right? You know, time is not a person or an object you lose track of, but when we say you lose track of time, it means we forget the time because we were so focused on studying for the test that we didn't understand the time that was involved, right? So it's a cliche. It's so it's used a lot by different English speakers, but it's not in original thought because many other people have used it before. Now a pun is a joke that plays on the possible meanings of a word or a fact. All right upon is supposed to be funny. It's not supposed to be taken literally. So our example here it's kind of it's a good one. I asked my French friend if she wanted to play video games. She said, We So we is the French word for yes. Oh, you I But we W I I is the Nintendo Wii. It's a video game system, so that's up. Joke is supposed to be used in English at times to lighten the mood a bit to play on the possible meaning of a word to it's It's a pun it's not. It's both that create a different meaning for a same word. So instead of we yes, we the video game system, so euphemism a polite or indirect word or expression that is a substitute for something more blunt or severe. So we use euphemisms. Teoh kind of dull the pain a little bit. That somebody may feel or two make the emotions not as strongly felt so. For example, here my grandfather passed away last year. Sadly, now we use an English passed away as a verb structure instead of died, because diet is very blunt. It's a very direct word, and sometimes in English, we have to be a bit more indirect with our language, especially when it comes to something as emotional is losing a family member. So my grandfather passed away last year. Sadly so. We know it's a sad occasion, right, but we don't want to say he died, we were gonna be more polite about it. Especially it wasn't our grandfather. Eso In this case, my grandfather passed away last year. Sadly, alliteration The occurrence of the same letter and or sound at the beginning, beginning of closely connected words. So think of it this way. You wanna? If you start a sentence with a you want the rest of the sentence and the words toe also start with a So we have Alice is aunt ate apples and almonds. So we got six words here that begin with the letter A. So it's kind of Ah, recurring theme here where you have a right. So it's the same letter or same sound at the beginning of words that are closely connected . And it makes sense, right? The sentence when you write it has to make grammatical sense. So Alice has an aunt who ate apples and almonds, and it's not that far fetched her and could eat apples and almonds. It's not that crazy when you think about it continuing on with our examples we have. Similarly, assembly is a different figure of speech in which two different or unlikely things air compared to one another. Okay, so this is a figure of speech where you're comparing two or two different or unlikely things, but they make sense together. So, for example, her smile is like the shining sun. Well, her smile isn't very similar to a son, right? It's It's different, different things. But her smile is like the shining sun. It's a compliment, right? Her smile shines like the sun, so they may be different, right? A son is different from a smile, and they're unlikely. But when you compare them together and makes sense, her smile is so nice it's like the sun. Next, we have analogy making a similarity between the features of to things or people in which a comparison can be made. So an analogy is comparing to things or people, and it could be made with two things are other four other or other people. So you're comparing two different things together with us with it, with the similarity that they have. What's what's look at the example here, just as a sword, right is the weapon of warrior. A pen is the weapon of a writer. So while a pendant a sort of very different, they're still the weapons for the writer or the warrior. The warrior uses his sword as his weapon. A pen is the weapon of a writer to get their point across So very different types of war here. But, oh, Warrior uses his sword as his weapon. A writer uses their pen as their weapons. We're comparing two different objects together under the same guise of warrior nous or or actually, weapons. Two different weapons to different professions. But similar meaning here, sword and a pen, or both weapons, but of different people. Okay, allegory, a story, poem or picture that could be interpreted to have a hidden meaning. And we might come back to this later irony a state of events that seem deliberately contrary to what one expects and is often amusing or be wondering as a result. And then sarcasm is another one that comes up a lot in the English language and even in writing. So it's not a very nice thing to do, but it comes up a lot in the English language. Uh, it's kind of meant to be funny, but it can be hurtful to. So you have to be careful about how you use sarcasm. But it's it's the use of irony to mock someone or show contempt. So it's not usually used in a nice circumstance. You're using mocking humor to get your point across. And irony means if I could give an example for irony here say you, ah, spent if you spent ah, the whole ah, spring preparing to go to this beach. And, um, you were be bought all these sunglasses you bought your flip flops you bought your beach towel on you expected your local beach to be open, and you bought all this money. And, ah, unfortunately, the beach was closed for the summer because not enough people wanted to go to the beach, so they closed down the beach. And here you are. You wanted to go the beach. You bought all these things A beach towel, foot flops, swimming, sir. All that and then you can't go to that beach because nobody else prepared to go to the beach. They didn't want to go. So that's kind of an ironic state of events where you prepare to do something and then you can't do it. And it's very frustrating. It's very bewildering. It can be amusing to and kind of Ah, um woe is me type of event, but it is kind of funny. And then allegory is used a lot. Movies and TV shows an English. You'll notice that there's a hidden meaning There, for example. Don't be too greedy. Don't be. Don't judge a book by its cover. Always use your best judgment. Keep out of trouble. There's a lot of allegorical meanings behind stories, poems or pictures in English. Okay, so this is very important here. As we get deeper into this course, you're gonna be writing more and you're gonna be thinking about how do I write really good sentences where you have to remember the structure of a sentence in English and I call it the s video rule subject verb object. Or you could also say, stay very open as we have here. So the subject, as we know by now we should know about this discourse subject is I he she it you they way and it most 95% of time. It's gonna come at the beginning of the sentence. So the subject goes first, right? What comes after? It could be one or more verbs, depending on how complex the sentences. But we have here some verb examples We have Go play, dance, sing, run, jump, have be do okay. And then the object, The store, the park, the school, the movie theater. So the order of a sentence must always always, always be in the s video formats. So remember, stay very open. Now. This is not the case for other foreign languages. But it's important to note that in English it's subject verb object. All right, So, for example, I go to the store p plays in the park. She dances at this school. Uh, you go like you go to the movie theatre. We jump broke, right? You need to have the subject of urban the object. The object could be a place. You go. Um, the object could be something you did, But you have to. Have I He she it you they we first the verb, and there's hundreds of verbs in English as we know. And then the object. What is the meaning behind the subject and verb going together. Okay, so that's pretty important. So remember, subject for object SV rule. Okay, I'll come back to this in other lessons as well. Let's look at some sentence examples. All right, So we have I go to the store every week to pick up some groceries. So where is our subject here? Our subject is I write I And then where are verbs? Well, we got to hear. We got go and then pick up, which is kind of ah ah, complex Ferber complete verb. And then we have our objects, which is the store and then groceries. All right. And then you could also add a timely factor to Is it a week or a month or a year basis? So I go to the store every week to pick up some groceries. David likes to play music as a deejay in London every or each weekend. So David or some are subject likes to play. Sometimes we'll have a main verb to play, and then we'll have an auxiliary verb or secondary ever likes. And then as a deejay, that's kind of her object in London right each weekend. So these air kind of you're gonna have multiple objects. Gonna D j London Weekend A. To this point in that sentence, it's going to be more of an object. And then we have three dogs, two cats and one durable in our house. So we is the subject. Have is the verb. And then the dogs, the cats in the house. That's those are the objects there at the end of the symptoms. They are good friends from school and like to hang out couple verbs. Here we have our for to be, like to hang out. That's kind of two verbs back to back, which can happen. And then they is our subject. Tree, Right. I David, we they subjects are have likes go. Those are verbs And then we have plenty of objects. Friends, school. How's weekend groceries? Objects that are not verbs or subjects. Pretty easy to point them out in these examples. All right, so I kind of told you already, but, um, if you want positive video, take a look at the sentence examples and start drafting your own. Start writing your own and remember as FiOS stay very open. Okay, let's continue activity. Correct the sentence order. All right. So I'm not gonna spend too much time on this. I don't want to give you the answers, but I have a feeling I'll give you the answers in a minute or two. But look at these sentences. Feel free to pause the video. You can do that and then decide. How are we gonna break this up the sentences up and put them into the right order? So you I'm putting the onus on you now like yellow pencil. The is That's not correct. Airplanes quick, very are. That's not correct. So we got six incorrect sentences. We want to be able to correct the sentence order. So this activity is a good shot for you to do that. And I trust you will be able to after you look previously in a video regarding the sentence examples that I just covered. So trying to do that, trying to take these sentences and put them in the correct order. You can use a separate piece of paper as well. Feel free to do that, but this is good practice on how to figure out right instruction. We covered techniques. Now we're getting more into the writing structure, so feel free to do that. Pause the video, write them down in the incorrect order, and then fix them to be in the correct order. So here are answers moving forward. So our sentence order in the correct order. The pencil is yellow. That's number one. Hopefully got her right. Number two airplanes are very quick. Good number three. The diamond necklace is expensive. Number four The village people are an amazing band. Five there. Weather jackets are black. Six. The fictional books are interesting yet unrealistic. Good. So hopefully at home you pause the video and you got the right answers. Okay. Uh so really good job. If you got it right, Hopefully if you didn't get it right, you go over the answers here, you correct yourself and you try to get better, right? Practice makes perfect. And in this course on writing in English, I'm really emphasizing practice. Practice, practice. But here the answers here, remember, subject verb object. All of these sentences follow the s video rule. Stay very open. And that's one activity and there will be many more. Let's look at punctuation quickly. I'm not going to dive too much into the meanings behind them or why we years them. But it's important to know what they are. So punctuation marks. We have apostrophe, right? The little squiggly up top colon two dots comma pause. Right Pause with the comma colon is to explain with words than two objects. Apostrophes to break up kind of two words or connect them together but still keep them. Keep them meaningful. Period to end Descendants Question mark to ask a question. Why, When? Where? What? Who? Okay, exclamation point is really drive a point home or toe? Emphasize a particular word dash kind of connect two words together or bridged the gap between them. So these air common punctuation marks to come up in English writing for which you should become very familiar with if you were to become a better writer and you don't have to be an expert on them, but it's important to know how to use them in different ways. Let's look at some examples with punctuation to help you understand. Derricks. Dog is nice and friendly, and we see here that Derek has an apostrophe we could say, Derek, we can't say Derrick Derrick is dog. But to make it possessive, right? Tied Derek and dog together derricks. The apostrophe s makes it possessive, a possessive noun, so we know it's Derek stock. Derek Dog is not correct. We don't say Derrick is. Dog is nice and friendly. No, You want to put an apostrophe s okay? In this case and then for time. The colon is used here, most importantly, to connect seven and 30 together. 7:30 p.m. You can do it without the colon, but the colon helps make it like seven. Pause 30 to break it up. Then the colon again. Shopping list. And then we have our comma apples, bananas and oranges. Okay. And sometimes, if you want for more than two, you want to put a comic Hera's well, but this is called the Oxford comma, which will talk about in the future. But you won't have a comma here. Apples, bananas and oranges. That's your shopping list. These are the items that you need to get. So the colon goes here. Her last name is Hernandez Jimenez. So some women and men to they haven't a posture, will not apostrophe. They have a dash here connecting there to last names. Ah, and it's kind of a bridging the gap here. You want to say them Not exactly the same word, but you want to connect them together. Hernandez him. And as so the dash helps you do that in its written form. Where? Oh, that should say, Uh, that should probably say Where you going for dinner tonight? Sorry. That's Ah, that's my own error there. So your teacher makes mistakes too. But where are you going? That should be a g here for dinner tonight. Um and wow. Exclamation point. Wow, What a fun party. So you want to get excited when you're using exclamation points in your right and you want to emphasize that it's emotional and we have the question mark here. So I apologize for the mistake there, But I meant to say, Where are you going? Right with the G for dinner tonight. So those are examples off, period. Right to end a sentence. We got our apostrophe. We got our colon comma dash. Question mark An exclamation point. Okay, so those are good examples of the punctuation that we use quickly. Synonyms and anti names. Synonyms are words that are similar meaning and context, right? They mean the same thing, but not not exactly the same. But they're similar anti Nimes in English, main opposite, meaning in context with vocabulary words. So Here are some examples. Strong and weak anti names, right? If somebody strong with, if they're weak, they'll be different. Somebody's big or small. That's an antonym. Tall and short antenna. Fat and thin antonym now synonym similarities. Intelligent, smart, similar sentiment. A synonym, caring and kind, synonym. Sad, unhappy, synonym. Funny, humorous, synonym. So keep a look out in your English writing to use these vocabulary words, and remember, they have other opposite meaning or they're similar meeting, depending on how you use them. Some other tips and advice. As a beginner, keep your sentences short and concise, right? We We've talked about this up previously, but make your sentences short and concise as you improve. As your punctuation gets better, your sentences can become longer and more detailed. Use the S video rule at all times for the correct writing structure. Stay very open as FiO. All times focus on rhetorical techniques that are used the most. Don't try to memorize all of them, but become knowledgeable in a few of them and recognize as they come up again and again. And then techniques, order and punctuation you want have good techniques, right? Good similes, good metaphors. Good allegories. Use those in your writing. You'll make your writing that much better. Use correct sentence order and then have great punctuation. So top techniques, order and punctuation. If you have those three concepts down your English writing structure and will be very good , Trump, trust me on that. So I think that's an important lesson that I cover to give you a sense of the beginner in English writing or as you improve in the intermediate level, how you can stand out as a writer. You want a good technique? Could punctuation and good order. Right? Good sentence order. So remember those three, uh, concepts. Okay. Thank you again for watching. I really appreciate you taking my writing in English Course. I hope you enjoy this lesson on writing structure and techniques. And I'll see you in the next video. Thank you all. 2. Writing after Reading and Listening: Hello, students, and welcome back to our writing. An English course in this lesson will be focusing on writing after reading and listening. My name is Ben, with English from a dizzy and here we go. So writing after reading and listening in English writing, you often be us to read, interpret and analyze information, whether it's in the written form or whether you're listening to a piece of audio. Now, being able to think critically and analyze a lot of information will make you stand out. As an English writer, you often need to read or listen to the content more than once to get its full meaning. Now, regardless of the written were audio format, you should focus on Lee on the subject matter at your level of English proficiency, so make sure you don't read something beyond your proficiency level. So if you're a beginner, don't read an advanced form of writings such as a novel or ah long report. You should only be reading or listening to, you know, to content that is at your level of English proficiency. So if you're a beginner, you should only listen to beginner level content or if you're a intermediate in reading, you should only be writing about intermediate level content, So if you're writing about reading or listening material, you need to make sure that you're focusing on the subject matter that's at your level of English proficiency. You want to get that practice in, but you want only practice regarding, um, the level that you're comfortable at. So that's very important to keep in mind Onley right about content reading and listening for him that you're comfortable with. So so what do we consider reading content for reading purposes? Well, there's a number of options to consider as an English Werner. You have your newspaper articles here. You have your academic papers. You have journal articles, research papers, short stories, fiction, nonfiction, books, poems. So I've given you eight different options here, so there's a lot of different reading content for writing purposes that you have available . So keep that in mind. Don't focus so much on one or the other. Make sure your diversify the reading content that you feel most comfortable doing. So only write what you most are most comfortable focusing on. Now, when it comes to listening content, you also have a wide variety of options for what to write about. You have podcasts, which are an hour two hours long, that you can easily write an essay about audio books, novels in audio format that you could focus on. You have short stories. You have news articles that are online. You have music, such a songs, videos that you can listen to and then write about. You also movies, TV shows and radio programs. No, when it comes to listening, rated programs can be great. And if you want to write and analyze a radio program, that's another good option, because there's a lot of good content to focus on. So those are your options in terms of reading and listening. Content for writing send. You have a wide variety. I think I was stood up to 15 options toe right about which I think is a treasure trove of information to improve your writing. So ask yourself these questions when you're reading or or listening. What is this object? What whether they what are what are they focusing on? And what can you write about within about the subjects when did or is this currently taking place? Once the timeline here Why is it important to write about? What can the audience members gain from from listening or reading your writing? Where did the events occur? How can you write about it in a concise manner? That makes sense if your audience doesn't have a lot of time to read it to read your writing? And who are the subjects for people being discussed and why are they important? So you want to ask yourself these questions after you listen. After you read and you write about it, you need to understand these questions. So the what? When? Why, where? How? Who you need to answer these questions? So let's look at some examples of short reading passages that somebody like yourself at home could write about. So we have Coldplay. Let's read about Coldplay. Co play is one of the U. K's most famous bands. There, Read Singer and most famous member is Chris Martin. Will Champion is the guitarists Guy Berryman is on the bass guitar, and Johnny Buckland plays the guitar copay. Formed in 1996 when Johnny Bucklin and Chris Martin met while university in London before choosing the name Coldplay in 1997 the Ban was known as pectorals and starfish. The band experience mainstream success in 2000 with the single Yellow. Their first album, Parachutes, won a Grammy in 2002 for best alternative music album, So this is a good example of a reading passage that you could write about. You could focus on many different questions here, and I've wished a few questions as well to help you, the reader, understand. How do I write about this subject? So come play reading passage. What are the questions asked? Well, what is the name of the band featured in this reading passage? Who are the four members of a band? What are their names? In what year did the band form? Officially? What were some other names that the band used at first to describe themselves? What was the band's first album? What award did they win? And for which song of their? So in this kind of writing about a reading passage, you want to summarize the details and you maybe want to analyze it, but it's mainly understanding the reading part of it. You want to comprehend through your writing that you understood this passage so you want to answer these questions in written form, and you may want to add your own opinion at the end, or you maybe want to say, Why is this passage important for people to know about? Why should they care about Coldplay? So make sure you answer these questions when you're writing a about a reading passage such as this one. Boris and Natasha on next, our next reading passage. Boris and Natasha were hunting moose and squirrels in the United States. Boris S. Natasha. Are you hungry? Natasha said. I am hungry and tired, so they decided to stop breast and eat. Boris had a tin of corn and a tin of peas. Boris, as Natasha. Do you want to eat corn or do you want to eat piece peas? Natasha said after they ate boars. Ask Natasha, Do you want to sleep for a bit? Four. Set off sleep if you sleep. Natasha went to sleep so that Boris went to sleep when they woke up. Boris, as Natasha. Do you want to keep hunting moose and squirrel? If you keep hunting, I'll keep hunting, said Natasha Boris Stage. So Natasha's State also so. But this passage about Boris and Natasha. How do we understand this passage? How do we write about it? Well, questions you to ask yourself in that you may want to answer. What are Boris and Natasha hunting? Which country are they in? What foods does boars have? Which food doesn't attach? You want to eat? What do Boris Natasha do after eating? What do Boris and Natasha do at the end of the article together? So you want to answer these questions in written form and maybe make a short essay about it , make mainly in an analysis or kind of a summary of of what you just read in this case, our next reading passages on the mythical city of Pompeii, which still exists today but dates back to the early Roman era. So this passengers a little bit longer, and it's and it's a little bit more complicated than the previous two. So we have. Many years ago, 20,000 people lived in Pompeii in huge houses with big gardens. The Romans built a lot of roads into town with public places such as markets, baths, banks and amphitheaters. People woke up with sun because there wasn't any electricity, bread and cheese were eating for breakfast, and people started working very early and stopped around noon for lunch. Usually lunch was fish, bread, fruit and cake. After lunch, people met their friends at the public baths or watch the gladiators in the evening. People have to want to dinner parties to meet with friends in 79 a. D life and pump it completely stopped when the volcano Vesuvius erupted. Today, visitors can see the town almost exactly how it was nearly 2000 years ago. So it's a very interesting story about Pompeii. How do people live back then? What was it like without electricity with without, you know, having supermarkets? And how does it compare the city now toe 2000 years ago. So here we have questions to ask about this reading passage. You want to know how many people lived in Pompeii many years ago? You want to write about that? You won't understand that Which public places were roads built for in Pompeii? Was their electricity pump? A Why, or why not? When the Romans eat for breakfast, what did they eat for lunch? What did people in Pompeii do? And evenings? What happened to Pompeii in 79 80. What is the significance of this event and how did it change? So we want toe both answer these questions in this passage and then at our own feelings about the reading that we just did. Did we like it that we dislike it? Is it interesting? Is it relevant to the audience? You want to write about this kind of reading passage and others you want to summarize it, but you want to analyze it a little bit as well. So that's our third sorry third reading passage here and now we're gonna watch a video about Joey in E S L class. So it's a listening exercise about and we want to be able to write about this video that we're watching. So in English, we want to be able to write after listening as well. We want to understand, through writing, and we want toe analyze the video that we're about to listen to. So I'm gonna play for you at home, and hopefully you will be taking notes. You will be understanding what you're listening to and you'll be able to write a paragraph or two about it soon. So let's listen in gonna Tuesday. All right. Great. Okay. I gotta go pick up my books. I'll be right back. Don't go anywhere. No problem. I'll be right here. Nice to see you again. Maria had no easy baby. Welcome. What is your name? Uh, I'm Joey. Joey, you have Ah, wonderful accent. Thank you. Joey. This is an English as a second language class for beginners. Are you sure you're in the right place? I'm in the right place. Let's get started. I hope that everybody practiced counting to 10 over the weekend. Great. Let's do it together. 11234 11 12. Very good. Somebody's gonna get a gold star. Thanks. 13 14. 15 School. They go to school. Joey, why don't you pick it up where we're not a left off. Now, this is a hard part. So take your time. Oh, boy, this is Looks tough. The bell rang and the students all went to the auditory with their teacher. Boom bores You heard it. Auditorium eso no keep to be with the smartest Boeing glass. Somewheres are so dog. Uh oh. Remember I told you the GH sometimes sounds like an f. It's tough, like rough or laugh. Oh joy, make love to me to Nice that it's good. Okay, like everybody to take out their homework on the subjunctive tense. You didn't do it. If the present tense of the verb to be is I am, then the subjunctive tense is if I Joey if I waas well, I'm sorry. That's not correct. It's if I were very good. Boris, Joe, we are still be is stupid. Okay, so that's Joey in English as a second language class, showing that even as a native English speaker, you can still make mistakes and be called out for it. So that's a good example of a listening exercise that you can do that you can write about understand the characters, the setting and the story as well going to. So in a written response to the video you just watched you should want to answer the following questions about Joey and eso class. I want to tell me again What was the video about? What did you think of the characters? What kind of class were the students in? And what did you think of the video? Was it funny? Was it weird? Was it sad? Was it interesting. You want to give your own opinion to kind of, you know, instead of just summarizing it, you wanna chime in with your opinion at the end of the paragraph. Some other tips and advice about writing after a listening or reading exercise. So when you're analyzing the audio or the passage, make sure you take notes before beginning to write. When you're listening or reading, you want to take notes before you begin to write your paragraphs. You want to be aware of the written format of how you're responding to the reading passage or listening activity. If it's a summary, write a summary. If it's an analysis, analyze what you've just listened or read on. And if it's a kind of, um, what say What's the like of like a report will review, make sure you understand the content and then give your thoughts on it. Give your review of it, and this is important. Listen or read twice or three times to be able to better understand the questions that you're est to write, a better s a an article or response. So listen or read more than once so twice or three times to be able to better answer the questions, and it's good to remember you want to expose yourself to different types of rating and listening formats to improve your writing skills. You want toe focus on podcasts, audiobooks. Um, you know you want to read articles, newspapers, stories, poems. So you want expose yourself again to different forms of reading and listening. So I think that's really key. Um, and those air some tips and advice I have when it comes to writing after reading and listening. So thanks for watching. Let's go back quickly if you can. We didn't really talk about this to too much in detail about the video, but go back, you know, rewind. You can watch the video again that I just covered in this lesson. And I want you to write a paragraph or two about Joey and E S L class. So we talked about it, but here, I'm giving you your prompt. So tell me, what was the video about? What did you think of the characters? Joey Renata, Joey's girlfriend there. What kind of class with the students in And what did you think of the video? So, in your assignment for this lesson. Write a paragraph for two about Joey and E S L class listening. You condone Rewind this video and listen to watch it again and describe for me in a paragraph two. What was it all about? What was this video regarding the characters? The setting. And what did you think of the video over your personal opinions or thoughts on the video? So that's your assignment. Forgot to mention that. But I also have it on a hopefully a separate piece of paper or document for you all to see . So that's your assignment for this lesson. So thanks for watching. I really appreciate it. I hope you learned a lot about how to write after reading or listening. And I'll see you in the next video. Thank you and goodbye.