English Verb Tenses- Learn English Grammar to speak clearly and correctly. | One Minute English | Skillshare

English Verb Tenses- Learn English Grammar to speak clearly and correctly.

One Minute English, English teacher

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12 Lessons (32m)
    • 1. Introduction

      1:04
    • 2. Present Simple

      5:17
    • 3. Present Continuous

      3:41
    • 4. Present simple v continuous

      3:49
    • 5. Past simple

      4:08
    • 6. Past continuous

      3:15
    • 7. Future Simple

      3:38
    • 8. Going to

      3:54
    • 9. Present perfect simple

      3:03
    • 10. Present simple practice

      3:33
    • 11. Past tenses practice

      2:46
    • 12. Future tenses Practice

      3:57

About This Class

This course is for students who speak some English but are confused when to use different verbs. It is good for a student who wants to learn quickly or needs to revise the verb tenses.

I provide lots of examples for you. Now it is your turn to write sentences in the class project! Don't be afraid of making mistakes. It is part of the learning process!

After this course, you will have a better understanding of how to express yourself in English.

Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hello and welcome to the course. My name is Connor and I'm from Ireland. I am an English teacher and I have been in English teacher for 10 years, and they love teaching English as a foreign language. And this courses for students that speak a little bit of English. Or maybe an intermediate students or upper intermediate students that has already studied at verb tenses but just need a little bit of revision. Okay, in a typical English course, usually spend six months maybe going through different verb tenses slowly. His course is not like that. It's 30 minutes long, 40 minutes long. On you see all the verb tenses with lots of examples. So the idea is that I show you lots of examples. Andi, you provide examples to in the course project. Okay, If you can write one sentence for each verb tense that we study that will be perfect on, everybody will learn from each other. OK, that's it. I hope you enjoy the course. See, in the next video 2. Present Simple : Hello and welcome to the first video. So the first tense we're going to see in this course is the present. Simple. Okay, so I had to form the tents. We take the verbal, the infinitive, we say, Like, for example, I like you like. And then the third person we have, he or she likes, Okay. And then we have we like they like, This is also true for names like John likes Peter likes. Okay, so some examples on I like chocolate. Okay, I dance, tango. This example, then the third person Peter likes jump. Okay, that would be the same. For example, if pizza Pizer dances need the ass for the third person tango. Okay, Peter turns this thing. Okay. And another example, I am I okay? We also have the negative here on In most cases, we use don't for negative. So if I want to Do I like chocolate, I want to make that negative. Then I say I don't like chocolate. The same with on dance tango. Okay, Peter dances tango. Then you say on Peter. Let's put this example down here. Peter doesn't dogs. Okay? So as you see here in the first and second person we have. Don't. I don't dance tango, but in the third person with Peter doesn't dance. Tango on. John doesn't like Peter. Peter likes John, but John doesn't like Peter. Okay, This works for all verbs. Except for the verb to be and in the world to be. We have I am Irish. Okay, but in the negative, we say I am not Irish. Okay? We don't use don't here in this example with the verb to be on. So give you one more example of this you race okay. And on the negative that you are not French. Okay, Excellent. The next part is the question. OK, so here we use do Okay, So we have like I like Then we say, Do do you like chocolates? Do I like chocolates? Um, OK. Do you dance? Tango on. If you want to ask a question for this, what could it be? Peter likes so say it's not do because its third person, it's it does does pizza like John. Okay. And it's the same thing on its every verb except for the verb to be so if I say I am Irish , I am not Irish. negative on the question I Irish. So what? Can what question? Can we ask for this? You are French. Can say Are you friends? Okay? Don't you do because it's the verb to be okay. Very good. And then we'll look at when we use the tents. Ok, so we use present simple for things in general. Ok, Means in general I mean I am happy. Yes, I am happy. That's in general. Ok, I'm not talking about now I'm talking about generally in my life. I like my life. I am happy. Okay on We also use it for facts like Ireland is a small country. Okay on. That's a fact it doesn't change. Okay, Russia is a is a big country. Okay, that doesn't change. That's effect. Okay. We also use the present simple for our habits and routines. Like for example, I wake up at nine every day I drink coffee in the morning. Okay, Perfect. Okay, so in the next video, we'll look at the present continues. So see you there 3. Present Continuous : Hello again. So now we move on to the second tense in the presence which is called the presence Continuous. Okay. So have to form this tense. You put the verb to be in the present Simple. So I am you Are he? She is And we are They are ok. The verb to be in the present. Simple on you. Add on i n g off the verb that you want to use. Okay, So for example, there's a mistake there. Okay, so I am playing football. Okay? I am playing football and I am talking. That's what I am doing that I am talking okay? And you are listening to me. So that's perfect. Okay. Eso is You are listening with the verb. Listen, plus i n g to me. Okay. In the negative this time the verb to be is the auxiliary verb. Ok, the auxiliary verb. It just means that it helps you to choose what tense So that the listener understands what you are talking about. OK, so you always you make the auxiliary negative. So in this case, I am not drinking water. I am not talking. You are not listening to me, okay? That's not good. You you should listen to me. Okay. Good on. And for a question, then you just like a normal question. You invert. Okay, You convert the and the I. So I am drinking water, for example, that you changed to under my drinking water a my talking. Are you listening to me? Okay, that's a good question. Are you this? Are you listening to me? Yes. Think you are good. OK, so when we use, um, the president in Eunice Okay, It's for things happening now. Okay. Or around now eso And for example, Now what am I doing? I am all right. Drinking what? Ok, so what? What are you doing now? Think about in your head. What are you doing? You are You are listening to me. Yeah, you are. You are learning English. Okay. And then we also have this meaning of things that continue. Okay, so the name is the present continues, so that kind of gives you clear. There's often clue in the title. Okay, Something that helps you clue so and things that continue. So I, um, doing my homework, okay. If you say this, I am doing my homework, okay? you're not finished yet. You're like, OK, I'm doing my homework. But I'm not finished. Okay, on that's it for the present. Continuous. We'll see you in the next video. 4. Present simple v continuous : between the presence symbol on the present continues. So we saw in the first video and that presence in both can be used for things in general, your habits and routines and things that are more permanent. Okay, on present, Continuous. Then way. See things happening now, things that continue on temporary things. Okay, so that that is something that we can compare the two tents. It's something that is temporary might be present continuous and something that is more permanent and would be present simple. OK. And often we use present simple with adverbs of frequency. Okay, That just means that how often you do something So a an example B. I always arrive on time. Okay. Always arrive in nine oclock, for example. Your school starts in nine o'clock and I always arrive. And before or at nine o'clock, I often go to the cinema. Okay, you can see this is Ah, this is a habit. Yeah, I often go to this cinema. That's a habit. So in that case, we use the present simple. I sometimes eat in restaurants. Okay. Again habits hardly ever drink tea. Okay, Have it. And I never speak Japanese. Okay? Because I don't speak Japanese. Good. So let's look at some more examples. So present. Simple. I speak English. Okay, That's in general, right? I speak in English, but I'm just talking about in general. I speak English. English is my native language. And But if I want to put a more temporary thing, I can say I am speaking English now. Yeah, I'm speaking English and to you now. And another example would be I speak Spanish. Okay. I do speak Spanish and I love learning languages too. But you can see I am not speaking Spanish now. No, I am speaking English now, so you can see the difference there between this one, which is something that is General. I speak Spanish. What's now in this present moment? I am not speaking Spanish. Okay, Good. At the same with this example, I drive to work. Okay, Maybe you drive to work, but now I'm not driving now, okay? I don't see a car. I'm not driving now, Okay? And the same with this example. I wake up at 8 a.m. Every day. Okay, but this this is my routine, right? You don't really have a present continuous, because if you think about a waking up? You just wake up is like I'm working slowly. It's not something like that, right? Okay, Very good. So sometimes different verbs are more common May be in the present simple and other verbs have have more continuous, um, aspect of something that is continuous. Like I am doing my homework or I am writing a novel. Let's say I'm ready. Novel, which is like a book. Okay, I'm writing a novel every day in writing but is not finished. I continue to write the novel. OK, great. And that's it for this video. See you in the next where we talk about the past tenses. 5. Past simple : OK, in this video we're going to start and talking past tense is okay. We talked a little bit about the present. Now let's talk a little bit about perhaps we'll start with the most common tense in English , which is the past simple. OK, so how do you form the past? Simple way Have regular verbs. OK, there's a lot of a lot of regular verbs. Usually add e d to the end on the verb. OK, he d to the end of the room. So, for example, you take work. I work on you Add e d and you say I worked, okay? I worked for Facebook, for example, or talk. And then you add e d. And then you have talked okay in the past. Simple. There are lots of irregular verbs on you need to learn these. There are lots of ways to learn these online, but some common ones will be see changes to saw in the past. Simple do changes to did go changes to win. Okay, there are lots and lots of irregular verbs and simple, and you just need to learn them and study them. And OK, when you use the distance It's for complete its actions in the past. So something that I think about something that just happens and it's finished. Okay, Something that happened yesterday, for example, yesterday I went to the shops. Okay, It's finished. Okay. I'm not the shops. It happened yesterday. Yesterday is finished. Okay, good. So let's look at some examples now. I worked for Facebook, okay? And that that means I worked in the past. But now I don't work for Facebook in the president present, okay? And then we have also have I saw a man. Okay, Just another example on in the negative. Then we use the auxiliary, didn't. Okay. And then you use the infinitive here. Work. So I didn't work for Facebook. If you want to make this sentence negative notice, we don't use the e d. Okay, so here didn't. Is Thea Auxiliary the helping verb? It helps us to say Okay, this is the past on the negative. Okay on, then this example would be I didn't see the man. Okay, in a question, then we have did as the exemplary Did you work for Facebook? Ok, the shops example earlier, I went to the shops earlier. Okay, Let's put that here. I went to the shops yesterday. Okay, That's a simple And so what would be the question for that sentence? Did you? Then you don't use the irregular? No. You use the Afinitor. I work here. So what is the infinitive of 20? It's go. Did you go to the shops? Yes. Okay. So the main idea of this is that things are completed. Think about completed times like last year. Yesterday, five years ago. 2000 and 13. Okay, that's a long time ago. It's finished. Okay, so that's it for this video. I'll see you in the next one. 6. Past continuous : Okay, so now we're going to look at the past continuous here. Okay. So, again, look at the title of the tents can help you. This is passed. This is something that is continuous. Something that continues to happen. Okay, so how do we form the tents? We put the subject, I and then we have the verb to be I waas you were she waas We were They were plus the verb plus nine g. So, for example, and I waas playing. Okay, I waas talking. I was working, okay? You were working all of these things. Okay, great. So what's more important is when you use the tents. Okay, this could be a bit more difficult. So this is at a specific time in the past. Okay, So for example, I ask you what were you what were you doing yesterday? Okay. With that question, I'm asking for the continuous. It's not like, completed finished action like the simple It's a continuous thing. So it's at a specific time in the past, Okay, When in action continues in the past, okay. And also for background information, if you're telling a story, for example, you can say I was living in Barcelona when I met my wife. Okay. The most important part of the story is I met my wife. But you want to put a little bit of information to give the other person some context to your story. So that's background information. Okay, let's look at some examples. So I was playing football at four o'clock yesterday, Okay? The idea here is that you didn't finish the football at four o'clock. You continue playing on for until five o'clock, maybe. And okay, so I drew a little timeline here at the bottom, as you could see on. So that's the idea here. Maybe it's for a pluck around here. Okay, that's four o'clock in the past. Andi, it continues. Okay, maybe I started playing for about three o'clock here on the continued until five o'clock. So you want to show that this idea of continuing and that's the idea of this tense. And so with negative, then you just make waas negative. So I was not playing football on the fourth look. Yesterday I wasn't playing. Sometimes we make this contraction and say I wasn't playing football at for blood yesterday . And then the most common question then will use. Were you playing football for luck yesterday? Okay. And good. So that's basically it for the past continues. We'll see you in the next video. 7. Future Simple : Hello again. So now we move on to some future tense. And let's talk about the future in English. Okay, so we have the future Simple, which is usually is Well, okay, So how do we formed the tense? So you just is the subject. I will always will. I will eat okay on the infinitive. So if you have the verb do I will do, I will do my homework. Okay, then we have you. You will eat. He will eat, We will eat and they will eat. Okay. So easy. Tense to form. Okay. But not such an easy tense to use, maybe. And okay, so when we use the tense decisions at the moment Okay. So this we use this when you decide something at the moment, for example, You see somebody with a lot of books or a lot of things in their hands and you say, Oh, I will help you. Okay. Will help you, Onda. We use that because at that moment you see something and you react to that moment and you say Okay, I will help you. It's not something that we planned in advance and know it's something that you see in advance. For example, You go You want to make an omelet and you check the fridge on you see up. I have no eggs. I will go to the supermarket. Go super. Okay, Because because you just realized at that moment that you don't have any eggs, okay? And we also use it to talk about the future in general. OK? For example, I will be in London tomorrow and okay, but not what somebody decided. OK, that is something. That way we'll see in the next Listen, OK? And also predictions. OK, general predictions, usually quite far in the future. Maybe this is a good example. Robots will rule the world in 2000 and 50. Okay, that's a prediction. I don't think that's going to happen, but that could be somebody's prediction. Okay, so how do we make it these? Negative. You just had not okay. I will not help you. Or more commonly, we say I won't. I won't help you. Okay? Example of this? I won't be in London tomorrow. I won't be in London tomorrow on robots won't rule the world into very good. Okay, questions Again we invert the verb with subject. Okay? So he subject issue. Will you help me? Okay. Will you be in London tomorrow? Well, robots rule the world in 2050. Okay, that you ask the question in the next lesson we're going to look at going to and you'll see it can be a little bit different sometimes. And it can also be the same sometimes. So we tried to understand the difference between future simple will on going 8. Going to : Okay, so now we're going to look at another tense in the future. This is what we call going to or to be going to. Okay. Have to form the tents again. And this one is a little bit more complicated to form. Okay. You need subject and congregate. The verb to be I am. You are. He is. We are then going to heat. Okay, so it's to be, for example, I am and then going to plus the verb. OK, so I am going to eat. You are going to eat. He is going to eat. We are going to eat and they are going to eat. Okay, when we use the tents. So this is important and we use this for plans and intentions. So if you think about this, it's quite a lot. We talk about our plans, OK, We'll talk. And all the time. What are you going to do this weekend? The same. That means what are your plans? Yeah, And then also your intentions. Okay. What do you want from the future? What are your intentions? I am going to be a famous actor, okay? Something like that. That's your intention. Excellent. Ok, then we also have something like this. It's a decision already made. Okay, so you made the decision to do something in the past. But it's about the future. For example, I am going to meet my girlfriend for dinner. Okay? We made the arrangements on what's Appiah? We sent message. Oh, let's go for dinner tonight on. Okay. Okay. Everything's ready. But what happens is in the future, we're going out for dinner in the future. But we made the decision in the past. Okay, On goods on the last one is predictions. OK, this is usually based on evidence. So I put the example here it is going to rain. Okay, That is a situation where you look and you see the sky. There is a big black cloud. Okay, you see the big black Oh, it's going to rain. Okay, Because it's based on evidence. That cloud is the evidence that you've seen you make your prediction. Okay, Great. Eso had to make these sentences negative again. You make the auxiliary here. Negative. So I am not going to find my phone. I am not going to meet my girlfriend for dinner on it isn't going to rain. Okay, that's the same as it is not going. Just another contraction isn't the same, is not okay. Excellent questions. Then again, you change on the auxiliary verb with the subject you say, Are you going to find your phone? Are you going to have dinner with your girlfriends? Okay, I'm talking about you this time because it's a more natural question. We don't often ask ourselves questions. So I asked you, Are you going to finish this course, for example? That is at your intention. Yes, I think so. On and lastly, is it going to rain? Okay. And that's it for now. I'll see you soon. 9. Present perfect simple: So in this lecture we're going to look at the present perfect since. Okay, So perfect Tenses are something that you need to understand. What is a perfect tense. Okay, Well, look at that a bit later. So had to form the tents. Use I subject with have being used, have or has in the past. Participle being is the past participle off the verb to be so I have bean you have bean. He she has bean. We have bean, they have bean in the negative. Then we make the have negative here. So I haven't bean. You haven't Bean. He hasn't Bean. We haven't Bean. They haven't bean. Okay. And then questions. We change the subject I with and the auxiliary which is Have so have I mean, have you bean? Has he she bean Have we bean, Have they bean Okay. And most important about this tent is when we use the tents. Okay, so sometimes we use it for experiences in your life. Okay? I have bean to Italy in my life. I have eaten pizza in Italy. Okay? These are experiences in my life and also for things that happened in the past and continue in the present. Okay, so that could be where you live. For example, I have lived in Ireland for two years. Okay, You started in Ireland two years ago, but now it's still true. You still live in Ireland now? So there's disconnection with the past on the present, and that's a very important idea in the present. Perfect. Okay, there's some connection with the past and the present. Look at this example. I have played guitar for 15 years. Okay, That means I started 15 years ago, but now I play. I still play guitar. So and that's why we use the present. Perfect. We also use it for very recent past. Like, I have just made some coffee. Okay. Just is like, one or two minutes ago. And this is another good example. Rights. And the coffee is hot, right? So there is some relationship with the present, and if you think about it, then there is a relationship. Okay? I hope that helps. And on I hope you enjoy the course on. We'll talk again soon. 10. Present simple practice: Okay, so now we can do some practice and what we learned in the previous videos. So here's an example I on You need to choose the correct verb tense with the verb study English. Now, Theo, the correct answer is I, um, studying English now. Okay, Because it's happening now. Present continues. Next example. I play football on Saturdays. Okay. This is something that we do every week. It's a habit. A routine. She eats toast for breakfast again. A habit or routine. She talks a lot. Okay, so this is something we're talking about. Generally, this person generally talks a lot. She is talking on the phone. Okay, Probably when we use the sentence, it's going to be happening. Now. Where is she? She is talking on the phone. Okay. It's possible to say she talks on the phone, but not very relevant. Right? Because everybody talks on the phone. It's not a normal sentence. Okay, where is John? He is swimming at the pool. Okay, This is happening now. The questions happening now. Where is John? He is swimming at the pool. What are you doing again? Something happening now. And the clue it helps you in the question is also in the present continues. So I am watching TV now. OK, that you don't need to say now, but and we understand it's happening now. They look at this example. I love swimming. What verb tense? Is this OK? It's not the present Continuous. No. Think about it. It's the present. Simple. I love swimming. Okay, this is something in general, it's not something happening now. 11. Past tenses practice: Let's look at some examples of past tenses. So I was studying English for hours yesterday. Okay. And so this is kind of a longer period of time. You want to say I was studying English for hours past continuous. Okay, The next example. Then I played football on Saturdays. Okay, This is kind of a common thing that you used to do in the past. What about this example? She ate toast for breakfast. Okay. Past simple. Here. In this case, it's just something that happened quite quickly. Okay? She ate the toast for breakfast. She was looking at the window all morning. Okay. Past continuous. Because again, this is a bit longer. Like if she just looked at the window, she looked at the window past simple. Then it's fast. It happens quickly. Okay. In this case, it's all morning. So she was looking at the window all morning. She was talking in French. Okay. It's again a longer period of time. In the conversation, she was talking in French. Where was John? Okay. Is this something short or something longer? He was swimming at the pool past continuous. Okay. What were you doing? Okay, you have help in the question. What were you doing? I waas watching TV. Okay, we have more examples here. The 1st 1 is the past. Simple on the 2nd 1 is the past continues. So the difference is I looked at the window. It happened quickly on in the past. Continuous. I was looking at the window when I saw a man. Okay. And sometimes we can use this as an example like that. 12. Future tenses Practice: Okay, so let's practice some future tenses. I am going to study English later. Okay? Going to I am playing football on Saturday. Okay? You can use going to a swell. The difference is and sometimes we use the present continuous when we am doing activity in the future with other people. So another example might be I am meeting my parents for dinner. But you can also say I am going to meet my parents for dinner. There are two options here. He will be in New Delhi next week. Okay. You can also say he is going to be in New Delhi next week. Two possibilities. She is going to be very famous someday. Okay, well is also possible. Here. You have two possibilities. This is a prediction, right? I am going to speak English very well. Okay. This is your intention. So I am going to speak English Very well. Where you going to be? I am going to be at the pool. Well is also possible here. I will be at the pool. What will the world be like in 20 years? The world will be amazing in 20 years. Okay? It's probably more likely that we use will in this case because we don't really have evidence of what the world will be like in 20 years. OK, we don't have able evidence. Okay, Here's two examples. I am going to buy a car or I will buy a new car. Okay, So the the difference between these two is that in the first sentence, I'm going to buy a car. You made the decision in already in the past. So the decision is made in the past on now, you're just talking to your friend and say I'm going to buy occur, Okay? In the presence you're talking to your friend say I'm going to buy a car. You made the decision before. In the second example, I would buy a new car. You're just making the decision. At that moment, it's not very likely because to buy a car, you need to think a lot. So the first example is more common will and going Teoh, it is going to be a good year. It would be a good year. Okay, Both, um, examples are possible. This is an example of prediction. Okay, maybe the 1st 1 You have more evidence that it's going to be a good year. Maybe you own a business, okay? And you look at the reports and everything looks good and you say, Oh, it's gonna be a good year. It's gonna be a good year and or if you just want to say, it will be a good year, you don't have any evidence. It's just a prediction.