English Phrasal Verbs With 'Take' - English Language | Derek Smith | Skillshare

English Phrasal Verbs With 'Take' - English Language

Derek Smith, Experienced and qualified teacher

English Phrasal Verbs With 'Take' - English Language

Derek Smith, Experienced and qualified teacher

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11 Lessons (35m)
    • 1. Phrasal Verbs with 'Take' - Introduction

      4:21
    • 2. Take off

      3:54
    • 3. Take on

      3:37
    • 4. Take out

      2:59
    • 5. Take in

      3:12
    • 6. Take down

      2:44
    • 7. Take up

      4:04
    • 8. Take apart

      2:57
    • 9. Take back

      3:10
    • 10. Take after

      1:52
    • 11. Take over

      2:05
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About This Class

Phrasal verbs an be quite awkward for English language learners.There are several reasons for this, as detailed in the first introductory lesson. The only good news is that phrasal verbs are still verbs, so all of the rules on verbs also apply to phrasal verbs. Please see my other course on verbs for more information about this topic.

In this course, we look specifically at 10 phrasal verbs using 'take', namely:

  • take off
  • take on
  • take out
  • take in
  • take down
  • take up
  • take apart
  • take back
  • take after
  • take over

Each lesson has a similar structure. We look at how to conjugate the phrasal verb and then look at the different meanings of that phrasal verb, with explanations and plenty of examples. 

As usual, please ask if anything is unclear and make use of the class project.

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Derek Smith

Experienced and qualified teacher

Teacher

Hello, I'm Derek - a qualified and experienced English trainer.

I have an IT background and have been teaching English to adults for over 10 years.

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Transcripts

1. Phrasal Verbs with 'Take' - Introduction: Hello and welcome to this skill share costs on phrasal verbs using the verb to take. So phrasal verbs are really quite confusing for language learners for many reasons. But before we go into that and have a quick look at, well, what exactly are phrasal verbs? So phrasal verbs is made up of a verb and another word, this is usually a preposition, but sometimes an adverb. This is called the particle. So the verb plus particle makes up a new entity, which is the phrasal verb. Now the reason why these are confusing is really for two main reasons. The first one is that you can't really tell what the meaning of the phrasal verb is based on just looking at the two via the verb and the particle components. So you get a different, not just a different mean, you get many different meanings. And some of these phrasal verbs, they can have 5678 different meanings depending on context, which is of course, hugely confusing for anyone trying to learn the language. And the other thing that makes them confusing is that some logic gets thrown out of the window to a certain extent, because opposites don't really mean opposites and the way you think they would. So to give an example, off is the opposite of on them. But take on has about five or six different meanings. And take off has five or six different meanings. But none of the meanings of take-home are the opposites of any of the meanings of takeoff. Which is a caudal completely Bahrami. If you ask me, it's I do apologize for this. I didn't I didn't make up the rules Here. I am only explaining them, so don't, don't blame me. So again, this, this is why phrasal verbs are confusing for learners. For this course is about half an hour long. And we looked at about ten, where look at ten different phrasal verbs that go with the verb to take. Now there is o by that, it's not all bad news with phrasal verbs, there is one bit of good news. And that's namely the phrasal verbs are still verbs. So all of the information, everything in there about verbs applies to phrasal verbs. So I do have a different course on verbs, so habit, checkout that one if you want more sort of general information on verbs. The way this individual lessons are structured, they're all, they'll have the same structure. Though we start off with conjugating the verb. We look at the past tense and past participle. We then look at then different meanings of the phrasal verbs and we look at with examples and explanations. So what we also find is this word separable coming up. So by separable, we mean whether the particle and the verb have to go right next to each other, or if they can have something in between. And if there's something in between, will states on what, what goes in between. So you can get a feel for how to use it. This, again, separable, non-separable is another cause of confusion because even the same phrasal verbs can be separable in one usage and non-separable in another. So there's no rules here, you just have to look at it, ca, use it, understand the examples. You will find that it becomes clear with US AND with practice. As by all of these courses, there's a project with some questions you can look at to practice the things we've learned in this short course and we hope you enjoy it. He's a questions and answers. If you do have any queries with it and send me your projects and I'll check them for you and give you directions and feedback. Thanks for taking this course. 2. Take off: Now what are the most common uses of take-off as at airports? And we use this phrasal verb for when the plane leaves the ground and hear the phrase of verb is not separable. Examples would be, what time does the plane takeoff was, when does it leave? Or if you look over there, you can see the planes taking off, though they're pointing you towards the runway. The other common use of take-off that people think of is when we're removing items of clothing. And here in this usage we can separate the phrasal verbs so they're taking the off, don't have to be together. Examples would be, are you look ridiculous. Tape that city shirt off at once is really warms. 5k took my jumper off. And you can see here that the taken the off have extra words in between them, which is what we mean when we say separable. Takeoff can also mean to suddenly depart. And here, the verb is not separable. Though some examples are, I'm gonna take off, see you later. Now, I'm off now. Suddenly going. Well, I don't know a John is he just took off after breakfast. And John after breakfast just quickly left. Didn't tell you run where he was going. Will seize takeoff when you don't go to work. And here the verb is separable. I'm gonna take friday OFF and enjoy a long weekend. Or I have a doctors appointment, Can I take the afternoon off? We also use takeoff to indicate a great success in something. And here is not separable. Examples would be Q4 last year was amazing, that business really took off. And Q4 is the fourth quarter of last year, October, November, December. And the business really took off. Turnover was good, profits were really good, that sort of thing. Or his career has been taking off since his appearance on TV. He was on TV for something and since then he'd be more well-known in his career is getting more successful. Another usage of takeoff is when we imitate someone. And here again, it's not separable in this usage. Examples are taken takeoff Margaret Thatcher really well, sounds just like her. More professional mimics are expected to be able to take off several famous people WHO to take them off is to imitate them into sound like them. And the last usage is when a service is withdrawn. And here the phrases phrasal verb is not separable. Examples are, the program was not popular homeless, taken off the television. I was really sad for my favorite show was taken off the air. Now to take it off is to remove it. So it's no longer available to be watched or heard. 3. Take on: Take Khan is another versatile phrasal verb. And here we look at five different meanings. Now, although on is the opposite of off, there's no logic to be applied here. And all these five meanings of take on, none of them are the opposite of any of the seven of take off that we just looked at. Though we can, we can forget logic here. But how do we conjugate take on, have the infinitive to take on, the present participle, taking on, the past tense, took on and the past participle taken on. The first example is take on when we employ somebody. And here the verb is separable. We have a lot of work to do. We should take on some more staff. Cheated. Well, during the interview, I think we should take her on her one where it's together, on one where it's separable. Thanks. Usage of take on is when we fight somebody. This can also be in a competition as opposed as a physical fight. And hear the phrase of verb is separable. Examples. If he pushes me again, I'm going to take him on. And so if he pushes me, I'm gonna fight him. Or England will take on Germany in the next round. There's a sporting event, say football and England and Germany are competing together. Another usage of take on is when people get onto a vehicle. And here the verb is not separable. The bus was full and we couldn't take on any more passengers. Or the taxi was big and could take on six passengers. Supposed to say for your for like a normal taxi. We'll see use take on when we accept a job or a task. And here the verb is not separable. And some examples, I'm really busy. I don't think I can take on any more work. We're taking on more work to save up for our holiday. We will see US take on when something takes on an appearance or characteristic of something else. And I realized we've used take on to describe take on. It's really an easier way of describing this, I'm sorry, but you'll see in the examples what we mean. And the same thing can also be someone. And here the phrasal verb is not separable. He just needed a beard and stomach padding to take on the appearance of Santa Claus. Her voice took on a serious tone when she scolded the children. So here in the first example, in order to look like Santa Claus or Father Christmas, you just needed a beard and stomach padding to appear like Father Christmas or Santa Claus. And in the second one, it's the voice Turkana, serious tone. To have voice became more serious. 4. Take out: And take out. Take out also has five different meanings. And we conjugate takeout, infinitive to take-out present participle. Taking out past tense, took out past participle. Taken out. He's take how to invite someone to go somewhere. And here the verb is separable. Are you going to take claire out on Saturday? Her parents took her out for a meal on her birthday. To both cases, I think it's fairly clear which is meant. We also use takeout is when we want to borrow something. And here the verb is separable. You can take a book out from the library instead of buying it. Well, we took out a mortgage to buy our house. Is take out if you want to remove something. And here the verb is separable. Examples. Can you take the rubber shout please? The bin is full. He had her appendix taken out last year. And in both case something is removed, the rubbish is removed from the kitchen, say often the house. If we withdraw cash from a bank or an ATM, we also use takeout. And here the verb is separable. If the bank is closed, you can still take money out using the ATM. Or the restaurant only accepts cash. So I had to take money out to pay for the meal. You also use takeout if you kill or eliminate someone. And we also use this figuratively in a sports context rather than literally in a sort of a killing contexts. And here the verb is not separable. The sniper took out his target with a single shot. That's the literal version. Was a figurative version. The full back took out the other player with a crunching tackle. Pullback is say rugby in this case. And he tackled the person really hard and took him out so I didn't kill him. He just prevented him from going further in the game. 5. Take in: To take in also has five different meanings. How do we conjugate take in? We have the infinitive to take in. Present participle, taking in, the past tense, took in, and the past participle taken in. Pre, taking clothing, we make it smaller in size. And here the verb is separable. And after the diet, I had to have my trousers taken in because they were too big. Well addressed, didn't fit well. So she asked a friend to take it in a bit. You take something in, you understand it. And here the verb is separable. So what I first went to university, I struggled to take it all in. There. There's lots to learn and lots to understand and I found it difficult. Or she spoke so fast, I had trouble taking in everything she said. Again, it's the speed of her speech made it difficult to understand everything she said. And here we use take in you take someone, then you can also use this to show that you've deceived somebody. And here the verb is separable. And some examples, don't let that politicians fake promises take you in. But don't be fooled by his lies. Are the schema took in a lot of people before he was finally caught. Again, this gamma cheated and deceived some people. That's where we look, US took in. If you can also take someone in to give them shelter. And here the verb is separable. She has a soft heart and takes in any stray dogs. She sees. Her she sees a stray dog, should take some indoors and gives them shelter in her home. We have several foreign students that need somewhere to stay. Can you take any in Noah's, can you be a host family for them? And lastly, we're looking at taking, if we spend some time looking at the scenery or the surroundings of which we're in. And here the phrasal verb is separable. Or look up that scenery. Just sit here and take it all in. Now, just, just enjoy it and take it all in local, all of it and appreciated. And it's fascinating to sit outside our cafe, drink a coffee, and taken the vibes of the town. Sometimes they call is people watching as well. So you just sit outside having a rest and just watch the world go by. We also, you've taken for this. 6. Take down: Take down. Another versatile phrasal verb. Take down. We look here at four different meanings. But how we conjugate takedown, infinitive to take down present participle, taking down past-tense, took down past participle taken down. First example we're looking at is if we remove something from somewhere and hear the phrasal verb is separable. Can you take that horrible posted down, please? So you're removing the poster from the wall or we always take down the Christmas decorations in January and taking them down from the walls and the ceilings wherever they are. We will see is take down if we make a note of something, for example, on a piece of paper. And here the verb is separable. Take this down. It will be on the exam at the end of term that this might be a teacher, maybe a university lecturer telling someone to make a note of what they're saying, they will be asked in the exam. What did you take down that caused number plate or maybe the car caused an accident and drove away and asked if anyone made a note of their number. You take someone down, you defeat them. And again, it can be used in a sports context. And when we do this, the phrasal verb is separable here. Examples, that soldier was taken down by a single snipers bullet. And this was the non-sports context of sports example. The boxer said he was going to take his opponent down hard. So it's going to make sure there was a decisive victory. You take something down, you also move it to, move something to a lower position. And here the verb is separable. I can't reach the sugar. Can you take it down for me, please? Rise. It's too high up somewhere. Well, I had to take my trousers down for the injection and maybe the doctors say you had to move your trousers from around your waist to round your knees or lower. So the doctor could give you an injection. 7. Take up: To take up, take up as another very versatile phrasal verb. And here we looked at six different meanings. How would we conjugate take-up infinitive to take up present participle, taking up the past tense, took up in past participle. Taken up. We use take-up to accept an offer or a challenge. And here the verb is separable. Thanks for your kind offer to help. I'll take you up on that. As I accept your offer. Or he challenged his sister to erase, he took him up on it and one. So that's the challenge that was accepted. And also use take up when someone or something occupies a certain amount of space. We can also use that something requires not just space, but also time. And this uses the verb is not separable. The new printer takes up a lot of space in the office as occupies a lot of space. On my whole morning was taken up with a really boring meeting. Now here's the time example that this boring meeting lasted the whole morning. You also take up hobbies and activities when we start them. And here the verb is not separable. I feel a lot better since I took up jogging or hear someone started jogging for some exercise. And since doing this, feel healthier. Or polar, took up judo as a child and is now an instructor. So she started this Judo when she was a child as a hobby or an activity and now as an adult to works as an instructor. We also use take up when we address an issue or a problem. And here the verb is separable. I'll have to take your complaint up with the manager. And I was I can't deal with your problem. I have to get their manager a pass it onto him. Or we should take this matter up with our lawyer. They should address the issue or problem. You also use take up two shorter than an item of clothing. And here the verb is separable. Can he take my trousers up of it, please? They're a bit too long. Or her dress was getting dirty, so she took it up to keep it off the floor. And if you remember before we had taken in, which is to make it smaller. And this is similar, but we're making it shorter and there is a difference. And the last one is when we resume an activity following interruption. And here the verb is separable. Let's take this up again tomorrow after a good sleep. Maybe we've been spending all day trying to solve this problem with getting tired and not getting anywhere. Best thing we can do is go home, have a good sleep, and then continue in the morning. And we say, let's take this up again tomorrow. For each book in the series takes up with the previous one finished. The book two follows on from book one. 2q3 follows on from book two and so on. 8. Take apart: To take a part. Take a part only has three different meanings. And we conjugate taker part as follows. And the infinitive to take apart the present participle. Taking apart the past tense, took apart, past participle taken apart. We take something apart, we dismantle it. And here the verb is separable. Peter took his trumpeter parts or give it a good clean or sandra took correct. Computer apart to see if she could fix it herself. I've had fairly clear examples. We also use to take a part if you defeat someone by a large margin or very easily. And is someone can also be a team. And here the verb is separable. The Boxer took his opponent apart in the first round. It was not pretty though the box are one and that easily in the first round. So he took his opponent apart. We were soundly thrashed by the other team. They made taking us apart looks so easy. Again, this is this sense of a very easy victory over somebody. Again, we're speaking metaphorically here. We're not literally taking them apart. And also use this when you critically analyze some thing to find flaws, mistakes, or weaknesses. And here the verb is separable. Our boss tried to explain why we couldn't get to pay rights. We took his arguments apart in two minutes for our pace still didn't improve. So they boss basically tried to make up some nonsense about why he didn't want to pay any more. And they looked at his arguments, realized they were nonsense, only took them two minutes, but the boss state stubborn and didn't help them. Or the critics didn't like her new book and took it apart in the reviews. This is slightly, I think we need to explain this one. So somebody wrote a book and the critics didn't like it and they gave a very bad reviews. And this, the way we explain this, it says also say and took it apart and reviews rather than just gave her bad reviews. So in addition to giving a bad review, they really looked into it and critically analyzed it and pointed out all the flaws and mistakes in it as well. 9. Take back: And take back has four different meanings. And here's how we conjugate. Take back infinitive to take back present participle. Taking back past-tense, took back past participle, taken back. If we turn something often because it's faulty or broken. And here the verb is separable. My new phone didn't work, so I took it back to the shop for a refund. How can you also take this book back the library when you go to, in this case, the book wasn't faulty or broken, we'd just finished reading it and ask someone else if they were going to the library faker, take it back with them as a favor. Us take something back. You withdraw a statement that had been previously made. And here the verb is separable. The day you take that back at once. While, I'm sorry, I said You are fat. I take it back. Right. So you see you say something you regretted. Unusual as a wave apologizing is I'm sorry, I take it back. Please pretend I didn't say it. You also take back as when we resume a relationship with somebody following a split. And here the verb is separable. I really blew it. Do you think she'll ever take me back? So this is someone, presumably a guy's saying, he did something stupid and his girlfriend said, I'm finished with you. And he's wondering if maybe she changed her mind and take him back and carry on their relationship or I'll give him a second chance and take him back. For now. She says, I'll forgive him. Everyone gets a second chart. I'll take him back now as he can be, still be my boyfriend for now until he does something stupid again, we'll see is take back when we get all nostalgic and reminisce about another time or another place. And hear the phrase of verb is separable. Hearing that song takes me back to our first dance. I think someone but say this when they've heard maybe a song on the radio. And it reminds them that that was the song that was playing when this couple had their first dance way back when. And you express this by saying hearing that song takes me back to that time. Well, I haven't been here for over 30 years. It really takes me back. 10. Take after: Take after. This has two different meanings. We conjugate take after with infinitive to take after present participle, taking after past-tense, took after past participle, taken after. Use, take up from recopy, somebody's habits. And here the verb is not separable. Jane took after her sister and played in the hockey team. To understand this as follows, that Jane has an older system than the older sister played in the hockey team. And now Jane sort of copying that and is also now playing in the hockey team. By hope he doesn't take after his brother and end up in prison. And whoever he is has a brother who's in prison. And the person hopes that he doesn't copy his brother and also end up going to jail. And the second usage of take after is when somebody resembles someone's characteristics, often a physical characteristic. And here the phrasal verb is not separable. And your son doesn't take after you at all. Is he adopted? And what they're saying is that your son looks nothing like you and asked if he was adopted or you take off your grandfather. You have his eyes that you physically resemble your grandfather you've inherited, say, the color of his eyes. And this is not the same as the first example of the first usage of take after, where someone's OR deliberately does something, this is more accidental, that just happens rather than a deliberate choice. 11. Take over: And take over has three different meanings. And conjugate takeover as follows. Infinitive to takeover, present participle taking over past tense, took over past participle taken over these takeover, especially in a historical context to show that one will satisfy one group, conquered another group, often a country. And in this use, the phrasal verb is not separable. When France was taken over by Germany during World War II. Active version rather than the passive version is Germany took over France during World War II. We will see use takeover when one company takes control of another company, often by purchasing shares. And here the verb is separable. As a real life example, manners men was taken over by Vodafone into thousand. Well I main competitor tried to take as over but failed to do so. And they tried to buy lots of shares but didn't buy enough. And takeover is also used if we assume the responsibility for something or someone. And in this usage the verb is not separable. When my father retired, I took over the running of the company. And I was I I was then the new boss. You don't feel well, you should go home. I'll take over from here. And one colleague saying to another one, that is not well, just take the rest of the day OK. Don't don't stay here, go home. I will do the thing that you were doing or I will take responsibility for that thing that you were doing.