English Phrasal Verbs With 'Cut' - English Language | Derek Smith | Skillshare

English Phrasal Verbs With 'Cut' - English Language

Derek Smith, Experienced and qualified teacher

English Phrasal Verbs With 'Cut' - English Language

Derek Smith, Experienced and qualified teacher

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11 Lessons (26m)
    • 1. Phrasal Verbs with 'Cut' - Introduction

      2:04
    • 2. Cut off

      2:35
    • 3. Cut out

      2:45
    • 4. Cut in

      2:20
    • 5. Cut down

      2:19
    • 6. Cut up

      2:28
    • 7. Cut back

      2:21
    • 8. Cut through

      3:11
    • 9. Cut across

      2:17
    • 10. Cut into

      2:14
    • 11. Cut away

      1:34
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About This Class

Phrasal verbs an be quite awkward for English language learners.There are several reasons for this, as detailed in the first introductory lesson. The only good news is that phrasal verbs are still verbs, so all of the rules on verbs also apply to phrasal verbs. Please see my other course on verbs for more information about this topic.

In this course, we look specifically at 10 phrasal verbs using 'cut', namely:

  • cut off
  • cut out
  • cut in
  • cut down
  • cut up
  • cut back
  • cut through
  • cut across
  • cut into
  • cut away

Each lesson has a similar structure. We look at how to conjugate the phrasal verb and then look at the different meanings of that phrasal verb, with explanations and plenty of examples. 

As usual, please ask if anything is unclear and make use of the class project.

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Derek Smith

Experienced and qualified teacher

Teacher

Hello, I'm Derek - a qualified and experienced English trainer.

I have an IT background and have been teaching English to adults for over 10 years.

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Transcripts

1. Phrasal Verbs with 'Cut' - Introduction: Hello and welcome to this Skillshare calls on English phrasal verbs using the vet main verb to cut. So phrasal verbs are these combinations of a main verb and often a preposition called this case the particle. So verb plus particle makes the phrasal verb. And these are so confusing for language learners for several reasons which we'll look at now. The first one is that one phrasal verb can have many different meanings and different diverse meanings. And so often it's difficult if you don't know with them to work out what it means in the sentence when you're reading it. And the other thing that makes it confusing is that there's no logic that you can apply here. For example, using to cut. If we have up being the opposite of down, then cut up. It doesn't have any opposites have cut down on it. You can't say, Oh, I know some of the meanings of cut up. So cut down must be the opposite of one of those. I'm sorry, it doesn't work that way. It's completely logical. Accounting. Apologize for this. I didn't make this up. But the only good news with phrasal verbs is that they are verbs. So anything you learned about verbs applies to phrasal verbs as well. That's maybe the one bit of good news. The lessons all have a similar structure. So we look at the phrasal verb. We look at the way to conjugate the phrasal verb. And then we look at the different meanings this can have with examples. So you can see really how it works in a sentence. There is, of course, a project at the end of the lesson. So please feel free to do that. And if you send me your answers are correct and give you feedback. Also, there's a Q and a. So if there are any questions, please feel free to use a Q and a. You will get an answer. 2. Cut off: The cutoff is a phrasal verb with four different meanings. And here's how we conjugate cutoff. Infinitive to cut off present participle, cutting off the past tense, cutoff and past participle cut off. One of the most common uses of the phrasal verb cutoff is to remove something with a knife or similarly sharp instrument. And this uses the phrasal verb is separable. Examples. Why did you cut off all your hair? You have to cut the tops off the carrots before you cook them. And here we see what we mean by separable. That there are words between the cut and they're off that are allowed. If they're non-separable, you can't. I have to be together. We also cut off when we stop the supply of something. This is usually a service, but it can also be money. And here the phrasal verb is not separable. Some examples, we forgot to pay their bill and they cut off and electricity. Both my grades don't improve. My parents were cut off. My allowance. For the first example is a service. A second was the money. We also cut someone off if we interrupt them and stop them from talking. Can also be on the telephone, not just in-person. And here the verb is separable. We're out of time. I'm going to have to cut you off there. Please listen. Don't just cut me off like you did last time. Okay. So in both cases they're being interrupted and they can no longer talk. You, isolate or make contact difficult with someone if you cut them off as well. And here the verb is separable. But after the floods, the village was completely cut off. The nose is no way to get to the village where he locked himself in his room and cut himself off from the rest of the world that he isolated himself. 3. Cut out: To cut out as a verb. And this one has five different meanings. Here's how we conjugate cutout. Infinitive to cut out present participle, cutting out, past tense, cut out, past participle, cut out. And the obvious example if cutout is to say, use scissors and cut things out from a sheet. And here the verb is not separable. When Karen was younger, she used to cut out pictures for her scrapbook. Playing fuselage parts are cut out from huge metal sheets. Again, not always scissors. Sometimes it can be something a lot bigger and not always paper. We use cut out with an engine stops running. And here the verb is not separable. The car keeps cutting out whenever I tried to accelerate. No. Puts his foot on the accelerator and the car stops running is not good. Or the bus engine cut out because the driver forgot to get a fuel. That's even worse because that's embarrassing as well. Cut out is when you exclude someone from something. And here the verb is separable. After they split up, she cut him out of her life and they never saw each other again. Well, I always try to buy directly from the manufacturer and cut out the middleman. So the middleman here is excluded from the chain of transactions. Or stop doing something. And here the verb is separable. Smoking is bad for you. You should cut it out immediately. Well, the ketogenic diet is based on cutting out carbs. Or to have something arrange this, I have a cut out for you. And here the verb is not separable, is colleague is on holiday, so he really has his work cut out for him. Now. He has to do more work because his colleague is not there or she has a work cut out trying to finish the documentation in under a week. And that one's clear. 4. Cut in: The first one is when we push in a queue, so we don't wait to the bank, we try and save time. And here the verb is not separable. Do not try to cut in a queue in England, it will not end well. This is true. People do not like people who try and push in and cut in the queues. Salafist drivers who just cut in our danger to themselves and others. Again, very true. If you cut him during a dance, as is not impolite and he changed partner. And here the verb is not separable. Can I cut in? Janet promised mere dance. Answered politely asking, can I dance with Janet now? Well, I don't want to dance with Peter. I hope it doesn't try to cut in. To interrupt the conversation is also to cut in. And here the verb is not separable. How are we supposed to finish our conversation? If you keep cutting in all the time, it's rude to interrupt, stopped cutting in. And they're both clear. You also include someone in a deal if you cut them into the deal. And here the verb is separable. And if you want pull to keep quiet, eat better, cut him in on the deal. He wants some of the money from the deal as well. What would I need to do for you to cut me in on the job? So if I need to help you the job and get some pay for it, what do I need to do? And the last one is when equipment is setup to start working automatically. So here the verb is not separable. And the air conditioning cutscene automatically if the room is too warm. Abs cuts in if the wheels lock while braking. For ABS is an anti blocking system. So it makes breaking better. 5. Cut down: And cut down is another fairly versatile phrasal verb with four different meanings. And we conjugate cut down as follows. An infinitive to cut down present participle, cutting down past tense, cut down, past participle, cut down. First one is when we chopped geometry. This is perhaps the most common one, and the verb here is separable. The tree is getting too big. We'll have to cut it down soon. Want to have to cut the tree down? Isn't there an alternative? We will see is cut down when we want to reduce the amount of something. And here the verb is not separable. We're cutting down on sugar as part of our new healthy lifestyle. So we're eating less sugar. Cutting down on smoking is a start. Giving up completely would be better for you. So rather than reducing it, somewhat reduce it completely to 0. We can also cut someone down by reducing their status. And here the verb is separable. The demotion at work cut the arrogant boss down to size. Now he got promoted at work and suddenly he was a bit more modest. Well, after all that boasting, losing the fight really cut him down to size. I think this is more like a boxing example where someone was making lots of boastful claims and then lost. That made me a bit more humble and cut someone down by attacking them. Here the verb is separable. The soldiers were cut down by a hail of bullets. The prisoners were cut down by the firing squad. 6. Cut up: Cut up. Cut up is also fairly versatile and this phrasal verb has four different meanings. Conjugate cut up as follows. Infinitive to cut up present participle, cutting up past tense, cut up past participle, Cut Up first. And most obvious one is when we chop something into small pieces. And here the verb is separable. The Julianne is the word for cutting up vegetables into long thin strips. My carrots, for instance, or the Meetup into one-inch cubes and fry gently. Now the little two dashes after the one. That's an abbreviation for inch. If you bad ninja somebody with a knife or some other sharp implement, you also cut them up. And here the verb is separable. The attacker cut him up badly with his switch blade. When I broke the window, I cut up my hand badly. I was in someone's hand, went through the window and had lots of cuts in their happened. Or when we upset someone emotionally. Here the verb is separable. Some examples is comments about her weight. Really cut her up. She was really upset about what he said about her weight. Or the bad book review really cut up the author. The author was proud of the book and a bad review really upset him. We also use cut up if we're in a car and we push in front of someone similar to cut in. And here the verb is separable. That idiot. He zoomed passed me and kept me up, causing me to do an emergency stop. I think we've all we know the type of person we're talking about. Now. I really don't like it when someone cuts me up without warning. So cut-off is a bit more sudden and aggressive and cutting in. 7. Cut back: Cup back. This phrasal verb has three different meanings. We conjugate, cut back as follows. Infinitive to cut back present participle, cutting back, past tense, cut back, past participle, cut back. If we cut back on something, we reduce the amount of money we spend on it. We all could also can use this as a noun, in which case we call it a cutback. And here the verb is separable. Some examples were saving up for a holiday, so we're cutting or other expenses back to a minimum. If you want to buy a new car, you will have to cut back elsewhere. And one with the noun, the latest round of government cutbacks really hurt the unemployed. Or we will reduce the amount of something that we consume. Or it can also be an activity that we do. And here the verb is not separable. My doctor advised me to drink less, so I'm cutting back on my alcohol consumption. I haven't stopped entirely, I'm just drinking less. The first part of my diet is to cut back on snacks and fast food. Okay, So we're reducing the amount of snacks and fast food we're eating. The other cut back is when we take a tree or a bush and we sort of make it smaller by chopping bits off. And this is more of a literal meaning. And the verb here is separable. The tree was getting so big, we had to cut it back a lot. Well, they cut back the hedge to make it easier to walk on the pavement. So if you imagine a hedge growing out and it's covering too much of the pavement, you can cut the hedge bags so the pavement is now free. 8. Cut through: And cut through. Cut through is fairly versatile with four different meanings. Here's how we conjugate cut-through infinitive to cut through present participle, cutting through past tense, cut through past participle, cut through. We make a path through something, we are set to cut through it. This is more than a literal sense, and the verb here is separable. The machete was used to cut a path through the jungle. So we're literally hacking away under version underground and stuff and making a path through the jungle. Or the prisoners escaped by cutting through the fence. Again, a literal meaning, they cut a hole in the fence. We can also use cut-through when we go direct directly through somewhere as opposed to going around it. And the thing we're cutting through is usually in a sense is enclosed. And we've used cuts across four open areas coming up soon. And this is more of a figurative meaning, as opposed to the one we just had with a machete. And here the verb is not separable. We cut through the park to get to work quicker. So the park is a sensor of enclosed. We've got a fence around it. And we just walked through the park and took a shortcut. Let's cut through the market to get to George Street. Who does a market at the bottom of town. And rather than walking all the way to the bottom and around it, you can cut through the market and get to George Street. We also use cut through when we navigate an obstacle or deal with the problem. And here the verb is separable. The long ball cut through the French defense, allowing the Center for to score the winning goal. Those are football situation here and along ball after the obstacle or the problem was the French defense. And the ball went right over the, a lot of them allowing the center forward to score a goal. Or one we can probably all relate to. If you ever managed to cut through government bureaucracy, please tell me how you did it. And cut through is usually to slice something with say, a knife or some other sharp implement. And this can be literally or figuratively. And here the verb is not separable, but a literal version. Maybe the knife easily cut through the rope. Or figurative version. Cruel words cut through my heart. 9. Cut across: Cuts across. This phrasal verb has three different meanings. And here's how we conjugate. Cut across. Infinitive to cut across present participle. Cutting across the past tense, cuts across past participle, cut across. Again. Similarly, if we go through some thing rather than around it, we cut across it. And here the thing we're cutting across is usually an open area. And we've already had cut-through for enclosed areas or spaces. And the verb here is not separable. I hope we don't get caught cutting across the lawn where many places you're not allowed to walk on the grass, but it can be quicker to do so. Well, if we cut across the field, we'll get there a lot earlier. Again, taking a short cut across the field, describe an intersection of two or more paths. And here the verb is not separable. Now there's a new bridge where the road cuts across the river. So we have a river and the growing cutting across it and somehow we have to make it possible for the car. So there's a bridge built. Or the junction where first Greek cuts across Second Street is a dangerous intersection. I think we can infer here that people don't maybe look and there are lots of accidents. And cuts across can also mean that an issue affects many different classes or groups of people. And here the verb is not separable. This issue affects a lot of people and cuts across traditional political lines. So this, this issue is something that concerns a lot of people and has an impact on them. And it doesn't matter which part of the political spectrum they're on. All these new laws are for everyone. And we'll cut across all social classes that affects the rich and the poor alike. 10. Cut into: Cutting to cut into the phrasal verb has three different meanings. We conjugate cut into as follows. Infinitive to cut into present participle, cutting into past tense, cut into past participle, cut into. Please cut into when we want to talk about reducing the available amount of something, especially time or money. And here the verb is not separable. Skiing is an expensive hobby. It really cuts into my savings. And it takes a lot of money. Well, kids football really cuts into our weekend. And when the kids are playing football, the time we have over the weekend is drastically reduced. Who's cut into and when we interrupt something, the verb here is not separable. The telephone rang and cut into her thoughts. Though she's maybe daydreaming a bit and the telephone and kind of brought her back to where she was or sorry to cut into your meeting. We have an emergency. So you'll need an outside quickly. And cut into is also when we cut into something, but we don't cut it into pieces. We don't cut it into two halves as it were. We just cut into it or slice into Agnes again, can be literal or figurative. And then this uses the verb is separable. So literal one would be cut one centimeter deep scores into the meat before roasting it. So you have a thick piece of meat and you just just cut some lines into it as a one centimeter deep. I don't know why don to do this, but there are some things that say it. Or in a figurative sense, these new shoes are cutting into my feet up so they're not literally cutting our feet into pieces. Sometimes might feel that way. 11. Cut away: And cutaway. But cutoff with a phrasal verb, cutaway has two different meanings. Here's how we conjugate cutaway. Infinitive to cutaway, present participle, cutting away, past tense, cutaway, past participle, cutaway. The first example of all, the first way we use cutaway is to remove something by cutting. And here the verb is separable. We might say, for example, cuts away any excess fats before frying the meat. Or if we cut away those branches, we will get more light through the window. And the other use of cutaway is used in filming. And it's just a technique they use. And it's where a sequence is interrupted and the viewer is shown something else instead. And here the verb is not separable. But after the main character falls to the floor, cuts away to the female lead. So we're watching the main character fall over. And then the camera turned and we've see then what the female lead, how she reacts to the character falling on the floor. If that's a scary example. The part where it cuts away to show two red eyes under the bed is really scary. From some sort of horror film.