English Grammar: Master 12 Verb Tenses | Mister Rabiey | Skillshare

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English Grammar: Master 12 Verb Tenses

teacher avatar Mister Rabiey, âœȘ Cambridge Certified Tutor

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

25 Lessons (1h 36m)
    • 1. Introduction

      2:18
    • 2. Present tense

      4:55
    • 3. formula of Present tense

      3:56
    • 4. present continues

      3:51
    • 5. formula of present continues

      3:30
    • 6. Present perfect

      6:20
    • 7. formula of Present perfect

      3:50
    • 8. present perfect continuous

      5:33
    • 9. formula of present perfect continuous

      2:27
    • 10. past simple

      4:19
    • 11. Formula of past simple

      3:48
    • 12. past continuous

      4:36
    • 13. Formula of past continuous

      2:15
    • 14. past perfect

      5:47
    • 15. formula of past perfect

      4:17
    • 16. past perfect continuous

      3:41
    • 17. formula of past perfect continuous

      2:42
    • 18. future simple

      7:07
    • 19. formula of future simple

      2:36
    • 20. future continuous

      4:44
    • 21. formula of future continuous

      1:54
    • 22. future perfect

      3:07
    • 23. formula of future perfect

      2:00
    • 24. future perfect continuous

      4:30
    • 25. formula of future perfect continuous

      1:56
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About This Class

Do you have problems understanding some tenses such present perfect , past perfect , future perfect continuous ?

do you just need help to understand and master the tenses in the English language?

This course can help you understand and memorize:

  • past, present and future tenses

  • simple, continuous, perfect and perfect continuous verb forms

  • when and how to use the tenses, verb forms

  • what the structures of them are

  • what the differences and connections are between them

It helps you to prepare for an English Exam, like TOEFL, Cambridge, IELTS
etc.

Certainly, it’s useful even if you only want to refresh your grammar in an amusing quick and fast way and method.

You can also use this class as a ‘first aid kit’ and check back from time to time if you don’t remember the usage or structure of a tense.

The other lessons show each tense one by one to help you understand the usage and structure of them separately.

You will learn :

Know when and how to use the tenses in the English language.
Understanding and systemizing the tenses in the English language.
You will learn how to use Grammar tenses in everyday conversations

this class for those students : 

Any students planning to take an exam.
Any students who need a summarizing course on tenses in the English language.
Any learners of English who wish to refresh their learning.

Meet Your Teacher

Teacher Profile Image

Mister Rabiey

âœȘ Cambridge Certified Tutor

Teacher

 

✪ Master's Degree in English Literature UK
✪ Englishvid Founder & CEO.
✪ TESOL and CELTA Holder, IELTS 9 Holder
✪ Cambridge Certified Tutor

I believe that teaching is an art, like an artist, you need to be creative to be a good teacher.I always look for different things to do to help students get the information in the easiest way possible including animation programs, activities
I have more than 10 years of experience Teaching different Classes such as IELTS , TOEFL , CPE I have always tried to focus on the skills of speaking and helping learners change their brain to speak automatically, without needing to think.

My courses and classes will help you:See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Introduction : He's gone to Canada. He's been to kinda whats a difference. I can understand it well. What is present perfect continuous stems? Where do we use it? How do we form it? What's the main difference between present perfect and present perfect continuous. Do you guys know that we use simple present tense in seven different situations? Yes, in seven different situations. And unfortunately, many English learners don't know it. After many years of learning English grammar. Unfortunately, many English students, many English learners, teal, have problems understanding some important tenses, such as present, perfect, past, perfect, future, perfect, continuous, et cetera. They usually don't know where, how, and when to use these tenses, but no worries. In this class will get introduced to 12 primary English tenses. You will learn how to form these 12 primary tenses. You will learn about the functions and usages of these tenses through different methods and activities. Whether you are an elementary, intermediate, or advanced learn error. This class will enable you to systematically learn and review these verb tenses. So guys, you can began to use them confidently both in your writing and everyday English conversations. So my dear friends, we are here to help you master these 12 important primary English tenses. You can also get prepared for some international tests such as FCE, IOLs, TOEFL, cp, etc. And more importantly, we will do our best to help you to speak or write English with no mistakes and with no errors. This class can be also useful if you just want to refresh your English grammar in an amusing quake wave, improve your speaking or writing skills by learning how to use these 12 primary English tenses. 2. Present tense : In this lesson, I want to speak about grammar and that's simple present tense. So I want to speak about seven usages of simple present tense. Where, why, and when to use simple present tense. Unfortunately, many English students still have problems understanding and using simple present tense, but don't worry. In this video we will clarify everything for you. So please listen up. The first US. Actually we use simple present tense to express habits and to speak about things we do everyday. Examples. Eat drinks, tea at breakfast. She only eats fish. They watch television regularly. I smoke. So we're speaking about habits here. Thick and use. We use simple present tense to speak about the repeated events and actions. Examples. We catch the bus every morning. It rains area after it on in the hot season. It's rain to Berlin leaves every hour. Now third, use, we use this tense to speak about general truth and facts. And examples. Water freezes at 0 degrees. The air earth revolves around the Sun. The President lives in the White House. The dog has four legs. So here we are speaking about facts and general trues forth use. We use simple present tense to give directions or instructions. Examples, open the packet and pour the contents into hot water. You walk for it to a 100 meters and then you turn a lift. So here we are speaking about instructions and directions. Fifth, use, we also use this test to speak about fixed arrangements and plans. Examples. He's mother arrives tomorrow. Our holiday stars on the 26 March. The concert starts at 07:00 PM. So we are speaking about fixed arrangements. Sixth US, we use simple present tense with future constructions. Examples. She'll see you before she leaves, will give it to her when she arrives. If you come home late, my dad will become angry. And seven fuse. We usually use frequency at the verbs like sometimes, often, usually with simple present tense examples. I always eat a lot of vegetables. We usually visit my parents every weekend. I sometimes go to the gym. So guys, we use simple present tense for habits or repeated actions and events, or general truths and facts. For instructions and directions for fixed arrangements with future construction and with frequency adverbs. So guys, let's see and check if you have understood the usages. So in the following part, I'm going to give you an example and you just guessed that. So are you ready? Let's go for it. Check the bus arrives at ten AM. Don't be late. So guys, we use simple present tense here for That's right, fixed arrangement. The Earth is spherical. So the usage is for facts. That's right. She swims every morning. So why do we use simple present and cedar? That's right. That's for repeated action. Tara lift on Green Street. Then go straight ahead for free blacks. As I told you, we use simple present tense here for directions. My brother takes out the trash. That's habits. My son lives in London. So we use simple present tense here for Qianlong truths and facts. Chuck the unenforced, then fry them for five minutes. Excellent. We are using simple present tense here for instructions. That's it. Good job guys. 3. formula of Present tense : So guys, we learned where to use simple present tense. But now I want to speak about the formula of simple present tense. So everybody, please listen up. Forming this simple present tense. This simple present tense is quite easy to form, guys. We just have the base form of the verb, or we can't say base form plus S. Let's look at the verb to run. In this simple present tense or wrong looks like this. First-person singular. Irr, second person singular, Iran, therapy person singular. He, she runs it. First-person plural. We're on second person plural. Urine at therapy for simpler all A's, they are on. In other words, the verb only changes in the third person singular. He, she, it, it adds E there, S, ES, or I. Guess we will talk about it later. The negative version. To create a negative sentence use do not plus the base form of the verb. Use does not with a third-person singular. He, she, it. So we have do not or does not plus base form of the verb. Let me give you some examples. I do not like chocolate and dialogue does not run a youth chlorophyl of glue sniffers. I do not ride horses in the summer. It does not always know here in January, DOM does not play chess in the evening. In speech are writing, especially in formal writing, do not, is often shortened to don't and does not is often shortened to doesn't. If you want to add some emphasis, use one of the long versions, like do not or does not emphasize the word, not. The question version. If you need to ask a question, you can use the following word or there for a yes-no question. So we have do or does plus subject plus base form of a verb. For example, do you like chocolate? Does Angela are on the youth club? And you can use the following word order for a question words. So here we have question word plus do or does, plus subject plus base form of the verb. For example, why does Tony talks or quickly? When do the farmers plant the corn? The spelling rules for irregular verbs just add S. For example, torque talks, improve, improves. But for verbs that end and S, S, S, S, H, C, H, x or all add ES. For example, guess, guesses, mash, mashes, fix, fixes, go, goes. And for verbs ending in consonant and y, change the y to i and add ES. For example, fly. Flies. Study, studies. 4. present continues : My dear friends, I hope you are doing great. Actually, we talked about simple present tense. And in this video I want to speak about the present continuous tense, which is also called present progressive tense. Unfortunately, many English students still have problems understanding present continuous terms. Well, in this video, I'm going to teach you for great ways to use present continuous tense in English. So guys, watch this video to the end. First, we use present continuous to speak about things that are happening at the moment of speaking. These things usually last for quite a short time and they are not finished when we are talking about them. Things that are happening at the moment of speaking. Examples. I'm working at the moment. He's having dinner with his family now. Sorrow is sleeping. They are not watching television. We can also use this time to speak about temporary situations and habits, even if the action isn't happening right now at the moment. So remember this is a temporary situation and it may continue for a short time. Temporary situations and habits, examples. I'm reading a really great book. These days. People are writing e-mails a lot less than they used to a few years ago. She's staying with her friend for a week. I am studying to become a dentist. So let's compare this with simple present tense, which usually used for permanent situations and that we feel will continue for a long time. So here if I say I work in a school here, I feel this is a kind of permanent situation. But if I say I'm working in a school like this is a temporary situation. We use present continuous for repeated actions that are and knowing an irritating to the speaker. So in this case, we usually use the adverbs always, forever and constantly, all the ways, forever, constantly. So as I told you, we use present continuous in this way to speak about shocking or annoying habits and knowing and shocking habits, examples, you're forever losing your keys. She's constantly missing, That's rain. Lucy's all the way smiling. She's always coming to class late. He's constantly talking. I wish you would shut up. I don't like them because they are always complaining. And the next use of present continuous Tennessee is for definite future arrangements and plans. So we usually use present continuous tense here to speak about future events and plans that have already been arranged. Arranged plans in the future. Examples, I'm meeting my father tomorrow. We are going to the beach at the weekend, leaving at three. I'm meeting my mother at the airport tomorrow. Our grandmother is visiting us at Christmas. My mother is going to the dentist tomorrow. So guys, we use present continuous here to speak about things happening right now for temporary situations, for repeated, annoying actions, and for definite future plans. 5. formula of present continues : So guys, we learned where to use present progressive are present continuous tense. And now I want to speak about the formula of present continuous tense. So everybody please listen up forming the present progressive or continue wisdoms. The present continuous tense is formed like this. So it's easy, we just have 0s or R plus prison participle. Or we can say the verb I-N-G. So we choose M days or are based on this table. I am. You, are, he, she? It, or any singular noun comes with, is. We are, you are, and they, or any plural noun comes with R. And then after that we have the verb I-N-G or the prison participle. For example, she is running. I am talking, forming the prison participle. The verb plus I-N-G part is known as person participle. It is formed like this. We add I-N-G to most verbs, like play, playing, shout, shouting for verbs that end in e. So we remove the e and add I-N-G, like preparer, preparing, ride, rioting. And for verbs end in IE, change the IEEE to y. At ING. For example, lie, lying on TI. I'm tying. For verbs whose last syllable is that R3 then in consonant, vowel, consonant and he's stressed. We should double the final consonant and add i-n-g. For example, Ron, running, forget, forgetting. So we just double the final concept and then add i-n-g, the negative version. If you need the negative version, you can use the following construction. So we have an ease or R plus plus present participle. They're easy. For example, Caroline is not looking for the latest brochure. Dan and villi are not fishing of the PR. Remember that is not R naught are sometimes written as the contractions isn't. And Ahrens. The question version. If you need to ask question, you can use the following word order for a yes-no question. Bam, ease or our subject plus present participle, for example, is Caroline looking for the latest brochure. Then on bail efficient of the pier, you can use the following word or therefore a question word. So here we have question word plus yz or our subject and plus prison participle. For example, wise Carolina, looking for the latest brochure. When our Dan and Bill efficient of the PR. 6. Present perfect: Hello everybody, How are you doing? In this video, we want to speak about Prozac or verdict. As you know, this stance is a little bit confusing to some English learners to understand Present Perfect. As you know, we use this tense in different situations. And in this video, we will learn everything about President Herbert. So guys, don't forget to watch this video till the end. We use present perfect when we want to speak about unfinished actions, states, or habits that happened in the past and continue to the present. And guys, don't forget this point that we usually use this with four and since yes, four and since unfinished actions and habits, examples, I've known Karen since 1994. She's lived in London for three years. I've worked here for six months. I've lived in this city for three years. I've known her for six years. We use since with the fixed time in the past like last year, 2000 for April 23rd. And we use for with that period of time, for example, we our fixed moms or two years. So we use since for fixed time in past examples. I've known Sam since 1992 of like chocolate since I was a child. She's been here since two PM. And we'll use for for a period of time. Examples. I've known sorrow for ten years. I've been hungry for hours. She's had a cold for a week. We use person prefer to speak about our experiences up to the present. So here we sometimes use the words ever and ever. And keeping in mind, we use the word never or negative forums. Experience up to the present examples. I have never been to France. I've seen that film before. He has written three books and he's working on another one. She's the most beautiful girl I've ever seen. Have you ever met Jack? Yes, But I've never met his wife. So here we are speaking about experiences up to the present. We also use present perfect to speak about a repeated action in an unspecific period between past and present. A repeated action in an honest specific periods. Examples. We have visited France several times of travel to England three times. We have tried, That's where I Strawn many times. They have seen that film six times. So we are speaking about are repeated action in an unspecific period. We use present perfect for a finished action with their resolved in the present. So guys, don't forget that the focus is on there resolved into present. So guys, we often use present perfect to speak about something that happened in the recent past, but it's still true and important now. A finished action with a resolved in the present examples of lost my keys so I can get into my house. She's a Harris her leg, so she can't play tennis today. So you can see the result in the present. They've missed the bus, so they will be late. The children have made a mess in the kitchen. So that kitchen is messy and it needs cleaning. So this is a finished action with the result in the present. We can also use present perfect to speak about something that happened recently, even if there isn't a clear result in the present. You know, guys, this is very common when we want to introduce news and we usually use the words yet just already and recently. Something that happened recently. Examples. The queen has given a speech of just seen Lucy. The mayor has announced a new plan for the railways. Something that happened recently. So guys, we use present perfect to speak about an action that happened at a non-specific time in the past. So the exact time is not important at all. So remember guys, you cannot use present perfect with specific time expressions such as yesterday, one year ago, three months ago. Now, that's completely wrong. On specific time before now. The exact time is not important and the exact time is not clear. So here guys, we don't speak about something that is a specific we speak about something that happened in the past today because Zach time is done. Important. Examples. I have seen that movie 20 times. I think I have met him once before. There have been many earthquakes in California. People have travel to the moon. So as you can see, these actions happened in the past, but the exact time is not important and it's not clear. Okay, everybody, I hope you have enjoyed this lesson and I hope you have understood everything about prison. Perfect. Goodbye. 7. formula of Present perfect: We learned where to use present perfect tense. And now I want to speak about the firm of love, present perfect tense, which is really easy. So please listen up forming the present perfect tense. So the present perfect tense is formed like this. We have subject, plus has, or have plus past participle. For example, I have worked. She has painted forming the past participle for regular verbs. If it's a regular verb, the past participle is same as the simple past tense. In other words, it's formed like this. We just add ED to most verbs, like jump, jumped, paint, paint it. If the verb of one syllable ends in consonant, vowel, consonant, we double the final consonant and add ED. For example, chat. Chat, it stopped. Stopped. If the final consonant is W, X, or Y, Don't double it. For example, Sue, sued, play, played, fix, fixed. And if the last syllable of a longer verb is a stressed and ends in consonant, vowel, consonant. We double the last consonant and add ED. For example, in carer, incurred. Prefer, preferred. But if the first syllable of a longer verb is stressed and the verb ends in consonant, vowel, consonant. We just add ED, like open, append and Terror. Entered. Swallow, swallowed. If the verb ends in consonant and why? Just change the y to an i and add ED? For example, cry, cry, fry, fried. Forming the past participle. Irregular verbs. If it's an irregular verb, the past participle is formed in all sorts of different ways. Here are some examples. Or eyes, horizon, catch, cut, choose, chosen, no known. And guys, you just have to learn them, memorize them. The negative version. If you need the negative version, you can use the following instruction. So we have subject plus has not, or have not plus past participle. For example, the board has not decided to uphold appeal. I have not taken the wrong path. Remember that has not is sometimes written as the contraction hasn't. Question version. If you need to ask a question, you can use the following word, or therefore a yes-no question. We have has or have. What subject plus past participle. For example, has the board decided to uphold the appeal of I taken the wrong path? And you can use the following word order for a question word. So here we have a question word plus has or have, plus subjects plus past participle. For example, why has the board decided to uphold the appeal? How have I take in the wrong path? 8. present perfect continuous : Hello everybody. How are you doing? In this video, I want to speak about present perfect continuous. Yes, present perfect continuous, which is also known as present perfect progressive tense. So if you want to understand it, please watch this video till the end. We use present perfect continuous to show that something happened in the past and has continued up till now. And this process and action may still be going on or may just have finished five minutes for two weeks. Since to use these are all durations which can be all hues with present perfect continuous action may still been going on or may have just finished the examples. She has been waiting for you all day and she's still waiting that I've been working on this reporter since eight o'clock and I still haven't finished yet. They have been traveling since last October. And layer amount. Whoami it so guys, as you can see, this is an action that still be going on or may have just finished. As you know, guys, we use four and since with perfect tenses, we use for, for a period of time, and we use since with fixed time in the past four. And since examples, I have been studying for three hours. I have been watching TV since 07:00 PM. Tomorrow hasn't been feeling well for two weeks. Tomorrow hasn't been visiting us since March. He has been playing football for a long time. He has been living gain band cooks, lifts, cool. So as I told you, we use for four periods and we use sense to speak about actually the fixed starting of time. We use present perfect continuous to speak about actions that have just finished what we are interested in their result. Interested in there is all examples. She has been cooking since last night and the food on the table looks delicious. So we can see the result. It's been raining and the streets are still wet. So we are interested in the result. Someone's been eating my chips and half of them have gone. We use present perfect continuous to speak about temporary habits and situations. So we are speaking about the action that started in the past and continues to the present. So guys, we don't ask her the question is about how long? So clearly here, instead, we use the word like recently. Temporary habits or situations, examples. I've been going to the gym a lot recently. They've been living with his mother while they look for a house. I've been reading a lot recently. So guys, we often use the word recently to speak about temporary habits or situations. We don't use continuous form with some verbs. Instead, we use simple present perfect verbs such as understand. Hey, here, want. So we don't use continuous form here. Use present perfect, not continuous with these verbs. Of wanted to visit China for years. She's known robbers since she was a child of hate it that music, since I first heard it. I've heard a lot about you recently. We've understood everything. So we never use actually continuous form with these verbs. Guys will use both present perfect simple and present perfect continuous to speak about past actions that are still connected to the present. The present perfect simple usually focuses on the result of the activity in some way. And the present perfect continuous focuses on the activity itself in some way. Or isn't perfect, simple and present or for continuous examples. Focuses on the result. Present are simple. You have cleaned the bathroom. It looks lovely. So here we are trying to focus on the results. And the bathroom now is very clean and looks lovely. But present perfect continuous focuses on the activity. I've been gardening. It's so nice out there. So as you can see, we are trying to focus on the activity. Gardening. 9. formula of present perfect continuous : As we talked where to use present perfect continuous tense or present perfect continuous. But in this video, I just want to speak about the formula of present perfect progressive. So please guys, listen up. Forming the present perfect progressive tenses easy. It's formed like this. We just have the subject has been or have been loss present, parsable. For example, I have been working since yesterday evening. She has been chewing for two minutes, forming the present participle. And the examples, actually the words working and chewing. The verb I-N-G part of the construction are known as present participle. A person participle is formed like this. As I told you before, we add I-N-G to most verbs like play, playing, shouts, shouting. And for verbs that end in e, we just remove the e and add I-N-G, like prepare, preparing, ride, writing. The negative version. If you need the negative version, you can use the following construction. So we have subject plus has not been, or have not been, plus present participle. For example, Julie has not been relying on a pay rise to pay hair student loan. Mr. and Mrs. Cox have not been taking the wrong pills for years. The question version, if you need to ask a question that you can use the following word order for a yes-no question. So we have has or have plus subject, plus being present participle. For it easy. For example, has Jelly Bean relying on pay arise her student loan? Have Mr. or Mrs. Cox being taking the wrong pills for years? And you can use the following word order for a question word. So here we have question word has or have plus subject, plus b, and plus prison participle. For example. Why has Julie been relying on a pay rise to pay hair student loan? Where have Mr. and Mrs. Cox been taking the wrong pills? 10. past simple : Hello, my dear friends. Let's layers simple past tense in English, one of the most common tenses in spoken English, and the point is that we should pay attention to simple past tense is often used to talk about a completed action in the time before now. So guys, the time of the action can be in their recent past or in the distant past. And the action duration here is not important at all. In simple path, the process of performing the action is not important. What matters is that the action was completed in the past, completed action in a time before now. Examples. John sale to America in 1498. My father died last year. He lived in England in 1976. So here we are speaking about completed action in a time before now. We cross the channel yesterday. You always use simple past when you say when something happened. So it's associated with past-time certain expressions, frequency. Whereas like often, sometimes and all the weights, we can use them with simple past. For example, I sometimes walked home at lunchtime. I often brought my launch to school. And indefinite point in time. For example, we can use the words the other day, ages ago, long time ago. People live in caves a long time ago. She played the piano when she was a child. A definite point in time last week when I was a child yesterday, six weeks ago. So we can use these words. We saw a good film last week. Yesterday, I arrived in London. She finished her work at seven o'clock. I went to the theater last night. We also use simple past tense to speak about several actions that work completed in the past. Describe several actions that were completed in the past. Examples, I finished work, walk to the beach, and made my friends. First, I wash the dishes, then did my homework, and finally took a shower. So as you can see, guys, we are describing several actions that's work completed in the past. Simple past can also be used in some sentences that describe past habits. These sentences have the same purpose as the expression used to. And it should be clear that in this kind of sentence that the actual referred to is a habit. So expressions like always, often, usually and never can be used here to underline this. Describe past habits, examples. And it played football when I was a young man. Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid? She worked at the movie theater after school. They never went to school. They always kept class. I always have problems with my girlfriend when I was young. So here we are describing past habits. And the word go is a useful way of expressing this tense in the past. So this word ago is usually placed after a period of time, a minute ago. Uh, we could go or we kind of say three years ago. Ago. Examples. She quit her job a year ago. I had important meeting a week ago. Sorrow broad couple of his boyfriend, if you days ago. 11. Formula of past simple : So we know where to use simple past in this video, I want just to speak about the Fermilab simple past tense. So please everybody watch this video till the end. Forming the simple past tense. If you are dealing with irregular verbs, the simple past tense is formed like this. So we just have the base form of the variable and ED, for example, jump, jumped, paint, painted. However, there are some spelling rules. So these are spelling rules. If a verb of one syllable ends in consonant, vowel, consonant, we just double the final consonant and add ED. For example, chat, chat, it stopped, stopped. But if the final consonant is W, X, or Y, Don't double it, like Sue, sued. Play, played, fix, fixed. But if the last syllable of a longer verb is stressed and ends in consonant, vowel, consonant, we just double the last consonant and add ED, Like, incur in caret. Prefer, preferred. And if the first syllable of a longer, very stressed and the verb ends in consonant, vowel, consonant just add ED, open, open and enter, enter. Swallow, swallowed. But if the verb ends in E, just add d, like thrive, thrive in Gaza. Gaza old. And if the verb ends in constant and y change the y to an i and add ED, like cry, cried, fry, fried. Forming the simple past tense of irregular verbs. So guys, if it's an irregular verbs, the simple past tense is formed in all sorts of different weights. Here are some examples. Break, broke, catch, cut, find out and see, saw. And you just need to learn and I guess memorize these verbs using the simple past tense when making a statement. So you can just use the following word order. We just have the subject and the verb. For example, the Martin's landed near the aqueduct. The burglar used the fire escape. And for negative version, if you need the negative version, you can use the following words or there we just have did not. And the base form of the verb. For example, the Martin's did not land near the aqueduct. So we could have used didn't instead of deed not the burglar did not use the fire escape. The question version, if you need to ask a question, you can use the following words are therefore a yes-no question. Dede plus subject plus base form of the verb. For example, Mark Twain's land near the aqueduct. The burglary use the fire escape. And you can use the following words are there for a question word. So we have question worked, D8 plus subject plus the base form of the verb. For example, why did the Martins land near the aqueduct? When did the burglar use the fire escape? 12. past continuous : Hello my dear brands. At this video, I want to speak about past continuous tense, which is also known as past progressive tense. So if you want to understand everything, please watch this video till the end. We know that pass continuous tense refers to a continuing action that was happening at some certain point in the past. And there are many different situations in which this tense can be used in a sentence. We use past continuous tense to describe the background in a story that is written in the past. Describe the background in a store are written in the past tense. Examples. The sun was shining and the birds were singing as the elephant came out of the jungle, the other animals were relaxing the shade of the trees. But the elephant moves very quickly. She was looking for her baby, and she didn't notice the hunter who was watching her through his binoculars. When this shot rang out, she was running toward the river. So as you can see, guys, we are trying to describe the background and is still a region in the past tense. We also use past continuous tense to describe an unfinished action that was interrupted by another action or event in the past. Unfinished action that was interrupted by another event. Examples, I was having a beautiful drain when the alarm clock rang. While I was having dinner with my family, my friend Jack called. They were waiting for the bus when the accident happened. Sorrow was king when she broke her leg. I was having a great conversation with him when he is X care for an interrupted it. I was listening to my music so I didn't hear the phone ring. So guys, as you can see, this is a kinda of unfinished action that was interrupted by another event. While she was sleeping some month took her phone. Has continuous tense can also be used to show that two actions were going on at the same time in the past. And keeping in mind neither of these actions are happening in the present. Two actions were going on at the same time. Examples, Jack was making pizza while sorrow was watching him. She was playing the piano while and was singing onstage. We were sitting outside while that planes where flying overhead. So we are describing two actions that were going on at the same time in the past. And don't forget to use while here to describe these two actions. And guys, we also use past continuous tense to express a change of mind. Yes, we use it to express the change of mind. Express a change of mind examples. I was going to spend the day at the beach, but of decided to get my homework done instead. Solder was going to get married, but she changed her mind and decided to stay single. He was going to buy that car, but as soon as he saw that motorcycle, he changed his mind. We use past continuous tense with the warp one there to make it a very polite request. With wander to make a very polite requests. Examples. I was wondering if you could for me tonight. I was wondering if she could help me with my homework. I was wondering if you could walk the dark for me this evening. She was wondering if you could babysit after school today. We were wondering if she was able to meet us at noon. So we are using the word wander and past continuous to make a very polite request. 13. Formula of past continuous : So we talked about where and how to use past progressive tense or past continuous tense. Now let's speak about the firm law of past progressive or continuous tense. So everybody please listen up. The past progressive tense is formed like this. For singular, we have singular subject plus was, present participle or the verb I-N-G. And for plural, we have plural subject plus, where prison farcical. Forming the prison participle. The verb I-N-G part is known as present participle is formed like this. So we just add I-N-G to most verbs like play, playing, shout, shout. For verbs that end in e, we just remove the e and add I-N-G, like prepare, preparing, ride, writing. The negative version. If you need the negative version, you can use the following construction. So we have just was not or where not plus present participle. For example, it was not painting the door when a bird's truck the window. We're not sleeping when the alarm clock went off. Remember that was not and we're not are sometimes written as the contraction wasn't. And were'nt. The question version. If you need to ask a question, you can use the following word order for a yes-no question. So we have was or where plus subject plus present participle. For example, was John painting the door when the birds truck the window where they sleeping with the alarm went off. You can use the following word order for a question word. Here we have question word plus was or where, plus subject and plus present participle. For example, when was John painting the door? Where, where do they sleeping? When the alarm went off? 14. past perfect: Hello my dear friends. This is mudra, be your English teacher. And in this video I want to speak about past perfect. Yes, Past perfect. Many English students have problems using this tense, but in this video, I will explain and clarify everything. So what this video till the end? Here, guys past perfect expresses the idea that something happened and occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happen before a specific time in the past. Something occurred and happen before another action in the past. Examples, I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Japan. I didn't have any money because I had lost my wallet. Had Susan ever studied thigh before she moved to the island? She only understood the movie because she had to read the book. Christine had never been to an opera before last night. We were not able to get a halter on because we had not booked in advance. So guys, we are speaking about something that happened before. Another thing in the past. We can use past perfect to show that some things started with the past and continued up until another action in the past. Something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past. Examples, we had had that car for ten years before it broke down. By the time Alex finished his studies, he had been in London for over eight years. They feel bad about selling the house because they had owned it for more than 40 years. And guys are like with present or break, it is possible to use specific time Word and expressions with past perfect. It is possible to use specific time or with past perfect examples. She had visited her Japanese relatives wants in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996. So as you can, it is possible to use specific time wars with past perfect. We can also use past perfect to show the order of two past events. So we use the mix of both simple past and past Beaufort. The past reference shows that the earlier action and the past simple shows the later action. Show the order of two past events. Examples. When the police arrived, the thief had escaped. When I got home, my father had slipped. It doesn't matter in which order we save it events. The following sentence has the same meaning. The thief had escaped when the police arrived. We also use past perfect to speak about on real things in the past. This is common in third conditional sentences and after the word wish. Talk about are real things in the past examples, if I have known you were ill, I would have visited you. She would have passed the exam If she had studied harder. I wish I hadn't gone to bed so late. Also use past perfect followed by 24 to show the action was not done or the action was incomplete when the simple past action happened. Followed by before to show that an action was not done. Examples, they lived before I'd spoken to them. Sadly, the author died before he finished the series. And we often use the adverbs already, stale, just never and ever with past perfect examples. Called his office but he'd already lift. It still hadn't rained at the beginning of May, I went to visit her when she just moved to Berlin. It was the most beautiful photo I've ever seen. Had you ever visited London when you move there? I'd never met anyone from California before I met Jim. And guys pastor for it can also be used to show the satisfaction with the past. When you are not satisfied with your past, you can also use past perfect here. The satisfaction with the past. So we usually use the word wish here. We wished we had purchased the winning ticket. I wish I had told the truth. She wished she had seen her friend. The boy wished he had asked another question. 15. formula of past perfect: Guys, we talked where to use past perfect tense. And now in this video I want to speak about the formula of past perfect tense. So if you want to understand the formula, please listen to me and actually pay attention to the rules. Forming the past perfect tense. The past perfect tense is formed like this. It's pretty easy. We have had plus past participle. For example, I had jumped, I had met, forming the past participle tense for regular verbs. If it's irregular verb, the past participle is the same as simple past tense. In other words, it's formed like this. We add ED to most verbs like jump, jumped, paint, painted. If the verb of one syllable ends in consonant, vowel, consonant, we just double the final consonant and add ED, like chat, chat it, Stop, stopped. But if the final consonant is W, X, or Y, Don't double it. For example, Sue, Sue did play, played, fix, fixed. And if the last syllable of a longer wherever it's stressed and ends in consonant, vowel, consonant, double the last consonant and add ED, like in carer, incurred, prefer, preferred. And if their first syllable of a longer wherever stressed and the verb ends in consonant, vowel, consonant just add ED, like open, opened, enter, entered, swallow, swallowed. If the very end in e, just add d, like thrive, thrive. Gaza, little puzzled. And the verb consonant and y change the y to an i and add ED. Like cry, cried, fry, fried. It's pretty easy forming the past participle, irregular verbs. If it's an irregular verb and the past participle is formed the all sorts of different ways. Here are some examples. Arise. Horizon, Catch, caught, choose, chosen, no known. And two guys, you just need to memorize and understand these variables. The negative version. If you need the negative version, you can use the following construction. Had naught plus past participle. For example, silver finger had not taken the pill before the team reached him. I had not call the police before I investigated the noise and the garden. The weather changed and the team had not planned it. Snakes move. Remember that had not is sometimes written as the contraction hadn't. The question version. If you need to ask question, you can use the following word order for a yes-no question. So we just have had subject plus past participle. For example, had silver finger taken the pill before that, each Tim had the team plan. It's next move before the weather changed. And you can use the following board or therefore a question worked. So we just have question work plus hat, plus subject plus past participle. For example, y hat, silver fingers taken the pill before the team reached him. Where had the team planned? It? Snakes move before the weather changed. Using contractions. Don't forget that in speech or writing, especially in formal writing, you can always encounter the following contractions. I had. I did. You had you'd he had heat. Did she had she did. It had ITD. We had We did. They had and also for negative version, you will commonly use hadn't instead of headland. 16. past perfect continuous : Hello, my dear friend. This is mudra, your English teacher. I hope you are doing great and I hope you have enjoyed this course so far. And I think it's a little bit confusing and difficult for some students to understand. But I will explain everything for you here in this listen. So watch this video till the end. I'll like prison perfect continuous, which indicates and shows that action that's thought into the past and continued up to the present. The past perfect continuous indicates and shows and action that's taught in the past. Continue to the past and finish at a certain point in the past. Something that began in the past continue to the past and also ended at a different point in the past. Examples. They had been talking for over an hour before 20 arrived. She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business. How long had you been waiting to get on the boss? My quantitative sit down because he had been standing all day at work. James had been teaching at the university for more than a year before he left for Asia. I'd been walking for hours when I finally found the house. We'd be living in Berlin for three months when we had to leave. So this is something that began in the past, continue it in the past, and also ended at a definite point in the past. And using past perfect continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show the cause and effect. Let me give you some examples. Cause and effect examples. Json was tired because he had been juggling. Sam gain weight because he had been overeating Beatty fail the final test because she had not been attending class. So we are speaking about the cause and the effect here. And we are using past perfect, continuous. And some people get confused and they can't understand the difference between past continuous and past perfect continuous. But let me explain it for you. Guys. Past continuous emphasizes interrupted actions, whereas past perfect continuous emphasizes duration of time before Sunday thing in the past, he was tired because he was exercising so Haar so guys, this sentence emphasizes that he was tired because he was exercising at that exact moment. But look at this sentence. He was tired because he had been exercising so heart. So the sentence emphasizes that he was tired because he had been exercising over a period of time. It is possible that he was still exercising at that moment or that he had just finished. So that's the difference between past continuous and past perfect continuous. 17. formula of past perfect continuous : We talked about where to use past, perfect, continuous or past perfect tense. And in this listen, I want to speak about the firm or law of past perfect progressive tense. So please guys, listen up forming the past perfect progressive tense. So guys, the past perfect progressive or continuous tenses front like this. We have subject, plus has been plus present participle. For example, I had been jumping, they had been meeting. Forming the present participle, the last word in each example, the verb I-N-G part, he's known as prison participle. It is formed like this. We just add I-N-G to most verbs like play, playing, Shao, shouting. For verbs that end in e, we just remove the e and add I-N-G, like prepare, preparing, ride, writing for a negative version. If you need the negative version and you can use the following construction. We have subject plus had not been, plus prison participle. For example, she had not been painting the door. Jerry had not been considering its vertex for a very long time when the judge effectively ordered them to find Jones guilty. He had plenty of energy. He had not been working at the dock at all that afternoon. Remember that had not is sometimes written as they can traction hadn't. The question version. If you need to ask a question, you can use the following word or dare for the yes-no question. So we have had subject being present participle. For example, had she been painting the door, had the dairy being considering its verdict for a very long time when the judge ordered them to find Jones guilty, why was he so tired? Had he been working at the dock all afternoon? And you can use the following word or therefore a question word. So here we have question word plus hat, plus subject, plus bean, and plus present participle. For example, when had she been painting the door? Why was he so tired? Why had he been working at the dark hall afternoon? 18. future simple : Hello everybody. This is, I'm either IV or English teacher. And in this video I want to speak about simple future tense. Simple future tenses, easy to make, and this is a very useful tense. And in this video, we're going to speak about the friend who uses of this tense. So please watch this video till the end. We use simple future tense when there is no plan or decision to do before we speak. So we make decisions spontaneously at the time of speaking. So guys, look at these examples. Make the decision spontaneously at the time of speaking. Examples, hold on, I'll get a pen. We will see what we can do to help you. Maybe will stay in and watch television to right? So in these examples, we have no firm plan before speaking. The decision is made at the time of speaking. That's why we use simple future tense here. We also use simple future tense for future fact and forth, things that are less certain. Future facts and for things that are less certain examples, this son will arise at seven AM. I think the conversation will win the next election. So we are speaking about future facts and things, That's our lists certain. We often use simple future tense with the verb to think before that. With the verb think before its examples. I think I'll go to the gym tomorrow. I think I will have a holiday next year. I don't think I'll buy that car. So guys, we often use simple future tense with the verb, think before that. And guys keep in mind that well is usually used with promises, requests and offers. Promises, requests and offers examples. I will call you when I arrive. Will you give me a hand? If I'm elected President of the United States, I will make sure everyone has access to inexpensive health insurance. I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party. Don't worry. I'll be careful. I won't tell anyone your secret. So we can use simple future attempts to speak about promises or requests and offers. Both will and going to express the idea of general predictions about the future. And, you know, guys prediction as our guesses about what might happen in the future. So we call them predictions, will and going to for predictions, we can use both to speak about predictions and guesses. Examples. The year 2020, 2020 will be a very interesting gear. Or we can say the year 2020. 2020 is going to be a very interesting here. We are just making some predictions. John Smith will be the next president. John Smith is going to be the next president. The movie is enough, will win several Academy Awards. I'm just making some predictions, but I'm not sure. Or we can say the movies in it is going to win. So Royal Academy Awards. We also use simple future tense to express willingness or unwillingness. Yes, willingness or unwillingness. Willingness or unwillingness. Examples. I'll do the washing up. He'll carrier back for you. The baby won't eat his soup. I won't leave until I've seen the manager. We also use simple future tense with the first conditional and other sentences that have conditional feeling. In the first conditional and in all their sentences that I have a conditional feeling, we can use simple future tense examples. If it doesn't, rain, will go to the park. Let's arrive early. That will give us time to relax. If you come home late, my dad will become angry. And guys shall is used mainly in the form is off shall lie and shall we in British English. And these forms are used when you want to get somebody's opinion spatially for offers and suggestions. Gets someone's opinion, especially for offers and suggestions. So here we use shell. For example. Shall I opened the window? Which means do you want me to open the window? Where shall we go tonight? Which means what's your opinion? And guys, we can also use going to, to speak about future plans and intentions. So guys here we have usually made our plans before the time of speaking. Talk about our future intentions and plans. Examples. We've run out of milk. I know I'm going to buy some. I bought a ticket to Germany two weeks ago, going to its rivals soon. I'm going to phone mom after dinner. I told her I'd call at eight o'clock. I'm going to wear my black rests on ICT. I'm going to go to the supermarket after work. What do we need? So guys, we are using going to speak about fixed plans, future intentions. And we can also use present continuous, as I explained before, to speak about future plans and arrangements. We can use present continuous to talk about plans and future plans. Examples. I'm meeting Jane at eight o'clock on Saturday. We're having a party next Saturday. Would you like to come? I'm leaving this city next week at nine. So as you can see, we can also use present continuous to speak about fixed plans and future intentions. 19. formula of future simple : Guys, we talked about where to use simple future tense. And in this video I want to speak about the formula of Siebel future tense. So if you want to understand that firm Elon the structures, please watch this video till the end, forming the simple future zones. The simple future tense is formed like this. Well, plus the base form of the verb. For example, she will play. Martin will paint the negative version. If you need the negative version, you can use the following word order. We'll not plus the base form of the verb. For example, most Coast states circus will not perform in Cheltenham next year. We will celebrate our anniversary by flying to New York. Well not can be short, tend to want in English. In question version. If you need to ask a question, you can use the following word or therefore the yes-no question. So it's very easy when it comes at the beginning. And then we have subject and we have the base form of the verb. For example, will the most Coast states circus perform in Cheltenham next year? Will we celebrate our anniversary of by flying to New York? And you can use the following words or dare for a question word. So the question worth comes at the beginning. Then we have well, plus subject plus the base form of the verb. For example, when will the Moscow State circus performer in Shelton home? How will we celebrate our anniversary in New York? Contractions with a simple future tense. Be aware of that in speech and writing, particularly in formal writing, it is common for well to be short, tend to o. And this is especially common when well follows a personal pronouns like I, me, she. So let me give you some examples. I will aisle he will hill. She will. She'll it will. It will. You will, you will. We will will, they will, they will. Who will? Cool. 20. future continuous : Hello my dear friends. In this video, I want to speak about future continuous. Future continuous refers to an action, to an unfinished action or event that will be in progress at a certain time in the future. So let's learn about future continuous. Future continuous is used for quite a few different purposes. We use Future continuous to indicate and show that the longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Arrow, remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time. Longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Let me give you some examples. I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight. I'll be waiting for you when your boss arrives. I'm going to be seeing at the Madison Hotel. If anything happens and you need to contact me. It will be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see Jennifer when she arrives. So as you can see, guys, we are having a longer action in the future that is interrupted by a short direction. Future continuous can be used for predicting and guessing about future events. Predicting or guessing about future events. Let me give you some examples. It will be coming to the meeting I expect. I guess you will be feeling thirsty after working in the sun. You will be missing the sunshine Once you are back in England. So we can use actually Future continuous here to make some predictions. In the question pores future continuous can be used to ask politely for information about the future. Ask politely for information about the future. Will you be bringing your friend to the pop tonight? We'll Jennifer becoming with us. Will she be going to the library tonight? Will I be sleeping in this throne? So sometimes we use actually Future continuous to ask politely for information about the future. The future continuous can be used to refer a continuous event and action that we expect to happen in the future. Continuous events that we expect to happen in the future. Examples. I'll be seeing Jim at the conference next week. When he is in Australia. He will be staying with friends. I'll be eating with Jane this evening so I can't tell her. So guys, as you can see, we are actually having continuous events that we expect to happen in the future. When combined with still the future continuous refers to an action that are already happening and that we expect to continue for a short time in the future. Event we expect to continue some time into the future. We use tilde here, always symbols. In an hour, I'll still be ironing my close. Tomorrow. He'll still be suffering from is cold. Next year will She's still be wearing a size 6? Won't stock prices still be falling in the morning. Unfortunately, sea levels will still be arising in 20 years. When you use Future continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea is that two actions will be happening at the same time. So these two actions are parallel. The actions are parallel to actions are happening at the same time in the future. Examples, I'll be studying and he will be making dinner. Tonight. They will be eating dinner, discussing their plans and having a good time. While l and he's reading ten will be watching television. So we are having two actions happening at the same time in the future. 21. formula of future continuous : My dear friends, we talked where to use Future continuous tense or future progressive tense. And in this lesson, I'm going to speak about the formula of future continuous tense. So please guys listened to my tips. Forming the future progressive or continuous tense. The future progressive tense is formed like this. Will be plus present participle or verb, I-N-G. This is the construction for singular and plural. The negative version. If you need the negative version, you can use the following construction will not be present participle. For example, the Moscow State circus will not be performing in Cheltenham for the next three weeks. We will not be celebrating like kings. If it fails. Remember that will not be, can be said or read ends especially in informal writing, as the contraction won't be. The question version. If you need to ask a question, you can use the following word, or therefore a yes-no question. Will subject plus B plus present participle? For example, will the Moscow State circus be performing in Washington? Will we be celebrating like kings? You can use the following word or do for a question word. So a question word comes at the beginning. Then we have well, plus subject plus B plus present participle. For example, when will the Moscow State circus be performing in Shelton ham? Y will be celebrating like kings. 22. future perfect : Hello my dear friends. In this video, I want to speak about future perfect tense. Future perfect tense is an easy actually tends to make and use. When we speak about future perfect tense, we speak about hass in the future. I will speak more about future perfect tense. So please watch this video until the end. We use future perfect tense with future time. We were to talk about an action that will finish before a certain time in the future. But we don't know exactly when action that will finish before a certain time in the future. This is a really important point, guys. Let me give you some examples. Lie ten o'clock, I will have finished my homework, which means I will finish my homework sometime before ten. But we don't know exactly when. Exemple number two, by the time I'm 60, I will have retired. So it means I will retire sometime before I'm 60, maybe went on 59 maybe when I'm 52. So we don't study about the time. So here we are speaking about the action that will finish before a certain time in the future. We use future perfect tense to say how long for an action that's darks and continues up to another action into future. How long an action that starts and continues up to another action in the future. Let me give you some examples. When we get married. I'll have known or Robert for four years. At four o'clock. I will have been in this office for 24 hours. So we are speaking about how long an action that stars and continues up to another action. And a guy is if two actions take place in the future, the first action will be future perfect tense, and the second one will be simple present tense. Future perfect and simple present tense examples. I will have written articles on different topics before you come. They will have played football in that fill before your reach. Air Pro will have gone to the coffee shop before she comes here. Bob will have gone to the library before he comes to the class. We will have shopped in that market before you come home. We will have watched a movie in this Sina mob before you'll come. So this is a combination of future perfect and simple presence. The first 10 sees future preferred and the second one, a simple present. They are a great mix. 23. formula of future perfect : Guys, we talked about where to use future perfect tense. And in this video I'm going to speak about the firm law of future perfect tense. So please listen up. Future perfect tense. The future perfect tense is formed like this. Subject will have and past participle. So it's really easy. For example, I will have completed my assignments by three o'clock. After this event, Simon will have walked over 10 thousand miles in those boots. The negative version. If you need the negative version, you can use the following construction. Object will not have and past participle. For example, by the time you arrive, we will not have finished the meal and the speeches. I will not have a read every magazine in the waiting room before I see the dentist. Remember that will not is sometimes written as the contraction won't. The question version. If you need to ask a question, you can say and you can use the following word or therefore yes-no question. Well, plus subject, plus have, plus past participle. For example, By the time you arrive, will we have finished the meal and the speeches? Will I have read every magazine in that waiting room before I see the dentist? And you can use the following word order for a question worth. So the question work comes at the beginning. Plus will, plus subject, plus have, plus past participle. For example, where will the guests have gathered by the time we arrive? When will I have done enough work to make her happy? 24. future perfect continuous : Hello everybody. This isn't my Barbie or English or this video I want to speak about future perfect continuous, which is also known as future perfect progressive. Future perfect progressive or continuous, is used to show a continuous action in the future. Let's understand more about this heads. We use future perfect continuous to show that something will continue up until another particular event or time in the future. Something will continue up until an event in the future. For example, they will have been talking for over an hour by the time Thomas arrives. She will have been working at that company for three years when it finally closes. James, who will have been teaching at the university for more than a year by the time he leaves for Asia. How long will you have been studying when you graduate? We are going to have been driving for over three days straight when we get to Germany. So we're speaking about something that will continue up until an event in the future. And you guys using future for, for continuous before another action in the future is a good way to show that cause and effect. Showing cause and effect. Let me give you some examples. Json will be tired when he gets home because he will have been juggling for over an hour. Cloudy I was English will be perfect once you retire Germany because she will have been studying English in the United States for over two years. So that's how we can show cause and effect using future perfect continuous. Some students cannot understand the difference between future continuous and future perfect continuous, but let's understand the difference. Future continuous emphasizes the interrupted actions, whereas future perfect continuous emphasizes a duration of time before something in the future. Future continuous and future perfect continuous. So what's the difference? Examples. You will be tired because he will be exercising so heart. So the sentence emphasizes that a will be tired because he will be exercising at that exact moment in the future. But if we say he will be tired because he will have been exercising so hard. So this sentence emphasizes that he will be tired because he will have been exercising for a period of time. It is possible that he will still be exercising at that moment or that, hey, we'll just have finished. So that's the main difference between a future continuous and future perfect continuous. Future perfect continuous is used with two time expressions. One is a specifying the time that the future. And the other one is it started in glimpse of the activity. By six o'clock, John will have been baking a cake for an hour. So by six o'clock specifies a time in the future. And for an hour tells us that lens of the activity, they will have been painting the fence for two days by Saturday. By Saturday specifies a time in the future and for today's tells us the length of the activity. In July of next year, you will have been studying for eight months. So in July of next year is this specify time? And for eight months tells us how long I will have been playing poker for 30 years by then. So by then a is a specified time and for 30 years tells us how long. That's pretty simple. And I think now you understand it. 25. formula of future perfect continuous : So guys, we talked about where to use future perfect progressive term. So now it's time to understand the thermal law of future perfect, progressive or future or continuous tense. So are you ready? Let's get us started forming the future perfect progressive terms. The future perfect progressive tense is formed like this. Subject plus will have been plus present participle. So it's pretty easy. For example, at 10:00 PM, I will have been swimming for six hours. They will have been talking for two hours by then. The negative version. If you need the negative version, you can use the following construction. Subject will not have been plus present participle. For example, in July next year, you will not have been studying for three hours. I will not have been playing pool care for 30 years by then. The question version. If you need to ask question, you can use the following word or dare for a yes-no question. So it starts with whale plus subject, plus have been plus present participle. For example, in July of next year, will you have been studying for three years? Well, I have been playing poker for 30 years. By then. You can use the following ward or therefore a question word. So question word comes at the beginning. Plus will, subject have been in prison participle? For example. When will you have been studying for three years?