English Grammar Launch: Past simple | Anthony Kelleher | Skillshare
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4 Lessons (19m)
    • 1. Past simple (Learn)

      4:11
    • 2. Past simple (Things to Note)

      3:49
    • 3. Past simple speaking practice (Master)

      4:28
    • 4. Past simple listening practice (Master)

      6:27

About This Class

English Grammar Launch is an intermediate English grammar course taught by me, Anthony, a native British English speaker. You will learn the target grammar structures at a deep level, so that you can sound more native-like when you speak English.

This course includes: 

  • lectures for the target structures
  • listening and speaking practice for every single grammar structure
  • future updates - this course will continue to grow and grow
  • PDF transcripts
  • and MP3 downloads so that you can learn anywhere, any time.

Each section focuses on one, two or three target structures so that you can master each one and produce it accurately in your spoken English.

If you want to speak English more clearly, if you want to sound more native-like, or if you simply want to take your English to the next level, this course can help you achieve your goal of improving your English.

Transcripts

1. Past simple (Learn): the target structure for this lecture is the past simple. The past Simple is an English tents. You may know it. It's not so difficult, but it's very good to look at in detail so that you can master the tents. Let's have a look at the meaning. There's just one meaning. Have a look at this example. Shakespeare was a famous playwright, poet and actor. He wrote well famous plays such as Romeo and Juliet. He got married at the age of 18 and later moved to London, where he began a successful career. The words in Bold indicate the past simple. This meaning shows that the action is finished and complete. It is in the past, so the meanings quite easy, right? It just means something that is finished over in the past. So you can say, Last week I went swimming. Two years ago, I visited Japan. This is the past simple, tense. Easy, right. Let's look at the structure for this tense again. The structure is extremely easy. It's a subject. For example, I he she it we you, they plus the past tense verb. For example, I visited the zoo yesterday. He ran really quickly they bought a new car. It's a very, very simple. The negative structure is the subject. I he she you etcetera plus didn't plus a basic verb so didn't indicates the past tense. For example, I didn't visit Paul yesterday because he was sick. She didn't go to school. We didn't enjoy the movie. So noticed that the verbs in these examples are basic verbs. Because the past tense is indicated by Did not didn't this indicates the past tense. And here is the question structure for the past. Simple did plus the subject. I, he she they etcetera, plus a basic verb. For example, Did I perform well on stage? Did pull find his keys? Did your family have a good time in Italy? So that's the past simple, quite easy, right? But it's very important to master this tense because it's one of the most common tenses in English. So if you master this tense, you'll take your English fluency to the next level because it's very, very common. Make sure you go on over to the practice lectures that practice exercises. Make sure you practice speaking on listening so you can really train your brain to master the past simple. See you in the next lecture 2. Past simple (Things to Note): Let's look at a couple of things that we need to note for the past simple tents. The first thing is that in English, many past simple verbs end in E. D. I'm sure you know this. For example, stopped, jumped, visited etcetera. These are called regular verbs, so they're easy to make. Construct. Just add E G to the end of a basic vote. However, other verbs in English ah, irregular and their past tense form is different. For example, drove, went heard, etcetera. So these irregular verbs need to be learned. They're not easy to just construct by adding an ending to so you need to learn them. For example, the past tense off drive to drive a car is drove. The past tense of go is went, so these are quite easy ones. Then there are slightly more complex ones. For example, the past tense off by to buy a chocolate bar is bought. The past tense off eat is eight, so these are all irregular verbs. You need to learn them, and you can learn many of them in the practice lectures. The practice exercises that you can move on to next. Let's look at one more thing that we need to note for the bob be which is, um is on our the past Simple tents is formed with WAAS or were for example, I was born in 1985. So Waas is the equivalent off am AM is the present The basic form of the verb and waas is the past tense. The next example is using were Lee and Fiona were at the party last night. So where is the equivalent off? Our are is the present basic form and were is the past form And here are a couple of question examples Waas Sam upset when you saw her where you naughty when you were a child. So that's just another little thing for you to note I am and is become waas in the past So for example, I am happy is happening right now But if I want to change it to the past Simple I say I waas happy Similarly if I say Jane is happy if I want toe change that to the past Simple Jane Waas happy if we use Ah they are happy in the past Simple it becomes they were happy waas and were are used in the past Simple See you in the next lecture 3. Past simple speaking practice (Master): speaking practice for the past. Simple. Listen to the sentence. Then pause the video and repeat after me. Think about the structure we studied. Train your brain to master the past. Simple. Let's begin. Where did you go during the summer holidays? We went to Greece. It waas fabulous. It was roasting, so I took off my coat. The party lasted 10 hours. We got home at around 3 a.m. and slept straight away. Where did you learn how to play the guitar? My older brother gave me lessons last year. Then I found a private tutor. Did you visit the Statue of Liberty in New York? Of course we did. It was incredible. Steve Jobs created Apple in 1976. He started the company in his garage. Daniel is extremely busy, so I didn't disturb him when you were at school. While you a good student, Laura spent so much money last weekend she bought a really expensive dress on new shoes. The lady fell over and broke her arm. She went to the hospital in an ambulance. As we relaxed on the grass, the birds flew above us in the clear blue sky. It was so peaceful. Did you see Tony today? He borrowed one of my books but didn't return it to me. In many people's eyes, Mohammed Ali was the greatest boxer ever. How was the weather in Barcelona? Did you see any of Gowdy's gorgeous architecture? The meal we had at the new Italian restaurant was delicious and it didn't cost much. The roads were so I see this morning, so I didn't drive to work. I walked instead. What did you do at the weekend? Jack and I took a short trip to Cornwall. We stayed there for one night and then came back the next day. Man first landed on the moon in 1969. It was an amazing feat off human ingenuity. 4. Past simple listening practice (Master): listening practice for the past. Simple. Listen to me, say the sentence. Then pause the video and write down what you hear. Press play to see the text on the screen and check your answer. Train your brain to master the past. Simple. Let's begin for now, though. Shot from outside the penalty box and scored an incredible goal, which won the match. Ronaldo shot from outside the penalty box and scored an incredible goal, which won the match, I wonder. Was Shakespeare a good English student at school? I wonder. Was Shakespeare a good English student at school? Did you remember to give the camera back to Mark? Oh, no, I forgot. I'll drive to his place and give it to him now. Did you remember to give the camera back to Mark? Oh, no, I forgot. I'll drive to his place and give it to him now. I just remembered Gary told me that he can't come today because he has a doctor appointment . I just remembered. Gary told me that he can't come today because he has a doctor appointment. The Mona Lisa Waas, An impressive painting to see, but I imagined it to be much bigger The Mona Lisa was an impressive painting to see, but I imagined it to be much bigger. Bill Gates set up his foundation in 2000 which donates huge sums of money to the poor and needy. Bill Gates set up his foundation in 2000 which donates huge sums of money to the poor and needy. Bella ate a huge breakfast this morning. She didn't eat lunch or dinner because she was so full. Bella ate a huge breakfast this morning. She didn't eat lunch or dinner because she was so full. We are so sorry we didn't have time to visit you. We were extremely busy. We are so sorry we didn't have time to visit you. We were extremely busy. People say that Christopher Columbus discovered America. In reality, he was simply the first European to visit. People say that Christopher Columbus discovered America. In reality, he was simply the first European to visit. The show we went to last night was quite dull. The singer's didn't sing very well on the dances weren't very impressive. The show we went to last night was quite dull, the singer's didn't sing very well, and the dances weren't very impressive I want skied down a very difficult slope and I fell and broke my leg. I didn't go skiing for a long time After that. I once skied down a very difficult slope and I fell and broke my leg. I didn't go skiing for a long time after that. Ryan and Chris climbed a mountain yesterday. They were exhausted this morning, so they didn't want to come. Ryan and Chris climbed a mountain yesterday. They were exhausted this morning, so they didn't want to come.