English Grammar Launch: Going to | Anthony Kelleher | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
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Lessons in This Class

4 Lessons (22m)
    • 1. Going to (Learn)

      7:17
    • 2. Going to (Things to Note)

      4:30
    • 3. Going to speaking practice (Master)

      4:15
    • 4. Going to listening practice (Master)

      6:04
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About This Class

English Grammar Launch is an intermediate English grammar course taught by me, Anthony, a native British English speaker. You will learn the target grammar structures at a deep level, so that you can sound more native-like when you speak English.

This course includes: 

  • lectures for the target structures
  • listening and speaking practice for every single grammar structure
  • future updates - this course will continue to grow and grow
  • PDF transcripts
  • and MP3 downloads so that you can learn anywhere, any time.

Each section focuses on one, two or three target structures so that you can master each one and produce it accurately in your spoken English.

If you want to speak English more clearly, if you want to sound more native-like, or if you simply want to take your English to the next level, this course can help you achieve your goal of improving your English.

Meet Your Teacher

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Anthony Kelleher

BA TESOL - Founder of Sir English - English Tutor

Teacher

Hello there.

My name is Anthony, and I'm from London, England. I have thousands of students enrolled on my online courses, which focus on learning English as a foreign language.

I have a bachelor's degree in TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) and Linguistics, and I have taught thousands of students all over the world for the past 10 years. My teaching has brought me from London to China to South Korea. I have now returned to London where I run a successful language school.

More recently, I have developed my online presence under the Sir English brand and on various online course platforms. I also create materials in the ESL field.

Send me a message if there are any particular topics you would like me to focus on for future courses in the ... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Going to (Learn): Here's the target structure for this lecture. Going to going to is another English tents that were going to master. Let's look at meaning one. There are two meanings. He is the first look at this example. We are going to visit New York next month. We're going to see the Statue of Liberty and the Empire State Building. So the words in bold indicate that something is decided. It means that this person intends to do this in the future and is a plan that the person definitely wants to happen. Think of this meaning as a future plan, something that is definitely 100% going to happen in the future. Here's an example. Next month I'm going to visit Italy. Why did I use going to visit? Because it's a future plan. I've planned to visit Italy because I've booked the flight. I've paid for the flight I booked the hotel, paid for the hotel, and I've planned all my trip in Italy. So I can say I'm definitely going to visit Italy in this case I use going to I'm going to visit Italy next month. When I say this, the listener knows it's definitely going to happen, so that's meaning one. Let's look at the second meaning. Look at the grey sky. It's going to rain soon, so the words in bold indicate that something is going to happen in the future. We have some evidence, and we believe that something is going to happen in the future. That's meaning to It's very similar to meaning one in that it's talking about the future. Something is going to happen in the future. But there's a difference. The meaning one is something that I planned. I arranged myself, but meaning to is something that's just happening elsewhere. But based on some evidence based on something that I can see, I guess something is going to happen in the future. It's a prediction, in my view. I can see that this is going to happen. So if I look up at the sky and I see lots of dark clouds, gray black clouds, what is going to happen in the future? I guess it's going to rain. This is my guess. My prediction for the future. Another example might be if I see a man climbing a broken ladder. This is a very dangerous situation. What do I think is going to happen in the future. I can say he's going to fall off and hurt himself. Based on the evidence. The ladder is broken, it looks very dangerous. I think he's going to fool and heart himself. So in this case, I can use going to now the structure for going to let's have a look. Here is the positive structure. The first structure is I plus, um, plus going to plus a basic verb like walk, see, visit and go. So when you use, I always use the verb Um, for he she and it, we use is plus going to plus a basic verb. And for we, you and they, we use our plus going to plus a basic verb. For example, she is going to study hard to become a doctor. Here is the negative structure. We simply add not to the structure. So I plus, um, plus not plus going to, plus a basic verb. It sounds very long and complex, but it's actually quite simple for he she and it, we use is plus, not plus going to plus a basic Bob. And for we, you and they, we use our plus not plus going to plus a basic verb, for example, we aren't going to see that this week because he's on a business trip notice The contraction as well are not becomes, aren't well. Look at more contractions in the next lecture. And finally, here is the question structure. So the question structures are like this is plus he she it plus going to plus a basic Bob. And we use our for we you they plus going to plus a basic verb. For example, Are you going to tidy your room soon? I asked you twice already. So there you have it. That is going to is the future tense in English to move on to the things to note the next lecture and always always practice that speaking and listening exercises so you can take your level of understanding to the next level. See you in the next lecture 2. Going to (Things to Note): before you move onto the speaking and listening practice exercises. Here are a few things to note when using going to we're going to focus on the contractions when using going to Let's have a look. It's a note that we often contract this subject, and the verb to be the verb to be is, um, is on ah, when using going to. So, for example, I am going to contracts to I'm going to. So, for example, instead of saying I am going to visit Italy next month, you can simply say I'm going to visit Italy next month so you can contract I and, um when you use he she and it with going to you can contract. The subject with is so you can say he's going to She's going to or it's going to. For example, he's going to visit Japan. She's going to go swimming or it's going to fall on. When you use we, you or they are going to You can contract Thies, too. We are going to you're going to or they're going to now when using the negative, we can also contract some words when you use the subject. I we can say I'm not going to similar to the positive contract. I and, um, with the other subjects. We have two options. Have a look at these for he she and it is not going to. We can either contract he and is to become he's not or we can contract is on not to become He isn't. For example, he's not going to visit Japan or he isn't going to visit Japan. So the two options mean the same thing. Similarly, we can say she's not or she isn't going to. It's not or it isn't going to, and it's very similar with we, you and they. I'm not going to. We can contract we and our or we can contract are and not when using. We, for example, we're not going to or we aren't going to with you. We use you're not or you aren't going to and they're not or they aren't going to. That's the only thing you need to note for going to. So use these contractions in your spoken English. They make you sound much more fluent on much more natural. Instead of saying every single word, I am not going to go to school today. Contract I and M. I'm not going to go to school today, so it makes you sound really, really fluent and natural. Make sure you move on now to the speaking and listening practice activities and download the MP threes to train your brain. 3. Going to speaking practice (Master): speaking practice for going to listen to the sentence. Then pause the video on. Repeat after me. Think about the structure we studied and train your brain to master. Going to Let's get started. Hi, James. I'm stuck in a huge traffic jam. I'm going to be around 30 minutes late. I want some money in a competition last night. Fantastic. What are you going to do with it? Some species of animal are down to the last few. They are going to become extinct soon. Are you going to visit your parents tonight? This T shirt is really poor quality. I'm going to return it to the shop I bought it from. I think you boys should stop playing football on this dangerous road. You aren't going to hurt yourselves. Julie ate some bad food yesterday. She's going to vomit. The car engine is making a really strange sound. It isn't going to survive for much longer. I finally reached my savings target. I'm going to buy a nice new car this weekend. Ken and I are going to play badminton this week. Do you want to join us? Unfortunately, the world is going to become more and more polluted in the coming years. Jesse found a tiny kitten in the front garden. What is she going to do with it? What are you going to wear to the party on Friday? The service in this restaurant is really poor. I'm going to complain to the manager. The company had some trouble last year, but sales are doing well now. Things are going to get better. Is Oscar going to accept the new job? No. He's going to refuse it because it's too far to travel. I bought a brand new grand piano. Are you serious? Where are you going to put it? Chris, I need that report by 2 p.m. Today. It's going to be on your desk before midday. 4. Going to listening practice (Master): listening practice for going to listen to me. Say the sentence. Then pause the video and write down what you hear. Press play to see the text on the screen and check your answer. Train your brain to master. Going to Let's begin. We should rearrange our trip this weekend. The weatherman said there was going to be heavy rain on Saturday. We should rearrange our trip this weekend. The weatherman said there is going to be heavy rain on Saturday. Hi, Paul. I can't talk for long because my battery is going to die. Hi, Paul. I can't talk for long because my battery is going to die. Your presentation is next Friday, right? What are you going to talk about? Your presentation is next Friday, Right? What are you going to talk about? China is getting richer and richer. It's going to be a huge power in the coming years. China is getting richer and richer. It's going to be a huge power in the coming years. I'm going to buy a few things from the shop. What are you going to buy? I'm going to buy a few things from the shop. What are you going to buy. The kids are going to be so excited when we tell them about our trip to Disneyland. The kids are going to be so excited when we tell them about our trip to Disneyland. I'm so skinny. I'm going to join the gym tomorrow and start building some muscles. I'm so skinny. I'm going to join the gym tomorrow and start building some muscles. Okay? This is the plan. We are going to set up a new business and you are going to be the managing director. Okay? This is the plan. We're going to set up a new business and you are going to be the managing director. Are you going to see Nina later? No. I'm going to meet her tomorrow. Are you going to see Nina later? No. I'm going to meet her tomorrow. Your kids are going wild. They are going to be worn out later. Your kids are going wild. They're going to be worn out later. Look at that man standing at the top of the ladder. He's going toe. Hurt himself. If he isn't careful. Look at that man standing at the top of the ladder. He's going to hurt himself if he isn't careful. Are you ready for the World Cup final today? It's going to be such an exciting match. Are you ready for the World Cup final today? It's going to be such an exciting match.