English Grammar Launch: Enough and too | Anthony Kelleher | Skillshare
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4 Lessons (24m)
    • 1. Enough and too (Learn)

      4:47
    • 2. Enough and too (Things to Note)

      7:39
    • 3. Enough and too speaking practice (Master)

      4:25
    • 4. Enough and too listening practice (Master)

      6:39

About This Class

English Grammar Launch is an intermediate English grammar course taught by me, Anthony, a native British English speaker. You will learn the target grammar structures at a deep level, so that you can sound more native-like when you speak English.

This course includes: 

  • lectures for the target structures
  • listening and speaking practice for every single grammar structure
  • future updates - this course will continue to grow and grow
  • PDF transcripts
  • and MP3 downloads so that you can learn anywhere, any time.

Each section focuses on one, two or three target structures so that you can master each one and produce it accurately in your spoken English.

If you want to speak English more clearly, if you want to sound more native-like, or if you simply want to take your English to the next level, this course can help you achieve your goal of improving your English.

Transcripts

1. Enough and too (Learn): the target structures for this lecture are enough, and to so let's look at the example sentence for the first structure. Enough. Here's the example. Sentence. I'm 18 years old now. I am old enough to drive. So what does old enough mean in this sentence? The words in bold indicate that the person is the necessary age to drive. It means that person is the age needed to drive. Now let's move on to the meaning off to Here's the example sentence. John. You need to slow down. You were driving too fast. So what, to the words too fast mean? The words in bold indicate that John is driving faster than is needed or necessary. He needs to slow down, so enough and two are related because they talk about a quantity off something. So in the first example, sentence the quantity waas about age, how many years someone has lived. So if I say I'm old enough to go out on my own, this means I have the necessary years in my life to go out alone. I'm 18 1920. I'm old enough to also talks about a quantity or an amount off something. So in the example sentence. We saw the person was driving too fast. The speed that he was driving was Mawr than necessary or was needed. He should slow down, you see, so it's usually talking about quantity off something enough means it's good. It's sufficient to usually means more than sufficient. More than enough. Let's look at the structure for these two words. The structure for enough is like this. We use an adjective or an adverb, plus enough. Let's look at the first example. I think I am strong enough to lift this on my own, so that's an adjective. Plus enough. On the second example, the zebra ran quickly enough to escape from the lion. This is an adverb, plus enough. There is a second structure that we can use for enough, and it is enough plus noun. So I can say I have enough money to buy the car I like so you can see enough, plus the noun money. It means I have a sufficient amount of money to buy the car I like. Now the structure for too two is usually used with an adjective, so two plus an adjective. The example is this car is too old. Let's buy another one. So the car is older than is necessary. It's older than I like, so I don't want it. I want a new a car, so I hope the meaning and the structure is clear for you. Now let's move on to the things we need to note for enough and to see you in the next lecture. 2. Enough and too (Things to Note): So let's look at the things we need to note when using enough. And two, Let's bring your understanding off these structures to the next level. Let's look at the first thing, so I'd like you to compare enough and to just so that the meaning is even clearer for you. It's a festival. Enough. This bed is big enough. What does it mean? It means it is a good size for me. That's what I'm trying to say. This bed is big enough. It's a good size for me. It's perfect. Let's use the negative form. Now. This bed is not big enough. What does this mean? I'm trying to say it needs to be bigger. It's not sufficient for me because I'm big. The bed is small. It's not big enough. Now let's use to. This bed is too big. This means it needs to be smaller. It's too big for me. It's more than is necessary, so it needs to be smaller. So that's a comparison off enough, and to just so that you can understand them better. Let's move on to the second thing that we should note. We can use enough without a noun. If we mentioned the noun before or if we know what the person is talking about. So one of the structures remember is enough plus noun. But if we know what the noun is, we can leave it out. Look at this example off Jane and Paul talking to each other, Jane says, I'm going to buy some more wine for the guests. Pull replies. No, we have enough. So here he's just used enough because he's just trying to say we have enough wine. Jane mentioned wine, so Paul doesn't have to repeat it. You can mention wine if you like. Paul could say No, we have enough wine, but it's not necessary. We can delete it if we wish. If the meaning is clear, let's look at the next thing we should note for these two structures we can use much on and many with two. Much is for uncountable knowns. Many is four countable noun. Look at these examples. I ate too much ice cream today. I feel really sick now. So here I've used much to mean the quantity was a lot, and ice cream is an uncountable noun. We cannot count it, so we should use much the second example. There were too many people at the beach today. We couldn't sit down anywhere. So here I've used many because people is accountable. Now we can say to people three people, four people. That means it's countable, So use many. Here's the next thing that we have to note. Very often we use four somebody or fourth something which is a noun with enough and too. So look at this example. Using enough. Our school doesn't have enough space for the Children, so four is talking about who the problem effects. It effects the Children. Second example we're using to that T shirt is too big for you. Who does the problem effect? It effects you. That T shirt is too big for you, So when using four, it can be omitted. It's not necessary, but it makes the meaning much, much clearer. If I say our school doesn't have enough space, this means the problem is affecting everyone. But if I want to focus who the problem effects. If I'm thinking about the Children, the students, I can say our school doesn't have enough space for the Children, so I'm thinking about the Children. It's affecting them more than anyone else. Similarly, if I say that T shirt is too big, we probably know who it's affecting. If I'm talking to my friend face to face and he's wearing a T shirt, I say that T shirts too big. The meaning is clear. But if I say that T shirt is too big for you, the meaning is even clearer. It means for your body for your shape. The T shirt is too big. Get a smaller one. Let's look at the last thing that we have to note very often we use to do something a verb with enough and too. Look at this first example. The weather isn't warm enough to have a picnic today, so you're giving the reason why you said the weather isn't warm enough. It isn't warm enough to have a picnic today. Look at the second example. She is too young to drink alcohol, so if I just say she is too young, the person won't know what I'm talking about. Two young for what? Too young to do what? So I say she's too young to drink alcohol, so I hope those things to note have made everything much clearer on developed your understanding off enough on day two. Make sure you move on to the practice exercises the speaking on the listening. And don't forget to download the MP threes. Listen to them as much as you can. This will help you to really understand and master all these grammar structures. See you in the next lecture. 3. Enough and too speaking practice (Master): speaking practice for enough onto listen to this sentence. Then pause the video and repeat after me. Think about the structure we studied and train your brain to master enough onto Let's begin . Come on, Robert. You're not working quickly enough. But these questions are too difficult for me. What do you think of the interviewee? I don't think he has enough experience for the job. He's too young. The cake I baked isn't sweet enough. It needs more sugar. The famous author, C. S. Lewis famously said. You are never too old to set another goal or to dream a new dream. Sorry, there aren't enough chairs for everyone to sit down. Sorry, I'm too busy to talk now. Can you call me back later? The piano was too heavy to move, so we call a company to help us. Do we have enough time to visit my parents on the way home? No, it's too late. Let's visit them tomorrow. I need to buy a new suitcase. This one isn't big enough for all my stuff. I'm going to buy some things from the shop. Shall I buy some milk or do we have enough? This road is too dangerous to play on. Go to the park, but the park is too far away. Do you ever want to run your own business? Definitely not. I'm not patient or determined enough to run a business. James is an excellent student, but his work is too messy. Sometimes it's not clear enough. This curry is too spicy for me to eat. My mouth is on fire. Jane and Emma saw Johnny Depp at the movie premiere, but they couldn't get close enough to take a picture with him. Michael speaks some Spanish, but not enough to have a conversation. How is the food? The pizza is too salty for me. Brazil beat Mexico for nil. The Brazilian team was too strong for the Mexicans. 4. Enough and too listening practice (Master): listening practice for enough and too, listen to me, say the sentence. Then pause the video and write down what you hear. Press play to see the text on the screen and check your answer. Train your brain to master enough and too let's get started. How was your trip to Canada? Did you enjoy it? It was amazing. There are so many beautiful places to see. We didn't have enough time to see everything we wanted. How was your trip to Canada? Did you enjoy it? It was amazing. There are so many beautiful places to see. We didn't have enough time to see everything we wanted. This file is too large to put onto my USB drive. I'll have to find another way. This file is too large to put onto my USB drive. I'll have to find another way. What do you think of my painting? It's very good, but it could be better. There's not enough color over here, and this part is too white. What do you think of my painting? It's very good, but it could be better. There's not enough color over here, and this part is too white. Wow, this house is perfect. There is a pool, a large driveway and enough space for the kids to run around. Wow, this house is perfect. There is a pool, a large driveway and enough space for the kids to run around. Do you have enough wine or would you like some more? No, thanks. We have enough. Do you have enough wine? Would you like some more? No, thanks. We have enough. Let's go to the beach this weekend. It's not warm enough to go to the beach. Let's wait until the weather against warmer. Let's go to the beach this weekend. It's not warm enough to go to the beach. Let's wait until the weather gets warmer. If you're determined enough, you can do anything in life with enough dedication, anything is possible. If you're determined enough, you can do anything in life with enough dedication. Anything is possible. There are too many cars on it, Too much pollution in this city. I'm thinking about moving to another place. There are too many cars and too much pollution in this city. I'm thinking about moving to another place, Mohammad Ali once said He who is not courageous enough to take risks will accomplish nothing in life, Mohammad Ali once said He who is not courageous enough to take risks will accomplish nothing in life. I'm really sorry, but I'm too sick to go to work today. No problem. Make sure you get enough rest. I'm really sorry, but I'm too sick to go to work today. No problem. Make sure you get enough rest. I'm going to paint the bedroom today. Is this color bright enough? Oh, no. That color is too strong. Let's choose a softer color. I'm going to paint the bedroom today. Is this color bright enough? Oh no. That color is too strong. Let's choose a softer color. Nowadays, phones are small enough to carry around with us, but they weren't always so small. In the 19 eighties, they were too big to carry easily. Nowadays, phones are small enough to carry around with us, but they weren't always so small. In the 19 eighties, they were too big to carry easily