English Grammar Launch: Both, neither and either | Anthony Kelleher | Skillshare

English Grammar Launch: Both, neither and either

Anthony Kelleher, BA TESOL - Founder of Sir English - English Tutor

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4 Lessons (31m)
    • 1. Both, neither and either (Learn)

      14:45
    • 2. Both, neither and either (Things to Note)

      5:25
    • 3. Both, neither and either speaking practice (Master)

      5:23
    • 4. Both, neither and either listening practice (Master)

      5:47

About This Class

English Grammar Launch is an intermediate English grammar course taught by me, Anthony, a native British English speaker. You will learn the target grammar structures at a deep level, so that you can sound more native-like when you speak English.

This course includes: 

  • lectures for the target structures
  • listening and speaking practice for every single grammar structure
  • future updates - this course will continue to grow and grow
  • PDF transcripts
  • and MP3 downloads so that you can learn anywhere, any time.

Each section focuses on one, two or three target structures so that you can master each one and produce it accurately in your spoken English.

If you want to speak English more clearly, if you want to sound more native-like, or if you simply want to take your English to the next level, this course can help you achieve your goal of improving your English.

Transcripts

1. Both, neither and either (Learn): the target structures for this lecture are both neither, and either we're going to target three structures in this lecture, so make sure you have your pen and paper ready to take notes. The reason I'm putting three structures together is because they are very, very related, so it makes sense to learn them all together at once. So the first thing I want to bring your attention to is the pronunciation of neither. And either they have alternative pronunciations that you might hear native speakers using. You can say neither or neither. These are the two alternatives, and you can say either or either slightly different. These are the alternative pronunciations just to let you know. Let's go to the example. Sentences Andi. The meaning for each structure. Have a look at these three examples. Both books are really interesting. I highly recommend them. Neither book is boring. You can borrow either book. The words in Bold are to talk about two things or people in this case, two books. That's why I grouped thes three structures together because all of them talk about two things or two people. That's why they're so related. They're always talking about two things or to people to just remember that. Let's look at each one in more detail. Let's start with both for going back to the example that we saw earlier. Both books are really interesting. I highly recommend them. Both is positive and means that the two books are really interesting. So that's both. Both is positive. Just remember that it's always talking about two things. So imagine. I see two cars that I like. I can say both cars are really beautiful. That means the two cars are beautiful. Both is similar to all. We use all to talk about many, many things. If I see 10 cars that are beautiful, I can say all the cars are beautiful. But if there are just too all sounds strange because there are not that many just to so we use both. Both cars are beautiful that both is positive. Let's look at the next one, neither so going back to the original example. Neither book is boring. Neither is negative and means that the two books aren't boring. So neither, as I said, is negative again. It's always talking about two things or to people always, and it's a negative word just like not or never. So it's a negative. Remember the N in neither signifies negative. That's a good way to remember. So imagine now. I have two more cars. These cars are very old and ugly. I can say I like neither car. I like neither car. What does this mean? It means I don't like the cause. There are two cars, and I don't like any of them. I like neither car. Neither is a negative. So it means I don't like them, you see, so it always negates the words that you use in the sentence. Now let's look at either in more detail, you can borrow either book. Either is a choice off the to, and means that you can borrow this one or this one again. Either is to talk about two things or to people. This time, we're talking about a choice between two things. You can choose this one or this one, not both this one or this one, either to either means a choice. Just choose one, this one or this one. So if I say to my daughter, you can have either spaghetti or pizza for dinner. Can you hear that choose either spaghetti or pizza for dinner. I'm giving her a choice. Choose either this one or this one. Either is always a choice between two things. Now let's look at the structures for these words. There are a few structures, so again, make sure you have your pen and paper ready to take notes. Here is the 1st 1 we can use both neither or either plus. And now here are some examples. Both movies waas so boring that we stopped watching after 20 minutes. So remember, both is positive. It's talking about two things. So they watched two movies, and both of them were boring. The next example reads. Neither car is expensive now, remember, neither is negative, so it means the cause of both cheap. So expensive means lots of money. But because we use the negative neither it means both cars are cheap. Neither car is expensive. And the last example John says. Which city shall we visit for our trip? Madrid or Barcelona? Fiona replies. I the city is fantastic. I don't mind. So Fiona is saying between Madrid and Barcelona she doesn't mind, either she can choose either Madrid or Barcelona. She doesn't mind one or the other. Now here is the next structure we can say both off, neither off or either off, plus the so when you use the you can say any now the dog or the camera or the chair, or you can use a pronoun, for example, he, she or it or you can use a possessive A possessive is something that belongs to someone, for example, Allen's or Mary's. So look at these examples to make everything clearer both off. These dogs belong to my uncle, so you can see the structure both off. Plus these the's is a pronoun. Dogs belong to my uncle. So both of these dogs means there are two dogs and they both belong to my uncle. The next one teacher says. Which one of you to wrote this on the board on the two students? Reply. Neither of us it waas another boy. So the structure neither off plus the pronoun us and finally, are either of Tina's sisters tall like her. So the structure we have either off plus the possessive Tina's So the questioner is asking out of Tina's two sisters. Are any of them tall like her now The next structure is a bit more simple, but it's very, very useful. The structure is both something plus and something. For example, both China Onda India are becoming more and more powerful, so you can see we've used both. Before the two things were mentioning, I mentioned China and India. These are the two things I'm talking about and remember both is positive. The second example says, I played both football and rugby. So again, the two things I'm mentioning our football and rugby. This structure is very common in English, and it's really, really good for making yourself sound more fluent and upgrading your English. The next one is very, very similar. The structure is neither something plus nor something. So it's similar to both on and but this one is negative. Remember, neither is a negative form. So look at the first example. Neither Jane nor Sally came to the party last night. I was disappointed, so this means Jane and Sally didn't come to the party. So remember it's negative, so neither means they didn't come. Nor is basically the negative version off. And the second example says, For me, baseball is neither fun nor exciting remember, neither is negative. That means for me, baseball isn't fun and it isn't exciting. So I don't like baseball and finally, either something plus or something. So this is similar to the previous one. Neither Nor. But this is positive. So the husband says, What shall we do today? The wife replies, We can either visit my parents or go and watch a movie. So remember, either is a choice of two things. The choice is visit my parents or watch a movie. And the second example says, I think either Germany or Brazil will win the World Cup. So the two choices that I'm making, Ah, Germany or Brazil one of them will win the World Cup. In my opinion, there we go. Both. Neither and either. It was quite a long lecture, lots of information to take in. But if you learned these three structures, your upgrade your English very, very quickly and significantly to move on to the next lecture. I'll see there 2. Both, neither and either (Things to Note): These are some of the things that we need to note when we're using both. Neither and either. So we're targeting three structures, remember? So there are a few things we need to note again. Have your pen and paper ready to take some notes. Let's look at the first thing when you use both off, you can also simply use both. Remember, both off was one of the structures that we looked at, but we can simply use both. Look at these two sentences both off. The smartphones are using the latest technology. This is a good sentence. We can also omit off if we wish. We can simply say both the smartphones are using the latest technology. Both of these sentences are good now. The next thing we have to note is that you can use both neither and either alone if your intended meaning is clear. So this means we don't have toe use. Ah, whole sentence. Using these words, we can simply say the word if the meaning is clear. Here's an example, the dad says. Do you want a chocolate bar or an ice cream? The child simply replies both. That means I want both of them, do you see? So the dad gave the child a choice. Do you want a chocolate bar or an ice cream? So he gave him a choice of two things. But the child says both. In other words, he wants the chocolate bar and the ice cream. And here is another example, using neither. So Jill says. Will you have a glass of wine or beer? Henry replies. Neither. I'm driving, so I'll just have a glass of juice. Thanks. So originally, he simply said neither. That means. I want neither Off them. Remember, Neither is negative. So he's saying, I don't want wine or beer. Thank you. And here's one more example Using either. Tom says, I'm booking the hotel for our trip. Which one shall we stay at this one or this one? And Carol replies, either. I really don't mind. So this simply means I have the roof. Them is fine. She's trying to say, You can choose this one or this one. I don't mind. I will let you choose, because remember, either is a choice between two things. So Carol is trying to say you choose. I'm happy with either one and the final thing to note is this either is positive and neither is negative. We can use a negative word with either to mean neither, so it sounds a bit confusing. But have a look at this example. It will make it much clearer. I can say I was invited to two weddings, but I couldn't go to either of them. So this means that I couldn't go to any of the weddings. Now the second sentence is exactly the same meaning it says. I was invited to two weddings, but I could go to neither of them. The's sentences mean the same thing. It means I couldn't go to any of the two weddings. Those are the things that you need to note now. You should move on to the speaking and listening practice lectures. They will take your level of understanding higher on you will train your brain to master these three structures. See you in the next lecture. 3. Both, neither and either speaking practice (Master): speaking practice for both. Neither and either listen to the sentence. Then pause the video and repeat after me. Think about the structure we studied. Train your brain to Mosca. Both neither and either. Let's get started. I neither watched the news nor read newspapers. There are too many negative stories. When do you leave? Is it Saturday or Sunday? Neither. I leave on Monday. We can either go swimming or ice skating. Which do you prefer? It's both hot and humid. Here in France. I am constantly using the air conditioner. Hi, Gary. I try to visit you twice last week, but both times you were out. Neither I nor my wife drives. We use the public transport to get around. The poppy we found was both hungry and cold. We looked after it, and now it's that full strength. When I visited Spain, I stayed with a Spanish couple, but neither of them spoke English, so it was very difficult to communicate. Jack and Tony said they would meet us here, but I can't see either of them. Perhaps there late. The new boss is fantastic. He's both kind and hard walking, so he already feels part of the team. Thankfully, neither of the girls was injured, but both of them were taken to the hospital to be on the safe side. The strange man we met today really scared me. He neither said anything nor smiled. What's the name of the new guy at work? I've forgotten? I've for gotten to. I think his name is either Michael or Matthew. Hi, John. Both Linda and Tina are on Holiday this week, so we need to cover their work. Do you prefer doing Linda's or Tina's work, either? I don't mind what I do. It's so hot. Please turn on both fans so we can cool this place down. Sarah and Paul's baby twins were born last night. Both of them are very healthy, and neither of them has their fathers. Gray hair. I tried on the two wedding dresses, but neither off them fitted. I'll have to choose another. We don't have much time before the movie starts, so we can either quickly eat a sandwich now or eat at a restaurant. After Mom is really sick today and I have some work to do, either you or your brother has to cook dinner. Why don't we both do it, then it will get done quicker. Lee looked at both cars, but he didn't like either of them. 4. Both, neither and either listening practice (Master): listening practice for both. Neither and either listen to me say the sentence. Then pause the video and write down what you hear. Press play to see the text on the screen and check your answer. Train your brain to master Both. Neither and either. Let's get started. Hi, Neil. Hi, Fiona. Let me get both of you a drink. What will you have? Hi, Neil. Hi, Fiona. Let me get both of you a drink. What will you have? So let's talk about your skills. Do you speak any other languages? Yes. I speak both French and Arabic fluently, and I also speak a little German. So let's talk about your skills. Do you speak any other languages? Yes. I speak both French and Arabic fluently, and I also speak a little German. Do you want anything from the shop? Yes. I want something sweet for dessert. By either a chocolate cake or some strawberry ice cream. Do you want anything from the shop? Yes. I want something sweet for dessert. By either a chocolate cake or some strawberry ice cream. North and South Korea fought a devastating war. Both countries have now stopped fighting but still remain enemies North and South Korea fought a devastating war. Both countries have now stopped fighting but still remain enemies. We aren't going to the party next week. Neither are we. We are so busy with work. We aren't going to the party next week. Neither are we. We are so busy with work. I'm not sure if I will have Children in the future. I have neither the patient's nor the energy to look after them. I'm not sure if I will have Children in the future. I have neither the patient's nor the energy to look after them. I think either the yellow dress or the green dress would be the best choice. You're right. Actually, I'll take both. I think either the yellow dress or the green dress would be the best choice. You're right. Actually, I'll take both. Neither of you did your homework again. I'll have to call both your parents. Please don't call our parents. Either give us detention or make us do double homework tonight. Neither of you did your homework again. I'll have to call both your parents. Please don't call our parents, sir. Either give us detention or make us to double homework. tonight. I'm so bored that I really want to go out somewhere. I'm either going to visit my friend Jack or go to the gym. I'm so bored that I really want to go out somewhere. I'm either going to visit my friend Jack or go to the gym.