Embossed Leaf Brooch - learn how to make your own brooch fittings | Joanne Tinley | Skillshare

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Embossed Leaf Brooch - learn how to make your own brooch fittings

teacher avatar Joanne Tinley, Jewellery Designer, Tutor and Writer

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

10 Lessons (1h 1m)
    • 1. Embossed Leaf Brooch - learn how to make your own brooch fittings

    • 2. Embossed Leaf Brooch - materials

    • 3. Embossed Leaf Brooch - equipment

    • 4. Embossed Leaf Brooch - soldering equipment

    • 5. Embossed Leaf Brooch - making the leaf

    • 6. Embossed Leaf Brooch - making the brooch fittings

    • 7. Embossed Leaf Brooch - soldering

    • 8. Embossed Leaf Brooch - tidying and polishing the leaf

    • 9. Embossed Leaf Brooch - adding the brooch pin

    • 10. Embossed Leaf Brooch - final thoughts

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About This Class

If you've watched the Embossed Leaf Necklace class you'll have heard me say that the shape of the leaf would make a beautiful brooch - and so I made another leaf and filmed how I make my brooch fittings so that I could teach you how easy they are to make!

There are many different styles of brooch fittings, and the best jewellers will choose one that fits the design and shape of their brooch the best, perhaps adapting a basic design to make it perfect for that particular project. The design I'm going to teach you in this class uses tube to create a strong hinge and hook for a stainless steel brooch pin, and it is a great design for many different styles of brooches. The small pieces of tube can make it a little fiddly to make at first, but it is not difficult. A joint leveller, the tool I use to hold my tube whilst I'm working on it, will make the project less fiddly.


The videos in the class focus on the brooch fittings rather than making the leaf itself, so if you'd like to make a brooch similar to mine and you haven't already watched the Embossed Leaf Necklace class I recommend that you watch that first and then come back to this class.

The equipment needed for the project is explained in the videos and also listed on a downloadable document. I have kept the equipment needed to a minimum, and all the equipment listed can be used for a variety of other jewellery making projects.

This class is part of a series designed to help you extend your silversmithing skills, building on those covered in the Silversmithing for Beginners series. The Intermediate Silversmithing classes will help you become more confident with complex soldering tasks, setting faceted stones, making your own tools and much more.

Meet Your Teacher

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Joanne Tinley

Jewellery Designer, Tutor and Writer


I have been making jewellery for as long as I can remember, and have been passing these wonderful (and addctive!) skills on through my classes for nearly 20 years. I am self-taught and like many people I started with wire and beads. Learning how to solder, however, opened up a whole new world of jewellery making! There is something so magical about watching solder flow through a seam, joining two pieces of metal together smoothly.

My studio is in Southampton, on the South Coast of the UK. I design and make jewellery for galleries across the UK, teach regular and popular jewellery design workshops, and also offer private tuition. My jewellery design projects have been published in both UK and US magazines and books.

Visit my Etsy shop, Jewellers Bench Shop, for jewellery ma... See full profile

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1. Embossed Leaf Brooch - learn how to make your own brooch fittings: Hello, My name's joint in me. I'm a jewelry designer and shooter from South Coast, the UK on Welcome to the in Boston Leaf Approach us. If you've watched my embossed relief necklace class, you have heard me say that leaf shape would also make a perfect broach. So he is a class showing you how to do just that. There are many different styles of broach fittings made to fit different sizes, shapes on designs, off broaches. But this design is one of my favorites because it's really quite easy to make. Might be a little bit friendly at times, but it's not difficult, Andi. It also produces a nice, strong broach fitting. And that's important because approach fitting does have quite a bit of stress put onto it, so you don't want something that is weak. The class focuses on making the broach fittings rolled than making the leaf shape broke. Fittings are soldered onto the back off, but how to make the leaf is covered in the in Boston the neck first car. So you need to do go back on, watch that one first. For now, we don't have a look at the materials and equipment that we need to make approach 2. Embossed Leaf Brooch - materials: these materials I'm going to use to make the embossed relief broach on, as in the embossed dependent, I'm going to roll a piece of silver sheet through the Rolling Mel and in Boston Leaf into that. But because this is a broach are not a pendant, it won't have a lot more handling, and he spare not stronger to withstand the force of approach Ping being banked backwards and forwards to fist onto your coats. So this time I'm using one millimeter thick study silver sheet. It will obviously be rolled early. Torbit Singer, but not soon enough to what she make a difference. I'm going to make approach fittings out off study. Silver tube on this tube has an outside diameter of 3.5 millimeters andan inside diameter of 2.5 millimeters, meaning the wall all the way around is 0.5 millimeters. This is a good sized tube and a good combination of inside and outside diameters because it is going to be strong enough to withstand the movement approach pins. Ivory spoke about that If I use much bigger tube thing, I would have to have a thicker water on extra strength. But if I went much smaller, then it would be difficult to cut a seat for the roach pin into the tube. The seat needs to be of a decent size toe. Hold the broach pin securely, so this size tube 3.5 Outside damage 2.5 inside diameter is a good size use on the roach pain itself made out of material. I haven't used my classes before. This is not 0.8 millimeter round stainless steel wire. Andi. I actually bought this from a supplier off dental goods. There is actually quite a crossover between three the dental industry on the jewelry industry in some of the tubes, and that you may not know it. Cooks and gold Parent company is apparently a dental company, so quite a bit of cross over. Have a look. Next time you go to the dentist, have a look at their tools, but I will list a source off stainless steel. Why in the class materials 3. Embossed Leaf Brooch - equipment: these are most the tools I'm going to need to make Thean Basta leaf broach. There are a couple of bigger piece of kit, but they don't fit into view with these pieces, so I will show them to you separately. I'm going to create the embossed pattern on the silver that makes up the roach just using watercolor paper. It's not spent service face. Then it's just torn out, as you can see from the frilly edge, touring out off a inexpensive sketchbook. So I'm going to use a paper punch, the other tour that you can see here to cut the leaf shape out on. Then I'm going to send that leaf through the rolling mill on. The pressure from the mill is going to push the paper into the silver to create quite a subtle but really quite beautiful texture. Once the texture is being created in, the leaf shape is in the silver. I'm going to use my Scharping base thing out to find Sharpie to draw around the edge so that I have a guideline to so out. I'm going to use a jeweler sore to sore around the eight, leaving a margin off smooth silver around the leaf. I'm going to support the silver on the bench. Paige with a leather apron underneath to catch the silver dust so you can go in this crackpot after soaring. I'm going to use my needle files. I'm going to use those to meeting up the edge, remove the marks left by the jurors sore and also to just take their sharp tips off the tips. The leaves as well. So everything's ice is smooth and comfortable. Really nice toe handle. I've got three different shapes of needle files here. What a flat needle file on direct needle file. Andi, I'm going to use those to follow the edges of the leaf. The other one is by trying to account sharp knife edge to it. I'll be using that later in the class to start to form the approach fittings. Once I filed, I'm going to use various great of Emery paper Chis to again make sure that the edges the leaf a really nice and smooth and the night on your applies air here because I'm going to use those to help me put on. It's quite a subtle curving into the leaf. I find that gives a bit of actually interested brings relief to life far more pleasant than just flat leaf on the other. Tools are or to do with the creation off approach fitting on the approach pin. I have a joint leveller, which will hold the tube that I'm going to form the brooch fittings from will hold the tube securely whilst I work on it. I'm going to use question old pair off. Why cutters and also my flat nose pliers to help me cut and shaped approach pin most against used my bench drill to drill a hole through the tube is going to going to one side out the other to form 1/2 of the boat. Fitting the broach pin ends will need filing and that I really don't want to use my lovely jewelry files to do that job I've got here a cheap D i Y file. Last but not least, I've got a tool that is optional because you could do the job. I'm going to use this for with a file on Emery paper, but I've got my pendant drill on quite a fine silicon wheel. It's abrasive, but not to race service quite gentle. I'm going to use that to help smooth off the broach fittings after being soldered onto the back of the broach, and that leads me on nicely to the soldering equipment, So that's have a look at that, in an exception. 4. Embossed Leaf Brooch - soldering equipment: This is the soldier equipment, as I use for all of my smaller projects, such as earrings, and so pendants everything sitting on a couple of slate tiles, a heatproof surface to help protect my desk on my work sits on a couple of soldering bricks or soldering blocks, while some heating it up. One of these soldering bricks is made of a softer material than the others. Because it's softer, it's picked up some dips and some cracks in it. It's being used over the years, and these could be very useful for supporting work that isn't completely flat. The charcoal block is there because I melt small piece of scrap on top of that on Do they form? Nice of my balls has, I mean used to decorate my projects when I need to pick up my work or to support it whilst I'm soldering? I used reverse action tweezers that you can see here, and I've also got a pair on a stand through 1/3 hand, and it's there when I need 12 on extra hands to help me out. The blue handled stick is a soldier pick on and that I used to push soldier move it about to make sure it it's exactly where I want it to be. Soldier usually comes in strips or sticks. Andi, I've got three different melting temperatures here that I using combination for different projects. The soldier gets cut into small pieces or Palin's you ting. The red handles snips as I keep those little pieces in the labeled boxes that you can see do. Make sure that you label your boxes because once a soldier is cut up, you won't be hard to tell which is which. Melting temperature. My curl over the ends off the sticks of solder start. I can't tell which melting temperature they are. The more cold over they are, they're higher. The mountain temperature, bright yellow liquid is a flux. Solder won't actually flow out through the joining unless you use of flux with it. Andi, the paintbrushes. What I used to apply the flux to the joints in my work. Small projects like hearings only need a small blowtorch, and I've got two different makes of those here. Both of them are easy to refill with the gas that comes in aerosol cans. Since the same type of gas, butane gas that you use to refill cigarette lighter at the back of a picture, you can see a slow cooker that Scots a very mild acid solution go to safety pickle in it. When you heat silver up, the surface becomes not darker and dirtier looking that some of the capo in the study silver reacting with the heat and auction flames before cause copper oxides on the safety pickle cleans that Caprock sides up before you put your work in the safety pickle, it needs to be cooled down or quenched in a pot of water. Andi, you need to put your work in and out of the safety pickle with brass or plastic tweezers. Not the stainless steel ones that I showed you before and thus, but definitely not least our have safety glasses. You've only got one pair of eyes. Look after them carefully. 5. Embossed Leaf Brooch - making the leaf: A. So I already have a class that teaches you how to create this leaf shape. Using the paper punch on the rolling mill and your sore. I'm not going to go through everything on this step by step I stayed. This jewelry class will focus on how to form approach fittings. So if you haven't already done so, then it would be very useful for you to go back and watch the in Boston the necklace class . But just quickly recap the paper leaf on the silver will sent through the rolling mill to embossed the pattern off the paper into the silver, and you can see what he has done. The job very, very nicely, however, that this is one millimeter thick study silver sheet where, as with the nexus, I used singer sheet, so the rolling mill had to be set to a different setting. Different wits between the rollers. So do make sure, as I always say, in class issues, the rolling mill practice on copper first together, light settings so that you know then that to her set rolling month meal up perfectly, are they going to get a really nice texture on the silver without wasting any of your silver. Sewing out the leaf is a really good test off your soaring skills of your control over your jewelers. Sore. You can also decide whether you are going to leave any margin of plain smooth silver around the embossed pattern a tour. But I think it really nice it frames. It's reading, I said. Shows it off. There is one thing I did have to do differently when forming the broach and forming the necklace, and that is due to the sickness of the metal. Before I could shape the leaf, I had to kneel it. Where is the thing? A metal for the necklace was still soft enough for me to be out to shape by hand, even after going to the rolling mill on and being so worn out, this leaf had to be a kneeled again before I could bend it into shape with the night on your pliers right there, that's the leaf dealt with. Let's move on to the focus, this class, the broach fittings 6. Embossed Leaf Brooch - making the brooch fittings: This is the tubes that so I'm going to use to make both the hinge on the catch for the broke fishing. So the wire is going to go through the hinge on dit is thing to going to work basically catch in catch so that it doesn't come on done. A life marked both ends with unmarked. There we go off the peace tube because I'm going to form the shapes I need in the tube on one a t change on, then cut them off. So I've put to Sharpie marks. But this one is where I'm going to put in the catch, and that's marching about three millimeters in from the end. This end is March about two millimeters in from the end on. That's where I'm going to put the whole that the wire is going to go through to form a very , very simple hinge. So the first thing average do that whole on DSO going to move the camera so that you get a better view of not the bench pack but my bench drill. So here's my lovely bench drill. It's got a no 0.9 millimeter Drillbit in it. Remember the same steel wires I'm going to use to form the pin for the broach is no 0.8 millimeters, so no 0.8 millimeters going to go through that north 0.9 millimeter hole really nicely. Its second go through without needing much force behind it to push it through. But it's not going to be a loose fitting says It's just right. So but simply, I'm going to hold the tube in, ah, some grooves that have formed over time in this would. So I'm going to hold it in one of those Teoh. Keep everything nice and secure. Just going to double check. First of all that I've got, it's in the right position. I want to, uh, go through quite centrally. I don't want to drill over toward one side of the tube than the other, because that could lead to a weakened hinge, so it is worth taking the time to strike. Set it up properly. Look, that will do nicely now. I'm obviously drilling into a curved surface, so I do need to take it a little bit more slowly than I would if I was drilling into something completely flat. Do be aware of that and you're doing this. Um, the reason I like to use my bench trial for doing this is that the the job it stays nice and vertical says have thongs. I've got everything lined up nicely here. Then it's going to be very nicely positioned in relation to each other because I need only need one hand to operate the drill. I can hold the tube very securely. If you're using some form off hand drill or if you're using a pendant drill, we're pendant. Drill you. If you've got practice it using a pendant real for drilling, not just burning and polishing, then that could be used very easily as well. But a hand drill? You're going to need to hold the tube really quite carefully. Maybe think about holding it in your joint leveller or even taping. It's down in position, using masking tape to tape it down onto the bench. Paige, if you need to, so I can just have been talking you just a little bit. It's just double check. I've got everything there and then way so that it finds fight points. I think guide through your spirit goes to one side theme. The other through the woods. So you actually feel when the drill has gone into the middle of the chew. But that see? So I'm moving around. There's a hold on that side as well. So the whole going all the way through. And that's really nice. So that site it's so very quick. If you're not talking all the time, that's very quick for me. This side I'm going to need to do is cut and file a whistle. Shape essentials. It is a whistle shape into the end off the tube. Andi, I'm going to use my Juris sore and the joint lever Onda a file to help me do that. So I need to move the camera again. I put the tube in the joint leveller. Andi, I have a just it He stopped her. He's in a some now some screw. I just did the stopper here so that the mark that I draw on with a Sharpie is about in line with the guide that the sore plate goes through. Andi, What I'm going to do is just saw about 1/3 of the waste between certain half the way through the chew. I don't want to solve the way through because then I'll have cut off a piece of tubas. They're starting this whistle shape that I want to form. But this will help me start off the whistle shape in a way that holds everything very securely. So I'm just going to start cutting part way through a good idea to do a little bit on. Then check to see how far uh, it's going nuts that she nearly halfway. So that was very quick. Andi. Texas. Um, any cutting, too 0.5 millimeter war on that has actually done the trick. So if I need to do a little bit more, I put it back in position, lying everything up and saw through a little bit more. But that is rather nice. So what I'm going to do now is use I get the needle fire last the right shape of needle file. This is the triangular it'll file that you have seen in the equipment section. Such Qatar. It's a very tall triangle that way, so it's not got any teeth on this side. Fuel has got teeth on this side. This side very, very thin. Very narrow, obviously not. Not enough to actually cut me whether I go quite often colder, a knife shapes newer file. It's not sharp enough to cut as I do that honest. Otherwise I wouldn't be doing it. But it's a really nice shape. Perfect for this job on some kind to do is put that, uh, no edge in on did. The sore line is now acting as a guide to allow me to file too wide and that cut line without the file slipping. Now, usually, I will tell you such only the forward motion cuts on that is still very true. When I'm going back like that, it's not cutting. But if you want to, you can keep the file in place while she started to do this so that it might speed things up for you a little bit. And also the file is less like if you just slip so should hopefully be able to see their removed. That about the light that, um, I have widened that cut. Now move that away. Away. So what I'm going to do now, as I want the cut on this side to stay pretty much vertical, but I want this cut on this side just slope down to form that whistle shape. So I've been talking about. So what I'm going to do now is chip the file over a little bit, and this is where it's more difficult to go back with him forwards. Okay, It's actually falling into a nice place there that's starting to form whistle shape. I'm gonna bring the camera in a little bit closer. I didn't have to closer start well at the start of this section for because we went out to sea or the tools and how I was holding them. But I need to bring a little bit closer now so that you can see that toe whistle shape more clearly. Now that's five coming closer. You should be a Caesar. Light is catching on that filed edge There is. It's sloping away is formed a whistle shape. What I need to do is make that wide enough that the no 0.8 millimeters stainless steel wire fits inside it nicely. Um, what? I wanted to do it. Sit that way up on broach on the back of the broach on the wire is going to slip in up that slope and then be caught in there, Andi, because the top of that filed shape, it's flat. It helps to hold it in position. If I had it angled upwards a little bit. So it was more of a symmetrical shape than the Y could slip back out again. So that's why I've got it flat on one side. Andi, um, at an angle on the other. So I need to make that sort of it wider. So the Y in go in pensively easily. Don't want this broach pain to be a struggle to close and should be nice and secure, but not a struggle. So I'm just chipping the file over a little bit further. Okay, so I'm happy with that. I don't want to take it any further into the true, because that would weaken the back of the tube there. But I'm very happy without so the next thing I need to do, obviously, is to trim the sections that just made off the ends of the tube. Definitely would leave the tube that little that would be made life rather interesting. So just off there I'm going to do is get used to joint leveller again on, and it's time I'm going to loosen off that some screws so that I can move the stopper out there we go so that I can tighten it back up again. So I am sawing through about a millimetre and 1/2 maybe millimeter above the flat side of that whistle shape. So some guard goes across and cut through section that one bit Still the interview there. I hate that safe. I like to make both ends. Both the catch on Duthie hinge for same links. So I haven't just it. The joint lever just moved across to the other end. The plane that I drilled through. Okay, so I've got the hook, earned the catch, and I know need to solder them in place on the back of the broach. 7. Embossed Leaf Brooch - soldering: it is time to solder the approach fittings onto the back of the leaf. On as you can see, I have put a couple o Sharpie marks Mark where I want the broke fittings have got here. Uh, well, what? Want to be so Sean to the back? He's make sure that you sold your fittings into the top third off the brunch. If it is below that point, then the approach won't be bounced correctly. Andi, it will tip as it's worn by keeping thief fitting in the top third of the boat. It makes sure that the bulk of the weight of Roaches below the fitting ankles down and stops approach from chipping forward. I've also decided which way I want approach to be worn. I wanted to be wound that way round on, and so I'm going to make sure that the hinge is on this side. Band Hook is on the left. I'm going to do that because most people are right handed and would automatically have the pin open on this side and slide it into their clothes and then close it. So having the pin going from right to left make sense if you don't know who is going to be wearing or buying your brunch. If you know that you are going to be making it for a left handed person, then you might want to do it differently with a hinge on the left hand, the hook on the right. So I'm going to add some flux across the back, making sure that I'm have covered both of those surveyed points there. Now I am going Teoh set up and soldier both of the fittings at the same time. And that's because I, um familiar was soldering. I know what you shout for and signs of soldiering on. And as when the soldier starts to fall, flow nicely around one setting, either move over onto the next one. So for me, with my level experience, that makes sense of setting boats up at the same time on therefore, I'm going to be soldering Botham closed with Easy Soldier got couple pieces off this sort one there and one there. However you can if you prefer, use medium soldier to soldier, one fitting in place on, then clean it all up set of thing up again for easy soldier to soldier, the second in place is completely up to you. You'll get the same end result. I'm going to put the fittings in place. He should some we got about the light. Too scared to see. Um, one sign, one of the whole was It's true all the way through. So how are proceeding on the other side tube? Andi, I'm going to position it on that. Um, on that dot Andi, I've got it so that the whole is running through in that direction. So the wire you can start here, it's going to bend it a right angle to go through the tube and then bend again. Other right angle to go over in this direction and catch underneath the hinge. So butthole going in that direction, they catch that whistle shaped sections. I phoned. I won't. So but the bottom sloping down so that remember, The job of that is to I have to move that Remember, closer look, the job of that. It's allow the wire to sel. I'd into it, but not to side back out again. So it's catching there where I want to make sure it's facing forward because my wife is going to come across that angle and catch underneath it, just checking it. I I'm happy with position of that. So I worked out position off the two so that they are in the top. Third Broke should explained why on and also so that no, the pin is visible from the front when the broach is worn. I've moved this center, but I make so long as I can hand. So there's a good amount of flexibility in the roach paying. It doesn't make it too difficult to put on, but I made sure that the catch there's a little bit tinge I'm sort of in that. Rather from this end, from the tip of the leaf surface, I can have the end off the wire. Just picnic a little bit past the tube, um, past the catch. But it's still safely behind the Silvina want. It's sticking out, so that's where it could get court on things or scratch so position nicely. Now. I am not going to apply the soldier straight away. Two reasons for that I want to start to dry off the flux without soldier being in place. I was doing quite slowly because, just as with pieces of flux popping off when the soldiers are in flux dries off too quickly . These two pieces to because quite small, quite light, could jump off for me to move about. Our lights jump off complete, but least move about a little bit. So I'm going to heat up that quite slowly onto the dried flux, well accessible, about a temporary grew on hold in place. The second reason is that I have found the best way for me to have a nice, neat soldier join without any. I was a ghost Marks showing whether piece of soldier was originally sitting left on the back is actually to melt the solder into balls on, then put them in place on because they're involved. Him tucked up, this bit sore. They take up less space on the back of the roach. Basically, they could be tucked up a cup against the approach, fitting on the back of belief. I just find by doing this personally, I get a better soldering finish like Qatar and nature finish, So I am going to use a small blowtorch to heat this absolutely on bone once a soldier. So what's the flux to get those to a that was the flux has dried into that white powder on herself to die back down again. Got less bubbly. I'm then going to take the torch over here. Andi, Milt, those two bits of soldier into balls we're keeping good control with plain because it's quite close to whether to this soldier are well, like I want to go to so you can see the flop starting to bubble up. See why I'm doing it this way. About right suspension right down believes that on then one. So don't bowl on the other piece there. So nothing moved. Should good Andi know, bits of solder flew off, which is even better. So just using the first section trees is just rubs now because everything's always stuck down with the flux. Aiken. We found all the way pretty evident. So safe it. There we go. The shaping of the leaf might mean that your wars have sort of a role with you know what that is kind of perfect position. Brilliant. They swung. What? You don't want sitting out over there and we're gonna do any good over there. Okay, So both of them are now tucked up into that corner, join in between the virtual tube on the flattish leaf. By the way, the shaping of my life still allows it to sit license securely flat on this break. If the shaping off whatever shape you have chosen to do prevents it from sitting like this , you might need to prop it up on pennies of scrap copper. Or you might need to use if you have one on older, softer solving brick, that's maybe got a few holes and dicks in it that just about everything to be supported it more securely. Remember, though, that if you do prop any part of your shape up with things like pennies, orbits of copper, they are heat. Think they are going to draw heat away from your silver? So the best thing to do that Titi getting a bit of boosts heat them up a little bit. First of all, include him in your heating right and what I'm going to do now. This leaf is still fairly hot. There's no way I'm going to touch it. It is still the biggest piece of metal compared to to there, so I do need to put some more heat into this. So they start going round again a brush across. I'm going to look out for signs such as a reddish tinge appearing in the silver Andi also the flux which is still quite white ish becoming darker Andi girl see in appearance, right? Just to show you something in the world If that happens, if you're pieces So that does lie off because you've but too enthusiastic your plate touch . Turn the radio talk show off Pretty town Oops and move, soldier back. Okay, right. But more joint was very choice this time. - Right to fight. I thought that's so applying up again. It wasn't Brits. I had a bit of use now. Bit of something they're not sure. Let me by surprise. But my work so far I gave it close. Assassin to put Sean with pretty some more heating is worth taking us gently done, right? My guess is really shaking on a CIA preparing what sort of to which hasn't bean heated up yet? For this is first heating. It's going a lot darker. Then the belief police being pages up a couple of ties, remember toe Aneel it. So this is much upside Hearing that soldier flowing nicely where I'm not one starting here they go lovely, that little bit too. But she slipped a little bit down that slope on the molten solder. But it's still really nice position. There's no problem there. If I'd been worried about it, I would have moved the torch away on bond, push it back a bit a little bit with okay, but that's really nicely done. So that consumer you can see bright line soldier around the bottom off each setting. That's really nicely done that is now going to be quenched. So So I don't put anything hot in the pickle parts on the pickle pot will will sector people in the pick apart will clean off was the oxides make it look nice and clean and paper white again? 8. Embossed Leaf Brooch - tidying and polishing the leaf: my knee fish approaches now, nice and clean sold it. Fittings are really nice and secure. Cassie. Nice eyes, soldier. All around the bottom of those pieces of tube so nicely soldered on. So two things I need to do before I can put in the steel wife broke fitting. The 1st 1 is to tidy up these pieces of tube top. You need to do the ones at the bottom because they won't be soldered onto the boat. Fitting as I approach on. Also, to give the approach a polish because it's gonna be that's impossible to do when the boat pain is put in place was, it's certainly more difficult. So, um, to tidy up the tops here. There's two things that you could do, but it's really depends on what told you have toe, hand and your preferences. You can either file across the top because the soaring through left under between tidiness , he sobers around the edge of the tube, so just buying cross the job, the tube. But making absolutely certain that your father is not getting onto the approach is one way to do it. Followed up by using some every paper just to make sure everything is really nice. Smooth, especially around the outside edge of tube. It's a couple great memory paper just to smooth everything off. My preferred wait, because I got access to one of these is to use a silicon disk and my pendant drill. Remember, these are rubber in Boston, different grades off silica. So they are depending on the great. They are right. You're a civil hardy, abrasive it'll but they give a nice finish. So this is a fortifying one. Um, it doesn't. It is a little bit abrasive, but not too much is a really, really nice, smooth finish. So I'm going to use this over the top off the fittings, making sure the tool doesn't actually get onto the broach itself and just make sure he's nice and smooth. I use my fingers as much my eyes to feel that it's nice, smooth. I think it feels going by phone currently going on back, the so I gets around edge. That's really nice and smooth. It's the same with this one because you work for this. It's quick and easy. That's all there is to it now. The last thing I said, so I need to do before I can put broke up in the back is to give this a polish. I'm going to put it in my tongue. Pasha, however, even use various attachments. Independent drill. If you've got that, or if you haven't got access to either those, even a polishing cloth of it. Bobo, Greece. We'll get the job done nicely. We don't want to use anything too abrasive on the front there because it was for that texture. So if you are using attachments on here, make sure that they are my PSA polishing ones that they are going to abrade the surface at all. So I have no pockets in my tumble Pasha. I show it to you again when it's really nice and shiny. 9. Embossed Leaf Brooch - adding the brooch pin: My brooch is a beautifully shiny now sit catching the right. It's like that. See the texture, It showing up really nicely now on ditz or so shining on the rack. I'm trying to hold it by the ages now said. I don't for the Shine. So now my job is to use a piece off no 0.82 millimeter stainless steel wire. By the way, my piece why come in 30 centimeter lengths already had a least a couple of approach fittings. Approach pins from the slinks. Already with its more than long enough to start off going in that direction, you bent to thread through the tube, bent again, so it catches under the hook just like that. Stick out. Maybe about that far a couple of millimeters. I want a couple of cumin imitators past the end off a piece of tube there that the catch that I formed out Peter Tube was Obviously, I need to make sure that I get it right size Andi or so. So I prepare both ends of the piece. I actually use peace. Starts here, used to be rounded off a nice smooth doesn't capture anything. The pieces on here needs to be filed a bit sharper. So this is his essentially, like a sharp with a darning needle. So it is going to go through whatever it is you want to fasten the approach to, um, you might need to make yours sharper. Well, I'm making mine. If it's going through a particularly heavy woven fabric, Um, or you might know East First Shoppers. Mine Don't make it any sharper than you really need to know, because it's more like you don't catch on Teoh to scratch. So touch about tools that I've got out. I've got a very old wire cutters. The's are Lantian cutters, which really, really good Swedish make. These were really lovely. Well, months, part time. But I say when I got these second hand, so I'd say these maybe 30 years old and how Northern should being going. But they are no longer really nice. You a sharp cutters. You consider that sharing that age a little bit more that what they will do, though, is start to cut through the wire on do enough job cutting through, and I much prefer use thes rather than use my really nice, fairly new ones because the steel wire could spoil the cutting edge is on a nice new why cusses also got a pair off flat nose place. Same pliers that you see me using. But she already earrings classist I've got because I use them to help me form Theo the last place on the ear wise add. Lastly, I've got a file. It's needle file size, but it's actually quite a cheap file from a set up for a video by shock. Not expensive at all. Andi, I use this set of files for firing anything steel. So my really nice service meeting. Fellas don't get clocked up with steel filings because if they did, they still find you get transferred into silverware. I felt silver on intimate silver and cause problems. If I then put that piece of silver into the pickle after soldering because remember, if you put anything that is fairest another was anything steel iron in the safety pickle, it causes that safety pickle to put all of it well, such with all of its copper onto the silver versus the process that you really want the pickle to do. I would be quite difficult to get those still finds out of the piece of silver, if that's what you have done. If that's what it was in a problem I'm going to do is used file just to round off. Can the same kind of way with language round off the end of the year wire. That's gonna take a little bit longer, because so far, since it's good, Andi, this steel are not silver, By the way, I am going to sweep my desk of any, um, on filings created whilst I'm doing this, I had to put moving to make sure they don't contaminate my scrap. Almost that so something like so on, then sweeping over, turning the wire around that way round. Yeah. Next, Sam going to do issues flat nose pliers to approach a white tangle. I've got maybe sent to me toe. You will get used to how much you have to leave four different sized broke shoes myself. Centimeter is good to start with, So what I'm going to do is just use my finger thumb on the pliers to bend that into quite I am my tangle. Yet that's better, but not into a right angle. Of course, I was because it's steel is gonna take a bit more effort. And if it's silver still try to handle this by registered ice for that My shine trying, trying to do Just get that. Oh, quite found the whole Yet here we go. It is quite tight fitting hole. So I started a thread that's through Oh, the way to the top. Well, I pushed. That's a spirit of a stabilising bitter. The pin is going to help make sure that things that doesn't so too far um, push it down there and then I'm going to use the wire cutters again. It's a bit more difficult hope by the edges this time. Why cusses, Mr Benj? So it is like so So hi future me SOS there. Um, what I've done is break up with some principle back. Have Metropolitan Coffee get results. But I have basically meet the why go back on itself. It is still sitting slightly above the catch there so that there is a little bit of force that I have to exert on the pin to make it go over the cut on. Actually catch in that whistle shape on that makes the wire sit being nicely in that catch . If I had bent the wire so that it was coming round at more that kind of angle already, it wouldn't be quite so prone to push into the catch. You want a bit of a spring in it. You want to start up like so I actually have to push it into the catch that pushes up against there. But obviously that is far too long. This is where the cuts is coming. Once it's in the catch, I can then see how where I need to cut. Now, even if you are using a new or failing you or face sharp pair of wire cutters, you maybe a D I y pair not jewelry, nice ones with jewelry. Making what you don't want to do is push so hard that you actually cut all the way through . Because as this, a steel springy takes a bit of effort to cut all the way through. What would be likely to happen is that that would shoot off if you're trying to hold on to it. So what I prefer to do is push the handles together. I tracked down. You weren't not to see this on the coming. I have to take my word for this, but I have pushed a notch into that. Why that my some now is catching on, and there's one on the other side as well, because the two sides the work utter plan to the bar to the why, on going to bring these per flat nose pliers back again and hold some just above that mark . So the bottom of the pliers is actually at the mark on and we go back and forth and it finishes cutting through for me. I find that a much safer way of cutting through the wire than just sneak on potential. Is that bit of why flying across the room path me safer. It means I don't lose any bits of wire you see there I've got. If I hold that up against the broke, she get her a comparison. There's a plenty there for me to create another approach pain as well. So the last thing I need to do before using a polishing cloth to get rid of those some marks is to file the end of this here. We should actually find fiddly of speech trying to hold onto everything so I'm going to do is started spreading over oblique angle that I did not just rounding off because I actually want to reduce the diameter of the wire with sound such It tapers more into a flight again . When you're checking this user fingers as much as your eyes check. The Tisch is sharp enough. Also received a little bit more careful of your fingers on this time, but you don't want to stop him. - This is requite shops just here. Yeah, a little bit of the top passes it sharp within a darling needle disposable like her white embroidery needle. Be the best way. I think I could describe it. So now each day, his push it down, conscious in that hook from there is my lovely and they're quite simple to form brunch fitting. 10. Embossed Leaf Brooch - final thoughts: I hope you can now see how straightforward it is to make a broach once you got the technique, right is actually no more difficult vanities to make a pendant. As I said in the introduction, this is just one method, one design. But it is one that suits a good variety of approach designs. So now it's over to you. What will you make? Will you used my watercolor in boss technique to create design? Or do you have something completely different in mind? I hope whatever it is you make, you take some photos and you add them to the class projects. Because I'm sure I'm not the only one who would like to see them. If you have any questions, please do awesome in class discussions. And I will get back to you as soon as I can. For now, though, thank you for watching