Editing a Podcast Episode Using GarageBand | Stephen Haunts | Skillshare

Editing a Podcast Episode Using GarageBand

Stephen Haunts, Trainer, Public Speaker, Author

Editing a Podcast Episode Using GarageBand

Stephen Haunts, Trainer, Public Speaker, Author

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5 Lessons (46m)
    • 1. Course Introduction

      1:33
    • 2. Importing Audio Assets

      8:44
    • 3. Editing the Audio

      23:09
    • 4. Adding Channel Effects

      7:52
    • 5. Exporting Your Podcast

      4:12
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About This Class

Recording a podcast is a fantastic way to share your thoughts and ideas with a broader audience. Podcasting has seen a massive surge in popularity over the last five years. Podcasts are convenient for people to listen to when out and about or to commute to the office.

I have been recording a podcast with my co-host, Kevin, for the last two years called the Side Hustle Success Podcast.

In this course, I will show you how to edit a podcast episode together using the popular audio editor, GarageBand. I will be editing down an entire episode that we recorded of the Side Hustle Success Podcast, to get it ready for publishing.

In this course, I will cover:

  • Importing your audio assets
  • Editing the podcast audio
  • Adding channel EQ effects and a final mastering bus
  • Exporting the podcast ready for publishing

Meet Your Teacher

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Stephen Haunts

Trainer, Public Speaker, Author

Teacher

Hi, I am Stephen Haunts, a software developer, online trainer, classroom teacher, public speaker, podcaster and author. I have over 25 years of experience as a software developer and a leader working at huge organizations from global banks, financial lenders, healthcare and insurance. 

I am now a freelance trainer, podcaster, and book author. I also travel around the world speaking at many conferences about software development, leadership, and personal soft skills, and I have a passion for helping professionals improve their skills.

I have been teaching online with the Pluralsight platform since 2014, and I am now teaching small skills-based courses here on SkillShare. I hope you enjoy the courses that I post here and I would be grateful if you could fol... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Course Introduction: Hi, my name is Steven horns and welcome to this course at it in a podcast episode with garbage band. For the past few years, I've been running a podcast show with my co-host Kevin, called the side hustle success podcast. This is a show about running the site business while still employed. It is a format show where me and Kevin discuss different subjects each show, but have a recurring segments like what we are doing, questions or show topic and our recommendations for the week. Once we've recorded an episode, I'll take all of the audio and a edits or caverns are finished episode using the audio editor garbage band. Garbage bands is a fantastic tool that is aimed at music producers and DJs. And it comes completely free with Mac OS. Mostly as a music tool is also very easy to use as an editor for producing podcast episode with minimal friction. In this course, I'm going to take you through the files recorded from our podcasts, which consists of two audio channels for me and my co-host, intro and outro music and midsection stings. I'll walk through the editing process to assemble the entire show, make sure the channels really cute correctly, and then add some mastery in bus compressions at a finite output. Record him to record the show mean cavea meet in person. We use a zoom H6 recorder to capture the audio who lapel mix that we both where. This keeps a recording of the show. Very simple. Once you have recorded the show and move the audio file to my Mac and then load them into garbage band for Edison, garbage band is so fast and easy to use. I can get a show recorded and ready for publication within a short space of time. And so can you by watching this course. So let's get started. 2. Importing Audio Assets: But what we wanna do first is just look at some of the assets that are going to be using when we edit this podcast. So I have them on my desktop here. So this is episode number 44 of my podcasts. So I have various files in here. So the file's called Steve and Kevin above me and Kevin talk in. So if I just preview those, hello and welcome to the cytosol success podcast. I'm your host Stephen horns, don't jump. So that was taken from my microphone and I got exactly the same year my co-host Kevin. So I've been working on days which doesn't seem to have paid off. Actually, some of the work I've known commit the live thing. Yeah. So those are the two main audio files are going to be working with, but I also have various other audio files that we use for at the shows. We have an Intro theme tune, an outro FEM June at the end of the show. And then we have a short stink sound effects which we use to signify when we go from one part of the shows is next. So just quickly preview those. This is the entry fame chain. And then we have another variation of that which we play at the end of the, our cast. And then finally, distinguished reuse in between sections of the show. So these are the key assets that we want to use. So what I'm gonna do now is load up GarageBand and what it is and it's actually loaded up another project I was working on. So I'm just going to quickly close that. Now what I want to do is create a new projects. So we now want to tell it what type of project we're doing. So we're not using any software instruments because we're not recording any music. And we're not case and a guitar or anything like that. So we'll just flip this one here, which is using a microphone if they were not actually been on record because I've already recorded. But you can actually record directly into there. So this is actually the set and you want to use, if you have a microphone connected and you want to record your podcast straight into the integrated band. So let's create this. Now what we have here is we have our play controls at the top. So a Play Stop. We'll rewind fast forward record. And I'll go into these in a moment. We have a master volume fader here. And in here we also have a little control to zoom in and outs. The play line. As you can see here, as I'm talking to, is actually monitoring my voice, although we're not actually going to be recorded him through this microphone for the actual podcast itself. So what we wanna do is first of all, it's going to turn this library Africa. I'm actually going to use it. So that's the top button on the left here. Let's get a bit more real estate. Now down the bottom we have where our main plugging controls are gonna be. I'm not going to dig into these a little bit later in the course. But essentially what we have is for each track. So this is called a track here. And when you click on that track, you get a series of control. So here we have a compressor and a basic EQ and a reverb that we can use. And we also have access to a more advanced EQ. She's fantastic. This is setup by default so you don't actually have to do anything about these controls in, and both of these controls and what we actually want to use. And then on our master bus, we also have a series of effects who got awesome echoes that we can use game. We have another compressors and limiters and some basic EQ controls. And then we have a more advanced sort parametric EQ, which is on the master control. So what that means by mass control is if you imagine you've got three or four actual channels of audio, they all get mixed together and then they get pushed out on the master. And this is what the master easy just lets you control that kind of final mix. So we'll be coming back to these a little bit later. So first what I want to do is I want crates and I've already a channel. And I'm going to rename this first one to Steve. And then I'm going to rename this one to Kevin. Something I'm going to bring up, find out, and I'm just going to drag Steve into here. And then Kevin into here. It takes a few moments, but what carried bands gonna do is it's gonna go through and it's going to analyze the audio and then build our waveform for us so far, zoom out so you can kinda see everything that's happening here. Okay, so what I want to do is I want to select Steve. I'm going to drag that right to the edge of the track and I'm gonna do the same with Kevin's. This means they should both be lined up. So we can just quickly double-check. Hello and welcome to the cytosol success podcast. I'm your host Stephen horns. Don't jive Amaka. Kevin taylor. Now, as I started playing that you had some little sort clicking noises. That's the default metronome which caravan and garbage man hose. Now the metronome is basically ticking out bars and beats. So if you're doing music, that's kind of ideal, but we don't really want that because we're not doing music. So I'm going to turn off the metronome. Now. Deploy controls up here, also showing bars and beats and tempos as well. And again, because we're not making music or it is in a podcast, we don't actually want to see bars and beats. So I can click this little down arrow here and just change that to time. So here we can see the play head is just about 12 seconds into the show. So that's great. So what I'm gonna do now is I'm just gonna quickly save my project. So it's always good to make sure everything's saved. So this is on my desktop at the moment. Episode 44. Great. Okay, so now we want to bring in some more of our assets. So I'm gonna create a new track. And I'm going to call this theme chain. And I'm gonna create another track. I'm going to call it stinks. So I'll know guys didn't wanna quickly drag the thing Hsun and the stinks up to the top. So let's just quickly bring those assets in. Variation one is our theme tune variation, so it just puts it the ends there. So I'm just dumping them on the track, not worrying about placement for the moment. And I'm going to bring a short staying in that, which I'll just quickly dump onto the track. So if we zoom out and we know the theme tunes maybe at the beginning. And then our second theme chain is going to be towards the end. So I'm just gonna place it anywhere towards the end for the minute. And we're going to worry too much about precise placement. And zoom back m. So what I want to do is I want to make sure that the talking doesn't actually start until after the music. So I'm going to select by Kevin and myself, I'm going to drag both of us alphabets. So we have the tail of the music here. And then just as the music fades out, We want the Intro to come in to see how that sounds. Welcome to the cytosol success podcast. I'm your host, Stephen horns and I'm joined by my co-host, kevin taylor. Ok, so that's kind of lined up how he wants it, which is pretty good. Now what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna quickly increase just the volumes of meeting Kevin just slightly. Now when we recorded there, I was sitting to the left of the recorder and Kevin Moore sitting to the right. So I'm just gonna pan and our voices just ever so slightly. So maybe minus 25 for me, plus 25 for Kevin, such as quickie. See how that sounds. And I am pressing the space bar to play and pause to track. We can also use the Play button up here. Hello, and welcome to the cytosol success podcast. I'm your host, Stephen horns and I'm joined by my co-host, kevin taylor. Okay, so that sounds pretty good. Now we have a bit of dead air at the beginning here, which we don't really want some skin to trim that out. And the way we do that is you select the track, then he pressed the command key and t, and do that for this track as well in their T stands for trim because we effects be trimming the tape or trim in the audio. Okay, so we now have the beginning of the podcast sorted out. Hello, and welcome to the side hustle success podcasts. Now this means we are ready to actually sort of get started with editing, which is what we're going to do in the next clip. 3. Editing the Audio: Thus we have our project setup, so we've just imported our assets and we've just lined up the beginning of where me and Kevin start talking against the end of the music. So what we are going to do now is I'm going to go through and edit the podcasts and remove any bad bits where we might have made a mistake. And then I'm going to make sure those things are in the correct place. And this process normally takes me anywhere from half an hour to an hour or an hour and a half depending on how complex the editors. And I'm not gonna make you sit through all of that. So some bits of this are going to be kind of accelerated. And, but then as I get some of the key important bits, I'm just gonna talk through kind of what I'm doing and what my four processes. So we're gonna start off, I'm just gonna quickly zoom out a bit now this staying is obviously into early. So we're not gonna actually have that play there. And when I recorded the show, I Azure was recording as writing down time stamps of when things happen. So I know that in our formats, actually let me just quickly explain the format so we start off with the introduction. There mean kevin talked about what we've done for the past month in our own businesses. Then we go to audience questions. We normally have to questions that have been submitted by our listeners. So we answer those. Once we've done that, we then go into the main show topic where we have a discussion about something. So in this particular episode we're talking about branding and personal branding. And then once that section is finished, we go into personal recommendations where meaning Kevin recommend something that we think is pretty cool. So in this instance, we buy recommended some documentaries that we'd watch saying that we think our listeners would be interested in. So as we transitioned into each of those sections, we have that little stinging sound play. Now when we're recording as we transition into a new section, what I do is I go through and write down the time on the recorder at that point. So I know roughly where about our transitions are going to be. So I know that our first transition is going to be at the ten minutes 14, so that the ADA ten minute 14 second mark. While it is just going to quickly zoom out. And I'll quickly just move the first sting to around the ten minute marks on and that's where the questions are gonna come in. So let's zoom back in. I was gonna quickly scan through some bits here and just see how it sounds now where I'm just playing through nicely doing anything comes gonna fast-forward those bits in the video. So you don't have to sit through kind of the boring bits. But then when actually come to do an edit, I'm gonna tell you what I'm doing. To tell the listeners where it's a safe social that people probably that bothered about. What it is. I just adjusted our volumes a bit. So Kevin was coming through a lot louder than what I was. So just tweak the volume slightly there. And if you want to do kind of fine granular edited volumes, you can do what's called editing automation. So let me show you what that means. So let's just say, for example, that this kind of area here, as you say, I want you to increase the level of loudness on the other and actually want to do that. Let's imagine that I did. So I'm gonna zoom in just so I can see that section over here. Then what you can do is you can press, click on the track, men press a. And what this does is puts you into waterways automation mode. And you can access the same thing from the mix menu. We can turn automation on enough. And what this does is it gives you a little drop-down menu here on the tracks you can select what parameter you want to automate. So in this case it's the same volume. So let's assume that I wanted to drop the volume of this section here. So what you can do is you can go in and draw some dots where you want the automation to be. And then I can just grab that section and move it to a file. So go and play this bit. You can see the volume will drastically dropped. They have moved office. I'm no longer at qualms with Mill. Yeah. You're in your hometown, aren't you say you can alter your office Now? The last office hours are actually loved the place when if we didn't have this whole virus, even consider moving, but it might. So if you want to go in and do fine-grained control over some the voice or maybe one of the co-hosts says sounding a bit quieter, but the rest of his audio Gemini, Okay, so you just need to increase the volume of one bit this hey, go about doing that. You turned on the automation lanes and then you can go in and sort of start tweaking. So if I wanted to say fade, sum of the volumes out here are getting added up there. They had a couple of dots there. And then I might just want to do a drastic fade-out. And that's kinda how you do it. But in this case, I don't actually want to do that. I'm just illustrating. So I'm pressing Control and Z just to undo my changes. So I don't actually want to do that. So I'm going to turn automation off too. So it's a bit of a cleaner display, such as carry on, going through some of the audio, join them, locked down and they're all in the contracts, which is annoying me the data for a bit more sense bond license, then yes, you know, it's like a bad thing that isn't really me at the moment is in the office. And of course, you have noticed on this record in on Kevin's audio, we do have a bit of crack or every now and again, I'm not really a huge amount I can do about this is because Kevin had the microphone attached to his jumper. And then every now and again he will go up and you'd scratch near where the microphone was. So it's not ideal. The audio still usable, but it's not the best quantity. But sometimes these things happen stuck up there. Okay, so according to my notes and we have the transition into questions around ten minutes. So I know that we are nearly at the ten minute mark, which is where we because we set the display to say time, I can actually sort of see where I am in the show. So about here, we are about to transition into questions such try and work out whether is exactly just reach out to me because probably at some point next year we will be looking to hire people, services, some of the interesting or just keep into the Qaddafi. Okay, so this is the transition in C where we're going to switch into questions as you listen to that bit carefully again and zoom in forever. It's going to add a timestamp them. Okay. So I kind of started talking in their assets, Kevin, I'm just writing down the timestamp, so we'll see, I want to take that bit out. Cool. Okay, so let's move on to our questions. Let's get about a timestamp them. Makes it easier to edit when you're out there. Okay, so our first question today is from Collins. Okay. So this section here, we want to do a trim. So again, on Wednesday you control T? Control T. Then it's just trying to find the edit point again. Cool. Okay, so let's move on to our questions. So I get about here. Line up with the playhead there. So I'm going to again do another trim. So this section here where I sort of mentioned came in on disliking down the timestamp. We use it as Manetho. The listener doesn't wanna hear that little break there. And now I want to place the sting into place here. And then I'm going to realign the back of this audio onto the tailored the sting. So see how that sounds. Cool. Okay, so let's move on to our questions. Okay. So our first question today is from Colin, So I go so that sounds pretty good. So I announced that we're gonna go into questions. We played the stinks so that the listener is a very definite transition into the next part of the show. And then we start to walk in. So that sounds pretty good. Right? So I now know that the next transition is going to be around 15 minutes. So I'll just scan through some of this, see how it sounds really trick you on I think I see someone's arms. I think sometimes the more massive market we could build a smaller products. Okay, so we can see here this is about the transition points where we're gonna go into the next section. Now I wrote down the topic starts at 1536. Well see, because we've done a bit of editing out some of the audio and we realign bits. So where the theme tune is, I'll see those timings are equal to tau by no roughly whereabouts the, the Edit Points are such. Just see exactly where we want to do outbreak here. Yeah. Okay. So just before I say, okay, now let's do a slice here. Okay. So I've hoped for our show topic today being. And then just after I say so, I'm just gonna do a slice there as well. So we know that this is where we want to insert the stinks. I'm just gonna quit, zoom out of it. Find our exist instinct and we'll do control c. And control v times can make a copy of the string, drag it into roughly the right place, and zoom in and try and line up where we are. Okay? Yeah. Hope for our show topic today be interesting to talk about brown. Okay, so we have the stinging place for where we start the show topic. So let's zoom out now, destroyed topic goes on for quite a while and he's like the largest part of the show. And according to my notes, we didn't really make any mistakes. We just had a fairly long discussions how it's going to quickly scan free, see how some of its sounds. And then we'll go and put the final transition, distinguishing place. Okay, so I've got an area here where we actually did stop cuz I was checking the microphone levels and economy does pause a little bit there. So I'm just going to cut this bit out. Okay, so we want to cut this entire section out here. It's not like it's just doing what you think. Isn't that really? What happened was asthma is recording are noticed that Kevin was getting quieter in how he's talking. So I had already presets the recording levels that we want it to be. He was getting a bit quiet. So I'll cut that section out. Actually zoom out a bit. Yes, if for some reason this entire section here, Kevin started getting quiet, quiet social C. C will have to work out. Why is the business do what is, what is my mesh? And then you have vision statement. So what are the hopes and dreams of the business? What problems we're trying to solve that table, you look at evil and I thought what I mean when you look at Google, their original vision, wasn't it? Don't be evil. Yeah. Now oxygen and say that where the where the okay guys. So I remember what happened here. Kevin's volume was actually a little bit hotter at 1 as a bit high and I adjusted it. I think I adjusted it a bit so much because I tried to keep an eye on the record or Waltz who was speaking. Not ideal. Unfortunately, mistakes do happen, but this section here you start to get into bit quiet. So what I'm gonna do just for the moment is I'm going to bring our automation backup. I'm going to zoom in. And then I'm just going to increase the volume just slightly. And it's successful because they were just in it for the fame and the money. They didn't really have a vision for what? I've read about this example in a book. Have you read, Think and Grow Rich, Napoleon Hill? I've started reading. There was a kind of a bit I kinda gave up with after about getMethod away, throw it. But yeah, it's quite a, it's quite an old book. It's like from the late forties when there's really 300 miles. Now that's always the warriors. Or if you then got to stop late at night and what you do is you ship those products to Amazon and they fill it for you, arrive somewhere and get, get out and go, wander around or they might not have as much choice. I mean, the way you think about the business, so yeah, he's running is so like it's distilling what you think, isn't it really? So many sad brand? Well, when he said brand up, you typically hear people talk about brand guidelines came out just quiet, which is quite an interesting thing to delve into. So that's things like this. A care home, for example, you're not going to have patron revamp logo because we're kind of balance out the audio just slightly there. So it sounds a bit better. Unfortunate mistakes do happen sooner, kinda slightly embarrassing the actually sort of saying that I made a bit of a, quite a bit for mistake there, but these are things that typically will happen when you're recording a podcast. So to reiterate what happened was his Kevin's volume was communist through a little bit hotspot was talking, so I was manually adjusting. And the controls for Kevin channel on the Zoom H6 whilst listening to what Kevin was saying. But I think what I've done is I've just propagates only down a little bit too much. But I think because Kevin saw me turning it down, I think at the same time, he bought his general volume speaking volume down a bit because if we're all maybe I'm talking too loud. So a combination between the two, as you meant that Kevin's channel was a big Sue quiet. Now if he says light with coordinate vocals for a song or whatnot, they need, probably just completely scrapped the tail. You can do it again because it's a parked cars. It's spoken word. I mean, once you try and strive to do its best qualities, you can. Sometimes mistakes like this to happen, but if they do, don't fret too much about it, just try and adjust the audio as best you can because while she can minimize the effects of how it sounds, generally when someone's listening for podcasts, they're listening for the information and they're probably just gonna listen to it one. So generally they might not know or might not necessarily realize because they're focusing on the actual content as opposed to their soda, the quality. So it's not an excuse to say bad quality is okay, but, you know, as we've just seen him, mistakes do happen to sometimes you do have to try and correct for it. Okay, so I'm just gonna turn the automation or flare. Let's just zoom out a bit more. So I can see from my notes that roughly around the hour mark is when we go into the recommendation section. So I'll see the time is going to be off a little bit because you've been trapping bits of audio out by NIJ roughly around the hour mark. So I'll just go for it and see what we can find. Richard Branson, nothing. I've one of the Virgin thought you believe as rubbish in a, whereas reading is finding the persona for your nature, did something in particular point. Well, plus you have the rankings called highscore various. It's about the Earley's or video game scene. These are the worst. So where Kevin is talking about the highest score documentary on Netflix, that's about where we are talking about a recommendation. So let's see, we can find where that transition points is. The sign up and you get a freebie if on finger, then you'll get so many emails which are just before we go into the transition, we had a bit of a loud microphone, not buffing. Kevin knocked his microphone. Gonna, gonna really have to discuss with my podcast host about microphone discipline. But anyway, it is what it is. I want to turn that bit down. Quite significantly. Exit was distracted. So let's just see how that sounds. Back and talk a lot. No, it's good. Yeah, that's better. So he must have he'd come up, scratched his face, and he's kind of not the microphone. And and these are things that actually you might have to deal with quite frankly, quite frequently. So whereas I'm used to working with microphones because I record courses like this, not do lots of podcasting. And if you have a co-host who's not that experience with microphones and podcasts. So you have guests on new show me. These are things you are going to have to cater weep because if you do have a lapel mike on there and you go to scratch fate is very easy just to catch the microphone. We'd like to cut that. You CAFO, you sleep. So these are little things that you didn't need to be aware of and so try and edit out. But as I said, don't fret too much about it because we have a podcast, it's an informational products. People are there for the information. Try and make it as good qualities you can but, but don't, don't sweat the little things. Right? So let's try and find that transition point. Is it goes from ITS yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Okay. So the recommendation starts about here. So let's just put a trim. At this point. I need to decide whether to keep this bit of audio here. So I'm just gonna rewind back a bit and see what we have great interest in either her, she'd give me a few ideas. This is good to sort of sit down and just talk through it with someone that I can I can talk a lot. Not No, it's good. It goes on my desk. Yeah. Great. Okay. So have your recommendation this way. Yeah, have great. Okay. So I've got a recommendation this way. So that great. Okay, so yeah, bet Monash is kind of a bit of a mental tick as you're trying to work out what to say next, I'm gonna not gonna keep that in. Have your recommendation this way. Yeah. So that's where we want to start issues quickly check here again. So I'm trying to decide whether to remove this whole, this whole section launches, like effective launches. To feedback on that. As we do, the ALS nevertheless undergoes great interest in that, especially if you have great our recommendation this way. So what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna keep the word great though I think, but I'm gonna get everything here. I'm actually going to get rid of my interest in either how she'd give me a few ideas. This is good to sort of sit down and just talk through it with someone that I can talk a lot? Not No, it's good. As you know, I'm gonna keep that section in. This is kind of a bit of, you know, sort of friendly banter between the two of us. Miss it a bit more personable. Okay, so that's where our transition point is going to be. So let's go back and find a sting. The amounts. Okay, so let's do a copy. Over here. It's just paste it in here, zoom in, and then we'll try and place it. So again, we want to align our audio backup into the tail of the sting. Right? I see how that sounds. Like a great interest in that or how she'd give me a few ideas, just gets a sort of sit down and just talk through it with someone that I can I can talk a lot. Not know where to good recommendation this way. Yeah. It's not as it's not technically business-related deserve. Okay, so that's our final transition that we have in place there. So once we get to the end of the show, that's where we want to play the theme tune. So let's go in towards the end. We'll just get our theme tune audio ready. And let's see what we have at the end here is okay with what's happening out there. And we can all leave on and painfully well, yeah, vaccine or given its normal state space, stay safe multi-user. Yes, it's a byte by byte. So we're gonna bring the end of the audio in here. Right. Now I heard a large breath noisy, and I think that's from Kevin's microphone. So lets just see wherever that was him. But the headphones button on the channel just as a solo. So we're only listening to that one channel, right? I guess that was Kevin. So wondering if we trim this last bit here and get rid of that sort of large exhaled breath as they say. Yes, yes. Yes. Okay. So I'm just gonna put the automation backup and I'm just going to put little fade at the end there. Yes. Like I said, it's not as pronounced now. And we'll get back to normal state space. Stay safe multi-user. Yes, he's a okay, so that's the general structure. So I'm just gonna quickly save nice Kevin site, get him it quiet again towards the end there. I think for this last part of the show was going to bring up his journal level. Time. I've got to where I was having to think. But by that point, all of the other stuff had already been taken. So it was only what's our knees just like businesses bring my violin back then I wasn't interested in that might be useful for this man. Say mine is also a documentary. Unfortunately, it's not available on it. Then that's probably a time in your life where you don't want to be a bit miserly, pullback, beehive, highly paid jobs. They've Lee everything okay with what's happening out there and we can all move on and hopefully we'll get a vaccine or given its normal state space, stay safe multi-user. Yes, it's a byte. Okay, so I'm really happy with that. Now will see fitter sacred this show or this course. I'm going to move on. And once you've got this structure done, you'd, you'd save it, you might leave it for a little bit, then come back a half an hour, an hour later, and start listening for it again and maybe do more finer grained audio tweaks. So I mean, before I publish his actual episode IS exactly what I'm gonna do. I'm gonna go through and I'm going to just listen to the entire thing true? If there's any gaps where we have to be a dead air when we don't talk, I'll just trim them out and just Gemini move stuff around. But using exactly the same techniques what we shown so far. So with that, let's move on to the next section where we start looking at EQ and compression. 4. Adding Channel Effects: So now we have the general structure and the basic edit of our podcasts in place. Well, want to do is go through and look at some of the track and master effects are already set up. This is one of the things I love about garbage band because actually has a lot the important controls already set up for you. So you don't have to go out and buy expensive EQN plugins many can if you want to, you certainly don't have to because the ones that are built into garbage band are actually very good. Which is great. So let's look at what we can do. So, as I said before, we have track and master plugins are already set up to track is for the individual track. And they're master is fair when everything's mixed together, he kinda have that final master track with the completed audio on which you can then add effects to. Something I normally like to do is both me and Kevin. I'd like to just do some basic EQ in. So if I click on me to make sure we're on track and we're gonna go to EQ. So I like to roll off any base below 50 hertz. So what we do is we go into the Q here, I select the roll off. And we can just start making sure that that base starts to taper off towards the end. Now this is particularly useful because the office where we record the podcast nearby there is actually a train line. So we record in a back room away from any windows with the doors closed, which means we don't pick up a lot of the noise, but sometimes you get some of the low-frequency rumble. But just by doing a small roll off at this frequency actually means that the sound of a train, if it goes past, isn't really going to be the audible. So I'm gonna do the same for Kevin. Okay, so typically on the track control, that's really kind of all I do for mine. And Kevin's voices don't actually do much else to it. Y will come in and do is we'll start looking at some of the effects on the master bus. So here we do have like an echo units which we don't really need to use. I'm going to turn that off. Then we have some output effects and we have again some basic EQN and some compression. And again we have a finally Q. So often you can do is you can turn on a compressor in a limited and what this does is it reduces the distance in your dynamic range of a truck. And the best way to explain this is if you imagine a song cycle walks on, typically you'll have like the chorus and the chorus might be nothing, sorry, not the cause you have the virus and the virus might be fairly quiet. In a kind of a gentle verse. It bleeds into the song and then the chorus might be, you know, peak and crash in lots of drums, guitars, bass into Germany a lot louder. So the difference in volume between what you have for the verse and the chorus is called your dynamic range. And if he didn't do anything about that and you had headphones on, you might be listening to that verse and he turned the volume up quite a bit. And it, but then suddenly when the chorus comes in is maybe you really loud and might hurt your hearing. We want to do is you want to compress that distance in dynamic range, and that's what our competitors. Now typically we've music, you might here, you might have heard the term the loudness war before. And this is because mastering engineers tend to try and get that dynamic range down. So it kinda minimal was a count. So they can push up the overall volume of the entire tracks and make it as loud as they can. And if he's done very, very carefully, you can sound good. But a lot of time you can kind of squash out a lot the dynamics and the feel of the music. And especially if he's done quite badly. Now, we're dealing with a spoken word podcasts. So it's not our intention to try and remove all of the dynamic range, but you do want to add a little bit of gentle compression. So what we're gonna do is we're going to enable the compression switch here. And it's gonna go to a general business and talk in an unknown base. You're gonna tweak this knob a little bit. And when you start seeing a few blue bars coming in, that's when it started to reduce some of the higher volumes as you see what we have particularly nasty variety of Yeah. Individual unpleasant would enable. Yes. That's so much in the UK is probably more in the I think it is more of a US thing. Yeah, I think that's so we're not going to extreme turned up, right? That you can see that it was constantly bringing on the blue bars and it kinda looks like it's pumping a little bit and that's probably a bit too much. We want it to be fairly subtle. So I'm gonna turn it down a bit and estimating about here and actually see what that looks like a U M. So that their whole business is literally buying up patients and in trying to see people. Yeah. And that's where they make their money through litigated two episodes ago, didn't we? Are by Bill Gates when he thought he was it was it was a cold being Bill Gates or something like that, something that was on the air. So now I'm gonna turn on a limiter and what the limits that would do. He's now we've compressed that dynamic range delimiter. Let's bring up the overall volume of the track, but he won't and allow us to clip too much. It'll bring the volume down if he goes too high. As forms the letters. As you can see, it's thought process, trying to solve some of the world's biggest problems, yeah, yeah, commits. It means that we do seem quite smaller believer yet. So I turned that I feel good here. There is a lot quieter, but then when I enable it sounds a lot more punchy. Yeah, please become sentient. Where does this? I don't wanna get into a political debate because there are some people out there kind of devout. I mean, they're awfully like mega rich, mega famous people, but we're, we're talking about more Downs where people like us, you normal, normal persons. So just by adding a very gentle piece of compression and a little bit of limits. And it actually makes the entire track sound a little bit more vibrant, which is kinda cool. Now because this is a spoken mode podcasts I'm not really ignore do anymore than that. I'm just gonna check around where the theme tune is and make sure it sounds okay and where things are. And if we're happy with that, then we're ready to go and exports. So the theme chains coming for a bit hot. So I'm just going to turn down the volume of that track. Slightly. Hello and welcome to the cytosol. Okay, that sounds okay. So let's just double-check around the stings as well, make sure they sound good. Shady ones. And the good ones? Yeah. Okay. Cool. Okay. So let's move on to our questions. Okay. Probably little bit hot there to just turn that down slightly. Cool. Okay, so let's move on to our questions. Okay, so great. So as a general mix goes on, kinda happy with that. Now, as I said, typically when you're doing this for real, you go back and listen to the whole show. You do little tweaks to individual sections, which is what I'm gonna do before I publish this actual show. But I've shown you all the basic steps for how to get your assets loaded in. Start doing the basic editor. Make sure everything's aligns, cutting out any bad bits at doing volume adjustments, adding in CME transitions, and then add in EQ on each channel and a bit of compression on the master bus. Those are kinda the main steps that you need to do and they're from, they just kinda need to keep listening to the show doing little tweaks here and there so that you're happy with it, so that you're ready to export it. So in the next video, let's look at exporting. 5. Exporting Your Podcast: Okay, so we've now got what we can consider a final edit of the podcast. So we have anything that we want removed has been cut out, and we have all distinct in the right place. We have the theme tune and the outro music and the right price. We've gone through and we've added channel effects so that we can do some 0s queuing at the channel level and some compression and limits in say, compression and limiting on the final channel bus. So this point we can say, okay, well we're happy with the edit. We're happy with how it sounds. You may have gone through and done any final tweak into the show. So now we want to export it so that we can actually show it with the world. So this is very easy to do in GarageBand. So we go up to the Share menu at the top here and simply do is you say export song to desk. That brings up a dialog box here. So you can select what format you want to export in z can have AAAC, MP3, AIFF, WAV. Typically when you upload a podcast to a digital aggregation sites or onto the internet, you can do it as an mp3. So you have different qualities here. So you've got medium quality, a 128 kilobits per second, or higher quality, a 192, and then it's 256. Typically you're going to want anywhere from medium to highest quantity. Typically, I do a 192 kilobits per second, high-quality, something that gives you the best tradeoff in file size and quality. So with that selected, I'm gonna save it along with my neighbor show here. So I'm just gonna give it a name. So it's Episode 44, branding and person or rounding. So that's what the main topic was about, branding and personal branding. So it just hits exports. And what it does is it starts to run through the song and it balances out. Now I'm not gonna make you sit through the whole thing, so I'm going to speed this up. But typically you have to wait a Mineola safe it to export the track. Ok, so now that I track has been exported, what it now needs to do is convert what's been exported into an MP3 file. So I just takes a few moments, but again, our speed this up so that you can get to the end quicker. Okay, so now that's exported. So we should have a nice MP3 file awaiting for us. So let's just minimize GarageBand and come back to find it so we can see our episode here. So we can just quickly preview this call. And the second question is from Joyce, so great. So there we have our finished recording. So we've covered a fair amount here. So GarageBand is absolute fantastic. If you use a Mac, a Mac OS, it comes free with your machine. And while it's kind of like a cut down, digital audio workstation for producing podcasts is asked fantastic. It has everything you need. So you quite often get people saying when they D podcasting, they know they have to buy this really expensive software. But really, you don't, you don't have to buy anything at all. Garbage band will do everything. Kit has the ability to import audio clips. You can do fairly fine grain editing of your audio. You can add EQ effects compression which already set up by default on your channels. So if you're doing podcasts him, if multiple tracks of audio, garish bound really does have everything you need and you have, you're automatically for free on your laptop or computer from Apple. Say thank you very much for listening to this course. I hope you found it useful. Garageband is great, as we just said, is quite easy to use. And I hope that you get a lot out of this course and it helps you build your podcasts. If you do use any of these techniques from this course and build your podcasts, and I'd love to hear about it. Thank you very much.