ESL teaching: Review of the methods, how to construct games and lesson plans. | Nikolas John Cakebread | Skillshare

ESL teaching: Review of the methods, how to construct games and lesson plans.

Nikolas John Cakebread, Experience is the teacher of all things

ESL teaching: Review of the methods, how to construct games and lesson plans.

Nikolas John Cakebread, Experience is the teacher of all things

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    • 1. ESL teaching: Review, games, and lesson plans.

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After this lesson students will now have a full and clear idea of how and why we use 'TPR' and 'Whole-brain' teaching methods in the classroom and now have an understanding of different types of learners that they can expect to find in their classroom. Furthermore, the student can now construct a full lesson plan and has a collection of games to add to their lessons when and as they need. Additionally, there are PPTs and a games handout sheet for the student to refer and look over.

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Nikolas John Cakebread

Experience is the teacher of all things

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1. ESL teaching: Review, games, and lesson plans.: Hi, guys. Welcome back. Welcome to Section three. This is E S L Teaching Review. Off the methods Games on lesson plans Opie enjoy. Okay, so let's go over what we learned before. T pr. When Children lend their first language, they listen more than trying to speak. They watch Mommy and Daddy and copy them actions grabbing, touching, holding, looking on hitting T P R style activities in the class help recreate the early learning environment that he used to build the first language. Our task is teachers is to understand that language learning is hard work on it. It's boring. So we need to create games lesson plans using these teaching methods and help encourage our many learners to sustain their interest and work. This thinking will also help the students see learning as meaningful. Now the Children want to take part, and in order to do so, we must understand what others air seeing what has been written, the must speak our right in order to express their own point of view or give information. Essentially, what we're doing is we're making them learn without them realizing that they are okay, So by now, you should have a better understanding of why we used these methods in the caution Why we used TP are and why we combine it with whole brain teaching. So let's talk about what kind of games what kind of activities coming use to help us in the crusher. Help us create a fun learning environment in the classroom. Let's remember, you are the director. The students are the actors. That means you need to take control. You need to show them what you want them to do and what you expect from them. A good way of doing this is having rules at the beginning of your class. Rule number one. Raise your hand grill number to speak English. Rule number three Be nice. Easy rules that they can repeat on bacon become whole. Bring sentences with the repetition. After a few weeks of doing this, you help recreate a teepee our environment and make the classroom performance, and you can use any number of commands or games at your disposal. For example, as a farm warm up, you can have the touch hit look point game, which is very easy. All you do is the farce lesson. You get them to reiterate, touch, touch the chair. Everybody runs to touch the chair, touch the whiteboard. Everybody runs to touch the white board. Then the second week, you add point point to point to the teacher point to the desk points to the door, a name the next week. You, I'd look, look at the teacher, look at the door, touch the chair, point to the desk and so on. So you build up a memory, a repertoire on repetition, off the words so that they know what to expect at the beginning of each lesson. For the older kids and even adults, you would add Interactive's. You'd ask them questions like Who is touching? What are the hitting? Where is the table? Look at the table. How do you touch the table? Certain questions that that make them harder but make them interesting, and this builds up a routine each and every week. Okay, so just before we move on, there's another thing that we should consider what types of Lanners might be in our classes . Now, the methods we've been focusing on TP our whole brain, are very good methods for physical learners, kinesthetic learners. But they're actually seven types of learners over there. And it's better that you are aware of the different types of learners. So let's go through them. Okay? Yeah. Visual. Orel. Variable physical, logical, social on solitary. Okay, seven different types. Now, most of the time, if you're teaching young learners, they'll be happy with the physical learning, the kinesthetic learning, which is body movements touching on the T P R style that we've been talking about the T, p R and whole bodies. They'll actually covers quite a few of these different types of layers, naturally, like aural and visual and variable and listening. So it covers quite a few thumb. But it is better to know that you have different types of learners on of one type of learning is not working for one student. You can try other methods other ways to do it. Not all students will be comfortable, especially as they get older to come off their chair on, do some actions to do some moving around. Young Children will be fine. They will do that most of 90% of time. They will be fine, but as they get older, Children could get a bit more shy and a bit more reserved, so you have to be aware on their different types off teaching methods for those specific Children. So have a think before your class planned multiple styles off activities. Make sure you have covered as many off the learning styles as possible. Reading, listening, writing, speaking. Those are the four main ones that we focus on in the English classroom. But just be aware that these other learning styles exist later in your classes. When you've had a class for a few weeks, a few months or even a year or so, you can get to know the Children a lot better. Are the students a lot better and you'll start to see patterns and how they learn. You will see that some learn better when you talk a boat. The board. When you write on the board, when you point to things on the board, some learn better when you lecture them. When you tell them things when you give them information on some, learn better when they're out off their seats, playing games at doing active, touching action things. Now there's a lot of information out there about this on a lot of different information to . I have read many books on the subject, and many scholars disagree on different parts. So I will go through the very basics here. And if you want to know more, you're more than welcome to give me an email. Have a chat with me, or I could point you in the direction or some very good websites and e books, and that you could buy online and have a look for yourself. So here we go, the visual learner, the one that likes pictures, images, spatial understanding, colors, maps. So this is the one where you want to be using the board. This is where you can use your whole brain. Style is, well, using different colors using different attachments. The board make it fun, making interesting the aural auditory. These guys like listening to things so they like listening games, listening activities, musical instruments. If you can see if you can play guitar, especially in the young learners class, that would be perfect for that sort of learner. The variable learning style is for the rich ing and spoken learner. You could express yourself in writing or verbally, the love reading, and they love writing. You could play tongue. Twisters are right. May our limericks, that sort of thing. They want to know the meaning off warrant. So you have to make an effort to know the meaning and give them the meetings. Physical learning style, the teepee, our bodily killer Statics. Now this is where we've been using. Our movements are touching, are going to are picking up Raissi's really races work very good for this. Also getting your hands dirty. You know, models jigsaws, building things, constructing letters on the floor with straws, words on the floor with straws. You know, putting things together to make a whole picture, connecting pictures together words and picture. That sort of thing is very good for the physical learning stuff. The logical earnings down this was a little harder. And this is for usually you're bringing with Mathematica mathematical reasoning, and you can recognize patterns as well. So things like this would be creating targets, creating agendas, you know, setting up charts, sitting up mind maps. Um, it's very good for adding in and cords for your for your letters. So a sign, a letter to every every alphabet, every alphabet letter, and then you can start making up words of Santa sees with the cords on bacon decode it on. We learned very well through styles of temples that way social learning style on solitary lettering. Style are quite are quite obvious. I think their social Aristotle are people who learn better with other people, bouncing ideas together, talking that keep these things that role play. It could be a team games, you know, cards are even just sports like football or baseball or something like that. You know, anything that's with the group detained to jail on come out better with the learning. So yes, social letters that I think applies to most people. But there is a small amount of people that do have solitary learning style. And this is where you have to be aware of the types of Children in your class. You have to get to know them a little bit and know that some are gonna be secluded. Some learn much better if you give them the information and class and just let them go and do it themselves. Do not push them to be part of the teams. Do not push them to do games. They are happy learning the way they want to learn. Okay, so let's take a look at some of the games that we can actually use in the classroom that make use of this t P R style. Now bear in mind, these games can be changed depending on the size of your classroom, depending on how many Children are in your classroom, depending on what objects on accessories are available to you in the classroom at that time . So just bear that in mind, Simon Say's a classic. Children came. We all remember this from childhood. This, along with musical chairs, are easy introductions on warm ups, and they can make use off all off the tee PR elements, such as using actions and touching parts of your body afterwards. Back to board is another great one. You can put a picture of an apple on the board, have two kids come out, sit on a chair with their backs to the board on the other. Children have to do the action of an apple, and this is an action that you will have previously talked to them so they will all be familiar with it. Teach the actions before this game on. They're all built to do the actions. And then the kids will show Apple Force One to show Apple gets a sticker gets a star teacher actions, which is the classic tea PR game. You do an action, they find the card. So if the if the example is run, you run. But don't say the word. The kid picks up the card run easy games easily executed high the card charades jump through hoops all of the same ideas. You make them do a game and then afterwards reinforce the teepee. Our actions. Pictionary is another good one. You surely on the card they draw the picture. The students sitting down have to show toe the word. As soon as the Noite assumes To do that, you make them do the action as well. Change seats. Everyone change seats being backs, placed them hide and describe. All of these are active games to get the kids excited on running on off their chairs. If you can get them over their chairs, then they're gonna be focused and they're going to burn off some of that energy. You do not want them sitting in the chairs for too long, so changing seats were example, four chairs at the front on four chairs at the opposite end on and four kids out drill the actions and shall go only run to the other chairs. Sit down the pair, the people who are forced, they will get a sticker, the people who are last. Maybe you can send them out if they're very young. I would not eliminate Children because that can stress them out. But for older Children, that's fine. The people who are last to run to the chair sit down and two more people come out or three more people come out and you repeat the process. Okay, - hopefully , by now, through watching and listening to what I've been saying, you will have gathered some ideas of your own because not every game is for every teacher. Every teacher will have their own style, their own things. There always their own methods of doing the games activities so you can pick and choose whichever one's suit your style of teaching. As you can see from my videos. I like the kids to stand up. I like them to march. I like would chant and I like them to race. I like to tire them out, and I like to get them excited and then cam them down so they come up in waves, uncle, back down. Then they come up in a wave and go back down so I could control them when I need them to be quiet and say the words. But I can also let them explode and have some fun and burn off some of that energy that the all half in the next part, we're going to talk about the lesson plan on how to construct it fully lesson planning, the basic structure. Okay, so when I begin my class, the very first thing I do is I put them into teams. Why? Because kids love to compete. They love to win. They love to show off in the team. The Children will help. Each are out, but also at times will discipline destructive members who are not pulling their weight. The peer pressure alone is enough to make annoying student concentrate more boring. Activities become instantly more exciting if points or giving out for correct answers. So at the start I come in, I draw a table on the board and I put them into two sections. I say this team is team won at this team is team to who could give me a team name? The kids will suggest names at the start. Maybe the first lesson you do there will be a little confused. So guide them through it. Okay? Do you want team Apple or team banana or Team Monkey? Then the kids will start getting the idea. If you have a t A with you, you can use her as an example. You can say, teacher, what's your team name? Oh, I like monkeys. Okay. Your team name is monkey Kids. What do you like? And then you'll start understanding. Definitely. Maybe the first week will be a little hard. Maybe take a little longer. But after that they will start getting it. So what do you like? I like apples. I like bananas. OK, Your team Apple Banana. What do you look? I like monkeys. I like rabbits. Okay, you are team monkey rabbit. Good. Then we go on to greetings. Now, this will usually take about two minutes and I'll just fly through the basic greetings each week. Add on a new sentence. So start with obviously What's your name? My name is blah, blah, blah. And then add, How old are you? I'm blah, blah, blah, years old. You can also add. Where are you from? What do you like? How do you feel today? What's the weather like today? Any basic greeting, same disease You can add into your lesson. So have a think. At what? What sentences would you like to add into your lessons? The warm up activity is a quick activity, basically, to get the Finke in English. It should be something fun and something active, something they already knew. Like numbers, verbs, adjectives. Nam's now is her color. And I was for people knows for place because it's easy. They will feel more confident off their ability on it will wake them up, and they know they're ready for the lesson. Then you review the previously learned material. This should take about 10 minutes. They should have a decent idea if they've learned at home as well off what you did before. And you can take 10 minutes to play a little game to play some activities to do some speed drills. Then you introduce the new target vocabulary wherever that may be. Usually in most places will be 3 to 5 works at Max. You really should be teaching any more words than that. Each lesson so four words on average. This should take about 10 minutes. This is where you make use off all your different types off drills. You could do loud drills, quiet drills, fast drills, slow drills. Change your voice. Change your tour. Keep it interesting. If the kids look like they're getting bored, get them to stand up and say it. If the look like they're still a little bored, get them to jump up and down and see it. Get them off their seat on March. Get them following the teacher and do a chant while they're marching. Things like that can make basic and boring drills much more interesting, then do again Now. We've covered a lot of games so far, so you shouldn't have any trouble. Pretty a giving here, but do do not make it last too long. Try and get everyone done. Group games are best because you can get them all done within 5 to 7 minutes. If it's individual games, you might need a little bit more time but still try to get through as quick as possible because that first half an hour flies past name usually break time. Break time for five minutes. Break time for 10 minutes, depending on the school. When you come back, you review the vocabulary you've just done for five minutes. Get them in a drill, get them a nice city drill, getting a nice, concentrating the drill. Then you review the new sentences using the new vocabulary. This is the important part and should take you about 10 minutes. Usually, I don't do anything too crazy here. I just get them thinking on touching and maybe giving high fives or right answers on lots of points. Lots of stars on the teams gains gains with New Sant. It's then that would about seven minutes so you can place a musical chairs you could do some paper says were stolen. Or maybe even hang man Or just It's nice and simple re sees or throw the sticky ball at the board. Easy gains with the new sentences. Then you would do phonics practice. Phonics practices important every lesson to have a little bit of forex. I usually leave the phonics practice to the end. Some people like to do it at the beginning. Some people like to do it just before the break time or just after. I like to leave it till the egg. So we do. If we did a to see the first week will do a T F this week and then so on each every week added on two or three new sounds. You could play some games with the far mix, but usually you don't have a lot of time and the end of glass in with a warm dung. Now you can have a song at the beginning as well for the warm up, the warm. It could be a solid if you like, but I always have a warm dollar as well. It's a goodbye song that's on YouTube, and it's very easy to find very easy to download on. The kids know when that song comes on. It's time to say goodbye to get their bags on line up at the door. Okay, so I hope this gives you a better idea about lesson planning. If you have any other questions, you are more than welcome to chat to me. I have plenty of ideas and activities that I can share with you. My guys. Thank you so much. That's it for this section. We're gonna talk about classroom management in the next section, so I'll see you there by now.