ESL Teaching: Making Purposeful ESL Lesson Plans. | Nikolas John Cakebread | Skillshare

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ESL Teaching: Making Purposeful ESL Lesson Plans.

teacher avatar Nikolas John Cakebread, Experience is the teacher of all things

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

6 Lessons (13m)
    • 1. Introduction.

    • 2. The What and Why.

    • 3. Four Key ESL Skills.

    • 4. Speaking.

    • 5. Reading and Listening.

    • 6. Writing and Final Thoughts.

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About This Class

Making appropriate and worthwhile lesson plans for ESL classes is one of the first steps in becoming a successful teacher. In this course, we will look at the factors a teacher must consider when writing their plans and discuss methods, games, ideas, drills, and such that can help teachers achieve this goal.

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Nikolas John Cakebread

Experience is the teacher of all things


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1. Introduction.: Hi there guys, and welcome to this short course on making purposeful lesson plans. In this course, we will look at the reasons why having clear objectives and goals in your lessons is so vital when teaching ESL. As well as this, I will share with you guys some personal ideas, methods, tips, games, and activities to include in your own plans. Furthermore, we will look closely at the four main areas of ESL, which are listening, reading, writing, and speaking. We will create activities and games that have specific purpose and meaning when teaching these forming ESL skills. Writing lesson plans is a key first step in teaching an ESL class. And it's my hope that from going through this course, you will gain insight and inspiration on your own personal goals and outcomes for your classes. Okay guys, thank you very much. Hope you enjoy. 2. The What and Why.: Making purposeful ESL lesson plans. Activities, and games in ESL classes are there for very good reasons. As well as injecting fond and energy into a classroom and building interest in the topics being presented. They are there to help students learn without them realizing that they are. Contrary to popular belief. We are not just entertainers, are dancing monkeys in the classroom. We are educators and as such, are less than should have purpose, learning outcomes and goals. Games and activities are there as tools to reach the end. Same way drills, roleplays, debates, and songs are to every stage and every part of our lesson plan needs to have purpose. Of course, activities are fun and serve purpose on their own by creating a fun atmosphere and giving students motivation to participate. But a teacher needs to use them strategically in a lesson and not just throw them out as an excuse to rest of boredom or lack of anything better to do. I don't know. Good use of activities and games can make a lesson flow better and will help encourage focus throughout the more dry parts of the lesson, such as drilling or writing. The best thing with a purposeful activity is the students are no longer taught at. They become active participants in the lesson and the learning. Instead of pointing at worlds or writing on important drilling repetitively, the letters are giving tasks to do and they're actively involved in the lesson. These tasks create a fun learning environment. They help keep the students focused and engaged during the class. As teachers, we should consider what we weren't learning outcome for each lesson to be and create each activity again with that purpose in mind. 3. Four Key ESL Skills.: The four main ESL skills. A purposeful lesson plan will encompass all four of these traditional ESL skills. Of course, younger learners will not be exposed to as much reading and writing, but this is supplemented with alphabet, forex, CVC words, an early hand-eye coordination work which helps prepare them for the next level we're reading and writing will play a more important role. As students get older, you start to add more predicting and sequencing skills along with short and group orientated activities as they progress and gets a higher level. These activities developed me more strategic and they favor more cooperative learning and competitive things. Let's look at some of the purposeful activities I use in my ESL classes to practice some of these types of skills. 4. Speaking.: Speaking, how old are you? Walk up to you? From an early age, I loved to promote conversational activities. From the basic greeting stage, I'll have students meet and greet each other and a student student type interaction. I will have them walk around in a circle and meet each other with a handshake and then interact with questions and answers. This can be as simple as hello, hi, what's your name? My name is blablabla. After this, they will play a short game of paper scissors stone, and are both rewarded with positive reinforcement or a star and a sticker. And then the next period will come up and repeat. As the students get older, I will use it more of a warmer and an icebreaker and get them to ask each other more and more interesting questions. Having them all write down question and drawing questions from a hat is also another way to add fun to it. When it comes to speaking, I will say that although I am for having a purpose behind each activity and making sure that the game you play as meaningful. I told object is short burst of fun games, as long as there are some learning reinforcement behind it. For example, if I wanted students to speak about a topic or a role-play, I don't mind encouraging this by offering a quip player of a team game, the Connect Four or squares, as long as the sentences are appropriate and well spoken. And play a very important rule through that. Find the way your life. In business in ivy clinging to they love these prison writing Vietnam. Very happy. In Vietnam. 5. Reading and Listening.: Reading and listening. Reading and listening go hand in hand. So it's very easy to make focused and purposeful lessons with both of these skills in mind. Reading and listening skills can be so much fun to practice. And this is all to do with the energy brought by the teacher. If the teachers things reading is boring and monotonous, then this energy will be reflected by the students. Keep reading and listening, entertaining, and engaging by having purposeful tasks and activities bill into the lesson plan. For example, it's really easy to just assign a task while going through it as a listening part, such as finally, all the words that start with the letter a or circle. The verbs underlying the nouns highlight the words that are new, etc. etc.. Then after this, you can have the students read them aloud in their teams. As well as this, you can have older students listened to each other reading and they can show pop if the hero mistake. This is called pop reading. And the students loved this game as it means they can show off their own knowledge and gain points for their team. Make sure though, to assign some clear rules for the road, the classes, such as teacher must agree. And if you're rude or make something up the point goes to the other team. Other reading and listening activities would be things like teacher reads a sentence of the reading and purposefully make some mistake. The students must put up their hand and correct it is promotes listening and reading, as well as improving grammar and sentence mechanics. 6. Writing and Final Thoughts.: Writing. Admittedly, this is one of the hardest skills to make fun and entertaining. And certainly it can be a challenge to implement with meaning and purpose. But by no means is it impossible? I start writing a very early age. I encourage it with alphabet tracing, an early learner worksheets. Growing these skills, along with phonics and CDC words, will help you later when you want them to start reading and storytelling. Activities at this stage involves board races with a mixture of listening and writing. I say a letter, they race and right. Said clutter on the boards. I say a word, they race and right. Said words on the board. As they grow and progress. I say longer words or a short sentence, and they raced to write this as they grow and confidence, you can add team elements were one student writes the first letter and the next one writes the next. For example, C, a, T. And then you can do sentences as well. I like cats, forced kids writes I next Kids rights like next Kidd writes cats and sits down. Each time you do this, you reinforce the letter or the vocabulary by drilling and having them make a word without letter or make a sentence with the word. For the older students, I encourage them as much as possible to do creative writing. You can give them fun challenges such as solve world hunger or spend a million dollars in a day, or take only five items to the island and explain why. Non native students especially find creative writing challenging. So adding this aspect your lessons can be very beneficial for the English development, as well as this is a very good goal to have these older students debate, discuss, and even argue a point. This can be a really good skill for them to develop and it's also a lot of fun for them as well. All I'm saying is, when you write your next plan and start adding your activities, think about why you are using them. Are they worthwhile? Do they have any meaning or serve a purpose for your lesson goal or objectives? Consider your class, your students, and think about their weaknesses and strengths, and choose activities that cater to those. Make your lesson plans with a purpose in mind and you will see the benefits in all your classes.