Drawing Lions and Panthera | Brendon Schumacker | Skillshare

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

53 Lessons (8h 50m)
    • 1. Welcome

    • 2. Introduction

    • 3. Inspiration

    • 4. Proportions

    • 5. Proportions Face

    • 6. Proportions Head

    • 7. Proportions Body

    • 8. Studying Lion Heads

    • 9. Sketching Lions Faces

    • 10. Sketching Lion Profiles

    • 11. Reviewing Details of Lion Heads

    • 12. Studying Lion Bodies

    • 13. More Study on Lion Bodies

    • 14. Drawing Lion Bodies

    • 15. More Drawing Lion Bodies

    • 16. Details of the Head

    • 17. More Details on the Head

    • 18. Drawing Lion Eyes

    • 19. Drawing Paws

    • 20. The Roar of the Lion

    • 21. More Roaring

    • 22. Tiger Heads

    • 23. Stripes on Tiger Heads

    • 24. Tiger Profiles

    • 25. Studying Tiger Bodies

    • 26. Drawing Tiger Bodies

    • 27. Jaguar Heads

    • 28. Spots on Jaguar Heads

    • 29. Jaguar Bodies

    • 30. Spots on Jaguar Bodies

    • 31. Leopard Heads

    • 32. Leopard Bodies

    • 33. Studying Cheetahs

    • 34. Cheetah Heads

    • 35. Cheetah Bodies

    • 36. Cheetah Spots

    • 37. Sketching - Lion Head Illustration

    • 38. Drawing - Lion Head Illustration

    • 39. Understanding Color - Lion Head Illustration

    • 40. Base Color - Lion Head Illustration

    • 41. Review Base Color - Lion Head Illustration

    • 42. Going Painterly - Lion Head Illustration

    • 43. Painterly Timelapse - Lion Head Illustration

    • 44. Painterly Review - Lion Head Illustration

    • 45. More Lighting - Lion Head Illustration

    • 46. Details and Texture - Lion Head Illustration

    • 47. Sketching - Lion Body Illustration

    • 48. Base Color - Lion Body Illustration

    • 49. Color Review - Lion Body Illustration

    • 50. Painterly Timelapse - Lion Body Illustration

    • 51. Texture - Lion Body Illustration

    • 52. Texture Timelapse - Lion Body Illustration

    • 53. Finishing Touches - Lion Body Illustration

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About This Class

In this extensive class we will predominantly focus on "Drawing Lions". But why stop there? Lions are a member of the "Panthera" family which includes Lions, Tigers, Leopards, and Jaguars. So after an intensive focus on the art of drawing lions we will see how we can extend this knowledge to help us draw all of these animals. As a bonus, I am also adding a quick study on the Cheetah which is my favorite big cat.

Most of the class is focused on "drawing" these great cats, and so you can follow along with pencil and paper, or your favorite drawing tools. In later lessons we will go into color using digital medium. But if you are confident with your own color tools you should be able to follow these lessons as well. The entire class is designed to be universal and to help develop an understanding of art fundamentals, while focusing on the art of drawing Lions and other Panthera.

Meet Your Teacher

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Brendon Schumacker

Artist and Designer


Brendon Schumacker is an accomplished artist and illustrator with experience in many art forms. Having drawn since a young age, Brendon has a lifetime of educational background in freehand art from various schools in USA and has studied along side with artists of varied backgrounds, giving him a diverse understanding of many illustration styles and techniques. He has published comics and children's books, has done multiple gallery openings, and has been doing freelance illustration and design for over 10 years. His instruction style is casual and entertaining while also being detailed in his examination of varied art techniques.

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1. Welcome: John Lyons. Another Panther drawing is a healthy and natural hobby, which leads to a better understanding of the world we live in. In this class will be drawn. Lions and other Pantera Path era is a genus of big cats, which includes lines tigers, jaguars and leopards. First we do an in depth study of lions, and then we take our lion drawing skills and adapt them to draw the other big cats. This course is comprehensive and thorough. Way. Start off with very basic sketching skills to create our cats with good proportions and then slowly build up to full color digital illustrations. With all the basics explained along the way, grab your favorite drunk tools and get ready to dive in. I look forward to seeing you in class. 2. Introduction: hello and welcome to drawing lions and other panthera. In this course, we will focus on studying how to draw lions. And while we're at it, this is something that happened along the way. Actually, I found that lions belonged to the Panther, a family which includes lions, tigers, jaguar and leopards. So I decided, Why not? You know, go ahead and study all of them while we're at it. So what we're gonna do, basically, is to focus on the lion and then use the anatomy and proportion knowledge that we gather from drawing lions and apply it to drawing the other three cats as well, because they all do have a lot in common. And in addition to that, there is 1/3 great cat, which is my personal favorite, the Cheetah, the fastest lap land mammal on earth. And so I decided that I'm going to add him to the mix. So we'll be doing a total of five great cats and this I think that's an awesome class. It's a very long class, and it's ah, it covers everything. If you've seen any of my classes before, I like to start off. Ah, from always from baby steps and we work our way up into sketching and then drawing. And then, you know, creating basic color in the in this course is that that is something that's unique. I have many courses out now, and I don't think any of them focus on color except for Pink and I, which is introduction to digital painting. So in this one, we will go actually a lot more in depth into colors. Might be the first course I have that has ah ah, lot of color theory in it. So that's another bonus. And let's well, let's just go through our checklist here and see what we have. This is an introduction. After this, we can start studying the lions and begin to drop. Okay, so for starters, by drawing up well, you could play video games or watch movies. There's a lot of stuff that will make you more angry and more sad and feel more lonely. Ah, but drawing is good for you. I always feel relaxed when I'm drawing. It helps me to meditate. It seems toe calm, my nerves a lot, and I feel good about myself because I'm always learning something right. Nobody ever says, Oh, look at that guy over there drawing what a bad thing to do because it's not. It's good, it's healthy, and you have to learn something new. Every time you draw because you don't get worse at drawing, you only get better at it. So it's a good thing, and then the content of what you draw it just never ends, right? Right now I'm doing animals. Previously, I was studying perspective with everyone. Ah, we also got into some playing with photos, photo manipulation, and I've done cats up done dogs I haven't done captive kittens. We get kittens and dogs and all kinds of stuff. I mean, I could go on forever. And, of course, the drill. People have done comic books, and I do. I do do this professionally. All of this stuff translates into professional work as well. You can do logos for companies. You can do design work better, because if you know how to draw, it is just helpful. It helps with all that stuff. So will it be graphic design illustration or anything else? Concept art that you're interested in drawing is awesome. Okay, so the Panther era, we already covered. It's lions, tigers, Jaguar and leopard. And remember the cheetah. Don't get confused. The Cheetah is not a member of the pant there. I'm throwing that in a Sabonis because I like Cheetahs myself. And what tools will we use? I'm using this software code. Get G I. M. P stands for G N U image manipulation program, and I have an entire course that shows how to how to use this tool. And it's an awesome tool. You see a limited set of tools up here, but I just have it set up like that. It's It's the same as Photoshopped, Trust me. I mean, if you were, I don't know, an advanced photo shop user and you're comfortable with food shop and then you come to gimp . You're probably not gonna like it for obvious reasons. It's like, you know, going from escape board to a bicycle. If if you prefer one, then the other one will annoy you at first. But, um, it's a good software and it's free and there's a lot. There's a large selection of software is you don't have to use voter shop for everything. It's all about making the end product so for you, What should you use? You should use whatever makes you feel comfortable. You should use ah, pencil and paper colored colored pencils or markers or crayons. Whatever you use that makes you feel comfortable. I recommend that since I'm assuming you don't know how to draw lions and Pantera already, so obviously you're going to make some mistakes, so I would definitely recommend starting with pencil and paper or with your own favorite digital software. You can use photo shop. You can use gimp. You can use critica you can use. Ah, there's so many was a sketchbook pro. I can't remember the names of all the Softwares out there. They're all good. And the important thing is that we're learning how how to draw the proportions and things. So let's jump right into that before we do anything else. Everything that you see that I do in this lesson and all of the reference materials that I use, they will all be found on my website, which is B. S, C H U dot net, that stands for my name Brendan Schumacher. That's an abbreviation. So B is for Brendan shoes for schumacher dot net dot com dot net and Ah, yeah, if you go there by the time this course is live, you should be able to find all of these materials, either in pdf form or on a Web page or whatever. It's all there. Okay? And so let's finish this list over here, which is what do we study? And I made a list over here. We're going to study proportions. That's the art form of making sure you have your eyes and ears and nose at the right size and length, and and you know the distance between them all is all good proportions. We're gonna do that for the whole Well, for all of these animals have mentioned, but particularly we start off with the lion and for the whole body, from head to toe and the face and, uh, down to the toenails and the claws and all that every every little piece of for OK, so we're gonna do the purported. That's really ah, lot of what this entire classes about is getting your proportions right. So it looks like what it's supposed to look like, and that is a great cat and the adults or a bear. So we're gonna do a lot of proportions, general sketching and drawing techniques. I will not teach you how to hold a pencil or a brush, but you will watch me draw everything. And I went toe a stop on this topic and just say, because from time to time not, not often, but from time to time I do get a student or a random person who just feels unsatisfied because I didn't teach them How to draw is not frequent. But I want that person to know if you can write your own name in whatever language you know English, for example, and it's legible than you could draw. Uh, I I'm not gonna hold anyone's hand and, you know, make you draw a straight line or a curved line. That's something that you have to practice. It's just like music. If you want to learn how to play guitar, you might spend an hour a week with a guitar instructor, but then after that, you have to spend hours and hours a day by yourself at home practicing. You have to do that. Nobody can just put it into your head magically so however, as long as you understand that I will be teaching general sketching and drawing techniques . You watch me make all of my mistakes and my sketches and erasing. And remember, the eraser is a tool we are planning for mistakes. The eraser is a tool. This is not one of those show off things where, you know I just draw perfect lines. Don't ever worry about that with me, because I don't drop like I erase a lot and I sketch, but my finished product is good, and so that's to make everyone happy that you know it's OK to erase. It's okay to make mistakes and we can go ahead and just learn how to drop. And we're going to draw four legged animals, as it says here for learning to draw. These cats is also learning how to drop almost every four legged animal. They all have differences, but you will know what those differences are when you study them. For example, the differences between a dog's body and a cat's body. I know what they are, but the legs are very, very similar. So if you know how to draw a dog than moving that knowledge over to draw cat can be much more easier than not knowing anything at all. So when you learn toe, study any four legged animal, you're also learning all of the other four legged animals, not necessarily including hoofed animals, but four legged mammals, eso, foxes and Wolfson and maybe even bears. They all have a lot in common, and especially with all these cats, they're very, very similar. So that's, Ah, one of the bonuses of this course, and we're gonna cover drawing for both with pencil and pen style and also with color. And so I want to be specific about that. You'll probably see some of you or you must have seen. If not, I'll probably put on the screen now some of my finished illustrations already, and you'll see some color illustrations for this course. I just want you know that the first half, or even more like 70% of this course is not anything to do with color just studying how to draw. But it's a very, very long course, and so I do spend a lot of time at the end showing you each and every step of how I make my color illustrations as well, says kind like a bonus. Now, if you are already proficient in your software or in your painting or color pencil or whatever medium you use, then you can also follow that. Or you can just watch it for fun. Obviously out of curiosity to learn something. But the point I want to make is that I'm not going to stop and slow down and show you how to use my software Gimp here. Um and I'm not gonna really show you how to do anything. I'm not going to show you how brushes work or or colored pencils or markers or anything like that. And so I'm just going to use the tool and then explain to you why I do it, how I do. And that's called color theory. Okay, so we're not teaching the actual color tools. I'm just showing you why do I put the white color over here to make light? And why is it shady on the other side? And which colors do I choose all of that so you can use your tools and you can learn that you know whatever you want in another class, right? There's all these other classes for, like, if you want to use water color, you use watercolor. If you want to use markers, use markers. Use whatever you want and me, I'll be using software. It's just what I like. It's convenient. It's clean and easy, and it's, Ah, the best way, in my opinion, to get this course done, because I can draw directly onto a tablet onto the screen without my hands getting in the way. And all this camera set up, etcetera, etcetera. So it just works out good for everyone, if you ask me. And then maybe in another course I'll do some traditional medium with pencils or something like that. But for this one will just be doing Ah, color theory will be all digital, but I think it's interesting. Even if you work on, you know, paper or something. I think it's very interesting. Okay, so that answers all the questions Warm up, warm up, warm up. Don't forget to warm up, and a sketch sketch sketch draws circles and boxes and squares and get your hands proficient at drawing lines and curves and things like that so that you're ready to draw. And then, with all that again, please don't forget to visit my website. That's not promotional. That is because my the reference materials air there and those air free for you and has tons of good stuff in there. I think you'll like and that's about it, so I'll see you soon in the next lesson. 3. Inspiration: Okay, so let's have some inspiration before we actually get into drawing. It's good to have some knowledge on the subject, which you're studying or else you know, things might seem silly and toe have, ah, some feeling and some spirit that you can put into your work so, as opposed to, you know, just routinely forcing yourself to make a bunch of pencil strokes and understand a bunch of shapes that would be very boring. I don't think anything can get done with that type of attitude, right? So let's understand a little bit about the subject. Just, ah, give us some perspective, a frame of mind and hopefully a little bit of a spirit to want to draw the line and to learn more about it and to appreciate what it is that we're studying here. I think that's the greatest way to go into this. So, uh, one of the first things I did which I thought was quite interesting, was to go into Wikipedia. I just read this out to you real quick. It's ah, and I did look it up. This is not all will compete. It can be complicated sometimes, so that can help to translate some of this, um, to make it easier to understand. Let me read through this. The lion or panther? Uh, Leo is a species, and the family Felli die. I don't know how that's pronounced, but it looks like feline. So perhaps the Latin is feline filii dei, and it is a muscular, deep chested cat with short, rounded head, a reduced neck and round ears and a Harry tuft at the end of its tail. It is sexually dime or FIC. That means I look this one up. It's ah, depending on the gender. It they will have different appearance, which is to also, for example, of humans because, like girls look different than boys. So it's sexually dime or FIC. Adult male lions have prominent main, which is the most recognizable feature of the species, with a typical head to body length of AH, 184 to 208 centimeters. That's a couldn't. They have just said 1 80 to 200,010. That was a little too specific. Um, they are larger than females at approximately 1 60 to 1 84 centimeters. Okay, just bunch numbers. Um, but yet it is in case you're curious. The smallest number, 63 are 1 60 inches at 63. So if you divided by 12 you know, 24 48 is four feet. So they're up to like, five feet, right? Five or six feet is what they're talking about their which makes sense for a big animal like that. But they're super large right there on the ground. Much heavier, I'd assume than a person. Okay, it's Ah, it's a social species that social species forming groups called prides. So if you see a group of where's when you have a bunch of monkeys, you say it's a troop of monkeys, but for lions that call it a pride of lions, I suppose a lion Pride consists of a few adult males, related females and cups. Groups of female lions usually hunt together, preying mostly on large own goal. It's as a weird word. I don't know if I'm pronouncing it right, but I looked it up the jungle. It is basically an animal, like a four legged animal with hoops. So such as, I guess, for lions, something like a zebra or ah dear. These types of animals are the type of prey, the type of things that a line would prey upon. The lion is an apex and keystone predator, which means it is it has a very strong effect. It's a type of predator, has a very strong effect on its environment. If they weren't there, the environment would be different that these air apex keystone predators. So they have a large effect on their, ah, the biology in the area because they kill enough. You know, uh, they killed enough to make a difference. Or there's some lines scavenge when opportunities occur and have been known to hunt humans , although the species typically does not. Okay, so we all know that lions. I guess they're hungry. They will attack humans. But normally they're looking, as it says here for the ungulates, the hoofed animals. Okay, so that was that. And then I looked into a bunch of photos which I don't know if I assure these yet in a previous lesson. But now we should officially look at some of these photos. And like this one, for example. I mean, imagine I don't know if you've ever had a pet dog or a cat. I've had both. And just the beauty this year. Beauty of an animal. Sometimes when you're up close to it, the way that they're for is the the way that the lines on the hair I mean hair and for just beautiful things, right? Look at people. They invest a lot of time and energy into having nice hair and, ah, well, a great cat. Its entire body is covered in what we call for. So it's it's attractive if, for that alone. And then there's many other beautiful features about there's something powerful and almost seductive about the look of a lion the way their eyes air. Ah, stare like that. Well, this a perfect example. They have a mesmerizing, haunting kind of look to them. In my opinion, the predominant feature of the face of a lion is the nose. In comparison to other animals. They have a very wide knows where there's a very wide gap. We're gonna study that later when we start drawing. Why gap between the two wives there, which is Ah, not necessarily normal, with all of these types of four legged animals also not very rare. If you think about a bull or something, But for animals that have both eyes looking forward and not on the side of their head, like deer or bulls, they're usually not that wide apart. So that's interesting. And, ah, very broad news, right? And there's something what I like to call it a Drew Penis of the jaw or the eyes there seemed to be up high and the jaws just dragging. It seems to be like hanging down, and I'm like, Hang will again talk more about that later. Here's some really beautiful photos. All of these photos you can see have reference under them pixels is a royalty free website where you can just for free find all kinds of photos. It's basically like a ah stock photo websites, except they don't charge, and in some cases they just ask that you give credit to the photographer of the artists of where it is. So most of these people did not even care. They specifically said, You don't even have to give me credit these photographers, but I just decided to give it anyway, just to be careful and to be respectful. There's another really beautiful, beautiful shot there. There's an elegance about the structure of the, you know, the anatomy of the head in the face of of a lion. It's a big cat, too. And again just admiring the beauty I thought this one is so has lovely look to it. And something about the way the hair and the first organized here's a male obviously just looks so much bigger. I think they're only slightly bigger, but the main just causes such a drastic difference. It makes them look so much more powerful, so much larger, which is probably why they have the mean And, uh, that's only one of many of photos that I have here. Um, these are all gonna be used for reference. This one's for studying bodies and getting our proportions right on how long they are. And you know, we'll go over the word proportion what that means. And this is where some poses and more dynamic features like growling and roaring and running and walking and things like that. So that would be good reference for that and some skeleton reference I have appear. Ah, these thistles, just various random stuff. Some of these of you zoom in. You can see here. I assume this is a pride, as we just read earlier. A pride of lions. And there's probably a bunch of cups. They look young, but they're getting bigger. And these would be some mothers. And there's, Ah, King himself back there. And that's about it. I think I have one close up of a head. Yeah, there's a very large image. Um, I both love this for two reasons. This photo in particular one is that we can really Ah, they make sure him on the right layer here. Right. Okay. Um, it's just a little slow in memory. Uh, one thing is that the This is a perfect example of a profiling and break down. Exactly. You know where where things should be Noticed of length from here to here, Very seven things and zoom in to get some great detail. And ah, another thing about this is Look at that main. That is Wow, that's just beautiful. It looks like he just got out of the shower, a hot tub or something. So I don't know what cause that man to look like that. I can't seem to get rid of that, but one line is missing. That's okay. I'll fix that later, I guess. Right. Okay, so that's enough. This Ah, video is long enough. I think another thing just to keep in mind is whatever you originally thought of about lions, I'm not trying to change anybody's mind on or tell anyone how to think. Here. Ihsaa Also look at the here's some proportions will use to break down some studies that I did and ah, yeah, I was just gonna finish saying whatever you were thinking about lions before you came into this lesson, um, you might want to exercise that maybe love lions because of a movie you saw, like The Lion King. Or maybe Ah, there's a particular storybook or or something or something in history that you're familiar with, which made you like lions and, ah, do that. Read that we watch that movie, get inspired, get in the mood and get ready to start drawing, cause that's what we're going to do in the next lesson. See you soon 4. Proportions: Okay, So don't wanna have a look at the proportions. This word proportions. Sometimes I'm curious if it's easy for everyone to understand, I just want to review it very quick. And then we'll have a look at how I designed these proportions. This is sort of a cheat sheet. Just a quick reference. Something easy to break down the proportions of the head and of the the body from a profile view and a front view. And we will break it down a little bit more. I also have a side view which needs to be done, but that's quite easy. So, um, something to know about proportions. What are proportions is that you can break down the look of many things. They make sure I have. You have a color here I can draw with, um, based on the size of one thing and that sound, it's a difficult thing to say, but let's say, for example, if I draw, you know, uh ah head, I want to draw like a person, right? So I have, like, a little guideline here gonna do a sphere in the middle. Right spheres are always perfectly round, and then we tend to bring down a little bit of a jaw line. You make a chin. Something like this. Right? So now I have the shape, the basic shape of ahead for a person. What kind of looks like a guy right now with a strong jawline. But then the idea, the next problem we might have is where we put like their eyes. Right? So I put maybe one big guy here and another one here, right? Have some eyelashes and a nose with two nostrils, and you can see what I'm getting at here. Right? Things just start to look really weird. Like a Picasso painting. Maybe that year goes over here. Years have a shaped like a peanut. Right? So should look like that, right? As something looks weird, something's wrong. We're putting things in the wrong place, and, ah, they're not at the right sizes either. So we need some guidelines to help us do this. And this is partially for me. I just call the whole thing proportions. So this is obviously very rough sketch, But what we do here is a fine the middle of the head. So from the very top of his head to his chin would find the middle line, and it seems very uncomfortable at first that the middle of this line is where you would have his eyes resting because it just doesn't seem right. It seems like they should. It feels like they should be up higher. That's because we haven't drawn a hairline yet, so let's just follow the rules right and say so. It should be in the middle of his head right about here, right? So we'll go like this will draw an eye here and an eye here and then have a nose and a mouth and some ugly hair. And we're done. No, that also doesn't work. Why? Because the distances of things is not as it should be. The two eyes should be about one eyes distance from each other. So because when we're drawing, sometimes we draw big. Sometimes he draws small. I don't have a perfect ruler for everything. Maybe in a giant painting the size of the I will be, Ah, you know, five inches. But I'm drawing on. But you know, small piece of paper than the length of the I might be just one inch or one, even one centimeter from here to there. So how can I know how much space there should be? How do I judge from the space from one eye to the other? And you can't just eyeball it every time. You need something a little bit more scientific, right? So the answer that question is, there should be about one I space in between. So it is. I is this long Imagine there's another eye in the middle and then you can put your third eye your your second I, you know, over there. But the third eyes, the second I and also how much space from the end of his eye to the edge of his face. And that is usually about 1/2 I sometimes a full life, depending on the type of person. So now with these guidelines, I'm starting to draw what looks like a more normal person, right? Have lips of ah, lower lip, upper lip. A little space for ah, the upper lip in the nose. There's a certain amount of size for the pupils and then the hairline and haunted on like this. So now starting to look like a real person. Okay, so we want to do that same thing for the cats so that they come out looking as they should , right? And so what I did is I used these reference pictures here, and I start off by focusing on just the head. Right. So let me close this one. These reference photos here and back in the right layer. And you can even probably tell that my drawing for the head came from this one. If you look at the head sketches here, very 1st 1 No, not that one. Sorry. It should be. This one, right? You know, is tell the exact photo which I took that one from is right down here on this guy here. Kind of looks like that. Is that one or maybe this one here? But a combination of all of these looks to say, I think that's the same lion, actually. So let's have a look if we zoom in at how many eyes distance should there be if we draw more eyes of the same exact size in between this I and that one. And so the answer that I found to be true for the amount of distance between each eye seems to be about three eyes. Maybe you before 12 There's three in between. Right? These two guys, quite obvious. You can see that ball shape right there. And with that in mind, Ah, there just seems to be a perfect three. Eyes in between. I tried again. Here's a male right and you can always said, There's a centre right here. You never see how they're will be like one and then another one in the middle and then another one from here to there. But with this, this line is bigger. He's male and he has, I don't know. I'm drawing my circle smaller, but can I have? I try to squeeze in almost four eyes. Now I'm trying to be as honest to the circle size, but there does seem to be a little bit more space. Hey, just seems to be a little bit wider. I'm not sure that's an illusion or if that's true, but it does seem to be that way on that one. Let's try again on this guy one to nursey circles. I'm just trying to be as honest as I can that they're all about the same size, all right, and it's three eyes between. So the distance that we should have is a three eyes distance. Let me go back to my drawing here of the Which one was it? Body body sketches. And I have to turn this one back on this one off. Okay, so if we look back here at the proportions for the head that I'm making out here, I didn't draw this in yet, but I didn't know this. I did notice already that there are three eyes there. I did make it like that, but I noticed something else. Because not only do we need the distance from my toe, I we need we're gonna need the whole head. Something else I noticed is that if you calculate the entire size of the head, then you break it into three parts. Those middle two lines where the three parts are divided are going to go right about where the I should be. And then if you do it this way, the only question is, are you making your eyes the right size? So you have to kind of you do have to kind of bible it, right? You see, I have this much space from here to here, and I'm gonna have a little more space on each side of their can. I fit three eyes in there, and the answer for this one is yes. I think I made his eyes a little bit bigger than they should be. But using these guidelines will help you a lot to calculate exactly how big the eyes were or how how big they should be. And I didn't have a lot of problems with that. When I first did, I kept making the eyes too big and it looked a bit cartoony. As you can see with this line right here, Actually, I think it looks that, uh, a bit more like a cartoon and realistic. And that might be why Because the eyes are little bit too big, Um, but that well, there's a guidelines for that. It's a lot. And as far as the height ghost, I keep noticing that from the top of the head, just like we saw with a human, we put the eyes directly in the center of the head, but with a lion because they have this long, drooping kind of head that has a sharp 45 degree angle downward. Their eyes are set up much higher on their head. And so it's about here at 1/3 of the height down. And when you get 2/3 down, I thought that was convenient. This might not be perfectly true for every line, but it was roughly true for a lot of the lines. That's where the nose seems to start. And then from there, obviously from the nose to the bottom, you have this Harry sort of what I keep calling. But I keep calling a goatee, right, so keep others ideas in mind and let's see if we can draw a line. 5. Proportions Face: Well, just sketch one out real quick right here and start for the circle. I do want some kind of square e guidelines for the see how how good I can get it. Not one thing I didn't put out here is the The height. I think what I calculated, right. So what I did last time for that one, what I did last time for, um for this lion. I believe I need to erase some of this. Is, um first I drew a circle like that, and then I made angle coming down, sort of like this, and I actually went all the way, you know, all the way down, all the way down. But chop it off about where you feel like the goatee should be the flatness of the goatee. Have you noticed the distance from the side of the head to here? It also kind of lines up with our thirds at the top. They have to draw all of these lines. I'm just using in my mind. So I would say, for example, if this if this is the bottom of the head that were drawn, then here's you know, 1/3 there's 2/3 and maybe kind of, you know, having gravitate towards that area. But it doesn't have to be perfectly in line with that. I'm just using these as guidelines so that I can get that general shape. One thing I do when I have is a line right down the middle so that my symmetry is good while we're practicing now, if you remember, the rule was, we're gonna have three eyes apart and it's 1/3 of the way down. So from here to there again, I'm just kind of calculating. And in here it's 1/3 of the way down. So I'd have from here to here from here to here. And here's where my eyes will start. One thing I noticed about all not all of the lines, but a lot of them when their faces in a resting position, the top of their eyes, it's almost like a perfectly straight line across the face. So let's try to do that and see how it works out for us with our new lion here, you know these ah half or about one. I space on the side for each. We can fit three eyes in the middle here and then I'm gonna draw this line down. As you see, they all have this the sort of tear duct that comes in towards the nose. Sometimes it goes down, probably straight. Sometimes it's in the little, sometimes out. But regardless the size of our I should definitely be. Consider it with consideration that there should be about three more eyes in here. So it's about that size. I might even have gone to big already. Okay, kind of like that. And then we fill in the extra space here and kind of make a triangle. Pupils are small just like that. So we have very, very crude beginning. We might need to touch that up, but there's a basic lionize with early still passes lionized. Now it will go down to our 2nd 3rd again, using your imagination, you say, Here's 1/4 we're not. Quarter 1/3. Here's 1/3. Here's another third. The new should be about here, and the nose usually is equally as wide as the space between the two eyes. So the space from here to here should be about the same as the width of the notes. Do that with a bigger thicker color. There, you see these kind of it almost makes a perfect box. But there's an illusion where the shape of the nose does come in a little bit in the shape of the eyes to go out little bit, depending on the lion. They're not all perfectly the same Anolik clones of each other, but it's something like that. There is a very much a perfect rectangle inside there, and then it has a little bit of a shape, a little bit of finesse to it. Let's go back to the black and the corners of the nose go up. I go back to the photo reference we have here, and you can see on many lines how the corner of every knows. It's pretty much flat on the top, but it has this curve like this around the nostrils. And then they go up on edges like that, and I've noticed that to be true with every line here you have curve and up on the edge. It's just like that. Okay, so back to our line here. Well, imagine there's nostril sort of oval here in here, and you can already see it. And remember the this shape appear goes up and down around the to nationals. Try and get it more symmetrical. Just like that. Okay, on. In this case, it's very basic sketch. So we're probably going to see the nostrils, has a little bit of lying down here, read in the nose, and then bring these all the way out and they go downward, so it looks like he will actually, this will be a she lioness without a main. So these should come down on a on a downward slant right here, so it looks like sort of a frown. Not so much a smile. Then you can be pretty liberal with this part here. Just make it look like a good tea. Try and keep it symmetrical. And there we already have a basic lion ship. Where do the years go? That years seem to pop out, as you can see here, right around the middle of the eyes. And they and they end out on the side where the face ends. But they still come in a little bit. So this I'm just eyeballing. It is very round, like their ears at the top. Where is like dogs or cats you might see they have a sharpness. Often it goes like this, but these are very, very round at the top, these lion ears and even that is little pointy. They should look quite round, not as round. I think, I think, bears off the top. My head might have perfectly around those circles, or is that just cartoons? But it's just very, very round with a little bit of oval, just enough to make you feel like it's going in upward direction. So it's kind of like that. That's a little lopsided. Let's see how it looks. I flipped the canvas not to bed. Okay, now again, trying to regain ah symmetry a bit will come around the cheek area, and not to say they have high cheekbones. But they do have some curve that basically goes around I and then comes in towards the mouth like this. So from the front, we won't see the jaw so much, and there's usually some indication of not eyebrow but the muscle around the eye. And they always have a very distinguishing white for line underneath There. I and I usually represent that by doing this, since we're only using pen For the moment, you can add some more lines to say suggest that the news bends in a little bit. Go back to the eyes, maybe have this point and weird a little little more says definition. And that's about it when I make some of this a bit more perfect, little sketchy on kind like that from a distance that works, this line could be whom are curved area the inside of the years. It's always as if there's a flap of skin come around here. That was eight years up, and there's always a lot of further seems to be inside that you're probably to protect a year from things like insects other out in that wild terrain. And there you have to admit, this is not, you know, there's a drawing that we just put together in a in a few minutes here on the fly, but you have to admit, that looks like a lion here, where the whiskers are. I'm usually seeing 3 to 4 rows of dot, dot dot and I just represent that roughly, uh, noticed the whiskers can come and come out in any type of way. Sometimes they're going downward sometimes they swing back a little bit, but you want to make him kind of even on both sides have the same amount of length coming up, and there's a lot of them. Sometimes will be like little whiskers of pop out this way or that way. The small, shorter ones. Longer ones. Um, I think it's a little bit of artistic liberty with that, but that's it We have Basically a line is lying looks different, maybe even better than the original up there. But it's definitely a line and were to put a main on it very quickly. Just say, like scribbling what we'll do this. Study this more professionally. Even that right there is good enough. But the for the main. Actually, the hairline has to come down a little bit like this, and it comes in around the side in front of the years and covers the years up the so have to erase some of the years and a little bit around face like this. I start to get mean. No, I'm not joining that right now, not in detail. Just give you the general idea, so that would make it a male. And that's that. So that's the entire face. Next in the next last in a live look at the body 6. Proportions Head: as a fun fact for this lesson. Here is a skull which is ranging from 11,000 to 30,000 years old. Somewhere in that range, they says, the end of the paleo steen or plat play steen. I don't know how to pronounce it era of, well, prehistory and this particular lines very interesting because although today lions as we know them are only located in ah, Africa and the bottom part of Asia and perhaps Middle East, but predominantly, mostly just Africa and the part of Asia I'm referring to would be like the bottom half of India and and, you know, countries to to the west of there, which stretch over towards Africa. And so that's where we know lions to be. But this line apparently is an American lion because, I suppose, way, way back in history, depending on how the geography was on planet Earth. Back then, things were also biologically different. And so it would be, Ah, I don't even know. Yeah, I guess you could call it a prehistoric and actual prehistoric lion, but I don't I don't know if it would differ that much from the modern day lying because 10,000 years in evolution is not a very long time, I believe. Or maybe it is, I could be wrong. Anyway, it looks similar to the stole the skull, which I have studied already. Weaken, See? Ah, we have a little bit of a study, but artistically and in terms of anatomy, that see how that looks like a giant round hole there, we're gonna see later. The lion has a giant ball shaped muscle on the side of his jaw, which is probably what makes his bite so threatening. Besides the teeth, he looked that teeth, Um, and it's not because this is a very old but even with a fresh young live lion, their teeth or not sharp, like a cat. You know, house, hold kittens. Their little claws and teeth can really just pierce your skin there, like razors. These air not, um that, you know, they're not that sharp. Not like razors. They don't just pierce your skin automatically. It's probably the lion's bite. As a predator probably comes from this giant muscle, which we're gonna notice over and over on this side of their jaw. It's ah, well, it's probably as big as a human bicep which we give a lot of credit to our strength for, um and imagine all that power put into their jaw. So the biting power and the size of their mouth and these t put together makes them a real predator. Also noticed we can't really see the eye sockets, because once again, it's interesting to remember that the lion is a forward looking animal. They don't have eyes on the the side of their head. This is where the nose would be. It would come out like this and then go back with the mouth. Well, actually, the mouth is that it should be closed more so it almost looks like his mouth might be half open and maybe some like this and then go t would be down here and the eyes would be here and so on and so forth. So it looks something like that. Anyway, there's just a fun fact. Let's move on and go ahead. So now, very quickly. Let me sketch the side view what we call the profile of Alliance and see if I'm on the right layer here. Yes. Okay. And to see if we can, you know, make it easier the same way we broke it down into simple steps in order to do this portrait of the lion. I wonder if we can do that with the side views, and I'm pretty confident we can, because I've done it before. So in order to make things easier, let me start by just copying this one that I have over here. I'm gonna move it over. Right. Okay, okay. And so we have a copy of the head right here of this line. And by the way, if I haven't mentioned it already, I'm focusing on the lion s first for a reason which I hope is somewhat obvious. It's because it's really hard to know where everything fits when that giant Maine is in the way All that further. It doesn't make it easy for us to see you know where the next should be and and the years and position of certain features on the head. So because I haven't mentioned that already, I just want to make that point very quick. One thing to know about the lion is that their faces always going down on what seems to be about a 45 degree angle. Not perfectly. But it's hard to say because there's various angles going on here and the way I thought about, um, I I did this already. And it worked, actually, way I thought about doing this is to imagine that you have something like a pyramid. We're a cone, Right? So it would go like this, then over here. Right. So I have something like a pyramid, and then we chopped it off. Okay. All right. So we're gonna chop it off right here. So now I have this kind of shape. This is basically what the lines head is like. I'm not sure if that's easy to make up, but is to say, the back here, who would be his eyes right here. And the ears? Well, shouldn't be pointing maybe something like that. So the back of the lion's head is longer and higher, and it all navigates towards the front, where it is shorter in a less less short, unless wide. Let's put it like that. So it's kind of like a ah box shaped pyramid which gets a narrow work towards the end. Okay. Something like that, where you could even think of it as like, perhaps a cone sort of has a cone shape to it. Let me just undo some that were I'll erase it real quick on Go over here. And what I want to note just, very simply is that if you you look at the guidelines from the side of the head, the place where the eyes land is actually kind of debt center, right? It's it is actually similar to join a person's head, you know, like a human, a male or a female. But why is it then, when we look at it from the front? It's not like that. Well, it's because of this curve. This angle that we have here is changing. You know, it's sort of like for shortening and giving us some perspective ankle. And so if we're looking from this side over here, boots make a nicer arrow. From over here, you can see the top of the lion's head will come out about here at the top of his eyes would be here. The tip of the nose is here and the jaw is here, so we do have our thirds there, right? We have one, 23 sections which lines up with over here. One already on the inside. 12 three sections. Excuse my to. That's way too big. Okay. Okay. Can I just draw to please? Okay, good enough. 123 Our thirds that air over here. 123 And it is again. As you can see, it's the top of the eye and the top of the news and the bottom of Joel. They line up just perfectly like that. So But why is it over here? Well, if we're looking at from the top, we get a different view, and that's the whole point. So if you're doing a side view, you can kind of see it Sounds like being able to see from the tugboats. It's basically seeing from the side. And you get to see that whole angle of his head, which changes the perspective of things. And here on that angle, his islands right in the middle, from the back of his head, all the way to the tip of his nose or her in this case. And so and so that gives us, ah, a little bit of perspective to get started with. We already have a lot of knowledge which carries over from the front view the portrait view because we we still know our thirds, right? I mean, sure, but we still have our thirds. They still exist from the front view. And now we know about the side view. And then what about the the actual drawing of his head? It would be easy to start drawing and perhaps, let's say make something like this. This will be what I seem to be a beginner mistake. And then you make the nose and the mouth, and then the eyes kind of, you know, just in the middle where they should be here. So if I were to go from here to here, it's about here. The middle is about there, right? And then we could say just round it off for the years. But something's missing. There's something obviously that this would be just a beginner version because you haven't taken the time to eyeball and feel out. A lot of the details and some of those details is the thickness right here. Zoom in the thickness from the tip of his nose to the bottom of his chin and the shape and the angle of that. And then how it comes out to the back like I was saying earlier, in sort of a cone shapes and add that to our knowledge bank. We have the angle. We have this angle, which kind of keeps the same with the back of his head. You could see where his head is tilted. Here you have that sort of angle and then the fact that the top comes in a little and the bottom goes up little. So it's making. Ultimately, it's making sort of a triangle shape from there. So that's why I used the reference of that that chopped off pyramid shape. I think that helps us out a lot. And that's why we need to know for this. Ah also noticed that where the ears are is right at the top of the head where we started, right where we started this line here, and it comes straight down from the ears right around the jaw so you don't want to make his jaw back here or up here behind the eyes. You want to make it come down and put your hand on your own ear right now and go right beneath. Feel right beneath your ear. What is that? It's your dolls, right? So that's another easy way of remembering that and making sure that you get your line and the right spot on your lion. I keep thinking about that. How am I going to continue to use the word line? Because we're drawing lines in art and Alliance, so have to pronounce that distinctly line and Lyon. Okay, so that is the head. And then over here we have the entire body which will look into in the next lesson. I'll see there. 7. Proportions Body: So now let's have a look at the full body from the side view of a lion, as you can see here, the lion I've broken it down into muscle groups and a sort of bone structure. These circles that you see here are where joints should be. So have Ah, for all four legs. Basically, you can break it down into there's two different types of legs. There's the front legs and the hind legs. And so, um, with theirs, it almost looks like a robot here, which I like, because that means it's very mechanical, very simple, something that's easier to just set the memory right. So one thing is really interesting is to look at how this bends this way. It's kind of like a person's elbow right here would be the elbow. And so this is the forearm. And here is the wrist and fingers like that. Obviously, this is it gets very different right here. The whole elbow and forearm thing looks almost human. That's easy to remember, but this part is very different around here because the wrist is actually this and this part here and these would be fingers. So the fingers of a four legged animal kind of bend backwards. That's little gross to think about when when I have toe do that with your hands. But for a four legged animal that's comfortable for them, that's how they do it. So let's keep that in mind and then for the hind leg. Look at this. It's also similar to a human leg break and see here is a hip and it comes up to a knee. And then once again, the same thing you have the shin here and the hind Paul is like all wrist and fingers which bend up to make a little Paul at at the beginning. So this whole area here would be like a hand. And I went, Oh, show you how this kind of works with all types of four legged animals. In a previous lesson of mine draw a dog. I had this slide, which is I don't know, will him heading Berg and Herman bomb, Okay. And so this dog, I just wanna turn him this way, flip him over. So he's facing the same way as a czar. Lyon over there, and you can compare him side by side. The similarities are just uncanny, right? And it makes sense. That shouldn't be such a big surprise that all four legged animals have something in common . Ah, they are, you know, four legged animals of this planet. And so they probably all come from Ah, they probably all share something in common in the in their history. So dogs and cats are both mammals, both for leg is not too big of a surprise that they have the same kind of structure. We zoom into the dog, we have the shoulder, here's the elbow, and the wrist starts here with fingers that Ben back. And you can even see the individual fingers as you zoom in. And it's a total of four 1234 Dogs don't have a thumb like we do, but I think what they're thumb would be would probably be this back part. That's where the opposable thumb would be. Or, you might argue, is this little thing that comes out here. They have that a little thing comes out of the bottom of the wrist. Maybe that is the thumb of a dog, so to speak. But for the most part, it is good to remember that they have four fingers, because it, uh when he in a situation to draw the bottom of the Paul or even the front of the pole and you want to know how many digits to make the answer is four, okay? And so that's good to know. And again, with the hips back here, it extends to a knee that bends, you know, just as you would expect a need to bend. It just goes this way. It can bend back or bend forward like that. But it doesn't. It doesn't know yet why I should say it doesn't bend that far forward. But it can go flat, just like straight like this about that much. It doesn't bend backwards, but you know what I mean? It could go back and it can swing back and forth, but not left and right so much. And then we have the risk that goes to the hand again. Okay, so there's other that what else we have here to make our drawing easier to set. The memory is a big rib cage which is basically an oval, and there's ah, spine and the neck, and that goes to the sculpt. And so what I did to break that down in another drawing here for the dog was I made these circles just like when we did proportions for the face. We have to do the same for the entire body. But save using eyes to kind of count out, you know, is ah 100 eyes long to make a dog that be ridiculous. We'll just use his head is a bigger object. So how long should the average dogs body be? And the answer is three heads longer than his existing head. So he is a total of four heads and length. So with that type of scaling system, no matter how big or how small you draw your dog, you always know you should be about four heads and length. And that seemed to be true for all different breeds to the height of many. Dogs can be drastically different because some dogs have very, very, very short legs. You know, there's like the miniature dogs. The height can be very different for proportions, but the length of almost every dog I studied was about their full body length was foreheads . Okay. And so that was good to remember now, from the bottom of the dog, and we're not studying dogs. I'm just reviewing this because it's a good example for the bottom of the dogs. Chin to his Paul was about three heads high. Let's see how that works out or applying it to this. Here are lion, so the lion is longer than a dog. It has. Am I on a good layer? Here? It has 1234 That's where the dog would have stopped. Five heads. All right, so a lion is longer. And as we're reading before, they are quite big animals. They are. What was it upto? Starting at about five feet, I believe, was the number and the that was for the females who are usually smaller. So for the males, it could be up to six feet. And I'm sure there's some giants out there who are probably seven feet long. But still, no matter of their length, I'm sure that they probably maintain these proportions no matter what their actual height her length is, but it's five heads long, and that's that. That's just something to remember. That's not hard. And then how many heads high again? It differs from the dog where we had our three heads coming starting from the neck because a lion's neck, this is one distinguishing feature is very different from a dog's neck and the way that it points forward a lot, right? And I like to notice the's and compared to the dog. I like to notice these differences because those subtle little differences are what could make your lion, maybe accidentally looked like a dog. If you're not careful, if you give a lion a neck that that points upwards like this and then pointy ears instead of round ears and just make a little bit of mistake around the ah, the jaw area. Suddenly your lion looks just like a dog. It's the subtle little differences that help us to, you know, differentiate our lion and to make sure we can distinguish it as the animal that it is. So with that in mind, it's good to notice those differences. And I just want to point out that that well, that's that the dog's neck will go, Uh, you put this layer on the top. Oh, I can't do that now. But anyway, the you can see where I'm at. I mean over here, right? The dog's neck is not very, is not probably straight, but it's a lot more vertical. And you know that when you're looking at dogs, they often when they're excited or when they want to look at something, they get perked up. Their heads pop up in a very cute way the way they do. Where's lion? There always love, which is you say they're a bit more stealthy right there. They're always like in the grass there hunters, and so they're a bit more sneaky, and they have their head laying low like that. So when you see a lion from the front with his means is what we get here. Is this kind of another? Very interesting. How many times we have thes thirds right? We get another type of thirds. I calculate that the full head from the top to the bottom of the Go T is about the same space when you go from the bottom of the goatee, down to the bottom of its body and then from there down to the ground where the paws are, it's about but just one more head. So we a total of three heads in height. Again. It's different from the dog, and mostly probably because of the neck, because his neck Lazlo. So it's not interesting weaken. It's almost like we're learning to draw to animals at once, and later on I am going to throw in a couple more. I want to look at perhaps a tiger of panther, a cougar or something, and see how they differ and how we can distinguish them. So that's it for this lesson. We're going to go ahead and start drawing some more, based on all the knowledge that we've picked up in these a few lessons here with the proportions, and you'll see how, with proportion with knowledge of proportions and joints alone, we can achieve so much and also make our studies of drawing from photos. Ah, lot easier because we have information in our head that makes it easy to break things down into simple objects. Instead of having Teoh visually trace every line you see, like a robot that's a is very painful and not recommended, and it doesn't always give necessarily great results either, as you confined with a lot of experience. Okay, so I look forward to seeing you in the next lesson. 8. Studying Lion Heads: Okay, So in this lesson, I want to start doing some joy. And these are some drawings or sketches. Leave that up to you That I did as warm up exercises before starting this lesson. I have two sets of them. If you haven't seen them already, there were, uh oh, yeah. In here there are the heads and poses so that I could work out. I'd already drawn a few bodies, full bodies, but I just want to try different poses with, like, walking and and growling, which is important, you know? What do you think of when you think of a lion that should be, but not just their head posing for you, Right. So some stereotypical lion poses thes ones. They're supposed to be sort of like, uh, this guy here, a bigger brush, This one and this one. I guess they're just fighting. I made them up mostly, and they might even need somewhere. But we'll look at that in the next lesson right now. Let's have a look at the photos and use them as reference first to make sure that, uh, this is actually sort of ah review because we've already done a lot of this. We make sure my pen is working area and you can see, for example, here is I just want toe double. Check this. All right, sort of cross reference with what? What we've studied already from my previous drawings on proportions and cross reference that with actual photos So you you can see we have our thirds for the face when he's at that regular 45 degree angle, which in this situation is kind of strange. His neck is even going on a downward angle. I guess it looks like he might be on ah, higher elevated place. And it's kind of like looking down. Maybe there's something he's hunting or she is hunting over in that direction. And still, the head maintains this 45 degree angle. They just seem to like it at that angle. Mm. So that's one thing to look at. Um, and here we have a normal sort of pose for lion again. They don't look like they're doing anything special just ahead in that normal 45 degree angle, and we got our thirds again. So this is consistency. I'm looking for right here with this. One has a main. It's hard to tell, but we can guess that. Well, you know, going to think of it. Normally you can at least see the tops of the ears, like on this one here. But that's a really thick me. So let's imagine his ears air about here. The top of his head would be here and it's on a bit of angle. I'll come down like this, I guess right on the nose takes 1/3. The top of the eyes takes 1/3. Right. That's interesting. Something I haven't looked at now yet, which we can do right here is the ice. This is where I gathered my information for the eyes. Um, not all of them are as round as this. He seems to be in a very peaceful state right now. Um, I guess I don't know if it's the intensity of the sun or if they have a mood or what it is . But you know, like with this one here, you can see there's that almost like a straight line that comes straight across it. It's kind of flat on the top of the rise, sort of like that and something that's very similar to humans. is that the pupils are resting at the top of the islet, which is if you study human drawing people. That's also what we do. We have. Usually, there could be a little bit of space around the bottom of the eye, showing the whites of our eyes and the are not the pupils necessarily not know you. Take that back. Sorry, the iris, at least. But there's something There's something similar about that. The iris of the human eyes usually cut off. Ah, just before it is the pupil or leaving a bit more space. And that will determine how relaxed the character looks with human eyes. And I'm not going to say that's the same for lions, because I think you need to understand something like lions psychology. But, you know, it's funny. We all come. We're all mammals will come from planet Earth. There might be some similarities there, so you can the it's something to think about on. That's I'm going from face to face here, I hope not too quickly, but I'm just trying to prove that that point seems to be consistent. So those little details are extremely important when you're going to make a drawing because that could be the difference of someone looking at your joining saying there's something funny, but I don't know what or saying, Wow, you got it Spot on the ice of perfect. It did. A lot of people just don't notice these things. It's something that this is why we study classes like this. You know, you have to read books. Um, listen, the lessons and we pick up all these little details. And the great thing is, when you learn something like that, it works across from the lions all the way over to the humans, as I mentioned, and probably other animals as well. So you learn one lesson and it sticks with you and helps you along the way. Everything else we kind of covered I consuming in the nostrils again and a reminder that the news goes like this. It was around the nostrils, and it's a sharp triangle on a very little bit amount of space in here before we get into that frowning kind of face over on this 11 thing I will I suggest I submit to the jury that one thing that might distinguish male lion from a lioness. Despite besides only the main it might be, I keep thinking that distance between their eyes and the width of their nose just might be bigger, right? So if we get, let me try and get it framed. So every year you can see a male over here, you can see a female. I do feel like now I want to be fair. What do you think that the males are stronger? Just sense that I don't know. It's just illusion from the main. It does always seem. It could be an illusion because of the main. But it does seem to me, and it's hard to prove scientifically. But I always to get a little bit of extra space. 123 Who are C? I get 3.5 with this guy and I don't know. But if I'm biased on my doing that because I want that to be true. But I do have that sense, so keep that mind. It might be one of the things that distinguishes them. Okay, And so with that, let me go to a time lapse real quick, and I'll just sketch up Just using those rules, I will sketch up some lion heads 9. Sketching Lions Faces: Okay, so now I'm going to sketch a line. As you can see, I'm being very careful with my guidelines here. I want this to this 1st 1 to be the one that everyone conduce. Obviously, like any other class which takes itself seriously, things will get harder as we go along. So let's start off really slow and careful and I'm trying to get as you can see, the I spaced out correctly and they're not. Actually, when I look back to the video, I can see mystics. Sometimes when I'm drawing, especially with the camera, there's two problems. One is that it locks up a little bit of memory problems. And, ah, as a result of all that, the little folks that can happen. I do get a bit nervous, actually, so I rush it a little bit. But, um, as you've noticed, I always come back and fix things later, so that would be taken care of. I'm just focusing on the eyes here. I don't have a whole lot to say. That hasn't been said already. As you can see, I'm taking my time and using photo reference, I want this one to be good and Ah, it's very, very sloppy. But that's because at the time of making this, I was still a little bit. Knew I'd only drawn a handful of lions. Well, I drawn. I had drawn two pages full of lines at least, and done a lot of study. But, um, there was a lot of details, such as the eyes where I just needed photo reference there. I've just really went toe, get it perfect, you know? And so when you're doing something for the first time and try to get a perfect obviously, it's gonna be, ah, not as clean, right. Not as smooth as when you get proficient at it. So in just a moment now I'm going toe pause the time lapse and go into detail about certain things. I do that a couple times in this video, but during the time lapse. Now I just want to give you something to listen to while you're watching the sketch. As you can see, nothing very new. The that year's should start at the side of the eyes. I think that might be one of the upcoming tips, and I'm using all my guidelines that I'm watching my space and ah, as Ghencea start with sketchy lines everywhere and then slowly smooth those lines out until I think they have the exact angle that I'm looking for. Okay, so let's go ahead and stop, and I'll talk a bit too. So I just want to come back for a minute and ah, have you work with me while we're looking at the main drawing of the main right here. Try not to make this too confusing or separate them. Um, when we're getting to the main, like entering this back on, Hold on, let's use I have two good images here. Let's use this guy. And with Red here, we can't see the top of his head will look at the other one for that. But let's just see. First of all, his ears are up here, right there. They're up high. And so one thing that when you want to start thinking of, where do I draw? My main is above the eyes, but below that year's right, so his main will cover that up, and now it comes around the cheek. The line of the main kind of it comes down a little bit, and then it shoots out again and kind of wraps around the Chico, so you don't have to think too much about where his jaw is. That's well, it's kind of good news. It's just one less thing to think about. And then a Z can see here very well. In this picture of you. Zoom in close. It kind of comes up and his gin pops out very far beyond the made beyond the main. It comes out as if you know the main is back, you know behind him and that's it. It's like jutting out. So his jaws jutting out like that. And that's just, you know, an observation of one male lion. There are a lot of different observations that he made this here. They're sort of like where they call the widows crest that forget the exacting. But you see how it comes in with that Dracula style kind of kind of hair do on on the side . As I said, you can see here that the main starts just a little bit before the ears, and it kind of covers up the bottom half. Usually it's odd. I think, that you can't see his ears at all Maybe he just has an amazing name. Um, but this some The forehead on this guy when I know it's not all lions. Like there's different breeds of lines, obviously. And ah, well, I don't know if I should say breed, but a different species or sub classes or whatever with this one here. He just has hopes on there He has. I don't right over the other one. But you can see the red it was zoom in heat while he doesn't have that, you know that, Sure. But he does have something here You can notice. It just is not very, Harry. But there's something there. So they might all have that in common. Is it true, even with the females were one thing that I haven't mentioned yet is At least you can notice the indentation on almost every lion or lioness. And that seems to come. Will you look at it as an indentation or as to mountains, Right. As you can see on this one, here is a bit of an indentation there, So that might tell us something. And look here, even on a female lioness, you can You can sense a pattern that kind of comes in and makes that triangle shape right there. Although that one's a bit exaggerated. And, ah, you know, you just gotta take it one of the time and see how it works out with all the various lines that you see. So I leave that right there. I just want to point that out. After that, I think everything else gets pretty self explanatory is more about defining the area around his face. It's always gonna be a he for the, you know, for the main. And then, you know, you see this sort of a pair of shape that comes out again. There's a subtle differences on the outside form, um, of drawing, you know, well, hair in general. But usually it's just kind of round like that. Have no, sometimes will be apart in the middle. Sometimes they have less hair on the top. There's just anything gonna happen. But that general format general shape of just making almost like a heart shape or or a drop , you know, upside down teardrop kind of shape will usually get us started. So let me go ahead and try and represent that in the sketch. I'm working on here. Okay, so now we're back The time lapse, and we're focusing on the main now. So we got the face down pretty good. And you notice I guess I didn't really draw in so much of the jaw. Or if I did, it wasn't even necessary, because that has to be a race to add. The main is one feature is very interesting about drawing the lion. If it's ah, well, if it's a male in particular, we have to ignore a lot of details That would be good to know, such as where exactly is the jaw and everything like this? And, uh, we're not that much detail at the top of the head, you know that years can be covered sometimes, but by having a good understanding of the lion s, which we did cover and and we will continue to cover, it really helps us to have a guess as to what's down there. And there are male lions with very thin mains or even almost no main at all, so you can find pictures of them. Um, they are an oddity, in my opinion, so I didn't want to focus on them. It'll and They're also not so fun to look at. They look like they have issues. So, um yeah, but here we'll get to look at some hair. It will main drawing techniques, which is I think that's exactly what I go into in the next pause, which is coming very soon. But here you can see, I'm just laying down the foundation of the bigger shapes of the main. And then as time goes by, I slowly add a bit more detail. Okay, we're about ready for a pause. So just another quick break here to look at, um, the details of the for and what happens here the for it's like drawing hair. It's not easy. One thing I want to point out, just in case you're some people might be completely new to drawing in general. So notice that I drew the entire shape of the hair. First. I even stopped and explained that in the last section, so that's really, really important, whether it be whether you're drawing like human hair or, you know, Tufts of hair, like a main or any other animal or anything, is to try to find the sections of where the Harris and we can look at some more detail later about what we can do about, say, for example, of the usual for on his face, or even go in and maybe do some details like this. But try and find a way to make it easier. Not harder to spend all day working on that. Some quick tips, perhaps if I can. But first, for now, let me stay on subject here. Just please remember, toe, make that whole shape first, and then notice. I hope you noticed in the time lapse as I was going by here, I was, um, racing a lot as I came in. And that helps because if you zoom in here, it will you see it? What I'm doing is in order to be fast, I'm making a bunch of arrows like this, and I'm just kind of scribbling up and down. I don't have time to be precise and go one hair one here. I mean, obviously, is not anyone's gold to draw. You shouldn't every individual hair, but we're trying to, you know, make that feeling the impression of hair with that type of, you know, technique is just have like this and it works well, because usually hair comes in toughs. It kind of like, uh I don't know what the perfect word for, but, um, it kind of groups up, right? Love hair groups up here is a really good example where you can see, you know, if I get the read out Here's a little up wrong on the wrong there. It's not open. Okay? If I get here, you see here is little a tough, tough toe. And this this whole area here seems to kind of make a section see how that works. It is like it's like a fiery section, and that's not the way I could have done this right. I feel a section here is separating the dark from the light and confined little little groupings, little sections and that might be natural. Or it might just be per lion it. You know, it's hard to say, but for the meantime, let's just use that as a trick to do our dry and I'll get back. Where was this one and a black pen? And I even made him, you could say, but to perfect so and so that's used that as a technique to Ah, you know, make it easier for us and use that knowledge. But at the same time, uh, don't worry too much and think so much about it and just a race and go. But the important thing was to there's two things to keep in mind with. This one is that some of the hair starts all the way up here and works its way all the way down. Some of it starts about halfway, right. And you can see that a lot in our lion here. Right? There's varying lengths of hair, some of his long so that short. But it all kind of clumps together to make the hair all right. And so that's kind of how it works. So if you keep that in mind and just kind of, well, it around, like, right here, I'll have ah, looks home brush. Right brush. Right. Okay, so right here I might make a little grouping that comes out like this, right? And I want it to be even. So do the same over here. And then I'll zoom in and I'll erase a bit and draw any Judas of pencil. You can't do with pen. You do with pencil to first make this shape a bit random. Like we saw. The fiery type of shape is like some some Tufts of hair just gonna chart jarred out like that. Start the right. We're out. I think I meant to say Jet out like that. Some of them will be more mild and, you know, bigger groups. And and just think of the hair. Is this long here? Should there be a couple strands coming from here to there? Maybe a few from here to there. And so you're not drawing each and every single hair, But you're using these tricks of scribbling and locations that that makes us sort of overall form for you. And the more you do that, the better you get at it. I've been doing this for a long time, obviously, and this is a very natural technique. We were studying something like comic books while they'll have some bookie read and follow these rules. 1234 And that's how you do hair. And if you break the rules, somebody gets angry. Well, we're not doing that. He can do that if you want to, but I'm doing it like this and I like the results I get and I can change the results I get . I'm choosing to do it like this right now. There are other ways I know how to do it. But this is one way that I can make a quick and easy sketch on coming later and prove it if I want to know. Underneath his jaw, I decided to fill in mawr hair that's representing the shade. That's another thing you can do with hair. That's wonderful, that you can use it as a, uh, an excuse to add some shadow and some shade here in there. So that seems kind of natural. And you do that everywhere to this tuft of hair here is popping out than underneath. It should be a bit of shadow, right? The same goes for the rest of it. I can see here. I feel like there should be some shadow over here. Over here, it's separating the shorter groupings of hair from the longer ones, and then you get you know it starts to feel a bit three dimensional. The beauty of that is that it starts to draw itself. After a while, you might have heard he will say this before. Sometimes it's like the pencil is just taking over. And I'm just an observer here. I'm just watching it as I feel in the space stocks, and that's a good place to be. You know, that's where you want to get to where you can just relax. This looks too perfect up here. So let me break it up a little patch over here, patch over there and still make it look like it. Obviously, you know, all the hair is jutting out from the center of the face. So if you look here, you know you started center of the face. These hairlines are all going out this way and gravity pulls down the side hair, right? If it's short, that will stick straight up. Perhaps. But if it's long enough, then gravity gets it and it starts to go down. So get a spider ring effect like that, and that's Ah, that's another tip on. You know how to make your lines the ally. And he s not l i o n s how to make your lines how to draw your lines correctly when you're working on the main. Okay, let's leave it at that. I'm gonna have to cut this lesson here because it'll get too long. And so I might just do another one in pure time Lapse unless anything interesting comes up and I'll stop and give you smart tips. Ah, for now, that's it for this one. And we'll see in the next one where we do a side face, a profile of the line, then we'll move on to the bodies. 10. Sketching Lion Profiles: Let's jump right into the time lapse. As you can see here, I'm just making my thirds and some guidelines. I have the head prepared to go in a 45 degree angle is really interesting how it just almost looks like a perfect, almost like an Egyptian geometric type of drawing here because we can religious just follow the guidelines. It seems to be a bit easier to make the profile as such. So this partisan time lapse and very soon I'm going to slow down and go into detail. But this, ah, part is a bit boring, and it's a bit long, so I just figured I'd make a time lapse of it. Just sketching out the lines in the shape got the eyes where I think they should be halfway through. And let's slow down another quick insert here for some of the details on the profile. As you see eye to, ah, straight line to make sort of the 45 degree angle for a cone shape of the head, and I want to note that about where the eyes are. It's a bridge of the nose, just like for people, and it does come down a little bit, but be careful not to bring it down to Sharp would make a dog. It's a subtle incline, and it bounces back up and goes back down like this. Now I my feeling and this could defer her lion is that there's a bit of a bridge in the nose, right? I'd like to see it that way, and it goes down even further on an incline. This sort of ah, stealthiness sleekness to other comes down like this is a very, very subtle thing, which might not be 100% true, but I see it that way. I also see the head as having a the forehead here as having a bit of a curve to it. I would assume that's a natural thing. Uh, you know, just, you know, it's a organic form, It's a body. And so there should be. There's always usually a bit of roundness here and there. When the I is usually I might even have too much space here. Um, either is very close to the top of the head. Let's just take a moment to look at that. If I know profile here on this guy, he's not perfectly well. Yeah, there's little space there. He's not perfectly is not a perfect profile. He's not turned all the way over. I can see the top of his news. This one is more of an example. There is a little space there, and there are eyelashes, by the way, but you don't see them too much unless he really zoom in. And it seems to me the eyelashes seem to get mixed in with the for a bit. So I'm not sure, depending on the color. Those are actually prominent eyelashes right there on this, a male. So let's keep that in mind. That's actually news for me. I keep picking up new subtleties along the way, and I do plan on going into detail, zooming in on later lessons. But for now, there's that, and there's some other subtleties which, uh, I picked up previously. One is that it is normal for this. Ah, line here to come kind of straight ish down, but curved back a little bit. And again, let's confirm that you see here is coming back a little bit, um, again here. It might be the goatee that juts out, though. So Well, I learned with this or what I decided to adopt, as my method is to have it come in where we think it should, so they know should be here. There's, ah, a nostril here as the bump and it comes back a little bit and it curls up, remember, was it curls up as you curl ups as if it's going to the top of Thea is reaching up to meet where the eyes leave off here, curling up like that, have a little bit of shark triangle. We have a little bit of space right here and then it starts to come down, right? I'm gonna leave that right there. There's more work to be done there, but I'm gonna chop off that space right there and for the rest of goatee, I'm gonna have a out a little bit like this, using our for technique and then come back in. That might be a little too sharp, but ah, I think you get the idea. And if you look at the reference, kind of makes sense now, the jaw on the side. As I was saying before, there's a huge muscle right here and again, as I was saying, Uh, make sure that you're here, where your rear ends is about where your job begins and is just a huge muscle inside there . You don't need to actually see the muscle, but it's just a giant circle right here, and it fits perfectly inside our box. And that might also cause a bit of a curve right here, right again. A very subtle, very organic kind of curve, Which for me, I hope you draw better than I do for May. Take a few attempts. Get like that Now where we left off here with the mouth. Where does Echo I found it. You don't want him smiling necessarily right? That doesn't look like a lion. It's silly, but it comes down and they often seem tohave like Ah appel trick. This mouth can expand when they were, like roaring. Or I guess fighting or biting it can expand very wide. So it will be a bit of relief here of extra skin that that gets pulled out when they're ah , when inviting, Uh, we can still express a the space that goes around here. I don't know this parts called, but you know this this roundness that comes around here a little bit, express that with some for line and continued to do remarks of like, three rows and I don't know, I usually end up with, like, seven or eight. That's somewhere around there and then ah, well, just looking at it now I'm feeling that it's not. I didn't feel big enough. I think my Yeah, so I have options here. I could leave that there and bring the jaw down a bit. I might actually do that. It looks like to sleep. Click is coming or she is coming down to a narrow mouth, which I don't want. I want a big, powerful mouth. It still has to come in a bit, but more like this, right? So that being the case, you're like this. Stick with my original rule and then have this pop out little, then come back in and do the mouth again. That it looks a bit more bit more powerful might still bring the jaw down a little bit more good to watch mistakes when they happen, hopefully helps you learn more. You wanna race this because it's actually just supposed to be for that's a little better. It could be the next to. So let me check my reference again. Yep. Yeah. See, that mouth comes all the way down to the bottom. They see that extra flap of mouth area there, which is designed to be able to expand very far. And it almost comes all the way down to the bottom of the jaw and check my neck rind of a have one. And I don't I think this is about as good as it gets. But the next starts at the bottom of the jaw. They have thick next. So let me try and use that. Go back here and say, In that case, I could bring this down further. The mouth starts. Here you go all the way down almost to the bottom of the jaw like that. Therefore, could make my nose bigger. I still have my goatee. One choose for something. Well, sloppy. Yeah. Now I'm feeling more like a line and the net comes out direct directly from under here, and I should get thicker as extends like that. Yeah, I think there's just some subtle details going to work when I'll keep on sketching and you'll see some hair coming out here some. Ah, try and add some detail with the for. We'll see what happens. Yeah. Now we're back into time. Lapse. Ah, the nose I found always comes out over the very part of the top of the nose, comes over just a little bit where the black part of the nerves begins. As you see, I just drew out there. That's one detail. His goatee looks a little sharp here, but I simply like how it looks. I don't know. That's perfectly realistic. I like how the top half of the news dense in a little. And then it suddenly juts out for the goatee. And that is, ah, true to form. It's true to the nature. From my photo reference, I might just exaggerated that a bit. Think there's ears or too pointy? Am I going to round them off a bit? I hope I do. If not fix that later. You had to look in more for the ah, the for other from the side. If you look at some of the pictures that the ears might look a little pointy because you can't see the whole roundness of them right as I have you to look at, Ah, a circular object from an angle. It has an oval nous to it, so that might make that years seem a bit pointy from the side. Might be right about that. So now I'm just, as I was saying, just adding suggestions of for Can't add too much because it will make it look like, ah, blacker too dark. And so just adding some suggestions here and there, using lines again. It's just scribbles in the right place and dot, dot, dot as you can see there and that's about it. We're wrapping up this video, and I look forward to seeing you in the next lesson. 11. Reviewing Details of Lion Heads: this lesson. I have another fun fact, and then we will review something and, uh, just a couple of quick notes. So, um, Pantera is a genus within the family Felli day. Ah, that was named and described by Lawrence. Okay, now I don't know what all of that means. Who Lauren's Okun is an 18 16 is a long time ago, and it carries on with other names that revised it. But the important thing here is that it includes, as we see here, the species lion and also tiger, jaguar and leopard. So they call the lion. I guess the technical classifications for is Panthera Leo. And that would be this one right here. The tiger, the important port. The important part about this that's Amman, Amman. Apia is the tiger and the lion. And here we have. I guess it's a leopard in a Jaguar. I don't know. That's correct Order, but let me double check is Jaguar and Leopard. All of them are in the same family because of cranial features and cranium. Future for me means something like the brain. Let's have a look about the school. The thing is with, um, the red here if you just look at their heads and I'm sorry, it's a little blurry, but you can see something even with the blurry image that's very obvious here. They all point their heads quite downward, and they have a face that looks right at you, right? It's almost like these air, Ah, sort of, uh, mask wearing animal, because the way that their faces are designed, I think that's the distinctive feature of these types of cats. Is that the way that their faces long and looks right at you? It's almost like a human wearing a mask. And so all of them have that feature and that years seem to be about the same round ears. There's a little bit of a main coming out in the tiger, but obviously is very different, and whispers and mouth look very similar. So I think we're gonna learn a lot from just learning to draw the lion. It'll be well, it'll be a stepping stone to draw these other animals as well. I do believe there's more than just the stripes and the spots that makes them different. We could have a look at that, but later it was just a fun fact to keep the inspiration and motivation guy. In addition to that, I want to for more motivation. Ah, this is just a sketch I was working on. I want to see how quickly with everything we learned. Because I know this is just about the point where people are following me and then we start to draw a lot and they start to say, Oh, it's getting hard. You lost me. Well, let me see if I can not lose you by taking everything we've learned and making it very simple. Uh, because I sketch quite sloppily, I'm going to use this tool to make a perfect circle was not perfect. And a guideline. This is how many steps is it gonna take us? Right? And then that looks pretty cool. Um, I made my circle for the head. This is going to be the chin. And how do I know how long to make my chin? Don't forget our thirds. It's all about 3rd 3rd 3rd 3rd Right. So there's that's about right. Um, eyeballing it. But I only wanted the bottom line of the chin. Don't need this. And then I can basically a race here and come in like this. And then we have our one guideline for the top of the eyes on for the top news again, I'm eyeballing it. I'm feeling thirds and then we kind of start our other rules Here, make the I make this very, very basic news Turns up towards the eyes. This here line for the bottom of the nose. The friend that comes down that that that that that that it's already starting to take for him. And I I want to use this side of his head as a guide, as a starting place as to where to draw my years. Make him around because it's hard to say. Hear, hear, hear! Exactly. But the side of the head seems kind of clear to make it. Hopefully, about the same. I didn't do that. Well, trying to make it symmetrical with the other one. And there we go for a lion s. Anyway, a few more details. Eso How many steps is that at the Circle Circle Head? Ah, with you a chin. All right. And a couple lines for the side of the jaw. Whiskers. These are hard to do of both sides. Evenly Yeah, like that. Okay. And I always feel like we need that line under here. It just doesn't feel like a lion without that. Something that signify the white space underneath and a little bit of eyebrow. I don't know. Something like that, Maybe. Yeah, it's not eyebrow, but they have that just muscle definition. Er, we flipped that around. See? That turned out OK. Not too bad. Right. So there's a cartoony version of it, and it was like I said, Reddick out here. How many steps was a 123456789 You bring it down to about 10 steps. If you minimalized it and you get a cartoon line, his or her lion s. In this case, the nose is a pit long, not perfectly symmetrical. That was all my fault. A little light in their eyes, not too shabby. We could seem a bit furry around here. Okay, so I just want to point out how easily that could be done. Make it look like for you can always erase some areas. Do you like this? And you know me. I'll sit here on it and work on it all. Dave if you let me go. But let's ah, let's just put that to the site. And I wanted Teoh review that very quickly. Hopefully, we're getting to the point where we could just whip up Ah, lion Head any time we need to. That's kind of the goal over here for some details on the For with this profile out, spin it back to where it was. Um, one thing that's interesting to note is that it's useful to erase some lines or if you're, ah, using pen, you could perhaps use white out or just try to avoid that space. When you're drawing whatever you have to do, you don't have to do this, but it is very useful to make it look like there's some actual white whiskers coming through that space there. Sometimes it's just, ah, simple trick that makes it look a little bit more professional. And in a case like this, where we have a lot of dark lines feeling in, you probably just wouldn't even be able to see these whiskers if I didn't erase some space right there. It helps it to shine through a bit, and the whiskers are pretty important for Cats. It's a signifying future. Something else with the for here Is that it all? All of the for this is hard to draw. I had to keep looking in the photos myself to remind myself, but they all go away from the I in this area. Otherwise, back here at all, here's away. It's all running away from the head, you know, as it goes back towards the back in the body and the place. That's easy enough, but the place where it gets weird is at the nose, cause here it's going away from the eye. But what do you do when you get here and here it just seems to let go up, and it's very, very short, right? So there's a weird space between the top of the nose and where the are the side of the nose and where the ice starts. Basically, this area here, which you just can't tell it's just very short. But then somehow it kind of magically comes back here and start swinging backwards, which makes sense because thes these are all going back to like that. So that's not easy. Anyone who says that's easy is over, simplifying things I don't want to say it's easy at all. But what is easy is knowing that the for should be very, very short lines because first very short. It's just a little hairs and lots of so you have to make each and every individual line very short, just like that. And this is short enough how I did it here and don't make too much of it because that'll really dark in the image, the actual color of the lionesses, Very like now with the main. It's different because it's hair, first of all, and it might actually be dark It it's not unusual to have a dark colored mate, so it can do that. But with for unless it's actually a dark colored animal, then don't use too much of it. It was a Black Panther. Perhaps we would do that, but that would be a different story. Then what we have right now. And so those those are basically all the tips, very short lines and then for beginners. I would just say focus on adding a little for around the eyes that maybe under here, I did notice that the jaw line back here of the lioness does have a little bit more longer fluff here for back there. So it's almost like, uh, no, you call it some chops, right? Not Ah, but I don't remember all the, like the Elvis sideburns you have here Not necessarily sideburns, but more like chops that come down like that just a little bit longer in this area here. And, um, finally, if you do want to dare to get to this area, just remember, there's a very, very short on the top of the nose, and it gradually starts to come down and full in line with everything else. So there's a pattern that kind of goes around like this, right? If you can follow those lines, but it all kind of comes back to the top and also around here, so that I guess that's the trickiest area right there. That's it, that's all. So there's with the three things I want it for. This lesson very quick, just proved that we can take a rules and whip up a quick lion review that for technique and the that Panther era is an interesting word, which covers a lot of interesting animals that we can draw with these lessons and more, there's air. Only a few. I think we can even do cheetah and something else. By extending the legs and changing, you know the size and shape some things. Well, look at that later. And for now, See in the next lesson where we're gonna dive into drawing the bodies. 12. Studying Lion Bodies: All right, let's dive back into it. This is going to be a difficult section with complicated things, but don't think it's as complicated as what we're looking at right here on the screen. That's a lot of stuff to remember that stuff is there for reference. Most of it, especially the muscle tone. The thing is, if we look at a lion who has any muscle tone at all, we try and find when in here we have a lot. Okay, here's something we're trying to stay on. Do I really? It, uh, Give me one sec. There we go. Second draw on this one. Yeah. So we're looking here, and I'm not even sure necessarily of this is muscle tone, but there it is. This definitely is. This definitely looks like it is, but it looks kind of like a wrinkle to um But that wrinkle might have been defined because of the muscle, the shape of the muscle. And so this is 100% definitely from muscle Onda. We even drew that out. So let's go back with those lines in our mind here. See a little bit of an indentation and this looks like a healthy lion. I believe because of the gate in the background, it looks like a zoo. Um, that 12 looks very much like a zoo I could find. Ah, more wildlife. Here we go. Like this one. Well, he just doesn't look healthy, actually. But the point being, Yeah, he doesn't look healthy, but he is a lying. So the point being, if they were thinner, a bit more scrawny or if they were stronger, then we might get more definition. And so I want to be prepared for that. I want to be able to draw a very strong lion as well. A strong just on average line like this one here. The hind leg. That's it. Even though it's just one line here and maybe a little bit of one there, this whole giant thing here is a patch of muscle and you just tell that's bulging out. That's like Arnold Schwarzenegger bicep right there. That's a giant hunk of meat. And there's some other details to like some indentations here, and you can see barely a little bit here. And there might even be veiny lines around which don't come out through the first so much depending on how thick their fur is. So there's a lot of little stuff like that which we can constantly add to, but we don't need to go there right now. What I want to do right now, what I want to do now is just have a look at the overall form of this. So if I were to take, if I were to ignore a lot of these little details that nuts and bolts and everything, uh, the first thing I want to do is see that there's kind of a sausage here, right? A little bit of an egg shaped. There's more sausage in the front because of lungs and ribs. His ribs will be there and the lungs will be underneath the ribs just like humans, I assume. And so there's that big, heavy part of the sausage and then the back sausage that goes like this. So it's one sausage that has actually, we could say it's kind of eggplant is the eggplant kind of has a shape like this, right it gets or a pair neck plant repair, but it's on it on its side, right? So it's a an eggplant. That's like laying sideways, but the back should be straight. Obviously, that's where the spine is. I think that's pretty straightforward, and I have a smaller part in the back and the bigger part in the front, and that will give it that will cover a lot of animals. However, I've noticed a lot of lines. Do you tend to have a gut as well? So you'll frequently get a little bit of this kind of shape. I've specifically made this line very trim and lean, and it's a female and very healthy, just kind of a perfect form. So, um, she's like that. But don't be surprised at all of you. See a perfectly straight line for a lot of lines because their gut is coming out here as well. That's the stomach which is under the ribs, right, which is no surprise. So there's not too hard so far to start off the whole body shape, and then we just have to get the top half the leg and the bottom half of like you could do like that or what's eat was you're gonna find to be easier when you're drawing the body in any kind of pose, right when they're doing things like laying down or moving up is to remember that the hind legs start at the hip, which is at the but generally speaking in How down is that in and out. And of course, I just keep beating the dead horse that the hands air, special toe hand easier, their hands right and the defeat or what we call Paul's. In case you just, you know, in case you missed the first lesson. I know they're not actually hands, but I'm referring to them is like human hands to make it easy to remember and then for the front it again. It starts at a shoulder because in out. So both of their, uh, the hind legs and the front legs they both bend inward. And that's Ah pretty obvious when you see him in a sitting position, which we'll see in a minute. And so that's that. And then we already did that head, and we know that the neck only comes out so far. We should judge that it is bad to make the neck too long, so we should judge that it's about the same length as the head, but a little bit shorter. I keep noticing that they have relatively short nets. They're not a long necked of the kind of animals. So that would be I think dogs have longer next. Actually, cats, kittens. Now we live in a kitten, for example. I don't I don't remember thinking about the neck of a kitten. They probably have no no necks and cats. Also, we're not big on there on next. So this is it. And that was it. You know, just there's a few kind of steps were drawing the side view, and so, uh, I'm sorry. That may just cut this video right here. There is more content to come, and I'm just going to split it into the next lesson, so see there. 13. More Study on Lion Bodies: But what about when we try to get it into a only that later on. What about when we try to get it into motion? And I have a new sketch? Uh, not in this one. Some new sketches here for this. These are very, very rough. We're just warming up thing around. So I used my rules to do a basic side view sketch like this, and it turned out okay, I think I could keep working on that confidently and will come out looking like a lion. And then, um, let me look at that one last. Here's reminder of our, uh, limbs right side view. The hip is here, and it goes in how and then you have your wrist, which is kind of a zig zag rate in out. And then here is the shoulder. And although because because of a sitting position, it doesn't necessarily go in. But it's not going is not going this way, right? First it comes down, then it goes out. So just so you know, my meaning is not to tell you that it always has the dive in word, but you know, it bends in the opposite direction of where it starts, and by opposite I mean judging from the center. So the center is here. It'll bend outwards, and center is here for this one. It will come and been opposite just like that and then years. So we go in out and we have our risk area. And there's all that funny stuff up there, which is Ah, for Donald Lee. Just hard to explain. But visually, I think I've laid it out very well. There is a risk here and extends. And then there's the Paul at the end, so there's a lot going on in there. It's hard to really put in words, but I think we can break it down just by saying, Remember, there's a bunch of risk bones there and they split out and make a Paul. But the Paul can bend in or out. Zaken vault bend in any direction will not left or right. But it has a lot of flexibility. The politest okay, and this one here, more sitting position. A different sitting position, I guess is I don't know how to laying down could mean laying on the side. And I was wondering how to put this this is like, you'd say full sitting position. And maybe this is half sitting positions, something like that, or sitting up versus sitting all the way down, right? I don't know if we have officials, lion sitting terminology, but I suppose we have to distinguish this right now, so Ah, the hip here again would start in. Are you gonna start from the hip and then go in towards the center and then out? Now, you see this all the time with dogs and cats and the four legged animals maybe reminds me of the kangaroo where you get all of this here is like a big circle which is hiding all of their knee and all of that bone there. So that's a weird thing, right? And when you go to draw it, that might be part of why people don't understand how to draw hind legs sometimes, because all of that for it seems to just suck in all of the burn when it bends in. When they're standing up, you can see here's where one Ben would be. There's another joint is the joint. You can see it, but then it's so strange that when they put their leg up That this for just covers it all up. It just covers all all of those joints. And so it looks like it's just one big lump and a little, uh, Paul projecting out this way the keep in mind. There's stuff going on in there. There's a joint here. It goes up to a knee. Ah, this is is the hip. This and knee goes down to what should be an ankle, and this would be the what we call the foot. And so every here is a shoulder baron little hump up there, which we should have covered earlier. I'm gonna go back just a second proportions there. Um, so his actual or her actual shoulder Would he call? Yeah, the shoulder joint. I'm thinking, starts here and always goes down to just about where the body ends, Right? So here's the body goes down about to that point, and then that's where you can start your elbow. Good. It's about here. And then again, the Paul does. It's funny little trick there. So, um, they're sitting sitting up in standing obviously for the front. Paul's are about the same something else to notices a distance that they have between, um, with a dog. Uh, I don't have a perfect example here, but, uh, looking clothes here, I had to Paul's there rather close together. And in the front there also rather close together. If it were a dog guaranteed, this leg would be This hind leg would be popping out Doglegs. They're always separated. They always have, like, a wide stance. I don't know why that is. It looks like the ready to pounce, I guess something like that. But cats Ah, a little bit more graceful in their ability to put their legs in different positions. And as you see over here, um, I did a little bit of a study for a lion that might be getting ready to climb a tree. Just have something more interesting to look at. And in that situation, I did see the legs spread out of it. The hind legs take a wider stance, so it's possible they do it. They're very flexible, obviously their cats and cat, sir, from a synonymous with flexibility. And it's very flexible. They can do that, but often understanding. I see them in a more graceful, more elegant type of where even with the the male lions, although they might look a bit more masculine. Obviously so. Yet is that gracefulness of the keeping the pause a bit closer together? I don't know why on this one they were little separated. It depends, and again there's a lot more research to be done, and it also might depend. Per lion. There's, ah, a lot of a lot of work to be done in the so I'm planning to draw as many as I can. As you see, I've drawn so many lions already, and I just keep drawing more and more and studying more and more. And another tip is to go on YouTube and look up some videos. Because when I looked at videos after doing all this work, it blew my mind and changed a lot of things that I was thinking previously and made me see new things, because when you look at a single individual image of a lion, you're you're not getting a full scope. You're just seeing still images when you see ah head its head turn from here to there. Suddenly you really feel the shape, then you really know what's going on and it helps the part of the reason why a couple of things from watching videos I learned, for example, is that years I think I should work on them a bit more differently. Very subtle, very subtle. Nothing to worry about. Panic with, you know, everything I've taught you this for. Ah, but the chin area. Maybe it seems to be more frequent that the chin of a female lioness does pop out in a quite masculine, ah, jaw kind of way where they call it the jacket. Joel, I believe a sharp, jagged hole, which is usually a masculine kind of thing. But in this case, it's not. It's where the female lion and that's why the line needs the main to compensate, to make him even more manly. Ah, so all of that's great. This is all wonderful news. Want to review that just in this quick lesson here so you can see where we're going in the very next lesson, which is toe just sketch out. Basically, I want to go through another one of these and another one of these with you and I will leave you to practice the others, and we will be reviewing more of this style later too. So we'll we'll cover everything eventually. But for the next one. Let's just cover this and this and then we can move on to the next section. Okay, See you soon. 14. Drawing Lion Bodies: So here is the one thing I keep skipping. I'm trying to get back to be before we start sketching our lion body is this skeleton. It is kind of like a skeleton. It's unnecessary the way that I drew it. But this is a letter I made beneath beneath this illustration Here will not an illustration , but just a like, you know, a study beneath this study here, I you can just see it. You can just see it when I turn it on like this and hide the top layer there you have. It's basically like a skeleton that draws out all the mandatory, like minimal. This what I consider to be the bare, minimal amount of bone structure that we need to understand to draw our line proportions correctly. And I kept wanting to come back to this. So let me just have a look quick. Look, right now, one of the important things that is lacking is a shoulder bone, which I haven't talked about a lot. You often see a little bump in the back of the neck of a lion and it can be deceiving. But based on all of the studies I've done I want to poke around here. I have some of these extra images. You see it very clearly right here. It because there's a bump S. I like that picture. There's a bump there. Ah, these other ones here can't see it. Um, here's the bone itself just so we can show you this important that is, that it's the shoulder blade. It's a shoulder blade for a lion. And as you can see here, all the bones we mentioned thus far others is what I call it. The shoulder goes down, toe, elbow up to arrest, and it really looks like a human hand in this particular situation, especially, uh, where he's going to grab something. That's where it really comes out and back. Here we have the hip. It was down to a knee, and then this entire area would be, Ah, this is the ankle, and this would all be the foot. And you can see here that there's a very small image, and so it's ah, blurry when he zoom in. But exactly what I'm talking about with the little burns of the foot to come out into fingers and bend upwards to make the Paul So that's Ah, good reference right there. And, um, there's that here you can see the Paul bending as it does, and I was just focusing on that hump. Here it is again. Here's that hump in the back. It's a shoulder blade right here. It's always a shoulder blade, and I keep wanting to think that it's like that point in the spine of a person that that place between the neck and, uh, where the spine begins. Our yeah, where the spine ends and the next begins or the neck begins in spine ends. Harvey located there. There's like a little bump in the back your neck. You can probably feel it if you put your hand, you know, at the bottom of base of your neck behind you. Right now, there's little bone that juts out there. It's not that, um, I used to think it was, but it seems to be, is that shoulder blade and so a shoulder blade is very important for getting that little hump that little back, and knowing where you know their their location of their arms are it's just a useful thing to keep in mind. So with that in mind. Let's go ahead and start sketching because I believe I've covered just about everything. And we're gonna do this blind. Now I'm gonna go completely blind and sketch just one more. Get the right pen size that work here, would you? Just one more side profile and a front profile. So here's my big sausage and little sausage. You like that. And one thing to keep in mind is our length, right? So by the time is that, well, the back should be straight. Does this get that right? And the neck will come out of certain distance and kind of eyeballing it. Neck does not go up like on a dog or any other animal. Certainly not like a draft and our 45 degree angle. Now, how How far down do I draw? The head here is very important because, remember, we have our five heads. We want to get right to get 123 That was a little long. Four. Did I nail? It could be a little longer. Perhaps back here, right? Just about that that's important. It's very important is like if you were to draw a person and make them one head shorter than they normally look. Well, they look very short. You can notice it. You'll see it. You can tell when you see that is something that really stands out and likewise with lions , you'll be somebody will be able to notice it. Even if you don't, somebody will. And that's kind of important. So here, Um since I made it that long and I had to extend it a little bit, I'm gonna bring my sausage down a little bit until it feels like it has, you know, the thickness that I would expect. Obviously it shouldn't be up here real thin like that, just like this. It needs to have a certain kind of thickness you could feel and you can. You can tell by the oval, right? How thick is the oval? It shouldn't be long and skinny like that. It shouldn't be a perfect circle or even a round circle. It just has a perfect kind of oval nous to it. And with a lot of ah, practice, that's pretty natural, if not just use reference as usual. And so there is that. Let me start with what I think is easy is probably the head then Ah, 45 degree angle. The neck is surprisingly shorter than other animals, or it seems that way. To me, that could just be me. And remember a cone shape. So it looks big and kind of, you know, triangles inward like this. I should be flat on the top. This comes up so that look at how rough that is, those very, very rough. But I'll betcha if I get this right. Makes very sketchy lines. Then I should be small Mouth comes down very low to the draw on the nose a little bit here in car. Yes, that's starting to look a little bit better. And the ears should come up. So I'm doing this, you know, totally blind. So we'll fix that later. The body just look sticks. So maybe that will help that I send it up a little. So I make, uh, what we have here is our shoulder blade. As I said, always popping up here, that'll come down to a point where sort of the shoulder begins and then perfectly lined up there, like about the top of the body and about the bottom of the body, and then down here on the ground. But I'm going to change the position of these because, remember, close in towards the end of the body. Right? So this is the more, like here. So let's try that. Just with that, what can I get out of this? What will it look like? Ah, one thing is that from drunk dogs particularly this goes back a lot further. Where that the hind, the most hind part of the buttocks is on this animal. You should kind of feel that's the hind legs. Should be going beyond that. Do you like this? No. We could do a call like that. All right, so for the front, we still have our coming in. Going out of our shoulder is the arm, upper arm, lower arm, just a little bit higher. And then here comes the Paul, bending his fingers down. As such, I think we're looking good. So just a race. There's little guidelines I had there, and now I don't remember where it is. Just racing them. I have some suggestions with my sketches of where there's points are and I can add a little meat, a little texture because I know this thought is here that was there. So this is a hunk of meat, and this is a hunk of E. So I can make the line here online here. But I'm here like that. This will be a big muscle, like we saw on a male lion Previously, they have a couple lines here. So now there's some structure that one line would keep notice, saying that came up here. It's like a sheet of muscle for that goes around the ribs. I don't know what that is, but it's probably, it seems to be sin ominous. Ah, very similar, very relative to the sheet of muscles that he could see on the back of a person on a person's back. They have, ah, similar spread of muscle that comes out like this, and we do. We all do. And that's about that looks, pull, that she looks long. All right, so there's different ways again. I could approach this instead of maybe I should redraw the head. I think the head, now that we see the body like that, don't be afraid to redraw doing it. It would be easier for me to just copy and paste up. I want to show you that, um redrawing, re sketching were stolen sketch face. It's very common. It's not. Not to be afraid of that head just has to be a little bit bigger, the neck and bulge out of it like this, cleaning up a little can. If the jaws here, here's our behind the jaw. Make other here over there. I want to get that size. Correct, right? See that size little bit better look bigger like that. I think he's training his neck a little, but that's OK, so these lines don't have be also well defined, mostly guidelines, and we can start to clean up where it doesn't look right about the tail. I don't really have anything to say about the specific length of the tail, but it's clear that you get best shape like this. But it comes down like that and it gets dinner. It comes directly out of the spine. It like it is. The spine is just an extension of the spine that keeps on going, and it's not that thing, but I dont be perfect. And then we get the fluff tuft of hair. However, they refer to that which is, uh, very particular to the lion, and that's it. He might be a little short, Little awkward. I didn't use any reference at all. It looks like, I think, mostly because he has just two legs there haven't drawn all four. That could be a look so hunched over. But it works, right. I think it looks like a lion. I think it think it works. There's a lot of detail that could be put in the hair and ah, no marks over and above, above and below the eye and all right, that's a lot more lying like on. I think. I think the legs are just little short, really like this. That helped. But this has to come on. An angle like this shouldn't be bending like that. Okay, so we still have our forearm, which would be very strong here. It still comes down straight. This part of the arm is not too thin, either. It's a strong forearms on what's happening here is bending back a little. I think that's what's bothering me. Should only go forward. Paul should be quite thick. I feel better, okay? And so it feels awkward, I think because there's no other leg this one. We can bring it up, Down little. Let me just put the Paul down first, say in low. Maybe he's getting her. She is getting ready, toe walk or do something. So this one inward, a little bit just like that and the other one? Because we'll learn this later. Uh, we're looking at a bit more because she's getting ready to move this hall with, ah, what the Paul, which is not on the ground, which is ready to move, kind of flails in where cut flies up like that a little bit. So you see that she's ready to go somewhere and do something that this Paul is ready to swing in a forward motion and probably catch the ground up here behind Leg hasn't moved yet , so she's on her first initial step. I think that looks like a line, and we did that completely blind, right? Just using those tricks that I use. So let's go ahead quickly, and I want to show you what I did with the other one. This could be done more quickly, IHS using Let's go ahead and finish this in the next lesson. 15. More Drawing Lion Bodies: I think that looks like a line. And we did that completely blind, right? Just using those tricks that I use. So let's go ahead quickly. And I want to show you what I did with the other one. This could be done more quickly. Is using perspective. You can make a box. I've taught this in the many other lessons, so I'm not covering perspective itself. But let's just try and make like an imaginary rectangle here and place our lion inside it are. Lion s actually do We did before. I'm not gonna focus too much on Ah, the details of the head. It's been covered, but I'll go as I do. I think the eyes where I think they should be, who knows? Leave him. You're in for the goatee. Through that How? After practicing now? I mean, I was not an expert on this before I began. I do no other animal anatomy, and I decided to make this course. And now I'm starting to kind of casually let me flip the campus real quick. Yeah, we're good. I'm you know, that's where most of my mistakes are. A symmetry, but I'm starting to quickly and casually draw these up. The length from the top of the bottom of the draw down to the bottom of the body is one head length. We studied this before, and there should be another head before we get to the bottom. So we put that there and I make a guideline about here. That's here. Body will come in so the arms will come down, has a normally do elbow here ankle. And and, as I was saying before, they have a tendency not always, but the It's not unusual for any cats. Toe. Have their feet very close together. Right like this. Now, how to that position work? I don't know. We have to have the body before the legs, so we'll put this here. I think that's too. It's just too, too fat. This part between the two legs when they're in this type of position should be much thinner . That's where messed up a little. These pause just where one of when the pause come down and hit the ground. It's like flat against the earth, and it's almost like a bun, you know, like that abundant heat for breakfast just has around at the top of a hamburger bun flattens itself. The gravity it is right. And that's better. If the John and the nose is here, the place where the feet should be in the center should be a bit more, you know, lined up with that. Not like over here over there. But since it's ah, we're going on an angle like this, it is over a little to the left, and that's okay. And get up. All right, here comes up. Right. I think that'll work. Let me check my symmetry on that. Yeah, I think that'll work. And then, um, this box is way too long. This would be like a perspective is a very strange thing to study. This could be like yards long, even though it looks like a very short amount of space on paper. But I could just tell that the legs hind legs should probably be justice for off. Yeah, So use your eyes first and decide where the Paul should be. Then we can add, like, whoever won. Every time I get lost, I go back to my dots. Here I go. 123 And so if that's the case, her front body is gonna be in front of because of foreshortening. Her body will block off some of the legs, I think, or it'll be about the same place and then come down to the skinnier part on Give me that Paul right there. I want the other Paul right next to it. So just kind of mimic what I did already and have it go up into the part we can't see. I'm okay with that. And then imagine. We can't see where everything that Taylor's. But it comes out behind every go here and draw. It got like that, and I'll just raise the part that is blocked where the view is blocked. So I want her tail come. Actually, usually I see the bottom tail just kind of lingering closer to the ground unless they're running or something. So let's have it come out about here. I just feel black line like that. I think that works. So you see how the Perspective Box kind of was just a rough guideline. Help us to get that shape out. Now we have a lion. I'm not lying. It's a lion. How is that little upside? It's because I rushed, particularly when I'm talking and doing all this at the same time a little bit. It's also just a quality of mine. I tend to, uh, Joe lopsided sometimes some of the lines. So the lines which I make they tend to all Dean in a certain direction because my hands resting and, uh, well, there's just no other way to go about it. If I was on paper, it's easier because you could move the paper around a lot, but on the tablets stationary. So I have to adjust my entire body sometimes, too, to get my arm in a position where control line, how I want it to. But that's okay, because we use the software to compensate for, ah, places where we lack with traditional media. I do like traditional medium, and I want to make some traditional drawings appliance before this is over, I hope, but it's always, you know, a matter of life where time is pressing, and so the things that you should represent the next time l a little bit, even if it just comes around like that. The neck will be here that comes around like that, but the skin of the lioness so thick that it normally doesn't. Those types of lines don't express themselves very much. But that shoulder bone and this pop up okay, I'm okay with that. It's not the happiest, healthiest looking lion ever. Maybe that humps it even a little too big. But I'm OK with it. What do you think? Well, I hope that you can try to make a couple lions yourself. I hope that if you find it challenging, you can make them a lot more simplistic than these lines that I paid. And you can ignore a lot of details. As you see, I ignored myself. I didn't put in whiskers and details on the face, and I could have put in lines for the Pauls. And there's so much more work to do. This is this is art, you know, we're making art, so it's gonna be hard at first. But these air sketches and I think these sketches look like lions. I hope that you do, too, and I hope that you can make some lines yourself, and then we'll move on to the next lesson or the next section, as it may be. See you soon 16. Details of the Head: in this last thing. Let's review some of the details about the head, and I've already covered a lot of them. But I'm going to zoom in a little bit more and we can review something so it won't be unproductive and there's a lot of stuff to cover. So first of all, what I'm doing as I speak right here right now is just creating a rough framework for the head. And I'd made thes eyes, I think way too big. Remember one of the rules that there should be at least a minimum of three eyes in between there, sometimes more so. These I should be a lot smaller. It looks like a realistic line. I think having small eyes is one of the important features for the line. But it's not to say the riser small. See, this is the tricky part about because they're not at all small, and you can sense that you can feel and sense the size of line even through a photo. But the problem is that the line is very, very big, and so their eyes are also big, obviously, but they seem small in comparison. They should seem small in comparison to the size of the overall head. So that's something that's a little bit tricky, not only to put in words, but to accurately flesh out with joint tools. So I think I got that one there. There's something about the stealthiness I keep mentioning of their eyes, which just isn't isn't so easy. I was looking at a Children's game the other day and have very cartoonish is for my daughter. She has, you know, she's a toddler. And so I I found it online gamer app or something where she just I don't know, has to move things around and put them in the place. So the square goes in a square hole and, you know, you have to recognize the difference between a monkey and a bird and put them on the right branch. So it was That was fascinating and perfect timing. To look at that while I've been working on this course and think, Isn't it amazing how we can break down? Sometimes the most complicated things, like a lion here is we see now is not a simple thing to just draw very quickly. Um, we found so much detail in this course But to break that down into a very simple thing with like, cartoon lines, right is using some cartoon like a circle shape for the head and and, you know, using round ears for what was Ah, ah, bear or something. And of course, you know, to sketch out a bird is completely different. But they all have round cartoon eyes and still they are somehow distinguishable through their features. So all of those little details are very important. And to be able to simplify them is also very useful when we're drunk. So here is a quick quarter view of the line. Heads would get a feeling of both the front of the face as well as the site. Um, on this one here, one of the features that we've already looked at is these eyelashes are now these would be eyelashes. Sorry, eyebrows. I'm just calling them eyebrows. I don't know what they are. They're type of whisker. They might actually be whiskers according to the definition of whisker, which is ah feeling Ah, the type of hair that has feeling directly connected to the nervous system. And so these pop out and arrest both on this line and the other one on the male. Let's have a look real quick. We can zoom in on the mail. This gets a little blurry when we zoom in. But have a look right here. What are these hairs here? I don't think they're coming down from up there. I'm not sure, but they do seem to be stemming out of that same area here and there. Much longer, I think. Let's see if we can reproduce that on another one. Yes. Those hairs are definitely coming out of that same area. These here and they are definitely longer right there, longer and more random that Now you have to be careful and say this is one Lyon vs one lion s. It doesn't represent all of Lion Hood. Right? So that's a cross reference here. Here's another one. I got the same and they don't seem as organizer beautiful in the mail. They just seem longer. Like Period. That's it. The female. Not to say they're organized, but I get more of the shorter and a bit more like 123 kind of have a fanning pattern to him , which you'd expect All right, Something like that might be relevant over here. Another female lioness again? Not as long again. Not as many, perhaps, or a bit more organized. So it might be a good pattern. Yeah, now that you can just see here how this one this this hair comes all the way out here. Another one here order. It's just much longer on the lion, thin the lioness in every case so far. So that's one thing to know this one not so much. Here's a lion, not a lioness, and is different. So there is, You know it's not perfect. It's not perfect rule, but it is. It does seem to be a rule which we can, if not follow. It don't necessarily need to follow, but keep it in mind. Now here's Linus with a rather long one, but it just seems like one straight line, not like the lion where it was so long would like go over here. It's just a straight straight hair and again with the lion s. It seems more organized. They're like fanning out in a direction almost like they were meant to be there. So is very subtle detail. I don't think that to draw a line even need to do that. Look at how organized these are perfect, but it's something worth noting. Okay, so we're gonna have that. Um, the length of the whiskers also might be something worth worth paying attention to. Well, you can say if from the center of the mouth out to the edge of the mouth is about equal distance. Ah, of where the The edge of the mouth to the edge of the end of the whiskers goes just like that. However, do keep in mind that the whiskers might start in further, so they might technically be longer than that space. But it's just an illusion that can help you toe relatively gauge where they might end. And they do protrude a bit further. Beyond that is I'm noticing for the Lion Linus. Same. I'm not seeing it being longer. This one same Aliant, not the same. This one is longer and profoundly longer. The distance from here to here should end about here, but there's many hair. Previously, there was just a couple hairs going beyond that. A couple of whiskers. I mean, going beyond what I thought to be that distance with this guy. This particular lion just has very long hair, though that might be part of the reason. So something keep in mind, it might be 1.5 or two distances of the mouth. Or maybe it's just the full mouth distance. I don't know, but there is something something worth looking at there. So all of that stuff was interesting. Let's get back to the sketch layer here and at some of that so it can say Ah, right about I do think it's about the area for as well. We have our white lines around here and you say right about this area. They are well, they're protruding, usually generally straight upward, a little bit random. But going up like that, just a few whiskers, side whiskers again. What we count. 12345678 I got to eight when I was counting there. If you want to have more realistic and that's only in a full front view and they kind of wrap around the site, So let's try and that's Ah, starting from the middle, right? So if the middle section here the start of smaller 2345678 should be even smaller, I think. But I'll continue like that, very like this and up here, they should be a little bit smaller and it's going to straight across really. And I often find there's like three rows and I might be like 1/4 small grow right? You see, here we have 123 and a smaller fourth row at the bottom even seems to be just one whisker that could come out of right there. So it's quite a lot of dots to do. I start off in the middle 345 can't see us much on this side, just like that, Bit more realistic than just going that that that try and get Ah, some whiskers coming out here. I want them to come out as I said at a certain length and there's also a fanning technique where they kind of get shorter as they come in. So some of them will come out on the side here some maybe from the front or shorter and then get smaller as we go in and there's a lot of but this is a drawing not to say the drawing is completely cartoonish, but I also don't ever do it. What happens when you get a lot of were stolen drawing there? When you have a lot of black lines coming out like that, it gets a little awkward because a Z can see it looks more like spidery, veiny, things popping out than whiskers. So we should have to save. We're gonna be more realistic about how many whiskers there are. Probably say that for color and the stealthiness of this year Come in. This video is getting a bit long, so let's go ahead and complete this in the next lesson. 17. More Details on the Head: okay, round eyes resuming on the eyes. Does that close that topic? I think it does, I think clears the whiskers topic and also for the mouth. Um, let's notice how it I did not capture correctly the frown here. It should be more of a frown coming down like this. And so in which case, I should probably do redo some of my whiskers. But, um, what's done is done on this particular drawing for now and about the well, this little sloppy we hear about the this area here, the goatee, as I call it, which comes out here, it really just starts about here, and it comes out. And then it's done and everything behind that is not goatee. So it really is a goatee type of shape. And look here how some of the hairs are quite longer here. That's why it's a goatee it's not, for it's actually like a little beard down there, so might be worth getting that correct. Um, yeah, And then back to the ice. Now, One other thing about eyes, um I want to do one full, just zoomed in I But I do want to say I have been teaching throughout this course. This class is that, you know, you basically make straight line. Ah, as a guideline for the top the ice. That's a guide and not a rule. If you look here on this line, um, and I think I think I was correct if he heard at one point in time, I said, I do believe it might have to do with the brilliance of the sun beating down on their face . So when they're out on a sunny day, that's it's causing their eyes to kind of like squint and pushed down a little bit so that what they're doing is they're shielding their eyes from the sun, and it gives the rise that sort of intense look like they're angry or something. But actually not angry there. Squinting s so to speak, the same way that you or I would squint if you're inside for a long time and then suddenly went out to the sun. It's very bright outside, so of course you squint a little, Um and so, in this case, where he's not squinting where this particular line it's not squinting, that one we're looking at now. Ah, Then their pupils are not necessarily as high up now. Here is gonna be a drawing challenge within itself, Is that Ah, this I is further away. So it should be a little bit smaller. And the roundness of the face Well, come inside with something will coincide with the the shape of the eye and where, Lance and where the the pupil should be. Exactly. So try and get that correct. It's about as good as I can do now from a side view. Notice how this, um, area right here. Sorry, huh? Well, Button, this area here crops off the nose. I thought it was very important. So, um yes, it's true. We've noticed frequently that the the bridge of the nose dips little bit around where the eyes are and then comes back up again. But it's also not always true and irrelevant. Whether that's true or not, the eye from a side view will always get cropped off a bit by the nose bridge. So let me give a example that we have done here. Here's one. This lion, not they still have a dip. As you can see in the front, I think it dips down a bit here. But it's not like we were saying before were expected to drop a little bit. Not necessarily seems tohave or she seems tohave almost a perfectly straight nose bridge here. It just seems to come down a little bit right around here and it comes back up. Um, but that wasn't the example I was looking for exactly looking for the quarter view that I had before. Here, you can see a little bit. You can see here that the bridge of the nose is kind of starting to crop off the side. I have another one, which is This is one good example here, so you can see the nose is definitely cropping cropping off the I. It's ah, what is that? The top of the forehead is relatively flat, just like a human forehead. Not necessarily round right now. Not like they have a round head, but from, Ah, let's say from the nose back it does round off. That's obviously because of the cheeks cheeks around, and that rounds off so the side of the eyes are actually exposed as it wraps around the head. So with that being the case, and then there's obviously so much straight stick of a nose popping out. It's gonna crop off that area. There is a very complex ing to put into words. So excuse my stammering and stuttering, Um, but I can't think of any better way to put that. And I wouldn't be able to, no matter how long I thought of it. So right here. It was not a perfect example. The There's Bridge is simply cutting off the I. This happens exactly like this is the same exact phenomenon with humans with people. But I do want to note that I wasn't wrong. There is still a bit of a dip right here, right? It's there. It's visible, especially from the portrait view. And then it comes back up again, right? A little bit of a hump. Very, very subtle. And the tip of the nose again, This is very, very, very subtle. But keep in mind when you're drawing the news that the nose is on top. The the bridge of the nose is on top of the the nostril area, which is all of this, you know, darker black fleshing. And ah, that's important. I've kept that in mind throughout all of my drawings and it seems to help. Ah lot. And I wanna demonstrate that. Who for here, back to my original sketch. Even when I was doing this one here, I kept that in mind, and it's helpful. It's helpful to keep that mind because actually, I could even do a better job here and clean this up. It means I when I draw, I should draw as if the bridge of the nose is on the top and then draw my nostrils on the bottom. In this case there, you know imaginary because everything is black. Put my nationals down here and then I can really feel out where to put everything else. What's happening here? Is that the nostrils air going up around the site? He was red pen for this. The Nationals are would be here. Here's one nostril, and it's kind of going up around the side. I think that allows for more air to go in. As you know, cats and dogs have, ah sense that goes far beyond what we what we have when it comes to smell especially so here's this and it goes up in around. I think there's all of this area is allowing air to come in. I'm not 100% sure not a biologist, but that's what I keep seeing when I draw animals. So it's an observational study and it does seem like this area can be Ah, a lot darker, a lot, a lot sicker here that you were drawing Black Lem on weight and said, It's hard Teoh to make all the details of exactly where the nationals are. But keep that woman mind and you should be fine. Oh, yeah, And don't forget that we bump up around each nostril a such again. These are some things you covered already, so we have all of those details. That's the nose to go t years again. Um, I can't His or her years here are popping up. I can never find the best way to think with a male. It's impossible. Ah, nearly impossible to get a good sense of where to start. Um, I do see ears perking up a lot like this from color I wanted to read. I do see years perking up a lot. Um, but also out, right, here's the side of the head that years get cut off the ears pop out at just enough an angle that they will get cut off by a line on the side of the head as such. And you can also acknowledge that there, how much headspace is there on the top. The side of the eyes are very good judge for this, all right. So you can notice that there's something coming inward with perspective, right? Because the top of the head is flat and here's the obvious. That line we keep seeing in the middle of the head. This is perspective, right? Going to towards the back of the head. But where the year starts, definitely speaking is about the same position of where the eyes are. There's just a little bit of flesh there. Ah, so with perspective and consideration, it just ends up to be about the same place. I wonder if we look from the top view of the head. If that would remain perfectly true. Uh, right now I don't have a photo for that, but we can see here it is again. I can draw a line, you know, considering perspective. This face this had we're almost seeing it from the top. We're not getting a lot of perspective going backward that's almost looking directly at the top of the forehead. There, we're gonna really good liner and again that years air popping out at that angle. So I'm answering my own question here. I had to pick up a few things along the way myself, here lies that you're like that going back. But again, it's similar the starting place. If I were to draw here straight back because her head is on an angle, right, So going straight back that year start at the outside of the ice is extremely useful. Keep in mind here that years, Air definitely perked up, but that makes total sense because look at that face. She is looking at something, and she is paying attention to something. Obviously, that's over there. She is very focused on something over in that direction, Um, so that years perk up when you're paying attention, that's something in a direction. A lot of people have probably seen this. If you have household pets like a cat or dog, their ears will move around depending on where they're listening to. Okay, so I think that's I think that covers. I think it's very useful. That helped me out a lot. Let me get back up here and use that as you know. So where should my here start use as a guideline? A new a new tip I just picked up myself and again. It's sort of like a 45 degree angle coming out that your is a very round and, well, this is from a side view, So might be a little shorter over here like that. And we'll do the same over here so that you should start about there. I can race that guideline. That might be a little bit better, although they do seem bigger on this cat. And again, it's a side view. So gonna be a little tricky. I think I did it right. Uh, at the size of depend. Well, hi for us to higher than too low. Okay, well, let me stick with that for now. It's getting sketchy, but I just need to leave it as it is. Bump set back the head, but there should flatten out. That's good. Where is this head going? I need to have something like a neck somewhere around here. Maybe the body is kind of coming down this way around here? Yeah, something like that. That'll be enough. Yeah, I think the news looks a bit long. I could bring that back with a tool. Actually, let me do that. Using digital. I'm just gonna take full advantage. Yes. Better. OK, that's sad when something like that happens on paper, but could be fixed a bit easier in, Ah, digital form here. Um okay. Okay. It's videos getting along. So I'm gonna leave that here. The only other thing regarding the head. I mean, what else could there be? We have whiskers. Ah, hair for, um I did cover for quite thoroughly in a previous video. Ah, The other thing, I suppose, would be the eyes. I really do want to nail the eyes. Eyes of the first thing that people look at its first thing you notice. And is it possible to draw a lion? I with nothing else around it, and just know that it's a lie. And I Is that a distinguishable enough of, ah, feature may be at least two eyes and it might get close enough that you could say, Oh, that's either a lion or a tiger. We're a leopard right. And not a cheetah or a house cat. Get that close. I think what you're doing. Good. So let's do that in the next lesson. A short lesson. 18. Drawing Lion Eyes: this lesson. I'm going to focus on the eyes. Let's have a look. Here's the ice. Which eyes are more interesting that can zoom in on the's air. Actually, really good. I like the detail that we can get there of a zoom in and get pretty close. The best have to be this one. It's just such a such an intense photo. What I'm gonna do is draw out four, or there's the general three eyes in between rules. So would be a total of five dropped five circles as a starting point and then come back and see what I can do now. As I was saying before this, there could be around this here, but it's still based on, sort of like a flat top. And also we notice before there are in fact eyelashes on the eyes of a line, and they do blink their eyes. I'm sure in these parts of middle of tear duct, all right, we have on humans to, but there there's point down and again it could be a little ambiguous is whether or not they should go in a lot, or sometimes straight down. It might depend on the lion and somehow or another, they just get a perfect circle coming out of the bottom of the I don't know how that works , but that's that's what it does. It's a beautiful future. Have over here is a this line with the flat top of the ice, which is representing probably as you can see by the photo. It looks like it's broad daylight, very sunny. Okay, so now we can see all of the lions again. I'll get my red pen ready because we need it. And, uh, this is easier just to move around, really zooming in as much as I can. I don't have the highest resolution on these images. Ah, but I think it's good enough. It's something, and I like how on this one here, you see a flap of skin that comes from the I here to the nose bridge. Interesting that also can crop off the roundness of the eye in the middle. That's very fine detail, and that might also help to understand why we get the cropping Azaz. The nose and the top of the forehead seem to be relatively flat, but then curve the face suddenly curves around right after that point. And the eyes just, you know, on each side of the nose bridge, So obviously could be cropped off. We're looking from the site. Okay. Suddenly find a nice location. I go his because I can comfortably speaking. 12 three thes middle lines Here are this is the center of the head and as you know, any 123 in between each eye. So there isn't just there for reference. And that's that second race there is now. Okay. I was just checking. My mike was stolen, you know? Isn't that interesting? Even at at this point, having drawn so many lines and seeing how the distance between those two eyes and service as if I already can start to recognize the line? No. We have the roundness that comes out thes, thes, lionize. How do I want them to be? I don't want them to be. I'll make a decision. I don't want them to be there, Sonny. Sunny eyes be like this one. A bit more round at the top. So maybe it's Ah, dawn or dusk and ah, they have a little round it so they don't have to squint and look at the outside, even though the that blackness and I don't know what that is, but it's like, Ah, protection. Maybe it's the eyelid protection layer of the eye, but it's almost like they have natural, ah, eyeliner or something, some kind of makeup. It does come out to a point, which is also an attractive feature of lionize. I believe you see girls putting on makeup and I I'm horrible at makeup. I don't understand if it's eyeliner or or whatever, but they they often do this where they will make it go out like that. I'm drawing my cartoons and comic book females. I always distinguish a female by making this type of feature here but making the eyelashes seem longer and, ah, giving it that type of line over the site. So let's keep that in mind. As we work on this line, let me get a little bit so it's round at the top a little bit round atop that comes out to that tear doctor, and then we have our strikingly, surprisingly perfectly round globe coming in around this way, which should be about I don't know the size of the I. We're half the and then it gets cropped off a little bit by the bridge of the nose coming down, which goes down to a tutor. Not too far, either. This little bit this part can come down a bit more. I've done this very, very slightly. I should just change the size of the pen, be bigger and make it all one. Do it all in one big stroke. So apologies for that. You see if I get this better. Okay, let's try the same over here. The best thing to do obviously would be probably to copy that one if really gonna get, get a good and and then like, flip it around. But let's imagine we're drawing on paper and we don't always have that luxury. So I'm gonna just basically follow the same rules that I did on the other side. This one of the hardest things and drawing, by the way, if you're not an experienced hand FREEHAND artist Ah, this has always been the hardest thing for me. I remember all the way back to my very first drawings. Um, in high school, we had assignments and whatnot and ah, to be able to draw to perfectly symmetrical eyes is no laughing matter at all. It's Ah, it's very difficult. Um, you're moving ahead. You're using the same hand, and you have to make this curve and this type of curve and have them, like, perfectly match. Right? Let me flip the campus right now. Yeah, I'm surprised they even got it that good. Um, but the ability, it's a it might seem like it's the same curve, right? But you're using completely different hand muscles in your hand, and it's, ah, very different from, like, handwriting and everything else you've studied. So it becomes difficult. And where, since the eyes are not squinting but the people's. One thing that's consistent about people's is I've never seen them small. Excuse me? Let me just say that again. Cut. One thing that's consistent about the pupils is that I've never seen them. Ah, big. I've never seen them have big peoples. So maybe at night time yet, But I guess night time might not be the best time to approach alliance. Um, look at the people's. They're always small in comparison to the rest of the iris. I do believe that is their entire eyes. Just one iris. I don't know if they have whites of their eyes. If so, I haven't seen it. Uh, can resume and see. Is that a little bit of white around the eye? Maybe they do have it like dogs, for example, They they have wastes of their eyes sometimes, but it's not very visible. It's only around the edge. So I just have one giant. It looks like they have a giant, um, Iris. Okay, so I'm not seeing a lot of that. But what I am seeing is the iris has the same behavior that I expect from irises, which is to say, it's a very beautiful thing. Ah, human Iris. I'm going to need very, very fine line for this. And it would be better even if, ah, if I was using, like, some a passage or something. This this could be done better with maybe natural medium. So what we're gonna do is Joel Lines, and I just tell you, what I'm doing is resuming Here. You can see the iris of the eye has different kind of shades of color to it and what it is , it's a whole bunch of little lines coming out here. Um, I'm sure is a scientific name for that, I don't know, but these It's kind of like a muscle or something that expands. And contracts, depending on how much light there is to allow more light into the pupil or less light into the people. Right? So all of this here is like some fleshy stuff that opens or closes, and it has a lot of veiny lines to it when you can see in close enough. So, uh, that is a drawing lesson, which I didn't prepare a reference for. But you can kind to see it in these videos. And if not, I have many other lessons. I've talked this over and over. Ah, if you or otherwise, you know, if your new and is the first course of mine, you've seen them. Perhaps just look up the iris on the Internet and see what it looks like. I think what you can see here well enough is that there's a Grady int, and that's the whole point of what I'm getting to is that there's a Grady int to where that when you get closer to the pupil, it's darker, and then this space be between the people and the edge of the iris. It gets lighter, and then it gets darker again. So it's like dark, light, dark. And I'm going to try and represent that using lines one line at a time. So we're gonna come out like this. Uh oh, there like this. All all lines stem out. You can even start off by going perfectly up, down perfectly, right, left. And then that helps to give you some guidelines to start within. All the lines stem out from there. So I don't eat these so much, and that will help us to have more guidelines. So I know where to draw all of these lines. Now that I'm zoomed in like this, I can really start to you get the edge of where my I should be here a swell and to make it seems darker as it gets towards the edge. What we do is we just start adding more lines as we get closer down here. So there's less lines in in this middle area here, right This middle area, we'll have less lines and the further away you get from the middle area, it has more and more lines. So I can do small lines all around the edge here, and that'll give us a Grady in effect, that's called radiant, where it starts off, intense, slowly tapers off and then comes back again. So it's a bi linear ingredient. In this case, linear ingredient would just start off intense and fatal. Obviously, to try and consciously think out every line perfectly would be too difficult. Just doesn't work. But you put the thoughts of how things are supposed to look at, how they're supposed to feel in your mind, and then you're so conscious and your hand we'll do the job so you can relax. I think that's a part. The reason why artists are often talking about going into the zone and a losing track of time, as I often do when I'm making these lessons, because I'm trying to make the lesson short, but they get too long. That was over the balance between those two. That's pretty good. I'm very happy with that. Actually now it might not look great right now, but we still have a trick or two left. I have a trick or two up my sleeve and want to keep making it darker. and darker. Make that greedy int a slick as you can, right? You wanted to really just kind of taper off and not just be so blunt, right? And now we still have a trick up our season. Let's check this out. I can go in and there is no you'll never see an eye without light coming somewhere. That's Ah, One trick to do is always assume that were on the prairie with a lion and they're looking off on the horizon. So I'm going to draw a wiggly line here, like as if there is a mountain or something there, maybe draw some of it back in through the same exact mountain over here Wiggly line was the horizon over. There could be little something sunny up here, too. And maybe there's a reflective light like right over here. The little let's make a little not right there do the same exact dot Over here. We're just erase some of that space and I wanted to show up, obviously, So I'm gonna make that circle over there and same circle over here. That's just some, like shining reflecting off of some object. We don't know where, but it's there and also to bring out this line. I can draw under its sick, really see the horizon Sometimes if he's you men were actually frequently a museum and you can actually see what the line is looking at because or a human. You know any reflective eyes you can see what they're looking at in their eyes. It's ah reflective surface. Now we have lionize. I think that works very well. What do you think? Can you draw lionize to please have a try and I see in the next lesson? 19. Drawing Paws: uh, in this lesson, Let's have a quick look at the polls when I decided after a little looking around, there's not really much detail. Ah, the purpose of both previous lessons in this one is too. Look at first of details on the head and then the details on the body, and I come to find that there isn't really too much detail to be discussed. I think in the body there are the pause. The head has a lot like that, the position of the eyes or you know, the details around the eyes, which we did, the nostrils and whiskers and all of this. But for the body, I kind of feel like we really covered most of it. We could look into more muscle tone, but that's not really my forte. And I don't think it's necessary, really. Based on what we've learned, we're better off just having a rough idea of the muscles, not spending too much thought on that. And, ah, as I said before, covered mostly important things. And ah, they have thick, leathery skin. So a lot of muscle detail doesn't come out that it can vary, but I think the pause o R. If we're gonna focus anytime, anywhere, the Pauls are definitely worth mentioned. Um, the bottom of the pause, I was, as I was saying before, when we looked at the bone structure has four fingers predominantly, and so have a look over here. I can't move that layer. I'll make a new one. Okay, so we have our 1234 digits here, which all have pads on them. And then there's this one big pet. Now, this is it seems very similar to dogs and cats. I don't know for cash specifically about no. For dogs, it's different. Um, the pause of every animal are different. I think you can actually tell by the Paul print exactly which animal you're looking at. And that is even without knowing the size of just looking at a photo. Um, so for this one here, with a pop of a lion, these pads on the fingers are in fact, probably very similar, if not exactly the same to many other animals. But this one, Big Paul, which I guess you would call the Palm Area is unique in the way that it has this tripod here. This call it a tripod is correct. That perhaps just a you know, three sections, which is kind of funny, because we've been breaking everything into thirds. Ah, lot When we did break down the face, we found thirds and ah, both from the side view and the front view we found thirds. Um And then if there is 1/5 extension, as I was saying earlier, everything on the line anatomy seems to line up with human anatomy. So where is the thump? Well, they do seem tohave this right here, which I just don't know, could be the thumb. But if nothing else, obviously it's Ah balancer. For when the Paul Ben's back to stand upon that it can. Such as you can see here. When the Paul bends backwards, it probably needs, Ah, you know something more than just appalled. Lean against. That might be what that is. And then there's this one here, which I just have no idea exactly what it is. Ah, you can see that reproduced over here on this ball and this ball. These sketches I did they are just basically tracings I did of images which wasn't very sure about copyright claims or issues. potentially so I just traced them quickly. I think you could make them out well enough. And in this one, um, I really like this one because of the bending point you can see clearly right here that the joint, which would be in this case, it's a front, Paul, obviously. And you can see this would be I guess what I call the wrist and how that comes down to about here, which is where the Paul begins. And then the finger bones for the Paul will go. 1234 like that, right? And so this I want to go a little bit in depth with groups. I lost my layer, OK, a little bit and death with that. And, um and then just look at the claws very quickly. This is a front view of the claws coming out of a tiger. And as you can see, all of this here is hair. When they come out that they're buried in because ordinarily, when they're not using their clothes, I guess which you know, would be hunting or climbing when they're not using them. I don't have any close ups, but obviously, as you've seen from many filters already. Their claws are not always out, right? They contract back in and ah, pop back out. I don't know exactly what the word is, but they expand and contract, so to speak. They can come out like that. And so that is the claws of a lion just like that. 1234 And I'm not seeing 1/4. Maybe there is over here and you see an extension. But I just I didn't I didn't get that in visual reference that some things are kind of hard to study, so but for drawing purposes, which is what we're at right now, I think that's really even, perhaps more than enough. I love this photo here because you can see one part pending. And although although it's covered a little bit by this grass here, this Paul is coming down and it's flat in his walking position. So this is the ankle. And over here this would be the ankle and it comes down and again the fingers keep saying this over and over, repeated as many times as I see fit, cause it's just very, very interesting that the ah, what will you call the ankle or the wrist comes down and then the fingers bend up to make the Paul very. This one aspect is very different from humans, and it is consistent with all four legged animals that I know of. Thus far, I'm sure there are differences. Then in the back pause the hind leg, this is the ankle and it comes down again and again. It pops. It bends up to make the Paul, which is the 44 extensions. They're four fingers. So, um, another thing important. The reason I want to go a bit in depth about this is that they were drawing a Paul from the side view. Ah, here is Oh, call it like the upper or the lower leg. Not the top part, that this part of the leg right here and then we'll start our entire ankle or wrist extension here. So we haven't gone to the Paul yet, but here's where it starts to bend. And then here's where the Paul is now. This Paul, it can bend pretty far back this way, has a lot of flexibility. But unlike let's right now, assume this is the front Paul. So it's like a wrist unlike a human wrist, which can bend all the way back if it wants to write. If you look at your own risk, Bennett back as far as you can, bend it forward as far as you can. Ze Paul. Only it has a limit, and that limit is about right here. I'm just trying to draw a simple, dotted line. When it gets up to this point, it's done. They just have a dog and I would play with her Paul's all the time when I was thinking about this, in fact, and I just noticed that there's a joint here. It only bends down in this direction, and it can do so quite far. Not all the way, maybe, in some cases, depending on you know, the precise animal. But it bends down quite far, but it cannot been pissed this line here. So that's different. And that's very important to understand, because when they are actually, let's say, here is the top of leg again. Here's the joint when they are actually standing and here comes out the Paul. If the Paul could been further this way, right, or if this joint could been further that way, what's to stop them from, like falling? All right. So ah, lock is created so that it can't go beyond this point. And that's where the Paul from this point can start to swing up and make that that landing position so that it's standing on the pop. It is very interesting, not easy to conceptualize because we're learning. It's like trying to live inside an animal's body temporarily with our knowledge of its joints alone. Right? So is like reinventing your own body through that of the animals. So let's try that again with the hind leg and see how it works back here. Here we again. We have the same thing. We keep going. Every would get. I always start from the hip or the you know, shoulder of its the front and make sure I can see each bone and they're gonna come down. So here would be the ankle. Now let's try and get a close up of that would come back down here. We get our ankle and as we know the ankle bent forward like this. So if this was human, this would be our foot right here and have five tours right there. right, but for our lion is going to go forward a little bit. And then we have the Paul right here. Now, the hind Paul, I do believe convention backwards like this, and obviously it has to bend forward just enough for it to make a resting position. But this joint is different. This joint, I don't. I rarely see it straight. Now, this joint has to go up in order for them to get into a sitting position, which I will demonstrate right here, I believe. Yes, Perfect. Right here. Right. It has to go into red this part, this bend here it has to be able to bend up far in order for them to sit. And also in order for them to get into a springing position so that they can get the before they jump, they'll crouched down and similar to this position and then leap up from it. They spring from that kind of position. So going back to this one, that rotation, that bending point is right here. That means this entire hall can bend up all the way to meet the surface here. But I never see it bend that far back right so, But again, it's different from the front Paul or the front part. It has a limit, and I just sketched that out very quickly again. Here we go, this down a little. And then there's our Paul right, and we have, ah, sort of an a visit of invisible line here. I'll just do it like this. So there's a limit. It can go to their but this one, much like a human ankle. I do believe it can go back, but it's It's like stretching. It is the same with your own ankle. If you try to stretch your own Akwa, here's a human foot. Will have ankle here. Looks like a high heel shoe already, and then the human foot. I don't know which side won. Here's a big toe and some little toes over here. See, a human foot can actually bend down like that. Here is the ankle tackle here, and here's 12345 human digits coming up. We can straighten our foot out like that, and then when we go back to our standing position, the ankle will simply come down right, and so here would be our ankle and it bends like this for a flat position, and we can straighten it out like that. But with the the ankle of a lion, it does the same. But you rare that you rarely see it bend backwards all that much. I don't see it too much. I just see it bending forward for sitting position and, uh, you know, for other things, but it can't stretch. It can stretch it out. It can go back little. So there's a little bit of question that, um, you'll just have to observe it and look at a lot of pictures. But for the most part, that covers everything we need to know. Um, and so that's that. That's that. And what do that in a nutshell, that is all of the details that I had to mention for the lion. The only other thing would be Don't forget ever to make this, because every lion has a tough differ and is usually dark, almost always a dark, black tough differ on the end of their tail. That's that. Okay, so let's go ahead and look at the next lesson. 20. The Roar of the Lion: he hold the mighty lion's roar? Would it fear something that is to look at? So let's have a look at this roar. What differentiates it from everything we've studied thus far. And one thing to notice is that the eyes have taken on a completely different shape. They're more teardrop now, like a human. So it kind of makes you think our human scary looking Do we look like we're roaring all the time? It's little rounded at the top and around at the bottom, which is exactly like a human. However, the fact that is coming up the detail of it is that the skin is coming up here and covering up a lot of the eye. That's where a lot of the power of your roar face is going to come from is the fact that the noses curled up? Ah, their head is always in a higher position. Now the nose head, which used to be down here, has gone up significantly right? The nose curls back, the teeth get exposed and the bottom jaw drops down very far all the way down there. Okay. Ah, the lower fangs, which I again I'm neither biologist nor dentists. Ah, these air smaller but not that much smaller. If you get a good perspective of let me see like this one here you see, it's about yea big. This one's on an angle. It's not that much smaller, I think just slightly smaller. And but they are closer together. It seems. I think that when the big things come down Ah, I don't know if they're going to be in front of or behind the other fangs, but they obviously they can't be in exactly the same position or they collide with each other, right? So are the bottom things on in the front or on the side of them and the clothes. Maybe these here slip up right inside there, which looks kind of convenient that that might be the case because they do look closer together than Thea Upper Fanx. And that's exactly what I'm seeing here. So they might come in slightly behind and a little bit back right in there. That might be how that works. Nostrils, air still nationals. The ripple here still ripple, but we're getting more of a roundness up here because everything is curling up and curling back. And there's all these wrinkles that come up, right? So I have a quick look at some of that stuff and it's noticed something. Now, it might sort of make sense as to why some of these V shaped lines and curves are coming in around here. Is it possible that these are where his wrinkles are when he does a roar or a yawn or, you know, whatever it is that causes him to expose his teeth like that, you can see a line over here, a line over there where it's kind of like where the cheek ends and the mouth begins. Humans have this too. Okay, this one here, you can see this one is basically a copy of the white line you saw previously on the, uh, the previous slide. And this is a side view. It kind of mocked up myself. Something while we're here. That we can observe is that notice when the mouth comes down. Ah, big question when you're first drawing something like this with the big, wide open mouth is you know exactly how to make that shape of the Joel. And when the first things to do is to make a curve here because the mouth was closed and it's hinged on a jaw, which is a jawbone back here, right? So when it opens, it will be sort of like creating an angle, right? And that angle will be. Here's okay. So here was like the front, the top of the mouth of the nose. And he was the bottom with the jaw. So when it opens, they'll be There should be like a perfect angle that comes out like that, and that makes an ark. So remember that arc when you're trying to figure out exactly how wide, how long you know how sharp to do everything. All these guidelines that we make it in this entire courses didn't notice. It's guideline. Tip after guideline Tip after guideline tip. Thes little guidelines Just make our life so much easier. Let's try to go ahead and do that first. I'll do it blind, and then we'll see if I need any reference. Ah, the reason I'm doing it blind it, of course, I hope you understand, is not to show off at all, but to see if our rules work. All the rules we picked up so far So one thing we decide on is that the head will be much higher. The I seem to you be about here and the nose will be wrinkling up. We know that a forehead ah, should be about as long as the nose and the eyes right in the middle. So I'm I'm not doing all the guidelines for that. I'm just roughing it here, do it. The circle is too big. I don't really need that. So it is No starts here and it's bunched up. It should be about here. And we knew that that the mouth it seems to come down, go around and straight back up, and there should be an angle like that. Let me see Not so there's not easy and the no should be back further to, I think be like your and where do the wrinkles come? That's going to be something I need to look up, and I need to get this higher so that the teeth are coming out like this. All right. I want the mouth to be up very, very high and this come out here and I'm thinking about where the smaller teeth and the bigger teeth, how they can collaborate together in the same space. I want the gums of his mouth showing a little bit. Ah, we do still need some space here and this one will come out. This is where dots would be for the whiskers. It was very rough, and the jaw of his eyes air here. Here's his goatee, and I think that Joe might actually go up in there. Who's It's not like a hinge on the door. It's not perfect kind of hinge. Okay, that kind of works that this kind of work. But judging from the skull yet, here's another idea to keep in mind. See how I made the mouth come coming down. That's wrong. That's dead wrong. It should be straight because the top of his mouth is trying to maintain a level nous to it . And it's the bottom jaw that goes down right when he speak. It's not, and your job moves up and down. It's not the ah, obviously it's not the top of your head that goes up and down. It's Thea. The bottom drawer goes up now, So now I can do this, and now I can see my mistake with the mouth should probably come back Mawr But that right, this is very hard to do blind. I've never done it before, so you can excuse me a bit years right back here. That's good. The main comes before the years. We'll have a good back. A little this and just to make you look fancy. Go like that. There we go. Okay. So let's see how bad I botched that up. Let me compare with that sketch that I have over here, because that's pretty easy toe to go by. Okay. So yeah, that worked out. Well, what we're missing here is a line here. It looks very similar to the this last When I did these signs here, we can make like there's just wrinkles coming in from the front of the notes. There's there's not gonna be any easy way to do it. I have noticed, definitely. I guarantee you that it's a little bit unique. Her lion I made sort of a hairline for ah, this lying down here, which I just invented that but I think it kind of works and the main will come down from here. It can go anywhere. We want it to a lot of flexibility with the main. But remember, we draw the entire overall shape of the main first. You know, there's there seems to be an inter main and the outer main. It's another tip, and that kind of works, right? That kind of works. It does the trick. Um, more wrinkles on the forehead, Lump like this, right? Lump lump. That's helpful. Makes it look more mean to okay. And with that, I'm done. Let me hide that layer and go back to here. That kind of works how you do a ton of detail with this and cleaning up of the lines. Let's see what happens. We spend a little bit of time. I wanted this to be more prominent. Um, the nose, uh, racer's way too big. Somalia are not shows here. So instead of the bump up there and it goes back and it goes forward when you got that that that that that that that that that that not too perfect. But you know, like that it is coming from this point here and zooming in. Obviously, if you're working on paper, this would be you just, you know, getting your face close to the page. it's easy. Do you have to understand what I'm working like this? It's like sitting way back and holding a sketchbook in my lap and not really getting in there toe to focus on the details. So I'm not really cheating when I zoom in here. So much is still equally as challenging, and it's the same job that I would do in a piece of paper. If that doesn't look so so sharp. One thing about the sharpness of these fangs or teeth, or however you want to call them. They're not very sharp, but the power of the lion's jaw is such that they're sharp enough for him to get through. Um, some very thick skin. Forget about attacking a human they actually attack. Uh, you know, the hoofed animals with their mighty for and all that, their thick coats of fur. That's about that. Let's make this That's the gums of his teeth when they have coming out to make it black. So it stands out a bit. This is exaggerated. A little that's actually draw the eyes until we're looking at should look like this. Then you can have more wrinkles in there and should be like that. All right, that's good. And then So they started off horrible. His sketch thistle is one of those where I wish I can't. I could if I wanted to. Just stop here and redo it and make pretend that everything I draw is perfect. Um, I'm not gonna do that. Just not gonna do it. Nobody learns from that, Doesn't help me. It doesn't help you. It's not honest. And I'm very confident in the drawings that I make it. Just Sometimes things get botched up and you start over. I hope anybody who looks at my drawing skills and takes this class and admires my work will say, Hey, that's cool because that means I can mess up, too. And I don't have to feel like I'm bad for that reason. It's perfectly normal. Keep going. Keep working at it will get better. You can't get worse at drawing, I think. Think of it that way. As funny as that sounds, it's It also seems to make sense. I don't think it get worse at anything if you practice every day. I've been doing more exercise recently. Exercise is extremely similar. As a matter of fact, I said. If I didn't say it already in the beginning of this course, drawing is a sport and you need to warm up a swell as's practice regularly. It's the same exact thing. Learning a musical instrument. Same exact thing I knew. A teacher of debate class, he is at the international level. His his students ah, travel the world for debate competitions. And he says that debate is a sport, and I totally agree. I think that's a great way of looking at it because they put a ton of work into it. That's what they do. There we go. That's my side. Just a Not a very quick sketch. What do we do? About 10 minutes? I have AH thing here. You know, it's probably 10 minutes or 5 to 10 minutes and sketching time cause I talked a lot before that. Okay, this video is getting a bit long, so just go ahead and finish it up in the next video 21. More Roaring: Let's go ahead and continue this from the previous lesson. Human abbreviate this video. Can we Can we turn that into a few step process to go one? I want the jaw to be relatively straight, so use that as a guideline. Um, here's a top of the head. It will come down toward the notion. Be so this should all pop back up a little right and come to a snow. And if that's where his teeth are, gum comes out here straight. I want the teeth toe not go back on a sharp angle because the other teeth have to come and meet it down here. So I got my angle there. This comes back like that bottom jaw comes out like this goatee, and then this is where the other job will come. Second races, guidelines and obviously, where his forehead comes down and meets the nose. That's where eyes gonna be. And that's where all of this magic no explosion of wrinkles can start to happen. The nose of the skin comes out first, and then this one, it seems, to curl back more when he's in this position. Me, that that that an upward way that upward way. Very smart guidelines. Let's go ahead and just assume this one is a female, uh, to the ears point back, I've been told many times now they're just up. There's some animals, you know, that they're ready to start fighting when, ah, their ears like point backwards or something. They can't dark backwards. I don't know the precise details of that get this year, but they should look like they're straining and move. And the kind of gun forward like this, right? Training their neck out because you wouldn't be in a leaning back position while you're growling. That's something. So I wonder if it's a female. There is hair back here. There must be some strange some lines around here. There could be like veins popping out or something. It still has her, Ah, female hairs. I highbrows come out of here, Still have some whiskers that can come out things like this again. Ah, looks like we'd be ready to zoom in and start refining the details. Ah, get it just like that. Yeah, like this. I wanted to look like when this tooth comes down, it touches the other one. It doesn't exactly, but I just wanted to kind of look like that, Okay? And then I can have another tooth here in perspective. Should be the sicker you make that one black just have, like, a shadowy background. Okay, T They should obviously be stretched out here, which could cause a crease or something. A wrinkle over here, The jaw, which will be very stressed out right now. Big muscle in there, who probably caused that little patch of hair around the jaw to be exaggerated a bit. And then why not have some type of neck muscle coming out of there? Not too bad, right, considering I did that completely blind. And it's not easy. Those first few steps of just developing a circle, kind of eyeballing where the the nose will come out and then, you know, getting your Joel line there. It gets easier with a few trials, but it's not. Not necessarily easy. Do it two or three times and get the hang of it. And wherever it doesn't work, you turn it back up. See, that was like three or four shape side to build there. It takes practice. I don't expect this to be easy at all. this. That's why I say this as, like one of the last last lessons. Maybe you can find a way to break it down in your own language and make it easier. But for me that it doesn't look like the type of thing that should be broken down into two or three easy steps because then it wouldn't be is dynamic and interested. Okay, I'll leave that one right there for now. And I am very much looking forward to the next lesson. Hope you enjoyed. And I'm looking forward to seeing your roaring lions. Please do share. See you later. See you soon. 22. Tiger Heads: Okay, so now let's have a look at the panthera Tigris. I'm not sure of the exact pronunciation, but it's Latin anyway, I assume. And so the lion is the panthera Leo, and the tiger is a panthera Tigris, which obviously sounds like Tiger t i g r i s. And since they're in the same family, they're both in a panther, a family. That's the whole point of this exercise. We should be able to draw a line without Excuse me. We should be able to draw a tiger I'm gonna keep doing that is confusing. Um, we should be able to keep drawing a tiger without too much variants without too much different difference. Alert learning too much more based on what we've already developed with the Lions. So we should be able to just tweak the features of a lion a little bit so that we can create a tiger. And let's have a look at what some of these detailed features might be. The first is obviously the stripes. I'm gonna save that for later. I have been working on a technique which I think will be very helpful. But that's the most complicated part. So Let's look at that last another. The second most obvious thing for me was, this is not a main but the faces round, and it's not because their actual bone structures around. Obviously, it's the for that's coming out here. I don't know if that's called a main or there's another name for it or if they just don't distinguish. That is just the features of a tiger. But, um, it's there, so that's something to keep in mind. Ah, one thing, there's foreshadowing. Obviously, all of the stripes on the face are kind of fitting within a circle pattern, and we'll use that a little bit later. So there's a lot of circle going on about here. The nose is pink. I've noticed that it's always pink the nostrils. So it seems like we're drawing the same exact knows. It does go up and it humps around. The nostrils, just like that were the same nose here, but it's pink, and I like that cause it's more visible instead of destroying a black ah black triangle every time. So I thought that was interesting. Something about the eyes. I want to see if they is it true that they're not always as flat on the top as the lioness with the tiger here in this situation, and we have to keep in mind. It's a matter of being outdoors or not, because even the lion, their eyes as we studied are not really ah, flat at the top all of the time. It's usually when they're outside, and so the intensity of the sun causes that look. And here we can see. I believe this is a Malaysian tiger. Ah, this one is more round at the top and something I kept noticing that a point out here first is there's a sort of ah, sleekness that bends downwards, and I've noticed this a lot will look at it to try and I let you be the judge. But I'm starting to think that that is persistent throughout all of the lions, and here it is again here. See how there's an angle. So it's almost like if you were to make a V in the middle, where the noses, the eyes kind of go along, that it starts to look like an owl. All right, so has kind of, ah, wise look to it. And so if we look back at our original slides here. That seems to be consistent, that not only does the bridge of the nose come in a little bit, but I have this very distinct feeling about the news here. And this might help us to go back to the lion when we're drawing the lion and pick up some features that weren't as visible on the line but show out more, Ah, distinctively on the tiger as interesting how that happens. And it happens. Look at every nose is very well defined and a kind of bulges out a little bit. All right, so has kind of, ah, sausage or, ah, hot dog type of look to it. And it goes perfectly all the way up to the nose. It really is like a sausage popping out of the out of the eyes there, and that's about it, that yours years look the same. They come up from the outside of the eyes and they stopped at the edge of face, and I'm not seeing very much more. How about the the whisker area, the whisker pouch sort of area? It does seem a bit more prominent. The way it pops out here and you have. This is also going to be helpful for the drawing of the stripes. On the face is that that pouch area seems to pop out there and the entire news and that whisker pouch and they would call, you know, like the bridge of the nose and beginning of the face. Whole area there has a certain shape to it, and it never seems to have stripes. Never. You see here doesn't have it, right? So let's take all of that that we've learned so far and I'm gonna do is do the same thing that I would have done with a lion. And I'm just going to start off for the same guidelines and see what happens. Come in. I'm gonna eyeball this a little bit. I do want a guideline right down the middle and to where the jaw would be. Should be at least that high. Because if I'm making my three eyes, then it should be about that wide, right? I my bowling because the chin, both sides of the chin should go up and break into thirds just like that. So I'm eyeballing a lot of this, but we'll get through it. Okay. Is that about as about there's Well, let's just see what happens. So the eyes Oh, yeah, I would make this the top of the eyes like that, and I'll have my middle I two on the side so that I should be about this big, and I just feel like that's not enough. So I'm gonna eyeball it and push him out little bit, A little bit lighter like this. I'm gonna come down with that V shape just a little bit. It's like this erased. Some of this could be confusing, looming very, very sloppy. Now only see beckon, get a sick pen. Be a little bit more prestigious about this. Okay, so I'll just continue. I will put the ah, the people's hit more at the top. So it looks relaxed. And I will bring a little bit of that that flatness to the top here. Okay, the top of our news. No, we have this shape of the nose which comes out like this and is very prominent on all of the tigers that we've looked at top of news here. So we'll have a nostril and a nostril, and then it goes up is up because around the nostril, down around the national back up And in this case, we don't have to fill it in all black. So I leave it like this could potentially Oh, yeah. And so for this one, make sure where you get the nostril toe. Have a go up the nostril leads directly to that line on the side of the nostril. It's okay. Have a little line here. I'm not sure if it's necessary, but that a lot of, Ah, a lot of mammals with this type of nose share that future. This is actually my first time trying this. We're learning together. Remember, this seemed to be quick. Prominent. Let me just cross check a cross reference. Um, that is about the same the size I keep seeing tigers with their mouths slightly open. See that one there? There's one, 23 on this page alone for their mouths are open. Whereas I didn't see that as much with the Tigers, I don't know with the lions and I don't know if that is ah, feature or just a coincidence. Okay. No. Yeah. It's a goatee, right? I'm still seeing a goatee. That's what I was looking for. I guess it's about the same, but it doesn't look as I saw. Oops. Wrong there. I saw that seems lighter. A bit more around. We'll try it like that. That that that that that just like that, their whiskers will go there. Okay, so it's starting to feel about right. I like how That's only the ends of the eyes. What it come up is where that year should start. And I do think these air about the same and at the side, they popped out a little bit on an angle. It seems they shouldn't get straight up like that. Okay, I'm gonna come in. That's another thing over there. Not behind the head, obviously. So to come down a little bit into this space and I'm just gonna draw it the same as I would on alliance for no. Until I see otherwise, let's just go ahead, make a roundness so that the circle stops. Where the bottom of the chin. What they says. A sort of a total. An overall circle. Very roundish, circle ish kind of shape to the overall head on, trying a little bit of symmetry in there. Okay, take some of these guidelines out. Unless you, that's pretty much everything. Let's see what we can't do. Obviously. Ah, most obviously, Is there something about the cheek here I haven't defined? And then we'll look at the stripes. There's go ahead and finish that in the next lesson because this video is getting a bit long. 23. Stripes on Tiger Heads: now lets you. That's pretty much everything. Let's see what we can't do. Obviously. Ah, most obviously. Is there something about the cheek here I haven't defined? And then we'll look at the stripes. So what am I missing? One thing. I use this as reference. Yeah, there is a definition to the cheek and it comes down to the jaw. So it's sort of so basically it's like we're drawing are lying again. It's like a female lion. This goes down from our comes out from the side of the head and comes in rather sharply like that. I just wanna make a suggestion of that right now. There, we turn this off, so out. See some definition as quite strong definition. When you get down to this area here, the it looks like almost us now of the mouth and the jaw was not, Is it the jaw of the bottom jaw? Is the jaw kind of pops out like that? Check my symmetry. Not too bad, a little shaky. And I'm wondering all these things now whether or not he has here. She has as long of the eyebrows or eyelashes and the eyebrows. Yeah, designs could be a bit more suggestive. This one just like that? Yeah, I kept noticing. I did notice these things. It's like, not very symmetrical, even with my guidelines. But I can't fix that until I slip it with the paper. I would probably spend the paper around. Would be on paper. You can go, you know, move it like this way and that way and get your perfect angle. But when you're drawn into tablet, I don't really have that. And I haven't become accustomed to changing the angle of the canvas here. It's just not a habit I've developed. So what I do is that flip the campus around kind of helps me. I need a quick look at the Is that mouth all one piece or does the goatee come? You know, it just kind of like that. It's a little bit around. Uh, yeah, I kind of the the bottom part of goatee is a little bit separated from the top like that. Okay, I think that's OK. Slightly symmetrical. And so let's have a look at the's stripes. What I want to say with the stripes is that I've said already there is around this where does it start from? It starts from the outside of the nose, and you can just keep going around and draw about three circles all the way around the head . And then just a race spots of the circle kind of. And also note that in the middle here there's a dividing point, which will be more obvious on some tigers than others. Here's more obvious, right? You can see it's symmetrical abate with this being like the middle. And so there isn't indentation. That's another feature, which I just realized is obviously very, very different and very prominent and very clear. Is that the nose? As we said, it has that perfect sausage to it. Remember, on the lion knows, it was always with a dent in the middle. There be a clear dent on the forehead and a clear dent straight down the middle. Not always a very strong dent, but there was a dent their most frequently. And that is not on the tiger that was on the lion. So there's another difference. Very interesting. Okay, let me try my three circle theory of 123 and then break it up a little. They also have sort of eyebrow and ah, the white space, which I might not draw now because we're not doing color always seems to go in the same spot. It's above and below the ice and above the eyes. That makes a sort of like two little cat ears and on the outside of the face. Or that little were, we said might be a main or just for the roundness of the face. That's always white, too. Yes, he So you have the cat ears here under the eyes and the outside a round for is there, and it's easy to once. It seems very complicated at first, but once you noticed that pattern is the same, it becomes a lot easier. So you might think at first it's a daunting task to have to draw a tiger because of these complicated stripes and the color and everything like that. But it's maybe not. Maybe it's not so hard. Okay, so I do. This is my first time doing this. I need to check a couple of times, but starting from I guess about the inner cheek, which would be here, right? There are stripes right under the eye and they do? Come in right around the face. Okay. I'm gonna try this. This is not easy. Have a coming right around here. I do in a mark, or at least pay attention to where the center is. Meaning this center here. So it's kind of symmetrical from that point. Uh huh. And the curve should be This is why it gets really hard. Because the curve has to be a little bit consistent. I have a couple lines coming out here which will also come down this far. I think about this fire. Okay, So drawing from the center again, doing a second circle here, its outer ring. Kind of like, if you remember the rings on a tree. Oh, that Maybe that's a bad analogy. It doesn't really look anything like rings on a tree, But just toe help. Keep it in mind, keep it in memory. So he has rings coming out like this. Okay, so these rings are not necessarily the stripes of the tiger. They're representative of it. Thes are gonna be our guidelines, but I want them to be relatively symmetric. They're important. I want it. You know, if it has a certain curve over here. I would hope it has that same kind of curve over here. You see what I'm saying? And around like this. Around we go, I should have sort of a flow to it, right? So they look like they have a certain a certain type of distance from each other. I can look back my reference again. Ah, it is 123 It does come all the way. It just seems odd sometimes that that works as easily as it does. And when we get towards the as it comes up to the I, everything kind of comes up and inward towards the face. What is another feature? So that means this one and come up like this as well as this one. Maybe this one go up like that, we'll have some more up here. Something like that doesn't be perfect. We're doing well for me. What is my first time? Not first time ever. But my first time ever doing the stripes like this. Let's say if I do a tiger before and I know I have once or twice I just copied it from a photo. No, just say however they do in the photo that's how copy it. I wasn't being original. So with the techniques that were practicing now, we could be a bit more original. Weaken draw where we can attempt to draw a tiger just from memory and make each tiger that we draw somewhat unique. Do some stuff like a race here and race there. So the stripes, we have unique stripes, but they're all following that type of pattern, that type of guidelines of the rings like Lord of the Rings. No, that doesn't help up and in and down. For this one, it's me. The same is that one look at some reference. It's already taking form. It looks good or it's looking plausible. See what other type of embellishments we can make. There's a vein meanness to it in many cases. So when it's done that shouldn't you should necessarily have to see actual rings in many cases. But their suggestions right, and it sometimes it's first. So it has this type of ripple effect where it might come out and do weird things like this on this side will do the same, and I'll break it at the same place and then do the same again seen again. So you gotta have some breakage here and there. I like this look like that, right? And we always have that white space under I I would suggest that, but these lines here, same as I did with the lion, uh, was that coming along? It's not too shabby. I think that's good for a first freehand. Ah, you know, from memory type of tiger here. How many times have I said the word lion instead of tiger? That's where I hope I, uh I didn't have too many times. Okay, so this video get quite long and I won't be able to perfect this in any short amount of time. This leave it about their I I think I noticed that this is supposed to fan out a bit and it was supposed to look like for which is it is, as a Mahaney keeps saying, looks a little bit like a mane. That so shot doesn't make him look like a circle head. Right. His head is cat shaped and has some for coming out of the side. Keep that mind. Might help to make it more natural. Yeah, Now it's a it's getting better. And better. Don't their science too thick on the outside so it won't affect ther for Excuse me? How to get third for okay and to intensify. This looks great. Different from that side. I don't know why. To intensify the look of it being for Aiken. Do some extra lines just coming out. Everything is coming up. Ah, there are frequently a lot of little detailed, more detailed dots around. When you get closer to the eyes and they sort of come out like this, Simitsek struggles on a person. Yeah, we're getting good. I like it Looks like a tiger. If you ask me the eyes to be confident, we can put some highlights and eyes look a bit more alive. Yeah, listening. Okay, let's leave that one here and we'll do another video and have a look at the body. Or perhaps ah, something else. Some other details. That's it for now. I hope you draw a tiger yourself very quickly, and I hope it's not too painful. If you have any problems, let me know. You can always contact me wherever Ah, depending on where ever you find me or through my website. And that's it for now. See in the next video 24. Tiger Profiles: So here's a finished up, How to say, polished up slightly. Still a sketch, not a perfect drawing. Still low, sketchy but my first tiger face from the front using using these techniques, and so I didn't really learn anything more. I just cleaned it up. I did cheat on the I because I just ah, I really wanted to get it perfect. I wanted this to be beautiful, and so I copied and pasted that and just flipped it over. But over their second see, it's almost perfectly symmetrical. Um, and then I just added more detail at its more dots and lines here and try to make it as symmetric as possible, plus the whiskers, which is something, by the way. I wanted to point out that the whiskers I don't know if I'm right or not about this, but on the tiger, definitely. It seems like they have more whiskers and they kind of seem longer. I don't know if I'm just seeing things, but it looks like a lot more. I know you can remember back. We talked a lot about whiskers on the lion and previous episode. Caesar definitely let me get back. They're definitely much you see, Much like we talked. We said that it should be about the distance from, you know, the center of the mouth of the end of the mouth should be the same for the whiskers. But these air going away down here, that's a lot further. And there just seems to be more. I don't know why, and this one is just obvious. Like there's so many whiskers. Okay, so I'm gonna do the same thing that's trying to aside view. What I'm gonna do is I'm gonna assume the same way that I did with the lion that from the side view we can use the same tools that we use to make a lion. Oh, excuse me. I did. Ah, I meant for the tiger. I'm going to keep doing that for the tiger. We can use the same tools that we have already to build the line. So we'll start off just basically by drawing a lying a lion with are almost 45 degree angle here. Um, I did look at some tigers and think, Do they tilt their heads down even further? It seems in some cases it's hard to tell. Ah, but that might be the case. Let me assume that's the same. Guys will be about here and we'll have our nurse come down halfway. So we have a line here, it will be, Ah, two halfs. Between the I to the back, the head and I to the front. The news comes in like this. In this case, the news is pink. Um, you can judge what your nostril is because of that line that comes back there. So the nostril be right here and should go straight back from the nostril like that. And then the front picked pink part of the nose. I'll be here, Go up like that. And as we said before, what we do with the line, we have little goatee come out. We're gonna have to look and see if that's the same. I don't think it is with the Tiger, but we'll just do the same. I'm just gonna draw lie in the way that I drawn the lion already over and over again, and then we'll see if we can modify it easily enough to become a tiger. The position of the eyes is still, is it? This might be a big difference right here. This could be very important. Is the distance to the tip of the nurse a little bit shorter? The nose is definitely different on a tiger than a lion. It slips down. It doesn't have that dent in the middle. Do you have another side view here? Just this one from it slips downward. It kind of it makes Ah, dive That comes up. And then it makes sort of a dive right there. Right. So let me try. I'll go like this. I have this line here for the forehead. Go up a little. That way I can make my dip down here just like that. That will be with Lions. News goes, Oh, sorry, tiger. Uh oh, my God. I'm just never My brain is just hardwired to say Lyon over and over now. So that neck that we saw there is coming down a lot more like this, even though the jaw is still up there and I want reference for this. It's kind of like you don't see the jaw and it just comes directly from here. Here's and there is a goatee, By the way. That was one of the questions, but it doesn't seem his bushy. And then right after the goatee, the next starts to go straight. It's some reflectors. Ah, there's a pouch right here. And then it kind of goes back to another thing there. So that's why it's very strange is going to look like a bear with that figure, Nick. And yeah, I'm drawing. Sorry, Too much stuff it once that. See how that looks like compare. I knew that was gonna happen, but what will distinguish it from a bear is I guess when we get the stripes and everything in there so that you can really see its face and I just feel like it looks like a bear. But I'm gonna go ahead and draw my lines. Is the mouth correct? Yes. The mouse always open. I think. I think it's the same. Ah, it's really hard to say with these lines. The whatever trying to do now is find out where to put my three rings so you can kind of see a one to a so much. Maybe it's 123 so it doesn't seem to go all the way behind his ears or anything like that. Not too exaggerated let me see if I could just eyeball it. This whips there, just kind of do it my way. And so, as we did before, will have some lines coming up in here artistically. Sort of some. Ah, go around the top and break off into replaces. Okay, I actually need more break. It's here. And I noticed that he had some ah, lines coming down all the way back here. Theo. Entire body has stripes on it. So should be you could put him, like, anywhere. There's often this zigzag and that you get some of these. That's one thing I have learned from past drawings, and I can see there's a tiger like feeling to it. I'm still I'm fighting against a bear type of look, uh, also could be because I don't have thes yet and whiskers, right? You're not account unless you have whiskers. That's one thing I don't like that. They looked unnatural, active, and we're making very long with girls. I have some popping out the other side over there. Yeah. Uh huh. Okay. And they have an eyebrow to them, which was another feature I missed in a previous video. But I I added it afterwards. Okay, so I think we have a foundation here, and it looks good. What I'm gonna do now is just keep filling in the details, basically, and it needs There's too much white space, right? So we need more little details this time. We don't have to be symmetric because we're only doing one side and we could be random towards Ah a Z get closer to the eyes. I always see there's more little things like this and then the further you get away from the ice, you start to get bigger, bigger stripes like that and all of this. It's sort of like a Mahaney type of look. It all There's some longer hairs that come out around here and there to get a closer to the face who have, like, much shorter, shorter hair. So it's like for it's more like for when you get close to face and ah, more like hair as get away, gravitate away from the face something something needs to look more catlike. It might be it might come down to it. Yes, a shorter notes. That's what I'm I just picked it up. The shorter notice. Andi, we're lion has the ah is not stock is up. Need to see that. Yeah, the cats have short noses. Actually, I'm term house cats. Lions are unique. Um, and where they have big nose and we'll look at the other ones. Assume like a jaguar. And I forget what the other one is. Its lion, lion, tiger, Jaguar and ah, not not Panther. Another one. Ah. Oh, I'll just remember when I said and ah, some of them have shorter noses, which gives it more of that house cat. Have a book. Hmm? What is different about this? The eyes look a little too human, perhaps. And right. So I just kind of sure that I clicked that for now. I was just saying the tips of the years said drawing here takes the year seem to be black and will make these little bit better. Well, crisper. Obviously, the more detail you do know, the more attention you give to detail, the better it'll turn out. Okay. I'm happy with that. We'll leave that there for now. We have two tigers here, one from the profile view and one from the front view. Sort of a mug shot. See, that slept better. I don't like it when it's sloppy like this. I like to take the time, but I could do that off. Ah, off camera. I can keep doing the details and show you in the next video. So I do that. And I hope you learn from that. And I hope you are already drawing your first tiger. I'm sorry. I keep calling a tiger or a lion in the line of Tiger. Get a mixed up try and get that straight in the next video. Until then, we'll see you keep on drawing. 25. Studying Tiger Bodies: Let's go ahead and take a look at the bodies now of the Tigers. And one thing is very good, because what we're doing here is we're trying to use our fundamental lion shape to draw tigers. So the best thing to do would be to compare with the differences are just like we did with the head. So I did bring up the Lions. In this case, I have a theory which I'm working on, and it's that the arms that the first thing I'm noticing I mean, there might be a few things, but the arms I believe of the especially with the lion s, the arms and the legs or what will call, you know, the four legs. Obviously they have they can have a skinny nous to them. Now I'm looking. And this, by the way, the more we study the different cats, the more I'm going back to learn subtle details about the lions, which is also very useful. So by this supports a theory that I've learned a lot in art is that when you study other things, it helps you to fortify the things that you already know about. And so, for example, if you wanted to learn how to draw better. Sometimes doing photography could be very useful. So you have to broaden your range always at the different things you want to study in order to go back to your core study. So to Ah, look at the lioness here. I keep noticing some areas here where not to say she looks weak or anything, but the arms get a little bit more skinny with the lion, the male lion. I also get a little bit of that around this area. Here, you see, it starts to get a skinny taper off. So there's a bit of elegance to the hind Paul. Although in this case, not the front. Ah, front leg. Yeah, I meant to say Should be hind leg or front leg. Um, but is that consistent? Whatever here it is. But I'm not sure if that's now that's a different cat. So that is consistent over here again, with the front legs more strong so we can assume that these front legs and the reason for that is because they're like hands. They actually use their front legs like hands when they go hunting and they grab on to their prey, which is always a big animal, usually bigger than themselves s. So there's that to keep in mind, as we just closely, you know, a bit more closely analyzed the features. It's strange that their hind legs would have some elegance to them. We think they should be thicker and stronger, but the arms seem to maintain a sturdy started. Mr. Let's Bring that back to our tigers and see if my theory is correct that the Tigers are just pound for pound, stronger and thicker in every way. And the first thing I want to look at was this one here for You can see this amazing arm here that it's just unbelievable. I don't know if you can ah, put that to scale, but it's almost as big as his head, right, especially in this area here, and just the amount of power that must be behind that swing he's about to make is horrifying. That would rip right through a human being easily, especially those clothes, and they seem to be razor sharp, not razor sharp, but very, very sharp. I do have another one over here which had a bit more close up on the on the clothes, you know, I'm going to say I think they actually are sharper. Then the lion close that sharper. They look very dull, but the line clothes were bigger and thicker and stronger looking. But these looks sharper. Good. So let's look at both the hind leg of the front, like the first fault with the front front leg. Here. It's just an enormous amount of power in the upper arm. That's uncanny. It's different from the lion. I haven't seen a lion have that much definition, and with them power to it at all, it just looks so much stronger. And with the hind leg, we do get some. It does get skinny, more elegant and that back, but I still think it just looks like a stronger leg. Look at how unbelievably gorgeous needs stripes are here. That's really nice. Okay, And again, over here on the front leg against similar to the lion is just straighter, right? There's note. There's none of that elegance. It doesn't get sleeker skinny, but I think this sleekness on how to say, like the stealthiness or the aerodynamics of the hind legs probably has to do with running speed, right? Assume there's some kind of aerodynamic reason for that. But even still, like in this one here, it doesn't necessarily look skinny at all. It's a well, it's a thick. Let it's a strong leg here, too. No, I'm not gonna fool myself. My theory could be partially room, but I feel like we learned something from it that I think there is something very different about There is a prominence of the front legs on the tiger that is not there. That just didn't It didn't stand out to me. Let's put it that way. It did not stand out to me on the lioness much every time I look at the ah four legs of Oh , Jesus. I mean, they're just huge. So unbelievably big love. You hear the muscle definition, you can see it coming through. It's horrifying how strong they are, and I suppose it might be most of them back. But this is, ah again that the bone structure should be about the same, and this would be, uh, the shoulder blade right there popping up, and that's that. So let's go ahead and draw a line body. Just thinking, basically, that the arms are thicker. And then we're gonna have to try to, ah, try to figure out how to do their stripes, which again, I think, is gonna be too hard. What I'm seeing mostly is we gotta rings that keep going around the body and they kind of come around towards the legs like that. On we go. You know, when it goes to the leg, they change their direction to wrap around the leg. So is wrapping around the the cylinder of the body, and it's wrapping around the cylinder of the legs. That should be pretty pretty easy to do. Not to heart detail is about the same. They don't have a black tuft of for at the end, let me get back to where it was. But they do have a black spot. It seems to be consistent that they have a tip, a black tip. See at the tip of every tale. Eso remember. They are the same family. So these similarities or not, you know it's not without reason. It's the same family of cat, okay, but it doesn't come out to a tuft like the lion does on the Tiger. It's just just a black spot. Just black color at the tip. Okay, let's go ahead and try to draw some line bodies. 26. Drawing Tiger Bodies: So let's have a look at the tiger body now. We'll start sketching it and a couple more quick notes. Uh, based on the previous lion knowledge that we have is how long should the body be? This one is not a perfect example to judge by, but I think I can get the height of this head there and then go. That's 12 345 and a little bit more. I've been getting that consistently. So we go here with the actual length of the head, which is, you know, from here to down there they go. 12345 That's a full sex. They do. They're just bigger, you know, they do just seem bigger. So let's ah, take that. I think we're ready to go. There's nothing else that I haven't mentioned already. So let's go ahead and try and draw Tiger. I'm going to use this one in my mind. Ah, so it's a little bit of dynamic post. Is he to pause, going back and to pause, going forward? So there's a walking position going on there. I think that would be fun. Let's have a try. So let's do our sausage first, as I was doing at the fat part of sausage and a skinny part. And since we keep finding that line just somehow feels a little bit longer. I'll make this sausage a little bit longer as well. That sausage will have the hind leg going back. I'll just make that rip represent that slightly and therefore this leg. The front leg will also be going back. I don't see. Let me see if there's no that's wrong. That's what's wrong here, because this they tried again and I would just try to make it a little cleaner. So if this is where the joint is the right, so this would be shoulder, this would be hip, right? No hip will be up here. This is shoulder, this is hip. And then this is elbow. This is knee. And then so if that's true, let's go back like this, right? This one that this and the other one. So I have a one Paul here, another Paul here, then one here, one here that maybe I could be a little closer. Just ah, centimeter of distance and perspective could mean like feet or even miles, sometimes depending on where you are. The tail, which, uh was interesting. I kept wondering what is what should be the exact A definition. But exaggerate this. This area here would be the exact definition of how long detail should be. And I didn't pick that up when I was studying the lion. But for the tiger, I did get a precise definition from that on Wikipedia. And the answer was, Ah, half 1/2 of the body, about approximately of the 0.6, I believe. Was it number? Very using this here, this here, this here. So come down like that And then this will be the wrist and the Paul still be here or we could have it. So is Paul Looks like it's about to move. It's kind of coming up a little. That's a going like that. Maybe I'll make it bigger because this is, after all, a tiger should A very big and that arm here should just look like it's crazy. Strong. Um, as we were always saying before, if you have the shoulder starting here, the joints go in to the to the inner part of the body first, so should go in and out but not it doesn't need to be exaggerated that much. And then about here is where I guess the poet come down. Remember that the front we kept noticing is just strong on this particular animal. It does. It looks so much like straight. So you have giant amount of muscle appear but down towards the bottom in this area, it doesn't really slim in and get elegant or anything like that. It's just a big storm are Let me try and determine that with the joints would be here and here. Probably like that. Okay. And so then, uh, we determined the other Paul should be here. So this post coming in in this direction, Um, wanna get that curve right? First of all, there is a little bit of guts. A lot of this will be hidden. And I guess this we can start off from the bottom and just say there has to be a building going up. And then how is gonna bed? And it's gonna bend inward that I can't do that. Ah, joint this one's joint joint joint. So the back to the joint joint joint, I guess it'll come down from there An end. So that means, right? The other joint is about here. Yeah, that's not necessarily easy. I think it works, right? So the other one shouldn't be too hard. Look tough to hair right here. Think should come out. So this one should simply pop out like this. I'm just wondering if I guess from the the body to the bottom. His legs do seem longer for the tiger. And that's why perhaps I'm getting a bad feeling about this one here. So let's go ahead and and do that. Let's just do it. Just make it a little bit longer. How hard could this be? Drink this a little longer. I just want thes. Yeah, these the more prominent part of the leg here to be a bit it longer. So do that again. Every here for this part. Oh, that's a little bit better. That's work. Yes, a little bit taller like that is better. And now the neck is always going forward but will go up a little bit. I don't really need the hunting. Look right now, Naked sticker. I do feel as though they're a part of the reason that they might be more heads along like six instead of five is because their neck often seems longer. I remember every time I made the neck a bit too long on the I don't have perfect example this one. Maybe every time I made the neck a bit too long on the lion, it didn't seem right. But here they have a lot of neck about them. Let's try and the head is big. But it should seem kind of smaller because in comparison to the thick neck and all this, all the way down, the size of the head may be better. If I you hear it looks like he's going on the upper slang. I didn't realize that. I remember I broke down the nose. I felt like it was just shorter and would come down faster, right? But it still gives up little like this, and then we're gonna have from the jaw is under the ear. And so that means our for will come around here and make that circle and a mistake I think I made on the previous one. Is that the mouth I need to go down? Remember, it's a frown. It's always just a frown, really. These cats don't smile so much and spring the nose up like that. Should be good enough, uh, fighting with my own tools here. Why don't tools ever listen? Okay, a little bit of a goatee not to exaggerate it. Okay, I have to draw a bear sometimes soon to figure out the similar. What is it about bear that makes a bear look like a bear? Because I keep getting the sensation that I'm drawing a bear when I'm not just keeps coming up that way. So I have to see what it is that makes a bear a bear. So you distinguish it well, from my cuts. This nose is part of the thing, I think just giving that bear kind of this is flat. And remember, I was saying in the previous ah, in previous lesson about the head of the cat, how the lions have an indentation both in the forehead and in the nose and the tiger does not. I looked at what I was reading on Wikipedia that actually they they spelled that out. They wrote that exactly as I had mentioned it myself. And it seems to be true. Yeah, there's something wrong. Definitely with my hind legs. The hind legs are way too, or they're just done done wrong. So let's fix that. These should be coming down more like, much further down. And this one, I think the bottom part just isn't that flexible. It's kind of what they're saying. And so as a result, remember, it was kind of curving up. This still goes in like that, but curves up around here. Maybe some meat will go over there. That's OK. I just need a really big forearm there. Sorry. Important. Yeah, that's better. Okay, I'm gonna start doing Ah, this in time lapse now, because the length of the video is getting too long. Was adding some dots here? Ah, you know, for the whiskers. No, I wanna dive into this stripes, get our three rings, and when it adds some Ah, you know what? What is that technique? I called it veiny like venue. There's a splitting off making arrows and then when we get to the body, which will be very soon because we're already covered the face for just doing it from a side view now. But the body is gonna be cylinders, which again we've already covered. That's not the reason I'm kind of going into time lapse here. We already looked at this cylinders just following this cylinder of the body in a cylinder of the legs and the talons and black as you see there and we'll do the same exact thing that we did with the face for the body. I use, um, reference here as you're going to see. Yeah, I'm pointing out the ah, they're like little eyes again. This is like, if you look at would really weird, um, the rings of a tree. Sometimes if you cut a tree, you'll get like ice out of it. That's where Branch was popping out. It's kind of what this is, and I splits down the middle of the body like I was showing there in the in the time lapse reference. That's how you get these little I shapes. You get some vain Innis. They just, you know, race at some parts. Make sure it's not one continuous line, a little bit of zigzag and creativity. I mean, you really just have to get it for this one. There's no way of putting that into words, but hopefully that's why make these demonstrations, so hopefully can kind of play along after you see me do it, it should inspire you and help you to, uh, Lou that it's working. Looks like a tiger. Pretty good. He lives. No. Childish little, uh, looks little bit like a toy, but he turned out okay. I might fix him up later. It was kind of like a ah, but I I just wanted that were toy, or like, an advanced stuffed animal. And I'm just trying to clean them up here. Okay, now, that's good enough for now. I hope you enjoyed that, and we'll move on to the next lesson. 27. Jaguar Heads: Now let's have a look at the beautiful Jaguar. What amazing creature. Look at their spots. What do you call them? Spots they're actually referred to as something like rosettes and rosettes. That word right there on, Well, that is large process that that's actually the leopard right here. The and we're gonna do both of these. The row sets on the leopard do not have spots on the inside, although on the Jaguar they do have spots on the inside. What you're going to see here when we zoom in, there's some it seems like, Well of Rose. That's why I called Arosa. It looks like pedals on the outside. There's little dots. And then there's, ah more smaller dots on the inside. So has a flower like design. This will not be easy, but I have a few tricks to help us to break that down. I'm going to jump right into it this time because we've done such extensive research on all of the's panthera that it can get a little bit repetitive. So let me go ahead and just do what I do with this one. Um, and by the way, this is a great reference I found here on Wikipedia because you can see a side by side. These cats here, some of their differences. One that we're working on now. The Jaguars, the Taylors shorter. The legs are shorter. The head has ah different cone shape. So let's just take that for what it is, and then dive right in. Um, I don't want to get too repetitive with everything. One thing I will do is I could move this one down a bit. So it's still there as reference when we need it just for the head. I go straight into joining the head right here, so they start off with a circle, as we normally do for just about everything. Biological. So the reason I'm making this circle more of an oval and wider is because, as you can see, the Jaguar, which we're working on now has a much more narrow face and a shorter knows. Now that doesn't break our rule of thirds. Necessarily weaken. Go right down here and say if the top of his head is here. Ah, and this is here. And this is here though those were about the same space and so is here. It doesn't necessarily break a rule of thirds, but that the nose is obviously just much shorter. Much Ah, much less. Ah, how to say it's more pointy, right? And the jaw is what? So the rule of thirds might still apply here. However, let me get a better guideline when trying it right down Looks right down the middle, right? Yeah. However, the rule of thirds ah, might be somehow just Why did no, A bit. It might be stretched out a little bit. So it seems to be point here. Um, so I give myself this shape and also I'm going to give myself a little bit of jaw on the outside here cause I don't really see that jaw popping out and coming in to the middle. That which might also be why we have the more narrow look. I think that might be why, Okay, let's try it like that. So I'll get my 1st 2 lines that have thirds, right? But just for the sake of making them out ah, seems smaller. The muzzle there, I'm gonna try and let's focus on that and put it in a place where it looks like it should line up with the Joel just like that. Um, I still have the same kind of rule for the eyes, but the eyes feel bigger. That might be another illusion that we're dealing with here. They are flat on the top, as as were with many cats that we've studied so far. Even this one who seems to be in the shade. They seem to be consistently flat on the top so I could draw. Actually, my guideline for that should be down here a little further. I want to be symmetrical. So out, judge, from here to here and from here to here, gonna make sure all of the symmetry is falling into place. And then I kind of get my eyes where they seem to fit. Keep that. Well, my steak I keep making is by the time I'm done because I make my circles very sloppy. I'm not really paying attention of the space from the center, you know, make sure that there evenly separated from that center line and right here they are. So gonna do that. I'm not even looking at the photo. I'm just going to assume that the eyes come down in the same kind of way that they do with all of the other cats. I could be wrong about that. But let's have a look and opposed to supper bit. Let's have a look. Yes, about the same. There's not as much of Ah, that Ah, inward black line is there. It's there, but it doesn't look on this particular cut. It doesn't look as black on this When it does, so let's stick with it. As usual, we'll keep that the nose again, just very much like the lion where it comes out like a sausage. We're hot dog. I'll let you choose that. That's a sausage or a hot dog for you. Maybe sausage from the hot dog, I don't know, comes out like that. Ah, the no should also have about the same thickness as you can see. It lines up with the inner eye, but not too much. Maybe does seem a bit smaller. I don't know if that's an illusion or not. Do we have a black nurse now? Think the big nostrils here. They go up around side, up around the side and come in to make the national here make her line. Her friend is the mouth just smaller. I'm tryingto really narrow Win on. What is it exactly? That just makes them seems smaller about somewhere about the the mouth or the nose or the muzzle. They just seem smaller. It might be that the mouth is just smaller and everything else is kind of an optical illusion. It seems that make my dots, that that that that that that so time consuming but worth it, have her dots whiskers about the same. Normally, I should do whiskers last this time. I just go ahead, throw them in there. I do think the mouth ship should come down to a smaller point, and that's that might be the whole, the whole thing that's really making it different. Um, definitely a bit of a lip in here. Okay, Eyes about the same as always, with our Pantera would have the white markings underneath the eye. It's definitely not alliance. We can see that now already. Get rid of some guidelines. Clean up a little bit. OK, we're getting somewhere, uh, years, same as usual. A little bit more pointy notice that little bit more pointing, but starting at the edge of the eyes from here to here, come out a little bit of pointing us right here and stopping at the end. Ah, the face. Otherwise, about the same. Yeah, I don't have them coming in so much. You might see a little bit of skin on the outside. I hear the years just look thinner and they should still come in on the head. Right? That's one thing. Come in a little bit, the start in the back of the head. There's sort of a cone shape that goes on right. We might almost be their house. My symmetry could be better. Could be better. Let's go ahead and finish this in the next lesson where we will focus on the spots. 28. Spots on Jaguar Heads: Okay, so here's where things get harder. We're gonna do something about the dots here, dot, dot dot And what I'm gonna do is I'm looking at patterns. And just like with the tiger, it's closer. There are some kind of rings going around like this. We can cling to the rings. This is only for the face. There's a blackness around the side of the mouth. Ah, but won't see that here. Let's try toe eyeball it, mostly using those ring patterns and note that some of the dots bunch up a little bit to make there's rosettes. And there is something about the middle of the head that gives us some symmetry. So I make my middle line here. I'll start going dot, dot dot It will be tricky. Let me do it. Just like I I just said, I'm gonna go in rings and there is something about It's kind of like an eyebrow. They just seem to have more intense markings around there or not. I can't tell. Okay, so they make this ring here, which I noticed on the one guy, and I think they're getting bigger as to go away, right? You know, as we get further away from the eyes to get bigger. So ring around the roses here, ring around the rosettes, you know, bigger over here. And they go up like this is up, up, up with our ring. Let's see if that looks accurate. Yeah. So it's almost like you can see lines going up this way, but there dotted lines, Right? Okay, just like that. And then if you want to, you can group them up a little bit like I was saying a moment ago. So you have, you know, some Bunches over here. It doesn't seem to be necessary for every leopard, but it happened. I see it happening here. It's bunching up a little over here on this guy already. True on Let me reset. You see some Bunches over there. So under the eye, it's more like freckles with lines. And then on the outside, you might get some Bunches like this. They're a little bit bigger and bigger still on the top. Let me see if I can clean it up a little. Ah, what I want to do when we get to cut What? We might not color all of the cuts in this in these lessons. But if you were to color this one, I want to point out the It's almost the same as the tiger where you can see the white spots kind of a little bit, comes up over the eye and under the eye, and the sites are all white. And, of course, the muzzle area here in the mouth is always right. You can see that consistently. It's a little bit later, not as distinguished as the tiger, but a little bit whiter, above the eye and below something not cat like about these eyes. Maybe. Yeah, it needs the stealthiness. There's still flat on the top. That's a little better. It's almost like I mean, this right, like they're appearing into you. Get better, Better angle on this And this line I did over here. Butter has be contained carefully, right under the I like that. Well, that's not connected. Okay, from a distance, that's okay. Just little lopsided. We're a lot lopsided. Not too bad. Come over here. Show that in a little. And as I said, it's just plain old heart, but I think that's not too bad. There's there's nothing else I can make out perfectly about regarding patterns here, So I just kind of got eyeball it. But these do look just literally just like dots that I'm making. So maybe I can come in. It filters out a little bit better, so it's a little more symmetrical. See, over here, I have this row, and over here, I don't And they do come down all the way to the bridge of the nose. And I like on the one cat where you had him bunched up in a certain area so it would help us to develop more, uh, shape over there like that frequently when I do the dot, dot dot kind of rush it and or it looks like I'm rushing it. Actually, I was using a pen that might have worked out better. But somehow, with a digital medium here, it doesn't always work out exactly how I want it. Something about the pressure sensitivity not giving me exactly what I want. A little bit of space in between these I feel happy with that. Looks like kind of looks like a cat. They didn't make the camel humps over the nostrils. The nostrils are very sloppy. So we didn't get a very good cat knows here. This line is suggestive for the nose coming out a little. I get that good though. Kind of like that. And a thicker line over here hopefully represents the jaw. OK, starting like it. See how things can be botched up. But then you keep working at it and gets a little better. Andi being a perfectionist now. Okay, Let's Ah, let's call it quits right there. I'm going to around this off a little, just so because we're not using color, so it kind of takes away a lot. That's definitely Ah, great cat right there. I wish I could do better with the spots. Ah, this is what I got for now. A little more work. I could probably perfect that. So that would work out. Yeah. See, the more you clean it up, the better it looks and they do go all the way in and get really small. This is very really good, dot, dot, dot, dot Something like that. That helps a little. Let's try the body 29. Jaguar Bodies: Okay, so now we're gonna have a look at the body. And as we saw in our reference over here Ah, one of the only things here is the Jaguar. That one just quick, cheap. Ah, trick that I think would make it very easy for us. The Taylors. Shorter as it it even says so. Here. Relatively short tail. Tell a shorter, large, rounded head. As I pointed out before I was right about that, the head just seems more around, did right and more comes to appoint a pointy nose. But the head is also smaller. Comparison by the lion heads are very big in comparison in proportion to their their own bodies and the tiger are the same. But the legs here are definitely much shorter. This space here, his head especially in this position where he's leaning forward his head just you could just draw a straight line here. And his his neck does not go up it all. And then the distance from ah, the bottom of his head to the bottom of his body is nothing. And then, ah, I don't even know how to judge. We need like because his head is so small that we need, like, two heads to get to the bottom. So that's kind of ignore that his neck this pro chewed more, which is interesting. Well, it's kind of ignore it and see if we could just do it and just ah, start with our sausage sausage. Can't make a great cat without a sausage near the front. The back. Make her legs joints right. I'll just draw my joints out where I think they should be. And, um, you know, it might as well start from the top in out and short legs that and in and out. But for this one, I'm good. Back a little. Stretch out a little, Let me. Yeah, we'll go like that. It always excuse me, Race that. It always sort of comes in the hind leg. Always sort of a little guideline down here. I keep making Ah, it always looks like they're on stairs or something. In out in ankle here on the foot. Okay, so then on the other foot, I just put forward. So this will be here. Come down, go like this and then this one of stretch out. So Hey, Armel, come down like this go forward and maybe a little cat. Graceful Paul like that. Okay, so we have it back in a body. Ah, hump. For all of our great cuts, it's a shoulder blade. Not to be confused for the next, you might think it's the back of the neck. It kind of looks like that shorter tail and curved. I keep saying not all of Erekat's ah curl their tail, but this one seems to crow. Suddenly, I'm using a much thicker brush. So it came out of it too big. Bruce, I'll have to work on this later. I just need to zoom in. Okay, that's that. So short enough. I think it is. No, it's about half the body. There should be less than the after body. Okay, I just do it like that for now. So our hind leg, this one is going back a little. Just tell the Niobe here and then our paw. No sooner have smaller. Paul's is a gut. So this is theatrical. Coming out there's gonna have the ankle come out and make it look like I want to seem like the Paul just was just touching the ground or no, that was the front one housing that this one is firmly on the ground has landed. Okay, but more in a graceful way. Okay, Yeah, that'll work. And there before it, it was stretched out like this. Since the leg is stretching back, it'll pull up some of that gut. Perhaps. And and here, since this legs back, this one is also back, huh? In, out in. He won't look as super strong and powerful has the, um the tiger or the lion. Right, is that And then for he is stretching out here and this leg will come out and make this Paul. This is where I want it. A special Paul come out and just kind of look like it's trying is just starting to put its front Paul down a little bit for a little bit more. The dynamic appeal like that now we can have is not coming out here jutting forward, as we said, not too far. And the head is going to be much smaller. I might have made his body too long or the legs too short. See, that's the thing. If you make the legs shorter than the body will seem longer. That's the whole point. We're still doing a 45 degree angle until we know better. But much shorter, much a much smaller head like that again That years, our point here, we can see the jaw is about here. So have them come up around here. Said it. Yeah. So there's a dip right there. That's our Jaguar. Okay, So that overall shape and I would definitely need reference for this again and again because after having drawn so many cats and they're all slightly different, it's hard to get it the same every time. Have the news come back here. That that that that. Okay, there we go. We have a Jaguar. That tail doesn't too short, despite what the experts say has to be a little longer and his back comes up more he's had as lean is that which I think all of the cats that we've done have sort of a straight back . That's something to keep in consideration here. That might not be perfect, but it's what I have for now. And I'm just gonna work with it to be continued in the next lesson. 30. Spots on Jaguar Bodies: So what I'm gonna do for the spots here, which are gonna be really what defines everything, will keep on going as I did, because I don't have anything better to run by right now with the little dots that come in like this and get bigger as they go out on the side and bunch up sometimes and a random and then the entire neck. I noticed it's leopard attire. Well, not the neck in this one. But in my other examples, the neck. Ah, not so much the neck. The the pause. Definitely. And I guess just behind the neck are all similar. Just still dot That not the neck? No, but in the front of the neck. And that doesn't seem to be anywhere on their body that doesn't have the ah spots were just all over. But as you get to the smaller places like the legs, they're no longer rosettes. Okay, so what I decided to do was Teoh again draw some guidelines. I can't do it Perfect. But there's something like this and what I found is that will be something like the rosettes can be going up like this. So this time I'll use the guidelines. So each rosette is like a circle, and then they'll go this way or they go that way. It's not perfect. But as they go around, there is a bit of a magic to the mystery. It's not. It's not really uniform, but it's also not completely chaotic. You do around here around here. And then, as I said, when you get into the legs, it starts to go more of a dot, dot dot more of the polka dot type of pattern here. So we have that as a rough guideline. Dots and stripes, the end of the tale of stripes, the s