Draw a Kitten: Drawing Animals is Fun for Beginners | Brendon Schumacker | Skillshare

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Draw a Kitten: Drawing Animals is Fun for Beginners

teacher avatar Brendon Schumacker, Artist and Designer

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

11 Lessons (1h 26m)
    • 1. Welcome to Draw a Kitten

    • 2. Introduction

    • 3. Photo Reference

    • 4. Studying the Subject

    • 5. Kitten Anatomy

    • 6. Sketching the Kitten

    • 7. Drawing Lines

    • 8. Adding Color

    • 9. Light and Shade

    • 10. Touching Up

    • 11. Summary

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About This Class

This course is designed to give you the ability to draw a cartoon kitten with your own personal style and design. More importantly, the course walks you through the entire drawing process so that you can use the techniques learned in this course to make nice cartoon drawings of whatever you want!

The course is broken down into easy-to-follow lessons including photo reference, studying the kitten, sketch phase, refined line work, coloring, light and shade, and some special touch-up techniques to enhance the quality of your overall drawing.Although this lesson is designed to be easy enough for a drawing novice to pickup, it also follows professional illustration guidelines for those who are interested in pursuing art and design careers. Arts and crafts hobbyists can also benefit from this course by picking up these step-by-step drawing techniques which break down the drawing process and make it easy for anyone to draw.

Meet Your Teacher

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Brendon Schumacker

Artist and Designer


Brendon Schumacker is an accomplished artist and illustrator with experience in many art forms. Having drawn since a young age, Brendon has a lifetime of educational background in freehand art from various schools in USA and has studied along side with artists of varied backgrounds, giving him a diverse understanding of many illustration styles and techniques. He has published comics and children's books, has done multiple gallery openings, and has been doing freelance illustration and design for over 10 years. His instruction style is casual and entertaining while also being detailed in his examination of varied art techniques.

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1. Welcome to Draw a Kitten: When is the last time you've drawn a kitten or have you ever drawn a kid? Either way, this course will help you get back in line or withdrawn cartoon kittens in a way that is easy to learn and fun to draw. As you pick up your kit and drawing skills. You will also be learning the fundamental methods of illustration that will help you on all artistic endeavors. Using the methods learned in this simple demonstration, of course, you'll then be able to draw all types of things from your imagination. Improve your drawing skills, share with your friends, enhance your arts and crafts. So we feel interested, go ahead and sign up now and look forward to seeing you in class. 2. Introduction: Hello, this is Brendan, and in this course we're going to cover drawing a kitten, just like the one you see on the screen right now. So the purpose of this course is not to draw a kitten exactly like this one, but to try and understand how to draw a kitten or a cartoony kind of kit. And actually just to have it really simple, easy, and fun basically. So when you, you know, if you want to impress your friends or if you're just learning to draw, draw cute little kitten. It's something I think anybody can do. And we can try different shapes, sizes, colors, and stuff like that. See what kind of kitten that you'd like to make for yourself. And of course, there's all kinds of uses for drawing a kitten, such as maybe making greeting cards are doing a comic or just drawing for fun. It's a great hobby and it could lead to a lot of great things. So let me get into, this is just the introduction lesson here, and I have some notes of things that we should cover here. Why? Why Joel kittens? Well, as I just said, we already kind of covered this. You can, it can be a great intro to your drawing career. Or if you already draw, this can help you out a little bit more. Should be an entertaining course as well. I hope that we're going to have fun. Obviously, John kittens is not a very serious topic and you're just trying to have fun. So, yeah, I hope it will be an enjoyable course for a lot of people all ages, of course, and anybody should, nobody should ever feel intimidated or threatened to draw a kitten. It goes without saying. So. Yeah, I'd like to draw kittens, everybody does, and kittens are very popular nowadays. So if you ever want to get somebody's attention, drawing a cute kitten is definitely the way to go. Tools needed. You're going to need a pencil and paper bare minimum if you'd like to or if you want to do this digitally, which is, you know, I'm not gonna say it's recommended, but it seems to be the thing today. And of course it's a lot more flexible and it's easier to erase your mistakes and things like that. I might recommend having a tablet. If you are using digital, actually, I might say that's almost a requirement unless you've taken my course, which will teach you how to use all of the tools in the toolbox here you can, you can do that as well and try to draw your kit and using just the mouse and the tools available to you. I think you can make actually even a better kit in that way because your lines would be all perfect. But for starters, if you want to just use pencil and paper, that be fine. We're going to go through color. So you can add some colored pencils or watercolor markers or anything. The better the more tools you have, the better the outcome of your kit and will be. And that's about it. And I decided to add a quick note about warm ups, which is very important and often overlooked aspect of, excuse me, I'm trying to find a layer here. I'll just make a new one of drawing. Whether you'd be an expert artist or somebody who's new at drawing, you should always get comfortable with the current place that you are. Should be sitting upright in a comfortable place. Or maybe for some people, I should say, just sit in a way that you're very comfortable with the the environment that you have. So your papers in front of you have it looking, have the paper looking straight at you, not on an angle. And draw some circles. Don't have to be perfect to draw. Ovals are squares and do something like this where you're just scratching around the paper in different directions so that you feel like you have a universal kind of, that is to say like if I were lazy and just use my one hand and just make lines, however it felt most comfortable. That's not going to help me to draw right on it. Make sure I can draw lines this way. Maybe twist my elbow around doing this way as well. And I want to, I want to get a feeling of how does this current tool that I'm using interact with the current surface that I'm using, whether it be a tablet or anything like that. So it's always good to do a little bit of warm up. Now you don't have to follow me along and draw on your first time through this lesson, you can choose to just sit back, relax and hopefully there'll be entertaining, similar to the watching it Bob Ross video or something like that. And then later on, decide whether or not you want to pick up the pencil and start doing it yourself or you can yeah, Get ready and follow along and draw while you're watching this, maybe even drawing something else, or maybe you're drawing a kitten along with me, whatever you wanna do. Because the course is yours to watch again and again. So you can do that. And I'll just recommend when you do start drawing to definitely do some warm ups. Always remember that I even forget myself and that's why I always make sure to remind other people, because it's a really important thing to do if you're gonna go out for exercise and should warm up with exercises right in with stretches and things like that. And you're going to do sports or anything. We're going to study. And you might start off by doing some light reading before you get into the heavy stuff, right? And it's the same drawing you should get a, get comfy in your environment, warm up a little bit, and then get ready to do your masterpiece kitchen. Okay, so that's it for the introduction here. And I hope that's all clear. If you have any questions, you can feel free to ask me in the system and send me a message with any questions or ideas might have. And then we'll move on to the next lesson. 3. Photo Reference: Okay, and so diving right into it, Here's some are going to start off with some photo reference because when you're going to draw something, it's always best to start off with reference from reality, especially if you're drawing something that comes from reality such as a kitchen. And so I have three images that I got from Wikipedia. Here, we have this first one. It's a cute stray kittens. And this one well, it's about two months old. I think they said it was kitten and it looks like it needs a bath, but a kitten as a kitten. And then you have this one here. It's a really nice photo. I'm a guy on Flickr, but it was also on Wikipedia. All of these have you search for the word kitchen in Wikipedia should come up. The reason I chose these, because most of the images on Wikipedia are also freely available to be used without royalties. And that's just for the purposes of this video. When you're doing your research, you can of course go into Google or Bing or wherever you like to do your searching and go through search, through the image search and have a look at all different types of kittens. Maybe just look at the ones that you prefer, the ones that you find the most interesting, and use that as reference. Make sure you download the photos of the ones you like. You don't have to sell them or share them. Obviously, that's where you get into trouble. But just for your own personal reference, you can download the files of the images. And that way you can play with them as I'm about to do here. I have to give a reference for these photos for licensing purposes. And so this first one is a stray cat, which was done by Kenny Kenny Louis from Vancouver, Canada. And the second one does not require any, any kind of recognition. So I won't do that. And this last one here is by Paul Reynolds. And he can be found in Flickr. And the name of this, it is actually like a piece of art. If you look at it, I'll zoom in. I mean, it's really beautiful photo with a reflection and all that. So it's a nice one and he calls that reflection. And you can find him on Flickr. That's Paul Reynolds again. Okay, so now we'll get back to our work here. Or the first image here, which actually it's not this one. But this one. And just a minute, please. I have to fix the settings on my tablet here. 4. Studying the Subject: Okay, Sorry about that. We're back in action. And so on this first one here, what we want to do now, what I'm doing right now is I'm using photos reference so that when I go to draw my kit and whether it be cartoon or realistic, I want to notice all of the little features of a kitten so that when I draw it, it doesn't look like something else, like a dog or something. So for example, if I were to go in here, right now I'm just using the top my head not looking at the photo. If I were to say, Well kittens, they have heads and then I have eyes, they have two eyes, right? And well, let me try make it a little bit better than that. And I have two eyes like this and maybe they have a round nose. And like other animals that have this kind of thing, and they have pointy ears like that. However, what's to stop me from thinking? If I go like this and just do very crude quick drawing here, What's to stop me from thinking that this might be a dog with a wagging tail because dogs also have those same features. So in order to get the cat features and make sure that we have all of the let me finish it. At least give him some eyes here. Yeah. Okay. And I just had to do that. But yeah, in order to make sure that we have the correct cat features, we have to actually study the cat first and have a good look at it. So I open a separate layer here. If you are using pencil or paper, you can just try to draw on your paper and look at it. You don't have to do what I'm doing now. This is only for reference, but yeah, just look at photos and try and jot down notes on your paper perhaps of what you notice about the features of the kitten. So what I'm gonna do, I'll just walk you through my process right here. I'm going to first see that there's a circle here for the head. And that's just with any animal or person either start with a circular oval for their heads. So that's no big deal. But let's start noticing now feature by feature. First of all, how about the eyes? Well, his head is looking towards the right a little bit here so I can't see exactly how much space is eyes take up. But one thing I can do is notice the size here of the eyes and the space between them. That's one thing we can notice, right? His eyes are like little marbles in comparison to the size of his head, which goes from here to here. The ionic goes from there to there. So the eyes are in fact very small, even though when we look at a kit and we think their eyes are so cute and we focus on them. So we might see them as being big eyes, but in fact, they're very, very small in comparison to the overall size of his head. And I know this all sounds very scientific for just drawing a kitten. But hey, if you want to draw cute kitten, sometimes you're gonna put your noggin on. So put your thinking cap on, I should say. I mean, that's more easy to understand. So here we noticed the eyes are very small. Something else about the eyes, I think is very particular to a kitten, is noticed how they come down like this. This is very thing. Even if you were to have, such as when girls put on makeup with a certain type of style and always reminds me of a cat when you get this kind of shape right here, it comes down like that. And this part goes down towards the nose, right? That's one of the key features. I think, of all field lines including the tigers and lions and stuff like that. They have this way that the nose, the bridge of the nose is very important for the shape of the eyes. And so while we're at that, Let's see how many eyes if I were to draw one eyes this big, if I do another one here, how many i's distance apart are each I? Better draw another one and so much like an I and a half. So whereas in people, if I were to draw a person, we normally come to find that one I will be about this big. Usually draw it like three. I's we go 123 and that sounds funny. But then if you erase the middle I, that is exactly, you know, for most people, not everyone, but that is about how far apart the, you know, the human, human eyes are. Let me try and make this, to prove my point, make this look a little bit more human. As do that. Put the ears over there. So you can see his eyes look relatively well spaced apart, right? Because there's one eye distance. If this is how long one I is from here to here, then a space to the next guy is also going to be that same distance, just like that. Okay? So I'm using that same kind of philosophy, that same type of technique. And then for a cat, I'm trying to decide how many eyes apart. Well, his eyes b, so we have one I hear it's about that big. Another one might be about that, but I think it's more than one I apart, different from the humans. I think it's almost like 1.5 of one eye and then an a half there. So the space between his eyes is quite big. However, look at how it comes down in a triangle to a very small pointy nose. So these are all things to notice. So even with just that so far, Let's try and do a quick sketch over here using that type of knowledge. I think I could do something like this. And it should look like a cat. Enough space in the middle. But the nose there. And then just come down. Like this. And already, you can see we're kind of getting a caddy kind of look at and draw that out very well. But I think that's going to serve our purposes later on. However, the way that distance from here to there as a cat gets older, maybe it gets longer, but it's not, not very far like I did in mind here. I've allowed a distance from here to there. In this kitten, from there to there, maybe about one to two or three eyes. So I made, might've made that a bit big. Let me try it in black. So now we've only study this for a little bit, but in comparison to our dog that we had previously, Let's see what happens. If I try to use this knowledge that have thus far and see if I can make it look more like a cat and less like a dog. So I might need slightly smaller brush to work on here. I'll just turn this down. And I put my eyes about the middle of his head, bring it down just a little bit. We don't have to draw these lines all the way down, but I'm doing it. So I think I should that space there comes down like this and then just sort of a circle on the outside a little bit further. And I want this inner part come down a little bit. And I'll just do the ears as we normally do triangle. And we'll go over the ears more detail later if need be. And already I think that looks a lot more like a cat and not a dog just by following those simple guidelines, right? What does another thing that's making him look like a rabbit right now? I believe that we can notice that the cat's head comes in. Let me get my red color. The cat's head kinda comes into a point like this. Whereas the rabbits head that we drew here, this, because it looks like a rabbit to me. I wasn't trying to draw a rabbit, but it looks like it, it seems like a big fat head and is not common with rabbits. They're always seem to be kind of plump, right? So why don't we gonna do to solve that problem is bring this out. I'm going to get rid of this stuff here. And we can try to draw this in a bit more skinning. Cats always seem to prefer to be lightweight, elegant, and jumping around and things like that. So it might be good for us to just bring this in like that. And I think we're slowly but surely getting a lot more cat-like. Also his ears seem too big. I think there's a more like rabbit ears. Let's make smaller ears. Okay. I think he's getting a lot more cat-like. As a matter of fact, I'd say we're looking at a kitten already. That's almost too realistic. So what I wanna do in this situation now is to just continue in that vein, you know, how many eyes, how big is the head and comparison? Or basically kind of comparing sizes and shapes of things. And it's really good to see the scale of things. We can notice that if the heads this big, the eyes that big at the head and I is that big then how big is the nose and so on. The nose seems to be about the same size as one eye. The mouth part here is very small. The chin also very, very small here I might have made the chin a bit too big. And that's it for the head. Will move on to another image, would have to use all of this image here. And here. Let's see if that's consistent. That's the reason I have multiple images here. The eyes are coming down in the middle. Here's one I, two eyes. Again, it's 1.5 IS space between there. And the third iss over here. The nose again is how far down? 12322, eyes down for this one. And notice he has his head, the downlink, he's looking down at something. So that makes a lot of difference. And again, with this kitten and both this one and the previous one, there seems to be a lot more space up here, not like the forehead of a human, which is kind of a small area in comparison to the whole head. There's a lot of Headspace up there and the ears don't come out too much when he's pointing them towards you, obviously because you'll see the back of his head more. Let's do that again on this kitten. Again, we have a lot of Headspace. One I another. I make sure I made it big enough. Yeah. That's about the same size and then a half. It seems to be consistent throughout every kitten so far that there's about 1.5 I space between. And it comes down to the triangle and the nose. It's a little bit smaller than the eyes, and we get the same features down here or that so that pretty much covers the eye head. I'm very confident with that the method and I also want to note that every time I didn't like that fat rabbit kinda head, they all seem to come down into a point down here. So that's an interesting thing to note. Now for the body. Very quickly I'm going to go over that actually the next lesson, because I don't want too much of this to go on. The lessons get too long and then people fall asleep and stuff. But just very quickly note that we have the legs. These are like shoulders, right? And we'll note these images. Actually. Yeah, I'm just gonna, I'm just gonna do that as I said it. Let's break this up into the next lesson. I did have plans for an anatomy lesson, and we'll use these photos again in the anatomy lesson as well as as well as an additional photo that I plan to have. So yep, that's it for this. Just to review very quickly, we have used some circles and use your eyes or you could have started off with a nose and say how many noses is the I in when it comes to space? And use that type of just, just very practical, very scientific as if you have a ruler and you're using actual photos from a magazine or something. You can measure out each eye and the space from here to here, see how many of the eye's fit into that space. How big is it from here to here? I'm going to eyeball it for many cases because we're just doing cartoon ones. But the more scientific you want to get, the better your outcome will be. I'll leave that part up to you. Okay, so see you in the next lesson. We're going to cover anatomy real soon. 5. Kitten Anatomy: Okay, and so in this one, excuse me, in this lesson, we're going to have a quick look at the anatomy of an actual cat. I tried to, tried to find a image that wasn't too disgusting because you don't want to look at, you don't always want to look at the bones of animals in the muscles and stuff. It's kind of gross. But this one is pretty nice, cartoony kind of looking thing. It respects the cat, let's say that. And it has some very important notes at it, which, which we need to point out. Now before we look at that directly, let's go back to our kittens. All right, so we don't have to look at the ugly skeleton things. And remember what we're looking for. We're trying to draw a cat's body now. So in addition to, of course the head and the ears and everything is also a part of the anatomy. But we're focusing on the arms and legs right now, basically in the body of the cat. There's something I like to do separately. What happens with animals is that if I were to draw, let me try and do very, very quickly here. Just demonstrate if I were to draw a person. You see here you have an elbow, here we have a shoulder, and here we have a wrist. This same phenomenon can be used for many, many animals and I'll draw just over here. So I'll draw a tail so we can see it's and now how am I going to draw the front arm? Well, if you think about the front arm of a person which has a shoulder to start with. And then go down and you do the elbow here. And then you say they have a wrist and the wrist is let's say your hand is limp and it's just hanging there. It kinda looks like that. And look at that, you get something already kinda looks like a fox or a dog or something like that. And even all the way up to elephants and just all types of four-legged creatures. They all follow that similar pattern. So here's the button. And the button will have the top leg, then the bottom leg. And then we'll have something that comes down there for like the high-end Paul, that'll be like the ankle. However, the differences, if we zoom in to this part here with a cat or a dog, this would be their hand. Their entire hand is a long part that has many complex parts to it that help it to do all the amazing things that they do like running and jumping and climate. That part is much longer and you'll see that in the pictures later. So let's get back to our image here. You see the cat here, he has his shoulder. His top arm. Get a better color for this. This is the top arm. There's this low arm and his hand is this whole area here. You might think, Oh, it goes down. This is his forearm for a strong tennis swing, and then this is his hand. But actually, you gotta notice a little bit of inconsistency right about here. There's a joint. So it was forearms very small. And this whole part is as Hannah has many little intricate joints and things going on in there that make him able to climb and claw the way that he does. That's one very important thing to draw frequently when we draw our kittens for fun. We're going to be viewing them from the front view like this so we can see their faces. So getting the arms right is really important. And you can almost feel that that shoulder blade coming around here. And then here is the shoulder area right there. And I don't know you have to use sort of a sixth sense, but you can feel, you can see it inconsistency from here to there. And you just know that the bending point might be around there. I think it's kind of clear if you think along the lines that obviously is leg is not going to bend here, this is not all one piece, right? It kinda just get a feeling for it. If you've seen cats before. Of course, the best way to get an idea is we have a cat or kitten sit there and play with them in your lap and they'll love it if you massage their hands and all that and take a look at them. For them, That's attention. Alright, so or go out to a petting zoo, whatever you can and actually play with the kittens and cats. So I hope that all made sense for it. I just wanted to break that one. I thought it was a great lesson myself when I realized that I learned it through, I believe ozone Debbie and art and saw some reference material one time and said, oh wow, that's really good way to remember, that's really good trip. Just think about human. We have shoulder, elbow, wrist because you'll never forget that. And then compare that to the animal. And then from that point forward, all of my animals started. Animal drawings were a lot easier. Just remember that kind of idea. Shoulder. And for the hind legs you have the butt and the knee. And that just remember the hands are usually a lot bigger than you think they are. There's Paul's that they have. That's it for this lesson, just and using that and based on the images we've had here, if you want to get this image also had to give credit for it. It is, I don't know how to pronounce this. Present Matt Maxim, and you can find it in Wikipedia by searching wikipedia for cat anatomy. Search for cat anatomy in Wikipedia and you can get this image if you want. It comes in a nice dynamic vector image, which you can resize as big or as small as you want. And yes, Sorry, I'm just forgot to mention that. So just thought I'd throw that in and use this photo for reference. If you if you don't want to, that's fine. You don't have to. But for those of you who like to get inside, no other details real artistic than that. Here's this photo reference for you and you can find out Wikipedia. And that's all. Again. We'll move on to the next lesson. Bye. 6. Sketching the Kitten: Okay, so now we're going to start sketching our kitten, right? I did, is I made a brush here, that's a kind of light, very light, grayish kind of color to emulate a pencil. So if you're using pencil and paper, that's fine. And afterwards you can go over it we think, but we have to start off with sketching and just have some fun and loosen up so that we know that we can freely and easily make correct ME corrections in that, correct your mistakes and things like that. So what I'm gonna do is start off with kind of a circle, as we noticed in our study time there. The, the thing is with a cat is it seems to come down to a point. So we don't want it to look like a rabbit. But also, that doesn't mean we're getting cartoony with this. It doesn't have to be perfect. The important thing I think is that we don't make it flat and wide like that. That might be where the rabbit Look starts to come from, make it a bit more round, say, like very round heads in fact. And then whereas with a person, you put the eyes halfway in the middle, contrary to popular belief, you can watch other lessons on that. But what we're actually going to do here is I'm not sure whether maybe we'll try that. We'll try that because they seem to have a lot of Headspace. I'm not sure if it's that much. The images that we had for reference, we're all kinda tilted. And you know, if from a side view a cat's head is kinda long, right? Their ears might go back like that. It is kinda round up here and skinny nose is it come like this? So I think it's about, It might also be about midway, but it depends on which way their heads are pointing. And while cats are cats, so which way or their heads point, I don't know. What I'm gonna do is make the simplest of simple cats that I can buy, following just the rules that I had before, I'm going to have 1.5 eyes of space in the middle. So the I is this big, then a middle should be bigger. So to make these eyes even smaller, the nose, It's very small and it comes down into a triangle like this. And we have the little things just a little bit coming out there who gives, leaves them with kind of a pouty little face. Then for the ears, I noticed that the ears and some of this you might have to go back and reference yourself and make sure that we always noticed that there's a certain amount of space in the ears on the top of the head that gives us enough room to have this patch of forehead to comes down like this. So you'd never have the ear so close that you couldn't have a big forehead space that comes in like that. With that in mind, it's going to, the ears are going to start about here. Now you know, cats ears, they can, they move around dermis like antennas, and they can point forward or backwards. But in many cases when they're at rest, they tend to just come out like this and go back down like triangles. But the flaps of skin of the ear, because the ear is like a cats here is like a cone. It'll come down like this. And I'm asleep, a shape like that. So what we're looking at is if you had a pyramid kind of shape, just like this. And then we'll go to say, let's say this is the part of the ear that's listening over here, this side. So I'll go to erase some of that and we'll imagine that this part is hollow, that part's empty, and that's how you get the cat shape. So in order to make that real quick and easy and simple when you're drawing the front view of the cat first you draw your pyramid triangle, and then you can just draw one line that comes down like this. And maybe it goes in because there's going to be there's going to be space going into his ear so you can come down and then in just a little bit like that. So be the simplest kitten that we can do so far. They've got these tiny little eyes like this. I'm even just doing dots for the eyes now. Maybe you can even draw this in. As you know, the cat's eyes. We didn't go into detail about this, but the cat's eyes, they come down as we studied like this. And then round part here. And then the pupil of the eye is like this. So that looks like a kitten right there already. And we'll make our decision on how the eyes are going to look later. And we get a little bit of a smaller pencil here and we'll start drawing down the legs. I'll just put them right next to each other. Leave a little bit of space in here so we can show that his body's in there and do a little line here to separate his body from the legs. Now since his legs are going straight, we won't worry about all those joints and elbows and stuff. We'll just have it come down a little bit. The Paul's, you can draw out like this. And then for the back of his body, we can just do a circle here. Little bit less sort of a half circle, but have it drooping like a teardrop so you can see the bottom part of his body is coming, collapsing to the floor there. And then what you will have his hind legs in there. But as cats do the hind legs off and get tucked up inside their bodies, It's one thing about cats. I don't know why, but they're always like, you know, tucking your legs up inside themselves, I guess to keep warm. And we're going to have a little tail right here. So a lot of freedom where the tail, you can do it like that. Or maybe you do a wiggly tale, signify that they're feeling playful. And to do that, I might make that look a little bit easier than for some people. Let me remove this very quickly. I might make that look easy. Random problems getting the tail right first, just draw a line. However you think that might be good. And then follow that line about a quarter inch away from it. And then just tap it off. This tail is a little bit long. I don't think an actual cat tail would be that long. Usually think of it as being about as long as body, right? So his body is this long, then the tail would be about this long. But if it's waving and it might seem to stop at a shorter point. Because we bend something in half. It's shorter, right? Also, if you do a wiggly line, it'll be shorter. So this straight line right here, if I were to make it wave, it will actually stop about here. Because a lot of the length of it is being used there. Keep that in mind when you're doing the cat tail, you don't wanna make it too long. If this till as long as I made it now or to be straightened out, it would actually go out to maybe about here right there if I stretched it and maybe go to about there. And that's even kinda long. So, but for cartoon purposes, I think that's good enough. So there is the simplest of simple kittens we could do. And let's try and replicate that to make it really, really easy. We'll do it again that time we talked a lot and we thought about it. Now let's look at it and just see if we can break it down into three or four simple strokes are steps. We have the circle head and we have the eye. And here I'm using a brush, it's way too big. Let me try and get a smaller one. I'll make the eyes, I'm going to start by drawing them further out. What do we draw? The middle line here as a guideline. Draw the eyes little bit further apart. And you're going to actually draw guidelines for all of this. I might do that quickly and another quick tutorial. And then we're going to come down. Not all the way. Remember you don't wanna go too far down. It was about make the eyes come down towards the middle and a little bit further out here, trying to get it perfect. And you don't wanna go all the way down to the bottom, not too far down, but 12 eyes down now will give us just enough for him to make that little pouty face down there. And back to the years, I'll go with a bigger brush. I just didn't like that shape sometimes you just know. You just have a feeling for it. Like if I draw it here like this, that's obviously wrong. I go like this. That's kinda crazy. And you can do it once or twice and use your eraser to get it just where you like it. And I'm changing my brush size while I do this, I'm using pencil. You can just push on harder or softer, do a thicker or lighter, something like that. This actually looks good. Now for that, well, the whiskers effect, I can use my eraser and just take away some parts here. Now for the legs, I'm just going to do it faster. I'm not going to think about all that stuff and just draw straight lines. Because ultimately we are going for the cartoon effect. And for the Paul's again, I'll just wrap it around like that. Make my little line here. I do my teardrop. Squiggle up here for his hind leg and this little Paul inside there, that's his hind Paul. And then I'll make one of these. So that's one of many ways to start with that you can sketch your cat and as you can see, it really does. It's really starting to look like a kitten. Now. Draw a little pupils in there. I want those to be better. Get a little bit. Just like this. I will try the cat size kind of effect this time. And next time. Yeah, next time I'll bring a photograph backup and we can check some of our techniques here. Since I'm on digital. Oops, excuse me. I'll have to flip it around and make sure I have this. All right. Yeah. This part should be thicker to match the lines of his head. Anyway, this is only sketching, so have some fun with it. Make the lines thicker or thinner, see what works for you best. And then when you get it just where you like it, we're gonna get ready to go over it with pen or marker or something like that. And notice it's very important how at first I just did one for fun, not worrying about anything. And then after I thought it looked pretty good, I did a whole new fresh one. I didn't try and perfect That one. I just started from scratch and did a whole new freshman. So you don't want to spend too much time on that first one. You just want to play around with it and make sure that your theory works out good. Then after your theory, you move on to a new one and make a nice fresh model and you get a pretty good, pretty clean cat like that. The matter of fact, let me even isolate him temporarily now and can look at that. Pretty good kitten. I think it looks like a kitten. Yeah. So anyway, I hope you enjoyed it and learned a lot and we'll move on to the next lesson. 7. Drawing Lines: Okay, so in this lesson we're going to go over the line work to finalize the foundation of our cat. But before we do that, I want to try one more using a single brush width, a single brush size. Whereas before I was jumping around with different sizes. And this can be a lot more difficult if you're using a thin line brush. But again, remember we're on the sketch phase here, it's not the final drawing, so just try and work it out and get it where you need it. I'm going to do our initial circle. Again, starting in the middle of the head. I'm going to come down. And since the cats, I can go up or they can be looking up at the sky or pointing down at the ground or whatever. It's not going to be crucially important as to exactly where you start. But I want to get the same kind of want it to be symmetrical. I want the line over here to kind of match the line over here if we were to put it in a mirror. So try and try and just work that part out. Remember there's going down towards the nose right there. And you're very small nose. And then do a little circle here. And cat-like eyes in the middle, just like that. And the little pouty thing here. Now I'll have to step back. I have a feeling that the smaller you make the nose, the cuter it will look if you're going for a really cute kitten. But it doesn't have to be too cute that it doesn't look realistic. That's up to you. You can try different styles where their cats, again, we'll go on with the ears leaving enough space in the head here. We really should go back to the anatomy picture. I keep thinking to have a look at that. As a matter of fact, give me 1 second. I'm going to pull that up right now. Okay, so here we have a cat, his head is pointing a little bit to the right, as we said before. So I'm going to exaggerate whatever, uh, findings I have here, whatever measurements I get here. Well, this notice that first of all, the size of one ear is comparably big considering his whole head and the size of his eyes. If we were to put his eyes out there and put them into his ear, you could fit a 100 and that would be a weird thing to do, but you get the point for measurement sick. So let's judge it based on the size of this whole head, which is this big, and the circle shape of his head there. If the ear, Here's a perfect view of the side of the ER from here to here. It's almost as if I feel like it's the same size as going into the center of his head, center of the circle to out there. So if the distance, you can judge it by the distance of the circle that you made. And this is what we call the radius. I believe it's been awhile since I've been in math class, but the radius of the circle might be the same size as the length of his year. But of course we're drawing it in different he might be in a different perspective or something like that. So it doesn't have to be perfect. But basically that's what we get there and the space between them. If I see the, the length of one ear, first of all, it seems to wrap around and it ends at the side of his head here, right? If we can draw arrow, you can see it is ending the bottom part. Not far off from his, his eye here, economics wrap glasses or goggles. If you were to have goggles on and grab them right around his head, it'll go right underneath both ears like that. There are some things to notice. But back to my original point here is that the length, even though that the ear is wrapping around there, It's almost like one year could fit in between. But since his head is turning that way, I'm going to say it's a little bit more. So a little bit more than one ears spacing there, one ears width. So with that in mind, go back to our sketch before we go into our final mode here. And I'm going to bring it down, like I said, to the side. Just a little bit there, we're doing a cartoon again. As a reminder, this is to be cartoony so you have to be too perfect, but something like that. We'll leave enough space that another ear could fit in the middle there. And just make an ear like that. Start around here. I'm down to the side. And I just feel like that's too much. I feel like it's exaggerated, but so I want to make it a little bit shorter than that, right? That feels comfortable. And then put that top part of a 0 so that he has the full pyramid. Now we get more and more kitten like I remember, the whiskers will be there. Again with the body with legs down. I felt like that was a bit too long. I'll do this. If you want to make it even more simple, just draw one line down the middle so you don't have to draw both legs and they're set both feet popping out like this. You could break that down into three steps, such as one. We'll actually just to 12, just like that. And that would also be a pod. You could draw his, his clause in there. 1, 2, 3 is the traditional way to go about it. Now we'll do our teardrop body. Remember to keep the body is small if it's a kitten too, because their heads should be terribly big relative to the size of their body. This is true with all animals when they're born, their heads. Almost fully grown. And as they get big, their bodies grow a lot faster than their heads. Your head won't grow much more than it already was when it was born. That's an odd fact that some people might find hard to believe, but it's actually true. And you can look it up. That's out there. And so you see, the more we do it, the better we get. Keep using reference and keep trying to improve upon it. And always remember to keep it simple. Notice that really elegant look that comes out of the cat's eyes that almost like that hypnotizing kind of look. I believe that all comes from this triangle which you really have to keep in mind. So if you want more of that hypnotizing, hypnotizing kind of look to them. Then keep them like this. And really, really bring that part down there. And then draw your circle, half circle on the outside there. And you get that. Good luck. Okay, let's go into line work real quick. What I'm gonna do is for the outside to make this real, elegant, beautiful, and easy to do. I'm gonna do a new layer. And we're doing this on traditional mediums such as paper or cardboard or something. Then go ahead and you can get a pen out or you can make a copy if you don't want to ruin your original, get a copy. Do like a scan and a photocopy of it and you can draw in pen over the photocopy as many times as you want because you wouldn't have to worry about ruining the original. Now notice as I go through this, I'm doing one line at a time, breaking everything down into little sections. So there's a line here, under straight line, little curve here, this curve. And I'm only doing the outside with this thicker pen. If a lot of people like to use the Micron pens, which I also have used and made a lot of great drawings with really like them. And they come in different sizes. They have the Micron pens. They also have I think I'm going to forget, I have a bed memory. Sometimes there's, there's another brand of pen. They specialize in making artists pens. And you can even get different colors and such. Okay, so that's just the outside and what you might call the contour. And I'm going to, for the meantime, hide this kitten. So we can focus on the other one. I'll just which layer C on the wrong layer, this one. I'm going to put him on another layer, put them to the side for a bit. And I have all of my ink on this layer. Now I'm going to go down to a smaller pen so I can go in and do the details. This is very important to have. You don't have to do it this way, but to give you that kind of cartoony look, which has a certain type of elegance to it. Notice the minds I'm doing here to represent the space that comes in his ear. You can even fill that in with color if you wanted to. But notice this line how making it complete the circle, or at least similar to that. So instead of bringing it down here and going like that, we want it to be right where the top of his head is. So you get this feeling that you can still feel the, the roundness of the circle of his head. Now go same technique with the, I want to start from the outside and go in. So it can just taper off right there. And again, start on the outside and go in this way should help you to get a little bit more symmetrical. And you notice sometimes when I realize I've made a mistake that I just stopped like this, right? I'll go in and I basically go backwards. You can do that with your eraser using pencil or whatever you have to do. O obviously with pen on paper, that's 11 thing that's not good about. If you're using pen right now, you'd have to be much more careful. And I feel like I should apologize for that, but actually it's well, it's not really my fault. And we'll just do this like this. Now the nose of a cat, if you look it up again and it kind of wraps around like this and has little thing in the middle. I believe you might have to cross-reference that. But this, this should work just a line like that. But just keep that in mind. Think about it when you're drawing that little nose there, you know, it's just a line. You might, you might benefit and get a cuter knows by taking your time and doing that. And some of this isn't realistic, like this line I have coming straight down. I can actually start it from here because the legs don't necessarily go all the way up into his neck right on the outside. I'm going to do this little line here, like I said before, I forgot to draw it in my sketch, but that's a good line to maintain some level of realistic reality. And also it's just kind of cuter that way. Follow my lines in here. That little Paul and the back. And I'll bring this down just to separate his body from the tail area. And now that I have that, I'm going to hide the sketch layer. What you do if let me make pretend I'm using pencil and paper right now, if you're using pencil and paper, you can still see those pencil lines in the back. So get your eraser out and go like this and just erase it away. So that all you're left with is the the, the beautiful fine pen work that you just put in there. It just like that. And there you go. You have a nice finally lined cat. And that was the whole point of this Latin lesson, or is a kitten. And there's some improvements to be made now that I have this pen work done here, this is what in cartooning or comic world we'd call the pen and ink stage of this illustration. And there's some things after you erase the pencil that will become apparent to you, such as I just noticed this line under here. I think it'll look better if it's thicker. So as head, like all one piece, the reason we use a smaller pen to do the inside part is so it's separates the details from the contour. And I've researched this and try and find if there's any kind of explanation I can give as to why that just looks better sometimes. I think it's just a certain type of style and you don't have to do it like that. You can use all the same size pen if you want to, or you can use even a thicker pen or a thinner pen, just whatever feels comfortable for you and do some experimentation. Try different things and see what works best. So that's all I'm gonna do for now. Outside. There's one more little thing. I'm going to merge these layers, could actually put this one. I drew that one line on the wrong layer. And it's very important that cats have whiskers. So while I'm doing this, I can put my whiskers in there since I'm on digital. I can also make them longer. And if I wanted to let me try this. So I think cat's whiskers are pretty long even when they're young. And I'm not going to start it all the way from in here because that's where part of his mouth is. But starting a little bit, if you imagine a circle is here and kind of do them on the outside like this. And if you made it so long over there, then make it relatively long over here. Doesn't have to be perfect, just like that. Now since I am doing this not on paper, I can go back and erase a little bit of stuff over here. And that'll help us to feel the transparency of the because the whiskers are actually like little white hairs coming through. So imagine if I didn't have that, then you can feel, you see how it feels kinda crowded. It looks like it's just black hairs that are just running over the lines. But by erasing this part, then we can feel the whiteness of the hair coming through. And you can also feel the space a little bit more. But don't go, don't go over the original line. Try and make it. And it's even better if I could get a smaller, slightly smaller brush here. Just go over the parts where you do not have the whisker right here in here. And do it as far or as much as you find suitable and try and do it right next to the other line. And still wanna make sure it's kinda even evenly spaced in here. And forget and do some detail work. Get your hands dirty sometimes. And if you still feel uncomfortable, I think you can just come back over with your pen line and it'll help to even that out. One problem you're going to run into is if you keep doing this detail work, it might start to get a little bit more wobbly as opposed to the original smooth line that we made because you just make a smooth line like that real fast. It's no problem, but then when he keep working at it gets more and more sloppy. So try and keep it. It's better if you can get it on the first stroke. I think that's pretty good. Remember always zoom out to when you get into close and look at all the little possible errors, it doesn't feel so good, but zoom out a bit, see how it looks like that. That's how most people are going to view it. And it's pretty good. So I'll go ahead and move on to color. I hope you learned a lot in this lesson. And just to review real quick, we once again broke down from our original sketch, which was this one, and see how the final result, even though you might not think that your cat is the best cat or your kit and drawing is the best one. Always keep those original sketches that you made and notice the improvement with each phase. We started off with very rough sketches, just drawing whatever came to mind when you slowly improved along the way. And we broke it down into very simple concepts which you can remember and draw it to draw your cat over and over again. And the more you do it, the better you get. That is where the real lesson to be learned is here. And I hope that, I hope that you did appreciate that and pick that up along the way. Next lesson, we're going to get an a color. Have some fun with color. And we'll see you soon. 8. Adding Color: Okay, and so just before we get into the coloring phase here, I just want to make sure that all of my lines are good where I want them. And I noticed that when I flip them around, there's sometimes your eyes. The reason we do this a lot is that your eyes might get used to seeing imperfections and you know, as you draw something you think, oh yeah, that's how that's supposed to look. But if you flip it around or if you chew on a piece of paper, hold it up in the mirror and look at it and you'll probably notice a lot of inconsistencies and imperfections and stuff. And it takes many, many years to be able to draw and notice those instantly without having to do any tricks. But I'm just noticing here that looks like these little slanted. I might just leave him how he is. It's not too bad. But the way the tail is going off, I think that the body, if I were to do this again, should come down a little bit more. So it looks just like this. Make it a little bit more even. And I was at 20 pixels with this brush before. Let me try that again. So bring it down almost all the way over here just like that. So it looks like it is, but it's sitting square on the floor there. Like that. That makes it feel a little bit more even. Also, the lines that I have here. As usual, I always have a tendency to make things a little bit slanted. So you can always bring out a ruler and see where is the perfect spot to get those lines. I'll just use that as a quick judge and back to the small pen and try and get it right in the middle. Bring it straight down like that. Okay. There'll be a little bit better. And that's about it. Also since his body seems to be slamming off this way a little over here, I can have this one Stan off a little bit that way. And then it come to a little point like that. And with this line we did before, I have a little body coming through with that, so I feel more comfortable with that. At least comfortable enough to proceed. And you can always sit there and work on it for hours, tweak it, get it perfect as needed. For now, let's get enough this. Go ahead and start coloring. I'm gonna make a new layer. If you're using color pencils or something like, Excuse me, something like colored pencils or markers or something. The techniques are going to vary towards what, what it is exactly, how, how you apply the color. With watercolor. You want to be careful not to add too much water because it'll smear the ink around. And with markers, you might want to be careful not to go over the ink because a strong marker can actually affect the color of the ink. So what I'm gonna do here is just fill them in with one color. This is one technique and I'm going to leave a little bit of space under the nose where I don't color it this way. We can leave that white areas such as in the photo. Let's use the photo for reference. Now it's not exactly white. And this area right here, we get on the photo. This area here isn't exactly white, but in comparison to the rest of his body, you see usually that area is actually kinda wait and I think almost not on just cats, but like every similar type of animal which has whiskers and this type of mouth. It's usually seems to be left white in that area. So you can do that if you want to, or you can go ahead and just color it all in. I'm gonna go ahead and leave it white for now. And just color all this in. Now, the choice of color. I don't want you to think you're just watching me do some coloring book kind of design here. There are some tricks and tips I'm going to bring up along the way. The choice of color can be very important. Because if we go in here and I bring this up very, very strong to that kind of yellow and fill it in like this. Notice what happens there. It's kind of weird. It's sort of dark. That's because this color is highly saturated. So we're doing this, whether it be on digital or using markers or pens or watercolor, you want to get a lighter kind of shade. Not up here in the fully saturated area, but bring it down a little bit so it's a little bit closer towards the light. You're using paints, you can mix the color white in with the color that you're using to just to lighten it up a little bit, actually, you should use a lot of white and mix in a little bit of color. And that's usually the way to go about it. Now this time I actually use my hand to just go ahead and draw it in on a separate layer. Because I did a lot of things to explain why it's doing that. But, and that'll also emulate what you would do with markers or something like that. But if you want to, you can also use a selection tool in the software and just go ahead and use a paint bucket fill obviously, and do whatever you want. One thing, again, back to the picture. I think that all kittens, not all of them, but a lot of them seem to have white Paul's. I know the other one we looked at previously also had white paws and it could be something just to make it a little bit more unique, give your cat some character. Also. Some of them have striped tails. You can do something like that. Give them a little character. This one here, maybe as tiger stripes going on at the top. I'm actually even just using the eraser. You could use a and white brush or something like that. And some markings on the back here in there. Does it give him some character? And go in with a smaller eraser here and do that, right? Maybe the tips of his ears could be white or maybe even just 11 ear has a tip of it. That's why I like that and it's longer than this one. This one has a little white tip and that one a big one. So you can just play with it because cats have a lot of designed to him as one of the things I wanted to cover with, with a color here is the various ways in which you can design the cat. So notice that I did not fill in the eyes. And again, in our little kitten world here, we don't have to be perfect. And you know, we don't have to simulate reality. Maybe he has blue eyes like that. Sort of a, if I could get a neon blue are really vivid green. Maybe this is one of the areas where you can use a very strong, highly saturated color to make his eyes kind of shine out. When people look at things, they have a tendency to gravitate towards looking at the eyes first. So the I is going to be very important and I probably should have spent more time making sure his eyes are perfectly symmetrical and have exactly the look that I want them to have. In this case, I didn't do that. But you can take your time and do that if you want. I'm going to copy the pen layer here and move it over. So I have another cat I can work with. Now I want to try some funny designs, which means it'll be a lot easier if I can get a paint bucket sort of fill. But if I try and select inside here, right now, I'm afraid it will go outside of his whiskers. So what I'm gonna do first, I'm going to unselect that because it didn't work. I'm going to go ahead and copy and paste another one of these. I'll just paste one right here. And this will be the layer. I'll bring the opacity down a bit. This will be the layer that I use, specifically just for selecting the areas in there. So I'm going to block off these open areas. And now I can use this tool and select just as head area there. And I'll hold down the Shift key, get another selection and that's it. So now basically I have the working area of his body and I can color it however I want. So I need to grow that selection. Just a little bit bigger, few more pixels. Yeah, that should cover where I need. And let me see which layer. Okay, this is the layer went up here. And then I'll go back to my color layer, which I should name. And he said, yeah, that's right. Okay, so now I'm going to color layer. And I have selected that area so I can really get crazy and do whatever I want with say, for example, a giant brush like this and just fill them in real quick. Oops, looks like I'm missing a spot there. And let me go get that magic wand out again. And actually select that area. I'll just use this. Okay, so now back to the color area here with my brush and there we go. Yeah. So I can do that. You can make a green cat or I just want to notice that we fill this saturation as high as it can go. I'll use the strongest green possible. Notice how it's, in my opinion, that's kind of an pleasing to the eye. I don't like that, so I always recommend bringing it down a little, mixing it with some white, giving you a little bit of a pastel. And I've looked to it and that goes a lot better along with these thick black outlines that we've made, because there's a contrast there. It makes it easier for the eye to pick up. And we'll do another one. Let me see, Is this my copy layer? Well, I don't wanna do that copying again. I'll keep this here. Let me just try this trick that I wanted to do with filter. And we have Render. This is only in this software. I don't know if it would work. And other ones will make a checkerboard cat is what I wanna do basically. And I'll have to change some colors up here. And we can change the size of this, right? And not those colors. Let's try blue. That easy. Mellow blue for the foreground and for background. Maybe do another type of blue, even darker. See what happens. There. You have a checkerboard cat and get it on the right layer. Me, try it again. Checkerboard cat. That's way too dark. Let me make this one much lighter. And I think that one will be okay. Try it again. Render pattern, checkerboard. I imagine you could do this in Photoshop too if you wanted to, but I just don't know exactly how they do it. There's another idea could do, if you're using software. Do one more. The idea here is just to see that we're playing around with color and that you can use your imagination and don't be afraid to get creative with it. So for this one, I can, we'll do the same thing. Then need to unfortunately, because of the whiskers, I cannot select that directly and lower the brush size. This is only to get my selection tool. Select this area. This, don't forget that little Paul here. Make it a little bit bigger. Okay, I'm ready to paint. So right now it also with that one, I can get rid of this layer. Note this one. Okay? So for this cat, I also want to notice some of the realistic nature of the cat and we should really use, again, avoid these really strong super colors up there. But we'll go into sort of a brownish color, which is usually somewhere between orange and yellow and bring it up around that area. Now there's all kinds of cats keep in mind. You have your calico cats and their striped cats and this and this and that. But I'm just going to go ahead and follow the patterns that we have on this one. And let's notice some of the trends we have here. We have on his arms, we have stripes here. And around his nose and his eyes are that those types of stripes. I think this on his eye and the top there are very interesting. So I want to follow those for starters. And that we'll be using a dark gray, but not too dark. Maybe on here. And he has I can use some dynamics on this. So give me better and better linework. I think it kinda has lines like this. They seem to be quite random, just go like that. And remember that one dark line on the side there. So if you do these types of designs, It's interesting because you'll notice that a lot of people's cats have similar designs and so it'll make your cat recognizable. And zoom out again and see what his body looks like. I can't really see his body, but I remember seeing cats like that and I think where they do is it comes in and makes sort of a pattern like that, similar to a lion. And then their tails frequently have this kind of striped pattern going on with the end getting all dark like that. So that's it for coloring the cat. Basically. You can get creative with it. You can look at a picture of your favorite cat. You have a cat at home and you like to draw him one thing to always go back with white or a very light gray. No, forget these areas here to make them look a little bit more realistic. They have little mouth right there and the poles are frequently a little bit whiter. Not always, but I just feel like I've noticed cat seven whiter areas around there, sometimes around the eyes. Let's see on this one is noticed around the eyes there they have that that shows up in tigers as well. They have these, it's like the opposite of raccoon eyes or the recommends have black around their eyes, but the cats have whitened around them. So that might make it look like your neighbor's cat or your home, you know, regular house cat now because we're following more closely all of those different rules. How about eye color? Blue is really beautiful, bluish. And a lot of kittens, I think they start off with blue eyes similar to a lot of people. And there's a get older, the color might change. Let's try a really vivid blue. And for the eyes, I got the same before. You can really get expressive. And at that point, with the eyes, you can actually use some crazy colors to make them stand out a bit because people are going to look at the eyes first. So there's three colored kittens. One of them obviously not very realistic. And one of the more realistic. And you know, you can make a whole arsenal and a whole army of little kittens like this. You can fill the whole page with him. If you're using computer, it's obviously a lot easier to copy and paste, but also if you're doing it on paper, imagine all the different positions and places you could put your cats sitting on a chair or on a desk and maybe standing up as opposed to sitting, things like that. I think we did a really good job with the coloring here. I like the way it's looking so far. So that's it for this lesson. I hope you learned a lot. If you have any questions, let me know and we'll go ahead and move on to the final lesson. So we'll be to add some, some lighting and some shading just to really polish it off. Okay, See you soon. 9. Light and Shade: Ok, So Now for me I'm going to add one more layer above my color layer so I can do a little bit of lighting and shading. What I'd like to do with this is actually bringing the opacity down if you're using. And by the way, this is a sort of I don't know, it pertains. I'm not going to say it's only for digital, but if you came into this course deciding you only want to do pencil kittens, then this course might obviously be a little bit beyond. You can color with pencil if you want to. I'm certainly not holding it back or anything like that. But getting these type of lighting effects might be difficult. And you can do it if you're using watercolor or marker. But only pencil would be a little bit more difficult. You'd have to shade in around the areas where the lighting is and only leave the white of the paper there. Or you can use white out. Actually, maybe I should bring that back and then I take that back. Another idea might be to use white up. But what I'm doing here, let me turn the opacity of this layer up real strong. So you can see, I'm basically just making white lines over here. What I'm going to do just so you know what's going on in my head and not just have to watch it. I'm imagining that the light is coming this way. So it's imagine there's sort of a lamp over here and like a desk lamp or some kind of lamp like that and the light shining out that way. So the light is coming from that way, it's going to leave bright areas on the left side of the cat. So we're going to end up making the cats look shiny as a result of this because of the way I'm doing it. But I think it's this is something you don't have to do. Let's put it that way. This is the way the cats where just a moment ago is perfect and you can just stop right here and there's your cats. This is a little extra thing that if you like it, only if you like it, you can choose to do this too. I'm gonna do is add a little color here, little bit there. And it's not color I'm adding actually, it's just the white. I might even make it a little bit stronger, want that. These are just highlights. So some parts of the cat will show that there's some light coming around here and there to also add the highlights on the eye. But I'm gonna do that last. Maybe around here, around there. So the highlights here and there, so that we get a feeling that there's some kind of light somewhere. Now since this tail is wrinkled like that, you might see it here and then there are again, not necessarily all along. And of course they're depending on where you choose to have your light coming from. Maybe your light's coming from the left side or it's directly in front of him. You can change it with each drawing up. Do you change that a little bit? So I have a little bit. It's just a very subtle difference. I don't really like the way this one looks or is just like a big ball on his head. We kinda like smooth it out. Make it taper off into smaller lines like that. Same with this one. Taper it off a bit. And once more over here. That'll help to show the roundness of his head too, to get sort of a crescent, crescent shape there. So at this point we're making the cats, these kittens looked like shiny glass cats. But, you know, it's all to an end. So I'll for your current purposes, if you wanted to go in there and make this like that, you can draw a little hairy lines. Then if you want look shiny. But I actually like this weird glossy look that I'm doing here is just for fun. And I do look like kittens, uh, particularly this one over here. He really did come out looking like a little kid and I think so I have that little bit more here. Now I'm going to do the same thing on with black on yet another layer. And you have to be really careful not to make it too dark. So I'll just bring the opacity down. And here one of the most important tricks is right under his head. Go ahead and put a big hearty coat of black under there. And that really makes his head pop up. That shading there is going to show that there's some shadow coming down under his head. And might even be since the light is over there, it's not so strong on that side, but a little heavier on this side. I kinda like it that way better. Yeah. I think that's better. Make a nice, strong hearty coat there. Don't be shy with it. Then in between the legs, obviously be some shadow here. Since the lights on the other side, I might even just put all around the, the right side here. And that will help your cat pop out. Make him a bit more 3D under the tail and some parts here. And we can even do such as we did the top of the head has a lot of light to it, will go all around the bottom here and here's where we can really pick up the shape is another reason shading is pretty good. There's imagine he has high cheekbones, alright, so make them up like that. And the middle of this face comes in just like that. It really add a lot of shape and depth with this this technique. And get the feeling of his head coming out straight here. And we're just gonna alter triangle. Comes around and curves back in like that, just like that. And that is chimp pop out right here. Same thing over here because of his color. And the way I did a 0 CMOs comes out a bit like a fox I think, but that's okay. Same thing over here. You start off by doing the ears. You can shade each one a little bit differently. Maybe they have different types of facial features and different types of shapes of their heads and all that down here. Just want to quickly looking forward to see how the last one comes out. She's a pretty realistic looking kitten. Depending on how big you draw your cat, you could even go in there and do details for each Paul. That little clause if you wanted to. There's are all things to be considered. Yeah, this one's going to look real good. Who would have thought drawing a cat could be so much fun? After knowing how to draw good cat, you really don't wanna do anything else. You just want to sit around, draw cats all day, particularly kittens. Since I have this on another completely separate layer, I can always erase mistakes that I make. So I just go ahead and you know that the lack of the say the since you don't feel nervous about making mistakes, usually make less mistakes because nervousness is the type of thing that usually leads to making mistakes. So having everything set up in a safe way is always better. Yeah, He turned out pretty good. I actually don't like the way that the light is shining off them so strongly here. So I'll just make that a bit thinner. Here. Little bit of highlight is usually enough. Or maybe take that back, I'll put it back how it was and I can turn the opacity down a bit on it. Yeah, that's probably going to do it. I'll just make a little lighter like that. Although it's still feels a bit strong. So the play with it a bit and we make it bumpy, That's okay because cats are supposed to have fair and be a little bit bumpy. So I really feel like I've finished cats here. They have lighting, shading, color, nice line work and everything. One thing I like to do as always, is to flip it around. So in this software to make a new layer from visible. And here I can flip it and see how they look. And not too bad. I think I get a feeling of kind of looking off in a different direction. But keep in mind that I just did this very quickly. And for demonstration purposes, they still, they still are relatively cute kittens. And certainly, most definitely an improvement from just going to the paper without any idea whatsoever with a pencil. We did it layer by layer step-by-step, and we came out with a pretty good product here. 10. Touching Up: Another thing we can do for detailed purposes is I want to merge all of these layers that have the linework merge down. And I believe this layer and merge down. Now I can go into, this is the, the pen layer, the line layer that we have here. You can see if I hide it, then you see nothing but the color and shading. You can even go back in like that and redo your line work if you wanted. What I wanna do is go in with an eraser. And if you're doing a black and white one, you could do this with white out or something. I'm just gonna take a really small one and bring out some lines like this. Maybe I can even go up here. You know, the tips of their ears sometimes have for come out. Certainly around here. Make them look a little fuzzy. Set okay with that. But you don't have to do this with all the cats. All right. It's not a requirement as just an idea. I wanted to try out. They try it on this guy here. I want to try doing some big lines like that. And then I'm going to go back to a brush and also add something to that only on the head about that. That adds a little character to them. We can do it a little bit more. Maybe on the tail. Give a little bit more character. Not something you have to do, but depending on how you want your cat to look, you can choose whether or not you want to add that little effect. Some cats are like that. So if you're drawing, it happens to be your own cat at home. And you're, happens to be a little rough around the edges. And you could try this trick, might make them look a little bit more like your house cat. That's just another tip. Okay, I think for now we've got our color we ever lighting and shade, and I'm pretty happy we even added a couple advanced techniques. One more little thing I might do, as they always love to do and cartoons is to add a little bit of light on the eyes so that we can see the light source. So I take white. If you're doing this on paper, you can use white out or white paint and just make sure you get into that black part of the eye and tap it a couple of times, a little bit of light. Light can come from all different places from the left or the right. But do try and follow if you already did your shading and the light's coming from the left, then maybe you should put it on the left side of his eye. Like that. Try and make them about the same size. There's little white dots. And now the eyes really start to come out at you. And it looks a bit more realistic. Like they're in they're right there in the room staring at it. Okay, well, I hope you enjoyed that and that's it for this lesson. We'll do a quick summary. And in the following lesson then we'll be done and have a good day. See you soon. 11. Summary: Okay, So I just want to go back to where we started off with this cat, which also a kitten. Totally different style, as you can see, not all, not a 100 percent totally different, but many, many differences in that and how we evolved from that into, into this, which is a little bit more sophisticated. Some people might say a lot, I'll leave it up to you. I like both of these styles I think is really cool and this cat would serve its purposes for many types of cartoons and comics and things like that. And, you know, I'm never going to draw a cat and then turn back on him and say, you know, you're horrible cat now because we have new cats. But he's, he's a good cat, ages for different purposes. These cats a little bit more sophisticated looking and some people actually really do prefer this type of simplified style. I like it myself. It makes me feel more lighthearted. These ones are a little bit more serious and you don't have to make them so serious. It's the way that I happen to design their eyes with so much attention. And there's different tricks you can do just by experimenting to make them look more cuter. You can make the eyes bigger. You don't have to use this type of cats. I think you can use circle pupils as opposed to the straight line pupils. And that would help to make them look a little bit more human cute as opposed to acute. So I just want to review very quickly. So lesson learned is always the best thing we had our sketch, which I believe I did erase. Yeah, I should have kept that. But as you, as you recall and you can see in the original lesson we add our sketch first. And then after doing the sketch phase, you see we have all these different layers. We went ahead and we carefully outlined each section doing line at a time curve. There's time very carefully with a thick line on the outside that really helps to give it this, this polished kind of porcelain look, almost like iconic and perfect kind of look. If you don't want that kind of look, you can also just use one pen, slightly smaller one and do the whole thing. And maybe even do some shading with the pen such as crosshatch. You do the shading like this. Now let me get on the right layer. Shading like this, cool, you know, just colored in here and colored in more dark. And then you'd get like a more dynamic comic bookie, kinda looking cat. It's all, it's all up to you. You can do all kinds of things with it. It's your cat, right? Like Bob Ross used to say, it's your little world, your little garden. So you can go ahead and design it however you want. I'm just trying to get rid of these lines accidentally put in there. Okay. So yeah, and then we carefully outlined it. And if you want to follow my technique here, remember to use a smaller pen on for the inner inside details. Basically it's everything on the outside, all of the major portions such as the head and the body and the tail, got three big thick outlines. And then the details on the inside, we'd use smaller lines for that. We erased a little bit for the whiskers here so that we can see that the whiskers are not just black lines coming out. Make it look more like. How would you say more like white lines are coming through? And if you're using a pen on paper, what you do for that is don't draw all this line in and then try to erase it obviously because you can't erase Pen. Well, you do is just first, draw your whiskers and then come in here and stop. And down here start again. So it would be like drawing down to this point, stop, drill down to there and keep going over here. And that way you'll leave plenty of whitespace for your whiskers and you can always fill it in a little bit if you need to later. But after you draw the ink, obviously it's very hard. But if you did do that and then you want to go over it and just use some white out or some white paint to go over those areas. And the very important part of making all this happen, let's not forget our reference photos here. This cute little cat who now has a white dot on his head and I don't know why. But yeah, that's pretty much it. Watching it from head to toe again would be recommended to make sure that you remember all these. I mean, to watch this course from beginning to end again, if it's too time-consuming for you, refresh your mind, refresh your memory on all of the details here. And I constantly feel like I could go draw any kind of cat right now just based on those simple three or four step process of analyzing the cat and then sketching it. And then basically get into your linework and coloring and have some fun with it. Hope you guys really enjoyed that. I certainly did have a lot of fun making this lesson. And this is, this lesson will either be available for a very low price or for free. It's a promotional lesson where I can learn some of my technique. I know I'm long-winded sometimes, but I want people to make sure they get all of the details. Otherwise. If I just give you a very short lessons and charged for it and you barely got any content. What value is that to you? So hooping and bear with me when I talk too much. And I look forward to seeing you in other courses, you can go look, look me up and I'll be happy to see any class and always feel free to ask me any questions that you have. I am there and I will respond. And I look forward to helping you getting on withdrawing more cats and kittens or whatever it elsewhere, you're looking at Joel, Have a nice day. See you.