DJing For Beginners: Creating A Mix In Virtual DJ | Ricardo Luiggi (DJ Tres Dos) | Skillshare

DJing For Beginners: Creating A Mix In Virtual DJ

Ricardo Luiggi (DJ Tres Dos), DJ & Musical Curator

DJing For Beginners: Creating A Mix In Virtual DJ

Ricardo Luiggi (DJ Tres Dos), DJ & Musical Curator

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11 Lessons (52m)
    • 1. Introduction

      2:09
    • 2. Class + Project Overview

      1:56
    • 3. Setting Up Virtual DJ

      6:08
    • 4. Selecting and Organizing Music

      10:43
    • 5. Songs Up Close: Setting Up Tracks

      4:15
    • 6. Pitch Control & Beat Matching

      7:18
    • 7. Loops & EQ

      5:09
    • 8. Mixing Without Beatmatching

      5:14
    • 9. DJ Effects

      2:54
    • 10. Building Your Set

      2:34
    • 11. Conclusion

      3:33
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About This Class

If you’ve ever been curious about DJing but aren’t sure how to get started, you have come to the right place! 

Join international DJ and musical curator Ricardo Luiggi (aka DJ tres dos) for a musical journey on your path to becoming a DJ that can make any party come alive. 

This class covers all of the fundamentals for learning how to DJ in the free and easy-to-use software of Virtual DJ. 

You will how learn to:

  • Select and organize music
  • Set up and operate Virtual DJ
  • Analyze and breakdown your music
  • Prepare your tracks to be played
  • Loops, EQ, & Effects to transition between songs 
  • Build and play a cohesive mix live

At the end of this class, you will: 

  • Have a short mix that you’ve created to play at a party or share online
  • Become a more active listener and curator of music
  • Have a clear idea of whether to invest more time and money into DJing

Who is this for?

This class is for anyone who loves music and has ever been curious about DJing. You don’t need any prior DJ experience, any specialized equipment, or any expensive software. All you need is a love for music and a passion to make people dance to get started in your DJing journey! 

What you’ll need to get started:

  1. Computer & Headphones
  2. Virtual DJ free download (Runs on PC and Mac) 
  3. Music files (such as .mp3s)

Resources:  

  • Find a short example mix using the skills taught in this class at soundcloud.com/djtresdos/all-one

All music mixed by DJ tres dos in this class is by Fireberg, check him out at https://www.firebergmusic.com/

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Meet Your Teacher

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Ricardo Luiggi (DJ Tres Dos)

DJ & Musical Curator

Teacher

I've been a vinyl collector and DJ for over twenty years. Throughout that period I've explored dusty record stores all over the world mining for hidden gems. I've produced international events and DJed countless sweaty parties. My specialty is combining music from different periods, genres, and countries to create experiences that are always unique and centered on the dancer. My goal as a DJ is to take my audience out of their comfort zone into the unknown, with the hope that they will discover new music to obsess over.

  

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Transcripts

1. Introduction: Deejaying is a way to break free from the shackles of music algorithms. It's a way to put flesh and blood back into music selection. I'm DJ Tres Dos, I've been deejaying international music for over 20 years. I've deejayed in places like Lincoln Center, fast bars, clubs, weddings. I love deejaying because I love music. I've been exploring and collecting music for as long as I can remember. Deejaying is a way for me to share the music that I discover from all over the world with people who maybe aren't familiar with it and make people dance. That's the other thing that I love about deejaying is the opportunity to combine music in a way that maybe is unexpected for people. It's really a rush to see people on the dance floor when you're deejaying and see them react to the music that you pick. This class is for anyone who has been curious about deejaying, people who want to share their knowledge of music with other people or if you just like making people dance and having a party and you want to select music for a party. Deejaying can be a lot of fun, but it can also be overwhelming to learn how to deejay in the beginning and it can also be very expensive because deejay equipment can cost several grand to invest in. I wanted to do a class where you could learn about some of the general skills that you need as a deejay without having to invest money and expensive equipment. My course is designed to give you an overview of what deejaying entails and give you some of the basic tips and tricks that you'll need to get started making your first mix as a deejay. All right. Let's play some music. 2. Class + Project Overview: Our class project, we'll be creating 10-20 minute mix of three or more songs, applying foundational DJ techniques. I think creating a mix is a very useful way to practice DJ skills. I've been making mixes since I was a little kid. I used to tape songs from the radio and I just leave a cassette tape. This was before streaming services so you'd just listen to the radio and whenever a song you liked came on, you'd record it and end up with a cassette tape full of songs that you recorded from the radio. I continued to make mixes throughout my life. I'd make mixes for friends first on cassettes and then eventually on CDs. Making a mix was a way to introduce someone to an artist or a genre, or send somebody a message. Make somebody a personalized present that you could even make art for. I think it's a good project for the class because you practice a lot of the things you need to think about when you're deejaying in terms of choosing the next song and working on the transitions between the songs. In this class, you'll be making your first mix. We'll be starting simple, but I'll be teaching you the skills you need to develop complexity over time. When you learn these skills and put them into practice, you'll have a strong foundation to become a great DJ. Next up, we'll learn about Virtual DJ and the Basic DJ setup. 3. Setting Up Virtual DJ: In this lesson, we'll be getting familiarized with the basic tools of the DJs' trade. We're going to be looking at the starter layout of the Virtual DJ app and exploring the different functions and the different controls. You can download the Virtual DJ software for a Mac or PC on virtualdj.com. We're looking at the starter layout which I recommend if you're a beginner, whereas if you're experienced consider using the pro layout, which has more options. The first DJs used two turntables and a mixer, and this layout in some ways imitates that with the mixer in the middle, and a turntable or deck on either side. Each deck has the play buttons underneath and a pitch control slider next to it. The mixer is in the middle that has cue-level sliders. I'll talk about cueing in a moment. The EQ knobs and the crossfader below that, which is basically a way to control the volume of both decks at the same time. There are some effects controls on the other sides of each deck, which we'll talk about later. But above the decks, we have the track waveforms, which can be very useful when deejaying. If you load a song onto the left deck, you'll notice that the app will calculate the BPM. That's the beats per minute, which is an important measure for DJs, and display it above the pitch control. The app will also calculate the track waveform and display it in two areas: a smaller waveform below the track artist and song name, and a larger waveform on the top of the screen. If you now load a track onto the right right the app once again calculates the BPM and waveform and display them. If you press "Play" on the left-hand deck, the upper waveform will start moving to the left. Assuming the crossfader is in the middle, if you press "Play" on the right-hand deck, both tracks will begin playing simultaneously, which probably won't sound great. One of the most important aspects of deejaying is transitioning between songs. As a DJ, the way you check to see if the next song sounds good after the song that you're playing and in order to blend it into the song that's playing is by previewing or cueing the next track. That's what the cue button below each deck is for. You have a track playing on one deck. You want to bring the second track in and you want to find a point where the beats of the tracks align, so you press the "Cue" button. It's basically a play button, but it only plays while you're holding it down, and when you let it go, it goes back to that cue point. This is where extra equipment comes in handy. A mixer allows you to have several audio inputs and outputs, so an audio output is where sound is coming out of your mixer onto the speakers, for example, and you can have a separate audio output for your headphones, which allows you to listen to a track that's not being played through the speakers, through your headphones. If you're just using a computer without an audio interface, you're probably not going to be able to have two different outputs, and you won't be able to cue or track on headphones while another track is playing from your computer. So in this course, I'll teach you about the concepts of cueing and beat matching, but we'll be using the track waveforms in order to talk about these concepts. If you want to take the next step, you'll have to buy an audio interface, or mixer, or deck that you can use with your computer and whatever app you use if you decide to use Virtual DJ or any other app and you can find the compatible mixers and decks on the app's website. To start off, it doesn't need to have a ton of bells and whistles. Pretty much all you need is to be able to cue the next track. So basically having two at least audio outputs, one for the speakers and one for your headphones. In the next video, we'll talk about selecting the music you want to play and how to organize it on the Virtual DJ app. 4. Selecting and Organizing Music: The first thing I want to talk about is selecting songs. When you think about what songs you want to play as a deejay, you can think about, are they going to be on the same genre? Are they going to be within the same period? Are they going to have similar tempo or are they different tempos? These are existential questions for deejays. In a lot of ways, deejays can be defined by what type of music they play. For example, my style as a deejay is very varied. I play music from around the world, from different periods. I play old music from the '50s and '60s that I find on dusty, scratchy vinyls, to new electronic music on digital formats or on vinyl as well. But that really depends on the person and on the deejay. This also brings up another important concept in deejaying, which is, to what extent are you playing for an audience? Now, every deejay that you ask, can give you a different answer about this. I've heard some deejays talk about a proportion. I play three songs for the audience, and one song or two songs for myself, meaning deejays get a sense of what songs their audience want to hear. Sometimes it's a lot of the same songs. Some deejays play those songs, even though it's not necessarily the song that they want to be listening to, and then they'll play a song that they like more, but maybe their audience doesn't know. My philosophy as a deejay, is that 100 percent of the songs that I play are for me and for the audience because I play only things that I think are interesting and things that I don't think people have been exposed to. It's to me a little bit more of almost an educational, but part of the experience as well. The more you deejay, the more you'll learn what your audience wants to hear, and you can take that into account as a deejay. Working deejays have a very easy and immediate way of learning this. When you're out playing a gig and you put a song on, if people respond to it, if people start dancing, you know they liked it. If the dance floor clears out, then maybe you're not playing that song again. If you're not a working deejay and you want to learn about what songs people respond to, best way is to go to parties and listen to other deejays. Maybe you're at a party and a deejay plays a song that you really like and you want to write it down and play it some time in your own party or in your own mix. Now, for your class project, you want to make a mix that's at least three or four songs long. The more similar the songs are in terms of genre and temple, the easier it's going to be to mix those. It doesn't mean that they have to all be in the same genre or the same tempo, but when you're starting out, the simpler you can make it in the beginning in order to learn the techniques, the easier it will be. Also, if your tracks have program drums, if it's electronic music, it'll be easier to mix than if it's a live drummer or someone playing a drum kit. The program drums are more linear and so they're easier to mix than humans playing drums, which the temple varies on those drums, and it can be harder to beat match and to mix. Let's create a virtual folder, so you can take a look at all of your music. You can add music to this folder and choose what information you want to focus on for your tracks. For example, besides song and album names, since I play a lot of different genres, I like to be able to see the genre so I can filter or sort by genre. If your MP3 files don't have this information, you may have to populate it yourself. The more time you spend populating these columns, the easier it will be to find music when you have a lot of tracks. For our purposes, one of the most important fields is the tracks BPM. We want to choose songs that have similar BPMs because it'll make it easier to beat match. Virtual DJ can analyze any track to determine its BPM. But keep in mind that no software or hardware that calculates BPM is perfect. The program will also calculate what key the song is in, and you can use that information when you're mixing as well. From this pool of songs in the virtual folder, you'll start putting together a playlist. Any playlists starts with the first song. Maybe there's a song that just came out that you're really into, or a song that's always made you want to dance. You can start building your mix around that first song thinking about what other songs would go well with. As you think of songs, think about the mood that you want to create with your mix. Do you want it to start chill and build up? Do you want it to start intense and maintain that intensity throughout, or do you want something that is closer to a bell curve, or maybe you want to do something that's more brainy informatic? It's really up to you. Those are just some of the possible structures that you can follow. Here's a small selection of different records that I can talk about. For example, this Adalberto Alvarez, son record. It's a Cuban record from the '80s that I grew up listening to. My dad had some of the first Cuban music that I listen to. A lot of the music that I grew up listening to that I liked, maybe I didn't necessarily know too much about who it was or know much about the album or the genre. I've sought out to find these records and add them to my collection. I was really excited when I was able to find this one at a record store in Brooklyn, and it's a record that I listened to a lot. There's a lot of records that I can pick that are records that I often have in my crate. That's something that you can ask any deejay, what albums are most commonly in your crate when you're packing for a gig? This Joe Cuba album has a really great song for starting a set. It starts a very percussion heavy intro, and then it mellows out. It's a song that my brother put on a cassette mix for me probably at the end of the '90s. Yeah, another record that I was very excited to find and is often in my crate. I also want to highlight compilation albums because I listen to a lot of international music. When you're trying to learn about a different genre or different countries, musical tradition compilations can be really great for just getting a crash course or getting an overview of some of the important artists in that genre, and there's so many great comps. This is one that's also often in my crate, the Angola 2 Soundtrack, this Analog Africa, if I'm not mistaken. Analog African puts out really amazing compilations. I think I have another one here that I really like. Yeah, this is Analog Africa as well, Jambu. This is Northern Brazilian music and it's not the most commonly listened to genres of Brazilian music. People know about, Samba, people know about Bossa Nova, maybe Baile Funk. But these other genres are only now being discovered by the rest of the world. Genres like Carimbo, Siria and other Northern Amazonian genres. This is a really great comp as well. In video 5, we'll take a close up look at a song on Virtual DJ and learn how to prepare it for a mix. 5. Songs Up Close: Setting Up Tracks: Now that we have a playlist of tracks, let's zoom in and look at our tracks up close. Some waveforms give you a lot of information, there are visual representation of the entire track. Quiet parts tend to be thinner, while louder parts tend to be thicker. The waveform tells you where the different sections of the song are. To some extent, it visually represents different instruments, or sonic elements of a song. The more time you spend looking at different waveforms, the more you'll learn to identify the information that you can obtain by looking at one. On the inside edge of the waveform for each track, there's also a ruler that measures the beats, as calculated by Virtual DJ. As I mentioned, this calculation is not always right, so you can't always rely on it. One thing you can do to prepare a track, is to set cue points. Cue points are sections of the song that you may want to jump to when playing. For example, if a song has an intro section that you don't want to play, you can set a cue point after that intro section, and then whenever you start the track, you don't have to look for that place, you can jump straight to that cue point. On Virtual DJ, you can set your first cue point, by going to the part of the song where you want to place it, and pressing Control one. If there are any other sections of the track, where you want to set cue points, just go there and press Control and the number you want to assign. To jump to any of those cue points, click All and the number and the track will go there automatically. Cue points aren't just useful when loading a track. Maybe you want to jump to a certain section of the track while it's playing. For example, maybe there's a breakdown section, and at a certain point you want to jump to it. You can do that using cue points. For each track in your mix, get familiar with the waveform, and the different sections of the track, and set any cue points that you want. Getting to know the different sections of each track, will be helpful when mixing, because as we will see, some sections of the song are better for mixing than others. I'm a DJ and I'm a music collector, and I love digging for vinyl. I'm by no means of vinyl purists. Lot of my colleagues that spin vinyl they lift their nose up at digital music, and I'm not like that. I think any format of music can be great. But there's something about vinyl, about looking for vinyl, digging for vinyl that's very gratifying. It's something that I've done throughout the world wherever I travel. If there's a record store, I'm going to be there, and I'm going to be looking through and trying to find music that maybe we don't get here in the US, something that I don't know about. It's the old way of buying music, and of looking for music. You're at a store, you're looking through, seeing covers and looking at something that maybe you don't know anything about, but you see this cover and you think, oh, this looks interesting. It's a lot more tactile than digital streaming or downloading. A lot of record stores that you go to, you can listen to music at a listening station, so it's a great way to discover new music or old music. Coming up next, we'll learn about pitch control and how to beat match two songs. 6. Pitch Control & Beat Matching: In this video, we're going to talk about the pitch and the BPM of a song and learn how to beatmatch songs. The pitch refers to the speed of a song. The speed is measured in BPM, which stands for beats per minute. Beatmatching is a way to synchronize the BPMs of two different songs. This is one way that you can achieve a seamless transition between songs. Beatmatching also allows you to remix songs on the fly. The philosophy behind beat is avoiding silence when a DJ has people on the dance floor. When there's a gap in the music, generally, people stop moving. Conversely, as Newton discovered, a body in motion tends to stay in motion. DJs who are good at mixing and beatmatching create seamless transitions where it's hard to tell where one song ends and the other one starts. But for this to happen, generally songs have to have similar speeds of BPMs. In the old days of vinyl deejaying, the pitch control allowed you to increase or decrease the speed of a song by plus or minus eight percent. Since changing the speed also affected the pitch of a singer's voice, usually DJs kept their modifications pretty small. Technology has made this easier as well, by allowing you to change the speed of a song without affecting the key or the singer's pitch. But it's still advisable to mix songs with similar BPMs. If you try and mix a song that's 80 BPM with a song that's 100 BPM, a difference of 20 BPM, you might notice some distortion. Generally when I DJ, I try and only beatmatch or mix songs that are within a few BPM of each other. The more you DJ and the more you use hardware and software that calculates BPM, the more familiar you'll get with what each BPM sounds like. Each genre tends to stay within the same general range of BPM. For example, the slowest reggae or even hip hop might be around 60 BPM, with the 80s or 90s range being a little bit more average, whereas electronic music can go well into the hundreds. But one way to get a sense of what these BPMs sound like and how fast they are, is to use a metronome app. There's free metronome apps that you can download and you can test what 80 BPM sounds like, what 100 BPM sounds like, what 120 sounds like. There's no hard and fast rules about what BPM range is. More of a party BPM, I've been to great reggae parties where the BPM is very slow, I've been to other parties where peak party hour is in the 120-130 BPM range. But of course, this has to do with a lot of different factors, including what genre and style of music you're playing. The old fashion way of beatmatching, and the way vinyl DJs continue to beatmatch is by listening to the song that's playing, calculating the BPM in your head, selecting a song that has a similar BPM and queuing it on your headphones and changing the pitch control so that it matches the track that's currently playing through the speakers. Technology has done wonders to simplify beatmatching by calculating BPMs for you and syncing song BPMs with the click of a button. If you load two tracks that have different BPMs, you'll notice that a yellow exclamation mark will appear on the Match button above each pitch control. If you press a track's Match button, the pitch control will adjust automatically so that the BPM of the track matches the other track. Or you can do it manually by adjusting the pitch control. It's important to learn how to do these things manually, because if your program calculates incorrectly, you want to be able to do it yourself. Now, let's try to cue and mix using the song waveforms. With one track playing, slide the crossfader, all the way to the side of the deck that's playing. That way if you do something on the other deck, you won't be able to hear it. Press "Play" on the other deck and look at the beat ruler on the inside of the waveforms. We want the lines on both rulers to line up. There's a way for Virtual DJ to do it automatically, but it's good to learn how to do it manually. Just click on the wavelength of the second track and drag it to the left or right to get the lines to match. You'll notice that there's a recurring, thicker colored line, that's where Virtual DJ calculates the first measured beat, but it isn't always right. You may want to try to align those thicker lines up, but you may not want to or need to. With the beats lined up, drag the crossfader to the middle. Both tracks will be playing at the same time. If Virtual DJ calculated the beats correctly and assuming the BPMs of both tracks match, the tracks should be in sync. It may not be the right place to mix the tracks, but at least they're not out of sync with each other. We'll refine the mix as we learn about other functions, but you're on your way to learning how to mix. In the next video, we're going to learn about how useful loops and equalizer can be in transitioning between songs. 7. Loops & EQ: Now we're going to learn about how to make a loop and how to use a loop to get a smoother transition between songs. We're also going to learn about how to use EQ in transitioning between songs as well. When I demonstrated visual beat matching and mixing, the tracks were synced. But it still wasn't a smooth transition because the vocals of each track would clash with each other. Preferably when mixing out of or into a track it shouldn't be while the singer is singing a verse. If there's a short vocal refrain, that's repeating, that can be a good place to mix or during an instrumental part, particularly one that's simple or repetitive. At the beginning or end of a track, there may be a few measures before the singing starts that often works well. Looping can be a way to stretch out those measures, giving you more time to sync your tracks and allowing you to mix more smoothly. If I make a loop at the end of my current track and a loop at the beginning of the next track and sync them, the transition should work a lot smoother. The equalizer or EQ is another way to smooth out transitions. Traditionally, the EQ on a mixer has three knobs that correspond to lows, mids, and highs. The Virtual DJ EQ is different in that it isolates the different elements of a song. You'll notice that the knobs correspond to percussion, which is the beat, instruments, and vocals. Turning any of those knobs entirely to the left will mute that particular element. Turning it all the way to the right will mute everything but that element. Double-clicking on the knob will return it to the middle. Even if there's singing in the second track, you can mute it out and only have the drums mixing. If you do this, it might also make sense to mute the drums in the current track. Or another option is to single out the vocals in the current track and mute the vocals in the second track and mix in there. As you can imagine, the loops in the EQ can be used in many different ways, allowing you to remix songs on the fly. In the next video, we'll cover how to mix without beat matching. 8. Mixing Without Beatmatching: We've been talking about how to beat-match two songs and how to use that as a transition between two songs. But beatmatching isn't the only way to transition between songs. Sometimes beat just isn't an option. For example, if two songs have very different BPMs, or maybe they have tricky acoustic percussion that's hard to mix, or maybe sometimes you just want a palate cleanser because long chunks of beat-matched music can get monotonous. What do you do in those instances? In this lesson, we're going to talk about some alternative transitions that you can use when beatmatching isn't an option. As I've mentioned earlier, the reasoning behind mixing songs is to avoid silence between tracks. More specifically, when a song fades to silence, it can signal that it's time to stop dancing. Some DJs use a sample of some sort to fill that silence until the next song can come in. The sample can be anything. It can be someone's voice saying a weird or funny quote, or it can be some noise. VirtualDJ has four common samples. Each one can be activated and deactivated by clicking the F1 to F4 keys. But you don't have to limit yourself to the four samples that VirtualDJ provides. You can really use your own creativity and resourcefulness to use different samples in your mix. Everything I've told you is merely one potential guideline to consider. None of these are rules written in stone. For example, sometimes you don't mind a little silence between songs, but you can still make the fade-out more interesting by using the Filter effect, for example. Or another technique is the slow break. The default break speed called rampStopTime on VirtualDJ is 0.6 seconds. As you can tell, it doesn't stop on the dime. If you wanted to stop on the dime, you can change that to zero in the Audio section of Settings, or you can slow it down even more, say, to five seconds. Then you can even add a backspin by clicking on the waveform and dragging it to the left. In the next video, we'll look at the VirtualDJ sound effects. 9. DJ Effects: Effects can be a really fun way to spice up a song or help transition between two songs. In this video, we're going to learn about the Virtual DJ effects and how you can use them. Besides the sampler which we already looked at, there are three other sets of pads to play with. The beat rolls, and scratch pads allow you to add a little flare in the middle of a song. They don't necessarily sound good with every song but when it works, it allows you to add some spice to a song while it's playing. Below the pads, there are three effects knobs; filter, flanger, and cut. Filter is a way to filter out the high or low frequencies of the song. If you move it to the right, you will only hear the higher frequencies. If you move it to the left, you will only hear the lower frequencies. Depending on the song, the filter can be used as a way to make a more interesting fade-out or fade-in when mixing songs. Flanger and cut can also be used to give your tracks a different twist and of course, all of these effects can be combined. In the next video, we'll talk about building your set and some of the considerations to keep in mind when you're choosing the songs that you're going to play. 10. Building Your Set: Applying the principles and techniques that we've discussed, it's time to put your mix together. Although, a short mix doesn't give you a lot of time to develop a theme or concept, you still want to think about how to start, what the sequence of songs will be, and how to finish your mix. When you're DJing, the sequence of songs can be just as important as your transitions, if not more. In a live setting, if you misread your audience or you make a change that's too abrupt, you can lose your dance floor. It's important to think about the sequence of songs as you develop as a DJ and start playing in live settings. In a live setting, there are a lot of variables to take into account. Where are you playing? In what context? What time are you playing? Are you playing background music? Are you playing with a band as well or with other DJs? Are you starting off the night warming up for the other DJs or for a band or are you playing after the dance floor is already packed and you want to keep people on the dance floor? Are there songs that you want to highlight? If so, do you want to build up to those songs? Do you want to start off with those songs right away because you think they're going to get people on the dance floor? These are all variables that you have to think about and that as you gain more experience, you'll learn how to adapt to each of these different situations. When you make your mix, try thinking about and applying some of these concepts and be creative. You can put an intro and an outro in the mix, and that can be anything like some sound effects, maybe some nature sounds, or even you can have a person talking. In the next video, we wrap everything up and I will pass the proverbial mic to you. 11. Conclusion: Congratulations, you made your first mix. We've covered a lot of material. You've learned about how to select songs, how to conceptualize your mix, how to transition between songs. Learned about PPM, about effects that you can use as a DJ and applied them, and made a mix. If you enjoyed yourself, keep practicing, keep making longer mixes get out there, and DJ for a live audience. There's nothing like the excitement of having people respond to the music that you're playing in real-time. Eventually, you may want to consider investing in more equipment, which is going to make deejaying easier and it's going to make it sound better. Definitely a good pair of headphones and a controller that you can use with your whatever app you use. If you're going to use virtual DJ app, you can look at what controllers and interfaces they recommend. There's a ton of other apps that you can explore. There's paid apps that you can explore. Serotonin and track are two of the most commonly used ones. But basically, one of the first things that you're going to want to buy is either an audio interface or a controller that's going to allow you to queue your tracks on your headphones so that you can mix them, not just using the waveform the way that we did, but to be able to cure your next track on your headphone before you play it out. So if there's one thing that I want you to take away from this class is not to settle for music algorithms with their lame transitions. Develop your skills as a DJ and make listening to music more fun for you and for those around you. Okay. Now that you have your mix, I'd love to listen to it. So please share your mix on the Skillshare class project. So you can upload a music file that can be a WAV file or an MP3 file to Dropbox or Google Drive or if you want to share with more people, you can use one of the Music platforms such as mixcloud.com, YouTube, SoundCloud, whatever platform works for you. You can share the link on the Skillshare class projects. So if you want to learn more about me, you can check out my website TRESDOS.ME has all my links to my SoundCloud, mix cloud, and social media. It also has a calendar of events in New York that features my events in the city and elsewhere, and also other musical events that are taking place in New York, good DJs, and Bands that I recommend. So thank you for joining me and I look forward to seeing you on the dance floor.