Cyanotypes, Sunprints, Blueprints | Theodora Gould | Skillshare

Cyanotypes, Sunprints, Blueprints

Theodora Gould, The Carpenter's Wife.

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10 Lessons (1h 21m)
    • 1. Introduction

      1:00
    • 2. What is a Cyanotype?

      2:44
    • 3. Tools & Materials

      3:35
    • 4. Preparing your surface

      9:34
    • 5. Overview of Working with Negatives

      3:24
    • 6. Editing Photos in PS

      21:34
    • 7. Editing Photos in Pixlr

      18:57
    • 8. Printing onto Acetate

      2:21
    • 9. Making your Prints

      12:11
    • 10. Final Thoughts and Results

      5:21

About This Class

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Cyanotypes are an early form of photography. Originally used to reproduce drawings and diagrams (blueprints), the process has been developed (no pun intended...) and you can now make your own beautiful blue and white prints at home.

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I will show you how to take items from your home, plants and flowers from your garden and photographs and turn them into ethereal, vintage style prints.

You don't need any prior experience, just a few easy to come by tools, some special liquid and some sunshine.  With just a little preparation, Cyanotype's are quick and fun and the effects can be just lovely.

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If you just want to make some silhouette style prints with nature finds or bits found around your home you can ignore the classes on working with negatives and editing photos. If you want to go the whole hog, and learn to turn photographs into negatives and how to clip out objects, you can. There's a lesson for those of you that have Adobe Photoshop, and for those who don't, there's a lesson using Pixlr.com, which is a FREE online image editing platform.  There are also written instructions on how to edit the photographs, to make the process even easier and so that you can easily repeat the processes without the videos.

I hope you enjoy it and I'd love you to post your creations in the Projects section; or, if you're on Instagram, tag me so that I can see what you've made. It really makes my day when I see that people are inspired and have created they something they love. 

You can find me at www.instagram.com/theodora.gould

The music throughout is 'Acoustic Breeze' from http://www.bensounds.com

Transcripts

1. Introduction: 2. What is a Cyanotype?: welcome to my skill share tells all about Scion. A. Types also noticed blueprints and some prints. So what is the Scion? A type? Basically, it's a chemical reaction between two chemicals, which you don't place onto a surface, such a paper or fabric, and you can then expose it in sunshine. And it leaves you with a really beautiful effects, which is kind of old fashioned, something sort of ethereal about it. So he's, Oh, apple, that I've done feathers so that's used for natural feathers placed on the paper that once used with negative off on an enemy. And then you can use it home fabric as well. So don't tote bags with feathers on, um, got all sorts of options, different things you can use. He can use items that you find around the house, things from the garden. Or you could take a photograph and turn it into a negative. And use that. Yeah, so you don't need any prior experience. Teoh. Take this class. You're going to need a few things. I concern a type liquids on bits and bobs, which I will talk you through in the next video, but it's just a bit of imagination on some sunshine. My name's Theodora on. I am an artist and a silversmith living in a rural part of England in Somerset. I just love to create things. I'm at my happiest when I'm making stuff. I love to try different art forms, which is how I stumbled across the science types, and I've been having so much fun with it that I thought you might drug counseling as well. I do have some other classes on skill share on various topics and painting to still play to making mock ups on your iPad, which he confined above. If you want to know more about me and see more of what I'm up to your nose, follow along on Instagram Theodore. Dr Gould, I love it if you pop by and said Hello and say that you came to me via skill shirt. So let's move on to the next cast on what you're going to need. Tools and materials 3. Tools & Materials: so tools, materials if you click on the projects and resource is button in there, I put a full list away tools and materials that I've used in this class and where possible links have where to buy them. But I will talking through them quickly now. So the most important thing you'll sign a type liquid so it comes in part A and part B. And when the bottles arrive, they will have just powder in the bottom, and you need to fill them up with water on Given already good shake on. Leave them ideally for 24 hours before you actually use them. So everyone again give him another good shake on 24 hours later, they'll be ready. Two years. You're going to need a couple of jam Jos or similar container perfectly when you can see three for measuring out. Um, paintbrush. I like this. Nice, big, flat one. Keep one brush, which is just a sign of types. And then I read stout and water. Afterwards, we're going to need something Teoh put your liquid onto, um, I recommend some watercolor paper. Uh, when Once you've and major print gonna have to expose it in water. Rinse it in water on DSO. Whatever taking use has got to stand up to getting wet without disintegrating. It's a paper, and also you can use fabric, a natural fabric. I've got this old cotton sheet that I just rip bits off on iron and then years a A board on a piece of glass. This is Teoh. Stop all your pieces flying away when you're outside experiencing it in the sunshine. I have this old kip frame I find very useful. Um, so with that lot, you'll be able Teoh, take an object or interesting shaped leaf. Andi, make a sort of silhouette style print with it. You can also use photographs, which you can turn into negatives, which gives you assign a type two bit more depth and makes them a little bit more like an old photograph. But if you're going to do that, you're going to need some transparency. Film, which will go through your printers, is suitable for your printer. I'm using an inkjet one, so I have this Andi also going to need some sort of editing software, and I will talk you through this in the later class I use fate a shop. But I realized that obviously not everybody has fatally shop, and it could be quite expensive Teoh subscribe to. So there's also a free version, something called Pixel, which I'll talk you through as well, if you like a little bit of inspiration. I've created a Pinterest board just in loads of science type pictures to it, just to give you an idea of objects or what you could use justice is it was interesting just to see what other people are doing. Okay, let's move on to the next girls and that stop prepping also is ready for our science type. 4. Preparing your surface: So let's get started with preparing our surfaces. Whatever surface we use, we're gonna have to let it dry before we can develop it in the sunshine. So you're going to need to work in a darkened room. So for the next bit, I'm gonna have to turn the lights down. Doesn't have to be completely dark that you the chemicals are you the sense tips. So obviously, the less you be like, you have, the better, and you're going to need somewhere darkish to store them while they're drying as well. I've got a big table in my workshop, uh, which has got a cloth over it. And I just put him under there to drive se, um, pieces of paper. I just like to have all different sizes, and I've got some different textures. So this is a bit of cardio paper, which has got nice sort of ruffled edges. I got just playing. Wait a five paper like do a few biggest sheets a swells do some bigger prince. And if you want to do it on fabric, recommend ironing your fabric first. Say I've got some cotton sheet that I just ripped up. Andi, find it out quickly. So I've dimmed the lights as much as I can in my studio. Um, didn't put on my apron because I do tend to splash liquid place. I think I'm just particularly messy. I'm sure you'll be Tidier than I am my eight. I didn't mention it in the tools materials video forgot. I use just a piece of an old cardboard box, which I put down on the table on. Then you can put your liquid onto your paper on your fabric. Using that on it just means that you don't get the surface that you're working on, so I hope you can see clearly. I've got so much light on it. That's not natural light as I can. So I've got my to jam jars and I got my Santa type liquid on a pen. Uh, it's about undoing. To do is mix. I was given a bit of a shake finessed. Make some of part A into the job. You can eat them, Mark. Correct comes two minutes to remark that you've already made trying only mixed as much as you're going to use the liquid, it's only stable for a few hours after you mixed it. What? You put it onto your surface. Leave it dry. It'll be fine in a dark room a long time that in the jar like this only last for a few hours. So that's how much part A I put in some give part B a shake fortune saying level. I'm not into that when I tend to just keep that somewhere dark while I'm getting my paper on my fabric out already prepping it. So I've got my jar of mixed liquid, my first piece of paper. My brush. Let's begin to just dip a brush in and then brush it onto the paper. I like to leave a bit around the edge, so it's got a sort of rough edge to tie today. You want your sina types to be more perfect than not. Then you can just try and make the liquid us even as possible. I quite like the sort of rough and ready look, so I'm gonna put that 1 to 1 side to dry on, move onto the next one so you can experiment. Um, I had to go before dripping water onto the papers, undoing it. I've had mixed results. I had some failure. Some pieces that absolutely awful. But I had something that quite nice. See, you could just take that water. Just drip it on like safe. I'm gonna put that one under my table where it's dark to dry. So I still thought with this one, I might have a go with some salt, which I've never tried before. I know. With water colors, it can get quite nice effect. That's see what this from turns out like it might be awful. Um, Rock sold. Then I got him, and I insult just cause that's what we got the kitchen that in a dark place to dry, and then we've got a fabric. This is where the cardboard comes in handy because obviously it's gonna put our liquid on, and it's going to soak through the fabric. Onda Also, I find it does take quite a long time to drive fabrics that obviously soaks up more of the solution. But I well, put the solution on and then sandwich piece of fabric between two pieces of cardboard. Put that somewhere dark to dry. So if you are using fabric, you're gonna need a bit more solution. And if you're using paper as you can see it. Really? Six it up again. I'm just leaving a bit of a border because I like that rough edge. Okay, make sandwich and then leave that. I probably won't be able to use that one until tomorrow or the day after, so I'm just gonna work my way through putting my liquid onto these. Recommend you prepare lots of them. Because once you start doing, it's a little bit addictive, and you gonna keep wanting to do more. So really do as many as you can store to dry. So I've kind of run out of space for drying bits paper now. So I'm going to golf. And again do you wash my paintbrush just in cold water? And I'm also going to rinse out my mixing job by measuring job. So I'm a mixing jobs still got some liquid in. Once this lot of papers dry, I'll do small. Yeah, give him a written soft words. So while we're waiting for a paper on our fabrics dry way, we can get on with prepping our images. So if you want to use a negative to create your center type, you can move on to the next lesson, which is an overview abusing negative. So in that one, I will explain. Um, What about what? What you're going to see in the coming videos on you can choose whether you're going to use photon, shovel, pixel Teoh, make your negative if you I don't want to do all the technical side and you don't want Teoh mess around with negatives, you can maybe have a look at the Pinterest board. Link is in the projects. In Resource is section where I've pinned loads, loads of lovely sanitize pictures, and it might just give you a bit of inspiration about shapes of leaves or flowers or objects that you want to use to create your Sana type. So if you do, you just want to get straight on A soon as your surfaces dry and stop making sina types, you could gather some leaves or plants or so objects, and maybe just have a play around with arranging them on how you think you'd like them to look 5. Overview of Working with Negatives: so I wanted to give you just a quick overview off Working with a negative. When you use a negative, you can give your science types a bit more depth. You can use a photograph, which has a background like this, one of the dog raise, and you can see that the sign, a type it produces, gives more depth. You can see the leaves in the background, or you could take an object, Um, such as thes keys and create a sign, a type with those. So whatever you decide to do, you're gonna have to start off with some photographs saved on your computer. There is a really good website called unspool ash dot com, which has got beautiful royalty free images. Save your photography skills aren't up to much. You could go to unspool ash dot com. Have a search through the Fate A's and save something to your computer, Ready for editing. You can take your camera or your phone and go out and take some pretty pictures. Find something that you'd you'd like. Teoh make print off safe back to your computer, or you can take some objects. So in their videos, I use this key is an example that you use shells, coming, riel, anything you can think off a glass bottle, take a photograph of it. But I find when you have an object like that, I like to clip them out. So I get the white piece of paper late on the table that your object on it and take a photograph of it on having it from the white background just makes the chipping process easier. So one of the editing that we're going to be doing, um, we can either do it in treasure shop or pixel. So whichever you prefer, you can skip straight to that video. I personally prefer photo shop, but I know that not everybody has it. Pixel are is a kind of free version off Photoshopped. It's an Internet based editing software. I sometimes find it difficult when I'm watching videos about people doing things on computers, and I have to sort of pause and rewind and pause. Rewind. I find the instruction sometimes a little bit difficult to follow. So based on that, I have written out each of the actions that I take, and I put them into documents which you'll find in the projects and resource is section, so you might want to print those out and have a look through those. Or you might just find those useful for when you're doing it on your own and you don't have the video there. Teoh. She has. Of course, if you're an expert at editing photos, then you'll know how to do this. Already I've tried to make the video so that even a beginner open up pixel are open photo shop and then follow along step by step. So go off on, get your photographs ready, save some to your computer, and then we'll move on to the editor. 6. Editing Photos in PS: so I'm gonna show you how to take a photograph. Andi, turn it into a negative, which will then be able to print onto the estate and used for our Sana types Say I'll start off showing you how to do it in fate. A shop for those of you that have Photoshopped. So open up, photo shop. I've already got my Nathan. Um, choose the file you want would have helped. I got this ready first. Have I saved it. So I'm going to use this dog. Raises an example. So in the bottom right hand corner here, if you hover over a symbol, she says it should. Can you? What? It's full. Just want just moving it gate eso got create new Phil or adjustment. So take that. Got to hue, saturation and then slide of saturation away to the left. You can get rid of that now I've got a black and white image. Did you look up here? You see, we've got two layers, so I'm going to click on the top there and then press my shift key and then click on the bottom there as well so that they're both selected. Then right click cave that merge layers, Which leaves me with one layer, which is this black and white image. I'm then going to go up to image adjustments and in that so now we've got negative. Now there's old, this area around the edge. I don't like to have any sharp edges on my Sana type prints, if I can help it. So I'm just going to try and soften these edges. Click. Click on the Dodge Tool so you see if I right click on that, got Dodge Tool in the burn till burned. Who will make things darker? Dodge Tool. Make things later. Um, I've got soft round pressure, capacity, brush selected, and then where it says here range. I've got highlights. My exposure such about 34. So that's just see, that might be enough. So I'm just going Teoh around the edges, just softening any shop lines that this image doesn't have too many sharp lines. It depends what you're fresh. I just think it look a bit nicer when it's done like this. It's essential from there we have it now. I can save that, Um, when it comes to printing, I'll show you the printing separately, I'll be able to print that out on my ass state. So take file. Say that's to save it to my every You like to save things? Um, j Peg or PNG? It's fine. It's a J peg for this 68 I would save everything to maximum. May we have it so I can talk? He threw taking a photograph of the object on, clipping it out in photo shop on turning it into negatives. They can use it to feel prince. So open Photoshopped on. Then click the open button on the file that you want already got my hair. So taking the fate of on the white background just means that it's gonna be easier to click . So up in the layers panel up here, Right, Tick on, ji placate. There I always keep an emergency layer in photo shop is just a habit that I have, say, a major that that was locked and just make it invisible to duplicate that top again and then making sure that the top there, it's highlighted. I'm going to go to image adjustments on levels on here. I've got these three little droppers want the one on the right hand side. Take that on a chick on your picture until your background goes was white as it can find if you just click around in different areas and then you've got these little sliders here and input level, which you can play with. The idea is just to get your background as white as possible without losing your object. And then once you're happy, that's kind of the best. You can get it. Click. OK, then we're going to go up to the magic wand till up here in this left hand panel. Andi, click the white space. You can see it's selected. Oh, sorry. When you do, click the magic. Want to make sure they got contiguous ticked there and it will select any areas that joined together. So it hasn't selected this area all these bits because obviously I've got the shadow coming with color coming from the key there. If I hold down shift on my keyboard, impress in here could start selecting. He's fit since, well, just keep keep ownership, just get in questions you can key. We will check out all the extra little bits afterwards, but we're just making, like, a bit easier for ourselves that we can do this now. Now we're gonna see if we get these in just a little bit closer, it probably will be visible to the eye. We're going to get up to this top bar click select, modify, expand, expend it by two Exel's It's not really visible. Just moved the line in a little bit closer. So now we move over to the layers panel. We can switch off that top layer, select the middle lattices kind of Maine and then down in this bottom, right and colder going to click this symbol here, which says, Add mask. Oh, I missed a step. You make a mistake. Edit under a mask. I need to invert my image. Say what I should have done after I turned off that there is selected that one Blue T select and invests, which inverts the selection. So rather than having this area selected, is not selecting key. Now I can get down a mask, so this checkered background means that there's nothing there. So we've now got transparent background. But if we zoom in, we'll see that there's little bits around which we need to go and tidy up so back down in this Boston corner here, I'm going to add a new life and then click on track. Did you get the blue line beneath the, Which means I've now got a transparent layer beneath that one. So I come over to my little color bit, so I got a sort of gray color but white. So if I click on these little boxes, these the default black and white, then I can switch between them by pressing. Is that so? That top color means that that's the color of got selected. And I'm going to trick on my paint bucket and then kick on the background, which means that that layer is white and it just helps me to see all these extra little bits that need to be cut out just to tidy it up. It depends what image you're working with. You could select a different color for this background. Anything that just helps you see what you're doing for me, because this is quite dark. The right books quite well, se. Now we get back to our layer mask. So this is the now which has got the layer mask on it. That's the image. That box here is their master. Make sure that that is selected on over to the left your brushes. And then you can click this button up here to change your brush. It's up to you. Which one you use Have a play around, See what works. I'm gonna have a good heart around. So basically what we're doing here with a layer mask we're working with are black and white Seacon trouble between them by pressing that or you compress x on your keyboard so black will take away. Tubal it to white White will put it back. So with the name ask. We haven't deleted the background. Just hidden it so we can take away Put back as much as we want se go around. This is a little bit differently. Already mucked up. Just put various back You can zoom in press command and the plus symbol. Okay, so I'm just gonna get around tidy all this out conceding back out. Person command minus button. Now we will still have some tiny little bits that we've missed on this. It doesn't matter too much, but I'll show you how to get rid of them anyway. So in the bottom. Right corner. We've got this FX. Click on that and move up to strike color. You want to color? That's completely different. Something in your pictures. So I've got this green size eight. Make sure that position is marked us outside, and then click. Ok, Have I seen back in all these green marks are bits that we've missed. So making sure we're still on our layer mask. You can get around, get rid of them. I'm not gonna bother getting rid of all the green bets, because for this project, this is enough. If I was making a repeat pattern or something like that, I probably get rid of a bit more. But first science type, which is I mean, they're not sort of crisp edges. Anyway, the print this will be fine. I'm just gonna get rid of the west of it. This is where you can check that You haven't got lots of big green bits around there. So now we don't need this top layer anymore, so we can right click on that late. I want to get rid of any green bits. You got stroke, Just press the little ice, and that will get rid of Batch. We don't need this flight there anymore, either. Get up to image. Just minutes down in that. Now, we haven't clipped out negative of a key. I think this is gonna print. It's going to be a little too white, so I'd like to make it a little bit darker. So I'm going to go over to my This is my Dodge Tool it right. Come back and get down to two. This will make things dark up here. Range Gonna get for shadows. Just coming it up just means we're gonna have a bit more contrast. We print out negative. Effective? I just realized that I didn't bring down the saturation, which is why it's blue, Say, to get image adjustments, he saturation. Just bring the saturation right down And I was back. I could have done it. Carry on top. And then what? So I'm happy with it. We can take file. Save will save us on. Find relevant files. Future takes you save it as a J peg, give you a white background again which doesn't really matter. But save it is a PNG. It will save it with transparent background City so that saved your clipped out image, which has turned into a negative into your computer. Now you could print that out as it is and just have one big key. A lot of your object is, but it can be an awful waste of the estate on with plastic reduction. Use a plastic reduction in mind. It think it's better if you can make the most of your sheet of estate. So I'm gonna quickly show you a photo shop house. Do that. So open fate a shop on rather than clicking open. We're going to click, create new. This brings up a box where you could make a new document. Um, we want a full transparent. I've already got it saved a template, but I show you how to do it. So in here, where it says with change from pixels two millimeters on a four is 297 by to 10. Choose your orientation, which we remind you like it. I tend to work in landscape. Ignore all of that. Anything you have to pay attention to is here, where you've got the background contents you want. Make sure you got transparent, then could create press command and minus just so I can see what I'm doing. Nice blank screen. Let's go to file Key White background for skill share S So this is how it works on my computer. It might be slightly different on yours, but it's gonna be the same principle so I can click that image and drag it over to my Photoshopped document. So when it comes up, it has this box around it. At this point, we can take on the image and leave it around. We can go up to one of the corners on resize it that you can distort it. When you do that up here, we've got width and height. And in the middle height in the middle is this little knocks symbols. Have you pressed that it will stop your image from distorting, so get a size you like, and then when you're done, click the tick. If you want to move it around, make sure you got the move tool selected, which is this top one here. And then you can move it where you like. Did you decide you wanted to different size? Have you press command t on your keyboard at the same time it will bring back this box and again you can move it around. But you probably have to make sure you click a little lock symbol again. And then when you're ready, press the tick. If you want. Teoh, make a copy of that. I need my move. Symbols back some reason that's disappeared. We've only got one layer moment. But what we can do is press the out button on your keyboard on left, click on the object at the same time and drag it. Don't make your copy. You see, It's also made a new layer up here so we can make lots of keys. No. And then we could resize one if we wanted to check on the key that was selected. Layer first command T make sure you're not symbols pressed. You can change the size of it. If you hover over one of the corners, you get a little bent arrow, then rotate it. You can right click and I will give you flip horizontal right click Vertical mess around with it fit as much as you can on Teoh your ass etait say that you're then able to cut out around them afterwards and use them as he like. So I'm just going to take a minute on Philip this page and then I'll show you the print. So now I've got more things on my page. I've still got room to cut around pieces. I'm going to save it. So go up to file A rather than just pressing safe won't press save us. And then she's weighed like t save it to call this one now because we created a new file, it would automatically save it as a photo shop document. You wanted to be a PNG say down on, then scroll down to PNG for safe. It's like a large file. Okay, that's not ready for printing. 7. Editing Photos in Pixlr: so I'm going to show you how to take a photograph, which has got a background on. Turn it into a negative in pixel. So open Pixar dot com and click on Open Pixel editor. Should I bring this up? Sometimes it asks you about Davey Flash thing on my computer does so open image from computer. Choose your file So we got dog raise up in this top bar here. Adjustment We've done to hue and saturation. Turn saturation right down so that you've got a black and white image and then again go to adjustment. Don't invert, and then we have a negative No, this is the Dodge tool. This is until burnt or makes things darker. Dodged Nixon's lighter. I'm going to get around the edges. Andi. Just soften the edges. Picture of Dodge tools. Cheers, brush. I like this one, but you can choose, say, you can see the size of my brush there and I can change that by moving diameter up. And then that's the hardness. Such my turn off a little bit as well. A pair range would have highlights selected. I'm going to turn the exposure as well. You can play around with this and see what works for you. What works best for image you're using. And then you just go around the edge of your image. Just soften out any hard lines so that when you come to make your print, I have a straight line, and there we have it. So I've been having some issues saving images in pixel on after a bit of research and some Googling it seems to be that there are people that are having issues with their browsers on saving images. So if I would maybe go to your normal Internet browser, open up pixel and have a go at saving an image. If you have a problem, try using a different browser. So I started off using Firefox and it wouldn't let me save on. I've now switched to Safari, and it will. So I will show you how to save the image. Eso up at the top Left here, Filed save. Give it a name. I 10 t 10 quality up. I'm gonna keep it. J peg. Okay, I will ask me where I want to save it. T save it quicksight so that man should be saved to the computer so that's no saved. Let's move on to clipping out an object in pixels, so t tip about an image and picks up. Open pixel dot com Open pixel Art editor Select Open Image from Computer Here I got my key on the white background. So in the layers panel up here, right click on the background, duplicated, then go over to adjustments the top menu and click on levels. If this box is in the way, you can just click on the top of it. Drag it over. You hear about the input levels but these sliders underneath, which we can leave around to try and make the background as weight as possible. You don't want to distort your key too much. It doesn't matter massively because it is going to be back on white. But I think that's a kind of good level. It's never going to be perfect, but whiter. It is better check. Okay, so in the left hand panel up here, select the ones, too, to make sure they have contiguous ticked, Um, I'm turning anti alias off, but I don't know what they have to. A lot doesn't seem to make any difference, and then with you want to click somewhere on your white background? You see, it's gone around the key that hasn't selected this area, and it hasn't selected by a color cast coming off my key. And then some of these spots down. We passed the teeth back and re press the shift key person cold and left click. We can select more areas. I don't need to get away right up to key. We're gonna go around with the razor of it. But the more you could get now unless you have to raise a minute, I'm just gonna go around taking these areas. Now get back to your layers panel, turn off the top there. And then this original there is locked. We double click lock or unlock it when you want to make sure that this layer is selected, that highlight and then we go upto a top menu again and click edit an invert selection. So now we've got all of this bit selected rather than in all of this. Now we're going to add a layer mask to get up to their taught many up here. Click Adlai Mask. So that's no tripped out background. We're left with the key. If you look in these little areas here, there's still a little bit tidying up to do. Still a little bit of background. So to make it easier to see in Adam, you so back in all those panel this symbol here, we want to drag it that one. We want to make this layer color that contrasts well with our objects so that we can see what we're doing. So I'm going to choose white. So this is the color menu. I click on that it will bring up color wheel and I want to select white click OK, and I go up to my paint bucket till on the left hand money and then click somewhere on the transparent background. But I have a white Let me my key to get back Teoh this layer with your layer mask on and then we're gonna go back over to our left. Many choose theory. Razor tool. You want to select a suitable brush? I try. But when I think you can change the diameter to just have a little around until you've got something that kind of usable your hardness up. Now we could get around and pobres any extra areas you consume in by pressing the command button on the plus symbol on your keyboard to see more easy. What? J. I'm just going to work my way around hearing anything like that. If you make a mistake, you can always press, edit button and undo that. Just undo the last stage that you've done. So it's worth just doing a little bit and then taking a finger off the, um mouse because obviously we do lots with our finger on and then press edit on do. We're gonna have a lot of a lot more work, Steve. So I'm gonna based around this and speed it up a bit for you Say, now I consumed back out by pressing command in the minus button. I know I've still got quite a few spots. Stand here, so I'm gonna go for a much bigger brush. Just make sure that I get rid of any unwanted hair is so you know, we can make back to my layers panel once we think we got rid of all the little spots. Doesn't have to be perfect, but let's get rid of us. Much seekers get rid of it as much as you can. So back in the layers panel, we're gonna turn off the light there and then back in our top many adjustments adjustment on, then go down to invert, which turns it into a negative. So now we've got a clipped out image, which is a negative, but this is too white. So I'm going to darken it up a bit by kicking on the band too. So, Dodge, till next Things like to burn Till makes things darker. Selecting a suitable brush. Make sure that my diameters okay with hardness with moment. Um, where is his range? Once let shadows no turned my exposure up to about 76 77 and then over in your layers panel you want to click on the so that's the layer mask going to click on this one, which is the actual image itself. Just check on my key. Just darken it up a bit because I want more contrast when I print it. Just gradually tinker and play around with it. Find something that works for you. I think that will do so. Then we go up. Teoh file at the top left save rename it in format. Want to make sure you have P and G selected because that will save it with the transfer of background check. Okay, choose where you like to say that, I say, Then again. So I just want to show you how to make the most of your estate a while trying to use less plastic on. Obviously, you want to buy a little of it as possible. Eso We want to try and get as many images onto one sheet as we can before we print it. Sorry about heading on, and then you can cut them out and place them on your paper or fabric to make your print. So you go Teoh pixel our dot com on open the picks in our editor on Instead of open image from computer, which we use last time. Check on create a new image pixel our works in pixels rather millimeters. So where it says with you, run your mouse over it and put in 2480 the width and height 3508. I can do those the other way around if you want, but that's to make an A four size document to say those measurements in pixels of a four, um print 300 d p I. They put in those numbers and then make sure that you click the transparent box and then click. OK, so this is now a for canvas. So you go up to file in the top left hand corner, go open image. We're gonna open up a key that we checked out. Oh, that I kept out. You'll open up whatever you've clipped, select your file and click open. Then we need to move this onto our other document. So in the top left hand corner, he got cropped, click on crop tool and then bring it down. Left click drag to draw a box around your object and then press enter on your keyboard, then go up to edit selectable. We're back to edit a copy. Now we want to open up the new document that we created. We're going to go at it from paste. So now we have a copy of our key on our document. Get up here in the left hand corner. You've got the move to so you can now move key around and you can go to edit free transform . This will allow you to change the size or the angle of objects. You go to a corny little twisted arrow left click, and you can rotate. And then if you move your cursor over one of the corners, make it bigger or smaller. Now, this does distort it a little, and I'm not sure how to stop that. So just keep an eye on the distortion and then when you're happy with it, press enter. Let's move that to that on. If you see over here in the layers panel, we've got our transparent document on. We've got a one with the key on it. So what we can do to make more keys or more Whatever your object is, is right. Click, click, duplicate there and then with move tool selected Dracul new. So I'm going, Teoh, go through on fill this page up and then I will show you how to save it. So I got a full page. We're gonna get up to file save, rename it. We want to save it as a PNG say that it has a transparent background. Okay, Can you? And then she was able to save it to se Andi. That's it for picks in our. So we'll move on to the next lesson on I will show you how to print. 8. Printing onto Acetate: So this is the estate for printing. On one side is kind of rough on the other is smooth. I want to print onto the rough side. Mind comes with this little paper strip on the top. I think that's just so that the printer will recognize it and take it on. Once you've printed and it's dried, you can peel that off. I say Just estate into your French. I tend to only print one sheet at a time because my printer has a habit of having hissy fit and chewing everything up. But one cheated time it's He has to be able to cope with eso. I'll show you the print settings that I use. Obviously, it's going to vary depending on what printer you're using. This is an old Epsom inkjet, which does the job. But if I show you what settings I'm using, then you at least have an idea of what to look out for in your printer settings. So it was stopped by opening up the file that we saved way have that This is how what's on my computer? Click file print on where it says preview, Click the drop down. Many print settings. Media tight. I give the Epsom Matt print quality Best fate A. And then I print in Grey Scale and then press print. And then you just have to wait for my slightly slow printer to print it. I'll show it to you minutes. There we have it. He's page white paper behind it. You see it more clearly, so I can cut around those and then arrange them on my paper on my fabric when I'm making my son type. Yes, let's move on to the next lesson. 9. Making your Prints: So the sun is absent in Somerset. Those of you that live in hotter climates. I am very envious because here in the UK, we have to wait for Sunday. You can do it on a slightly more overcast day that you have to wait longer. So let's get started. Making operates. He will pay for should be drawing a wheel fabric. You should have an idea, hopefully of what you want to do. So I hope you may be looked at Pinterest board on. Got a bit of inspiration from that, um or have your photos ready and saved in the computer so you can see that the sun is out in my garden. I'm just going out to look for some interesting shaped leaves to use ferns. Always nice. They turned to print quite well. You did a nice contrast with the blue and white leaves in the spaces between, so I might get a fun. So at the front of our house, we've got lovely 11 dist for the bees, so I might take a few sprigs of lavender days, will say, just bought some stocks from the supermarket, so I might take one of these. So I got my phone. My stocks on my lavender, um, se starts off a piece of fabric. This is a piece of fabric that I splashed with water on. Um, I quite like the irregularity of it. Uh, so let's have a go at the stock from this one So late, your fabric or paper down on your board. How many? Lay down your whatever side you go to make prints off and then take your glass, which is over the top to stop. It'll blowing away. I'm going to carry it like this out into the sunshine Onda We can see it experiencing So this is a bigger clipboard that I've got this one, Scott. Um, this'll suspects sheet, which does work. Um, I crack in it as well, because I've been bubbling it anyway, if I put that to one side should be able to do the next to on one. Um, like that lavender. Quite like things. That a bit of an angle. It's a bit too much. We're getting off to the side. It's just important to get along this the way you want it before you take it out into the sunshine. So whilst your um, Prince Rx placing in the sunshine You can hear me prep you'll developers tray or your sink . Despite a rescue fly rescue. We need enough water to submerge your print doesn't need to be very. Let's see how the day. So I think that these two are ready. Say, lift my perspex off so you can see that one's come out that one. Now we need to get them in the water quite quickly, so I was gonna turn them over. What? I set up the camera, so you get a fun going in on the lavender. Just leave them sitting there the time that they need in the water. Various. I find that the paper doesn't need very long, but when I do it with fabric, it takes really quite a long time. You just want to He's going. You might see it if you can see from the thing that there's yellow coming off. So you need to keep Miller water until no more yellow comes off every now and again. Just come and give them agitate a little bit. Yet coming off that one. Still some coming off that a couple of minutes more so I think that those are ready to go and hang on my line. So now it's the turn of the fabric and the stock. Take my glasses off. Put that down, Someone Catherine E. And we'll put this one. I think here comes so with the paper almost instantly, the area where you've had your object starts to go white with fabric. It does seem to take quite a long time. So I might leave this in here for maybe half a Nower. Um, but every night again, come on, just give it a bit of a squares on. Just keep an eye on it. You might think it's not doing anything. It probably just needs a bit longer. So let's have a gay with negatives. So I've got image from unspool ash. So it's a field of poppies that I've turned into a negative, and I've just lead the edge. I've got my don't raise, you know, I'm thinking I might have to make these leaves a little bit darker, but we can try and see and some keys that I've, uh, printed and cut out. So let's have a go with this lot. So this is the piece of paper that I put the rock sold on the Himalayan salt onto So I think I'm gonna have a go with the keys on this one, se just to thumb more in sometimes less is more. The nice thing about tripping them out I'm doing it is that you can with that recitative little bit. I quite like that. With my glass on top, carefully take that one out into the sunshine. Say, now let's have a go with some of the others. I'm gonna use the Perspex board for this Quite excited about this one. I'm hoping which was that way Really natural perspex on top, moving things too much. Take that out into the sun for their the keys, developing the color when you first start out sort of greeny yellow color and then it goes blue. And then it goes a kind of pail brownie color, and at that stage, it's it's ready to go into the water. Say this one's ready. Well, what about the dog in the background? It's the weekend in the family home, so video hold, say, changed the water on the stock. One. It is starting to get there. It's just taking this well, so we'll leave that one in the get keys. It's always exciting to see how they come out. So I leave that one sitting and then again see how the others a day. So these two already as well past backs off. What? Excited to see how that one comes out in turn, Shaver Just it doesn't experience while I'm messing around with the others. Be interesting to see if the leaves have come out. One. He's a coming along. Still bit of yellow coming off those Let's get the don't grows in on a field of poppies. So I think the three paper ones already to go on the line, that one. I'm just going to leave longer just every now and again. Come on, give it a bit of a squeeze like that, but yeah, but there's so I'm gonna get anything this one on the line now, I think I'm hoping that when it dries on the colors developed over the next 24 hours, we should get a little bit of contrast with these darker areas. Um, you don't know unless you try. So I left there is hanging on the line to dry And once they're dry, the color the dark blue color should develop over the next 24 hours. Eso We'll have a look at them in 24 hours time and see what they don't like. 10. Final Thoughts and Results: So these are the results. This is the stock on the fabric. You can't tell immediately what it is that it's a very pretty effect. Way to go, Fern. Just on the plane. A five white paper which has come out beautifully. These are the two on the cardio paper. Um, lavender. Which again? I think that's very pretty. The dog Rose didn't come out Quite how I wanted it to. It is nice, but the leaves have bean lost. So what I'm going to do is go back on, darken up. Believes using the burn tool in photo shop. I'm reprinted the negative. Do that the salt paperwork? Quite well. I think so. This is my keys on my salted paper. Um, yeah. I quite like the effect I might try it again with, maybe just sold for some areas. Uh, this is the field of poppies, which I love, but having seen how the keys came out on the salt paper, have another go using the same negative on did it on a piece of salted paper. I love this one. Kind of looks like it's got fireflies dancing across it or stars. So I'm really pleased that we're gonna have more play. That's insulted paper. So I think overall, it is better to make your negatives darker rather than later on. It's also better toe over experience rather than under experience. So if you're not sure whether you're print is quite ready to go into the water, just leave it a little bit longer. So those examples I've done just on scraps of fabric and paper that I also had to play with some, uh, old sheet music. I wasn't sure what it was going to stand up. Teoh being immersed in water. I thought it might just disintegrate that it was absolutely fine, so you could have a playing around with some different types of paper. Maybe some old pages from a book would look nice. I will say Bye blank cards, which come with on the layups. Lovely things to send to people. Well, you could sell them. So with the fabric pieces that I've done, I've done them on scraps of fabric like this. It is worth saying I've had problems washing fabric. I did some napkins for me and my family. This is the control napkin, which looks lovely, and that was the homes after I did wonder how they would hold up Teoh family life on being thrown in the washing machine with the rest of my laundry on. This is how they held up. You know very well there's still quite nice effect. But it's not the effect that I was after. Say, I won't be starting a sign, a type napkin and any time soon. So whatever fabric you're going to do it on, try and make sure it's something that isn't going to need lots of washing. I might take, um, some of my fabric, maybe display it in a frame. Well, I will say Senate onto tape bag. I saw a nice paste on Pinterest where somebody had made a seat cover using the sanitize fabric. I did think I might have a good making some beeswax wraps with Well, so there are lots of ideas. Whatever you do, expect a few failures. It's all part of the process. You don't learn anything unless you make a few mistakes. But whatever you're doing, have fun with it and don't be scared of it. So I hope you've enjoyed the class. You can think many ways that I could make it better and then please do leave a comment on what my classes be as easy to follow ous possible on enjoyable to watch. So I hope that it's seen that you have any questions again. Leave a comment and I will come back to you. I'm here to help. I would love love love it if you would share your creations with me. Eso You take a snap of thumb on posted in the project section. Always use Instagram posted on Instagram and tag me so that I can see it. You want to see any of my other classes? You can click on my profile on See them there on. Do you want to be alerted? Next time I upload a class, then click followed button on. You'll be sent an email next time. I local Thank you so much for watching on. I will see you next time