Creative Shading - Learn Six Shading Techniques for Better Drawing Skills | The Artmother | Skillshare

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Creative Shading - Learn Six Shading Techniques for Better Drawing Skills

teacher avatar The Artmother, Professional Art Teacher and Artist

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

Get unlimited access to every class
Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Lessons in This Class

12 Lessons (1h 13m)
    • 1. Intro

      3:37
    • 2. Supplies

      3:23
    • 3. Overview

      7:25
    • 4. Overview 2

      8:40
    • 5. Blending(Tonal)Shading

      8:02
    • 6. Hatching

      6:28
    • 7. Cross Hatching

      6:49
    • 8. Smudging

      8:06
    • 9. Stippling

      5:05
    • 10. Circulism/Scribbling

      6:57
    • 11. The Project

      7:01
    • 12. Final Thoughts

      1:12
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About This Class

Learn Six Shading Techniques for Better Drawing Skills

Is "shading" a word that freaks you out? Are you stuck with it and can't progress in your art? You still don't get how it works? Where to put lines, crossing lines, can you even use your finger to smudge the graphite?

Don't worry!

In this class, you will learn the most well known shading techniques - the Blending (Tonal) Shading, Hatching, Cross-Hatching, Smudging, Stippling and Scribbling!

We are going to go through all of them in a general overview, then also in detail so that you can see these techniques in action! We are going to shade 6 spheres with all these techniques, then at the end, we will choose one and apply it to a subject of your choice! 

The class is perfect for beginners (very beginners are recommended to take the "Drawing Masterclass - The Beginner Level Skills).

The class is focused on pencil shading, but we will also discuss shading with ink.

In this class you will learn:

- which pencils are appropriate for which shading

- how to control your pencil  - including pressure control, angles, rhythm, making marks

- how to layer graphite

- how to shade with graphite as a medium

- how to shade with lines and marks

- what is value and how to create change in it

- how to do blending (tonal) shading

- how to shade with hatching, cross-hatching, 3 layered and 4 layered hatching, contour hatching and contour cross hatching

- how to work with graphite as a medium in shading with smudging

- to create value change with controlling mark frequency in stippling

- to shade with freedom in scribbling

- to shade with fun:)

So, what are you waiting for? Jump right in to the class!

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Meet Your Teacher

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The Artmother

Professional Art Teacher and Artist

Teacher

Welcome! My name is Alexandra Finta - a passionate artist, a happy mother and an enthusiastic teacher - in short The Artmother. I am a professional art teacher with a Masters Degree in Art Education with years of experience in teaching in person and online. As an artist, I am creating in all different kinds of mediums from acrylics, watercolors, graphite and digital. I have years of experience in graphic design and photography. 

For more info check out my website here: www.theartmother.com

Follow me on Instagram and Facebook:)

I am very passionate about helping very beginners to explore their artistic abilities and to build their confidence in creating art, so I&... See full profile

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Transcripts

1. Intro: Welcome to the creative shading. Drawing as a skill is really complex. You need to know some essentials like drawing lines, shapes, to create forms from these shapes. With shading, you need to be able to observe things. The third element is to know the techniques. In this class, I'm going to show you six shading techniques that are different than just going back and forth with a pencil. It will just bring your drawing skills to the next level. The build up of the class is absolutely easy. I'm going to give you a general overview of the shading techniques. I'm going to shade a sphere and six of those. We are going to see the blending, the hatching, crosshatching, smudging, stippling, and scribbling. We are going to shade spheres with these techniques. Your task will be to choose one of them and applying this shading technique into any subject. I've chosen an eye to be my subject, and I applied this scribbling technique on it. It looks amazing. The point of this class is to break your habits and to practice more, and not just in technicalities like how to create a value change with a different movement, marks, and techniques like increasing pressure and rhythm, etc. But to look at shading as a fun activity because I can see that most of the beginners are intimidated by it. It is not easy, but if you start to love it, it you'll be just amazing. If you are a very beginner, I recommend you to go check out my drawing masterclass. The beginner level skills to pick up some essentials, and you can then continue with this class. I also have an observational skill class, which is again very useful to build up your observational skills. But if you are confident with some essentials, you can just get right into this class. If you're seeing me for the first time, my name is Alexandra Gabor and I'm a professor or teacher with a master's degree in Art Education, and almost a decade of experience of teaching, drawing, and art fundamentals to beginners. I'm also an artist, and illustrator, and art enthusiast. If you follow me on social media, Instagram and Facebook you will see, I'm really into different techniques and experiments. I just enjoy doing art a lot. I love to share my passion and enthusiasm with you guys. Don't forget to follow me here on Skillshare as well, so that you get notified when the other classes will be out there. I sometimes do competitions and stuff. Yeah, I think if you're ready, let's start. 2. Supplies: Welcome. In this video, I would love to talk to you about the supplies we're going to use. You can do this with any paper and any pencil you have. But what I am going to use, is, a different range of pencils micron pens, and here was a tool called the blender. Lets talk about a paper just a second. What I recommend you is to get a sketchbook, because the paper in sketchbook has a really nice texture, which really adds into the drawing experience. With the same effort you can create a better quality drawings on a good paper. Now, let's talk about the pencils. Pencils range from hard pencils to black pencils in various extent. I usually recommend you to get a set of pencils ranging from three or 2H, to at least 6B, so that you have these variety within the pencils. The hardest pencil I usually use is the 2H pencil. It is really good for detailed work. They are harder pencils. My friend, uses hard pencils to create a really detailed work. These are her eyes that she has done. As you can see this is a really, extremely detailed work and wonderful textures, and she has done this with a 9H pencil. Well, I don't have patience for this. The hardest pencil I'm using is a 2H but you can try harder pencils if you want. Now, I will use a middle-range pencil for regular Lindbergh, and that is the F, or you can use HB as well. Then I will use a freebie pencil for a simple shading, and I have a 9B pencil for deeper, deeper values. Just in case I'm not yet sure if I'm going to use it. What is important that I'm going to use micron pens. As you can see, they also come in different sizes. I have 0.1, 0.3, and 0.5. I really recommend you too, get micron pens. They really give into your illustrations. You can create wonderful effects with them. If you have them, use them. If you don't have them, you can get them and I really recommend you to get them. But if you don't want to get them, you can do this whole class only with pencils, so you don't need to invest in a new supply if you don't want. Now there is another tool called the blender that you, again, don't need to use. I just want to show you that this thing like, exists. You can use simply your finger. The blender is for actually smudging graphite layers together to create a nice effect. That's about the supplies, obviously, you will need sharpener to get your pencils sharp, and I guess that's all. Let's move on to the next video where we are going to go through a general overview of the shading technique. 3. Overview: In this video, I'm going to give you a general overview of the shading techniques we are going to go through in this class, but let's just first clear the expression of a value. What is value? I might just create here a values scale, value is the intensity of color. Now as we are talking about drawing, we are talking about a gray-scale. Now I'm going to take my freebie pencil and just go from really light to increase the pressure in the pencil and go darker and darker so this is value. When they are shading, what we are doing is that we are creating changes in value and we can do this in several ways. This shading technique is what you already know. I'm sure this back and forth movement with your hands and creating this smallest blend or change in the value gradation, we can call it. If you have been led me into drawing master class, the beginner level skills, you'll have learned the reverse shading method and that was that we started with the darkest value we could get, and then filled in a middle range value and then left a highlight so that we get a sense of depth. But we don't only have these free, so we don't only have a highlight and mid-tone and shadow, but we have these values in-between the ranges, and if you give more attention to this, you have more realistic effects in your drawing or more realistic depth in your drawing. Let's just talk about the shading techniques. I'm just going to start with the blending that we know so that we don't leave it out because it is important. Let's call this blending, it is also called tonal shading, so I will get again my freebie pencil and just simply go through this rectangle, with back and forth its movement, and increasing the pressure in the pencil to get a change in the value, so this is one way to shade. Let's move on to next one, so on the next shading techniques is called hatching. Hatching is basically creating lines from one side to the other. For this, I'm going to use my half pencil and it is really about drawing lines with the tip of the pencil. In blending, we shaded with the side of the lead and now we are going to draw with the tip of the pencil, so we draw simple lines. Now the question arises that how can we create a change in the value with simple lines? There are two ways. As we are not talking about Pencil shading, you can increase the pressure in the pencil to get darker lines and as you can see, you already have a change in the value. Then you can make these lines more frequent and that also creates darker effect and change in the value. Let's go on to the cross hatching. In cross hatching, they do the same. We draw simple lines from one side to the other, and you can create a change in the value, again with increasing the pressure and making more frequent lines but the most important thing in cross hatching goes that the change in the value comes from lines that come in different directions as well. Now we add a new direction and we have darker values. Now both of these are flat surfaces, so if I would want to shade a sphere, one way to get dimension is to make this lines curved, so follow the contour lines. It is called counter hatching or curved hatching. What I did here, so in curved hatching, we are following actually, not the outlines are not exactly the contours, but the dimensions of an object, so we are adding simple lines following the counters are the dimensions and now we have a change in the value, and we have this exact same thing in crosshatching and it is called counter crosshatching. Now we are again, following these outlines. That's not perfect, but anyways this is just a demonstration. Now I add this change into the value with differently angled lines, and I say differently angled but if I have only two angles, I have crosshatching but I can have more layers, so if I don't only have these lines and these lines, but I have diagonal lines as well, it is called free layered, it exists in hatching and crosshatching as wells. Layerd, and now if I add one more angle, so I have two, and I add diagonal and add again diagonal, I have four layered. I can increase this as well so I can create more depth with adding more and more layers, more and more angles so I can shade this way as well. 4. Overview 2: Now, let's continue to the next one. It is called smudging. It is just similar to blending. I will get my 3B pencil again. But we are going to blend smudge the layers together. I'm again shading with the side of the letter. As you can see, I'm holding my pencil like this. I go back and forward, increase the pressure, and then I'm sure you have done this in elementary school, you smudge it. You so smudge this soft graphite layers together to get this smooth effect. Now, if you have attended art school, you probably heard that you shouldn't do this. Actually, I don't really like to do this because you lose this a wonderful texture that the paper gives you as you push the graphite into these texture and you lose that wonderful one. That is it. This as a technique as well, so you can do this. This is a technique where you can use the blender. Let me just show you the blender. Here it is. Wonderful. You will have your finger that dark. You add a layer, and you just smudge it around so that you have a nice gradation from one value to the other. Let's move on to the next one which is called stippling. I will keep the Freebie pencil now. With stippling you create marks. You should actually do this with dots but the point of stippling is that you are expressive and impressive, it is similar to pointillism. You create the change in the value by increasing the frequency of these dots. You will have this marks, actually, I get really annoyed with this technique because, for some people this might be like relaxing, but I don't really like that, maybe, with paints. I love to paint impression with impressionistic need which is expressive lines. But this exist in graphite as well. This requires patience. If you are a patient person, you might do this. Okay. The last one is called Circulism. I keep my 4B pencil, and I am again going to use my other side of the lead. The point of circulism is, it's similar to blending, but you are not going back and forth with the movement by doing circular motion. With the side of the lead, you start these really nice circular motions, you increase the pressure, you add several layers of graphite with this, and create a really nice blending and value change. Really nice texture. Because with the blending, you usually see the angle you shaded in, and in circulism you can create more balanced shading because you will not have it like this or this or in an angle, but in a really nice circular texture. That has pencil shading. I am pointing this out because I said that I'm going to use the Micron pens. I'm going to change this to point free size. You can do most of these shadings with the Micron pen. Obviously you cannot do the blending, because with ink, you don't have anything to blend. But it works like a drill with hatching and cross-hatching. Let me just show you. The problem, not exactly the problem, but the difference with ink hatching and pencil hatching is that with pencil, you are able to create the value change by increasing the pressure on the pencil. But if you press the Micron pen harder, you will not get different intensity because you have the same intensity in the line. Create value change in hatching with ink, you need to do the second thing, I said, and that is, increasing the frequency of the lines like that. You have the same in the counter-hatching and you have the cross hatching, and this is the similar thing, so you can only create the value change with increasing the frequency of the lines, and adding this angles to it. Now, you cannot do again the smudging, but you can do the stippling. You can again just do these dots, to increase the frequency to create the value change, so this is a stippling. Now, you have the circulism as well but it is called differently. It is called scribbling. It is that you create a circular lines, and increase the intensity or reduce several layers of it. It is really interesting to do a texture like this. Now, as you can see, there is a difference in this circulism and this scribbling. This scribbling exists with the pencil as well. If I do the circulism with not the side of the lead to create this nice texture, but with the tip of the pencil, and do the same, and now I can increase pressure, and increase frequency, as you can see, I can create a wonderful texture with my pencil as well. This is what I call creative shading. Not a simple, back and forward, blending shading, but creating a different textures with different movements and marks, and not just increasing the pressure on the pencil, but you can play with the ridden frequency, angles and different marks and movements, and using different tools and hands. With this, you are more part of the artwork you are creating. In the next videos, we are going to go through all of these. We're going to shade a sphere, and at the end we are going to choose one, and do a more complex project. That will be your project for this class as well. See you in the next video. 5. Blending(Tonal)Shading: So welcome to the first one, which is called the blending or the tonal shading. I'm going to go through desk with you as well so that we can talk a bit more about the shadows we know and to just practice, some regular shading. So what you will need is something around, I have prepared this coffee cup, and I'm just going to put it. I don't want to waste paper. So I will just put it somewhere here and with a pencil, which I need to sharpen, I will draw it around. Now I have a nice circle here. I just put it into the middle so that you can focus on this one. When you are drawing something, you always decide where the light source is and in this case we are going to define it up here. Where the light hits your subject, dare you will have highlight. Now around a highlight, you will have mid tone, following the dimension of this sphere, then we have a core shadow, and as you can see, I left out only the place here because when you put something on the surface, you have a reflection of the light. Starting here, we will have a cast shadow, which is the shadow of the object on the surface it is on. So I just named them. We have a highlight, we have a mid tone, we have a core shadow and we have a cast shadow. I will just get my 3B pencil now. I'm just going to go back and forth in this middle part and just fill it with light graphite layer. Then when I arrive to this core shadow, I will increase the pressure. Actually I go back to this because it is not a sharp arc you have here. Use the side of the pencil and you can follow the shape of the sphere here. Let's make a nice blend. I will just erase this highlight part because actually it is, again, not a sharp thing. So I will go back lightly with my pencil, and as you can see, I am not shading in one angle again. But I tried to follow the dimensions of the sphere with my hands. I will go dark in this guy's. I will add even more darkness. I go back and forth with different intensity or pressures in my pencil. Down here, I will just go really lightly so that we have the sphere, that we have this reflection at the bottom as well. Not as light as the highlight, but still lightly. If you get something darker, you can always go back with an eraser and erase from it. If you have too much graphite, you might end up smudging it. But then you can always like go back with the graphite. Now let's go for the cast shadow. I will leave out a little bit of this as well, this reflection around the sphere and well this is the cast shadow. I can just blacken it a little bit more if I want. But I don't want to overdo it. I might get this shape a little better now. I think it looks really nice. We have a highlight, we have a mid tone, we have a core shadow, we have a reflection, and we have a cast shadow. And this has been done with a simple 3B pencil, and the back-and-forth movement are always like trying to follow the shape of the sphere. So keeping in mind its dimension. I hopefully you can do this video pencil. So we are going to do the same with all the techniques we have just went through. 6. Hatching: Welcome to the hatching section. At first we are going to do the exact same thing we've done here. We are going to create a sketch. I am going to copy the outlines of this coffee cup again, like this. I'm going to lightly draw the areas of the highlight, the middle, the core shadow and leave out the reflection and draw the cast shadow, like this. In this hatching, I was going from one side to the other, and I was going from white to dark. We are going to do a simple hatching, so we are not going to do counter hatching or curved hatching, but simple hatching. We can still create the illusion of daft, with the value change. The way we need to do that is to go from white to dark in the sense that, I will just showing here. We are not going to go from white to dark with lines like this. We are going to layer these hatchings, like this. This way, it is easier to control the values in our drawing, so that we need to start our lines where our highlight is. If we have one highlight here, or lines will be angled from dark light to the darkest part, if that makes sense to you. I hope it does. I will just start drawing a hatching, the first layer of lines leaving out the highlight. If this angle is not comfortable for you, you can just simply turn your page over and do it like this, or you can just simply place the highlights to different parts, so that for example, we need to do the hatching this way, if you see what I mean. I will do a second layer of this and I will do it in the shape of the middle. This is the core shadow. Anyway, I want to have an approximately nice gradation. I am again drawing with the tip of the pencil, as I'm drawing lines, so don't forget that. I will do one more layer of this, like this. I can go even darker down here. You can also exchange your pencil to a darker one, if you want to achieve a darker layer, that actually you can just do it like this. I'm using the middle size pencil. Now let's go to the cast shadow, so I will try to keep this angle so that the look of this drawing is consistent. If you remember, we need to lighten it around the edge, and this is what I'm going to do.This is the first layer again that I'm laying down. Now I'm going to darken it, I'm going to add another layer of this lines. We'll just adjust the shape for this cast shadow may be add one more. Actually it is really tiring to draw like this. If you need to adjust the angle, just do it. Nice, I think this looks amazing. So this is the hatching part. Let's continue to the next one, which is the cross hatching. 7. Cross Hatching: Welcome to the cross hatching part. Again, we are going to do the exact same thing. I will draw it around, like this. Then I will again draw the highlight, draw the mid-tone, the core shadow, the reflection, and then the cross shadow. At the end of this course we'll be perfect in drawing and our shading spheres. Now, we are talking about the cross hatching technique, and what I thought is that let's combine not just two angles but two angles, three angles, and four angles. I will just do a swatch here similarly as I've done there. We're going to do the same at first. We do one layer of hatching. Then we are going to do a second layer of cross hatching. Then a third layer of three-layered hatching, and the fourth layer of four- layered hatching. This is how we are going to do it while you change in this case. Again, I'm going to start with the angle from the highlight to the shadow with the first layer and I'm going to include in this while you, the whole sphere without the highlight. Actually, I will go back here and you can still see that shape I've drawn, so I will just erase it here as well. I'm just deep in mind that there is the highlight. I'm again using the art pencil. You can use a harder pencil if you wish. I love to use a middle-range pencil for line mark. Now, let's cross hatch. I will do a second layer. Somewhere here, I will start. This will be actually the gradation between the darkest shadow. I will leave out the reflection, and now the third layer comes. I will leave out a little here and add this fourth layer. I think it should be in a shape again. Now, I will have the fourth layer, for the darkest shadows. This is actually what I do to you, is trying to put everything into a set of rules. But remember that things are not only following rules, has being intuitive and seeing what works. I can see here that this doesn't work perfectly, so I will just add things that I think that are missing. For example here, I miss this angle in a better shape than like this. Now, I will add the cast shadows similarly, so I will start with the hatching. I tried to keep the angle so that the look is consistent. I will add the third angle by leaving of one here. [inaudible]. That's the fourth angle. This is the cross hatching. I hope you can manage to make it and that you got the idea of it. Let's go onto the next one, which is the smudging. Let's try it out in the next video. 8. Smudging: In this video, we are going to smudge. I will do again the same exact process though I am just drawing around this coffee cup. Draw the highlight, draw the mid-tone, draw the core shadow and reflection, and the cast shadow. Now for this, I'm going to use my 3B pencil and I know just got the blender. We are going to blend and we are going to layer graphite. Similarly, as we did in the hatching and crosshatching so that we are going to do a light layer to fill the whole readout. The highlight, then add the second, third, and the fourth layer and I'm going to blend all this with this blender. I have a 3B pencil. Let's get into it. I'm just going to again draw with the side of the lead and create this really light layer of graphite all over this sphere and I'll just get this blender and just go over it. You can use your fingers and do circular motion. I'm just going to blend this. Remember you can use an eraser if you smudge something outside the line, I will just erase the highlight here. What is good with this smudging is that you can easily erase it, more easily done, for example, with this hatching lines. Let's add a second layer. Now we are going to add this side. I can see that this is a bit too dark. I use my eraser to get it a bit lighter and I will go back with the blender because I already have graphite in there so I can control this better. Let's add the shadow [LAUGHTER] and I will use my fingers as well. I always try to get a nice blend. It got a lot dark. I didn't want it to be this dark, but okay. It doesn't matter. Why not? Again, I'm getting a little bit intuitive as I see that something didn't work. But actually, as you can see, I really love this effect I have here. I will just go back with the blender again. You can just apply this back and forth. Add a little bit of graphite, remove, add, and remove until you have the effect that you want. I will just erase it from here and create a highlight up here and in the reflection just quite light. I will just add a final layer here to darken this core shadow. I think I'll take a little bit of graphite here. I will be honest with you. I don't really like this technique, but anyways, you might like this, and I'm a teacher, so I need to show you a possibility or techniques in the topics I am teaching. Actually, it looks real good. Let's go to the cast shadow. I'm going to leave it light here. I might go darker. I like it. This is maybe the most realistic one. But okay. We had the blending or the total shading then we had the hatching, then we had the crosshatching and then the smudging. And now let's continue to the next video where we are going to try stapling. 9. Stippling: All right. The next one is the stippling. Let's continue to the new page. Do the same, get this. Again, stippling is about creating marks with the pencil and increasing their frequency to get the value change. What I'm going to do, I'm going to speed this up because this is going to take a lot. I will use my 3B pencil. I'm going to erase these lines. Keep in mind that there is the cast shadow. I will just put this into the middle so that you can see it better. I will just do this. Yeah, let's do this up. I decided to increase the value by changing into the 9B pencil so that I can make darker marks. Because as far as I see, this will destroy my hand if I don't do something. For real, I don't like this. But you need to learn something new every day. I don't really use this but there are wonderful artists who do and hats down to them for doing this. Now, I start to see some aggradation from this darker part where I have this marks to this part. I could add a little bit more. I hope you'll seen this. Where is my 3B? Here is my 3B. I could just add a bit more up here so that you can see that it is actually a shape. Because most of these shapes aren't in real outlined. If you have seen any colossus from me. You already know that there is no line mark in real life. It just doesn't happen. It doesn't exist. I will just add in the cast shadow quickly. Now to be honest, as I see how this looks like from a distance. I'm really proud of myself. How did I survived this, and I am really, really amazed that how annoying this technique is but how wonderful the final result is. I will just add in some more of these marks because I just started to enjoy this making marks. As you can see, I'm not doing dots anymore but adding smaller like this shorter lines or marks to be able to fill in a bit more of the space or the white space so that I can create more of a shadow here. This is a lot of work, but I think it is worth it. I think this looks amazing. I'll just stop here. I think this looks amazing. This texture is wonderful. This is the stippling technique. Good luck with it. I hope you will have a similar "aha" moment while doing this and you will be amazed with the end result. Let's just move on to the last one, which is this circulism. 10. Circulism/Scribbling: In this video we are going to do the circulism. Again, I'm grabbing the cup, I am drawing around it. Now, what we're told about circulism is that you can do it. I will just bring it about here. You can do it with the smallest circular motion to create this wonderful texture, or you can be scribbling not scrambling, this word doesn't exist. Scribbling with the tip of the pencil to create this interesting texture. I guess I'm going to go for this one to make it more creative because we have this shading already. I'm going to scribble. I will do this with a freebie pencil, I'm just going to sharpen it so that I have a sharp tip because we are again going to use the tip of the pencil. I'm going to do this similarly as been hatching. I will do one layer up test, then another one to get it darker, and another one to get it even darker. I'm going to sharpen my pencil again, so let's do this. I'm going to go through this in one layer. Pay attention not to cross too much. I have one layer, now let's continue with the second one. Up here, I go down. Now, let's go with the third one, and this is going to be the shadow. Here it starts. I guess it would look even better if these lines were, or these circles would be like a lot smaller. It looks interesting. I will just darken these lines down here to get this shadow even darker. Wow, it looks like interesting. Wow, I really loved it's effect. Amazing. Now, lets do the cast shadow. I will do this similarly, so with the first layer like this. You might see that I'm not exactly drawing with the side of the lid, but with the tip, but I am holding it in an angle. But I tried to do this with a tip. Amazing. Now, I'm increasing the pressure, I tried to keep this part lighter as we did here, as well. I love how expressive this is. It was so easy to do this because I was free, I was just scribbling. I love this technique. I will choose this one for my final project. This is the most amazing. We have gone through six shading techniques, let's say a word about each of them. In the first one, this was the blending, where we were going from one side to the other, back and forth, increasing the pressure on our pencil to create a shading, the highlight and midtone, the core shadow and the cast shadow, and a little reflection. Then we continue with the cross hatching, which was flowing from one, or layering lines in one direction from the highlight to the darker ones, so we've chosen this angle, and did one layer, second layer, the third layer, and a fourth layer, to create the change in the value. Now, we have the crosshatching and we did; one layer, two layer, three layer, and a four layer crosshatching in one piece. We started with the hatching angle, then we added in this gradation, a little bit of crosshatching, then the third layer, and the fourth layer, and we did the same in the cast shadow. Then we did the smudging, we used our fingers or the blender tool, and layered similarly dignified in one layer, two layer, three layer, and fourth layer, and we blended all to get this smooth effect. Then we did the stippling, which was annoying, but its result is just mind-blowing. Creates a wonderful texture and we just increased the frequency of these marks to get value change. The last one is this circulism or the scribbling. This was the most amazing for me, because we again, layered in one layer, two layer, three layer, and the fourth layer, these scribbles and it gave us this wonderful, beautiful effect. These were the shading techniques for this class. As we said, you can do this with the micron pants as well. You cannot do the blending or the smudging, but you can do the hatching and the cross hatching, the stippling, and the scribbling. Let's move one to the final project, which will be the eye. I'm just going to shade the eye with the scribbling shading techniques. Let's get into it. 11. The Project: What we are going to do is to draw this eye, and I already prepared a sketch here on my paper. I'm going to look at this while I'm drawing. I hope you can see that I have this general sketch and if you are interested in how I'm doing it, check out the art of battle clause but basically it is outlining it on the iPad and transforming the outlines onto the sketching paper. This is tracing, but we can try to do it with observational drawing. If you're interested in observational drawing checkout my observational class, skill class. Just further revision, I'm going to use the circularism. I'm going to lay down one layer of simple circles or scribbles and then layer dam to dot the damped basic. I don't know yet how this will turn out, but hopefully, well, I am not promising photo realism. This class is absolutely not about photo realism, so just keep this in mind. I'm going to use the F pencil to lay down the lightest gray and leave out the highlights. Then I'm going to use the 3V pencil to deepen the shadows. I'm going to speed this up because I don't think this is too relevant. But okay. Let's see what it does. I didn't change my method. I am not going to focus on this and adding one layer then darkening, layering and darkening but I'm going to observe the image and where I see that there is darkness. I'm just increasing the pressure on the pencil to get that effect. I will turn my pencil to the freebie to get this dark period. What is say to this? There's scribbling, shading technique, just blew my mind and I am just so amazed what it does and what can I do with it and what kind of texture it creates? I'm not sure if I'm going to use this technique again in the future. But our point was to learn these techniques and try them out. We just to revise what we have learned, we have learned the blending, the hatching, the crosshatching, the smudging, the stippling, and the scribbling. I have applied to my project, the scribbling and I've chosen an eye to be my subject. You don't need to do this. Your task is to choose one shading technique from this six, choose any subject at any size and just apply it. I've done this eye in the size so that you can say it and I can add more variety within it. You can do something like this and the size. You can just try it out or something between this giant and this really small. Our point is to practice, practice the technique, practice the control over your pencil, over the angles you are using your hand or are you are drawing so that you don't choose draw from one angle to the other as you do usually. But also what we did in the blending startups, we followed the outlines and the curves of the the sphere, the dimensions and I followed the path of the light to the shadow to explore this way of layering and the technical parts. I want you to change your mindset when it comes to shading. This is my main point in this class. I want you to choose a subject and apply one of these shading techniques into it. Another thing I want to point out is, when are shading we don't necessarily use only one shading technique, but we can use more. Let me just show you those eyes my friends did. I hope you can see it, she used hatching, she used crosshatching for some smooth areas. She used circularism and maybe a little bit of smudging to create a smooth effect. You can combine these shading techniques to get the best result and you can do this in your project as well. I am just so curious and excited to see what will you create. Let's just move on to the final thoughts. 12. Final Thoughts: Congratulations! If you are watching this video, you have gone through the whole class and I'm so proud of you. I hope you enjoyed it and that it was beneficial for you, and I can't wait to see what you create. Please don't forget to upload your project into the project gallery. Join us in the Artmother's Online Artroom and in the Drawing for Beginners Facebook group. One is open and one is exclusive to my students. You can join both and share your artwork, share your progress, share with us what you are up to because we care. It would be so amazing if you'd give me a review. It is just so nice of a reward for my hard work. If this class wasn't enough for you, I recommend you to check out my other classes and wait for the next one because I'm preparing a lot. See you there and goodbye.