Creating the Perfect Investment Banking, Finance and Consulting CV/Résumé by Afzal Hussein | Afzal Hussein | Skillshare

Creating the Perfect Investment Banking, Finance and Consulting CV/Résumé by Afzal Hussein

Afzal Hussein, Career Consultant, Ex-Goldman Sachs

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18 Lessons (51m)
    • 1. An introduction

      1:30
    • 2. Before you start

      2:07
    • 3. Structure, length, font size, font style, colours and images

      3:59
    • 4. Header

      1:28
    • 5. Formatting

      3:03
    • 6. Powerful bullet points

      4:40
    • 7. Buzzwords and key competencies

      2:49
    • 8. Results

      2:33
    • 9. Grammar & attention to detail

      3:07
    • 10. Consistency

      2:56
    • 11. Margins and spacing

      1:42
    • 12. Education

      1:50
    • 13. Work experience

      3:17
    • 14. Extracurricular activities and leadership experience

      3:39
    • 15. Skills, activities and interests

      1:29
    • 16. 9 common questions

      4:47
    • 17. Reviewing your CV/Résumé

      2:25
    • 18. An important piece of advice

      3:37
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About This Class

This class is an in-depth deep dive into everything you need to know in order to construct a powerful CV/résumé for applying to spring weeks, internships and graduate schemes at investment banks, finance firms, consulting firms and more.

We cover a range of topics including:

  • Structuring your CV to get attention
  • The keys to formatting appropriately
  • Leveraging powerful bullet points
  • How to use buzzwords
  • Why results in your experiences are vital
  • Positioning irrelevant experience accordingly
  • Organisation of sections and content to include
  • Extracurricular activities and leadership roles
  • Common questions and pitfalls
  • And so much more!

This course is for all levels regardless of academic or work experience.

By the end of this course you will have a CV/résumé that will pique the readers' interest and help you increase your chances of securing that all important interview/assessment centre offer.

For more information on me check out the 'About me' section on my profile and be sure to follow me for updates on new and upcoming courses.

Thanks, and enjoy!

Afzal Hussein

Transcripts

1. An introduction: My name's after Hussein. I'm a career consultant, educator, public speaker, Youtuber Onda, entrepreneur. But before I became all of those things, I started my career working for an investment bank called Goldman Sex. Since leaving Goldman Sachs as a career consultant, I've helped thousands of young people, students and graduates secure office for spring weeks internships and graduate schemes at companies such as Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan, Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley, PWC, Bain, Boston Consulting Group, KPMG, Facebook, Google, Fintech Companies, start ups So on and so forth on this course, we're going to take a deep dive into constructing a powerful CVI or resume that not only helps you stand out but allows you to convert your applications into offers for interviews . Onda Assessment Centre. Simply put, I'm gonna help you construct a CV that gets you noticed. Now, by the end of the course, you can expect to be applying to companies with more confidence, regardless off your background or your current situation or your level off experience. Areas that will cover on this course include the structure of your CD formatting, your CV, the content to include on your CV, how to write powerful bullet points that will get your experience noticed. What to do if you don't have relevant experience. Your results focused approach to writing a strong TV interests, hobbies, extracurricular activities, font size, fund layout so on and so forth. There's so much we're gonna cover, so let's get straight to it. 2. Before you start: before you start, it's important to know the true purpose and mission off a CV without direction. You won't know why or how to create an impactful CV effectively. The main purpose of your CV shouldn't be to tell the reader how smart or ambitious you are . Andi. It's also not created to brag about your life experiences, extracurricular hobbies or personal interests. The main purpose of a CV is to actually tease the reader. I se t is not in the sense of making fun of them, but you want to tease them in order to peak some curiosity about you. You want the reader to want to find out more about you. After reading your one page CV. The best Stevie's instill an unwavering interest in every single person that reads them. The best TV's create this feeling in the readers. This person sounds interesting. I want to get to know them a bit more, which usually ends up with an invitation to interview or assessment centre. That's what you want to do with your CV. Create interest in the readers. Just as importantly, your CV needs to be able to appeal as much as it does to a graduate as it does to a seasoned on experienced managing director. If you can do this successfully and it just takes a few small tweaks and adjustments, you'll be invited to an interview or an assessment centre. If you can't do this, chances are your CV will be rejected. It's important to keep the following in mind. You're not the only person applying to spring weeks internships and graduate schemes. They likely be hundreds of thousands of other applicants of playing as well. When I applied to my internship at Goldman Sachs, it was 3000 applicants per one offer. Now, statistically, that makes it harder to break into than getting into Harvard. That might sound scary, but the truth is off those 3000 applications. Most of the CVS are either poorly, constructive, not persuasive, not interesting and most importantly, very bad at gauging the reader's interest. And so the reader was reading those CVS, and they likely didn't want to find out more about the candidates. That's what we're going to be focusing on in order to help you convert your applications into office, 3. Structure, length, font size, font style, colours and images: structure. Your CV should be organized with the following simple and basic structure kept in mind. There'll be five key sections, the first of which will be header. So this includes your name, address and contact details. The second section will be education. Third section will be work experience. Four section would be extracurricular activities on leadership roles, and then the fifth and final section will be certificates, interests, hobbies and languages. Don't worry. We're going to be going into each of these in a lot more detail and in debt later on in the course length. How long should your cvb for students and graduates? You know, if you're applying to spring weeks internships and graduate schemes, your CV, it's highly recommended that it's no longer than one page in length. Why is this? Investment banks received hundreds off thousands of applications. Similarly, so do consulting firms and top law firms and top startups and fintech companies etcetera. And so they don't really have time to read every single CV if it's longer than one page long. Typically, if you do submit a CV, that's more than one page in length. The second page on the following pages are less likely to get red. And so it's important to submit CV that has all of your content on one page in order to increase the chances of your CV being red font size. Now this is very, very important. You don't want your fun size to be too big, so that the reader things that you don't have enough to write about. And so you're just filling up space on the page with a large font size, and you don't want it to be so small that one. It annoys the reader. And two. It makes the reader think that you're trying too hard to fit in too much information on the one page, and it makes the page look messy, untidy and somewhat cramped up. So the key fund sizes I encourage students and graduates to use often sizes between 4 10 on front 12. Front end is perfect to get you a one paced TV that can fit lots of information in it. Andi, it still looks professional. Front 12. It's fine for those of you who have less experience or less content to fill that one page off your CV with, so keep it between font size 10 and 12 and I would say Default. Let it be fun Size 10 In terms of font style, which fund should you use? Aerial and calibri are completely fine, however. My go to is times new Roman times in Roman is the most professional looking CV layout fun that you can use times. New Roman keeps it looking smart, tidy, and it's what the industry is used to. So if you are applying to any professional organization times New Roman is a no brainer. It's a safe assumption. If you really dislike the look of times New Roman, I would say Feel free to use aerial or calibri colors. My personal advice, once again, is to play it safe. Don't include colors on your CV. Keep it strictly black and white. Some TV's I've seen have included a little bit off color, and that's completely fine. But the safest bet is to keep it black and white. Simple to the point. Do what the industry and the organisations expect. If you're applying to a tech company or in advertising or marketing firm, then lots of color would be acceptable. But always remember, you know you're likely applying to investment banks, consulting firms. And so when you are planning to professional industries, it makes sense to keep it black on white images. Should you include a photo head shot off yourself on your CV? Get this question a lot from a lot of European students, and that might be the norm in Europe. If it is the norm, then definitely do so. However, for the most part, you don't need to include a head shop. Firms are not hiring you based on your looks, and they shouldn't be discriminating anyone based on their looks. And so it isn't necessary to include a photo of yourself on your CV. In addition, including a photo of yourself when your CV is naturally going to take up, you know, two or three lines or even four or five lines. And so we want to save as much space as we can for content that will get the reader interested in our experience and us as individuals. Therefore, if you have the option, don't include a photo on your CV 4. Header: the header. This is the section of your CV, right at the top of your CV, where you will include your name, your contact details or email address and mobile number on some people include They're linked in your l, but this rarely gets clicked on. So it's up to you. If you want to do that right at the top, you're gonna have your full name in bold Andi in the largest fun on the CV. So it's going to be a fun size off 16 or 18 or 20. The rest of your CV should be in the same font size and front. So in our case, it will be fun sized 10 with times New Roman. After you do that below your full name, you want to include your address. So this will be in front size 10 on it will be in time the Roman and it just takes up one line right below the name and then directly below the address. So we're not going to include any line spaces. It's gonna be name, address, and then right below the address, you're gonna include your contact number. It's important that you include only one contact number because you don't want to confuse the hatred department or your potential manager in reaching out to you by giving them lots of contact details next to your contact number. You will include your email address and between the two. You can even put a comma or a standing land to separate the two, and so that will be your name, your address, your contact number and then your email address. You can include your linked in your oral. Chances are it doesn't get clicked on, but sometimes there's no harm in having it. 5. Formatting: Once you've completed your head of section, you want to move on to the education section. Now it's important to leave a land space between the two, so you're going to have your full name. You're going to have your address, contact, number and email address. Then you're going to leave a lion space, and then you're going to start your education section. You can tap education in capital letters on bold front. This will make it stand up. Once you've done this, you can use a separation land directly below the word education in order to create a visual separation off the section. If you don't know how to add a separation line, it's actually pretty easy. You can google it or YouTube it. Or for Microsoft Word users, you simply go to former borders and shaving custom and then click on the box with the line at the bottom. This is the main formatting that you'll be using consistently throughout the rest of your CV, so it's important to take not and do this bit right. It's important to also not that throughout our CV on the left hand side, we will be including our academic institutions, the companies we work for the society is that we are part off, so those will be included on the left hand side, in bold and then on the same line. On the right hand side, we'll be including the locations or city or the country. Similarly, this should also be involved directly below the company name or the academic institution or the society that we were part off. We will include our Rhone or our degree title directly, one land below it without leaving any spaces. Next to that, we'll put our grade achieved, or the division that we worked in now on the same line off the italicized content. On the right hand side, we'll be including our dates. So the dates that we did that work experience, for example, we want to include the dates in the following form at the start month. So the 1st 3 letters off the start month and the year and then the hyphen and then the 1st 3 letters of the ending month onda the ending year off your experience. So it might be John 2017 space hyphen space March 2018. But you won't write much. You'll write m a R so we're only doing the 1st 3 letters off the months. This should always not be bold it, but it should be italicized. Here's an example of what it should look like, so we've got the land spaces to take. Note off which sections are bold. Which sections are italicized. That's what you're looking for, and you want it to be consistent throughout the whole of the C V. It's very important to be consistent with this formatting for at your CV, as he a lot of students and graduates. CVS who have good experience, good content but they're not consistent in their formatting on dates, etcetera. And it cost them because organisations expect a very, very high level of attention to detail on DSO, they expect your work to be consistent throughout once again. Here's an example of the format that we want to follow. It should be on the screen just now on DSO. This is what you want to do. Keep it neat and tidy. Nice white spaces keep a separation lands tidy. Keep the formatting consistent on. But if you need to just feel free to replicate this 6. Powerful bullet points: powerful bullet points the single most important factor in selling your experiences. Regardless of whether they are relevant or irrelevant to the role that you are applying for , here's what they do and why they work. Powerful bullet points State facts with purpose. They tell the reader exactly why you are telling them any piece of information. They don't waste useful space on useless information, which is all too common in many applications. Powerful bullet points work in a simple fashion. They start with a powerful action verb such as managed, criticized, analyzed, developed, lead, enriched, taught, honed, improved. And then they give an explanation off what you did as part of that experience. And finally they end with a result that you achieved, or a skill that you learned so powerful. Action, verb explanation, result or skill learned. Let's take an example to work with. You can say I was a barista at Starbucks on. As a result, I served customers under pressure. Now that is not a powerful bullet point. It tells me you were embarrassed at Starbucks, and it tells me that you worked on the pressure and serve customers, but so what? That doesn't really give me any information about any results you achieved, or any skills you developed that are relevant to the role you're applying to. And so let's change that example and make it into a powerful bullet point. So instead of saying I was a very sad Starbucks serving customers on the pressure, you can say acted as the face off Starbucks, serving hundreds of customers every single day. As a result, I developed my interpersonal and teamwork skills, which also allowed me to cope under pressure. You see the difference. You start with an action verb. So we said, acted so acted as the face off soapbox. That's the beginning. Then you give the explanation. The explanation was serving hundreds of customers every single day. And what was the result? What skin did you learn or what resort did your chief? In this example, we focused on a skill that we learned. We said we developed our into personal skills, our teamwork skills, and these allowed us to call better under pressure. Now it's vital to know that everything that we mentioned there is relevant for any role in any investment bank or consulting from etcetera, the key skills being or the key competencies being into personal skills, communication skills, teamwork and being able to work under pressure. The ability to do that is very important, because if you're a trading floor or if you're in a busy meeting or if you're in a situation that requires you to do things and think fast on the pressure, thes skills will come into play and will be useful. And it goes without saying teamwork on interpersonal skills. So being able to communicate effectively, listen to people. These are all useful skills in any industry or company. So what we did was taken irrelevant experience and position it for the role that we are a blankie. Okay, now let's focus on an example off. A result achieved. So a poor example would be. I was a member off the Spanish society at University on. We helped increase members for our events. That's a very poor and vague example. In order to make it better, you can say, developed a marketing strategy as part off my role as head of marketing within the Spanish society. As a result, we increased year on your membership sign ups by 26% by giving a specific number. It brings the example into real life. It gives more context, and it shows that you achieved an actual tangible figure. And that's important because the world of banking, consulting, finance, etcetera are all results based industries. And they want you to display the results that you've achieved throughout your CV. And that's why this structure is powerful. Bullet point structure is vital, and the best candidates do it. Every single candidate that ever gets an offer for an interview or an assessment centre or a full time or for an internship off are typically when I look at their CV the same thing because they have powerful bullet points consistently throughout. So make sure you include those. Make sure you master the technique for creating a powerful bullet point because it will honestly take your CV to the next level. A simple way to do this is at the end off every bullet point on your CV. Just ask yourself, So what? Why do I care? So what? What does this tell me? So what? What does this mean? Because the reader is going to be doing the same and the way to answer the So what is to basically do the powerful bullet point structure because it answers the what is the point of this bullet point question? 7. Buzzwords and key competencies: buzzwords e key competencies for each role. These are vital in order for you to succeed in securing your offers for each role that you apply for, and it's important to have these scattered throughout your CV. So let's talk about why they are particularly important because they can help you see the pass. The automated CV Softwares that some companies are using in order to check CVS before they reach a human being in the organization and so, including buzzwords and key competencies, allows you to increase your chances off getting further in the application process. Bottom It's and key competencies are basically the skills that each company or team is looking for in the ideal candidate. So these can range from interpersonal skills such as communication and listening skills to teamwork, the ability to work on the pressure being proactive, having good leadership skills, someone and so forth. Naturally, they're very important because when your CV lands in the hands off someone in Haiti are or an employee in the team that you'll be interviewing four, they immediately look for key buzzwords. They go for your CV and look for these key terms in order to see if you have displayed examples off developing such competencies, so that's why they're very important. When you display that you have these key competencies and you back them up with examples. This naturally allows your CV to stand out, and it further increases your chances of getting to the next stage an example of using a key competency. In this case, we can say leadership and teamwork. I would use the following example as an example, we could say developed my leadership on teamwork skills, having captained at the university football team two successive titles throughout the course. Off my academic experience, you always need to provide examples to back up your statements because it's no good saying that you have teamwork and leadership skills if you can't display any examples off developing those key competencies. If you're not sure which key competencies to include in your CV, you should definitely include the ones that I've mentioned on this video because these are very common for all industries and they are required for individuals to be successful in any industry or walk off life. And so start with those now. A good trick that I tell students to do is simply go onto the role description off the job that you are applying for, and there it will mention the key skills that they are looking for in the successful candidate. So in that section you can see the key competencies and skills that they want, and it's important for you to take those words and scattered them for at your CV. But always remember, back up your statements. So if you say you have a skill, tell them how you developed it and if you can include a result that is relevant for that experience. 8. Results: results. Why are they so important? It's vital to understand, regardless of which career you want to enter wherever it sells and trading asset management , management, consulting, investment banking, private equity, hedge funds, etcetera. All of these industries have one thing or two things in common, the first of which is serving clients and the second of which is making money. They are all results oriented. This is why organizations look for results oriented candidates at both the application on the interview stage. They want to know that you can produce results if given the opportunity to do so. Therefore, it's important to mention any results you've achieved throughout your CV. You can use examples from your time at university as part of a society or any voluntary experience or any work express that you have. Also, it's important to know that your experiences that you draw examples from to display any of your key competencies, especially your results, do not need to be related or relevant to the role you are applying for, because we can still develop results on key competencies from a plethora off irrelevant experiences. Let's use an example operated the tills in the Olympic Stadium calculated the benefit of having an additional till on display. This reduced customer waiting times in the queue by 15 minutes per customer I saw and inefficiency that could be improved, I decided to act upon it. As a result, we implemented an extra till and we save customers a lot off time. Results oriented, very important. Another example could be developed an important and effective processing model leveraging VB A on Microsoft Excel. As a result, this model saved the team two hours off work every single day. Those are the types of examples that will impress anyone reading your CV, because if you can go into a team and provide efficiency gains, it's just winds all around mentioned what you did and then back it up with an example. This is one of the few times that you should focus on yourself, and it's imperative that you focus on you rather than focusing on what the general team did . The reader wants to know what you specifically can achieve as opposed to your role in any team. When focusing on results. If you can, you should include a results. Focus bullet point on each of your work experiences and extracurricular and leadership role experiences on your CV, although this can be quite tricky to do, and I'm fully aware of that. So do as many as you can, but try to do at least one or two throughout the whole off your CV. 9. Grammar & attention to detail: so your top of your class. You're at a top tier university. You've got lots of relevant work experience. You've got lots of internships. You've got lots of great extracurricular activities, and you're part of lots of different societies. However, one spelling mistake misplaced full stop, poor punctuation and grandma can be all it takes to have your CV phone into the rejection pool. Grandma, don't ignore it. When you're applying to an industry where attention to detail and analytical skills are paramount, especially within your 1st 2 years, it's very important to give attention to the grandma on your CV. Here's the rationale behind it. If you can fix the grammar on your CV, arguably the most important one page file you'll ever be working on up until this point in time. Then why should any organization hire you when they are sending materials, finds documents and work to clients that are going to result in potentially huge sums of money being exchanged or huge relationships being developed? Its your role as an analyst or a junior employee to make sure that everything that gets sent internally and externally is off the highest standard. And so if you can't do that for your CV, then companies will just not trust you to do it on the job. The company's you apply to simply can't take any risks, and they can't afford to make any mistakes. As a result, you need to be off the highest standard. And so they expect zero mistakes on your CV. As such attention to detail is imperative. On the trading floor, each trade is in the hundreds of thousands, if not millions, off dollars, right? And so any small mistake, whether it's a misplaced decimal or a mis identified figure, can cause the biggest difference to the outcome off that trade, it can cost the bank lots of money. It can cost you your job. In the worst case on DSO, attention to detail, for those reasons, is very, very important. Also, if you're sending out lots of materials, lots off data, lots of information to clients, one any Excel data needs to be very, very accurate. It's just sending data with the wrong performance figures, or you're sending data with the wrong statistics and numbers and decimal places in the wrong places. It's just gonna cause a lot of time wasting for the plant on for the organization, and it will also reflect on the brand off your team on the company. You know, they say reputation takes years to build and it can take seconds to be destroyed. And so you don't want to be the reason to ruin your teams or your managers or your company's reputation. Other examples include drafting letters and sending out emails to clients. You don't want your M O to be riddled with grammatical areas and punctuation errors, because that will reflect once again on your company, your team, your manager. If Glancy that you aren't taking the time to make your grammatical corrections, or if your work is riddled with errors, they're less likely to be impressed and less likely to work with you going forward. So all of these things add up. They play an important role in a working relationships internally and with clients, and that's why attention to detail is super super important. 10. Consistency: consistency throughout your CV plays a key role in displaying your attention to detail on your ability to construct a well presented document. This is important because you need to do so consistently throughout the early years of your career. Actually, you'll probably need to do for the rest of your career throughout your whole career, but it's extremely important at the beginning of your career. What exactly do I mean by consistency? For example, if you decide to end every single bullet point with it full stop. Make sure you do that for on your CV. If you decide to not put full stops at the end of bullet points, make sure you don't do that for on your CV. Whether you include full stops at the end of bullet points or not, there's no right or wrong outside, so I'll leave that up to you. Similarly, be consistent in the font size you're using for your CV other than your full name at the top of your CV, which would be in front side 16 18 or 20. The rest of your CV should be in front size 10 consistent for our. Some people like to use a bigger front, like a 12 or 13 or 14 for subheadings, but you don't need to. And in order to save space, I like using 10 for up. In order to make some heading seem a bit bigger, I just capitalize them in front size 10 and again, consistency in front if you use times New Roman, use that for your CV personally. For one page TV's, I use one front for the whole thing. No need to mix up between two or three different fronts. It can just get bit confusing, and it doesn't look as presentable formatting on margins. So adjusting your margins and line spaces is very important for your CV. You want the land spaces to be consistent for out. You want your margins on the left on the right to be equal distance between the walls off the page. On your content on. You want the margins from the top and the bottom, so the footer on the header to be consistent as well. These can easily be adjusted by reviewing the margins on the document. Where were you on Microsoft Word or any other software on? It's pretty easy to fix if you're unsure quick Google or you tube search will show you more than enough that you need in order to adjust your margins. Land spacing on anything else focused around alignment. Now I know you're probably thinking, after all, with these are all common sense. They're very small things, but you'd be surprised how many people forget them or ignore them or neglect them. And as a result, they don't end up getting interviews or assessment centres. Honestly, is the small things like these the adjustments, the front, the font size being consistent for your CV that will allow you to gauge the reader's attention and show them that. Okay, they've got document in their hand, and it's very well formatted, very well presented. The way it's been laid out is impressive, and these are the documents that we want to be sending to our clients. This individual has that attention to detail. They've got that consistency in their work. They've got that eye for detail that we want in our top analysts, for example, and so these might sound like small things, but they can have a huge impact on your application, so do not neglect them 11. Margins and spacing: margins and space is a quick Google search on how to adjust your margins and spaces on Microsoft. Word, whether it be on YouTube or Google will teach you exactly how to do so now. The key to this is you don't want your content going to close to the edges of the paper or the document on at the same time. You don't want them to be too far away or too narrow in your document. You want it to be pleasing to the eye, something that isn't too unusual on foreign to any other document that you usually or previously worked on. My advice would be to use the default settings, so there is either the normal setting, which is fine. Or you can go for the moderate setting, which is also good and allows you to squeeze in mawr content on the one pay TV. Alternatively, you can customize to your own preference, but just be sure it's consistent. Whether that means the left side of the right side is adjusted. Make sure they're both equal and similarly do the same for the footer on the header. The key here is you don't want your CV to look awkward in the eyes of the reader. Also, one thing that students don't consider or grudges don't consider is that it's important to leave enough white space on your CV in order to make it look presentable and tidy. The last thing you want is too much content on your CV because that will tell the reader, or it won't tell the reader where to start. It will confuse the reader. When I look at CVS that have so much information on them, I literally don't know where to start. And so it puts me off from reading it. And that in the end doesn't peak my interest in reading more about the candidates. And so you want it to be nice and tidy and presentable, and you do so by including white space. And this will naturally guide the reader and hopefully piqued their interest in what you have on offer 12. Education: your education section should include four pieces off key information. The academic institution that you are studying in your course, your current achieved or predicted grade and your graduation date. If you want to include any specific course modules as bullet points or, you know, just listing them, you can. But the truth is, employers rarely look at these because they encourage diversity in the applications. And so, for example, most consulting or banking firms don't specifically want only economics and maths graduates . They encourage applicants from the languages various other social sciences, the engineering world, so on and so forth, so your course modules don't really matter. The only time I would say to include your course modules would be if you are planning to a very, very niche role. So if you are playing for, like, a quantitative trading role or a structuring role on the trading floor, often investment bank, where the skills required are typically very Mitch. You can mention that you are studying ex wives that courses and modules in statistics, or you've got Ph. D in mathematics or science or physics, whatever it might be. So only for the really, really niche topics and roles. That's when you can rest your courses, list your modules, but otherwise it's not really needed, and it costs you a line or two, which you can otherwise use more effectively. However you can include, and I encourage you to include any scholarships or awards or any top marks that you achieved in any specific courses or exams, and you can include that as a bullet point in your education section, and you can also italicize it so it grabs the reader's attention. If you don't want to italicize that, you can off course, bold it, but definitely things like that. They catch the readers I and it's important to have in your CV. 13. Work experience: this section could be titled as work experience or work on leadership experience. It's up to you which you choose. But if you do go for work and leadership experience than the next section will be extracurricular activities as opposed to extracurricular activities. Andi Leadership experience In this section, this is arguably one of the most important sections. This is where you want to include any off your spring weeks internships, grad schemes, work experience which was even paid or unpaid basically anything that is allowing the reader to see that you've had industry experience regardless of whether it is relevant or irrelevant. So if that means you worked in a retail store, you can include that. That's completely fine. Any form of work experience should be included in this section. Firms won't expect students and graduates to all have spring weeks internships on relevant experience, and so it's completely fine and they expect you to include things that aren't related to the industry because from your relevant Andi irrelevant experience, you will be able to develop on display the key competencies and skills that you've learned that are required for the wrong that you're replying to. These include as previously mentioned many soft skills, such as into personal listening, communication, teamwork, leadership, commercial awareness, so on and so forth. So, for example, a bank teller or someone working on the High Street retail bank might be serving customers working under pressure, building their interpersonal skills on just gaining a sense off. What's going on in the industry. So developing their commercial awareness now they would have never, ever set foot on or known what the job off a trader or a corporate finance em in a investment banker might require. And so that's not to say that they haven't developed any relevant skills. The interpersonal teamwork on commercial, where the skills that they develop for out there experience working for the High Street Bank can still be applied when it comes to working for an investment bank in the trading full or in the emanating within the investment banking division. Just taking the irrelevant experience, taking the skills and key competencies learned and applying it to the relevant roles in terms of work experience. Once again, you should include free or four different work experiences on your CV. That would be ideal. This is the most important section, obviously, of yourself three or four is good for each work experience. You want to include between four and six bullet points on in your bullet points. You want it to be one land bullet points or to land bullet points. Don't waste space by using a bullet point that takes up only 1.5 lens because you've got office space or half a line off content that you could use mawr effectively rather than just letting it go and being wasted in terms off the order off your work experience. Always start at the top with your most recent work experience and then work downwards with your older work experiences. It's important that you don't just jump about. It needs to be in the date order, and the most recent one should be at the top. It is important to note for the relevant experience that you do have if you have any dedicate more bullet points on those experiences compared to the irrelevant ones. But if you don't have any relevant experience is completely fine. Include as many bullet points as you can that are able to send you to the reader 14. Extracurricular activities and leadership experience: This is where you should include any extracurricular activities, any voluntary work, any side projects, any side hustles, whatever it might be, they will go into this section. They're important for throwing the reader that you do things outside off the academic world outside of studying and outside of formal work, and that you have interest in the ability to kind of take part in different activities that enrich you and develop you as an individual. These are all very important for any strong TV on. They must be very well presented in order to stand out why. The truth is, most employers and a lot of individuals across the industries will often look at this section immediately. When they see a CV, they'll skip everything else. And they look at the extracurricular section because it tells a lot about an individual, how they spend their time outside of work and how they spend their time outside of study. And so the extracurricular leadership section allows the reader to see what you're truly interested in and whether you are interested in the industry that you're applying to. That usually reflects in similar work experience or similar activities in the extracurricular section. So if I see an individual has lots of involvement with the Trading and Investment Society, the consulting society, naturally, I'm gonna think that this individual has an interest and is genuinely interested in wanting to build a career in these industries, and hence they've been proactive and built their relationship with the key societies in those areas within their university. Yes, you can position irrelevant work experience and at social activities and extracurricular activities to sell you to the right roles. However, the truth is relevant. Experience is the best. Relevant experience trumps everything so focus on or prioritised securing relevant experience. Whether that's relevant work experience for relevant extracurricular activities, they will help you stand out more than anything. This is a very important point, and it focuses on whether you should be a member off a society or take on a leadership position. Now my advice to students always is. Don't just be a member of a society. Focus on taking on a leadership responsibility or leadership role within that society because if you're a member of a society you know, on your CV, you can write member off the Investment and trading society. That's great but anyone can be a member. It just takes signing up. What impressive readers is if you are a president of a society or if you are the head of marketing. If you are the head of careers, head of finance, head off whatever it might be. If you have an active leadership role within a society, it will allow you to stand up and it gives you more to talk about on your CV, which subsequently allows you to remember what we said. We want to tease the reader. It subsequently allows you to tease the reader on be more curious about finding out more about you and then invite you in for an interview or an assessment centre. If you're a member of a society, you can say member off. The Investment Society actively attended events and networked with like minded individuals . Now that's good, but we can go one better if you're taking an active role as part of the society and you have a leadership role. You can say that you are the head off partnerships within the investment society and that you are actively prospecting corporate sponsors. Onda, looking to build partnerships with other organizations taking on a leadership role in any capacity is always better than simply being a member. That's why you should focus on doing more in order to stand out, because it all comes down to how you can talk about yourself in your CV. So don't just be a member. Try and take on an active leadership role. 15. Skills, activities and interests: this section comes right at the bottom of your CV. It shouldn't be too extensive. It should take about four or five lines in total. But it does play an important role in telling the reader a bit more about you and what you're interested in. Outside of work on study, good practice is to include a line on languages so you could put fluent in English into media in Spanish. Basic in French. Whatever is relevant for you, one land on languages is good practice. The second land can include any certificates. So if you've done any relevant financial certificates or courses where it's Bloomberg Terminal etcetera and you've got certificates, yes, those in the second line under certificates on below that you can include a land on software so this can be into media or advanced Microsoft Excel, PowerPoint and word user. And if you've got any other skills across software platforms, wherever it's job R C plus plus, whatever it might be, include those as well in this line is okay for it to go above the line. But try not to make this whole section more than five or six lines at tops. Good practices four or five lines because you want to save space to dedicate it to more important areas, such as experience on extracurricular activities and then one line on hobbies and interests . And this is where you can kind of give a bit of your personality. You can say you're interested in football, tennis, basketball, coding, computer science, whatever it might be. Investing portfolio management Just list a few hobbies to make you seem or human and a bit more personable. 16. 9 common questions: Where should I put the C f A or any relevant degree or qualification for the role I'm applying to? So this is a common question that I get a lot where it's on instagram or YouTube. But the answer is, you should include it towards the top of your CV. Any relevant qualification or degree that you're studying towards or course include that in the education section off your CV. Also, don't just include it and not give a status update. You want to write whether you have passed it or how many courses you have passed, or if you're studying tours and you've got an exam coming up, it's important to give the status off your qualification on. Definitely included in the education section off your CV is a two page TV. Okay, this is a common question as well, and the truth is, any second pages will probably not get red, so you can include it at your own risk. But my advice is to include all your information on one page. That way, you increase the chances off getting the most important bits read. Do I need to include migrates even if they were really poor I would say, Look, if you don't include them, it always looks suspicious. I would say you don't need to include them if you If you've done an undergrad and you've got really poor great don't include that because you've done a masters and you've got great Great. So if you come back up with a more recent qualification, include the best grade off the two or include the most recent one. But there's a risk with leaving upgrades all together. It just makes the reader suspicious. It tells them that you didn't get a good grade, and so they might not put you forward to the next stage. The alternative is to include your grades on. Hopefully, you can back it up with lots of relevant on irrelevant strong work experience on extracurricular activities. Next question is, can I merge the work experience and extracurricular activity sections? Yes, you can if you want to save space. However, I would highly recommend that you keep them separate because it distinguishes your, you know, work work experience compared to any extracurricular stuff that you do at university societies. All of that in a sense, societies volunteering, all of that is different from work experience, and so I would personally encourage you to keep those two sections separate, and it also guides the reader of it better. And it gets more attention from the person viewing your CV compared to having just one section. So my advice personally would be to keep it as two separate sections. What if I don't have any relevant experience or any extracurricular activities? My advice to you would be focused on irrelevant experience. I've mentioned this before. It can be just as good if you can position yourself for the role you need to focus on the key competencies that you've learned and developed. And so the skills that you have learned from your irrelevant experience can be just as good to get you into the seat, often interview or assessment centre for a road that might be irrelevant to your experience , but one that requires the skills that you have as an individual. So use your irrelevant experience. But try to focus on building as much relevant experience as you can because that will help you stand out a bit more. Is it useful to speak multiple languages, and should I include this on my C V 100%. Do not leave it out. If you speak multiple languages, you should definitely include this in your CV because it makes you it makes you stand out. And it can be important and very useful in various teams, depending on the region's on the languages that you speak. Do I need to include my GCSE or I GCSE grades in my TV? If you are a student on undergrad, you should definitely include them even if you graduate. And if your GCSE grades were really good, I would still include them if they weren't very good. You can leave them out after you graduate, but for the most part, students undergrads. You should include your GCSE grades, followed by your A level grades or your international baccalaureate. Great. I can't think of any results I have achieved, so I don't have anything to put on my TV with regards to results. What should I do? Whoever it's in university or part of work for entering, whatever it might be, there must be some experience that you did or had where you achieved a result. If you still can't think of anything, then just focus on the skills that you learned. So you remember We spoke about powerful bullet points, start with a powerful action for given explanation and then mentioned the skill that you learn. Focus on doors examples instead, Can I lie on my CV? No, you must never, ever lie. Do not lie on your TV. Yes, you are promoting yourself, and a lot of people make it sound better on paper. But the truth is you shouldn't like a lot of organizations if they give you an offer. Most organizations, in fact, will hire an external company to do a background check, and they will check your academic experience, your work experience, references, all of that. So if you do lie, chances are they'll retract your offer. And then, you know, you would have just shot yourself in the foot. So don't lie. Be honest throughout your CV in order to avoid disappointment later on 17. Reviewing your CV/Résumé: reviewing your CV is very important, and this is a simple check to do in order to ensure that you haven't got any grammatical errors, punctuation mistakes for at your CV. So what I do is print out the C V because we're always looking at our CVS on the screen. And when you print out your CV and go through it with the red pen, I can assure you you will spot a mistake that you didn't see on the screen. So it's imperative that you do that print out. Go for it with the red pen. Secondly, you want to give your CV to at least two different people. You want them to eyeball it, check it and give their opinions. Don't get caught up in making all the changes that they suggest. Because CVS are subjective, you can hand your CV to 100 different people. You will likely get 100 different comments and edits and changes, so it's important to get the general feedback and get a general gist off the feedback. If you're hearing common themes from the people giving you feedback, pay attention to that. But don't get hung up on the small intricacies just focus on the key things like consistency, structure, layout, wording on content that's very important. Lastly, a good test is to hand your CV to someone. Don't tell them, but time them 30 seconds to a minute and then pull your CV back from them and then ask them , What do they remember about your CV? What do they remember on your CV about you? And if they tell you that they remember some of your key work experiences and extracurricular activities, that's great. You want the things that are most important to stand out wherever that means. Bolding something's or italicize ing. Some things do that, but don't overdo it. You want the reader to look at your CV within face. I consume in it and find out as much as they can about you to peak that interest and invite you to an interview. That he is a nice safe eight seconds to a minute is because that's what will happen in the real world. Employees that look at CDs that usually get hundreds of CVS to go through. They've got their own to do lists as well, and so they only dedicate face seconds to a minute on your CV. If it catches their eye and interest them, it will go to the next stage. If it doesn't, chances are it will go into the bin, and so you need to be able to identify which areas are your CV. Catch the reader's attention, and a good way to do that is by printing it out and giving it to one or two people to review within 30 to 60 seconds. Once again, if you want certain things like scholarships or awards or, you know, impressive achievements to stand up, feel free to italicize or bold. 18. An important piece of advice: this honestly is one of the most important pieces off advice I can give to any student, undergrad or Post grad, regardless off whether they want to break into investment banking, consulting, financial services, fintech, startups so on and so forth. And that is, experience is truly the currency experience outweighs grades, and it will always do so. Having high grades and lots of experience is best, but if you had to choose one, it's okay to get a lower grade but lots off work experience, because that will, in essence, truly stand out on a C V. It takes up most of your CV. So, for example, your grades will take up. The education section takes up about 1/5 of your CV. The rest of your CV, for the most part, is focused on experience. An example would be an individual who gets a first class degree but has no work experience at all. Compared that with another student who has a 21 but has lots of relevant Andi irrelevant work experience. Most companies and firms will prefer the student that has a 21 because they've got lots of experience. It shows they've been proactive. It shows they've got a genuine interest in a career in the given industry, and it just makes them stand out a bit more. And so, if you have to choose, I would say, Don't go to university and just focus on getting a top grade and forgetting about work, experience and internships prioritized just as much as you. Great building your CV through work experience, internships, spring weeks, extracurricular activities, voluntary work and self development. Because these are the things that will get you noticed, they will tease the reader who's reading your CV to find out more about you. And in essence, they will get you into an assessment centre. On did an interview. We've reached the end of this course, which is quite sad. I hope you find this course both useful and insightful. I hope you've learned a thing or two. If you have followed along accordingly, you should have in your position, or you will have in a few hours or days or weeks, depending on when you decide to create it. A very, very strong, powerful impactful on impressive CV, regardless off your work, experience, background and achievements, a lot of it is positioning yourself to the employer. To the reader, a lot of it is structuring. You know, a lot of it is grandma formatting just making it look presentable. And then the powerful bullet points the consistency that lay out the sections. They all come into play. You do all of those things right, and naturally you will get further than you would have imagined Compared to using any other version off your CV. The tweaks, adjustments and changes that you make in your CV from this course will allow you to stand out. Compared to the average applicant, the average TV believer or no, honestly, isn't that strong? Most people who apply they apply with very, very weak CVS and application. So for you, listening and watching this course will be miles ahead compared to the average applicant. So my advice to you is to be ambitious in all of your applications. Don't doubt yourself and leverage your new CV in order to increase your chances off securing offers for interviews and assessment centres and hopefully full time offers and internships, etcetera at the world's best companies and the companies that you're most interested in. I really enjoyed recording this course for you. If you enjoyed this course, your feedback would be greatly appreciated. Leave it in the skill share feedback section. Also, if you have any ideas on courses that you'd like me to create in the near future, please let me know and I'll be happy to make them for you once again. Thank you for your time. I appreciate you joining me on this course, and I want to wish you all the best of luck for your career search, and I'm sure you're gonna be just fine.