Creating a mini documentary - Production steps | Johannes Tvedt | Skillshare

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Creating a mini documentary - Production steps

teacher avatar Johannes Tvedt, Filmmaker and social media strategist

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

Watch this class and thousands more

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Taught by industry leaders & working professionals
Topics include illustration, design, photography, and more

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14 Lessons (26m)














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About This Class

In this class I will be teaching you how to make a short social media friendly documentary video. Everyone has a story to tell and the key is to know how to tell it. Ill be going thru all from how to make the right questions to how you film to get the right content. Lets go!

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Johannes Tvedt

Filmmaker and social media strategist


HI :)

My name is Johannes Tvedt. I am half Norwegian and half Colombian and I am 29 years old. Being from 2 totally different countries makes me adapt to all kind of cultures. 
During my last 10 years I've bee working with my own project together with my friends. Today I do filmmaking, social media strategy, social media management and have build skills in a lot of different segments in the creative world. 
I am really looking forward to be teaching what I know and to inspire and be inspired by the members of this plattform. Everyday I have my camera in my hand ready to film the moments around me and I just finished a project about making a mini documentary series about digital nomad cities around the world. 

Ill teach you some filmmaking and socia... See full profile

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1. INTRO SKILLSHARE: Hi. My name is your harness and I am half Norwegian, half Colombia. I do work with filmmaking on in this class regular, you hope to make a small and like social, media friendly documentary. I mean, I don't get learn you to make a 45 minute long typical documentary that they're watching when you're looking at the t we. But I'm gonna show you how to make a small documentary from around 3 to 5 minutes so you can use on social media All the things I didn't learn in this class about making this documentary is based on a job that I did when I traveled around the world for three months making a small social, media friendly documentary serious for a health insurance company from the States. So, Harry, go step 1 to 10. How to make a small social, media friendly documentary. Let's go 2. MY DOCUMENTARY PROJECT: My name is Yohannes, and this is Nomad Cities. In this episode, I'll be meeting. Nicolas Scaramella are online marketer from Argentina that moved to begin the safety off the eternal spray. After a few years living in Berlin, I felt that I was laying roots there, that I was settling down a little bit too much. So that's when I realized that I wanted to experience living other countries on move a little bit more. I didn't know a lot what to expect about managing. To be honest, I usually tend to not get too much into what's eating the Syria how it looks like. But I tried to focus more on their on the buttons off the country, that history, how the culture ist Morris like I'm talking to people about it more than releasing teachers . Ice us are well known for being very cell C, and I found myself in a very interesting position, which I actually like it. They build the connection with you first and they are sushi but super kind. One really unique thing that I've seen here is its history, its very impactful to understand what this country, but particularly this city, has gone through on how they're working hard to leaving a lot behind. Seeing Colombian people being proud of working to get out of that bad place is definitely mostly everywhere you go, people walking you with genuine huge smile. Actually, one time in the affair, I thought the guy was coming, so you cannot live messaging without trying. When advantages, it's actually really tasted. Cheers. I live here managing with my girlfriend. Now. We quickly adopted thio minutes. Wake up relatively early. So our own 7 a.m. on start working, usually from home. They have some Olympic pools, so I would just go for a swim. A 30 40 minute swim. It gets pretty warm, Imogen Sometimes. So one of the cool things you can do is actually come to the schools they have for them for free. Just gotta come with your I d. On. That said, there are Tom's Confess with something that's super special for me. It's the vegetation. They're full of plans all around you. That's beautiful. You can work outside under a tree, and you will have you really taste coffee. And that, for me, makes up for a very good working. Religion has a growing Nolan community. There are love people coming down here because of course it's attractiveness. It's warm, it's cheap. It's actually super interesting city. It's a very sexy city, so there are a lot of numbers coming down here and they are leading happened. They're doing cool stuff, us usual as normal. Going to the market. It's actually funny experience, because I would ask the vendor, What is this way are in the medical community stuff. It's a classic place where people come to buy the tools vegetables, fruits actually need on everything. I think it's a big city. Sometimes it's really nice to go outside and surrounded by beautiful town. People admitted. You love to get together, which are like kills your corners and they they are Mason. You have everything you need. You can go there coffee year or were the anti, which is the Schnapps that they drink Here. You stay there for an hour, just looking around, and you will see life happening around you. I'll say I will leave this country with a deeper understanding of humanity. Tell someone else about managing, like home or to whoever I mean. I would probably say many things. Not a pretty place, but very sexy place. You can come here and the streets. What a story. Incredible to imagine what this city has going through and how it has developed. Thanks for No. And I'll see you in the next episode of Nomad cities. 3. STEP 1 YOU HAVE TO FIND THE TOPIC: So Step one. I mean, before you do anything you gotta find a topic on. What I mean with this topic is to find what you're going to talk about. Like what you're going to show. What is this documentary going to be all about and find it a topic? It's up to you. I mean, if you want to make a documentary who is like for you and your friends or like it's a private project, you can actually talk about whatever you want to talk about. You know, you can find the topic you want. Maybe you might be doing it for a company where you already have, like, a set up for what you're gonna make the documentary about. So in my case, it was about traveling to 10 different cities around the world, making a documentary to show the different cities to the ice off influencer digital nomad that lived there that could tell their story. So that was my puppy. You gotta find yours. So, no, let's go to step two 4. STEP 2 PREPARE THE QUESTIONS: So I want you get the topic. You have to prepare the questions. And this might be some of the most important thing you do in everything that has to do with Make this documentary because based on the questions, you will get out the information off, what you want to tell about or what you want. The interview object to tell you, you know. So in my case, I had, in total 25 questions that I asked the interview object on. Those 25 questions were based in three different categories, which was like the intro the mid part in the Outro. The intra part of this documentaries was asking the interview object about like how and who is like how he do what he do, why he leaves his home country, to get to a totally different country, to live there and to get like the touch of who this person is. You know that the midsection waas more questions like how it is to live in that other city that is living in How is the culture in that city is living in? How does the people working together? How's the temperature hosted wife like to get that information off the Syrian itself and hope that person reflects over all of the things that exists in this city. Then the last part, which was the ultra part, was what the person learned about living in the city. What the future holds, like what's there, what's the next step in his life and now. So if you see you have a three steps you have, like, the interest to get, you know, the person she had a midsection to find out of, everything you want to find out of that person, and then you have the end section, which is like the section where you kind of like make a receive off everything. You went through the episode, so let's step into Step three. 5. STEP 3 FINDING THE INTERVIEW OBJECT: so No, you already have the topic, and you already have the questions. So what are we missing? Were amazing to finding that interview object. So how do you find the interview object? Well, I mean, depending on what the topic is in depending on your questions, you might know better than me. What kind of interview object you want to your documentary. I'm gonna tell you how it wants on my case. So in my case, it was all about finding a person in each city that was not from that country, but that moved there to live their life. Their you know. So what I did, it's actually that I reached out to a lot of different personalities through social media. And I mean, social media is such a big thing to use. You know, you're sending them like a direct message and like introducing who I waas and what I was doing and what kind of documentary I was working with and what kind of project I was into. And just like actually telling about the project, you know, because of course, the interview of that needs to know what the topic is all about. So he can feel safe or she can feel safe in being a part of the documentary. You know, you just have to tell your story. You have to tell what you're doing and why you're doing it. And I'm pretty sure that everybody wants to call that to be a part of your documentary. I mean, maybe it could be a friend of yours. Or maybe it could be like a guy that you already know it. Pence, it's up to you to find out, like, Who's the interview Jacque gonna be? But the best way to get the interview that it's to reach out directly to the person and tell what the documentary is all about. 6. STEP 4 RECORDING THE INTERVIEW: next step. So we already got the topic. We already had prepared questions, and we already got the interview object. So the next step is actually to interview the interview that, like recording, like meeting the person in front in front and, like, actually bring your microphone. It could be on your phone. It could be like on your camera. Depends what kind of keep introduce. But it's about asking those questions and let the interview object you speak about. Just tell you the story on I know one specific thing at this part, and that is maybe you have 20 questions, Like in my case, I had 25 so, and I know like in each question, a person could be like answering for two minutes treatment. It's four minutes, but, I mean, it's better to let the person answer straight from the heart. Everything and let the Compton be long than letting the interview big, not answering everything and stopping the interview object to actually answer because you're going to miss the part. I'm not retain. That I also want to know is that when you ask those questions, make the interview object. Feel safe, make the interviewee object Feel like he's a friend with, you know, like you're actually just having a talk to make the injury might be confident with you. You have to us, like, be on a relaxed area and just grab a coffee, you know? Yes. Relax, chill down and ask the questions, you know, and let the interview of Jack just talk about everything on those questions. I mean, it's going to be maybe 45 minutes of audio, but it's better to have those 45 minutes of audio. And then after that, surely down to the perfect story, the leading, the intrigue object. Don't say everything that the interview of that I want to say. And then you have to like gonna be more difficult to you to find the right story. And then when you have, like, the answer off all these questions, you ask the interview object, then the next up is too short down the answers to be the perfect story. 7. STEP 5 THE PERFECT STORY: Well, next time, also, one of the most I mean, everything here is important, but the story might be maybe the most important off it all, because that's like what it's all about, you know? So you already as I thought you got the topic. We already interviewed a person, you know, based on the questions that you already did from before. So no, it is about finding the perfect story. Okay, we have those 45 minutes or those 30 minutes off like answers based on those 25 questions. You know, you have a lot to work with. But it is here where the magic comes. So this is the part I really mean that you should use good time. You should use a lot of time to you. Sit down, relax, and just listen to that story because you have the idea of what do you want to tell you know, because based in your questions, you're already asked the interview, object about it. So you have the information and you have information straight from the heart off the interview object, you know? So your work right now is to you. Sit down. Take all that audio like sure it out to be the perfect tree for five minutes that you wanted to be. And I know that is difficult, but this is the part you're gonna make. The difference is because based on that story, which is those 45 minutes off audio of the interview object telling you about what you want the interview to tell you about based on those 45 minutes, is where you're gonna get to the next part which is shooting. 8. STEP 6 LOCATIONS: Okay, We got the story set loud. We have those for five minutes. We're pretty good, you know, But what are we missing? Yeah, we're missing the content. So what you gonna do right now is to actually find the right locations to shoot on. I mean, locations is all based on the story again. In my case, in each episode, the story was about the personality talking about hold wants to live in the city that the person was living in, you know, So the person might be talking about like, Yeah, I like to go to this coffee store where I can get the special coffee here in Thailand, or I like to hike in the mountains or every time I sit down on my computer and can be creative by my mind starts to blow, you know? So if that's the story, that's the that started things you're gonna have to to make Compton. That's that's what you're going to shoot, you know? So what do you have to do after you have the story is to figure out what kind of locations you want to shoot on based on that story, and it could be a lot of things, you know, But this is what also good and make what the person are talking about. Like Chip my English. It's not good, but I'm trying. So the locations you're going to shoot on, as I'm telling you is based on the story and you gotta figure route, like where you want to go to shoot, that's more you can get locations that has to do with story, the audio that better. It is because it gonna make sense, you know? I mean, if the interview object is talking about that, she's having a blue hat. You want, like filming here, having a green hat, you know, So you might try to find out blue hat, you know, So this is a disease. I mean, it's up to you like hope difficult or like ho complicated you wanted to be. But as more you can find the right location to shoot based on the story better than video, it's gonna be, and this takes me into the next step. So let's go 9. STEP 7 SHOOTING AND COMPOSING: okay, We have all the story, and we have them occasions. But how to shoot and how to compose. Yeah, that's right. That's a step. So okay, here comes to creativity. And this is I mean, off course I'm making discuss to you that might know a little bit about how to use the camera. Maybe you might be doing some films or some movies before, like some social, media friendly and stuff. But, I mean, Harris is where the creativity comes, you know? So the best tip I can give you is to watch order and documentaries from utter creatives that happy doing it before to get, like to get inspiration to how to create it the way you want to create it, you know? And I think that everybody has their own style. But of course. I mean, I could give an example based on what I did. So, for example, when I was in Lisbon shooting this Polish travel blogger that moved Teoh Lisbon, she was talking about Homa. She liked, like working around through those old buildings in Lisbon. So the way I decided to shoot it was to go to dose locations and, like use my drone get those nice clips She's walking through the area or, you know, get that cinematic stuff, too, that where maybe you some trees in the background to get her, like, coming out of the area. You know, it's like it's your creativity. So I mean, I can't tell you how you should do it, but I can give you some tips, and that is to search through YouTube or check out some other classes there about, like hold to make cinematic and smooth moves. You know, for example, I am filming this video with my stabilizer and a stabilizer. If you have, like a D c el er camera, its the best combination because you will get like those smooth shoots. Were you actually where the camera won't be moving? That Marceau composing his shooting is such an important thing to to make video look even more awesome. And, yes, check out that and let's go to the next time. Let go, Let go 10. STEP 8 THE IMPORTANCE OF MUSIC: Yeah, that's right. The importance of music. And I mean for me editing. It's all about finding the right music to get the right wife, So OK, let's go back again. We have everything we have. We already been shooting the content. We have this story we have like we have. We almost got everything, you know. But we need to, like, find a feeling of it, you know? So to put the feeling into these documentaries, you have to find the right music, and you have a lot of places where you can find the right music. For example, if you go into YouTube Creator Studio, but it's like if you're used to do duty videos, you can find a lot off music there. He also have, like, a platform called Epidemic so music, or you can even use go to YouTube and search no copyright music, and you will find a lot of music. So, based on my case again, I'm always going back to this case, of course. So when I was in Lisbon, for example, and I was shooting this girl and she was telling me the story about how it wants to living in Lisbon What kind of music did I wanted to put in to make this episode look awesome? Well, off course. So let's about music's on Portugal music. So I searched through whole the Internet to find a perfect songs, and I found it, you know? So I mean, you gotta find your wife, like, based on world, you want to tell, like Okay. Said a sad story. Okay. Putting some sad music, man. I mean, it isn't up cool to to always do ascetic. Or is it a happy the command tree about it? I know Whatever. Find some happy music, Or is it? If it it's like a pretty like, straightforward documentary. Well, find that kind of music, but it's your taste, said you got to find out what you want to to like, kind of get out of yourself, you know, to make that perfect episode. So but music pretty important. Let's go to the next 11. STEP 9 ORGANAZING THE CONTENT: well, so right now we are coming to like there may be, let's call it the main part. We're going to begin with everything but before editing it, we have a lot of content. We have, like the audio's. We have the music. We might have 200 clips, the writing of 10 different locations. But do you think you can put all that interview? Computers are at it? No, no, no, no, no. One of the most important things that I learned with making this documentary serious is to organizing your content. And believe me, it's really awesome. It might take some time. It might take some, maybe an hour two or tree, depending on you, Like your ability to to work with this. But at once, you're like organized. Your content tastes gonna be so much easier for you when you're going to sit and at it, you know? So this is based on my case. This is the way I did it. Okay, so I did a folder called Footage on the footage folder have, for example, a folder again called a one day to day tree they for and folder Day one. Maybe me and the interview object went to our boat to have some shoots right there. We went to a coffee shop to have some shoes right there. And maybe we went to a street. You know, each one of those places have, like, 10 clips each. So then on day one, I do, like coffee shop and put into 10 kits there. And then I do like the boat and put into 10 cluster. And that's how I would do it with, Like, they want to change for five because that means when you're sitting down with the whole story on ready to edit it, you're like, Oh, I need a piece of that area, you know? Yeah, I haven't already organized. Perfect. But if you don't organize it, you will have all those pieces, like a destroyed mass. You know, it wouldn't be that easy for, you know, So you have, like, folder watch footage, then I have folder to music. I mean, you might be using to to tree songs or four songs, even in one episode, you know, Then you have for the retreat. That's what I call audio. And ofcourse, the audio like that. The audio off the person that you're interviewing and then you have folder for which is G F X, which is like the logos decides, Maybe you have some. I mean, all the other things that you want to put into your documentary. You know, all the add ons that you that's not just like a clip, but this yoga or something that I just told you so And that's the way I organize my content before starting to anything. So let's go to the next step right now. 12. STEP 10 MY EDITING TECHNIQUE: Well, so we are sitting here and we are editing the video, you know? And yeah, this is the part where all the creativity comes, you know? So we are actually having a good time because we're editing some organized content, which is pretty awesome, based on what I going through, making my documentaries. So ho do I like to? It's, you know, And I mean, all of us has different ways off anything, you know, But the way I edited is this way. So we already have the story, you know, like the audio. Like the four or five minutes like that interview. You know, we already have clipped it down to be the perfect story. So what I'm going to begin with is to put that story into the timeline, you know? So then we have the story on the timeline, and we have those four minutes. Let's call it for wins. Then what I do after that? Because, you know, I like to read it to me. So, you know, because the music gives me like an inspiration is like, Oh, yeah. I mean, that's what I'm passionate about, you know? So I the next step that I'm gonna do. It's to put the music over on timeline to over the audio. So then I have, like the girl or the interview objects speaking about like their story. And then how did music coming on? So what is the next step down? We'll have all the content organized, you know, all the kids organized and based on what the girl is telling, you know, in that story, I just take the clip from my folder, Day One. We were at the boat because she's telling about when she's having her awesome time with about putting to the story. Then I maybe do it in slow motion. If I want to do in a slow motion, all right, do some bombs here and there. And then I take the next step, and then I take the next clip and then I take the next left. And that's how organized, you know, that's how I edited. And of course, you have a different at its techniques. You can do a lot of things there, but I'm pretty sure that you that there are looking through this kind off class, no ho to ho to add it. So this is also your way to do it. You know, I'm talking about hope. I do it, but I'm inspiring you on a way to do it. So So I mean and then you're dead. You know, it's gonna take some hours. I know that you're gonna fit there and edit and edit, But it's beautiful to see how you're creating everything, because all the steps we just went through is the way to calm to that end that when you were sitting, exit there in front of your computer editing and like making the perfect documentary about what do you want to make that documentary about? 13. STEP 11 FEELING THE STORY: jewelry editing for some hours right now on like you're kind of getting the story. You're kind of feeling the music. You're kind of feeling everything. And this is my next step is the feelings, you know, because it's not about the feelings of modern. My brother is the feeling off, how you create everything you know. So you have to feed that. What you're doing is right, and it is a lot of time when I mean, like, coming to that part that I'm editing and how, like, ready for five minutes long documentary. And I feel that Oh no, it's something missing. So what I learned from that part, when I feel that something is missing, is that you can't miss Annie off the other steps that I just told you. As long as you go deep into every step and do that perfectly, you will center actually working up a long week with shooting, with interviewing, with keeping the interview with editing, with feeling the wife in the music like it's going through everything and you will have the perfect feminist and ready to publish it and let hold the world. See your documentary 14. FINAL THOUGHTS: so No, you're done. Congratulations. You have a documentary and you have a social media friendly documentary is not a huge documentary as we talked about. You can use it to whatever you want. And you actually created it because you went through the steps, you know? So thank you for watching my first class. I know. I John thought it a bit up and down, but that's the way when you're pretty, your first last. And I'm looking forward to making some forecast. Says I want to make classes about hotel. You make YouTube videos. So you use your camera. How you traveled the world suffer that, you know. So this was your hands and region on a Colombian and rep. Inner on. Well, thank you.