Creating Great Smartphone Videos | Reg Jacklin | Skillshare
Play Speed
  • 0.5x
  • 1x (Normal)
  • 1.25x
  • 1.5x
  • 2x
9 Lessons (37m) View My Notes
    • 1. Introduction

      5:09
    • 2. Vocabulary - Video Terminology

      2:36
    • 3. The Vertical Video Syndrome

      2:52
    • 4. Chase to the Cut - Camera Motion

      5:48
    • 5. Sound

      3:53
    • 6. Telling Your Story - Resolving Uncertainty

      5:26
    • 7. Scope - Deciding What to Include

      4:20
    • 8. Class Project

      3:47
    • 9. Wrap

      2:40

About This Class

Overview

Today's smartphones are capable of shooting video of excellent quality. But we see a lot of videos that are - to put it charitably - not of excellent quality. This course shows you how to use your smartphone to create videos you'll be proud of.

What You'll Need

A video capable smartphone of any kind and a desire to create great videos with it.  That's it - no other prerequisites.

Editing

Video editing is a huge and complex subject, worthy of several courses itself. Nonetheless, your videos will be much better when you can do rudimentary editing.

The free Adobe Premiere Clip lets you edit right on your phone and share your results on social media. So rather than tackling editing in this course, I've included links below to good descriptions from others on how to use Adobe Clip.

You can download this app for free from the store

How to Edit Video on Your Phone by Joe Heslop is a good introduction.

Review and Tutorial of Adobe Premiere Clip by Bearded Bristol is a very detailed description and demo.

Transcripts

1. Introduction: Hello. I'm ready, Jacqueline. A feature of your smartphone that you may not be aware off or may not be taking full advantage of is its ability to shoot good quality video. But there's video that's fun and easy to watch, and there's other kind. Where to go. If you have a smartphone, it's most likely capable of capturing video of surprisingly good quality. You can use your smartphone to make videos of vacation adventures, family, friends, inventions, stunts, blog's lessons, product demos, real estate or any other subjects you can think off who could benefit from this course. Maybe the whole idea of using your phone to make videos who is new to you or you make informal videos from time to time when the mood or the occasion is right. Perhaps you're a video blogger of lager. Are you a sales person or a realtor who uses video to show off your products? Maybe you use your smartphone to create video lessons if you fit any of these categories or use their smartphone to create videos in ways I didn't mention and would like to make your videos look and sound better, there's value here for you this course is intended to help you create smartphone videos that you'll be proud off because we'll only be talking about video here. I'll be using the terms smartphone, phone and camera or less interchangeably, in this course. I'll be offering many tips and suggestions later. In this introduction, I'll show you one very simple thing you can do in seconds at no cost. That will vastly increase the view ability of your videos. And, of course, every lesson contains additional technical and operational tips and techniques. In the lesson on telling your story, I talk about resolving your viewers uncertainties about your subject. It occurs to me that as you watch the lessons in this course, there may be a few things about me that you might be wondering about. First, Why do you see my right hand so seldom? And secondly, you might be having trouble placing my accent in the storytelling lesson. All will be revealed. You don't need to be technically savvy to get value from this course. Here's what's not included in this course. One of those things that's important, but his best handled elsewhere is editing. Video editing is a huge and complex subject worthy of several courses on its own. Nonetheless, your videos will be a lot better if you can do simple edits like trimming, combining clips, adding titles and music and uploaded to Social Media one program that a lot of people like is the free Adobe premiere clip, sometimes just called Adobe Clip. It works on both IOS and Android phones. With it, you can trim and join clips, add text in music and upload your videos to social media. There are some good explanations of how to use it already out on the Web. So rather than reinventing the wheel here by explaining it, I put links to some of the better explanations in the course description. Because this is primarily intended to be an entry level course, I won't be talking about more advanced aspects of videography such as storyboards, scripts, teleprompters or fancy lighting. I also won't cover special effects studio shooting or directing cruise. Here's the first tip I promised you. For those who have been doing photography or video for a while, this first idea maybe two elementary for you. But for those who are in you to it, these ideas may not be so obvious. video, of course, is about capturing late, so it's a good idea to get into the habit of noticing where the light is coming from before you start shooting. If you're behind the camera, make sure the light is coming from behind you. If you're the subject, make sure the latest coming from in front of you in general make sure the subject or subjects are facing the light source. If you're shooting indoors, make sure that you don't have any windows in your shot. Here's an extreme case of what can happen when the camera sees a window, but even a small window can cause the camera to darken considerably. What's going on here in order to be easy to use, smartphones have automatic exposure. When the camera sees a lot of light coming in, it says to itself too much too much and lets him less light. By the way, if you do hear your camera talking to itself like that, you may need a different kind of learning. The problem is that most cameras don't know the difference between light from the background and late from the subject, So the camera darkens the entire scene. I encourage you to experiment as you learn. The class project lesson shows you how to share your videos with us only if you wish to. And most of that applies to sharing videos with anyone. At the end of each lesson, I make specific suggestions for things you can try. That's our course to get lots of great ideas for using your smartphone to create great videos. Please join us. I'll see you in class. 2. Vocabulary - Video Terminology: this course is intended to be a value to a wide range of people, some of whom may not understand all our jargon. So to make sure we're all on the same page, I'll start by explaining some terms resolution, something that comes to our attention around New Year's, right, OK, but in a photography and video resolution has another meaning. It refers to how much detail there is in a picture. The higher the resolution, the more detail. Here I am at very low resolution, and now I'm back to our normal resolution. Shot is defined by Miriam Webster as a single sequence of a motion picture or television program shot by one camera without interruption. In other words, what the camera sees between clicking, start recording and stop recording. We also use the term shot in another sense to mean what the camera is looking at. We refer to a close up shot or a long shot or a two shot that last means air shot with two people in it. A shoot implies one occasion where you may want to take several shots. Ah Hikaru barbecue, for instance. Ah, file in memory that contains video, audio or both is a clip, and, as you probably know, audio refers to sound either with a video or by itself. Because this course addresses only the ability of your phone to take pictures, I'll be using the terms smartphone, phone and camera more or less interchangeably. Here. Orientation refers to whether you hold your phone like this or like this. Exposure refers to how the phone let's in the right amount of late for the conditions. If there are any other terms that aren't clear to you, please ask. Here is something you can try. Please do do this at home right down the terms from this lesson in two different ways. On one sheet of paper or a device, right? Only the terms without their definitions have someone shoot you with a smartphone. As you try to remember the definitions now on a separate sheet or file, rate the terms with their definitions. Now make a second clip where you teach us those definitions. Don't take it too seriously. Have fun with it. Be a little crazy. And of course, if this exercise teaches you things beyond what is directly in the lesson, we'd love to hear about it. 3. The Vertical Video Syndrome: videographers have a name for videos that air shot like this. We call it VVS or vertical video syndrome because it's natural toe. Hold your phone like this when you're talking to someone. People have a tendency to shoot their phone videos that way as well. But look at your TV. Look at the monitor. Look at this video. What do you see? Yes, the picture is whiter than it is high. So if you're intending your video to be viewed on a TV or computer, wouldn't it make sense to future videos to match? You've probably seen the occasional news clip on TV. Hordes shot like this, and the station fills in the edges by magnifying the same picture and putting it out of focus in the background. Not only is that aesthetically less than pleasing, it wastes a lot of your phones. Video capability. When you watch your video on a TV or computer monitor, you won't be seeing the full resolution that your phone is capable of. So please when shooting video, hold your phone this way. Landscape mode. Now, before you get on my case about it, let me say that there are some situations where vertical video is perfectly OK. For example, if you're making a facetime call, it's natural to hold the phone this way. And because most of us air shape such that this part of us is higher than it is wide, the typical facial shot we use with our visual phone conversations fits of radical format. Well, another area where you might not shoot in landscape mode is in certain contests or user groups, where the rules require vertical video as well. If you intend your video to Onley, ever be viewed on a phone, Critical might be a better fit to the way we hold our phones. But if you want your videos to be comfortable to view on a computer monitor, including in a browser or on a TV or tablet, hold your camera this way when shooting. Not this way, Try it. Shoot a subject with your phone held this way, then shoot the same subject again with the phone. This way, Take a look at them both on a computer or TV share both trips with us if you want to. If you're using an iPhone, there's a quirk that makes this more difficult than you'd expect the phone will shoot in whatever orientation it was in when you press the record button. If you started this way and rotated like this in mid shot, you'll be surprised to find that the shot doesn't rotate as I record this in mid 2019. There's a rumor that they'll fix this in the next major update. I'll update this video when that's done. If you find any similar quirks in your brand of smartphone, please post to the class project to let us know about them. 4. Chase to the Cut - Camera Motion: this lesson is about camera movement. More exactly the reduction thereof. The next time you watch a Hollywood movie, take note of how often and how quickly the camera moves. You may be surprised to notice that camera moves are infrequent and except when following action, usually very slow. Why the key word? There is notice. We want our audience to notice the action, not the technology behind it. A sure way to draw attention to that technology is to use rapid or jerky camera movement. Additionally, excessive camera movement can cause some viewers to experience motion sickness. One of my friends is notorious for creating videos with excessive camera movement. Another refuses to watch his videos because they literally make her sick. No, ideally, of course, we want no motion in our phones in many cases. And there's quite a few gadgets on the market to help with that. This thing I picked up that dollar Amma, that's our one of our Canadian dollar story competitors. Uh, for I think it was $2. It cost me put phone in like that holds the phone quite nicely, and then the other end is ah, clamp. Now this is kind of Nice in some ways, but it's so long that it's, ah, a little jiggly at the end, So you have to kind of configure it to hold the phone more tightly. No, a better solution I found was this little gadget here, and, uh, this cost a whole 12 of our keep Canadian dollars on Amazon. So I thought that was a pretty good deal. And how this works is the phone slides in there and you clamp it down. The beauty of it is this is a standard tripod mount here. So now you can put your phone on an ordinary tripod and hold it Really still for sure. If camera movement is such a problem, why do so many of us use it, especially when shooting scenery? There are at least three main factors at play here. First we want to show everything. Secondly, we want to show how everything is related, and 1/3 1 that you may not be aware off. Camera motion usually looks faster on playback than it does on the camera screen. So at the time or shooting, we don't realize how bad those camera motions will look on a larger screen. Let's take a look at each of those in turn and see what we can do about them When you want to show everything, chase to the cut. That may sound backwards, but it works when you're making videos. As you probably know, a cut is an instantaneous change from one scene to the next. It's probably the most used transition in film, TV and video production. If camera movement is so bad, how do we avoid it? Here's one way. Instead of panning the camera for one part of the scene to the next part, hold the camera is still is. You can. Sometimes you can rest your elbows on something to help steady yourself. Record that first part of the scene was the camera held. Still start recording. Point the camera to the next part and record that. But you might say, if I should be separately. How do I show that this is to the right of that? If you have room, move back and take what we call a cover shot. That's one shot that shows the entire scene. Insert reef cover shots between your closer shots. Another possibility is to overlap the scene slightly, especially if there's a noticeable landmark or object that you can put it one edge of your first shot and the opposite edge of the next one. If none of that works for you, you may have to pan the camera after all, but panic between half and 1/3 of the speed you usually do, all the while holding the camera a steady as you can. Why so slow? Well, because the screens on which we typically watch our videos are usually considerably larger than our phone or camera screens. The apparent speed of camera motion is amplified accordingly, but don't take my word for it. Try it. Here's some homework for you. Find a scene to shoot that has a distinct feature in it. Know who did it all the ways I just described. First do it the wrong way shooter section of the scene and, well, still shooting pan the camera to the next part of the scene. We'll call that shot number one for shot number to take that same shot again, but this time pan and about 1/3 the speed you did the first time now create three more shots holding the camera as still as you can include that distinctive feature on one side of shot number three. Put it on the other side of shot number four. Next. If you can move back and create a cover shot, Number five. Create some clips. Share them with us if you wish to clips. One and two are shots one and two, respectively. You're panning shots all by themselves. Clip three is shots three and four, the ones with the distinctive feature Cut together. If you are able to make a cover shot, create clip for shot. Three. Cover shot shot for If you want to share your clips with us, we'd appreciate it. But even if you don't want to share your clips themselves, please let us know what you thought and how you reacted when you saw the results. One final word, as you probably inferred when shooting scenes that air knots landscapes such as people talking or pets doing their thing. Keep the cameras still, unless you're tracking action and when you do track action, leave some space in front of the subject. This not this. Have fun with this 5. Sound: one thing that really separates videos that are easy to watch from losing or not. Oh, you didn't get that last part, I said. One thing that really separates videos that are easy to watch from those that are not is the quality of their sound. Getting good sound is most important, of course, when you're recording voices that you want to be understood, people's comments, narrations, interviews, that sort of thing. There are several factors that can create bad sound. Wind noise on lack of presence. Here's what lacquer presence can sound like if the subject is too far from the microphone. Echoey McGee. A little bit noisy. I'll assume for this lesson that you don't have an external microphone connected to your smartphone. If you do and want some tips on using an external mike to make better sound, please let me know if there is sufficient demand. I'll add a whole lesson on getting better sound with external microphones. First, let's talk about wind. Here's what it sounds like when you record with too much wind blowing. Sure, a lot of fun here today. Normally is the noise annoying, but it's inconsistent, which makes it even more annoying. But without that external mike on your phone, about the only thing you can do about wind is to follow this advice. Get out of eight. Yes, get out of the wind. Find a shouldered place to do your shooting. Noise can also be a big problem in some locations, such as near heavy traffic. Noise can make voices inaudible. As you make your videos, I encourage you to become increasingly aware of the wind and of the noises around you. Short of adding a directional microphone, there are two possible cures for noise. The obvious one is to choose a quieter location. If you're indoors, make sure that as many noise sources as possible I shut off, such as fans, furnaces, people moving around, even noisy refrigerators. Another way to ameliorate the noise in your videos also happens to be the best cure for creating presence for making your sound crystal clear. It's very simple. Move closer. We've probably all seen videos like this, where the sound is understandable but annoyingly echoey. Mark that your host at that French connects young Calgary, a general rule of some for capturing good audio. Is this the closer you can get the microphone to the subject. The clear your sound will be. Hello, I'm Mark Leno, your host at LA French Connection, Calgary. Now, of course, when we're shooting with our smartphones, the microphone is actually they mike in the phone. So that suggests getting your phone as close to the subject as you can again while still maintaining a good visual framing. Of course, one word of caution. If you get extremely close, you may run into problems with civil. It's popping, but and put here are a couple of things for you to try on a windy day. Take a couple of outdoor shots of someone talking one right out in the wind and the other in a relatively sheltered location. Listen to the difference on playback. Here's another exercise in a location that's windy, noisy or both. Try shooting that person talking from various camera distances. Finally, in a quiet indoor location again, try shooting a person talking from various camera distances on playback. Listen for the difference in sound quality. As always, if you care to share any of your clips and or your experience of making them, I'd be delighted. Thanks for participating. I look forward to hearing from you 6. Telling Your Story - Resolving Uncertainty: If you're taking this course, you're probably somewhat beyond the stage of shooting videos of everything in sight in the hopes that you or others may want to look at them someday. No pun intended. But perhaps you're thinking that it's time to start bringing some focused your videos. A lot of people will tell you that your video should tell a story, but what does that really mean? What makes a good story before you even start making a video? Here's a good question to ask yourself, Why would someone want to watch this video? The two most likely answers are toe learn something and or to be entertained. In either case, your video provides information. One of my favorite statements about information is that the quantity of information in a message is the amount of uncertainty it resolves. I know that sounds pretty scientific and theoretical, but what's you grasp that idea? It can be a great help in deciding what to include and what not to include in your video. If the information in your video resolves uncertainty, it implies that there was something that your audience was uncertain about in the first place. Your relatives may be wondering what you did on your vacation. A lot of people may want to know more about what it's like to hike in the Canadian Rockies . For the record, it's great. I do it all the time. Your students may be uncertain about how to change a tire or how to create a website. Your customers may be uncertain about how to use your gadget or your program. Your real estate prospects may want more certainty about what that host on the Hill is like inside, regardless of how near or how wide the subject or the audience. What all those scenarios have in common is that after viewing your video, your audience will know something that they didn't know before to connect it back to that definition of information. After viewing one of your great videos, your audience will be more certain about something that they had some degree of uncertainty about before they saw it. I'm not saying that you have to create elaborate storyboards or outlines before you start shooting, although in some cases that's not a bad idea. But in general, your videos will be much better if you just keep this simple question in mind before every shot after they view this shot, will the audience be more certain about this subject? Ask yourself, What do I want the viewers to be more certain about after they view this video? If you can put the answer to that into a title of three or four words, you'll be well on the way to annoying the purpose of your video to knowing what you want to make your viewers more certain about. Then you can extend that idea. What do I need to include in the video to increase that certainty? Is there anything in the video that conveys little or no information and could be eliminated? Does this idea maybe be along with a different video and lesson on sculpt by elaborate on that idea of thinking about more than one video at a time? Now you may be saying to yourself that all sounds great for documentaries, how to videos, product demos and so on. But what if I want to make a video strictly to entertain? What if I just want to make one that's funny? The same principles apply. The key is to make sure that the storyline itself has a degree of uncertainty in a detective show, you're not quite sure until near the end who done it. If you're shooting a stunned, keep the audience guessing about whether it will work until you show them in that fail army . Siri's you know in advance that a stunt wont work, but you're still set up wondering just how it will fail. In most cases, what makes comedy funny is that it connects to ideas together that you never thought of as being related. All right, from the right number, I I. Another way something can be funny is to have the storyline take a sudden and unexpected twist. According to living in Canada dot com, Ottawa's nightlife is quieter and more laid back compared to what? STAHN being dead. In all of these cases, the audience is set up to have some uncertainty, which the program then resolves. I suggest that the more suddenly and unexpectedly this resolution occurs, the funnier the result. Now let me provide more certainty about those things about me that I mentioned in the introduction that maybe puzzling you. Here's what's going on with that right hand. I typically do my shoots alone in the studio here, so I'm pressing buttons on the tablet to change slides in the teleprompter. The accent? Canadian A. Yeah, we really do say that if you're one of those who prides him or herself on being able to know exactly where someone is from by their accent, here's a challenge for you. Mine. Here's the answer. I spent my formative years in isolated communities in the western part of Canada's far north. Now I live in Calgary, a city of about 1.3 million people. And listen an hour's drive from these beautiful Canadian Rockies. Okay, homework time again. Make a video on any subject you like, then share it with us or with friends and family. Ask us or them to give you feedback on the amount of information contained in your video and asked for suggestions on how to make it more interesting by increasing its information content 7. Scope - Deciding What to Include: closely related to the idea of having your videos tell a good story and provide information is the idea of scope. How wide a subject do you want your video to cover? How do you decide what to include and what not to include? If you're like me, the more you think about a subject, the more you may realize that you have more to say about it than your first thought. So in this lesson, I'll talk about the idea of a project, a set of related videos that cover a topic. This course is an example of a project. The way it came about could offer you some insights into how to go about deciding how, how wide or how narrow to make the scope of a video project. What I've learned developing these courses is that the scope of your project will always increase. Lesson learned. Keep the subject narrow. Instead of making a video about your entire vacation, think about making one about one of the hikes you took or one tour you took thin. Split the rest into other videos. Even that you may find one or more of those older video's turning into projects in their own right. When I started developing a course on videography, it quickly became so huge that I never would have been able to finish it. So I narrowed it down to smartphone videography. Now I didn't have to talk about what kind of camera to buy or how to select the best lens. When I started to think of this as an entry level course. Now, I didn't have to cover studio shooting or advanced editing. But even as I developed this reduced course, it kept taking on a life of its own and getting bigger at first out of this course, Onley in technical terms lading, sound camera motion, etcetera. But as I got into it, I realized it. Omitting non technical topics like storytelling in scope would still leave people with a great deal of uncertainty with insufficient information to meet the goal that the course title promises creating great smartphone videos. So I decided to include those lessons. I thought of narrowing the scope of the course to only the iPhone. There are a few things the iPhone does or does differently from others, such as time lapse in slow motion. But then I realized that everything else I had decided to cover applied to any sort of smartphone. This gave me a wider audience at no extra cost, best to leave the uniquely iPhone features for their own course. After that, back and forth, the title creating Great Smartphone video has emerged. This title now defines the limits and the scope of this project, which lessons are in it and which are not. Scoping a project is an iterative process. By that, I mean that you go through the ideas once, then go over the subject again, this time applying what you learn from the previous time around. Repeat as many times as necessary. You can go through an interactive process any number of times. How do you know when to stop? Well, if you end up with one video that's 12 hours long, you're not finished yet. If you end up with 1000 videos of three seconds each, you have gone too far. I think they call that reductio ad absurdum, taking a good idea to an absurd degree. But there is a useful lesson in that this iterative scoping process is not self limiting, so we need to find another way to know when we've done enough. Toastmaster says that the ideal time for a speech is between five and seven minutes. Video is such an intense medium that you can say quite a lot, and even one minute seven minutes is long to arrive at a set of videos of the rate length. You may have to repeatedly go through the process of deciding what to include and what not to include in your project, relegating some ideas to a different project, splitting some into different videos and combining others. You know when you're done, when you have a good title for your project and a set of videos of between one and six minutes each. You may surprise yourself by ending up with several projects, but you'll have that one that you can get to work on and more on the shelf for the next time around. The homework, for this lesson is more easily said than done. Create a video project any insights you can give us into your thought processes in doing so will be greatly appreciated. Please feel free to share any of those test videos or your entire project with us if you wish 8. Class Project: I cannot emphasize enough the idea that if you really want to learn this material, learn it the same way kids learn by playing. That's right, play with it, try things, make mistakes, then do it better. It's not a requirement, but I encourage you to share your results with the class so you can get feedback and helpful suggestions from your classmates and from me. But if you prefer not to share, that's okay, too. In either case, please do keep experimenting. At the end of each lesson, I'll suggest a few things for you to try. In most cases, I'll ask you to create a short clip with a specific mistake in it, and then to create a second clip where you apply the idea or ideas from the lesson to create a better clip. I'd really like it if you would share your videos with us as you learn. Be aware, however, that once your videos air on the skill share site, they won't be private. Anyone looking at this course will be able to see them and comment on them. That's not necessarily a bad thing. It's an opportunity for you to get suggestions from a lot of people on how to make your video is better. You can delete your posts in your videos at any time. If you want to share your clips with us, upload them to YouTube, Vimeo or other sharing site. If you don't know how to do that, there's an easy solution. Ask a very young person. I know it sounds facetious, but it works. By and large, our kids and our grandkids are way more tech savvy than we are. Copy that you are L its Web address to the clipboard like this. If you link a video when someone clicks on the link, it will show up on a new tab or window. If you embed a video, it will play right in your post. Once you have copied the U. R L, it's ready to be pasted into your post. It would be nice to have one discussion thread for the class project, but unfortunately still here doesn't let us link videos and replies to posts. You can, however, post replies without videos as much as you want. I encourage you to do so, so to show your videos, click this start a conversation button, add some text to tell us about your experience of creating your videos now Link or embed one or more of your video's in your post to link a video type of title for your video, highlight it and click on this chain link icon. The pop up window already has your title in it. Paste your videos, Earl here and click OK to embed a video, Click this ad media button. Then click this embed link button and paste. You are l into the box that pops up. Click submit your video now plays right in your post, then to make your whole post available to us Click Post. Even if you don't want to share any of your own videos, I invite you to join in the conversation. Please comment on others. Videos always be respectful and constructive. Keep our overall purpose in mind. We're all here to learn how to get better at creating videos with our smartphones. So if you see specific things that someone could do to make their smartphone videos, better politely give them concrete suggestions and especially if you see someone doing something right or showing learning or something, you just like let him or her. No, I mean that about being respectful. Posting even one disrespectful comment will get you permanently banned from this course. But back to those constructive comments it's been my experience is a long time instructor that one of the best ways to really learn something is to teach it. So by helping out others, you'll be helping yourself as well. 9. Wrap: Well, that's all. For now, we've taken a very large and complex subject and looked at a small subset that will go a long way toward improving the quality of the videos you make with your smartphone. To convert this information into videos that really are great, you'll need a magic ingredient. That magic ingredient is the same one that Children know intuitively. Play. Get out there and shoot lots and lots of video. Get out there and play, make lots of mistakes and learn from them your first few tries. Maybe absolutely terrible. That's normal for anyone learning anything that's new to them. Do you remember the first time you drove a car? I recently decided to make some covers for my lawn furniture, so I learned a soul. My first attempt ended up sewing the material to the tablecloth. True story. So hang in there. You will make mistakes. You will learn from them. You will get better in the lesson on setting sculpt. I talked about designing iterative Lee. I suggested you learn iterative lee as well after you have applied a lesson to creating actual videos. When you go back and view that lesson again, you'll see it in a new light. It was not a pun, and not intentionally. Anyway. If you really want a lesson to sink in, if you really want to resolve more uncertainty, alternate viewing the lesson and playing with it as many times as it takes for you to really get it, how will you know when you've done enough iterations, you'll know you're there when you understand the ideas of the lesson well enough to teach them to someone else. And when that lessens, application to your videos is consistently great. Do your videos tell a great story? Do they have great sound? Do they belong to a project with perfect scope? If you think that one of those aspects of your videos isn't up to snuff yet, watch the appropriate lesson again. Then get out your phone and play with it some more. Repeat until your story, sound project or whatever really is great every time. Thank you for taking this course and in particular, thank you for your participation and your ideas. If you like Dick recommended to your friends and associates, if you didn't like it, or if you have ideas for how to make it better. Please tell me. I promise to seriously consider every comment. In any case, please post to review here on skill share so we can all benefit from your experience. Now I must put one more absolute requirement on you haven't least this much fun playing with this stuff as I do creating these courses. Thank you again. See you in the next course.